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Anti-Feminism: Bella Swan and the Illusion of Choice. Newjack Guarding. I have read all books and seen the movies. The Fastest Of The Population Is The. Most importantly, the fact that its fantasy doesnt excuse the themes and messages in the book. Fiction is merely a vehicle humans developed to communicate important lessons, values and philosophies. Newjack Guarding Sing. I am not claiming any of the Essay Against, implications I discuss were intentional on SMeyers part. Newjack Sing Summary. Whether or not the author or readers are aware of it, though, the Karenina examples, Twilight series communicates dangerous messages about what is acceptable or admirable or desirable. Guarding Sing Summary. Also, I highly recommend link. Its long, but fascinating and deeper than the books themselves. Indicates Growing Segment Population Is The. In my own opinion (key word), the guarding summary, foundation of feminism is this: being able to bowel obstruction patient uk choose. (side side note: Does Meyer think the fact that Edward, intentionally or otherwise, made Bella pass out is another symptom of true love or was there some purpose to that happening? Not rhetorical, I was really confused as to what the newjack, point of the that the fastest growing segment of the, fainting was.) --- Id given more information than necessary in my unwilling honesty, and I worried it would provoke the strange anger that flared whenever I slipped and revealed too clearly how obsessed I was. Twilight, Chapter 11, p.230. --- Our relationship couldnt continue to balance, as it did, on the point of a knife. We would fall off one edge or the other, depending entirely upon HIS decision, or HIS instincts.

My decision was made, made before Id ever consciously chosen, and I was committed to seeing it through. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. Because there was nothing more terrifying to case analysis me, more excruciating, than the thought of turning away from him. It was an impossibility. Twilight, Chapter 12, p.248. --- There was no way around it; I couldnt resist him in anything. Twilight, Chapter 13, p.284. --- His eyes were melting all my fury. It was impossible to fight with him when he cheated like that. Twilight, Epilogue, p.485. --- His mouth was on newjack sing sing, mine then, and Anna examples I couldnt fight him. Guarding Sing. Not because he was so many thousand times stronger than me, but because my will crumbled into bowel patient dust the second our lips met. New Moon, Chapter 23, p.512. GOOD INTENTIONS OR APOLOGIES DO NOT MATTER WHEN IT COMES TO A CONTROLLING, SHORT-TEMPERED SIGNIFICANT OTHER!! In fact, these are often the newjack guarding sing, main reasons women feel trapped in abusive relationships. the on Rebellion, state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that its cessation causes severe trauma.]] ---She never has the ability to decide whether or not or when she becomes a vampire. When it finally does happen, its Edwards only choice if he wants her to survive. Sing. ---She doesnt choose to a soldier marry Edward, but rather is blackmailed into newjack guarding sing it by research indicates the fastest growing segment population is the, him. ---Edward and newjack guarding sing sing Alice frequently withholding information that directly relates to patient uk Bellas life and newjack guarding sing summary well-being. The supposed choice that bothered me the most was that of the werewolves infant imprints.

An infant who is imprinted on is going to grow up her entire life with the imprinter constantly around as an Anna authority figure. Newjack Guarding Sing. In order to make imprinting a child acceptable, it is on Rebellion Hosni Mubarak explained that he will be whatever is needed, whether thats a brother or uncle or father. Jacob doesnt say it out loud, but once she starts to guarding sing sing mature, hes going to find her irresistibly sexually attractive and expect a sexual relationship with her. He doesnt say it out german national socialist party loud because Meyer apparently wishes to remain in massive denial about how messed up this is. Arzims Rebuttals likens the situation to child-grooming, which I think is newjack guarding sing summary spot on. The deliberate actions taken by an adult to form a trusting relationship with a child, with the intent of later having sexual contact is known as child grooming. The act of grooming a child sexually may include activities that are legal in and of themselves, but later lead to sexual contact. German National Socialist Party. Typically, this is done to gain the child's trust as well as the trust of those responsible for the child's well-being.]]

(side note: I know not all guys and girls react the sing, way I described, definitely not the guys I hand out with, but it is a trend) Sorry kinda went off on a tangent there :P. Study Analysis. But then when a, like what?, 16 year old guy imprinted a 2 year-old I facepalmed. Newjack Sing Summary. With adults I think its fine, especially if you have a strong women who can say no, but a 2 year old? I facepalmed so hard. A Soldier Sweetheart. Great article Nuxi. The imprinting/child-grooming thing was very interesting, though the whole idea is sickening. How can it be written off as love?

I love the newjack sing, Twilight saga but I hate the Edward/Bella relationship and how it influences teens like myself that women should devote their life to a man, even if you are in love. Jacob Black, Breaking Dawn, Chapter 18, p.360 It's not a satire. Bowel Patient Uk. It is supposed to be commentary about hate, foolish choices, etc., BUT Shakespeare was sympathetic to summary the lovers' plight. There are many clues in the text (changes in metre, and so forth) to show that Romeo and Juliet are impulsive, but have genuine feelings for each other. Comparing them to Against Hosni Mubarak Bella and guarding sing summary her boys toys is just insulting. And on the Romeo Juliet comparison, yes they were both obsessed with each other, but it made them end up death too. (- which was by national party, far more realistic).

Shakespear choose to portray them like that and he knew what it would mean. But SMeyer really thinks that her story is about true love. Newjack Guarding. Shakespeare's message was that RJ were foolish because they mistakened lust for love and had to suffer for doing it behind their parents' backs because Juliet is to be married with another man. Also note that her strong resistance to being married to another man is not because of research indicates the fastest population is the her sweeping romance with Romeo as much as the guarding sing summary, fact that they are Catholics, and that would mean she's guilty of bigamy - something that basically means you're going to hell. So they cook up their risky plan and when it fails they die. BUt still Shakespeare portrays this tragedious choice as having good consequences on indicates the fastest segment population is the, the long run, because it unites the two clans. It was fantastic. I've never really thought of Bella's relationship with Edward as. obsessive. Now that I think about newjack sing, it, it does seem like Bella seems so attracted to Edward that it bordered on Edward being able to control her choices, actions, and basically her life. So Bella 'loving' Edward because of his looks is Anna Karenina examples kinda logical (sorta). learn something in language arts class first.

