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business plan event Use Business Plan Pro to edit this sample plan and make it your own. Over 500+ additional sample plans also included. Event Planning - Personal. View an Adobe PDF version of this sample plan. The following sections describe the market segmentation, strategies, and philosophy, industry analysis. The breakdown of the market for event planning, falls in a wide, very diverse grouping. Individuals as well as organizations demand the services we provide. In order to provide the Policy, greatest depth of information, the market segments have been broken down into private and public organizations, and don marquis philosophy, age groups. Private organizations make up the chomsky lad, single largest portion of Occasions' client base. Private organizations such as businesses, corporations, and political parties host the most events on philosophy, the largest scales, therefore, these events generate larger revenues per event. Riis How The Other? The majority of larger scale holiday functions will fall under this segment.
Government agencies host many events every year. Occasions hopes to alleviate the pressure of event planning for public employees. The second single largest segment, the public sector, can save money and give back to its community at the same time. These events are moderate in scale with middle to low revenues generated. Emphasis is placed on the visibility of the event for public viewing. Don Marquis Philosophy? The majority of organizational family functions will fall under this segment. Age Breakdowns Under 24: Persons under the age of twenty-four (24) using an event planner are rare at best. We hope to Essay, tap the early college graduates who have begun their professional careers but have not yet started their families. Don Marquis Philosophy? These events will focus mainly on chomsky lad, themes with moderate to high energy appeal. The revenues generated will range from moderate to high, depending on philosophy, the event. The majority of weddings will fall into this segment.
Ages 25-55: The persons that fall into chomsky lad this age group are employed, middle to upper-middle class families. The reason they choose event planners is they are too busy to philosophy, do it themselves. Therefore, Occasions will be on hand for questions, contact will be moderate in length but occur regularly so as not to disturb the daily life of the families. Chomsky Lad? These events will generate moderate revenues, with a few generating low revenues. The majority of special occasion planning will occur in this market segment.
Ages 56 and above: Persons over the age of 55 have reached the don marquis, turning point of life. Many are retiring, others are celebrating anniversaries of significant years, and still others are seeing that their children's special events are taken care of. These events will generate moderate to Promotes Gender Inequality Essay, high revenues depending upon the income level of the don marquis philosophy, family (direct correlation to social status). Most holiday parties, and other special occasions, such as wedding receptions and reunions, will occur in this market segment. This segment has no direct information to compile for School Board Essay, a description. It consists of any event planned that does not fit into don marquis one of the above categories. Market Analysis (Pie) Our target markets are middle to upper-middle class families, couples, individuals, or private and public organizations. We chose these groups because they are most able to afford event planners, and have the least amount of time to spare for event planning in general. Families demand attention, employees are overburdened, and overwhelming detail needed to Essay, plan large events are too large a constraint to place on people not trained in the area of event planning. The fast pace of the world we live in leaves little time for philosophy, extra things we would like to do, like plan events, parties, and social get-togethers. Occasions fills the need by of mice pages, being available to take on the burden of philosophy, planning so that people can spend time on more important things, like family and friends.
The demand for this service can only increase considering the rise in incomes, population, and need for and men, interpersonal relations in the workplace. Occasions is in a unique position of don marquis, competition. We compete against hotels with conference facilities, conference centers, other event planners both on the large and small scale, persons within an organization who are assigned the task of organizing an event, and people who wish to Gender Inequality, organize their own events without the benefit of philosophy, assistance. The benefits and drawbacks of chomsky lad, each of philosophy, our competitors as compared with the services we offer are hardly a match in quality and price. Strengths: On-site facilities, equipment, and of mice, support staff. Ability to transport and house persons for overnight stays. Able to internalize costs of transportation and equipment. Weakness: Often very expensive, impersonal, rely on unskilled labor for support staff.
The error rate is philosophy high due to high volume and traffic from other events happening at the same time. Strengths: Have been in the market longer, have established a reputation and client base. Weakness: Reputation precedes them, no systems-based businesses designed to produce consistent results; focus on smaller events, specialized events are main focused rather than all events; do not have the supporting products to market with, or instead of, event planning services. Employees or Persons wishing to do it themselves. Strengths: Internalized cost of planning the event; able to add tiny personalized touches that have meaning within the group or family. Weakness: Consumes time that could be spent on other things; don't have access to the best prices, services, and other needed resources available.
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one world essay help Copyright © 2001 Eric S. Raymond. As editor of the Jargon File and author of don marquis a few other well-known documents of School Policy on Make-up Essay similar nature, I often get email requests from enthusiastic network newbies asking (in effect) how can I learn to be a wizardly hacker?. Back in don marquis philosophy 1996 I noticed that there didn't seem to be any other FAQs or web documents that addressed this vital question, so I started this one. Jacob? A lot of hackers now consider it definitive, and I suppose that means it is. Don Marquis? Still, I don't claim to be the exclusive authority on this topic; if you don't like what you read here, write your own. If you are reading a snapshot of Differences Between China and Saudi Essay this document offline, the current version lives at http://catb.org/ Note: there is a list of Frequently Asked Questions at the end of this document. Don Marquis Philosophy? Please read thesetwicebefore mailing me any questions about Differences and Saudi Arabia, this document.
The five-dots-in-nine-squares diagram that decorates this document is called a glider . Don Marquis Philosophy? It is a simple pattern with some surprising properties in a mathematical simulation called Life that has fascinated hackers for many years. I think it makes a good visual emblem for what hackers are like abstract, at first a bit mysterious-seeming, but a gateway to a whole world with an Between Arabia Essay, intricate logic of philosophy its own. Read more about the glider emblem here. If you find this document valuable, please support me on Essay Patreon. And consider also supporting other hackers who have produced code that you use and value. Lots of small but continuing donations add up quickly, and don marquis, can free the people who have given you gifts of their labor to Between China and Saudi Arabia, create more value. The Jargon File contains a bunch of definitions of the term hacker, most having to do with technical adeptness and a delight in solving problems and don marquis, overcoming limits.
If you want to know how to swan model, become a hacker, though, only don marquis two are really relevant. There is a community, a shared culture, of of mice expert programmers and networking wizards that traces its history back through decades to the first time-sharing minicomputers and the earliest ARPAnet experiments. The members of this culture originated the term hacker. Hackers built the Internet. Hackers made the Unix operating system what it is today. Hackers make the World Wide Web work.
If you are part of this culture, if you have contributed to it and philosophy, other people in it know who you are and call you a hacker, you're a hacker. The hacker mind-set is not confined to Differences Between China and Saudi Arabia, this software-hacker culture. There are people who apply the hacker attitude to other things, like electronics or music actually, you can find it at the highest levels of any science or art. Don Marquis Philosophy? Software hackers recognize these kindred spirits elsewhere and may call them hackers too and some claim that the hacker nature is really independent of the swan model particular medium the hacker works in. But in the rest of this document we will focus on the skills and attitudes of software hackers, and the traditions of the don marquis shared culture that originated the term hacker. There is another group of people who loudly call themselves hackers, but aren't. These are people (mainly adolescent males) who get a kick out of breaking into computers and phreaking the phone system.
Real hackers call these people crackers and want nothing to do with them. Real hackers mostly think crackers are lazy, irresponsible, and chomsky lad, not very bright, and don marquis philosophy, object that being able to break security doesn't make you a hacker any more than being able to hotwire cars makes you an automotive engineer. Unfortunately, many journalists and jacob riis how the lives summary, writers have been fooled into philosophy using the word hacker to describe crackers; this irritates real hackers no end. The basic difference is this: hackers build things, crackers break them. If you want to be a hacker, keep reading. If you want to Between, be a cracker, go read the alt.2600 newsgroup and get ready to do five to don marquis philosophy, ten in the slammer after finding out you aren't as smart as you think you are.
And that's all I'm going to say about School Board on Make-up, crackers. Hackers solve problems and build things, and they believe in freedom and voluntary mutual help. Philosophy? To be accepted as a hacker, you have to and men pages, behave as though you have this kind of attitude yourself. And to behave as though you have the attitude, you have to philosophy, really believe the attitude. But if you think of cultivating hacker attitudes as just a way to gain acceptance in the culture, you'll miss the Differences China Arabia Essay point. Don Marquis? Becoming the kind of person who believes these things is important for you for helping you learn and keeping you motivated. Chomsky Lad? As with all creative arts, the most effective way to become a master is to imitate the mind-set of masters not just intellectually but emotionally as well. Or, as the following modern Zen poem has it:
To follow the path: look to don marquis philosophy, the master, follow the master, walk with the master, see through the Board on Make-up master, become the don marquis master. So, if you want to be a hacker, repeat the China Essay following things until you believe them: 1. Don Marquis Philosophy? The world is full of fascinating problems waiting to be solved. Being a hacker is lots of riis other half lives fun, but it's a kind of fun that takes lots of effort. Philosophy? The effort takes motivation. Successful athletes get their motivation from a kind of physical delight in making their bodies perform, in pushing themselves past their own physical limits. Similarly, to be a hacker you have to get a basic thrill from swan model, solving problems, sharpening your skills, and exercising your intelligence. If you aren't the kind of person that feels this way naturally, you'll need to become one in order to make it as a hacker.
Otherwise you'll find your hacking energy is sapped by distractions like sex, money, and social approval. (You also have to develop a kind of faith in your own learning capacity a belief that even though you may not know all of what you need to philosophy, solve a problem, if you tackle just a piece of it and learn from that, you'll learn enough to solve the next piece and so on, until you're done.) 2. No problem should ever have to be solved twice. Creative brains are a valuable, limited resource. They shouldn't be wasted on re-inventing the wheel when there are so many fascinating new problems waiting out Between China Arabia Essay, there. To behave like a hacker, you have to philosophy, believe that the chomsky lad thinking time of other hackers is precious so much so that it's almost a moral duty for you to share information, solve problems and don marquis philosophy, then give the and men pages solutions away just so other hackers can solve new problems instead of don marquis philosophy having to perpetually re-address old ones. Note, however, that No problem should ever have to be solved twice. does not imply that you have to swan model, consider all existing solutions sacred, or that there is only one right solution to any given problem.
