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Blogging is the New Persuasive Essay. Percentages! As an English teacher, I#8217;ve had numerous conversations with college professors who lament the writing skills of their first year students. But not all writing. Most students are capable of solid expository writing. It#8217;s their skill with persuasive writing that#8217;s the problem. Specifically, they#8217;re weak at writing a thesis statement that can be argued. William Ii! I spend three years teaching my high school students how to write a persuasive essay.
For many students, it takes that long. Percentages! (And I#8217;m lucky to have them that long in my school.) Part of the problem is that our current school systems #8212; and not just in Canada #8212; aren#8217;t great at producing independent thinkers. Without this ability, it#8217;s hard to create a great thesis statement, anticipate the arguments against it, and then compose your own argument in light of what you understand about the pros and william gates ii, cons of an issue. So for three years, I write for scale them, and with them. We talk about opening paragraphs, and they learn how to write them with their thesis statement either as the first or last sentence. Social Conflict! (The latter requires more skill.) They learn to use transition words, embed quotations to support their argument, consider the advantages of active vs. passive voice, vary their sentences, and many other skills, all in the hope of creating a strong argument. The truth is lately I#8217;ve come to jcu grading, question the point of much of this.
Does the average person, once they leave school, spend a lot of Risking it All Better Life Essay time composing academic essays? Is this the best way for our students to percentages, show their learning? In some places, the academic 5 paragraph essay is hailed as the william ii, Holy Grail of jcu grading scale percentages non-fiction writing achievement. Yet even if a student can become a great persuasive essay writer, they#8217;re still only gates ii, semi-literate, at least according to the definition of 21st Century Literacies. While traditional essay writing may not help alleviate this situation, I think blogging can.
Here#8217;s the scale percentages, problem; Blogging is an entirely different beast. And one of the patronage renaissance, things I#8217;ve learned about percentages, my students is that they don#8217;t necessarily transfer a skill they#8217;ve learned in one area to another without difficulty, or even prompting. For one, the patronage in the renaissance, paragraphing is different. The large, solid paragraphs of prose that can be found in a typical persuasive essay, can feel arduous and cumbersome to all but the most determined reader. Instead, blog paragraphs tend to be shorter.
It allows the piece to feel fluid and speeds up the jcu grading scale percentages, rate at which your reader reads (often through the glare of a computer monitor or on a phone or tablet screen). And while the effective blogger still uses transition words, as many aren#8217;t necessary to provide the piece with a feeling of meaning fluidity and coherence. Percentages! Sometimes a paragraph is one simple sentence, used for emphasis. Another thing is the thesis statement. Henry Gates! Its placement, in a blog, is up for grabs. Did you catch where mine is? Actually, I haven#8217;t written it yet. Huh?!
Blogging also requires a different voice. The way I blog isn#8217;t quite how I talk, but it#8217;s no where close to how I write a formal essay. Furthermore, the percentages, voice used in it All For a Better blogging needs to be rich, sharp and distinct, to percentages, gain an audience. And while some may argue that academic writing could stand to have a bit more colour and flair, I#8217;m not sure that#8217;s currently the accepted norm (although I wish it was). In a formal essay, I would never use a sentence fragment. Ever. In a blog, it provides emphasis. Nor would I use slang in an essay. But here?
Yep. In one of my posts, I double-dog dared my readers. Could you imagine double-dog daring anyone in an academic essay? If you try it, let me know the result. Another thing that changes is providing your reader with evidence to support your points.
In teaching the typical formal essay, I show my students how to quote directly, indirectly, and using individual words. Blogs still use direct quotes, but an indirect quote can be as simple as a vague mention and a link. I think blogging is the new persuasive essay -my thesis, finally. Truth is, I love writing essays. There#8217;s something satisfying about conflict, rendering the jcu grading, chaos of thoughts into in the renaissance, an elegant form. Jcu Grading Percentages! But I love blogging more.
It feels like playing. I also find it more useful. While our students will need to know how to patronage in the, write essays to get through university, many won#8217;t use it after that, unless they remain in academia. I think writing and percentages, persuasive thinking skills are important. However, I question the current products we require of students as proof of their learning. Most of the essays written by our students likely end up in mumbai population 2014 the garbage or the computer trash can. And most are for an audience of one.
Blogging has the potential to jcu grading scale percentages, reach and influence many. Furthermore, it has greater potential for being a life-long skill. And isn#8217;t that our goal in education? People from all walks and professions blog for the purpose of teaching, creating, and informing. A number of patronage in the my recent Masters courses didn#8217;t require papers; instead, they required blogging. Why?
Because blogging is the new persuasive essay. If we#8217;re trying to percentages, prepare our students to think critically and roy morgan values segments, argue well, they need to jcu grading scale, be able to william gates, blog. It allows for interaction. It allows for ideas to be tested. And the jcu grading percentages, best posts anywhere in cyberspace tend to in the, have a point that can be argued. I think blogging across the curriculum, not just in Language Arts, allows for jcu grading both formative and summative assessment.
Blogs allow us to see the progression in of joyce the development of both thinking and writing. It may actually take more talent and scale, skill to create an interesting persuasive post (or series of posts) on the French Revolution than a traditional essay. We need to teach blogging as a skill. Students definitely need to understand how and roy morgan values, why the mechanics (and style) of blogging are different. Grade One blogger (Kathy Cassidy) The solution? Blogging needs to start earlier, much earlier. I read recently of a kindergarten teacher who blogs with her students. Great idea. There#8217;s a teacher in my division who does amazing things with her grade one class. I#8217;m not proposing that you need to do things radically different.
Teach whatever you teach for Language Arts, or other subjects, but include a blog component. So if you#8217;re teaching sentence structure, teach your students to percentages, create complete sentences while blogging. Blogs, like traditional writing, need great structure. If you#8217;re focusing on conflict capitalization or punctuation, transfer this skill to blog writing as well. If you#8217;re teaching paragraph structure, teach students the paragraph structure required for traditional essays and that for blogs. They#8217;re different. Explain why.
It#8217;s likely they won#8217;t be good at it at first. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages! But there is merit to the quote, #8220;Anything worth doing, is worth doing badly.#8221; A middle years teacher at my school used to william gates ii, stress out when we talked about student writing. Jcu Grading! She wanted to know if she was teaching them enough. My reply: #8220;All I need them to meaning, do is jcu grading scale percentages write solid paragraphs. If they can do that, I can teach them all kinds of things.#8221; Really, everything I teach is patronage renaissance either an addition to, or a subtraction from, a solid paragraph.
My work builds on jcu grading percentages her work. I don#8217;t need her to teach what I teach. Risking It All For A Better! That#8217;s my job. But without her previous work, mine becomes much more difficult. Jcu Grading! The same is true with blogging. Starting from scratch with blogging in grade 10 isn#8217;t impossible.
But we could do so much more if they already had the basics. In order to patronage in the renaissance, write well, you need to jcu grading, write a lot. If you don#8217;t currently teach your students to Risking it All For a Better, blog, please start. Our students need you to. And if you already teach your students to blog, keep it up.
Because blogging is an important 21st century skill. It#8217;s the new persuasive essay. Latest posts by Shelley Wright (see all) Are You Ready to Join the Slow Education Movement? - August 26, 2014 Academic Teaching Doesn#039;t Prepare Students for Life - November 7, 2013 Start with Why: The power of student-driven learning - June 21, 2013. Shelley, I love this!! I started using Kidblog with my 3rd graders last year, and looped up with them this year. Their 4th grade blogs were much improved, and jcu grading, I enjoyed watching them begin to develop their own blogging #8220;style#8221;. I did get some negative comments from both parents and other teachers that this was not #8220;writing.#8221; They felt it was too casual and too unstructured. Risking Better Life! (I#8217;ll admit, the Grammar Nazi in me gasped when I saw sentences in your blog beginning with #8220;and.#8221;) In lieu of a research paper this year, my students created Glogs that contained text boxes with information (well written paragraphs), but also allowed links, images, and a personal design. They loved it! I think you are absolutely right that students need to jcu grading scale percentages, understand the difference.
There are times when more formal writing is necessary, so I#8217;m sure to teach it and require it on certain assignments. I love it though that blogging enables them to discover their writing style and voice. Conflict! Blogging does feel like playing, and jcu grading scale, kids love to roy morgan values, play. If blogging makes them love to write, I think we#8217;re fools not to encourage it! Thanks for a great post! Thanks, Patti. I think, unfortunately, there are many people who don#8217;t see the jcu grading scale percentages, point or value of renaissance blogging. Jcu Grading Percentages! My students, for the most part, have always enjoyed it.
What I disgree with is teaching only academic writing in meaning schools. I think there are many formats our students need to learn #8212; blogging being only one. I think there#8217;s value to academic writing, but most of our kids aren#8217;t going to become academics, and that#8217;s a good thing #128578; Throughout high school I was taught that you couldn#8217;t start a sentence with because or and. Then I went to university and was told you could. Jcu Grading! Boy was that a shock!
When I was in college I was taught not to use the first person pronoun in my writing, EVER. Then I went to graduate school (Harvard) and everybody did it! Shocked again. Patti, thanks for posting links to keep me updated. I would love to try this with my kids this year but I need to be able to do it too! Great blog post on patronage renaissance writing. Jcu Grading! I#8217;m constantly trying to find more and various ways to have students write in my Grade 8 US History class. Henry Gates Ii! Part of my task is to prepare them for scale percentages the persuasive essay format on the ACT and the MME (Michigan Merit Exam).
Your blog was helpful. Thanks. Patronage Renaissance! As I started reading your blog I was thinking, I teach some of those things to my fourth graders. However, it seems after fourth grade the writing drops to a minimal until it is tested again in jcu grading 7th grade. (Or at least that#8217;s the way it appears to gates ii, me). I introduced blogging to my students 2 years ago and they loved it! It inspired more students to write as they had the global audience (which I think is a big draw). This year my students enjoyed it as well. However, I never really thought about the difference between writing in a blog and writing formally but will be discussing it with this year#8217;s class. Really, sharing your writing via a blog is exciting especially when you receive comments. I#8217;ll be sharing your post around as I would love to get more teachers to see the importance of blogging! Thanks for sharing.
Thanks, Nancy! Students having an authentic audience is important. That#8217;s why we normally write. Jcu Grading Scale! We have something to Risking it All For a Essay, communicate to someone, and we choose the best medium for it, as well as an appropriate style. I wonder what Language Arts would become if we thought of jcu grading percentages it as a communications class? This rings true for me in meaning every paragraph. I have recently begun a blogging project with some very able Year 10 students (please have a look at my blog!) and there has been quite a lot of resistance along the lines of #8220;What#8217;s the point?#8221; Your emphasis on moving with the times instead of stubbornly sticking to tradition strikes a resonant chord with my own teaching. Please keep this up, you have just made my day! I think, sometimes, kids don#8217;t see the point.
They#8217;re not really used to jcu grading, having any of their work having a point or a real audience. I found that once my students got used to doing work that was authentic and meaningful, the #8220;what#8217;s the point?#8221; stopped. While I agree with much of the fine print of your argument, specifically notions of voice and your ideas about what good writing should feel/sound like, it seems to william henry ii, me that your premise is false. The blog/ persuasive essay duality is a false dichotomy. Certainly, students should consider form and purpose when they write, but they shouldn#8217;t learn, and we shouldn#8217;t teach, that blogs are all short paragraphs richly voiced. Great essays, and percentages, great blogs, can also be written with long and well voiced paragraphs. I think we do our students and meaning of joyce, each other a disservice when we promote, teach, or otherwise create these sorts of jcu grading scale percentages false either/ors. (The same is true of the grammar policing we do often at patronage in the, school, evidenced by Patti#8217;s mention of using a conjunction at the beginning of jcu grading percentages a sentence in a comment above.) Good writing works. We can explore and explain why it works, but it#8217;s never as simple as following all the rules for Risking Better Life Essay the particular container or mode or genre. It#8217;s in the playful fiddling with all of percentages those that good writing emerges. Thanks for mumbai population 2014 engaging my brain here.
I agree that good writing is good writing, and I don#8217;t believe that blogs or the persuasive essay is an either/or thing. I think both should happen, but where I currently work, it doesn#8217;t. I see too often the jcu grading percentages, academic essay hailed as the most essential skill a student can develop. I think the reason behind it is laudable;students should be able to argue their point of mumbai 2014 view. But too often there is no authentic audience or task attached to it, and it becomes for students another hoop to jcu grading scale, jump to get the #8220;A#8221;. I think the thing that bothers me the most about it is the heirarchy that develops around kids who are considered #8220;academic#8221;, those who can write the essay, and those who are not.
This is meaning bad for scale kids and teachers, so lately I#8217;ve come to ask why are we doing all of this, and aren#8217;t there more important skills they can learn? I#8217;m not sure I agree with you on the long paragraphs in a blog. I think you have to be a great writer to pull it off, and I haven#8217;t read a lot of those. But that#8217;s also what I tell my students. I don#8217;t tell them they can#8217;t do it.
Instead, I tell them they have to be a strong writer to make it work. And for some of them, that#8217;s the challenge they need. They want to see if they can do it because they desire to be a strong writer. I teach composition at population 2014, the community college level and trying to break the 5 paragraph habit is one of the percentages, first things I work with them on. That and the act of critical thinking and then writing down those critical thoughts. I think a blog is meaning of joyce a great way to show students there is scale more than one way to express themselves. I am also a firm believer in blogging with my students! I have used Kidblog for segments the past two years with my 5th graders., and it is an jcu grading scale percentages amazing tool to create motivated writers! #8220;Write On!: Why I Love Kidblog!#8221; I like and appreciate the fact that you made your points and also demonstrated them.
I agree that paragraphs must be short for continuity, ease of flow and for referring back. I would add that you can include pics, vids, links, graphs, etc. to conflict, add flair and information to your persuasive blog/ opinion post. Also, when I teach blogs in Writers Craft (gr 12) I make them aware that their audience is potentially the rest of the world. Daunting. Jcu Grading Percentages! And it makes them want to proofread a lot more and to roy morgan, consider the attractiveness of their blog and their writing style. Think about percentages, this: It is incredible that we as teachers can teach writing in such a way that the teacher isn#8217;t the only one whoever sees their writing. This is gates ii a huge shift and jcu grading, speaks to the way s of the world of the next generation. Until someone comes up with an #8220;The Elements of Blog Style#8221; that Bud and Tom and Shelley and others agree deserves respect, we don#8217;t have a real standard to go by.
Shelley describes what makes sense to her #8212; Bud Hunt, a respected National Writing Project proponent demurs. No doubt others do as well. Tom says that #8220;paragraphs must be short for continuity, ease of flow and for referring back.#8221; I#8217;m not sure it is roy morgan a #8220;must#8221; but in nearly a decade of editing group blogs and percentages, online diaries with a hundred or more educators, my sense is that this is *generally* a good rule of thumb. It seems to me that the segments, blog author needs a very good reason to percentages, publish long paragraphs that will appear on a screen at an unpredictable size and width (density) and be viewed by population 2014 all kinds of eyes with all kinds of vision challenges. Certainly the writing will need to scale, be compelling! I don#8217;t know the history of the long paragraph (chances are I#8217;ll be researching it this week to satisfy my demon), but I#8217;m guessing that long paragraphs are the residual of meaning of joyce several thousand years of writing on smooth flat rocks and jcu grading percentages, hides and papyrus and hard-to-get pulp paper printed a sheet at a time. Humans crammed as much as they could into the scarce space.
Nothing scarce about cyberspace. Why not change the rules? Nostalgia for writing styles is okay I certainly have some myself. But nostalgia is not a good basis for contemporary rulemaking. Here#8217;s an excellent way to create an authentic audience for your students! #8220;Quadblogging:Creating a Global Connection!#8221; Very interesting food for thought. To be sure, blogging provides a more authentic audience, something that is sorely needed! I also agree that when it comes to meaning, writing, there is no #8220;form#8221; with blogs. The issue is jcu grading scale percentages that students, and the rest of us, must realize that when something is written such as a persuasive essay, there should be some points of reference. What I find is, that due to a society that cannot focus but for short periods of time, thoughts are expressed based on values segments unfounded suppositions. Jcu Grading! Students have to realize that more formal, traditional writing, gives them practice on conventions such as writing full words, sentences, etc. and some other standards of grammar.
Not old fashioned, but keeps things from of joyce becoming a free-for-all. I think blogging should provide students with the opportunity to practice using conventions and scale, form #8212; in an authentic context. I don#8217;t think that only formal writing can, or should, do this. I think one of the things we often forget when teaching writing is that we#8217;re teaching them to communicate, and henry, that in writing there is a #8220;code#8221; of communication that has developed over the centuries between reader and writer. There are reasons we write and punctuate as we do.
Instead, we often teach rules, rather than the intimate relationship between reader and writer. I think the latter is much more persuasive for students and creates better thinkers and writers in jcu grading the long run. Thank you for mumbai 2014 that article. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages! I#8217;ve been perusing articles on education for about three hours now, and I am glad I came across yours.(catching up on my education articles) Not only meaning, do we need to move toward the realities of our students experiences, but there is room for interpretation on how we teach to it. We can argue all day long on the who#8217;s and how#8217;s , but at the end of the jcu grading scale percentages, day is your writing effective. In whatever form or voice you choose. peoples response to your blog will be the best indicator. Now, how about those poorly constructed e-mails. Would someone please blog on the voice and content of meaning of joyce e-mails. If I#8217;m not written into your will, I#8217;m not reading a long drawn out e-mail.
Peter, no one is jcu grading scale percentages suggesting that blogging should become a #8216;free-for all#8221;, it#8217;s all about of joyce, creating enthusiasm for longer pieces of scale percentages writing that create and 2014, sustain a point of view. Of course we should insist on standard English, but we can do that when setting up the jcu grading scale percentages, success criteria for For a Better Life blogging just as we would for a formal essay. Percentages! If blogging gets students to engage with and meaning of joyce, develop their process of writing, I#8217;m all for jcu grading scale percentages it, especially if it helps students understand that they may express themselves in writing through a variety of structures. As a high school teacher I spend an meaning of joyce enormous amount of time and energy trying to convince students that not every idea they have needs to be one that can be expressed in five paragraphs. I do worry, however, that the informality of jcu grading scale blogs may encourage vague and formless expression of feelings and suppositions. Though the academic essay is only one mode of written expression it does teach students important skills that transfer to other modes: the patronage, structuring of ideas, the presentation and rigorous analysis of evidence, the scale, effects of sentence structure and voice on meaning, to name but a few.
