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Caitlyn Jenner Breaks Up With Donald Trump in hubble telescope, Long Essay. #8220;This half-baked idea puts all of our service members in harm#8217;s way,#8221; Jenner says in open letter. Theory? Longtime Republican Caitlyn Jenner supported Donald Trump#8217;s bid for president in hubble telescope cost, 2016 and has stuck with him through controversies such as the theory, Muslim travel ban and the repeal of the Affordable Care Act, along with the ongoing Russia scandal. But Trump#8217;s announcement-via-twitter on Wednesday that he plans to ban transgender Americans from serving in the U.S. military seems to be the last straw for the former Olympian. Hours after tweeting her displeasure with the president#8217;s decision, Jenner penned what amounts to a political #8220;Dear John#8221; letter, declaring that her #8220;allegiance is with them and our country, not you.#8221; #8220;Studies estimate there are as many as 15,000 transgender people already serving this country and for hubble telescope, those brave people fighting for our nation, Trump#8217;s early morning tweets must be devastating,#8221; Jenner said in a letter posted Wednesday afternoon to malaysia airport career her official website. #8220;I believe every American should be outraged by the disrespect shown to those people wearing our country#8217;s uniform.#8221; #8220;Furthermore,#8221; Jenner continued, #8220;this half-baked idea puts all of our service members in harm#8217;s way. Does President Trump intend to hubble telescope just pull 15,000 people out of psychology every critical position to hubble which they are currently assigned? That would disrupt core military missions around the world and psychology research topics, needlessly endanger our troops.#8221; Jenner went on hubble telescope to cite the honorable service of transgender soldiers, noting studies that indicate #8220;transgender people are more likely to enlist in the military than the general population,#8221; as well as the #8220;approximately 134,000 transgender veterans in the U.S. today.#8221; She also noted the work by the Pentagon to ensure transgender people can serve openly. Jenner continued: #8220;There is absolutely no reason to undo all that work because President Trump decided to send a few tweets this morning.#8221; She concluded her letter with a tribute to her father. #8220;William Jenner landed on Omaha Beach in WWII, and his bravery and service to his country has always inspired me and Ideas Avoid Foreclosure, helped make me the hubble telescope cost, person I am today,#8221; Jenner said. #8220;America#8217;s 15,000 trans service members and airport berhad, 134,000 veterans are much braver than you, Mr.

Trump; my allegiance is with them and our country, not you.#8221; 9 Movies to Remind You How Bad US Health Care Used to Be - And Might Be Again (Photos) The Republicans are continuing their attempt at repealing the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, with the telescope cost, Senate voting to push a repeal bill to floor debate. The bill looks to roll back a number of the protections put in place by the ACA to protect Americans from issues like being denied coverage for Foreclosure Essay, pre-existing conditions or hitting lifetime limits on care. But people hated American health care so much before 2010, Hollywood made plenty of telescope cost movies, TV shows and documentaries about it. Research? Here's a list of films that are a helpful reminder of how American health care used to be in the pre-2010 world. Everyone remembers Jack Nicholsons obsessive-compulsive jerk of a writer, Melvin. What's easy to forget is he uses his substantial wealth to bail out hubble, a waitress (Helen Hunt) from her sons high medical bills for his asthma. She notes how she gets screwed by guess who her HMO when a doctor hired by Melvin shows up to adaptive theory give her son actual, competent medical care. Greed bad, kindness good. Thats the moral of hubble telescope Last Holiday, in which Queen Latifah goes on an expensive vacation after learning she has a brain tumor that will kill her. Interesting Research Topics? Of course, her insurance wont cover risky life-saving surgery. Latifah makes friends with almost everyone she meets at the hotel and hubble cost, they learn from her example.

And then it turns out the tumor diagnosis was a mistake, so everyone wins. Taking on the Food and Drug Administration rather than insurance companies, Dallas Buyers Club focuses on theory explained how federal foot-dragging kept life-saving drugs out of the hands of AIDS patients in the 1980s. Matthew McConaughey fights for the right to take an unapproved drug and wins, and hubble cost, learns to be less of a terrible person along the way. Getting the flipside of the healthcare debate, Critical Care is all about the level of care you receive when you have good insurance. Focusing on a man in a vegetative state, James Spader finds himself playing a doctor who wonders if its ethically cool to just keep people alive (and maybe suffering) because its profitable. In Literature Change: Ayn Rand, And Ray Bradbury? Everyone knows Walter White (Bryan Cranston) becomes Heisenberg, a meth-making Albuquerque kingpin, but they might not remember why: medical bills. Walt receives a cancer diagnosis that he fears will bankrupt his family, and hubble, meth is Articulate Voices Inspire Ayn Rand, George and Ray Bradbury, a way for him to leave them enough money to survive before he goes. Telescope? With issues like pre-existing conditions on their way back, it seems likely lots of character people will be searching for extracurricular ways to pay their medical bills, and gofundme campaigns can only hubble telescope cost go so far. Documentarian Michael Moore picks apart the healthcare system and highlights the outline, people it leaves behind. That includes 9/11 first responders in New York. The film digs into the history and issues of the U.S. Hubble? employer-based insurance system -- a lot of to Help Avoid Foreclosure which will come back under the Republican bill -- and compares it to alternatives like those in Cuba, Canada and hubble telescope, the United Kingdom.

A John Grisham David v. Interesting Psychology Research? Goliath legal story, The Rainmaker sees Matt Damon and telescope, Danny DeVito take an extremely evil insurance company to court. The extremely evil insurer denies coverage to a couple whose son is dying of leukemia, but Damon and DeVito eventually wallop it in court. The reality of of forms fighting insurance companies in court in telescope cost, the future will likely be less uplifting. The infamous Jigsaw killer targets the guy who denied him insurance coverage for an experimental cancer treatment. Jigsaws revenge: Make the guy who decides who lives and who dies for a living do it in a much more hands-on, gory way. At the to Help Foreclosure, end of the movie, another family he decided not to cover gets to choose whether to melt the insurance guy with acid. Guess which option they pick.

Denzel Washington plays a man whose son needs a heart transplant, but a technicality means his insurance won't cover it. Hubble Telescope Cost? He takes an emergency room hostage, but, since everyone knows how evil insurance companies are, he manages to befriend everyone there. And then his son gets his operation, and John saves the healthcare system. As Trump-threatened repeal vote looms, here#8217;s a look back at how Hollywood covered the problems of the psychology topics, pre-Obamacare healthcare industry. The Republicans are continuing their attempt at repealing the hubble, Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, with the Senate voting to push a repeal bill to floor debate. The bill looks to roll back a number of the analysis essay outline, protections put in place by the ACA to protect Americans from issues like being denied coverage for hubble telescope, pre-existing conditions or hitting lifetime limits on care. But people hated American health care so much before 2010, Hollywood made plenty of airport berhad movies, TV shows and documentaries about it.

Here's a list of films that are a helpful reminder of how American health care used to be in the pre-2010 world.

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What you need to cost know about the new Rotman Application. Weve had some pretty serious positive trajectory over the last number of years here at adaptive expectations theory, Rotman. Telescope Cost! So much so that our application volume for the FT MBA Program has doubled in adaptive expectations the last 5 years. With that, were really excited about cost, continuing to improve how we spot talent and introducing authentic pieces of psychology who you are as a person into hubble cost, the application and admissions process. Heres what you need to know about the new Rotman application for the Class of 2020 (2018 intake). Changes to the Essay: Our 1 traditional essay question has changed once again. This year we think weve simplified our essay question. Here it is: Our Full-Time MBA Program at the University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management is malaysia airport career, best defined as a transformational experience.

We believe that your journey begins with why. Please describe why you are pursuing an MBA? Why Rotman? Why now? (500 words) This change is designed in part to cost enhance the interview. Because we now get to know your why right up front, the interview can focus on getting to airport berhad know you in more depth and detail than ever before.

Carrying Forward from Last Year: We are always looking to improve in hubble telescope everything we do, so the other application components have shifted slightly year-over-year, but there are no major changes to report. Were really proud to expectations continue including Kira video responses as a staple in the admissions process at Rotman because we think its a fantastic opportunity for you as a candidate to really showcase your personality early on in the admissions process. Video responses allow you to virtually put yourself in right in hubble telescope cost front of the admissions committee even before your interview. These questions are focused on your interests, experiences and character analysis outline values and dont require you to hubble telescope cost prepare in advance. Were also continuing with the timed written response on Kira as well. To Help Avoid Foreclosure! Our goals when we introduced the hubble telescope cost, timed written response were to understand more about how you communicate, both in terms of ability and style. Ideas To Help Foreclosure! We also wanted to simulate a realistic writing environment and use this to see how you would write an email in 10 minutes or less. Early applications have been coming in over the last month and telescope we have been really impressed so far. The Round 1 Application Deadline is airport career, Monday, October 16 at 12 midnight (eastern standard time). We look forward to reviewing your application!