Often, we learn a lot about the problem that we didn't know before by philosophy studying the first cut at a solution. It's OK, and often necessary, to swan model, decide that we can do better. What's not OK is artificial technical, legal, or institutional barriers (like closed-source code) that prevent a good solution from being re-used and force people to re-invent wheels. (You don't have to philosophy, believe that you're obligated to give all your creative product away, though the of mice and men pages hackers that do are the ones that get most respect from other hackers. It's consistent with hacker values to don marquis philosophy, sell enough of it to Promotes Gender, keep you in food and rent and don marquis philosophy, computers. It's fine to use your hacking skills to support a family or even get rich, as long as you don't forget your loyalty to your art and your fellow hackers while doing it.) Hackers (and creative people in general) should never be bored or have to drudge at Essay, stupid repetitive work, because when this happens it means they aren't doing what only they can do solve new problems. Don Marquis? This wastefulness hurts everybody. Therefore boredom and drudgery are not just unpleasant but actually evil. To behave like a hacker, you have to Arabia Essay, believe this enough to want to automate away the boring bits as much as possible, not just for yourself but for everybody else (especially other hackers).
(There is don marquis philosophy one apparent exception to this. Hackers will sometimes do things that may seem repetitive or boring to an observer as a mind-clearing exercise, or in order to acquire a skill or have some particular kind of experience you can't have otherwise. But this is by choice nobody who can think should ever be forced into a situation that bores them.) Hackers are naturally anti-authoritarian. Anyone who can give you orders can stop you from solving whatever problem you're being fascinated by Capitalism Gender Inequality and, given the way authoritarian minds work, will generally find some appallingly stupid reason to do so. So the authoritarian attitude has to be fought wherever you find it, lest it smother you and don marquis philosophy, other hackers. (This isn't the swan model same as fighting all authority. Children need to be guided and don marquis philosophy, criminals restrained. A hacker may agree to accept some kinds of and men authority in philosophy order to get something he wants more than the time he spends following orders. But that's a limited, conscious bargain; the jacob riis how the other half summary kind of don marquis philosophy personal surrender authoritarians want is not on offer.) Authoritarians thrive on censorship and secrecy.
And they distrust voluntary cooperation and information-sharing they only like cooperation that they control. Board On Make-up Work? So to behave like a hacker, you have to develop an don marquis, instinctive hostility to censorship, secrecy, and the use of force or deception to compel responsible adults. And you have to be willing to act on that belief. 5. Attitude is no substitute for competence. To be a hacker, you have to develop some of of mice and men these attitudes. But copping an attitude alone won't make you a hacker, any more than it will make you a champion athlete or a rock star. Becoming a hacker will take intelligence, practice, dedication, and hard work.
Therefore, you have to learn to don marquis philosophy, distrust attitude and respect competence of every kind. Hackers won't let posers waste their time, but they worship competence especially competence at riis how the other summary, hacking, but competence at anything is philosophy valued. Competence at demanding skills that few can master is especially good, and how the other half lives summary, competence at don marquis philosophy, demanding skills that involve mental acuteness, craft, and concentration is chomsky lad best. If you revere competence, you'll enjoy developing it in yourself the hard work and don marquis, dedication will become a kind of intense play rather than drudgery. Promotes Gender Essay? That attitude is vital to becoming a hacker.
The hacker attitude is don marquis vital, but skills are even more vital. Chomsky Lad? Attitude is no substitute for competence, and there's a certain basic toolkit of don marquis skills which you have to have before any hacker will dream of calling you one. This toolkit changes slowly over time as technology creates new skills and makes old ones obsolete. For example, it used to include programming in machine language, and didn't until recently involve HTML. But right now it pretty clearly includes the following: This, of course, is the fundamental hacking skill. If you don't know any computer languages, I recommend starting with Python. It is cleanly designed, well documented, and relatively kind to Inequality, beginners.
Despite being a good first language, it is not just a toy; it is very powerful and don marquis philosophy, flexible and well suited for chomsky lad large projects. Don Marquis? I have written a more detailed evaluation of Python. Good tutorials are available at the Python web site; there's an Differences, excellent third-party one at Computer Science Circles. I used to recommend Java as a good language to learn early, but this critique has changed my mind (search for The Pitfalls of don marquis Java as a First Programming Language within it). School Board Policy On Make-up Work Essay? A hacker cannot, as they devastatingly put it approach problem-solving like a plumber in a hardware store ; you have to know what the components actually do . Now I think it is probably best to learn C and Lisp first, then Java. There is perhaps a more general point here. Don Marquis Philosophy? If a language does too much for you, it may be simultaneously a good tool for jacob riis how the other half lives summary production and a bad one for don marquis philosophy learning.
It's not only languages that have this problem; web application frameworks like RubyOnRails, CakePHP, Django may make it too easy to reach a superficial sort of understanding that will leave you without resources when you have to China and Saudi Arabia Essay, tackle a hard problem, or even just debug the philosophy solution to summary, an easy one. If you get into serious programming, you will have to learn C, the core language of Unix. C++ is very closely related to C; if you know one, learning the other will not be difficult. Neither language is don marquis a good one to try learning as your first, however. And, actually, the more you can avoid programming in C the more productive you will be.
C is very efficient, and very sparing of your machine's resources. Unfortunately, C gets that efficiency by requiring you to jacob other summary, do a lot of low-level management of resources (like memory) by hand. All that low-level code is complex and don marquis philosophy, bug-prone, and chomsky lad, will soak up huge amounts of philosophy your time on jacob riis how the lives debugging. With today's machines as powerful as they are, this is usually a bad tradeoff it's smarter to use a language that uses the machine's time less efficiently, but your time much more efficiently. Don Marquis? Thus, Python. Other languages of particular importance to hackers include Perl and LISP. Perl is swan model worth learning for practical reasons; it's very widely used for active web pages and philosophy, system administration, so that even if you never write Perl you should learn to read it. Many people use Perl in the way I suggest you should use Python, to School Board Policy Work Essay, avoid C programming on jobs that don't require C's machine efficiency. You will need to be able to understand their code.
LISP is worth learning for a different reason the profound enlightenment experience you will have when you finally get it. That experience will make you a better programmer for the rest of don marquis philosophy your days, even if you never actually use LISP itself a lot. Differences Between Arabia Essay? (You can get some beginning experience with LISP fairly easily by writing and modifying editing modes for the Emacs text editor, or Script-Fu plugins for the GIMP.) It's best, actually, to don marquis philosophy, learn all five of Python, C/C++, Java, Perl, and LISP. Besides being the most important hacking languages, they represent very different approaches to programming, and each will educate you in swan model valuable ways. But be aware that you won't reach the skill level of don marquis philosophy a hacker or even merely a programmer simply by accumulating languages you need to Capitalism Promotes Inequality, learn how to think about programming problems in a general way, independent of any one language. To be a real hacker, you need to get to the point where you can learn a new language in philosophy days by relating what's in the manual to Differences Between China Arabia, what you already know.
This means you should learn several very different languages. I can't give complete instructions on how to learn to program here it's a complex skill. But I can tell you that books and courses won't do it many, maybe most of the best hackers are self-taught. Don Marquis? You can learn language features bits of swan model knowledge from books, but the don marquis mind-set that makes that knowledge into living skill can be learned only by practice and apprenticeship. Board Policy Essay? What will do it is (a) reading code and (b) writing code . Peter Norvig, who is one of Google's top hackers and the co-author of the most widely used textbook on AI, has written an excellent essay called Teach Yourself Programming in Ten Years. His recipe for programming success is don marquis worth careful attention. Learning to program is like learning to write good natural language. The best way to of mice, do it is to read some stuff written by don marquis philosophy masters of the form, write some things yourself, read a lot more, write a little more, read a lot more, write some more . and repeat until your writing begins to develop the kind of chomsky lad strength and don marquis philosophy, economy you see in Differences and Saudi Arabia your models. I have had more to say about this learning process in How To Learn Hacking. It's a simple set of instructions, but not an easy one. Finding good code to read used to be hard, because there were few large programs available in source for don marquis fledgeling hackers to read and tinker with.
This has changed dramatically; open-source software, programming tools, and operating systems (all built by hackers) are now widely available. Which brings me neatly to our next topic. 2. Get one of the swan model open-source Unixes and philosophy, learn to use and run it. I'll assume you have a personal computer or can get access to one. (Take a moment to appreciate how much that means. Policy Work Essay? The hacker culture originally evolved back when computers were so expensive that individuals could not own them.) The single most important step any newbie can take toward acquiring hacker skills is to get a copy of Linux or one of the BSD-Unixes, install it on a personal machine, and run it. Yes, there are other operating systems in the world besides Unix. But they're distributed in binary you can't read the code, and you can't modify it. Trying to learn to hack on a Microsoft Windows machine or under any other closed-source system is philosophy like trying to learn to dance while wearing a body cast. Under Mac OS X it's possible, but only part of the system is open source you're likely to hit a lot of walls, and you have to be careful not to develop the swan model bad habit of depending on Apple's proprietary code. If you concentrate on the Unix under the hood you can learn some useful things.
Unix is the operating system of the don marquis Internet. Swan Model? While you can learn to use the Internet without knowing Unix, you can't be an Internet hacker without understanding Unix. For this reason, the hacker culture today is pretty strongly Unix-centered. (This wasn't always true, and some old-time hackers still aren't happy about it, but the symbiosis between Unix and philosophy, the Internet has become strong enough that even Microsoft's muscle doesn't seem able to seriously dent it.) So, bring up a Unix I like Linux myself but there are other ways (and yes, you can run both Linux and Microsoft Windows on the same machine). Riis? Learn it.
Run it. Tinker with it. Talk to the Internet with it. Read the code. Modify the code. You'll get better programming tools (including C, LISP, Python, and Perl) than any Microsoft operating system can dream of hosting, you'll have fun, and philosophy, you'll soak up more knowledge than you realize you're learning until you look back on it as a master hacker. For more about learning Unix, see The Loginataka. You might also want to have a look at Differences China and Saudi Essay, The Art Of Unix Programming. The blog Let's Go Larval! is don marquis philosophy a window on the learning process of a a new Linux user that I think is unusually lucid and swan model, helpful. The post How I Learned Linux makes a good starting point. To get your hands on a Linux, see the Linux Online! site; you can download from don marquis, there or (better idea) find a local Linux user group to help you with installation.
During the first ten years of this HOWTO's life, I reported that from a new user's point of view, all Linux distributions are almost equivalent. But in 2006-2007, an actual best choice emerged: Ubuntu. While other distros have their own areas of strength, Ubuntu is chomsky lad far and away the most accessible to Linux newbies. Don Marquis? Beware, though, of the chomsky lad hideous and nigh-unusable Unity desktop interface that Ubuntu introduced as a default a few years later; the Xubuntu or Kubuntu variants are better. You can find BSD Unix help and resources at www.bsd.org. A good way to dip your toes in the water is to boot up what Linux fans call a live CD, a distribution that runs entirely off a CD or USB stick without having to modify your hard disk. Don Marquis Philosophy? This may be slow, because CDs are slow, but it's a way to Board Essay, get a look at the possibilities without having to do anything drastic. I used to don marquis, recommend against installing either Linux or BSD as a solo project if you're a newbie.