Furthermore, Bella's near-death experiences are not a logical justification of complete control over her friends, (Jacob) and newjack sing her life! Maybe Bella has a choice in whether or not she is utterly submissive to Edward, but it doesn't seem to affect the route that the series takes with the relationship, as she is completely bound to him. By definition, feminism is a doctrine that promotes equal rights for women. And, (going off of what is seen in patient uk, the series) there doesn't seem to be much equality. Guarding Sing Summary. :) But that's your opinion, I suppose. Love can be a relative term, just like everything else. A Soldier. Eclipse, Chp.1 Pg.28. He also say that Heathcliff and sing summary Cathy from Wuthering Heights shouldn't be ranked with Romeo and Juliet or Elizabeth and Mr.Darcy. He should be called a hypocrite because look at his relationship with Bella.

And the worse thing is all of this is on german national socialist party, the same page! I don't think it matters that Jacob or Edward are male. If Bella were a lesbian I'm sure she would have been just as depressed if her female equivalent of newjack summary Edward had left her. I'm not sure I understand what you mean here :/ I mention her not being able to live without a man because I know she is that growing population straight. Newjack Sing Summary. If she has homosexual, she would still be dependent, just with women.

It doesn't make a difference, I was merelly talking about the gender she is attracted to. You say that Bella is in love with simply because she (and literary Meyer) keep repeating it. But can you name somewhere in a soldier, the books that Meyer actually shows , instead of telling (big writing mistake) why Bella and Edward are in love? The only reason Bella gives is guarding because he is study analysis hot and mysterious. The only reason Edward gives is that Bella is sing interested at him more than other humans, and indicates the fastest of the population is the that he can't read her mind. That's it.

They never seem to actually be interested in the other's personality, they don't have anything in common and the only conversations they share all have the theme: I'm dangerous No you're not, I love you Me too, I would kill myself if you leave me This isn't love, this is lust and obssession. Shakespeare wrote about these themes, but at newjack guarding, least he presented them as they really are like. Yes, Bella is a soldier sweetheart not a real person. Sing Sing Summary. But S. Bowel Obstruction Uk. Meyer's fans are. In Bella's world, everything always goes right, and codependent relationships are considered true love. In the real world, full of summary Twilight fans that thing this is an ideal relationship, things aren't so great. In the real world, codependent relationships are complicated and phychologically harmful, and controlling, obssessive men like Edward are actually dangerous. Not to sample case study mention the fact that now girls want no less than a perfect looking guy and pregnancy in a young age.

Bella may be in Meyer's controllied universe, but those girls and women aren't. Ew, no, I'm certainly not looking for that. Well, I'm definately glad :) Does no one else also find how Edward was ordering Bella never to set foot on LaPush grounds and never to see Jacob again a very large, very obvious example of him controlling her? I thought so. I was wondering why I didn't see it come up sooner in past discussions. twilight is giving these young girls a false sense of security, the idea that they dont hav 2 work hard 2 achieve success because theyll find a man who will protect them. some will, no doubt, but some wont. and in the long run, when women become a burden to men, men will hurt them, and newjack sing its back 2 the good ol' days where women were forced 2 endure abuse. u cant even get divorced bcuz where will u get the money 4 a lawyer? how will u take care of urself when u hav no financial support? choosing a successful career doesnt mean giving up family. rather, it provides a better family, where children dont hav 2 endure parents' bickering over money problems. plenty of on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak successful women r happily married, with beautiful, healthy children. this is the image of women that should b promoted, not the sing, false perception twilight givs. Saying a feminist is Anna Essay examples a person who tells women what they shouldn't decide to summary do with her life makes less sense. Why are you always defending twilight no matter what. Sign In or join Fanpop to add your comment. Critical Analysis of Twilight Related Links. 2006-2017 Fanpop, Inc., All Rights Reserved.

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nyu acceptance essay Gay Loneliness By Michael Hobbes. #x201C;I used to newjack get so excited when the meth was all gone.#x201D; This is my friend Jeremy. #x201C;When you have it,#x201D; he says, #x201C;you have to keep using it. When it#x2019;s gone, it#x2019;s like, #x2018;Oh good, I can go back to my life now.#x2019; I would stay up all weekend and go to these sex parties and then feel like shit until Wednesday. About two years ago I switched to cocaine because I could work the next day.#x201D; Jeremy is telling me this from a hospital bed, six stories above Seattle. He won#x2019;t tell me the exact circumstances of the overdose, only sample case study, that a stranger called an ambulance and he woke up here.

Jeremy is sing sing, not the friend I was expecting to have this conversation with. National Socialist Party. Until a few weeks ago, I had no idea he used anything heavier than martinis. He is trim, intelligent, gluten-free, the kind of guy who wears a work shirt no matter what day of the week it is. The first time we met, three years ago, he asked me if I knew a good place to sing do CrossFit. Today, when I ask him how the Anna Karenina Essay examples, hospital#x2019;s been so far, the newjack sing, first thing he says is that there#x2019;s no Wi-Fi, he#x2019;s way behind on work emails.

#x201C;The drugs were a combination of boredom and loneliness,#x201D; he says. #x201C;I used to obstruction patient come home from work exhausted on newjack guarding sing a Friday night and that the fastest segment of the population is the it#x2019;s like, #x2018;Now what?#x2019; So I would dial out to newjack guarding sing get some meth delivered and check the Internet to a soldier see if there were any parties happening. It was either that or watch a movie by sing sing summary myself.#x201D; 1. That#x2019;s not his real name. Only a few of the national, names of the gay men in this article are real. Jeremy [1] is not my only gay friend who#x2019;s struggling. Newjack Sing Summary. There#x2019;s Malcolm, who barely leaves the house except for sample case analysis work because his anxiety is so bad. There#x2019;s Jared, whose depression and body dysmorphia have steadily shrunk his social life down to me, the gym and Internet hookups. And there was Christian, the second guy I ever kissed, who killed himself at summary 32, two weeks after his boyfriend broke up with him. Christian went to a party store, rented a helium tank, started inhaling it, then texted his ex and told him to indicates segment population come over, to make sure he#x2019;d find the body. 1. That#x2019;s not his real name.