Classes are officially underway this week and with that, were thrilled to share our incoming class profile. This years class is among the most diverse classes ever at Rotman. 70% of incoming MBA candidates were born outside of Canada representing 51 countries. We are also incredibly proud to report 40% female students in the program for the first time ever at Rotman! As the telescope, saying goes, you learn as much from your peers in b-school as anything else.

And via program kick off last week and topics the pre-program courses, its already very clear that this group is really going to complement one another well. With applications rising nearly 30% this year, getting into Rotman is more competitive than ever and this group is telescope cost, impressive by any measure. Whats always hard to capture are the stories behind each of these 350 incredible people. Ideas Avoid! The academic backgrounds range from aeronautical engineering to orthopedic surgery and telescope corporate law. Some have already been published, and others hold patents. Many have already started companies, served on Ideas Avoid boards, and founded social ventures. There are professional athletes cricketers and basketball players professional photographers, producers and actors, soldiers who have served their countries, musicians, and scuba divers. Our GMAT average climbed slightly to 665 (+3), while the GRE average remained steady at cost, 313.

The GPA average also increased from 3.4 to malaysia airport career 3.5 and years of work experience rose marginally by hubble .2. ? GMAT Average = 665; GMAT Median = 680. ? GRE Average = 313; GRE Median = 316. ? GPA Average = 3.5; GPA Median = 3.5. ? Average Years Work Experience: 4.3. Because class profiles are often viewed through the analysis outline, prospective student lens as a proxy for what admissions committees look for, we always encourage everyone to review the full ranges for GMAT, GPA, work experience, etc. This framing more accurately captures our holistic focus in admissions and hopefully serves as a helpful reminder (especially to anyone thinking of hubble cost applying) that nobody is the average.

Despite the beautiful end of summer weather here in Toronto, our team is already traveling the world to meet with top talent for our next class. Have a look at our schedule of events here to of forms see when we will be in your area! These Colombians chose Rotman for their MBA: Find out hubble why. There are many reasons why students choose Rotman for their MBA. To Help Avoid Essay! In this post, wed like to focus on our dynamic group of Colombians in the Class of 2018.

Heres what theyre saying: I think Rotman really sets itself apart with its integrated approach to teaching and telescope cost its concentration on design thinking. Plus, half the students are international students, and the program is malaysia berhad career, located in a mega-diverse city with lots of telescope opportunities to network and experience cultural diversity. All of this makes for Articulate Voices in Literature Inspire Change: George Orwell, and Ray, a very compelling and interesting program. Debido que mi objetivo post-MBA es Mercados Capitales, escogi Rotman porque estoy seguro que es la mejor escuela de negocios que me puede preparar y guiar en este proceso, como tambien su gran reputacion con todas las instituciones financieras en Canada. A si mismo, Rotman esta localizada en el centro de Toronto, una de las mejores ciudades para vivir en el mundo, ofreciendo diversidad cultural, restaurantes, vida nocturna, y el tercer centro financiero de Norte America. Alejandro Fuentes Tapias. One of Rotmans main objectives is to have women comprise 40% of the student body by the year 2020. In addition to attracting more women to the MBA, the cost, Rotman has created an atmosphere that allows us to take advantage of available opportunities and be more ambitious in airport berhad our career objectives.

It has opened a Mens Business Chapter within the Womens Business Club to discuss the hubble, importance of character essay outline diversity and inclusion and to develop strategies for hubble telescope, increasing work equality. Escogi el MBA de Rotman por su fuerte enfoque en finanzas y gerencia, los programas de autodesarrollo y la estrecha relacion con las empresas mas prestigiosas del pais. Estas caracteristicas ofrecen una oportunidad integrada para crecer profesional y personalmente. Plato Of Forms Explained! Rotman esta situado en la ciudad mas multicultural y diversa del mundo y al mismo tiempo el lugar mas incluyente en el que he estado. Lo que proporciona un escenario internacional perfecto donde el poder de unir conocimiento de todo el mundo y diferentes formas de pensar permiten desarrollar una vision empresarial global. Get to know the calibre of the Class of cost 2018 Colombians by airport berhad career checking out their profiles below: Let us know if you see yourself in the Class of 2019 and request a pre-application meeting to find out more! Tips to hubble telescope cost unlock the admissions essay. Each year, we post a few tips to unlock the Articulate Voices in Literature Ayn Rand,, admissions essay. Many of you have reached about this years essay and asked for advice on how to hubble telescope approach our new question. So, here it is Essay Question: When you reflect 10 years from theory now, how will you measure your MBA experience? (500 words)

Completing the MBA is a big decision. At this stage in the application process, you should be thinking about how your dream school and MBA Program fits within the larger picture of your life. This years essay question is about your values how are you going to measure your MBA? Broadening the scope of the hubble telescope, question to consider your perspective 10 years from now is important because it prompts a meaningful reflection where you will dive deep, beyond your immediate professional goals. So, in many ways, this is actually an evolution of last years essay where we asked applicants to state your professional goals and how you plan to achieve them.

Our hope with this essay question is that you will not only be able to share a thoughtful response with us but, you will also develop a greater understanding of yourself in the process. And, of course, you already know this but there is airport, no right or wrong answer. Wed rather see a thoughtful response that is authentic. We look forward to reading your essay. Class of hubble telescope cost 2019 application is live.

Whats changed? Our essay question this year we are asking you to psychology research topics reflect back 10 years after completing your MBA and share with us how you will measure your MBA experience at that point in time. We also increased the word limit from 250 to 500. Our hope in extending the word limit is telescope cost, that you will have even more freedom to express yourself in an authentic way. Plato Theory! Tips to unlock the admissions essay coming soon Whats new? Weve enhanced the demographic section to include new optional information, including gender and sexual identity. For all of these new optional demographic questions on hubble telescope the admissions application, providing responses will be voluntary, optional, and will not impact admission decisions. Providing the LGBTQ+ community with the option to self-identify supports the University’s priorities of creating an inclusive and welcoming campus environment and Foreclosure this was an important area for improvement.

Weve also included opportunities to share your relationship to hubble telescope cost Toronto, and if you are applying with your life partner/spouse. The rest is carried forward from last year. Adaptive Theory! What we are looking for has not changed. Intellectual horsepower, experience and impact, communications and presence, and what we call spike factor. The video response is still a trademark of the Rotman application and last years application innovation the timed written response was an effective assessment tool that we are excited to continue with. Although we had an incredible summer in Toronto and the weather continues to be kind to us, our team has already been out traveling the globe spreading the word about Rotman. Be sure to cost check out our events page to see when we are visiting a region near you. Theyre her e! The class of 2018 is officially 4 days into orientation at Rotman and the energy at expectations theory, 105 St. Telescope Cost! George is incredible. More of a deep dive on this class profile in coming weeks. Here are just a couple of highlights:

This is the most internationally diverse cohort to date. 38 nationalities from 52 birth countries are represented and psychology topics more than 40 languages spoken. Together, this class has a wonderful opportunity to learn from one another and telescope cost develop a global mindset even more so when you consider the berhad, collective penchant for travel that this group shares! We are also exceptionally proud to welcome 118 women into the program, this is the highest number of incoming women in any Rotman class to hubble cost date. Expectations! As a Forté sponsor school, we also designated 19 scholarship awards for outstanding women entering our MBA program through the hubble telescope, Forté Fellows program.

The narrative here we are attracting more top women talent to our MBA program (29% in the class of 2015, 32% in the class of 2016, 32% in the class of 2017 and now 34% in the class of Voices in Literature Ayn Rand, Orwell, and Ray 2018). Hubble Telescope Cost! This positive trajectory is a sign of real progress. Stay tuned for details on the Rotman Power Hour, a new initiative were launching this fall to ensure that this trend continues. Finally, at Rotman, we screen for plato theory of forms explained, something that we call Spike Factor. This includes all the things that youve done in your life that demonstrate passion, grit, resilience, innovation, drive, and telescope cost ambition. So, while the age, years of Ideas work experience, GMAT and hubble telescope GPA all remain about the same in the class profile year-over-year, there are so many amazing stories behind the numbers. Ayn Rand, George Bradbury! A sample of Spike Factors from this years class includes a ranch owner who managed over 5,700 acres, a Professional Poker Player who competed in telescope cost the World Series of Poker and on the World Poker Tour, a 4-time world champion in equestrian, a serial entrepreneur who founded not one but two successful mining/prospecting companies in Brazil, a policy advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada, a professional golfer, and psychology published authors! This class is poised to telescope achieve remarkable things.

I am the new D irector of Recruitment Admissions for the Full-Time MBA Program at the Rotman School of Management, at the University of Toronto and I couldnt be happier to be here. In fact, I chose to move across Canada to be here. One of the biggest reasons why I decided to join Rotman was because of its reputation as one of the most innovative b-schools in the MBA space and I am thrilled to use my first blog post not only to introduce myself but also to share a Program innovation that has just been confirmed. Rotman is introducing a Flexible Internship Program that will give Rotman MBA students the opportunity to work in one of three terms: Summer (May-August), Fall (September-December), or Winter (January-April). Traditionally internships have only malaysia berhad career, been available in the summer term. This Program innovation will provide Rotman MBA students greater access to opportunity in a wider variety of industries and have a significant impact on post-MBA employment. The Flexible Internship Program builds on the experiential learning component of the internship a core part of the Rotman experience and integrates this with three critical pillars of our program: Rotmans intensive focus on hubble telescope cost self-development, our globally recognized faculty, and one of the largest Career Centres in North America with a dedicated team of interesting psychology research topics career coaches assigned to individual students. I am extremely proud to be introducing another innovation at the Rotman School. The Flexible Internship Program is a game-changer! I look forward to sharing many more updates with you and telescope cost am very excited to work together on your MBA Journey! Hard to believe that its already the middle of December!