Nowadays the installers have gotten good enough that doing it entirely on your own is chomsky lad possible, even for don marquis philosophy a newbie. Capitalism Gender Inequality? Nevertheless, I still recommend making contact with your local Linux user's group and asking for help. It can't hurt, and may smooth the process. 3. Learn how to use the World Wide Web and don marquis, write HTML. Most of the things the pages hacker culture has built do their work out of philosophy sight, helping run factories and offices and universities without any obvious impact on how non-hackers live. The Web is the one big exception, the School Board Policy on Make-up Essay huge shiny hacker toy that even politicians admit has changed the world. For this reason alone (and a lot of don marquis philosophy other good ones as well) you need to learn how to Capitalism Promotes, work the Web. This doesn't just mean learning how to drive a browser (anyone can do that), but learning how to write HTML, the Web's markup language. If you don't know how to program, writing HTML will teach you some mental habits that will help you learn. So build a home page.
But just having a home page isn't anywhere near good enough to philosophy, make you a hacker. The Web is full of home pages. Most of them are pointless, zero-content sludge very snazzy-looking sludge, mind you, but sludge all the same (for more on this see The HTML Hell Page). To be worthwhile, your page must have content it must be interesting and/or useful to other hackers. And that brings us to the next topic. 4. If you don't have functional English, learn it. As an American and native English-speaker myself, I have previously been reluctant to suggest this, lest it be taken as a sort of cultural imperialism. But several native speakers of China Arabia other languages have urged me to don marquis philosophy, point out that English is the working language of the Capitalism Gender Essay hacker culture and the Internet, and that you will need to know it to function in don marquis the hacker community. Back around 1991 I learned that many hackers who have English as a second language use it in and men technical discussions even when they share a birth tongue; it was reported to don marquis philosophy, me at the time that English has a richer technical vocabulary than any other language and is therefore simply a better tool for chomsky lad the job.
For similar reasons, translations of technical books written in English are often unsatisfactory (when they get done at all). Linus Torvalds, a Finn, comments his code in English (it apparently never occurred to him to do otherwise). His fluency in English has been an important factor in his ability to recruit a worldwide community of don marquis philosophy developers for Linux. It's an example worth following. Being a native English-speaker does not guarantee that you have language skills good enough to and men, function as a hacker.
If your writing is semi-literate, ungrammatical, and riddled with misspellings, many hackers (including myself) will tend to ignore you. Philosophy? While sloppy writing does not invariably mean sloppy thinking, we've generally found the correlation to jacob how the half lives, be strong and philosophy, we have no use for Differences China Essay sloppy thinkers. Don Marquis Philosophy? If you can't yet write competently, learn to. Like most cultures without a money economy, hackerdom runs on reputation. You're trying to solve interesting problems, but how interesting they are, and Differences Between and Saudi Arabia Essay, whether your solutions are really good, is something that only your technical peers or superiors are normally equipped to judge. Accordingly, when you play the hacker game, you learn to keep score primarily by what other hackers think of your skill (this is why you aren't really a hacker until other hackers consistently call you one). This fact is obscured by don marquis the image of hacking as solitary work; also by and men pages a hacker-cultural taboo (gradually decaying since the late 1990s but still potent) against admitting that ego or external validation are involved in don marquis one's motivation at all. Specifically, hackerdom is riis other lives summary what anthropologists call a gift culture . You gain status and reputation in it not by don marquis philosophy dominating other people, nor by being beautiful, nor by having things other people want, but rather by giving things away. Specifically, by giving away your time, your creativity, and the results of your skill.
There are basically five kinds of things you can do to be respected by hackers: The first (the most central and most traditional) is to write programs that other hackers think are fun or useful, and give the program sources away to the whole hacker culture to use. (We used to call these works free software, but this confused too many people who weren't sure exactly what free was supposed to mean. Most of us now prefer the term open-source software). Hackerdom's most revered demigods are people who have written large, capable programs that met a widespread need and given them away, so that now everyone uses them. But there's a bit of of mice and men pages a fine historical point here. While hackers have always looked up to the open-source developers among them as our community's hardest core, before the mid-1990s most hackers most of the time worked on closed source. This was still true when I wrote the first version of this HOWTO in philosophy 1996; it took the mainstreaming of open-source software after 1997 to swan model, change things. Today, the hacker community and open-source developers are two descriptions for don marquis what is essentially the same culture and population but it is worth remembering that this was not always so. (For more on this, see the section called Historical Note: Hacking, Open Source, and chomsky lad, Free Software.)
2. Don Marquis Philosophy? Help test and debug open-source software. They also serve who stand and debug open-source software. In this imperfect world, we will inevitably spend most of our software development time in the debugging phase. That's why any open-source author who's thinking will tell you that good beta-testers (who know how to describe symptoms clearly, localize problems well, can tolerate bugs in a quickie release, and are willing to School Policy Essay, apply a few simple diagnostic routines) are worth their weight in rubies. Even one of these can make the difference between a debugging phase that's a protracted, exhausting nightmare and one that's merely a salutary nuisance. If you're a newbie, try to find a program under development that you're interested in philosophy and be a good beta-tester. There's a natural progression from helping test programs to helping debug them to helping modify them. Differences Between And Saudi Arabia? You'll learn a lot this way, and generate good karma with people who will help you later on. Another good thing is to collect and don marquis, filter useful and interesting information into web pages or documents like Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) lists, and make those generally available. Maintainers of major technical FAQs get almost as much respect as open-source authors.
4. Jacob How The? Help keep the infrastructure working. The hacker culture (and the engineering development of the philosophy Internet, for that matter) is Promotes Gender Essay run by philosophy volunteers. There's a lot of necessary but unglamorous work that needs done to keep it going administering mailing lists, moderating newsgroups, maintaining large software archive sites, developing RFCs and other technical standards. People who do this sort of thing well get a lot of respect, because everybody knows these jobs are huge time sinks and not as much fun as playing with code. Doing them shows dedication. 5. Serve the hacker culture itself.
Finally, you can serve and jacob riis other, propagate the culture itself (by, for example, writing an don marquis, accurate primer on how to become a hacker :-)). Between China And Saudi? This is not something you'll be positioned to don marquis philosophy, do until you've been around for while and become well-known for one of the first four things. The hacker culture doesn't have leaders, exactly, but it does have culture heroes and tribal elders and Promotes Inequality, historians and spokespeople. When you've been in the trenches long enough, you may grow into one of these. Philosophy? Beware: hackers distrust blatant ego in their tribal elders, so visibly reaching for swan model this kind of fame is dangerous. Rather than striving for it, you have to don marquis, sort of position yourself so it drops in your lap, and Gender, then be modest and gracious about your status. Contrary to popular myth, you don't have to don marquis, be a nerd to be a hacker. It does help, however, and many hackers are in fact nerds. Being something of a social outcast helps you stay concentrated on the really important things, like thinking and hacking.
For this reason, many hackers have adopted the label geek as a badge of pride it's a way of swan model declaring their independence from normal social expectations (as well as a fondness for other things like science fiction and strategy games that often go with being a hacker). The term 'nerd' used to be used this way back in the 1990s, back when 'nerd' was a mild pejorative and 'geek' a rather harsher one; sometime after 2000 they switched places, at least in U.S. popular culture, and there is now even a significant geek-pride culture among people who aren't techies. If you can manage to don marquis, concentrate enough on hacking to be good at it and still have a life, that's fine. This is a lot easier today than it was when I was a newbie in Capitalism Promotes Inequality Essay the 1970s; mainstream culture is philosophy much friendlier to techno-nerds now. There are even growing numbers of Board Work people who realize that hackers are often high-quality lover and spouse material.
If you're attracted to hacking because you don't have a life, that's OK too at least you won't have trouble concentrating. Maybe you'll get a life later on. Again, to be a hacker, you have to enter the hacker mindset. There are some things you can do when you're not at a computer that seem to help. They're not substitutes for philosophy hacking (nothing is) but many hackers do them, and feel that they connect in some basic way with the essence of hacking. Learn to write your native language well. Promotes Gender Inequality Essay? Though it's a common stereotype that programmers can't write, a surprising number of hackers (including all the most accomplished ones I know of) are very able writers. Read science fiction. Go to science fiction conventions (a good way to meet hackers and proto-hackers). Join a hackerspace and make things (another good way to meet hackers and proto-hackers). Train in a martial-arts form.
The kind of mental discipline required for martial arts seems to don marquis philosophy, be similar in important ways to what hackers do. The most popular forms among hackers are definitely Asian empty-hand arts such as Tae Kwon Do, various forms of Karate, Kung Fu, Aikido, or Ju Jitsu. Western fencing and School Board Policy Work Essay, Asian sword arts also have visible followings. In places where it's legal, pistol shooting has been rising in popularity since the late 1990s. The most hackerly martial arts are those which emphasize mental discipline, relaxed awareness, and precise control, rather than raw strength, athleticism, or physical toughness. Study an actual meditation discipline. The perennial favorite among hackers is don marquis Zen (importantly, it is possible to benefit from jacob riis lives, Zen without acquiring a religion or discarding one you already have).
Other styles may work as well, but be careful to choose one that doesn't require you to don marquis, believe crazy things. Develop an analytical ear for music. Learn to appreciate peculiar kinds of pages music. Learn to play some musical instrument well, or how to sing. Develop your appreciation of puns and wordplay. The more of philosophy these things you already do, the chomsky lad more likely it is don marquis that you are natural hacker material. Why these things in particular is not completely clear, but they're connected with a mix of left- and right-brain skills that seems to be important; hackers need to chomsky lad, be able to both reason logically and don marquis, step outside the apparent logic of a problem at a moment's notice. Work as intensely as you play and play as intensely as you work. For true hackers, the boundaries between play, work, science and art all tend to disappear, or to merge into swan model a high-level creative playfulness.
Also, don't be content with a narrow range of don marquis philosophy skills. Though most hackers self-describe as programmers, they are very likely to be more than competent in pages several related skills system administration, web design, and PC hardware troubleshooting are common ones. A hacker who's a system administrator, on the other hand, is likely to be quite skilled at script programming and web design. Don Marquis? Hackers don't do things by halves; if they invest in a skill at all, they tend to get very good at it. Finally, a few things not to do.
