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c c unix resume Durham, NC 27713. Way? Seeking a challenging position as a software development engineer in a competitive environment. Over 7 years of extensive experience in Oracle Pl/Sql, Pro*C, C, Oracle Database Administration, Unix Shell Scripting (Korn/C/Bourne), C++, XML, ESQL and solid relational database skills in implementing Client/Server applications. Coca Relationship Marketing? Masters degree in Engineering with proven backgrounds in analysis, design, development and maintenance of computer applications in the areas of Commercial, Financial, Government, Manufacturing and Telecommunications under Unix (HP, Sun Solaris), Linux, Windows NT/2000/98/95 and the disney MS-DOS environments. Excellent data modeling, data mining, EDI, ETL, data warehousing, analytical and problem solving skills. Highly motivated professional, very good team player with excellent communication skills. The Aboriginals Of Australia? Certified Oracle8 DBA Certified Pl/Sql Developer Certified Unix Programmer F ields of the disney Interest. Oracle Development/DBA, C, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripting, C++, Perl, Object Oriented Analysis and Design. Project : PRISM ( Pricing Requirements Information System for fugates Marketing ) Designed and build an interface that extracts pricing data from Nortel networks web based repository and dynamically generate reports for analysis by Marketing division of Nortel Networks.
The abilities for the disney ad-hoc query and Essay keeping track of changes in database are also built into the PRISM datawarehouse. Played key role in locating and resolving production system battle necks that reduced one of the most critical processes run time by 500%. Automated the PRISM support system to make it easy for the disney way the users to blue fugates run queries. Worked with business analysts to develop and implement appropriate business solutions. Involved in Database administration of the PRISM database including database authentication, database sizing, performance tuning, logical backup recovery, creating segments/tablespaces etc. Designed and implemented pre and post processing Pro*C programs for the PRISM ETL process.
Designed and developed different Database Objects (Stored Packages, Procedures, Functions, Triggers) using Pl/Sql for PRISM on the disney way, various schemas. Created multiple Korn Shell wrappers to fugates automate PRISM benchmarking batch processes to run on cron. Trained end users on PRISM architecture and way Interface. Environment : Oracle 7.3/8.1.6, OEM, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripts, Pl/Sql 2.2, Sql*Loader, Pvcs, Sql*analyzer, Toad, Clips, C, Sql*Report Writer 2.5, Sql*Forms 4.5, Web objects, XML, SQR, Sql Export/Import, Remedium, Perl, SAS, XML to C parser, HTML, Web Objects, Brio Queries, JAM, MS Excel. Ryan Air Customer? 07/1999 - 06/2000: TMA Inc., McLean, Virginia.
Project : TMA Integrated Member Services Solution(TIMSS) Designed, developed and supported the membership system which was the backbone for the 24x7 enterprise TIMSS software. Installed various Oracle tools (like OEM, Sql* Analyser, Sql*Loader, DBA studio, Toad, Sql*Net etc) on windows-NT. Created Pl/Sql scripts that permit speedy troubleshooting of TIMSS problems. Developed and supported the Professional Subscription Easy Access System, a specialized association RDBMS for TIMSS software. Administered the database by resizing the rollback/temporary segments and way tablespaces to handle the high volume of incoming data. Designed and Implemented solutions to major infrastructure and system performance issues. Performed user requirements analysis and developed data models. Developed numerous forms, reports and utilities using Oracle forms 4.5, Pro*C, C, Awk, Sed. Wrote several Korn Shell Scripts for auditing TIMSS database. Designed and fugates pictures implemented a query builder, which allows a DBA/developer to way create, test and save queries through the browser using Cold Fusion.
Designed and build different stored database packages, procedures, functions and triggers for TIMSS, using pl/sql code. Worked as a QA/QC for cola the TIMSS software. Modified various existing Pro*C reports and Pl/Sql code. Invloved in the data validation of data loaded into the disney way, TIMSS tables using Sql*Loader. Designed and Tomorrow: Remediating Essay developed various SQR reports. Environment : Oracle, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripts, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Pvcs, Developer 2000, ColdFusion, Sql*Analyzer, SQR, MS Excel, MS Access, MS Sql Server, Sql Export/Import, Toad, Awk, Sed. 03/1999 - 06/1999: Deloitte Touche, Trenton, New Jersey. Project : Tax Redesign System (TRS) for the Department of Labor, NJ.
Designed and developed different reports for TRS using Pro*C and SQR. Build several Unix Shell wrappers for the disney Pro*C programs to schedule them on The Aboriginals, Cron. Wrote different C programs for the disney way general C library of taxation module. Extensively used Pvcs for version control and analyzed the work requests from Tomorrow: Remediating Global DOL. The Disney Way? Extensive interaction with the team members and users.
Fine-tuned different programs written by other development team members with Sql*analyser, EXPLAIN PLAN, TKPROF etc. Wrote different C programs to replace the existing Pl/Sql code for expectations list some applications to make the jobs run faster. Environment : Oracle, Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Pl/Sql, Pvcs, Sql*Analyzer, Sql*Report Writer, Developer 2000, Sql*Menu, Sql*Loader, MS Excel, Sql Export/Import, Awk, Sed, SQR. 05/1998 - 02/1999: Cap-Gemini America, St. Louis, Missouri. Project : Electronic Data Interchange (EDI). Designed and created a database for EDI audit.
Designed and way coded a number of Shell Scripts to handle the EDI Gentran translator for about different EDI transactions. Wrote number of Shell Scripts (Korn Shell) to handshake E-Commerce tools like Gentran translator, ESS order management system etc. Designed and coded different Scripts to load EDI audit database from the ESS database using Sql*Loader . Worked as a backup Unix system administrator for EDI project for three months. Designed and created different database objects (Packages, Procedures, Functions) for different EDI transactions at Advantis, Gentran and way ESS. Great Character? Extensively interacted with the team members and users. Trained end users on systems and applications. The Disney? Involved in the Unix standards committee for code walk thru of ryan services other developers programs. Wrote technical documentation and help system for EDI auditing. Environment :Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Awk, Sed, Sql*Analyzer, Oracle CASE tools like Generator and Designer, Gentran, Advantis, ESS. 11/1997 - 05/1998 : Citibank N.A. Project : Computer Aided Tracking System (CATS).
Involved as a core member in the design of CATS, a mission critical OLTP and DSS system for Citibank orbital services, during which interacted with most of the the disney, users of security services division of Citibank, N.A. Designed and coca cola relationship marketing developed number of way database objects using Pl/Sql 2.2. Designed and developed CATS order entry follow up system using the GUI tools VB and great expectations FoxPro. Developed batch programs in Pro*C and wrote Scripts to run them on Unix Cron Scheduler. Designed and developed number of screens using Sql*Forms 3.0. Extensively used Sql*Loader for loading data into tables. Worked as a Unix system administrator for CATS. Environment : Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, VB, Foxpro, Sql*Loader, Sql*Analyzer, Pvcs, Sql*Forms, Export/Import, Unix tools like AWK, SED. 02/1997 - 10/1997: Citibank N.A.
Project : Orbital Custodial Services(OCS) . Designed and developed programs to way interact with OASIS and BASIS databases of great expectations character list Citibank, Singapore using C, Pro*C, Unix Shell Scripts. Wrote different database objects for OCS. Designed and the disney performed Oracle benchmarks for achieving optimal database performance for the OLTP system of Citibank. Developed batch programs for DSS in Pro*C and ryan Scripts to run them using Cron scheduler. Designed and the disney developed number of screens using Sql*Forms. Machines?? Created/Altered the existing custodial VB programs to way accommodate the new/additional functionality. Wrote different reports and pictures batch programs in Pro*C.
Extensively used Sql*Loader for loading data into tables. Wrote custom support modules for upgrade implementation using Pl/Sql, Unix Shell Scripts and Pro*C. Assisted in writing business requirements, technical documentation etc. for adds on support module and trained end users on custody system application. Trained staff on Custody business operations of the disney way Citibank. Played a crucial role in the OCS support cycle.
Extensively interacted with end users and team members. Worked for the Corporate Action and objection modules. Fugates Pictures? Environment :Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, VB, Sql*Loader, Sql*Forms, Sql*Analyzer, Export/Import. 05/1996 - 01/1997: Citibank N.A. Project : Financial Management System (FMS). Involved in the design of Proofing module, a core module of the disney FMS. Involved in The Aboriginals, the ETL process to map data from multiple operating systems including IBM/DB2, DEC/Oracle, NT/SQL Server and flat files into FMS database. Involved in way, the coding of the mailing functions for Magma, a mail generating system of Citibank, used for their internal purpose. Coordinated with the users and team members. Involved in the supporting team of Got Milking Machines? Essay FMS.
Worked for the testing and QA of FMS. The Disney Way? Environment : Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, C, Oracle, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Sql*Forms, Sql*Analyzer, Export/Import, Unix tools like Awk, Sed, SQR, VB. 06/1992 - 06/1994: Hyderabad Stock Exchange (HSE) Project : Back Office System (BOS). Designed and developed applications for Information Management module of BOS using Sql*Forms 3.0. Used import/export utilities and Sql*Loader extensively. Great List? Developed several stored procedures and functions for BOS backup module. Used to interact with share brokers to do the changes in way, the code according to their requirements. Wrote some key mapping functions for BOS profile using Unix mapping methods. Coded several on-line applications using Sql*Forms and Pl/Sql. Performed unit and system testing for different modules.
Extensively used Korn Shell Scripts for doing manipulations of the Essay of Australia, flat files, given by the share brokers. Wrote Pro*C programs to handshake data with other projects. Developed few reports using Sql*Report Writer. Played a crucial role in the BOS support team. Environment : Unix Shell Scripts, Pro*C, Pl/Sql, Sql*Loader, Oracle, Sql*Plus, Sql*Forms 3.0, VB 4.0, MS Excel, C.
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Male Magic: A Midsummer Night#039;s Dream - Essay. See also A Midsummer Night's Dream Criticism (Volume 29), and the disney way Volumes 45 , 58 , 82 . Irene Dash, Hunter College of the City University of New York. And with the expectations juice of this I'll streak her eyes, And make her full of hateful fantasies. Whether in the fantasy world of the forest or the equally fantastic world of Athens on the disney way a midsummer night, this play reveals how power, particularly political power, impinges on and shapes women's lives. Ranging from queens—Hippolyta, a character taken from mythology, and Tomorrow: Global Warming Essay Titania, belonging to the fairy world—to youthful Athenian maidens in love, to a parodic heroine in an entertainment for the Duke's guests, these characters illustrate women's varied reactions to the imposition of the disney power. One seems to adjust; one discovers new facts about herself; one serves as a lens for looking at the larger world; and one significantly reveals the tragic dimensions of the loss of power.
Least mortal and yet seeming in her speeches and Essay about The Aboriginals attitudes to mimic the mortal world, the the disney fairy queen illustrates most clearly the loss of coca cola relationship self—the abdication of autonomy—that may follow a woman's being victimized, even by fairy power. In developing the early emotional relationship between her and the disney Oberon, the fairy king, Shakespeare seems to have drawn on the world around him for about models. Thus when Titania refuses to comply to Oberon's demands, he vows in pique and jealousy to streak her eyes with magic juice and make her full of the disney hateful fantasies (II.i.257-58). Moreover, moments before he carries out his threat, he becomes more explicit: Be it ounce, or cat, or bear, Pard, or boar with bristled hair,
In the eye that shall appear. When thou wak'st, it is thy dear: Wake when some vile thing is near. In fact, she does wake and cola relationship call some vile thing her dear. How then do we interpret this? Is it the act of way magic that forces her to fall in about, love with an ass, or at least with a character who has been temporarily transformed into an ass? Or are we to accept much of the criticism that suggests her erotic desire for the ass reflects her true nature—the nature of woman? Does Titania at this moment awaken from her dream, look at way, the monster, and desire him, as Jan Kott (228) suggests? Or is she basically still dreaming, hypnotized by a magic spell, never awakening until Oberon, later in the play, having achieved his purpose, removes that magic juice and Titania, chastened but also transformed from the outspoken character of the early scene, looks with loathing at the ass she embraced? Although her disagreement with Oberon lies at the heart of the Tomorrow: Essay play, Titania does not enter until the beginning of the second act. Instead, Shakespeare first introduces other women more clearly caught in situations of political or social subordination than the fairy queen: specifically Hippolyta, the the disney way captive Amazonian queen; Hermia, the Essay about of Australia rebellious Athenian daughter; and Helena who, in the disney way, her complete self-denigration, illustrates more indirectly the great character list impact of way patriarchal power on women.
Interweaving a third plot strand culminating in the performance of Pyramus and Thisbe, the list comedy also provides a dual vision of women in patriarchy near the the disney play's close. Parodying the tragic results of arbitrary parental power, this play-within-a-play in relationship marketing, its metadramatic dimension offers insights into the mainly silent women, now married, in the audience. Artistically, the dramatist weaves a complex multifaceted plot that exposes the way political and domestic challenges confronting women while creating situations that throw us into the world of comedy. On stage, music, dancing, and fairy magic, as well as the romping of the mechanicals, have masked this power struggle. In criticism, the lure of the poetry, the concept of topsy turvy, the ryan air customer services illusion of dreams, and way theories of mythology have often tended to blur any interest in the domination of women. Some critics have even proposed that the play was written specifically for a wedding although none has yet been found. In fact, A Midsummer Night's Dream opens with anticipation of a wedding although it hardly reveals clearcut delight by both participants, Hippolyta and Theseus, the Duke of Athens, her captor but also her bridegroom: Now, fair Hippolyta, our nuptial hour. Draws on apace. Four happy days bring in.
Another moon; but 0, methinks, how slow. This old moon wanes! She lingers my desires, Like to a step-dame, or a dowager, Long withering out a young man's revenue. His reference to happy days and the final fulfilling of his desire meets a noncommittal response from the bride. Global? Acknowledging that four days swiftly pass, she indicates neither joy nor sorrow as she anticipates the night / Of our solemnities (10-11). Her ambiguous answer leads Theseus to search further. Still the host, if also the victor, he sends his master of the revels on an errand to: Stir up the way Athenian youth to merriments, Awake the great expectations character list pert and nimble spirit of mirth.
He would have his bride be merry. Continuing, he relies on a strange metaphor to reinforce his invitation to joyous celebration: Turn melancholy forth to the disney way funerals: The pale companion is not for great list our pomp. Why speak of funerals, even as a contrast to mirth, unless, perhaps a subtext exists here? Although pale companion defines the personified melancholy, contextually the the disney words seem linked to air customer Hippolyta, addressed in the very next word: Hippolyta, I woo'd thee with my sword, And won thy love doing thee injuries;
But I will wed thee in another key. Is he apologizing for way his earlier role? She fails to reply. His speeches suggest a shift in perception of Got Milking Machines? woman from enemy to lover to wife, with the implication of woman's submission to man. As courtesy books and religious tracts of the period indicate, that reference to the disney way love and marriage, while including mutuality, also meant acknowledging man's superiority. 1.
This first scene, particularly the opening entrance and the elliptical conversation between Theseus and his bride, have allowed for a range of interpretations on stage because of Hippolyta's silence. Directors and actor-managers have long manipulated both the blue fugates action and audience attitude toward a character or a situation during such silences. Writing of the disney this phenomenon recently, particularly as it affects productions, one critic observed: Hippolyta's silence is cola relationship open not because Shakespeare. lacked the the disney way skill to ryan air customer services give her words but because he. did not exercise that skill, did not employ the power. of his poet's pen to the disney way give her silence precisely. fixed meanings and Machines? Essay effects. (McGuire, 17) McGuire then cites examples from four productions since 1959. However, Hippolyta's silence bothered actor-managers and directors well before mid twentieth century.
Because her role is so brief (she does not appear again until act 4) some, like David Garrick in The Fairies (1755), have cut her lines although she is physically present and combined Theseus's two speeches into the disney way a single long address. 2 Other eighteenth-century versions—like the two different Pyramus and Thisbes —are even skimpier, retaining only the Got Milking comic characters and the fairies while jettisoning both Hippolyta and Theseus. 3 Earlier, during the Restoration, comic interludes, separated from the way larger overall scheme, and abbreviated versions held the stage, culminating in the opera The Fairy Queen (1692), from ryan which Hippolyta disappeared. Way? 4. But even when a fuller text appeared, as it did in Frederick Reynolds's 1816 production ( MND Prompt, 18), often called an opera, alterations were made that softened the opening. Some occurred in the text itself, as, for example, when Reynolds not only retained the list conversation between the victor and his bride, but elaborated on it. In this version, Theseus's fourth act directive to way a forester to provide the music of the hounds, as entertainment for Machines? Essay Hippolyta (IV.i.110), is attached to that opening promise to way wed her in blue, another key (I.i.18), an attempt to strengthen the attractiveness of the bridegroom. 5. A far more recent example of Hippolyta's silence disappearing after Theseus's lines I woo'd thee with my sword, /.. . But I will wed thee in way, another key occurs in the 1935 Max Reinhardt film where he transposes the sequence of speeches.
In the film, Theseus's lines precede, rather than follow, Hippolyta's single speech and therefore evoke her immediate and character list soothing comment Four days will quickly steep themselves in night; / Four nights will quickly dream away the time (7-8). Nor can Reinhardt's film be looked upon as a single aberration. Rather, the German director provides an important link between stage and the disney way screen, having produced the play eleven times (beginning in 1905) prior to making the blue fugates pictures film in the disney way, 1934. Free of the Machines? confining limits of the stage, he could, as film director, waft his viewers from one location to another, jumping from a distant scene to a close-up of a particular character. In a section of the the disney film script later discarded, Reinhardt not only appears to expectations list have been testing the the disney way breadth of this comparatively new medium but also offers insights into the finished film. Got Milking Essay? The script also reflects the director's penchant for interpretation. In quick succession, it carries us aboard Theseus's ship, drops us in the land of the Amazons, and involves us in the disney, the battle between Theseus and Hippolyta through visuals that act as prologue to the text.
Broad shots of the blue fugates pictures sea and the distant castle of the the disney Amazons are interwoven with close-ups of the two major figures. We read of Theseus standing on the prow of the ship, a glamorous figure in shining armor, against the dark background of the Got Milking Machines? Essay sail and of Hippolyta standing with a large wild dog at her side as she sternly watch[es] the approaching ship ( MND Warners, 1934). 6 Stern Hippolyta is contrasted with glamourous Theseus. Finally, when he appears on land followed by his staff, she takes up armor and weapons and way shoots at him. Blue Pictures? He, however, lower(s) his shield laughing, the implication being that fighting against a woman is laughable and that she, of course, will miss her mark. Eventually, they end up in hand to hand battle, shield against shield, his shield flat upon hers, pressing it backward. The Disney Way? The sequence continues: H[ippolyta].'s knee bending, interlocking with Theseus' leg Th[eseus].'s shoulder pressing H[ippolyta].'s shoulder downward. . . . Air Customer? H[ippolyta].'s head and shoulders going backward.
Th[eseus].'s arm across H[ippolyta].'s shoulder, knocks the helmet from her head. H[ippolyta].'s long hair falls about way, her shoulders. H[ippolyta].'s head bends backward. Th[eseus].'s head comes into coca cola relationship picture triumphantly. 7. There we have the classic picture of the implied rape-seduction scene although as the opening of A Midsummer Night 's Dream clearly indicates, Theseus waits to wed Hippolyta. 8 What remains of the disney way this sequence is a clue to a point of view and to the play's early moments. In fact, as it was actually made, Reinhardt's film opens quite differently with a general celebratory air as crowds sing and cheer the returning victor, their Duke Theseus, with his captive queen who rides with him, her arm entwined by a snake, indicating her heathenish origins. . . Coca Cola Relationship? . Later that snake will merely be a pattern on the disney a civilized dress she wears.
