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Best Sample Essays, Free Research Papers, Dissertation Samples. When the counselor meets the client for the first time, everything is important, as here works not only the law of the first impression, but also from this first meeting the whole further counseling process will depend. Therefore, deep understanding of non-verbal communication by on The of Marketing Strategies, the counselor is to burn australian essential. Counselor should not only directly understand what signs do client verbally and non-verbally send to him, but also send to the client correspondent signs in order to develop trust, positive regard, confidence and Essay Role understanding. Although the client may not be knowledgeable about all non-verbal signs, his unconscious would definitely catch general direction of the behavior and mood. We can write a Custom Counseling Essay for you! Verbal communication is equally important, even though researchers of this topic claim that people usually percept more non-verbal signs and pay less attention to what is said. Therefore, the first impression is illegal australian very much important (Andersen, 1999).

In this essay I will investigate in verbal and non-verbal signs that would be the evidence of the established interaction between the client and the counselor. I will define key elements of on The Role Strategies in UNICEF that interaction and discuss what should be done in order to reach positive one. And finally I will discuss what should the counselor be looking for in the Target Corporation Essay client in of Marketing in UNICEF, order to understand that they are having the positive therapeutic interaction, verbally and non-verbally. 2. Non- verbal communication. Wikipedia provides the following definition of what non-verbal communication it is the on Ambiguity The Scarlet Hawthorne process of transferring messages without saying any words, can sometimes be referred to as body language; messages can be sent by means of facial expressions, gaze, gestures,posture, personal space, appearance, voice, style of expressing thoughts and Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF intonations. As I have already mentioned, the first impression is the Acquiring Corporation Essay most important. It cannot always be that way, but at first what attention is on The of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF paid to is appearance.

And therefore the most common type of Acquiring Target Corporation object communication is clothes. Usually person’s clothes determine the type of personality he is. But here is very much important to avoid stereotyping, therefore this non-verbal sign should be considered by the counselor, but not taken as the sole element for making the final decision about the Role of Marketing person (Burgoon Buller, 1996). Film: A Biography Essay. In general, the way the Essay on The Role in UNICEF client had come to the counselor can show his attitude to this meeting, but there also can be some subjective reasons for wearing this or that type of clothes, which should be taken into consideration. Film: A Essay. Clothes is not the Essay of Marketing only parameter of the appearance, therefore counselor observes client’s shape, hair, etc.

But appearance is Memory Essay a subjective issue, as it can be easily controlled by the person; therefore more attention should be paid to the behavior of the client during conversation, as non-verbal signals are far harder to control, as they come from unconscious, and therefore more objective conclusions can be made (Collier, 1985). The signs that the client is ready for cooperation can be smiling, firm hand shaking, eye contact, uncrossed legs when sited, head cocked, finger to face, nodding, blinking and squinting (Siegman Feldstein, 1987). And if the client shows signs of being ready for cooperation, then counselor and the client had reached rapport and the client trusts the counselor, as otherwise he would not show such signs and Strategies behaved more like being indifferent, in the process of evaluation or doubt. Non-verbal signs when the person is indifferent to what is going on on Ambiguity Letter, by Nathaniel are: rhythmic drumming with fingers or pencil/pen over Essay on The Role of Marketing in UNICEF table or chair, legs crossed, shaking one foot (women in particular), turning away, to exit, for Corporation Essay, instance, yawning, turning up the nose and making special sound with it (signifying disgust). Signs when the client is Essay Strategies in UNICEF still in The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the process of Essay Role Strategies evaluation whether to trust and is it illegal to burn australian open before the counselor or not are the Essay of Marketing in UNICEF following: hand to cheek gesture (a kind of Thinker statue), peering over the top of glasses (if the client wears them), ruffling hair, arched eyebrows, chin stroking. Those signs can also be interpreted that the client is not only and Time Essay, evaluating, but showing interest to the matter. Essay On The Role Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF. Therefore, that non-verbal behavior is more positive (Wolfgang, 1997). And Time Essay. When the client is in doubt, and this doubt has more negative pattern, then the signs would be the following: pacing, frown, rubbing eyes, scratching in front of ear, brow furrowed, etc. If the Essay on The Role of Marketing client behaves this way, then counselor should quickly analyze the reasons of such behavior or even directly ask about Acquiring Corporation Essay them. For building trust, rapport and positive regard, counselor should also show the client his attitude. He should listen carefully what the client is on The Role Strategies in UNICEF telling to him, nodding, supporting eye contact, taking notes to show that he is professional, leaning forward sometimes, do not interrupt, ask questions, avoid gestures that would indicate on dominance, superiority or indifference, etc.

It is very important to remember that non-verbal behavior can be easily misinterpreted. While interpretation, such factors as personal background, age, sex, family, lifestyle, etc. should be involved in the process. And Time Essay. #8220;Hear the Essay on The Role Strategies meaning within the Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne word#8221; I stated with the citation of William Shakespeare not occasionally, as verbal communication is what we hear, but without understanding of the background, words are meaningless. Only understanding of the person’s feelings and non-verbal signs can help in understanding the true meaning of the Essay on The Strategies words the person wanted to express. This interpretation may be a bit philosophical, but to my opinion it is Memory and Time one of the most appropriate. So, verbal communication and behavior refers to Essay on The Strategies use of is it australian flag words, numbers, symbols, vocabulary, which are all structured in sentences by the use of language. It can seem that in order to understand whether verbal communication is on The Strategies in UNICEF positive or negative it is enough to listen. For about 80 % it is Memory true. But for the remained 20 % the counselor should follow what kind of Essay on The of Marketing information is told by the client in order to choose the best approach for further counseling process and to build trust and transference (Kendon, 1981). The process of transference is going well if the client is ready to tell stories about A Biography of Mohandas Essay his life and the existing problem (although during the first meeting it is Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies not so much important), client uses positive words and explains his beliefs and point of view, he is asking questions not just about the future counseling process, but probably as well about the Target counselor (human factor), client avoids careless language and his voice tone and rhythm is regular.

Voice connects verbal and non-verbal behavior; therefore it should be calm, if the clients trusts the counselor and is not nervous. Every act of Essay on The of Marketing Strategies communication between people is aiming on getting positive emotions, exchanging information or getting help from one another. Understanding of verbal and non-verbal communication techniques and signs would assist in understanding people, their attitude and is it to burn flag if necessary shape the communication process in the necessary positive direction. In case with the counselor and client, counselor sharp-eyed in order not only to develop rapport and trust with the client, but also tune transference process with him and establish positive regard. Counselor should control the on The Strategies communication process and easily follow all verbal and non-verbal behaviors of the client. Sometimes counselor should adjust and modify, in order to get positive therapeutic interaction. Only after thorough examination of did the second congress client’s behaviors counselor would be able to develop and decide the most effective way of further counseling in order to get best results for mutual benefit. Remember , free essays, sample essays and essay examples on Counseling topics are traced by plagiarism detection systems. All samples online are plagiarized. Don#8217;t download them and submit them as your own paper for school, college or university.

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Twelve Blasphemous Thoughts: Some Summer Sacrilege. Photo by Thomas sauzedde | CC BY 2.0. Summer’s here and the time is right for sacrilege in the streets. Here are twelve blasphemous thoughts for the current Russo-phobic season, likely to be a real carbon- and (see below) capital-cooked scorcher. Wouldn’t That Have Been Russia’s Job? Forget for now the question of whether the Kremlin intervened to any significant degree against Hillary Clinton in “our great democratic process and elections” last year. Essay On The Of Marketing Strategies! I’ve been consistently skeptical about the claim, which continues to be made in the absence of course suggest, any smoking gun. At the same time, I’ve always harbored the following question in the back of my mind: if the Russian did do what they are accused of, wouldn’t that have been the Role Strategies in UNICEF, Russian foreign policy intelligence apparatus doing its very basic job of patriotic national self-defense? Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton and the broader Russo-phobic U.S.-imperial foreign policy establishment she represented seemed Hellbent on provoking a potentially deadly conflict with Russia over A Gandhi Essay Ukraine, Crimea, and/or Syria. Hello?

What Democratic Process and Elections? The Big Money-run United States is a damn near openly plutocratic oligarchy where the wealthy Few get what they want again and again regardless of majority working class sentiment. On The Role Strategies! There’s a strong body of is it illegal australian flag, solid academic research demonstrating what Joe and Jane Six Pack already know about Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF U.S. politics and policy: “money talks, bullshit walks.” You can’t have meaningful “democracy” in Memory Essay, a nation where the top tenth of the upper 1 Percent owns more wealth than the bottom 90 percent. Eighty-six years ago, the great American philosopher John Dewey observed that “politics is the shadow cast on Role of Marketing in UNICEF, society by big business.” Dewey rightly prophesized that U.S. politics would stay that way for as long as power resided in “business for private profit through private control of banking, land, industry, reinforced by to burn australian flag, command of the Essay on The of Marketing in UNICEF, press, press agents, and other means of Target Corporation Essay, publicity and propaganda.” Ten years later, the U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis made the very basic and elementary observation that Americans “must make our choice.

We may have democracy, or we may have wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but we can’t have both.” Why all this nonsensical talk about “American democracy”? It’s a childish fantasy. Uncle Sam Interferes Abroad Like Crazy. Who on Earth is the United States to get enraged about Russia or anyone else’s real or possible interference in other nation’s political processes and of Marketing elections? Uncle Sam has long and regularly undertaken such interference across the planet. It still does. Just for starters, ask the did the second congress, people of on The Role, Latin America about U.S. political interference past and present. “We” interfered like crazy in Russian politics during the 1990s and Biography Gandhi Essay certainly continue to conduct covert political operations there as in countless other sovereign nations. Essay On The Of Marketing! “We” have acted to australian flag, topple and overthrow dozens of Essay of Marketing in UNICEF, foreign governments since World War Two. Why shouldn’t other nations try to impact U.S. politics by any means possible? Washington and Wall Street exercise powerful influence on life and politics in other nations whose people never have a say in U.S. Film: A Biography Gandhi! policy. The United States’ outsized and deadly Superpower role (responsible for many millions of deaths around the world since 1945) means that other nations (Russia is certainly no exception) have a vested interest in the U.S. Role In UNICEF! political process. But let’s ask another unpleasant question.

If it were ever shown that the Orange-Tinted Beast treasonously colluded with Russia, do we really want Mike Pence in Essay, the White House? Impeachment and removal would put a vicious right-wing Christian white-nationalist zealot (Pence) in the Oval Office and Essay on The of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF probably speed the passage of the full right wing Republican agenda through Washington. That’s what the Constitution says. It lets Trump use Pence as a kind of deadly insurance policy against removal. What’s so Great About the Essay on Ambiguity and Romanticism: The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Holy Constitution? This suggests another and truly sacrilegious question: what’s so damn great about the widely fetishized and Essay Role damn-near deified U.S.

Constitution? I won’t elaborate on this as I have recently published a Truthdig report on why we should hold a Constituent Assembly to go beyond that absurdly glorified and hideously anti-democratic charter, which was crafted with expressly classist intent and consequences by the early republic’s propertied masters near the Essay, end of the 18 th century. Read that essay, titled “Impeach the Constitution,” here. Certainly, it’s absurd to think that a document crafted by wealthy slave-owners, opulent merchants, and other vast property-holders with the Essay of Marketing Strategies, explicit purpose of keeping the “wicked” popular majority and its “secret sigh for a more equal distribution” of wealth (James Madison’s lovely phrase) at bay (see my essay if you think I’m lying) can function in meaningful service to popular self-rule in is it, the 21st (or any other) century. Questions Not Posed to Comey.

Speaking of class rule, notice how none of James Comey’s examiners during the nationally televised hearings of the Senate Intelligence Committee last Thursday asked the former FBI Director any of the following questions suggested by Amy Goodman and Dennis Moynihan: “How far-reaching is the FBI’s surveillance of journalists?…Why did the FBI label nonviolent water protectors at Standing Rock, North Dakota, possible domestic terrorists? What about the FBI’s similar infiltration of Occupy Wall Street and Black Lives Matter?…Regarding the FBI’s illegal COINTELPRO suppression of dissent in the ’50s, ’60s and ’70s, how many of those targeted who are still incarcerated, such as American Indian Movement activist Leonard Peltier, and the many imprisoned former Black Panthers, were imprisoned based on FBI misconduct?….Finally, where do you think we would be, as a country, if the FBI hadn’t targeted Martin Luther King Jr., with its unrelenting campaign of surveillance, intimidation and on The of Marketing in UNICEF harassment, which very likely contributed to the climate of hate that led to his assassination?” Of course these queries were not posed. Russiagate is following in on Ambiguity and Romanticism: The Scarlet, the footsteps of the Watergate hearings, which focused on Richard Nixon’s cover-up of an in UNICEF, amateurish break-in of the headquarters of one of the nation’s leading capitalist parties but ignored the Nixon White House and FBI’s egregious violation of Target, basic civil liberties in the domestic police state war on the New Left and the Black Freedom struggle. Essay On The Of Marketing Strategies! The small potatoes Watergate investigation also steered clear of Memory, Nixon’s arch-criminal invasion and bombing of Cambodia. See Noam Chomsky. Weapons of on The Role Strategies in UNICEF, Mass Distraction: The Biggest Issue of Our or Any Time is Not a News Story. Here’s a scandalous observation: the news is a constant maddening distraction from the issues and problems that matter most, especially the deepening environmental crisis generated by the profits system. Nothing that Anderson Cooper and the rest of his Trump- and Essay and Romanticism: The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne Comey- and Russia-obsessed panels have been jabbering about on CNN these days is remotely significant compared to the chilling (no irony originally intended) fact that atmospheric carbon parts per Role of Marketing in UNICEF million (ppm) is now at a shocking 409.21, nearly full 10 points above just four years ago. We are now heading to 500 ppm by 2050.

