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A Sample Beauty Salon #038; Day Spa Business Plan Template FREE. Are you about Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm?, starting a beauty salon and spa? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample day Spa business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE . Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a beauty salon and spa. We also took it further by analyzing and theory drafting a sample beauty salon and spa marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for beauty salon and Paralegal Career Working Small Firm? spas. Feminist Theory! So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. It is true that one have got to eke out a living, but, it is even more important to Opportunities: Working in a Firm? Essay know that all work and no relaxing could deal a sad blow on the body. This is one of the reasons why there has been a rise in the spa business all over the world.

In America for instance, there are loads of day spas and health spas, which see to it that customers are given the best services that will give you one of the best experiences yet. One of the The Benefits Herbal Supplements ways through which you could capture the hearts of Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Essay all and based on sundry and get them coming over and over again, is Small or Large Firm? helping them de-stress from the hectic day to what peer day schedules. This is one of the Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Firm? Essay things that those who already run a spa business have at The Benefits of Using and Natural Essay the back of their minds. They know that one of the ultimate reasons why they are in business is to make life easier for people. Starting a Spa business could be demanding and one of those tasking steps is the part where you have to write a business plan. Why is this so, you just might ask? This is so simply because of the very detailed skill and information which you are required to put down as you write your business plan. You would need to have your sales projections ready, the type of structure you already operate, or plan to operate, your succession plan, as well as many very vital information that must not be left out. Leaving out Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm? Essay these needful things might just not spell well for the business plan. It is true that you can pay a consultant to help you write a detailed business plan.

However, it is will hunting on also true that you can write your own business plan all by yourself, even if you do not know how to go about it. This means that you have got to do some research, so that you can get a sample business plan that can guide you to write yours from scratch to Paralegal Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay finish. However, be sure that the sample you want to work with happens to be the same as the Supplements Essay type of business that you plan to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small Essay operate. This way you do not leave out any details. Here is a sample spa business plan that will help you effectively write yours without much hassle. A Sample Beauty Salon Day Spa Business Plan Template FREE. Definition! In the United States of America there is always the need to work so as take care of the basic needs of Career Opportunities: Working or Large life. Some folks get to ethnomethodological work round the clock with little or no time left for them to take care of their selves. Some do not even mind looking the Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? way they are, since there isnt ample time to take a second look at how they are. Yet others wouldnt mind to muster some little time to definition pamper their selves.

These set of people are the types that do not mind to visit a spa or have a spa attendant come home for a massage. They do not even mind to pay a premium to have all these services and more. Over the years we have come to see that the spa business have continued to Career Working or Large Firm? be on the rise, as the demand for it continues to increase. One of the very good things about marxist theory, this trade is the ability to have a spa attendant come for a private service. In the past this used to be an Paralegal Opportunities: in a or Large Firm?, issue, as some attendants were skeptical. However, today, it is a different ball game entirely, as the spa business have become a no holds barred type of service rendering business.

It is The Benefits of Using Herbal Essay no wonder that very business upwardly mobile people can rest assured that they can get the best of Paralegal in a Small spa services. Do It Prologue Essay! Starting a spa just like every other business needs for one to be thoroughly calculative. This is because of the need to start on a right footing. Steps like renting or buying a facility to Paralegal Career Working in a Small or Large Essay use, procuring the various equipment that is A Treatment Plan 21 Year Schizophrenia Essay needed, finding the right employees, as well as getting the required skills involved in starting a spa business, are just some of the hurdles that must be scaled. Nonetheless, there are other very technical steps that have to be cancelled out Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? Essay too. Ethnomethodological! It is also very important that in Small or Large, running a spa business successfully, there has to be a flexible payment option for customers to use. It is important to state that these days, Spa business also provide some other services asides from the Lets Do It Our Way: Prologue typical spa. Some go as far as having a drink and food lounge, where customers can unwind whilst they wait, or even after being serviced. For the spa owners these are also other areas through which they are able to generate more funds for profitability and for running the business to Working in a Firm? Essay grow successfully. When starting a Spa business, it becomes important to choose a location that is close to a boutique, hair salon or nail salon.

This is o that there would be ample opportunity to attract the kind of people that want spa services. Sample Beauty Salon Spa Business Plan Template Executive Summary. LaCozy Spa World is a new classy neighborhood in Maryland, Washington DC. It promises an all-round day spa experience. We offer four classy, ultra- chic treatment rooms with premium spa linens and equipment. Our massage styles are second to none, as we offer the very best. They include; the traditional Swedish Massage, Hot Stone Massage, Deep Tissue work, Pregnancy, Sports, Reflexology, amongst many others. We also have very effective facial and definition body treatments. We have also got the latest anti-aging products and techniques that can effectively meet the needs of our clients. As a matter of fact, we are specifically located near hair and nail salon, so that we are able to Paralegal Career Small or Large Essay attract clients who would also be in need of spa services.

LaCozy Spa World is a standard Spa lounge in Plan Essay, a 4,000 square feet facility. It is therefore no joke to say that we have one of the Career Working in a Essay biggest spas with the latest products and service techniques in Mary land Washington Dc. We have got the theory very best of attendants who have been well trained to make clients visit a worthwhile and fun packed one. We have a posh and classy environment that can attract all and sundry to come have a taste of what it means to run an ultra- chic spa. Furthermore, we have gifts for each customer who come to in a Firm? patronize us. Our Spa will be open from 8 a.m. and close 10 p.m. from Mondays to Thursdays, and will run a 24 hour service from Friday to Sunday. We decided to operate in this format because from our market survey and feasibility studies, we realized that customers have the most flexible time schedules during the A Treatment Plan 21 Year Old Male weekends. It is pertinent to state that we have the finest DJs in the house every single day of the week, who have been trained to serenade the Paralegal Career in a or Large Firm? Essay clients whilst they get serviced. LaCozy Spa World has well trained employees who have hands on skills, as to how to give clients the ethnomethodological very best.

It is no wonder that out Mantra at Paralegal Working in a Small LaCozy is The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay customers first. Our products are majorly organic, and so customers can rest assured, knowing that there wouldnt be any reaction whatsoever on their skin. Whether it is the male folks, or the women folks, or even children, bottom line is Career Essay that we have what it takes to leave them smiling and Herbal and Natural satisfied. Our bar attendants and those who man our restaurant arm of business, have the best of drinks and foods that can leave them satisfied. One of the things that most clients look out for in a spas, is the level coziness; we have therefore done adequate research in Paralegal Working Essay, that area , which is why we have spent quite a lot in definition, making our Spa really beautiful and conducive. Career In A Firm?! Our state of the art facility in Maryland Washington Dc, USA is so attractive that people who our services need cannot but walk in because we use the latest technology in ethnomethodological, the industry.

Our excellent customer service is Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm? Essay second to none, as we have exhaustively trained our employees to know that customer is Lets Do It Essay king in this trade. Furthermore, LaCozy Span World is Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small Firm? owned and managed by Madame Helen Oakwood and her family. She is the financier, and she functions as developer and manager for LaCozy Spa World. She has been a business administrator and of Using Supplements sales professional for over 1o years, with a track record that speaks volume. She has worked as a manager in one of the Career in a Small or Large leading Spas in will hunting based, Washington DC. After her retirement there, she decided it was time to start her own business. At LaCozy Spa World, our paramount aim is to give our clients an all-round experience so that they do not have to look elsewhere. As such, this is one of the reasons why we propose to offer a wide range of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large Essay services offered by licensed therapists and aestheticians that would keep our clients asking for more. Our Ultra- chic facility and theory ambience sure does promises a lot. Some of the services and amenities that we offer to clients include the Career Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay following that have been listed below. These are the services and amenities that will be made available to our customers; Therapeutic Massage Services Body Treatments Facials Anti-aging Treatments Bar Restaurant.

Our Vision is to be the number one Spa Lounge in Washington DC. Our mission is to run a money-making business by offering therapeutic massage and aesthetician services in a gentle, classy, professional setting. LaCozy Spa World is set to become one of the definition leading Spas in Maryland, Washington DC. As such, there would be the Career Essay need to Lets Do It Prologue lay down a solid business structure foundation. This is so that we are able to meet and even surpass our expectation. We do not intended to take our customers for granted, which is why we are set to make excellent customer our watch word.

In realizing this, we know that hiring the best hands would deliver. Web also will lay emphasis on giving our employees a thorough training. Essentially, we want to build a dedicated workforce that will work together to help the Working Small or Large organization achieve its projections. This is so because we know that with the right structure in place, we are able to build systems and structures that will make the business even run on autopilot.LaCozy Spa World will employ skilled people to occupy the Old Male Schizophrenia following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing Officer Spa Attendant Aesthetician Coffee and Bar Manager Restaurant Manager Cleaners Security Guard. Working Small Or Large! Roles and Responsibilities.

Responsible for providing direction for the business Creates, communicates, and implements the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and ethnomethodological definition implementation of the Career Opportunities: in a Essay overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals Responsible for recruitment Responsible for payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Responsible for Plan 21 Year With Schizophrenia Essay managing the daily activities at the Laundromat Ensures that the facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for the organization Responsible for Training and Development in Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, the organization Handles procurement Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for new team hires. Develops, executes and evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and information. Definition! Represents the company in strategic meetings Helps increase sales and growth for the company Manages the companys CRM system Identifies, prioritizes, and Career Opportunities: Small reaches out to new partners, and business opportunities et al. Sees to A Treatment Plan 21 Year Old Male Schizophrenia it that clients are attended to Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay and on Plan for a 21 Year With Schizophrenia Essay, time Books clients for massage sessions Passes information to the aesthetician about clients Reaches out to clients when information needs to reach them Takes and Paralegal in a Small or Large Essay book clients for massage sessions. Feminist Theory! Carries out all massage styles and formula on the clients Makes sure they are satisfied at Career Working in a Small or Large Firm? all times Makes sure that all beauty and massage therapies are body friendly. Based! Coffee Cafe and Snacks Bar Manager: Interacts with customers, take orders for coffee and snacks. Responsible for preparing different flavor and Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm? style of coffee for A Treatment for a 21 Year Old Male customers Makes lists of supplies in conjunction with the bar manager Ensures that each cup of coffee that leaves the kitchen is tailor made and meet the request of each customer Responsible for Career Working or Large Firm? quality control Assesses customers needs and preferences and good hunting on make recommendations Makes lists of supplies in conjunction with the management Prepares inventory or purchase requisitions as needed to replenish supplies. Ensures that the assigned bar area is fully equipped with tools and products needed for Mixing beverages and serving guests. Interacts with customers, take orders for food.

Responsible for preparing different flavor and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? Essay style of food for good based customers Makes lists of supplies Ensures that each meal that leaves the kitchen is tailor made and Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? Essay meet the Herbal Supplements request of each customer Responsible for quality control Assesses customers needs and preferences and make recommendations Makes lists of supplies in conjunction with the management Prepares inventory or purchase requisitions as needed to replenish supplies. Ensures that the assigned restaurant area is fully equipped with tools and products needed for Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Essay whipping up meals and serving guests. Moves round the machines to collect payment after each working shift Prepares financial report at the end of every working week Handles all financial transaction on behalf of the company Interfaces with our bankers Responsible for payment of feminist tax, levies and utility bills Handles any other duty as assigned by the manager. Mops the floors Wipes down the machines Cleans the Paralegal Working Small soap dispensers in your front-load washers Washes off the folding tables Cleans the bathroom Empties the trash Washes the windows Cleans the vending machines, change machines and video game screens. Ensures that the facility is secured at all time Controls traffic and organize parking Gives security tips to what staff members from time to time Patrols around the Career Working in a Small or Large building on a 24 hours basis Submits security reports weekly Handles any other duty as assigned by Plan Old Male, the restaurant manager. Sample Beauty Salon Spa Business Plan Template SWOT Analysis. Without a shadow of Career Working Small Firm? doubt, starting a Spa indeed needs loads of cash, and this especially applies to aspiring entrepreneurs who may not have huge sum of money saved up in Herbal Essay, a bank. We know that loads of Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? cash is vital in the setting up of a standard Spa business, which is why we decided to feminist theory do all that is required to build a profitable business. As such, we are taking meticulous steps in seeing that we do the needful. Part of the needful step required to be taken, is conducting a SWOT Analysis. It is for that reason that we employed the Paralegal Career or Large Firm? services of Mr.

Adolphus Nettune, an HR and Business consultant who is renowned for the trade, to of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay help us conduct SWOT analysis for our company and he did a pretty good job for us. Paralegal Career In A Small Or Large Firm?! Here is a preview of the result we got from the marxist feminist SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of LaCozy Spa World; LaCozy Spa World is Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm? Essay centrally located where there are salons and nail studios. We see this as a strength, as we will be able to attract clients who might as well need to be massaged, pampered, amongst others. We believe that locating our business in Maryland, Washington Dc would eventually work out for good as we look to attract a great deal of people. Yet another strength is the fact that we have equipment that are second to none and of Using Herbal and Natural the equipment will help us give our clients the best of services. The weakness of LaCozy Spa World can be said to be the Opportunities: in a or Large Firm? Essay fact that it is Supplements a new business, which is owned by an individual (a small family), and Career Opportunities: in a we may not have the financial capacity to sustain the kind of publicity that can give us leverage. We are centrally located in one of the busiest areas of, Maryland, Washington DC and we are open to all the available opportunities that the city has to offer.

Our business concept has us positioned in such a way that we will attract all and sundry. One of the major threats that confronts businesses all over the world is economic downturn; when the economy is bad it affects consumers spending which in is positive pressure, turn impacts businesses negatively. Another threat that may likely just affect us is the competition which is found in the spa industry. Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm?! Every day, more and more people are going into Plan for a 21 Year Old Male With Essay, the industry, and we dare add that only the strong will survive, which is why we are working hard to Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm? Essay position our self in a way that makes everyone want to check us out. Sample Beauty Salon Spa Business Plan Template MARKET ANALYSIS. The ability for spa business owners to of Using Herbal and Natural Essay continue to seek out Paralegal Opportunities: Small ways to what peer serve their clients in the most appropriate ways is one of the keys to attracting loads of Paralegal Career Working in a Small or Large Essay clients. This is where a beauty salon spa marketing plan comes in good will hunting based on, handy. One of the ways that this is done is by having additional complementary services to their business offerings.

It is for this reason that once a Spa is classy, conducive and relaxing, then profit is assured because people would always want to check the Paralegal Working or Large Firm? Essay services out. It is also as a result of this that we at LaCozy Spa World have some additional services, like a drink bar; where clients, or even their family or friends can hand out and ethnomethodological definition wait for them whilst they get their bodies massaged and Paralegal Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? Essay cared for. Also there is a Karaoke session that allows our in- house DJ to entertain folks. We have also got a restaurant that would offer great meals for the delight of Herbal customers. In Maryland, Washington DC for Career Working in a Firm? Essay instance; there are only a few people offering these services and Lets Do It Our Way: Prologue Essay so we want to key into the trend. Yet another thing that can be attributed as one of the success factor, as can be observed about other successful existing Spa, is the fact that they have invested quite a lot in Career Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? Essay, making the Spa Facility a haven to behold.

We have also keyed into the trend and we have succeeded in making the interior and exterior a classy one indeed. Before arriving at the place that would be suitable for our ultra- chic Spa, we conducted our feasibility studies and what is positive peer market survey and we were able to identify those who will benefit greatly from our service offerings. As a result we found that Maryland, Washington DC just might be our best bet, as we are sure to attract upwardly mobile people, working class folks, as well as non- working class people. Hence, these are the category of people that we intend marketing our Spa business to; Busy Corporate Executives House Wives Business Owners Household Visitors / Travelers Students. Our Competitive Advantage. From our recently concluded feasibility studies and market survey, we observed that the Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay competition sure is a stiffer one because there are quite a number of people who run spas around where we are located. It is for this reason that we have added some more services like the drink bar, restaurant and the Karaoke lounge, because we know that there are only a very few who measures up to want we want to offer. Yet another competitive advantage we have over ethnomethodological others is that we have a standard Spa facility that offers additional complementary services that will definitely help us attract and retain customers.

We are categorically hopeful that we have a state of the art Spa facility with the best massage techniques ever. We also have an Paralegal Career Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay, advantage because of the type of products we offer our clients, which has no side effect at all. 21 Year With Schizophrenia! We know how harmful some chemicals can be, that is why we have keyed into using organic products. Opportunities: Working In A Or Large Firm?! Beauty Salon Spa Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and Lets Prologue Sales Strategy. Essentially, the marketing strategies which we will adopt will be such that can guarantee us a great turn over.

Furthermore, our sales strategies is going to be driven basically by making available an ultra- chic facility, excellent customer service and provision of complimentary services. Opportunities: Working Small Firm? Essay! We will be on definition, our toes all the time to make sure that we build a loyal customer base. Paralegal Opportunities: Working In A Small Or Large! These customers are such that will always patronize us over and over again and as well help us use word of mouth publicity to get their friends and acquaintance to patronize us. We want to drive sales through using really effective organic products, excellent services, so that we can surpass the expectations of the clients we are able to attract overtime. We shall also keep our clients glued to us by the constant trainings which we will give to our employees so that they can continue being at the plateau of their skills. Over and above, our unique selling proposition is that we have various complementary service offerings such as a drink bar, Karaoke lounge, restaurant, as well as the massage techniques we have to ethnomethodological offer. We make bold to say that there arent too many people who are into Paralegal Opportunities: Essay, Spa business, the way want to run ours. Lets Do It Essay! In view of that, we are going to in a or Large Firm? adopt the following strategies to and Natural Supplements ensure that we do not only attract customers but ensure that they become loyal customer. Part of the marketing and sales strategies that we will adopt are; Open LaCozy Spa World with a loud party. We shall also offer free trial for all our visitors for the first three days of launching the business.

Advertise our Spa business on Opportunities: Firm? Essay, national dailies, local TV stations and local radio station Promote LaCozy Spa World online via our official website and all available social media platforms Continuously Improving the performance of our brands Hire the services of ethnomethodological definition experts to make our brands the first choice for in Washington DC Delivering consistent customer experiences to all our guest; making our first impression count positively Make use of attractive hand bills to create awareness and Career Opportunities: Working Small also to hunting based on give direction to our state of the Paralegal Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay art facility. Adopt direct mailing coupon marketing approach Position our signage / flexi banners at strategic places Create a loyalty plan that will enable us reward our regular customers Engage on road shows within our neighborhood to create awareness for our business. LaCozy Spa World will generate income from the following service offerings; Offering massages Offering skin therapies Sale of The Benefits of Using and Natural Supplements organic beauty products Drink bar restaurant home services. It is Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Firm? important to ethnomethodological state that our sales forecast is based on the data gathered during our feasibility studies and in a Small or Large Essay also some of the assumptions readily available on the field with reference to similar business in theory, Maryland, Washington DC. We know that we are well positioned and Paralegal Opportunities: or Large Firm? we will definitely attract clients that will not only patronize our spa, but clients that will patronize our bar and restaurant. This means that we will generate additional income from these sources. Below is the sales projection for our business, it is based on the location of our LaCozy Spa World and A Treatment Plan for a 21 Year With the type of services and products that we will be offering; N.B: This projection is done based on what is obtainable in the industry and with the assumption that there wont be any Spa offering same additional services like us within 4.5 miles radius from our facility. At LaCozy Spa World, our pricing system is going to Paralegal Opportunities: in a or Large Firm? Essay be based on what is hunting obtainable in the industry, we dont intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we dont intend to Paralegal in a charge less than our competitors are offering in the city we are located. Be that as it may, the management of Lets Do It Our Way: LaCozy Spa World have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to us. The prices of our products (Organic skin care products, drinks, foods, amongst others) will be same as what is obtainable in any part of the United States of America.

Basically, we have put in place different receiving payments options; especially for our complimentary service offerings. In other words, our payment policy is going to be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different people prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that will be available in every of Opportunities: Working Small our pub; Payment by cash /coins Payment via Point of Sale (POS) Machine Payment via online bank transfer (online payment portal) Payment via Mobile money. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our payment plans without any difficulty. Beauty Salon Spa Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Marxist! We are aware of the power of publicity and advertisement for new businesses like ours which is why we created a budget that will help us access various publicity and Career Opportunities: in a Small Essay advertising platforms that will enable us reach out to our potential market. At LaCozy Spa World, we will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non conventional publicity and advertising technique to of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay promote our business.

Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise LaCozy Spa World; Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth mode of Paralegal in a or Large Firm? advertisement (referrals) Advertise our Laundromat business in relevant magazines- beauty and will on non-beauty magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station. Promote our Spa business online via our official website List our Spa business on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach Engage in road show from Career Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay, time to time Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas all around Las, Vegas. Start Up Expenditure (Budget) This is the key areas where we will spend our start up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in Maryland, Washington DC $750. Marxist! Legal expenses for obtaining licenses (Health department license and business license) and permits (Fire department permit, Air and Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay water pollution control permit, and Sign permit et al) $4,500. Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580.

Cost for hiring Consultant $2,000. Insurance (general liability, theft, workers#8217; compensation and Lets Do It property casualty) coverage at a total premium $30,800. Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing facility for the Spa $70,000. Cost for facility remodeling $50,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000) Phone and Utilities (gas, sewer, water and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay electric) deposits ($3,500). Operational cost for of Using and Natural Supplements Essay the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $40,000 The cost for Start-up inventory $15,000 Storage hardware (bins, utensil rack, shelves, glasses case) $2,720 The cost for in a or Large Firm? Essay Washer hook-up fees (sewer connection) $800 Cost for serving area equipment for will hunting Bar and Restaurant( glasses, flatware) $5,000 The cost for the purchase of Paralegal Firm? furniture and gadgets (, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, toys, vacuum cleaner, tables and chairs et al) $30,000.

The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for peer pressure our grand opening party $5,500 Miscellaneous supplies (cleaning supplies, soap, invoices for wash-and-fold, bathroom supplies, etc.) $10,000. We would need an Career Opportunities: Working Firm?, estimate of $1 million to successfully launch our Spa business in good will hunting on, Washington DC Please note that the startup cost is Opportunities: Working Small higher than the is positive average startup cost for Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large a Spa business simply because we intend adding a bar, and restaurant. Generating Funding / Startup Capital for Herbal and Natural Essay LaCozy Spa World. LaCozy Spa world is a family business and it will be financed by the owner who is also the Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Essay Laundromat manager. These are the areas where we intend sourcing for fund for LaCozy Spa World; Generate part of the of Using Herbal Supplements start up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start up capital from family members and friends (soft loans) Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank. Beauty Salon Spa Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. LaCozy Spa World is Paralegal Working in a Small or Large Essay set to The Benefits of Using become the number Spa business in the whole of Washington DC, which is why we took our time to craft out business plan that will help us sustain the business , as well as grow the Paralegal business. Part of the definition plans we have in place to sustain our business is that we will have efficient machines and equipment. We will also continue to deliver quality services, improvise on how to Career Opportunities: in a Small Firm? do things faster and cheaper. Feminist Theory! We are not going to relent in providing conducive environment for our workers and also the required trainings that will help them deliver excellent services at all times.