I guess its true when they say time flies when you are having fun. Ive been having a lot of Voices Inspire Change: Ayn Rand, fun and cost have actually moved into a new role at Rotman as Managing Director for the Full-Time MBA Program and enjoying diving in to run the Articulate in Literature Ayn Rand, Orwell,, business of the Program a great new professional opportunity for me. Admittedly, it has been a busy few months and I havent been as active as I hoped on our blog, but am excited to introduce our new Director of Admissions who will be taking over in the new year stay tuned! Im already very excited about the caliber and telescope diversity of the character outline, Rotman class of 2018 based on early applications, and very much looking forward to seeing applications in the new year. As you know, our Round 2 deadline is January 11th just around the hubble cost, corner! If you do have any questions about your application I encourage you to reach out now the analysis outline, University will be closed for the holidays from December 23-January 4. We are back for one week before the telescope, deadline so will most definitely have plenty of time to Ideas to Help Avoid Foreclosure assist then, but wanted to ensure we shared our holidays hours well in advance. On behalf of the Rotman Admissions team we hope you have a wonderful and cost safe holiday season! Looking for to 2016 an plato explained exciting year of new beginnings #128578; Theyre here! Its hard to hubble telescope cost believe that just over a year ago I joined the adaptive theory, Rotman Full-Time MBA Recruitment and Admissions Team to support the telescope, team in recruiting the Class of 2017. As a transplant from the Career Centre I was quite sure that I would be able to hit the ground running and help the Ideas Avoid Foreclosure Essay, team bring in the best and most capable class that would attract the top employers. (and I believe we did, but more on that later!)

But, what I quickly learned is that theres more to building the perfect MBA class than meets the eye. When making offers of cost admission, not only are we looking at candidates at an individual level (see more on what we look for plato theory of forms explained, here) but also at a macro level. How are we actually building the cohort to hubble cost provide a world-class experience to all who come? While I was quite confident on topics the individual part having had the privilege of insider information from hubble cost some of the research, worlds top employers, I learned that the sum is greater than its parts. As a team we carefully screened for intellectual horsepower, impact, presence, and more. Once a candidate passed that test, we carefully considered what would their impact be on the class as a whole? Did we have the right mix? What were we missing from a diversity perspective, a talent perspective, and spikiness perspective? How would we carefully choose individuals to cost make up a community that works; something that both we and they will be proud of for years to come?

The Class of expectations 2017 can be classified in a myriad of ways: Class Size = 351 Average Age = 27 Average Experience = 4 years Female = 32% (111 in total) Male = 68% Domestic /International = approximately 50/50 split from 34 different countries GMAT = 680 (Median), 663 (Mean) But what I am most proud of is hubble telescope cost, some of their impressive accomplishments, in many cases beyond the work realm that the statistics dont quite capture. Each student was chosen based on their experiences which will bring a unique perspective into the classroom and to Help Essay demonstrate resilience, perseverance, and hubble creativity. Characteristics that many of our top recruiters demand. For example, we have students who are a: Published author Varsity athlete soccer, badminton, football, hockey, Frisbee, swimming Pro poker player International sailing champion Singer or music producer Band member who toured Latin America and expectations theory the US Black belt in judo, karate, jujitsu, taekwondo and telescope cost karate Patent holder 1/2 and full marathoner as well as triathlete and former Ironman competitor Surgeon or MD. And I could go on. The cohort is in their first week of class and what I hear in the halls most consistently is where did you find such an plato theory impressive bunch? The beautiful part about Recruitment and Admissions is that when one year is complete, we get to go out and do it all over again. Next years perfect class will be different from this years because each student who is admitted will bring something equally distinctive.

The next class will take on its own persona and I cant wait to see whos out there. In fact, I enjoyed the Recruitment Admissions experience so much (thank you Class of hubble telescope cost 2017) Ill be staying on plato explained as an Assistant Director this year. I look forward to meeting you on the road in our pursuit for the perfect Class of 2018!

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Advantages and cost, Disadvantages of 12 Hour Rostering. 12 Hour Rosters - Advantages and Disadvantages Over an 8 Hour Roster System (Caporale, Peters and Peters) A growing trend especially in recent years has been the berhad career introduction of telescope a 12-hour work roster replacing the traditional 8-hour work schedule. The 12-hour rostering schedule is typically arranged as a compressed work week, which includes, an individual working 2 or 3 days in plato, a row with 2 or 3 days off in a row. Several researchers have outlined the hubble reasons why 12-hour rostering has become popular. For example, Williamson, Gower and Clarke (1994) identified that one of the main reasons for implementing a 12-hour shift is to negate the disruptive effects shiftwork has on Articulate Voices in Literature and Ray an employee's health, wellbeing and hubble telescope, lifestyle. Rosa (1991) from the National Institute for malaysia Occupational Health and Safety in the United States stated that the 12-hour schedules are popular with employees as it allows more time, via extra days off, to hubble telescope cost, recuperate from the nightshift; it increases time spent with family and friends and allows more time for other recreational pursuits. Theory? One of the main concerns with implementing a 12-hour roster is the hubble effect it has upon employee's levels of in Literature Change: George Orwell, and Ray fatigue which could then lead to health or safety hazards, as well as reduce productivity, and increase turnover and telescope cost, absenteeism (Rosa Bonnet, 1993). The aim of this executive review is to examine more closely the advantages and disadvantages of 12-hour rostering especially with regard to health and safety, organisational effectiveness, as well as its impact on family and social life. 1.0 Sleep Disruption and Sleepiness. One of the most common problems experienced as a result of shift work is sleep disruption which may consequently affect sleeping patterns more generally and sleepiness at work.

Rosa (1991) examined sleep disruption in control room operators and found that 12-hour shifts produced a 1 to plato theory, 3 hour reduction in sleep over a 3.5 year period. Sleepiness increased during both the 8-hour and 12-hour shift but there was a greater increase in telescope, sleepiness during the 12-hour shift. However, an adaptive expectations theory, important finding was that there was a day-to-day recovery from working the hubble telescope twelve hour shifts, indicating greater recuperation during the worker's days off. Employees also noted that as a consequence of the adaptive theory 12-hour roster, more awakenings during their sleeping period occurred despite more frequent napping. The 12-hour roster produced longer sleep periods after a day shift or a rest day, but there was a reduction in telescope cost, sleep length following a 12-hour night shift. Despite the feelings of character analysis essay outline sleepiness Williamson, Gower and Clarke (1994) state that 12-hour rostering actually reduced feelings of tiredness throughout the hubble telescope work week. Other affects of Articulate Voices Orwell, 12-hour rostering in relation to telescope cost, tiredness included: decreased amount of interesting psychology time the employees woke up feeling tired; decrease in tiredness during their shift at work and hubble, decrease in tiredness after a day or a night shift.

Thus, the effect of malaysia airport sleep deprivation day to day may have little affect, but longer periods of time may increase sleepiness that may consequently increase levels of fatigue some employee's may feel. It may be expected that since some workers report feeling sleepier after a 12-hour shift there may be an affect on mood, ie they may be somewhat more tense or sullen. However Williamson, Gower and Clarke (1994) examined computer operators after a 12 month period of 12-hour rostering and the employees felt more clear headed, relaxed and refreshed after the telescope cost shift finished as compared to employees who had worked the traditional 8-hour shift. Similarily, Duchon, Keran and Smith (1994) from the US Bureau of adaptive expectations theory Mines found that employees after a 12-hour roster were more agreeable, felt more energetic and actually thought more clearly. A particularly important variable when examining rostering is the level of stress experienced by employees.

The adverse affects of stress at work may influence health, decision making, performance and the level of absenteeism or turnover. Rosa (1991) in his 3.5 year follow up of hubble telescope control room operators found that stress ratings were lower on 12-hour day shifts, but did increase towards the end of the working week. Pierce and Dunham (1992) examined police officers using physiological and expectations theory, psychological stress symptom measures as well as self report stress scales and found that individuals had a lower level of stress under the 12-hour roster. It is likely that the reduction in stress may be related to the increase in time the employees had with their family and the workers extended periods of rest. Likewise, Walker and Eisenberg (1995) examined patrol officers in Florida and found that officers reported 75% less job stress as a result of a 12-hour shift. It seems conclusive that the 12-hour rostering schedule may reduce job stress. The impact of 12-hour rostering upon other general health variables has been examined by Williamson, Gower and Clarke (1991). The authors used a questionnaire to examine health symptoms as well as the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) to establish the employees mental health status. They found that there was a lower incidence of telescope cost symptoms including: loss of character analysis essay appetite; constipation; diarrhoea; upset stomach; shortness of breath; unusual heart rate; headaches, and telescope cost, feeling faint after a 7 month period on the 12-hour roster. There was an Orwell, Bradbury, actual improvement in physical health reported especially with gastrointestinal problems.

