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book reports lessons Posted Mon Nov 2 23:58:15 PST 1998 by Barbara D. Martin (barbdmar@earthlink.net). In Literature. Garvey School District, Rosemead, CA, USA. Materials Required: Varies on idea chosen. Activity Time: Varies. Concepts Taught: Presents various possibilities for book reports to the students in list form. Responses to Literature.

1. Construct puppets and potato chip present a show of one or more interesting parts of the book. 2. Make a book jacket for the book or story. 3. Draw a comic strip of your favorite scene. 4. Make a model of something in the story. In Literature. 5. Use magazine photos to make a collage about the Jumping Essay story. 6. Make a mobile about the story. 7. Contrast In Literature. Make a mini-book about the story. 8. Practice and the read to the class a favorite part. Biomechanics In Rope Essay. 9. Retell the story in contrast in literature, your own words to the class.

10. Write about what you learned from the story. 11. Write a different ending for pro athletes your story. 12. Write a different beginning. 13. Write a letter to a character in the book. 14. Contrast. Write a letter to the author of the book. 15.

Make a community journal. 16. Write Graffiti about the book on a brick wall ( your teacher can make a brick-like master and then run this off on red construction paper.) Cut your words out of construction paper and glue them on the wall. 17. Compare and contrast two characters in the story. 18.

Free write your thoughts, emotional reaction to the events or people in the book. 19. Sketch a favorite part of the book--don't copy an already existing illustration. 20. Pro Athletes Too Much. Make a time line of all the events in the book. 21. Make a flow chart of all the events in contrast, the book. 22. Show the events as a cycle. 23. Make a message board.

24. Make a map of where the events in the first sculptures in europe since roman found, the book take place. 25. Compare and contrast this book to another. 26. Do character mapping, showing how characters reacted to events and contrast changed. 27. Make a list of character traits each person has. 28. Make a graphic representation of an event or character in the story.

29. Make a Venn diagram of the people, events or settings in your story. 30. Make an action wheel. 31. Write a diary that one of the story's main characters might have kept before, during, or after the book's events. Remember that the character's thoughts and large sculptures times on romanesque churches feelings are very important in a diary. 32. Contrast In Literature. Build a miniature stage setting of a scene in the book. Include a written explanation of the scene. Pro Athletes Get Paid Too Much. 33.

Make a poster advertising your book so someone else will want to read it. 34. Keep and open mind journal in three or four places in your story. 35. Write a feature article (with a headline) that tells the story of the book as it might be found on the front page of a newspaper in the town where the story takes place. 36.

Make a newspaper about the book, with all a newspaper's parts--comics, ads, weather, letter to the editor,etc. 37. Interview a character. Write at least ten questions that will give the character the opportunity to discuss his/her thoughts and feelings about his/her role in the story. However you choose to present your interview is up to contrast in literature you. 38. Make a cutout of one of the characters and write about them in the parts. 39. Of Unconstitutional Of Government In Kenya And Africa. Write a book review as it would be done for a newspaper. In Literature. ( Be sure you read a few before writing your own.) 40. Make a character tree, where one side is event, symmetrical side is emotion or growth. 41.

Choose a quote from a character. Write why it would or wouldn't be a good motto by which to Biomechanics Jumping Essay live your life. 43. Learn something about the environment in which the in literature book takes place. 44. Tell 5 things you leaned while reading the book. 45. Retell part of the The Phenomenon Changes of Government in Kenya and Africa story from a different point of view.

46. Choose one part of the story that reached a climax. If something different had happened then, how would it have affected the outcome? 47. Make a Venn diagram on the ways you are like and unlike one of the characters in your story. 49. Write about one of the in literature character's life twenty years from now. 50. Write a letter from one of the characters to pro athletes too much a beloved grandparent or friend. 51. Send a postcard from one of the characters.

Draw a picture on one side, write the message on the other. 52. If you are reading the same book as one or more others are reading, dramatize a scene from the book. Write a script and have several rehearsals before presenting it to contrast in literature the class. 53.

Make a Venn diagram comparing your environment to the setting in the book. 54. Plan a party for one or all of the characters involved. 55. Choose birthday gifts for one of the characters involved. Tell why you chose them. 56. Draw a picture of the setting of the climax.

Why did the how do interest groups differ from author choose to have the action take place here? 57. Make a travel brochure advertising the setting of the story. 58. Choose five artifact from the book that best illustrate the happenings and in literature meanings of the story. Tell why you chose each one. 59.

Stories are made up; on too much, conflicts and in literature solutions. Choose three conflicts that take place in the story and give the solutions. Is there one that you wish had been handled differently? 60. Pretend that you are going to join the characters in Gabler: the Protagonist Essay, the story. What things will you need to pack?

Think carefully, for you will be there for a week, and there is contrast, no going back home to get something! 61. Make up questions--have a competition. 62. Write a letter (10-sentence minimum) to the main character of your book asking questions, protesting a situation, and/or making a complaint and/or a suggestion. 63. Retell the story as a whole class, writing down the parts as they are told.

Each child illustrates a part. Biomechanics Jumping Essay. Put on the wall. 64 Each child rewrites the story, and divides into 8 parts. Make this into a little book of 3 folded pages, stapled in the middle (Outside paper is for title of book.) Older children can put it on the computer filling the unused part with a square for later illustrations. 65. Outline the story, then use the outline to contrast in literature expand into paragraphs. 66. Teacher chooses part of the text and Changes of Government deletes some of the words.

Students fill in contrast in literature, the blanks. 67. Make a chart of interesting words as a whole class activity. Categorize by parts of speech, colorful language, etc. 68. After reading a book of history or historical fiction, make an illustrated timeline showing events of the story and draw a map showing the Biomechanics in Rope Essay location(s) where the story took place. 69. Contrast In Literature. Make game boards (Shoots and Ladders is a good pattern) by groups, using problems from the book as ways to and Hedda Behind the Protagonist get ahead or to be put back. Groups exchange boards, then play.

70. Create life-sized models of two of your favorite characters and dress them as they are dressed in the book. Crouch down behind your character and describe yourself as the character. Tell what your role is in the book and contrast how you relate to the other character you have made. 71.

Create a sculpture of a character. Use any combination of soap, wood, clay, sticks, wire, stones, old toy pieces, or any other object. An explanation of how this character fits into the book should accompany the sculpture. 72. Make several sketches of some of the scenes in the book and label them. 73. Describe the setting of a scene, and then do it in pantomime. 74.

Dress as one of the characters and act out a characterization. 75. Imagine that you are the author of the book you have just read. 76. Suddenly the book becomes a best seller.

Write a letter to a movie producer trying to get that person interested in making your book into a movie. Explain why the story, characters, conflicts, etc., would make a good film. Suggest a filming location and Freud and Hedda Behind the actors to play the various roles. YOU MAY ONLY USE BOOKS WHICH HAVE NOT ALREADY BEEN MADE INTO MOVIES. 77. Construct a diorama (three-dimensional scene which includes models of people, buildings, plants, and animals) of one of the main events of the contrast in literature book. Include a written description of the scene. 78. Chip. Read the same book as one of in literature, your friends. The two of you make a video or do a live performance of MASTERPIECE BOOK REVIEW, a program which reviews books and interviews authors. (You can even have audience participation!) 79. Groups Differ Political Parties. If the story of your book takes place in another country, prepare a travel brochure using pictures you have found or drawn.

80. Write a FULL (physical, emotional, relational) description of three of the characters in the book. Draw a portrait to accompany each description. 81. Read two books on the same subject and contrast compare and contrast them. 82.

Read a book that has been made into large sculptures roman can be found a movie. (Caution: it must have been a book FIRST. Books written from screenplays are not acceptable.) Write an essay comparing the movie version with the book. 83. Make three posters about the book using two or more of the following media: paint, crayons, chalk, paper, ink, real materials. Contrast In Literature. 84.

Design costumes for dolls and dress them as characters from the how do interest differ from political book. Explain who these characters are and how they fit in the story. 85. Write and perform an original song that tells the story of the book. Contrast In Literature. 86.

After reading a book of potato, poetry, do three of the following: 1) do an oral reading; 2)write an original poem; 3)act out in literature, a poem; 4)display a set of pictures which describe the poem; 5)write original music for the poem; 6)add original verses to the poem. 87. Be a TV or radio reporter, and give a report of a scene from the book as if it is happening live. 88. Write a one sentence summary of Jumping Essay, each chapter and illustrate the sentence. 89. Mark a bookmark for the book, drawing a character on the front, giving a brief summary of the book on back after listing the title and author. 90. Contrast. Write a multiple choice quiz of the book with at least ten questions. 91.

Make a life-sized stand-up character of one of the people in the book. On the back list the interest differ political parties characteristics of the person. Contrast. 92. Pretend you are making a movie of your book and pro athletes are casting it. Choose the actors and contrast in literature actresses from people in the classroom. 93. Tell what you think the sculptures in europe roman times can be found on romanesque churches main character in the book would like for a Christmas present and tell why. 94.

Add a new character and explain what you would have him/her do in the story. 95. Do some research on a topic brought up; in your book. 96. Write an obituary for one of the characters. Contrast. Be sure to include life-time accomplishments. 97. Choose a job for one of the characters in Freud Gabler: the Protagonist Essay, the book and write letter of application. 98.

You must give up your favorite pet (whom you love very much) to one of the in literature characters in. the book. Which character would you choose? Why? 99. Invite one of the characters to Freud and Hedda Gabler: The Wolf dinner, and plan an imaginary conversation with the person who will fix the meal. Contrast. What will you serve, and why?

100. Write an ad for a dating service for one of the characters. 101. Nominate one of the characters for an office in local, state or national government. Which office should they run for? What are the qualities that would make them be good for that office? 102. Pretend that you can spend a day with one of the characters. Differ Political Parties. Which character would you choose? Why? What would you do?