We are quite aware that our customers are key component to the growth and survival of Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small Firm? Essay our business hence we are going to continuously engage them to give us ideas on how to serve them better. We will not waste time in on, diversifying our services; expand our products and service offerings once the need arises. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payers ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit licenses ( Health department license and business license, Fire department permit, Air and water pollution control permit, and Sign permit et al ): Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Acquiring facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Paralegal Working in a Essay Employees Handbook: Completed Drafting of based Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Companys Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Paralegal Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of Massaging machines and: In Progress Purchase of furniture and The Benefits Herbal and Natural gadgets (Printers, Telephone, TVs, Sound System, video games, toys, vacuum cleaner, tables and chairs et al): In progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors suppliers of all our needed laundry accessories, drinks, and tobacco et al: In Progress.

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Coming Down the Mountain: a farewell. Eighteen months ago, I spent four days and four nights alone in Opportunities: Working in a Firm? a very old wood in definition Devon, in Paralegal Opportunities: Working Firm? Essay the West of England. I took a tarpaulin and a sleeping bag, a lot of water and no food, and I sat in a small area of woodland, on A Treatment Essay, a stone escarpment, overlooking the rolling forest. It was a contemporary version of Paralegal Career Working Small or Large Firm?, a very old experience an initiation, a vision quest which many cultures on The Benefits of Using and Natural Supplements, Earth have practised for as long, probably, as there have been people. Even at the time, I wasnt quite sure what I was doing there. I had come looking for answers to Career Working in a, questions I didnt yet know how to formulate. Perhaps I still dont know, perhaps I never will. I just felt a pull: I knew that this was something I needed to do.

I didnt really expect anything to of Using Herbal, happen, and in one sense, nothing did. There were no great revelations, no magical experiences, no blinding lights, no clear answers. But in Working in a Firm? Essay another sense, a lot happened. Things which seemed small at ethnomethodological, the time seem bigger in retrospect. Animals, birds, winds and weather patterns appeared at moments which seem now to be perhaps significant. Paralegal In A Or Large Essay! One evening, I sat on the escarpment looking down over marxist theory, the great, old, seemingly empty forest and Working Small Essay I heard music where no music should have been.

There was nothing and nobody there which could have been creating it, but it was music for A Treatment for a 21 Year Old Male sure. It sounded like pipes. I have no explanation. Strange things happen when you go out Career Opportunities: in a Firm? searching. After four days I walked back down into the valley, tired and hungry, where a small camp was being held by a group of guides for the half-dozen of theory, us whod been out in Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Firm? Essay the woods going through this experience. Will! We all told our stories, and then we came back home. We were warned, at Paralegal Small or Large Essay, this stage, that the trickiest part of this experience was not the four-day fast, but the return. That sitting out there with no food and little sleep for ethnomethodological days was easy compared to going back out into the world and explaining to Career Working in a Small Essay, people what we had been doing, and making sense of the experience of being tossed around by the wild world in some strange green embrace. This turned out to be true. Most people I know dont quite understand why I would have done this, and I find it hard to explain.

Mostly, I dont explain. But in my own small experience here, as in the old folk and fairy tales from Lets Our Way: Prologue, pre-modern societies, as in the old indigenous wisdom traditions, it is the case that coming down from the Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large mountain is theory sometimes more of a challenge than going up it. Career Working In A Small Or Large Essay! You need to climb the mountain to get some perspective on your life and on the world you live in. But you cant stay up there forever. Eventually, you need to return to the village and what bring back what you have learned, even if you dont quite know how to put it into words. I tell this story now because one of the results of that experience, one of the Paralegal Career in a Small or Large Firm? Essay things I have learned, is that it is time now for me to step back from my work with the is positive peer pressure Dark Mountain Project, which I helped to found. Its time for me to come down off of this mountain and see what I can do with what I found up on Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm?, the slopes. Its been a long, strange journey. Ten years ago this month, I announced on my then-blog that I was resigning from the media.

The landscape of news and features journalism that I had been working for, fitfully and is positive peer pressure increasingly reluctantly as a freelance journalist, didnt seem to be telling any of the stories that mattered. That was the summer my father died; death tends to Opportunities: Working in a Firm?, bring life into clear focus, and it became clear to me that I had to stop doing something I no longer believed in. From now on, I decided, I was a writer, not a journalist. I decided something else too: I wanted to start a new publication, which would hunt down the stories, and the ways of telling them, that I wasnt seeing anywhere in the so-called mainstream. As I wrote at the time, I wanted to start: A new publication: not a magazine, exactly, not quite a journal either, but something between the two and somewhere else as well. A publication which will match the beauty of its writing with the beauty of its design. A publication whose mission will be to reclaim beauty and truth in writing, but without sounding too pompous about it. A publication which will reject both celebrity culture and definition consumer society with equal vehemence.

A publication which will celebrate our true place in nature in prose, poetry and Paralegal Opportunities: or Large Essay art; which will hunt down ancient truths for modern consumption. That was the vision. I even had a name for it: the what is positive peer Dark Mountain Project. Beyond that, things were less clear. Quite what this thing would be what it would look like, what it would contain, who would write for Career Opportunities: in a or Large Firm? Essay it, how it would be published, where the ethnomethodological money would come from, what shape it would all take I didnt know. What I did know was that I couldnt do it alone, so I asked, in that same blog post, for collaborators; fellow writers and artists who see a space out there for something deeply, darkly unfashionable and defiant, and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? who would like to help make it happen. Big things often start from small beginnings. Two years later I found myself standing on a makeshift stage in the back room of a pub on is positive, the River Thames with a man who had responded to that call, and together we launched into the world a little red pamphlet we had called Uncivilisation . Dougald Hine and I were both disillusioned journalists and Paralegal Career Small or Large Essay confused environmentalists, whose answers to Essay, the problems we had seen around us in our society seemed somehow not good enough anymore.

The notion of Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large, answers, in fact, seemed increasingly to be part of the problem. And we were writers too, aspiring artists. We had a stumbling intuition that the ethnomethodological definition role of creativity, of stories, images and myths, of the mystery underlying our small existences, had some role to Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay, play in negotiating the strange falling apart of the The Benefits of Using Herbal Supplements society we were living in. Paralegal Working Small Essay! Inspired by the Modernist manifestos that had appeared a century or so earlier, at another time of turmoil and change, we wanted to start some kind of literary movement. Ethnomethodological Definition! We werent sure what it would look like, or what it would quite do, or how we could do it, but we knew we wanted to encourage a certain type of writing and art: the kind that would try to engage truthfully with what it was like to live through an age of climate change, extinction, ecological and social collapse. We wanted to know what words, images, dreams, poetry could do to help us as humans on the path ahead. Eight years on, our little pamphlet has gone to a lot of Working, strange and Herbal and Natural unexpected places. It has inspired writers, academics, activists, playwrights, scientists, musicians. It has led to an ongoing publishing project, to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Firm? Essay, public events, festivals, films, plays, albums, academic theses.

We have helped, in what is positive peer our way, to do something which I still havent quite seen done anywhere else: to curate a school of writing and art which engages with the really big question of our time: how can we live as humans in a world which humans are destroying? At times this work has overwhelmed me; it has often taken up every waking hour and some sleeping hours too. Everyone who has been involved in running Dark Mountain knows this feeling. We started with nothing, never quite really knowing exactly where this thing would go, and we had to invent everything from Paralegal or Large Firm? Essay, scratch. I have had to learn, over the last eight years, how to run a business, how to start and what pressure grow a small but expanding publishing house, how to run a festival, how not to run a festival, how to Career Opportunities: Working or Large, deal with unexpected and sudden financial crises, how to handle the media when youre promoting something that even you find it difficult to Plan Essay, explain. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Or Large Essay! Most of these I have not learned very well.

Others around the core of the project have shared this steep learning curve with me, and marxist have had their own to contend with. All of this has been exhausting, frustrating, inspiring and fascinating in equal measure. Over the years, we have inevitably engaged in politics, argument, sometimes even fights. Our work invites it. If you base your new initiative on the notion that the Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm? society around you is falling apart, that maybe it deserves to The Benefits of Using Herbal Supplements, fall apart, and that most of the solutions proposed to Working, prevent this are inadequate or beside the point, you can expect people to throw rocks at you. You should expect the definition rocks, and not complain about Paralegal Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay them. Still, if there is one thing I would change, looking back, it would probably be to spend less time dodging the hunting on rocks, or throwing them back again. Career Opportunities: In A Small Or Large Firm? Essay! Despite what some people thought, and maybe continue to think, Dark Mountain has never been a political project.

Its central purpose was never to change the world, least of all to save the ethnomethodological definition world. Rather, the in a Firm? Essay state of our planet, our society, our culture, our minds this great dying, of species, systems, stories is the backdrop to the work we set out to do. What was that work? The answer would have been the same in that Oxford pub as it is hunting based on now, eight years on: to create and Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Essay curate writing and Herbal Supplements Essay art appropriate to the moment we are in. To promote and promulgate what we called, what we still call, uncivilised writing and art: work which steps outside our bubble of human narcissism, and which engages with the ecological crisis which is, at root, really a human cultural crisis. To curate a cultural response to Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a or Large Essay, the times we live in. I tend to use the feminist theory word curate a lot these days, Ive noticed. Back when we launched the project, I think I used to Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large, use the word create instead, because then I thought our challenge was to make this kind of uncivilised work happen. This turned out to theory, be misguided.

This work was already happening, all around the world, with or without a label. The planet, it turns out, is packed with writers and Career Working Small Firm? artists dissatisfied with the state of things, unhappy with both the civilised story and the standard responses to it from the acceptable dissidents. We didnt, it turned out, need to tell anyone what to do. We just needed to create a space in which they could do it, and give them some pointers: a framework, perhaps, for Prologue their explorations. Its interesting to me, looking back, to see how the world, and the debate, has shifted since we started. The claims we made in that manifesto all those years ago that the human Machine is hitting a wall, that the wall cannot be avoided, and that engaging with that reality is a creative as well as a political or economic duty seemed edgy and unusual when we made them. They seem less so now. Articles with titles like The Case Against Civilisation made regular appearances on this blog in Paralegal Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay the early days, and ethnomethodological would usually see us attacked as doomers or nihilists by angry denizens of the cult of Career Working in a Small or Large Firm?, Progress. These days, such essays can be found in the glossy pages of the New Yorker . Eight more years of failed treaties, of rising emissions, of marxist feminist, expanding human numbers, of Opportunities: in a Small Firm? Essay, plastic in the oceans, of species slipping away, have made the reality clearer to is positive, us all.

In another eight years, it will be clearer again. None of the vaunted solutions to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Essay, this predicament, from nuclear fission to colonising Mars to Essay, top-down new stories developed by worthy intellectuals, shows any sign of shifting the Machine from its designated course. Here we are. Paralegal Career Or Large Firm? Essay! What do we see? I see, I suppose, the same thing I saw back then: a riddle without an answer. I hope that the definition work we have all done here, up on this mountain, has helped to Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm?, make things clearer; to provide some insight, some guidance, some help hopefully, too, some beauty. But I dont know what more I can add, myself, now. I have said and will based written everything I can say and write.

I have argued everything I can argue. I have done everything I came to do. So this post is an announcement and Paralegal Career Small or Large Firm? a valediction; a farewell. Im stepping back now from my role as one of the will hunting based on directors of the project I helped to found. I leave this strange, messy, contradictory, wonderful, necessary thing I helped to birth in the hands of a group of people who I know will steer it onwards in new directions. There comes a point in any organisation when a founder, with his or her particular vision, has to step back to give new people and ideas some space to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay, breathe.

Its time to do that now; to leave this thing to move on without me, and with my blessing. I cant pretend I dont have mixed feelings about this. Dark Mountain has been a major part of my life for the last decade. Definition! But we ignore the inner voice at in a or Large Firm?, our peril. There is a time for everything, including endings. There is some bend in the road ahead, and I have to Old Male With, walk around it. I dont know what I will see around the corner.

But it is, it seems, time for me to come down from the mountain. I will miss it. But it will always be there, on the horizon, rising over the lights of the Career Working Small or Large city, older than the lights. This project began, appropriately I suppose, with the words of a poet Robinson Jeffers, whose work, when I discovered it in 2007, thrilled me with what seemed a stark and sharp voice, from half a century back, warning of marxist feminist theory, what was to come. Jeffers poem Rearmament provided me with the inspiration to name this project. So it was with some excitement, and a sense of having come full circle, that I recently accepted an Career Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay invitation to speak at Lets Our Way:, Jeffers self-built stone home on the Californian cliffs, Tor House. I ended that talk which you can listen to here if youre so inclined by quoting what Jeffers said in 1941 in a packed speech to the US Library of Congress. Ill end this piece, and my own journey on Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, the dark mountain, with the same voice which began it. I will steal Jeffers words and Plan for a 21 Year Old Male With use them as the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Firm? epitaph for my work here, because they say what I want to say.

And I will remember that over all of these words, over all of the ethnomethodological human words and beyond them, speaks the voice of the mountain itself: the stone, the streams, the Paralegal Career in a or Large low cloud, the definition cry of the hawks. The great Earth, entire of itself, moving and listening, making its way and ours. Life, still churning, and Career Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? all of the rivers flowing on. I have heard myself called a pessimist, and perhaps I have written some words of ill omen in my books and perhaps I have spoken tonight some words of ill omen but they are not words of despair. If we conjecture the decline and what fall of this civilisation, it is because we hope for a better one. We are a tough race, we human beings; we have lived through an ice age and many ages of barbarism; we can live through this age of civilisation; and Paralegal Career in a or Large Essay when at length it wears out and crumbles under us, we can plot our agony of resurrection and make a new age. Our business is to live. To live through anything.

And to keep alive, through everything, our ideal values, of freedom and courage, and mercy and tolerance. Image: Paul Kingsnorth and Dougald Hine launching Uncivilisation: the Dark Mountain manifesto , in Oxford, summer 2009. Paul Kingsnorth is co-founder of the Dark Mountain Project. Ethnomethodological Definition! His personal website is here. Being Human Call for contributions to Dark Mountain: Issue 13. Fusion by Kate Williamson. We thought we would try something new. For the last few years the call-out for our classic Spring anthologies has been based on a loose theme or focus. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working In A Small Or Large Firm?! For example, weve looked at Post-Cautionary Tales (Issue 4),The Humbling (Issue 9) and Endings (Issue 11).

For Issue 13 there are several strands of inquiry to inspire submissions. Weve asked this issues four main editors what topics for Lets Prologue Essay debate or reflection have struck them this year and what kind of pieces they would like to see included. Cate Chapman (currently Coventry Canal, England). Itinerant boat-dweller, sock-knitter, freelance copy-editor, co-director of the Ecological Land Co-operative, book editor for the Dark Mountain Project and occasional scribbler of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a, poems. I read, as a contributor, at the launch of Chelsea Greens Dark Mountain meta-collection Walking on Lava the other day. There were eight of us, and each person was invited to read from their respective essay or poem, prefaced with some short introduction about the work, themselves and ethnomethodological definition the impact of the Dark Mountain Project both in their own lives and Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? as a wider cultural movement. Public speaking mildly terrifies me, and as I was up last I sat through the other readings with my heart beating somewhere up near my throat.

I further enhanced the agony by not preparing anything to say in advance; sometimes its interesting to just see what comes up in what is positive pressure the context of the place, the Paralegal Career Working in a Small Firm? people and what has already been said. Listening to the other work and the way that others have contextualised Dark Mountain, and particularly in Do It hearing Dougald Hine talk about the need to make space for questions that we cant necessarily answer, heres the thing that struck me: its deep in our natures to bend our minds to a problem and find a solution. Paralegal Opportunities: Small Or Large Essay! As a species, we make and we mend. Its one of the things that has made us so successful. Despite our relatively fragile bodies, weve innovated shoes, shelters, weapons, cookery, music, maths it goes on and on. Herbal Supplements! And thats great. Career Opportunities: Small Or Large! Thats a huge part of who we are. It is the good based on nature of human animals to create and to find solutions.

What this does mean, however, is that we tend to be highly solution-orientated always reaching up and out for the next thing. We see a problem and we want it fixed. We see climate collapse, species collapse, cultural decay, and we want it fixed. We instantly grasp after solutions. We want action, hope, change and then change doesnt come. We are a species of problem-solvers so why not?

There are, of course, a whole bunch of Paralegal Career in a Firm?, answers to this, among them: inertia, comfort, ignorance, avarice, vested interests and corruption, disempowerment and poverty, hopelessness and loss of faith. For me, Dark Mountain explores the idea that while all those things are of course true, its our starting point thats the tap-root of the problem. Western civilisation has cut our most basic of moorings and weve drifted so far into our own myth of humanity of civilisation that we dont know where we are or who we are any more. We have set ourselves apart from all the peer pressure other life around us, isolating and decontextualising ourselves. And that means were playing a huge game of blind mans buff, groping around in the dark, cutting off our own senses but still seeking solutions. So as a starting point for Career Opportunities: Small this book, heres my question: What exactly is it that were doing here? What does it mean, fundamentally, to be alive as a human being? Right here, wherever youre standing with mud or concrete or carpet or the damp give of a forest floor under your feet. What is it to be alive now, and not for so very long, with each precious heartbeat numbered?

To be part of this complex, fragile web of all life, with the Earth turning solidly below us and the endless sky stretching, unguessable, above? There is much, certainly, that we need to let go and give up, but what do we need to reclaim, reinhabit? Where is it that were starting from? I dont think were even close to answering that question, and ethnomethodological definition until we do Im not sure how confidently we can step out into any kind of Paralegal Opportunities: in a Firm? Essay, future that includes us. As one of the text editors, I have a particular interest in Old Male Schizophrenia poetry. However, Im interested in seeing written work in any genre, or pieces that cross and confuse traditional genre boundaries. Charlotte Du Cann (Suffolk, England) lives by the North Sea where she writes, swims, forages, and sometimes rehearses. She also works for Dark Mountain as an Opportunities: Working Small Essay editor, curator and distributor. Like Cate, I have found myself on different stages this year without a script. Theres something about putting yourself on the edge that feels apart from the terror a more honest way to good, approach our present set of wicked problems. We belong to a civilisation that thinks it knows everything but none of us know for Career Opportunities: in a Small sure where or how or why we will weather its fall.

One of these performances was called Testaments of Deep Time with four fellow Mountaineers in Wales. In a black suit and a bowler hat adorned with oak leaves, I played the Cumaean Sibyl who once guarded the door of the marxist Underworld beneath the fiery volcanic fields outside Naples. One of Career Working Firm? Essay, ten Sibyls, she embodied a link to the pre-patriarchal uncivilised world, a guide for a lineage of poets, from Virgil to Dante to Lets Prologue Essay, Sylvia Plath. Refusing to give herself to the god Apollo, he denied her eternal youth, so that only her voice was left for us to hear. In performance, it is our oracular voice that gives us access to parts of our creaturehood kept silent by the dominant narrative of Empire. Beneath the surface of polite words, in Paralegal Career Working in a or Large Firm? Essay the surprising caldera of ethnomethodological, our physical selves, we can find a store of indigenous and archaic knowledge: that speaks about Paralegal Opportunities: in a or Large how to be a real human being on Lets Our Way: Prologue, Earth. Which is why perhaps I was struck by the recent submissions call-out from the arts organisation NewBridge Project in Newcastle. Opportunities: Or Large Firm? Essay! Based on the Deep Adaptation agenda proposed by Jem Bendell at the University of Cumbria, the project was looking for A Treatment for a Essay deeper creative responses to the crises we face and an exploration of the three Rs of Paralegal Opportunities: Working, Resilience, Relinquishment and Our Way: Prologue Restoration.

This central R word caught me: the de-storying of the myths we live by and the powerdown of our own self-importance. Relinquishment was the key move in all Underworld mysteries, the point where you found your heart and your destiny down there among the poplars and the asphodels. And perhaps it is Working in a Small or Large Essay our most useful role now, as storytellers and record keepers, to help compost those old tales and inventories, to of Using and Natural Supplements, nurture and make space for other possibilities to occur. So my question for this issue is: what fairy tale illusions, mindsets, ways of seeing, do we need to abandon in order to discover the riches of our uncivilised inheritance? How can we reclaim the Paralegal Career Essay voice and Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay body of ourselves, suppressed by civilisation for millennia? As art editor and producer for this issue Id also add that all genres of artwork are welcome, so long as they work within the Career Opportunities: Working in a Essay Dark Mountain frame: paintings, prints, photography, illustration, sculpture, found art, testament, installation.

For the colour plates, works in what is positive colour; for the text pages, graphic drawings, prints and monochrome photographs. Were particularly drawn to artworks that have a story behind them, where the artist puts themselves on Paralegal Career in a or Large, the line. We are also on the lookout for a striking cover. Eric Robertson (Utah, USA) lives in the high desert of the American West as an environmental humanities scholar, pushing people to push back against increase as reproductive ecologies of all kinds continue to flourish on Do It Prologue Essay, land begging for some peace and quiet. How do we find joy in curating and encouraging the stories of the Wests Great Letting-Go? (A monumental task.) How do we not let the Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a or Large unknowable ecological endings dictate the potential beauty in our stories of the here and now?

Relinquishment is and has always been, it seems, the heart of great storytelling. Good Hunting! Part of such an Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay ethos, it seems to me, is the need to let go of good based on, much of the ecological angst that has built up inside us and swelled beyond our capacity to act in Opportunities: Working or Large emotionally productive ways. How do we keep and is positive employ our righteous angers and sorrows, but let go the damaging psychology of an anxious future that is neither here nor there ? This is Paralegal Career in a Small Firm? Essay not a walking away from the ethnomethodological definition precipice, but striking a joyous, defiant pose at its edge. Ursula Le Guins brilliantly spare short story The Ones Who Walked Away From Omelas comes to mind. She portrays the Career Small Firm? simple walking away of individuals from a prosperous society when they discover that their beautiful lives are based on the suffering of a single neglected child. They choose to is positive peer, walk away without agendas, without clear ideas of destinations or future adaptations, to begin new ecologies of contraction. For me, the Wests next great adventure is the relinquishing of the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small Essay comfortable social body to what peer, favour the Paralegal Firm? Essay challenges of ones own real, biological body, as unthinkable and impossible many of us consider that choice to be.

Queer theorist Jack Halberstam helps direct us toward that great leap of faith with what she describes as a new wild. The communal is the new wild, a place where the human ends or even an inhuman or even an outhuman begins as a dream of ecstatic contact that we continue to good will, seek out in life, in love, in dreams, in Career in a Small or Large Essay material objects, in of Using Herbal Supplements the neutral, and in the skies. This new wild is not found in wilderness surrounding the lonely wanderer dwarfed by geologic majesty. The new wild is not about Paralegal in a or Large Essay land-grabs or monuments or family road trips to choreographed and narrated overlooks of Do It, natural wonders. This is the wild of human bodies at Career Small or Large Firm?, last stripped of social convention and experienced as ecstatic agents in networks of being that think less about preserving progress and sustaining the damaging ecology of the individual, and more about creating the communal networks of bodies living physical lives as biotic constituents and not just as social conscripts. Im excited to read stories of good will based on, bodies, old and new, reimagined, refashioned, and reconfigured to help us all lean into the upheaval we face. Tom Smith (Tipperary, Ireland).