The strange look on her face during that opening entrance as well as her action in a subsequent scene probably owe their origins to this discarded script. About The Aboriginals Of Australia? In the later scene, dressed like a lady, Hippolyta sits alone in a large open colosseumlike semicircular area surrounded by large columns (a Hollywood approximation of Athens) and looks wistfully across the water. Way? Is she recollecting her former glory and envisioning again the burning towers she left behind? Moments later, Theseus enters and blue pictures kisses her hand. . . . The Disney Way? Her reaction seems to suggest that she feels a thrill at his kiss. The rape-seduction undercurrent first suggested by their hand-to-hand battle when her helmet fell off is sustained here. In contrast, Liviu Ciulei's stage production, fifty years later, dramatically emphasized Hippolyta's role as a captive in that opening scene. Machines?? Brought on stage where everyone is wearing white, Hippolyta enters in dark army garb.
Moments later, screened from audience view by her captors, she is the disney basically stripped, her clothes thrown into the fire—all except her boots, which she confines to air customer wear—perhaps symbolically suggesting that some remnant of her former self remains—a remnant that allows her to express her hostility, by way, stamping her heels as an accompaniment to her sardonic laughter. Otherwise, she is redressed in a white gown. Services? Someone holds a mirror to her. She turns away. When Theseus enters, there is laughter at his lines, as he says, But I will wed thee in another key. She simply turns around, and way sits, her physical stance exuding hostility. Many versions simply eliminated this character, thus excising the The Aboriginals frame and problems of the disney interpretation, but also insights into how one queen eventually handles the humiliation of Got Milking Machines? Essay defeat. In her next appearance she has adopted an the disney way, attitude of congeniality, quipping with Theseus about his knowledge of hounds. Remediating Warming? Moreover, in her final scene she takes on an even more complicated role as the only speaking woman in a world of men. Out of the theater, the Hippolyta and Theseus relationship evoked still another reaction. The Disney Way? Margaret Fuller, the midnineteenth-century American feminist essayist, in her outspoken work Woman in the Nineteenth Century, wrote: Only a Theseus could conquer before he wed the Amazonian queen.
Fuller compared Theseus to Hercules, who wished rather to services rest with Dejanira, and received the poisoned robe as a fit guerdon.9 Whether or not Fuller had the historical story in the disney way, mind, or Shakespeare's play, she nevertheless does offer an alternative perspective on the play's first nineteen lines. Hippolyta then fades into Got Milking Essay the background as another woman enters who must wrestle with her fate. Hermia is dragged in by her angry father, Egeus, who would have the way laws of Athens enforced against her because she wishes to marry Lysander, the man of her choice, rather than Demetrius, her father's choice, although, as most critics agree, little difference exists between the suitors. As Muriel Bradbrook has observed, Shakespeare contributed to Essay about The Aboriginals of Australia the development of comedy by breathing life into his characters through language. She compares this gift to the introduction of perspective in painting (89).
Accepting her analysis, we realize that the the disney way similarity between the blue fugates pictures young men is intentional and meant to the disney way highlight Egeus's unreasonableness. I am . as well deriv'd as he, protests Lysander, the suitor who is belov'd of beauteous Hermia: As well possess'd; my love is more than his; My fortunes every way as fairly rank'd. But the father refuses to listen, insisting that he may dispose of his daughter as he wishes, either to this gentleman [Demetrius] / Or to her death (42-44). The Day After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming Essay? Nor does Theseus, who only moments earlier had pledged to wed Hippolyta in another key from that of conqueror, offer much hope to the young woman. The Disney Way? Supporting her father, the ruler warns of the price of disobedience: Either to die the death, or to abjure / For ever the society of men (65-66). Life in a nunnery, a retreat for Isabella in Measure for Got Milking Essay Measure, has little appeal for Hermia.
It denies her normal sexuality. Moreover, she is a young woman in the disney, love. However, Theseus, the voice of political power, continues, unconcerned about her reactions. Spelling out the meaning of the law, he details the young woman's choices: Therefore, fair Hermia, question your desires, Know of your youth, examine well your blood, Whether (if you yield not to your father's choice) You can endure the livery of a nun, For aye to be in Tomorrow: Remediating Essay, shady cloister mew'd,
To live a barren sister all your life, Chaunting faint hymns to the cold fruitless moon. Barren, cold, and fruitless describe the sexual denial she must confront shouldz she disobey her father. Theseus presents a frightening alternative for her. Taking the father from Roman comedy, Shakespeare creates a comic scene with undercurrents of possibly tragic dimension. But sections of this speech as well as of Egeus's complaints against Lysander disappeared from the stage. Gone are such accusations against Lysander as thou has given her rhymes, / And interchanged love tokens; sung at way, her window verses of ryan services feigning love; seduced her With bracelets of thy hair, rings, gauds, conceits; and, finally, Turned her obedience, which is due to the disney way me, / To stubborn harshness. 10 Only Egeus's demand for the privilege of the father remained—the right to dispose of her as he saw fit or to call for the death penalty. The Day Tomorrow: Remediating Global Warming? Although retaining this harsh sentence, those who excised lines had effectively diminished the the disney way speech's intensity through abbreviation.
Gone too from the stage are the closing lines of Theseus's admonition to Hermia defining the obligations of ryan services a daughter: To you your father should be as a god. One that composed your beauties; yea, and one. To whom you are but as a form in wax. By him imprinted and the disney way within his power. To leave the figure or disfigure it.
The image here, specifically the threat to disfigure, disturbed critics and editors as early as the eighteenth century. William Warburton, for example, sought to change the last line, finding Theseus's statement inappropriate for comedy. In contrast, Samuel Johnson, always one to favor the After Global Warming Essay text over any change of language, defended the word although still bothered by the meaning: I know not why so harsh a word should be admitted with so little need, a word that, spoken, could not be understood, and of which no example can be shown. The sense is the disney plain, you owe to your father a being which he may at pleasure continue or destroy. (Yale Johnson, VII, 136) If that rather chilling ultimatum contributes to the portrait of a powerful ruler asserting the ideas of his society, stage productions, by omitting the last three and a half lines of Theseus's speech, frequently altered the image. In fact, some stage versions retained only the preceding line, Theseus's far more gentle, What say you, Hermia? Be advis'd, fair maid (46). 11 Because the interaction of characters helps define them, a weakened portrait of Hermia results from the combination of excisions in expectations, Theseus's and Egeus's speeches.
Facing less opposition, she need be less defiant. Or, looking at it another way, we see her as a less interesting character than the sharp, courageous young woman Shakespeare begins to develop here. Illustrating just how complex this text is and how it may be read and reread for the stage, some twentieth-century directors have translated the relationship between the two women at this moment on the stage as one of bonding: Hermia, who faces an anguished choice, and Hippolyta, who stands on way the sidelines, listening. And here too promptbooks offer evidence. Beerbohm Tree's, for example, indicates the Amazonian queen's sympathy for blue the younger woman by the disney way, directing: Hyp[polyta] leads Herm[ia] to seat ( MND 7, interleaf facing p. Essay? 4). The Disney Way? In Liviu Ciulei's production, the The Aboriginals bonding takes another form. Since Hippolyta's strong personality had been developed at the play's opening, here she sneeringly laughs at Theseus's ultimatum, a clear comment on his actions and on the irony of his earlier words to her, But I will wed thee in another key (I.i.18). More humorous in way, approach and less sharply disapproving is the direction in the Peter Brook prompt: All bow their heads (12a). Brook dramatizes the rift between Theseus and Hippolyta by having them exit to opposite sides of the stage, pausing at doors to ryan air customer services look at the disney way, each other. These twentieth-century directors found their cues in the text and responded, not with excision but with a new awareness of the play's subtlety and of the Essay about of Australia possibilities that staging might permit.
If Hermia's tragic fate is briefly understood by Hippolyta, the play quickly moves back to the world of comedy as the two lovers left alone on way stage not only bemoan their fate but also engage in a conversation in which neither is hearing what the other says. Comforting his love, Lysander cites historical parallels of similarly fated lovers; Hermia, not listening, overflows with anger and frustration: Lys The course of character true love never did run smooth; But either it was different in blood— He begins, but she interrupts: Alternating lines, they continue: Lys Or else misgraffed in respect of years— Her O spite! Too old to be engaged to young!
Lys Or else it stood upon the choice of friends— Her O hell! To choose love by another's eyes! The stichomythic pattern of the duet captures the the disney way intensity of the about The Aboriginals of Australia lovers' feelings, but also the humor of their reactions as each finds solace from a different verbal outpouring. Nevertheless, the exchange disappeared from acting texts for way over a hundred years. 12 Although the air customer excision at way, first seems inexplicable, George Bernard Shaw's comments on Got Milking Machines? an Augustin Daly production offer a partial answer. Unaware of how much Daly's version owed to his predecessors, and indignant over his mauling of the text, Shaw attributes the excision to Daly's uncomfortableness with Hermia's Oh hell, then notes the impact of the cuts.
Humorously he writes: Mr. Daly, shocked, as an American and the disney way an Irishman, at a young lady using such an expression as Oh hell! cuts out the whole antiphony, and leaves Lysander to deliver a long lecture without interruption from the pictures lady. ( Our Theatres, I, 180-81) This long lecture without interruption also further denies audiences the partial portrait, later to be developed, of Hermia. Unsurprisingly, the lines disappeared from the way Garrick-Colman and Reynolds operatic versions since these works concentrated on songs loosely connected with one another by speeches, rather than on short exchanges. But the cola relationship absence of Hermia's frustrated expression from the later stage versions is surprising.
13. Was her Oh hell too forthright for the sensibilities of all those audiences, as Shaw implied in blaming Daly? A glance at the Variorum, strong in nineteenth-century criticism, suggests other, literary reasons, as well. Way? Coleridge, for example writes: There is no authority for any alteration,—but I never can help feeling how great an great expectations character, improvement it would be, if the two former of the disney way Hermia's exclamations were omitted—the third and only appropriate one would then become a beauty, and most natural. (Coleridge , quoted in the Variorum, 18)
Rather than denigrating that last line with its Oh hell, Coleridge praises it. Obviously, Hermia's annoyed exclamations bothered him more than the simple comment on the unfairness of choosing love by another's eyes. Less generously, Halliwell, another critic of the time, believed Lysander's speech would be improved by the omission of all of Hermia's interpolations (18). Moreover, to expectations character support his opinion, he cited the the disney editions of Dodd and Planche which actually deleted Hermia's lines. 14 Once again, as so often happens, literary criticism correlates with contemporaneous staging. Why did her short speeches offend so? Was Lysander's single uninterrupted speech more appropriate?
But then how could his speech help project Hermia's personality as it does in the original exchange? Stylistically, those clipped single lines suggest the exasperation and intensity of the young woman we are to meet later on in the forest. Coca Cola Relationship Marketing? Moreover, the patter, or duet, of these two lovers complements the long heavy speeches of Egeus and Theseus, taking us back into the comic, romantic world of the way play. As critics have often noted, conflict between father and daughter arises here as it does in so many other of Shakespeare's plays, and here too the After Remediating Global Essay strength of the daughter is created by the disney, showing her resistence to her father's pressure; her lines in this duet are important. Shaw's review of Daly's production suggests a further effect of the blue fugates alternating lines spoken by the two star-crossed lovers; he believes the alternating pattern sets the whole scene throbbing with their absorption in one another (133).
It also explodes with their differing responses to the same situation. Although a strong, self-confident, if frustrated, young woman emerges through the language here, not all of the disney way her lines reinforce this portrait. In fact, her subsequent speech advises, Then let us teach our trial patience (152). Between her two speeches, she has listened to Essay about The Aboriginals of Australia Lysander's litany of lovers who, throughout history, have faced problems. In the cut acting texts I have examined, the line advising patience always remains.
What a different Hermia we experience. The language has been modulated, the humor of the the disney exchange lost, and the outspoken young woman tempered. Artistically, too, a change occurs. No verbal echoes will sound for the audience when, a few lines later, Hermia and her best friend, Helena, indulge in relationship marketing, a similar pattern of alternating lines. The Disney? Nor will the Got Milking Machines? audience hear how their conversation mimics and yet differs from that of the the disney way lovers. The repetition of the pattern, comic in its shift of topic, also defines and contrasts the young women.
Helena pines for Demetrius. Hermia would most willingly relinquish him. Unlike the earlier duet, this one concentrates on each young woman's attitude towards Demetrius. Rhyming couplets mark their exchange of confidences, and again acting texts excise: Her. I frown upon him; yet he loves me still. Hel. O that your frowns would teach my smiles such skill! Her. I give him curses; yet he gives me love.
Hel. O that my prayers could such affection move! Her. Ryan Air Customer Services? The more I hate, the more he follows me. Hel. The more I love, the more he hateth me. Differing in their appeal to Demetrius, the women differ in their sense of self, Hermia confident with two adoring males, Helena disconsolate that the the disney way youth she loves has eyes only for her friend.
Physically they differ too: Hermia being small and dark, at one point called puppet (III.ii.286), dwarfish (295), and an Ethiop (257); Helena being tall and lanky—a painted may-pole (296). She is also probably fair. Throughout this scene, Hermia exhibits a sardonic sense of humor, not only in her exclamations after her father leaves with Theseus, but even in air customer services, her exchanges with her less confident friend. And once again, some texts delete Hermia's attempt to console her friend: Before the time I did Lysander see, Seem'd Athens as a Paradise to the disney me; O then, what graces in my love do dwell,
That he hath turn'd a heaven unto a hell! Although meant to emphasize the problems Hermia faces, the lines referring to Lysander's graces making Athens a hell also have a built-in irony. Surely a lover's graces should turn a hell into heaven rather than the opposite. Although differing from Theseus's comment to Hippolyta on altering their relationship from excombatants to lovers, Hermia's words here suggest a similarly thin and tenuous line between heaven and hell, springing from love. Of the exchange, Samuel Johnson wrote:
Perhaps every reader may not discover the propriety of these lines. Cola Relationship? Hermia is willing to comfort Helena, and to avoid all appearance of triumph over her. She therefore bids her not to the disney consider the power of pleasing, as an advantage to be much envied or much desired, since Hermia, whom she considers as possessing it in Remediating Global Essay, the supreme degree, has found no other effect of it than the loss of happiness. (Johnson, The Plays, 1:98) The comment also appears in the disney way, a footnote in the Phelps promptbook (MND 13, 314). After Warming? Since this was an 1805 printed text used for an 1861 production, it suggests that the lines were not only challenging in the eighteenth century but continued to be relevant in the nineteenth. When they disappear, as often occurs, they erase a problem for the disney interpreters, but also an insight into Hermia's capacity for humor and sympathy. To further comfort Helena, Hermia and Lysander reveal their secret plan to escape Athens. Pictures? In soliloquy at the scene's close, Helena confesses her response. She will divulge the the disney news of their flight to Essay Demetrius, hoping to win his favor.
Bemoaning her fate in rhymed couplets, she begins: How happy some o'er other some can be! Through Athens I am thought as fair as she, But what of that? Demetrius thinks not so; Love looks not with the eyes but with the mind; And therefore is wing'd Cupid painted blind. But Helena does not think herself as fair as Hermia. Thus this reference to Cupid suggests a rather confused young woman.
Continuing for the disney twenty-six lines, the soliloquy ranges from analyses of love to a discussion of Hermia's strengths to a lament for the speaker's own plight: For ere Demetrius look'd on Hermia's eyne, He hail'd down oaths that he was only Essay mine; She therefore resolves, I will go tell him of fair Hermia's flight (246), expecting a kind response. Here too excisions mar the portrait. Sometimes the lines are absent from the disney printed acting versions; sometimes sections are crossed out about The Aboriginals of Australia, or blocked for the disney cutting. 16 As a result only the bare plot outline of character list this section remains, subtleties in characterization being lost. Later, in the forest, the dramatist further develops the young women's personalities. There the the disney popular Hermia, speaking with confidence, gently reprimands her lover, while the rejected Helena subjects herself to fugates pictures further humiliation, frustratingly following the man she loves. Hermia's reprimand comes after long and fruitless traveling through the woods with Lysander. The Disney? Escaping Theseus's ultimatum, they seek refuge with the young man's aunt, beyond the range of ryan air customer Athens' law.
Weary with wandering, Hermia would rest; Lysander then admits he has lost his way in the enchanted forest: We'll rest us, Hermia, if you think it good, And tarry for the comfort of the day. Appreciating the idea, she then counters: Be't so, Lysander.
Find you out a bed; For I upon this bank will rest my head. But he would have it otherwise. In fact, the lines indicate the action that has just occurred on stage as she chooses her sleeping site. A minidebate then ensues: Lys. One turf shall serve as pillow for us both, One heart, one bed, two bosoms, and one troth. Her. Nay, good Lysander; for my sake, my dear,
Lie further off yet; do not lie so near. The adapters once again cut. Garrick's abbreviated musical version provides a record of the cuts in this speech, and, to some extent, sets the pattern for what subsequently occurred. The first eight lines of the exchange between the couple are retained (lines 35-42), followed by way, a duet (25). Pictures? Then come lines not Shakespeare's, but believed to the disney be composed by Garrick, which appear in a handwritten insert ( MND 6). 17 In that version Hermia exhibits proper womanly fear: Now my Lysander, on that bank repose, That if perchance my woman's fears shou'd seek. Protection in thy love and brav'ry, I may not call on love and thee in vain.
( MND 6, insert 21; Garrick, 25) Lysander responds with the promise of protective care. The Garrick lines also appear in the Reynolds printed text ( MND 8, 18). Later the pattern of character list excision continues although without the new, added material. The musical Reynolds version ( MND 8, 18) contains no hint of her asking him to move.
In most staged versions, however, her request that he find another bed meets simple acquiescence. Usually gone are his lines One turf shall serve as pillow for us both / One heart, one bed, two bosoms, and the disney one troth (41-42) along with his attempt to convince her of the reasonableness of his proposal. Gone too is The Aboriginals of Australia Hermia's perceptive Lysander riddles very prettily. . . . / But, gentle friend, for love and courtesy, / Lie further off, in humane modesty (53, 56-57). 18 Amusing, her response in Shakespeare's play highlights her realistic awareness of the physical attraction between lovers. Their debate is reminiscent of Juliet's What satisfaction canst thou have to-night? ( Romeo and Juliet, II.ii.126) when Romeo protests, O, wilt thou leave me so unsatisfied (125). In both cases, the dramatist suggests that confidence in the loyalty of her lover does not blur each young woman's recognition of the reality of the sexual drive. Unlike Hermia, her friend Helena nurtures no such fear. Groveling for some affection, she trails Demetrius. I love thee not; therefore pursue me not (188), he dictates.
But Helena, like Emilia in the disney way, Othello so many plays later, has divulged the secret of Hermia and Lysander's flight in order to win a boon: I am your spaniel; and, Demetrius, The more you beat me, I will fawn on you. Use me but as your spaniel; spurn me, strike me, Neglect me, lose me; only give me leave, Unworthy as I am, to blue fugates follow you.
Nor do Demetrius's threats to way her virginity (217-19) bother her. Rather they allow her to assert her confidence in great expectations list, his character. Way? But those lines along with Helena's reply beginning Your virtue is my privilege (220-26) and then her Run when you will . . . (230-34) disappear from the stage in many promptbooks. 19. By cutting Helena's lines here and elsewhere, those versions tended to obscure the perceptiveness of Shakespeare's sketch of services a young woman who is filled with self-doubt and self-hatred. 20 In fact, Shakespeare's insight here, although theatrically developed and placed in a comedic setting, has a contemporary counterpart in way, Kate Millett's more serious analysis of the lack of self-love that flourishes in women and minorities. She describes this as. group self-hatred and self-rejection, a contempt both for herself and for her fellows—the result of that continual, however subtle, reiteration of her inferiority which she eventually accepts as a fact. (56) Helena appears to have internalized this attitude.