Of course, having students write blogs can also teach them these skills if their blogs are held to certain standards. It All Better! The five-paragraph essay may be some dirty bathwater that needs to be tossed, but let#8217;s make sure to jcu grading, save the baby, the hallmarks of good writing. I absolutely agree that blogging is an roy morgan excellent platform for writing and provides the with an authentic audience. Jcu Grading! I recently attended the ISTE conference and attended a session on establishing connections through blogging presented by william henry ii Lisa Parisi Brian Crosby. Your blog just reaffirms everything that I took away from this session.
Lisa and jcu grading scale percentages, Brian#8217;s students#8217; writing is truly amazing because, as you mentioned, they have the roy morgan values, opportunity to use their own voice to take on issues that matter to them, then when they receive responses to their posts, they are further inspired to write even more. I have the opportunity to coordinate a Teaching American History Grant,, primarily targeted for fifth grade teachers who lay the foundations of percentages American History in their instructional program. One of our grant goals is to utilize Web 2.0 technology as an instructional and roy morgan values, collaboration tool. Jcu Grading Scale! This past year the teachers created their own blogs and have been utilizing them primarily as a means of communicating/collaborating with each other. The goal for roy morgan segments this next year is to have each of the jcu grading scale, teachers create a blog in their classroom (or utilize one they have already created) so that students can utilize this platform for writing, with the goal of having others responding to their blogs. Since persuasive writing is one of the types of writing taught in fifth grade, I believe there will be several opportunities for the students to of joyce, utilize these persuasive writing techniques in their blogs. I hope you enjoyed ISTE this week I remember coming back from my first one quite overwhelmed!
There are no large conferences like that in Ontario and it took me a while to unpack all that I learned. Although I have only jcu grading scale, been blogging for 6 years, I#8217;ve noticed big changes. Mumbai 2014! Blogs or #8216;weblogs#8217; used to be places where folks shared their travels and learning on the web so that others could follow their links and have some understanding of where they received inspiration, new connections or knowledge. Now, you#8217;re lucky to have any links at all shared, and if they are, they are often links back to the writer#8217;s own work! Don#8217;t get me wrong, I love that blogs give students an authentic audience (especially since persuasive writing is a part of our curriculum here in Ontario as early as the primary grades) and I#8217;m not a #8216;purist#8217; about them. I have been using and promoting blogging as a part of balanced literacy since 2006 and believe they can serve many purposes. I just hope that we do let blogs stand apart from some of our traditional forms of writing so that we aren#8217;t trying to do old school things with new tools. Many unread and discarded blogs exist because teachers jump onto the blogging bandwagon without scaffolding students to real conversations and authentic purposes for writing.
Thanks for bringing up some important conversations here. #128578; I completely agree with what you#8217;ve said, especially your point, #8220;Many unread and discarded blogs exist because teachers jump onto the blogging bandwagon without scaffolding students to real conversations and jcu grading percentages, authentic purposes for writing.#8221; I think this is one of those #8220;21st C. skills#8221; that students need. What does it mean to speak and blog authentically? This will be an especially difficult thing for many high school students to answer since they#8217;ve often had few authentic writing experiences in their academic career. But this ia an important discussion! This is great! I worked with 4th and5th graders this past year on Risking Better Essay blogging. They did an amazing job!
Really only since Jan#8230;came so far. Jcu Grading! Thanks for population this thinking! I think writing for more than an audience of 1 changed their effort, energy and enthusiasm! It#8217;s amazing what kids can do in such a short time. Thanks for jcu grading scale percentages sharing! I think Wright brings up a lot of good points about blogging in this article.
I remember writing persuasive essays and henry ii, feeling stuck to jcu grading percentages, pick a topic. When I did settle on roy morgan values one it felt so typical of a persuasive argument. We are pushing more and more for authentic practice and work from students and blogging is an excellent way to practice naturally. There are blogs about everything under the jcu grading, sun that you could allow students to use in order to start with and practice blogging. A teacher could then create a class blog and post: Who has the best blog in the class? Hook, line, and sink her! What better way to meaning of joyce, get kids into it then going right to what they are passionate about.
I could only imagine how long that blog would be and the many mini-lessons it could contain. Some trouble I experienced with persuasive writing was creating the jcu grading scale percentages, opposing sides arguments. Through blogging students will actually have those arguments given and then will have to decide which are viable and should be included or addressed in their own writing. Blogs exist on roy morgan every topic, even topics that may not be recognizably controversial. This is another reason why blogging to jcu grading percentages, teach persuasive writing is beneficial to students. Blogs are less intimidating because they are short bits of information and the reader has preference over which ones to give more attention to mumbai 2014, and which to ignore. I would imagine blogging would lead to critical thinking because you are concisely trying to make your point. No one wants to read a long blog post. That#8217;s part of why people blog in the first place. Percentages! Blogging is also able to reach far more people and cause action than an Risking it All academic essay whose audience is far less accessible.
MyCustomWritings.com essays have absolutely no plagiarism whatsoever! Our team of jcu grading scale percentages professional writers are not only dependable but provide plagiarism-free papers. To put you at ease, we attach a plagiarism report to each and every order. Mumbai Population! Therefore, once you place an order with us, rest assured that you will receive a creative, well-researched and scale percentages, documented essay, term paper, coursework or dissertation. We are 100% genuine! Hey Shelly, I think this is an excellent blog, I really enjoy your outlook on education and Life Essay, your core beliefs that teachers need to move forward with the 21st century. I#8217;m a Grade 10 English teacher in the Middle East and I was wondering if you had any suggestions for websites that would be ideal for getting my students excited about blogging? I think it#8217;s really important when students first start blogging that they research and write about things that really matter to them. Jcu Grading! It might be one way to infuse student choice into the classroom. Here are some resources that you might find helpful to conflict theories criminology, get started: And this link has pretty much everything you could ever need!
Hope this helps! Thank you so much for your blog post it was a gift that Carol Mayne sent me as I have had a huge investment in blogging with my classes. I#8217;m constantly learning and revising the process, but love how it has transformed my class and the writing (and reading) my kids are doing. I look forward to more posts by scale you! Pamela Hunnisett (Calgary) I just wanted to let you know that this post inspired me in the beginning of the year, and population 2014, my students are now blogging on an (almost) weekly basis. It#8217;s transforming their writing and my classroom.
Thank you! That#8217;s terrific to hear! Thanks for sharing your success it helps to propel me forward in my own journey #128578; Can I just say what a comfort to scale percentages, find a person that truly knows what they#8217;re talking about over the internet. You definitely realize how to bring a problem to patronage in the, light and make it important. Jcu Grading! A lot more people must look at For a Better, this and percentages, understand this side of the story. It#8217;s surprising you#8217;re not more popular given that you definitely possess the gift. Shelly, I enjoyed reading your thoughts and too agree that it is never too early to Risking it All Better Life Essay, start teaching our students how to be productive digital citizens. In the age of jcu grading scale percentages IM and william henry gates ii, text messaging I was afraid writing in jcu grading scale percentages complete sentences with thought was going to increasingly become a lost art. Children at an early age are thirst for knowledge and just as they are able to more readily learn another language, digital literacy should be considered one of importance. The skills that you develop in writing essays should be evident in your blog posts. In fact, these skills should be evident in all of your writing exercises.
Beautifully structured paragraphs and social conflict, concise sentences are always a joy to read. My brother suggested I may like this blog. He was entirely right. This publish actually made my day. You can not imagine simply how so much time I had spent for scale percentages this information! Thanks for the post. It clarifies my thoughts on the matter, as I sooo agree with your points. (Grammar police on social theories criminology the #8216;so#8217;). previous comments are great I just say that you defined fabulously.
This is jcu grading scale fact writing can be very helpful just like essay writing which is social theories something more factor by writing an jcu grading scale essay is henry gates variation use of punctuation. The fact about essay writing is that it really give your english a better role model for jcu grading scale percentages student and provide non copy content. Blogging has greater potential for being a life-long skill. Shelley! Thank you for writing this. We#8217;ve started a new project-based academy at The American School of values Lima and jcu grading, students are constantly blogging. Best of mumbai all, they#8217;re loving it and percentages, enjoying writing again. Here#8217;s one of values segments many great examples: http://gisellasilva.weebly.com/1/post/2014/03/your-college-search-should-start-with-a-long-look-in-the-mirror.html. Through their blogs, the Innovation Academy students get to jcu grading scale percentages, reflect on their learning, find their voice as writers, experiment with organization, play with words, and begin to think more clearly and renaissance, critically. You#8217;ve put into words what I#8217;ve been discovering through this whole year.
THANK YOU! If you know about Best Essay Writing Services. I am now a huge fan of blogging and scale, see the real value of sharing ideas and resources as a professional and hope to develop my writing skills through new and interesting blogs I create myself. To teach students to roy morgan segments, blog effectively I think we need to learn how to create interesting blogs ourselves. http://www.dissertationwizards.co.uk. Jcu Grading Scale! Blogging Is the patronage, New Persuasive Essay Things I grab, motley collection - [. ] on plpnetwork.com Share this:TwitterFacebookTumblrPinterestLinkedInDiggEmailLike this:LikeBe the first to like [. ] You Should Read#8230; (June 24, 2012) - [. ] Blogging is the New Persuasive Essay I have said this before, but Shelley Wright is my favourite blogger.
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At first, the scale, writer Annotation for #8220;Blogging is the New Persuasive Essay#8221; Grizzly Bear - [#8230;] #8220;Blogging is the New Persuasive Essay#8221; from http://plpnetwork.com/2012/06/22/blogging-persuasive-essay/ [#8230;] Blog A Tool for Writing Persuasive Essay | delightu95 - [#8230;] I read Shelley Wright#8217;s Blogging is the New Persuasive Essay. I was inspired by her article because it tackled many Summary and Response Ms Cuty - [#8230;] Blogging Is the meaning, New Persuasive Essay [#8230;] Get your free digital copy of The Connected Teacher: Powering Up , plus you'll be subscribed to all the latest professional learning content from Powerful Learning Practice, notifications when we have a sale on our online courses, and more.
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Internet Encyclopedia of jcu grading scale Philosophy. John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government. He was also influential in the areas of theology, religious toleration, and educational theory. In his most important work, the Essay Concerning Human Understanding , Locke set out to offer an analysis of the human mind and its acquisition of knowledge. He offered an patronage in the empiricist theory according to jcu grading percentages which we acquire ideas through our experience of the world. The mind is then able to examine, compare, and mumbai 2014, combine these ideas in numerous different ways. Knowledge consists of a special kind of relationship between different ideas. Locke’s emphasis on the philosophical examination of the human mind as a preliminary to jcu grading percentages the philosophical investigation of the world and its contents represented a new approach to philosophy, one which quickly gained a number of converts, especially in Great Britain. In addition to this broader project, the Essay contains a series of more focused discussions on important, and widely divergent, philosophical themes.
In politics, Locke is best known as a proponent of limited government. He uses a theory of natural rights to argue that governments have obligations to patronage renaissance their citizens, have only scale limited powers over their citizens, and can ultimately be overthrown by citizens under certain circumstances. He also provided powerful arguments in population 2014 favor of religious toleration. This article attempts to give a broad overview of all key areas of Locke’s thought. John Locke was born in scale percentages 1632 in Wrington, a small village in southwestern England. His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the henry Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War. His family was well-to-do, but not of particularly high social or economic standing. Locke spent his childhood in the West Country and as a teenager was sent to Westminster School in London. Locke was successful at Westminster and earned a place at Christ Church, Oxford. He was to remain in Oxford from 1652 until 1667. Although he had little appreciation for the traditional scholastic philosophy he learned there, Locke was successful as a student and after completing his undergraduate degree he held a series of administrative and academic posts in the college.
Some of Locke’s duties included instruction of jcu grading scale undergraduates. One of his earliest substantive works, the Essays on the Law of Nature , was developed in the course of his teaching duties. Much of Locke’s intellectual effort and energy during his time at Oxford, especially during his later years there, was devoted to the study of medicine and natural philosophy (what we would now call science). Locke read widely in these fields, participated in criminology various experiments, and percentages, became acquainted with Robert Boyle and many other notable natural philosophers. He also undertook the normal course of education and training to Risking For a become a physician. Locke left Oxford for London in 1667 where he became attached to the family of Anthony Ashley Cooper (then Lord Ashley, later the Earl of Shaftesbury).
Locke may have played a number of roles in the household, mostly likely serving as tutor to jcu grading percentages Ashley’s son. In London, Locke continued to pursue his interests in medicine and natural philosophy. He formed a close working relationship with Thomas Sydenham, who later became one the most famous physicians of the age. He made a number of contacts within the newly formed Royal Society and became a member in Better Essay 1668. He also acted as the personal physician to Lord Ashley. Jcu Grading Scale! Indeed, on one occasion Locke participated in values a very delicate surgical operation which Ashley credited with saving his life. Ashley was one of the jcu grading scale most prominent English politicians at the time. Through his patronage Locke was able to hold a series of governmental posts. Most of meaning his work related to jcu grading scale policies in England’s American and Caribbean colonies. Most importantly, this was the period in Locke’s life when he began the population project which would culminate in jcu grading scale percentages his most famous work, the Essay Concerning Human Understanding . The two earliest drafts of that work date from values 1671.
He was to continue work on this project intermittentlyfor nearly twenty years. Locke travelled in France for several years starting in 1675. When he returned to England it was only to be for a few years. The political scene had changed greatly while Locke was away. Shaftesbury (as Ashley was now known) was out of favor and Locke’s association with him had become a liability.
It was around this time that Locke composed his most famous political work, the jcu grading scale Two Treatises Concerning Government . Although the Two Treatises would not be published until 1689 they show that he had already solidified his views on the nature and in the renaissance, proper form of government. Following Shaftesbury’s death Locke fled to the Netherlands to escape political persecution. While there Locke travelled a great deal (sometimes for his own safety) and worked on two projects. First, he continued work on the Essay . Jcu Grading Percentages! Second, he wrote a work entitled Epistola de Tolerantia , which was published anonymously in 1689. Locke’s experiences in England, France, and the Netherlands convinced him that governments should be much more tolerant of religious diversity than was common at the time. Following the Glorious Revolution of 1688-1689 Locke was able to return to England. He published both the Essay and the Two Treatises (the second anonymously) shortly after his return. He initially stayed in London but soon moved to the home of Francis and Damaris Masham in values the small village of Oates, Essex. Damaris Masham, who was the daughter of jcu grading scale a notable philosopher named Ralph Cudworth, had become acquainted with Locke several years before. The two formed a very close friendship which lasted until Locke’s death.
During this period Locke kept busy working on politics, toleration, philosophy, economics, and educational theory. Locke engaged in a number of controversies during his life, including a notable one with Jonas Proast over theories, toleration. But Locke’s most famous and philosophically important controversy was with Edward Stillingfleet, the Bishop of Worcester. Stillingfleet, in addition to being a powerful political and theological figure, was an astute and forceful critic. Jcu Grading Percentages! The two men debated a number of the positions in the Essay in a series of published letters. In his later years Locke devoted much of his attention to theology. His major work in this field was The Reasonableness of patronage in the Christianity , published (again anonymously) in 1695.
This work was controversial because Locke argued that many beliefs traditionally believed to percentages be mandatory for Christians were unnecessary. Locke argued for a highly ecumenical form of Christianity. Closer to the time of his death Locke wrote a work on the Pauline Epistles. The work was unfinished, but published posthumously. Patronage Renaissance! A short work on scale percentages, miracles also dates from this time and was published posthumously. Locke suffered from health problems for most of his adult life. In particular, he had respiratory ailments which were exacerbated by his visits to London where the air quality was very poor.
His health took a turn for the worse in 1704 and he became increasingly debilitated. He died on 28 October 1704 while Damaris Masham was reading him the Psalms. He was buried at High Laver, near Oates. He wrote his own epitaph which was both humble and forthright. According to Locke’s own account the segments motivation for writing the Essay came to percentages him while debating an it All Essay unrelated topic with friends. He reports that they were able to make little headway on this topic and scale, that they very quickly met with a number of confusions and difficulties. Locke realized that to make progress on this topic it was first necessary to examine something more fundamental: the human understanding.
It was “necessary to henry gates examine our own Abilities, and see, what Objects our Understandings were, or were not fitted to deal with.” ( Epistle , 7). Locke’s insight was that before we can analyze the world and our access to it we have to know something about ourselves. Percentages! We need to know how we acquire knowledge. We also need to know which areas of inquiry we are well suited to henry ii and which are epistemically closed to us, that is, which areas are such that we could not know them even in principle. We further need to know what knowledge consists in. In keeping with these questions, at the very outset of the Essay Locke writes that it is his “ Purpose enquire into the Original, Certainty, and percentages, Extent of patronage in the humane Knowledge; together, with the Grounds and jcu grading scale percentages, Degrees of Belief, Opinion, and Assent.” (1.1.2, 42). Locke thinks that it is only once we understand our cognitive capabilities that we can suitably direct our researches into the world. This may have been what Locke had in mind when he claimed that part of his ambition in the Essay was to be an “Under-Laborer” who cleared the ground and laid the foundations for the work of famous scientists like Robert Boyle and Isaac Newton.
The Essay is divided into four books with each book contributing to Locke’s overall goal of examining the human mind with respect to its contents and operations. In Book I Locke rules out one possible origin of our knowledge. He argues that our knowledge cannot have been innate. For A Essay! This sets up Book II in scale percentages which Locke argues that all of our ideas come from patronage renaissance experience. In this book he seeks to give an account of how even ideas like God, infinity, and space could have been acquired through our perceptual access to the world and scale percentages, our mental operations.
Book III is mumbai 2014 something of a digression as Locke turns his attention to language and the role it plays in our theorizing. Locke’s main goal here is cautionary, he thinks language is often an obstacle to understanding and he offers some recommendations to avoid confusion. Finally, Book IV discusses knowledge, belief, and opinion. Locke argues that knowledge consists of percentages special kinds of relations between ideas and that we should regulate our beliefs accordingly. The first chapter of the Essay contains an apology for the frequent use of the word “idea” in the book. According to Locke, ideas are the mumbai fundamental units of mental content and so play an integral role in his explanation of the human mind and scale, his account of our knowledge. Life! Locke was not the first philosopher to give ideas a central role; Descartes, for scale percentages, example, had relied heavily on them in explaining the human mind. But figuring out precisely what Locke means by “idea” has led to disputes among commentators. One place to begin is with Locke’s own definition. Conflict! He claims that by scale, “idea” he means “whatsoever is the Object of the Understanding when a Man thinks…whatever is meant by Phantasm, Notion, Species , or whatever it is, which the it All Life Mind can be employ’d about in thinking.” (1.1.8, 47). This definition is helpful insofar as it reaffirms the central role that ideas have in Locke’s account of the understanding.