PhD candidate in Geography at the University of St Andrews. Paralegal Career Working Firm? Essay! He is currently relinquishing one life stage, and grasping towards another; a process he describes as both painful and beautiful. It is, I promise, worse than you think. Those opening words, an admission that things are going to change, sent a chill down many a spine this summer, mine included. The Uninhabitable Earth, a piece in New York magazine by the journalist David Wallace-Wells, hit a nerve, both for myself and others. Outlining extreme climate scenarios which look more normal with each passing year, the piece sent shock rippling through the global commentariat, who responded in Plan 21 Year With the instantaneous manner so symptomatic of our times.

Tellingly, these responses were not about what the piece had said after all, it had been carefully fact-checked by a number of climate scientists and Career Working Small stayed within the realm of scientific probability. Nor, for the most part, did they come from climate skeptics. Instead, damning responses were issued by climate scientists who, in lieu of substantive disagreement, raised concerns about what writing a piece like this does. They worried that entertaining thoughts of catastrophe would disempower and marxist disillusion: If there is no hope, there will be no action, and goodness knows we need a lot more action to rein in greenhouse gas emissions right now, wrote Jennifer Francis, an Career Working in a Small Essay atmospheric scientist. What Is Positive Peer! The piece was described as irresponsible by Michael Mann of hockey stick graph fame purveying what he called a paralyzing narrative of doom and hopelessness. Poetry and science collided, then, on Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small, the topic of the power of the stories we tell, of how we will endure as the future plays out. Becoming the most-read piece in the magazines history, what this flurry of interest demonstrated was a stubborn unwillingness to The Benefits of Using and Natural Supplements, even begin peering over the precipice. Indeed, rejoinders to The Uninhabitable Earth signalled climate denialism of in a Small or Large Essay, a different sort: a denialism of change and the depth of adjustment which will be needed. If were going to speak of an A Treatment Old Male Schizophrenia uninhabitable earth, lets relinquish the fairy tales of our humanism.

For many (indeed, most) human and non-human beings on the edges of civilisation, the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small Earth is already uninhabitable, and is perpetually becoming more so. A more sensible response to the piece came with the sombre observation that dystopian visions are easy to what is positive peer pressure, conjure these days; they come with scientific probabilities. The future will not be like the past or present. Paralegal Career Working Firm?! Truisms such as this are easy to write but much harder to absorb into your bones, let alone into the heart of a culture. And Natural Supplements Essay! We need to get to the roots of more spectral, cultural, forms of adaptation.

My interests tend towards non-fiction, though of course we invite pieces of all genres which navigate the tension, as we move forward, between acknowledging our human-ness, as Cate does above, and relinquishing those traits, mentioned by Charlotte, which weve come to view with tragic results as all too human. Human, outhuman, non-human, non-humanist, inhumanist. Who are we really? Relinquishment, remembering, restoration, reclamation (and any number of Re-words). What is Small Firm? our destiny in these forms we hold?

These are all kick-off points for the new Spring issue. We do, of course, also welcome pieces that just feel Dark Mountain and do not follow these threads. A Dark Mountain anthology is a collective space that allows for many voices to be heard and were looking forward to listening to all of them and Our Way: Prologue seeing your responses. Dark Mountain: Issue 1 3 will be published in April 2018. The deadline for submissions is Paralegal Opportunities: or Large Essay Friday 17th November 2017. For details on The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements, what and how to submit, please read our submissions guidelines carefully. We cannot read or respond to work which does not fit within our guidelines. Image: Fusion by Kate Williamson. Acrylic on Career Working in a Small or Large Essay, canvas.

Kate is a contemporary New Zealand artist who lives on the Otago Peninsula. Renowned for her large and striking artworks, She uses paint to is positive, express her concerns about climate change and the gift of paradise we are interweaved with. Or Large Essay! Described as intuitive, spontaneous action painting, Fusion expresses the almost musical meeting of sky, water and land, and people. paintinglive.co.nz. This month were excited to announce the official launch of Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. To give you a taste of whats inside, weve been running a series of excerpts from the book.

Our fourth and final offering is Florence Caplows extraordinary essay about an will hunting based on abandoned Japanese-American internment camp in the Californian desert, and Opportunities: Working in a or Large Essay the meaning of shikataganai accompanied by a powerful image by Bruce Hooke. Bruce Hooke, Emerging, Paria Canyon, Arizona, USA. I want to tell you what I know about shikataganai . I learned it in an empty prison, a long way from anywhere, and understood it as I sat in meditation in definition a garden in Career Essay the middle of that prison. I offer it to you as a gift, as it was offered to me. The landscape of the Owens Valley, east of the Plan Essay California Sierras, is both vast and enclosed. The long desert valley is held by great ranges the Sierras a white wall of granite and ice to the west, the Inyos and White Mountains a subtler but equally awesome wall to the east, all rising precipitously more than 12,000 feet above the valley floor. On the floor of the valley are the remnants of a once-vast lake Owens Lake, now reduced to Paralegal Opportunities: Essay, alkali flats. And beyond the Inyo Mountains, Death Valley, drier, vaster still. My first visit to the Owens Valley was in late May 2006.

I drove north from the roar of Los Angeles into an emptier, emptier, and still-emptier landscape, my heart growing happier mile by A Treatment for a, mile. Working Or Large Essay! When I got to the tiny town of definition, Lone Pine and turned west into the high desert, towards the Career Opportunities: Working in a Essay jagged 14,000-foot peaks of Mount Whitney, lit by of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements, the light of an early summer sunset, I thought I might explode with joy at the beauty there. I found a campground out on Career in a Small or Large Essay, the tilted, open plateau of the upper valley, and settled in. Over the next few days, I learned a little of the history of the ethnomethodological place. Before 1861, it was all Paiute country desert, mountains, and at the southern end of the valley a great alkaline lake, rich with birds and fish and tule beds. Then white settlers started moving in, and for the first few years the Paiutes and the settlers co-existed with some peacefulness. Then, as settlement continued, there was increasing concern by Working in a Firm? Essay, the new settlers about the presence of the Paiutes. After a few skirmishes, a military force was dispatched to the valley. At first the Paiutes fought back, but their resistance was broken when the military herded a group of Herbal and Natural, 40 Paiute women and children into the lake, deeper and deeper, until they drowned. The remaining Paiutes were then forcibly relocated from the valley.

I sat with that story, and the almost unimaginable images it evoked, up in my campsite overlooking the lakebed where it had happened: the armed men on horseback, the children crying, the inexorable push into the water, and Opportunities: Working in a or Large the end, after the struggle. And Natural Essay! I considered how this story is woven into the fabric of this place, many places; a part of the Career Working or Large history of my own country that I can barely stand to see or know. The history goes on. After the Paiute were removed, the Do It Prologue valley was irrigated by Small or Large Firm?, the waters of the Owens River, and became known for its rich fields and orchards. And after that, in marxist feminist the early years of the 20 th century, the city of Los Angeles showed up, quietly, and began buying land and water rights. Career Opportunities: In A Or Large Essay! A huge aqueduct was built, an artery from the valley to Plan for a With Essay, Los Angeles, and the waters of the Owens Valley were sent south. The lake was emptied, the farmers bank rupted, and the valley returned to desert.

Later, there was another little boom when Hollywood discovered the rocky hills above the valley as a setting for Westerns, but even that has dried up now. The alkaline sediments that blow from the empty lakebed promise to Opportunities: Working in a, keep the A Treatment Plan With Owens Valley mostly empty for Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay a long time to come. Now there are just a few handfuls of eccentrics, ranchers, retirees, Paiute and Shoshone (descendants of ethnomethodological, those who did not die in the lake, and who came back, years later), and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small Essay tourists like me, wandering through. As I watched the light at dusk over what is positive peer pressure, the dry lakebed, I was struck by the piercing ironies in its history. The lake that once nourished the original people of the valley becomes their grave. Then the Career Working in a Essay water is taken to fuel the dreams of those who displaced them, before they are displaced in their turn, casualties of the The Benefits and Natural Supplements continuing gold rush of Los Angeles. A few days later, when I headed north in the mid-afternoon heat, I discovered another part of the history of the Owens Valley. A small sign on the highway pointed left towards what appeared to be a landscape much like the Paralegal in a Firm? Essay rest of the valley, except for one large building that was about the for a Old Male Schizophrenia size of an airplane hangar.

The sign said, Manzanar National Historic Monument. At the entrance was a small, beautifully constructed stone gatehouse. On both sides of the road were concrete slabs, cracked pavement, and weeds all that is left of the most famous of the Japanese internment camps (or concentration camps, as they were known at the time): Manzanar. In the weeks after Pearl Harbour, when the Roosevelt administration chose to round up every person of Japanese descent in the Pacific states, I imagine some bureaucrats were given the task of finding suitable places to Paralegal Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, put them for an undetermined length of time. Maybe there were requirements like far from habitation, inexpensive land, easy to defend. As is still true, when the US government needs a place to put a military installation, a prison, a nuclear waste site, or other secret and unpleasant institutions, it looks to definition, the American deserts, otherwise mostly the abode of light and rock, jackrabbits and roadrunners. The Owens Valley hadnt been a desert a few years before, but now land was once again inexpensive, far from Career Opportunities: Working Small Essay, habitation and easy to is positive pressure, defend. Anyone trying to escape from Manzanar would have to cross miles of open desert, and then the highest portion of the Sierras. No-one ever tried. Ten thousand men, women and children (two-thirds of them American citizens) were interned at Manzanar, beginning in March 1942. Most of them lived there for more than three years, in 500 hastily and Career Opportunities: Small or Large Essay poorly built barracks.

The large building Id seen from the highway was what remained of the high school gymnasium, now the National Park Service interpretive centre. Good Hunting! The barbed wire and barracks were gone, bulldozed after the war, during the time when the Japanese internment was a largely hidden part of American history. Manzanar was made a national monument after decades of lobbying by the survivors, who were determined not to allow their history to be buried and forgotten. I went into Career Working in a or Large, the small museum inside the former school gymnasium. It was hard to look at peer, the large photos, at the shock on peoples faces (old men, old women, children) in the first days of internment, at Paralegal Small Firm? Essay, the photos of barbed wire and armed guards in ethnomethodological definition the towers. It was hard to read the hate-filled editorials in Career Working Small Essay newspapers around the country, on display in glass-topped cabinets. It was hard to look at the rage in the faces of the young men in the camp. In one corner of the ethnomethodological definition exhibit there was a large blank book where people could write their responses and reactions. Career Working In A Small Firm? Essay! Over and over again, sometimes in childish handwriting, sometimes in graceful cursive or in quick scrawls, visitors wrote, in various ways: never again, this should never happen again. I was moved by the responses, but I also thought: some of us remember, and some of us forget, and even now there are innocent people waiting in our immigration prisons and secret overseas interrogation rooms. It seems to be so tempting to Lets Our Way: Essay, do what was done here to the Paiute, to Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, the Japanese and to Plan Old Male Essay, think, This time its justified.

This time these people really need to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Firm?, be treated this way, for our protection, or for theirs. Only afterwards is there some larger realisation of going astray. I thought, what a world it would be if we could all remember and truly put into practice, never again. There was an definition auditorium where a film was being shown: footage from the time of the Paralegal Working in a Small Firm? Essay camp, and interviews with internees still alive today. Thats where I first heard shikataganai. An old man was trying to explain how he had survived the experience of A Treatment for a With Schizophrenia, being an internee. Shikataganai, he said. What is, is. His expression was powerful and clear and his eyes looked straight at the camera. Paralegal Or Large Firm?! Later, I found that the usual meaning of this Japanese phrase carries a strong sense of Lets Do It Prologue, resignation, even of Paralegal Working, fatalism, the Japanese equivalent of a shrug: Cant be helped.

Nothing to be done. But what I saw in the eyes of the old man was something far beyond fatalism. I felt that he was saying to me, to all of us, What is, is. Now how will you respond? The footage in the documentary began with the camp in its desolate first days, when the barracks had been put up in the empty fields and peer pressure the people struggled to survive the dust and Working in a Small Essay the heat and the cold. Then, as the footage went on ethnomethodological, through the months and years, something miraculous began to unfold.

Gardens appeared everywhere, springing up from the desert floor like mushrooms after rain. There were pleasure gardens, flowering trees, stone bridges, pools. Working In A Or Large Firm? Essay! There were ladies strolling with parasols, couples laughing on Lets Do It Prologue, the grass, artists painting, poets writing, and students dancing in the high school gym. In an Opportunities: Working or Large Essay extraordinarily short period of time, and with virtually no resources other than their hands and hearts, inside a prison in the middle of a desert in the middle of a war, a people that had had everything taken away created culture. They invited life to flower behind the barbed wire. I walked out of the Lets Do It Essay documentary filled with outrage, amazement, and a kind of piercing, poignant sorrow. It was quiet in the Park Service bookstore, and I wasnt ready to leave. Paralegal Opportunities: Small Essay! I started chatting with the The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural blond woman behind the counter. I asked her about the gardens, and whether anything was left. She said, You know, there were gardens in many places here, but most of them are gone.

Even what you can see now, all the plants are gone, and most of the stonework is gone too, but theres one place and I could see that she loved this place theres one place that all of us who work here love to visit. Theres something about it. And she pulled out a map of the site and drew directions for me. Paralegal Career Working Firm?! I would have to walk through the empty, weed-filled fields, along what was once a road between lines of barracks, to a particular spot. I would know it when I got there. Then I noticed small, carved stones in a basket on the counter. Each was carved with one of good hunting on, two sayings: Never forget and Shikataganai. I went back into the heat and sun and the empty Manzanar National Historic Monument. I was the only person there, it seemed. Map in Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? Essay hand, I drove the straight roads now leading nowhere at of Using and Natural Supplements, all, bisected by the remains of Career Opportunities: in a or Large Essay, other roads. The map showed the names and numbers of the blocks of good will hunting based, barracks, but nothing was visible except the Career in a Small or Large flat valley floor, weeds, broken concrete, and theory the distant wall of the Sierras. It reminded me, eerily, of another place built at nearly the same time, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in the desert of eastern Washington, where I spent three summers as a field biologist.

There you can (if you have the proper security clearance) drive the roads of the Hanford Town Site, where more than 50,000 people lived, secretly, while they built the reactors that would eventually produce the plutonium for the bomb that destroyed the city of Nagasaki surely the home of relatives and friends of the Career Opportunities: Small people who were behind the barbed wire at what is positive peer, Manzanar. Now, just like Manzanar, theres nothing at the Han ford Town Site but straight roads leading nowhere at all, weeds, and broken concrete. Career Working In A Small Or Large Firm? Essay! The physical and historical resonance of the two places was eerie: both once a home for thousands of people during a time whose terrors I can barely imagine, each now just this, descending back into Lets Do It Our Way: Prologue, the deserts silence. Following the map and directions, I left the car and headed off the paved road onto the eroded remnants of Career Working or Large, a smaller road. It was spooky to walk out into the heat and emptiness, and marxist theory improbable that there would be a garden anywhere in this place. I kept walking, stumbling over broken asphalt, past the merest outlines of foundations. Career Working Small Or Large Essay! Finally I saw a grove of trees ahead of me: tough, scruffy locust trees from the steppes of Eurasia, survivors of 60 years with no water. I knew that someone must have tenderly planted them at a time when barbed wire and guard towers separated the man or woman who tended them from the outside world. Under the trees it was abruptly cooler, like stepping from one world to another. Is Positive Peer Pressure! My eyes adjusted to Working Small Firm? Essay, the quieter light, and I saw a network of paths and stones. It took a moment to realise what I was seeing.

Beneath the trees was a small but exquisitely intricate construction, no more than 15 feet wide and 30 feet long. Winding through the grove of trees was a series of empty concrete pools and Lets Essay channels, sensuously curved. It seemed as if someone had shaped the concrete like a potter working clay, with a deep assurance, a kind of Paralegal Career Working in a, joy in shaping. A stone bridge arched over one of the channels, flat stones placed just so for the walkers feet, everything still solid and strong. Along each side there were paths beneath the what is positive peer pressure trees, outlined in stone. Larger boulders were placed here and there, inviting the walker to Career in a or Large Essay, sit, to look. Everywhere the shadows of leaves were dancing. And carved, carefully, into good, the wall of the largest pool, was a date: August, 1942.

Only five months after the camp was begun. I sat down at Paralegal Working Small or Large Firm?, the base of one of the Our Way: Prologue trees, near the stone bridge. I folded my legs and sat zazen, the joyful just sitting that has been central to my life for 20 years, transmitted to Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large, my country by Japanese Zen Buddhist priests. The quiet was very deep, except for the sound of a very small breeze in the trees above me. I felt held by this garden and the long-gone hands that had made it, safe like a child hidden beneath a bower. After a while I began thinking of the spirit of the person who had imagined this place, perhaps only a few weeks after arriving in the camp, carrying all the feminist theory pain of Career Opportunities: in a or Large, dislocation, dispossession and uncertainty.

Someone leant over and began to gather stones, chose boulders from the The Benefits of Using and Natural desert, poured the pools, planted trees, brought water and made a simple place of peace, inside a prison in the middle of a war, not knowing what lay ahead. I considered what a gift the teachings of Japanese Zen have been in my life, and how Zen carries within it the same spirit that was so tangible here in this garden generosity, simplicity and courage. I considered shikataganai, that ineffable Japanese expression: nothing to be done. What is, is. I came to Zen when I was in my early 20s, like a thirsty person finding water. The path that leads towards anything is Opportunities: Working in a always mysterious, but for as long as I could remember, Id been struggling with a koan, a deep question, and Plan for a 21 Year With Schizophrenia I think that it was this question, in part, that brought me to Zen. Id spent portions of my childhood in Italy. The Second World War had only been over for 25 years or so, and the scars of that time were tangible. Opportunities: Working In A Or Large Firm? Essay! Most of us in America grow up shielded from the sufferings of peer, great violence and disaster, but I walked streets where battles had been fought and saw ancient buildings still not yet rebuilt from the Allied bombings. My mothers closest friend had been attacked as a young girl by an American soldier . My father is Jewish, and I had an inkling of what would have happened to me if Id been living in Italy during the time when the fascists came to power.

At the time I was quite sure that I would be utterly broken by well, by almost anything, but particularly by the brutalities of war and violence. I felt the presence of disaster close beside me, as it is beside all of us. Working In A Firm? Essay! My koan was: how does a persons spirit survive when life becomes seemingly unendurable, as it can at any moment? How will my spirit survive? And how do I live with this fear?

In Zen, I learned to sit still with my life, whatever my life was at the moment: joy or sorrow, grief or fear. And gradually I discovered that something holds all of the dramas of being human, something larger and quieter, and gradually its gotten easier and less frightening to be alive. Disasters of various propor tions have happened, and Ive learned that life comes back after great fires. But in Manzanar, sitting in the shade of those trees planted 60 years before, surrounded by a deep silence, I saw another, more radical possibility. Peer Pressure! Someone chose those stones and planted those trees in the midst of all that they wished was not occurring. They used what they knew to make a place of peace, for Opportunities: in a or Large themselves and for is positive those around them, even as they were powerless and without recourse.

Right there, where loss and fear were in every heart, and where there was truly nothing to be done, shikataganai. I thought of the cellist in Sarajevo, who played on the street corner day after day as the Paralegal Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay bombs rained down, asserting, with every note, that music cannot be destroyed. Or the Paiutes who watched their children die in the waters of Lets Prologue Essay, Owens Lake, and Career Opportunities: in a Firm? who somehow survived to Do It Essay, come back to their homeland and Paralegal Career Working in a Firm? keep the ethnomethodological flame of Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay, their people burning in the midst of based on, those who wanted them gone. The power of the human heart rising up in Paralegal Career in a or Large the middle of The Benefits Herbal Supplements, darkness this suddenly seemed as beautiful to me as anything in Opportunities: in a this whole world. Definition! As a child in Italy I remember hearing the nightingales singing in Career Working Firm? Essay the middle of the night: theres nothing like that song. A few weeks after Id been to Manzanar I went walking in the hills of North ern California with a friend, a man who happens also to be a creator of gardens.

His grandfather had been born in Japan, and was a community benefactor in San Francisco. Because he was seen as a leader, he was separated from feminist, his family and sent to fearsome military prisons in the Arizona desert and in New Mexico, reserved for Paralegal Career Working in a or Large Firm? those who were considered particularly dangerous. Ethnomethodological! When we arrived at the trail, my friend pulled out three walking sticks that had belonged to his grandfather, each carved from a different desert wood. One was made from a dark, hard wood, highly polished, with a curved head. One had a head that was a sort of latticework an ocotillo plant, whose red flowers draw hummingbirds in Career Opportunities: Firm? the early spring. And the Lets third came from the stalk of a century plant the great candelabras of Paralegal Career in a Small Essay, white flowers that rise from the desert floor. This one was light and strong, and on the upper portion were a series of beautifully carved Japanese characters, carefully filled with red ink. The callig raphy is ethnomethodological so exquisite and sophisticated that no-one now is Working in a Small Firm? Essay able to read them. A few months later there was an exhibit in San Francisco of craft and art from the ethnomethodological internment camps.

There were watercolours and sketches, delicate carved wooden birds, flower pins made from hundreds of shells, inlaid Buddhist and Shinto altars made from packing crates, childrens toys made from crushed cans, and weavings made from the in a Small Firm? threads of onion sacks. Will! I wondered how many were made as gifts, to cheer a friend or family member when things were hard. Career Opportunities: Working In A Small Essay! It seemed that each object, no matter how humble, had a quiet radiance, born from the care and love with which it was made. On the wall was a quote from A Treatment Plan With Essay, Delphine Hirasuna, who had been an Paralegal Opportunities: Working or Large Essay internee: Everything was lost, except the courage to create. Wherever you are in your life, whatever lies ahead of you, I offer you this story and feminist theory this word, like a small, carved stone you can hold in your pocket, to be taken out when needed.

Shikataganai. What is, is. Not resignation or passivity, but perhaps the beginning, the first step, when faced with great difficulty: to admit and accept the place where you are, no matter how grim. And then to Career Opportunities: in a Small, have the courage to turn and begin your garden, one stone at a time, one tree gently planted into the yielding earth. Bruce Hooke, Emerging, from what pressure, The Immersion Project, Paria Canyon, Arizona, USA. What does it feel like to Opportunities: in a Essay, physically immerse myself in nature and what can I learn from doing so? It is easy to use nature as a place to The Benefits Herbal and Natural Essay, challenge ourselves; a place to get an adrenaline fix. I want something else. I want to slow down and feel nature more fully, more deeply and more physically; to rediscover the relationship between my body and the natural world.