In an excellent essay on the play, David Marshall asks a relevant question concerning Helena. Are we to be pleased by the success of Helena's subjection of herself? (548), he wonders, challenging the idea that this is Tomorrow: Global one of way Shakespeare's happiest comedies. 21 Actually, by the time we reach this section of the play we become aware of the various ways in which the women have been dominated by men—bridegroom, father, ruler, and rejecting suitor. However, we have not yet met the strongest and seemingly freest woman character in A Midsummer Night's Dream: Titania, the fairy queen, who so delights us at her first entrance and later raises questions about women's roles. Is she the victim of male power, male irrationality, trickery, or jealousy? Is she merely a fairy? Or does she illuminate the feelings and attitudes of women reacting to dominating male behavior?
At its opening, act 2 stresses the conflict between her and Oberon, the fairy king. Quickly we learn the source of their dissension: control over an Indian boy at the time in expectations list, her possession but desperately desired by Oberon. Representatives of way king and coca relationship marketing queen, Puck and a fairy quickly sketch in the conflict, each hoping the the disney other party will relinquish the air customer services field. But room, fairy! here comes Oberon (II.i.58), announces Puck. And here my mistress.
Would that he were gone! (59) retorts the fairy. Way? And then, king and queen enter. Do they make a grand entry from either side of the stage, magically from the air, with a train of followers, or simply alone? The scene has allowed for a tremendous range of interpretations, some concentrating on the two principals, some surrounding them with troops of followers, many including the Indian Prince. Nonexistent in the play and seeming to character symbolize Oberon's drive for dominance over Titania—or perhaps his jealousy of her—the prince materializes into an actual character. Not listed in the dramatis personae, he takes on a life of his own in way, nineteenth- and early twentieth-century productions, including the Reinhardt film. Although mystery surrounds him in the text—we don't know his age, his size, or his exact identity, except as he is described variously by Puck, Titania, and Oberon—he acquires theatrical substance on stage, frequently wearing a turban or carried in on a golden cushion.
22. Suggesting the importance of The Day After Global Essay this character to the relationship between the fairy king and way queen are the stage directions written in pencil on the interleave to Kean's prompt: Fairies enter dancing round Titania. 2 Bodies of Oberon's Train, — enter separately, . . . then 2 parties of Titania 's — chorus first, who make an great expectations character list, avenue of boughs, then a second troop of smaller fairies trip down through them, — on tiptoes — and way run back thro avenue, — down L[eft] then round avenue and follow Titania with Indian Boy tripping down through avenue, — Oberon entering same time down slote, R[ight] (MND 9, interleaf facing p. 21). In another production, a dance of twelve fairies precedes Titania's entry in a car drawn by swans and accompanied by services, the Indian Prince. Paralleling their entry, Oberon descends to meet them ( MND 20, verso of interleaf facing p. 12). The Disney? A sketch indicates the placement of fairies, with Titania, Oberon, and the Prince at center front. The presence of an actual prince also allows the director editorial commentary as he emphasizes the great different functions of men and women, father and the disney mother. Thus Titania is usually portrayed in a maternal relationship with that young child whereas Oberon is coca marketing presented as giving the youth space and training for manhood. Way? Consider, for example, the coca cola Reinhardt film where the young prince is the disney practically smothered by attention from Titania's fairies and elves whereas later he is free to accompany Oberon.
Even in Global Warming, criticism, this reference to the disney the prince colors the perspective. C.L. Barber, for example, writing of Titania's later development, considers her giving up of the child as a maturing process. Coca Cola? But one may question whether or not it is the child, as an actual person, or the the disney symbolic importance of the fugates debate between Titania and Oberon and way its later outcome that is really at issue in the play especially since the prince's exclusion from the text helps stress the equality between king and queen. Before turning to their actual verbal sparring, I want to cite other theatrical factors that further vitiated the strength of the debate, attracting eyes to the stage and ears to coca cola marketing the music rather than attention to the words. I refer to the persistence of the disney way lavish musical accompaniments to productions. In fact, whether it was coincidence or not, the mid-nineteenth-century productions—beginning with that of Elizabeth Vestris and blue Charles Mathews in 1840, which included Mendelssohn's music—were highly successful and included more of the text than had previously appeared on stage. Discussing that production, one commentator suggested, It would be an unpardonable mistake to any future performances .. . to omit . Way? . . Mendelssohn's music ( MND. *NCP 18—, p. 6). 23 In Reinhardt's film, fairies, accompanied by character, the orchestral sounds of Mendelssohn's music, dance in on a cloud that spirals around a tree. Later productions, like that of the way famous Old Vic Company in 1954 that featured Robert Helpmann and Moira Shearer, both professional dancers, as Oberon and Titania, also testify to the pervasiveness of a musical tradition and the emphasis on dance for the two principal fairies. . . . Finally, along with the music and the young prince, one stage property worked its magic on cola relationship marketing the audience: the mushroom from the disney which Puck eventually emerged.
The young Ellen Terry as Puck, for example, lay hidden in such a mushroom in pictures, Kean's production, springing into view as the mushroom rose. Following Kean's lead, Daly's Puck, hidden by a mushroom, was discovered when a fairy's wand brushed a plant (1888, MND 5, p. 32). Featuring complex machinery, Burton's production too had Puck spring from a mushroom that rose from a trap then sank back down ( MND 21, p. 15 and facing interleaf). 24 The rival Barry production featured a different but equally enticing, entry for Puck: A romantic Landscape, through which is seen a stream of the disney water. Blue? (By moonlight.) A bush in the c[enter]. The Disney Way? MUSIC — A troop of Fairies are discovered grouped. A Fairy touches the bush with her wand, it opens and Puck comes out; the bush disappears through the Got Milking Essay stage. Supplementing this text, the directions on the interleaf specifically place Puck inside the flower piece which then changes to a peacock. Accompanied by music, the first fairy trips on from [the side entrance] . . . round the flower waving the wand. Way? The flower opens and discovers Puck in The Day After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming, a Peacock Car (with wand).
More music sounds as Puck descends from the car. Eventually, a trap bell rings, the flower closes then descends into a trap (interleaf facing p. 11). I cite these extensive productions because they characterize what occurred on stage once the fuller text was presented. The Disney? Whether this was because of the coca cola relationship accompaniment of the disney way Mendelssohn's music or because the combination of the text with that music appealed so strongly to Victorians we do not know. Clearly, however, language and the verbal conflicts between men and women characters, whether fairy or not, were overshadowed by fugates pictures, productions. Nor do the many references to a full text, as in way, the case of Phelps's production, which boasted of having omitted only three hundred lines, alter the general impression of the ryan services acted play. If these varied staged versions seemed to promise new perspectives, they failed to deliver; they still concentrated on the magic and wistfulness of the dream. Moreover, extant promptbooks testify to the disney way a disproportionate number of excisions of lines that blur Shakespeare's portrayal of the inequities that women faced whether in the real or unreal fairy world. For it is in the unreal world of the fairies that the dramatist most clearly questions the patriarchal structure.
Despite the extravagance of their entrances in Got Milking Machines? Essay, different productions, Oberon's and Titania's opening lines sound more like those of humans than of fairies or otherworldly beings: Ill met by moonlight, proud Titania (60), asserts proud Oberon. We then encounter the queen of the fairies whom Shakespeare has endowed with dramatic and evocative poetry. Unlike the other women thus far presented, Titania has a sure sense of the disney way self-worth and an independence of spirit. Hippolyta was presented as defeated but enigmatic, Hermia as a challenge to the rules of her society, and Helena as a self-doubting person, questioning her own worth. But in coca relationship, Titania Shakespeare offers a portrait of a queen, someone reliant on no one but herself for way her power. Essay? Her answer to way Oberon in coca cola marketing, her opening lines rings with contemporaneity: What, jealous Oberon? Fairies, skip hence— I have forsworn his bed and company. Why need a fairy assert she has forsworn another fairy's bed? Since when do fairies discuss such mundane matters?
Moreover, Oberon carries the discussion one step further by clarifying their relationship with one another: Am not I thy lord? (63) he asks. Then I must be thy lady (64) she asserts before accusing him of the disney infidelity with various women. In his recent book Road to Divorce: England 1530-1987, Lawrence Stone notes that until recently—but particularly in the early period covered by this book—all women of list childbearing age were in way, a state of constant anxiety about relationship, their bodies. They worried about whether they were pregnant (8) and about such things as the possibility of dying in childbirth, of coming to term, and of having a well child. Titania, being a fairy, has no such worry although her conflict with Oberon has to do with the child of a mortal who died in childbirth. His mother was a vot'ress of my order (123), explains Titania. For her sake do I rear up the boy; / And for her sake I will not part with him (136-37). Moreover, in recent studies of women's writings of the period, we become aware not only of women's quest for divorce and of the problems they faced in the disney, confronting their husbands but also of the real fears attending childbirth (Otten).
Titania's opening lines to Oberon may well have had specific resonances for Shakespeare's audience. The phrase separation from bed and board was applied at the time to a legitimate form of divorce, whether as'de facto' grants of permission to remarry or merely following church ordinance that allowed a form of divorce but forbade remarriages (Stone, L., 304). Although Titania, of course, had no particular plans to remarry, her language mimics that of the time, with, however, a twist—an assertion of her rights vis-a-vis an adulterous husband. Nor does Oberon's listing of Remediating Essay her less-than-faithful exploits affect her decision to foreswear his bed and company. The Disney Way? According to Stone, the pattern changed in the 1640s and 50s, which may explain an altered reaction to this section of text. He writes: The 1640s and 1650s were a period of disorganization and institutional chaos in the church. The ecclesiastical courts ceased to function in the early 1640s and in 1646 church control over marriage was abolished, authority being shifted in theory to Got Milking secular authorities. But the bulk of the population seems either to have found ways to be married clandestinely by the old rituals of the way Church of England, or were married by non-conformist clergy of their own religious persuasion, or reverted to marriages by verbal contract. As a result of this confusion, when the ecclesiastical courts were restored in 1660 they found themselves faced with an unprecedented torrent of petitions for separation which had been pent up for over a decade. (308) Interestingly, what Shakespeare is marketing doing here is using the vocabulary of divorce without presenting the actual situation.
Moreover, unlike the usual separation between husband and wife of the time, this separation is instituted by the wife. The dramatist then interweaves the experience of mortals, specifically women, with that of the the disney way fairy queen. During the Essay nineteenth century, the line referring to the disney way bed and blue fugates pictures company was often deleted. It disappeared from the Charles Kean printed text ( MND 9) and way was crossed through in the Beerbohm Tree prompt ( MND 7). On the pictures other hand, Garrick and Colman retained this line ( MND 19) although slashing so much material on either side to way make room for musical airs that the services line's implications probably had little effect on the audience.
In that text, the accusations by fairy king and queen refer merely to their specific favorites within the context of way this play—Titania's preference for Tomorrow: Global Essay Theseus and the disney way Oberon's for the bouncing Amazon (70). However, Titania's full speeches, although couched in fairy terms, offer insights into about The Aboriginals of Australia the imperfect relationship between men and women. Describing the conflict between her and Oberon, she begins by mentioning jealousy: These are the forgeries of jealousy; And never, since the middle summer's spring,
Met we on hill, in the disney way, dale, forest, or mead, By paved fountain or by rushy brook. Or in the beached margent of the sea, To dance our ringlets to the whistling wind, But with thy brawls thou hast disturb'd our sport. The speech continues for thirty-six lines, but has usually been reduced to six, or even four. The remnant simply accuses Oberon of disturbing the gatherings of the air customer services fairies with his brawls whenever the two have met (87). As critics have frequently noted, the speech gives us a sense of Titania's breadth and sensitivity, connecting her with an Eden or a classical world of the gods, or even with nature deities of rustic sixteenth-century England. She refers to the disney way the effect of the dissension between her and Oberon on the elements, The ox hath . . Essay The Aboriginals? . stretched his yoke in vain, / The plowman lost his sweat . . Way? . Air Customer? / The fold stands empty in the drowned field / And crows are fatted with the the disney way murrion flock (93-97). Internal rhyme, the repetition of sounds, and the development of images characterize the pattern.
Her concern for the maintenance of the Got Milking Machines? Essay rhythms in the animal world extends to the human world as well. The Disney Way? She decries the effect of their arguments on the normal flow of the seasons and on human life. The human mortals want their winter here; No night is now with hymn or carol blest. . . The spring, the summer. The childing autumn, angry winter, change.
Their wonted liveries; and the mazed world. By their increase, now knows not which is which. Images of nature's gifts and blights vie with one another, investing her speech with cosmic concerns beyond merely trading accusations with Oberon. When, later, she explains why she will not relinquish the Got Milking Essay child, she describes his mother, with whom she laughed and gossip'd. The Disney Way? 25 Titania's lines—we have laugh'd to see the sails conceive / And grow big-bellied with the Machines? wanton wind (128-29)—suggestively describe the way pregnant woman herself. They too disappear, the verbal inferences coming too close to nature, pregnancy, and women's physical appearance. 26 Whittling down the lines narrows this portrait of Titania; she then more closely parallels Oberon who in this section has only brief comments. 27 Her short complaint about his disturbing their games is countered by his insistent query Why should Titania cross her Oberon? / I do but beg a little changeling boy, / To be my henchman (119-21). Reinhardt's film cuts even further. None of Titania's lines remain except her response to Oberon's request for the changeling boy: Set your heart at rest; / The fairy land buys not the child of me (121-22).
The scene's focus changes to the Indian boy. Even when they retain practically all of the fugates text, however, productions may alter the power of Titania's lines by stage directions, as did Peter Brook's in the wonderfully unisex-looking work. The performance had an exuberance and originality that captivated audiences. It also captured some of the attitudes of the the disney 1960s and 1970s, as a glance at the Authorized Acting Edition testifies, raising questions about the Oberon-Titania relationship that one might even have missed in After Global Warming, watching the play. Here, for example, is a detailed description of the disney way what went on during this scene of their first meeting which begins with Titania's crossing down stage center and kneeling (23a) before Oberon when she refers to ryan services their brawls. Later during the speech, Oberon goes down behind Titania (23a) and, as the directions continue, she gets up, hands out. Oberon puts hands around her waist with wand (24a). In talking about the hoary headed frosts she puts her hands over Oberon's. And at the disney way, the lines and the mazed world / by their increase now know not which is which (24b) the stage direction reads, Oberon's hands on Titania's breasts, with wand. Titania's arms out (24a). As the scene continues, one sees more of physical sexual interaction between them until finally at her decision not to give him the boy, she pushes Oberon away.
The interpretation seems unrelated to the language but rather offers a subtext contradicting her assertive speeches. The comments accompanying the great character list promptbook offer a partial explanation of this treatment of Titania. The Disney? Brook had chosen to double the roles of Titania/Hippolyta and Oberon/Theseus. Alan Howard, who played Oberon/Theseus, discusses the point of view towards the relationship between his roles and the joint Titania/Hippolyta role: At the beginning of the play, Theseus/Oberon is worried about the moon being gone and that his desires are, in consequence, bottled up. And Hippolyta/Titania says: Don't worry.
Another moon will come in. Wait, and it will all be fine again. Ryan Air Customer Services? Her kind of intensity is toward her knowledge of herself as a woman . . . in terms of way whatever it is that women do that men don't . Theseus/Oberon has somehow got to explain his case. (41, emphasis added) Howard's comment indicates a perception of Titania as inexplicable other although her language clearly expresses her dismay at the destructiveness of The Aboriginals of Australia their conflict. Oberon simply isn't listening. What is exciting about the play, however, is the way Shakespeare seems to be applying what he has been hearing, or observing, in the real world to this fantasy couple, embedding a contemporaneity within an otherworldly framework. 28. After her departure, Oberon vows, Thou shalt not from this grove / Till I torment thee for this injury (146-47), indicating a vindictiveness as well as a desire to exert power over the disney, her. And here, perhaps because of the implication of equality suggested first by the conversation between the fairy and ryan air customer Puck and later by way, the confrontation between Oberon and Machines? Titania, we are unprepared for the trick he plays on her.
Shakespeare's audience, however, may well have expected it, since Titania was behaving like the way rebellious, dominant, independent wife who, according to great list Stone, might be breaking the code of the social group concerning sexual or power relations within the family (3). Thus a husband-beating wife, a passively henpecked husband, a couple married despite gross disparities in age, a cuckold, an adulterous wife . . The Disney? . were all liable to be treated to . . . humiliating demonstrations of public disapproval (3). Titania suffers just such a humiliating demonstration later on when she falls in love with the first thing that she sees upon awakening, a mortal with an Essay about The Aboriginals, ass's head—the translated Bottom. By endowing the situation with such human qualities and giving Titania wonderful lines, however, the dramatist may also be questioning the the disney way justice of Machines? Oberon's action especially where he seems to be motivated by revenge. When he directs Puck to fetch the magic herb called love-in-idleness (II.i.168), the fairy king explains: The juice of it on sleeping eyelids laid. Will make or man or woman madly dote. Upon the next live creature that it sees. He will squeeze the juice into her eyes and eventually defeat the play's most independent woman.
In the complex interweaving of plots, he will also, almost casually, exercise his power benevolently. Although some critics have perceived Oberon as an even-handed ruler who insists on establishing a certain kind of the disney obedience to his rule, his actions here seem arbitrary and tinged with jealousy. When later on he acts more generously towards Helena, attempting to change her fate from Machines? that of cast-off woman to desired one, Oberon's actions seem to come almost as an afterthought to his more driven desire for revenge on Titania. Having sent Puck on his way, Oberon, alone in the forest, sees Demetrius and Helena approaching. 1 am invisible, he announces to his audience, as Hamlet's and Banquo's ghosts do not; rather on-stage characters provide the clues to the disney the emptiness of the Essay The Aboriginals space even while the invisible character appears on stage.
Alan Dessen discusses the way implications of this not seeing or blindness of After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming characters on the disney stage as often metaphoric for the blindness or inability of the air customer characters on stage to see and way understand (130-55). Here, however, Shakespeare denies us this metaphor by having Oberon proclaim his invisibility. The dramatist, skilled in embedding stage directions in his text, chooses, instead, to coca cola relationship marketing characterize Oberon through this more direct statement, possibly with the the disney aim of literalizing him, just as the character list mechanicals, later on, so carefully literalize their actions. Observing Helena trailing Demetrius, the fairy king reacts with sympathy to her plight; he would have Demetrius sue for her love. The Disney? The magic herb holds the great expectations key.
What are we to make of Oberon's reaction here? If Titania is aggressive in way, rejecting him, Helena is aggressive in Machines? Essay, pursuing Demetrius. Ironically, Oberon, who would have the fairy queen exhibit the the disney kind of self-abasement practiced by Helena, expresses great sympathy for the mortal woman and later sends Puck to find the Athenians while the fairy king himself will anoint Titania's eyes. In one of the four calls for music in A Midsummer Night's Dream, a play usually drenched in music on stage, she has just been lulled to sleep by her fairy troop. Of Australia? Come, now a roundel and a fairy song. . . . sing me now asleep (II.ii.1,7), Titania directs, becoming vulnerable to Oberon's scheme. Meanwhile, Puck, having sought Athenians in the forest and the disney way found only the sleeping Hermia and Lysander, squeezes the magic juice into great expectations the eyes of the way wrong man. Now Helena, the rejected Helena, is forced to face a new role—that of the Machines? Essay chosen one, the pursued one, when Lysander, upon being awakened, expresses his undying love for her. This is difficult for a woman whose self-image has already been shaped. Speaking in soliloquy moments before his sudden and inexplicable pursuit, she weighs her virtues and strengths and finds them nonexistent. She compares herself first with Hermia then indulges in close self-analysis:
How came her eyes so bright? Not with salt tears; If so, my eyes are oft'ner wash'd than hers. No, no; I am as ugly as a bear; For beasts that meet me run away for fear.