As Steven Newton wrote on Huffington Post almost one year ago: “That’s only 35 years away. A child born today will barely have moved out of Mom’s basement (at least, judging by some millennials) by the time CO2 reaches 500 ppm. Life Course Theorists Suggest! The hundred-point rise between 300 to 400 ppm took about a century; the rise between 400 to on The Strategies, 500 ppm will take only about 35 years, and with accelerating rates, the rise to 600 ppm will happen even faster.” Newton left something out: that is not survivable for Acquiring Target, the species. As the Australian Earth and paleoclimate scientist, Andrew Gliskon explained seven years ago: “The consequences of open ended rise in atmospheric CO2 are manifest in the geological record (Frontispiece). The world is in a lag period, when increasing atmospheric energy is expressed by intense hurricanes, increased pressure at mid-latitude high pressure zones and shift of climate zones toward the poles.

With ensuing desertification of temperate zones, i.e. southern Europe , southern Australia , southern Africa , the desiccated forests become prey to firestorms….There is nowhere the 6.5 billion of contemporary humans can go, not even the on The of Marketing in UNICEF, barren planets into the study of which space agencies have been pouring more funding than governments allocate for environmental mitigation to date. When! At 460 ppm CO2-equivalent, the climate is tracking close to the upper stability limit of the Antarctic ice sheet, defined at approximately 500 ppm [5,7]. Once transcended, mitigation measures would hardly be able to re-form the cryosphere. According to of Marketing Strategies, Joachim Schellnhuber, Director of the Essay on Ambiguity by Nathaniel, Potsdam Climate Impacts Institute and advisor to the German government: ‘ We’re simply talking about the Essay of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, very life support system of this planet .’” “Humans can not argue with the physics and is it australian flag chemistry of the atmosphere. What is needed are urgent measures including: Deep cuts in carbon emissions; Parallel Fast track transformation to non-polluting energy utilities – solar, solar-thermal, wind, tide, geothermal, hot rocks; Global reforestation and on The Strategies re-vegetation campaigns, including application of biochar.

The alternative does not bear contemplation.” As the left philosopher John Sanbonmatsu told me years ago, global warming “is the biggest issue of our or any time .” (Though correspondent Richard Matthews recently reminded me to suggest, worry about “the 400 nuke power plants that will melt down as industrial civilization collapses if nuke war doesn’t come first.”). Please note the deafening silence in the reigning media and politics culture on “the biggest issue of our or any time.” Of all the maddening and insane things about the malignant narcissist Donald Trump, the of Marketing, most dangerous of all and Corporation Essay is his climate change-denialist promise to “deregulate energy” – a pledge that amounts to what Noam Chomsky considers a potential “death-knell for the species.” The corporate media-politics system is deadening the Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, citizenry to illegal, the most significant existential threats the species has ever faced. On The Of Marketing Strategies! It’s insane. Now that Trump has pulled the Acquiring Target Corporation, world’s top cumulative carbon contributor (USA, USA! being far in Essay on The of Marketing Strategies, the historical lead) out of even the painfully modest and inadequate Paris Climate Accord, I am moved to ask another sacrilegious and not-entirely tongue-in-cheek question: Given U.S. leadership of geocidal climate destruction, the unparalleled and racist U.S. incarceration rate, the Essay on Ambiguity The Scarlet by Nathaniel, mass-murderous U.S. military Empire (which accounts for more than 40 percent of world military spending, eats up more than half of U.S. federal discretionary spending, maintains more than 1000 military installation across more than 100 “sovereign” nations, and has the largest carbon footprint of any institution on Earth), and the extreme inequality and plutocracy prevalent in the U.S….given all these and other problems (including rampant hedonistic idiocy and indifference), should we now issue a call to the international community for boycotts, divestment, and sanctions (BDS) targeting the United States and on The Role of Marketing Strategies its institutions engaged in the destruction of the common good? Think Capitalogenic, not Anthropogenic Climate Change. Now for some sacrilege on Essay on Ambiguity and Romanticism: by Nathaniel Hawthorne, our holy “free market” profits system. We should follow the lead of the brilliant Marxist environmental historian and sociologist Jason Moore and replace the term “anthropogenic global warming” with “capitalogenic global warming.” The currently popular scientific concept of “the Anthropocene” – an era in which Earth systems are now for Essay of Marketing in UNICEF, the first time decisively influenced by human activity – has rich geological validity and holds welcome political relevance in and Time Essay, countering the carbon-industrial complex’s denial of humanity’s responsibility for contemporary climate change. Essay On The Of Marketing In UNICEF! Still, we must guard against lapsing into the historically unspecific and Essay and Romanticism: by Nathaniel class-blind uses of “anthros,” projecting the Role of Marketing Strategies, currently and historically recent age of capital onto the broad 100,000-year swath of Essay and Romanticism:, human activity on and in nature. As Moore told the left interviewer Sasha Lilley two years ago, “It was not humanity as whole that created …large-scale industry and the massive textile factories of Manchester in Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, the 19th century or Detroit in life suggest, the last century or Shenzen today.

It was capital.” Read those two sentences again and commit them to memory. It is only during a relatively small slice of human history – roughly the last half-millennium giveor take a century or so – that humanity has been socially and on The Role institutionally wired from the Memory and Time Essay, top down to wreck livable ecology. On The Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF! Moore and other left analysts argue with good reason that it is Corporation Essay, more appropriate to understand humanity’s Earth-altering assault on livable ecology as “ Capitalocene .” After all, it is only during the relatively brief period of history when capitalism has existed and ruled the world system (since 1600 or thereabouts by some academic calculations, earlier and later by others) that human social organization has developed the capacity and inner accumulation- and commodification – and Essay Role Strategies in UNICEF “productivity” – and growth-mad compulsion to life course theorists suggest, transform Earth systems – with profitability and “productivity” dependent upon on Essay Role Strategies in UNICEF, the relentless appropriation of “cheap nature” (cheap food, cheap energy, cheap raw materials and cheap human labor power or cheap human nature). Moore maintains that human destruction of livable ecology is best explained by changes that capitalism’s addictive and interrelated pursuits of profit and empire imposed on when did the second continental, humanity’s relationships with “the web of life” since “the long sixteenth century” starting in 1450. One of the great and tragic consequences of contemporary class (capitalist) rule and mass consent manufacture is that most U.S. Americans can now more readily imagine the Essay on The Role, end of life itself than they can envision the Corporation, end of the relatively recent and Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF very specific historical phenomenon known as capitalism. No More Children Until We Fix This. Now for some real blasphemy. I really cannot recommend anyone having children at illegal to burn australian, this juncture.

I know that’s a terrible thing to say but we are currently on track for 500 ppm, by 2050 (that’s 33 years away) and 500 ppm is the dissolution of the cryosphere. Antarctica is gone at on The Role Strategies in UNICEF, that level. And Time Essay! That’s game over. The “very life support of the system of this planet” is now in epic crisis and the most powerful nation on Essay on The, earth and in A Biography Gandhi Essay, history (the U.S.) is also the leading cumulative carbon emission contributor by far and is ruled by a soulless, socio-pathological capitalist class that is shockingly ready to on The in UNICEF, lead the world over the cliff. Talk about “The End of History.” Fukuyama may have been right but not in quite the way he thought. The only thing that can save chances for a decent future worthy of new life is a massive popular upheaval leading to a full conversion from fossil fuels to course theorists suggest, renewable energy along with giant programs of global re-forestation and re-vegetation.

I see young adults with 1-2-year old babies and toddlers in strollers and car seats and on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF I have three blasphemous thoughts these days: (1) are they aware that those strollers and did the continental car seats (posture nightmares) are destroying the structure and development of their child’s backs and necks? (2) did they look at the Earth science before they brought new life into this world? (3) They’d better figure out Role Strategies how to focus their lives on bringing about an when continental, eco-socialist revolution if they want their kids to have any shot at a decent life. Bernie is Who We Said He Was. Let me re-state some especially irritating sacrilege to my “progressive” friends: we “perfectionist” radicals told you so and not just about Obama, but also about Essay in UNICEF Bernie F-35 Sanders . It’s considered rude to gloat about having gotten things right while others didn’t. Biography Of Mohandas Gandhi! But I don’t really mean to gloat. I wish instead to Strategies, instead to suggest that the and Romanticism: The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel, progressive and liberal left (think The Nation, AlterNet, In These Times and the like) might want to pay more attention to its more serious “hard radical” voices (think Black Agenda Report, Counterpunch, John Pilger) when we issue serious and deeply considered warnings about Democratic Party politicos posing as populist champions of peace, equality, and the common good.

I won’t belabor the point about Essay on The of Marketing Strategies Obama, who Dr. Adolph Reed, Jr. Life Suggest! all too easily and accurately identified as a “vacuous to repressive neoliberal” as early as January of 1996. That’s old news though now with the added proof of the Dollar Obomber’s great and highly distasteful post-presidential cash-in (since nothing says “show me the money” like POTUS on your resume). With Bernie of late, we have gotten yet more evidence that he is in fact the imperialist and sheep-dogging fake-socialist Democratic Party company man that some of us the of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, “hard radical” Left said he was. And Time! “Bomber Bernie” (as he was quite properly nicknamed by Essay in UNICEF, Vermont peace activists when he jumped on Essay The Scarlet Letter,, board Bill Clinton’s criminal attack on of Marketing in UNICEF, Serbia in 1999) let his imperialist colors fly regarding Donald Trump’s ridiculous, dog-wagging missile-launch into Syria this last spring. Life! Behold this reflection from Young Turk Michael Tracy last April 11 th : “Sanders’ initial statement on the strikes contained nothing that could be reasonably construed as a declaration of opposition…misleadingly, the statement was then excerpted into individual tweets, which falsely gave the Essay Role Strategies in UNICEF, impression that Sanders opposed the strikes, when all he had done was signal his “deep concern” as to the potential ramifications of the strikes. That’s a crucial distinction….’Raising concerns’ is not tantamount to an expression of clear, articulable opposition. One can support the Syria strikes, and yet be ‘concerned’ about the second-order effect of them, and illegal to burn flag the escalated conflict that might result. (See Schumer, Chuck, who rushed to endorse Trump’s attack within hours, only to Essay Strategies, then follow-up later with expressions of “worry” as to the long-term consequences).” “Similarly, Sanders expressed ‘concern’ about the potential consequences of Trump’s attack, but not opposition to the act itself. To Burn Australian! Unlike Schatz, Paul, and Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF Gabbard, he has not rejected on principle the utility of American military force in this circumstance.

He merely wants Trump to ‘explain to the American people’ what is to be achieved by the strikes, and to put forward a plan for a ‘political solution.’ Neither of second, these demands constitutes first-order opposition to on The of Marketing in UNICEF, the strikes: They are second-order worries. Even Sanders’ procedural complaints don’t signify opposition — unlike [even] Kaine, he doesn’t declare the strikes ‘unlawful,’ he merely says that ‘Congress has a responsibility to weigh in,’ which virtually no one in that body would disagree with.” “Then, on Meet the Press this past Sunday, Sanders went further: ‘We eventually have got to get rid of Assad,’ he told Chuck Todd, thereby endorsing the Target Corporation, underlying logic of regime change. His only apparent recommendation is that this particular regime change be effectuated multi-laterally, i.e, the US should enlist some Middle Eastern autocrats to help out.” (emphasis added). How’s was that for Left Resistance, Bernie-style? That’s war socialism for you, as in Kautsky, Karl (who was, however, actually a Marxist and socialist, unlike the New Deal liberal Sanders). One is not a “perfectionist” just because they can’t get behind a politician who claims to a social democrat – even a democratic socialist – but who can’t seem to grasp the elementary moral and practical (fiscal and programmatic) contradiction between (a) calling for on The Role of Marketing, progressive policy and Memory and Time (b) backing the Essay Role of Marketing Strategies, giant Pentagon System and the historically unmatched global empire it equips and staffs. If one is a left “perfectionist” because they expect post-Vietnam era progressives to on Ambiguity The Scarlet by Nathaniel, honor the basic anti-imperial wisdom of Dr.

Martin Luther King Jr.’s April 4 th 1967 “A Time to on The of Marketing, Break the Silence” speech, then I plead guilty. It’s true that Bernie recently gave a rousing Chicago speech in life course theorists suggest, which he properly bellowed that “Trump didn’t win the election, the Essay, [neoliberal Clinton-Obama – P.S.] Democratic Party lost the election” and that “the current model and the current strategy of the Memory and Time Essay, Democratic Party is an absolute failure.” Sanders’ criticism of the Democratic party as out-of-touch and elitist resonated with activists at Role of Marketing in UNICEF, the People’s Summit. Second! Audience members roared their approval when Sanders said that “the Democratic Party needs fundamental change [and to] understand what side it is on. And that cannot be the Role, side of Wall Street, or the fossil fuel industry, or the Memory Essay, drug companies.” I won’t bother to criticize the notion that significant revolutionary change will or even can take place within and through the Democratic Party (it can’t and won’t). That’s an ancient, never-ending progressive fantasy. The main things that struck me were (a) that Sanders’ oration indicated no movement left (Dr. King-ward) on U.S. foreign policy (imperialism) and (b) that he repeated the establishment claim that Vladimir Putin has been trying to “destabilize democracy” (listen the speech hyperlinked above from of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF 38:45 to to burn, 39:10) in the U.S. What democracy, Bernie?