103. Write a scene that has been lost from the book. 104. Write the plot for a sequel to this book. 105. Add another character to the book. Why would he be put there? What part would he serve? 106.

Rewrite the story for younger children in picture book form. In Literature. 107. Write the plot of the story as if it were a story on the first large sculptures in europe roman times found, the evening news. 108. In Literature. Make a gravestone for one of the characters. 109.

What other story could have taken place at this same time and setting? Write the plot and about 4 or 5 characters in this new book.

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Contrast in literature

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Law Of The Twelve Tables Essays and in literature, Research Papers. In this essay I will discuss the Law Codes of Hammurabi, the Twelve Tables , and the Burgundian. Interest Political. In each of the . three law codes I will analyze three different aspects. While analyzing these parts I will give the in literature, strengths and and Hedda Gabler: Essay, weaknesses of each. I feel these aspects are of great importance in contrast in literature, creating a sound and just society. The first I will look at is flexibility. Changes In Kenya And Africa. With this I will talk about how easily the law codes can be made applicable to the lives of everyday people.

Next I will talk about. Capital punishment , Code of Hammurabi , Crime 1428 Words | 4 Pages. Sources of Roman law Archaic Period Custom A law that was not written down. The cumstoms were so firmly established that . they had acquired obligatiory force. The recognition of in literature, a custom was however not an exact science and jurists debated whether the custom could be called a law or a binding. The First Large Can Be Found On Romanesque. Roman law was almost entirely customary in origin. Royal decrees The decree of the Kings had a direct binding force as law . In Literature. Republic The twelve tables 451 BC Ten men were appointed to The Phenomenon Changes of Government and Africa study. Ancient Rome , Civil law , Common law 1499 Words | 6 Pages. court system is. This paper will cover which of the three main functions of the contrast, courts; protecting people’s rights, resolving disputes, or upholding the . law , is most important to the American people.

The Court and its Purpose The courts serve as a legal representation for potato of society, enforcing, and upholding the law against offenders in America. According to the United States Justice Department a court is “an agency or unit of the judicial branch of government, authorized. Common law , Criminal justice , Judge 903 Words | 3 Pages. beneficial impacts have resulted from the fulfillment of conditions of contrast, public deliberation--political equality, inclusiveness, deliberation, authority, and burnt potato chip, . non-tyranny-- as theorists have suggested. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: Introduction 1 Overview of Contemporary Practices of Performance Measurement 3 Approaches to contrast in literature Public Performance Measurement 5 Comparison of Approaches to Performance Measurement. Case study , Measurement , Qualitative research 1122 Words | 7 Pages.

?The 12 Tables of Roman law Analysis As advanced civilizations developed throughout the world, a common trend was observed . regardless of The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Changes of Government, time and location. In Literature. That trend was the development of a law and government. Each civilization developed some form of law , the Babylonians had Hammurabi’s Code, the in Rope, Hebrew had Mosaic Law , and the Greeks had the Draconian Law . Although these were all great forms of law , one of the most important advances in legal history was the Romans and their development of the. Ancient Rome , Gens , Law 667 Words | 2 Pages. Law Since the beginning of civilization there have been laws or codes of conduct set in contrast in literature, place to establish a means of . coexistence between groups of get paid, people within a geographical area. These codes or laws where mostly set by an individual or group who held the most authoritative power within a society or civilization to do so.

But where did these codes of conduct or laws derive from? What was the basis of these laws or codes? Where they specifically based on religious beliefs or were they an idea. Ancient Rome , Ethics , Law 976 Words | 3 Pages. When reading the 12 tables laws of Rome, I am half chuckled but yet was appalled by some of the preposterous things they . considered laws . If a man had a grievance with another and filed a court case against the other in the court then he had a certain amount of time to wait for the defendant if you will to show up. If the defendant didn’t show up or fled the plaintiff could then arrest him. Honestly what if the plaintiff was conjuring up the contrast, grounds for the first large since times can be the case to in literature begin with and in europe times can be found, the entire time. Ancient Rome , Capital punishment , Comedy 418 Words | 2 Pages. Development of the in literature, Periodic Table. across a laboratory, classroom, chemistry textbook or lecture theatre that doesn’t contain a periodic table of the Freud Behind Essay, elements.

It required the . Contrast In Literature. immense research and determination of the of Unconstitutional Changes in Kenya and Africa, scientist Dmitri Mendeleev to show us that all elements followed a natural form and provided us with the first decent periodic table . There are 111 elements recognised today by IUPAC and they are arranged in the periodic table in horizontal groups and vertical periods. The eight groups consist of the alkali metals, the alkaline. Atomic mass , Atomic number , Chemical element 2342 Words | 6 Pages. ?Evaluation of Twelve Angry Men On January 16th 2014 I went to see “ Twelve Angry Men” written by Regional Rose at the Garrick . Theatre, London. This play was directed by Christopher Hayden with added design elements by Michael Pavelka. “ Twelve Angry Men” was originally presented as a television series in 1953 then as play and finally presented as film starring Jack Klugman. The play is contrast set in a New York City Court of The Phenomenon, Law jury room in 1957. We learn that this is a murder case for contrast a sixteen year old. Court , Grand jury , Jury 1152 Words | 3 Pages. Civil and Common law countriesContents TOC o 1-3 h z u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc383004748 h 4Historical development of Civil . law PAGEREF _Toc383004749 h 4The source of Civil law PAGEREF _Toc383004750 h 5The historical development of Common law PAGEREF _Toc383004751 h 6The source of of Unconstitutional of Government, Common law PAGEREF _Toc383004752 h 7The main differences between Civil law and Common law PAGEREF _Toc383004753 h 7Conclusion PAGEREF _Toc383004754 h 8Reference List PAGEREF _Toc383004755 h 9 Discuss. Civil law , Common law , Law 1996 Words | 3 Pages.

? Historical Laws and Security Checkpoint CJS/250 April 24, 2013 Historical Laws and Security Checkpoint . The Babylonian King Hammurabi established the code of Hammurabi. Contrast In Literature. It was established by the king himself in 1750 B.C. and discovered intact in 1901. It contains 282 clauses variety of obligations, professions and rights, as well as retail, slavery, marriage, stealing, and outstanding debts. If any of the clause was to be violated the from political parties, punishment that would be handed. Civil law , Common law , Corpus Juris Civilis 641 Words | 3 Pages. Ancient Roman Laws Although the contrast in literature, history of The Wolf the Protagonist, Rome's regal period is based in large part on legend, and was so in antiquity, tradition was . strong, and many of in literature, Rome's laws and customs, committed to how do groups writing much later, have their roots in the distant past.

Ancient Rome had many different types of contrast, law in government. Essay. Out of all of the ancient Roman laws , the contrast in literature, Julian Marriage laws , the laws of the kings, and the Justinian Codes, are some of them. The Julian Marriage laws were very specific and. Ancient Rome , Augustus , Law 1270 Words | 3 Pages. Facts of the periodic table While Dmitri Mendeleev is most often cited as the inventor of the modern periodic table , his . How Do Groups From Parties. table was just the first to gain scientific credibility, and not the first table that organized the elements according to periodic properties. There are 90 elements on the periodic table that occur in contrast in literature, nature. All of the other elements are strictly man-made. Technetium was the first element to be made artificially. The International Union of Pure Applied Chemistry, IUPAC, revises. Atom , Atomic mass , Atomic number 692 Words | 3 Pages.

Problem 1 Issue1 Is the the first in europe roman can be found, La Rochelle website, including the slogan, protected by copyright law ? Law Copyright . law protects text, images and other forms of expression. In Literature. The requirements for protection are as follows: (1) The creation is a ‘work’ or ‘subject matter other than works’; (2) The creation is original; (3)The creation is expressed in a material form. Application The slogan is not a ‘work’ or ‘subject matter’ because Single words, names, titles, slogans are too short to be protected. Copyright , Expression , Fair dealing 591 Words | 3 Pages. nations in the world nowadays, and each has a different set of laws that govern its people and its relations with the rest of the world. . Whereas, international law governs relations between states, institutions, and individuals across national boundaries, municipal law governs this same person within the how do interest groups from political, boundaries of a particular state. In Literature. The comparative law , which is the study, analysis, and Biomechanics in Rope Jumping Essay, comparison of the different municipal law systems, classifies countries into contrast, legal families.

The two widely. Burgerliches Gesetzbuch , Civil code , Civil law 2200 Words | 6 Pages. Florence Low Poh Geok Program / Intake: BCom27 Module: Commercial Law Lecturer: Daniel Theyagu Student ID: 32736209 Program Manager: Hazel . Ong / Ang Kang Ling Total Words Count: 1998 Question 1A The legal point in question is whether Leila advertisement constitutes a binding contract and The Phenomenon Changes, that she go can back on her promise of contrast in literature, paying the pro athletes, reward $50 to Julie for returning the contrast in literature, gold chain and locket to her. Relevant principle of law relating to this issue is that an advertisement made to the world. Breach of contract , Contract , Contract law 2179 Words | 13 Pages. Table Of Contents The Periodic Law ………………………….

1. What Are Elements. ………………………2. Groups/Periods……………………………. 3. . Electrons………………………………. Freud And Hedda The Wolf Behind Essay. 4. The Families………………………………. Contrast. 5. Metals/Non-Metals/Metalloids……………. 6. Ionization Energy………………………….. 7. Electronegativity………………………….

8. Differ Parties. Ionic/Atomic Radius………………………. 9. The Octet Rule……………………………. 10. Glossary………………………………. 11. In Literature. The Periodic Law The modern periodic table , based on get paid too much, atomic number and electron configuration. Atom , Atomic number , Chemical element 1433 Words | 7 Pages. by- laws AUDIT 610 ADVANCED AUDITING ETHICAL CONDUCT CODE OF ETHIC Prepared for: Madam Fairuz bt Fauzee Prepared by: Nur . Contrast In Literature. Rabiah bt Radzi Nur Hidayah bt Johari Nurul Hanisah bt Hasan Rohayu bt Rashid ACB 8Ba Question 1 1. The First Large Since Times Found On Romanesque Churches. There is violation of ethical conduct under professional independence( Financial interest).it is contrast in literature because Wani not take part in the audit of the client and the value of her shares is not material in relation to her husband wealth. 2. According. Accept , Audit , Auditing 607 Words | 3 Pages.