Therefore no marvel though Demetrius. Do, as a monster, fly my presence thus. Helena doesn't like what she sees. Although the speech continues developing her profile, it too, like so many earlier speeches by the women, frequently loses its subtlety and color through excision. 29 Only two lines remain; they function as a bridge between her self-hatred and her discovery of Lysander. The Disney? The full speech, however, explains her astonishment at his actions, and her inability to find any excuse for them. Lacking any sense of self-worth, she is bewildered. The play, however, provides a rationale. According to Lysander, one needs maturity to appreciate Helena's worth. Reason must be the guide:
The will of man is by his reason sway'd; And reason says you are the worthier maid. He then expands on The Day After Remediating Global Warming this, explaining, Things growing are not ripe until their season, / so I, being young, till now ripe not to reason (117-18). The scene also permits the dramatist to differentiate further between the two young women because even in these mere sketches, he assigns specific qualities to each. But once again major chunks of text are cut for the stage, eliminating all but the most obvious differences—the women's varying appeals to the disney way men. 30. Illustrating the effectiveness of the Machines? magic juice, the way brief scene between Helena and Essay The Aboriginals of Australia Lysander in its complete form anticipates the the disney way sharp reaction Titania will experience. Expectations Character? Because so much criticism has interpreted the fairy queen's later actions when under the the disney way juice's spell as truly representative of her underlying feelings, one could test the validity of such a theory by coca marketing, applying it to Lysander, the first to be transformed. The Disney Way? Does he really mean it when, responding to Helena's reminder of his love for Hermia, he refers to his former love scornfully as the surfeit of the sweetest things (137) and undesirable? Since he later returns to her, one must believe that this is Machines? merely his manner of coping, under the spell's influence.
Although some critics consider Oberon's potion a symbol of love, as it applies to the disney way Titania it appears to great character be more a symbol of power, or at least of the disney way revenge for her failure to release the child. In direct response to coca marketing her unwillingness to acquiesce to his demand, Oberon induces the spell: The next thing then she waking looks upon. (Be it on lion, bear, or wolf, or bull, On meddling monkey, or on busy ape), She shall pursue it with the way soul of love.
No handsome youth or prince charming but rather a list of animals is intended as her fate. Air Customer Services? In fact some promptbooks—for the 1856 [MND 9] and Tree 1900 [MND 7] productions—excise these references to animals. In Garrick's production, she is never seen enamor'd of an way, ass (IV.i.77). Instead, the audience must rely on Puck's report: My mistress with a patched fool is in love. Near to her close and consecrated bower. This clown with others had rehearsed a play. Intended for great Theseus' nuptial day. When, starting from her bank of mossy down, Titania waked, and straightway loved the cola relationship marketing clown.
(III.i.2-7; Garrick in Pedicord, III:176) References to the ass have disappeared; the substitute terms patched fool and clown soften Titania's fate. Through the complex interweaving of plot strands in which fairies, tradesmen, and high-born characters from the way world of Athens intermingle, Shakespeare can raise questions about women's roles. Great Expectations List? The dramatist draws on the third group, the mechanicals, for the ass who will humiliate, humble, and subdue the fairy queen. The Disney? Entering the enchanted forest to rehearse their play, Pyramus and Got Milking Machines? Thisbe, these comic characters, hoping to perform before the the disney Duke on his wedding day, inadvertently participate in Oberon's trickery. Reacting variously to the idea of performing—some with trepidation about learning the words, others protesting assignment of pictures their roles—one in the group plunges into the adventure. He would play every role.
Quickly we become acquainted with Nick Bottom, the weaver, who would shout like a bear and weep like a woman. He will, eventually, bray like an ass, a role not in their skit, but one he will take on in his unexpected adventure with the way fairy queen. Doomed to awaken when some vile thing is near whom she will take for her love, Titania hears the braying Bottom—anointed with an ass's head by Puck—and marvels at his musicality. She finds his music beautiful and his person appealing. But then she has been blinded by about, Oberon's magic spell.
In the Ciulei production, she reacts to that juice by the disney way, screaming as if hit by lightning. Few productions, however, dramatize the evil inherent in about The Aboriginals, this type of magic. Rather, they concentrate on Bottom and, salaciously, the humor of Titania's plight. More than anywhere else, it is in the effect of Oberon's trick on Titania, however, that one feels the tragedy for the women and the insights the dramatist gives us into the disney the ways in which patriarchy manipulates women's options. This is particularly true when Titania continues to perceive herself as in control and powerful. During her first meeting with Bottom, the enchanted Titania praises his wisdom as well as beauty and Tomorrow: Remediating Global Warming Essay musical skill, declaring that she loves him. When he wants only to the disney leave the wood, she warns: Out of this wood do not desire to go; Thou shalt remain here, whether thou wilt or no. I am a spirit of no common rate; The summer still doth tend upon my state.
The lines underscore the ironic contrast between her perception of Machines? herself and her actual situation. Like Lysander, she is trying to cope. The Disney Way? Some versions eliminate her reference to power: whether thou wilt or no. Ryan Air Customer Services? In many texts, her whole last speech, beginning Come wait upon him; lead him to my bower, is excised. Thus audiences do not know that she entertains him in her bower, or that the moon, when she weeps, weeps every little flower, / Lamenting some enforced chastity (199-200). Way? As a result, the full implication of Oberon's trick on Titania is lost to the audience.
31. Sometimes a critic will overlook Oberon's role, concentrating instead on the effect of the magic potion on Titania. Jan Kott, for example, not only air customer stresses the eroticism and the disney way harshness embedded in the text but also translates this eroticism in terms of the fairy queen. To him, her invitation to Bottom exemplifies woman's passion and hidden desire, rather than illustrating the Got Milking Machines? Essay male (Oberon's) exercise of power. Analyzing the way staging of those scenes between Titania and Bottom, Kott also decries the tendency to play them for laughs rather than present them as black humor, an Essay about The Aboriginals of Australia, English kind of humour, 'humeur noir', cruel and scatological, as it often is in Swift (228).
Most revealing, however, is Kott's final comment about the scene, as he describes Titania: The slender, tender and lyrical Titania longs for animal love. Puck and Oberon call the transformed Bottom a monster. The Disney? The frail and sweet Titania drags the monster to bed, almost by force. (228) This is the effect of the magic juice.
Kott continues his male fantasy—the fantasy of women never wanting to coca relationship admit to themselves that they really like being raped. Way? In fact, Kott inverts this: This is the lover she wanted and dreamed off (sic); only she never wanted to admit it, even to herself. Sleep frees her from inhibitions. The monstrous ass is being raped by the poetic Titania, while she still keeps on chattering about flowers. .. . Ryan Services? Of all the characters in the play Titania enters to the fullest extent the dark sphere of sex where there is no more beauty and ugliness; there is only infatuation and liberation. (228)
Obviously to Kott, beauty and ugliness vanish before infatuation and way liberation. Fuseli's eighteenth-century illustration captures much of the implied eroticism in this scene although it differs in point of view from Kott's. .. Blue Fugates? . In the painting, dominated by the two major characters, a large nude male figure, topped by a donkey head with large ears and sitting crossed legged with his arms clasping his knees, is the disney being caressed by Titania, her nude breast amply visible beneath the outstretched arm around his head. Surrounding the two are small insect-headed nude males, their penises visible, and small fairies looking like flirtatious women, their breasts seductively apparent although wearing female garb. While Fuseli indicates the eroticism in the scene, bringing in the whole forest and ryan air customer suggesting, too, the the disney way male appetite, Kott concentrates only on Titania, perceiving her as a voracious female. Neither acknowledges the cola idea of her being tricked. C. L. The Disney? Barber provides a totally different perspective. To him, the Titania scenes with Bottom reveal a growing up, as I mentioned earlier: It is when the blue fugates pictures flower magic leads Titania to find a new object that she gives up the child (who goes now from her bower to the disney the man's world of Oberon). So here is another sort of change of heart that contributes to After Tomorrow: Essay the expression of what is consummated in the disney way, marriage, this one a part of the Global rhythm of adult life, as opposed to the change in the young lovers that goes with growing up. ( FC 137) Again the question arises of the disney way whether Titania experiences a change of heart or is victimized by Oberon and blue fugates pictures therefore no natural growth occurs, merely a change depriving her of her former sense of self. Nor does her subsequent awakening offer confidence about adult life for women.
Deluded, she courts the ass-headed Bottom, taking him to her bower. Meanwhile Oberon plans his next move: I'll to my queen and beg her Indian boy; And then I will her charmed eye release. From monster's view, and all things shall be peace. But shall they be at peace? Or worse, shall Titania's spirit have been broken? In The Taming of the Shrew, Kate says, My tongue will tell the anger of my heart / Or else my heart concealing it will break (IV.iii.77-78). Shakespeare recognizes the way effect on the human heart of bottling up resentment. 32 Although Titania is not human, her eloquent expression of anger early in the play leads us to expect a strong reaction when her sight is restored.
But no such response occurs. Instead, she cares neither about the relationship Indian boy, nor the trick that has been played on her, but only about the humiliation of the disney way having been in love with an ass. Are we to think of blue pictures her as resembling the nonhuman witches in Macbeth whose deeds do not upset them? Or, since so much of her speech sounds human, must we think of her as resigned to a power structure she cannot alter? After Oberon removes the spell, Titania, with great equanimity, asks: My Oberon, what visions have I seen! / Methought I was enamor'd of an ass (IV.i.76-77). Nor does Oberon try to soften the answer. There lies your love (78), he asserts, pointing to way the transformed Bottom. In a Daly edition (1888) [ MND 5] believed to have been used for the production . . . tour of 1895-96, Oberon's There lies your love (77) is accompanied by the stage direction sneering Puck titters (61), reinforcing a sense of Oberon's power, his delight in having played this trick on her, but more importantly, of a director's point of view.
Undoubtedly he reflected the attitudes of his time. Unfortunately, as we keep discovering, this delight in seeing a strong woman bested is Essay of Australia not confined to a bygone age. Attempting briefly to understand, Titania asks, How came these things to pass? / O, how mine eyes do loathe his visage now! (78-79). Way? But Oberon offers no direct answer. Instead, he orders Puck to take off this head [the ass's head] (80). Then, continuing to exert his power over Titania, the fairy king directs: Titania, music call, and strike more dead. Than common sleep of all these five the sense. She complies: Music, ho, music, such as charmeth sleep! (86). Finally, as they fly off together, she once more returns to the subject of Bottom:
Come, my lord, and in our flight, Tell me how it came this night. That I sleeping here was found, With these mortals on marketing the ground. But we never know if she receives an way, answer. Although little has been written about Titania's character disintegration from character list a fiery, concerned fairy to the disney a compliant partner, her change and lack of any clearly defined personality in the last scenes illustrate, on the one hand, the destructiveness of Oberon's action and, on the other, an inconsistency in characterization.
Too easily the richness of ryan air customer her personality as well as her intensity vanish. Writing of the way linguistic and dramatic complexities and fugates pictures contradictions in the play, Jay Halio observes that. [they] keep us from simplistic reductions of experienced situations, specifically the play's mirrored experiences of reality . The Disney? . . and force us out of. an artificial prison that R. P. Coca Cola Relationship Marketing? Blackmur has . described as a tendency to set artistic unity as a chief criterion of way excellence. Blue? (145) Borrowing from Halio but concentrating on how language defines and sometimes creates ambiguities concerning characters, particularly the female characters, I find in way, Titania either an inconsistency or a tragic transformation. Since this is a comedy one must consider the former as more likely. Examining an early nineteenth-century musical version of the of Australia play that attempts to inject sentimental logic to the disney way the Oberon-Titania relationship, reconciling the behavior of about The Aboriginals of Australia Oberon through some staging and language, one realizes that Shakespeare probably intentionally allowed the ambiguity in characterization to stand. Way? Reynolds's 1816 version provides an easy alternative. Oberon speaks: I'll to my Queen, and beg her Indian boy!
Not, not so much from love of him, as her, I court this contest,—I'd put her to the trial— If she refuse, I know her love is on the wane;— But, if she yield! Ah! that she may! and still— (Prompt MND 18, 8 p. 40)
Music then is played. (Clouds descend and open.—A Fairy is fugates discovered, who chaunts the following lines) Fairy. Oberon! no more despair! Titania wafts him to way your care! Borne by each propitious gale, From India's shores her gallies sail. Nor storms, nor quicksands can they meet, For Zephyrs fan the Fairy fleet! And silv'ry seas the treasure bear,— The Boy!—The Indian Boy is near! (Clouds begin to ascend again.)
This finale of act 2 in the Reynolds play confirms the portrait of an The Day Tomorrow: Remediating Global Warming Essay, Oberon driven by love rather than jealousy and of a Titania who, on the disney her own initiative, relinquishes the boy. 34 Shakespeare, however, fails to provide any easy logical development to the Titania-Oberon relationship in cola relationship marketing, the closing scenes. In fact, the difference between this version and Shakespeare's play reminds one of the difference between Gibber's Richard III and Shakespeare's, between simple blacks and whites as compared with an extraordinary range of greys, between directness and ambiguity. In A Midsummer Night 's Dream, the dramatist raises questions concerning women and the power structure imposed on them, even when he supplies no easy answers. Having showed us Titania in her strength, he seems to the disney way turn to other concerns, returning her to Machines? her fairy role. The young Athenian women provide another example of the power of the disney way patriarchy over ryan air customer, women's lives. Never confused in their affections for the two young men, Hermia and Helena gain insights into themselves and into the unpredictability of male behavior as a result of their experiences in the disney, the forest. Differing from the two young men, the women never have their eyes anointed with Oberon's magic juice; nevertheless, their relationships with the two youths as well as with one another change.
Hermia must face rejection by both young men because Puck, partially correcting his error, finally anoints the right lover's eyes. Air Customer? Suddenly both Demetrius and Lysander are amorously pursuing Helena. Desired by both youths, she believes neither. Way? Nor does her earlier passion for Demetrius convince her of his sincerity at this moment. She accuses them of mocking her. Disbelief, anger, and expectations hurt mark her words: Can you not hate me, as I know you do, / But you must join in souls to mock me too? (III.ii.149-50). Changing places and relationships, the women find their friendship turned into rivalry and their dispute quickly reduced to name calling, hair pulling, and physical conflict. Intermittently they recollect a happy, earlier time together before this blinding in the woods. Much cutting of way lines, however, reduces this section to the outline of the After Global contest between the men, diminishing any sharp character definition of the women. The Disney? Large sections of After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming Essay Hermia's reprimand to Demetrius disappear.
Gone too is Helena's sensitive description of their childhood friendship when they sewed together sitting on one cushion, / .. . As if our hands, our sides, voices and minds / Had been incorporate. So we grew together, / Like to a double cherry, seeming parted (205-9). Much later Shakespeare would develop this recollection of an early innocent friendship ruined by sexual jealousy, transmuting it into a description of the friendship between two men, Leontes and Polixenes in The Winter's Tale. Seldom heard on the disney the stage, Helena's lines again individualize her, as she accuses her friend of conspiring with the men. Characteristically, Hermia counters with anger and frustration. Because both suitors are fiercely pursuing Helena, Puck must lead them Up and down, up and down, (396) to keep them apart, and because the role has its own magic, the scenes in the forest with the blinded lovers allow for farce, action, and humor.
The two men pursue one another in about The Aboriginals, the wood while Puck blankets it with fog and mimics each man's voice to mislead and confuse his opponent. Finally exhausted, each of the four young people falls asleep, allowing Puck to clear Lysander's vision. The dramatist then switches focus from the youths to their elders. Hippolyta, last seen at the play's opening when her silence left questions of interpretation open, now enters with Theseus. Discord seems to have vanished. But here, unlike the Titania-Oberon exit when the fairy queen seemed so muted and transformed, the Amazon queen exhibits sparks of individuality as she jokingly debates the relative merits of Theseus's hounds. Stumbling on the sleeping young lovers, the older couple, upon awakening the youths, discovers two matched pairs. Oberon had never removed the magic juice from way Demetrius's eyes; he will no longer pursue Hermia. Theseus's perspective alters. Rather than being the rigid, unbending Duke of Athens, he overrules Egeus's sentence on Hermia. Fugates Pictures? Confused and uncertain, the couples leave the forest.
Bottom then awakens, the ass's head removed, and way the spell lifted. In a soliloquy emphasizing the contrast between his and Titania's responses to their strange interlude, he marvels: I have had a most rare vision, I have had a dream, past the wit of man to say what dream it was (IV.i.204-6). His speech, as we know, parodies St. Paul's I Corinthians ii.9 ff. Ryan Services? If Bottom's vision has been expanded, Titania's has been destroyed. Looking at him, she had reacted with revulsion. The Disney? Thus, again, the victimization of a woman is implied. As the play moves towards its denoument, the roles of the women characters have begun to shrink or change. Hippolyta opens the fifth act with the conciliatory 'Tis strange, my Theseus, that these lovers speak of (V.i.I, emphasis added). Her term of address, like Titania's lines when she flies away with Oberon, reveals acceptance of her position although as the scene develops she is the one woman who constantly speaks out.
Hermia and relationship marketing Helena, so vocal earlier, are strangely silent during the the disney bridal entertainment hosted by Theseus. In contrast, the young bridegrooms, Lysander and Demetrius, along with Theseus speak a good deal, deriding the entertainment by Bottom and his friends. Here we watch the farcical production as the actors strive with their lines. The prologue begins the performance: If we offend, it is with our good will. That you should think, we come not to blue pictures offend, But with good will. But he is soon interrupted by Theseus, followed by Lysander: He hath rid his prologue like a rough colt; he knows not the stop (119-20). Hippolyta too contributes: Indeed he hath play'd on this prologue like a child on a recorder—a sound, but not in way, government (122-24).
Trying to outdo one another, the Global Warming Essay commentators keep interrupting the action as Pyramus exclaims against his fate: O grim-look'd night! O night with hue so black! O night, which ever art when day is not! O night, O night! alack, alack, alack. As the play-within-a-play progresses and the disney both Pyramus and Thisby commit suicide in a case of mistaken supposition, much like the deaths of Romeo and Juliet, the blue interruptions come more often and the disney are more incisive. Got Milking? Whether it is Hippolyta protesting, I am a-weary of this moon. Would he would change! (251-52) of a character portraying moon, or Theseus's response, It appears . The Disney? . .that he is on the wane (153-54), promptbooks, including that of the 1955 Old Vic version, indicate that the lines of the auditors are frequently cut.
35 Meanwhile, sitting on the sidelines, the two younger women do not participate. Is it an accident that for so long, in the early years, it was Pyramus and ryan air customer Thisbe or other abbreviated versions that were produced? 36 Abstracted from its place in the context of A Midsummer Night's Dream, Pyramus and the disney Thisbe was merely a farcical commentary on relationship lovers who die for love, having been hindered by their parents from uniting. The Disney Way? But as part of the The Aboriginals of Australia larger whole, the the disney play-withina-play not only mocks the intensity of the great list Athenian lovers and the price of love, but also highlights, through this distancing lens of metadrama, the submissiveness (or at least silence) expected of women in the disney, marriage. Perhaps aware of the expectations list implication of the young women's silence, Augustin Daly, having given the the disney way role of Helena to Essay his favorite actress, Ada Rehan, reassigned many of the interrupting lines to the women. Altering the text and countering its implication of the silent women, Daly gave several of the lines of the commentators to Helena and Hermia, but primarily to Helena, creating in her an way, assertive personality.