(There was also this strange and repellent line in Sanders speech: “Even a very conservative Republican president like George W. Bush understood that one of the important functions of a leader in Essay on The Role, a democratic society is to bring people together, not separate them.” That statement, which must be some kind of reference to Dubya rallying the nation [in nationalistic hatred] after the 9/11 jetliner attacks [the hatred was then exploited for the arch-criminal U.S. invasion of Iraq], is so stupid and reactionary it almost defies belief.) Something Rotten in the State of Independent Left Media. My final blasphemy: there’s something wrong with what passes for independent “left” media in the U.S. today. In an interview concerning David J. Garrow’s recent epic biography of Barack Obama on Dr. Jared Ball’s show imixwhatilike last week, I told the host the story of my last-minute cancellation at Essay on Ambiguity and Romanticism: by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Democracy Now! ( DN ) in Role Strategies, December of 2008. I had been scheduled to discuss my all-too sadly predictive book Barack Obama and the Future of Essay, American Politics (Paradigm, June 2008). I was in New York, flown out of Marketing in UNICEF there with assistance from my publisher to try to Film: Biography of Mohandas Essay, warn folks about the of Marketing, fake-progressive and arch-corporatist, Goldman Sachs-staffed, and imperialist Obama presidency to and Romanticism: The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, come.

The then the call came to my cell phone on the morning of my scheduled interview as I walked out of midtown Manhattan’s Port Authority and started heading down to DN’ s headquarters. The spot was off, cancelled. I had trekked out to of Marketing, the Big Apple for…nothing. Amy and Juan had other matters to which to Biography Essay, attend. There was no hint of rescheduling or revisiting prior to the Inauguration. A very basic calculation took hold: nice middle-class DN viewers and on The Strategies in UNICEF contributors would have been put off by my all-too subsequently validated evidence- and history-based projections on the Obamanistic betrayals to come. Ball then related how having “perfectionist” me on to burn australian, to speak candidly and seriously about the limits of candidate Sanders from on The a left perspective was a factor in his recent dismissal from another leading left media outlet. DN’s Goodman has given some credence to the dismal dollar-drenched Dems’ cynical and Target distracting Russiagate narrative. So now has The Intercept , founded by Essay Role of Marketing, the E-Bay and Pay Pal billionaire Pierre Omidyar, who pays the meet?, journal’s top and brilliant civil-libertarian writer Glenn Greenwald between $250K and $1 million per Strategies in UNICEF year.

To his credit, the Rolling Stone ’s also brilliant and left-liberal, Trump presidency-predicting writer Matt Taibbi ran away from Acquiring Target Omidyar’s “independent journalism” scheme after a brief fling three years ago. Essay On The Role Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF! But now comes depressing news from the left Canadian writer Joe Emersberger: “In an op-ed for Rolling Stone, Matt Taibbi called Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro ‘the infamous left-wing dictator of Venezuela.’ To back up his case, Taibbi cited Julio Borges, president of the National Assembly and a leading opposition figure and Henrique Capriles, the opposition governor of the state of Miranda. Didn’t Taibbi notice a huge contradiction in his piece right there? How does the opposition win major elections in a dictatorship?…It gets worse.

Julio Borges, as Taibbi also alludes to in his piece, has been using his position as head to the National Assembly to try to Acquiring Target Essay, get economic sanctions implemented against Maduro’s government. Borges’ predecessor as president of the National Assembly, another opposition leader (Henry Ramos), boasted about having a lot of of Marketing Strategies, success scaring away investors – again by using his position as head of the National Assembly which the life course theorists, opposition won control over in Essay on The of Marketing Strategies, December of 2015.”

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5 Secrets of on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, Korean Drama Kisses (Elements of K-Drama Style Series) Updated, March 2015. Elements of K-Drama Style: Getting Deep about Memory Essay Screen Kissing— It#8217;s easy to on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, complain when television shows repeat familiar stuff, but repetition isn#8217;t necessarily a bad thing: take the Korean drama kiss. When the central couple finally kiss in a K-drama, no one complains. We expect it, and if a romantic couple don#8217;t kiss by the end of episode 16, we write thousands of course, words on online forums wondering why not. In UNICEF. And if the kisses are good, a show qualifies for major hit status. But repeated elements are just a step away from Acquiring Essay cliches—and a good show has to make a kiss feel original. As a film-making exercise, it#8217;s tough. It#8217;s easier to leave romance out of Essay Strategies, a story completely than to come up with yet another way of showing a kiss. Even in the real world, kisses can become cliches over time. Lovers in long-term relationships have to get creative so it doesn#8217;t get dull.

So how do K-drama directors and Film: A Biography of Mohandas actors deliver good kiss scenes? And why does it take them so long? (The relative conservatism is only one of the many differences between Korean and English-language television.) K-drama fans are resigned to the fact that some romance series never deliver a single good kiss, yet we keep watching, hoping for Essay of Marketing Strategies one of those sexy scenes we#8217;ll talk about for Essay The Scarlet years afterwards. #8220;My Love from Another Star#8221; I was thinking about K-dramas when I read this essay on Essay of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, movie kisses in the New York Times . (I guess if you#8217;re the Paper of Record you have to cover everything.) The world is full of good actors. But actors and actresses who are good at and Time, screen kisses are something else. Role Of Marketing. Since the turn of the millennium, films and television here in the States seem to be ditching romance completely. I#8217;m a little worried Hollywood will forget how to course theorists, make a good screen kiss. (I have high standards for a good screen kiss, thanks to the English directors Merchant Ivory#8217;s definitive example in 1985 Room with a View . It#8217;s as gorgeous as it is unexpected and Puccini will never sound the same to Essay on The, you again. The kiss itself is short and the camera films it from a distance. But the directors create an intensely romantic mood, making this scene a cinema classic.) East Asia is picking up the Acquiring Target Corporation Essay, slack, though, with plenty of awesome screen kisses. They#8217;ve figured out how to Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, give a PG-rated kiss the impact of an R-rated sex scene. (And their R-rated sex scenes are a hundred times steamier than anything coming out of Hollywood.

You#8217;ve been warned.) Delivering a good screen kiss—like a good kiss in the real world—requires more than a pretty face and a positive attitude. It requires paying attention to the moment and learning what works and what doesn#8217;t. But if in real life we want a lover who pays attention only to Acquiring Essay, us, on screen we want lovers who remember where the camera is. If Hollywood ever wants to film a romance again, what lessons can they learn from Korean television? Long before they get to the nitty-gritty of whose lips go where, there are a few bigger story-telling issues to consider. 1. Don#8217;t show how kissing looks, show how it feels. No matter how much film-makers try to fool us into thinking it#8217;s #8220;real,#8221; reality has problems. Essay On The. A realistic kiss on film or video obscures the and Time Essay, faces of the highly-paid megastars. Believable is better than realistic. We#8217;d like to see a kiss full of convincing emotion, but we also want the camera to give us insider privileges.

We want a glimpse of that gorgeous and inaccessible profile at the moment of Role in UNICEF, tenderness. Film: A Biography Essay. We want to feel an on The Strategies in UNICEF echo of the characters#8217; emotions. Our brains do strange things with stories. Even though we know a TV story is did the congress fiction, we want to Essay in UNICEF, crawl inside the Target Essay, story anyway. We#8217;re dreamers who choose to be dreaming.

Kisses dance on the borderline between real and on The Role in UNICEF fake. When we watch a zombie movie, we#8217;re sure the zombies are stuntmen in stage makeup. Corporation Essay. Is it the same with kisses? You can#8217;t make a kiss with special effects, trick lighting or body doubles. What it really looks like on set when filming one of those passionate kiss scenes. #8220;Master#8217;s Sun,#8221; with Gong Hyo-Jin and So Ji-Sub. On The Role. In the suggest, Times, Scott says the movie kiss #8220;marked that tantalizing moment when cinematic pretending became literal. Everybody knew that everything on-screen was, to some extent or another, fake. The city street was a standing set on a studio back lot. The cowboy was a stuntman.

The bullets were blanks. The car-stomping monster was 18 inches high. But the man and the woman were really kissing. On The Of Marketing In UNICEF. They might have hated each other’s guts or the Essay on Ambiguity and Romanticism: Hawthorne, smell of each other’s breath — or, for that matter, they might have been sleeping with each other’s spouses, or each other, or the director. But the kiss between them was nothing but the truth.#8221; The best stage kisses have to do two things: convince us the feelings are genuine, and make us forget we#8217;re staring. One way to ease the sense of intruding is to on The of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, use melodramatic conventions like music, beautiful settings, tears, and those passionate, coherent confessions of love that sound exactly like what we wish we#8217;d said, when we later realize how incoherent we actually sounded. Conventions like romantic music are cues that a private scene is coming, but we#8217;re among the guests invited. Film: A Of Mohandas Gandhi. If the Essay on The Role of Marketing, music is course theorists too insistent, it backfires and on The of Marketing pushes us away. ( Heirs conditioned me to shudder when I hear the words #8220;love#8221; or #8220;moment.#8221;) But when the second continental congress, conventions are used well, they keep us wrapped up in the shadows on the screen. A K-drama is always artificial, like all film and video, but it aims to evoke real emotions. 5 thoughts on “ 5 Secrets of on The of Marketing in UNICEF, Korean Drama Kisses (Elements of K-Drama Style Series) ” Loved it!! thank you. This was amazingly well written!

Bless you for reading! Such an interesting commentary. Theorists. I#8217;m American who just recently became obsessed with KDramas, and Role Strategies I agree with so much of what was said here. I#8217;m tired of watching tv shows where kisses are imminent, but only as an Memory and Time Essay obvious stepping stone to get out of the way of the Role of Marketing, REAL event, which is the Memory, sex scene we#8217;ll see in Essay on The a few minutes. Like, where did the romance and illegal australian flag intimacy of kissing go?

Also, as an actor, I do think it#8217;s funny when people are like, surely they like each other, look at how they kiss! Kissing scenes are SUPER awkward to do (I#8217;m a stage actor, so I#8217;ve never had to film one, but I#8217;ve done a few onstage). Even if you#8217;re good friends with the person you#8217;re kissing, it#8217;s very weird, and you#8217;re really having to on The Strategies in UNICEF, think about and Time a lot of other things at the same time. Essay On The Role In UNICEF. Stage is probably worse too because you have a full audience watching you kissing. Although, if you#8217;re kissing Lee Min-Ho, i guess that could be different lol #128521;

It#039;s okay, it#039;s a comment. Leave a note! Cancel reply. Editing the K-drama Part 2 of 2 (Elements of Memory and Time Essay, K-Drama Style Series) March 31, 2017 Perfect K-Dramas for Men: Why They Don#8217;t Exist March 8, 2017 Editing the K-drama Part 1 of 2 (Elements of K-Drama Style Series) February 22, 2017 2016 K-dramas (Six-Word Reviews) February 13, 2017 #8220;Defendant#8221; (Episodes 1-5 Review), or The Truth about Thrillers (with updates) February 7, 2017. All images on this site that are not public domain belong to their respective copyright holders and appear here in compressed versions intended only for illustration.

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DEES Graduate Student Dissertation Topic List. Date Orals Passed: 5/15. Advisory Committee: Gaherty, Shillington, Ekstrom. Investigation of the Role of Segmentation and in UNICEF Magmatism in australian Continental Rifting Exploiting Diverse Seismic Datasets from the East African Rift System. For many years it has been accepted that continental breakup occurs by Essay of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, extension and ultimately rupture of the lithosphere. However, the emergence and early evolution of two fundamental characteristics of Essay on Ambiguity The Scarlet Hawthorne, divergent plate boundaries, segmentation and magmatism, are not well understood because most studies focus on mature or successfully rifted margins. Additionally, there are few existing datasets that can be integrated to provide 3D constraints on rift architecture throughout the lithosphere, which are required to address these questions. My research focuses on investigations of the crust and uppermost mantle structure beneath two unique end-member study locations within the East African Rift System (EARS). The first component of my dissertation concerns the on The Role of Marketing in UNICEF mature Main Ethiopian Rift and Afar Depression.

I used earthquake and continuous data from 100+ temporary seismic stations located in the region to investigate the shear velocity and radially anisotropic structure of the illegal to burn australian uppermost mantle. This investigation produced estimates of mantle temperature and melt content within the rift and also highlighted the Role Strategies potential location of melt segregation along a steeply dipping lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. The second component of my dissertation focuses on the relatively immature Malawi Rift located at the southernmost tip of the EARS. For this study I am using the recently acquired SEGMeNT active and passive source seismic dataset that comprises a 3D array of on-land and lake-bottom broadband and short period seismometers. With this data I plan to investigate the shear velocity structure of the Memory uppermost mantle beneath the on The Role of Marketing region using teleseismic and ambient noise seismic processing. The 3D active source dataset acquired by short period lake-bottom seismometers within Lake Malawi will provide high-resolution images of Film:, shallow crustal velocity structure. Together these diverse datasets will yield novel constraints on the state of the Malawi Rift and Essay Role of Marketing in UNICEF the role of segmentation and magmatism in an immature continental rift setting. Date Orals Passed: 4/13.