Ideas are the percentages sole entities upon which our minds work. Locke’s definition, however, is less than helpful insofar as it contains an ambiguity. On one reading, ideas are mental objects . The thought is that when an agent perceives an patronage renaissance external world object like an apple there is some thing in her mind which represents that apple. So when an agent considers an apple what she is really doing is thinking about the jcu grading percentages idea of patronage that apple. On a different reading, ideas are mental actions . The thought here is that when an agent perceives an apple she is percentages really perceiving the apple in a direct, unmediated way.
The idea is the in the mental act of making perceptual contact with the external world object. In recent years, most commentators have adopted the first of these two readings. But this debate will be important in the discussion of scale percentages knowledge below. The first of the Essay ’s four books is devoted to a critique of nativism, the doctrine that some ideas are innate in segments the human mind, rather than received in experience. It is unclear precisely who Locke’s targets in this book are, though Locke does cite Herbert of Cherbury and other likely candidates include Rene Descartes, the Cambridge Platonists, and a number of lesser known Anglican theologians. Finding specific targets, however, might not be that important given that much of what Locke seeks to do in Book I is motivate and make plausible the alternative account of idea acquisition that he offers in Book II. The nativist view which Locke attacks in Book I holds that human beings have mental content which is innate in the mind. This means that there are certain ideas (units of mental content) which were neither acquired via experience nor constructed by jcu grading percentages, the mind out of ideas received in mumbai experience. The most popular version of this position holds that there are certain ideas which God planted in all minds at jcu grading scale, the moment of their creation. Locke attacks both the view that we have any innate principles (for example, the whole is greater than the part, do unto others as you would have done unto you, etc.) as well as the william gates ii view that there are any innate singular ideas (for example, God, identity, substance, and so forth).
The main thrust of scale percentages Locke’s argument lies in pointing out that none of the roy morgan mental content alleged to be innate is universally shared by scale, all humans. He notes that children and the mentally disabled, for example, do not have in their minds an allegedly innate complex thought like “equals taken from equals leave equals”. He also uses evidence from travel literature to point out that many non-Europeans deny what were taken to be innate moral maxims and Risking For a Life, that some groups even lack the idea of a God. Locke takes the fact that not all humans have these ideas as evidence that they were not implanted by God in jcu grading scale humans minds, and that they are therefore acquired rather than innate. There is For a Better one misunderstanding which it is important to avoid when considering Locke’s anti-nativism. The misunderstanding is, in part, suggested by Locke’s claim that the mind is like a tabula rasa (a blank slate) prior to sense experience. This makes it sound as though the mind is nothing prior to the advent of ideas.
In fact, Locke’s position is much more nuanced. Scale Percentages! He makes it clear that the mind has any number of inherent capacities, predispositions, and inclinations prior to receiving any ideas from sensation. His anti-nativist point is just that none of these is triggered or exercised until the conflict criminology mind receives ideas from jcu grading scale sensation. In Book II Locke offers his alternative theory of how the human mind comes to be furnished with the ideas it has. Every day we think of complex things like orange juice, castles, justice, numbers, and criminology, motion. Locke’s claim is that the scale ultimate origin of all of these ideas lies in experience: “ Experience : In that, all our Knowledge is founded; and from that it ultimately derives itself. Our Observation employ’d either about meaning of joyce, external, sensible Objects ; or about the internal Operations of our Minds, perceived and reflected on by ourselves, is that, which supplies our Understandings with all the material of jcu grading scale percentages thinking . Meaning! These two are the Fountains of Knowledge, from whence all the Ideas we have, or can naturally have, do spring.” (2.1.2, 104). In the above passage Locke allows for two distinct types of experience. Outer experience, or sensation, provides us with ideas from the traditional five senses. Sight gives us ideas of colors, hearing gives us ideas of sounds, and so on.
Thus, my idea of percentages a particular shade of green is a product of seeing a fern. And my idea of values segments a particular tone is the product of my being in the vicinity of a piano while it was being played. Inner experience, or reflection, is jcu grading percentages slightly more complicated. Locke thinks that the human mind is incredibly active; it is constantly performing what he calls operations. For example, I often remember past birthday parties, imagine that I was on conflict, vacation, desire a slice of pizza, or doubt that England will win the World Cup. Locke believes that we are able to jcu grading scale percentages notice or experience our mind performing these actions and when we do we receive ideas of reflection. These are ideas such as memory, imagination, desire, doubt, judgment, and choice. Locke’s view is that experience (sensation and reflection) issues us with simple ideas. These are the minimal units of mental content; each simple idea is “in itself uncompounded, [and] contains in it nothing but one uniform Appearance , or Conception in the mind, and is not distinguishable into different Ideas .” (2.2.1, 119). But many of Risking it All Better my ideas are not simple ideas.
My idea of a glass of orange juice or my idea of the jcu grading New York subway system, for example, could not be classed a simple ideas. Locke calls ideas like these complex ideas. Henry Gates Ii! His view is that complex ideas are the product of combining our simple ideas together in various ways. For example, my complex idea of a glass of orange juice consists of various simple ideas (the color orange, the jcu grading percentages feeling of coolness, a certain sweet taste, a certain acidic taste, and so forth) combined together into one object. Thus, Locke believes our ideas are compositional. Simple ideas combine to form complex ideas. And these complex ideas can be combined to form even more complex ideas.
We are now in a position to roy morgan understand the character of Locke’s empiricism. He is committed to jcu grading the view that all of our ideas, everything we can possibly think of, can be broken down into simple ideas received in experience. The bulk of Book II is devoted to making this empiricism plausible. Locke does this both by henry ii, undertaking an examination of the various abilities that the scale human mind has (memory, abstraction, volition, and so forth) and by offering an account of values segments how even abstruse ideas like space, infinity, God, and causation could be constructed using only the simple ideas received in experience. Our complex ideas are classified into jcu grading three different groups: substances, modes, and relations. Ideas of substances are ideas of things which are thought to exist independently. Segments! Ordinary objects like desks, sheep, and mountains fall into this group. But there are also ideas of collective substances, which consist of individuals substances considered as forming a whole. A group of individual buildings might be considered a town. And a group of jcu grading percentages individual men and women might be considered together as an army. In addition to describing the way we think about mumbai 2014, individual substances, Locke also has an interesting discussion of substance-in-general.
What is it that particular substances like shoes and spoons are made out of? We could suggest that they are made out of leather and metal. But the question could be repeated, what are leather and metal made of? We might respond that they are made of matter. But even here, Locke thinks we can ask what matter is made of. What gives rise to the properties of matter? Locke claims that we don’t have a very clear idea here.
So our idea of substances will always be somewhat confused because we do not really know what stands under, supports, or gives rise to observable properties like extension and solidity. Ideas of modes are ideas of things which are dependent on substances in some way. In general, this taxonomic category can be somewhat tricky. It does not seem to have a clear parallel in contemporary metaphysics, and it is sometimes thought to be a mere catch-all category for things which are neither substances nor relations. But it is helpful to jcu grading scale think of william henry gates ii modes as being like features of substances; modes are “such complex Ideas , which however compounded, contain not in jcu grading scale percentages them the mumbai supposition of subsisting by jcu grading scale, themselves, but are considered as Dependences on, or Affections of Substances.” (2.12.4, 165). Modes come in two types: simple and mixed. Simple modes are constructed by combining a large number of patronage a single type of simple ideas together. For example, Locke believes there is a simple idea of unity. Jcu Grading! Our complex idea of the number seven, for mumbai population 2014, example, is a simple mode and is constructed by concatenating seven simple ideas of unity together. Jcu Grading! Locke uses this category to explain how we think about a number of topics relating to number, space, time, pleasure and pain, and cognition.
Mixed modes, on the other hand, involve combining together simple ideas of more than one kind. A great many ideas fall into this category. But the most important ones are moral ideas. Patronage! Our ideas of theft, murder, promising, duty, and scale percentages, the like all count as mixed modes. Ideas of relations are ideas that involve more than one substance. My idea of a husband, for example, is more than the idea of an individual man. Patronage In The! It also must include the idea of another substance, namely the idea of that man’s spouse. Scale! Locke is keen to point out that much more of william gates our thought involves relations than we might previously have thought. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages! For example, when I think about Elizabeth II as the Queen of meaning of joyce England my thinking actually involves relations, because I cannot truly think of Elizabeth as a queen without conceiving of her as having a certain relationship of sovereignty to some subjects (individual substances like David Beckham and J.K.
Rowling). Scale! Locke then goes on to explore the role that relations have in our thinking about causation, space, time, morality, and (very famously) identity. Throughout his discussion of the different kinds of complex ideas Locke is Risking For a Better Essay keen to emphasize that all of our ideas can ultimately be broken down into simple ideas received in sensation and reflection. Put differently, Locke is keenly aware that the percentages success of his empiricist theory of mind depends on its ability to account for all the contents of our minds. Whether or not Locke is mumbai successful is a matter of dispute.
On some occasions the analysis he gives of how a very complex idea could be constructed using only simple ideas is scale percentages vague and requires the reader to roy morgan values fill in some gaps. And commentators have also suggested that some of the scale simple ideas Locke invokes, for example the simple ideas of power and unity, do not seem to be obvious components of our phenomenological experience. Book II closes with a number of 2014 chapters designed to help us evaluate the quality of jcu grading our ideas. Patronage In The! Our ideas are better, according to Locke, insofar as they are clear, distinct, real, adequate, and true. Our ideas are worse insofar as they are obscure, confused, fantastical, inadequate, and false. Clarity and jcu grading scale percentages, obscurity are explained via an analogy to vision. Clear ideas, like clear images, are crisp and fresh, not faded or diminished in the way that obscure ideas (or images) are. Distinction and confusion have to do with the individuation of ideas. Risking It All Better Life Essay! Ideas are distinct when there is jcu grading scale only one word which corresponds to them. 2014! Confused ideas are ones to which more than one word can correctly apply or ones that lack a clear and consistent correlation to jcu grading percentages one particular word. 2014! To use one of Locke’s examples, an idea of scale percentages a leopard as a beast with spots would be confused.
It is values not distinct because the word “lynx” could apply to that idea just as easily as the word “leopard.” Real ideas are those that have a “foundation in nature” whereas fantastical ideas are those created by the imagination. For example, our idea of a horse would be a real idea and our idea of a unicorn would be fantastical. Adequacy and jcu grading, inadequacy have to patronage in the renaissance do with how well ideas match the patterns according to which they were made. Adequate ideas perfectly represent the scale thing they are meant to depict; inadequate ideas fail to do this. Ideas are true when the mind understands them in a way that is social theories correct according to jcu grading linguistic practices and the way the world is structured. They are false when the mind misunderstands them along these lines. In these chapters Locke also explains which categories of ideas are better or worse according to this evaluative system. Simple ideas do very well. Because objects directly produce them in the mind they tend to values be clear, distinct, and so forth.
Ideas of modes and relations also tend to do very well, but for a different reason. Locke thinks that the archetypes of these ideas are in the mind rather than in the world. As such, it is easy for percentages, these ideas to be good because the it All Life Essay mind has a clear sense of jcu grading what the ideas should be like as it constructs them. By contrast, ideas of substances tend to fare very poorly. The archetypes for these ideas are external world objects. Risking It All For A Life Essay! Because our perceptual access to these objects is limited in a number of ways and because these objects are so intricate, ideas of substances tend to be confused, inadequate, false, and so forth. Book III of the jcu grading Essay is concerned with language. Meaning! Locke admits that this topic is scale something of conflict criminology a digression. He did not originally plan for language to take up an entire book of the Essay . But he soon began to jcu grading realize that language plays an important role in our cognitive lives.
Book III begins by noting this and by discussing the nature and proper role of language. But a major portion of Book III is devoted to combating the misuse of language. Locke believes that improper use of language is one of the greatest obstacles to knowledge and clear thought. He offers a diagnosis of the problems caused by language and recommendations for avoiding these problems. Locke believes that language is a tool for 2014, communicating with other human beings. Specifically, Locke thinks that we want to communicate about our ideas, the contents of jcu grading scale our minds. From here it is a short step to roy morgan the view that: “ Words in scale their primary or immediate Signification, stand for nothing, but the Ideas in the Mind of him that uses them .” (3.2.2, 405). When an agent utters the word “gold” she is referring to patronage her idea of a shiny, yellowish, malleable substance of jcu grading percentages great value. When she utters the word “carrot” she is referring to her idea of a long, skinny, orange vegetable which grows underground. Locke is, of course, aware that the names we choose for these ideas are arbitrary and population, merely a matter of social convention. Although the primary use of words is to refer to ideas in the mind of the speaker, Locke also allows that words make what he calls “secret reference” to two other things.
First, humans also want their words to refer to the corresponding ideas in jcu grading scale the minds of other humans. Gates Ii! When Smith says “carrot” within earshot of Jones her hope is that Jones also has an idea of the jcu grading scale percentages long, skinny vegetable and in the, that saying “carrot” will bring that idea into Jones’ mind. After all, communication would be impossible without the supposition that our words correspond to ideas in the minds of others. Second, humans suppose that their words stand for objects in the world. Jcu Grading! When Smith says “carrot” she wants to roy morgan values refer to more than just her idea, she also wants to refer to the long skinny objects themselves.
But Locke is suspicious of these two other ways of percentages understanding signification. He thinks the latter one, in particular, is illegitimate. After discussing these basic features of language and mumbai population, reference Locke goes on to discuss specific cases of the relationship between ideas and words: words used for jcu grading scale, simple ideas, words used for modes, words used for segments, substances, the way in which a single word can refer to jcu grading percentages a multiplicity of ideas, and so forth. There is patronage renaissance also an scale percentages interesting chapter on “particles.” These are words which do not refer to an idea but instead refer to a certain connection which holds between ideas. For example, if I say “Secretariat is brown” the of joyce word “Secretariat” refers to my idea of a certain racehorse, and “brown” refers to scale percentages my idea of a certain color, but the word “is” does something different.
That word is mumbai population a particle and scale, indicates that I am expressing something about the relationship between my ideas of Secretariat and brown and suggesting that they are connected in a certain way. Other particles includes words like “and”, “but”, “hence”, and so forth. As mentioned above, the problems of language are a major concern of Book III. Locke thinks that language can lead to confusion and misunderstanding for meaning of joyce, a number of reasons. The signification of words is arbitrary, rather than natural, and jcu grading scale percentages, this means it can be difficult to understand which words refer to patronage which ideas. Many of our words stand for ideas which are complex, hard to acquire, or both.
So many people will struggle to use those words appropriately. And, in some cases, people will even use words when they have no corresponding idea or only a very confused and inadequate corresponding idea. Locke claims that this is exacerbated by the fact that we are often taught words before we have any idea what the jcu grading scale percentages word signifies. A child, for example, might be taught the word “government” at a young age, but it will take her years to form a clear idea of what governments are and william henry gates, how they operate. People also often use words inconsistently or equivocate on their meaning. Finally, some people are led astray because they believe that their words perfectly capture reality.
Recall from above that people secretly and incorrectly use their words to refer to objects in the external world. Scale! The problem is that people might be very wrong about patronage renaissance, what those objects are like. Locke thinks that a result of all this is jcu grading scale percentages that people are seriously misusing language and that many debates and discussions in important fields like science, politics, and philosophy are confused or consist of social conflict merely verbal disputes. Locke provides a number of examples of jcu grading percentages language causing problems: Cartesians using “body” and in the renaissance, “extension” interchangeably, even though the jcu grading percentages two ideas are distinct; physiologists who agree on all the facts yet have a long dispute because they have different understandings of the word “liquor”; Scholastic philosophers using the term “prime matter” when they are unable to actually frame an william henry idea of such a thing, and so forth. The remedies that Locke recommends for fixing these problems created by language are somewhat predictable. But Locke is scale percentages quick to point out that while they sound like easy fixes they are actually quite difficult to william ii implement. The first and most important step is to only use words when we have clear ideas attached to scale them. (Again, this sounds easy, but many of us might actually struggle to come up with a clear idea corresponding to even everyday terms like “glory” or “fascist”.) We must also strive to make sure that the ideas attached to terms are as complete as possible. We must strive to ensure that we use words consistently and do not equivocate; every time we utter a word we should use it to signify one and of joyce, the same idea. Finally, we should communicate our definitions of scale percentages words to others.
In Book IV, having already explained how the mind is furnished with the ideas it has, Locke moves on to discuss knowledge and belief. A good place to ii start is with a quote from the beginning of jcu grading Book IV: “ Knowledge then seems to Risking Life me to be nothing but the jcu grading perception of the connexion and agreement, or disagreement and repugnancy of any of henry gates our Ideas . Where this Perception is, there is Knowledge, and where it is not, there, though we may fancy, guess, or believe, yet we always come short of Knowledge.” (4.2.2, 525). Jcu Grading Scale Percentages! Locke spends the mumbai population 2014 first part of Book IV clarifying and exploring this conception of knowledge. The second part focuses on how we should apportion belief in cases where we lack knowledge. What does Locke mean by the “connection and agreement” and jcu grading percentages, the “disagreement and repugnancy” of our ideas? Some examples might help. Bring to mind your idea of white and your idea of black. Locke thinks that upon doing this you will immediately perceive that they are different, they “disagree”. Renaissance! It is when you perceive this disagreement that you know the fact that white is not black.
Those acquainted with American geography will know that Boise is in Idaho. On Locke’s account of scale knowledge, this means that they are able to social conflict theories perceive a certain connection that obtains between their idea of Idaho and their idea of Boise. Locke enumerates four dimensions along which there might be this sort of agreement or disagreement between ideas. First, we can perceive when two ideas are identical or non-identical. For example, knowing that sweetness is jcu grading scale not bitterness consists in perceiving that the idea of sweetness is not identical to the idea of bitterness. Second, we can perceive relations that obtain between ideas. For example, knowing that 7 is greater than 3 consists in perceiving that there is a size relation of bigger and smaller between the two ideas. Third, we can perceive when our idea of a certain feature accompanies our idea of a certain thing. If I know that ice is cold this is because I perceive that my idea of cold always accompanies my idea of ice.
Fourthly, we can perceive when existence agrees with any idea. Values! I can have knowledge of this fourth kind when, for jcu grading, example, I perform the cogito and recognize the special relation between my idea of myself and my idea of existence. Locke thinks that all of our knowledge consists in agreements or disagreements of one of these types. After detailing the types of relations between ideas which constitute knowledge Locke continues on to discuss three “degrees” of knowledge in 4.2. These degrees seem to consist in different ways of knowing something. The first degree Locke calls intuitive knowledge. An agent possesses intuitive knowledge when she directly perceives the connection between two ideas.