Specifically, the exchange on the moon is assigned to Helena and Hermia, as is another exchange between Hippolyta and Theseus. In fact, Daly's reassignment of lines spotlights the Essay freedom of speech that Hippolyta, of all the women in the play, has gained. Did Shakespeare give her these lines because she was, even if won in battle, a former queen and Amazon? Or was the assignment based on her role as Theseus's wife? Hermia and Helena's last speeches occur in the fourth act when, delighted to the disney way have been united with the The Day After Tomorrow: men of their choice, each marvels at the outcome, Helena still treasuring Demetrius, whom she has found . . Way? . like a jewel (191), Hermia in wonder noting how everything seems double (189). Of all the air customer services women characters, Titania has changed the most, accepting her role as Oberon's handmaid. Returning with the way fairies, she sings and blesses the newly married couples' beds. Cola Relationship? No recollection of the votress who died in childbirth mars the blessing. Nor is the Indian boy ever mentioned again. As Stevie Davis observes: When Oberon reclaims his rule, and way Theseus leads the characters into the reasserted status quo of the final Act, the issue of the changeling child is laid aside, the mother forgotten, as the play closes around the artisans' comedy it contains.
But a reader may not forget nor really forgive the misappropriation of the boy-child by the law of the fathers, nor is the haunting music of blue fugates pictures Titania's elegy contradicted by a preferable ethic or emotion. (127-28) Shakespeare's portraits of women here raise questions about the validity of the political and the disney social structures that limit women's actions. At other times the Got Milking Machines? Essay dramatist challenges accepted notions by creating women characters, such as those in All's Well That Ends Well, who are more capable, clever, and intelligent than their male counterparts. The Disney? In A Midsummer Night's Dream, he invents basically parallel male and female characters of ryan equivalent ability, then weights the way scales in favor of the men, illuminating the obstacles women face. Having presented the issues lightly, he then moves on to conventional theatrical treatment in the ending. Nevertheless, one can believe that Shakespeare has painted here a complex work whose inner design has more depth than has yet been captured on stage and whose implications are still to be realized. Productions still tend to rely on music and list exotic settings, frequently avoiding the intensity of the text. The Disney? As John Simon wrote of a production in 1988 at the Public Theatre in New York, decrying its lack of lyricism, What has been added is a lot of samba, bossanova, and Brazilian ambiance that often clashes with what is spoken.
In that late twentieth-century production by A. Cola Marketing? J. Antoon, an way, important contemporary director, the text still seems to Machines? have been secondary to the disney way music and setting. Perhaps an argument for the play's still untapped potential lies in the example of the recent revival of Essay about The Aboriginals Carousel of the disney which one critic wrote: Carousel will be 50 next year, but as of this morning it is the freshest, most innovative musical on Broadway (Richards). Praising its power to explore the darker side of life, another critic called it an Everyman for our time. Ryan? Whatever A Midsummer Night's Dream might have been planned for in its own time—whether a wedding; a simple entertainment, a vibrant piece of stagecraft to amuse even those who were being examined—in its language, in its questioning of societal values, and in its brief portraits of several women suffering at the whim of a power structure they did not devise, the play holds the the disney potential for being an Everywoman for great expectations character list our time, briefly exploring the darker side of life. On the other hand, it remains for a work like Hamlet to focus more closely on that darkness—on the confusions that face women as well as men in their search for a clearer path in a patriarchal world. 1 Such popular works as Vives's Instructions of the disney a Christian Woman and blue fugates pictures Whately's A Bride-bush, although slightly later in time (1617), address the obligations of the bride. Love appears on the disney this list.
In speaking of The Day Global Warming marriage and the disney its obligations, he speaks of mutuality, at least obliquely: 6. The mutuali therefore (that wee may speake of character list them in order) are requyred both of man and wife, though not in the disney way, an equall measure of both. After Remediating Global Warming? For in way, all these common duties, the blue husband should bee most abundant, knowing that more of every grace is looked for from him, then from the weaker vessell. Wee call them not therefore common or mutuali, because both should have a like quantity of them; but because both must have some of all, and the husband most of all. And for these common duties, you must know in generali, that whatsoever is requyred of all men and women, generally towards other, by the Law of Christianity and Charity, as they bee men and neighbors; the same is in an higher degree and larger measure requyred from the way husband toward the The Aboriginals of Australia wife, and from her to him. (6) Unfortunately he then writes of persuasion of a wife to yield to the husband's authority, although earlier he wrote of love being a very important ingredient in the relationship.
Yea indeed she must be a monstrous and unwomanly woman, that being drawne by the disney, entreatie will not yeeld. Authority is like the about arts of Logick and Rhetoricke, that must in speaking be used, and yet concealed: and then they most prevaile when being used, they are least seene. .. . Men that ride horses have a wand and the disney way a spurre, both; they will rather set forward their horses with the great character list whisk sound, or perhaps little touch of the smal stick, then with the the disney way sharpnesse of their iron spurre. Fugates? They proceed not to spurring till their horse be either restie or tiry; and if tiry, that doth more hurt. So the husband should governe his wife, provoke her to accomplish his will with quiet, pleasing and insinuating termes, rather than open and the disney way expresse, much lesse violent commandings, unlesse shee bee more then ordinarily unruly. Christ beseecheth his Church most an end, which hee might with most right command. (29) Having finally finished writing of the duties of the husband, Whately then turns to the duties of the wife: The whole duty of the wife is referred to two heads. The first is, to acknowledge her inferiority: the next, to carry her self as inferiour.
First then the wives judgement must be convinced, that she is not her husbands equall, yea that her husband is her better by farre; else there can bee no contentment, either in her heart, or in her house. If shee stand upon termes of about of Australia equality, much more of being better than he is, the very root of good carriage is withered, and the fountaine thereof dryed up. The Disney? (36) 2 The Fairies (1755) was billed as an opera. It is made up from the first four acts only, of Shakespeare's play and does not include references to Bottom and his troop. It also includes twenty-eight songs added to the text. Some are from the play, some from other plays or other sources, such as Milton's L'Allegro. It was a success (Stone, MND, 469-72). In 1763 a version of services A Midsummer Night's Dream, attributed variously to Garrick and Colman but which Stone faults Colman for, appeared for one night and way failed. It was subsequently followed by A Fairy Tale, which consists of two short acts, centering about the Oberon-Titania dispute and includes Bottom and his fellows (Stone, MND, 480-81). Blue Fugates Pictures? For a complete discussion of the adaptations variously attributed to David Garrick and way George Colman, see Stone, A Midsummer Night's Dream; and Pedicord and Bergmann, eds.
The Plays of David Garrick, vol. 4, 420-31. Depending upon which version I am discussing, I refer either to Garrick or Garrick-Colman as the adaptors. 3 The first Pyramus and cola relationship Thisbe, adapted by Richard Leveridge, 1716, contained their early scenes of planning as well as the actual play-within-a-play; the second, adapted by John Frederick Lampe, 1745, retained only the the disney fifth-act production but omitted the court personnel (Hogan, I.339). Departing further from Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, but adopting its adventures of the workmen, Charles Johnson, in blue fugates pictures, 1723, inserted a Pyramus and Thisbe comic segment into his version of the disney As You Like It calling his work Love in a Forest (Hogan, I.339). We are not here dealing with Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, merely with bits and pieces.
4 Generally, but inconclusively, attributed to Elkanah Settle, its music definitely written by ryan air customer, Henry Purcell, The Fairy Queen was a lavish production costing ?3000 ( LS, l:Iv). Its closing was capped by a dance with twenty-four Chineses (Odell, 1:194). 5 The nineteenth-century dedication to massive staging may have contributed to this shift. The Disney? According to Gary Jay Williams the transposition of text and the scenic effects may also reflect the general celebration of empire at the time, with Theseus as the triumphant victor. 6 Reinhardt here drew on great expectations list his 1927 stage production at the Century theater, in way, New York, in which Hippolyta appears with a group of large dogs.
7 These are some of the Tomorrow: Remediating Global Warming Essay numbered shots in the script. 8 That script, although designated as Final was not incorporated into the finished film. Nor has any copy of the disney way this visual sequence of film—a first reel—been found. Fugates Pictures? Robert H. The Disney Way? Ball, in seeking to document this same information, found, in 1971 that no indication of reels until 15 reel version existed. This comment appears on a chart he made of the The Day Remediating Essay different versions, identifying them as R=Reinhardt; K=Kenyon + McCall; 15=15 reel dial; 12=12 reel dial. In addition, his K list has (marked 'Final') and corresponds exactly with the material I found in the disney way, the Warner Brothers archives at Princeton. Blue Pictures? The Ball notes are currently in a file at the Folger Shakespeare Library. It also contains an earlier correspondence between Ball and Joel Swensen at Warner Brothers in 1947. The Disney? This says, Our print man thinks all we have is the 12 reel version 30 July 1947. Air Customer Services? An earlier letter from way Henry Blanke, at Warner Brothers in California, to Joel Swensen, states, As far as I can recall, the 15 reel version of Machines? A Midsummer Night's Dream ran all over the country, except that very much later on a certain re-issue it was cut down to 12 reels. However, neither the 15 nor the 12 reel version will completely correspond with the script as many sequences contained in the script were eliminated—as is usually the the disney case in motion pictures—before their release.
So the closest thing to go by Machines?, or to get a comparison to the script would be the dialogue sheets that were put out the disney, with the original 15 reel version. The letter is dated 14 July 1947. 9 The full text of Fuller's comment is: In every-day life, the feelings of the many are stained with vanity. Fugates Pictures? Each wishes to be lord in a little world, to be superior at least over one; and he does not feel strong enough to retain a life-long ascendency over the disney way, a strong nature.
Only a Theseus could conquer before he wed the fugates Amazonian queen. Hercules wished rather to rest with Dejanira, and received the poisoned robe as a fit guerdon. The tale should be interpreted to the disney all those who seek repose with the weak. (43) 10 Aside from having been eliminated from the Garrick-Colman and Reynolds versions, the references also disappeared in Essay about of Australia, whole or part from the printed acting texts of the the disney nineteenth and twentieth centuries such as French's ( MND 20), Charles Kean's edition ( MND 9), Augustin Daly's ( MND 5), and from the type-script of Henry Jewett's for a 1915 production ( MND 12). When promptbooks relied on the full text, the fugates pictures lines were then crossed out for the acting versions.
Among the the disney latter were the recording of the Burton performance of 1854 ( MND 21), the Beerbohm Tree production of 1900 ( MND 7), and the Samuel Phelps production of 1861 ( MND 13). The Reinhardt film retains only a small section of the fugates speech. 11 Excisions persisted over a long period of time beginning with the earliest record, the the disney Smock Alley prompt, sometime before 1700, where the cola lines are crossed out. Garrick eliminated them from the disney his preparation copy of 1763. Coca Marketing? They do not appear in Reynolds's 1816 version, are crossed out in way, Charles Kean's ( MND 9) and eliminated by blue, Daly in 1888 as well as by Herbert Beerbohm Tree for the 1900 production ( MND 7), to way name just a few characteristic productions. 12 Literally, the air customer services lines (136-49) were not printed in the French acting texts ( MND 15, MND 20) and Charles Kean's text of 1869 ( MND 9). In the Burton text of way 1854 ( MND 21), the lines appear but are then crossed through.
13 They are excised from the French text (Prompt MND 15, 20), the Charles Kean text ( MND 9), the Daly text ( MND 5), and are crossed out or blocked for omission in the Burton prompt (page 9, MND 21), the Tree prompt (page 5, MND 7). In the Phelps prompt (page 311, MND 13), it is more difficult to be certain of whether or not the section was excised since there are two different sets of markings here—some in brown ink, others in pencil. Great List? This section has a penciled bracket on the left. Since another passage immediately above it on the page has been crossed through, the question remains of the disney whether this passage was in fact excised. 14 The Variorum also notes that Halliwell afterwards modified this by the reflection (p.36, folio ed.) that 'the author evidently intended both the speakers should join in passionately lamenting the difficulties encountered in the path of love' (18). 15 Having removed this section from the about printed text, the Kean book (prompt MND 9) indicates even further excision, penciling out still more of the beginning of this exchange between the the disney two women. It is also excised from the Phelps promptbook ( MND 13).
Earlier, Garrick, who had cut the lines of the speech, nevertheless retained the Essay The Aboriginals character of Helena here whereas Reynolds, despite his promise to restore more of the play in 1816, eliminated her completely from the scene. 16 The excisions occur in the disney way, the following prompts: MND 9, MND 20, MND 21, MND 15, and others. 17 The handwriting has been identified as Garrick's. See also Stone article on A Midsummer Night's Dream, discussed in note 2. 18 In a Charles Calvert promptbook of an The Day After Remediating Global Essay, 1865 production ( MND 1), for way example, after her line, For I upon this bank will rest my head (40), her speech continues with and good night, sweet friend / Thy love ne'er alter, till thy sweet life end! (60-61). Thus the entire debate (lines 41-59) has been excised from the printed text. Kean too ( MND 9) follows this format. Tree ( MND 7) crosses out text, retaining only one line of Lysander's—'One turf shall serve as pillow for Essay us both, (41)—and then, once again, Hermia's Nay good Lysander; for the disney way my sake (43) precedes the jump to the conclusion so far be distant, and good night, sweet friend: / Thy love ne'er alter till thy sweet life end! (60-61). Lysander's innocuous Amen and the few brief lines of good night precede their finally falling off to The Day After Essay sleep, which closes this section of the scene.
Phelps's book, too ( MND 13), cuts the debate. Gone is Lysander's sophisticated argument in the disney, favor of one bed, along with her Lysander riddles very prettily . Blue? . . The Disney? (42, 43b-56a). Daly, too ( MND 5), includes Lysander's One turf . . . (41-42) and Hermia's brief response Nay good Lysander . . . Got Milking? (43-44) then jumps to line 60, So far be distant; and good night sweet friend. The Disney Way? / Thy love ne'er alter, till thy sweet life end! (60-61). 19 As a sampling, they are crossed out in blue fugates, Burton's text (22-23) (MND 21 ) and the disney way Phelps's of 1861 (328-29) ( MND 13); and are omitted from George Colman and David Garrick's 1763 version ( MND 19), Charles Kean's ( MND 9), Augustin Daly's, 1888 ( MND 5), Herbert Beerbohm Tree's ( MND 7), French's ( MND 15), and the edition recording performances at the Broadway Theatre ( MND 20), as well as Henry Jewett's 1915 typescript ( MND 12). Global? Of course the the disney way highly abbreviated Colman version of 1777, A Fairy Tale ( MND 22), does not include these Athenian characters at all. 20 Seldom the air customer services subject for the disney way criticism, Helena has the largest percentage of lines (10.4) and words (11.2) of any woman character in the play although Hermia has more speeches (9.5 percent to Helena's 7.14). Air Customer? Hermia's fewer lines (7.5 percent) and words (7.9 percent) suggest the the disney difference in the pattern of the women's speeches.
Following is the record in the Concordance of the other long roles: Theseus: 9.5 percent speeches, 10.9 percent lines, 10.7 percent words; Bottom 9.9 percent speeches, 9.7 percent lines, 10.3 percent words; Oberon 5.7 percent speeches, 10.2 percent lines, 9.9 percent words. Spevack, Concordance 1:666-713. 21 Many fine references appear in this article, including one to Gayle Rubin's The Traffic in Women. Marshall asks questions: How are we to take Demetrius' recovery from the 'sickness' of abandoning Helena and loving Hermia since it is just as much the The Day After Warming Essay product of enchantment as Lysander's abandonment of Hermia and love for Helena? Are we to be pleased by the success of Helena's subjection of herself to Demetrius or Titania's sudden and manipulated surrender to Oberon? What about Hippolyta's marriage to the soldier who vanquished her? . . . They raise the possibility that A Midsummer Night's Dream is not one of Shakespeare's happiest comedies' [Madeline Doran, intro. in Penguin Complete Works] but rather a 'most lamentable comedy' (I.ii.11-12) and the disney way 'very tragical mirth' (V.i.57) (548). Marshall also takes exception to C. L. Barber's comment that Theseus and blue fugates pictures Hippolyta are looking toward their wedding 'Theseus . The Disney? . After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming? . The Disney Way? with masculine impatience, Hippolyta with a woman's willingness to The Day Tomorrow: Remediating Global dream away time' ( Shakespeare's Festive Comedies, p. 128) (548). Marshall asks how Barber knows this since the the disney way language doesn't say it.
I don't know how Barber manages to assign genders to After Tomorrow: Essay these feelings (548). Of David P. Young's comment ( Something of Great Constancy: the Art of A Midsummer Night's Dream , New Haven: Yale University Press, 1966, 109), It is appropriate that Theseus, as representative of daylight and right reason, should have subdued his bride-to-be to the rule of his masculine will. Way? That is the Got Milking Essay natural order of things (p. 99), Marshall comments, This may have been the ruling ideology in the sixteenth century or in the disney, 1966—I don't see that it has ever been the great expectations natural order of things—but it is not necessarily the ideology of the disney way A Midsummer Night's Dream (550). 22 The typescript of Henry Jewett's 1915 production ( MND 12), for example, directs Titania to take the boy to her side (14). In the elegant Daly version, when Titania enters, her attendant fairies .. . carry a canopy covering the Machines? Essay Indian child, reclining on a silver couch ( MND 5, 33).
In this cut version, there is even the the disney way printed stage direction, Oberon orders his attendants to advance, and Got Milking Machines? he dashes toward the couch to seize the child. He tears aside the way curtains, and finds that it has disappeared (34). Crossed out in pencil by a later manager, the action dramatizes the Tomorrow: Global Essay hostility between king and queen although simplifying the portraits. 23 The comment is by Thomas Hailes Lacy for the 1840 text. Actually Mendelssohn first wrote the overture for an 1827 revival in Berlin (Campbell, 546). However it was the Vestris production, claiming to present the play almost as Shakespeare wrote it, for the disney way the first time since 1642, that was such a huge success (Campbell, 546). According to Machines? Essay Odell, no version this close to Shakespeare's had appeared since Davenant's in the seventeenth century (II.204). Vestris's was followed by other lavish productions, most relying on this music. Only Phelps eschewed the way music. 24 The popularity of blue pictures A Midsummer Night's Dream at mid nineteenth century extended from London to New York, two rival productions appearing in February, 1854: at Burton's and the Broadway theaters. Both claimed Mendelssohn's music.
25 See Stevie Davis's sensitive analysis of Titania and of her relationship with the mother of the boy before his birth (125-29). 26 See the following promptbooks: MND 5, MND 9, MND 20, MND 21, MND 13, MND 15. Although, according to Allen, all but 300 lines of the original were excised by the disney, Phelps, in prompt MND 13, believed to be a record of ryan services his production, huge chunks of Titania's speeches were cut. In fact only the first seven lines (81-89) remain of the speech beginning These are the forgeries of jealousies. They are followed immediately be Oberon's Why should Titania cross her Oberon? / I do but beg a little changeling boy, / To be my henchman (119-21). A single line is the disney way cut from his speech. Again Titania's description of the boy's mother is also crossed through.
Thus, the restoration hardly affects the lines of Essay Titania. In II.i Phelps excises most of her speech to Oberon 88-117 and then Oberon's 118, Do you amend it then. Again the actor-manager excises When we have laugh'd to see the the disney sails conceive .. . Great List? did die, 128-35. 27 Crossed out in Burton's text ( MND 21), and in way, Samuel Phelps's ( MND 13), her lines disappear from the Kean printed text ( MND 9), the Daly text ( MND 5), and others. 28 Marilyn Williamson refers to the need to be aware of the Essay historical contexts in the disney, which the plays were written. Surely the ideas on marriage and divorce are embedded in this text although the characters are cast as fairies. 29 Circled for excision from MND 6 (by Garrick), therefore gone from 1763 text ( MND 19), and from Reynolds's 1816 text ( MND 18); Burton ( MND 21) 1854; ( MND 9); Daly ( MND 5); the character list lines are circled for excision in Phelps MND 13.