Supporting the hubble cost comments made above, they found from an anlaysis of the GHQ, that fewer employees were psychologically distressed after the implementation of the 12-hour roster. 5.0 Fatigue and Performance. One of the most examined variables in studies comparing the 12-hour to the 8-hour roster has been the 12-hour roster's effect upon fatigue and consequently performance. Conflicting reports in the past have sugested that the 12-hour roster may or may not influence fatigue or performance. Baker, Olson and Morisseau (1994) more recently have argued that the Inspire Change: George Orwell, and Ray Bradbury 12-hour roster may have positive consequences. For example, it may be safer to have employees work in order to finish a significant task. Here the authors argue that the 12-hour shift can reduce the number of telescope cost shift turnovers which decreases the potential for error and may offset any potential error resulting from fatigue.

The results highlighted that the 12-hour shift caused less operator fatigue than high levels of overtime during the 8-hour schedule. Interesting Psychology Topics? Only 1 out of 6 possible breaches in safety measures was found to be associated with the 12-hour shift in contrast to 6 out of hubble telescope 6 breaches in safety measures being associated with high overtime levels. The authors concluded that problems with the 12-hour shift may only occur with poorly defined or implemented schedules. Previously, Pierce and plato theory, Dunham (1992) similarily reported that the implementation of a 12-hour roster actally reduced fatigue levels. One explanation for this effect may be that on telescope cost a 12-hour roster the Essay workers have extended sleep periods during their days off. In contrast, Rosa (1991) studied the long term effects of the hubble 12-hour scheduling using a fatigue battery test. The results indicated that grammatical reasoning reaction time and auditory reaction time was slower after a 7 month and a 3.5 year period. Interestingly, there was no deterioration in essay, performance or alertness during the week suggesting a day to day recover.

Rosa and hubble telescope cost, Colligan (1992) found a decline in to Help Avoid Foreclosure, performance and telescope, alertness by to Help Foreclosure Essay 50% after a 12-hour shift. This occurred especially during the end off the nightshift when extended work hours in combination with a decrease in the body's arousal (due to the circadian rhythm) produced greater fatigue. Telescope? In this study they also found that the worker's fatigue level was also influenced by the high physical demands of the work. The authors suggest that hazardous activities should be scheduled early in the shift if possible. In contrast, Duchon, Keran and Smith (1994) used fatigue sensitive behavioural and physiological performance measures which showed no change or improvement with 12-hour shifts, concluding that 12-hour shifts do not pose a hazard with respect to occupational health or safety. Safety remains for everyone a central issue. Several studies have examined the error rate associated with 12-hour rostering. For example, Williamson, Gower and plato of forms, Clarke (1994) found that computer operator errors per hour did not differ between the two different schedules.

However, total system errors per hour increased with the new 12-hour roster. In a comprehensive study Rosa and telescope cost, Bonnet (1993) issued a computerised test battery designed to evaluate a range of psychological functions including cognitive, perceptual and motor skills. Here the authors found more simple reaction time misses during the 12-hour schedule. However, there was no difference in grammatical reasoning errors, digit additions and total errors. Likewise, Duchon, Keran and Smith (1994) examined employees working at an underground mine. The results indicated that there was a decrease in Ideas Foreclosure Essay, tapping speed but this did not indicate a health or safety risk during a 12-hour shift. There was no difference in maximum aerobic capacity and heart rate recovery indicating no physically fatiguing effects of a 12-hour shift. Several recent studies have examined the question of job satisfaction and it has been found that job satisfaction improves under the 12-hour schedule ( Pierce and telescope, Dunham, 1992). However, Bernreuter and Sullivan (1995) who examined shift length variations in nurses found that job satisfaction did not improve, but these results should be viewed with caution as a small sample size was used and the adequacy of the instrumentation was unknown. In contrast, Williamson, Gower and plato theory of forms, Clarke (1994) stated that there were no changes in job satisfaction, however, there was a trend towards a more favourable response to the question how satisfied are you with your job?.

7.0 Satisfaction with the 12-hour Schedule. There is overwhelming evidence suggesting that the hubble employee's satisfaction with the character essay 12-hour schedule is high. For example, Rosa and Bonnet (1993) examined employee's attitudes towards the 12-hour schedule at a natural gas utility. The results indicate that more than 80% of the employees voted to retain the new work schedule. An important finding was also that the employees were happy to tolerate the increased fatigue levels to hubble telescope, keep the schedule. Similarly, Duchon, Keran and Smith (1994) examined 31 employees in an underground mine working an 8-hour shift. Interesting Research? Thirty eight percent of the telescope cost employees stated that the main reason they would change jobs is to work different hours.

Eighty percent of the 12-hour shift workers reported that they prefer working a 12-hour shift. Likewise, Walker and Eisenberg (1995) reported that 65% of the deputies reported in favour of the conversion to the 12-hour schedule. As it presently stands the Australian Council of analysis outline Trade Unions (ACTU) now recognises that a correctly designed 12-hour roster can be beneficial to the employee, especially in increasing leisure time. In 1988 the ACTU adopted a Code of Conduct on hubble telescope cost Twelve Hour Shifts which states that the implementation of the 12-hour shift should only interesting, be done where: continuous work processes or special circumstance warrant it's introduction; the introduction of the 12-hour shift will not produce excessive mental or physical strain; a proper examination of the health risks and demonstrated benefits of the 12-hour schedule can be conducted; after consultation with the hubble cost union; two thirds of the workers accept the 12-hour shift, and the possibility that the 12-hour schedule will generally reduce working time. The code of conduct also lays down various control measures including the development of the psychology research topics shift roster, award variations and administrative measures to further reinforce health and safety standards (ACTU, 1988, cited in hubble telescope, Mathews, 1993). Since the increase in the popularity of 12-hour shifts, unions in Australia have seen a need to take a position in relation to what they regard are the occupational health and expectations, safety standards to guard against any potential problems. Mathews (1993), outlining the Code of Conduct on Tweleve Hour Shifts stated that, while 12-hour shifts are not hazardous in themselves, they potentially exacerbate the problems of shift working. (p. Hubble Telescope? 318).

However, Mathews (1993) writing in a rather authoritative style, outlining the potential negative affects of twelve hour rostering, failed to include current literature to support the position of the ACTU. The preponderance of adaptive expectations theory current literature seemingly suggest that 12-hour shifts actually improves health, and reduces psychophysiological distress. Mathews (1993) could have been more rigorous in his approach. For instance, his use of the hubble cost notion exacerbation is to Help not supported by current theory or practice. While the text, published in cost, 1993, is psychology research often used by unions to telescope, argue against 12-hour rostering, a closer scrutiny of topics his references, shows he has not based his opinion on any recent articles from reputable journals, but rather, more from seminars, proceedings and symposiums presented mostly during the 1980's. It would seem that some of the issues concerning the health and welfare of workers may have become lost in industrial debate which is seemingly couched in politics rather than health, as evidence in this review so far would seem to cost, indicate. 9.0 Organisational Effectiveness. The contribution that the 12-hour roster provides towards organisational effectiveness is difficult to measure. The variables which have been examined in many studies include: motivation, turnover, absenteeism and cost.

For example, Pierce and Dunham (1992) found that organisational effectiveness improved, but general work attitudes remained unchanged. There were no changes in organisational commitment, job involvement or intrinsic motivation. These results are probably due to the shift schedule being one of many factors which may influence these work related attitudes. However, Walker and Eisenberg (1995) reported that 83% of the deputies reported an increase in productivity after the psychology implementation of a 12-hour schedule. Likewise, Duchon, Keran and Smith (1994) reported positive effects upon absenteeism and morale in telescope, survey responses. In their study 80% reported that the character analysis outline new 12-hour schedule increased morale and 100% of subjects indicated that absences either decreased or stayed the same. Rosa (1993) emphasised the effectiveness that the 12-hour schedule provides, especially through management's eyes. Management, he said, believes in the popularity of the work schedule because it may reduce attrition. Thus the retention of experienced workers is considered advantageous as this can reduce training costs and telescope, this, in turn, may increase safety and efficiency.

One of the assumptions made about the 12-hour shift is that it allows for employees to adaptive, interact more satisfactorily with their families and community groups. Research supports this conclusion, for example deputies which followed a rigid 8-hour schedule found it to cost, be too inflexible, and in particular it did not allow for appropriate adjustment to personal and family needs. Once the Ideas to Help Avoid new 12-hour schedule was operational the telescope cost employees stated that it had a positive affect upon their family and social lives (Walker and Eisenberg, 1995). Likewise, Pierce and Dunham (1992) found that shift work increased the quality and character analysis, quantity of workers contact with their families and friends. The 12-hour schedule organised as a compressed work week increased life satisfaction, leisure time and allowed for a more harmonious period with their family. Table 1. Advantages and Disadvantages of 12-Hour Rostering. * However, this is also evident in the context of rotating rosters where employees work extended shifts, ie doublers, when the problem of telescope cost fatigue and performance decrements may be even more significant. From a review of the Voices Inspire George Orwell, Bradbury more recent literature there seems to a be a number of hubble cost positive effects associated with 12-hour rostering.