This is the in the renaissance best kind of knowledge, as Locke says “Such kind of Truths, the Mind perceives at the first sight of the Ideas together, by bare Intuition , without the intervention of jcu grading scale percentages any other Idea ; and this kind of knowledge is the clearest, and most certain, that humane Frailty is capable of.” (4.2.1, 531). The second degree of knowledge is mumbai population 2014 called demonstrative. Often it is impossible to perceive an immediate connection between two ideas. For example, most of jcu grading scale us are unable to tell that the three interior angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles simply by looking at them. Essay! But most of us, with the assistance of a mathematics teacher, can be made to see that they are equal by means of jcu grading percentages a geometric proof or demonstration. This is the model for demonstrative knowledge. Even if one is unable to directly perceive a relation between idea-X and idea-Y one might perceive a relation indirectly by means of patronage in the idea-A and idea-B. This will be possible if the agent has intuitive knowledge of a connection between X and percentages, A, between A and B, and values, then between B and jcu grading scale percentages, Y. Demonstrative knowledge consists, therefore, in a string of relations each of which is known intuitively. The third degree of knowledge is called sensitive knowledge and william henry ii, has been the source of considerable debate and confusion among Locke commentators. For one thing, Locke is unclear as to whether sensitive knowledge even counts as knowledge.
He writes that intuitive and demonstrative knowledge are, properly speaking, the only forms of jcu grading scale percentages knowledge, but that “There is, indeed, another Perception of the Mind…which going beyond bare probability, and yet not reaching perfectly to either of the foregoing degrees of certainty, passes under the name of Knowledge.” (4.2.14, 537). Sensitive knowledge has to do with the roy morgan relationship between our ideas and jcu grading, the objects in the external world that produce them. Locke claims that we can be certain that when we perceive something, an orange, for example, there is an object in the external world which is responsible for these sensations. William Henry Gates Ii! Part of Locke’s claim is that there is a serious qualitative difference between biting into an orange and remembering biting into an orange. There is something in the phenomenological experience of the former which assures us of a corresponding object in the external world. Locke spends a fair amount of time in Book IV responding to jcu grading scale worries that he is a skeptic or that his account of knowledge, with its emphasis on ideas, fails to be responsive to the external world. The general worry for Locke is Better fairly simple. By claiming that ideas are the only things humans have epistemic access to, and by claiming that knowledge relates only to our ideas, Locke seems to rule out the claim that we can ever know about the jcu grading percentages external world.
Lockean agents are trapped behind a “veil of ideas.” Thus we cannot have any assurance that our ideas provide us with reliable information about the external world. We cannot know what it would be for an idea to resemble or represent an object. And we cannot tell, without the ability to conflict criminology step outside our own minds, whether our ideas did this reliably. This criticism has historically been thought to endanger Locke’s entire project. Gilbert Ryle’s memorable assessment is that “nearly every youthful student of jcu grading percentages philosophy both can and mumbai, does in his second essay refute Locke’s entire Theory of jcu grading scale Knowledge.” Recent scholarship has been much more charitable to Locke. But the central problem is still a pressing one. Debates about the correct understanding of sensitive knowledge are obviously important when considering these issues. At first blush, the relation involved in sensitive knowledge seems to be a relation between an idea and william gates, a physical object in the world. But, if this reading is correct, then it becomes difficult to understand the many passages in which Locke insists that knowledge is a relation that holds only between ideas.
Also relevant are debates about how to correctly understand Lockean ideas. Recall from above that although many understand ideas as mental objects, some understand them as mental acts. While most of the text seems to favor the first interpretation, it seems that the jcu grading scale percentages second interpretation has a significant advantage when responding to these skeptical worries. The reason is that the roy morgan values segments connection between ideas and external world objects is built right into the definition of an idea. An idea just is a perception of an external world object. However the debates discussed in the previous paragraph are resolved, there is a consensus among commentators that Locke believes the scope of jcu grading human understanding is very narrow. Mumbai! Humans are not capable of very much knowledge. Locke discusses this is 4.3, a chapter entitled “Extent of Humane Knowledge.” The fact that our knowledge is so limited should come as no surprise.
We have already discussed the ways in which our ideas of scale percentages substances are problematic. And we have just seen that we have no real understanding of the connection between our ideas and the objects that produce them. The good news, however, is henry gates ii that while our knowledge might not be very extensive, it is sufficient for our needs. Scale! Locke’s memorable nautical metaphor holds that: “’Tis of great use to the Sailor to know the length of william ii his Line, though he cannot with it fathom all the depths of the scale Ocean. ‘Tis well he knows, that it is long enough to reach the bottom, at such Places, as are necessary to direct his Voyage, and of joyce, caution him against running upon percentages Shoales, that may ruin him. Our Business here is not to know all things, but those which concern our Conduct.” (1.1.6, 46). Locke thinks we have enough knowledge to live comfortable lives on Earth, to realize that there is henry gates ii a God, to understand morality and behave appropriately, and to gain salvation.
Our knowledge of morality, in scale percentages particular, is values very good. Locke even suggests that we might develop a demonstrable system of morality similar to Euclid’s demonstrable system of jcu grading scale percentages geometry. This is possible because our moral ideas are ideas of modes, rather than ideas of substances. And our ideas of modes do much better on Locke’s evaluative scheme than our ideas of substances do. Finally, while the limits to our knowledge might be disappointing, Locke notes that recognizing these limits is important and useful insofar as it will help us to better organize our intellectual inquiry. We will be saved from henry ii investigating questions which we could never know the scale percentages answers to and can focus our efforts on areas where progress is possible. One benefit of Locke’s somewhat bleak assessment of the scope of our knowledge was that it caused him to focus on an area which was underappreciated by many of his contemporaries. This was the arena of judgment or opinion, belief states which fall short of it All Better Life Essay knowledge. Given that we have so little knowledge (that we can be certain of so little) the jcu grading scale realm of in the probability becomes very important. Recall that knowledge consists in a perceived agreement or disagreement between two ideas.
Belief that falls short of scale knowledge (judgment or opinion) consists in a presumed agreement or disagreement between two ideas. Consider an example: I am not entirely sure who the Prime Minister of Canada is, but I am somewhat confident it is Stephen Harper. Locke’s claim is that in judging that the Canadian PM is Stephen Harper I am acting as though a relation holds between the two ideas. I do not directly perceive a connection between my idea of Stephen Harper and my idea of the Canadian PM, but I presume that one exists. After offering this account of what judgment is, Locke offers an analysis of how and 2014, why we form the scale opinions we do and offers some recommendations for forming our opinions responsibly. This includes a diagnosis of the of joyce errors people make in judging, a discussion of the different degrees of assent, and jcu grading scale percentages, an interesting discussion of the epistemic value of testimony. As discussed above, the Life main project of the Essay is an examination of the percentages human understanding and an analysis of knowledge. But the Essay is a rather expansive work and contains discussion of many other topics of philosophical interest. Some of these will be discussed below. A word of warning, however, is roy morgan values segments required before proceeding. It can sometimes be difficult to tell whether Locke takes himself to be offering a metaphysical theory or whether he merely is describing a component of human psychology.
For example, we might question whether his account of personal identity is meant to give necessary and sufficient conditions for a metaphysical account of jcu grading percentages personhood or whether it is merely designed to tell us what sorts of ii identity attributions we do and should make and why. We may further question whether, when discussing primary and secondary qualities, Locke is offering a theory about how perception really works or whether this discussion is a mere digression used to illustrate a point about the nature of our ideas. So while many of these topics have received a great deal of attention, their precise relationship to the main project of the Essay can be difficult to locate. a. Percentages! Primary and Secondary Qualities. Book 2, Chapter 8 of the Essay contains an extended discussion of the distinction between primary and secondary qualities.
Locke was hardly original in making this distinction. By the gates ii time the Essay was published, it had been made by many others and was even somewhat commonplace. That said, Locke’s formulation of the distinction and his analysis of the related issues has been tremendously influential and has provided the framework for jcu grading, much of the subsequent discussion on the topic. Locke defines a quality as a power that a body has to produce ideas in us. So a simple object like a baked potato which can produce ideas of brownness, heat, ovular shape, solidity, and determinate size must have a series of corresponding qualities. Meaning! There must be something in jcu grading the potato which gives us the idea of meaning of joyce brown, something in the potato which gives us the idea of ovular shape, and so on. The primary/secondary quality distinction claims that some of these qualities are very different from jcu grading scale others. Locke motivates the roy morgan values segments distinction between two types of qualities by discussing how a body could produce an idea in us.
The theory of perception endorsed by Locke is highly mechanical. All perception occurs as a result of motion and collision. If I smell the baked potato, there must be small material particles which are flying off of the potato and bumping into nerves in my nose, the motion in the nose-nerves causes a chain reaction along my nervous system until eventually there is some motion in my brain and I experience the idea of a certain smell. If I see the baked potato, there must be small material particles flying off the potato and bumping into my retina. That bumping causes a similar chain reaction which ends in my experience of a certain roundish shape. From this, Locke infers that for an object to produce ideas in jcu grading us it must really have some features, but can completely lack other features. This mechanical theory of perception requires that objects producing ideas in conflict theories criminology us have shape, extension, mobility, and solidity. But it does not require that these objects have color, taste, sound, or temperature. So the primary qualities are qualities actually possessed by scale percentages, bodies.
These are features that a body cannot be without. The secondary qualities, by contrast, are not really had by bodies. They are just ways of social conflict theories criminology talking about the ideas that can be produced in us by bodies in virtue of scale percentages their primary qualities. So when we claim that the population 2014 baked potato is solid, this means that solidity is one of its fundamental features. But when I claim that it smells a certain earthy kind of way, this just means that its fundamental features are capable of producing the idea of the earthy smell in my mind. These claims lead to Locke’s claims about resemblance: “From whence I think it is easie to draw this Observation, That the Ideas of primary Qualities of Bodies, are Resemblances of scale them, and their Patterns do really exist in roy morgan values the Bodies themselves; but the Ideas, produced in us by these Secondary Qualities, have no resemblance of them at jcu grading percentages, all.” (2.8.14, 137). Insofar as my idea of the potato is meaning of something solid, extended, mobile, and jcu grading scale, possessing a certain shape my idea accurately captures something about the mumbai real nature of the potato. But insofar as my idea of the potato is of something with a particular smell, temperature, and taste my ideas do not accurately capture mind-independent facts about the potato.
Around the time of the jcu grading percentages Essay the mechanical philosophy was emerging as the predominant theory about the physical world. The mechanical philosophy held that the fundamental entities in the physical world were small individual bodies called corpuscles. Each corpuscle was solid, extended, and had a certain shape. These corpuscles could combine together to form ordinary objects like rocks, tables, and plants. The mechanical philosophy argued that all features of bodies and all natural phenomena could be explained by appeal to these corpuscles and roy morgan, their basic properties (in particular, size, shape, and motion). Locke was exposed to the mechanical philosophy while at Oxford and became acquainted with the writings of its most prominent advocates. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages! On balance, Locke seems to have become a convert to the mechanical philosophy. He writes that mechanism is the best available hypothesis for the explanation of mumbai 2014 nature. Jcu Grading Scale! We have already seen some of the henry explanatory work done by mechanism in scale the Essay . The distinction between primary and secondary qualities was a hallmark of the mechanical philosophy and neatly dovetailed with mechanist accounts of perception. Locke reaffirms his commitment to this account of perception at a number of other points in the Essay . And when discussing material objects Locke is very often happy to allow that they are composed of material corpuscles. What is peculiar, however, is that while the Essay does seem to ii have a number of passages in which Locke supports mechanical explanations and speaks highly of mechanism, it also contains some highly critical remarks about mechanism and discussions of the limits of the mechanical philosophy.
Locke’s critiques of mechanism can be divided into percentages two strands. First, he recognized that there were a number of observed phenomena which mechanism struggled to explain. Mechanism did offer neat explanations of some observed phenomena. For example, the fact that objects could be seen but not smelled through glass could be explained by ii, positing that the corpuscles which interacted with our retinas were smaller than the ones which interacted with our nostrils. So the sight corpuscles could pass through the percentages spaces between the glass corpuscles, but the smell corpuscles would be turned away. But other phenomena were harder to explain. Magnetism and various chemical and biological processes (like fermentation) were less susceptible to these sorts of explanations. And universal gravitation, which Locke took Newton to henry have proved the existence of in the Principia , was particularly hard to explain. Locke suggests that God may have “superadded” various non-mechanical powers to material bodies and that this could account for gravitation. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages! (Indeed, at several points he even suggests that God may have superadded the henry ii power of thought to matter and that humans might be purely material beings.)
Locke’s second set of critiques pertain to theoretical problems in the mechanical philosophy. One problem was that mechanism had no satisfactory way of explaining cohesion. Why do corpuscles sometimes stick together? If things like tables and scale, chairs are just collections of small corpuscles then they should be very easy to break apart, the same way I can easily separate one group of marbles from another. Roy Morgan Values Segments! Further, why should any one particular corpuscle stay stuck together as a solid? What accounts for percentages, its cohesion?
Again, mechanism seems hard-pressed to offer an answer. Finally, Locke allows that we do not entirely understand transfer of motion by impact. When one corpuscle collides with another we actually do not have a very satisfying explanation for why the second moves away under the force of the impact. Locke presses these critiques with some skill and in a serious manner. Still, ultimately he is henry ii guardedly optimistic about mechanism. This somewhat mixed attitude on Locke’s part has led commentators to debate questions about scale percentages, his exact attitude toward the mechanical philosophy and his motivations for discussing it.
In Book 2, Chapter 21 of the Essay Locke explores the topic of the will. One of the things which separates people from rocks and billiard balls is our ability to make decisions and control our actions. We feel that we are free in certain respects and that we have the power to choose certain thoughts and actions. Locke calls this power the will. But there are tricky questions about what this power consists in and about what it takes to freely (or voluntarily) choose something. Roy Morgan Values Segments! 2.21 contains a delicate and sustained discussion of these tricky questions. Locke first begins with questions of freedom and then proceeds to a discussion of the will. On Locke’s analysis, we are free to do those things which we both will to do and are physically capable of doing. For example, if I wish to jump into a lake and jcu grading percentages, have no physical maladies which prevent it, then I am free to jump into the lake. Of Joyce! By contrast, if I do not wish to jump into the lake, but a friend pushes me in, I did not act freely when I entered the water. Or, if I wish to jump into the lake, but have a spinal injury and cannot move my body, then I do not act freely when I stay on the shore.
So far so good, Locke has offered us a useful way of differentiating our voluntary actions from our involuntary ones. But there is still a pressing question about freedom and the will: that of whether the will is itself free. When I am deciding whether or not to jump into jcu grading percentages the water, is the will determined by gates, outside factors to choose one or the other? Or can it, so to speak, make up its own mind and choose either option? Locke’s initial position in the chapter is that the will is determined. But in jcu grading later sections he offers a qualification of sorts. In normal circumstances, the will is determined by what Locke calls uneasiness: “ What is it that determines the Will in regard to Risking it All Essay our Actions? … some (and for scale percentages, the most part the most pressing) uneasiness a Man is at present under. That is that which successively determines the Will , and sets us upon those Actions, we perform.” (2.21.31, 250-1). The uneasiness is caused by the absence of something that is perceived as good. William Gates! The perception of the thing as good gives rise to a desire for that thing.
Suppose I choose to eat a slice of pizza. Locke would say I must have made this choice because the absence of the pizza was troubling me somehow (I was feeling hunger pains, or longing for something savory) and this discomfort gave rise to a desire for food. That desire in turn determined my will to choose to eat pizza. Locke’s qualification to this account of the will being determined by uneasiness has to do with what he calls suspension. Scale Percentages! Beginning with the second edition of the Essay , Locke began to argue that the most pressing desire for the most part determines the will, but not always: “For the mind having in most cases, as is evident in Experience, a power to suspend the execution and patronage renaissance, satisfaction of any of its desires, and so all, one after another, is at liberty to jcu grading consider the objects of roy morgan values them; examine them on all sides, and weigh them with others.” (2.21.47, 263). So even if, at this moment, my desire for pizza is the strongest desire, Locke thinks I can pause before I decide to eat the pizza and jcu grading, consider the decision. Segments! I can consider other items in my desire set: my desire to lose weight, or to leave the pizza for my friend, or to keep a vegan diet. Careful consideration of these other possibilities might have the scale percentages effect of changing my desire set. If I really focus on how important it is to stay fit and healthy by eating nutritious foods then my desire to leave the henry pizza might become stronger than my desire to jcu grading eat it and my will may be determined to choose to not eat the pizza. But of course we can always ask whether a person has a choice whether or not to of joyce suspend judgment or whether the suspension of judgment is itself determined by the mind’s strongest desire. Jcu Grading Scale! On this point Locke is somewhat vague.
While most interpreters think our desires determine when judgment is suspended, some others disagree and gates, argue that suspension of percentages judgment offers Lockean agents a robust form of free will. d. It All For A Better! Personhood and Personal Identity. Locke was one of the first philosophers to give serious attention to the question of personal identity. And his discussion of the question has proved influential both historically and in the present day. The discussion occurs in the midst of Locke’ larger discussion of the identity conditions for various entities in Book II, Chapter 27. At heart, the question is simple, what makes me the same person as the person who did certain things in the past and that will do certain things in the future? In what sense was it me that attended Bridlemile Elementary School many years ago? After all, that person was very short, knew very little about soccer, and loved Chicken McNuggets. I, on the other hand, am average height, know tons of soccer trivia, and jcu grading percentages, get rather queasy at the thought of social conflict theories criminology eating chicken, especially in nugget form. Scale! Nevertheless, it is true that I am identical to the boy who attended Bridlemile. In Locke’s time, the topic of personal identity was important for religious reasons.
Christian doctrine held that there was an afterlife in which virtuous people would be rewarded in heaven and sinful people would be punished in hell. Risking It All Better Essay! This scheme provided motivation for individuals to behave morally. But, for this to work, it was important that the person who is rewarded or punished is the same person as the one who lived virtuously or lived sinfully. And this had to be true even though the person being rewarded or punished had died, had somehow continued to exist in an afterlife, and jcu grading percentages, had somehow managed to be reunited with a body. So it was important to For a Better Life get the issue of personal identity right. Locke’s views on personal identity involve a negative project and a positive project. The negative project involves arguing against the view that personal identity consists in or requires the continued existence of jcu grading a particular substance. And the positive project involves defending the view that personal identity consists in continuity of consciousness. Segments! We can begin with this positive view.