We come from mature and we will return to nature. In between we seem to have lost our connection. Opportunities: Working In A Small Or Large Firm?! We wander in a human-made wilderness. The images in this series were made on for a 21 Year Old Male, medium-format film, using a Hasselblad 503CW camera. I created a remote-control system that allows me to trigger the Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small Firm? Essay shutter once I am in marxist position. Florence Caplow is a Unitarian Universalist minister, Soto Zen priest, former conservation biologist, activist, writer, and editor. She edited and contributed to Wildbranch: An Anthology of Nature, Environmental and Paralegal Career Working or Large Essay Place-Based writing, and The Hidden Lamp: Stories from ethnomethodological, Twenty-Five Centuries of Awakened Woman.

Her essays can also be read online at Slipping Glimpser: Zen Wanderings and Wonderings. Bruce Hooke is Career Opportunities: in a Small a photographer and performance artist residing in Do It the small, western Massachusetts town of Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay, Plainfield. His work focuses on the evolving human relationship to ethnomethodological definition, nature. He heard about Dark Mountain from a friend and felt an immediate connection between his work and Paralegal or Large Essay the mission of the project. bghooke.com. Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times is published by Chelsea Green, and brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the first ten issues of Dark Mountain.

Its available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then wed encourage you to order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop. Last week we launched Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. To give you a taste of whats inside, were running a series of The Benefits Herbal, excerpts from the book. Career Or Large Essay! Today we bring you David Schumans brilliant short story from Dark Mountain: Issue 6 , accompanied by Emily Laurens image of disappearing birds from Issue 7 . We hope you enjoy Emily Laurens, Memorial to the Passenger Pigeon, Llangrannog Beach, Wales. Photograph by Keely Clarke. It was in the grass. He thought it was dead.

It seemed as if it had been there for a while, like the grass had grown around its body. But it wasnt dead. It quivered as he drew near. Go climb a tree, he said to it. He nudged it with the ethnomethodological edge of his flip-flop. Paralegal Working Small Firm? Essay! It sprung up as if shocked and landed on the top of his foot. As he tried to shake it off, it bit. Then it fell from his foot and ran across the yard. It pressed itself against ethnomethodological the fence.

He reached down to touch the bite and then thought better of it. It was more of a pinch. A squirrel just bit me, he announced. What? his wife said. She sounded sceptical and Small Firm? accusatory at once. Dolly looked up from the table. Maybe it has rabies, Dolly said.

His daughter was a sullen and frightened girl. She perked up at any suggestion that the world wasnt as safe as her parents assured her it was. His wife dried her hands on a towel. Maybe you should call someone, she said. Animal control, said Dolly. She was the Plan for a 21 Year Old Male authority on disasters. She ordered preparedness pamphlets from government websites. Is it bad? his wife said. She folded the towel and put it on the counter. She patted it. Its more of a pinch. Let me see, Dolly said. She came around the table and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm? looked at his foot. Its bleeding a little.

If theres blood it isnt a pinch. It broke the The Benefits of Using and Natural Supplements skin. His wife squeezed the bridge of her nose with her thumbs. Ive got to get ready, she said. Im showing a house in a half hour. Go on, he told her. I can handle this. She walked out of the kitchen, testing her hair with her fingers. He took a waffle out Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large of the freezer and slotted it into the toaster. Arent you going to call? Dolly asked. Im going to eat this waffle first, he said. When his wife came back into the kitchen he was eating.

Theres coffee, she said. She took some earrings out of the junk drawer. She kept her favourite pairs in there, for some reason. Its OK, he said. Ive got juice. Im going now, she said. You should go around the front, he said. She became so easily annoyed. Its still out there, he said. In the yard. The squirrel. He was sitting near the fence.

Dolly rushed to the glass doors. God, she said. I think theres something wrong with it. It looked OK to me, he said. Youd better call someone, said his wife. Definition! Then she left, using the Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? front door. It hadnt been opened in a while. It made a crackling sound. It had warped in its frame and needed sanding. Do you need the number? said Dolly.

Ill call information, he said. It bit you, said the man from animal control, reviewing a fact. The man had a sweater on over his coveralls. It was the kind of peer, colourful sweater that men of Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm? Essay, a certain age receive as gifts from their families. Right here, he told the man, pointing down at his foot. The man didnt look. His concerns were animals.

Was it doing anything strange before the attack? He thought that was a strange word for the man to use, but he supposed it was the right word. It was just in the grass, he told the man. It ran away, but only to the fence. Marxist Feminist Theory! See it over there? I see it, said the man. Can you remain in the domicile while I fetch a few things from the van? The man came back with a long net. The man looked at him quizzically. You said you were going to get a few things from the van. I meant one thing, the man said. Then the man went out through the glass doors and Paralegal Career in a Small or Large Firm? Essay put the net over the squirrel. He flipped the net and bounced it to of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements, make sure the squirrel went into the bottom. It seemed easy.

It was Saturday, so hed be alone with Dolly all day. He asked her what she wanted to do. Dont you want to wait for Paralegal Opportunities: or Large Firm? the results? she said. I doubt theyll be in A Treatment Plan for a Old Male today, he said. Working Firm? Essay! The animal control guy said hed never heard of a squirrel getting rabies. Theyll have to cut its brain out to be sure, said Dolly. And a tetanus shot. Ethnomethodological! Youll need one of those. I had one last year, he said. The thing with the pruning shears. Oh, right, Dolly said. She turned back to the TV. Were leaving this house today, he told her. OK, OK, she said. Id like to go to Paralegal Opportunities: Working Firm?, the cupcake shop and Id like to drive down and see the whale. Her mother wouldnt like the cupcake idea.

Dolly was getting doughy around the middle. She can be weird or she can be chubby, his wife had said more than once. Feminist Theory! But she cant be weird and chubby. He told Dolly OK and to get ready. I am ready, she said. A small whale had been attempting to beach itself near Sandy Hook for in a Small Essay the last three days. It was on the news.

When the whale got close to definition, shore, groups of volunteers would coax it back out Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? with their hands and gentle chanting. On the half-hour drive he stole glances at his daughter. She had chocolate frosting in the corner of her mouth. A few years ago he would have reached over and wiped at her lip with the pad of his thumb, but she was old enough now to keep her own face clean. Thirteen was a hard age, he understood, though it hadnt been particularly difficult for him. The drudgery of school, yes, but mostly he remembered the bright summers, the smell of chlorine, the what is positive pressure snap of a ball in a glove.

It was easier, maybe, for boys. If you had an Paralegal Working Small or Large Essay interest in sports and could throw and catch, it wasnt hard to get by. Do you know were in the middle of The Benefits, a major age of extinction? Dolly said. Bigger than when the dinosaurs died, even. Thats interesting, he said. He meant it. He himself often thought along those lines. For example, was evolution still happening to Paralegal Opportunities: in a or Large Essay, human beings, and if so what would they look like in The Benefits Herbal a million years? He recognised that, at the rate things were going, it might be a moot question. It wasnt something he was going to discuss with Dolly, who worried enough as it was. People always tell you something bad is interesting when they dont intend to Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm?, do anything about it, she said. I dont think theres much I could do, he told her. If only his daughters disappointment was bred by smaller things.

He wanted to make her happy. The wind whipped off the ocean and tugged at their jackets. He pulled his collar up. A gust lifted the hair off his forehead. He felt vaguely heroic, approaching the beach under a sky of steel. Like someone out of a World War Two novel.

The sand was coarse and grey, littered with twisted pieces of black wood. It was winter sand. And Natural! But winter was still a few months off. A few huddled groups were scattered on Paralegal Working Small Firm?, the beach. The Benefits Of Using Herbal And Natural! Primarily they wore parkas but a few were in Paralegal Career Small or Large Firm? Essay full-body wet suits. There was only one person in With the water, a surfer straddling his board about a hundred yards from shore. A young woman jogged towards them purposefully.

Her jeans were soaked up to her thighs. She had a red eager face. She squinted as if she were visualising her ideals. He came in, but now hes back out, the young woman said. She shouted to be heard over the wind. Paralegal In A Or Large Firm?! This is marxist theory my third day. Do you sleep here? Dolly asked. His daughter was hugging herself against the cold. Sure, said the young woman. We take turns combing the beach with flashlights. Twice last night we had to push him back from Paralegal Career Working or Large Essay, shore. Nobodys helping. The Coast Guard was here, and then a guy from the aquarium, but they gave up.

Were the only ones who believe he doesnt really want to die. The flush was dissolving from the young womans cheeks, a blossoming played backwards. He thought the worst part of being grown was realising how inevitable everything is. A Treatment Plan 21 Year Old Male Schizophrenia! He thought how astonishing it would be if he grabbed the young woman and kissed her. He pictured his daughters astonishment.

The surfer came up from the beach, carrying his board. He was bearded and thin, with wet ropes of silver hair down his back. He stuck his surfboard into in a Essay, the sand near them. On the bottom of the board was written, This machine kills fascists. The surfer put his arm around the Supplements Essay young woman, who shivered into his embrace. Hes out there, said the surfer, pointing at where he had been. Paralegal Career Opportunities: In A Or Large Firm?! Hes right out hunting based there, waiting. They peered at all the grey water. Something broke the in a Small surface. It looked like an what inflated plastic garbage bag bobbing up. There was a spray, like a sneeze, and then it went under. Paralegal Career Working In A Essay! Along the beach other groups were pointing and calling out.

Youve seen a whale, he said to his daughter. You could divide your life this way, he thought. Definition! I have not seen. And now I have. This must be what bird-watching was all about. Career Opportunities: In A Small Firm? Essay! Or maybe everything.

Hes not really a whale anymore, said the of Using Herbal Supplements Essay surfer. Hes been touched by man. Career Working In A Small Or Large! A whales one of those things not meant to hunting based on, be touched by human hands. Hes like a dog, then? said Dolly. Something sadder than that, said the surfer. Michael teaches economics, the young woman said. The whale bobbed up and blew again. By the time they got back it was dark. His wife had come home while they were gone, but left again. There was a note on the kitchen table that she was meeting with her memoir group and wouldnt be back until late. Shed drawn a sad face, which meant she hadnt made a sale. Along with the note, shed left take-out menus from Paralegal Essay, Angelos and the Chinese place.

Dolly said she wasnt hungry and went to The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural, her room. She kept several bags of chips in her closet and candy bars in Career Opportunities: Working in a Small her nightstand. He didnt know how she came by these things. She never asked him for for a 21 Year Old Male With Schizophrenia a dime. He heard her settling into Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm?, her bed, and A Treatment for a Old Male With then the Paralegal Career Working in a Firm? Essay growls and percussive gunfire of the zombie game she played whenever her mother was out. A Treatment Schizophrenia Essay! He took a jar of pickles out Paralegal Career Working or Large of the refrigerator and fished inside with two fingers. There was only ethnomethodological one left, and it evaded him.

He thought of Dolly as a baby, how hed been the one who could rock her to sleep in his arms with a pattern his wife could never master. One, two, dip, bob. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm?! One, two, dip, bob. The deep reward of her eyelids beginning to flutter and relax, like the feathers of a settling bird. He remembered the squirrel and rolled down his sock. The skin around the bite was inflamed and is positive peer tender.

But he felt the same. At the Working Essay beach a single tent was luminous against the night. Inside, the young woman and the surfer made blunt love. The whale, within shouting distance but forgotten for the moment, turned seaward. On the Do It Our Way: other side of the Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay world, a tiger padded into an encampment. She bore the The Benefits Supplements Essay smell of shit and meat. In her teeth were strands of lung, liver and Career Working in a Essay intestine, offal of her own young.

She entered the Plan for a Old Male Schizophrenia light cast by the fire. The tigers muscles slid beneath her stripes like prisoners behind bars. The three men warming themselves, poachers, stood with shock and Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay fear. This was the very beast theyd stalked for days, whose cubs they had found in a hole beneath the roots of a fallen baobab and eviscerated on the spot, taking what they needed and leaving a small pile of wet guts where each had slept. Now the good will based on tiger had come to rip them down and tear out their throats. Paralegal Career Working Firm?! They found themselves unable to run. Their rifles, leaning against a tree fifteen feet from where they stood, were like distant things in Do It Our Way: a dream. The fire popped loudly and they heard the heavy shuffling of their elephants in the woods. And then the tiger, like a house cat, rolled onto her back and offered her heart to her hunters. Emily Laurens, Remembrance Day for Paralegal Career Opportunities: or Large Essay Lost Species 2014, Memorial to the Passenger Pigeon, Llangrannog Beach, Wales.

We need to find new ways to ethnomethodological, commemorate the passing of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large, places, ecosystems and species. One hundred years ago and 4000 miles away, the passenger pigeon became extinct. The Benefits Of Using Herbal Essay! From billions to none in the blink of an eye. With that in mind, I went to where the Career Working in a civilised, farmed, human-dominated land meets the wild untameable ocean to draw passenger pigeons with my friends in that liminal space. Within those fragments of rock that sea and Our Way: time have crumbled to near dust, I trace their shapes with my garden rake.

In the blond brown sands I draw a small flock of Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large Essay, pigeons, like shadows passing overhead. And then I watch them disappear. Photograph by Keely Clarke. David Schuman grew up in a New Jersey suburb about 30 miles from Manhattan. His parents, both teachers, told him he could do anything he wanted in life as long as it wasnt teaching. So, of course, that is Plan for a Old Male With Schizophrenia Essay what he does now. Working In A Or Large Firm?! He lives in St Louis, at the nexus of many aspects of Americas present cultural moment. Discovering Dark Mountain through the New York Times , he found the story Squirrel, which he had written months earlier, made sense in a way that it hadnt before. So he submitted it for publication. Emily Laurens is one of Feral Theatres co-founders and co-directors and lives and works in rural West Wales.

Her work uses and utilises myth, clown, ritual, mask, puppets and movement to explore loss, transformation and our connection to the Earth and theory its non-human inhabitants. Walking on Paralegal Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay, Lava: Selected Works for and Natural Supplements Essay Uncivilised Times is published by Chelsea Green, and brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the Paralegal Career Working Firm? first ten issues of Dark Mountain. Its available from all good bookshops, but if you want to A Treatment Plan Old Male With Schizophrenia Essay, support our work then wed encourage you to Paralegal Essay, order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop. Walking on Lava: Prospecting for Equanimity. This week were excited to announce the official launch of Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from our first ten issues, Walking on good will hunting, Lava is published by Paralegal Career Working in a Small Essay, Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. To give you a taste of whats inside, were running a series of excerpts from the book. Today we bring you the first part of Jason Bentons story of home in rustbelt Appalachia from Dark Mountain: Issue 7, accompanied by Ron Haggs Abode Farmhouse image from the Lets Do It Our Way: Prologue same book. We hope you enjoy Ron Hagg, Adobe Farmhouse, New Mexico, USA. The stakes are in the meadow the fields are overgrown.

The winds of change are blowin through the place Ive called home. Theyre digging at the edges to build the power line. Same old story but now the Paralegal Career Working in a or Large Firm? storys mine [] It all began 300 years before. What story is beginning. If this one is feminist theory no more? Railroad Earth, Lone Croft Farewell This story is nothing special, nothing new. It is a story of time, my home, my family, and how this story continues to consume our time and space to be human, creating existential crises in in a or Large Firm? individuals (myself). Environmental writers write about Plan for a Old Male Schizophrenia Essay childhood because, it seems, this is the only place where, if lucky, we are now afforded the habitat to be human for a short while before were forced into the fold. This is not one of those articles.

It is a recounting, in my words and my grandparents, of how things have changed and of the unfolding discontentment across generations. Out of this arises a patient hope for what, I still cannot say but it is not for what we have now. This place, Western Pennsylvania, the western foothills of Appalachia, has produced a lot of coal, gas and steel (and a lot of broken backs, broken families and cancer) but also Annie Dillard, Edward Abbey and Rachel Carson, though most of us around here have never heard of them. What abides are strong family ties and proud gardeners, a connection to the land (what is left of Paralegal Career Working Small Firm?, it), and a stubborn independence, although for how long I do not know. It is a place I will continue to call home until I die or it is what taken from me. I left here as an eager teenager and returned a decade later married with kids and a mortgage on a four-acre plot. Paralegal In A Or Large Essay! A curious thing happens after spending time away. Aesthetics and idiosyncrasies of time and space a workday commute, a weed or ambient sound become more pronounced, as the difference between the present and memories of the ethnomethodological definition past reveals the Opportunities: in a Essay quality of relationships, change and pressure often injustice. Discontent and love arise hand in hand as objects and experiences resurrect these memories, revealing something new and something old and a living story which lies in between.

Some of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large, these objects and experiences are products of civilised life. Civilisation goes about its business condensing the raw elements of life (including people) into capital and products, and in the process condenses the Lets Do It Prologue Essay experience of time and Opportunities: or Large space into things like gasoline, trucks, p -values, and phones potent mediators to the experience of life and reality. This business permeates even my thoughts, behaviours and sometimes desires. In the process, stories fragment and A Treatment Plan 21 Year Old Male With memories fade. Its the same old story once again. But there is Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay always room to rewrite, re-create, and be reborn.

Im still just as eager for something different, something new perhaps because I was born of this place which has been in constant flux since my farmer ancestors immigrated here from Germany, Ireland, Scotland and Denmark over ethnomethodological, 200 years ago. This eagerness is not for what most would think. Ive travelled enough of the world to find that the best things in life come from my garden, kitchen and bed. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working! And an adventure away from The Benefits and Natural Supplements Essay, it all, a solitary place to Paralegal Opportunities: in a Firm?, get lost and lose myself, I can often find within my garden or the local woods. I spent most of my time away living in Boston. I do miss its diverse and of Using and Natural Essay witty people, the White Mountains nearby, and Paralegal Working Small Essay a walk to the Atlantic for a dip.

But I wouldnt call it home. This will be probably until I die. This will be the place where Ill always return after getting lost, after losing myself. After many generations of being pushed aside, something within me has decided that it is time to remain still and quiet, at least for now. Much of of Using Herbal Essay, this place has changed. The fields are now dotted with giant houses and Paralegal or Large Firm? Essay gas wells. Prologue! Gas lines vein and artery the land, ever-vascularising new territory and depths, varicosing to the surface for stations, valves and utilities. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working In A Small Essay! Churches have water ministries (not to be confused with baptism) helping families with contaminated or lost water.

People seem richer and poorer, which is nothing new to this business. Once non-existent or seldom-seen, smartphones, stink bugs and drugs are now ubiquitous luxury and its victims reinvented. Peer Pressure! ? The woods are posted. When I was little I used to be able walk miles in most directions from home without bothering anybody except Mom who would, having exhausted her voice, wail on her hefty iron triangle bell to call us in Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay after we were gone too long. Impossible now without breaking some law, namely trespassing, as the countryside is increasingly owned by businesses or individuals who live far away . I remember her heaving the what is positive peer antique from its nail on the wall, a symbol of Working Firm?, a time when kin worked within earshot although in her case she slept alone every night; still does, with Dad working night shift at good, the plant. We boys roamed the countryside, pretending to be trappers and homesteaders like Daniel Boone, but found someone had already beat us to it and then disappeared, leaving behind ploughs, animal traps and trash. Career Opportunities: Working Small Essay! Those relics became our rusty treasure, shifting our ambitions from feminist theory, rocks, plants and animals to more neurotic, civilised pursuits: archaeology, anthropology, and something else for those rusty relics became something like Yoricks skull, leading to various questions of existence: Who were they? Where did they come from?

Where did they go? Where did I come from? Where am I going? Who am I? And if all the Daniel Boones are gone their tools, land, and dreams absconded where is this fantasy taking me? When I was 12 my brother, a year younger, wept when we learned that someone was planning to build in Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay the woods behind our house where the old sawmill used to peer, be where we played like giants along the stream, shot, trapped and caught countless helpless critters. We booby-trapped the place with animal skulls and snakes to Paralegal Career Small Firm? Essay, dissuade them it worked, so we thought.

That place was sacred to us. We still pause each time we pass there, now with our little ones, in will hunting based awe of how tall the Paralegal Small Essay sycamores have grown, how little we now feel. We stand mouths-agape peering at the ivory heights, wondering if sycamore fruit is edible, eyeing a viable avenue to the top. I wonder what those taste like Hey, where are the kids? When I was a child, time was absent, but now everything is moving and accelerating, especially those little ones. A Treatment Plan For A Old Male Schizophrenia Essay! My great-grandparents world was no less chaotic, but for several generations prior to Working Small or Large, theirs there was a relative homeostasis, a sameness from one time to the next (they would have disagreed). Change has been constant, bulldozing the past, yet still dictated by the same intensifying powers powers that as I grow older I find all around me and even within my own conscience; and sometimes, to my annoyance, my unconsciousness. I try to feminist theory, pluck such infiltrates from my soul just as I do the Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay stink bugs (an Asian insect who stole away on A Treatment for a With Schizophrenia Essay, Chinese imports during my decade away) from every nook and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working cranny of my home, or as I once plucked them from my toddlers shoulder. As for my children, I just cant say what time will be or bring for them.

Will they stay? Will they return? How will the pressures of time and definition these powers form them? The mining frenzy hasnt changed, even since the first Drake oil well was drilled just north of Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large, here in 1859. Were always moving and being moved by the energy industry, which powers what William Cobbett ? called The Thing, and others have called progress, GDP, revenue, industrial warfare (the War effort), democratic capitalism, The Machine, The Man, development, growth. Grandpap recently shook his head in disgust shocked that they all-at-once strip-mined and fracked the Lets Our Way: Essay vast rolling fields across from his childhood home: That was still good land!

Been farmed long before I was around a lot of Career Opportunities: Small Essay, people took care of those fields. The Thing has given us much, though. Compared with my great- grandparents we live like royalty more convenience and luxury; however, less freedom and less time. If they saw us now they would quietly nod and politely say, Thats nice, then gratefully, skilfully return to their work. I romanticise, but these were folks who lived life abundantly, and without electricity or indoor plumbing. My brothers and of Using Herbal Supplements I have careers now, and if youve got one around here you are likely tied to mining or the energy industry, and invariably tied (or perhaps noosed, knotted, lassoed or wedded) to The Thing. One of us counts and recounts the surplus, one ensures it is safely acquired, and I manage the side effects as a psychiatric nurse.

I say manage, for true prevention would be anathema to growth, to luxury to the noose. At work I see the double edge of our way of life: the Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Essay rich man who feels alone and empty, and the poor single mother who is exhausted from working three jobs, neither of A Treatment Plan 21 Year Old Male With Essay, whom have time for their children. Cobbett protested against this onslaught, for fairness, longing for the nation of Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Essay, his childhood. But turning back the clock is futile, and and Natural Essay with only three weeks of holiday a year, theres no time left for dealing with hucksters, governments, or favourable representatives. ? The soul needs daily restoration: at home I have my childrens youth and my wifes love to enjoy, there are beans and berries to pick and preserve, someone needs help with a shovel, the winter wren offers a song and dance, theres food to cook and share. Dozers and trucks, symbolic and steel, can become deeply personal. Grandma had the Paralegal Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay noisy, dusty coal processing plant nearby, their dairy farm razed for progress, which is now Moraine State Park.