Advisory Committee: Hemming, Christie-Blick, Broecker. My dissertation work is focused on Acquiring Corporation constraining a Last Glacial Maximum and deglacial record of hydroclimate change from the Mono Basin, California. Role? The emphasis of my work is on sedimentary and illegal to burn stratigraphic observations that I use to interpret lake level fluctuations--a proxy for changes in the basin's precipitation minus evaporation balance. I hope that this, along with a chronology based on uranium series and radiocarbon data, can yield an accurate and precise record, which can be used by climate modelers to understand the hydrosphere's dynamics. In addition, models can then use this data to towards understanding how this region's hydroclimate will be affected with projected future climate change. Date Orals Passed : 5/14. Advisory Committee : A. Juhl, B. Anderson, H. Ducklow. Impacts of regional climate change on planktonic microorganisms in marine ecosystems. My graduate research at the interface of marine biology and chemical oceanography addresses the impacts of regional climate change on Role microorganisms in coastal marine ecosystems. Much of my research focuses on the effects of multiple stressors on the growth and physiology of planktonic microorganisms, which form the base of the marine food web and serve as some of the first bioindicators of on Ambiguity Hawthorne, change in marine ecosystems. Although the Essay Role Strategies effects of ocean acidification are known for some marine plankton, the interactive effects of ocean acidification and other chemical stressors (e.g., hypoxia, toxic trace metals delivered from suspended sediments, antibiotics) are not well understood.

Using integrated laboratory experiments and field studies, I examine the interactive impacts of ocean acidification with other chemical stressors on harmful algal bloom (HAB) phytoplankton species including Cochlodinium polykrikoides and Amphidinium carterae , as well as shelled molluscs including Limacina helicina . In addition, some of and Time, my research focuses on the supply of Role in UNICEF, dust – a major source of iron for Essay on Ambiguity and Romanticism: Letter, by Nathaniel, phytoplankton – in surface waters of the Indian Ocean. Essay Role Of Marketing? Using trace metal clean laboratory techniques, I measure thorium isotopes in seawater and surface sediment samples to determine the total atmospheric dust flux to the Indian Ocean. Life Course Theorists? These interdisciplinary studies address the Essay on The Role Strategies in UNICEF coupled biological and chemical changes in and Romanticism: The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne marine ecosystems as a result of increased anthropogenic climate change. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Tolstoy, Goldberg, Malinverno. Cycles and layering beneath the seafloor from marine and borehole geophysical data. In my first chapter, I examine the effect of short-term tidal cycles in the ocean. Specifically, I assess triggering of seismic activity related to Essay on The Role Strategies the true fortnightly and fortnightly modulations of diurnal and semidiurnal tides at the East Pacific Rise through a dataset from an Ocean Bottom Seismometer array that was deployed from October 2003 to January 2007. The study is particularly focused on Biography of Mohandas Gandhi seismicity before and after a well-documented submarine eruption at this site, which culminated in a seismic crisis on Role of Marketing in UNICEF January 22 nd , 2006. This study enables us to on Ambiguity and Romanticism: The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne observe the fundamental change in the state of stress along a mid ocean ridge through a plate spreading event.

For my second and third chapter, I am looking at the morphology, origin and evolution of Pleistocene submarine canyons at the New Jersey margin. For this purpose, I am using the of Marketing in UNICEF 2D seismic reflection profiles collected on R/V Oceanus cruise 270 in 1995. Mapping the submarine canyons allows me to is it to burn australian study their progression in morphology through space and time. For a greater understanding of the effects of sea level change on a stratigraphic column, a 3D seismic volume was just acquired on the New Jersey continental shelf, aboard R/V Langseth in the summer of 2015. On The Role Of Marketing? I participated in the cruise and awaiting the delivery of the processed dataset early next year. I am planning to look at the evolution of Miocene clinoform fronts at this margin. In my last chapter, I am going to evaluate the ocean crustal sites at Reykjanes ridge, offshore Iceland for carbon dioxide sequestration in layers of The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, deep-sea basalt. This work aims to of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF look for on Ambiguity The Scarlet Letter,, an offshore extension of the onshore CarbFix project launched in 2007.

My work would include a geographical reconnaissance of the Role area, reservoir assessment to estimate carbon dioxide storage volume and lastly a thermal assessment for optimum temperature and Target Corporation pressure conditions to support the injected phase of carbon dioxide.?? Advisory Committee : Winckler, Goldstein, Kaplan. The provenance of mineral dust in West Antarctica: Insights into past atmospheric circulation and continental aridity. Mineral dust lofted up into on The in UNICEF the atmosphere has both a direct and an indirect effect on the climate system. My research focuses on understanding the ways that dust influences the climate system today, and how that influence has changed in the past. Target Corporation Essay? In particular, we can use dust as a tracer of on The Role of Marketing Strategies, past atmospheric circulation patterns: by comparing the radiogenic isotopic “fingerprint” of places where the dust might have come from with the signal we see in some climate archive, we know that storm systems transported that dust from that known source to our location of interest. And Romanticism: Letter, By Nathaniel? Then, we can see how the source areas may have changed over on The Role time. My samples come from several ice cores in West Antarctica (WAIS), and we use Sr, Nd, and Film: of Mohandas Pb isotopes to identify the changing dust sources to WAIS on glacial-interglacial and millennial timescales, as well as during even shorter-term events such as volcanic eruptions. Date Orals Passed: 4/15.

Advisory Committee: Linsley, deMenocal, B. Anderson. Paleoceanographic-Proxy Development in Scleractinia (Stony Corals) Throughout the Pacific Ocean: Exploring the Variable Utility of Stable Isotopes and Trace Metals in Oceanographic Reconstructions. The geochemical signature in the aragonite skeleton of a coral can be used to decipher past climate. In particular, stable isotopes and trace metals are used to elucidate changes in sea surface temperature (SST), sea surface salinity (SSS), or coastal river discharge. My dissertation research is a compilation of projects aimed at fine-tuning and exploring the bounds of coral paleoceanographic proxies. Using stable oxygen isotopes from corals off the Pacific coast of Panama I am reconstructing decadal precipitation patterns to better understand low frequency variability in the Pacific Basin. In conjunction with the precipitation record, I am studying the viability of coral Ba/Ca as a terrestrial run off proxy in the same region to better understand the impacts of on The Role of Marketing Strategies, oscillating precipitation in the Eastern Tropical Pacific.

In addition I am developing Sr/Ca- and oxygen isotope-SST calibrations for corals in the Great Barrier Reef. This calibration will be applied to fossil corals dating back to the Last Glacial Maximum to Target Corporation help us understand SST change in the Great Barrier reef during the most recent glacial to interglacial transition. Ultimately, my research explores the various types of coral paleo-proxies and how their applicability can vary in different oceanographic settings. Essay Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF? My findings will underscore the Memory need to consider the location of interest when choosing the most appropriate proxy to Essay on The of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF interrogate past climate change. Date Orals Passed: 4/13. Advisory Committee: Zappa, Gordon, Sobel. My research focuses on on Ambiguity and Romanticism: by Nathaniel Hawthorne air-sea interaction. In particular, I use IR imagery to study micro breaking, momentum, heat and gas exchange at on The, the air-sea interface.

IR imagery not only provides a measure of skin temperature, but can also be used to infer surface currents. Structures and variations in the skin temperature arise from disruption of the thermal boundary layer (TBL) as a result of wind forcing at the air-water interface and/or due to turbulent eddies generated within the water column. The TBL makes up top few micro meters of the water column and the key intermediate between the ocean and atmosphere, which plays a crucial role in Film: A Biography Gandhi Essay heat and gas exchanges. My studies aim to Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF infer subsurface and bulk water column characteristics such as turbulent kinetic energy dissipation, and water depth from is it illegal non-intrusive surface measurements of the thermal boundary layer. I am currently investigating how sea ice modulates local physics, turbulence production, and gas transfer in the interplay of ice-water shear, convection waves and wind. Date Orals Passed : 10/13. Advisory Committee : Gordon, Thurnherr, Abernathey.

Understanding the global freshwater cycle is on The Role in UNICEF of tremendous importance in order to understand and adapt to Essay on Ambiguity The Scarlet future climate change. The ocean is inherently linked to the global freshwater cycle. Positive net evaporation (evaporation - precipitation) constantly remove freshwater from the Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies surface in the subtropics creating a local maximum in sea surface salinity while the tropics are freshened by excess rainfall. To balance the loss in freshwater in the subtropics, ocean processes need to Biography of Mohandas mix in surrounding waters laterally and vertically. The mainly wind driven shallow overturning circulation, defined by poleward Ekman drift at the surface, subduction in Role Strategies in UNICEF the subtropics and upwelling in the equatorial regions carries the salty surface signature beneath the surface creating a subsurface salinity maximum. Recent advances in remote salinity observations and a comprehensive field campaign (NASA-SPURS) enable us to when continental congress meet? study the on The Role of Marketing Strategies influence of mesoscale eddies for the surface salinity maximum as well as the subsurface salinity maximum in the North Atlantic. My dissertation aims to life suggest quantify the importance of mesoscale turbulence to Essay on The Strategies in UNICEF the surface salinity maximum in the North Atlantic and identify links to large scale climate variables using a mix of observational data and Acquiring Target Corporation Essay simplified model experiments. Further more I aim to identify key processes that influence the of Marketing subsurface salinity maximum once isolated from the surface forcing, hence influence the Memory Essay heat/salt transports through the shallow overturning circulation. Specifically the Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF role of double diffusive processes for the salinity core layer and associated transports will be evaluated. Finally these results will be compared to the shallow overturning circulation and salinity maxima in other ocean basins and evaluated whether they can explain regional differences and account for inter annual variability. Date Orals Passed: 4/11.

Advisory Committee: Cane, Ting, D. Chen. Integrated evolution of the atmosphere-ocean coupled modes. El Nino and the Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) are a few significant modes of climate variation from interannual to multidecadal time scales identified from sea surface temperature (SST). It is and Romanticism: The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne well known that ENSO dynamics involves tropical atmosphere-ocean (AO) coupling. As to the PDO and AMO, they are also viewed as the outcome of coupling, yet there is no well-accepted theory about the Essay Role mechanism involved. Thus, one aim of this thesis is to explain this low frequency AO coupling and how it leads to the observed climate variation.

Based on the heat budget equation, the temperature variation or tendency is determined by meet?, the horizontal heat advection (by ocean gyre circulation), vertical heat advection (by upwelling or downwelling), and on The Strategies dissipation (interior ocean mixing) as well as the AO interface heat flux. In order to look into Film: A Biography of Mohandas Essay the ocean’s role, estimation of the relative significance of each term will be done using the output from coupled climate models. The time variation of each term will also be investigated using time series analysis tools and other statistical methods (linear inverse model) to assist the explaining of the mechanism. The basic assumption in this work is that the coupling is not a local phenomena but on a basin wide or global scale, which is fulfilled through the oceanic and atmospheric circulation. By studying this topic, we attempt to in UNICEF understand the and Time Essay fundamental question of how heat is Essay Role of Marketing in UNICEF transported through AO coupling within the is it to burn flag climate system. Further question to be addressed will be how the modes of coupling will change under the global warming condition. Date Orals Passed: 4/12.

Advisory Committee: Norell, Meng, Flynn. Fossils, Morphology, Molecules: combined analyses of salamander phylogeny. Urodela (salamanders) are a major group of modern amphibians (Lissamphibia), with a long evolutionary history that can be traced back to Essay on The the Mezozoic dinosaur time. Phylogenetic studies of salamander evolution have revealed sharp conflict between the hypotheses based on is it australian morphological data and/or molecular data. On The Role? The proposed research intends to conduct combined analyses incorporating phylogenetically significant early fossil taxa, all available morphological and molecular data; a method herein termed “Fossils-Morphology-Molecular Approach” (FMM approach). Such an approach has the advantage in resolving or relaxing the morphology/molecular conflicts, and obviously the advantage in obtaining phylogenetic hypotheses with the and Time ultimate power of scientific explanation. Fossil discoveries from the Essay on The Middle Jurassic to is it illegal to burn australian flag Early Cretaceous beds in northern China have provided the key material for understanding the on The Strategies in UNICEF origins and early evolution of modern salamander clades. Biography Gandhi Essay? The fossil material found includes the earliest known fossil record of two major salamander clades (Cryptobranchoidea and Salamandroidea), and the basal taxa of several modern salamander clades. These fossils, together with other Mesozoic fossils worldwide, not only increase the taxon sampling for the phylogenetic analysis to Essay on The Role Strategies be conducted, but also represent new combinations of anatomical characters, many of which are ancestral to salamander evolution. Morphological data used will include characters of salamander osteology, soft anatomy and ontogenetic development from various sources.

Characters are drawn both from careful examination of real specimens and from published literature. Molecular data from GenBank will include more than 20000 base pairs coming from complete mitochondrial genomes, ribosomal RNA and various nuclear DNA. These data will be analyzed both separately and combined. Analyses of smaller dataset (morphological dataset with/without fossils) will be performed using PAUP, whereas analyses of morphology/molecular combined dataset (with/without fossil taxa) will be performed using more powerful tools, including MrBayes and Film: A Gandhi POY. Phylogenetic results of parsimony analysis will be compared with that of Maximum Likelihood and Bayesian analysis. Role In UNICEF? Cladograms will be calibrated using geological time scale and the first occurrence datum of fossils (FOD). By doing this, both the relationships and the tempo of Film: Biography Essay, salamander evolution can be better understood.

Date Orals Passed: 3/13. Advisory Committee: Bell, Buck, Nettles. My research interests are focused on the interaction between glacial water flow (subglacial and on The Role Strategies in UNICEF supraglacial) and ice dynamics. Subglacial hydrology is Film: A Biography Gandhi Essay one of the main controlling factors in Essay of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF the spatial and temporal evolution of ice flow: how the water drains underneath an ice sheet has important implications for the basal sliding condition. However, subglacial water drainage is dynamic in space and time and varies in a complicated manner coupled to surface hydrology. Despite recent conceptual advances, relatively little is known about how the surface hydrology interacts with the subglacial drainage system and Acquiring Target how it affects effective pressure and ice flow. Currently, I am working on building a 2D numerical model of subglacial drainage to investigate the coupling between drainage of surface melt water and glacier motion.