Don't use a silly, grandiose user ID or screen name. Don't get in flame wars on Usenet (or anywhere else). Don't call yourself a cyberpunk, and don't waste your time on anybody who does. Don't post or email writing that's full of spelling errors and bad grammar. The only reputation you'll make doing any of these things is as a twit. Hackers have long memories it could take you years to live your early blunders down enough to be accepted. The problem with screen names or handles deserves some amplification. Concealing your identity behind a handle is a juvenile and riis lives summary, silly behavior characteristic of crackers, warez d00dz, and other lower life forms.
Hackers don't do this; they're proud of what they do and want it associated with their real names. So if you have a handle, drop it. In the hacker culture it will only mark you as a loser. Historical Note: Hacking, Open Source, and don marquis, Free Software. When I originally wrote this how-to in late 1996, some of the conditions around it were very different from the way they look today. A few words about swan model, these changes may help clarify matters for people who are confused about the relationship of don marquis philosophy open source, free software, and Linux to chomsky lad, the hacker community. Don Marquis? If you are not curious about this, you can skip straight to swan model, the FAQ and bibliography from here. The hacker ethos and community as I have described it here long predates the emergence of Linux after 1990; I first became involved with it around 1976, and, its roots are readily traceable back to the early 1960s. But before Linux, most hacking was done on either proprietary operating systems or a handful of quasi-experimental homegrown systems like MIT's ITS that were never deployed outside of their original academic niches.
While there had been some earlier (pre-Linux) attempts to philosophy, change this situation, their impact was at best very marginal and confined to communities of dedicated true believers which were tiny minorities even within the Differences China Arabia hacker community, let alone with respect to the larger world of software in general. What is now called open source goes back as far as the hacker community does, but until 1985 it was an unnamed folk practice rather than a conscious movement with theories and manifestos attached to it. This prehistory ended when, in philosophy 1985, arch-hacker Richard Stallman (RMS) tried to give it a name free software. But his act of naming was also an jacob riis half, act of don marquis philosophy claiming; he attached ideological baggage to the free software label which much of the existing hacker community never accepted. As a result, the free software label was loudly rejected by a substantial minority of the hacker community (especially among those associated with BSD Unix), and used with serious but silent reservations by a majority of the remainder (including myself). Despite these reservations, RMS's claim to define and lead the hacker community under the Between free software banner broadly held until the mid-1990s. Don Marquis? It was seriously challenged only by the rise of chomsky lad Linux. Philosophy? Linux gave open-source development a natural home. Many projects issued under terms we would now call open-source migrated from proprietary Unixes to and men pages, Linux.
The community around Linux grew explosively, becoming far larger and more heterogenous than the pre-Linux hacker culture. RMS determinedly attempted to co-opt all this activity into his free software movement, but was thwarted by both the exploding diversity of the Linux community and the public skepticism of its founder, Linus Torvalds. Philosophy? Torvalds continued to of mice and men pages, use the term free software for lack of don marquis philosophy any alternative, but publicly rejected RMS's ideological baggage. Many younger hackers followed suit. In 1996, when I first published this Hacker HOWTO, the hacker community was rapidly reorganizing around Linux and a handful of other open-source operating systems (notably those descended from BSD Unix). Community memory of the fact that most of us had spent decades developing closed-source software on closed-source operating systems had not yet begun to fade, but that fact was already beginning to seem like part of a dead past; hackers were, increasingly, defining themselves as hackers by their attachments to open-source projects such as Linux or Apache. The term open source, however, had not yet emerged; it would not do so until early 1998.
When it did, most of the hacker community adopted it within the following six months; the exceptions were a minority ideologically attached to the term free software. Since 1998, and especially after about 2003, the riis how the other identification of don marquis 'hacking' with 'open-source (and free software) development' has become extremely close. Today there is Differences Between China Essay little point in attempting to distinguish between these categories, and it seems unlikely that will change in philosophy the future. It is worth remembering, however, that this was not always so. Paul Graham has written an essay called Great Hackers, and another on Undergraduation, in Board Policy which he speaks much wisdom. Younger hackers might find Things Every Hacker Once Knew interesting and useful. I have written a paper, The Cathedral and the Bazaar , which explains a lot about how the Linux and don marquis, open-source cultures work. I have addressed this topic even more directly in its sequel Homesteading the Noosphere . Rick Moen has written an excellent document on Work how to run a Linux user group. Rick Moen and don marquis philosophy, I have collaborated on another document on How To Ask Smart Questions.
This will help you seek assistance in swan model a way that makes it more likely that you will actually get it. If you need instruction in don marquis the basics of how personal computers, Unix, and the Internet work, see The Unix and Internet Fundamentals HOWTO. When you release software or write patches for chomsky lad software, try to follow the guidelines in the Software Release Practice HOWTO. How do I tell if I am already a hacker? Ask yourself the following three questions: Do you speak code, fluently? Do you identify with the goals and values of the philosophy hacker community? Has a well-established member of the hacker community ever called you a hacker?
If you can answer yes to all three of swan model these questions, you are already a hacker. No two alone are sufficient. The first test is philosophy about skills. You probably pass it if you have the minimum technical skills described earlier in this document. You blow right through it if you have had a substantial amount of China Essay code accepted by philosophy an open-source development project. The second test is about attitude. School On Make-up Work? If the five principles of the don marquis philosophy hacker mindset seemed obvious to riis other lives summary, you, more like a description of the way you already live than anything novel, you are already halfway to passing it. That's the don marquis inward half; the chomsky lad other, outward half is the degree to which you identify with the hacker community's long-term projects. Here is an philosophy, incomplete but indicative list of some of Gender Inequality those projects: Does it matter to you that Linux improve and philosophy, spread? Are you passionate about software freedom?
Hostile to monopolies? Do you act on Arabia Essay the belief that computers can be instruments of empowerment that make the world a richer and more humane place? But a note of caution is in order here. The hacker community has some specific, primarily defensive political interests two of them are defending free-speech rights and fending off intellectual-property power grabs that would make open source illegal. Some of don marquis philosophy those long-term projects are civil-liberties organizations like the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and swan model, the outward attitude properly includes support of them. But beyond that, most hackers view attempts to systematize the don marquis philosophy hacker attitude into and men an explicit political program with suspicion; we've learned, the hard way, that these attempts are divisive and distracting. If someone tries to recruit you to march on your capitol in the name of the don marquis philosophy hacker attitude, they've missed the point. The right response is Board Policy on Make-up Essay probably Shut up and show them the code. . The third test has a tricky element of recursiveness about don marquis, it.
I observed in the section called What Is a Hacker? that being a hacker is partly a matter of Between China Essay belonging to a particular subculture or social network with a shared history, an don marquis, inside and an outside. In the far past, hackers were a much less cohesive and self-aware group than they are today. But the importance of the social-network aspect has increased over the last thirty years as the Internet has made connections with the core of the Capitalism Promotes Inequality Essay hacker subculture easier to develop and maintain. One easy behavioral index of the change is that, in this century, we have our own T-shirts. Sociologists, who study networks like those of the hacker culture under the don marquis general rubric of invisible colleges, have noted that one characteristic of such networks is that they have gatekeepers core members with the social authority to endorse new members into School Policy Essay the network. Because the invisible college that is hacker culture is a loose and informal one, the role of don marquis philosophy gatekeeper is informal too. But one thing that all hackers understand in and men pages their bones is that not every hacker is a gatekeeper. Gatekeepers have to have a certain degree of seniority and accomplishment before they can bestow the title. How much is hard to philosophy, quantify, but every hacker knows it when they see it.
Will you teach me how to hack? Since first publishing this page, I've gotten several requests a week (often several a day) from people to teach me all about hacking. Unfortunately, I don't have the of mice and men time or energy to do this; my own hacking projects, and working as an open-source advocate, take up 110% of my time. Even if I did, hacking is an attitude and skill you basically have to teach yourself. You'll find that while real hackers want to philosophy, help you, they won't respect you if you beg to be spoon-fed everything they know. Learn a few things first. Differences Arabia? Show that you're trying, that you're capable of learning on your own. Then go to the hackers you meet with specific questions. If you do email a hacker asking for advice, here are two things to know up front. First, we've found that people who are lazy or careless in their writing are usually too lazy and careless in their thinking to make good hackers so take care to don marquis, spell correctly, and use good grammar and punctuation, otherwise you'll probably be ignored. Secondly, don't dare ask for a reply to an ISP account that's different from the jacob riis other lives summary account you're sending from; we find people who do that are usually thieves using stolen accounts, and we have no interest in rewarding or assisting thievery.
How can I get started, then? The best way for you to get started would probably be to go to a LUG (Linux user group) meeting. You can find such groups on the LDP General Linux Information Page; there is probably one near you, possibly associated with a college or university. LUG members will probably give you a Linux if you ask, and will certainly help you install one and get started. Your next step (and your first step if you can't find a LUG nearby) should be to find an open-source project that interests you. Start reading code and reviewing bugs. Learn to contribute, and work your way in.
The only way in is by philosophy working to improve your skills. School Board On Make-up Work Essay? If you ask me personally for advice on don marquis how to get started, I will tell you these exact same things, because I don't have any magic shortcuts for you. Jacob Riis Lives Summary? I will also mentally write you off as a probable loser - because if you lacked the stamina to read this FAQ and the intelligence to don marquis, understand from it that the only way in is by working to riis how the half summary, improve your skills , you're hopeless. Another interesting possibility is to philosophy, go visit a hackerspace. Half Lives Summary? There is a burgeoning movement of people creating physical locations - maker's clubs - where they can hang out to work on hardware and software projects together, or work solo in don marquis philosophy a cogenial atmosphere. Hackerspaces often collect tools and specialized equipment that would be too expensive or logistically inconvenient for individuals to own. Between China And Saudi? Hackerspaces are easy to find on the Internet; one may be located near you. When do you have to start?
Is it too late for me to learn? Any age at which you are motivated to start is don marquis philosophy a good age. Most people seem to get interested between ages 15 and 20, but I know of exceptions in swan model both directions. How long will it take me to don marquis philosophy, learn to hack? That depends on how talented you are and how hard you work at it.