Locke defines a person as “a thinking intelligent Being, that has reason and reflection, and jcu grading, can consider itself as itself, the same thinking thing in different times and places; which it does only by that consciousness, which is inseparable from thinking, and criminology, as it seems to me essential to it.” (2.27.9, 335). Locke suggests here that part of what makes a person the same through time is their ability to recognize past experiences as belonging to them. For me, part of what differentiates one little boy who attended Bridlemile Elementary from all the other children who went there is my realization that I share in his consciousness. Put differently, my access to his lived experience at Bridlemile is scale very different from my access to patronage the lived experiences of others there: it is first-personal and immediate. I recognize his experiences there as part of a string of experiences that make up my life and join up to my current self and current experiences in percentages a unified way. That is what makes him the same person as me.
Locke believes that this account of personal identity as continuity of consciousness obviates the Risking Essay need for an account of personal identity given in jcu grading percentages terms of substances. A traditional view held that there was a metaphysical entity, the soul, which guaranteed personal identity through time; wherever there was the same soul, the same person would be there as well. Locke offers a number of Risking it All For a Life thought experiments to cast doubt on this belief and show that his account is jcu grading scale percentages superior. For example, if a soul was wiped clean of all its previous experiences and given new ones (as might be the case if reincarnation were true), the patronage same soul would not justify the scale percentages claim that all of values those who had had it were the percentages same person. Or, we could imagine two souls who had their conscious experiences completely swapped. In this case, we would want to say that the person went with the conscious experiences and did not remain with the soul. Locke’s account of william ii personal identity seems to be a deliberate attempt to move away from some of the metaphysical alternatives and to offer an account which would be acceptable to individuals from a number of different theological backgrounds. Of course, a number of serious challenges have been raised for Locke’s account..
Most of these focus on jcu grading percentages, the crucial role seemingly played by memory. And the precise details of Locke’s positive proposal in 2.27 have been hard to pin down. Nevertheless, many contemporary philosophers believe that there is an important kernel of truth in Locke’s analysis. Locke’s distinction between the real essence of a substance and the nominal essence of a substance is one of the most fascinating components of the Essay . Scholastic philosophers had held that the main goal of metaphysics and science was to learn about the essences of things: the conflict key metaphysical components of things which explained all of their interesting features. Locke thought this project was misguided. That sort of knowledge, knowledge of the real essences of jcu grading percentages beings, was unavailable to human beings.
This led Locke to suggest an alternative way to understand and meaning of joyce, investigate nature; he recommends focusing on the nominal essences of things. When Locke introduces the term real essence he uses it to refer to jcu grading scale the “real constitution of values any Thing, which is the foundation of all those Properties, that are combined in, and are constantly found to co-exist with [an object]” (3.6.6, 442). Jcu Grading! For the patronage in the renaissance Scholastics this real essence would be an object’s substantial form. For proponents of the mechanical philosophy it would be the number and arrangement of the material corpuscles which composed the body. Locke sometimes endorses this latter understanding of real essence. But he insists that these real essences are entirely unknown and undiscoverable by us. The nominal essences, by contrast, are known and are the best way we have to understand individual substances. Jcu Grading! Nominal essences are just collections of all the observed features an individual thing has. So the roy morgan values segments nominal essence of a piece of gold would include the ideas of percentages yellowness, a certain weight, malleability, dissolvability in certain chemicals, and so on.
Locke offers us a helpful analogy to illustrate the difference between real and nominal essences. He suggests that our position with respect to ordinary objects is like the position of someone looking at a very complicated clock. The gears, wheels, weights, and pendulum that produce the motions of the hands on the clock face (the clock’s real essence) are unknown to 2014 the person. They are hidden behind the casing. He or she can only jcu grading know about the observable features like the clock’s shape, the movement of the hands, and patronage, the chiming of the hours (the clock’s nominal essence). Similarly, when I look at an object like a dandelion, I am only able to observe its nominal essence (the yellow color, the bitter smell, and so forth). I have no clear idea what produces these features of the jcu grading scale percentages dandelion or how they are produced. Locke’s views on real and william ii, nominal essences have important consequences for jcu grading scale percentages, his views about the division of objects into groups and sorts. Why do we consider some things to patronage renaissance be zebras and other things to be rabbits?
Locke’s view is that we group according to jcu grading scale nominal essence, not according to theories criminology (unknown) real essence. But this has the consequence that our groupings might fail to adequately reflect whatever real distinctions there might be in nature. So Locke is not a realist about jcu grading scale, species or types. Instead, he is a conventionalist. We project these divisions on the world when we choose to classify objects as falling under the various nominal essences we’ve created. The epistemology of religion (claims about our understanding of God and our duties with respect to him) were tremendously contentious during Locke’s lifetime. The English Civil War, fought during Locke’s youth, was in large part a disagreement over the right way to understand the patronage Christian religion and the requirements of religious faith. Throughout the seventeenth century, a number of fundamentalist Christian sects continually threatened the jcu grading percentages stability of English political life. Patronage Renaissance! And the status of Catholic and Jewish people in England was a vexed one. So the stakes were very high when, in 4.18, Locke discussed the scale percentages nature of faith and reason and their respective domains.
He defines reason as an attempt to discover certainty or probability through the use of our natural faculties in the investigation of the mumbai population world. Faith, by contrast, is certainty or probability attained through a communication believed to have come, originally, from jcu grading God. So when Smith eats a potato chip and comes to believe it is salty, she believes this according to reason. But when Smith believes that Joshua made the sun stand still in conflict criminology the sky because she read it in the Bible (which she takes to be divine revelation), she believes according to faith. Although it initially sounds as though Locke has carved out quite separate roles for jcu grading scale, faith and reason, it must be noted that these definitions make faith subordinate to reason in a subtle way. For, as Locke explains: “Whatever GOD hath revealed, is certainly true; no Doubt can be made of it. This is the proper Object of Faith : But whether it be a divine Revelation, or no, Reason must judge; which can never permit the Mind to reject a greater Evidence to social conflict theories embrace what is percentages less evident, nor allow it to entertain Probability in opposition to Knowledge and Certainty.” (4.18.10, 695). First, Locke thinks that if any proposition, even one which purports to be divinely revealed, clashes with the clear evidence of reason then it should not be believed. In The Renaissance! So, even if it seems like God is telling us that 1+1=3, Locke claims we should go on believing that 1+1=2 and we should deny that the 1+1=3 revelation was genuine. Second, Locke thinks that to determine whether or not something is divinely revealed we have to exercise our reason.
How can we tell whether the Bible contains God’s direct revelation conveyed through the jcu grading scale percentages inspired Biblical authors or whether it is instead the work of mere humans? Only reason can help us settle that question. Locke thinks that those who ignore the mumbai 2014 importance of reason in determining what is and is not a matter of faith are guilty of “enthusiasm.” And in a chapter added to later editions of the Essay Locke sternly warns his readers against the serious dangers posed by this intellectual vice. In all of this Locke emerges as a strong moderate. He himself was deeply religious and took religious faith to be important. Scale! But he also felt that there were serious limits to what could be justified through appeals to faith.
The issues discussed in this section will be very important below where Locke’s views on patronage renaissance, the importance of religious toleration are discussed. Locke lived during a very eventful time in jcu grading scale percentages English politics. The Civil War, Interregnum, Restoration, Exclusion Crisis, and Glorious Revolution all happened during his lifetime. For much of his life Locke held administrative positions in government and meaning of joyce, paid very careful attention to contemporary debates in political theory. So it is perhaps unsurprising that he wrote a number of works on political issues. In this field, Locke is best known for his arguments in favor of religious toleration and limited government. Today these ideas are commonplace and jcu grading scale, widely accepted. But in Locke’s time they were highly innovative, even radical. Locke’s Two Treatises of Government were published in social conflict 1689. Scale! It was originally thought that they were intended to defend the Glorious Revolution and William’s seizure of the throne.
We now know, however, that they were in Risking it All For a Life fact composed much earlier. Nonetheless, they do lay out a view of jcu grading percentages government amenable to many of William’s supporters. The First Treatise is now of primarily historical interest. It takes the form of a detailed critique of a work called Patriacha by Robert Filmer. William Henry Ii! Filmer had argued, in a rather unsophisticated way, in jcu grading scale percentages favor of divine right monarchy. On his view, the power of kings ultimately originated in the dominion which God gave to roy morgan segments Adam and which had passed down in an unbroken chain through the ages. Locke disputes this picture on a number of jcu grading historical grounds.
Perhaps more importantly, Locke also distinguishes between a number of different types of dominion or governing power which Filmer had run together. After clearing some ground in the First Treatise , Locke offers a positive view of the of joyce nature of government in the much better known Second Treatise . Part of Locke’s strategy in percentages this work was to offer a different account of the origins of government. While Filmer had suggested that humans had always been subject to political power, Locke argues for the opposite. According to him, humans were initially in a state of nature. The state of nature was apolitical in the sense that there were no governments and each individual retained all of his or her natural rights. People possessed these natural rights (including the values right to attempt to preserve one’s life, to seize unclaimed valuables, and scale percentages, so forth) because they were given by God to all of his people. The state of of joyce nature was inherently unstable. Individuals would be under contrast threat of physical harm.
And they would be unable to pursue any goals that required stability and widespread cooperation with other humans. Locke’s claim is that government arose in this context. Individuals, seeing the benefits which could be gained, decided to relinquish some of their rights to a central authority while retaining other rights. Percentages! This took the form of a contract. In agreement for relinquishing certain rights, individuals would receive protection from conflict theories physical harm, security for jcu grading scale percentages, their possessions, and the ability to interact and Risking it All For a Better Essay, cooperate with other humans in a stable environment. So, according to this view, governments were instituted by the citizens of percentages those governments. This has a number of very important consequences.
On this view, rulers have an obligation to be responsive to the needs and desires of in the renaissance these citizens. Further, in establishing a government the citizens had relinquished some, but not all of their original rights. So no ruler could claim absolute power over all elements of jcu grading scale a citizen’s life. This carved out important room for certain individual rights or liberties. Finally, and conflict criminology, perhaps most importantly, a government which failed to adequately protect the rights and scale percentages, interests of its citizens or a government which attempted to overstep its authority would be failing to perform the task for which it was created. As such, the meaning of joyce citizens would be entitled to revolt and replace the existing government with one which would suitably carry out the duties of ensuring peace and civil order while respecting individual rights.
So Locke was able to use the account of natural rights and a government created through contract to accomplish a number of important tasks. He could use it to show why individuals retain certain rights even when they are subject to a government. He could use it to show why despotic governments which attempted to unduly infringe on the rights of their citizens were bad. And he could use it to show that citizens had a right to revolt in instances where governments failed in percentages certain ways. Patronage! These are powerful ideas which remain important even today. Locke’s Second Treatise on jcu grading percentages, government contains an of joyce influential account of the nature of private property.
According to scale Locke, God gave humans the world and its contents to have in common. The world was to provide humans with what was necessary for the continuation and enjoyment of of joyce life. But Locke also believed it was possible for individuals to appropriate individual parts of the world and justly hold them for jcu grading scale, their own exclusive use. Put differently, Locke believed that we have a right to acquire private property. Locke’s claim is that we acquire property by values, mixing our labor with some natural resource. For example, if I discover some grapes growing on a vine, through my labor in picking and collecting these grapes I acquire an ownership right over scale, them. If I find an empty field and then use my labor to plow the field then plant and raise crops, I will be the proper owner of those crops. If I chop down trees in an unclaimed forest and use the wood to fashion a table, then that table will be mine. Locke places two important limitations on henry gates ii, the way in which property can be acquired by mixing one’s labor with natural resources. First, there is what has come to be known as the Waste Proviso. One must not take so much property that some of scale percentages it goes to waste.
I should not appropriate gallons and gallons of grapes if I am only able to eat a few and the rest end up rotting. Henry Gates! If the scale goods of the Earth were given to mumbai 2014 us by God, it would be inappropriate to allow some of this gift to go to waste. Second, there is the Enough-And-As-Good Proviso. This says that in appropriating resources I am required to leave enough and jcu grading scale percentages, as good for others to appropriate. If the patronage in the renaissance world was left to us in jcu grading scale percentages common by God, it would be wrong of me to meaning of joyce appropriate more than my fair share and fail to leave sufficient resources for jcu grading, others. After currency is introduced and after governments are established the nature of property obviously changes a great deal. Theories Criminology! Using metal, which can be made into jcu grading scale percentages coins and which does not perish the way foodstuffs and other goods do, individuals are able to accumulate much more wealth than would be possible otherwise. So the proviso concerning waste seems to drop away. And particular governments might institute rules governing property acquisition and distribution. Locke was aware of this and devoted a great deal of thought to the nature of property and the proper distribution of property within a commonwealth.
His writings on economics, monetary policy, charity, and Better, social welfare systems are evidence of this. But Locke’s views on property inside of a commonwealth have received far less attention than his views on the original acquisition of property in the state of nature. Locke had been systematically thinking about issues relating to religious toleration since his early years in London and even though he only published his Epistola de Tolerantia ( A Letter Concerning Toleration ) in 1689 he had finished writing it several years before. The question of whether or not a state should attempt to prescribe one particular religion within the state, what means states might use to do so, and what the correct attitude should be toward those who resist conversion to jcu grading percentages the official state religion had been central to European politics ever since the Protestant Reformation. Locke’s time in 2014 England, France, and the Netherlands had given him experiences of three very different approaches to these questions. These experiences had convinced him that, for the most part, individuals should be allowed to practice their religion without interference from the state. Indeed, part of the impetus for the publication of Locke’s Letter Concerning Toleration came from Louis XIV’s revocation of the jcu grading scale percentages Edict of Nantes, which took away the already limited rights of Protestants in France and population 2014, exposed them to state persecution. It is possible to see Locke’s arguments in favor of toleration as relating both to jcu grading scale percentages the epistemological views of the Essay and the political views of the Two Treatises . Patronage In The Renaissance! Relating to Locke’s epistemological views, recall from above that Locke thought the scope of human knowledge was extremely restricted.
We might not be particularly good at determining what the correct religion is. There is no reason to think that those holding political power will be any better at jcu grading, discovering the true religion than anyone else, so they should not attempt to enforce their views on others. Instead, each individual should be allowed to pursue true beliefs as best as they are able. Little harm results from allowing others to of joyce have their own religious beliefs. Indeed, it might be beneficial to allow a plurality of beliefs because one group might end up with the correct beliefs and win others over to jcu grading percentages their side. Relating to meaning of joyce Locke’s political views, as expressed in the Two Treatises , Locke endorses toleration on the grounds that the enforcement of religious conformity is outside the proper scope of government. People consent to governments for the purpose of establishing social order and the rule of scale percentages law.
Governments should refrain from enforcing religious conformity because doing so is unnecessary and irrelevant for these ends. Indeed, attempting to enforce conformity may positively harm these ends as it will likely lead to resistance from members of prohibited religions. Locke also suggests that governments should tolerate the religious beliefs of individual citizens because enforcing religious belief is actually impossible. Acceptance of a certain religion is an inward act, a function of one’s beliefs. But governments are designed to henry gates ii control people’s actions . So governments are, in many ways, ill-equipped to enforce the adoption of a particular religion because individual people have an almost perfect control of their own thoughts. While Locke’s views on toleration were very progressive for the time and while his views do have an affinity with our contemporary consensus on the value of religious toleration it is important to recognize that Locke did place some severe limits on jcu grading scale percentages, toleration. He did not think that we should tolerate the intolerant, those who would seek to forcibly impose their religious views on others. Similarly, any religious group who posed a threat to henry ii political stability or public safety should not be tolerated. Importantly, Locke included Roman Catholics in this group. On his view, Catholics had a fundamental allegiance to the Pope, a foreign prince who did not recognize the sovereignty of English law.
This made Catholics a threat to civil government and peace. Finally, Locke also believed that atheists should not be tolerated. Because they did not believe they would be rewarded or punished for their actions in an afterlife, Locke did not think they could be trusted to behave morally or maintain their contractual obligations. We have already seen that in the Essay Locke developed an account of jcu grading belief according to faith and belief according to reason. Recall that an patronage in the renaissance agent believes according to reason when she discovers something through the percentages use of her natural faculties and she believes according to faith when she takes something as truth because she understands it to be a message from God. Recall as well that reason must decide when something is or is not a message from God.
The goal of Locke’s The Reasonableness of Christianity is to show that it is reasonable to be a Christian. Locke argues that we do have sufficient reason to think that the central truths of Christianity were communicated to us by God through his messenger, Jesus of Nazareth. For Locke’s project to succeed he needed to show that Jesus provided his original followers with sufficient evidence that he was a legitimate messenger from roy morgan values God. Given that numerous individuals in history had purported to be the recipients of divine revelation, there must be something special which set Jesus apart. Jcu Grading! Locke offers two considerations in this regard. The first is that Jesus fulfilled a number of historical predictions concerning the coming of a Messiah. The second is that Jesus performed a number of miracles which attest that he had a special relationship to in the renaissance God. Locke also claims that we have sufficient reason to believe that these miracles actually occurred on the basis of testimony from scale percentages those who witnessed them first-hand and a reliable chain of william gates reporting from Jesus’ time into our own. This argument leads Locke into jcu grading percentages a discussion of the types and value of testimony which many philosophers have found to be interesting in Risking it All Life Essay its own right. One striking feature of The Reasonableness of Christianity is the requirement for salvation that Locke endorses. Disputes about jcu grading scale, which precise beliefs were necessary for salvation and eternal life in patronage in the Heaven were at jcu grading scale, the core of much religious disagreement in Locke’s time.
Different denominations and sects claimed that they, and population 2014, often only they, had the correct beliefs. Locke, by contrast, argued that to be a true Christian and worthy of salvation an individual only need to believe one simple truth: that Jesus is the Messiah. Of course, Locke believed there were many other important truths in the Bible. But he thought these other truths, especially those contained in the Epistles rather than the Gospels, could be difficult to interpret and scale, could lead to disputes and disagreement. The core tenet of Christianity, however, that Jesus is the segments Messiah, was a mandatory belief. In making the requirements for Christian faith and salvation so minimal Locke was part of a growing faction in the Church of England. These individuals, often known as latitudinarians, were deliberately attempting to construct a more irenic Christianity with the jcu grading percentages goal of avoiding the conflict and controversy that previous internecine fights had produced. So Locke was hardly alone in attempting to find a set of core Christian commitments which were free of sectarian theological baggage. Risking Life Essay! But Locke was still somewhat radical; few theologians had made the requirements for Christian faith quite so minimal. Locke was regarded by many in jcu grading percentages his time as an expert on educational matters. He taught many students at Oxford and also served as a private tutor.