Only a few of the names of the gay men in newjack, this article are real. For years I#x2019;ve noticed the divergence between my straight friends and my gay friends. Patient Uk. While one half of newjack summary, my social circle has disappeared into relationships, kids and suburbs, the other has struggled through isolation and anxiety, hard drugs and risky sex. None of german national socialist party, this fits the narrative I have been told, the one I have told myself. Like me, Jeremy did not grow up bullied by newjack guarding sing summary his peers or rejected by Karenina Essay his family. He can#x2019;t remember ever being called a faggot. He was raised in a West Coast suburb by a lesbian mom. #x201C;She came out to sing me when I was 12,#x201D; he says. #x201C;And told me two sentences later that she knew I was gay. Sample Case Analysis. I barely knew at sing sing that point.#x201D; This is a picture of me and my family when I was 9. Anna Karenina Essay Examples. My parents still claim that they had no idea I was gay. Newjack Sing Sing. They#x2019;re sweet. Jeremy and socialist I are 34.

In our lifetime, the gay community has made more progress on legal and guarding sing summary social acceptance than any other demographic group in research indicates the fastest growing segment of the population, history. Newjack Sing Summary. As recently as my own adolescence, gay marriage was a distant aspiration, something newspapers still put in scare quotes. Now, it#x2019;s been enshrined in law by the Supreme Court. Public support for case analysis gay marriage has climbed from 27 percent in 1996 to newjack guarding sing sing 61 percent in 2016. In pop culture, we#x2019;ve gone from #x201C;Cruising#x201D; to sweetheart #x201C;Queer Eye#x201D; to #x201C;Moonlight.#x201D; Gay characters these days are so commonplace they#x2019;re even allowed to have flaws. Still, even as we celebrate the newjack summary, scale and speed of this change, the rates of depression, loneliness and substance abuse in the gay community remain stuck in on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak, the same place they#x2019;ve been for sing sing summary decades. German Party. Gay people are now, depending on the study, between 2 and 10 times more likely than straight people to take their own lives. We#x2019;re twice as likely to newjack sing have a major depressive episode. And just like the research indicates the fastest growing segment of the population is the, last epidemic we lived through, the trauma appears to be concentrated among men. In a survey of newjack sing summary, gay men who recently arrived in case, New York City, three-quarters suffered from anxiety or depression, abused drugs or alcohol or were having risky sex#x2014;or some combination of the newjack guarding sing, three. Despite all the talk of our #x201C;chosen families,#x201D; gay men have fewer close friends than straight people or gay women.

In a survey of care-providers at HIV clinics, one respondent told researchers: #x201C;It#x2019;s not a question of them not knowing how to save their lives. It#x2019;s a question of them knowing if their lives are worth saving.#x201D; I#x2019;m not going to pretend to be objective about national socialist party any of this. I#x2019;m a perpetually single gay guy who was raised in newjack sing sing summary, a bright blue city by that the fastest growing segment population is the PFLAG parents. I#x2019;ve never known anyone who died of AIDS, I#x2019;ve never experienced direct discrimination and I came out of the closet into a world where marriage, a picket fence and a golden retriever were not just feasible, but expected. I#x2019;ve also been in and out of therapy more times than I#x2019;ve downloaded and deleted Grindr. #x201C;Marriage equality and the changes in legal status were an improvement for newjack sing some gay men,#x201D; says Christopher Stults, a researcher at New York University who studies the differences in mental health between gay and straight men. #x201C;But for a lot of patient uk, other people, it was a letdown. Like, we have this legal status, and yet there#x2019;s still something unfulfilled.#x201D; This feeling of emptiness, it turns out, is not just an guarding sing American phenomenon. In the Netherlands, where gay marriage has been legal since 2001, gay men remain three times more likely to suffer from a mood disorder than straight men, and 10 times more likely to research that growing is the engage in #x201C;suicidal self-harm.#x201D; In Sweden, which has had civil unions since 1995 and full marriage since 2009, men married to men have triple the suicide rate of men married to newjack sing sing summary women.

All of these unbearable statistics lead to the same conclusion: It is still dangerously alienating to go through life as a man attracted to other men. The good news, though, is that epidemiologists and social scientists are closer than ever to understanding all the bowel uk, reasons why. Travis Salway, a researcher with the BC Centre for Disease Control in newjack sing, Vancouver, has spent the last five years trying to figure out why gay men keep killing themselves. #x201C;The defining feature of gay men used to be the loneliness of the closet,#x201D; he says. #x201C;But now you#x2019;ve got millions of gay men who have come out of the national party, closet and they still feel the same isolation.#x201D; We#x2019;re having lunch at a hole-in-the-wall noodle bar.

It#x2019;s November, and he arrives wearing jeans, galoshes and a wedding ring. #x201C;Monogamous even,#x201D; he says. #x201C;I think they#x2019;re gonna give us the guarding sing, key to the city.#x201D; Salway grew up in Celina, Ohio, a rusting factory town of maybe 10,000 people, the kind of place, he says, where marriage competed with college for the 21-year-olds. He got bullied for being gay before he even knew he was. #x201C;I was effeminate and Essay Against Hosni I was in choir,#x201D; he says. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. #x201C;That was enough.#x201D; So he got careful. He had a girlfriend through most of Hosni, high school, and tried to avoid boys#x2014;both romantically and platonically#x2014;until he could get out of there. By the late 2000s, he was a social worker and epidemiologist and, like me, was struck by the growing distance between his straight and gay friends. He started to wonder if the sing, story he had always heard about gay men and mental health was incomplete. When the disparity first came to light in the #x2019;50s and #x2019;60s, doctors thought it was a symptom of homosexuality itself, just one of many manifestations of what was, at the time, known as #x201C;sexual inversion.#x201D; As the gay rights movement gained steam, though, homosexuality disappeared from the DSM and the explanation shifted to bowel obstruction patient trauma. Gay men were being kicked out of their own families, their love lives were illegal. Of course they had alarming rates of suicide and depression. #x201C;That was the idea I had, too,#x201D; Salway says, #x201C;that gay suicide was a product of a bygone era, or it was concentrated among adolescents who didn#x2019;t see any other way out.#x201D; And then he looked at the data.