Most people who try can acquire a respectable skill set in eighteen months to two years, if they concentrate. Don't think it ends there, though; in Board Work Essay hacking (as in many other fields) it takes about ten years to achieve mastery. And if you are a real hacker, you will spend the rest of your life learning and perfecting your craft. Is Visual Basic a good language to philosophy, start with? If you're asking this question, it almost certainly means you're thinking about trying to hack under Microsoft Windows. This is a bad idea in itself.
When I compared trying to learn to hack under Windows to trying to Arabia, learn to dance while wearing a body cast, I wasn't kidding. Don't go there. It's ugly, and it never stops being ugly. There is don marquis philosophy a specific problem with Visual Basic; mainly that it's not portable. Though there is a prototype open-source implementations of Inequality Essay Visual Basic, the applicable ECMA standards don't cover more than a small set of philosophy its programming interfaces. On Windows most of its library support is proprietary to a single vendor (Microsoft); if you aren't extremely careful about Policy, which features you use more careful than any newbie is really capable of being you'll end up locked into don marquis only those platforms Microsoft chooses to support. If you're starting on a Unix, much better languages with better libraries are available. Python, for example. Also, like other Basics, Visual Basic is a poorly-designed language that will teach you bad programming habits.
No, don't ask me to Capitalism Promotes Inequality Essay, describe them in detail; that explanation would fill a book. Learn a well-designed language instead. One of those bad habits is becoming dependent on a single vendor's libraries, widgets, and development tools. In general, any language that isn't fully supported under at least Linux or one of the BSDs, and/or at least three different vendors' operating systems, is a poor one to learn to hack in. Would you help me to crack a system, or teach me how to don marquis philosophy, crack? No. Anyone who can still ask such a question after reading this FAQ is too stupid to be educable even if I had the time for tutoring. Any emailed requests of chomsky lad this kind that I get will be ignored or answered with extreme rudeness. How can I get the philosophy password for someone else's account? This is pages cracking. Philosophy? Go away, idiot.
How can I break into/read/monitor someone else's email? This is cracking. Get lost, moron. How can I steal channel op privileges on IRC? This is cracking. Begone, cretin. I've been cracked. Will you help me fend off further attacks? No. Every time I've been asked this question so far, it's been from Promotes Gender Essay, some poor sap running Microsoft Windows. It is don marquis philosophy not possible to effectively secure Windows systems against crack attacks; the code and chomsky lad, architecture simply have too many flaws, which makes securing Windows like trying to bail out a boat with a sieve.
The only reliable prevention starts with switching to don marquis, Linux or some other operating system that is designed to at least be capable of School Policy on Make-up Work security. I'm having problems with my Windows software. Don Marquis Philosophy? Will you help me? Yes. Go to a DOS prompt and type format c:. Any problems you are experiencing will cease within a few minutes. Where can I find some real hackers to talk with? The best way is to Policy Essay, find a Unix or Linux user's group local to don marquis, you and go to their meetings (you can find links to several lists of user groups on the LDP site at ibiblio). (I used to say here that you wouldn't find any real hackers on IRC, but I'm given to understand this is changing.
Apparently some real hacker communities, attached to things like GIMP and Perl, have IRC channels now.) Can you recommend useful books about hacking-related subjects? I maintain a Linux Reading List HOWTO that you may find helpful. And Men? The Loginataka may also be interesting. For an introduction to Python, see the tutorial on the Python site.
Do I need to be good at math to become a hacker? No. Hacking uses very little formal mathematics or arithmetic. In particular, you won't usually need trigonometry, calculus or analysis (there are exceptions to this in a handful of specific application areas like 3-D computer graphics). Knowing some formal logic and Boolean algebra is don marquis good. Some grounding in finite mathematics (including finite-set theory, combinatorics, and graph theory) can be helpful.
Much more importantly: you need to be able to think logically and Promotes Gender Inequality Essay, follow chains of exact reasoning, the way mathematicians do. While the content of most mathematics won't help you, you will need the discipline and intelligence to philosophy, handle mathematics. Riis Summary? If you lack the intelligence, there is little hope for you as a hacker; if you lack the discipline, you'd better grow it. I think a good way to don marquis philosophy, find out Capitalism Promotes Gender Inequality, if you have what it takes is to don marquis, pick up a copy of Raymond Smullyan's book What Is The Name Of This Book? . And Men? Smullyan's playful logical conundrums are very much in the hacker spirit. Being able to solve them is a good sign; enjoying solving them is an even better one. What language should I learn first? HTML if you don't already know it.
There are a lot of glossy, hype-intensive bad HTML books out there, and distressingly few good ones. Don Marquis Philosophy? The one I like best is chomsky lad HTML: The Definitive Guide . But HTML is not a full programming language. When you're ready to start programming, I would recommend starting with Python. You will hear a lot of people recommending Perl, but it's harder to learn and (in my opinion) less well designed. C is don marquis philosophy really important, but it's also much more difficult than either Python or Perl. Don't try to learn it first. Windows users, do not settle for Visual Basic. It will teach you bad habits, and it's not portable off Windows.
Avoid. What kind of hardware do I need? It used to be that personal computers were rather underpowered and memory-poor, enough so that they placed artificial limits on a hacker's learning process. This stopped being true in the mid-1990s; any machine from an Intel 486DX50 up is more than powerful enough for development work, X, and Internet communications, and the smallest disks you can buy today are plenty big enough. The important thing in choosing a machine on which to learn is whether its hardware is Linux-compatible (or BSD-compatible, should you choose to go that route). Again, this will be true for Capitalism Promotes almost all modern machines. The only really sticky areas are modems and wireless cards; some machines have Windows-specific hardware that won't work with Linux.
There's a FAQ on hardware compatibility; the latest version is here. I want to contribute. Can you help me pick a problem to work on? No, because I don't know your talents or interests. You have to be self-motivated or you won't stick, which is don marquis why having other people choose your direction almost never works. Do I need to hate and bash Microsoft? No, you don't. Not that Microsoft isn't loathsome, but there was a hacker culture long before Microsoft and there will still be one long after Microsoft is history.
Any energy you spend hating Microsoft would be better spent on loving your craft. Write good code that will bash Microsoft quite sufficiently without polluting your karma. But won't open-source software leave programmers unable to of mice, make a living? This seems unlikely so far, the open-source software industry seems to be creating jobs rather than taking them away. If having a program written is a net economic gain over not having it written, a programmer will get paid whether or not the program is don marquis going to be open-source after it's done. And, no matter how much free software gets written, there always seems to be more demand for new and customized applications. School Board Policy On Make-up? I've written more about this at the Open Source pages. Where can I get a free Unix?
If you don't have a Unix installed on your machine yet, elsewhere on this page I include pointers to where to get the most commonly used free Unix. To be a hacker you need motivation and initiative and the ability to educate yourself. Don Marquis? Start now.
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The pattern of anti-Semitism Essay. Historian Raoul Hilberg has summed up the pattern of anti-Semitism as follows: 12th century Crusades You have no right to live amongst us as Jews. 16th century ghettos You have no right to live amongst us. 20th century Nazis You have no right to live. With reference to the above quote, place the Holocaust in its historical context. This essay will examine the rise of anti-Semitism from ancient times to the Holocaust in Germany in the 1930s and 40s. Don Marquis Philosophy? This essay will examine the origins of anti-Semitism, the rise of Zionism and the role of Nazi Germany in the persecution and extermination of the Jews. It was also acknowledge that the swan model end of Nazism did not mean the end of anti-Semitism by don marquis philosophy, looking at more recent examples of anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial. The Jewish people have been persecuted throughout history.
Judaism originated in about 1600BCE when Abraham founded the first monotheistic faith in the ancient Babylonian Empire. Between And Saudi Arabia? Before this time polytheistic faiths were normal. Legend has it that God made an offer to don marquis, Abraham that if he would leave his home and his family then God would make him a great nation and bless him. Abraham accepted this offer and the Jewish people were established (http://www.jewfaq.org/origins.htm 1999). How The Other? In 722BCE, the Assyrians invaded what was then the Jewish peoples homeland. They practised polytheism and did not agree with the Jewish idea of monotheism. This led to the Jews being persecuted and forced away from their homeland. In 301BCE, the Greeks invaded, followed by the Romans in 63BCE. Again both these peoples did not agree with the Jewish idea of worshipping one God so the Jews felt compelled to don marquis, flee further away from swan model, Palestine. This is known as the Diaspora and leads to the idea of the wandering Jew. By 1500BE, the Jews had spread throughout Europe, North Africa and parts of southern Arabia and many cities had big Jewish populations (class notes 2010).
During the Middle Ages anti-Semitism in Europe was based on philosophy, religious hostility, the Jews were viewed with suspicion and blamed for the death of Christ and for not accepting Christianity. Capitalism Promotes Essay? Medieval Europe saw Jews forced to live in ghettos and in Venice in 1516, the worlds first ghetto was established, confining and segregating them and prohibiting the jobs they were allowed to do. The conditions were harsh, their property could be destroyed and they faced threats of violence but the Jews survived and built up a thriving community (http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org 2010). This sense of community, stemming from their shared experience of persecution, meant that most Jews kept a strong sense of ethnic identity regardless of where they lived but meant that they stayed as outsiders and philosophy, scapegoats (Farmer, A., 2009, pp 14-15). However by the eighteenth and swan model, nineteenth centuries in Western Europe many countries had accepted Jews and they were integrated into don marquis philosophy society and Gender, indeed, in 1871 the new German Empire gave Jews total civil equality (ibid pp 16). However, political conditions in Europe after 1870 saw much disruption as newly independent nations emerged who fought against supposed threats from don marquis philosophy, minority groups living within them. This included the Jews who were seen as aliens and extrinsic. It was against this backdrop that Wilhelm Marr, a German journalist, invented the phrase anti-Semitism in the 1870s. Previously, anti-Jewish sentiment had been largely based on religion, but Marrs concept was focussed on biological descent. Marr thought that Jews had corrupted society, dominated business and School Board on Make-up Work Essay, ruled cultural life bringing about an ongoing struggle between the Jews and native Germans.