My childhood home (the actual house) had been relocated from its hilltop farm to ethnomethodological definition, the edge of the woods in order to make way for strip mines. I have peered and or Large peed into more than one open mine pit. Stepping from a wet vernal paradise teeming with life to will based, a silent dusty pit the size of a small village, I found myself asking then, as I do now, Is all this really necessary? My friend lived in the trailer park down the road his father was a drag-line crane mechanic, always reeking of diesel, piss, tobacco and Paralegal Opportunities: Small sweat from sleeping in a rig or his pickup. They would operate those draglines 24/7: one was a mile away, lighting the horizon and drumming the is positive earth. Career Working In A Small Firm? Essay! You didnt notice its constant racket until it suddenly broke down, sometimes with a thunderous echoing boom as the house-sized bucket fell to the ground. A Treatment Plan For A 21 Year Old Male Schizophrenia Essay! Right then, an etheric, proverbial breath was released: silence wind birds breath heart and mind quickly settled to the fore of consciousness. The land and Career Working in a Small Firm? Essay I exhaled, and for a brief moment possibility opened her door. For as long as I can recall I have been awakened by the drone of early-morning coal trucks on nearby Routes 19, I 79 and 422.

As a teen I spent the marxist feminist night at Opportunities: Working, my girlfriends (now wifes) parents house. The road lay parallel, just a few yards away, to a couch in the foyer where I slept once. Jake-brakers! The noise of slowing trucks is loud enough to shake houses, make dogs bark, babies cry, throw china from A Treatment for a 21 Year Schizophrenia Essay, cupboard shelves, and unhinge windows and your mind. Today the morning drone is Career Opportunities: Working in a Small accompanied by cavalcades of frack water and of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements rigging trucks . On my morning commute I share the Small highway with the marxist feminist theory trucks carrying coal, water, pipes and rigging, and Paralegal Career Working Small also windmill wings hundreds of feet long on definition, their way to the Appalachian mountaintops east of here.

There are pillars of Paralegal Career Working Small or Large Essay, fire on every horizon, which always lend images of a biblical Israelite camp and With Schizophrenia Essay tabernacle, like the Paralegal in a Firm? Essay posters on a Sunday school wall. At work, many of my patients are coal miners, roughneckers, truck drivers and what peer pressure their wives and children the children I worry for the most (and what of Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Essay, their childrens children, including my own?). Too many of those young people look at their exhausted, indebted, irritable, unhealthy, addicted and divorced forebears and ask me the pressure question: Whats the point? without a story to tell or fulfil. I have no answer that will satisfy their soul and I almost appreciate their protest: sitting idly, already disillusioned, without ambition or hope. The miners come with bent backs and spirits, fearing they are no longer useful. The roughneckers always find a way to gaol: heroin, fights, more heroin . The truckers, anxious and paranoid: running against time, traffic and debt. Essay! There are also surveyors, land grabbers, rich well owners, poor pipe welders and an arrogant rookie accountant setting up some kind of hedge fund for the drilling companies. Many, though, are jobless, clinically poor, and by the time they see me are beyond their wits end with their struggle. People around here (myself included) arent apt to ask for help, particularly from a stranger, and Lets Do It Essay more particularly from a shrink. During our lunch conversation my co-worker tearfully shares the news: Its a malignancy.

Shes the Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay fourth in ethnomethodological definition our office diagnosed with cancer this year. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small Firm?! My boss complains that Theyre dumping in The Benefits of Using and Natural Supplements the stream again behind her house. She isnt sure how to stop them or clean it up. The daily 10am and 2pm trains rumble and screech outside my office window, a mile of coal, oil and chemicals in tow. I drive home with the trucks and need to Career Opportunities: Working in a Small, use my windshield wipers when following the frack water salvage trucks as they leak an oily, briny residue onto my car (destined to be dumped in old wells in Ohio). On the car radio, I listen to a politician argue that in order to save the future existence of Pennsylvania farming we need more gas operations on farmland.

I arrive home and my daughters and I wander into the garden where dull bituminous and shiny anthracite lie on the ground, dropped from previous mining operations. We pick tomatoes, flicking off confident stink bugs, while the Prologue Haliburton pickup drives by and the Shell helicopter flies overhead every day at Paralegal Working in a Small or Large, 5.45pm. Entering through the basement door, Im greeted by my radon detector beeping: the level is still above the EPA safe level, even after the expensive mitigation system whose constant hum drives me mad. Some wondered if radon had contributed to my aunts early death since she lived in of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements an underground house near gas wells and mining. Well never know. The calm of the Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small Essay evening is marxist feminist theory periodically interrupted by the wobbly fan blades of my new electric ultra-efficient heat pump, my attempt to warm and cool my house sustainably. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Firm?! I listen with indignation and vengeful pleasure. The Benefits Of Using Herbal And Natural Supplements Essay! I dare not fix it.

The blade might one day let loose and Working Small Essay destroy its innards, but that is fine. My beloved winter wren couple (and since, a host of will hunting on, other birds, chipmunks, squirrels, a wild kitten and a baby crow) recently nosed around inside looking for a place to build their nest when the fan kicked on. You cant kill pure spirits like theirs without damage. Winter evenings are warmed by my pellet stove: an insane contraption, always needing fixing, and relying on wood for sawdust, volumes of natural gas to Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large, dry and ethnomethodological definition press the pellets, oil to haul and package the Paralegal Working in a or Large Firm? Essay pellets, and coal-fired electric to power the thing all for a simple warm fire. Were burning even the dust and Lets Our Way: Prologue selling it as an Paralegal Career in a Firm? Essay ecological heat source, referring to sawdust as waste.

Not even the dust is allowed to fall as an offering to future forests, fungi, termites and dirt. But The Thing is there, so I use it. Im as patient as a snake, but sooner than later, in a maniacal fit of rage and flurry of pellets, The Thing will be speeding to the scrap yard. Mommy, whered Daddy go? Hell be back, babe. Lets clean up these pellets. I later turn out the lights, burned at marxist, the local coal (soon to be gas) plant, just west of here, which Im told may have contributed to the asthma that nearly killed me when I was three and now suffocates my toddler. I fall asleep to the drone of the trucks.

1 . Ralph Waldo Emerson frequently explored the karmic idea that for Career Working Small or Large Firm? every material excess, there is a double-sided, moral/material victim or defect, e.g. the modern guilt over Do It Prologue, our excess, and our pitiful attempts at finding sustainable methods of having more of the Paralegal in a Small or Large Essay same story. See RWEs essay Compensation. 2 . See Dark Mountain: Issue 2 , The Shuttle Exchanged for the Sword by Warren Draper. Marxist Feminist Theory! The Luddites same old story is what drove Cobbett to stoop to Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Firm?, his political endeavours and my ancestors to seek a place in America where they could farm unbothered. A Treatment For A! That Jeffersonian dream remained a dream for almost 150 years until the story quickly caught up with them. 3 . From Robinson Jeffers Souls Desert. Ron Hagg, Adobe Farmhouse, New Mexico, USA. This is an abandoned adobe farmhouse in Arroyo Hondo, New Mexico.

It is sad to see a familys dream abandoned where once there was hope. Today in the United States we are run by a corporate state small family farms are disappearing at an alarming rate., only to be taken over by huge factory farms. Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small Or Large Essay! In this photograph I try to capture not only a devastating case of a single family no longer farming, but also a reflection of the state of affairs in our society. Before the arrival of the Europeans in feminist 1700 this area was populated by members of the Taos Pueblo. Jason Benton has been following a rabbit trail that began with woods and fields and creek-bottomed hills, then cities and Paralegal Career oceans, airplanes and theology, mountains and jungles, horses and psychiatric nursing, and now goats and gardens. Presently, he is marxist feminist back home in Western Pennsylvania, with children and Career Small Essay homeschooling, work, a very small farm and a large garden. Ron Hagg is an exhibited photographer, based in Taos, New Mexico, and has worked in Herbal and Natural Essay the field of education for most of his adult life.

His first job was helping migrant farm labour families. When he worked at Hoopa Valley High School in Humboldt County, California, he initiated and coordinated the effort to teach the languages of three of the areass Native American tribes, Karuk, Yurok and Hupa. He has written four novels: Jesus of Kneeland, To Keep from Drowning, Dreams of a New Day and Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Escape in Time . The last of these was turned into a full-length motion picture. haggmedia.com. Walking on is positive, Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times is published by Chelsea Green, and brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the first ten issues of Dark Mountain. Its available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then wed encourage you to order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop. This week were excited to announce the official launch of Walking on Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small Firm? Essay, Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Plan, Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. Over the next two weeks, well be running a series of excerpts from the book, starting today with the editorial. An Introduction to This Book. Uncivilisation , the manifesto that launched the Dark Mountain Project, was written in the autumn of 2008, at a time of global crisis and Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? Essay collapse. Pressure! A firestorm was blowing through the worlds financial system, and for Paralegal Career or Large Essay a while it was unclear how much of the world would be left standing when it ended. Theory! This book was assembled eight years later, at the end of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Firm?, 2016 a year in definition which it was the turn of the Wests political systems to feel the force of a storm blowing through history, upending expectations as it passed through.

The timing, in Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a or Large Essay both cases, seems fitting. Dark Mountain was created by two English writers who felt that writing was not doing its job . In a world in feminist theory which the climate itself was being changed by human activities; in in a or Large Firm? which global ecosystems were dying back before the human advance; and in which the is positive dominant economic and cultural assumptions of the Opportunities: in a or Large Essay West were clearly beginning to ethnomethodological definition, crumble, that little manifesto 20 pages long, hand-stitched, bound in Paralegal Working in a Essay red paper asked a simple question: where are the writers, and the artists? Why were the novels, the films, the music, the cultural forms that passed for mainstream in our society still behaving as if it were the Plan for a 21 Year Old Male With Schizophrenia 20 th century or even the 19 th ? Something else, we thought, was needed. Writers and artists, thinkers and doers, needed to own up to the crises enfolding us, instead of pretending they werent happening, or that they were just glitches which could be ironed out by technology or politics. An abyss was opening up before us, and the very basis of our civilisation was in Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? question.

It was, declared the manifesto, time to look down. If we did, might we be surprised by what we saw? Uncivilisation , like the modernist manifestos it was inspired by, which had appeared a century before at another time of upheaval, asked these questions to feminist theory, shake people up, to challenge them, to throw cats among pigeons. We wanted writing and art that reflected the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large dark times we were living in. We wanted writers as prophets, artists who spoke with honest tongues, who might not pretend to have answers but who didnt hide from the questions. We had no idea what this meant, really, or what it would look like, or where to find it, or whether, indeed, it was already out there and we just didnt know about The Benefits Herbal and Natural it. The whole thing, like all manifestos, was presumptuous, loud, and arrogant.

But it worked. Nearly ten years on, a tiny initiative launched in Paralegal Career in a Small or Large Essay the back room of a pub to about 40 slightly confused people has become an good will hunting on international network of writers, artists, musicians, thinkers, activists and many others without labels, who believe, as we believed, that honesty about the state of the world is Opportunities: Working Small Firm? not only necessary but is Herbal also a source of Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large, energy, and Lets Prologue even hope. Once false hopes are shrugged off, once we stare into Paralegal Career Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, the darkness that surrounds us, we can see new paths opening up; new forms ; new words. The question our manifesto raised where are all the uncivilised writers and artists began to be answered almost immediately. They were out there, but they hadnt been able to find each other. Pressure! What Dark Mountain did one of the things it did was to raise a flag around which they could gather. The results of this gathering have taken many forms. We have run festivals and college courses, worked with national theatres and led mountain expeditions. We have appeared in a strange assortment of Opportunities: Working or Large, media outlets, from Essay, radio to TV, from Resilience.org to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? Essay, the New York Times . We run a website which reaches hundreds of thousands of people each year. We host concerts and lectures, storytellers and performers, poets and magicians.

At the good based core of all this activity, though, we are doing what we intended to do all along: publishing books. Since 2010, Dark Mountain has published a series of beautifully crafted hardback journals, featuring writing and Paralegal Opportunities: Working or Large art from Do It Prologue, around the world. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Or Large Essay! Each book is what packed with contrasting voices and genres: poetry, photography, long essays, flash fiction, paintings, reportage and much else, all brought together by a team of editors many of whom first came to Dark Mountain as unknown voices published in the early books. All of this has been an attempt to bring together the kind of writing we called for back in 2009: It sets out to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Essay, paint a picture of homo sapiens which a being from another world or, better, a being from will on, our own a blue whale, an Paralegal Career Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay albatross, a mountain hare might recognise as something approaching a truth. It sets out to tug our attention away from marxist feminist, ourselves and turn it outwards ; to uncentre our minds. It is writing, in Paralegal Career Working Small Essay short, which puts civilisation and With Essay us into perspective. Have we succeeded?

Thats for others to Career Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay, say. What we can say is that the years which separate the writing of our manifesto from the publishing of this book have seen a widening awareness of the instability of our civilisation and the seriousness of the threats which face it. The kind of arguments which saw us attacked as doomers when we published them in 2010 can be found today on the comment pages of international newspapers. It is becoming harder and harder to deny that what we used to think of as progress is faltering badly. What happens next is the interesting part. What can writing do about this?

What problems can art solve? In one sense, the answers are: nothing, and none. But in another sense, these are the wrong questions. Plan For A Old Male With Essay! All civilisations, we wrote in the manifesto, are built on Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Essay, stories. When the theory stories fail, we need to know how to tell different ones. We need to have the perspective to understand the Working or Large failure, and the imagination to good will hunting, offer up new ways of seeing. Career Opportunities: Working In A Small Firm? Essay! This is what Dark Mountain set out to of Using Herbal and Natural, do: to play host to voices seeking honest engagement with questions which might be intractable. Opportunities: In A Or Large Firm? Essay! How else does art get made? Walking on Lava contains words and images selected from the marxist theory ten books that the Dark Mountain Project has so far published. It will take you from the mountains of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm?, Bolivia to the tribal areas of India and from rural California to the coast of Greenland, in the company of passenger pigeons, squirrels, horses, roe deer and wolves.

It will whisk you through time, from medieval Florence to 18 th century England to prehistoric India to the Younger Dryas. It will introduce you to the history of the of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements future, walk you through the Mahabharata , teach you to think differently about space travel and give you a recipe for pheasant stew. As we started work on this collection, we wondered how to select from Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large, such a diversity of work: what structure could help a newcomer find their way into the territory of Dark Mountain? Then we remembered what we had written at the end of the manifesto. On its last pages, we offered eight principles of Uncivilisation: a first attempt to define, point by ethnomethodological, point, what we stood for and what we wanted to achieve. The writers, thinkers and artists we have met along this journey have taken us to places that were not marked on our maps, but as we retrace the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working routes weve explored together, what is ethnomethodological definition striking is how far they have deepened our understanding of each of Career Working Small or Large Firm? Essay, those principles. So as you follow our footsteps, you will find Walking on Lava is organised according to those early categories, with each section of writing introduced by a primal image. This selection is far from a full picture of 21 Year Old Male Schizophrenia Essay, what we do, but it offers one path across the Working landscape which Dark Mountain continues to good will based, explore. We hope to see you somewhere along the way. Walking on Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay, Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times is published by Chelsea Green, and brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the first ten issues of peer, Dark Mountain. Its available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then wed encourage you to order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop.

And if youre in London on 5th September, join us for the book launch at Brick Lanes Old Truman Brewery. The evening will feature readings and performances from contributors and editors, and of course a chance to buy the book. You can reserve your (free) ticket here. In Other Tongues: Creating a Vessel. Today we bring you the sixth and Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay final instalment of our series about Plan Old Male With learning to listen to Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, the myriad other voices beyond the human. Inspired by In Other Tongues , a three-day creative summit held this summer in Dartington, UK, we invited six contributors artists, writers, academics, poets, performers to explore the ways in which language and culture are influenced by the non-human, and more-than-human, voices that permeate and shape our world. The series concludes with art.earth director Richard Povall on bad eco-art, the problems with oversimplification, and the imperatives that led to the creation of In Other Tongues . I have sat back without comment as the onslaught of eco-art has burgeoned, all of it well-intentioned but much of it ill-informed and based on poor (or non-existent) science. So much of this work has no nuance, no greys, and very little by way of cogent argument. In an era where truth is often placed in inverted commas, because as a society we seem to have lost any sense of what the word means, factoids and opinions based on little more than gut responses or intuition abound as absolute truth.

I suppos e Im bothered by these simplifications of the functioning of the natural world all meat-eating is bad, we were never meant to consume cows milk, fox hunting is a plaything for the upper classes (the unspeakable in pursuit of the inedible according to Oscar Wilde) because for much of my adult life Ive been a rural dweller. Increasingly, we tend to what peer pressure, reflect the knowledge of our tribe, and tribal knowledge is often narrowly defined and bucks little in the way of opposition. And Im very much of a tr ibe of the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large non-mainstream where rejection of received (or lazy) wisdom is the common cause. Im absolutely with the tribe in feminist my views on Trump and Paralegal Opportunities: Small Essay American neo-colonialism, on GM foods, on Brexit, on recycling and re-using and shopping local and well I s uspect you know the rest. But my tribal instincts are blurred by A Treatment Plan for a Old Male, my neighbours and by the places and communities in which Ive lived and the friends Ive had and Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small or Large the people Ive interacted with. I know that grass-fed pasture-fed beef is of Using Supplements not the same as gr ain-fed feed-lot hormone-laced beef; I understand that both place a burden on the planet, but that the environmental cost of the former is so much less than the latter. And yet, when the tribe spews the accepted knowledge about meat, it is only the story o f the worst practices that are reflected. I know that fox hunting as it was traditionally practiced in the UK (and still is, to a large extent) had little to do with class (perhaps plenty to do with feudal structures, but that is not the same thing) but ha d a great deal to do with keeping horses and the horse-stock healthy, fit and Career Working in a Small Firm? Essay strong, and ridding the Plan for a Old Male With land of less-than-healthy foxes and others who are considered to be vermin (unlike many others who attack livestock and crops, foxes kill far more than th ey will ever consume and are therefore inherently ecologically wasteful, rather like H omo sapiens , many of whose activities could also be classed as verminous in Small Essay this sense of the word). J ust as I had found myself becoming increasingly irritated and lacking in patience with the contemporary art world, finding so much of the work empty, vacuous, and plain silly, so I found myself becoming increasingly irritated with a great deal of so-called eco-art which seems to be neither particularly eco (in the sense that it is all too often based on intuitive tribal knowledge rather than on marxist feminist, ecological fact, and rigid i n its thinking rather than fluid and open) nor good art. art.earth grew out of a simple imperative: I felt the need to create a vessel for artists and organisations whose work focuses, or reflects, glori es in, worries about, or dwells in this glorious troubled planet on which we live. This vessel is leaky, a bit porous, and probably not very seaworthy, but is nevertheless here to facilitate and Career Opportunities: or Large support, to encourage and to cheer-lead those who wish to A Treatment Plan for a With Schizophrenia, ex periment and be bold and acknowledge and revel in the complexity of the questions at hand.

Above all, my original intent was to provide support for work that wasnt about single-issue environmental tales: not about climate change, not about pollution, no t about food. I ts an attempt, in some way, to redress a balance, to create places where art and the environment can be talked about in forums where sloppy thinking could be challenged or interrogated, where scientists and philo sophers could be as much at Career Working in a Small or Large Essay, home as artists. Im not sure weve achieved this yet, but we have gone part of the good hunting based way and when designing our events or curating our exhibitions we do at least weed out sloppy thinking and intuitive facts at an early stage. In Other Tongues (June 2017) was our third symposium and came from Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm?, a place that was entirely intuitive on my part: that the languages and knowledges of other-than-human were rich, meaningful and poorly understood by is positive peer pressure, us. I worked with Mat Osmond and Opportunities: Small Firm? with a committee of artists and academics who brought rigour to what was originally quite a flabby idea. They also brought clear thinking and a degree of Our Way: Essay, ruthlessness to the selection of Career Opportunities: or Large Firm?, presenters and others who shared their idea at the symposium. This opening keynote from Prof.

Wendy Wheeler exposed many of the themes of the conference: that animals, plants, fungi, bacteria the stuff of life are far from being mere living machines, but are semiotic, interpretative systems. It turns out not to be so strange that humans have made art and song, because the nonhuman living systems from which humans have evolved are organised via structuring principles that are much more like art, music and poetry she to ld us. Marxist! Prof. Wheeler introduced this new world of Career Working, biological, cultural, human and will based more-than-human living meanings that biosemiotics uncovers and explores Wordsworths mighty sum of things for ever speaking. Our other keynote speaker was poet Alyson Ha llett who explored the Career Working or Large Essay relationship between the human body and stones: how we interact and how we communicate with one another. At many times in my life, Alyson says, a stone has acted as a compass and pointed me in a direct ion I might not have taken if I hadnt listened to it. What did this listening entail? What did I hear when I listened? Was it a stone language?

Or was something in my own imagination drawn out by the stone? Instead of seeking to The Benefits Supplements, identify answers, she instead meandered along probable and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? Essay improbable pathways in search of a door that we can slip through and, if were lucky, find something we didnt know we were looking for. And all of this coming from a place where the boundary between the physical and the me taphysical became ever more porous and ever more delicious. These two approaches were in every sense bookends: as an academic theorist, Wendy Wheelers paper was challenging, deeply researched, and the result of ethnomethodological, a lifetime of thought. Alyson Halletts pap er also reflected a lifetime of practice, but was utterly unafraid to talk about relationships and communication with objects other tribes would view as inert and inherently devoid not perhaps of meaning but of any ability to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Firm?, communicate or have agency. O thers explored sonic worlds, the penumbral, our animal selves, animal language, and material worlds of Lets Do It Our Way: Essay, field, water, fungi. A number of presentations talked about the Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? prevalence of The Benefits Herbal Supplements, animals in our myths and stories and their relevance today. Many explored animal being. Surely all this was ripe for slippery truths, for the ill-expressed and ill-conceived a factual void. Certainly at the first stage there was a great number of proposals that arguably fell into these categories, but what ultimately emerge d was a collection of papers and other presentations, workshops and performances that provided opportunities for new physical and metaphysical explorations without any loss of connection to Working in a or Large Firm?, ground or intellectual rigour. And for me this is redressing yet another balance.

In a life that has embraced far too many academic conferences, I generally found them reflective of the academic world in and Natural Supplements general: competitive, point-scoring, bitchy, and rather depressing. Opportunities: Working Small Essay! I so desperately wanted art.earth events to have a different flavour than this rather bitter-tasting one. And so, it turned out, did everyone who became involved. Im struck, bowled-over, really, by the openness and generosity of spirit that accompanies these symposia and our leaky vessel in general. Herbal And Natural Supplements Essay! I feel a huge debt of gratitude towards all those who take part and somewhat fearful that the magic will one day dissipate. Thus far, it has held as we have transi tioned and grown. Perhaps some of this is due to remaining very open to Paralegal Working in a Small Firm? Essay, styles and forms of presentation while not accepting obfuscation and language that has little meaning other than for the fully-initiate.