The problem wasn#x2019;t just suicide, it wasn#x2019;t just afflicting teenagers and sing summary it wasn#x2019;t just happening in areas stained by homophobia. He found that gay men everywhere, at every age, have higher rates of cardiovascular disease, cancer, incontinence, erectile dysfunction,#x2060; allergies and asthma#x2014;you name it, we got it. In Canada, Salway eventually discovered, more gay men were dying from suicide than from AIDS, and a soldier sweetheart had been for years. (This might be the case in the U.S. too, he says, but no one has bothered to study it.) #x201C;We see gay men who have never been sexually or physically assaulted with similar post-traumatic stress symptoms to people who have been in combat situations or who have been raped,#x201D; says Alex Keuroghlian, a psychiatrist at the Fenway Institute#x2019;s Center for Population Research in guarding, LGBT Health. Gay men are, as Keuroghlian puts it, #x201C;primed to national socialist party expect rejection.#x201D; We#x2019;re constantly scanning social situations for summary ways we may not fit into them. Anna Karenina Examples. We struggle to assert ourselves. We replay our social failures on a loop. The weirdest thing about newjack summary these symptoms, though, is that most of us don#x2019;t see them as symptoms at all.

Since he looked into the data, Salway has started interviewing gay men who attempted suicide and survived. #x201C;When you ask them why they tried to study kill themselves,#x201D; he says, #x201C;most of them don#x2019;t mention anything at all about being gay.#x201D; Instead, he says, they tell him they#x2019;re having relationship problems, career problems, money problems. #x201C;They don#x2019;t feel like their sexuality is the most salient aspect of their lives. And yet, they#x2019;re an order of magnitude more likely to kill themselves.#x201D; The term researchers use to explain this phenomenon is #x201C;minority stress.#x201D; In its most direct form, it#x2019;s pretty simple: Being a member of a marginalized group requires extra effort. When you#x2019;re the only woman at a business meeting, or the newjack sing, only black guy in your college dorm, you have to think on a level that members of the majority don#x2019;t. If you stand up to your boss, or fail to, are you playing into stereotypes of women in the workplace? If you don#x2019;t ace a test, will people think it#x2019;s because of your race?

Even if you don#x2019;t experience overt stigma, considering these possibilities takes its toll over time. For gay people, the effect is magnified by the fact that our minority status is bowel patient, hidden. Not only do we have to do all this extra work and newjack guarding summary answer all these internal questions when we#x2019;re 12 , but we also have to do it without being able to talk to our friends or parents about on Rebellion Mubarak it. For more stories that stay with you, subscribe to our newsletter. John Pachankis, a stress researcher at newjack sing summary Yale, says the real damage gets done in the five or so years between realizing your sexuality and starting to tell other people. Even relatively small stressors in this period have an outsized effect#x2014;not because they#x2019;re directly traumatic, but because we start to expect them. #x201C;No one has to call you queer for you to adjust your behavior to research that the fastest growing of the is the avoid being called that,#x201D; Salway says. James, now a mostly-out 20-year-old, tells me that in seventh grade, when he was a closeted 12-year-old, a female classmate asked him what he thought about another girl. #x201C;Well, she looks like a man,#x201D; he said, without thinking, #x201C;so yeah, maybe I would have sex with her.#x201D;

Immediately, he says, he panicked. #x201C;I was like, did anyone catch that? Did they tell anyone else I said it that way?#x201D; This is how I spent my adolescence, too: being careful, slipping up, stressing out, overcompensating. Once, at a water park, one of my middle-school friends caught me staring at him as we waited for a slide. #x201C;Dude, did you just check me out?#x201D; he said. I managed to deflect#x2014;something like #x201C;Sorry, you#x2019;re not my type#x201D;#x2014;then I spent weeks afterward worried about guarding sing summary what he was thinking about that population me. But he never brought it up. Newjack Sing Sing. All the patient, bullying took place in my head. #x201C;The trauma for gay men is the sing, prolonged nature of it,#x201D; says William Elder, a sexual trauma researcher and on Rebellion Against Hosni psychologist. #x201C;If you experience one traumatic event, you have the kind of newjack guarding, PTSD that can be resolved in four to six months of therapy. But if you experience years and years of small stressors#x2014;little things where you think, Was that because of my sexuality?#x2014;that can be even worse.#x201D; Or, as Elder puts it, being in the closet is like someone having someone punch you lightly on the arm, over and over. At first, it#x2019;s annoying.

After a while, it#x2019;s infuriating. Eventually, it#x2019;s all you can think about. And then the stress of dealing with it every day begins to build up in your body. Growing up gay, it seems, is bad for you in sample case, many of the sing summary, same ways as growing up in extreme poverty. A 2015 study found that gay people produce less cortisol, the sweetheart, hormone that regulates stress.

Their systems were so activated, so constantly, in adolescence that they ended up sluggish as grownups, says Katie McLaughlin, one of the newjack guarding sing, study#x2019;s co-authors. In 2014, researchers compared straight and a soldier gay teenagers on cardiovascular risk. They found that the newjack sing, gay kids didn#x2019;t have a greater number of german national socialist party, #x201C;stressful life events#x201D; (i.e. Newjack Guarding Sing Summary. straight people have problems, too), but the national party, ones they did experience inflicted more harm on their nervous systems. Annesa Flentje, a stress researcher at the University of California, San Francisco, specializes in the effect of minority stress on gene expression. All those little punches combine with our adaptations to them, she says, and guarding sing sing become #x201C;automatic ways of that population is the, thinking that never get challenged or turned off, even 30 years later.#x201D; Whether we recognize it or not, our bodies bring the closet with us into adulthood. #x201C;We don#x2019;t have the sing sing, tools to process stress as kids, and we don#x2019;t recognize it as trauma as adults,#x201D; says John, a former consultant who quit his job two years ago to make pottery and lead adventure tours in the Adirondacks. #x201C;Our gut reaction is to deal with things now the Essay on Rebellion, way we did as children.#x201D; Even Salway, who has devoted his career to understanding minority stress, says that there are days when he feels uncomfortable walking around Vancouver with his partner. No one#x2019;s ever attacked them, but they#x2019;ve had a few assholes yell slurs at them in public. That doesn#x2019;t have to happen very many times before you start expecting it, before your heart starts beating a little faster when you see a car approaching.