Table 1 outlines the to Help Avoid Foreclosure advantages and disadvantages associated with introducing a 12-hour roster in relation to health and safety, organisational effectiveness and social and hubble cost, family factors. Overall, 12-hour shift work is seen to have many advantages and this conclusion is based on the following evidence: (1) the work force overwhelmingly supports the implementation of the psychology research 12-hour schedule. (2) generally, research indicates positive effects upon health, mood, stress, organisational effectiveness, and family and social contact. Hubble Telescope Cost? Some authors reported disadvantages with the 12-hour schedule (see table 1). In some cases it has been found that 12-hour rostering may lead to additional fatigue which can in malaysia airport, turn lead to telescope cost, reductions in of forms explained, performance, especially in hubble telescope, the long term.

However, research has not indicated that this leads to any breaches in safety. Finally, before implementing a 12-hour roster or for that matter any shiftwork roster, to consider, (1) the issues involved in relation to job design, complexity of the in Literature Inspire Ayn Rand, Orwell, and Ray Bradbury task and safety issues. (2) recognise individual differences in worker's needs. (3) develop appropriately developed compressed work week schedules (traditionally with 3 to 4 days on with 3 to telescope cost, 4 days off). (4) periodical evaluation of Articulate in Literature Change: Ayn Rand, any affects of the 12-hour shifts. Baker, K., Olson, J., and Morrisseau, D. (1994). Work Practices, fatigue, and nuclear power plant safety performance. Human Factors, 36(2), 244-257.

Bernreuter, M., and hubble telescope, Sullivan, M. (1995). Survey and in Literature and Ray, critique of studies related to shift length variations in nursing from 1970 to telescope, 1993. I nternational Journal of Nursing Studies, 32(2), 188-197. Duchon, J.C., Keran, C.M., and Smith, T.J. (1994). Extended workdays in an underground mine: A work performance analysis. Human Factors, 36(2), 258-268. Mathews, J. (1993). Health and Safety at malaysia career work: A trade union safety representatives handbook. Hubble Telescope? (2nd ed.).Sydney: Pluto Press. Monk, T.H., and Folkard, S. (1992). Making shiftwork tolerable. England: Taylor and Francis.

Peters, R.F. (1996). Interesting Psychology? 12 Hour Rostering: A short Seminar for telescope Mt Owen Mine, Singleton, December. Pierce, J.L., and Dunham, R.B. (1992). The 12-hour work day: A 48-hour, eight-day week. Academy of Management Journal, 35(5), 1086-1098. Plato Of Forms Explained? Rosa, R. (1991). Performance, alertness and sleep after 3.5 years of 12 h shifts: A follow up study.

Work Stress, 5(2), 107-116.

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Can I Use that Picture? The Terms, Laws, and Ethics for telescope cost Using Copyrighted Images. Need to use an image but not sure if you have the legal and ethical right to do so? Understanding the laws for using images can be a bit tricky, especially because there is wiggle room within the laws. And, with the mass distribution of airport career images on hubble telescope, the internet, its no wonder were all asking the malaysia airport the same question over and over again: can I use that picture? Whether for your business presentation, your school project, or your organizations brochure, youve likely placed in images to make your designs more visually appealing. But did you use the images according to legal and hubble cost ethical standards? I created the guide below to help sift through the Articulate Voices in Literature Orwell, and Ray Bradbury complexity of it all. The reality is, though, as long as you become familiar with four termscopyright, fair use, creative commons, and hubble telescope public domainyoull have a pretty good idea what you can and cant do with images.

If its all new to you, spend most of your time learning the fair use clauses. Thats where the ambiguity in copyright laws exist. As with most laws, the ambiguity is for our benefit, but it sure can make copyright laws fuzzy at times. My rule above all else? Ask permission to use all images. If in doubt, dont use the image! For a great resource that gives a more thorough explanation, I invite you to check out The Stinky Ink Shops Ultimate Guide to Using Images. For a similar graphic on plagiarism violations, see the Did I Plagiarize? graphic. For more information about taking good images yourself, see the essay outline Six Tips for Taking A Good Picture blog post. To purchase a 20?30 poster, please visit the online store.

Editors note: This chart has been designed to clarify the complexities of copyright laws for the basic and regular use of images in hubble, general publications and for personal use. However, this chart, in its simplicity, cannot and does not cover all the complex nuances of copyright laws. Those who use this chart are encouraged to do so only as a general guideline. When using images and character analysis essay other communication methods, communicators are responsible for understanding the ethics and legalities of cost copyright laws, fair use stipulations, creative commons licenses, what is and is not considered public domain, and malaysia airport the social and cultural understandings of hubble plagiarism. Also, it should be noted that these guidelines reference laws and standards in the USA.

Laws and guidelines differ, sometimes significantly, in other countries. Saving Humanity from the Machine: How Storytelling Will Keep Us Human. Christmas Elf Name Generator: Whats Your Elf Name? (Infographic) How Utahs Distracted Driving Laws Will Affect Your Relationship with Your Girlfriend. 79 thoughts on expectations theory, “ Can I Use that Picture? The Terms, Laws, and hubble Ethics for Using Copyrighted Images ” Hi There!

My first time teaching Intro. to Visual Communication is quickly upon me and Inspire Change: Ayn Rand, George and Ray Bradbury I am grateful to hubble have come across your website. Two things: from just reading your graphic above, which is extremely helpful, I assume that I dont need to ask your permission to plato theory of forms use this in my community college class this fall. But, I thought I would ask. And say thanks. Thanks! Great question!

Youre right, for hubble educational purposes, it isnt necessary to ask permission to use images like this one. However, youll still always want to analysis outline be careful of hubble telescope plagiarism issues (remember that plagiarism isnt always illegal, but it is considered unethical in most academic circles in America). Essay? So, to follow best practices, when using an image like this in a presentation or as a handout or on your syllabus, or wherever, it is best if you still cite the telescope source, just like you would for of forms explained referencing other, non-visual material. Good luck with the class! Visual Communication is my favorite course to teach #128578; Nice article. Copy rights are a big issue. I use few images per month and I used to hubble cost have issues with paying since they offer huge subscriptions. And I used to go on each single page but then I heard for Dashmote They have different providers and airport career most of the images is telescope cost free and for some I just pay few euros which is still cool. There are some inaccuracies in the flowchart especially the advice on using an image if the creator has died. Unless the photographer created the Voices Inspire Ayn Rand, George Orwell, Bradbury image as a work for hire (in which case the newspaper or other venue holds the copyright), the copyright could still be held by the creators heirs up to 70 years after the death of the creator.

See A good resource for navigating the intricacies of hubble telescope cost US Copyright law is the Digital Copyright Slider developed by the American Library Association : Great point, Thomas! Thanks for the clarification. Youre absolutely right that when someone dies it does not mean that the essay copyright is telescope lost and Ideas Avoid Essay the images are open to the public domain. If so, all of Charles Schulzs Peanut characters would be free game! In the hubble cost flowchart, it states that you must **be certain** that is impossible to analysis outline obtain the copyright, like when the creator dies **and no one owns the copyright**. If a legal situation were to arise, you would have to prove that it wasnt possible for you to obtain the copyright (which would mean that you contacted heirs and relatives). As for the 70-year rule, that is actually becoming outdated as well.

Laws are changing to allow people and hubble cost organizations to keep the rights to copyrights even 70 years after a person is dead (think of how this affects Disney products and Beatles paraphernalia , for plato theory of forms explained example). I was so pleased discovering this scheme today. Telescope Cost? It might be helpfull explaining my colleagues the dos and to Help Foreclosure donts in using images. Hubble Cost? Question: If my manager will agree with me this might be usefull information on the intranet, do you allow me sharing this scheme on this businessplatform? And is it avilable in other languages as well? We might consider it having translated in the languages spoken at our OPCOs, to be sure everybody understands the rules very well? And of course wll mention your site as the plato theory explained source. This might sound funny / ironic / snarky but its not. Its a legit question: Whats are your feelings on using the cost image / chart you created and/or the of forms contents there of? Would a link back to you / this article be sufficient?

Im also curious about what your permission/usage/attribution rights are for this graphic? If we wanted to use this in a blog post may we, or must we first ask permission? (The reason I ask, I came to this by way of it being posted in a MediaBistro GalleyCat blog post). Great question! This is one of those fuzzy areas that typically falls under fair use. If an telescope cost image like this graphic is posted on a blog (intended to be viewed openly by the public for news and information purposes), you are usually safe to re-post the image for similar news-like purposes on another news site without requesting permission as long as you cite/attribute the source. Online, this means that you should link back to the original authors cite. This is common practice and it is why youll find this graphic re-posted on high-profile sites (like even though they didnt ask my permission to do so. However, if you intend to use an image for other purposes that benefit you or your company (like including it as a permanent fixture on adaptive expectations, a website or published in a manual or hung on telescope, the wall), you should always obtain permission.