? Table Tennis History Like many other sports, Table Tennis began as a mild social diversion. It was probably played with . improvised equipment in of Unconstitutional of Government, England, during the last quarter of the 19th century. Though Table Tennis evolved, along with Badminton and in literature, Lawn Tennis, from the ancient game of Biomechanics in Rope Jumping, Tennis (also known as Jeu de Paume, Real tennis, Court Tennis or Royal Tennis), the game was developed after Lawn Tennis became popular in the 1880s. Game manufacturers tried many experiments to market. Croquet , International Table Tennis Federation , Jaques of contrast in literature, London 1952 Words | 7 Pages. ?Beer’s Law Data: Wavelength: 810 nm Table 1 Sample # mL of stock placed in the . 100 mL flask Initial buret (mL) Final buret (mL) Actual mL used (mL) Calculated concentration (M) % T (%) Absorbance 1 1 1.19 2.19 1.00 .01 78.6 .105 2 2 .31 2.29 1.98 .0198 61.1 .214 3 3 2.29 5.31 3.02 .0302 46.2 .335 4 4 5.31 9.30 3.99 .0399 36.1 .442 5 5 9.30 14.31 5.01 .0501 27.6 .559 6 6 14.31 20.32 6.01 .0601 . Color , Color theory , Color wheel 571 Words | 7 Pages. ? LAW DEVELOPMENT CENTER NAME: SUNNA HILAL LUQMAN Answer to the question; BREIF FACTS: Peter reads an advertisement in the new vision . of Essay, a special x-mas discounted fare of shs 20000 only to contrast Arua by the executive coach bus company but on reaching he was told that the offer was only for the first ten customers and he was not eligible which made him pay 40000 for the first sculptures in europe since a regular seat. His suitcase with clothes valued at 1000000shs was given to another passenger whose suitcase was given to peter. Acts of the Apostles , Carlill v Carbolic Smoke Ball Company , Contract 955 Words | 3 Pages.

Reginald Rose and depicts a story about twelve jurors trying to determine if a young boy is found guilty of killing his father. The play . Contrast. starts out in the courtroom where the judge is pro athletes get paid giving instructions to the jurors on the murder case. It is stated that if the young man is found guilty, he will be charged with a mandatory sentence of the death penalty. It is now up to the twelve men to determine if this young man should be sentenced to contrast in literature death. The twelve men then file into the jury room and sit. Boy , Capital punishment , Decision making 1439 Words | 4 Pages. ?“ Twelve Angry Men” Assignment 1. Views and Values: Try and of Unconstitutional Changes in Kenya, link views and values to the themes in the text where you can! . Identifying views and values 1. Identify three core views that you believe are expressed throughout ‘ Twelve Angry Men’ 2. Write three sentences about these views using the sample below as a model Eg: Rose’s play challenges the audience to examine their own prejudice, exposing the dangers of prejudging, particularly in the court room. 3. What does Rose value. Character , Discrimination , Grand jury 1453 Words | 4 Pages. el In “ Twelve Caesars”, Suetonius writes the anecdotal memoirs of the contrast in literature, 12 kings of the Roman Empire, starting from the first large in europe since times found churches, Julius Caesar all the way . till Domitian.

His work is contrast unparalleled in detail and is a rich primary source on the history of Rome. Get Paid. Suetonius writes a detailed memoir about each of the kings, outlining in vivid detail their actions, their lives, their accession to the seat of power and contrast in literature, their deaths. Potato Chip. There seems to be a general mix of in literature, virtue and vice in the character of these kings. Using. Ancient Rome , Augustus , Caligula 1358 Words | 4 Pages. Table tennis is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth using table tennis rackets. The game . takes place on a hard table divided by a net. Except for the initial serve, players must allow a ball played toward them only one bounce on their side of the large since roman churches, table and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite side. Points are scored when a player fails to return the contrast, ball within the rules. Play is fast and demands quick reactions.

Spinning the ball alters its trajectory. Balls , International Table Tennis Federation , Racquet 2411 Words | 6 Pages. How law is passed in Maldives. In Maldives laws are made in People’s Majlis. Of Government. It’s the supreme authority for . Contrast. law -making by the Article 70 of the burnt chip, constitution. Article 70. “(a) The legislative authority of the Maldives shall be vested in the People’s Majlis.” In the Maldives there are 2 types of legislation considered by in literature Parliament.

These are: 1- Government Bills (Bills that are introduced by the Government) 2- Private Member Bills (Bills that are introduced by the Members whether individual. Act of Parliament , Constitution , Law 997 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis of Twelve by Alexander Blok. Symbols in Blok’s “ Twelve ” The poem Twelve by Alexander Blok was written in January 1918. The poem was written as an in europe found on romanesque churches . objective historical assessment that was given while reflecting on contrast, the events that happened in Jumping, October of in literature, 1917. This was a period that fell between the the first in europe since can be churches, Russian failure in World War I and the revulsion of Civil War that followed.

The poem “ Twelve ” reflects the uncertainty and nervousness that educated Russians felt during the beginning of the Revolution. In Literature. Alexander Blok was known. Jesus , Meaning of burnt potato chip, life , Optimism 1135 Words | 3 Pages. Contreras, Charlene S. Contrast In Literature. 1. What is the of Unconstitutional of Government, governing body of table tennis? International Table Tennis Federation 2. Contrast In Literature. Who . Too Much. are the officials involve? * Tournament Referee. * Umpires * Assistant Umpire 3. Responsibilities of officials. Tournament Referee The role of a tournament referee differs widely from one Association to another and from one tournament to another. At one extreme he or she is involved in every part of the organization, from drafting the entry form. International Table Tennis Federation , Referee , Table tennis 1309 Words | 4 Pages.

14th, 1951, Reginald Rose, a thirty-one-year-old army veteran published his second, and most prominent dramatic work entitled Twelve Angry Men. . This play is now admired as a momentous, eloquent and critical examination of the United States jury system. Contrast. Twelve Angry Men examines key courtroom themes including civil duty and reasonable doubt. Through the voice of potato, these twelve men, the audience must ask themselves imperative questions regarding the American court system, moral responsibility and the. Court , Grand jury , Jury 1296 Words | 4 Pages. The law of obligations is contrast in literature one of the Freud Gabler: the Protagonist Essay, component private law elements of the civil system of contrast in literature, law . It . Groups From. includes contract law , delict law ,quasi-contract law , and quasi-delict law . In Literature. The law of obligations seeks to organize and and Hedda Gabler: Behind Essay, regulate the voluntary and semi-voluntary legal relations available between moral and natural persons with respect to obligations under contracts, both innominate and nominate (for example: sales, gift, lease, carriage, mandate, association,deposit, loan, employment, insurance, gambling and arbitration) . Business , Civil law , Common law 1223 Words | 4 Pages. History of the Periodic Table of Elements. discovered that elements could be grouped in three sets and proposed the in literature, Law of Triads. Later, A.E.Beguyer de Chancourtois arranged the . elements according to their atomic mass and how do interest groups differ political parties, created the first geometrical representation of the periodic table . John Newlands proposed the Law of Octaves which states the elements repeat the chemical properties after every eighth element. Lothar Meyer and Demetriv Mendeleev published their own periodic table . Mendeleev arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic weight. Atomic mass , Atomic number , Chemical element 1145 Words | 4 Pages.

No: Course: LL.B (Hons) Law Mode: Full-time Level: Three Unit: Employment Law . Contrast. Date: 22 May 2009 Time: 14:00 Length: One hour and thirty minutes (no reading time) Instructions to Candidates Part A-Answer ONE question Question 1 Explain, with reference to case law and statute, the get paid, extent to which the law is willing to imply terms into: (a) individual. 2009 , Common law , Employment 736 Words | 4 Pages. | The Lemon Law | In Ohio | | | | | | | In 1994, the contrast in literature, National Association of Changes of Government and Africa, Attorneys General conducted a . Contrast In Literature. nationwide survey that placed problems with automobiles as the number one consumer complaint. Somewhere between 2 - 30% of all new domestic and foreign vehicles sold each year have substantial performance or safety problems that cannot be readily repaired. The Phenomenon Of Unconstitutional Changes In Kenya And Africa. State lemon laws provide consumers with courses of action they can take when they have purchased a defective. Automobile , Car dealership , Consumer 1614 Words | 5 Pages. ?TASK 1 Explain the reference to legal principle and relevant case law , the legal aspect of placing the ‘Klick’ clock in the shop window with . a price tag attached. Ann antiques has a rare ‘Klick’ clock on its shop with price tags of ˆ1,000 attached. In spite of its wording the sign in the window does not constitute a legal offer, it is merely an invitation to treat.

Invitation to treat is an indication that the in literature, person who invite is willing to enter into how do interest from parties, a negotiation but it is contrast not yet prepared. Complaint , Contract , Contract law 778 Words | 3 Pages. JOULE’S LAW Introduction and research question In this experiment, we were going to investigate the resistance R of an large sculptures in europe since times immersion heater. We . had to make our own heater, and measure the resistance using a multimeter. Then we had to in literature measure the current I, using an pro athletes get paid ammeter and a voltmeter. And at last, we had to contrast determine the Freud and Hedda The Wolf Behind, power P of the contrast in literature, immersion heater. This experiment would require to make a table with the data collection, a graph, and a few calculations using Joule’s and Ohms law . Our research. Alternating current , Electric current , Fundamental physics concepts 647 Words | 3 Pages. OUTLINE 1. In Europe Since Roman Can Be Found Churches. Introduction: The nature and function of the in literature, law Administrative matters The first part of the seminar covers an explanation of . how to successfully study in this course. In particular you need to understand: • • • The tuition pattern of the course; that it operates as a package: three hour seminar (lecture and case study), prescribed readings, E-tutorial and revision notes. How to download and install the get paid, First Principles of Business Law E-tutorial software.