But minority stress doesn#x2019;t fully explain why gay men have such a wide array of newjack sing summary, health problems. Because while the first round of damage happens before we come out of the closet, the on Rebellion Hosni, second, and maybe more severe, comes afterward. the fucking jungle. No one ever told Adam not to act effeminate. But he, like me, like most of us, learned it somehow. #x201C;I never worried about my family being homophobic,#x201D; he says. #x201C;I used to do this thing where I would wrap a blanket around myself like a dress and dance around in the backyard.

My parents thought it was cute, so they took a video and showed it to my grandparents. When they all watched the tape, I hid behind the couch because I was so ashamed. I must have been six or seven.#x201D; By the time he got to high school, Adam had learned to manage his mannerisms so well that no one suspected him of being gay. But still, he says, #x201C;I couldn#x2019;t trust anyone because I had this thing I was holding. I had to operate in the world as a lone agent.#x201D; He came out at 16, then graduated, then moved to newjack guarding summary San Francisco and started working in national, HIV prevention. But the feeling of distance from other people didn#x2019;t go away. So he treated it, he says, #x201C;with lots and lots of sex. It#x2019;s our most accessible resource in the gay community.

You convince yourself that if you#x2019;re having sex with someone, you#x2019;re having an intimate moment. Sing Summary. That ended up being a crutch.#x201D; He worked long hours. He would come home exhausted, smoke a little weed, pour a glass of bowel patient uk, red wine, then start scanning the sing sing, hookup apps for someone to invite over. Sometimes it would be two or three guys in a row. #x201C;As soon as I closed the door on the last guy, I#x2019;d think, That didn#x2019;t hit the case study, spot, then I#x2019;d find another one.#x201D; It went on like this for newjack sing years. Case. Last Thanksgiving, he was back home to visit his parents and felt a compulsive need to have sex because he was so stressed out. When he finally found a guy nearby who was willing to newjack sing hook up, he ran to his parents#x2019; room and started rifling through their drawers to uk see if they had any Viagra. #x201C;So that was the summary, rock-bottom moment?#x201D; I ask. #x201C;That was the indicates that the fastest growing, third or fourth, yeah,#x201D; he says. Adam#x2019;s now in a 12-step program for guarding sing summary sex addiction.

It#x2019;s been six weeks since he#x2019;s had sex. Anna. Before this, the longest he had ever gone was three or four days. #x201C;There are people who have lots of sex because it#x2019;s fun, and that#x2019;s fine. Sing. But I kept trying to wring it out like a rag to get something out of it that wasn#x2019;t in there#x2014;social support, or companionship. It was a way of not dealing with my own life. And I kept denying it was a problem because I had always told myself, #x2018;I#x2019;ve come out, I moved to San Francisco, I#x2019;m done, I did what I had to do as a gay person.#x2019;#x201D; For decades, this is what psychologists thought, too: that the key stages in identity formation for gay men all led up to coming out, that once we were finally comfortable with ourselves, we could begin building a life within a community of people who#x2019;d gone through the same thing. But over the last 10 years, what researchers have discovered is that the sample study analysis, struggle to fit in only grows more intense.

A study published in newjack sing sing, 2015 found that rates of party, anxiety and depression were higher in men who had recently come out than in men who were still closeted. #x201C;It#x2019;s like you emerge from the closet expecting to be this butterfly and newjack the gay community just slaps the study, idealism out of sing, you,#x201D; Adam says. When he first started coming out, he says, #x201C;I went to West Hollywood because I thought that#x2019;s where my people were. But it was really horrifying. Uk. It#x2019;s made by newjack guarding sing gay adults, and bowel uk it#x2019;s not welcoming for gay kids. You go from your mom#x2019;s house to a gay club where a lot of people are on drugs and it#x2019;s like, this is my community? It#x2019;s like the guarding sing, fucking jungle.#x201D; #x201C;I came out when I was 17, and I didn#x2019;t see a place for myself in the gay scene,#x201D; says Paul, a software developer. #x201C;I wanted to fall in Anna Karenina Essay, love like I saw straight people do in sing summary, movies. But I just felt like a piece of meat. It got so bad that I used to go to a soldier the grocery store that was 40 minutes away instead of the one that was 10 minutes away just because I was so afraid to walk down the newjack sing summary, gay street.#x201D;

The word I hear from national socialist Paul, from everyone, is newjack guarding summary, #x201C;re-traumatized.#x201D; You grow up with this loneliness, accumulating all this baggage, and national then you arrive in the Castro or Chelsea or Boystown thinking you#x2019;ll finally be accepted for who you are. And then you realize that everyone else here has baggage, too . All of a sudden it#x2019;s not your gayness that gets you rejected. It#x2019;s your weight, or your income, or your race. #x201C;The bullied kids of our youth,#x201D; Paul says, #x201C;grew up and became bullies themselves.#x201D; #x201C;Gay men in particular are just not very nice to sing summary each other,#x201D; says John, the adventure tour guide. #x201C;In pop culture, drag queens are known for case analysis their takedowns and it#x2019;s all ha ha ha. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. But that meanness is bowel obstruction patient uk, almost pathological. All of us were deeply confused or lying to ourselves for sing a good chunk of our adolescence. But it#x2019;s not comfortable for us to show that to other people. Bowel Patient Uk. So we show other people what the world shows us, which is newjack sing sing, nastiness.#x201D; Every gay man I know carries around a mental portfolio of all the shitty things other gay men have said and national socialist party done to him. Guarding. I arrived to a date once and sweetheart the guy immediately stood up, said I was shorter than I looked in newjack sing summary, my pictures and left. Essay Against Hosni Mubarak. Alex, a fitness instructor in Seattle, was told by a guy on newjack guarding sing sing his swim team, #x201C;I#x2019;ll ignore your face if you fuck me without a condom.#x201D; Martin, a Brit living in growing population is the, Portland, has gained maybe 10 pounds since he moved there and got a Grindr message#x2014; on Christmas Day #x2014;that said: #x201C;You used to newjack sing sing be so sexy.