That being said, fair use is interesting research topics a judgment call. There are no precise right or wrong answers. You should be aware that, technically, the owner of the image owns the hubble copyright and has the ability to sue you, even if you think it is interesting used under fair use. With all that in mind, I freely give you permission to re-post this on your blog #128578; Thanks Curtis! Its a great graphic and very helpful. I incorporated it into a piece I wrote about some of my favorite free stock photo sites, with some that dont require attribution and may be used for telescope commercial purposes. I included links back to both the MediaBistro piece where I first saw it and adaptive expectations theory your post here.

May I please print it and hang it on the wall of our office for reference? Its great! #128578; Hi! Hope you can help Ive been saving Facebook shared photos for years, either because I think theyre beautiful or inspiring. Some have the name of the person/company that posted them, but most dont, and its so long ago for hubble cost most of them that I havent a clue who originally posted them. Im now about to start a blog and Facebook page can I use these photos, naming the originator where possible, or not? Thank you for Articulate Voices Inspire Ayn Rand, George Bradbury creating this guide, it will go a long way in making clear to hubble people why the images they copy of the internet and send me for a magazine cannot be used. There is one thing Id like to see clarified. If you take a picture yourself and it is your own original idea it still can be that you cannot use it if it contains elements that are covered by of forms related rights or personal rights.

For example: 1. Privacy: if I take a picture that has other people on it they might have cause for prohibiting publication of the picture because it could violate their right of privacy; 2. Related rights: if I take a picture that has a signature building by an architect as the cost background and my picture changes the appearance of the building the architect might prohibiting publication, because it violates his artists rights. You spelled brochure as brocure. Why are there two exit points from the first No? If you go down instead of right to Ask Yourself the character analysis essay outline Fair Use Questions the graph doesnt make any sense. I also suggest adding a down arrow below the Ask Yourself the Fair Use Questions blob to make it more clear to hubble telescope advance to the questions. One thing that is not addressed is the right of the subject of the photo. Folks often think they can use a photo if they (for sample) purchase it on Getty, but their EULA very specifically states it only plato theory explained gives permission from the hubble cost photographer. Not the subject. Adaptive? Like the flow chart idea though #128521; Also, to be really specific, you cant be inspired by a (c) work either (re your vector on did you create it)

At a seminar for librarians working with digital objects, it was *strongly* recommended to us that fair use be the last resort rather than the hubble cost first. Getting permission is Voices in Literature Inspire George Orwell, always the most preferable course of action. There are two problems with fair use: the hubble first is Articulate in Literature Ayn Rand, Orwell, and Ray that it is always an infringement on anothers copyright, albeit a non-actionable infringement. The second is that it is telescope cost never automatic: each fair use claim pursued must ultimately be decided by a judge, weighing the relative merits of the specific case and use. That gets messy. Its better to ask permission first, and only when that falls flat, IF you do your due diligence and determine there is malaysia airport a high probability of prevailing on a fair use claim, do you go that route. Wow, that wasnt great information. Fair use isnt infringement. Permission is nice to have, though it does make everything easier. Actually, yes it is. Fair use is hubble telescope cost a defense, not an excuse from obtaining permission.

Fair use, if anything, is subjective, and infringement. Hence the interference of a judge in implied fair use cases brought to court. An interesting conundrum just occurred to Ideas to Help Avoid me. Hubble? Id like to share this flowchart with some of my clients. Interesting Psychology Research Topics? Under what license is the flowchart available? Is it copyrighted? Is it CC? Is it PD? Id genuinely like to know.

The first NO after did you create the image yourself has two lines coming out of hubble telescope cost it which is confusing, and theory of forms the Will you be using it for commercial or personal gain? question has no NO option. Also, purpse is hubble cost misspelled in Ideas Essay, the second fair use question. Found a few typos. Hubble Telescope Cost? In the second Fair Use question, it should be purpose, not purpse. And after was the picture you created an original idea, the choices are Yes, No, and Not. I believe the third choice should be Not Sure. In the Yes box directly under Ethics in interesting research topics, the title, it should be brochure, not brocure. There may be other typos that I havent found you might want to run a spell-check.

I think it would be interesting for you to address the telescope specific question of using clearly copyrighted images in Facebook memes and airport berhad career other viral web sites (e.g. Buzzfeed). Does posting something on hubble telescope, Facebook count as using the image sparingly? Does adding a humorous caption to a still from a movie create a new purpose or meaning? Not that anyone is going to get sued for outline putting Gene Wilders picture on their Facebook feed, but it would be good to know whether its legal. Wow, There is hubble a lot of completely wrong and misleading information about plato of forms explained, copyright in this workflow.

Ive been a commercial photographer for over 30 years, I do a lot of lecturing, and writing with a copyright litigator, have been an expert witness in a Federal copyright case, and hubble telescope cost have sued for career infringement myself. Cost? Following the advise youre giving here can get people on Voices in Literature Inspire Ayn Rand, Bradbury, a lot of trouble. Like using images you find on social media, or being able to hubble usie anything for public interest for news (I can tell you many news organizations that have paid big bucks for running shots they didnt have permission to use), not to mention orphan works that was already pointed out. Ill be showing this in plato theory, my graduate class as an example of bad information on hubble, the net. Personal or commercial gain is not a factor for infringement, it might be for character analysis essay outline the determining the damages. The 70 years you state is the law, passed by cost Congress. Its not going to change very easily.

Its lifetime plus 70 years after death, but for a corporation its 90 years. Copyright is baked right into Ideas Avoid Foreclosure, the Constitution itself, so changes are not that fluid as you imply. I commend you for hubble cost trying to help people with these confusing issue, but frankly, this is a mess. Jack is correct. This simply adds to the misinformation about copyright in photographs. Your chart could be much simpler: Did you take the character analysis essay photo? Yes: go ahead its your copyright. No? Do not use it anywhere without the authors (copyright holder) permission that would be theft. If you want to help people understand the law on hubble telescope cost, copyright, make sure you know exactly what it is.

Here in the UK it might have variations over the US one being that in the US there is Articulate Voices in Literature Change: Orwell, and Ray Bradbury a much higher penalty for infringement, whereas the hubble telescope UK law only allows for reasonable compensation as per what would have been charged had permission been sought in Avoid Foreclosure, the first place. Unless flagrancy is proved. It is a minefield, and image theft is telescope rife, but copyright holders are fighting back. In the USA you do NOT need permission to use copyrighted works, including photos, if the theory of forms explained use is fair. Thats the point of hubble cost fair use. This is splitting a hair, but it is an important one. Fair use is Ideas to Help Foreclosure a *defense* to hubble telescope ones acknowledged use, without prior permission, of copyrighted material. Youre saying, Yup, this is a copyrighted photo [or whatever]. Explained? But Im gonna use it anyway, and hubble Im not asking permission of the copyright holder or anyone else.

So there. But here is the deal. Just because YOU think it is fair use doesnt make it so. That is for the courts to decide, and there are reams of decision in legal cases that have examined this concept. One uses an item under the fair use theory under risk of being sued for airport having guessed (or decided) wrongly. The infographic authors admonition to cost seek permission whenever in doubt is excellent. The cool thing is that seeking permission is adaptive theory NOT a big-deal-special-forms-hire-a-lawyer kind of thing.

Just send an email! Keep a copy of the hubble cost reply granting permission Thank you for writing this, Jack. I, too, am a professional photographer, and writer as well, and Ive studied copyright during my 20-year career just to theory of forms ensure Im always knowledgeable about the issues that affect my business. I saw this posted on a friends Facebook page this morning and it made me cringe to see some of these ideas baked into a nice-looking design that people would believe. Telescope? Like you, I applaud the effort here the chart looks great, and is a wonderful idea; but Id like to Voices in Literature George Orwell, and Ray Bradbury see it adjusted after some consultation with an hubble cost intellectual property attorney. Love this chart! Wondering if you have this as a poster. It was a little hard to read on Articulate in Literature Change: Ayn Rand, George Bradbury, the computer due to some of the colored text and having to blow it up so large. Thanks for hubble telescope cost this great chart! Would it be OK if we used it in a post on Ideas Avoid Foreclosure Essay, our blog ( Lots of hubble telescope our freelance members (especially photographers, graphic designers) want to be protected from copyright infringement, so were trying to airport berhad career spread the message.

Hi, Appreciate what youre trying to hubble cost do here. And maybe you know this, so for Ideas Essay your readers who may mistake a few things in your chart Theres a problem with how youve portrayed fair use. First of all, its not law. Its doctrine. Meaning, its subject to hubble interpretation each and every time a case goes to adaptive court. And a copyright owner could sue anyone who infringes on their work any time they want, period.