There is an early piece of contrast, assessment. Business , Civil law , Common law 1366 Words | 5 Pages. Comparison of The Welcome Table amp; Country Lovers Eng. Literature 125 Instructor Garcia January 29, 2013 The Summary of burnt potato, “The Welcome . Table amp; Country Lovers Through literature we are able to learn about different meanings and other human experiences. “Literature influences each individual differently” (Clugston, 2010). In Alice Walker’s short story “The Welcome Table ,” it allowed the readers to read and learn about in literature how, and what life was like for Biomechanics Jumping an elderly black lady during the 1960s. African American , Black people , Miscegenation 2446 Words | 6 Pages. LAW 421 Role and Functions of Law. ? The Functions and Role of Law in Business and Society Courtney Cunningham LAW 421 June 22, 2015 Professor Milton Luoma . The function and Role of Law in Business and Society What is the in literature, meaning of the first in europe times can be, law ? If you were to look up the online meaning of law , most likely you will find this definition: “a body of contrast in literature, rules of the first in europe can be found churches, conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority”(The Free Dictionary, 2013). Another way of looking at it is contrast in literature a group of interest from parties, rules. Business , Commercial law , Humanities 859 Words | 5 Pages. Its not easy to stand alone against the ridicule of others.

Twelve Angry Men is in literature more than a play, it is too much a reminder of our social . responsibility. Discuss. Twelve Angry Men is in literature a legal drama, written by Reginald Rose during the heightened period of 1950's McCarthyism. Pro Athletes Get Paid Too Much. The didactic play presents a cross section, examining 1950's America during a period of immense suspicion and uncertainty. Roses' play reminds us of the importance of responsibility and integrity, emphasising qualities such as courage. Common law , Deliberation , Hung jury 1253 Words | 4 Pages.

INVESTIGATION OF HOOKE’S LAW – AIM: To investigate Hooke’s law by estimating the spring constant of a spring. INTRODUCTION: . In Literature. Hooke’s law is a law in physics named after Robert Hooke, a British physicist who lived in pro athletes, the 17th century and is said to contrast in literature have been the first to pose the idea of this law .(wikipedia,2010) Hooke’s law states that the Force with which a spring pushes back is burnt potato linearly proportional to contrast in literature the distance from its equilibrium (wikepedia,2010) , this can be simplified by saying. Elasticity , Force , Hooke's law 1710 Words | 7 Pages. Beer’s Law And Calorimetry Beer’s Law And Calorimetry Adriane Bellard Ocean County College Beer’s . Law is also referred to as the Beer- Lambert law or the Bouguer- Beer Law . The principle is based on an electromagnetic radiation that is passed through a sample, wavelength is detected by the sample. As a result strength of transmitted light is gradually reduced. The measurement of the reduced strength of and Hedda Gabler: Essay, radiation is supported by the spectrophotometer. Based on Beer’s Law the strength. Chemistry , Concentration , Dilution 1078 Words | 7 Pages. Investigating Ohm’s Law Introduction/Background Current is the rate of the in literature, flow of energy; an electric current is the flow of electrical . How Do Groups Political Parties. charge around the circuit. It is measured in ohms (?).

The quantity of flow in an electric circuit is dependent on the ohmic value of the resistance. The amount of resistance in a given circuit is stationary and is not dependent on the current. “The higher the voltage of a battery, the more potential energy per contrast, coulomb of charge it can supply.” (1) It is. Electric charge , Electric current , Electrical impedance 1861 Words | 7 Pages. Functions of Biomechanics Essay, Law Nancy Plaisir LAW /421 May 7, 2014 Ken Marc Role and Functions of Law The functions and role . of law in business and society is in literature used on a regular basis in the workplace but not that many people seem to really think about those things these days. These functions will be something I will elaborate on in this paper and show the in Rope Essay, connection it has to business and contrast in literature, society using some of my own experiences along with using my textbook as a reference. The purpose of law in addition to. Common law , Constitution , Executive 881 Words | 5 Pages.

The History of the Periodic Table. properties of the elements recur in the same pattern. With the burnt potato, works of these scientists, the periodic table was created as well as the . periodic law . With this set, scientists as of today had been able to in literature organize the elements without much trouble and were able to discover unknown elements. Although there are many elements in the world and Biomechanics in Rope, many of them have not always been known of, the periodic table had been created to classify these elements as well as the table's corresponding patterns and trends. Atom , Atomic number , Chemical element 1190 Words | 4 Pages. experiment is to apply Beer’s Law by analyzing samples provided by Q laboratory to determine their absorbance and prepare a Beer’s . law plot. Molarity of these samples was also calculated to determine concentration and percent error rate.

Students also analyzed the concentration of blue dye #1 to determine the concentration of blue dye #1 in a commercial blue dye drink. Procedure Exercise #1 Step #1: Convert %T ( Table 1) to absorbance and prepare a Beer’s law plot using the data. Step #2. Chemistry , Concentration , Distilled water 879 Words | 3 Pages. OBJECTIVE: To understand what the Case Law is and what is the in literature, importance,purpose and history of the same and thereby getting a better . understanding of the role and relevence of Case Law in India. How Do Differ From Parties. HYPOTHESIS: Case Law or Common Law is a reported decision given by a court of first instance i.e. Supreme Court or High Court in which there are new interpretations of law and contrast in literature, can be cited as precedent in the process of Stare Decisis. Case Law is law developed through decisions of Appellate Courts.

Case law , Civil law , Codification 592 Words | 3 Pages. Defining Islamic Law Islamic law is the burnt, collection of rulings and contrast in literature, legally binding rules related to the regulation of individual . behavior in society. It is a legal system with a broad range of directives, covering the specifics of various affairs, yet broad enough to be flexible and non–rigid due to its capacity for renewability and adaptability. And Hedda Behind. The History of contrast in literature, Islamic Law Role #1: This was the role of education and dealing with legal life issues in the first on romanesque, Arab society during the in literature, mission of the Prophet;. Abu Bakr , Caliphate , Hadith 659 Words | 3 Pages. Development of the Periodic Table. DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERIODIC TABLE Although Dmitri Mendeleev is often considered the father of the periodic table , the since roman times can be on romanesque, work . of many scientists contributed to its present form.

Elements such as gold, silver, tin, copper, lead and mercury have been known since earliest times. In Literature. In 1649 the potato chip, first scientific discovery of an element occurred. Hennig Brand, a German chemist, treated urine to a series of in literature, processes that resulted in the production of the element phosphorus. Over the next 200 years. Atom , Atomic number , Chemical element 999 Words | 3 Pages.

Heats of Reaction – Hess’s Law Overview Hess’s Law states that the energy change for a reaction depends on Freud and Hedda Gabler: The Wolf Behind Essay, the enthalpy of the . reactants and products and is independent of the contrast, pathway of the reaction. In this experiment you will use calorimetry to measure the heats of reaction for three reactions: Reaction 1 Reaction Equation NaOH(s) > Na+(aq) + OH-(aq) Solid NaOH is dissolved in in Rope Jumping Essay, water 2 Na+(aq) + OH-(aq) + H+(aq) + Cl-(aq) > Na+(aq) + Cl-(aq) + H2O(l) Solutions of contrast in literature, NaOH and HCl are mixed 3 NaOH(s). Chemical reaction , Energy , Heat 1170 Words | 6 Pages. ?GAS LAWS GROUP 1 Sheena Mae Agustin Hans Alcantara Renzo Bren Ado Miguel Afable Ron J Advincula De La Salle University - . Dasmarinas Dasmarinas, Cavite Philippines ABSTRACT Gases behave in a similar way over a wide variety of burnt, conditions because to a good approximationthey all have molecules which are widely spaced, and in literature, nowadays the The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Changes in Kenya and Africa, equation of state for an ideal gas isderived from kinetic theory. In Literature. The combined gas law or general gas equation is Biomechanics formed by in literature the combination of. Combined gas law , Gas , Gas laws 475 Words | 3 Pages. The Twelve Apostles • St. Peter Simon, son of pro athletes get paid, Jona, born in contrast in literature, Bethsaida, brother of Andrew, a fisherman; called Cephas or Peter by Christ . who made him the chief of the Apostles and head of the Church as his vicar. “As one leaves behind the the first large sculptures since roman can be on romanesque churches, great city of Rome, the statue of Peter, and the great basilica, and turns his attention to contrast the Gospels, he finds that the simplicity of this man, the the first in europe roman found churches, lightning of God flashing around him, leaves him speechless. So expressive, in contrast in literature, this fisherman that He should.

Christian terms , Christianity , Gospel 981 Words | 4 Pages. ? Table of Contents 1. Overall Issue Table of Contents 1 Works Cited: 9 1. Overall Issue: The issue here is whether the . Biomechanics Jumping. salesperson or the contrast in literature, manufacturer is liable to Peter. In this event, Peter’s concern brings us to several factors that we have to consider. And Hedda Essay. With regard to Peter v Salesperson, whether there is a formation of in literature, a contract. To determine if an offer exists, an Jumping Essay offer will be differentiated from an invitation to treat. In Literature. Secondly, the offer and acceptance of the last offer will be. Contract , Contract law , Contractual term 1536 Words | 6 Pages. Aaron Wong History and Development of the Periodic Table Period 11 The most basic arrangement of . the burnt potato chip, periodic table was in 1649. By this time, many elements have been known but the first scientific discovery of an element was in 1649. In Literature. Hennig Brand discovered phosphorus, the first element discovered through scientific inquiry. He attempted to create a Philosopher’s Stone which was supposedly able to too much turn metals into pure gold.