This idea of the biological threat of don marquis philosophy, Jews to the German nation was further argued by Eugen Duhring, an economist and philosopher, who felt that Jews infiltrated society causing harm, even if they were not practising members of the faith and said I return therefore to the hypothesis that the Jews are to Gender Inequality Essay, be defined solely on the basis of race, and not of the basis of religion (Cohn-Sherbok, D., 2003. pp 273-274). This marked a turning point in the rise of anti-Semitism as the don marquis philosophy persecution was no longer based on religion, but race. In Germany the idea of Volk or Germans being the superior master race, gave rise to a militant form of nationalism. In their eyes, the Jews stood for Board Policy, all that volkisch ideologies despised: liberalism, socialism, pacifism and don marquis, modernism (Farmer, A., 2009. pp17). Swan Model? By the late nineteenth century, despite only making up one percent of the German population, the Jews in Germany were regarded as a problem. Increasing economic and social change easily encouraged those affected by this transformation in society, the don marquis philosophy peasant farmers, shopkeepers and skilled workers, to blame the Jews for all that was wrong in Germany. Capitalism Promotes Inequality Essay? However, despite the presence of don marquis, anti-Semitism in Germany, Jews here were more favourably treated than those in France or Russia where pogroms and legal discrimination were the swan model norm (ibid pp 18-19). The rise in philosophy anti-Semitism at this time corresponded with a rise in Zionism or Jewish nationalism. School? Pogroms in Russia in the 1880s had forced many Jews to emigrate.
Many ended up in don marquis philosophy the United States but several thousand also went to Palestine where they became shopkeepers and Between Arabia Essay, craftsmen. Other Jews, combining Marxist ideals with ardent Jewish nationalism, became farmers and labourers. It was during this time that Leon Pinsker (1821-91), a famous Russian physician, published his significant work Autoemancipation, which called for the establishment of a Jewish homeland in Palestine which would secure the liberation for the Jewry. By the 1890s, the idea of philosophy, Jewish nationalism had spread to other European countries and one its most famous proponents was Theodor Herzl (1860-1904), who convened the first Zionist Congress in of mice and men pages Basle in don marquis philosophy 1897. Herzl began a series of negotiations with other nations to find a place to found the Jewish homeland. Herzl was adamant that the Jews needed a permanent homeland, saying economic distress, political pressure, and social obloquy already drive us from pages, our homes and from our graves. The Jews are already constantly shifting from place to place (http://www.60israel.org). To this end, he met with Joseph Chamberlain, British Secretary of State for Colonial Affairs who suggested to Herzl that the Jews be permitted to settle in Uganda. Herzl reluctantly accepted this proposal as a temporary solution, but at the next Zionist conference, Eastern European delegates walked out as they were unprepared to accept this offer, preferring to don marquis, hold out for settlement in Palestine.
Eventually this idea was abandoned because of English opposition. By 1904, Herzl died and under the presidency of David Wolffsohn, it was decided that Palestine was the only place to settle (Cohn-Sherbok, D., 2003, pp 278-280). The First World War had a dramatic effect on the fortunes of Germany. At the end of the war the German nation had lost much of its pre-war territory. Many Germans believed that Germany had been stabbed in the back by left wing forces comprising mainly of Jews and Communists. This was also the belief of a former soldier called Adolf Hitler. The war had had a huge impact on swan model, Hitler. He had gone into the war as an aimless failed artist and emerged the other side as a determined man with a sense of purpose. Philosophy? Hitler gained respect and credibility in right wing circles as he had fought bravely during the war, earning the Iron Cross.
This must have helped his political career take off. Swan Model? By 1919 Hitler had already formed some opinions which became the basis of philosophy, National Socialism. These were a fanatical sense of German nationalism, a racially inspired view of society, encompassing extreme anti-Semitism and a belief in the German Volk as the superior race, and finally a rejection of chomsky lad, democracy in favour of don marquis, despotism. In 1919, Hitler joined the small German Workers Party (DAP Deutches Arbeiterpartei) in Munich. This party adhered to the volkisch point of view and was committed to jacob riis how the, anti-Semitism and don marquis philosophy, anti-capitalism. Hitler became the driving force behind the party and his skills as an swan model orator and propagandist soon helped to philosophy, increase membership (Layton, G., 2008 pp 86). The German people had been deeply wounded by defeat in World War One and saw Jews as being responsible for this. Swan Model? Jews were seen to be hand in hand with communists and they were blamed for their harmful influence on don marquis, popular culture. Conservative Germans saw Jews as decadent and many ordinary Germans openly held anti-Semitic values, believing Jews and Communists were plotting to overturn the existing social order. The German people were looking for a strong leader who would re-establish German greatness. Against this background it is possible to see how the DAP, and Hitler himself, appealed to ordinary Germans and gathered support (Farmer, A., 2009 pp 26-27).
The DAP became the NSDAP (Nationalsozialistishe Deutsche Arbeitpartei) in 1920 and by 1923, Hitler had become convinced that the Policy on Make-up Work Essay time was right to seize power. He had seen Italian Fascist leader, Mussolini, take Rome and was encouraged that the same could happen in Germany. The Weimar Republic, plagued by economic and social crisis, was seen by Hitler to be weak and therefore easily defeated. Hitler garnered support from the head of the Bavarian Government, mobilised the military, and marched into a political convention in Munich on don marquis philosophy, 8th November 1923 to seize control. However the putsch failed, largely because of a lack of planning, a lack of swan model, support from the military, and an overestimation of public backing for the Nazi Party. Don Marquis Philosophy? Hitler was put in jail for his actions and whilst here he wrote Mein Kampf which formed the basis of future Nazi ideology. Although the putsch failed, in some ways it could be seen to have been a success as it raised the profile of the Nazi Party and Hitler in particular.
Other right wing nationalist groups began to respect and follow the Nazi Party. Between 1924 and 1932, the Nazi Party grew to become the strongest political party in how the Germany and in 1933 Hitler became Chancellor. Germany became known as The Third Reich, a country not only under the dictatorship of don marquis, Hitler, but also a one party totalitarian state which controlled all aspects of School Policy on Make-up Work, German life. After gaining power, the Nazi party quickly implemented a series of laws to rid Germany not only of Jews, but also those they considered to be of inferior blood. This included Roma Gypsies and philosophy, the mentally and physically handicapped. Hitler had made his views on ridding The Third Reich of those people he saw as weakening the German people at the Nuremberg rally in chomsky lad 1929 saying that As a result of our modern sentimental humanitarianism we are trying to maintain the weak at don marquis philosophy, the expense of the healthy. Of Mice Pages? Degenerates are raised artificially and with difficulty. In this way we are gradually breeding the weak and killing off the strong (Farmer, A., 2009 pp 40-41).
In 1935, a series of discriminatory laws, known as the Nuremberg Laws, was introduced which deprived Jews of their rights as citizens and forbidding them from marrying or having sexual relations with Aryans (http://www.historyplace.com 1997). The Nazi takeover and subsequent implementation of these laws resulted in large number of Jews fleeing Germany, many to neighbouring European countries, from where they would later be caught when the Nazis invaded these countries during the war. Life for Jews in Germany became increasingly difficult as more laws were passed restricting their education and employment opportunities and forcing them to emigrate. Effective use of propaganda gave a negative image of the don marquis philosophy Jews. Goebbels used the stereotypical example of eastern European ghetto Jews as an image to reinforce the idea in School on Make-up Germans minds that the Jews were foreigners despite most Jews being well integrated into German society at philosophy, the time. During 1937 the SS was keen to establish themselves as having an important role in the formation of swan model, anti-Jewish policies. The SS had been formed in 1925 as an elite bodyguard for Hitler and in 1929 Heinrich Himmler had become their leader. Don Marquis Philosophy? Himmler was an swan model ambitious and efficient Party member who was a virulent anti-Semite, believing totally in Hitler and the aims of National Socialism (Farmer, A. 2009 pp 34-35, pp 58-59). In March 1938, Germany annexed Austria and another 190,000 Jews living there came under Nazi control. The Munich Agreement of September 1938, made to appease Hitlers threats to takeover Czechoslovakia, ceded the Sudeten area of the country to Germany.
This was part of the Nazi Lebensraum policy to provide living space for don marquis, the Aryan nation and resulted in the Jews living in these countries being stripped of their possessions and jobs, and Gender Inequality Essay, resettled in ghettos. The German invasion of Poland in September 1939 meant that the sizeable Jewish population now came under the control of the Nazis too. Most major Polish cities had large Jewish populations with the Jews already living in separate areas quite naturally. It was not until 1940 that Jews were forced to live in ghettoes, with the first sealed ghetto being established in Lodz (Farmer, A., 2009 pp 85). Philosophy? Conditions in the ghetto were appalling, houses had no running water and there was terrible overcrowding. Food was scarce and the Jews were made to give up their money and possessions to ensure they did not starve.
Ruthless ethnic Germans and chomsky lad, Poles capitalized on this by don marquis philosophy, selling food at vastly inflated prices in chomsky lad exchange for whatever valuables the Jews would give them (Rees, L., 2005 pp139). Disease and starvation were rife and a lack of medicine made illnesses impossible to treat meaning death was a common occurrence, with corpses being left out in the street (Farmer, A., 2009, pp 87). On 22nd June 1941, Hitler launched his invasion on the USSR. To begin with the invasion went well, the Germans won a series of major battles and captured much territory. Don Marquis Philosophy? As they advanced deeper into Russia, special police units and Capitalism Promotes Essay, the SS waged an exceptional campaign of murder against native Jews and philosophy, Communists. Chomsky Lad? These murders were the responsibility of the Einsatzgruppen or mobile killing units. The Einsatzgruppen followed behind the philosophy Army as they invaded and it was their job to murder those seen to be political or racial opponents of the Nazi regime.
Victims included Jews, gypsies, Soviet State Officials and the physically and mentally disabled. The killings were brutal, victims were made to dig their own graves, hand over their valuables, stripped and Promotes Inequality, then shot in don marquis front of the trench they had dug. Killing Battalions murdered right across the Eastern front, sometimes thousands were murdered at a time. For example, in Kiev, over jacob other lives summary two days in September 1942, 33,771 Jews were killed (class notes). Einsatzgruppen soldiers were not elite soldiers, but comprised mainly of don marquis philosophy, ordinary men from the Order Police who had joined to avoid conscription into the army. China And Saudi Essay? One particular unit, the Reserve Police Battalion 101 from Hamburg, was given the task of clearing the village of Josefow in Poland of its 1800 Jews. The officer in charge, Major Trapp, having been given the orders to murder the resident Jews from his superiors, relayed the details to his men. Trapp, unhappy and emotional about the orders himself, explained that the task was unpleasant whilst reminding his men that the Jews sided with enemy partisans to gain their support. However, Trapp went on to make his men a remarkable offer; he would allow them to be exempt from the job if they did not feel able to carry it out.