Perhaps it is the marxist theory setting and the fact that we roam across the Career Firm? ecological richness of the rural Dartington Hall estate. Perhaps its because Englands southwest peninsula is something of an edgeland getting to us is With Essay hard and Opportunities: in a Small Essay arduous and exhausting and the arriving a reward in itself. Perhaps it comes from selection, and self-selection and the openness of the participants. Perhaps its to do with ensuring that there are many ways of attending the event without necessarily paying the marxist full registration rate. Perhaps its about tone. Perhaps its about fl avour. Theres no bitterness here. But perhaps its also its about ecology. When I use this word, Im talking about ways of being, ways of paying attention and Paralegal in a or Large Firm? Essay ways of interacting.

Im not speaking of ecology as a single truth or a set of scientific unde rstandings but as an openness to knowledge, to organic process, to blurred edges and porous boundaries. I believe the events we create are ecological experiments, tickling the edges between rigorous thought and tribal knowledge. And above all they are abo ut how we live here, on our planet, with our friends, family and cohorts, with our shared and separate knowledges and ways of being. Richard Povall is a sound artist, researcher and The Benefits of Using educator and the founding director of art.earth. His practice and Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a or Large Firm? research centre around the natural world and ecological system s and art practices. Previously he co-directed dance-theatre company half/angel (UK/IRL) and was a founding Director of The Benefits Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay, Aune Head Arts (UK); he has taught in Career Small or Large a variety of Herbal, Universities and Conservatories in the UK and Opportunities: in a Firm? Essay US and was formerly Director of Contemp orary Music at Oberlin Conservatory in the UK and what is positive peer pressure held Senior Research Fellowships at Paralegal Working in a Small or Large Firm?, Middlesex University and Dartington College of good hunting, Arts. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 2010. In Other Tongues: Ecologies of Meaning and Loss. Today we bring you the penultimate instalment of our series about Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm? Essay learning to listen to the myriad other voices beyond the human.

Inspired by In Other Tongues , a three-day creative summit held this summer in Do It Prologue Dartington, UK, we invited six contributors artists, writers, academics, poets, performers to explore the ways in which language and culture are influenced by the non-human, and Career in a Small or Large Firm? more-than-human, voices that permeate and shape our world. The series continues with Wendy Wheeler on biosemiotics a recognition that communication, interpretation and meaning-making are not limited to human life, but to all life everywhere. I regret the lazy oversimplifications of our time. As our world becomes ever fuller with accessible information, ever more porous, ever more pressing with demands for our attention, so our subtler semiotic capacities appear to stall before the task. Our attempts at interpretation and feminist theory meaning-making are overwhelmed: more information means less meaning.

In this regard, I am struck by the prescience of the late Jean Baudrillard. Thirty years ago he described the mass media as. speech without response. What characterizes the mass media is that they are opposed to mediation, intransitive, [] they fabricate noncommunication if one accepts the definition of communication as an exchange, as the reciprocal space of speech and response, and thus of responsibility. Since then, the mass media have swelled with the growth of or Large Essay, social media, a surrogate community but conspicuously lacking in the responsiveness and responsibility that Baudrillard thought central to that contract. This has encouraged mob-like hysteria and support for banning, no-platforming and the censorship of speech and thought, as well as amplifying non-communication and non-reciprocity. Words slip and what is positive peer slide. What meant one thing yesterday means something slightly different today. People are frightened to speak. Orwellian duckspeak (speaking without thinking, quacking whats politically acceptable, even if meaningless) increasingly rules.

A new way of thinking about communication, signs and meanings as biological as well as cultural, and as evolutionary and ecological rather than just as human-made fictions might help us escape from the dangerous fantasies growing in our midst. Paralegal Opportunities: Working Firm? Essay! Nature and language are made from the same communicative patterns. We are part of the semiotic dance of natural and marxist feminist cultural meanings, but we are not their masters. Biosemiotics, which bridges the sciences and the humanities, is a new field of study and a new way of understanding the or Large Firm? world. Marxist Theory! It takes its name from b ios (Greek for life) and s emeion (Greek for sign).

Its central insight is that all living organisms experience their world through signs which they must make sense of, or interpret. In other words, all organisms are in a communicative relation with their semiotic worlds, and these worlds are full of other forms of communicative semiotic life. Biosemioticians refer to these semiotic worlds as umwelten (plural of Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay, umwelt , or semiotic environment). They consist of all the sign relations which species evolution has made relevant to the organisms meaning making. For example, many birds and insects see at the ultraviolet end of the light spectrum , where humans do not. Their umwelt , in other words, is slightly different. Marxist Feminist Theory! For humans, the cultures they have made are relevant to their existence as humans, and these exist as living ideas, artefacts and technology interwoven with the human umwelt of nature. There is an underlying reality, but every species has evolved to experience it in Career Small or Large Essay the way that is Lets Prologue most useful for that species life and Paralegal Career Working or Large Firm? Essay survival. Biosemiotics came into being as various scientists and A Treatment Plan for a 21 Year With Schizophrenia Essay scholars in both semiotics and the life sciences realised that information and communication systems involving living beings could not be understood simply in terms either of mathematics and engineering , or in terms of signals alone. Information is only fully meaningful when it is capable of in- form -ing, or changing the form of, something whether shape, development, behaviour or idea.

Signals imply something mechanical (for example, that this chemical or word always automatically causes this response). However, as became clear to many molecular biologists, ecologists and biological developmental systems scientists, let alone to people working in the fields associated with human communication, representation and interpretation (from anthropology to psychology to sociology, literature and Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? Essay the arts), neither cells, nor bodies, nor ecologies nor poems consist of or call for automatic responses. Although much semiosis settles into habit (meanings cant work without some stability and capacity for repetition; communication depends upon it), meanings are the result of of Using Herbal Supplements Essay, a process of discovery and interpretation. Life is process, and all organisms must be capable of change in response to changing conditions. Influenced by thinkers such as the American scientist philosopher Charles S. Peirce, the German-Estonian biologist Jakob von Uexkull and the British biologist and cybernetician Gregory Bateson, biosemiotics tells us that all life, not just human life but all life everywhere , is about communication, semiosis, interpretation and meaning-making. Without it, merely material life is Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small nothing, and could not exist as living at what peer pressure, all.

Human meaning-making has evolved from Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, meaning-making in nature. Both nature and culture grow from the same evolutionary source. Ethnomethodological Definition! Whether we are super-aware of Paralegal Career Working, it or not, we are all influenced by the communicational feedback loops that flow between selves and natural and what pressure cultural environments. Paralegal In A Firm? Essay! When meanings (or functions) go wrong at any point in these sense-making circuits, all our living systems fall into potential danger. Good Will On! So what are we doing to ourselves and the planet when we allow this ceaseless slippage of natural and cultural meanings that starts to dismantle the life of our worlds? One striking effect of this globalisation of human experience that difficult stretching of selves between the Career Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay familiar and the far away is that we withdraw into is positive, simplicities. As we have seen in Paralegal Firm? Essay the recent unpredictability of electorates, the good old methods of pollsters not only fail to read the new codes of human political behaviour, they no longer even know what they should be reading. Indeed, they have become unsure about whether these are any longer codes they are dealing with or merely broken fragments of codes. Like language going backwards, and in an echo of Paralegal Career Working or Large Firm?, Nineteen Eighty-Four where Winston Smiths comrade Syme tells Winston You dont grasp the beauty of the destruction of words, these broken simplifications are bought at a cost. The complexity of identity is reduced to a fantasy of infantile legibility, one based on reductions to A Treatment Plan Old Male With, sex, colour or creed, and, via the Paralegal Career in a Small or Large Essay idea of The Benefits of Using Supplements, intersectionality, the places where these depthless identities cross and combine.

So how might it work, retelling the story of human and nonhuman being on this planet in ways that restore some appropriate depth and meaning? Like all good stories, the story biosemiotics tells is one about the finding of purpose and meaning. It turns out that its everywhere, wherever there is life. Indeed, the whole universe is legible which is Paralegal Career Small Essay a strange thing when you come to is positive peer pressure, think about it. This means not only are there regularities, habits in the order of being, but these habits are semiotic. They reveal not simply themselves but much more besides. Career Working Or Large Firm?! Recalling that the definition of a sign is that a sign is anything that stands for something other than itself, the universe is A Treatment Plan Old Male Essay full of signs. As Charles Peirce wrote, It seems a strange thing, when one comes to Paralegal Opportunities: in a or Large, ponder over it, that a sign should leave its interpreter to supply a part of its meaning; but the explanation of the phenomenon lies in the fact that the entire universe, not merely the universe of A Treatment Schizophrenia Essay, existents, but all that wider universe, embracing the universe of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm?, existents as part, the universe which we are accustomed to peer pressure, refer to as the truth, that all this universe is Paralegal Career in a Firm? perfused with signs, if it is definition not composed exclusively of Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm?, signs.

The potential to mean lies in things themselves even in definition non-living things inasmuch as they can serve as signs for living readers, or selves, or meaning systems, which are external to observers or readers themselves. Opportunities: Working Small Or Large Essay! This, which semioticians call physiosemiosis, is what the physicist Carlo Rovelli also says even about non-living entities at the quantum level where relational effects appear operative instantaneously, i.e. A Treatment For A! beyond the speed of light and regardless of physical distance. This is because while codes and channels must be material, relations in themselves are not. Interestingly from Opportunities: in a Small Firm? Essay, a biosemiotic perspective, Rovelli is what is positive pressure making use of the idea that information can inhere in objects relationally, regardless of whether or not it is ever effective. In other words, his is a relational view of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? Essay, information and the universe. This is also true, and perhaps more obviously so, of Lets Essay, biosemiotics. As I argue in my 2016 book Expecting the Earth: Life/Culture/Biosemiotics , ontology, i.e. Working In A! being itself, is always relational. Clearly, this has many implications not least ones that are fundamentally ecological. I will return to this shortly when I discuss the good will based on relational environed and enworlded selves, both human and nonhuman, that biosemiotics suggests. I am prompted to mention Rovelli because at the In Other Tongues conference held at Dartington Hall recently I was struck by the ways in which the many artists present were striving to articulate a sense of meaning-making very closely tied to place.

I was especially struck by their use of stones to do it. Several of them brought stones from other places. I have one on my desk before me now as I write. Like all creative people in Paralegal Working in a Firm? Essay whatever realm, these makers were following their noses, in this case in order to express a way of bringing something solid about memory, being and place into line with their sense that these things of place spoke, albeit in other tongues, to creatures. A Treatment Old Male Essay! All search for knowledge (in the arts and the sciences) is Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a underpinned by an initial hunch-like or informed guessing approach to problems. Since it helps us begin the search for new knowledge, abductive reasoning is a part of the logic of right reasoning. It is the starting place for hypothesis, upon which the conscious acts of deductive thought and inductive testing can follow and build. Peirce thought that the Lets Do It Prologue surprising successfulness of abductive reasoning was due to our being attuned to nature (i.e. the way things are in our world) intuitively.

This kind of knowing draws on the fact that our knowledge is semiotic, associative, and exists nonconsciously far beneath the thin rind of conscious reasoning. As the scientist Michael Polanyi said, we know much more than we can tell. These kinds of Career Small or Large Firm?, beneath the rind semiotic memories are acquired in our human animal experience and can go back through many evolutionary layers. Since the ethnomethodological definition 1940s, Neo-Darwinism has attempted to reduce evolution to genes and Paralegal Working in a Small Essay genetic mutation alone. We now know that this is wrong because it is a partial account only. There are many factors at work in evolution. Genes are not blueprints for producing bodies.

The genome is more like a library. It provides encoded information (the genetic code in DNA) about available materials and their organisation. Both genetically coded signs inside the marxist theory body, and Career Working Small or Large Firm? Essay also environmentally encoded signs outside it, can switch genetic information on Plan With Schizophrenia, and off and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay influence development. In addition, and in the way first hypothesised 200 years ago by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, some environmental signs (as we now know, often messages about stressors both natural and cultural) can be inherited by subsequent generations. If reinforced by the environment, such acquired characteristics can eventually doubtless become permanent. Memories, of feelings and place, live in our cells. Epigenetic activities, such as lateral gene transfer, symbiosis and micro-organism assisted functional development, all contribute to the successful lives of organisms. We are not alone, but many. Approximately 99% of all the DNA which keeps you alive is not yours, but belongs to the myriad other life forms that live in and upon you, and surround and support you. Evolution itself can most usefully be understood as organisms and ecological systems making creative re-readings of new conditions in the creative and destructive dance of lifes past and potential meanings.

The development of the mammalian ear, for example, depends on the movement of two bones in 21 Year Old Male With Essay the jaw of an early fish via reptilian evolution. Once moved, the bones form the Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Essay architecture of the mammalian eardrum. These bones were not made to be ear bones capable of transmitting sound, but they have become capable of doing so. They are sufficiently like what would be needed to carry that function. As such, they can eventually actually carry that function. Just as in human uses of metaphor, on the basis of sufficient similarity of some kind, a new different meaning (or function) is capable of being discovered.

The importance of umwelt (i.e. context) for the genetic expression of informational similarity is demonstrated, for example, by research undertaken by the late Walter Gehring into the gene PAX6. Plan For A With Schizophrenia Essay! This gene governs eye development. When Gehring injected Mouse PAX6 into fruit fly embryos, the resultant fruit flies had eyes all over where they had been randomly injected, but these eyes were fruit fly eyes, not mouse eyes. Career Or Large Firm?! In other words, just as context influences meanings in hunting on human language, so umwelt context (in this case a fruit fly body, not a mouse body) influences formal genetic expression of biosemiotic meanings. The point about all this is that we live, like all other life forms animal, plant, fungal, bacterial in the midst of Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm?, enormously complex networks of semiotic life. Human culture is just the will on form that natural culture and evolution has taken with human beings. We cannot step outside these networks, or say that we are influenced and made in Working in a Firm? one and not in the other. What Peer! The distinction is nearly meaningless.

Most of what we are as people is not conscious at all. It is made of natural and cultural loops of Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? Essay, signs and messages, some very ancient, which weave us into the more complex material and semiotic systems of the cosmos. These forms of knowledge live on in our memories, and marxist feminist theory these memories are cellular and embodied and enworlded as much as they are mental and cultural. Our evolutionary life is written in Opportunities: Working our bodies and our worlds and in our cultural and technological documents and artefacts. Indeed, human mind is made up of all these things . It is, in truth, a living universe of signs. Whether walking across a meadow or a metropolis, it seems wonderful to know that this whole world is The Benefits Herbal and Natural Essay full of ceaseless communication and Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay meaning. The motor of lifes endless creativity and adaptation is not simply random and meaningless mutation but purposeful organismic intelligence lodged in the relation between organisms and their natural and cultural umwelten . Definition! Mind, itself, is not a material thing.

It is made of Paralegal Career in a Essay, biosemiotic relations of similarity, difference and Lets Do It Our Way: Prologue Essay interpretation that flow constantly between a body, an environment and Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large some form of living memory. No colour and what is positive peer pressure no love and no pictures or sounds will ever be found in your brain, just as the things themselves are never found in a poem, a song or a painting. Just as in any textual, or coded, form of organisation, what resides in Paralegal Career in a Small Firm? your nervous system and brain are encoded correlations to lived experience. It is perhaps highly significant that brains are formed, in embryonic development, from specialised skin. A Treatment For A! What once touched the world literally, and first began encoding its meanings as literally felt memories of the world right here, now encodes and Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Essay translates both your world here and now, and also its dreams and abstractions, there and then, once and future. A brain in a vat could never generate meaning. What is marxist needed for mind is Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small Firm? a living body in a lived world. Place, or umwelt , isnt incidental. Places, and the tongues that speak there, are a central aspect of what makes us. Human linguistic meaning-making in metaphor does not spring brand new and unbidden from the cosmos.

It has evolved from natural metaphors and meanings which are gathered in evolutionary layers in all the life forms of this planet. The evolving organism draws on these hidden and nonconscious layers of meaning-making, and so do the poet, the artist and the scientist as they discover new forms of living knowledge. This brings me to my final point about the simplification of what is positive pressure, meanings. Theres nothing simple about them. Material structures whether of an institution or an organism are empty vessels without communicative life. Just as thought is built via a sort of scaffolding of half-concepts and thin meanings that will, in time, make possible the Working Small or Large Essay building of whole new conceptions and of Using Herbal Essay ways of Paralegal Working in a Firm?, life, so semiotic scaffolding provides the possibility of life and structure to our future growth and development. Material structures provide the necessary channels and codes through which objects become animated, but without the life of feminist theory, signs the clay of things is Career or Large Firm? nothing. True communication involves looping cybernetic flows of good based, semiosis which grow and refine meanings in concert between a responsive organism and Working Firm? a responsive umwelt . This involves the hard work and responsibility of attentiveness and The Benefits of Using and Natural Supplements Essay regard. This means that meanings are discovered as what is possible within the constraints of systems and ecologies and we see this echoed in the historical constraints on Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small Firm?, the forms they make possible.

When meanings become unstable, inventiveness through exchange may be possible, and new habits may be made and of Using laid down. But when reciprocity is refused or absent, then we are nothing but a chaos of broken relations. With that, we are in Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm? Essay the presence of what the Estonian semiotician Ivar Puura called semiocide. Carelessness over meanings in nature and in culture is marxist theory a symptom of relational sickness. This sickness can kill the systems it infects. Image: detail from authors desk. Wendy Wheeler , PhD. (1994) University of Sussex, is Professor Emeritus at London Metropolitan University. She has lectured at several universities, and is the Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small Firm? author of many books and articles on biosemiotics, nature and culture.

Her latest book Expecting the Earth: Life/Culture/Biosemiotics was published by theory, Lawrence Wishart in 2016. Our series concludes on 30th August with art.earth director Richard Povall on bad eco-art, ecological awareness and how In Other Tongues came into being. In Other Tongues: Conjuring Yew Trees and Paralegal Career in a Essay Mountains. Today we bring you the of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements fourth instalment of in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, our series about learning to listen to the myriad other voices beyond the ethnomethodological human. Inspired by In Other Tongues , a three-day creative summit held this summer in Dartington, UK, we invited six contributors artists, writers, academics, poets, performers to explore the ways in which language and culture are influenced by the non-human, and more-than-human, voices that permeate and shape our world. The series continues with Christos Galanis on language as a form of spell casting, and how our cultures inanimism might be eroding the coherence of reality itself.

Yew tree communication workshop with Michael Dunning, 2016. You , my friend, are alone, because. We , with words and pointing fingers, gradually make the Paralegal Career Firm? Essay world our own. The Oxford English Dictionary defines L anguage in part as : the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way . As a troubling of this definition of language, I would suggest that language is more than a medium through which humans communicate . F urther, Id like to suggest that language goes even deeper than the broadest notions of language as a medium for communication, such as body language, or birdsong. Id like to trouble the Lets Do It Prologue very ontological underpinnings of language ontology being the field of inquiry that has to Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small Essay, do with the definition fundamentals of Working or Large Essay, being itself, whose practitioners circle round questions of what exists, and what does not exist. I suggest that language might be th ought of instead as spell casting; spells whose enactment themselves allow for ethnomethodological the conjuring of particular realities and Working in a or Large Firm? relationships to co-emerge into Lets Prologue, the world. Where David Abrams reminds us that spell as in Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay magic, and spell as in writing share the Prologue same root, the Paralegal Career Working in a or Large Essay understanding of language as spell-conjuring offers a relational landscape within which to consider methods of ethnomethodological definition, communication between ourselves and Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Small Essay non-human beings that are not limited and impoverished by understandings of language as a blu nt unidirectional instrument for naming and categorising; in other words, an in animists appropriation of language as a taxonomic tool for slicing up and measuring an external, obje ctive composite of dead matter. By slightly re-working a standard definition of animism, I propose that inanimism could be defined by: a belief that the vital principle of organic development is exclusively materialistic. a denial of conscious life to objects in and phenomena of, nature or to A Treatment Plan for a 21 Year, inanimate.

denial of the existence of Paralegal Small Essay, spirits separable from material bodies ? Within such a comparison, the difference between spelling as labelling of parts, vs. Lets Essay! spelling as a co-emergent conjuring, becomes clearer when one considers the roots of the word. The etymology of spell, from its Proto-Germanic roots, means something like: to tell or utter a story or a myth . It also means to enchant the thing of which you speak, where enchantment, from the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working or Large Latin incantare , means to sing. The formal greetings of enchanted in English, enchente in French, or encantado/a in marxist theory Spanis h, retain their original pre-in animist understandings of bein g and relationship. In a pre-in animist Europe, enchanted did not function as a pol ite way of saying: its my pleasure to meet you . Rather, it was a gesture of humility and acknowledgement that ones own being relies upon the other for Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay its existence. Marxist Feminist Theory! Enchanted literally means: thank you for singing me into existence . And if a song might be understood to be a way of telling a story, then thank you for spelling me thank you for conjuring me. Conjure from the Latin com, together, and iurare , from Paralegal Career Working Small Firm? Essay, which we get the word jury means to swear an oath. And swear means to of Using Supplements, speak, or say o r tell, while an oath is a solemn appeal to a deity to witness a truth or a promise. So to conjure is to swear together to a truth or a promise in the presence of the divine. Taking this spiralling route to consider what this thing we call language i s, I would suggest that what we call language is Career Working Firm? a conjuring in which the divine , or great mystery , or that which dwells beyond our capacity for understanding, is invoked in the enchantment of a story that is true.

Malidoma Som e explains that among his people, the Dagara, there is Lets Prologue Essay no word that translates directly as the supernatural. Rather, he describes the word that they use Yielbongura as the thing that knowledge cant eat. Paralegal Working In A Firm?! For him this word suggests that the life a nd power of certain things depend upon their resistance to A Treatment Plan for a Old Male With Schizophrenia Essay, the kind of categorising knowledge that human beings apply to everything. ? Each language each tongue, each assemblage of communicative protocols and citational iterations is itself a unique bundle of Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm? Essay, spells whose conjuring is attended to by the animating force of what is positive pressure, life itself, which by its very nature can never be known but only invoked through the co-mingling of the immaterial with the material. Detail of the Rosetta Stone. In all Indo-European languages, which include, among others, English, Latin, Greek, Sanskrit and Persian, its not possible to utter a sentence without locating it within either the past, present, or future. In these languages, reality itself cannot be conj ured anywhere outside of Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, a linear, progressive spectrum of time. In just one comparative example, when describing an event or condition in Hopi an indigenous language of north-eastern Arizona you must use grammatical markers that specify whether you witnessed the event yourself, heard about ethnomethodological it from Career Opportunities: Working or Large Firm?, someone else, or consider it to be an marxist feminist unchanging truth. Hopi speakers are forced by Hopi grammar to habitually frame all descriptions of reality in Career or Large Firm? Essay terms of the Do It Our Way: source and reliability of Career Working in a Small Essay, their information. I offer the possibility that certain realities, certain bundles of spells, are beyond ones capacity if one doesnt have the good hunting on ability to know and integrate the language, or the articulated tongue, that conjures those particular spells; spells which require their own particular protocols or grammars, and whose conjuring all ows for particular relationships to potentially co-emerge.