Fair use is not meant to be an easy out for people to hubble telescope use copyrighted work, for any reason. Plus, its usually using a portion of the work that will get you pass (and if you have more than half the factors in your favor), but thats not a guarantee. Good info here: In the case of the educator who wants to use something for class generally speaking, showing it in class might be fair use, but photocopying 100 copies of an entire work every semester for 10 years, probably not. The value of the malaysia airport career work is being diminished because the author is losing out on cost, that income. Also, if you take a picture of in Literature Change: Ayn Rand, something or someone that is protected by trademark, publicity rights, or privacy rights, you cannot just do whatever you want with it (i.e., use it for commercial purposes).

So your yes at the top left has to have some caveats. I am not a lawyer and this is not legal advice #128578; People should start by hubble telescope cost assuming they have the rights to nothing if they didnt create it. Get permissions and model/property releases for everyone everything. Or use licensed, creative commons, or public domain. One generally doesnt purchase an image, one purchases a license to use it in a particular way. One must adhere to the license terms. Plato Theory? Even microstock generally has restrictions.

As does creative commons. Read the license! By the way, the cost federal government cannot hold copyright, but sometimes copyrighted work is interesting topics used in government materials, so you still have to be careful. (PS: a couple typos in case you want to fix: purpose in red; public in yellow are both missing letters) The guide states that its usually safe to telescope cost use an image if its just being hung on a wall for personal use. Can you please point me to Voices in Literature Inspire Change: Ayn Rand, and Ray the specifics of when an image can be used? I recently attempted to hubble cost order a print of an image downloaded from a website (for personal use at home to hang on a wall), but was denied because the image was deemed copyrighted material. What if you take an image from a blog, but the blog poster doesnt have the copyright to the original image? Just occurred to me as Im looking for pictures of small towns to post on a projects website. At our school, we should be above reproach.

I try to teach all stakeholders the value of Ideas to Help Avoid Foreclosure Essay knowing correct procedure in using copyrighted materials. This will be a valuable tool. To that end, may I have permission to hubble print a copy, or at least use a credited copy in a presentation? Your flow chart states that it is OK to copy an image for research topics personal use to hang on your wall. This is not even close to true. For centuries artists have created images for telescope cost sale: for personal use to hang on career, your wall. Telescope Cost? The internet, among other things, is a huge marketplace to sell such works, and the displayed images are supplied only interesting psychology as an example to sell a print or an original. Hubble Telescope? I know that youre trying to help, but this is exactly the kind of glaring error which furthers ignorance on the subject and can contribute to people being sued.

There are quite a few typos in the chart and many statements that are not exactly accurate. If you go over to the Petapeixel site and look at the comments you will see what I mean. There is an IP attorney who you may want to talk to regarding the accuracy of interesting psychology your statements. You have so many inaccuracies. on here you are going to hubble cost get someone seriously in trouble. I would ditch this IMMEDIATELY and Ideas to Help Avoid Essay contact a lawyer before spreading this, getting yourself involved and possibly in the middle of your own lawsuit. Accuracy or inaccuracy of the hubble cost Fair Use section notwithstanding, you might want to add something on plato theory of forms explained, there stating that Fair Use is an American Copyright concept, and does not exist in hubble telescope, other countries.

There is no Fair Use under English Copyright law, for example. We have Fair dealing which is a very different thing. If youre transforming or repurposing an image, thats derivative work, and will need permission. There are corner cases where this can fall under Fair Use, but thats not always (or even often) the case. Thank you for your attempt to create a Can I Use that Picture? infographic. The answer is adaptive very simple. If you didnt take the picture yourself the answer is NO (it doesnt matter whose camera it is!. You need *permission* from the hubble cost person who owns the copyright. In some reuse applications you may not have to pay a licensing fee but you still need permission.

Some copyright owners automatically grant free use to their images and if they do, those usage parameters will be clearly stated where you find the image. However, if you dont immediately understand that reuse is automatically granted, you need to contact the owner directly with your request. For reuse of images you find online, use auto-licensing applications such as Permission Machine. Please be fair to your fellow creators, protect yourself from infringement suits and obtain a legal license! This is a radical oversimplification of copyright law.

There are many cases where permission is not necessary, starting with fair use and analysis outline extending to telescope a wide range of other circumstances. Not all photography is copyrighted! Lots of responses today, I guess because its been shared on some high-profile sites. Several of my friends shared it, too, and the inaccuracies missing information concerned me enough (especially with all the library folks resharing it uncritically), that I did a more detailed analysis over on my blog ( There is psychology topics some great stuff here, especially your engagement with the hubble telescope community expectations and ethical points of expectations social media sharing, but I wouldnt suggest anyone use this for true workflow (personal or at hubble, work) management. Agreed. Before posting something like this, I would check with the best copyright law firm in the country and find out how many glaring errors, bad advice, and other mistakes should have been left off this chart.

Thank you for this Curtis. Youve certainly provoked some conversations! As a rough guide and to get people thinking about Avoid, whether they can or cant use an image, its a great tool. Just the hubble headline will, hopefully, make folk stop and think. Well done, and now that you have the Health Warning, please keep em coming. I have a huge problem with the part of your flow chart that says its alright to print something to hang on your wall. Interesting Psychology Research? This is immensely fallacious advice.

There are a lot of people around the world who made a large part of their income from selling prints of their artwork or photography. It is *not* alright to print their work to put on your wall. Personally, and hubble telescope cost I think a lot of people would agree with me here, I wouldnt mind someone printing my work as a thumbnail or small clipping to put on a mood board or an inspiration board, which may have been what you meant. In Literature Ayn Rand, George Orwell, And Ray? But your advice is worded in such a way as it advises the reader that its OK to download and print artwork to hang on your wall. Hubble Cost? Its most definitely not. Thanks for character analysis your input! Youre absolutely right: the original wording on the poster was confusing and misleading. After receiving a good deal of input, I have made several modifications to hubble the poster. The issue you addressed has been handled directly. Although personal use is stipulated as a component under fair use clauses, simply printing an image to decorate your home or office is a form of theft if you havent purchased the image from the original photographer or owner of the analysis essay copyright. You can see the change made on the new version of the flowchart.

One thing people never think about, is the print or copy shop. Say youre using an image for a nonprofit project, and hubble telescope now need copies. The print or copy shop make those copies for profit. They sell those copies back to berhad you. Thus, ethical print and copy shops wont reproduce these kinds of jobs. Hi. Cost? A local High School Yearbook has taken my photos off my FB published my photos in there yearbook. I sent an e mail asking for my pics not to be use in the 2014 yearbook.

In 2013s yearbook I found 30 of my photos used. In 2012 I found four photos. Character Analysis? The school never asked me if they could use my photos. Can anything be done about the past years? Thanks for the great comment. Hubble? This is, truly, one of the primary reasons I created this chart.

The reality is, few people are aware that what they are doing is technically illegal (and certainly unethical). Technically, you have a legal right, should you wish to theory of forms explained pursue it, to sue the school. Hubble Telescope Cost? That, of malaysia berhad career course, isnt the path most people wish to take but the telescope school in this case appears to be in copyright violation (especially if you took the pictures on Ideas Essay, FB). If the schools posting of your images hasnt affected your life or career in any significant way, the courts, however, would likely not be able to do much about it. If, however, pictures were posted that made you look bad and affected you personally in hubble, a negative way, there could be a case. Unfortunately, this kind of thing happens all the plato of forms time (and thats why we need to spread the message). Most likely, your best option is to notify the school that youre upset and that what they are doing is an infringement of cost intellectual property and copyright. If they continue on this course, you may need to seek legal counsel. Question here, although I believe the plato of forms explained answer is hubble cost noI am designing an architects website and want to include pictures of his work.

My question is whether using copyrighted photos would be illegal in this case, as they are his designs and would not be used for Foreclosure commercial reasons. Of course, they would help to contribute to making monetary gains and this leads me to believe I cant use them. Am I right?? Interesting question, Kevin. Cost? If the architect has his own images of his buildings (which I would highly encourage him to obtain if he doesnt), you should be able to use them as long as he approves it. But using someone elses photography, even if it is of his buildings, is a copyright infringement. Your best best bet is to either hire a photographer to take pictures of the buildings, take the pictures yourself, or ask permission from the photographers to use the images on the website. Voices In Literature Inspire Change: Ayn Rand, Orwell, And Ray? My guess is the photographers wont care as long as you credit them.

But you dont want to cost make that assumption without asking. Curtis, I really liked your graphic but I have a situation that doesnt quite fit. I was an extra in a movie PLAYING a photographer. The camera I was given to use was older, but fully functional. To break up the tedium of almost endless takes, I used my own memory card to take pictures.

A lot are pure garbage but some were real gems showing the famous director at work evaluating his famous actors. Articulate In Literature Inspire Ayn Rand,? Others were of my perspective acting with in cost, the scene. Ive taken some of the photos and performed some extensive editing to them in Photoshop crop, siloing the Voices George and Ray Bradbury areas of interest, some airbrushing and other art effects and telescope would like to show them at a local art show. Im not planning on offering these for Articulate in Literature Inspire Change: Ayn Rand, George Orwell, and Ray sale, just showing. Telescope? Thanks in advance for your opinion. This is an interesting question, and certainly unique. Because the plato theory of forms camera was not your own and the images were taken on a set by a camera provided to you by the production company, it is possible that the film production company could try to claim the copyrights of those images, should such a case go to court. The laws are written in such a way that cases like this can be taken on a case-by-case basis. A lawyer friend of mine once told me that, truly, one of the things you have to ask yourself is this: would somebody sue me for these images? If the chance is cost even remotely a yes possibility, youll want to explore obtaining permission (which is recommended in any situation where you arent the expectations theory clear copyright owner anyway).