Only one man took up his offer. Philosophy? The others, despite being given the option not to kill, chose to carry out School Policy on Make-up Essay, orders. As the don marquis philosophy killing began, more and more men found themselves unable to continue and dropped out. Of those that did shoot, not all did so happily. Chomsky Lad? Many tolerated it but resorted to use alcohol to numb their memories of it (Browning, C., pp 166-175). Eventually the Nazi regime realised that these mobile killing centres were psychologically burdensome and inefficient. The sheer number of don marquis, Jews in Poland that needed to be dealt with meant that a more efficient way of killing needed to be found. Concentration camps had existed since 1933 as enforced labour institutions and of mice and men pages, prisons to hold those the Nazis deemed a threat to don marquis philosophy, The Third Reich. But by 1941 the School Board Policy concentration camps had to take on a much more sinister role. Killing by gas had proved to be highly effective in the euthanasia programme, so this became the method used in the mass murder at don marquis philosophy, the camps. One of the most notorious camps was Auschwitz, where Jews, forcibly deported from Nazi occupied countries, arrived passing under the and men cynical motto Arbeit Macht Frei or work liberates.
By Spring 1943 Auschwitz had four gas chambers which, at the height of the deportations, were killing 6000 people a day. As the killing camps were considered top secret, corpses were cremated to make sure all traces of the don marquis philosophy operation was covered up (www.ushmm.org 01/04/10). In order to solve the swan model Jewish problem for don marquis philosophy, once and for all, the Nazi leadership assembled at the Wannsee Conference in of mice and men January 1942 and decided to implement the Final Solution. This was a euphemism for the elimination of the remaining European Jews who had become a drain on Germanys resources as well as being racially unwanted. The meeting was attended by top Nazi officials and chaired by don marquis philosophy, Reinhard Heydrich, Himmlers right hand man. It was decided that deportees considered fit to pages, work would be given temporary reprieve to work in labour gangs. It was not made clear what would happen to those who were not fit, but the inference was made that they would be killed immediately upon don marquis, arrival. Of Mice? The Final Solution had already begun with the don marquis mass transportations and chomsky lad, killings, but the conference was significant as it was the philosophy moment when the answer to the problem was approved in official circles.
There were some objections on the legality and practicality of mass extermination, but no-one argued that it was inhumane or immoral. The killing at swan model, the extermination camps was highly effective in carrying out the Nazis wish to don marquis, eliminate all those deemed undesirable. The fact that in mid-March 1942, 75% of all Holocaust victims were still alive and 25% already dead, but less than one year on this situation had completely reversed, only and Saudi Arabia 25% remained alive, illustrates how successful the camps were and how determined the Nazis became to act out the Final Solution (Farmer, A., 2009 pp 136). During the time the Third Reich was in existence, European Jewry was reduced by nearly 70%, see figure 6, with most victims coming from philosophy, Poland. The bunker suicide of Board Policy on Make-up Work, Adolf Hitler in April 1945 spelled the end of Nazism. By May 1945, Germany lay in ruins, leaderless and under the control of the Allied nations. Don Marquis? Nazism had been destroyed and disappeared from Germany completely. The liberation of Europe and the remaining Jews in concentration camps resulted in many thousands of Jewish refugees who had lost their livelihoods and homes under the Nazi regime. This intensified calls for the creation of School Policy on Make-up Work, a separate Jewish State as Theodor Herzl had demanded at the beginning of the 20th century.
As a result, the State of Israel was created in 1948 with David Ben Gurion, a leader of the Zionist movement who settled in Palestine in 1906, becoming Prime Minister. Sadly, the end of the philosophy Holocaust did not mean an Promotes Inequality end to don marquis, anti-Semitism. Holocaust deniers, including British historian David Irving, continue to peddle the story that the Holocaust is a myth perpetuated to justify the Allied occupation of Germany in 1945 and to extract huge compensation for the Jews. They claim that the Holocaust is a conspiracy concocted between the Jews, Allies and chomsky lad, Israel to philosophy, meet their own ends. Chomsky Lad? Anti-Semitism continues to don marquis, emanate from the Arab world.
In April 2007, President Ahmadinejad of Iran, openly questioned the reality of the Holocaust and Differences Between Arabia Essay, the existence of a Zionist conspiracy, prompting a mass walkout of delegates at a UN convention. The Iranian Culture Ministry even held a competition for the most anti-Semitic cartoon submitted, see figure 5. Whilst the Holocaust remains the single most tragic event to happen to don marquis, the Jews, it seems that historical lessons have not been learnt and anti-Semitism still exists. As Rabbi Jonathan Sacks said, Fascism came and went. Anti-Semitism came and stayed. (http://www.independent.co.uk 27/01/05). Figure 1 Germany before World War One. Figure 2 Germany after World War One. Figure 3 Map showing Jewish population of Europe circa 1933. Figure 4 Map showing Jewish population of Europe after the Holocaust. University/College: University of Chicago. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.
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The day approached all too soon. I was blown back. Cosmetics , English-language films , I Decided 917 Words | 3 Pages. Eric Zapata Descriptive Essay Prof. Carolyn Robinson 10/2/2012 Every Friday after school with the boys, we . would pick up our Dyno bikes and on Make-up Work Essay ride four blocks down to Tonys pizzeria.
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For some people it's a social setting, but for others, and myself included, it's a place to get away from don marquis others. A place where I can unwind, relax and have time to myself, even though at times some friends or family would tag along. The place I'm talking about is my cottage back in Canada. Three hours north of. Dock , Dune buggy , Hiking 840 Words | 3 Pages. ?Fred Cotten Descriptive Essay September 27, 2014 English 1010 - 85 A Mini Vacation to Atlanta, Georgia Traveling is of mice and men pages, one . of my familys favorite things to do.
The family has visited numerous places throughout the United States, however, none are as memorable as Atlanta, Georgia. Don Marquis! In Atlanta, there are many places to go and pages sights to see such as: Cola-cola factory, Cabbage Patch Kids Factory, Under Ground Mall, the don marquis philosophy Zoo, Atlanta Braves Stadium, Six Flags Over Georgia, Stone Mountain Park, and. 1996 Summer Olympics , Atlanta , Atlanta metropolitan area 788 Words | 3 Pages. My first Car Enc1101 March 11, 2012 Descriptive essay My first car was my first most prized possession. Id named her, . tested her out on interstates, and took good care of chomsky lad, her like she was one of my children. Philosophy! She had mirror tinted windows and Work Essay was deep ocean blue that gleamed in the summer sun, she was flawless. I will never forget my first out of town drive to Tallahassee- smoothest, fastest ride ever!
Had it not been for the scenery I wouldve felt like I was driving in a race. Don Marquis Philosophy! I remember. Automobile , English-language films , Mother 1134 Words | 3 Pages. Descriptive Essay A Horrid Memory My sweaty palms ran through-out the thin strands of my hair as I tried to comfort . myself for Differences and Saudi just a single moment. I felt scared, almost terrified as the screams of my nightmare echoed in my ears and don marquis philosophy made my head throb. Almost never did I have such vivid dreams, and when I did, I never remembered them the next day. Nevertheless, I don't think that I'll ever be able to make amends with my darkest memories and reliving situations that scarred my childhood. Laughter 865 Words | 3 Pages.
College Writing 2 October 2012 Descriptive Essay A compact two-door car might not mean a lot to someone, but to chomsky lad me, working . and don marquis improving my car is my favorite thing to other half do. When I am not inside my house or hanging out with my friends, youll be sure to find me working or cleaning my car. For most people, leaving their car stock is passable for don marquis philosophy their needs, but to me its not. My car is modified which makes it one of a kind. Chomsky Lad! My car consists of its exterior, interior, and performance level. Automobile , Color , Headlamp 2139 Words | 5 Pages. English 1301 Week 4 The Narrative Essay My First Flight The seasons are approaching in which families gather to celebrate . Thanksgiving and Christmas. Philosophy! This time of chomsky lad, year does not carry the same feelings for philosophy me as they did when I was young. How The Other! I am a military spouse and philosophy my husband has been away for most of our holidays.
One peculiar Christmas I received the opportunity to spend the holiday with him this was my first flight experience. Promotes! The morning of my flight, I got up at 2 oclock, said a prayer. Anxiety , Flight , Plane 1310 Words | 3 Pages. Ivory Koehn 9/10/2010 Descriptive Essay Under The Raised Hand Prologue When I was a young girl learning about philosophy life and . Swan Model! love, I always thought that some man would sweep me off my feet and it was my fate to be with him and don marquis only him. And Men! My mother was not a big fan of love and fate. Don Marquis Philosophy! She didnt have a very good history of guys and relationships. Chomsky Lad! She would always tell us love was not a reality and we should find someone with a lot of money.
My mother is philosophy, a strong feminist woman and I tried as hard. 2008 singles , English-language films , High school 2045 Words | 5 Pages. Descriptive Essay Hearts were racing, twelve to Differences Between Essay be exact, lungs were being constricted tighter and tighter with every second . that went by, joints were being pushed to don marquis their limits as their limbs stretched the farthest they could reach, and yet these twelve people were still able to ignore their injuries. All they revealed was happiness. There was no pain to be seen. No acknowledgement of swan model, misery because they all knew they only had those two minutes and thirty seconds to don marquis give it their all. Capitalism Promotes! Any sense. Pain , Split 1157 Words | 3 Pages.
?Icesus Holland Brenda White English 101 16 September 2013 Descriptive Essay The beach is one of the most beautiful . places in the world. Before visiting, I had only been to don marquis the four states, which is the stringy grassy fields, the forest of trees, the smelly white and black cows and pink curly tailed pigs. See I had never seen any other states but Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. I love the picture in my head but it was nice to finally see something different. When my boyfriend. 1996 albums , 2005 singles , Akira Kurosawa 1256 Words | 4 Pages. Descriptive Essay My nose is overwhelmed with the smell of Policy on Make-up, hairspray, baby powder, and a fruity perfume. There are too many . girls in here, all struggling and fighting for don marquis philosophy a space near the mirror that covers the entire back wall. Its dim in here, but its a good kind of dim, almost calming. The only light is coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the School Policy on Make-up top of the mirrors, making it so that the don marquis fluorescents dont impair what natural light reveals.
I make my way to the red lockers on the right. Cosmetics , Hair iron , Hairstyle 1441 Words | 4 Pages. Jennifer Schacht ENG-090 2/10/2011 Descriptive Essay Final We have been waiting nine long months, and we have had much . preparation to Policy on Make-up Work Essay do before the arrival of our daughter. Of all the things we have prepared for her, I am most proud of her room, my mother and I painted it and philosophy sat it up with all the accessories together. I sat on jacob riis how the half lives the floor and taped off the stripes to be painted, and my mom painted. It was a great team effort, and we are so happy how it turned out. With flowers and don marquis butterflies.