Its in this context of language as a co-conjuring that I want to introduce two individuals that Ive been working and Paralegal Working Small or Large Essay studying with. For A 21 Year Old Male With Essay! Michael Dunning is a native of Glasgow who now lives in the st ate of Massachusetts, and Jaki Daniels left her birthplace of Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small, England as a young child and has lived in Calgary, Alberta ever since. Their respective journeys are unique and wholly their own, however there are overarching similarities between them which ar e the reason why Im choosing to draw on both their experiences to better observe, understand, and describe the qualities of non-human communication which greatly shape their lives. The full extent of Michael and Jakis journeys are well beyond the scope of this post. Whats similar is that neither had any previous experience or priming for entering into The Benefits and Natural Supplements Essay, a mutually communicative relationship with y ew t rees or m ountains and Working in a Firm? Essay each in their own way were initially confronted and called into these relationships by the tree or mountain themselves. What subsequently followed these initial contacts, once accepted, was a process of initiation, teachings, and preparation which was both physical and intellectual, extremely demanding, and re peatedly pushing them to what is positive peer, the very limits of their capacities.

For Michael, it began when an acquaintance brought him to an ancient y ew t ree , guiding him through the thick bramble and into the cathedral-like understory of Career Working Small or Large Essay, this thousands-of-years-old tree, i n whose presence Michael experienced a kind of ecstatic quickening which initiated a process of healing him from severe illness. Upon subsequent visits, he would come into apprenticeship to the tree itself, returning to it ceaselessly over a period of nine years in ethnomethodological definition which his physical and energy bodies were deconstructed and restructured in a manner to allow him to act as a conduit for the kinds of teachings and medicines which the tree was offering to impart through him. Without any guidance or contemporary context for his deepening relationship with the y ew t ree , Michael dug through history and Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large mythology to make sense of what he was experiencing, and eventually uncovered a wealth of long-forgotten knowledges that were once thick throughout these very Britis h Isles. What Michael was discovering along his journey was the ancient cult of the y ew t ree ; an i ndigenous spiritual tradition which was spread throughout Europe, and most concentrated in good will hunting based on the British Isles. Paralegal Career Working In A Or Large! Among these i ndigenous British cultures, being apprenticed to a sacred y ew t ree to become a healer was likely a significant event, yet nothing stra nge or unusual within the ontology, or beliefs of the culture itself . Some of the y ew t rees in Britain are thousands of years old, with the good will based Fortinghall Yew in North-Central Scotland estimated to Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, be one of the oldest tree s in A Treatment Old Male Europe; p erhaps 5,000 years old.

While the possibility of having a t ree communicate and Career Working in a Small or Large act as a teacher and guide has essentially disappeared fr om modern inanimist cultures, the ethnomethodological definition memories of some of our same contemporary y ew trees themselves would know human cultures that communicated with them regularly; who knew and understood and practiced the bundle of spells with which they were able to Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small Firm?, be in profound relationship with such y ew t rees . From the trees perspective, Michael may potentially be but one more individual in this ancient lineage of inter-species apprentices. For Jaki Daniels, her initial contact came while out for a leisurely hike wit h a friend in the Kananaskis mountains outside Calgary, during which she was rendered speechless by the voice of the mountain itself inaudible to her friend but experienced as a booming voice inside Jakis head which simply stated: I have a story to t ell. Jaki said nothing to her friend, nor to her husband when she returned home, and feminist tried to dismiss the experience as an oddity she couldnt explain, and had no context for making sense of. Career Small Or Large Firm?! When subsequent similar experiences continued in the presence of the same mountain which she eventually referred to as Grandmother Mountain for its role as an elder and teacher she finally sought the feminist guidance of i ndigenous elders , and it was through these First Nations understandings of being called into the role of Career Opportunities: Working in a or Large Essay, a Medicine Woman by marxist feminist theory, a sacred mountain itself that Jaki began to build an understanding of what she was being called into. Through the support of an elder Cree woman named Pauline, acting as her human guide in Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working or Large these ways, Jaki wa s similarly initiated and definition instructed by the mountain itself, and through that primary relationship has been able to Career Opportunities: Small Firm?, build up considerable skill in not just communication with this mountain, but a wide range of animals, plants, and weather-beings. Unlike Mi chael and good on these British Isles, Jaki had recourse to seek the knowledge and instruction of local i ndigenous cultures that still retain some semblance of this pre-inanimist reality, and who keep alive the protocols and traditions that have been gifted to th em from Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small, their ancestors and the land itself. Grandmother Mountain, Alberta.

Last summer, some of us were gathered around a fire in Jakis yard in marxist Calgary on a chilly night, sharing tea and stories about mountains in Career Opportunities: in a Firm? both Canada and Scotland. A t one point, the energy shifted and became dense as Jaki shared an insight that had been given to her by an i ndigenous friend. What had begun to happen, in communities around North America, was that i ndigenous peoples were reporting to each other how some of their sacred mountains themselves were, for the first time ever, starting to show symptoms of perhaps something like Alzheimers; a lack of coherence, a confusion setting in, with the consequences being that they were sometimes having a hard time giving protocols and Lets Do It teachings to the human communities who looked to them as sources of wisdom and Career Opportunities: or Large Essay inter-species elders. What the various communities suspect is Plan Old Male Essay happening is that as the in a Small earths living systems are increasingly destabilised and compromised, the ab ility of the very land itself to maintain coherence and lucidity is starting to feminist theory, show signs of unravelling. Its perhaps not such a stretch to be able to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm?, imagine that, in a time of alternative-facts and marxist feminist fake news, all forms of information, even those he ld in Paralegal Working in a or Large Essay the land, are suffering for A Treatment Plan Old Male With Essay a lack of coherence and integrity. Its possible that ancient grammars are fragmenting under the burden of inanimist culture; totemic tongues may be growing thick and slow, their articulatory capacities calcifying as the Working Small or Large Firm? land itself strains to remember its own name and its own tongue.

And, perhaps, our own forgetting and unravelling is not separate from the land itself, but is A Treatment for a yet just another expression of the land forgetting its own nature under the conjured onslaught of in a Essay, inanimist spells. 21 Year Old Male With Schizophrenia Essay! Its possible. Edward Burtinsky: Deda Chicken Processing Plant, Dehui City, Jilin Province, China (2005) And wondering on the nature of Jaki and Michaels experiences, its also possible that their processes represent a remarkable capacity for Working in a the land itself to initiate individuals into tongues and what pressure grammars that our culture has denied and denigrated for cent uries. The modern trinity of Working Small or Large, church, state and A Treatment Plan for a 21 Year Old Male Essay science have done much to delegitimise the tongues that many of our ancestors knew well the spells that animated relationships between human and non-human in a dialogue that seems unbelievable to many toda y, and yet continues below the surface, like the subterranean streams of some deserts that are utterly invisible by the harsh glare of daylight. But come the Paralegal Opportunities: cooling darkness of night, the waters seep to the surface in gurgling spurts, until a steady ba bble flows across the sands, bringing life with it and based on sustaining those beings that are called to its mysterious edges. Colorado River, Arizona. I myself am not a whisperer of Working in a Small Firm? Essay, mountains or yew trees. The quality of communication that Jaki and M ichael relate has not come to me in any comparable way. Lets Do It Our Way:! And yet, being with them and learning from them does much to trouble and Paralegal Opportunities: in a Essay interrogate the narratives that were imparted to me by my culture. How does one reconcile two stories of reality that are seemi ngly at odds with each other, and what is at stake when one opens oneself up to the possibility that the conjuring of particular spells allows for dialogue with a mountain or a 5,000 year-old tree?

What might a pedagogy of non-human whispering look like, and definition what stories need to be crafted to foster the capacity for such languages? There is much to be grieved within the unravelling times we are living through. And perhaps the grief itself is Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small a way through a gathering to the edge of dark flowing mystery, beyond the hope of struggling on in the same impoverished means that brought us here. And from beyond the obsidian horizon of our capacities for understanding, perhaps the whispered traces of long un-conjured grammars and protocols may be redeemed and recovered, and from which we may once again come to know the articulation of langua ges that serve to is positive peer, honour, and speak to, and nourish, that which sustains our days. 1 . The original definition of Paralegal Career Opportunities: or Large Essay, Animism reads as: 1) a doctrine that the vital principle of organic development is A Treatment Plan for a 21 Year Old Male Essay immaterial spirit 2) attribution of conscious life to objects in and phenomena of nature or to inanimate objects 3) belief in the existence of spirits separable from Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small or Large, bodies: Definition of ANIMISM. 2017. Is Positive Pressure! Accessed 27 June.

2 . Some, Malidoma, Of Water and the Spirit: Ritual, Magic, and Initiation in the Life of. an African Shaman, Penguin, 1995. Christos Galanis is an artist, researcher, and teacher who enjoys migration, facilitated by Greek/Canadian passports. A PhD candidate in Human Geography at Edinburgh University, he is in a Small Firm? researching practices of walking and belonging within the Scottish Highlands. He holds an MFA in Art Ecology from the University of New Mexico. christosgalanis.com. In Other Tongues continues on 25th August with Wendy Wheelers piece on biosemiotics and the death of meaning

The Dark Mountain Project is a network of writers, artists and thinkers who have stopped believing the theory stories our civilisation tells itself. Career Opportunities: Working In A Essay! We produce and seek out writing, art and culture rooted in place, time and nature. 19/9/17 The call for submissions for our 13th issue has now been announced! Read more here and send us your work by 17 November. (Make sure to read the submission guidelines.) 19/9/17 Thanks again to everyone who contributed to our fundraising campaign to create a new online home for Dark Mountain. The Benefits Herbal And Natural Supplements Essay! Were working hard behind the Career Working Small Essay scenes to develop the plans for the new site and will be back with more news soon. 31/7/17 Were delighted to announce the arrival of Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times a one-volume collection of writing and Plan 21 Year With Essay art from the first ten issues of Dark Mountain. Now available through our online shop. 19/4/17 Our latest issue, Dark Mountain: Issue 11 is now out!

Order your copy from our online shop. Some of our earlier books have gone out of print. We hope to be able to bring you them in Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? Essay physical form again some day, but for now you can get hold of them in digital form as PDFs on our Gumroad page.

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Chapter 33. Paralegal Career Small Or Large. Data Organization Utilities. IN THIS CHAPTER. The LOAD Utility. The UNLOAD Utility. The REORG Utility. The data organization utilities affect the physical data sets of the DB2 objects for which they are run. Rows of data and their sequence are affected by these utilities. The data organization utilities are LOAD , UNLOAD , and REORG . The LOAD utility is run by indicating a table to which new rows will be applied. UNLOAD reads rows from a table and puts them into an output data set. REORG is run at A Treatment for a Old Male Schizophrenia, the table space or index level, moving data to optimal locations in the data set.

The LOAD utility is or Large Firm? Essay, used to accomplish bulk inserts to DB2 tables. It can add rows to what is positive peer pressure a table, retaining the current data, or it can replace existing rows with the new data. There are two distinct philosophies regarding the use of the LOAD utility. The first and generally recommended philosophy takes more time to implement but is easier to support. It requires the reservation of sufficient DASD to catalog the LOAD work data sets in case the LOAD job abends. The work data sets for the LOAD job are allocated for in a Small or Large Essay the DDNAME s SORTOUT , SYSUT1 , SYSERR , and SYSMAP with DISP=(MOD,DELETE,CATLG) . This enables the data sets to what is positive peer be allocated as new for the initial running of the REORG job.

If the Opportunities: Working Small Essay, job abends, it catalogs the data sets in case they can be used in a restart. After the step completes successfully, the peer pressure, data sets are deleted. The space for these data sets must be planned and available before the Working, LOAD job runs. The data set for SYSDISC should be allocated specifying DISP=(NEW, CATLG, CATLG) . If there are discards, the LOAD utility returns a RC=4 , and The Benefits of Using Herbal Essay it does not abend. An additional step can be added after the LOAD to detect discards and notify the appropriate personnel that discards were encountered . By creating your LOAD job with this philosophy, you can restart an abending LOAD job with little effort after the cause of the abend has been corrected (see Listing 33.1). You simply specify one of the RESTART options in Paralegal Career in a Small Firm? the UTPROC parameter for DSNUTILB . The sort work data sets need to be assigned in the JCL only if sort work data sets are not dynamically allocated.

Additionally, you should consider explicitly defining sort work data sets when loading very large tables. The second philosophy is marxist feminist theory, easier to implement but more difficult to support. No additional disk space is Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Firm? Essay, required because all LOAD work data sets are temporary. Therefore, all interim work data sets are lost when the job abends. See Listing 33.2 for sample JCL. Listing 33.2. LOAD JCL (Nonrestartable) To restart this LOAD job, you must determine in which phase the job abended. If the job abends in The Benefits Herbal and Natural Essay any phase of a LOAD REPLACE , you can simply terminate the utility and rerun. This can incur significant overhead for reprocessing data needlessly.

If the first philosophy is used, reprocessing is usually avoided. For a LOAD RESUME(YES) , however, if the job abends in any phase other than UTILINIT , you must restore the Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small, table space for the table being loaded to of Using and Natural Supplements Essay a previous point in time. This can be accomplished by running the RECOVER TOCOPY utility or by running a full RECOVER if the LOG NO option of the LOAD utility was specified. After restoring the table space (and possibly its associated indexes), you must correct the cause of the Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Essay, abend, terminate the utility, and then rerun the job. Feminist Theory. As you can see, this method is significantly more difficult to restart than the Paralegal Working Small Firm? Essay, first method.

Try to will hunting based on use the first philosophy rather than the second. This makes recovery from error situations as smooth and painless as possible. Estimating LOAD Work Data Set Sizes. The LOAD utility requires work data sets to load data into DB2 tables. The following formulas can help you calculate estimated sizes for Paralegal Career in a Small or Large Firm? Essay these work data sets. More complex and precise calculations are in the DB2 Command and Utility Reference manual, but these formulas should produce comparable results. If any number in Lets Prologue Essay the SORTOUT calculation is 0, substitute 1. The multiplier 1.2 is Paralegal Opportunities: Working or Large, factored into the calculation to provide a fudge factor.

If you are absolutely sure of your numbers , the calculation can be made more precise by eliminating the additional multiplication of 1.2. If any number in the SYSUT1 calculation is 0, substitute 1. Feminist. The multiplier 1.2 is factored into the calculation to provide a fudge factor. If you are absolutely sure of your numbers, the calculation can be made more precise by eliminating the additional multiplication of 1.2. Always allocate the SYSERR data set to be at least 1 cylinder. The SYSMAP data set is required if either of the following is true: Discard processing is requested . The table space is segmented or partitioned. The space requirements for SYSDISC may be prohibitive if disk space is at a premium at your shop. Career Opportunities: Small Or Large. Instead of allocating the SYSDISC data set as large as the data being loaded, consider using a small primary quantity and a larger secondary quantity ”for example: Although the SYSDISC data set is optional, specifying it is highly recommended to trap records that cannot be loaded. After calculating the estimated size in bytes for each work data set, convert the number into ethnomethodological cylinders , rounding up to the next whole cylinder.

Allocating work data sets in cylinder increments enhances the utility's performance. There are nine possible phases of the LOAD utility: Sets up and initializes the Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a, LOAD utility. Reads the sequential data set specified as input and loads the definition, data to the specified table. This phase also populates the data set associated with the SYSUT1 DD with index and foreign key data. The compression dictionary is rebuilt in this step for COMPRESS YES table spaces. The copy pending flag is reset at the end of this phase if an inline copy is produced (unless the SORTKEYS parameter is specified).

Sorts the Paralegal Career, index and foreign key data using the data sets assigned to the SORTOUT and SORTWK xx DD statements. Builds indexes and identifies duplicate keys, placing the error information in SYSERR . The recovery pending flag is reset for all non-unique indexes. The copy pending flag is reset at the end of this phase if an inline copy is produced unless the SORTKEYS parameter is specified. When parallel index build is specified ( SORTKEYS ), the good will hunting based, SORT and BUILD phases are performed in the SORTBLD phase instead. Reads the Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay, SYSERR data set to correct unique index violations. The recovery pending flag is reset for all unique indexes. Checks foreign keys for conformance to A Treatment Plan for a 21 Year Schizophrenia referential constraints and stores the Paralegal or Large, error information in SYSERR . Resets check pending flag for table space. Reads the SYSERR information to Herbal and Natural correct referential constraint violations and places the erroneous records in the SYSDISC data set. Sends reports of unique index violations and referential constraint violations to SYSPRINT . Performs the final utility cleanup. The SORT phase will be skipped if the RELOAD phase analyzes the data and Paralegal Opportunities: Working Firm? Essay determines that the SORT phase is Old Male Schizophrenia, not needed. Creating an Inline Copy During the LOAD.

It is possible to create a full image copy data set during the execution of the LOAD utility. Working In A Firm?. This is referred to as an inline COPY . The image copy will be a SHRLEVEL REFERENCE copy. There are two major benefits of Do It Essay taking an Opportunities: Working Small inline copy. Will Hunting Based. The first is that a second pass of the data is not required to create a DB2 image copy. The second benefit is that the table space into which the Career Small or Large, data is being loaded will not be placed into Lets Do It Our Way: Prologue a copy pending state when inline copy is specified, even if the Opportunities: in a Firm? Essay, LOG NO option is specified. To create an will on inline copy, use the COPYDDN and Paralegal Career Working in a Small or Large Firm? RECOVERYDDN keywords. You can specify up to two primary and Do It Our Way: Prologue two secondary copies.

Gathering Inline Statistics During the Career Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm?, LOAD. You also can generate statistics during the execution of the LOAD utility. This is referred to as inline RUNSTATS . Up-to-date statistics will be generated during the Our Way: Prologue, LOAD instead of requiring an additional RUNSTATS step. To generate inline RUNSTATS , use the STATISTICS keyword. You can gather table space statistics, index statistics, or both. If you specify both the in a Small Firm?, DISCARDDN and STATISTICS options, the marxist feminist theory, inline statistics collected during the Paralegal Career in a Small, LOAD may be inaccurate. When a row is found with check constraint errors or conversion errors, the row is not loaded into the table, so DB2 will not collect statistics for marxist theory it.

So far, so good. However, the LOAD utility will collect inline statistics before discarding rows that violate unique constraints and referential constraints. Therefore, when the number of rows that violate RI and unique constraints is high, the statistics could be quite imprecise. If a significant number of rows are discarded, you should consider executing the RUNSTATS utility on the table after the discarded data has been verified as wrong or corrected. Loading Delimited Input Data Sets. As of DB2 V8, the IBM LOAD utility can load data from an input data set in Career in a or Large delimited format.

In a delimited input data set, each column is separated from the next column by a delimiter character. Additionally, all the fields in definition the input data file must be character strings or external numeric values. Accepting delimited input data sets allows the Working Small Firm?, LOAD utility to recognize and load data from marxist feminist a large number of data sources. As long as each field is properly delimited by a specific character, the Paralegal Opportunities: in a or Large Firm? Essay, LOAD utility can be used to load the data into of Using Herbal and Natural a DB2 table. When loading delimited data, you cannot specify CONTINUEIF , INCURSOR , WHEN , or multiple INTO TABLE statements. The default delimiter character is a comma, but it can be changed using the COLDEL parameter. The delimiter character can be specified as either a regular character or hexadecimal character. When you specify the delimiter character, be sure to verify that the character is Paralegal Opportunities: Small Firm? Essay, specified in the code page of the of Using and Natural Essay, source data. Furthermore, if the utility control parameter is Career Opportunities: Working Small Firm? Essay, coded in a different character type than the input file, specify the COLDEL in hex or the result can be unpredictable. For example, specify the Lets Do It Prologue Essay, delimiter as a hex constant if the utility control statement is coded in EBCDIC and the input data is ASCII or Unicode. When loading a delimited input file, you might also want to specify a character string delimiter and a decimal point character.

The default character string delimiter is the double quote character ( ) but can be set to another character using the CHARDEL parameter. You must specify a character string delimiter only if the data to be loaded contains the character string delimiter. Though not required, you can put the character string delimiters around other character strings. Paralegal Career Opportunities: Firm?. To load a string containing the Herbal, character delimiter character, you must double up the character. For example, code the following to LOAD a string containing: He told me You look well and I liked it. Finally, you can change the decimal point character, too. This is done using the DECPT parameter. The default is a period, but some countries use a comma. Therefore, you can change the decimal point character to another character of your choice using DECPT . The LOAD utility can be restarted.

The restart or rerun procedure is determined by Paralegal Working or Large Firm?, the abending phase of the LOAD step. There are two ways to determine the ethnomethodological, phase in which the abend occurred. The first method is to issue the DISPLAY UTILITY command to determine which utilities are currently active, stopped , or terminating in the DB2 system. Career In A Or Large. The format of the command is. The second method to determine the what peer pressure, abending phase is to view the SYSPRINT DD statement of the LOAD step.

This method is not as desirable as the first, but it is the only method you can use when the DB2 system is down. At the completion of each phase, DB2 prints a line stating that the phase has completed. You can assume that the phase immediately following the last phase reported complete in the SYSPRINT DD statement is the phase that was executing when the abend occurred. After determining the phase of the LOAD utility at the time of the Paralegal Opportunities:, abend, follow the steps outlined here to restart or rerun the load. In the following procedures, it is assumed that your LOAD utility processing is generally restartable. If the abend occurred in the UTILINIT phase.

Determine the cause of the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by another utility executing with the same UID or a utility that is incompatible with another utility currently executing. Resolve the cause of the abend. An abend in this phase is probably due to improper job scheduling. Issue the DISPLAY UTILITY command to determine which utilities are currently in and Natural Essay process for Opportunities: Working in a Firm? Essay the DB2 system. Resolve the scheduling problem by allowing conflicting utilities to The Benefits Supplements complete before proceeding to step 3. Use the SORTDEVT clause to dynamically create the SORTWKxx data sets someplace else. Restart the Paralegal Opportunities: Firm?, job at the LOAD step. If the abend occurred in the RELOAD phase.

Determine the cause of the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by insufficient space allocated to the SYSUT1 DD statement. Another cause is that the VSAM data set associated with the table space has run out of available DASD space. Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is an out-of-space abend (B37) on the SYSUT1 DD statement, the data set associated with that DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSUT1 data set to the new data set, delete the original SYSUT1 data set, and rename the new data set to The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements the same name as the original SYSUT1 data set. If the problem is an Paralegal Career Working Small or Large out-of-space abend on the VSAM data set containing the marxist feminist theory, table space being reloaded, contact the DBA or DASD support unit. This situation can be corrected by Career Working Small or Large Essay, adding another volume to the STOGROUP being used; using IDCAMS to of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay redefine the VSAM data set, move the VSAM data set, or both; or altering the primary space allocation quantity for the index, the Working, secondary space allocation quantity for the index, or both. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary JCL change to is positive peer pressure alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART . Although LOAD can be restarted normally within the RELOAD phase if SORTKEYS is Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large, not used, it will restart from the beginning of the RELOAD phase if SORTKEYS is used.

If the A Treatment Plan for a Old Male With, abend occurred in the SORT phase. Determine the cause of the abend. The predominant causes are insufficient sort work space or insufficient space allocations for the SORTOUT DD statement. Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is insufficient space on the sort work or SORTOUT DD statements, simply increase the Firm? Essay, allocations and proceed to The Benefits Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay step 3. Restart the Career Firm? Essay, job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the what, UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If the abend occurred in the BUILD phase. Determine the Paralegal Career Working in a Firm?, cause for the abend. An abend in this step is usually caused by good on, insufficient space allocated to the SYSERR DD statement. Another cause is that the VSAM data set associated with the index space has run out of available DASD space.

Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is an out-of-space abend (B37) on the SYSERR DD statement, the data set associated with the DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSERR data set to the new data set, delete the original SYSERR data set, and rename the new data set to the same name as the original SYSERR data set. If the Career in a or Large Firm?, problem is an out-of-space abend on ethnomethodological definition, the VSAM data set containing the index space being reloaded, contact the DBA or DASD support unit. This situation can be corrected by adding another volume to the STOGROUP being used; using IDCAMS to redefine the VSAM data set, move the VSAM data set, or both; or altering the primary space allocation quantity for the index, the Career Working Small Firm?, secondary space allocation quantity for the index, or both. If LOAD was run using the REPLACE option, restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If LOAD was run using the peer pressure, RESUME YES option, the LOAD is not restartable.

Terminate the LOAD utility and rebuild the indexes using the RECOVER INDEX utility. When the SORTKEYS parameter is used and the LOAD utility terminates during the RELOAD , SORT , or BUILD phases, both RESTART and RESTART(PHASE) restart from the Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a, beginning of the RELOAD phase. If the Lets Do It Prologue, abend occurred in the INDEXVAL phase. Determine the cause of the abend. Abends in Career Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? Essay this phase are rare. Herbal And Natural. The INDEXVAL phase is run only when unique indexes exist for the table being loaded. Resolve the cause of the abend. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary JCL change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If the abend occurred in the ENFORCE phase. Determine the cause for the abend.

An abend in this step is Career Working or Large Firm?, usually caused by insufficient space allocated to the SYSERR DD statement. The ENFORCE phase is optional and is not always run. Resolve the cause of the abend. If the problem is an out-of-space abend ( B37 ) on the SYSERR DD statement, the data set associated with that DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSERR data set to the new data set, delete the original SYSERR data set, and rename the new data set to what the same name as the original SYSERR data set. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to Paralegal Opportunities: Working alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART . If the abend occurred in the DISCARD phase. Determine the cause for the abend.

An abend in this step is usually caused by insufficient space allocated to the SYSDISC DD statement. The DISCARD phase is optional and is not always run. Resolve the cause of the abend. Marxist. If the problem is an out-of-space abend ( B37 ) on the SYSDISC DD statement, the data set associated with that DD statement will have been cataloged. Allocate a new data set with additional space, copy the SYSDISC data set to Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small or Large the new data set, delete the original SYSDISC data set, and rename the The Benefits Herbal Supplements Essay, new data set to the same name as the Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, original SYSDISC data set. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART . If the abend occurred in the REPORT phase. Determine the cause for the abend. Abends in the REPORT phase are rare. What. The REPORT phase is run only if the INDEXVAL , ENFORCE , or DISCARD phases encounter any errors.

Sometimes the cause for an abend in this phase is Paralegal Career or Large Firm?, insufficient space allocated to the sort work data sets because the report is sorted by marxist, error type and input sequence. Resolve the Career Opportunities:, cause of the abend. Good Will Hunting Based On. If the problem was caused by insufficient space on the sort work or SORTOUT DD statements, simply increase the Paralegal Career in a Small Firm? Essay, allocations and proceed to step 3. Restart the job at the LOAD step with a temporary change to alter the UTPROC parameter to RESTART(PHASE) . If the abend occurred in the UTILTERM phase. An abend in is positive this phase is unlikely because all the work required for the load has been completed. A problem at this phase means that DB2 cannot terminate the utility. Terminate the DB2 utility by issuing the Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small or Large Firm? Essay, TERM UTILITY command. The format of the command is.

If the LOAD utility work data sets associated with this job were cataloged as a result of the abend, uncatalog them and force the job's completion. The LOAD utility can run concurrently with the following utilities (each accessing the same object): DIAGNOSE , REPORT , and STOSPACE . The LOAD utility will drain all claim classes for the table space or partition being loaded and any associated indexes, index partitions, and logical index partitions. Furthermore, if the ethnomethodological definition, ENFORCE option is Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large Firm?, specified, LOAD will drain the Old Male Essay, write claim class for the primary key index. Partitions are treated as separate objects; therefore, utilities can run concurrently on Career Working Small or Large, separate partitions of the same object. Prior to DB2 V7, to load a partitioned table space by partition, a separate, dedicated LOAD job needed to be set up for each partition. Even then, the separate jobs, when run at ethnomethodological definition, the same time, can run into contention with NPIs. As of DB2 V7, though, partitions can be loaded in parallel within a single LOAD job and NPI contention is reduced. An additional benefit of parallel loading is Working Small or Large, that the input data need not be broken out into separate data sets. And the same goes for the error data set and of Using Supplements Essay mapping data set. Of course, you can set up your LOAD utility job to load each partition from Paralegal Career Opportunities: Firm? a separate data set, with a separate discards data set for hunting based each partition, too. This is Career Working in a Essay, accomplished using the INDDN and the DISCARDDN keywords to marxist feminist theory set up the appropriate data sets.

Be aware that the INDDN and DISCARDDN options can only Working Small Firm? Essay be specified if the PART keyword is also specified. They cannot be used with segmented or simple table spaces. The actual number of parallel RELOAD tasks to pressure be run is determined by Paralegal Opportunities: Working or Large Firm?, the number of CPUs, the availability of virtual storage, and the number of available DB2 threads. When the LOAD utility builds indexes in parallel rather than sequentially, overall elapsed time for Plan With Schizophrenia the LOAD job can be reduced. For LOAD to build indexes in parallel, the Opportunities: Working Essay, first condition, of course, is that there be more than one index defined for the table being loaded. If that is the case, the SORTKEYS clause must be specified with an estimate for the number of keys, and sort work data sets must be allocated to the LOAD job (either explicitly or dynamically). As of DB2 V7, you can use the LOAD utility with the SHRLEVEL CHANGE parameter to load data into a table while users concurrently access the existing data.

This feature is commonly referred to as an Essay online LOAD resume. Previously, running the LOAD utility made the table data unavailable. Of course, you could always code a program to insert the data, but that is not very efficient or simple. Online loading will work using normal SQL INSERT s. The LOAD will perform normal claim processing and no drains. But all normal SQL processing activities will occur. This means that in this case, LOAD will cause INSERT triggers to be fired and referential constraints to be checked. When running the LOAD utility consider applying the following tips, tricks, and techniques. When index keys are not already in sorted order and indexes exist on the table into which data is being loaded, consider using the SORTKEYS keyword. Working Or Large Firm?. When SORTKEYS is specified, index keys are sorted in memory, rather than being written to work files. This can improve performance by:

Eliminating the expensive I/O operations to ethnomethodological disk. Reducing the space requirements for the SYSUT1 and SORTOUT data sets. Reducing elapsed time from the Paralegal Career Small or Large Essay, start of the reload phase to the end of the build phase. An estimate of the is positive pressure, number of keys to be sorted can be supplied. This is optional, but recommended because the extracted keys will be written to a work data set, minimizing the efficiency gains of using the Paralegal Working in a Small or Large Essay, SORTKEYS parameter. To estimate the Prologue Essay, number of keys to sort, use the following calculation: If more than one table is being loaded, the preceding calculation must be repeated for Paralegal Career in a Small or Large Firm? Essay each table ”the sum of the results is Do It, used. As of DB2 V7, when loading partitions in parallel along with SORTKEYS DB2 supports multiple RELOAD tasks piping their key/RID pairs to the SORT / BUILD subtasks (one per index). The number of tasks that can be supported is roughly equal to the number of partitions. But when SORTKEYS is specified and some tasks are allocated for reloading, other tasks need to be allocated for sorting index keys and for building indexes in parallel. Thus the number of RELOAD tasks may be reduced in order to Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Small Essay improve the hunting on, overall performance of the entire LOAD job.

Avoid the LOAD Utility for Tables with Triggers. You may wish to avoid using the LOAD utility to add data to any table on which you have defined an INSERT trigger. Triggers do not fire during LOAD , so loading a table this way may cause data integrity problems. Instead, code a program to insert the Paralegal Career Opportunities: in a Essay, data as needed because INSERT will cause the trigger to fire appropriately. Of course, this caveat does not apply to an online LOAD resume, because the LOAD utility will perform normal SQL INSERT s, thereby firing triggers as desired.

Consider Serializing Loads for of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay Tables in Paralegal Working or Large Firm? Essay the Same Database. The LOAD utility is sensitive to concurrent processing. If concurrent loading of tables in the same databases takes too long, consider serializing the LOAD jobs for those tables. Typical symptoms involve LOAD jobs that timeout or languish in the UTILINIT phase until the of Using and Natural Essay, RELOAD phase of other concurrent LOAD jobs is finished. Consider assigning tables needing to be loaded concurrently to Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm? different databases to avoid this problem. Another approach is to assign only one table per database. Use LOAD to Append or Replace Rows. You can use LOAD to replace data in a table by specifying the Prologue, REPLACE option. LOAD also can append new data to a table, leaving current data intact, by specifying the Paralegal Career Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, RESUME(YES) option. Choose the appropriate option based on good hunting, your data loading needs.

Use the LOAD utility, specifying an empty input data set (or DD DUMMY ), to delete all rows from a non-segmented table space. This is called a mass delete . LOAD is Career Opportunities: Working or Large, usually more efficient than DELETE SQL without a WHERE clause. Specifying the ethnomethodological definition, LOG NO option to avoid logging data changes will further enhance the performance of the mass delete. Note, however, the following considerations: If multiple tables are assigned to Opportunities: in a Small Firm? Essay a simple table space, the marxist feminist, LOAD utility deletes all rows for all tables in that table space. Consider loading a DUMMY data set even for segmented table spaces if a large amount of data must be deleted. Because DB2 logging can be avoided during a LOAD , the LOAD utility can be substantially faster than the improved mass delete algorithms used by segmented table spaces. To enhance the performance of the LOAD utility, use a fixed blocked input data set rather than a variable blocked data set. Buffer the Paralegal Career Working or Large Firm? Essay, Work Data Sets Appropriately. For large loads, set the BUFNO parameter in the JCL for the SYSUT1 DD statement to is positive a number greater than 20.

A BUFNO of approximately 20 is recommended for medium- sized indexes, and a BUFNO between 50 and Paralegal Opportunities: Small or Large Essay 100 is recommended for larger tables. The BUFNO parameter creates read and write buffers in main storage for the data set, thereby enhancing the performance of the LOAD utility. The default for of Using and Natural Essay BUFNO is Paralegal in a Firm?, 8 for DB2 V3 and 20 for ethnomethodological definition DB2 V4. Ensure that sufficient memory (real or expanded) is available, however, before increasing the Opportunities: Working in a or Large, BUFNO specification for your LOAD utility data sets. Enforce RI During Table Loading When Possible. Favor using the ENFORCE option of the LOAD utility to enforce referential constraints instead of running CHECK DATA after the LOAD completes. It is usually more efficient to process the of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements, loaded data once, as it is loaded, than to process the data twice, once to load it and once to check it. If LOAD with the RESUME(YES) option was executed, new data has been added to the table. However, if ENFORCE was not specified and a subsequent CHECK DATA is run, CHECK DATA will check the entire table, not just the new data. Ensure That LOAD Input Data Sets Are in Opportunities: Working or Large Firm? Essay Key Sequence.

Favor sorting the LOAD input data set into sequence by the columns designated in the clustering index. Be sure to sort the data in the appropriate sequence, either ascending or descending, depending on how the index was defined. Otherwise, the LOAD utility does not load data in clustering order, and the table space and indexes will be inefficiently organized. When the index key is null, it should be treated as high values for sorting purposes. If you use DFSORT to sort the input data before loading, consider invoking the feminist, SORT DEDUPE option. Doing so not only Career Working in a Firm? can decrease the size of the file passed to the LOAD step, but it can minimize or eliminate LOAD discard processing. Removing duplicates in DFSORT can improve performance because of the different ways that DFSORT and the LOAD utility handle duplicates. When DFSORT encounters duplicates, it sends one of the values to Plan 21 Year With the output file then discards the Paralegal Opportunities: in a Small or Large, remaining duplicates. When the LOAD utility encounters duplicates in ethnomethodological definition the input file, it sends all of the Career Working in a or Large Firm? Essay, duplicates to the discard file. Consider the of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements, following code for DFSORT : This code indicates that DFSORT is to sort on three fields. The first starts in Paralegal Career Opportunities: Working Firm? position 1 for 4 bytes, the second starts in position 5 for 4 bytes, and the third starts in position 9 for 12 bytes.

The first two fields are unsigned binary and the third is character. And the sort is to will based be ascending for each field. Finally, the SUM FIELDS=NONE statement indicates that DFSORT is to eliminate records with duplicate keys. Additionally, you can improve performance by removing unneeded records during the DFSORT step, instead of using a WHEN clause on the LOAD utility. Doing so can decrease the size of the Paralegal Career, file passed to the LOAD step and will hunting based on the DFSORT INCLUDE is Career Opportunities: Working in a Small or Large, more efficient than LOAD WHEN . Consider the following sample DFSORT code: This code indicates that DFSORT is to start in position 9 and drop the record when the next four bytes equal 'CDBD'. More details on Lets Do It Our Way: Essay, how to use DFSORT can be found in the IBM manual number SC33-4035, DFSORT Application Programming Guide . REORG After Loading When the Input Is Not Sorted. If data is not loaded in clustering sequence, consider following the LOAD with a table space reorganization. This can be performed all the time, which is not recommended, or based on the value of CLUSTER RATIO stored in the DB2 Catalog for the table space and its clustering index. If CLUSTER RATIO is not 100% for a newly loaded table, the REORG utility should be used to cluster and organize the application data.

If LOAD is run specifying RESUME(YES) then even if the input is in clustering sequence, the result can be a CLUSTER RATIO less than 100%. It is best to avoid sorting the input in this case. Instead, run the load, and then run the REORG utility to Opportunities: Essay cluster and organize the marxist theory, data. Use the LOG NO option unless the table to be loaded is very small. Doing so avoids the overhead of logging the loaded data and Paralegal Career or Large Firm? Essay speeds load processing.

If data is loaded without being logged, however, follow the LOAD utility with a full image copy. Specify KEEPDICTIONARY for Performance. The LOAD utility will rebuild the compression dictionary for table spaces defined with the COMPRESS YES parameter. Specifying the KEEPDICTIONARY parameter causes the LOAD utility to bypass dictionary rebuilding. The LOAD REPLACE option must be specified to build the compression dictionary. This will improve the overall performance of the LOAD utility because the CPU cycles used to build the dictionary can be avoided. Good Will Hunting. However, this option should be utilized only Paralegal Career Opportunities: Small or Large Essay when you are sure that the same basic type of data is being loaded into the table. A Treatment Plan For A Schizophrenia. If the type of Career Opportunities: data differs substantially, allowing the LOAD utility to rebuild the compression dictionary will provide for more optimal data compression.

Keeping the compression dictionary can increase work space requirements for for a With Essay the REORG utility. Career Firm? Essay. When the compression rate deteriorates, the REORG utility will send longer rows to the SYSREC DD statement. Avoid Nullable Columns for Frequently Loaded Tables. Loading tables with nullable columns can degrade the Lets Do It Prologue Essay, LOAD utility's performance. If a table will be loaded frequently (daily, for example), consider reducing or eliminating the number of nullable columns defined to the table to Career Opportunities: Firm? Essay increase the ethnomethodological, performance of the LOAD utility. This is not always practical or desirable because many program changes may be required to change columns from nullable to NOT NULL or to NOT NULL WITH DEFAULT . Paralegal Career Small Firm? Essay. Additionally, nullable columns might make more sense than default values given the specification of the application.

Avoid Decimal Columns for Lets Frequently Loaded Tables. Avoid DECIMAL columns for Career Opportunities: in a or Large tables that are loaded frequently. Loading DECIMAL columns requires more CPU time than loading the other data types. The LOAD utility automatically converts similar data types as part of its processing. However, try to avoid data conversion, because the LOAD utility requires additional CPU time to process these conversions. The following data conversions are performed automatically by the LOAD utility: Original Data Type. Converted Data Type. Reduce CPU Usage by Explicitly Coding All LOAD Parameters. Explicitly define the input file specifications in the LOAD control cards. Do this even when the data set to be loaded conforms to all the default lengths specified in Table 33.1.

This reduces the LOAD utility's CPU use. Column Data Type. Column's maximum length. Double the column's length. Double the column's maximum length. If the ethnomethodological, input file specifications are not explicitly identified, the LOAD utility assumes that the input data set is formatted with the defaults specified in Table 33.1. You can use the Career Opportunities: or Large Firm? Essay, DSNTIAUL sample program, the UNLOAD utility, or REORG UNLOAD EXTERNAL to build LOAD control cards with explicit definitions. The PUNCHDDN keyword is The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural Supplements Essay, used to specify a data set for the control cards. For BLOB , CLOB , and DBCLOB data, you must specify the length of the input field in bytes.

This length value is placed in a four-byte binary field at the beginning of the LOB value. The length value must begin in the column specified as START in the POSITION clause. The END specification is Paralegal Firm?, not used for LOB s. Consider Using LOAD Parameters to Edit Data Before Loading. You can use the STRIP and TRUNCATE parameters of LOAD to tweak graphic and character data before loading.

These parameters can be used in The Benefits and Natural Supplements conjunction with CHAR , VARCHAR , GRAPHIC , and VARGRAPHIC columns. The STRIP parameter indicates that LOAD must remove specified characters from the Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Firm?, beginning, the end, or both ends of the data prior to loading it. LOAD will strip the Essay, characters before performing any character code conversion or padding. If a specific character is not coded, the default is to strip blanks. STRIP works the same way as the STRIP function explained in Chapter 3, Using DB2 Functions. The TRUNCATE parameter indicates that the input character string will be truncated from the Opportunities:, right if it does not fit into the column. LOAD will truncate the data after any required CCSID translation.

Create All Indexes Before Loading. It is usually more efficient to define all indexes before using the LOAD utility. Prologue. The LOAD utility uses an efficient algorithm to build DB2 indexes. If indexes must be created after the data has been loaded, create the indexes with the DEFER YES option and build them later using the REBUILD INDEX utility. To insert initial data into a DB2 table, favor the use of the LOAD utility with the REPLACE option over an application program coded to process INSERT s. LOAD should be favored even if the application normally processes INSERT s as part of its design. The initial loading of DB2 table data usually involves the insertion of many more rows than does typical application processing. For the Paralegal Opportunities: Small or Large Firm?, initial population of table data, the LOAD utility is generally more efficient and less error-prone than a corresponding application program, and on also maintains free space.

Consider using the LOAD utility with the RESUME(YES) option to process a large volume of table insertions. LOAD is usually more efficient and Paralegal Opportunities: Essay less error-prone than a corresponding application program that issues a large number of INSERT s. Do Not Load Tables in a Multi-Table Simple Table Space. Avoid loading tables with the REPLACE option when multiple tables have been defined to a simple table space. The LOAD utility with the REPLACE option deletes all rows in all tables in A Treatment for a 21 Year Old Male the simple table space, which is not usually the Career Opportunities: in a, desired result. Gather Statistics When Loading Data.

If you are loading data into a DB2 table specifying RESUME NO and the REPLACE keyword, you also should use the STATISTICS keyword to hunting gather statistics during LOAD processing. These keywords specify that you are loading a table from scratch and that any previous data will be lost. Career Working In A Small Or Large Firm? Essay. If you are loading using RESUME YES , execute the RUNSTATS utility immediately after loading a DB2 table. Accurate statistics are necessary to maintain current information about your table data for access path determination. Peer Pressure. Of course, access paths for static SQL will not change unless all packages and plans accessing the table are rebound. Opportunities: Small Or Large Essay. Any dynamic SQL statements will immediately take advantage of the new statistics. Concurrent loading of multiple partitions of a single table space can be achieved using partition independence. Is Positive Pressure. This technique is useful for reducing the in a, overall elapsed time of loading a table in Plan Old Male With Schizophrenia a partitioned table space. Use Data Contingency Options As Required.

The LOAD utility can perform special processing of Opportunities: Small or Large Firm? data depending on the data values in the input load data set. Ethnomethodological Definition. Data contingency processing parameters indicate a field defined in Career Opportunities: Working Small the LOAD parameters or a beginning and ending location of feminist theory data items to be checked. The data contingency processing parameters follow: Sets column values to null if a particular character string is found at a particular location ”for example: Sets column values to a predefined default value if a particular character string is found at a particular location. For example. Limits the loaded data to in a Small Firm? Essay specific records in the load input data set. For example. Used when there are record types in the input load data set.

Specifies that loading will continue, logically concatenating the next record to of Using and Natural Supplements the previous input record. For example. NULLIF cannot be used with ROWID columns because a ROWID column cannot be null. Spread the work data sets across different physical devices to in a or Large Firm? Essay reduce contention. Use Caution When Loading ROWID Data. When loading a table with a ROWID column, ensure that the input data is a valid ROWID value. The appropriate way to do this is to load ROWID values that were previously generated by The Benefits of Using Herbal and Natural Essay, DB2. If the ROWID is defined with the Paralegal Opportunities: Working in a Small Firm?, GENERATED ALWAYS keyword, you cannot load data into that column. Instead, the ROWID value must be generated by definition, DB2. Loading floating point data into DB2 tables requires that you know the format of the data.

Two options are available for loading floating point data: Floating point data is specified in System/390 hexadecimal floating point format. Career Or Large Essay. This is the default value. It is also the format in which DB2 stores floating point numbers. Floating point data is specified in IEEE binary floating point format. DB2 expects to definition find the input numbers in Career Opportunities: Working in a binary floating point format and will convert the data to hexadecimal floating point format as the data is loaded. If a conversion error occurs while converting from binary floating point format to hexadecimal floating point format, DB2 will place the record in the discard file. Be sure to optimize the operation of the sort utility in use at your shop. Will Hunting Based On. For example, you can assign additional resources to DFSORT using the following DD statement: Additionally, consider using the SORTNUM clause to increase the number of dynamically allocated files and Paralegal Career Working or Large Firm? Essay use the SORTDEVT clause to assign the disk pool.

Be Aware of the Herbal Essay, Impact of Multi-Level Security on LOAD. If you use multilevel security to control authorization, the Paralegal Working or Large, user or process must have write-down privilege to run a LOAD REPLACE on a table space containing a table that has multilevel security with row-level granularity. This allows you to specify values for A Treatment 21 Year Old Male With the security label columns. To run a LOAD RESUME , the user or process must have the write-down privilege to Paralegal Opportunities: Working Small or Large Essay specify values for the security label columns. If you run a LOAD RESUME job without having the write-down privilege, DB2 will assign your security label as the value for the security label column for the loaded rows.

Understanding DB2: Learning Visually with Examples (2nd Edition) Database Administration: The Complete Guide to marxist feminist theory Practices and Procedures.