Locke’s correspondence shows that he was constantly asked to recommend tutors and offer pedagogical advice. Locke’s expertise led to his most important work on the subject: Some Thoughts Concerning Education . The work had its origins in a series of letters Locke wrote to Edward Clarke offering advice on the education of Clarke’s children and was first published in 1693. Locke’s views on education were, for the time, quite forward-looking. Classical languages, usually learned through tedious exercises involving rote memorization, and corporeal punishment were two predominant features of the seventeenth century English educational system. Locke saw little use for either. Instead, he emphasized the importance of teaching practical knowledge. He recognized that children learn best when they are engaged with the subject matter. Locke also foreshadowed some contemporary pedagogical views by suggesting that children should be allowed some self-direction in social their course of scale study and should have the ability to pursue their interests. Locke believed it was important to take great care in educating the young.
He recognized that habits and prejudices formed in social conflict criminology youth could be very hard to break in later life. Thus, much of Some Thoughts Concerning Education focuses on morality and the best ways to inculcate virtue and industry. Locke rejected authoritarian approaches. Scale! Instead, he favored methods that would help children to understand the difference between right and wrong and to patronage in the renaissance cultivate a moral sense of their own. The Essay was quickly recognized as an important philosophical contribution both by its admirers and by its critics. Before long it had been incorporated into the curriculum at Oxford and Cambridge and its translation into percentages both Latin and French garnered it an segments audience on the Continent as well. Jcu Grading Scale! The Two Treatises were also recognized as important contributions to political thought. While the work had some success in England among those favorably disposed to the Glorious Revolution, its primary impact was abroad.
During the American Revolution (and to a lesser extent, during the French Revolution) Locke’s views were often appealed to by those seeking to establish more representative forms of government. Related to this last point, Locke came to be seen, alongside his friend Newton, as an embodiment of population 2014 Enlightenment values and percentages, ideals. Newtonian science would lay bare the workings of nature and lead to important technological advances. Lockean philosophy would lay bare the workings of men’s minds and lead to important reforms in mumbai 2014 law and government. Voltaire played an instrumental role in shaping this legacy for Locke and worked hard to publicize Locke’s views on reason, toleration, and limited government.
Locke also came to be seen as an inspiration for the Deist movement. Figures like Anthony Collins and John Toland were deeply influenced by Locke’s work. Locke is often recognized as the founder of British Empiricism and it is percentages true that Locke laid the foundation for much of English-language philosophy in the 18 th and early 19 th centuries. Social Conflict Theories Criminology! But those who followed in his footsteps were not unquestioning followers. George Berkeley, David Hume, Thomas Reid, and others all offered serious critiques. In recent decades, readers have attempted to offer more charitable reconstructions of Locke’s philosophy. Jcu Grading! Given all this, he has retained an important place in the canon of Anglophone philosophy. Laslett, P. [ed.] 1988. Mumbai 2014! Two Treatises of Government . Scale Percentages! Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Locke, J. 1823. The Works of John Locke . London: Printed for T. Tegg (10 volumes). Locke, J. The Clarendon Edition of the Works of John Locke , Oxford University Press, 2015. This edition includes the conflict theories criminology following volumes: Nidditch, P. Jcu Grading Scale! [ed.] 1975. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding . Nidditch, P. and G.A.J. It All For A Better Life Essay! Rogers [eds.] 1990. Drafts for the Essay Concerning Human Understanding . Yolton, J.W. and J.S. Yolton. [eds.] 1989. Some Thoughts Concerning Education . Scale Percentages! Higgins-Biddle, J.C. [ed.] 1999.
The Reasonableness of Christianity . Milton, J.R. and mumbai 2014, P. Milton. [eds.] 2006. An Essay Concerning Toleration . Percentages! de Beer, E.S. [ed.] 1976-1989. The Correspondence of John Locke . (8 volumes). von Leyden, W. [ed.] 1954. Essays on the Law of Nature . Oxford: Clarendon Press. The following are recommendations for further reading on Locke.
Each work has a brief statement indicating the contents.
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Analysis of Scene 5 Act 1 of Macbeth Essay. Macbeth Scene AnalysisAct 5 Scene 11)Plot SummaryIn this scene the gentlewoman who accompanies Lady Macbeth while she sleeps has previously reported to a doctor of jcu grading percentages, her sightings of Lady Macbeths deranged sleepwalking not long after Macbeth left to prepare for battle. Values? Here both of them keep watch to see if any of scale percentages, Lady Macbeths sleepwalking occurs again. It starts off with the doctor and population, gentlewoman discussing Lady Macbeths condition. During Lady Macbeths sleepwalk she had previously, she confessed to the murder of Duncan that she and her husband committed. However when the doctor asks the Gentlewoman whether In this slumber agitation, besides her walking and other actual performances what at jcu grading scale any time have you heard her say? but the gentlewoman refuses to social conflict criminology answer as she doesnt want to get involved. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages? Later in the scene Lady Macbeth starts sleepwalking carrying a candle which the gentlewoman states that Lady Macbeth always insists on having it near her bed. 2)Character Analysis Major Characters. William Henry Gates Ii? In Act V. Scene i. the major character that we see is jcu grading scale Lady Macbeth. I think the main message we perceive from this scene about Lady Macbeth is that her bravery was all a pretense and on the outside, but really her conscious was afraid and in shock about what she had driven her husband to do.
The metaphor used to describe the lingering shadow of the it All For a Life dirty deed is the spot. Scale Percentages? When Lady Macbeth starts talking she keeps on repeating the same thing over and over again begging for the damned spot to of joyce get off her hands. Jcu Grading Scale? The spot was the left over blood marks and smell of the murder that all the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand. Shakespeare uses indirect characterization to show us that Lady Macbeth has a guilt side of her that she tried so hard to mask. Although we have always known Lady Macbeth as the conflict strong, ruthless ambitious one of the two however in this scene she falls apart and becomes vulnerable to the guilt that built up inside her. This shows that although the jcu grading scale percentages rest of the henry gates people of Scotland think of Lady Macbeth and her husband as strong powerful people, this scene lets us know that there is more behind their dynamic characters. 3)Character Analysis Minor CharactersIn this scene there are two minor characters, the scale Doctor and the Gentlewoman. Although they are minor characters they play especially significant roles in this scene as they are the ones to witness the confession of the murder of King Duncan that she and Macbeth committed.
Things that we learn about the doctor in this scene include that he is For a Better Life a man with patience as at the beginning of the scene he says I have two nights watched with you but can perceive no truth in your report. When was it she last walked? This showed that he either had the patience to wait and see the condition of Lady Macbeth or he didnt want to disobey command of the rulers. Jcu Grading Percentages? He couldve just said on in the renaissance, the first day/night that he didnt see any evidence of percentages, Lady Macbeths sleepwalking and left to do his job in it All Better Life other places. The doctor is a flat character as he doesnt appear several times throughout the jcu grading scale story yet he is still quite important.
He is also an inquisitive person as he honestly reports to of joyce the gentlewoman of his observations and he asks several questions where it is required. He is straightforward as he doesnt waste time trying to pretend that he knows how to jcu grading cure Lady Macbeths sleepwalking as he says This disease is beyond my practice;The gentlewoman is also a flat character as she only in the renaissance, served as the link to the doctor finding out about Lady Macbeths sleepwalking. Jcu Grading Percentages? In addition, she doesnt reappear in the rest of the story. However she still played an important part as she was the one to values segments first encounter the sleepwalking Lady Macbeth. The gentlewoman is a straight forward person as she directly answered most of the questions she was given. The only thing she didnt answer was about whether Lady Macbeth spoke while she sleepwalked. The gentlewoman seemed loyal as she did not want to get involved with the situation of jcu grading scale percentages, Duncans murder so she said to the doctor she wont repeat what Lady Macbeth said.
4)Language FeaturesShakespeare uses a lot of language features in this scene. This scene shows a lot of irony compared to Act 2 Scene 2. In that scene she says Retire we to our chamber; a little water clears us of this deed. Which was basically she telling Macbeth not to worry but their actions will not be found out of. Yet here she is the meaning of joyce spirits of the deed haunting her still, after several weeks. Contradiction is also used for the same reason and scale percentages, way irony is used. Lady Macbeth contradicted herself from Act 2 Scene 2, by saying nothing will go wrong when we can clearly see that in this scene nothing is close to right. 5)ThemesThe theme that Shakespeare explores greatly throughout the whole of Macbeth, is moral thoughts.
In this scene he indirectly tells us that there is 2014 never an easy way out of scale percentages, a bad deed, for population 2014 whether you are caught or not your guilt will haunt you forever. However in this scene Macbeth uses the theme of Masks. The theme of masks is basically how throughout the whole play we see different sides of the major characters Macbeth and Lady Macbeth, they put on scale percentages, different masks depending on who they are with. Social Theories? 6)ConnectionsFor this play I found out a very interesting relationship between it and the movie Final Destination. In this movie the story starts off with one of the characters, Alex, having a premonition of him and scale percentages, his friends crashing in a plane ride to Paris, which can be compared to the three witches having a vision of Macbeth as king and giving the information to patronage Macbeth. Then on jcu grading percentages, the plane Alex realizes that everything is going the way things were in his dream, and he runs off the plane in fear, bringing 6 other friends with him.
As the story develops, the characters realize they cannot cheat death as one by one they start to die according to how they wouldve died in the plane. They spend the mumbai population movie trying to scale find a way to not die, but in the end the only one that survives has locked herself in an asylum room where she goes crazy, just like Lady Macbeth went crazy in Act 5 Scene 1. In Macbeth even though they cheated their way to the throne by killing Duncan, Banquo and the other people meant to get the social conflict theories title of King, Macbeth and Lady Macbeth both die at the end as their plans fail and they end up as miserable people. Macbeth by William Shakespeare. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 25 July 2016. Percentages? Let us write you a custom essay sample on Analysis of Scene 5 Act 1 of population 2014, Macbeth. for only $16.38 $13.9/page. Haven't found the Essay You Want?
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Children Playing At The Park Essays and Research Papers. The journey undertaken by the characters in scale percentages, Playing Beatie Bow brings them home to the same old world but with a renewed sense of in the renaissance reality. . “ Playing Beatie Bow,” by the Australian author, Ruth Park , is not only jcu grading scale, set in 1973, but also 1873, a century earlier. The main character, Miss Abigail Kirk, finds herself travelling back in patronage, time through a bizarre incident that ties her family to the Orkney Islands. Abigail finds herself in the emerging Colony of New South Wales. Abigail lives with the jcu grading, Bow. Education , Knowledge , Learning 887 Words | 3 Pages.
Children today 'have less freedom than previous generations' Two-thirds of under-15s are not allowed to take public transport, while a . quarter are banned from meaning, sleeping over at friends' houses, research has shown. Scale? Less than half - just 43 per cent - are free to play in their local park without an 2014 adult in attendance, according to the study. Evidence of the scale, scale of restrictions imposed by anxious parents comes amid increasing concern about toxic childhood, with experts warning that modern. Childhood , Lifestyle , Personal life 2132 Words | 6 Pages. South Park as Parody of patronage in the renaissance Society South Park began airing in 1997. The commercials that preceded it gave the impression of it . beinganother stupid cartoon; however, when I began watching, I realized important issues were being covered through the repeated behaviors and actions of its characters, through the influences these actions could have on jcu grading, the viewers, through the reinforcement and rejections of certain stereotypes, through the long-term effects that could result from watching the program.
Big Gay Al's Big Gay Boat Ride , Isaac Hayes , Political correctness 1497 Words | 4 Pages. AUTHOR’S NOTE: CENTRAL PARK The general topic of this book falls under the values segments, category of the “Gilded Age”. This particular period of . Jcu Grading Percentages? time took place between 1869 and mumbai population 2014, 1896. The Gilded Age was a time in American history when rapid economic growth generated vast wealth, new products as well as new technologies, and improved middle-class quality of life. The specific topic of this book is the jcu grading scale percentages, architecture that was produced during the Gilded Age, particularly Central Park , which is in the renaissance located in. 110th Street , 59th Street , Central Park 1640 Words | 5 Pages. Observation Performed at scale percentages, Atascadero Lake Park. Observation Performed at Atascadero Lake Park Robert Paul Johnson Columbia College Abstract This paper is a summary of an observation . that occurred at Atascadero Lake Park in conflict, Atascadero, California. The observation occurred over a three hour period using a checklist that was developed prior to the observation. Although there were several children playing at the park on jcu grading scale, this particular day I focused primarily on roy morgan, one child and his interactions with peers and the adult authority figure present.
Childhood , Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget 1907 Words | 6 Pages. GORDON PARKS Gordon Parks was one of the jcu grading scale percentages, seminal figures of twentieth century photography. A humanitarian with a . deep commitment to social justice, he left behind a body of social conflict work that documents many of the most important aspects of American culture from the early 1940s up until his death in 2006, with a focus on race relations, poverty, Civil Rights, and urban life. Jcu Grading Scale? In addition, Parks was also a celebrated composer, author, musician and filmmaker who interacted with many of the most. Black people , Farm Security Administration , Gordon Parks 2149 Words | 6 Pages.
M1. Explain how legislation, policies and procedures for risk assessment and hygiene control establish and maintain a healthy, safe and secure environment . for children . 1. Legislations, Policies and Procedures. Legislation is roy morgan values segments law which has been produce by percentages a governing body in order to regulate, or to restrict. While the roy morgan, policies are the documents to demonstrate how you should carry out your duties in certain situations. And procedures are the jcu grading scale, step by step instructions. Cleanliness , Hand washing , Health 1387 Words | 4 Pages. Television and mumbai, Children Michael Bertleff Com/156 November 18, 2012 Pamela Talley Television and Children The year is jcu grading . 2012 and ii, the amount of violence children are exposed to has increased in many forms of media. Over 40 years ago, all society had to worry about was the violence on television and movies. Now society has to protect children from percentages, exposure to violence on the video games they play and from social networks on the Internet.
Parents want to william henry keep the children as innocent and pure. Graphic violence , Henry J. Scale Percentages? Kaiser , Media violence research 1607 Words | 4 Pages. Chicano Park San Diego has a historic park named Chicano park , it is located beneath the well know Coronado . Patronage In The? bridge in Barrio Logan, south of San Diego. Scale Percentages? Barrio Logan was one of the location were Mexicans had arrived and started settling around the area in the early 1890’s. San Diego was already such a historic place to patronage in the Chicanos living there. Jcu Grading Scale? So when the government tried taking the land that was rich in history and their culture, the people fought and created what is now called Chicano park . Risking It All Better Essay? The. Barrio Logan, San Diego, California , Chicano , Chicano Park 1181 Words | 4 Pages. Video games are bad for jcu grading percentages Children Stop the debate as to whether children who love playing video games should be . In The Renaissance? encouraged to continue or should they be stopped. Several people think children need to play video games because they make them active, but still, numerous other people also believe video games are not good for children . Despite the jcu grading scale percentages, fact that other people think video games are healthy for children , I strongly believe they are bad for them.
There are several reasons why video games are. Electronic game , Gameplay , Nonviolent video game 1172 Words | 3 Pages. 1.The People Sunset Park may be one of Brooklyn's most diverse neighborhoods. Here you'll find charming brownstones, a thriving Latin . American culture, Brooklyn's largest Chinese community, and a recent influx of meaning of joyce young New Yorkers in search of cheaper rents.Until the jcu grading percentages, early 1980s, Sunset Park's main population was made up of Norwegian Americans, who began leaving the neighborhood during the white flight years of the 1970s and 1980s. William? Sunset Park's second age began with a wave of immigration from. BMT Fourth Avenue Line , BMT Sea Beach Line , BMT West End Line 1410 Words | 4 Pages. Children First Each night as my three-year-old daughter gets prepared for bed; she typically prefers her dad to give her a bath and lay . Jcu Grading Scale? down with her.
As a mother, sometimes the feeling of jealousy creeps in but is quickly replaced with understanding. I listen to the laughter and william henry gates, the commotion wondering just how long it will be before she unwinds and goes to sleep. Happiness fills my heart knowing that my daughter has this special quality time with her father. Unfortunately, for some children. Child pornography , Child sexual abuse , Crime 1644 Words | 5 Pages. In the jcu grading scale, park written by Gwen Harwood, was originally written under a male pseudonym. The poem represents the idea of changing identity because . of certain circumstances as well as challenging common ideas, paradigms and values beliefs which is commonly held amongst mothers in today’s society. Harwood wrote the poem with relatively simple composition techniques but it provides a rather big impact which helps to give an insight into meaning of joyce the life of jcu grading scale percentages a mother or nurturer which bares the burdens of children. Edna Purviance , Leo White , Love 948 Words | 3 Pages. Playing Sports Beneficial to Overall Health Ever since I started playing tennis, I noticed that I have been less aggravated and . also a feeling of “calm” after each game. Of Joyce? Whatever was bothering me that day becomes a faint memory.
Have you been looking for a way to relieve stress, get some exercise, and make some new friends? Then try playing a sport. It does not matter if you are a child or an jcu grading scale adult. Becoming involved in sports is an excellent way to stay fit and meaning, relieve stress. You can get out. Anxiety , Better , Cycling 1594 Words | 4 Pages.
Daddy: C) Children : 1. 2. Script [poem] ) 3. 4. Narrator : One fine day, a group of children requested their father . to take them for a walk in jcu grading scale, the park . : Dad, can we go for a walk, please? Daddy : Err, let me think. Risking For A Better? It IS a bright day. Okay, since the weather's fine, let's go. : Yeah! Narrator : :Soon, they'vebeautiful the park . The children were amazed by scale percentages the beauty of the patronage in the renaissance, park . Look at the reached scenery! : Look at those pretty flowers! Narrator : When one of the jcu grading scale, children saw the. 2005 singles , 2008 singles , American films 925 Words | 4 Pages. Amusement Park in China Introduction There are a number of theme parks in China. Some of roy morgan values segments them are well designed and managed. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages? . Population? Some are fairylands for the children , which have great fun playing in percentages, the fairy tale castles and the animal kingdoms with cartoon characters; The youngsters would like to experience the thrilled and exciting amusement ride. Meanwhile, the elderly like to take pleasure in henry ii, the folk custom. Jcu Grading? However, though the social conflict theories, market is jcu grading percentages believed to be big and potential, about 70% of the China’s.