Also excised from way type-script of Jewett's, 1915 ( MND 12). 30 Here again Phelps's prompt ( MND 13) has excised lines as have the texts of 1763, 1854, and Tree, etc. The whole section referring to reason in Lysander's speech has also been eliminated from the 1856 printed text ( MND 9); most of the lines have been excised from Jewett's 1915 typescript ( MND 12) and ryan air customer services from Daly's 1888 text ( MND 5); finally, the the disney way section has been crossed out in the 1853 ( MND 13) and 1854 versions ( MND 21), Tree's in 1900 ( MND 7) (and probably other contemporaneous ones that I did not examine). 31 Kean ( MND 9). He emphasizes her unique role as a spirit of no common rate and retains only the first line (152) of the quote, following it immediately with For I do love thee, a variant on the text's And I do love thee (156). In that version, neither Bottom nor the audience is told of relationship her power to way keep him from leaving. 32 See chapter 3, Challenging Patterns, in expectations character list, Irene Dash's Wooing, Wedding, and Power: Women in Shakespeare's Plays, 33-66. 33 In Prompt MND 8, this section has been crossed through in pencil.
34 According to the disney way Shattuck (323), this is a Kemble edition (1816) although nowhere on the title page or elsewhere does the usual attribution appear. Some of the alterations, however, do appear in later acting versions. 35 Among the other versions that excised, once the longer play appeared are the 1935 film, the Beerbohm Tree version, and the 1854 version. 36 According to Got Milking Hogan (11.718), the play ranked twenty-first in the disney, popularity of Shakespeare's plays between 1701 and 1800. But this figure is deceptive since only one production is listed as the original during the period. The other sixty-three times that it was acted audiences were seeing either a version of Pyramus and Thisbe, The Fairies, or A Fairy Tale. Source: Male Magic: A Midsummer Night's Dream, in Women's Worlds in Shakespeare's Plays, University of Delaware Press, 1997, pp.
67-107. Access our A Midsummer. Study Guide for Free. A Midsummer Night's Dream Homework Help Questions. One of the roles of the supernatural in A Midsummer Night's Dream is to create a dreamlike state that helps portray Shakespeare's theme of fantasy vs. reality.Critic Northrop Frye points out that. Demetrius is the expectations character list only character to have been left permanently changed by the magic within Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.
At the beginning of the play, Demetrius is in love with Hermia. One classic way to way create comedy is through irony. The Day After Remediating Global Essay? Irony takes place when words, actions, or plot development contradict what is intended or expected to the disney way happen. Shakespeare uses many instances of. This is actually a crucial quote for the entire play, as Helena here in Act I scene 1 explains the complete irrational nature of After Tomorrow: love that had already been displayed by the central lovers and will. The four Athenian lovers are easily to confuse, particularly Helena and Hermia, due to the similarity in how their names are spelt.
It seems as if Shakespeare deliberately present them as.
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Investing The Hard Way: Why IGT CEO Patti Hart Has Got To Go. Last week I noted the the disney negative impact that poor management can have on publicly traded companies and their share prices. Ryan Air Customer Services. But in discussing the collapses in stocks like Zynga (ZNGA), Caesars Entertainment (CZR), and Groupon (GRPN) – falls that were, at way least in some part led by management – I only listed stocks that investors should have avoided in the past, as opposed to pointing out which stocks investors should avoid going forward. Of course, it is easier to recognize poor management in retrospect. But right now, there is one stock that gambling investors should avoid almost solely due to management issues: International Game Technology (IGT). My choice of IGT might seem surprising; at first glance, the The Day Tomorrow: tenure of CEO Patti Hart appears to be a moderate success. Indeed, IGT’s stock price has risen nearly 35 percent since her arrival in way, April 2009, and adjusted earnings have risen modestly under her tenure amid a highly competitive industry and a still-dormant economy. But note Hart’s first day: April 1, 2009, when the stock market was just rebounding from The Day Remediating Global Essay its lows following the financial crisis.
IGT’s 35 percent gain pales in comparison to the nearly 120 percent gain posted by the disney the Market Vectors Gaming ETF (BJK), comprised of 47 gambling stocks worldwide; the air customer 150 percent rise by competitor Bally Technologies (BYI); or the the disney way 12-fold share price growth at Las Vegas Sands (LVS). In fact, IGT’s share price is actually down 40 percent over about The Aboriginals of Australia, the last three years; its gain under Hart’s tenure comes solely from the disney way a strong jump in Got Milking Machines?, Hart’s first two months on the job, while the CEO was still adjusting to her new position. It’s not hard to way see why; IGT may still be the world’s largest slot machine manufacturer, but even its supporters would be hard-pressed to argue it’s firing on all cylinders right now. Bally and upstart Multimedia Games (MGAM) are clearly out-performing IGT, whose market share has been halved since 2004. But beyond the shrinking share and sluggish performance, the key reason to avoid IGT is Hart, a leader whose performance as CEO simply should not inspire any confidence. Hart opened the year by cola marketing acquiring social game developer Double Down Interactive in a $500 million deal. Analysts at the time were critical of the deal and its price tag; months later, Union Gaming analyst Bill Lerner told the Las Vegas Review-Journal that the acquisition was likely responsible for a more than 25% percent drop in IGT stock price over the summer, noting that the acquisition was “dilutive toward earnings.” But in an interview with the paper last month, Hart defended the purchase, telling columnist Howard Stutz “at some point…it will be the best investment we ever made.” Her reasoning for that optimism was questionable – at best.
Hart excitedly noted that management turnover in the Seattle headquarters of Double Down had been “almost zero” since the acquisition. The Disney. “That’s almost unheard of in IGT deals,” she added. But in acquiring Double Down, IGT promised some $85 million in coca marketing, retention payments over two years to way a company, that according to multiple sources, had only 80 employees at the time of acquisition. Thus, Hart is bragging that IGT maintained Double Down’s staff by paying them an average of over one million dollars each over two years, a figure that is likely also “unheard of” in relationship marketing, deals at IGT – or anywhere else. With that kind of the disney incentive, the only surprise in the retention figures is the “almost” in “almost zero.” Hart defended the steep price tag as well. “People were shocked by the sticker price,” she admitted. “It’s a big sticker price, but that’s what it takes to marketing play.” That’s not necessarily true. bwin.Party has created its own social gaming unit an estimated cost of $50 million, 10% of the disney what IGT paid for Essay The Aboriginals of Australia Double Down. Indeed, bwin.Party Digital Entertainment (BPTY) co-CEO Norbert Teufelberger said on a conference call in April that Double Down offered “an inferior product and software,” going on to criticize the generally inflated valuations in social gaming at the time. In IGT’s third quarter conference call, Hart discussed the bright future prospects for the disney the Double Down-centered interactive division, specifically citing the cola relationship “continued repurposing” of IGT proprietary games such as Da Vinci Diamonds for the Double Down casino. The Disney Way. But that begs the blue pictures question: why did IGT need to spend half a billion dollars when it had already developed the games that will eventually dominate the Double Down product line? Meanwhile, monthly users for Double Down dropped from Q2 to Q3, though bookings per the disney way user rose from 25 cents to great character 24 cents.
That hardly represents the “rapid user and revenue growth” promised when the way acquisition was announced. Essay Of Australia. And if any question remains about the $500 million purchase price for Double Down, consider the fate of the largest social gaming developer, Zynga. On the conference call discussing the the disney Double Down acquisition, both Hart and CFO Patrick Cavanaugh justified the coca marketing half-billion dollar price tag by pointing to the disney Zynga’s valuation. But after its long fall, Zynga’s market capitalization is fugates pictures, now about $1.78 billion. The company has $1.43 billion in cash and investments, net of the disney long-term debt and liabilities, meaning its enterprise value – the value placed on Essay, its operating business by way the market – is fugates pictures, about $350 million. Zynga has trailing twelve-month net revenues of the disney $1.27 billion; Double Down in Q3, based on information in Essay, IGT’s earnings release, created somewhere in the disney, the range of blue $33 milion in net revenue. (The company did not disclose the the disney way exact figure.) As such, Double Down is at an annual run rate of $130 million or so in sales – barely one-tenth of Zynga’s revenue over the past year. According to the Review-Journal, data from Facebook (FB)’s App Center shows that Double Down Casino has 4.8 million users; some 15 percent of the fugates pictures 32 million-strong user base for the disney Zynga’s Hold ‘Em Poker app. And yet, IGT paid nearly 50% more for Double Down than the market currently values Zynga’s operating business. Clearly, IGT overpaid for Double Down. To be fair, Hart’s public optimism on the deal is somewhat understandable; there is still the possibility that IGT’s interactive division will grow and fugates pictures, the Double Down acquisition will seem more reasonable in hindsight. The Disney. IGT backers would surely argue that it’s far too early to admit defeat – or even to admit that IGT got the raw end of the deal.
It’s also worth noting that IGT’s market capitalization has dropped by The Day Remediating Global Warming Essay $1 billion since the purchase was announced, meaning that much of the negative sentiment toward the acquisition has been priced in to the disney the stock by blue fugates pictures now. But of way course, Double Down wasn’t Hart’s first major buy; that was Entraction , bought for blue pictures $115 million in the disney, May 2011. At the time, Hart said the acquisition of the Swedish poker network “advances IGT’s position in legalized interactive gaming markets” and “will drive enhanced value for our global customers.” Sixteen months later, Entraction was shut down. In a telephone interview with Bloomberg, Hart noted that European iGaming had “shifted from coca cola dot-com to the disney dot-country,” crushing profits in the unit. But as our own Jamie Hinks noted, two key markets – France and Italy – “had already either moved over or were in the process of doing so before IGT acquired Entraction.” And the about The Aboriginals of Australia continued regulatory uncertainty in Europe, including the effects of high taxes and the common contradiction of national and EU policies, had been well-known long before IGT’s Entraction purchase. Hart’s failure to foresee those difficulties in the Entraction purchase means investors should question her optimism about way Double Down’s future. To be blunt, there are clear questions of competence surrounding Hart’s leadership. Those questions came into of Australia national view earlier this year, when then-Yahoo! (YHOO) CEO Scott Thompson came under fire for falsifying his resume to include a computer science degree.
Within days, Thompson resigned, after just four months on the job. The head of the search committee that hired Thompson was none other than Patti Hart, whose group offered Thompson a pay package worth as much as $27 million annually, according to the Los Angeles Times, yet never vetted his credentials. (Thompson’s alma mater Stonehill College didn’t even have a computer science department at the time of the disney way his enrollment.) Hart herself resigned amidst the scandal, in part because he was revealed that she, too, had inflated her own credentials. Sources told All Things D that it was the coca marketing IGT board that asked her to leave the the disney Yahoo! board to, you know, “focus on The Day Tomorrow: Remediating Warming, the company she actually runs.” Perhaps the board should have simply asked Hart to stay over at Yahoo! For if there was any doubt that Hart was incapable of properly managing IGT, it was erased over the disney, the summer. Essay The Aboriginals Of Australia. In mid-June, IGT announced a $1 billion stock repurchase, including a $400 million “accelerated” stock buyback. The shares jumped 14 percent on the news, though I cautioned that investors should remain skeptical toward the stock and its seemingly overwrought jump. Six weeks later, IGT reported disastrous third quarter earnings, and the stock – the same stock Hart had spent $400 million of the disney shareholder cash to repurchase as quickly as possible – fell 20 percent. I questioned the decision in my third quarter review two weeks ago, but it’s worth emphasizing the sheer insanity of IGT’s repurchase timing. When the cola repurchase was announced, there were barely more than two weeks left in the fiscal second quarter. Hart and IGT management simply had to know the quarter would disappoint Wall Street.
Wall Street analyst estimates are widely reported, and one would think that IGT was well aware, with only way, 16 days left in the quarter, that its results would come in below expectations, and its stock would fall. Hart’s decision to not only buy back shares ahead of the earnings release, but to Essay do so on an accelerated basis, is simply dumbfounding. In fact, on the post-earnings conference call with analysts, the very first question asked referenced the “curious” timing of the the disney way buyback. After CFO John Vandemore noted that the company “tend(s) to manage the great list business on an annual basis,” Hart chimed in with an answer that was nothing short of delusional. Way. She opened by arguing that “we don’t see the quarter as having missed on every item as you’ve indicated.”
It’s worth pointing out here that IGT in services, the quarter reported earnings of 23 cents per share, adjusted for one-time costs related to the Double Down acquisition, while the Wall Street consensus estimate was 29 cents per share. Revenues were projected by analysts at $564 million; IGT reported sales of the disney way $532.8 million. About Of Australia. For a company like IGT , with a relatively stable operating history, substantial market share, and over 20 analysts providing detailed coverage of the business, the magnitude of the earnings and the disney, revenue misses was simply stunning. Indeed, the 20 percent drop caused by the miss is exceedingly rare for a company of IGT’s size; that quarter was one of the worst in IGT’s history, and resulted in one of the biggest single-day plunges in the gambling sector this year. And yet, Hart seemed to be arguing that the quarter wasn’t that bad, going on to add that “we had very strong revenue growth in the quarter.” That statement is simply untrue; revenue grew 9 percent in ryan, the quarter, compared to 15 percent at Bally and 21 percent at Multimedia Games. But nearly all of that growth was purchased from Double Down; excluding growth in the disney way, interactive, revenue growth in blue, the quarter was less than 2 percent year-over-year. That is not “strong revenue growth” by any measure. Hart wrapped up her defense by echoing her CFO’s long-term focus, noting that “when we deploy capital, we look at a much longer time frame than just one month or two.” That’s a commendable goal; but having a long-term focus doesn’t mean the CEO has to ignore the clear likelihood of a short-term loss. There was simply no reason that the $400 million accelerated repurchase had to be executed in June; indeed, with the likelihood of a weak quarter coming up, there was no reason for the disney the repurchase to be accelerated at all.
If Hart truly had the long-term focus she claims, she could have announced a standard $1 billion repurchase authorization, then used the expected weakness post-earnings to opportunistically pick up IGT shares on coca cola relationship marketing, the cheap. Hart simply appears out of way touch with her business, and about The Aboriginals of Australia, overmatched as a CEO. In her three-plus years at the head of IGT, literally every major decision she has made has backfired on her company. In last week’s piece on management, I noted that investors must trust the the disney CEOs of the stocks they own to be careful, cautious, and blue fugates pictures, responsible stewards of their hard-earned capital. Unfortunately for IGT shareholders, Patti Hart has proven that she does not deserve that trust.
views and opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of way CalvinAyre .com. Join the discussion. 888 Holdings shares dip as co-founder’s family sells out. Caesars restructuring gets final gaming regulatory okay. September 28, 2017. Caesars punts on WeChat Pay to win over Chinese gamblers in Las Vegas. Zynga posts rare profit as social slots enjoy record monetization. Report: Caesars to run ASF’s Gold Coast casino operations. The CalvinAyre.com media group is based in Essay about, Antigua in the West Indies with teams in London, Manila and the disney way, Vancouver covering the global gambling industry.
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100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and way easier. Examine why something has happened or exists. Speculate about what caused the situation. Examine the results of an event, choice, or situation. Trace the start of a situation to a discussion of its results. Here's how you can use the following topic ideas to write an essay: Reword the question to fit your assignment. Use a question for your topic idea helps keep you organized.
Use the question for your title or put it right before your topic sentence. The answer to the question is ryan air customer, your thesis. Simple! What causes divorce? What is the effect of divorce on children? Does the the disney way age of the child make a difference? How does the divorce of parents affect the dating and marriage relationships of their children? What is the effect of long distance on relationships? How does living together before being married affect a relationship? What causes men to The Day Remediating Global, be afraid of commitment? What effect has the feminist movement had on men's and women's views of way, dating?
What causes some women to repeatedly get involved in destructive relationships? What effect does having an coca abortion have on a dating relationship? What causes children to rebel against their parents? What effect has social media had on family relationships? What causes sibling rivalry? What effect does birth order have on personality (or career)? What effect does a happy and fulfilling marriage have on the disney way a person's health?
Does going to college cause people to have better marriages? What is the effect of grandparents raising a child? What causes teenagers to become sexually active? How does a girl's relationship with her dad affect her relationship with other men? What is the effect of ryan air customer services, growing up in way, a single-parent household? What is the effect of being a twin? What the fugates effect has China's one child had on family relationships? How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? What are the effects on children when their parents are very wealthy or very famous? What causes parents to over-schedule their children's activities? (Or what is the way effect of Machines?, over-scheduling on the child?) What causes a family to have close relationships?
What is the effect of family vacations on family relationships? Why are more children poor than any other group? What causes poverty in the U.S.? What are the effects of growing up in poverty? What causes homelessness? What effect does growing up with food insecurity have on children? What has caused the increase in international adoption in the disney way, Western countries? What is the effect on children (or adults) of Essay about of Australia, watching news reports of natural disasters, terrorist strikes, sexual predators, and other fearful situations?
What effect do non-profit organizations (perhaps pick a particular one) have on the disney way social problems? What is the effect of more baby boomers reaching retirement age? What is the cause of men still out-earning women in blue fugates pictures, wages? What is the effect? What is the effect of religious oppression on a society (perhaps pick a particular country or religion)? What are the causes of poor water quality for the disney way, many people around the world?
What is the effect of people not having shoes to wear? What are the effects of inadequate sanitation on a community? What is the cause (or effect) of continued discrimination and Got Milking Essay racism? What causes people with disabilities to be unable to way, get jobs? What is the effect on children of growing up in poverty? What has caused the dramatic rise in overweight and obese adults in the U.S. in the last ten years? What will be the effects of this rise in obesity on the healthcare system? What causes the Machines? increasing number of children affected by Autistic Spectrum Disorder? What effect does lack of adequate medical insurance have on an individual's health?
What causes people to not go to the doctor when they have medical problems? What effect does not finishing a prescription medication have on future health? What is the cause (or the the disney way effect) of people not getting their children vaccinated? What causes the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa? What is the effect of climate change on infectious medical diseases? What is the effect of Essay about of Australia, globalization on the spread of disease? What causes some diseases like malaria or HIV to way, be so difficult to eradicate? What effect does stress have on health? What effect has cancer research had on stopping cancer deaths? What causes people to get cancer? What causes pancreatic cancer to be so deadly?
What has caused cancer to blue pictures, be so difficult to cure? What causes people to seek non-Western medical cures like traditional Chinese medicine or herbal supplements? What is the effect of way, abortion(s) on a woman's subsequent reproductive health? What effect does birth control have on The Aboriginals women? What effect do regular dental check-ups have on oral health? What causes people to go blind?
What causes people to develop allergies? What effect does an increased use of technology have on health? What causes cardiovascular disease? What effect does exercise have on the body? What causes people to make healthy living choices? What causes so many healthcare providers to way, be overweight?
What are the social effects of having braces on teeth? What effect does cell phone use have on teenagers? What causes families to air customer services, buy unlimited cell phone plans? What are the effects of violent video games on young children or teenagers? What effects does playing video games cause in the brains of elderly people? Does online shopping cause people to spend more money? What effect does social media have on teen relationships? What are the causes (or effects) of way, cyber bullying? What causes social media sites to lose popularity? What are the effects of picture and video-based social media sites like Snapchat or Instagram on teenage social interaction? What causes a video game to be popular?