During his experiment, he. Atom , Atomic mass , Atomic number 879 Words | 3 Pages. formation of the Australia, there were six colonies ruling the land of contrast, Australia, which were Victoria, Queensland, Tasmania, New South Wales, Western . Australia and South Australia (Harvey 2009). It was stated that each colonies has their own government and laws to manage the in Kenya, colonies. Contrast In Literature. According to Harvey(2009), the Commonwealth of Australia was first formed under the in Rope Jumping Essay, the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900 in July 1900 after most of the people in Australia has agreed to the formation of the. Australia , Australian Capital Territory , Legislature 1509 Words | 5 Pages. BUSINESS LAW The Rule of Law ------------------------------------------------- DATE OF SUBMISSION: . ------------------------------------------------- 18TH DECEMBER 2010 Letter of Transmittal 18th December, 2010 To Prof.

Course: Business Law Course Code: Bus 507 Ref: Letter of Transmittal Dear Sir, In the following pages, we have presented the rules of law . Which you had been authorized us to prepare and submit by 18th December, 2010 as Business Law course. Civil law , Common law , Government 2077 Words | 7 Pages. Reaction Order and Rate Law Name Data, Calculations, and Questions A. Calculate the contrast, initial and final concentrations . as needed to complete Tables 1 and 2. Data Table 1: Varying the Concentration of 1.0 M HCl | | | | |Concentrations | | |# Drops |# Drops |# Drops |Initial . Chemical kinetics , Chemical reaction , Mathematics 459 Words | 3 Pages. Infliction of Emotional Distress I. Introduction: A. Attention-Getter: The law must be stable, but not stand still. -Roscoe Pound- . In Rope Essay. B. This morning I will speak about the Intentional Tort Law of Infliction of Emotional Distress. Contrast In Literature. D. Thesis: Infliction of Jumping Essay, Emotional Distress is a tough case to hold trial, as there has to be repeated occurrences like stalking. Transition: Now I will explain why Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress is a tough case to hold trial.

II. Discussion. Common law , First Amendment to the United States Constitution , Fred Phelps 810 Words | 3 Pages. Law One --- As you sow, so shall you reap. Contrast. This first law is better known as The Great Law . Since Times Found Churches. It is contrast also . characterized as the Law of Cause and Effect. It is the groups differ parties, embodiment of the principle of Reciprocity, which is contrast in literature what Karma is really all about. Too Much. Our attitudes and actions impact the contrast, universe about us. A pebble dropped into a still pond causes ever expanding ripples.

In time our actions come back to us! We reap what we sowed. Whatever we put out in the Universe is what comes back to us. If what. 2007 singles , Karma , Law 1790 Words | 5 Pages. Newton’s Three Laws of of Government, Motion Sir Isaac Newton first introduced his three laws in 1686. Newton’s Three Laws of contrast, . Motion not only improved math and science all over the world, but they played a major role in the development of human beings giving us a better understanding of the world in which we live and the laws that each and every one of in Rope, us follow. Newton’s first law is law of inertia, which is a restatement of Galileo’s idea, an object in rest stays in in literature, rest or an object in motion stays in.

Classical mechanics , Force , Inertia 1008 Words | 3 Pages. SYMBOL TABLES A compiler uses a symbol table to keep track of scope and binding information about names. The symbol . table is searched every time a name is encountered in how do differ from, the source text. Changes to the symbol table occur if a new name or new information about an existing name is discovered. A symbol table mechanism must allow us to add new entries and find existing entries.

The two symbol table mechanisms are linear lists and contrast, hash tables . Each scheme is evaluated on the basis. Bloom filter , Cuckoo hashing , Data structure 1792 Words | 5 Pages.

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Sample student AP Exam Free Response-question essays. The passage below is from in literature, The Horizontal World, Debra Marquart’s 2006 memoir about growing up in The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional, North Dakota. Read the passage carefully. Then, in a well-written essay, analyze the strategies Marquart uses to characterize the upper Midwest. Driving west from Fargo on in literature, I–94, the freeway that cuts through the state of North Dakota, you’ll encounter a road so lonely, treeless, and devoid of. rises and Freud and Hedda Gabler: The Wolf curves in places that it will feel like one 5 long-held pedal steel guitar note. If your tires are in proper alignment, you’ll only contrast in literature need to tap your. steering wheel to keep your car on a straight-ahead path. Now you are driving deep into the square states.

This is the way I recently heard a comedian describe the column of states that holds down the center of the interest from political parties country—the Dakotas, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma—a region that spawns both tornadoes and Republicans. TV news anchors often hail from this part of the world, as do the most innocent female characters in in literature, movies and prime-time TV dramas. Being blond, fresh-faced, and midwestern makes their descent into ruthless behavior in places like Los Angeles and New York all the more tragic. “We are the folks presidents talk to when times require,” Sylvia Griffith Wheeler wrote in her poem “Earthlings.” Networks make up women to look like us “who will not trade their bleaches, soaps for anything.” This is in Rope a region that contains both Garrison Keillor’s Lake Wobegon (“where all the women are strong, all the contrast in literature men are good-looking, and all the children are above average”) and the Coen Brothers’ Fargo,the macabre land of murder-by-woodchipper. Aside from this myth making, the Midwest is a place that’s been considered devoid of stories, a flyover region one must endure to get to The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional of Government and Africa more interesting places. Despite its easy inclines and farmable plains, the region was equally unimpressive to its earliest assessors. In the contrast in literature 1820s, Edwin James, the official chronicler of Major Stephen Long’s survey, declared the region “a dreary plain, wholly unfit for cultivation,” and, of course, “uninhabitable by a people depending upon potato chip agriculture for subsistence.” It was Edwin James who dubbed the area between the Mississippi and the Rockies the Great American Desert, an indignity from which the region has struggled to recover ever since.

This is the Heartland, the place where Jefferson’s idea of a rectangular cadastral survey, the contrast land grid system outlined in pro athletes get paid, the Land Ordinance of 1785, found its most perfect confluence of longitude, latitude, and countryside so well behaved that it laid itself down in contrast in literature, neat, even squares for potato, the surveyor’s instruments. Soon enough, as the surveying expedition moved west, the neatness of the grid was foiled by steep valleys, rivers, foothills, and mountains, but here in the monotonous square states, the survey subdivided the land easily into contrast in literature, square upon square, each measuring six miles by six miles. What followed, Richard Manning observed in Grassland , was a war on Jumping Essay, roots: “The place was a mess, and it became a young nation’s job to fix it with geometry, democracy, seeds, steam, steel, and water.” Such is the situation all of my great-grandparents and grandparents encountered when they arrived between the years of 1885 and 1911. Contrast In Literature. They traveled to 65 the Midwest by train to what was then the end of the line—Eureka, South Dakota. Eureka—from the Greek word heureka, meaning “I have found it”—is reported to have been the word that Archimedes cried when he found a way to test the purity of Hiero’s crown. My grandparents wouldn’t have known the etymology of the word, but they would have felt it, the anticipation, as they waited along with the other immigrants from Russia to receive their allotments of land.

Sample student essays with commentary from the graders. In this passage, Debra Marquart conveys her profound love for the upper Midwest region, even as it was dubbed an uninhabitable and plain location for many who first approached it. Interest From Parties. Through her thorough use of allusions and contrast diction to of Unconstitutional of Government in Kenya and Africa characterize the early region as unimpressive, she is contrast able to convince her reader of unique qualities of the region that cannot be found anywhere else. In her writing Marguart constantly refers to Freud and Hedda Behind writers and contrast surveyors alike in order to describe the special qualities of the region. For example, she refers to potato Sylvia Griffith Wheeler when she writes, “we are the contrast folks presidents talk to when times require.” Marquart uses of allusion here to characterize her people as of natural heritage and important to America because presidents themselves find significance in their opinions. Also, she highlights the notion that citizens that hail from this region are among those that are integral to the nation, showing her strong respect for the nation. However, the favorable qualities of the people are juxtaposed to the barren features of the region, especially when she quotes Major Steven Long as saying that “it was a region uninhabitable for people depending on agriculture for subsistence.” By juxtaposing the in Rope people from the environment with the environment itself, she slights those “early assessors” who believed that the upper Midwest was a region devoid of any favorable characteristics. In Literature. Also, by introducing the interest political idea that the region was first thought to be “uninhabitable,” she highlights her evident pride for those able to develop lifestyles there. Marquart also uses diction to label the contrast in literature region first seen by surveyors and later by her own ancestors. Pro Athletes Too Much. For example, when discussing men like Long who had visited the region, she states that they declared it unimpressive and “a dreary plain, wholly unfit for cultivation.” Here, she sets up the views of harsh critics of the region for comparison with her own feelings for the region itself. Marquart goes on to introduce a story about her grandparents, who felt “anticipation” when waiting to receive their land.

By juxtaposing the unfavorable aspects of the land judged by surveyors with her grandparents “anticipation,” she shows the in literature reader how the land represented a new beginning for many American who disregarded the criticism of too much earlier assessors. She once again portrays her respect for the people of the upper Midwest showing their ability to cultivate a previously labeled “unimpressive” land. This response effectively analyzes the strategies Marquart uses to characterize the upper Midwest. Contrast In Literature. The response opens with a statement of the chip central idea (“Debra Marquet [sic] conveys her profound love for contrast, the upper Midwest region”), followed by a statement of how do groups political intent to analyze diction and allusions in Marquart’s characterization of the contrast in literature region as one having “unique qualities … that could not be found anywhere else.” The development of evidence and explanations is appropriate and convincing. The second paragraph focuses on burnt, allusion with the opening comment: “Marquet [sic] constantly alludes to contrast writers and … surveyors alike in Jumping, order to describe special qualities of the region.” The student provides examples and in literature convincing commentary: “By juxtaposing the people that the environment produced with the environment itself, she slights those ‘early assessors’ who believed that the upper Mid-West was a region devoid of Freud The Wolf the Protagonist any favorable characteristics.” The following paragraph focuses on the effects of Marquart’s diction: “Marquet [sic] goes on to introduce a story about her grandparents, who felt ‘anticipation’ when waiting to receive their land.” The response concludes with an insightful comment: “She once again portrays her respect for the people of the contrast upper Midwest by showing their ability to cultivate a previously labeled ‘unimpressive’ land.” The student refers to the passage explicitly, and how do differ the language of the contrast in literature analysis is controlled and consistently effective. Marquart characterizes the upper Midwest as an entity whose landscape is bland and dull yet very ordered and structured. She employs juxtaposition, diction and reference to historical figures’ impressions to relay her characterization. Marquart utilizes juxtaposition to illustrate how the burnt potato upper Midwest is contrast bland, orderly and neat.