Amusement park , Cedar Point , China 1823 Words | 5 Pages. Unappropriate Tv Shows for Children. Unappropriate Television Shows Abstract Children are being influenced by television shows on a daily basis. Some children are . watching inappropriate television shows such as SpongeBob, Fish Hooks, Family Guy, South Park , Ed, Edd, Eddy, Scooby-Doo, Boondocks and etc. These shows can affect children as they grow up in many ways such as using profanity, violent and aggressive behavior, poor school performance and watch too much television may cause a slight obesity. Risking For A Better Essay? There are many educational television.
Cancellation , Episode , Film 2376 Words | 6 Pages. Children Need to Play Tracy R. Collins Early Childhood Education Capstone ECE 430 Instructor Kathryn Shuler November 8, 2010 All . Jcu Grading Scale Percentages? children need to social theories play it is an integral part of learning and coping with the realities of everyday life. While children need physical activity to stay healthy and fit they also need unstructured, child centered, imaginative play that they control. Many parents today enroll their children in scale, as many structured activities as possible everything from art classes. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 1158 Words | 4 Pages. Barbara Laugen Business Leadership Final Exam Topic Paper Rosa Louise McCauley Parks by Barbara Laugen Business . Leadership Spring Term 2013 Rosa Louise McCauley Parks , many simply know of Risking it All her as Rosa Parks , is jcu grading scale one of the most amazing women in history. She achieved more things in her life than most people only dream about. Many people today look at Rosa as one of the william, greatest leaders of her time and she is still read about and jcu grading percentages, talked about in schools all over the. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Jo Ann Robinson 895 Words | 3 Pages. 6 The Park The crisp summer air filled the local park , the values, sun burning down as everyone wanted some fresh air.
A young couple . lounging on the fresh grass having a picnic, the juicy aroma of percentages sausages floated through the park . Across from the ii, couple, parked precariously on an old patch of jcu grading grass, was an mumbai population ancient ice-cream van. The old, decrepit van had been in the family for years, paint peeling, bodywork rusting, the ice-cream van was fit for scale the dump. However, everyone in the local park was swarming. Ice cream , PARK , Passing By 507 Words | 2 Pages. A Walk in the Park Have you ever taken time from your busy schedule and of joyce, just sat down at any park and just watched? At . first you don't see anything special except an assembly of people, noisy playful kids, and the occasional burning sting of a mosquito that just made you lunch. You would see people picnicking, dogs frolicking, and people on a personal mission jogging through the park . All it takes to jcu grading scale really see is you opening your eyes, ears, heart and mind to really embrace the william henry gates, life and magnificence. Brassiere , Bullmastiff , English Mastiff 1020 Words | 3 Pages. Disney Theme Parks Case 1. What do you think motivated Disney to set up parks abroad, and what might be the pros and cons . from the jcu grading, standpoint of the Walt Disney Company? The reason behind Disney's motivation to set up theme parks abroad were mostly because of business opportunities.
Based on how successful the in the renaissance, Disney Theme Park is in jcu grading, the United States and the attraction they are gaining from henry gates, foreigners, the management probably realized that it is time to consider entering the global. Amusement park , Disneyland Paris , Disneyland Resort 862 Words | 3 Pages. Central Park Change from hunting-gathering lifestyle to Agrarian society forced people to learn how to jcu grading live in closer proximity with . others, this development gave birth to public and meaning of joyce, private space. Jcu Grading? This essay will be focusing on Manhattan’s Central Park , a well documented public space with more than 25 million visitors each year from world wide. Gates Ii? New York City’s Central Park is the first and most visited urban landscaped park in the United States and one of the jcu grading percentages, most famous in the world (thanks. Calvert Vaux , Central Park , Central Park West 2032 Words | 6 Pages.
It was the first day of kindergarten. The children arrived with new clothes, lunch boxes, book bags stuffed with wide-line tablets, fat . Henry Gates Ii? pencils, a blanket for naptime, and a box of 100 crayons. As a teacher, I watched the children’s faces and jcu grading scale, those of their parents and segments, realized that some of these children were not ready to leave home. Jcu Grading? Small hands clutched a parent’s hand, eyes brimmed with tears, and in the, even a few sobs echoed from one corner of the room. For some, the socialization process had not. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Family 1068 Words | 4 Pages. chapter (“Protection of Children Under the scale, Law”) from patronage renaissance, a 1977 book entitled All Our Children : The American Family Under Pressure, . and a work of legal history, recounting the events leading to a landmark Supreme Court decision (in re Gault) in 1967 that extended some rights of due process to the juvenile court system. Both readings bear on the question of rights for children and why children should be treated differently before the law—if, indeed, they should be.
All Our Children : The American Family. Common law , Court , Health care 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Concussions and Children Playing Football. and Children Playing Football Brandon Waterworth BCOM/275 December 17, 2012 Dr. Betty Bernstein Concussions and . Scale? Children Playing Football Concussions in football are one of the most controversial topics as of late, and Risking Life Essay, there is a good reason. Most parents do not see this sport as a health hazard as this author does. This sport when taught properly will show a child skill of teamwork, communication, and discipline. The article chosen is scale percentages one written on an authors opinion why children should. American football , Concussion , Controversy 587 Words | 2 Pages.
Central Park Central Park , located in 2014, New York City is a public park designed for people to enjoy sightseeing, . tours, exercising, or just plain relaxing. It is an attraction sight for many tourists as well as New Yorkers. According to the book “Central Park , An American Masterpiece” by scale percentages Sara Cedar Miller, the eight hundred and forty three acres of land began construction in roy morgan, 1857 and won the title of being a National Historic Landmark since 1962. Scale? The park which is meaning of joyce located in jcu grading scale, the center of Manhattan. Calvert Vaux , Central Park , Frederick Law Olmsted 1226 Words | 4 Pages. Describe with Examples the Importance of Recognising and Responding to roy morgan values Concerns About Children and Young People’s Development. Why Play is Important for Children ? Children like to percentages play, they need to mumbai population run, chase, ride, skip and jump.
The more they play, . the scale, more they want to play again. Play is important for of joyce Children because it practices their linguistic, cognitive and social skills and contributes to their general personality development. Children use their minds while playing , because they are thinking and acting as if they were another person. When they make such a transformation, they are taking a step forward abstract. Behavior , Child development , Developmental psychology 916 Words | 3 Pages. there is a lot a parent can do in terms of role modeling. (Black, 2009) Not understanding what is considered obese for percentages children , accompanied . by a lack of exercise, without a balanced diet, all contributes to the rising epidemic of Risking it All For a Life Essay obesity in children . Obesity is measured by body mass index (BMI), for children BMI is calculated by using weight, height, and age.
In children and teens a BMI of 95 percent or more is considered obese. A BMI between 85 and 95 percent is considered overweigh. In other. Bariatrics , Body mass index , Body shape 1290 Words | 4 Pages. The Faded Elegance of MacArthur Park MacArthur Park , once a gem of jcu grading percentages Los Angeles’ park system has tarnished over . time yet many businesses and community groups have made attempts to william henry gates restore and percentages, revitalize one of the cities most notable parks . As a blighted area, criminal activities blatantly occurred in the park , which were not hidden from police, businessmen, community groups or residents.
Built in the late 19th century and first named Westlake Park , the open space was known “because of the beauty. Arthur MacArthur, Jr. Patronage In The Renaissance? , Central America , Douglas MacArthur 1114 Words | 3 Pages. might not think Rosa Parks was a significant black women and that she was just another black lady, she did a lot for African Americans, by . helping blacks and whites unite. Through her courage of staying on that bus, she had proven a lot to jcu grading the whites about blacks and what they are capable of doing. She not only changed history, but she also made a name for herself, because she stood up for herself and showed the whites we are all equal and should be treated and one kind.
Rosa Parks had a humongous influence. African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 2278 Words | 6 Pages. Assessment task- MU2.4 Contribute to children and young people’s health and safety Understanding your role in contributing to . children and young people’s health and safety is a priority. As new member of staff your line manager will need to know how you can apply this in your work setting. Roy Morgan? You have been asked to produce information that includes: Task1. * An outline of the health and safety policies and procedures of the work setting * Hot drinks * Emergency exit * Signed in/out *. Accident , Childhood , Hygiene 2240 Words | 7 Pages. Outline Topic: Children and Computers I. Introduction (paragraph 1) a. Hook: “The computer has been introduced into the early . Jcu Grading Percentages? childhood education programs and elementary schools at the national level.” (brainy-child, “computers on your children ”, May 26, 2010) b. Connecting information: many children begin to use computers at an early age, and children can use computers in gates ii, negative and positive ways. c. Thesis statement: computers effect children in jcu grading, positive and negative manner such. Affect , Computer , Early childhood education 1398 Words | 5 Pages. Greatest Love Of All (Whiney Houston) I believe the children are our future Teach them well and let them lead the way Show them all the . beauty they possess inside Give them a sense of pride to make it easier Let the patronage, children's laughter remind us how we used to be Only a mentally deranged builder would cut corners with the foundation and pillars of a mansion he plans to scale live in. A parallel could be drawn between the pertinence of the foundation of population a mansion or sky-scraper and jcu grading, that of patronage in the renaissance the.
Father , Mother , Parent 1195 Words | 3 Pages. ?Sunday in the Park What is the jcu grading scale percentages, point of being a parent? Is it to patronize and make decisions for your child? Decisions they were not able or . Of Joyce? interested in making themselves? Is it to shield them from the world and jcu grading percentages, all its awfulness, or is it simply too prepare them for it? Whether we like it or not, the world is a hard and rough place and children need to figure this out… apparently. That is the basic message in “Sunday in the Park ”. How should you handle situations that you are not ready for. American films , Child , Family 881 Words | 3 Pages. Safeguarding Children Policy Statement: My primary responsibility and priority is for the children I care for.
As a mother, . I am acutely aware of how important it is to ensure your child is kept safe, especially when in someone else’s care. Social Conflict Criminology? To become Ofsted registered I have to have an percentages enhanced CRB disclosure (now called a Disclosure and william gates ii, Barring Service - DBS) as well as other members of my family over the age of scale percentages 16. I am aware of the signs of different kinds of abuse, and if I have. Abuse , Child abuse , Local government 1733 Words | 6 Pages. ?Rosa Parks was one of significant people who fought for gates ii the African American Civil Rights. Throughout her whole life, she had lived in jcu grading scale percentages, . segregation between the white and mumbai population 2014, the black people in Alabama, USA.
She was a determined woman to stop racism and it was more difficult for her at that time because she was an jcu grading scale percentages African American female. Through her life she went through different challenges and the experiences which one of them is the Montgomery Bus Boycott event where she refused to give up her seat. African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1246 Words | 3 Pages. Ocean Park , situated on the southern side of Hong Kong Island, is Hong Kong's premier educational theme park . The current . park covers more than 870,000 square metres of land and features a diverse selection of william henry gates world-class marine attractions, thrill rides and jcu grading percentages, shows divided between three areas: Lowland, Headland and Tai Shue Wan. Operated by the Ocean Park Corporation, a statutory board, it is a not-for-profit organization that aims to provide elements of Risking For a Better Essay entertainment, education and conservation at. Bear , Carnivora , Conservation biology 1528 Words | 5 Pages. The world-class Hong Kong Disneyland theme park and jcu grading percentages, resort is a must-visit on any trip to Hong Kong. In The? Located on jcu grading percentages, scenic Lantau Island, . Disneyland offers magical experiences for the whole family, ranging from Broadway-style shows such as Festival of the meaning of joyce, Lion King and The Golden Mickeys, to hilarious 3D movie and musical adventures at Mickey's Philharmagic.
There are also the signature Disney attractions, photo-taking with your favourite Disney friends, spectacular fireworks and jcu grading scale percentages, a parade that is Risking it All For a Better Life Essay sure. Giant Panda , Hong Kong , Hong Kong Disneyland Resort 2152 Words | 6 Pages. inspirational women of all time was Rosa Parks . Scale Percentages? By one action she helped change the roy morgan segments, lives of a majority ofAfrican Americans and scale, more . importantly society as a whole. Rosa Parks sparked the attention of America when she refused to settle for the black (lower class)standards. Patronage Renaissance? Not only did she help change the jcu grading percentages, lives for many African Americans but she helped equality for it All For a Better Life Essay all men and women in the United States.
By one brave women our world will be forever thankful. Rosa Parks was raised in her Grandparents hosue. African American , Black people , Ku Klux Klan 1219 Words | 3 Pages. considered to be highly important and it is jcu grading percentages of the utmost pleasure for children . It is a mean and not an end; processing of play and not . creating an end. Children learn from playing ; team-work, social, creativity and confidence. In The? Children learn various different skills through playing . Play prepares children to develop life skills outside the classroom. Jcu Grading? Play also provides an opportunity for population 2014 children to learn academically. Play prepares children for the demands of school and the external world. PURPOSE: Play. Childhood , Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget 1469 Words | 4 Pages.
Sexism, Racism and jcu grading scale, Stereotypes in South Park. Shivam Aggarwal Research Paper Professor Aimee Sands Rhetoric B SEXISM, RACISM AND STEREOTYPES IN SOUTH . PARK Racial Stereotyping, racism, gender stereotyping and sexism are some of the strengths of patronage South Park . Jcu Grading Scale Percentages? This TV show was created with a purpose to make racism and sexism funny and in the renaissance, acceptable. South Park is a television show that was created by jcu grading Trey Parker and Matt Stone. It circumvents the values, lives of 4 boys namely Eric Cartmen, Kenny McCormick, Stan. Eric Cartman , Kenny McCormick , Kyle Broflovski 2116 Words | 5 Pages. ? Rosa Parks Outline Rosa Parks affected history by contributing to the NAACP, by helping begin the Montgomery Bus Boycott, . and by helping during the Civil Rights movements and fighting for equality for jcu grading percentages African Americans. I. Introduction A. “The only meaning of joyce, tired I was, was tired of giving in.” 1. Rosa was the jcu grading scale, youth adviser in the NAACP group, and taught her students to resist segregation whenever they could. 2. She was admired in the black community as a dedicated volunteer who served as. African American , Highlander Research and Education Center , Martin Luther King, Jr.
629 Words | 3 Pages. Salina Vang Narrative Description-FFD Mr. Mumbai? Henshaw APELC 8 June 2011 Walking Down Memory Lane Park Whenever I think of Projects . Jcu Grading Scale Percentages? Park it brings back many memories because it was in the neighborhood where I spent my childhood years. Even though it was just for a small portion of my life, for william henry gates one of the longest times it was the place where I had the best memories of courageous acts. Project Park was where I experienced the feeling of always being around others my age and jcu grading scale percentages, it where I met the coolest. Friendship , Greatest hits , The Best Part 1372 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay: Is Television a Bad Influence on Children?
Argumentative essay: Academic Essay: Is television A Bad Influence On Children ? The television has become such an integral part of homes in . the modern world that it is hard to imagine life without television. It provides entertainment to people of all ages especially children . Children love to watch TV and prefer to stay “glued” to the TV screen all day, rather than playing outside. In the USA, 47% of children ages 2 to 18 years have a television set in their bedrooms. On a typical day, they. Cathode ray tube , Entertainment , Infomercial 831 Words | 3 Pages. COLLABORATION OF CHILDREN DURING SPONTANEOUS ACTIVITIES – EXPLORATIONS OF CHILDREN’S ACTIVITIES WITHIN A RELATIONAL AND SYSTEMIC PERSPECTIVE . Eeva-Liisa Kronqvist, PhD University of it All Better Life Oulu INTRODUCTION Recent research concerning peer interaction and collaboration suggests that young children’s social understanding is remarkably complex, even quite early in scale percentages, the pre- school years. This seems to social conflict be evident especially in children’s conflicts, or events in scale, which children express. Child development , Childhood , Developmental psychology 4823 Words | 16 Pages. benefits of kids playing outdoors. Kids Playing Outdoors 1. Introduction The modern day definition of playing for many children these days are . stuck in segments, front of the laptop, television, game console or tablet devices.
Game consoles more generally refer to jcu grading scale video games that required connecting to the television. Examples of game consoles are Microsoft Xbox, Sony PlayStation and Nintendo Wii. While there is doubted those tech gadgets can help young children in terms of Risking Better their mental development and dexterity, getting kids playing outdoors. Childhood , Environment , Learning 1075 Words | 4 Pages. Royal English 1A 7 October 2012 Frontier Park As I finished eating the last delicious morsel on scale percentages, my plate, I looked around and values segments, admired . the old wooden chuck wagons, and the tables that sat in front of them stacked two feet high with steaming hot pancakes. Percentages? The people, who stood in lines waiting to be served, were moved quickly and social theories criminology, efficiently through by servers. Scale Percentages? There were city slickers, country folks, bikers, cowboys, Indians, mothers, fathers and social criminology, children all enjoying their morning breakfast under. American Old West , Buffalo Bill , Calamity Jane 1165 Words | 3 Pages.
English 1101 Children Having Children Raising children is jcu grading a difficult proposition under the best of . circumstances. William? Unfortunately, females can become pregnant at jcu grading, an age when they have not yet developed the emotional and mental skills necessary to 2014 properly care for children . When teen pregnancy happens, the impact on scale percentages, society is felt by all. Teen pregnancy has a social, economic and patronage in the, health impact on society. Jcu Grading Scale? Teen pregnancy has a social impact on society. Pregnant teenagers often lose their commitment. Abortion , Adolescence , Childbirth 993 Words | 3 Pages. for Visiting Legoland Windsor Theme Park . Authors: BAKIR, ALI1 email@example.com BAXTER, SUZANNE G. Source: Journal of . Hospitality Marketing amp; Management. 2011, Vol. Population? 20 Issue 3/4, p407-424.
18p. Scale? 1 Diagram, 3 Charts. Document Type: Article Subject Terms: *TOURISM *TOURIST attractions *TRAVEL *AMUSEMENT parks *FAMILIES Author-Supplied Keywords: fun grounded theory push-pull theme park Tourism motivation travel. Amusement park , Bahrain , Doha 1623 Words | 6 Pages. that can be given. When given a second chance, you learn how to values segments improve your life. After all, we can learn from our mistakes. In the media we hear of many . Jcu Grading? people being given another chance, children being reunited with parents and people narrowly escaping death and becoming better people. In the novel Playing for Pizza, the author, John Grisham illustrates the idea that being given a second chance teaches you valuable life lessons. Risking It All Better Life? Rick Dockery, the scale, protagonist, learns much about life lessons and. English-language films , Happiness , John Grisham 760 Words | 3 Pages.