In your case, I would simply contact the production company. Tell them that you took the pictures albeit on their camera. Hubble Cost? Chances are, especially if you arent profiting, they wont care. But every company is different and they may be fairly stringent on their policies. How much of this applies to videos posted on psychology topics, sites like YouTube? There is a growing desire to use web videos in meetings and conventions.

One suggestion is hubble cost that if you stream the video directly to character analysis outline the screen that is fair use, but that if you embed the video in a presentation, that is publishing and is not fair use. What are your thoughts? Can you use a competitors images as your own? I.e. Use thier image to sell but manufacture your version of the product claiming the picture is cost yours. I took a photo of psychology research topics a dog I had groomed at hubble telescope cost, workis it illegal to plato theory of forms use it for my personal gain. I have one question that Im not sure whether or not you can answer, and hubble I havent really been able to find anything clear on I work in a print shop and we get people in adaptive expectations, all the time that want us to print off things that are copyrighted. Can we, as a print shop that is making profit, make copies of copyrighted material for a customer? For example, we had a customer that came in wanting us to hubble make copies from some of Disneys promotional material for Frozen. Airport Berhad Career? I had refused it (because they had copyright watermarks on them, which means they werent obtained legally), but afterward when I asked my manager he said we could go ahead and hubble telescope cost do those.

Do you know where I can find the actual ruling on that? hey i have a question if i was to Ideas to Help Foreclosure Essay search for a picture online i find the picture that i want i use it to put it on a shirt i add a bible verse to it and sell it would it be ok to do it. Its important, can you please help me out with this. Can I use a celebrity Twitter profile image in an informative post showcasing some twitter statistics (domain blog)? The image was taken by hubble telescope cost some 3rd party photographer. My personal opinion is that if anyone has any questions regarding anything about copyright law, you should either look up the law, or ask a copyright attorney. This is clearly not the best forum for that, since no one can seem to agree and all it does is provoke arguments. Just saying. I am wonder do i have a rights of privacy in this case?

My roommate (weve lived together for 2 months so I barely know him) is a photographer and he asked me to take a picture. Just for fun, at interesting research, home, took several photos and thats it. He posted on hubble cost, his blog at that time but I didnt say anything. Expectations Theory? Then after about a month, he made a business cards used my photos didnt ask me before make it. I dont fee comfortable when some stranger have my photos or even they will toss them away. In this circumstance, do i have a right of privacy?

Please help me. Thanks. Hi Curtis! I have quick question. What if we have a website sort of educational purposes, website was built to bring an awareness and cost we want to use pictures from the web, most of adaptive expectations them dont have any watermarks, people re-post them on hubble, social media and we want to use them as educational source. We also planing to Voices Change: Ayn Rand, George Orwell, use videos from Youtube (host their videos on our website) and we will write stories. Do you think pictures we use will fall under fair use? What would you suggest to do?

Our future website still under construction mode. Thanks for the question, Kate. You ask a complicated, but very common question. I wish I could give you a clear-cut answer. The reality is that each image will be slightly different, depending the purpose of use. Hubble Telescope Cost? Generally speaking, content produced for the internet tends to Ideas to Help Foreclosure Essay be shared more freely and, culturally speaking, tends to be considered fair use if youre not directly profiting from the images. However, if your website profits, it could be argued that the images/videos you are using are enhancing your profitability.

At least in America, the hubble telescope law states that the theory image and video does belong to the original creator and so they have the hubble telescope right file suit if they dont appreciate the way you used the image. Often, with YouTube, youre pretty safe because YouTube allows all viewers to share the videos, but you still do so at your own discretion. Of Forms? Regardless, you should always cite/link to the original source and if there is ever any question, you should ask permission first. wow, so many comments and I am still confused ;)..I am an Interior Architect and while I use sketchUP and AutoCAd to help my clients visualize the project and my vision for hubble the design, I also often use Concept images like many of my colleagues. I find these images on Articulate in Literature Change: George and Ray Bradbury, Pinterest, Houzz, or just via google. I place images on my presentation to show my client the design concept. Can I not do this? Often There is hubble cost no mention even who is the designer/ photographer on those photos, but when there is, can I use them for client presentation purposes and do I need to link the Articulate Inspire Ayn Rand, Bradbury source. Hubble Telescope Cost? Please help, this is driving me nuts. Interesting Topics? Its very essential for my presentations, and I dont mind other using my work as an example so long as noone claims my work as their own.but I also do not wish to telescope get in to trouble or abuse someone elses work.

Great questions. This is, truthfully, where most people have concerns. Technically, according to Voices in Literature Inspire Change: George and Ray Bradbury the law, taking images that are not yours and using them for professional presentations is a violation of hubble telescope cost copyright. Adaptive Expectations Theory? While the originator of the image may or may not mind, its important to be conscious that many photographers of these images make their living selling the hubble images to the original company who used them or to stock photo companies. When you use their image w/o permission, you may be damaging their ability to profit from their work.

Furthermore, its best to avoid assuming the creator of the work is okay with mass distribution, especially if they arent credited. For your situation, it would probably be best to subscribe to plato theory of forms a stock photo company. This way, you essentially purchase the rights to use the photos for your presentations. When you do this, there is no risk of making someone angry at telescope cost, you or your company. Hello, im @crossover_designsIG on instagram!! I edit NBA and malaysia career NCAA pictures. Go check it out! But do i need copyright of the teams to sell it? Because it will have the teams logo jersey etc. please answer. Thx!

Good question. Very cool pics, by the way. Yours is a more complicated question. Really, a lot depends on who took the hubble telescope cost original photo(s) that youre editing. But in character essay, all likelihood, without permission, if you were to sell your pictures, you would want permission from at least the original photographer and possibly the franchise (team) or organziation (NBA or NCAA). Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and telescope wanted to mention that Ive really enjoyed surfing. around your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing in your. rss feed and Im hoping you write once more very soon!

Hi,I would like to know if I build Photovoltaic systems for a different Customers and I have been a sub contractor for that Installation. May I use the photographs on my web site, with the home owners permission? This photograph has been taken with my personal camera. Thank You, Dwayne B Sanford. Hey, I have a Question. If I found a picture of my teacher on google Images, that connects to a google account.

Am I allowed to put it on a T-Shirt for non-commercial use? I will be the only one to have one. Yet I do not have permission from my teacher? If I would send this photo and link to Ellen DeGeneres ( ) would I possibly be sued if anything about it was aired? Hello Mr.

Newbold, I have a few questions I think are related to this. Is copying images from copyrighted websites of malaysia berhad companies which are used as company logos considered to be Fair Use if they are used in game mods, and then distributed for telescope free on mod websites? I think it is not, and is copyright infringement. Some other people I know say it is not and is Fair Use, specially if the companies in question are from other countries, such as Germany, Switzerland, Scandinavia, or the in Literature Ayn Rand, Bradbury UK. For example, company logos on cost, race cars, semi-trucks, etc., for Ideas Avoid racing games, or other types of games where vehicles display sponsorship company logos. Is that legal to do?

If not, what laws are people who makes these mods violating? Also, is it copyright laws or trademark laws that are in question? Any clarification of this would be most appreciated. Thank you in advance, I know that I can use this image but I would like to use it for a course I am writing to help others understand copyrights and how to also protect their own work. I really think this would be a good way for them to hubble cost understand more about what they can and cannot use.

May I use this in a course that I am charging money for? IF yes I will give you the credit . You put so much work into it. Great job by the way. I am setting up a blog and have photos from plato theory explained, my travels with someone i am no longer friends with. I want to use some of the photos that were taken with me in hubble, them. We had copied and given our photos we took to interesting psychology topics each other. Can i use these particular pics if it is of me in telescope cost, the photo? I spotted then met a famous soap star in Vegas.

Im a fan, so I asked to malaysia take a picture with her, and cost she said yes. Can I post the picture on my personal Facebook page or Instagram that was taken using my phone by her husband? We were going to analysis outline do a selfie and hubble cost he offered to essay take it instead. I am wondering if its possible to cost use pictures of adaptive theory celebrities and make fan edits when you dont have permission? And if you can, where goes the line? What license do I have to be most careful with? Im not an original drawing artist, Im just a photo architect aka blue-penciler. I look for fantasy backgrounds all over telescope cost the web and characters and props etc mostly .png and jpeg files and I put them together I an image with some lighting effects and photo manipulation and such and then I invent an character analysis outline original story of cost my own to go with them, I would like to publish an e-book doing this. Any warnings or suggestions? Thank you for this info-graphic and I am sure a lot of malaysia airport people will benefit from it. Comments are closed.

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