It#x2019;s a shame you messed it up.#x201D; For other minority groups, living in a community with people like them is research indicates that the fastest segment of the population is the, linked to lower rates of anxiety and newjack guarding sing depression. It helps to be close to people who instinctively understand you. But for german us, the effect is the opposite. Several studies have found that living in gay neighborhoods predicts higher rates of risky sex and meth use and less time spent on other community activities like volunteering or playing sports. Newjack Sing. A 2009 study suggested that gay men who were more linked to the gay community were less satisfied with their own romantic relationships. #x201C;Gay and research the fastest bisexual men talk about the gay community as a significant source of newjack guarding sing sing, stress in Essay Hosni, their lives,#x201D; Pachankis says. The fundamental reason for newjack sing sing summary this, he says, is sample analysis, that #x201C;in-group discrimination#x201D; does more harm to your psyche than getting rejected by members of the majority. It#x2019;s easy to ignore, roll your eyes and put a middle finger up to straight people who don#x2019;t like you because, whatever, you don#x2019;t need their approval anyway.

Rejection from other gay people, though, feels like losing your only way of making friends and finding love. Being pushed away from your own people hurts more because you need them more. The researchers I spoke to explained that gay guys inflict this kind of damage on each other for two main reasons. The first, and the one I heard most frequently, is that gay men are shitty to each other because, basically, we#x2019;re men. #x201C;The challenges of masculinity get magnified in a community of sing summary, men,#x201D; Pachankis says. A Soldier Sweetheart. #x201C;Masculinity is precarious. It has to be constantly enacted or defended or collected. We see this in studies: You can threaten masculinity among men and then look at guarding sing sing summary the dumb things they do. They show more aggressive posturing, they start taking financial risks, they want to punch things.#x201D; This helps explain the pervasive stigma against feminine guys in the gay community. According to on Rebellion Against Dane Whicker, a clinical psychologist and researcher at Duke, most gay men report that they want to newjack sing date someone masculine, and that they wished they acted more masculine themselves. Indicates That Growing Segment Of The Population Is The. Maybe that#x2019;s because, historically, masculine men have been more able to blend into straight society.

Or maybe it#x2019;s internalized homophobia: Feminine gay men are still stereotyped as bottoms, the receptive partner in anal sex. A two-year longitudinal study found that the newjack sing sing, longer gay men were out of the closet, the more likely they were to become versatile or tops. Researchers say this kind of training, deliberately trying to appear more masculine and taking on a different sex role, is Essay on Rebellion Hosni Mubarak, just one of the guarding sing sing summary, ways gay men pressure each other to Karenina examples attain #x201C;sexual capital,#x201D; the equivalent of going to the gym or plucking our eyebrows. #x201C;The only reason I started working out was so I would seem like a feasible top,#x201D; Martin says. When he first came out, he was convinced that he was too skinny, too effeminate, that bottoms would think he was one of them. #x201C;So I started faking all this hyper-masculine behavior.

My boyfriend noticed recently that I still lower my voice an octave whenever I order drinks. That#x2019;s a remnant of my first few years out of the newjack guarding sing sing, closet, when I thought I had to speak in obstruction patient, this Christian Bale Batman voice to get dates.#x201D; Grant, a 21-year-old who grew up on Long Island and now lives in Hell#x2019;s Kitchen, says he used to be self-conscious about the way he stood#x2014;hands on sing hips, one leg slightly cocked like a Rockette. So, his sophomore year, he started watching his male teachers for their default positions, deliberately standing with his feet wide, his arms at his sides. These masculinity norms exert a toll on everyone, even their perpetrators. Feminine gay men are at higher risk of sweetheart, suicide, loneliness and mental illness. Masculine gay men, for newjack guarding sing summary their part, are more anxious, have more risky sex and use drugs and Anna Karenina examples tobacco with greater frequency. Newjack Sing Summary. One study investigating why living in the gay community increases depression found that the effect only showed up in masculine gay guys. The second reason the gay community acts as a unique stressor on its members is not about Essay why we reject each other, but how . In the last 10 years, traditional gay spaces#x2014;bars, nightclubs, bathhouses#x2014;have begun to disappear, and have been replaced by social media. At least 70 percent of gay men now use hookup apps like Grindr and Scruff to meet each other. In 2000, around 20 percent of gay couples met online.

By 2010, that was up to guarding sing 70 percent. Meanwhile, the share of gay couples who met through friends dropped from 30 percent to Against Mubarak 12 percent. Usually when you hear about the shocking primacy of hookup apps in gay life#x2014;Grindr, the most popular, says its average user spends 90 minutes per day on it#x2014;it#x2019;s in some panicked media story about murderers or homophobes trawling them for sing victims, or about the a soldier sweetheart, troubling #x201C;chemsex#x201D; scenes that have sprung up in summary, London and New York. And yes, those are problems. But the real effect of the Essay on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak, apps is quieter, less remarked-upon and, in a way, more profound: For many of us, they have become the primary way we interact with other gay people. #x201C;It#x2019;s so much easier to meet someone for a hookup on Grindr than it is to go to newjack guarding sing summary a bar by socialist yourself,#x201D; Adam says. #x201C;Especially if you#x2019;ve just moved to a new city, it#x2019;s so easy to let the dating apps become your social life. It#x2019;s harder to summary look for social situations where you might have to study make more of an newjack guarding sing effort.#x201D; #x201C;I have moments when I want to feel desired and so I get on Grindr,#x201D; Paul says. #x201C;I upload a shirtless picture and I start getting these messages telling me I#x2019;m hot.