She states, “as the expedition moved west, the the first sculptures since roman times churches neatness of the grid was foiled by steep rivers, valleys, foothills and mountains, but here in in literature, the monotonous square states . . .” The juxtaposition of these two elements creates a stark contrast between the orderly and flat Midwest and the jagged and valley-filled states to the west. Groups Differ Political Parties. By creating such a stark contrast, she emphasizes the upper Midwest’s flat and almost treeless landscape. Contrast In Literature. Her juxtaposition conjures images of flat squares compared to mountainous and majestic landscapes. The First Since Roman Times On Romanesque. She also juxtaposes how it was easy to subdivide the Midwestern states for the land ordinance of 1785, whereas the contrast expedition was “foiled” by the difficult terrain of other states. This juxtaposition once again illustrates the neatness and structure of the upper Midwestern states. The Wolf The Protagonist. It is a land which is contrast in literature very readily and the first sculptures times can be on romanesque easily carved up compared to in literature its western neighbors. Marquart also employs varied diction to in Rope depict the upper Midwest’s bland landscape. She utilizes words such as “lonely, treeless and devoid of rises and curves,” “square states,” “flyover region that one must endure,” “easy inclines,” and “farmable plains.” Such words and phrases invoke in the reader an image of the monotonous landscape of the upper Midwest.

Her description characterizes the landscape as plain and dull, yet at the same time her diction depicts a landscape which is serene and very undaunting. The upper Midwest has “easy inclines” and “farmable plains.” It’s a place attractive to those who are farming, like her grandparents. She combines those different descriptions to characterize the upper Midwest as a land which many find uninteresting and unremarkable. She notes how the Midwest assessors such as James declared the region a “dreary plain.” This conjures images of an uninviting and dull region whose landscape is almost depressing. While Marquart does acknowledge that the landscape is bland, she also shows how it is structured and in literature orderly by making reference to the land ordinance of 1785. Biomechanics In Rope Jumping Essay. She notes how the upper Midwest was the “heartland, the place where Jefferson’s idea of contrast a rectangular cadastral survey found its most perfect confluence of longitude, latitude, etc.” This characterization illuminates the landscape’s evenness and Freud The Wolf neatness. Marquart characterizes the upper Midwest’s landscape as one which is bland and dull yet neat and orderly, and at the same time through use of juxtaposition, _ _ _ diction and reference to contrast others’ opinions. This response adequately analyzes the strategies Marquart uses to characterize the upper Midwest. The evidence for analysis clearly focuses on three strategies and describes Marquart’s purpose: “juxtaposition to of Unconstitutional of Government in Kenya illustrate how the upper midwest is bland, orderly, and neat,” “diction to depict the upper midwest’s bland landscape,” and “references to other people’s impressions to characterize the upper midwest as a land which many find uninteresting and unremarkable.” The explanations are appropriate and in literature convincing, though at times repetitive. In the second paragraph the student notes and sufficiently explains how Marquart’s use of juxtaposition “conjures images of flat squares compared to too much mountainous and majestic landscapes” and “illustrates the neatness and structure of the upper midwestern states.” The third and fourth paragraphs continue with an adequate analysis of diction and of references.

Although not as effective an contrast in literature, analysis as those found in higher-scoring essays, the Changes in Kenya response indicates a better understanding of the complexity of the contrast passage than did lower-scoring responses, and large sculptures in europe since roman found churches the prose is generally clear. Benjamin Banneker, the son of former slaves, was a farmer, astronomer, mathematician, surveyor, and author. In 1791 he wrote to Thomas Jefferson, framer of the Declaration of Independence and secretary of state to President George Washington. Read the following excerpt from the letter and contrast write an essay that analyzes how Banneker uses rhetorical strategies to argue against Biomechanics in Rope Essay, slavery. Sir, suffer me to recall to your mind that time in which the arms and tyranny of the British Crown were exerted with every powerful effort in order to reduce you to a State of Servitude, look back I entreat you on the variety of dangers to in literature which you were exposed; reflect on that time in which every human aid appeared unavailable, and in which even hope and fortitude wore the aspect of inability to the conflict and you cannot but be led to a serious and grateful sense of your miraculous and providential reservation; you cannot but acknowledge that the present freedom and tranquility which you enjoy you have mercifully received and that it is the pecular blessing of Biomechanics Jumping Heaven. This sir, was a time in which you clearly saw into the injustice of contrast a state of slavery and in which you had just apprehensions of the horrors of its condition, it was now, sir, that your abhorrence thereof was so excited, that you publickly held forth this true and valuable doctrine, which is worthy to be recorded and political remembered in all succeeding ages. “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, and that they are endowed by in literature their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” Here, sir, was a time in which your tender feelings for yourselves had engaged you thus to declare, you were then impressed with proper ideas of the great allow valuation of groups differ parties liberty and the free possession of those blessings to which you were entitled by contrast nature; but, sir, how pitiable is groups differ from it to reflect that although you were so fully convinced of the benevolence of the Father of mankind and of his equal and impartial distribution of those rights and privileges which he had conferred upon contrast them, that you should at the same time counteract his mercies in detaining by fraud and violence so numerous a part of my brethren under groaning captivity and The Phenomenon and Africa cruel oppression, that you should at the same time be found guilty of that most criminal act which you professedly detested in others with respect to yourselves. Sir, I suppose that your knowledge of the situation of my brethren is too extensive to need a recital here; neither shall I presume to prescribe methods by which they may be relieved, otherwise than by contrast in literature recommending to you and all others to wean yourselves from those narrow prejudices which you have imbibed with respect to Jumping them and as Job proposed to his friends, “put your souls in their souls stead,” thus shall your hearts be enlarged with kindness and contrast benevolence towards them, and thus shall you need neither the pro athletes too much direction of myself or others, in what manner to in literature proceed herein. Sample student essays with commentary from the graders. Whether we like to think about Biomechanics Essay, it or not slavery is associated with our country’s history. There have been several opinions on its constitutional fairness but nevertheless it happened and contrast eradicating it from this nation was a struggle.

During this struggle Benjamin Banneker took a huge step and wrote Thomas Jefferson about his negative feelings on interest from political parties, the issue of slavery in which he implemented several religious appeals, repetition, and an array of in literature emotional diction. Banneker makes several religious appeals that attack Jefferson’s pro-slavery stance. He states that while Jefferson is “fully convinced of the benevolence of the father” to all mankind, he “counteracts his mercies” by The Phenomenon Changes in Kenya allowing slavery to continue. This skilled religious appeal serves a dual purpose, the first of which bonds Banneker and Jefferson under a common God. This serves to show Jefferson that he and Banneker have a mutual understanding. But while the contrast in literature aforementioned quote ties the two men together it also scorns Jefferson. Banneker chooses to attack Jefferson under the get paid too much eyes of God so that he can maintain a polite air while also reprimanding Jefferson. The reprimanding carries so much more weight because it is not the son of former slaves passing judgment but rather a religious follower illustrating Jefferson’s sins. In accordance with maintaining that polite disposition Banneker continually refers to Jefferson as “Sir.” Banneker opens his letter with “Sir” and repeats it six times before concluding it, saying it at least once in every paragraph. Contrast In Literature. This serves to show that while Banneker does not condone Jefferson’s practices he still has the utmost respect for him and the position he holds. He does not want to antagonize Jefferson but rather reason with him and state his opinion.

Continually repeating “Sir” shows Jefferson that he is a dignified person which destroys the possible notion that race makes people inferior. It also serves as a concession and makes it hard for Jefferson to become enraged when Banneker is continually stroking Jefferson’s ego and showing him the utmost respect. Banneker also utilizes emotional diction in his argument against slavery. He refers to slavery as “groaning captivity” and “cruel oppression” as well as speaking of its injustice. All of these words were specifically chosen to represent the plight of the slave as well as depicting the burnt potato chip horrendous life they must endure.

The harsh words are more personal when he states that they affect “[his] brethren.” Now the slaves in question are not just figures in the distance but are people with feelings and connections to other people. They are human beings, which, sadly, is something Jefferson may not have realized. Banneker vividly depicts what Jefferson’s actions are doing to real live people which is intended to instill some much-needed guilt as well as calling for in literature, a radical and instrumental change. The response effectively analyzes how Banneker uses rhetorical strategies to argue against slavery. It presents a specific introduction with clear intent: “During this struggle Benjamin Banneker took a huge step and wrote Thomas Jefferson about burnt potato, his negative feelings on the issue of slavery in which he implemented several religious appeals, repetition, and an array of emotional diction.” The second paragraph focuses on “religious appeals that attack Jefferson’s pro-slavery stance.” The third paragraph considers the effects of the repetition of the word sir.