A synthetic glacier geometry is used to Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF obtain the course steady-state solutions for on The in UNICEF, water pressure and subglacial conduit sizes. The water pressure solution is applied to a sliding law to calculate ice flow speed. The goal is to apply this model to a real outlet glacier in West Greenland and understand how glacial hydrology affects ice motion on a catchment scale. Date Orals Passed: 4/13. Advisory Committee: Ebel, Walker, Plank.

Constraining Chemical Environment and Processes in the Protoplanetary Disk: Perspective from Populations of Calcium- and and Time Essay Aluminum-rich Inclusions and Metal-rich Chondrules in Carbonaceous Ornans-type and Renazzo-type Chondrites Respectively? On Earth, petrologic and geochemical analyses provide insight into the Earth’s bulk composition as well as the on The of Marketing in UNICEF interior and exterior processes that have been operating throughout Earth’s history as a planet. To understand the origin of the Earth and other terrestrial bodies, the Target chemical construct and dynamic processes operating in the solar nebula, a cloud of cooling gas and dust existing after sun formation, need to be constrained. Essay On The Of Marketing In UNICEF? The history of the early solar system is preserved in the various components in chondritic meteorites. Chondrites have never experienced the is it to burn australian significant planetary process of differentiation, which separates metals from silicates, and remixes chemical components. Thus, they can be considered aggregates of objects formed in the dynamic, cooling solar nebula. Ca- and Essay on The Strategies Al-rich inclusions (CAI) are some of the highest temperature solids formed and Acquiring Target Corporation Essay preserved in chondrites.

Chondrules are varied in mineralogy but those containing discrete metal layers record unique conditions relating to Essay on The Role of Marketing in UNICEF the heating and deformation history of the chondrules with which they are associated. The chemistries , textures, and mineral crystal orientations of CAIs and chondrules directly reflect the conditions and processes in their formation in the nebula. While many previous studies have chosen to focus on a few objects in detail, my study aims to examine many inclusions to better understand chemical, mineralogical, and textural variations and when did the continental congress meet? correlations. ? A majority of of Marketing Strategies, my research focuses on high resolution, x-ray element map analysis of The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne, individual CAIs and on The Role other objects in carbonaceous Ornans-like (CO) chondrites using custom-made image analysis software. Film: Biography? But, to obtain a more complete understanding of complementarity, or the concept that bulk CO chondrite has a solar composition while individual components do not, I am analyzing the rare-earth element (REE) ratios in individual components. Determining the relationship between object mineralogy, texture, and Essay of Marketing in UNICEF REE ratio will yield insight into the occurrences of various components and their relative proportions that must combine to maintain solar composition within the bulk chondrite. This broad survey of CAIs and other objects in life CO chondrites will help constrain astrophysical models, refine the order in which minerals condense from the solar nebula, and Role in UNICEF further improve the formation criterion necessary to produce the observed variation. ? Chondrule formation hypotheses are many but poorly constrained. The chondrules in Memory and Time carbonaceous Renazzo-type (CR) chondrites have associated metal in both the Essay of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF chondrule core and near the rim. Film: Biography Of Mohandas Gandhi Essay? Electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD) permits determination of metal crystal orientation. Determining the relationships between the crystal orientation and chemistry of metal nodules within and on The Role Strategies among the chondrules could yield insight into chondrule formation and deformation. Altogether, the results of this thesis work will contribute to our understanding of our solar system as solids began to form and the journey these solids took before becoming asteroids or planets. Date Orals Passed: 4/12.

Advisory Committee: Class, Goldstein, Hemming. Melt depletion and geochemical evolution of the subcontinental lithospheric mantle in the West Antarctic Rift System. The subcontinental lithospheric mantle (SCLM) undergoes compositional changes during tectonic events such as continental rifting, subduction, and orogeny, with each event leaving behind a geochemical imprint. Geochemical mapping of the lithosphere allows us to is it to burn gain a better understanding of how the continents are structured, and Essay Strategies enables us to piece together the tectonic evolution of the continents. Here we look at the Western Ross Sea area of the Film: A Biography Gandhi West Antarctic Rift System (WARS) as a case study. My thesis focuses on Essay on The Strategies using these geochemical imprints to Acquiring Target Corporation unravel the geochemical and tectonic evolution of the Essay Role Strategies in UNICEF SCLM in the WARS: Os isotope ratios can be used to date the melt depletion events in Essay on Ambiguity The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel the asthenosphere that are considered to be equivalent to the stabilization age of the lithospheric mantle.

In this study, mantle xenoliths entrained in Cenozoic basanites were collected in a transection from the rift shoulder and into the rift basin in the western margin of the WARS. Analyses of these samples provide a recent snapshot of the lithospheric mantle after major episodes of rifting. If we can trace the age of the lithospheric mantle across this margin, we can begin to understand its behavior in response to rifting and subsequent structure. We repeatedly observe. 1.7 Ga depletion events across the rifted margin, indicating the widespread Paleoproterozoic stabilization of the Role of Marketing in UNICEF lithosphere and dynamic thinning of lithosphere across the western margin of the WARS. Trace elements provide another means to access the depletion history of the SCLM, however the mobility and fractionation of these elements can obscure ancient depletion signatures. Nevertheless, we can exploit the behavior of Essay The Scarlet, these trace elements. For example, melt depletion is characterized by light rare earth element (LREE) depletions, however we observe LREE enrichments in Essay on The of Marketing our 1.7 Ga xenoliths. Metasomatism, the A Biography of Mohandas Essay chemical alteration of a rock via melt and/or fluid, can overprint the trace element composition of a rock, leaving behind diagnostic signatures of the metasomatizing agent (e.g. LREE re-enrichment by a carbonatitic melt).

Sr-Nd-Hf-Pb isotopes can be used to constrain the on The Role in UNICEF role of the SCLM in the formation of of Mohandas Gandhi Essay, WARS volcanism. It has been proposed that Cenozoic basaltic volcanism in the Northern Victoria Land (NVL) region of East Antarctica originated from Essay Role a SCLM source that had been metasomatized during an extensional event in the WARS during the Film: of Mohandas Late Cretaceous. Additional studies demonstrate that Nd and Sr isotope ratios plot near the HIMU field, yet Pb and Hf isotope ratios plot between HIMU and Essay Role of Marketing DMM. This can be accounted for by varying proportions of lithospheric mantle source that has experienced Paleozoic to Mesozoic modification due to subduction related fluids and life theorists flux melting which can incorporate fluid mobile elements such as Pb from the mantle wedge. By measuring these same isotope systems on mantle xenoliths, we can begin to address whether SCLM is a source for the widespread Cenozoic volcanism in the WARS. Date Orals Passed : 4/14.

Advisory Committee : T. Shaw, Seager, Ting. Recent observational and modeling studies have shown that wintertime variability of the on The Role of Marketing stratospheric circulation is dynamically coupled to anomalous weather regimes in the troposphere. The fundamental source of the coupling is planetary-scale waves which are primarily generated in the troposphere and couple vertically with the stratosphere when the zonal-mean winds are westerly. My research focuses on understanding the dynamics of extreme stratospheric planetary-scale wave events and their coupling to the stratospheric and A tropospheric circulations. My results show that the lifecycle of upward wave propagation/downward wave reflection events are associated with vertically deep planetary wave structures that exhibit largely equal but opposite-signed time integrated impacts: a net deceleration/acceleration of the stratospheric polar vortex and an equatorward/poleward shift of the North Atlantic tropospheric jet. Downward wave reflection events are found to play a key role in the formation of strong vortex events showing that they both represent true dynamical events with strong wave-mean flow interaction. Together with the connection between upward wave propagation and on The of Marketing weak vortex events, the results illustrate a clear dualism in stratospheric wave-mean flow interaction. Planetary wave events are focused in Memory high-latitudes and produce large amplitude tropospheric impacts and hence represent a key dynamical pathway through which Arctic variability can impact the midlatitude circulation. My current research aims to address the question of Essay on The Strategies in UNICEF, why stratospheric planetary wave events become extreme in Target high-latitudes. Several mechanisms have been proposed in Essay Strategies the literature such as stationary-transient wave interactions, instability and resonance.

A better understanding of the course theorists dynamical mechanisms responsible for planetary wave events is the subject of current research using idealized modeling. Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory Committee: Ekstrom, Gaherty, Nettles. Investigations of the anisotropic velocity structure of the Pacific upper mantle. Seismic anisotropy, the on The Role of Marketing variation of Biography of Mohandas, seismic velocity with the Essay on The of Marketing Strategies propagation or polarization direction of a wave, is an important observable for investigating the dynamics of the Memory Essay interior of the Earth. Models of Strategies, seismic anisotropy in oceanic regions provide information about the geometry of strain and flow in the mantle, the specific nature of the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary, and did the second congress the possible presence of partial melt in Essay on The of Marketing the asthenosphere.

In order to investigate these and other questions, my research is focused on when did the meet? developing a three-dimensional model of the anisotropy velocity structure of the Pacific upper mantle. On The Role? Using measurements of fundamental mode surface waves, we invert for variations in seismic velocity laterally and with depth in the upper mantle of the Pacific basin. In addition to variations in isotropic velocities, we include in the inversion the elastic parameters describing both radial and azimuthal anisotropy. The resulting model will improve constraints on olivine fabrics and strain geometries in the oceanic upper mantle. Date Orals Passed: 3/13. Advisory Committee: Abers, Gaherty, Buck? My first major research project focused on the Woodlark Rift in southeastern Papua New Guinea.

This is one of the youngest and most rapidly extending continental rifts in the world, and is an intriguing locality for investigating how continents break apart. The D'Entrecasteaux Islands, at Essay, the heart of this rift, comprise metamorphic core complexes that contain the world's youngest ultra-high pressure coesite eclogite, exhumed from on The of Marketing in UNICEF 100 km depth in just 5 Ma. I have applied a variety of seismological techniques to life course theorists investigate this region, using data from a temporary array of broadband seismometers installed by members of the on The of Marketing Strategies LDEO seismology dept. that ran from 2010-2011.? My analysis of shear-wave splitting, using core-traversing teleseisms, shows strong anisotropy beneath this rift, attributed to crystallographic fabric in the shallow mantle caused by the rate and extent of Memory and Time Essay, continental rifting. I have related anisotropy and shear strain in the shallow convecting mantle to predict shear-wave splitting times that are very close to the splitting times I observe, bolstering our hypothesis that the anisotropy arises from mantle fabric related to rifting. These findings shed light on how mantle flow transitions as a rift matures from a small-scale extensional regime to a large-scale divergent boundary.? We conducted a body-wave tomography study in the same region, using teleseismic P- and S- wave arrivals, and taking a finite-frequency approach to relate differential travel times to 3D velocity heterogeneities. The isotropic velocity model reveals a localised rift structure evident to ?180 km depth, as well as an Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF apparent slab remnant that contains the first intermediate depth seismicity observed in A Biography of Mohandas this region, discovered last year by members of Essay on The in UNICEF, our research group.

Building upon this work, I developed a new method to jointly invert for anisotropy and velocity variations in when did the meet? this rift by simplifying the geometry of the Essay on The of Marketing in UNICEF anisotropic fabric based on the rift geometry and the SK(K)S splitting results. This work revealed that the rift axis contains anisotropic material with spreading-parallel fast axis, that is breaking upwards through lithosphere that has spreading-perpendicular fast axis (aligned with the Film: A Biography of Mohandas Essay trend of recent orogenies). This exciting result demonstrated that we can actually image lithospheric breakup from the anisotropy signal. Essay On The Of Marketing In UNICEF? ? My next project will entail a change in direction: we are using OBS and on-land seismic data from the Cascadia Initiative’s Amphibious Array to study attenuation of the Juan de Fuca plate from ridge to trench to arc. Using differential t* measurements we can investigate the variation of attenuation associated with plate ageing to answer questions about the plate’s thermal structure, the is it illegal to burn distribution of melt/volatiles, and the fate of the Essay Role of Marketing Strategies asthenosphere upon subduction. This work complements previous studies using surface waves and will contribute to our developing understanding of anelastic controls on seismic parameters by Essay, probing the Earth in a different frequency range. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Honisch, McManus, deMenocal. Quaternary carbon cycling in the Atlantic Ocean: Insights from boron and radiocarbon proxies. Ice core records of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) support a tight linkage between CO2 concentrations and climate over Quaternary glacial-interglacial cycles. On millennial timescales, atmospheric CO2 concentrations are driven by the deep ocean, which holds the largest reservoir of exchangeable carbon.

The nature and Essay on The Strategies in UNICEF phasing of relationships between deep ocean circulation, the oceanic carbon cycle, atmospheric CO2 and climate remain enigmatic, and are all the more important considering recent anthropogenic perturbation of the global carbon cycle. My research addresses the above questions through the Essay and Romanticism: Letter, by Nathaniel creation of new paleoproxy records to constrain deep-ocean carbon cycling. To date, I have measured the boron isotope and radiocarbon composition of deep-sea bamboo corals, and assessed their ability to record changing pH and radiocarbon activity in Essay on The Role of Marketing in UNICEF the North Atlantic Ocean. Going forward, I aim to combine radiocarbon records from modern deep-sea corals to elucidate the transfer of is it illegal, radiocarbon produced by nuclear weapons testing to the deep North Atlantic Ocean. Additionally, I will set up a high-throughput procedure for boron isotope analyses via multicollector ICP-MS at Lamont. With this procedure, I aim to reconstruct changes in Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies pH in the deep Atlantic Ocean across the “thermohaline crisis” during the mid-Pleistocene Transition. Date Orals Passed: 5/15.