Yes, that’s Easy for You to Say Every single day you walk, drive, ride your bike, or just sit in segments, the park , there is jcu grading percentages someone smoking a . For A? cigarette. Jcu Grading Percentages? Someone that is lowering their chances to live, taking a risk of cancer, and sometimes even lessening the time spent with their children , because smoking does kill. Nobody wants to get that news saying “you have throat cancer” or even worse “you have lung cancer”, regardless it will kill you in the end. So why are people so worried about telling other. Anxiety , Cancer , Cigarette 1071 Words | 3 Pages. Thorpe Park Customer Needs Evalutation.
types that visit Thorpe Park and what customer needs they have and how Thorpe Park suits their needs. First looking at the . customer needs families have and how Thorpe Park meets these needs. Social? Families with young children will need baby changing rooms for their children . Jcu Grading? Thorpe Park has baby changing rooms at nearly every toilet block and if you can’t find them they are easily locatable by looking at the parks map. Population 2014? Also, families will need buggies for their children . Thorpe Park does offer buggies. Customer , Disability , Wheelchair 1206 Words | 3 Pages. Olympic Games have always transcended sport. As individuals and percentages, nations they raise us all – athletes and spectators alike – to a higher plane.” (Payne 2005) . The Olympic park acts as the centrepiece of the william henry gates, game; beside the fact of ensuring there is jcu grading scale percentages lasting legacy for the economy and the wider community.
For London, the Olympic park project provides the opportunity to regenerate a forgotten area and leave a legacy. Lower Lea Valley of East London is known for henry ii its young, diverse population, but also. 2008 Summer Olympics , 2012 Summer Olympics , Barcelona 1085 Words | 4 Pages. Ma. Angela A. Catapang J10 2011-62151 CA / BS FT Jurassic Park Jurassic Park , was a terrific movie being the . world's highest-grossing film at the time of scale its release. It was filled with sci-fi adventures which tickled our imagination and opened our minds into bold possibilities that were to start with “what if’s”. The said movie was made not only to 2014 entertain and to fascinate the viewers but also to educate everyone about the extent of the jcu grading percentages, powers and social criminology, wonders of science. The main. Biotechnology , Dinosaur , DNA 1014 Words | 3 Pages. ? Children and the Internet There are repercussions when children get on the internet, because the internet influences them in jcu grading percentages, . many ways.
The internet has become a popular technology in the past years. People are able to population play, work, listen to songs, videos, texting, chatting and even watch movies. All this technology can be harmful not only to scale percentages adults but can be brutal to children by being so nieve to this technology. The internet has many characteristics, which involve hospitals, schools, banks. A Great Way to Care , Child , Domestic violence 775 Words | 3 Pages. Executive summary In this Business Report for Luna Park , the reader would become aware of the strengths and weaknesses of the amusement . park , as well as opportunities for the feature and threats to the company.
Luna Park would be considered to ii be in jcu grading percentages, the maturity phase of a product service and readers would be able to in the understand how this happened. Luna Park involves both primary and percentages, secondary market research in Risking For a Essay, order to find out problems with the park and how customers have enjoyed their day. They also. Amusement park , Amusement parks , Coney Island 1267 Words | 7 Pages. ?Visit to Chehaw Park Ulbrikia Daniels Botany I BIOL 2311.01 CRN 83752 Submitted to: Dr. Ravindra Malik Professor Natural . Sciences Department October 22, 2013 Table of Contents Introduction Discussion Positive Recreational Education Southwest Georgia Encouraging Conservation Act Connecting People to Nature Chehaw Tour Poisonous Plants Poison Ivy History Climate Land Uses of Plants Summary References Attachments Visit to scale percentages Chehaw Introduction Chehaw’s mission. Conifer cone , Ivy , Pine 1569 Words | 6 Pages. ?English 926 March 12,2013 Rat Park In Lauren Slater’s article Rat Park , Slater talks about Bruce Alexander’s study . and experiments on addiction. Alexander’s experiment consists of lab rats in it All For a Better Life Essay, two environments. Percentages? The first is a caged environment and the second was a “perfect environment” called Rat Park . Rats in each environment were given two choices of water.
One study group had regular water and values, the second was a form of heroin in water. Jcu Grading Percentages? The caged rats chose to drink the drugged. Addiction , Alcoholism , Dopamine 1296 Words | 5 Pages. Playing Dress Up The physical and psychosocial growth and Risking, development of preschoolers: Preschoolers have good hand and finger . coordination and enjoy putting these skills to jcu grading scale work with blocks and simple puzzles. Imaginative play also begins during this developmental level.
Playing in general, helps develop a child’s social, emotional, language, intellectual and problem solving skills. In the meaning of joyce, preschool years, brain and body development are significantly associated. Children should. Childhood , Early childhood education , Flame retardant 775 Words | 3 Pages.
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How to Guide to Racing Resume / Sponsorship Proposal. So you want to race. Welcome to the club. Whether you are trying to work this out with family support, or on your own, unless you are fabulously wealthy, you have already realized that sponsorship is a must for scale nearly every racer on the track. In your pre-racing days you had to henry, pay for parts to scale percentages, make your ride go as fast as your buddy's, or to population 2014, make it easier on your bod while having fun. As a racer, whether you are a first year amateur or a factory pro, you will have to obtain the performance modifications and replace product when you mess it up, on jcu grading percentages, or off the population 2014 track. In fact I know of quite a few times that perfectly good brand new parts have been destroyed in jcu grading percentages, the process of meaning, installing them (an expensive education and jcu grading, a lesson in patronage, why we should read the directions that come with our new toys). The point being that your little obsession/habit of racing/riding is jcu grading scale percentages, going to be a costly adventure, but also the time of your life. Anyone that has been to a race track has noticed the stickers on social conflict theories, the bikes and scale, haulers.
These are sometimes put there because they came free in mumbai population 2014, the shipment of nerfs, handlebars or in a sticker pack the rider got at the local Honda shop. If you are a sponsored rider, then the branding/stickers on jcu grading, your quad and hauler establish you as a part of the company that you represent. Your actions while wearing the stickers of your sponsor reflect on the sponsor as well as yourself. Sponsors consider that when choosing riders. Next question, How do I get a bunch of those stickers without paying for them or the roy morgan values segments parts they come with? Answer: You do your darndest to earn sponsorship. Simple. Jcu Grading Percentages. Right? Not really.
When I first got into For a Better Life Essay this arena I was in jcu grading, the same shoes you are in right now (unless you have a marketing degree- in which case disregard the rest of this article). My background had nothing to do with how to write a resume for a racer. Sure I could find examples from books at the library or bookstore on resumes, but none for a professional or semi-professional athlete, much less a racer. So I had to social conflict theories, determine what to do to mix the style of resume that I would submit if was looking for a position with a secretarial pool or a teaching position and that of a professional athlete forming a `Racer's Resume'. If you are still reading this right now, you are probably one of the sponsor hungry population who are running out of time to get noticed and be considered for this season's budget from most companies. How it works: Nearly every company has a `Sponsorship Budget' in their program. Each company has a person or team of persons responsible for percentages distributing the henry gates monies/products or a combination of both to deserving athletes.
This person or team of persons is called `Rider Support'. Nearly every company that offers sponsorship has levels of sponsorship. Jcu Grading. Common levels are A, B C level support, Pro and Factory. Support can range from a discount on certain products to free products, contingency (this would be money paid for mumbai 2014 your wins at certain events) all the way to the Holy Grail of the racer: Factory Support. Now let's get down to scale, how to keep your resume on henry gates, the top of the pile and jcu grading scale percentages, out of the trash can. Aside from the basics like your name, street address, city, state, zip code, home and cell phone numbers, you should also include your email. A common mistake, believe it or not, is to leave out contact information. Segments. Jack Bednar, from Lonestar Racing, has had to dig through the trash pile before to find the jcu grading percentages right envelope that a resume came in to find out how to in the, get in touch with the rider. Also necessary in your resume is a short bio of percentages, you and your riding history. Don't go into great detail of every second, third or less finishes you have had, and Risking it All For a Better Life Essay, don't include reasons why you didn't podium at specific races.
Until you are sponsored, no one really cares why you didn't finish a race except your parents. Photos are a must. Scale Percentages. You need to conflict theories, include a head-shot of yourself, one of your bike and jcu grading, one action shot of you at the very least. References must be listed on your resume. Make sure to include contact information on your references as well. Submit your resume to the right people, during the right time frame.
What this means is make sure that you address your resume to the correct department within your target sponsor. Check on Risking it All For a Essay, the target sponsor's website or call their operator to make sure you have the jcu grading scale percentages right address, right name and right time frame to submit your resume. OK, these are the rules. William Ii. Sounds pretty easy so far. Scale Percentages. If this was all there is to it, you would not have read this far. This section is more the strategy than cheat codes. There aren't really `Cheat Codes' to a resume, but there are bonus points you can score. Let's review what we have done so far. We have a basic 4 page resume.
You have included all the `regular' stuff and are following all the renaissance rules. Now, let's get creative and scale percentages, find the way to keep your resume on of joyce, the `keep' pile of your target sponsor's desk. First of all do not even consider handwriting your resume. Jcu Grading Percentages. Make sure you use a good word-processor and spell check it. Kevin Mummuah, from in the renaissance Lost Creek Cycle, says, Don't expect someone to jcu grading scale percentages, do more for you, than the effort you put into your resume. I can tell how much work they put into it when I open them. Patronage. The ones that haven't spent the time are obvious. Your focus should be to maximize what you can offer your potential sponsor in the form of endorsing their product and how to percentages, communicate that you can do this to the sponsor. If you are sending resumes out to companies that you really like, then it shouldn't be too hard to express your enthusiasm for the company and their product or to meaning of joyce, come up with ideas on how you would carry the message to percentages, potential customers on how awesome their products are.
Is your brain full yet? Maybe this is where you should reconsider that job at the sawmill instead of racing. I know I have suggested something like this a couple of times to my racer. Beginning with your contact information review what you have there. Format your information with your name in of joyce, bold print.
This is percentages, important. If you have included your email, and I am hoping you ARE including an email, you need to keep it professional. You are asking companies to social conflict theories criminology, invest a serious amount of confidence in you as well as money in you to jcu grading, support their products and represent their company. If you have an meaning, email of firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com (I don't know if these are real emails or not), it definitely gives a certain impression. Most companies have so much interest in their sponsorship programs that they can throw away any potential riders that even hint of unprofessionalism. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages. Go ahead and keep your identity nickname for chat and private messages, but obtain a professional email with your name in it like firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com either of these would be acceptable and have no unprofessional image. A note on professionalism: if you include your cell phone number or private home number make sure that your recording is also mainstream. No radical music interludes, raps, or weird recordings. Keep it short and sweet.
People in rider support don't have all day to roy morgan, listen to your favorite tunes or you goofing off on your answering machines. Make the choice to go with something grown-up, since you are asking for a grown-up gift. Most of the Rider Support people take about 30 seconds on each resume before deciding what pile to file it in. You need to get their attention to make them even slightly interested in jcu grading, you in the first 10 seconds so they will put you in the `keep' pile rather than the `round' file next to the desk (trash can). Conflict Theories. Start your resume with an jcu grading, eye catcher. What catches your eye? An action photo would be a good idea.
OK, here comes the segments kicker: you actually need a decent action photo to put there. If you don't have some that have been professionally done, get some. Next make sure that the reader can tell it's you. Below are two examples. They are both great `action' photos but the second one is defiantly more eye-catching. Also use good sizes but not to overwhelming and use good quality prints. After you have your resume completed don't mess it all up by printing on your home computer with a low color cartridge. You can have them printed in color on a laser printer for under a buck a page at the local Kinkos. Make sure that you are the focus and that action is jcu grading scale, clear.
As Kevin Mummuah said, Don't send me substandard photos with ant people in them. Next you need to describe what your abilities and qualifications are. Get rid of all the roy morgan descriptions of how cool you are and what people think about you. Jcu Grading Scale. Do include action words describing what you can do. Be willing to back it up. Life. And keep it short. Make sure to include a short history of your wins. Don't include every race you did or why you didn't podium or finish a particular race. If you have a photo of your pit area at a race this would be a good place to include it. I am thinking of scale percentages, a photo of your pit area, neat, no garbage, clean well maintained quad, your tools organized and maybe you and your mechanic (or Dad, or your dog) standing next to your quad in full clean gear.
Remember you are asking a company to be identified with your professionalism. Do you really think they will be interested in being associated with someone who has no respect for william ii their bike or surroundings? Include where you plan to race for the upcoming season. Just list the jcu grading series that you plan to do in theories, full. If you are going to jcu grading, do something like the full GNC National schedule then include it, otherwise say you will be attending selected National events. Roy Morgan Values. Be realistic on where you are going to race and choose one series to focus on. Spell check. Scale Percentages. Read it aloud to someone (that usually catches something that is worded weird).
Check your formatting. Make sure you don't have lines that look. this in your resume. Do your homework. For A. Find out exactly who to send your resume to by calling the company or looking up on their website for scale percentages information on patronage in the renaissance, where and who to send your resume to AND make sure that you are submitting your resume in the right time frame. For instance Shift's Rider Support head, Rob Salcedo, says that they ONLY accept resumes during October 1-31 period. Any resumes that show up even one day early or one day late go straight into the garbage can. Shift gets over jcu grading scale percentages, 300 resumes from amateur riders in the ATV discipline alone. Clancy Schmitt, from Hiper-Technology, says they get over 500 per year. Of Joyce. The competition is scale, stiff for those sponsorships.
So make sure yours comes to the attention of the right person during the right time period. Spell out how you plan on earning your sponsorship. Simply `promoting my sponsors to the best of my ability and listing my sponsors on my sign-ups' is not enough. This is EXPECTED not a perk from you. Running the sponsor's stickers and patronage in the, saying `Thank-You' when interviewed are also expected. Whew, now that we have that out of the way, think on what YOU can do that only you can do. Be original.
Be clear on what your plans are. Spell out exactly what you would like your sponsor to do for you. Do not expect free stuff. More realistically you can expect to jcu grading scale percentages, receive some kind of a discount on product if you are selected for sponsorship. Many companies offer their main products at a special rate for henry gates ii sponsored riders. If for instance you are approaching LoneStar Racing, you can let them know what products you are planning on purchasing and jcu grading, when you would need to make a decision on purchasing. Fasst Company said they want to Risking Better Essay, see at least six things that you can do for jcu grading percentages them. Mumbai. Chris and Cole say, Whatever you want from this company, you need to be prepared to do double in return. References are important. Just like a `regular' resume, be prepared to supply the percentages names, addresses, and phone numbers of people that have knowledge of your riding and personality.
Your school counselor could write a quick letter of mumbai population, support (on school letterhead) as well as be a reference, a family member, the owner of the local bike shop and scale, other sponsors are great references. Other riders are not good references. If you can get someone who is nationally recognized to be a reference this is best. The ATV industry is quite small and many people know each other well enough to just give a quick call. If you are under 18 years old, it is absolutely imperative that you include the fact that you have family support. Segments. Even young adults will benefit from showing a strong family support system. Be prepared to show who you are, not just what you do. This is hard to accomplish in a 4 page resume but can be done.
Presentation. Make sure that you have a cover page, your resume, history/bio page, and a photo page. This is all standard stuff that most of the Rider Support personnel that I spoke with wanted to see. They also have some pet peeves of jcu grading, what is not cool to them. Rob Salcedo absolutely hates those slippery covers that you get for school reports. What happens is you get a stack of them together and social criminology, they all start sliding out, ending up on the floor, in the coffee etc. So binders are a big no-no. A simple staple or cover that is not slippery is good. Have I mentioned spell checking yet? Take pride in yourself and jcu grading, your request. Let your potential sponsor see who you are.
Biggest mistakes include: non typed or non word processed resume; slippery folders; the quote, `will promote your company to the best of my ability'; large files emailed to company; too short of a resume; too long of a resume; and misspelled words. Every company that I spoke with accepted resumes in mail form. A few accepted emails, and it All For a Better Life, fewer still accepted FAXed resumes. Jcu Grading Scale Percentages. Nearly every company accepted resumes in theories criminology, October and November. A few accepted them in September and a few accepted them in December.
After January 1 no one that I spoke with would look at a resume. Each company that I spoke with had different levels of support. Scot Denton, from Denton Racing, said they have four levels of scale, support. Kevin Mummuah from Lost Creek Racing works with a lot of riders at population 2014 different levels of support. Lost Creek has their pros but also a large number of percentages, amateurs and pros who are not even on the roster for Lost Creek, who sometimes end up getting on track support from Kevin. Hiper Technology has three levels of support. Henry Gates Ii. Basically most of the companies that I spoke with have different levels of increasing support the jcu grading scale longer you have been with the company or as your racing wins or popularity as an ATV personality increases.
If you refer a customer to your sponsor, ask the customer to tell your sponsor where they found out mumbai population about the product. This looks very good for you and jcu grading scale percentages, your sponsor will remember this when it comes time to re-evaluate their budget the next year. Jack Bednar summed it up pretty well, Obviously we can't see them all ride, so we have to go on how they present themselves to us through a resume. There are a lot of people using the Sponsorhouse system for values generating a resume. Scale Percentages. This is a great resource, and Risking For a Essay, OK to use, for percentages a starting point.
The format of the Sponsorhouse system takes care of all the meaning basics but the individuality is lacking and many times it seems that the potential sponsor or overwhelmed Rider Support personnel are directed to a web-page to go over. Keeping in mind that the Rider Support people see so many resumes each year, do you really think they are going to be interested in percentages, sitting in front of a computer surfing your webpage? Sponsorhouse is a great addition to a traditional resume that is mumbai population, sent out jcu grading as a hard-copy to your target companies and can really help as the year goes on by keeping your hard-won sponsors up to population 2014, date on jcu grading scale percentages, what is happening with you. I would not rely on Sponsorhouse to do it all for you though. If you end up getting sponsorship, and I am sure you will if you follow the tips in population 2014, this article, make sure that you keep contact with your sponsors.
Even if it is a small sponsorship the first year, you need to start somewhere. Cultivate your relationships and in a few years you should have a much better sponsorship, assuming you live up to what you say you will do for your sponsor. Johnny Jump, from KN Engineering, says he likes to scale, see photos of the bike with his company's stickers on it. It would be a fatal mistake to apply for a second year including a photo without your sponsor's sticker visible. Keep in mind all the riders you have seen in person, on the track, movies, magazines and on social theories criminology, the internet. They are all potentially competing with you for the sponsor budget. You have to sell yourself.
I know this is kind of weird but basically the `you-ness' of you is all that really separates you from any other rider who applies for sponsorship. I know it feels odd but you need to bite the bullet and go for it. As an jcu grading percentages, added bonus you can view Dana Creech's 2003 Resume online through his website. Have fun, ride safe and don't forget to call your Mom.