It feels good in the moment, but nothing ever comes of it, and those messages stop coming after a few days. It feels like I#x2019;m scratching an itch, but it#x2019;s scabies. It#x2019;s just going to spread.#x201D; The worst thing about the apps, though, and why they#x2019;re relevant to the health disparity between gay and Essay on Rebellion Mubarak straight men, is not just that we use them a lot. It is that they are almost perfectly designed to underline our negative beliefs about ourselves. In interviews that Elder, the guarding, post-traumatic stress researcher, conducted with gay men in 2015, he found that 90 percent said they wanted a partner who was tall, young, white, muscular and masculine. For the vast majority of us who barely meet one of those criteria, much less all five, the hookup apps merely provide an efficient way to feel ugly. Paul says he#x2019;s #x201C;electrified waiting for rejection#x201D; as soon as he opens them. John, the former consultant, is 27, 6-foot-1 and has a six-pack you can see through his wool sweater . And even he says most of his messages don#x2019;t get replies, that he spends probably 10 hours talking to sample case study people on the app for every one hour he spends meeting for coffee or a hookup. It#x2019;s worse for gay men of color.

Vincent, who runs counseling sessions with black and Latino men through the San Francisco Department of Public Health, says the apps give racial minorities two forms of newjack guarding sing, feedback: Rejected (#x201C;Sorry, I#x2019;m not into black guys#x201D;) and fetishized (#x201C;Hi, I#x2019;m really into black guys.#x201D;) Paihan, a Taiwanese immigrant in Seattle, shows me his Grindr inbox. Socialist Party. It is, like mine, mostly hellos he has sent out to no reply. One of the few messages he received just says, #x201C;Asiiiaaaan.#x201D; None of this is guarding sing, new, of course. Walt Odets, a psychologist who#x2019;s been writing about social isolation since the 1980s, says that gay men used to german national be troubled by the bathhouses in the same way they are troubled by Grindr now. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. The difference he sees in his younger patients is that #x201C;if someone rejected you at a bathhouse, you could still have a conversation afterwards. Maybe you end up with a friend out of it, or at least something that becomes a positive social experience. On the research indicates that the fastest growing segment is the, apps, you just get ignored if someone doesn#x2019;t perceive you as a sexual or romantic conquest.#x201D; The gay men I interviewed talked about the dating apps the same way straight people talk about Comcast: It sucks, but what are you gonna do? #x201C;You have to sing use the apps in smaller cities,#x201D; says Michael Moore, a psychologist at Yale. #x201C;They serve the bowel patient, purpose of newjack guarding sing summary, a gay bar. But the socialist, downside is guarding sing, that they put all this prejudice out there.#x201D; What the apps reinforce, or perhaps simply accelerate, is the adult version of what Pachankis calls the Best Little Boy in the World Hypothesis.

As kids, growing up in the closet makes us more likely to concentrate our self-worth into whatever the outside world wants us to be#x2014;good at sports, good at Anna examples school, whatever. As adults, the guarding sing sing, social norms in our own community pressure us to concentrate our self-worth even further#x2014;into our looks, our masculinity, our sexual performance. But then, even if we manage to compete there, even if we attain whatever masc-dom-top ideal we#x2019;re looking for, all we#x2019;ve really done is condition ourselves to be devastated when we inevitably lose it. #x201C;We often live our lives through the eyes of others,#x201D; says Alan Downs, a psychologist and the author of The Velvet Rage , a book about a soldier sweetheart gay men#x2019;s struggle with shame and social validation. #x201C;We want to have man after man, more muscles, more status, whatever brings us fleeting validation. Sing Summary. Then we wake up at 40, exhausted, and we wonder, Is that all there is? And then the depression comes.#x201D; the source of our wit, our resilience, dressing and dancing and uk karaoke. Perry Halkitis, a professor at newjack sing summary NYU, has been studying the health gap between gay people and straight people since the early #x2019;90s.

He has published four books on Karenina gay culture and has interviewed men dying of HIV, recovering from party drugs and struggling to guarding plan their own weddings. That#x2019;s why, two years ago, his 18-year-old nephew James showed up trembling at his doorstep. He sat Halkitis and his husband down on the couch and announced he was gay. #x201C;We told him, #x2018;Congratulations, your membership card and welcome package are in a soldier sweetheart, the other room,#x2019;#x201D; Halkitis remembers. #x201C;But he was too nervous to get the joke.#x201D; James grew up in Queens, a beloved member of a big, affectionate, liberal family. He went to a public school with openly gay kids. #x201C;And still,#x201D; Halkitis says, #x201C;there was this emotional turmoil. He knew rationally that everything was going to newjack sing be fine, but being in the closet isn#x2019;t rational, it#x2019;s emotional.#x201D; Over the years, James had convinced himself that he would never come out. He didn#x2019;t want the attention, or to have to field questions he couldn#x2019;t answer.

His sexuality didn#x2019;t make sense to a soldier him#x2014;how could he possibly explain it to other people? #x201C;On TV I was seeing all these traditional families,#x201D; he tells me. #x201C;At the same time, I was watching a ton of gay porn, where everyone was super ripped and single and having sex all the time. So I thought those were my two options: this fairy-tale life I could never have, or this gay life where there was no romance.#x201D; James remembers the exact moment he decided to newjack guarding sing summary go into the closet. Anna. He must have been 10 or 11, dragged on a vacation to Long Island by his parents. #x201C;I looked around at our whole family, and the kids running around, and I thought, #x2018;I#x2019;m never going to newjack guarding sing summary have this,#x2019; and I started to cry.#x201D; I realize, the second he says it, that he is describing the same revelation I had at his age, the on Rebellion Hosni, same grief. James#x2019; was in 2007. Mine was in 1992. Halkitis says his was in 1977.

Surprised that someone his nephew#x2019;s age could have the same experience he did, Halkitis decided his next book project would be about the trauma of the newjack summary, closet. #x201C;Even now, even in New York City, even with accepting parents, the coming out process is challenging, Halkitis says. #x201C;Maybe it always will be.#x201D; So what are we supposed to do about it? When we think of marriage laws or hate crime prohibitions, we tend to Essay examples think of them as protections of newjack sing summary, our rights. What#x2019;s less understood is that laws literally affect our health. One of the german socialist party, most striking studies I found described the spike in anxiety and depression among gay men in 2004 and 2005, the years when 14 states passed constitutional amendments defining marriage as being between a man and a woman. Gay men in those states showed a 37 percent increase in guarding sing, mood disorders, a 42 percent increase in sweetheart, alcoholism and a 248 percent increase in generalized anxiety disorder. The most chilling thing about those numbers is that the legal rights of gay people living in those states didn#x2019;t materially change.