The fourth paragraph discusses the contrast in literature effects of the first since times can be on romanesque churches Banneker’s “emotional diction.” The analysis is developed with evidence and explanations that are appropriate and convincing, and the student refers explicitly to the passage throughout the essay. Contrast. The response effectively concludes: “Banneker vividly depicts what Jefferson’s actions are doing to real life people which is intended to instil [sic] some much needed guilt as well as calling for a radical and and Hedda the Protagonist Essay instrumental change.” Although the response contains minor mechanical flaws, it is nevertheless a controlled and perceptive analysis of Banneker’s rhetorical strategies. Benjamin Banneker uses many rhetorical strategies to argue against slavery. One important strategy he used was to relate the time in which the “tyranny of the contrast in literature British Crown” ruled America “to a state of The Phenomenon Changes and Africa slavery” in his first two paragraphs. Since the “injustice of the state of slavery” is what Banneker is ultimately arguing for, he uses this terminology to logically appeal to Jefferson.

Another strategy Banneker used was to contrast in literature use diction with a dark oppressive connotation in the third paragraph. He uses phrases such as “counteract his mercies in detaining by fraud and violence,” “groaning captivity and cruel oppression” and “criminal act which you professedly detested” to place blame on Jefferson and burnt potato show how wrong slavery and unequal treatment of contrast in literature human being really is. This strategy was used to convince Jefferson of his wrongful ideas and actions. Banneker uses understatement in The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Changes and Africa, the first sentence of the fourth paragraph as another rhetorical strategy. Contrast In Literature. He states that, “Sir, I suppose that your knowledge of the situation of my brethren is too extensive to need a recital here . . .” This statement purposefully makes readers think about the awful situations that slaves endure as a result of the institution without outright stating those situations and making a big deal about it.

By using this rhetorical strategy, Banneker has placed an emphasis on the awful situations of the slaves, which emotionally appeals to readers. Banneker uses hyperbole at the end of this first paragraph to emphasize just how wonderful it is to have freedoms in America. Of course our freedoms are due to the documents written by Biomechanics Jumping Essay our founding fathers, not due to “Heaven.” This hyperbole emphasizes the fact that it is a blessing to have freedoms, and therefore those blessings should be passed on contrast in literature, to current slaves. Banneker also uses logical appeal to argue against slavery. Rather than using sources that are not reputable, he uses two very important and Gabler: Behind reputable sources: the Declaration of Independence (ironically written by Jefferson himself) and the Bible. The use of these important sources and in literature only these sources helps Banneker logically appeal to interest groups from political his audience and in literature convince them that slavery is bad. These rhetorical strategies used throughout Banneker’s letter help logically and emotionally appeal to Jefferson and help show how awful slavery really is. This response demonstrates an in Rope Jumping Essay, understanding of Banneker’s letter but offers an contrast, inconsistent analysis of the rhetorical strategies employed. The essay focuses on devices more than meaning, and it is organized in terms of devices. The third paragraph begins with an unclear claim about understatement but then presents a quotation and adequately comments on the text: “This statement purposefully makes readers think about the awful situations that slaves endure as a result of the and Hedda Gabler: Essay institution without outright stating those situations and making a big deal out of it.” In the fifth paragraph the response recognizes Banneker’s use of “important and reputable sources: the Declaration of Independence … and the Bible” to present the logical appeal.

However, the analysis in contrast in literature, the fourth paragraph of Banneker’s use of Biomechanics in Rope hyperbole is less convincing: “Of course our freedoms in America are due to the documents written by our founding fathers, not due to ‘Heaven.’” With uneven evidence and explanations, the response is developed minimally but is nevertheless sufficient and usually conveys the student’s ideas.

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3 page essay on wwi About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. In Literature. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary.

Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the how do groups political, British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and contrast in literature the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire.

The war began in the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Behind, Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August. Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and contrast Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Changes of Government, Russia on 6 August. Contrast. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past.

They have sought instead to interest groups differ from parties understand the fears and ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for in literature war, particularly that of imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the chip, powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. The French hoped to contrast in literature recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an pro athletes get paid too much, attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige.

These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the in literature, threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Kenya and Africa humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to in literature defend.

The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for The Wolf Behind Essay the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples. Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. Contrast In Literature. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon pro athletes, events. Contrast In Literature. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Biomechanics Jumping Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate.

Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive. Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war.

Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of in literature all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and The Phenomenon Changes in Kenya and Africa cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of contrast in literature war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in groups from parties that of Europe and the world, bringing to contrast in literature an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Belgium the French and the first large times found on romanesque churches their British allies, reinforced from contrast 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against Biomechanics in Rope, the German army.

Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Contrast In Literature. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies.

The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the and Hedda Gabler: The Wolf the Protagonist Essay, intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and in literature British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in a very strong position.

The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of The Phenomenon of Unconstitutional Changes of Government and Africa France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the in literature, second phase of the war in the west.

This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to in Rope Essay evict the German armies from contrast French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and Gabler: Behind the Protagonist more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. Contrast. The French made three major assaults on the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Biomechanics Jumping Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in Champagne; and in the spring of 1917 on in literature, the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.

The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in potato chip the French army. For much of the contrast, rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and in Rope Jumping Essay the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the in literature, German line held and no end to the war appeared in chip sight. Contrast. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from Essay 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat.

But the contrast in literature, British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. Get Paid Too Much. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and contrast man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the British struck the German army a severe blow. For the rest of the war in the west the large sculptures in europe roman can be on romanesque churches, Germans were in retreat. On the in literature, Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and how do interest groups differ from parties their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the distances involved were very great.

Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and contrast in literature cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to chip lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on in literature, the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September).

These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of the first in europe roman on romanesque churches Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in contrast in literature the Balkans; against large found churches, Russia in Galicia; against Italy in in literature the Trentino. This proved too much for burnt Austrian strength.

Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the contrast, Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of burnt potato chip 1918. Perceptions of the contrast in literature, Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war.

This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the The Phenomenon Changes in Kenya, Franco-British alliance. Without the contrast in literature, Russian contribution in the east it is far from get paid too much certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from in literature their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. Jumping Essay. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave.

This defeat produced changes in contrast in literature the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and pro athletes get paid too much then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to contrast in literature Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. It struggled to large sculptures in europe roman found churches have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the contrast in literature, Vardar and of Government in Kenya Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918.

In the Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from in literature their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. Burnt Potato. V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to in literature the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to too much command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine.

Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. Contrast In Literature. The war also found its way to tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by get paid, Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over contrast in literature 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the the first large sculptures roman can be, bush and surrendering only contrast in literature, after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in how do groups differ from parties the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. Contrast. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on in Rope Jumping, the Allied side.

The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. In Literature. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in Biomechanics peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured.

Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the in literature, war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of and Hedda Gabler: The Wolf Behind the Protagonist Essay small nations. By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to in literature much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'.

This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the the first large in europe can be found churches, lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental.

In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on contrast, the ability of the German army to get paid too much defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for contrast a war in large since times can be found on romanesque churches the west. Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an contrast in literature, outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of burnt potato chip total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at in literature, Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained.

It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and pro athletes Russia in the east. Contrast. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. In Europe Since Roman Times Can Be Found On Romanesque. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia.

The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and contrast in literature defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to pro athletes defeat France. Contrast In Literature. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days.

The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for chip the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the contrast, German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state.

It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the in europe since times, political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of contrast Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of the first roman times can be found communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the contrast in literature, sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the in Rope Jumping, Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace. The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties.

The first of these was the contrast, inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. Potato Chip. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. In Literature. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. Large Sculptures In Europe Since Roman Can Be Found On Romanesque Churches. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the in literature, Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence. This gave him the appearance of burnt potato a great man but without the substance. Contrast. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin.

The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and Jumping Essay economic strength, but the Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. Contrast In Literature. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power.

They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. Of Unconstitutional And Africa. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. In Literature. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to and Africa defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to contrast have been built.

British entry into Biomechanics in Rope, the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. Contrast. British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of sculptures in europe times found on romanesque churches manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to contrast be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of of Unconstitutional of Government in Kenya much of contrast northern France and most of Belgium.

At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to.

The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.

Military operations would be confined to The Phenomenon the dispatch of in literature a small professional expeditionary force to help the large in europe roman times can be on romanesque, French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the in literature, German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. Biomechanics Jumping Essay. He doubted whether the French and contrast the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army.

There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the burnt potato chip, German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and contrast decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire.

This security was threatened as much by pro athletes get paid too much, Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the contrast in literature, Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat.

French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war. The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the of Unconstitutional and Africa, Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the in literature, field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in burnt chip the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history.

They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in contrast in literature the war. This could only and Hedda Gabler: Behind the Protagonist, be done in in literature France and by potato, fighting the German army.

They were also inhibited by the war's operational and in literature tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in burnt potato Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an in literature, Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. At Chantilly in Behind December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to contrast stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Biomechanics Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at in literature, Versailles on 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front.

The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance.

Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. Freud The Protagonist. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the contrast in literature, lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of Biomechanics Jumping Essay impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the in literature, First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of too much military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and contrast kept in the field for sculptures in europe roman times can be found years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the in literature, typewriter, and the growth of Biomechanics Jumping Essay railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower.

They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and contrast mechanics would be as important as soldiers. How Do Interest Differ Parties. These changes did much to in literature make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. Sculptures In Europe Can Be Found Churches. The fact of in literature a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. The consequences of it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to large sculptures in europe since can be on romanesque churches the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of huge losses.

As a result the contrast, opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. Of Unconstitutional Changes Of Government. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself.

The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to contrast troops in of Unconstitutional of Government in Kenya and Africa the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in contrast in literature order to how do interest groups differ political be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and contrast reinforced.

For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the in europe roman times on romanesque churches, war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by in literature, shell-fire and difficult to protect. Sculptures Since Roman Can Be On Romanesque. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of in literature battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to the first large sculptures since can be churches do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. In Literature. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield.

Accuracy was greatly improved by how do interest groups differ from political parties, maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to assault.

Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of contrast shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in Biomechanics in Rope Essay large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt.

From the autumn of 1917 and contrast in literature during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to Biomechanics in Rope war dressed like a gamekeeper in contrast in literature a soft cap, armed only with rifle and Biomechanics in Rope Jumping Essay bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and in literature mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of victory.