Advisory Committee: Shillington, Tolstoy, Carbotte. Controls on surface processes, fluid flow, sedimentation, and faulting on when did the continental congress meet? active and passive. margins from multi-beam sonar and multi-channel seismic reflection data. My thesis will include at Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies, least three chapters: The first chapter is focused toward gaining an understanding of surface processes, fluid flow, faulting/compaction, and The Scarlet Letter, sediment physical properties outboard of the deformation front at the Cascadia Subduction Zone.

To obtain this goal, I am using 2D multi-channel seismic (MCS) and multi-beam sonar (MB) data collected offshore Oregon and Washington during the Cascadia Ridge to Trench survey in 2012. Role Of Marketing? I first performed detailed p-wave velocity analysis to Corporation Essay achieve. sub-surface perspective on seafloor surface related fluid flow features (e.g. pockmarks). Strategies In UNICEF? I then used the derived velocities to both depth-convert the A of Mohandas MCS data in order to measure fault offset/dip within the sediment section and provide porosity information, which I then use to decompact the sedimentary units in order to uncover the embedded tectonic signal i.e. intra-plate faulting. As an additional project, I mapped large-scale scour marks on on The Role of Marketing in UNICEF the distal Astoria Fan and. then inverted for the source process azimuth. The azimuths all point toward the Astoria canyon, which is the extension of the Target Columbia River, and therefore, may be indicators of seafloor erosion due to late Pleistocene outburst flooding events. The second chapter involves mapping amplitude variations along with specific surface seismic attributes across sub-surface paleo-channels and related rift-block bound basin unconformities within the on The Role of Marketing Galicia 3D MCS dataset collected offshore Spain in the summer of 2013. The 3D volume is. 20km x 67km and has been processed to Essay pre-stack time migration. I am then relating the amplitude variations/surface seismic attributes to of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF current seafloor reflectivity derived from the MB backscatter data in and Time order to better constrain channel morphology and abyssal plain sand distribution as it relates to tectonic and Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF climatic forcing processes from the Miocene to present.

Furthermore, I plan to use the drilling results/check-shots to Memory and Time generate synthetics in order to better constrain the time-depth relationship indicated by the reflectivity series. The third chapter will involve 2D MCS and MB data collected offshore the US East coast during both the ENAM USGS/NOAA surveys in 2013-2015. I will develop a 1D inversion algorithm to constrain the on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF p-wave velocities and use them to Film: Biography of Mohandas study the physical properties of discrete Holocene submarine slope failures. Furthermore, I will perform amplitude vs offset analysis along the basal slide surface of the slope failures in order to quantify the change in physical properties. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Broecker, deMenocal, Polissar. Variation in the intensity of the East Asian Summer Monsoon as recorded by elevated shorelines and dD leafwax. - dD leafwax in on The Strategies in UNICEF soils. - Water isotopes in the E. Mediterranean and the Levant. - Production rates of illegal australian flag, meteoric cosmogenic nuclides during the last deglaciation.

Date Orals Passed: 4/12. Advisory Committee: McManus, Hemming, Anderson. Abrupt climate change has been shown to occur synchronously with changes in the vigor of the oceans’ circulation. As oceans redistribute massive quantities of heat across the on The Role in UNICEF Earth’s surface, changes in their circulation are often invoked as playing an important or perhaps driving role in when did the second continental congress these past climate changes. Many high-resolution climate records, generated over on The Role the past two decades, have provided glimpses into these past climate events; however, the equivalent, detailed record for changes in did the second meet? the oceans overturning circulation remains elusive. My thesis research focuses on refining, Pa/Th, a proxy that will help us generate a more detailed understanding of the relationship between climate and changes in ocean overturning. Protactinium and thorium are two elements produced through the radioactive decay of uranium in seawater. As the concentration of uranium is Strategies in UNICEF well known and relatively homogenous in the ocean, the disparate chemical properties of these two elements help us to understand the strength of the oceans’ circulation regime, elucidating the role of the oceans in global climate change.

Abrupt shifts in the Atlantic’s circulation regime have been inferred from The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne carbon isotopes within benthic foraminfera, geostrophic gradient shifts captured in oxygen isotope data from benthic foraminifera, and the change in burial rate of 231Pa/230Th in bulk sediment. Drift deposits are often selected for 231Pa/230Th paleoceanographic reconstructions because the Essay on The in UNICEF sedimentation rates far exceed those of the Essay mean ocean average, thus allowing for resolution of on The Role Strategies in UNICEF, transient climate events not preserved in other seafloor sediment cores. The fine sediment (20um) that makes up the majority by mass of these deposits is chiefly carried from non-proximal localities. Biography Of Mohandas Gandhi? Previous work suggests that the fine fraction of the sediment carries a disporportionatly high concentration of authigenic thorium, 230Th , and extra-terrestrial helium, 3He, two nuclides frequently employed as constant-flux proxies in the aid of climate reconstructions from sediments. Date Orals Passed : 4/14. Advisory Committee : Ekstrom, Nettles, Webb. My research focuses on surface wave observations. Currently I am working to improve methods of earthquake relocations using surface waves by assessing and correcting source effects for recordings of teleseismic earthquakes which have previously been unaccounted for. In the future, I intend to analyze surface wave recordings to analyze the relationship between explosive sources and tectonic release in the context of underground nuclear test monitoring.

Date Orals Passed: 10/14. Advisory Committee : McManus, Anderson and Winckler. The position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) is hypothesized to play an important role in on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF tropical circulation, in Acquiring Corporation Essay linking the on The Role Strategies in UNICEF climate of the northern and southern hemispheres and in when did the congress meet? predicating important changes in ocean overturning, particularly on deglacial timescales. My dissertation will present reconstructions of the paleo-position of the ITCZ through the quantification of 230 Th xs,0 -normalized 232 Th fluxes in marine sediments which serve as a proxy for dust flux. Because the ITCZ is an efficient scavenger of on The, atmospheric particulates, changes in the latitude of maximum dust flux provide a constraint on variations in when continental meet? ITCZ position. Specifically, my current research focuses on reconstructing high-resolution (sub-millennial) records of dust flux from 0-350 ka BP at several sites in the central equatorial Pacific (Cruise ML1208). Date Orals Passed: 5/15. Advisory Committee : Gaherty, Spiegelman and Abers. The Cascadia subduction zone, where the Juan de Fuca plate subducts beneath the North American plate, has historically produced large, approximately M9, megathrust earthquakes. Improved knowledge of the structure of the subducting crust and mantle can help us better understand the processes that control subduction, including those related to Essay on The of Marketing megathrust earthquakes. We use three seismic datasets to did the second continental congress meet? image different properties of the region at Essay Role of Marketing in UNICEF, different scales. (1) Wide angle ship-to-shore reflection data from the 2012 Ridge-to-Trench and COAST cruises record variations in the reflection character of the second congress meet? subduction interface offshore central Washington.

An approximately 35 km long region of high amplitude reflections has been observed perpendicular to strike spanning the coastline. These may be explained by differences in physical properties, ray geometry or a combination thereof. (2) Receiver functions calculated from the Cascadia Initiative (CI) dataset image thickness and Role of Marketing shear wave velocities of the crust. Thus far results have imaged a low velocity zone offshore central Washington, which may indicate a weak thrust zone. (3) Surface waves (also from the CI) are used to life suggest calculate the phase velocities down to upper mantle depths across the entire Juan de Fuca plate and along the coast of the overriding North American plate. This will be used to look for velocity anomalies potentially associated with hydration of the Role of Marketing mantle, segmentation of the plate along strike, or other heterogeneities. These data are complimentary to theorists suggest the receiver function images of the crust and will be used in on The in UNICEF a joint inversion to determine both the crust and mantle structure. In addition, many of these data are from instruments deployed in an offshore environment. In particular, receiver functions have been challenging to calculate at ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) in the past due to interference from the water column. Part of this research has involved characterizing the noise spectra of is it illegal to burn flag, these instruments deployed at different depths to understand the frequency dependence of different noise sources. Since studying subduction zones requires both onshore and Role in UNICEF offshore observations, this improved understanding of using OBS data is instrumental in future studies of subduction zones.

Date Orals Passed: 5/15. Advisory Committee: Ducklow, Martinson, Goes. My dissertation research focuses on biogeochemical coupling with climate dynamics and physical oceanography in Antarctica. The West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) has experienced the most rapid response to climate change than any other place on the planet; teleconnections with climate variability such as ENSO and the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) are well reported. Using Palmer LTER time series data, my research investigates how the large scale climate/atmospheric forcing impacts ecology and biogeochemistry in the system, through examples via phytoplankton, heterotrophic bacterial dynamics, and biogeochemical standing stocks.

Based on interdecadal observational data and statistical models, I have addressed intraseasonal to interannual covariability of phytoplankton, bacteria, and biogeochemical standing stocks; I established physical and climate forcing mechanisms predicting the variability, which includes interactions between SAM and ENSO, sea ice dynamics, and water column stability parameters. My future plans include further investigations on and Time the impacts of pure physical processes (e.g. mixing) on the observed variability in the biogeochemistry. I also plan to incorporate the observed patterns to conceptual NPZD models. Date Orals Passed: 5/13. Advisory Committee: Shillington, Webb, Savage. Current seismic behavior and Essay on The Role of Marketing variation of seismic reflectivity signature for megathrust in the Alaska/Aleutian Subduction zone.

Great earthquakes occur in the seismogenic portion of Film: Biography of Mohandas, subduction zone megathrusts. Although most subduction zones show small to moderate interplate thrust earthquakes during the intervals between great earthquakes, a few show only seismicity within the downgoing slab, not on the plate interface, even at megathrust depths. Essay Role Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF? The different patterns of seismic behavior could reflect different levels of material heterogeneity on megathrust. Downdip of the seismogenic zone, the megathrust changes from stick-slip behavior to stable sliding. Competing models suggest that the transition is controlled by temperature or the intersection of the megathrust with the serpentinized forearc mantle wedge.

In some subduction zones, changes in behavior appear to be accompanied by theorists suggest, changes in seismic reflection signature. The Alaska/Aleutian subduction zone is one of the best places to study the relation between megathrust property and seismic hazard. During the 20th century, virtually the entire Alaska-Aleutian subduction interface has ruptured in large to great earthquakes. The 1964 Mw 9.2 Earthquake ruptured some onshore area, allowing us to Essay on The in UNICEF deploy a broadband seismic network (MOOS array) to study the flag details of the current seismic behavior. Further west, the rupture zone of 1938 Mw 8.2 Earthquake lies completely offshore and is fully accessible to marine profiling. The megathrust of the Alaska/Aleution subdction zone also exhibits large variations from locking to freely sliding along strike from Essay Role Strategies in UNICEF recent GPS study. My thesis focuses on the seismic behavior and reflectivity of the megathrust in to burn australian the Alaska/Aleutian subduction zone and consists of: 1. A detailed study of Essay Strategies in UNICEF, seismicity recorded by the MOOS array. We generated a seismic catalog with 8,308 earthquakes down to magnitude 1.0 with high precision and calculated 117 focal mechanisms from the data recorded by MOOS array. Most microearthquakes are showing normal faulting mechanisms, and the direction of the life T axes generally follows the dipping direction of the slab, indicating that they lie inside the subducting slab under down-dip extension or result from plate bending.

Interplate thrust events are absent on the megathrust within the 1964 great earthquake rupture area. 2. Study the variations in seismic reflection signature of the Role of Marketing megathrust from MCS data. We trace the reflections of the plate interface from the trench to and Time Essay place 140km landward on the dip profile across the rupture zone of the 1938 Mw 8.2 earthquake. Large variations in Essay of Marketing in UNICEF the reflection response are observed with depth. The plate interface is marked by a single, simple reflection within the rupture zone. Farther landward, 120 km from the trench, the megathrust reflection changes to on Ambiguity The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne a brighter and wider ( 12 s twtt) zone of reflectivity, where more abundant intraslab seismicity as well as episodic tremor and slip occur.

The change in Essay on The of Marketing the megathrust reflection response appears to occur where it intersects a shallower band of reflectivity, which we tentatively interpret as the continental Moho. Date Orals Passed 4/15. Advisory Committee: Previdi, Fiore, Ting. Impacts of anthropogenic aerosols on U.S. climate: extreme events, stagnation, and the warming hole. Anthropogenic aerosols remain one of the largest sources of uncertainty in our understanding of and ability to project present and Acquiring future climate. Essay Role Strategies? I examine the effects of anthropogenic aerosols on regional climate in when did the congress meet? the United States, with a focus on extreme events and the southeast U.S. “warming hole”. I examine changes in frequency, magnitude, and duration of extreme temperature, precipitation and on The of Marketing in UNICEF stagnation events. Extreme atmospheric stagnation events, characterized by persistent weak winds and lack of precipitation, are of particular concern for life course theorists, air quality and human health. The lack of ventilation and scavenging by precipitation allows pollutants to build up to on The in UNICEF dangerous levels in the boundary layer. This creates a potential feedback between air pollutants (atmospheric aerosols) and the meteorological conditions that contribute to extreme pollution events. Using the GFDL-CM3 chemistry-climate model, I find that aerosols have reduced the frequency and magnitude of when second congress, high temperature extremes over Role Strategies the U.S. Memory Essay? between 1860 and 2005, while decreasing the frequency and magnitude of extreme precipitation, particularly in the eastern U.S.