What effect does moving away from computers and towards tablets and smartphones have on how we browse the Internet? What effect does typing on a screen rather than a keyboard have on how people communicate? What causes Google to be the most popular search engine? What are the Got Milking Machines? social effects of everyone on the planet having cell phones? How have smartphones affected business practices?
How does standardized testing affect student dropout rates? What effect does being labeled gifted and talented have on students? What effect does being identified as having dyslexia or ADHD have on a child? What causes students to think school is boring? Does using technology like iPads or smartboards in classrooms cause students to the disney, learn better? What is the effect on learning when students do most of ryan, their work reading from a computer or tablet rather than paper and books? What are the effects of homeschooling on children? (Or what are the social effects?) What effect have magnet or charter schools had on the educational system in your town or state? How do school programs against bullying affect the actual bullying and fears of students? Do single-sex classrooms cause students to learn better? What are the positive and way negative effects of having school uniforms? What is the effect of having an open high school campus?
What is the effect on the education of students when a district has year-round schooling? What causes teachers to burn out? What causes some schools to fail to Got Milking Machines?, educate students? What causes American students to lag behind students from other countries on international tests? What effect do fine arts have on students? What effect does a good physical education program have on elementary school students? What effect do longer school days have on a school's educational outcomes? What effect does parent involvement in schools have on education?
What caused the Civil War? What are the continuing effects of slavery on the disney American society? What was the cause of the increasing interest in feminism in Global Essay, the 1960s and the disney 1970s? How were WWII veterans affected by their wartime experiences? What effect did WWII have on the Jewish people?
What effect did Christianity have on the Roman empire? What caused the Arab Spring? What are the effects of the Arab Spring? What effect has the GI Bill, which educates soldiers, had on universities in the U.S.? What was the effect of colonialism on Britain's view of itself? What were the causes and great expectations character list effects of colonialism? In the viewpoint of the British, what were the causes and effects of the the disney American Revolution? What causes the drug wars in Colombia? What causes illegal immigration? What are the effects of immigration on a country (pick any country)? What is the effect of character list, online sales on businesses (in any country)?
What was the effect of the printing press (or other invention) on world history? What are the way effects of blue pictures, globalization on the position of women? What are the effects of American drone attacks on way terrorists and civilians? What was the cause of the destruction of the World Trade Center on about The Aboriginals of Australia 9/11? What is the cause of increased militancy on the part of North Korea? How to Write a Great Topic Sentence. by way Virginia Kearney 37. by Essay Josh Wilmoth 0. How to Write Cause and Effect Essays. by Virginia Kearney 5. Easy Words to Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 123. 100 Science Topics for Research Papers. by Virginia Kearney 109. How to Write a Reflective Essay with Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 21. This was great for me because I had to write an essay about some kind of topic with a cause and the disney way an effect and this website gave me some really good ideas, Thank You!
Virginia Kearney 3 months ago from United States. Sophia--I'm so glad that this helped you. I especially enjoy teaching Chinese students. I have traveled in China four different times and love your country very much! I am a Chinese student and I think your sharing did help me a lot. Thank you ! this is cola relationship, a great sight for my informational reading and writing class its good. Hi thanks for the disney, helping me. these topics are really good.. i used some of these topics for services, my projects and got great marks.. i got A+ in all my projects , i am in 7th grade. The Disney Way! hubber8893 18 months ago. I think you have presented some great Ideas for hub about relationships. Hugh Johnson 18 months ago. These topics had a BIG impact on my life. Essay The Aboriginals! Thanks for way, your LARGE ammount of tips.
These topics really helped me for school. Ruby 18 months ago from United States. Creative idea for relationship, a hub, what was your case and the disney way effect for making it lol. WOW this is blue fugates pictures, super great to look up stuff for the disney, an assignment. Awesome topics thanks a million. Dwight Goliday Jr 23 months ago from cola relationship marketing East Saint Louis. Wow.
There are a lot things that cause and the disney way effect. Very informative write. Virginia Kearney 23 months ago from Global Warming United States. Thanks Zakeycia and YoLex. Way! My students have come up with most of these topics through the years and now this is ryan air customer, my most visited article so they must have done a good job! I think it got over 2000 views one day last week! This is awesome I wish I'd found this hub before I graduated college lol! Great work! Zakeycia Dickens 23 months ago. The Disney! I have a cause and effect essay to type for my English class.
I was having a hard time coming up with a topic. Your website and topic suggestions were very helpful. Thank you. Great Expectations List! Rasheedah Abdul-Hakeem 2 years ago. Thanks. The Disney Way! Great topics. James Packard 2 years ago from Columbia, Missouri. What a great hub! Debatable issues (especially political, social, environmental and The Day After Remediating Warming behavioural) are great hub topics.
They are good to write about to way, do research and clear up one's own viewpoint, but they also get people talking, and also spark very needed discussion. Thanks for cola marketing, sharing. The Disney! Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD 2 years ago from of Australia New York, NY. Way! I love this one, VirginiaLynne. Your hubs are so valuable to students and professional writers. Cause and effect papers are among the most interesting to read. Ryan Air Customer Services! I voted this hub up, useful, and interesting. I am bookmarking this hub for future reference. I know I'll be using it! Keep up the way excellent work here.
Marilyn L Davis 2 years ago from blue pictures Georgia. Good afternoon, Virginia; excellent examples for way, all categories. Well done. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Virginia Kearney 2 years ago from United States. Expectations! Hi Gertrude--These two words are ones that are often confused. Affect also means to produce an effect upon as well as to influence. I will double check my usage in this Hub just to make sure I haven't made an error.
Thanks! Gertrude McFuzz 2 years ago. These are great topics. I just have one comment. Way! Sometimes you use effect when you should use affect. affect = influence - usually a verb. effect= result - usually a noun. effect= cause - not used that often - verb. Shamim Rajabali 3 years ago from Texas.
This will come in great expectations character, handy for way, my English class. Thanks. I Love it very much. rakesh ranjana 3 years ago. Social causes are growing up in Got Milking Machines? Essay, lot more ways, knowing it and having a knowledge about it through this site, will help a lot in many ways for people to understand there relationship and social problems. Great hub!
I like your ideas, it is the disney, something different innovative. Vote up! Thanks! This is Got Milking Machines?, helpful. Vote up. Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from the disney United States. Sumnerswett--I teach MLA format because that is used by most American colleges in their English departments. However, you are very right to great, point out that APA and Chicago and other formats are used in different types of courses. I think considering cause and effect is sometimes a bit confusing because it depends on the disney way where you view the start of the situation. Often a cause creates an coca marketing effect, which causes another situation.
Sometimes it is hard to the disney way, pull them apart. That is why I usually like to call this a speculating about causes essay, because we can't always definitively determine the absolute cause, but we can always speculate and argue for the most important causes, or the ryan most important effects that we see in a situation. Sumner Swett 3 years ago from Owls Head Maine. Okay so cause and effect essays are written in different formats, but let me say in my college profession for the essays to be written were to be in APA format, and way it is interesting when researching and writing whether it is from information you have researched or if it free lance. Coca Cola! I like to research topics before writing and also note taking is the disney, effective. The Day After Tomorrow: Global! The cause is what causes the situation and the effect is what you have to take into consideration to the cause as we all know it. Kimberly Lake 3 years ago from California. Great topics! Voted up and shared.
Virginia Kearney 3 years ago from United States. Leidy--That is a great essay topic. I think that some of that labeling can be positive and other aspects are negative. It can encourage students to believe that they are capable, but it can discourage them by the disney making them think that they don't need to work hard, or that if they don't achieve a high grade on everything, they have failed. Seth Tomko 3 years ago from Macon, GA. A good and diverse collection of topics. I'll be sure to have my students check out some of these for their own essays. Annie Miller 4 years ago from air customer services Wichita Falls, Texas.
Very interesting and in depth Hub. I am passing this along and saving it, as well! Chris Achilleos 4 years ago. The Disney! Great hub Virginia, I have written these types of essays before, and blue pictures I have found the information that you have presented here to be excellent. Thank you for sharing. Voted up and useful! Virginia Kearney 4 years ago from way United States. Thanks so much Carol! You are always an encouragement. carol stanley 4 years ago from Arizona. This is something to save when trying to come up with new writing ideas.
Great hub. Going to coca cola relationship marketing, pass this along and of course vote up. The Disney Way! Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
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Cheerleading Captain Essays and Research Papers. 2014 Cheerleading Tight uniforms, loud voices, pulled back ponytails with bows the size of their head, white tennis shoes, and girls being . thrown into the air, is the typical definition of a cheerleader but what exactly is the disney, a cheerleader? A cheerleader is a person who is a member of a group who shout out special songs or chants to blue encourage the way, team and entertain the crowd during a game in sports such as football or basketball. Is it a sport? I hear a lot of the times that cheerleading isn’t a. Cheerleading , Pom-pon , The Cheerleaders 930 Words | 4 Pages. Today, cheerleading involves skills which require the strength of services football, the grace of dance, and the agility of way gymnastics. . Cheerleading has been tossed around for years as to whether it should be considered a sport or not. The United Nations has stated that a sport is considered “All forms of physical activity that contribute to physical fitness, mental well-being and social interaction, such as play, recreation, organized or competitive sport, and about of Australia, indigenous sports and games.” Cheerleading has. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 996 Words | 3 Pages. circulation; to support the human that they are about to elevate ten feet high in the air.
Girls gripping their own toes above their heads, and their feet . next to way their faces. It’s Cheerleading . A club? I tend to doubt cheerleading is a club, but that is Got Milking Essay, what it has been considered for the disney way years. Competitive cheerleading at Northern Valley Old Tappan High School has been receiving the Essay, minimal credits that a ‘club’ offers. Way? The credibility that athletes get for participating in a sport is much more respected. Cheerleading , Debbie Does Dallas , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 864 Words | 3 Pages. Cheerleading is a physical activity based on The Day, choreographed routines that involve tumbling, dance, jumps, cheers and stunts to lead spectators . or crowds to cheer on sports teams at way, games or to participate in competitions. Cheerleading began in 1898 at the University of air customer Minnesota when a student named Johnny Campbell lead a football game crowd in way cheering “Rah, Rah, Rah!
Ski-U-Mah, Hoo-Rah! Hoo-Rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity! Minn-E-So-Tah!” It originally started as an all-male activity but since then. Cheering , Cheerleading , Debbie Does Dallas 990 Words | 3 Pages. answer is fugates, a lot harder than one would think. The Disney? Although cheerleading is formally deemed not a sport, it is actually one of the most demanding . Relationship? sports out there.
If you look up the the disney, definition of a sport in After Tomorrow: Remediating Global Warming the dictionary, it will tell you that a sport is a “physical activity that is the disney way, governed by a set of The Day After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming rules or customs and often engaged in competitively”. But what it doesn’t include is the trust, the teamwork, necessary for way any sport. Cola? Cheerleading isn’t considered a sport because by definition our. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 893 Words | 3 Pages. Cheerleading and the disney, Dance When people think about Got Milking Essay, cheerleaders and dancers they are categorized as total opposites. But in reality . The Disney? cheerleading is Essay about The Aboriginals, based on dance.
Like dance they both have physical and mental requirements, their preparation and techniques are similar. However, they have many differences including their body motions and one major difference which is that cheerleaders cheer. The first thing that both cheerleaders and the disney way, dancers have in blue pictures common is the disney way, their attitudes. Both dance and cheerleading. Cheerleading , Dance , Dance squad 1715 Words | 5 Pages. Cheerleading is (not) a Sport ESPN cameras are all around, hundreds of Got Milking Machines? Essay screaming fans are in the stands, pride and a big trophy are at the disney way, . The Day Global Essay? stake; but no, the described scene is not that of a football championship. This scene is at The Cheerleading Worlds competition. The excitement buzzing in the air escalates as the next team steps up to put all they have into way, a two minute and thirty second sprint to the finish. Cheerleaders aren’t what they used to be.
They no longer just lead the crowd with chants. Cheering , Cheerleading , Tumbling 1932 Words | 3 Pages. Cheerleading Is a Sport! Ask this question and you are bound to get many strong opinions; Is cheerleading a sport? Football . players will laugh, cheerleaders will compare throwing 2 pound balls in the air to 100 lb girls, and others tend to stay out of it.
In my argument towards cheerleading being a sport, I would like to stay on the collegiate side of cheerleading because it does matter for character scholarships for the student and the disney, funding for pictures the college program. In Fox New’s article “Federal Court Rules. Cheering , Cheerleader Nation , Cheerleading 1151 Words | 3 Pages. ?Daniel Yu Ms. Sheehan ELA-Period F October 16, 2013 Captain Tory “Wake up everyone! It’s time to start another great day!” Ben woke . up with a start. The Disney Way? “Can I sleep a little longer? I still feel worn-out from After Tomorrow: Warming yesterday,” yelled another child. Ben peered out the small window that was installed in the attic and wondered if he would ever meet his parents? He had been dreaming of them even more lately. He put on way, a small worn old shirt and jeans and stepped cautiously down the squeaky old stairs. Captain , Phonation , Sailing 1311 Words | 4 Pages.
Synthesis Essay If cheerleading were any easier, it would be called football. In most cases, many people tend to blue fugates pictures laugh at the disney way, the idea of . cheerleading being called a sport. Got Milking Machines? Essay? For decades cheerleading has been seen as a girls’ only activity. Not many people know that cheerleading was started by a man from Princeton University. According to Dictionary.com a sport is the disney way, defined as “an athletic activity requiring skill or physical prowess and often of a competitive nature.” Cheerleading fits this description. Cheering , Cheerleading , Major League Baseball 1512 Words | 5 Pages. The Controversial Sport of Cheerleading. The Controversial Sport of Cheerleading Nikki Johnson Cheerleading is just one of those activities, which cause many . Blue Fugates? controversial upheavals. The Disney? Whether it is the outfits they are wearing or the moves they are doing, there is always a problem it seems like. I mean just think about how many times you may have seen something you don’t like or agree with cheerleaders doing.
Well I guess that’s just the wonderful world of cheerleading . Cheerleading can be a great sport to become involved in, but. Cheering , Cheerleading , High school 894 Words | 3 Pages. Many consider cheerleading not a sport, but the New York Times states, one of the Got Milking Essay, quickest growing sports for the disney girls in our country today is . cheerleading . Additionally, the New York Times doesn’t differentiate between sideline and competition cheerleaders. The Day After Remediating Warming? Sideline cheerleaders are on the disney, the sideline cheering on the football team and getting the crowd pumped for the football game. A competition cheerleader competes against other schools or teams in competitions that last two minutes and thirty seconds. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 1023 Words | 3 Pages. Information on Cheerleading Stunts. past 20 years, the athleticism involved in cheerleading has increased dramatically.
Cheerleading in the United States is cola relationship, a year . The Disney Way? round competitive activity. Coca? Cheerleaders are asked to perform through 3 seasons, peak for the disney way national competitions, and attend cheerleading -training camps in Essay about the summer. Way? Cheerleading begins at coca cola, an early age and is estimated to include over a million participants between elementary school and the professional sports levels. Cheerleading is a kind of sports which combines music. Cheering , Cheerleading , Concussion 1778 Words | 5 Pages.
? Cheerleading Captain Essay There are many different opinions out there about cheerleaders, many good, and many bad. The Disney? Some . think of them as the about The Aboriginals of Australia, girls standing by the football field, but I think of cheerleading as a symbol of all the the disney, spirit that we can share, and about of Australia, a token of appreciation toward the team that’s being cheered on. Cheerleading is such a vital part to many sections of the school. If I, Nina Guenther, am chosen to the disney be a captain for Essay about The Aboriginals of Australia the Burrell High School Junior Varsity squad, I will. Burrell School District , Captain of way industry , Cheering 531 Words | 2 Pages. Cheerleading from Past to blue Present. to know how to get the crowd going? Cheerleaders do it everyday; it only takes 2 minutes and the disney, 30 seconds.
Cheerleading began over 100 years ago. . “Basically the guy is the frame. The Day After Tomorrow: Global? The girl’s a piece of art,” says Justin Carrier, a former cheerleader (Valliant 13). Cheerleading has evolved from an the disney way all male activity to mostly female and some co-ed squads. In order to fully understand cheerleading one needs to know the history, proper techniques, and Essay of Australia, benefits of being a cheerleader. Competitiveness. Cheering , Cheerleader Nation , Cheerleading 2491 Words | 7 Pages. Persuasive Essay: Cheerleading Is a Sport. Cheerleading started as a male endeavor in the disney way 1898, when a University of Minnesota football fan led the crowd in verse in support of air customer their team. . It was not until World War II, when men shipped out to war, that women took over. Then cheerleaders came to represent the American ideal of femininity: wholesome apple pie with washboard stomachs, perfect teeth, and flawless complexions. Stereotypes cast them as blond, petite, and the disney, impossibly perky. “From its humble beginning cheerleading has blossomed into. Cheering , Cheerleading , High school 1805 Words | 5 Pages.
Cheerleading ; a competitive sport based on organized routines of two and a half minutes, which include tumbling, dance, jumps, cheers, and great expectations character, . stunting. No. Cheerleading does not consist of way preppy girls from the coca, movies who wear short skirts and who barely cheer at way, their highschool's football games. It's a lot more than that. Cheerleading consists of ryan hardwork, detemination, athleticism, agility, and teamwork just like every other sport. Whether it's throwing their flyer ten feet into the disney, the air without. Cheering , Cheerleading , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 1041 Words | 3 Pages. Is Cheerleading a Sport? Cheerleading was first introduced at Princeton University in 1884. There at Princeton University the . audience that attended the football games came up with a cheer that involved yelling and chanting to Essay of Australia encourage their team.
The initial stages of cheerleading were simply just crowd involvement. Over 100 years later, skills have progressed and become extremely complex, cheerleading is now a form of way entertainment that uses organized routines. These routines are made up from. Cheering , Cheerleading , High school 883 Words | 3 Pages. I think I would be a good sports captain because I will do my best by Essay about The Aboriginals encouraging you, motivating you, supporting you and most of all, being . a good sport. encourage others to way participate in sport Criteria: SCHOOL VALUES FOR HOUSE CAPTAINS The elected house captain should (already) and will: HONESTY: § Tell the truth. § Not give into peer pressure when loaning equipment, and will not favour their friends over coca marketing, others. § Report people misusing equipment or being unfair in sport. The Disney Way? KINDNESS. Extracurricular activity , Help me , High school 996 Words | 3 Pages.
| Throughout many years, cheerleading has been believed to be an enjoyable group activity to stay fit and . healthy. Ryan? However, cheerleading has been a leading reason for eating disorders such as bulimia and anorexia among all other sports. Bulimia is the disney, less severe than anorexia because bulimic people tend to Machines? consume a minimal quantity of calories, while anorexic people perceive their body as fatter than it actually is and starve themselves. However, they are both dangerous. Anorexia nervosa , Bulimia nervosa , Cheerleading 1686 Words | 5 Pages.
should cheerleading be considered a real sport Introduction / Opening Thesis Statement Hypothesis: Should Cheerleading Be . Recognized as a Sport? a. The Disney Way? Introduce Sub Thesis 1 Are Cheerleaders Athletes? b. Introduce Sub Thesis 2 Do Cheerleaders Compete? c. Introduce Sub Thesis 3 Does Cheerleading Have Rules/Regulations? d. Explains Context (Why does it matter?) People argue saying cheerleading is not a “real . Cheering , Cheerleading , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 1598 Words | 4 Pages. “Rah rah rah! Tiger, Tiger, Sis, Sis, Sis! Boom, Boom Boom! Aaaah! Princeton, Princeton, Princeton!” Just like anything else, cheerleading . Machines? Essay? has quite a history behind it. From the first chants at Princeton University to one of today’s most popular National pastimes, cheerleading has come a long way the past ten decades. In ancient times spectators cheered for runners in races held during the the disney way, first ever Olympic Games in After Remediating Global Essay ancient Greece. In the 1860's students in the disney way Great Britain began cheering at The Day After Tomorrow: Global Essay, competitive.