2007 singles , Caesarean section , English-language films 2924 Words | 6 Pages. A Descriptive Essay Anticipation grows consistent with every step I take along the gritty concrete labyrinth. Beneath a . blazing sun, the smell of baked asphalt, sugary cola, and pretzel surround me. I follow the unpainted, gray chain fence that leads me forward. Riis How The Other Lives! Overhead the don marquis philosophy deafening whirl of metal and screams briefly fill the hot air. The consistent drone of greasy motors and hissing pneumatics engage my curiosity. My heart rushes like a child on and men pages Christmas morning about to don marquis receive a favorite. Mind 1016 Words | 3 Pages.
Chandell Gabler English 099-22-Intro to College Writing 9:05-10:15 am Professor Braxton-Robinson/Professor Sheffield Assignment: Write a . Descriptive Essay describing a storm you have witnessed. Differences Between China And Saudi Arabia Essay! The storm I witnessed was Hurricane Sandy. When I first heard of the hurricane I thought it wouldn't be as bad as some people were prediciting, but as the philosophy storm approached I certainly changed my mind. School Board On Make-up! As we sat in don marquis, the house it became very real how bad the storm was going to be. It was scary to. Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor , Denzel Washington , Paterson, New Jersey 971 Words | 3 Pages. ?Anh Phan ENG 099 7248795 Descriptive Essay Grandmother, the inspiration of my life I still remember every picture . and actions of swan model, my grandmother, a woman who loves me and don marquis philosophy sacrifices for me and my father most. My father grew up in the north of how the other half lives summary, Vietnam, and my mom and my family in the south of philosophy, Vietnam. For the and men disadvantages of long distance, I could not visit my grandmother and grandfather regularly. Fortunately, in Tet Holiday in Vietnam when I was 7 years old, my parents took me to philosophy visit. A Big Family , Family , Grandparent 964 Words | 4 Pages.
Descriptive Essay As I walked through the cold, lonely streets of Aberdeen, I decided to take a shortcut home. Making a sharp . right, I was headed down an alleyway, which was dark and sinister. Mist was slowly rising upward from the ground, which appeared yellowish from the reflection of one sole, dim, flickering light, almost at the point of burning out. The only chomsky lad sounds of the philosophy night came from my own feet dragging over many pebbles and stone on the cement. The breeze was very bitter and piercing. Cosmo Kramer , This Old Man 1151 Words | 3 Pages. English Description Essay In this essay I will describe something in my home; I have chosen to chomsky lad describe a Cheez-It box. Philosophy! . Many people own Cheez-It snacks in their homes. The color of the Cheez-It box is red, white, orange, yellow, and black. The front of the box has a big label reading Cheez-It. Above the label it shows the companys name which is Sunshine. It has a picture of a little fat chef on the left of the company sunshines name.
Directly underneath the Cheez-It label it declares. Cheddar cheese , Cheese , Cheez-It 961 Words | 3 Pages. sands of our minds, we suddenly are swept up from something that finally brings a new sense of understanding into our lives ultimately changing us forever. . This moment came for me when I was rather quite young. In fact, I was in the middle of chomsky lad, my third year of philosophy, elementary school. Before we go any further down this recollection trip of ours, I will have you know a little about jacob summary my past. In my younger days, I had been branded as what you may refer to don marquis philosophy as a liar, but the reality wasnt found in the. 2006 albums , Classroom , Mind 1495 Words | 4 Pages. ? Descriptive narrative Assignment September 25, 2013 A Terrible Event No one could ever imagine that such an of mice and men pages, incident could . happen. On December 31, 2008, in Benin precisely in West Africa, my friends Erick, John, and I decided to philosophy go out, as we were welcoming the New Year. Of Mice And Men Pages! Erick and John were my best friends in High school, and we were together almost all the time. Don Marquis Philosophy! Erick was tall, short hair with a moustache, whereas John was short and had a long beard.
New Years Eve was always fun. ARIA Charts , Automobile , New Year 1041 Words | 3 Pages. whenever I can. When I look into to the mirror and see myself I see someone who has light brown hair, hazel eyes, and Differences Between Arabia Essay a light skin complexion. Thanks to . McDonalds I also have two necks. But what I really see is the desire to don marquis be the best I can be, the person I was born to be. I want to leave a footprint in the sand that spreads positivity, love, and China Arabia a desire by philosophy others to do their best in all cases at all times. On Make-up Work Essay! By living a moral and caring life through making others happy. I desire to don marquis philosophy restore History.
Brown hair , Emotion , Eye color 883 Words | 3 Pages. the front windows of the house that look out to the heavily trafficked Campbell Street that leads into town. On the front of the dark honey colored stand are . two oak trimmed glass doors, that neatly frame the open center section, dividing it into thirds . The open middle area holds the black dvr and a dull silver colored surround sound system. On display behind the glass doors, on Policy on Make-up Work Essay either side of the electronics, are several video games and movies standing as soldiers in don marquis, formation. Swan Model! Hanging behind.
Agalloch , Brick , Glass 943 Words | 3 Pages. stone with a jarring crunch, shocking me out of the paradise in don marquis, my mouth and jolting me back to reality. But how bad can reality be when all that matters is . the Differences Between China cherry I am eating? The second bite is just as good as the don marquis first, if not better. The third bite is better than the Differences Between China second, and the fourth better than both of those. Philosophy! The juices seem even sweeter, cascading more thickly through my mouth, and the rough edges of the pit against swan model, my teeth doesnt completely startle me out of don marquis philosophy, my cherry-induced. A Great Way to Care , A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer 1012 Words | 3 Pages. to fall backwards and scurry away from the scene. Even after seeing this, my desire to swan model solve the philosophy mystery of the light was not satisfied, it craved an answer. . I arrived at the foot of the staircase. Chomsky Lad! I stood and peered at the top, wondering when a person with a twisted head would crawl down and have me for dinner. I summoned my strength and tiptoed my way up the don marquis philosophy stairs.
Each step intensified the Between moaning and creaking as if the don marquis steps could collapse at any moment. I turned to Essay the right, and don marquis beheld my. Bathtub , Death , House of Lords 1029 Words | 3 Pages. Comparison Essay of Annie Dillard's Essay Flood and on Make-up Work Flying. Brandon Dendas Mrs. Don Marquis! Whittaker Sophomore English March 22, 2009 A Comparison Essay about Flood and Flying The purpose of a . descriptive essay is to describe a person , place, or thing in much detail. The authors purpose is to recreate their experience in a way in which the reader can visualize the how the other summary actual event. An essayist and poet known for don marquis philosophy writing these types of descriptive essays is Annie Dillard. Her essays consist of various types of riis half summary, imagery, which applies to all the senses, like sight. Essay , Essays , Short story 832 Words | 3 Pages.
? NIGERIA The purpose of this essay is to describe Nigeria. Officially it is a federal constitutional republic, located in West . Africa and don marquis philosophy shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in of mice and men, the west, Chad and Cameroon in don marquis philosophy, the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in chomsky lad, the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea on the Atlantic Ocean. Its three largest and don marquis philosophy most influential ethnic groups are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country. Africa , Benin , Niger 1819 Words | 8 Pages. Thanksgiving service will be held on Saturday June 1, 2013 at Faith Chapel United Pentecostal Church, 1 Renfield Avenue, Kingston.
20 at chomsky lad 10am. Interment at . Meadowrest. The basic information usually included in a death notice is: * The full name of the person who died, including maiden name or nickname * Date and don marquis location of chomsky lad, death * Cause of philosophy, death (optional) * Names of surviving family members (optional) * Details of the Between China Arabia funeral service (public or private); if public, date, time, and philosophy location. Burial , Death customs , Funeral 856 Words | 4 Pages. will never be as good, relaxing and incredible. The weather will never be as warm, calming, and wonderful. Nothing will ever be the Work Essay same until I return to . the don marquis beautiful island of Maui. I can honestly that the trip to Maui turned me into a different person . It turned me into someone who would appreciate and chomsky lad love nature even more.
The fish and don marquis the environment was all amazing to Gender Inequality Essay me, and I loved it. I cannot wait until I return to the place that changed my point of view of the world. The big city blocked. English-language films , Haleakala , Hawaii 1110 Words | 3 Pages. while their husbands are working.
From the simple pita bread and hummus to falafels, a brown deep-fried ball or patty that is made from chickpeas, fava beans . and spices, Middle Eastern food has always been my absolute favorite and always will be. My third and most valued reason for wanting to philosophy go back to Israel is to experience new areas and the natural beauty of the country. While most people first assume the Middle East is just a big, boring, dry desert land with a few palm trees, pyramids, and camels. Arabic language , Dead Sea , Family 1615 Words | 4 Pages. Important Person in my Life We all have someone that is really important to us, someone that has influenced us in of mice, our lifetime at . some time or another and thanks to that person we are the person we are today. Philosophy! In my case that someone is my mother.
My mother is really important to me because thanks to her I exist today, she gave me life .My mother is my best friend, my confident, she is the School Policy Essay person that I trust the most in my life .I consider my mother as the most important person in don marquis, my life. 2007 singles , 2008 singles , Father 1766 Words | 4 Pages. Sililarities and Differences betwen Narrative and Descriptive Essay. Similarities and Differences between Narratives and Descriptive Essays TRACY GARRETT ENG 121 English Composition 1 Amanda . Price April 22, 2014 Similarities and Differences between Narratives and Descriptive Essays Every story is an of mice and men, individual which means you cannot always make a choice on a generalization of descriptive and philosophy narrative stories. Gender Inequality! Narratives give you a straight to the point feeling while the descriptive give you a more vivid detailed visual.
The similarities. First-person narrative , Narrative , Narrative mode 893 Words | 5 Pages. ?My name Professor name English 115 date Essay 1 Do You Want to don marquis Build a Snowman? Is incredible all that a piece of paper can reflect . about someone life, these pieces of paper illustrated by swan model characters or passages can be meaningful for don marquis philosophy us, all the Between China and Saudi Arabia Essay memories this brought to philosophy people minds, those wonderful papers are called pictures. When we thought of pictures we just take those for Differences Between and Saudi Arabia Essay granted. The images shown in pictures tell us more than one thing at once, it depends on everyone perceptions about.
2008 albums , Debut albums , English-language films 935 Words | 3 Pages.