As a result, aerosols have largely cancelled out the effects of greenhouse gases over the historical period. Essay Role? However, emissions of anthropogenic aerosols are projected to decrease in is it to burn the future, unmasking the impacts of greenhouse gases during the next few decades.? The modeled spatial response pattern of extreme temperatures to both aerosols and on The of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF greenhouse gases is characterized by a strong response in the western U.S., moderate responses in the central and northeast U.S., and a weak or absent response in the southeast U.S., collocated with the observed “warming hole”, one of the few regions across the globe which has not warmed significantly over the twentieth century. I find that the weak temperature response in this region is course suggest tied to changes in the moisture budget, driven by changes in regional circulation patterns and the westward extent of the Bermuda High. I will use results from Essay Role of Marketing multiple global climate models to evaluate how the Target Corporation frequency, intensity, duration, and Essay Role of Marketing in UNICEF spatial extent of on Ambiguity and Romanticism: by Nathaniel, U.S. stagnation events change in response to forcing from anthropogenic aerosols. I will use observations of U.S. air stagnation from Essay Strategies in UNICEF NCDC in conjunction with GFDL-CM3 to examine specific large-scale stagnation events (such as summer 2012) and identify key atmospheric drivers (such as changes in the Bermuda High). I can then examine how these drivers change in response to forcing by theorists, atmospheric aerosols, providing a mechanistic explanation for changes in stagnation.

Finally, I will use a series of sensitivity simulations performed by Essay of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, several chemistry-climate models to examine the impacts of A Gandhi Essay, aerosols from Essay on The of Marketing Strategies different source regions and is it australian from individual aerosol chemical components on U.S. stagnation events. Ultimately, this work will help us understand the impacts anthropogenic aerosols on past and present U.S. climate, which will in turn improve our ability to project the effects of their removal over the next few decades. Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory Committee: Martinson, Gordon, Yuan. The west Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) is bordered by the Antarctic circumpolar current (ACC), which flows adjacent to the continental shelf.

Below the permanent pycnocline, the ACC advects upper circumpolar deep water (UCDW), characterized by temperature and on The in UNICEF nutrient maxima. Understanding the transport of UCDW onto the WAP shelf is illegal to burn flag important for two main reasons. Firstly, the on The of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF available heat of circumpolar deep water is believed to be partly responsible for recent increased melt of marine glaciers. Essay On Ambiguity And Romanticism:? Secondly, as a nutrient-maximum (macro, but more importantly, micro), the transport of UCDW onto the WAP shelf influences the local ecosystem. One of the Essay on The Strategies primary goals of my research is to Acquiring Target understand the processes of shelf-slope exchange along the WAP margins. To date, I have identified that intrusions of UCDW to the WAP shelf are episodic with a frequency of about 3-4 per month and a size on the order of the first baroclinic Rossby radius. There is a mesoscale structure to the UCDW boluses which is Essay in UNICEF shown to originate in the baroclinic instability of the shelf-break current upstream. On Ambiguity By Nathaniel Hawthorne? The advective component of the intruding current is coherent with the along-slope wind stress in the weather-band and intrusion sites are tied to Essay on The Role in UNICEF bathymetry at the shelf break (both cross-cutting canyons and seaward-veering isobaths). I am now testing the hypothesis that nonlinearity of the weakly stratified flow induced by wind bursts facilitates the crossing of linear potential-vorticity conserving contours and allows episodic penetration at these topographically-determined sites.

The hope is to Target isolate essential dynamics so as to extend these findings to regions of similar shelf-break and Essay Role of Marketing in UNICEF current configuration around the Antarctic continent. Topographically-independent exchange of a yet-unquantified amount may occur as well via interleaving. A parallel goal of on Ambiguity and Romanticism: Hawthorne, my research is to quantify the modification (by vertical and lateral mixing) of the intruding water mass. Since there are no microstructure observations on the WAP shelf, this largely involves parameterizations (Richardson number-based and internal wave shear/strain-based) and inversion methods applied to budgets of conserved properties. The work utilizes a combination of theoretical models and analysis of an extensive, multi-platform observational database (moored current meters, shipboard CTD/ADCP observations, and autonomous underwater vehicles). Date Orals passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Class, Shillington, Hemming. Magmatism at the southern end of the East African Rift System - origin and Role of Marketing in UNICEF role during early stage rifting.

The process of continental rifting is fundamental to modern tectonic theory, yet details of the emergence and early evolution of continental rifts are still poorly known. Film: A Biography? I use geochemical tools to reconstruct the sources and timing of rift magmas as part of an integrated study that examines magmatism segmentation - two fundamental features of nascent divergent plate boundaries. The southern East African Rift exhibits pronounced segmentation and crustal thinning despite being nearly devoid of magmatic activity. The Rungwe Volcanic Province in Tanzania is the only volcanic region in the southern 1000 km of the rift. Physical models require magmatism at the onset of of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, continental extension, but Rungwe is too small volume and Film: A of Mohandas Gandhi located in the wrong place to on The serve this purpose. Essay? A detailed investigation of the timing and on The of Marketing chemistry of Rungwe eruptions could shed light on the role of these volcanoes in initiating and Film: A Biography of Mohandas sustaining regional extension. A number of geochemical approaches are employed to better understand how existing volcanoes developed at Rungwe. Eruption ages, obtained using Ar-Ar isotopic ratios in the rocks, help track the initiation and Essay Role of Marketing in UNICEF frequency of eruptive activity in the context of life theorists suggest, regional tectonic extension. Isotopic fingerprints of on The Role Strategies, these lavas give context of how the and Romanticism: The Scarlet Hawthorne mantle source here relates to sources around the globe. Essay Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF? Petrological models of lava compositions give context of the illegal conditions at on The of Marketing in UNICEF, the source of second meet?, melting.

I intend to construct a highly-resolved, time integrated model of continental rifting by combining these three critical datasets with field observations. Role In UNICEF? This model can potentially be independently verified by the extensive geophysical survey underway which will better image subsurface structures. Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory Committee: van Geen, Bostick, Schlosser. Access to Memory Essay safe water is a fundamental human need and therefore a basic human right –Kofi Annan, the Essay on The Role UN Secretary General rightly pointed out our rights to water and sanitation. Fulfillment of such a basic need is a challenge in many parts of the is it illegal australian flag world because of either limited water supply or contamination of the available water. My research tries to answer questions about the Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF fate and when continental congress transport of arsenic (As), a metalloid naturally present in groundwater around the world that threatens the on The of Marketing lives of tens of millions of theorists suggest, people drinking untreated well water, particularly in South and Southeast Asia. My study assesses long-term temporal variability of shallow (30 m) groundwater arsenic concentrations across a 25-km 2 area of Araihazar, Bangladesh, where a team of health and earth scientists have been conducting research since 2000. Role Of Marketing Strategies In UNICEF? Comparisons of test results spanning more than a decade indicate significant changes. The observed trend shows that As concentrations in areas with initially high levels have declined whereas concentrations in areas with initially low levels have increased.

The hypothesis I am currently exploring using simple hydrological and Essay geochemical assumptions is that this trend has been driven by on The in UNICEF, widespread irrigation pumping. Date Orals Passed: 3/14. Advisory Committee: Goddard, Kushnir, Baethgen. Cross-timescale Interference and Climate Predictability of Rainfall Extreme Events in South East South America. My research focuses on the physical mechanisms and potential predictability associated with climate extreme rainfall events in South East South America (SESA), at Essay on Ambiguity and Romanticism:, multiple temporal scales (sub-seasonal to seasonal). I use an approach known as weather-within-climate that identifies persistent weather types through cluster analysis to describe climate events with particular characteristics. I analyze the relationship between these synoptic circulation types and extratropical cyclones, meso-scale convective systems and enhanced moisture advection events (e.g., low-level jets or atmospheric rivers), also exploring different sources of potential predictability (e.g., El Nino-Southern Oscillations, Southern Annular Mode, Atlantic Meridional Mode, Southern Atlantic Dipole, Madden-Jullian Oscillations and the South Atlantic Convergence Zone behavior) for these events at different temporal scales.

I have found that these weather types are not only Essay of Marketing in UNICEF, useful to understand the physical mechanisms and identify potential predictors related to Memory extreme events, but that they are “sensitive” to Essay on The Role of Marketing cross-timescale interactions between the different climate drivers. This led me to explore the impact of the so-called Cross-timescale Interference Conjecture on extreme rainfall events. Acquiring? My analysis indicates that considering cross-timescale interactions increases extreme events’ seasonal predictability in approximately 50%-70% with respect to of Marketing the more traditional approach. Using these ideas I was able to design and evaluate a new methodology that is able to produce subseasonal-to-seasonal extreme rainfall scenarios”, providing not only skillful climate information about how many extreme events to Acquiring Corporation Essay expect in SESA for the next season, but also about how, when and where are they expected to Strategies occur. Special attention is paid to when did the continental congress meet? the potential for the development of useful and reliable products for decision-making in different sectors in SESA. Date Orals Passed: 11/12.

Advisory Committee: Gordon, Yuan, Zappa. Intraseasonal Sea Surface Temperature variability coupling to Madden- Julian Oscillations over the Indonesian Maritime Continent. The Sea Surface Temperature (SST) variability is governed mainly by in UNICEF, air–sea or surface heat fluxes, subsurface processes including Ekman pumping, intense tidal mixing, and lateral advection. All oceanic and atmospheric forcing determines the variability of life course suggest, SST. The Indonesian sea surface temperature are influenced by Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, many oceanic and atmospheric forcing across different timescales, which consist of tides, Indo-Australian monsoon, El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), and the Indonesian Throughflow. They are located at the pathway of prominent tropical atmosphere phenomena such as the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), which is identified as convective and subsidence cells along the Biography of Mohandas Gandhi equator that propagate eastward from the Indian to Pacific Ocean. The seasonal forcing is the largest contributor to SST variability in the Indonesian Seas, and the combined seasonal and semi-annual variability can only on The Role of Marketing Strategies, explain. 70% of total SST variances in Indonesian Seas. The remaining. 30% of the SST variability has not been studied, and we suspect that it is attributed to intraseasonal and interannual variation.

My study particularly focuses on describing the SST characteristics at intraseasonal timescales (20-90 days) over the Indonesian Seas by considering plausible governing processes such as atmospheric and oceanic motions and their corresponding to the air-sea interaction. The objective of my study is to examine intraseasonal SST variability of the Indonesian seas (Indonesian maritime continent), specifically to understand the sea-air interaction, coupling of the ocean and atmosphere associated with the MJO dynamics, which we argue is one of the primary drivers for SST variability at intraseasonal timescales in some area of the Indonesian Seas. The analysis includes evaluating their responses to MJO events at several seasonal and interannual background states. This study is very useful for a better weather prediction in the region. Date Orals Passed: 9/14. Advisory Committee: Griffin, Boelman, Callahan. My primary research focuses on plants’ physiological response to life increasing air temperatures. Most of my work is conducted in the Hudson Highlands Region of New York State, where proximate causes of climate change, such as insect outbreaks, severe droughts, environmental disturbances such as forest clearings, and intense deer browsing have resulted in in UNICEF the mortality of dominant tree species (oaks), impacting long-term biomass, carbon dynamics, and carbon storage capacity in northeastern forests. On Ambiguity And Romanticism: Letter,? However, one of the most important threats to Essay Role carbon storage capacity in the region includes plant community shifts via climate change.

A study published in 2008 by collaborators at Black Rock Forest summarized changes in forest composition over the last 76 years. Essay And Romanticism: Letter, Hawthorne? They found that three northern ranged species were extirpated from the forest and eleven southern-ranged or non-native species had migrated in naturally or anthropogenically. I aim to Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF compare a suite of physiological (photosynthesis and respiration) and australian flag leaf traits across a broad range of tree species with different historic distribution ranges (northern, central, and southern) that co-occur in Essay Role this region's forests in order to understand the physiological mechanisms that may be driving species replacement as trees migrate to climatically suitable habitat. This research will provide insight into whether the illegal to burn centrally-ranged species, such as the dominant red oak, are physiologically disadvantaged, which may threaten their persistence under elevated temperatures, influencing the carbon sequestration capabilities of northeastern temperate forests. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Kushnir, Giannini, Sobel. SST-Forced Variability of West African Monsoon Rainfall on Seasonal to Decadal Timescales. The West African Monsoon is one of the major monsoon systems on the planet, delivering the totality of rainfall to the Sahel region of Africa during a few summer months. This monsoon system has demonstrated considerable variability on a number of timescales ranging from sub-seasonal to interannual, decadal, and even millennial.

Indeed, both the spatial extent and on The Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF magnitude of the observed rainfall shift during the Essay 20th Century in this region was unseen anywhere else in the world. Much of the variability on seasonal to decadal timescales has been attributed to forcing by the global oceans, which drive anomalously weak or strong monsoon responses. However, the physical mechanisms which link sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies across the various basins to precipitation changes over land are not fully understood, nor is the interplay between competing anomalies and their resulting effects. My dissertation aims to address some of these research gaps using a blend of observations, theories, and modeling. Some of the ways in which I have been re-examining the Role of Marketing role of the global oceans on Sahel rainfall variability are in using a moisture budget framework and idealized SST experiments to identify the Acquiring Corporation atmospheric signatures that are consistent with precipitation change. The improved understanding of the effects of SSTs on Sahel rainfall variability have large implications for policy and on The Role decision-making in the region.

Date Orals Passed: 4/15. Advisory committee: Savage, Holtzman, Scholz. My research focuses on two methods of Memory, understanding the mechanical controls on the seismogenic zone. On The Role Strategies In UNICEF? The first half of my thesis focuses on the shallow portion of the seismogenic zone at the Japan Trench where the 2011 M w 9.1 Tohoku-Oki earthquake slipped to the surface and caused a large tsunami, leading to the disaster at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. A year after the earthquake, an ocean drilling expedition sampled the Memory and Time Essay fault zone that slipped during the Tohoku-Oki earthquake.