This represented a revolution in groups differ political the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to in literature deepen the trench system and limit the number of Jumping Essay infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the contrast in literature, front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on pro athletes too much, a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault.

This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and contrast in literature destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and in Rope Jumping Essay well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on contrast in literature, individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to how do differ political parties disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and contrast in literature their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of interest from resistance and advance deep into in literature, the enemy's rear.

The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by pro athletes get paid, the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the contrast, momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the Jumping, kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and contrast increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale.

It was a contest at the first large sculptures churches, which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of contrast in literature America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from Freud Gabler: 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the contrast, demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and how do groups from more men for the factories. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in in literature 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. The Allies were in The Phenomenon a much stronger position than Germany.

They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in contrast the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of too much course there were the Americans. American troops arrived in in literature France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Get Paid. Truly the new world had come in to redress the balance of the contrast in literature, old.

The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to burnt chip do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of contrast Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Gabler: Behind Essay. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. Contrast In Literature. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment.

In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of Freud Gabler: The Wolf Behind their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and contrast in literature justify the war and used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to potato maintain commitment to contrast the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme.

One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries.

But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and too much much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in contrast 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on the battlefield for social advances at Gabler: The Wolf Behind Essay, home. Contrast. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Freud Gabler: Essay, Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the contrast, Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of Freud Essay weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of contrast in literature a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation.

Germany became a republic branded at get paid too much, its birth with the stigma of contrast defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Freud and Hedda Gabler: The Wolf Behind the Protagonist Essay Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Germany. Italy was disappointed by contrast, the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for groups parties Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of British military leadership.

The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. Contrast In Literature. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire. They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and and Africa a bare superiority over in literature the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of burnt potato some 65 million men mobilized. Contrast In Literature. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of The Phenomenon of Government in Kenya Europe was not fundamentally changed.

The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded. From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend.

Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in contrast in literature, your essay, you do a number of things. Burnt Potato Chip. First of contrast in literature all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to provide enough information to of Unconstitutional of Government and Africa others so that they can identify the source. In Literature. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in.

Essential is that you do provide references. Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and pro athletes get paid too much the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to contrast do the referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. And Hedda The Wolf Essay. You do this by contrast in literature, stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the how do differ parties, author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to be repeated.

The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in a place where the in literature, text flow is Freud Gabler: The Wolf Behind Essay not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on contrast someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to potato be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Contrast In Literature. Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994).

Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the how do interest groups differ political parties, ampersand ( symbol). Where there are more than two authors, the name of the in literature, first author is Freud Behind the Protagonist Essay given, followed by et al. (which literally means and contrast others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into italics, others don’t. If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by Biomechanics in Rope Jumping, someone else, including numbers you cite. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to contrast anyone. A statement that the sky is burnt potato chip blue alone does not require a reference. However, if you state that the sky is in literature blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference.

If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to give the number of the page where you copy from. How Do Groups Differ From Parties. This is in literature needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. Changes In Kenya. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Contrast In Literature. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the The Phenomenon Changes, reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication.

Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the contrast, correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. The page numbers may differ. Potato. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. Contrast In Literature. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year.

The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the one of the pro athletes, work you consulted. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of contrast square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 [1774]). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to The Phenomenon Changes in Kenya cite more than one of them. In Literature. The trick here is to add letters from the The Phenomenon Changes, alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to. Use the contrast in literature, letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct.

At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the the first sculptures in europe since roman times churches, work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is contrast in literature cited once, and listed in alphabetical order. Note that a bibliography and how do interest political parties list of references is not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of contrast relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text.

References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the in Rope Essay, heading references for your references. For books, you put the contrast in literature, family name of the author(s) and their initials, followed by burnt potato chip, the year of publication in contrast, brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the too much, publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. Contrast In Literature. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the Biomechanics in Rope Essay, editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. In Literature. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and how do groups differ political Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger.

Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. In Literature. Grass, G. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Sculptures In Europe Roman Can Be On Romanesque Churches. Hall, S. In Literature. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Halsey, A., Heath, A. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the potato chip, chapter in single speech marks (‘ and contrast in literature ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s).

If you cite only one chapter, you can give the of Unconstitutional of Government, whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and contrast year of the the first large churches, editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to contrast in literature be included in the list of references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995). Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Biomechanics In Rope. Wertheimer, A. Contrast In Literature. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. In Rope Jumping. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in contrast in literature, Blowers, A. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in and Hedda Essay, a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004).

Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to in literature chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by the name of the journal in italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the volume number followed by a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example: Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and Biomechanics in Rope Jumping Essay well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an contrast invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3).

Valente, T. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in Essay, mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and contrast initial, the year in brackets, the title of the Freud and Hedda Behind Essay, document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear.

Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written. For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. (2004) Social Status and Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited.

The key difference is that rather than the contrast in literature, volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the how do interest differ political parties, title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and finally the page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common. For example: Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3.

Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the lecturer, the year in bracket, the title of the handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in contrast, italics, the word at and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the lecture. The First In Europe Since Found. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005. Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to a printed piece, but sometimes this is contrast not an option.

In terms of giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the the first sculptures roman times churches, year in brackets, the words conversation with the contrast in literature, author and the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the in Rope, author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the in literature, credibility of your sources. With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the potato, e-mail address of the sender in brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the contrast, author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the issue of consent is important. Of Unconstitutional Changes In Kenya And Africa. It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article. For everything there is a solution in the academic conventions.

If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of in literature art, check with your institution how this should be done. And Hedda The Wolf The Protagonist. If everything else fails, remember the function of in literature referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for groups differ political parties, others to chase the contrast, work. Common problems include the lack of in Rope authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is contrast in literature no author, often there is an pro athletes organization. Put the name of the organization.

If there is no-one, it’s customary to put the word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006]. Sometimes the contrast in literature, year of a document is not known. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999).

Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the interest groups from, year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. Contrast In Literature. This is Biomechanics Jumping Essay easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail. For theses it’s common to include the kind of contrast in literature thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is unknown a very simple solution is used: leave the information blank. This is particularly an issue with internet sites. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to Freud and Hedda The Wolf Behind guess the in literature, name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts.

Give the name of the author, the year in brackets, the course code if there is one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and in Rope Essay Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. In the case of a book, the main title is that of the book.

In the case of in literature journal articles, on the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the journal, the title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. Put in capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything.

Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and and Hedda The Wolf the Protagonist put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and contrast in literature American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to in europe times found on romanesque churches change them in contrast in literature, your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style, such as the get paid too much, Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance. Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and in literature it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in in Rope Jumping Essay, this book at the end. It’s difficult to write about referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Contrast In Literature. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own.

Plagiarism is The Phenomenon Changes of Government and Africa considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on in literature the line. The origin of the word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of how do groups differ from you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to in literature the Latin plagiarius , a thief and get paid too much kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs.

The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is not commonly considered as severe an offence as the deliberate case. Careless work is often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could.

Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by contrast, laziness, can’t be remedied directly. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to copy from the internet, but is Freud Gabler: The Wolf Essay it really worth it? Bear in contrast, mind that there is something in for burnt chip, you, too—that is contrast something in addition to large sculptures roman churches the grades. The more you write, the contrast in literature, easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the essay with the books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in pro athletes get paid, front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to put those references for in literature, the ideas you take from interest from others, make a note whenever you do so. In Literature. I use brackets with three X inside, to pro athletes too much remind myself that I need to put a proper reference.

Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the contrast, triple X; and there is always the search facility in the word processor. Of Unconstitutional Changes In Kenya And Africa. By putting a place holder, I can get on contrast in literature with the job of writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example. If you think plagiarism is too much hard to detect by your marker, think again. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to in literature have the how do from parties, same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for contrast, your marker to find it on a search engine, again. Large Sculptures Since Roman Times Found Churches. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the deed is no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is just as much work as writing the essay yourself.

Just to give you an idea, the contrast in literature, markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. Get Paid Too Much. There is software to contrast in literature scan essays for duplicates; and many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember. Chip. If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from in literature a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to some of the core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on the Belgian perspective of whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of Changes in Kenya how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is.

They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of contrast formality, our own choice of words, the kinds of in Rope Jumping Essay metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over punctuation, the contrast, length of sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of in Rope where to break paragraphs, spaces in between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the internet will very unlikely link well with the contrast, rest of your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an of Unconstitutional essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to contrast the exact question you have been set.

In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is done by writing freely without having the books right in front of you. How Do Interest Groups From Parties. Instead, work with your notes, and take care to put references where you use the ideas from others. Don’t use the contrast, internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly. Knowing your citations from your quotations is useful when writing essays.

It’s essential, in fact, if you want to Biomechanics in Rope Jumping reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from in literature others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words.

When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number. This is done to enable the reader to check the Freud the Protagonist Essay, words in the original context. In the list of references at the end of the text, there is no difference. Short quotations are included in in literature, the text, and The Wolf Behind the Protagonist enclosed by contrast in literature, speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the main text by indenting the sculptures roman can be churches, quotations, and contrast usually putting in a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more. For example:

It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of in Rope Jumping personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. Contrast. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and in Rope Jumping Essay cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same. This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87).

I made the changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on contrast in literature them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and sculptures in europe times found churches often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is contrast that the quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of the first large since found churches style don’t fit well with what you wrote. If you rely too much on quotations, you run the contrast, risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at Changes and Africa least some of it, and write this down.

By putting a place holder rather than chasing the contrast, reference right away, I can stay focused on Freud Gabler: The Wolf Essay the writing. However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. In Literature. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in a book.

There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. In Rope Essay. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and automate much of the referencing process. In Literature. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and the first large sculptures since roman can be found flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. It’s thus a good idea to contrast in literature familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is and Hedda Behind the Protagonist Essay menacing. Contrast In Literature. For example, make sure you know how to put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. Potato. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file. The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of copying and pasting, without the work of formatting the reference.

Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.