Cheering , Cheerleading , Cheerleading uniform 1415 Words | 5 Pages. Cheerleading Worlds - A Dream for Many. Stephanie York English 1101 27 September 2013 Cheerleading Worlds: A Dream for Many Loud music, big bows, smells of sweat and way, perfume . and cola relationship marketing, thousands of screaming fans is not a football championship. Electricity and the disney, tension fill the fugates, air while anxiously waiting for the next team to take the blue-taped off mat to compete for the pride and trophy of being the next world champion in the highly competitive sport of cheerleading . This competition is unknown to a large percent of the way, population. Cheerleading , ESPN , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 1004 Words | 2 Pages. Competitive Cheerleading: Don’t Let the Smile Fool You. Bradley English 1010/Argumentative Essay 8 December 2011 Competitive Cheerleading : Don’t Let the services, Smile Fool You.
It all started in ancient . The Disney Way? times, when spectators cheered for the runners at the Olympic Games in ancient Greece. Then in the 1860’s, students in Great Britain began to cheer at competitive sporting events. Character List? Soon after, this idea spread to the disney way the United States. What most do not know it that the history of cheerleading is closely tied to the history of sports in the United States (History). Cheering , Cheerleading , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 1580 Words | 4 Pages. February 23, 2012 The sport of fugates cheerleading There has been an ongoing controversy for years on the disney, end about cheerleading being a . sport due to Title IX laws and Essay about of Australia, statements. It is now classified as a sport, but some people still argue about way, it being a sport. What most people do not know about cheerleading is that today, cheerleading involves skills which require the strength of football, the blue fugates pictures, grace of the disney dance, and The Aboriginals, the agility of gymnastics (AACCA 1). Competitive cheerleading hit the scene in the late 1970s.
Cheering , Cheerleading , Collegiate Cheerleading Championships 772 Words | 3 Pages. conversation about how cheerleading isn’t a sport or shouldn’t be considered one. Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls . sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is a sport. In addition, they fail to distinguish between sideline cheerleaders and competitive ones. A real cheerleader doesn’t stand on the side; they are performing, working hard to be the best of the best.
You have to the disney be physically and Remediating Warming Essay, mentally prepared to take on competitive cheer. Cheerleading should be a sport because. American football , Cheering , Cheerleading 1002 Words | 4 Pages. Cheerleading On an everyday basis I've become more aware of things I usually come across and it all started with this class called . introduction to woman's study. A couple weeks ago i went to the disney a basketball game, like i always do, but this time a different thought came into my head that made me think and wonder, why do we have cheerleaders? So many things went through my head as i was sitting in my seat watching this game that i usually don't think about like as if i gained a new sense of awareness.
Cheering , Cheerleading , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 920 Words | 3 Pages. Hailey Lower March, 20th, 2013 Ap World History Mr. Glueck Cheerleading traces its roots to . the late 19th century, when crowds began to chant and yell to encourage their team. Relationship? Credit for the first organized cheer is often given to the disney a University of After Tomorrow: Essay Minnesota student named Johnny Campbell, who got the Gopher faithful to shout, Rah, rah, rah! Sku-u-mar, Hoo-rah! Hoo-rah! Varsity! Varsity! Varsity, Minn-e-so-ta! during a losing effort in the 1898 season. Bring It On , Cheering , Cheerleading 881 Words | 3 Pages. Cheerleading : As “Sport” as it Gets Joy Anthony Contrary to popular belief, cheerleading takes a lot of skill, practice and . team unity.
Would you be able to stand on the shoulders of the disney way girl, and bear the weight of another on your own? Don’t feel too bad - not just anyone can. In fact, it requires extensive practice, precise technique, and incredible athleticism to pull off stunts like these safely. Ryan Air Customer Services? The official definition of a sport is the disney way, this: “An activity governed by a set of rules, involving. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders: Making the Team 3047 Words | 9 Pages. Cheerleading is not the same childhood activity that most people have become accustomed. In the late 1970s, a new form of . cheerleading emerged called competitive cheer. Competitive cheer has gained enormous popularity among females in high schools, colleges and universities; while, traditional side line cheerleading has remained constant (Varnavas, 2009, p. 41). Approximately half of the expectations, states in the United States have already recognized high school cheerleading under Title IX. Cheering , Cheerleading , Education 2349 Words | 8 Pages.
IS CHEERLEADING REALLY A SPORT? Amandalyn Nieforth University of Phoenix Hearing the crowd scream as the stunt hits gets the . adrenaline pumping to the disney push through the routine and fight for the stunts. Can you guess what “sport” is being talked about? Well it’s cheerleading . Essay About? Yes cheerleading is the disney, really a sport even though many people will argue it. Cheerleaders that are seen at the New England Patriots are sideline cheerleaders and The Aboriginals of Australia, do not show the physical aspect of the disney cheerleading like competitive. Cheerleading , Gymnastics , National Football League Cheerleading 1241 Words | 4 Pages. she tried to make it on the squad of her cheerleading team, finally after trying out for two years, she finally made it, she became the . cheerleading captain of her team until she graduated high school. I dreamed of blue fugates pictures growing up and being just like my mom. Way? Many nights I can remember sitting in front of the television singing and The Day After Global Essay, dancing along with the cheerleaders on cartoons shows, and movies. When I was in the disney way third grade I was on the little Savage cheerleading team for my school, Bennett Elementary in.
Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 1372 Words | 4 Pages. the football field, but I think of cheerleading as a symbol of all the spirit that we can share, and a token of ryan appreciation toward the team . that’s being cheered on. Cheerleading is such a vital part to many sections of the way, school. Expectations Character List? If I was chosen to the disney be a captain for fugates the 2013-2014 year, not only would I make sure that any negative opinions were squashed, but the great qualities the squad holds, are emphasized. I have come along way since i started cheerleading . The Disney? I remember my first day of relationship cheer and. 2006 albums , Cheering , Cheerleading 496 Words | 2 Pages. Cheerleading . The Disney? When you hear that word, what do you think about? Snobby, skinny blonde girls that have nothing else to do in life besides smile . and wear short skirts? Well, when I hear that word, I think of confident, courageous and about, athletic young women who have a chance to be someone else on a gym floor. Cheerleading is full of so many opportunities! I’ve been a cheerleader for four years and it has done so many things.
But before that all happened, my life was just simple. I was nervous to. Cheerleading 510 Words | 2 Pages. Lord Jim: Captain Brierly and the disney, Jim: Long Lost Brothers? Captain Brierly and Essay, Jim: Long Lost Brothers? In reading Conrad’s novel, the character of Captain Brierly is one whose story is . minor in role but highly significant in way the understanding and development of Jim. Shortly after the great expectations character, inquiry of the events that took place on the Patna, Brierly commits suicide, thus abandoning the ship of the disney life.
Even with his small and mysterious incorporation to the novel, I find that Captain Brierly not only helps me understand Jim much better, but more over I see a connection. Abandon Ship , Abandonment , Captain 1086 Words | 3 Pages. When asked the fugates, question, “How has cheerleading been an impact on your life?” many responses come to mind. Being a cheerleader since age 5, the . sport of cheerleading has been my primary focus and the disney, has had a major positive influence on great list, my everyday life. During the many hours spent in the gym perfecting routines, stunts, and tumbling, I developed characteristics that are not only important in cheerleading but also in life. The Disney? An important trait of any squad member is to be a person of good character. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 499 Words | 2 Pages. Cheerleading is the fastest growing girls sport, yet more than half of Americans do not believe it is Got Milking, a sport.
In addition, they fail to . The Disney? distinguish between sideline cheerleaders and competitive ones. Sideline cheerleaders' main goal is to entertain the crowd and great expectations, lead them with team cheers, which should not be considered a sport. On the way, other hand, competitive cheerleading is a sport. A sport, according to the Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors, is a physical activity [competition]. Cheerleading , Gymnastics , Pom-pon 567 Words | 2 Pages. Many people think that I’ve got everything going for me.
I’m captain of my school’s varsity cheerleading squad, I’m an list honors . student, I’ve got a talent that works for me, and I’ve got a bright future ahead of me. Few people understand that getting to where I am hasn’t been easy. I have to way admit that I’m disappointed with some of pictures today’s youth. Most of way us want to get high-paying jobs that don’t require tedious work. They want to about The Aboriginals of Australia forget college, to forget the future.
They don’t care about the outcomes. Cheerleading , Education in Scotland , Training 1930 Words | 6 Pages. since we were freshmen: Senior Year! My group of best friends had been close all throughout the the disney way, four years at McDowell High School. We all were on the . competitive cheerleading squad since freshman year, so by now we were pretty much family. As a cheerleader you knew how big of a deal it already was to be a senior on the competitive cheerleading squad. What made our senior year so special was that our sport that we loved doing was finally being announced a sport by everyone else! It was our year to finally. 2002 albums , Cheering , Cheerleading 1715 Words | 4 Pages. sport that is known as Cheerleading . Cheer does not just consist of waving pom poms, smiling and looking cute, there is a lot more to it. . Cheer consists of a series of tumbling, jumping, dancing, cheering, and stunting. It requires a great deal of commitment, exercise and strength.
Now you may be confused as to ryan what a lot of the disney way this is and how it is done. Well not to The Day After Tomorrow: Remediating Warming fret it is not as confusing as it sounds, in way fact it is quite easy. You will soon learn what goes into cheerleading beginning with tumbling. Cheerleading , Jump 2444 Words | 6 Pages. story, Conrad depicts the coca relationship marketing, adventure and struggle that a young ship captain faces when confronted with the way, complexities of leadership, his duty . as a captain to follow the law, and his identification and compassion for Leggatt who has confessed to killing a man. As a result the theme revolves around the idea of Machines? Essay initiation and self-definition, from the start the captain is confronted with the the disney, duties and responsibilities of a captain , he is not only The Day Remediating Global Warming overwhelmed but also impressed with all the responsibilities. Captain , Joseph Conrad 1624 Words | 5 Pages.
have this soft spot in my heart for those who are mistreated because of my dad always teaching me to be kind by way simply leading by example. My father has . chosen to Got Milking Machines? put his life on the line everyday to protect others life and property. He is a Fire Captain . This position not only takes someone who has integrity and but a person who also has patience and compassion. My dad holds all these attributes and more. I have never met someone with as much patience as my father. I appreciate his ability to put. Cheerleading , Dance , English-language films 1684 Words | 4 Pages. volleyball and the disney way, replace it with cheerleading . I personally think this is blue pictures, totally wrong. First of all I do not think that the court has any . business sticking there nose in way this situation.
I believe it is the schools decision to choose what sports they choose to have as long as they are giving women equal opportunity. If you go to any high school around the country you will see many girls taking part in about The Aboriginals of Australia cheerleading . If gymnastics is a sport than how can cheerleading not be? Gymnastics is an Olympic. Cheerleading , College , Female 1462 Words | 6 Pages. English 1301 Mackenzie Grantham Thompson February 23, 2013 Is Competitive Cheerleading a Sport? For girls and the disney way, boys who train hours a week, . push through physical injuries and mental struggles, and leave everything they have on fugates, the competition mat, the the disney way, answer is coca cola marketing, simple. For parents who drive hours to the gym, travel across the country, and make sacrifices so their children can follow their dreams, the answer is simple. And also for coaches who pour their heart and soul into their programs and demand. Cheerleader Nation , Cheerleading , Dance 780 Words | 3 Pages.
Speech Preparation Outline Competitive Cheerleading I. Way? Introduction A. Attention Getter: “Wanna know what it feels like to compete . and have all eyes on you?, I am going to sum up what it means to have. Essay About Of Australia? B. Credibility Statement: Being a competitive varsity cheerleader for way 4 years I know what it takes and what you have to show to Got Milking Machines? get that perfect score. C. Significance Statement: Nearly 2000 teams compete nationwide in cheerleading each year. D. The Disney? Identification Statement. Bring It On , Cheering , Cheerleading 714 Words | 3 Pages.
Cheerleaders are athletes too. They practice just as much as everyone else, sometimes even more. They get hurt just like everyone else, but only blue fugates pictures more . severely. In “Sis! Boom! Bah! Humbug!” Rick Reilly attempts to get people of his side of cheerleading as a sport or in his mind not a sport. He does not want girls cheering on the other athletes at sporting events when they could be in the event instead.
Rick Reilly conveys his message through a sandwich of logos, pathos, logos statements; this was. Cheering , Cheerleading , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 1450 Words | 4 Pages. The Cheerleading Captain plays a very important role on the team. The captain’s experience, attitude, and the disney way, ability to effectively . communicate information effects the team’s success. I believe that I would make a great captain because I possess all of these skills. The Aboriginals? I am an experienced cheerleader. I have been on the Varsity team for two years.
You have taught me what it takes to be on a winning team. The Disney Way? It takes hard work, perseverance, never quitting, and a lot of pictures practice. This is invaluable. Cheerleading , Communication , Debut albums 597 Words | 2 Pages. A. While some girls and guys are on the ground basing their friends, some are in the air showing their flexibility off. B. This sport takes more . muscle and the disney way, mental thinking than you may think. C. Today we will be talking about why cheerleading should be a sport, the mental and physical strength it takes, how other sports relate to ryan cheer, how much time it takes, and what injuries can be involved with it.
2. Why cheer should be a sport? A. Cheer is one of my favorite sports because. 2008 albums , Basketball , Cheering 1002 Words | 3 Pages. as manly sports, while hobbies such as shopping, cheerleading , or gardening are seen as feminine. There has been a time where I have witnessed . an individual cross the boundary of gender norms, with negative consequences. In our society, there are certain characteristics and qualities that define masculinity and femininity, but there are occasionally those who display traits of the other gender. A guy in my grade tried out for the disney the cheerleading squad in our sophomore year of high school. This was. Cheerleading , Gender , Gender identity 1491 Words | 4 Pages.
look back on my experiences. Although I loved dance and how I was able to freely express myself, it did come with some negatives. Dancing can take you to an . incredible high, but can brutally crush your ego as well. As a child I took gymnastics, cheerleading , and ballet. All three are very physical activities that definitely wore me out and all three were competitive. Any competitive sports (yeah I count them both as sports), are expensive, and character, putting yourself out there is the disney way, frightening. You are vulnerable. Cheerleading , Dance , Social dance 1263 Words | 3 Pages. ?DAZZLE AND DANGER 1 Dazzle and Essay about of Australia, danger Mikayla English 102 Mr. Maxfield February 21, 2014 DAZZLE AND DANGER . 2 Abstract Cheerleading is a dangerous activity.
The main objective is for young girls not go into a competitive squad because they could get very hurt and have no time to themselves. Cheerleaders from the disney way 1A universities and Got Milking, competition squads have done surveys and tests to see basic information such as how much time is used for practices. Cheering , Cheerleading , Minnesota Golden Gophers Spirit Squads 1431 Words | 4 Pages. and being happy. However, there are other team environments that can also be considered as family. Cheerleading from age 3 to 14(delete) . I participated in cheerleading for the Detroit Police Atletic League (PAL) from age 3 to 14 years old. Cheerleading is an activity performed by a team of individuals dedicated to working together to acheive excellence and the disney way, a common goal. The cheerleading team can be considered as a form of air customer family.
They act as family members in time of need. They listen. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 1104 Words | 3 Pages. is doing. After about the disney way, 3 weeks everything calmed down. Caitlin tries to find something to keep her mind off of The Day After Tomorrow: Global Essay things. So her and her best friend Rina tried . out for the disney way cheerleading and made the ryan air customer services, team.
Her mom was more exited about it than she was. Her mom was at every practice and game cheering Caitlin on. Although Caitlin didn’t cheerleading at all, she was just happy her mom was happy. With her being a cheerleader now she hung out way with the Essay about, other cheerleaders and the football players. She was expected. American films , Black-and-white films , Cheerleading 1080 Words | 3 Pages. ” .The most anticipated moment arrived and the referee called on the disney, the captains from both sides to come for the toss. ‘Heads’ was the call . from our captain and our run of luck starts with the defeat in the toss and the opponents choose their side of the ground and we were given the chance to start with the ball. “Guys, we have to play well and ryan, win this match for ourselves as well as the school,” Boster, the the disney, captain of our team announced. “Yes, this is for our school,” all of us shouted.
Association football , Attack , Attack! 1692 Words | 5 Pages. ready for us. We found out about of Australia what was wrong with the ship from a crew member. He said, the way, worst thing you could imagine, the engine of the ship had broken. . The lights went off.
With the aid of the engine, the captain had steered the ship into The Day After Tomorrow: Warming, the wind to keep it stable. Without the engine, the captain had no control over the ship. We did not know where we were at that time. The more we got scared. It was very dark. All we could see was the light of the way, moon. More children were crying because of the darkness. Bed , Cagayan de Oro City , Captain 982 Words | 3 Pages.
everything I was brought up around and learn to live in the desert. I was in a new state, a new school, with new friends, and a new house that was not the . Fugates Pictures? one I was born and raised in. In high school I joined the cheerleading team as a freshman and made the Varsity Squad. Cheerleading has been a part of my everyday life from way when I was six years old up until I was nineteen. What is a Cheerleader? A cheerleader is coca cola, a confident, positive, and a helpful individual when it comes to community service. Cheerleading , Culture , Family 1587 Words | 5 Pages.
football to how she grew ecstatic about its very nature. Both women have admiration for their respective sports and want to encourage others to share their . love of sports through their use of ethos and pathos, with pathos being more effective. Cheerleading is a physical activity that I think most are aware of. Some qualify it as a sport which should receive the same notoriety as an the disney way even more familiar game such as basketball. Jennie Yabroff belongs to Essay about The Aboriginals of Australia that community. There are also those who dismiss. Brett Favre , Canadian Football League , Cheerleading 1465 Words | 4 Pages. Author: Daniel Defoe III. The Disney? Setting: Crusoe Island IV. Air Customer Services? Characters: Robinson Crusoe – The main character; adventurous and gets marooned on . an island Man Friday – A young native rescued by Crusoe from the cannibals Captain Nathan – An Englishman; captain of Her Majesty’s ship named Norfolk V. Summary: Against his parents’ wishes, sixteen-year-old Robinson Crusoe sets sail from Hull on a sea voyage.
A storm wrecks their ship but this didn’t him from going out to sea again. Captain , Daniel Defoe , Man Friday 1505 Words | 6 Pages. The Wreck of the the disney, Hesperus and blue, The Highwayman: A Compare and Contrast Essay on the disney, Love, Triumph and Betrayal. eyed with a scornful laugh. The antagonist in this story is the hurricane, it killed our protagonists.
Minor characters are the other people on the boat as . well as the captain . Coca Cola Relationship Marketing? We don’t hear about them throughout the way, poem. In Wreck of the Got Milking Machines? Essay, Hesperus, we experience a Man v. The Disney? Nature conflict described as the overconfidence of the captain by facing the sea during the hurricane. The point of no return is when the father doesn’t answer the daughter. There is a common bond between the skipper and After Remediating Global Warming, his daughter. Alfred Noyes , Captain , Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 936 Words | 3 Pages. ?When did cheerleading officially become a sport? It became a high school sport in 1972. Way? At that point, cheerleading became more . athletic and challenging as coaches at Essay, cheerleading camps pushed the girls to try more acrobatic moves.
In 1999, ESPN (the cable sports network) officially declared it a sport and began showing the national cheerleading competitions that were taking place around the country.As of the the disney way, early 2000s, as many as 20 different high school organizations declare cheerleading as a sport. 2016 Summer Olympics , Aaron Boone , Cheerleading 421 Words | 2 Pages.