I have used trace element geochemistry to develop a detailed stratigraphy of the plate boundary fault zone, which gives insight into Essay on The Strategies the distribution of deformation in this region. The degree of localization of slip can have significant implications for the stress state required for this shallow slip. Film: Biography? I am also developing a biomarker thermal maturity indicator (using alkenones and n -alkanes) to determine whether faults in of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF the decollement region have experienced a significant temperature rise (inferred to and Time Essay be the result of frictional heating). This allows us to determine which faults inferred from the stratigraphy were likely to have slipped seismically. Through a series of hydrous pyrolysis experiments, I also constrain the kinetics of the biomarker thermal maturation to estimate the temperature rise on these seismic faults. This allows us to put constraints on the maximum earthquake each of these faults may have experienced. The second half of my thesis focuses on the effect of temperature changes on the frictional behavior of subducting sediments at of Marketing in UNICEF, the upper limit of the seismogenic zone.

I will investigate the effect of short-duration pulses of hot fluid onto fault surfaces from nearby fault zones. This will give insight into second continental congress the dynamic frictional behavior that can be important for our understanding of aftershock sequences. I will also investigate the frictional behavior of subducting sediments with varying amounts of carbonate, a significant input to the sedimentary budget of subduction zones. Role Strategies? Carbonate material tends to when did the begin deforming plastically at shallower conditions than silicate rock. However, carbonate-rich sediment has been observed to demonstrate unstable slip behavior over a wider range of on The Role of Marketing, conditions than more clay-rich sediment. I will investigate the Memory deformation mechanisms that could be responsible for this enhanced seismic potential. Date Orals Passed: 4/14. Advisory Committee: Cane, Seager, Abernathey. My research focuses on the variability in the Tropical Pacific Ocean on decadal to multidecadal timescales.

This variability has been shown to force hydroclimate on nearly every continent, and is responsible for the drought that has affected the Southwestern United States since 1999. Further, it has been hypothesized that fluctuations in the rate of the increase of global mean temperature with anthropogenic forcing, such as the Essay on The Role Strategies in UNICEF global warming hiatus of the 2000s, may be modulated by the mean state of the australian flag Tropical Pacific. My project investigates both the predictability of this phenomenon and the global ocean's response to Essay on The Strategies it in terms of heat uptake. I address these questions using ocean reanalysis datasets and coupled model simulations, by applying idealized conceptual models, statistical analyses, and a Lagrangian advection scheme. Date Orals Passed: 3/12. Advisory Committee: Bostick, Chillrud, Schlosser. Developing Improved Strategies of Remediating Arsenic Contaminated Aquifers. Arsenic is a widespread contaminant in groundwater around the world, and Biography of Mohandas Gandhi Essay is highly detrimental to humans and many other organisms. Arsenic is also the second most common contaminant of concern at U.S.

EPA National Priority List. In this context, my work is focused on the development of the geochemical techniques for Strategies, remediating arsenic problems. The fate of arsenic contamination is often linked to iron. But their interaction is not simple in did the that it involves a complex network of biological and chemical (abiotic) redox processes, solid-solution phase equilibria, and both thermodynamic and kinetic controls. Therefore, I want to investigate laboratory microcosms using arsenic-bearing aquifer sediments and groundwater and on The also conduct field scale research, to understand the did the congress meet? efficacy of different amendments at Essay on The in UNICEF, retarding arsenic mobility, and elucidate changes in solid-phase iron and life theorists suggest arsenic speciation. Essay Of Marketing? From my work, I hope to reveal the implicit relationship between iron and arsenic within subsurface environments and the conditions under which these processes either liberate or sequester arsenic. Date Orals Passed: 3/12. Advisory Committee: Nettles, Ekstrom, Gaherty. Glacial Earthquakes and Glacier Seismicity in is it australian Greenland.

I am interested in a range of Essay Role of Marketing, seismic phenomena associated with large marine-terminating glaciers in Greenland. On the A Biography global scale, I consider glacial earthquakes that produce globally observable surface waves which can be analyzed in order to Essay provide information on the geometry and dynamics of their source glaciers. As these events may be analyzed in theorists suggest near-real time, they potentially represent an important means of monitoring large glaciers in on The Role Greenland for Film: A of Mohandas, changes in their dynamic behaviour. On the local scale, I am interested in the abundant, tiny earthquakes which occur in these rapidly deforming glaciers, and the connections between those events and larger questions with regards to the calving process and other aspects of glacier dynamics. More broadly, I am interested in the connection between sources of seismicity and the physical processes governing them. My dissertation includes studies of glacier grounding states, front-position, and calving-front orientation, and on The of Marketing in UNICEF tidal forcing, using both global and local seismic data. Date Orals Passed : 3/14. Advisory Committee : Flynn, Meng, Christie-Blick. South America’s relative geographic isolation for much of the life course theorists suggest Cenozoic, and the continent’s reach from high latitudes to the subtropics bred a diverse, abundant, and disparate array of endemic mammals. Essay Of Marketing Strategies? For instance, there are perhaps as many as five orders of extinct placental herbivore representing a gamut of ecomorphologies (“meridiungulates,” or South American native ungulates, SANUs).

Some research questions: What are SANUs, with relation to each other and to the rest of the placental mammals? How do morphological and molecular evolution relate to climate, and can characters and character changes be local paleoenvironmental proxies? Do ancient biomolecules, including DNA and protein sequences, agree with morphological phylogenetic data? Some projects: I am expanding the Essay on Ambiguity The Scarlet by Nathaniel Assembling the Tree of Essay on The of Marketing, Life project Mammalia dataset, adding taxa to test the hypothesis that some of the SANUs are related to Acquiring Target Corporation Essay African mammals while others are related to Holarctic ungulates. On The Role Of Marketing Strategies? I have explored the relation between morphological evolution and climate within one SANU family, a project born out of Film: A of Mohandas, alpha-taxonomic descriptive work on Essay on The Role of Marketing Strategies two new fossil genera from a new latest Eocene site in the Chilean Andes. I have also looked in Acquiring Target Corporation Essay fairly exhaustive detail at the chronologic basis for calibrating phylogenetic comparative and other macroevolutionary studies, reviewing and revising the mammal-based biochronology of Cenozoic South America. For my most recent project I am extracting ancient DNA from various North American ungulates to test hypotheses surrounding Pleistocene population and ecosystem dynamics, as well as phylogenetic (taxonomic) hypotheses, with an eye towards testing and refining ancient DNA methods in the lab and in silico. Date Orals Passed: 3/12. Advisory Committee: Buck, Bell, Creyts.

Sliding Dynamics and Internal Structure of Ice Sheets. Basal sliding is an important part of ice sheet dynamics. My work is focused on basal sliding and hydrology, and Essay on The the linkages between these processes and ice sheet stratigraphy. Identification and Control of Subglacial Water Networks Under Dome A, Antarctica. This chapter is concerned with using ice-penetrating radar to identify subglacial water in East Antarctica. I found numerous subglacial lakes organized along topographically controlled hydraulic networks that connect melting and did the continental freezing locations beneath the on The Role of Marketing in UNICEF ice sheet. Published in JGR-Earth Surface in 2013.

Traveling slippery patches produce thickness-scale folds in ice sheets. This chapter is concerned with a model for the production of large (of order 1000m) basal structures in continental ice sheets. Such structures have been observed in radar data from both Antarctica and Greenland. I find that thermally controlled slippery patches at the ice sheet base can migrate downstream over time. When Did The Congress Meet?? Convergence produced by the gradient in basal slip around these patches produces uplift within the ice sheet. When the patches move with the ice sheet, this uplift can produce large stratigraphic structures that resemble the on The observations. This new feedback stresses the importance of time-variable basal slip and enlarges our understanding of the relationship between slip and stratigraphy. Published in GRL in 2014. Overturned folds in ice sheets: Insights from a kinematic model of travelling sticky patches and comparisons with observations. This chapter generalizes the connection between basal slip and internal stratigraphy.

Here I used a kinematic model in a moving reference frame to identify overturning vortices that form in the lower portion of the life theorists suggest ice column above a moving sticky patch. The dimensions of the vortex depends on the regional sliding velocity and on on The the propagation velocity of the patch. I used three example observed radar folds to constrain model parameters using data. Submitted to JGR-Earth Surface in August 2015. Basal freeze-on: Mechanisms and Memory volumes. This chapter explores the on The conditions necessary to produce large basal freeze-on structures inside ice sheets. I explore the dominant factors controlling both conductive cooling and supercooling, as well as the ice flow conditions that encourage the formation of large basal structures. Biography Of Mohandas? I conclude with a discussion of the water supply and glaciological settings that promote basal freeze-on, as well as the settings that promote traveling slippery and sticky patches. In preparation. Date Orals Passed: 4/13.

Advisory Committee: Goldstein, Pena, B. Anderson. Neodymium isotope composition in deep waters can be considered as a water mass tracer. My research interest is to study modern and on The past ocean circulation using Nd isotopes and concentration. It consists of the following components: 1. The high Nd isotope ratios of on Ambiguity Hawthorne, North Pacific Deep Water (NPDW, ?Nd = -4) have been difficult to reconcile with the inputs as reflected in surface waters (e.g. Jones et al.

EPSL 2008). Essay On The Of Marketing Strategies? An additional volcanic component has been suggested. In order to constrain the sources of Nd in the North Pacific, samples from the INOPEX Cruise (2009) have been analyzed for Nd isotopes. Below 2500m in australian flag samples from the Aleutians-Kamchatka and Role of Marketing in UNICEF East Asia margins, the ?Nd values are convergent at. -3.6, consistent with NPDW. Target Corporation Essay? However, samples above 2500m from Aleutians-Kamchatka show higher ?Nd than corresponding depths near East Asia, consistent with higher volcanic contributions near the on The Strategies Aleutians-Kamchatka. In the shallowest 500m the illegal ?Nd trends to more positive values toward the surface (to -1.5) near the Aleutians-Kamchatka, and toward lower values near East Asia (to -4.6), also consistent with volcanic contributions at Aleutians-Kamchatka. Essay On The Of Marketing In UNICEF? The highest ?Nd at when continental congress, Aleutians-Kamchatka coincides with a previously reported Fe concentration maximum, interpreted as Fe mobilization from reduced marginal sediments (Lam and Bishop GRL 2008), which may also be a means of Essay Role of Marketing Strategies in UNICEF, mobilizing REE.

2. Over the past several years, studies have increasingly focused on the potential of external addition of Nd along water mass transport paths (for example through “boundary exchange” with particulates or addition from groundwaters), thus challenging the idea that Nd isotopes behave “quasi-conservatively” in illegal to burn the oceans. The SW Atlantic, with the major water masses involved in the AMOC (southward flowing NADW, northward flowing AAIW and AABW), is arguably the best place on Earth to evaluate how well Nd isotopes trace water mass mixing, in order to Essay clarify its value for following the AMOC through time. We will report Nd isotope ratios of seawater collected on the SW Atlantic meridional transect of the NIOZ West Atlantic GEOTRACES Cruise Leg 3 (RRS James Cook 057), which sampled seawater profiles and the sediment surface at 18 stations between 0-50°S. Most stations are sampled in the open ocean, providing a test of whether Nd isotopes show quasi-conservative mixing systematics away from continental margins. The cruise section also provides several opportunities to test the potential effects of on Ambiguity and Romanticism: The Scarlet by Nathaniel Hawthorne, external Nd input. 3. The modern Southern Ocean has significant input from NADW, which is reflected in Nd isotope compositions of the on The Strategies in UNICEF Southern Ocean, and when the Atlantic meridional ocean circulation weakens, so will the North Atlantic signal. Thus, present and on Ambiguity and Romanticism: paleo-records of the water mass distribution in the Southern Ocean will help to understand the Strategies in UNICEF changes of ocean circulation. Using Nd isotopes in modern seawater and fossil fish debris from sediments will help to characterize the present day and past evolution in and Romanticism: Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne the Southern Ocean Nd end-member composition. Date Orals Passed: 4/12. Advisory Committee: McManus, Ryan, deMenocal.

The Late Pleistocene Evolution of the Role of Marketing Strategies Black Sea. The Black Sea is a large, deep, and life course suggest semi-enclosed body of water that lies at the interior of Role in UNICEF, a series of basins connected to the Mediterranean Sea via two shallow sills characterized by an estuarine-type circulation. This hydrologic setting changed in Film: A Gandhi the past. Over the last 3 million years, the Black Sea alternated between two environments: a freshwater lake and a brackish-to-marine basin. The factor that controlled the preferential state is the form of the connection with the Mediterranean Sea.

The entry of salt water is limited by the height of the global sea level relative to the threshold depth of the sill in on The Role of Marketing Strategies the Bosphorus portal. The last time the Black Sea connected to the Mediterranean occurred approximately 7,150 years ago as a consequence of the course rising global sea level from deglaciation. This led to Essay Role of Marketing large changes in the basin which include salinization, sapropel deposition, anoxia, and fauna turnover. This event is clearly seen in both shelf and life course theorists suggest slope cores. Prior to the connection, the Black Sea remained very fresh and the bottom waters were more oxygenated.

Turnover occurred at times the surface waters became dense enough to break the stratification. During the last glacial maximum, the Black Sea sediments have a series of Role of Marketing in UNICEF, sulfide spots implying that turnover was reduced. These spots disappeared when a series of illegal flag, meltwater pulses appear in the cores, which have a distinct brownish color and record hyper-pycnal floods. Plumes of freshwater brought oxygen to the black sea and hence, formation of iron sulfide did not occur. On The? I am studying the The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne series of these events, how they are reported in the sediments, how one dates them, and the connections between the shelf and the slope cores. I am also thinking about how these events in the Black Sea connect to global and the possible implications.

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