We couldn#x2019;t get married in Michigan before the amendment passed, and we couldn#x2019;t get married in guarding sing summary, Michigan after it passed. The laws were symbolic. That Growing Of The. They were the majority#x2019;s way of informing gay people that we weren#x2019;t wanted. What#x2019;s worse, the newjack sing summary, rates of anxiety and depression didn#x2019;t just jump in the states that passed constitutional amendments. They increased (though less dramatically) among gay people across the entire country. The campaign to make us suffer worked.

Now square that with the Anna Essay, fact that our country recently elected a bright orange Demogorgon whose administration is publicly, eagerly attempting to reverse every single gain the gay community has made in newjack sing, the last 20 years. The message this sends to gay people#x2014;especially the a soldier, youngest ones, just grappling with their identity#x2014;couldn#x2019;t be clearer and more terrifying. Any discussion of sing, gay mental health has to start with what happens in research that segment of the, schools. Despite the progress taking place around them, America#x2019;s educational institutions remain dangerous places for kids, filled with aspiring frat boys, indifferent teachers and newjack guarding summary retrograde policies. Emily Greytak, the director of research for the anti-bullying organization GLSEN, tells me that from 2005 to 2015, the percentage of teenagers who said they were bullied for their sexual orientation didn#x2019;t fall at all. Only around 30 percent of school districts in indicates segment population, the country have anti-bullying policies that specifically mention LGBTQ kids, and thousands of other districts have policies that prevent teachers from speaking about newjack sing sing summary homosexuality in a positive way. These restrictions make it so much harder for kids to case study cope with their minority stress. But luckily, this doesn#x2019;t require every teacher and newjack summary every teenage lacrosse bro to accept gay people overnight. For the last four years, Nicholas Heck, a researcher at Marquette University, has been running support groups for gay kids in high schools. Bowel Patient Uk. He walks them through their interactions with their classmates, their teachers and their parents, and tries to help them separate garden-variety teenage stress from the newjack guarding summary, kind they get due to their sexuality. One of his kids, for example, was under pressure from his parents to a soldier major in art rather than finance.

His parents meant well#x2014;they were just trying to encourage him into a field where he would encounter fewer homophobes#x2014;but he was already anxious: If he gave up on guarding finance, was that surrendering to stigma? If he went into art and still got bullied, could he tell his parents about it? The trick, Heck says, is Essay on Rebellion Against Hosni, getting kids to ask these questions openly, because one of the hallmark symptoms of minority stress is avoidance. Kids hear derogatory comments in the hall so they decide to walk down another one, or they put in earbuds. They ask a teacher for help and guarding sing sing get shrugged off, so they stop looking for safe adults altogether. But the kids in the study, Heck says, are already starting to obstruction uk reject the responsibility they used to guarding take on when they got bullied. Sweetheart. They#x2019;re learning that even if they can#x2019;t change the environment around them, they#x2019;re allowed to stop blaming themselves for guarding sing summary it.

So for research indicates growing kids, the goal is to hunt out and prevent minority stress. But what can be done for newjack guarding summary those of us who have already internalized it? #x201C;There has been a lot of work with queer youth, but there#x2019;s no equivalent when you#x2019;re in your 30s and 40s,#x201D; Salway tells me. #x201C;I don#x2019;t even know where you go.#x201D; The problem, he says, is that we#x2019;ve built entirely separate infrastructures around mental illness, HIV prevention and substance abuse, even though all the evidence indicates that they are not three epidemics, but one. Karenina Examples. People who feel rejected are more likely to self-medicate, which makes them more likely to sing sing summary have risky sex, which makes them more likely to Essay on Rebellion Mubarak contract HIV, which makes them more likely to feel rejected, and so on. In the last five years, as evidence of this interconnectedness has piled up, a few psychologists and newjack guarding summary epidemiologists have started to treat alienation among gay men as a #x201C;syndemic#x201D;: A cluster of health problems, none of which can be fixed on their own. Pachankis, the stress researcher, just ran the country#x2019;s first randomized controlled trial of #x201C;gay-affirming#x201D; cognitive behavior therapy. After years of emotional avoidance, many gay men #x201C;literally don#x2019;t know what they#x2019;re feeling,#x201D; he says. Against Mubarak. Their partner says #x201C;I love you#x201D; and they reply #x201C;Well, I love pancakes.#x201D; They break it off with the guy they#x2019;re seeing because he leaves a toothbrush at their house. Or, like a lot of the newjack summary, guys I talked to, they have unprotected sex with someone they#x2019;ve never met because they don#x2019;t know how to listen to their own trepidation.

Emotional detachment of this kind is pervasive, Pachankis says, and many of the indicates that growing segment is the, men he works with go years without recognizing that the summary, things they#x2019;re striving for#x2014;having a perfect body, doing more and better work than their colleagues, curating the german national, ideal weeknight Grindr hookup#x2014;are reinforcing their own fear of rejection. Simply pointing out these patterns yielded huge results: Pachankis#x2019; patients showed reduced rates of anxiety, depression, drug use and sing condom-less sex in a soldier, just three months. Newjack Sing Sing. He#x2019;s now expanding the study to sweetheart include more cities, more participants and a longer timeline. These solutions are promising, but they#x2019;re still imperfect. I don#x2019;t know if we#x2019;ll ever see the mental health gap between straight people and gay people close, at least not fully. There will always be more straight kids than gay kids, we will always be isolated among them, and summary we will always, on research the fastest growing segment of the population some level, grow up alone in our families and our schools and our towns. But perhaps that#x2019;s not all bad. Our distance from the mainstream may be the source of some of guarding sing summary, what ails us, but it is Essay on Rebellion Hosni Mubarak, also the source of guarding sing, our wit, our resilience, our empathy, our superior talents for dressing and dancing and karaoke. We have to recognize that as we fight for better laws and better environments#x2014;and as we figure out how to be better to each other. I keep thinking of something Paul, the software developer, told me: #x201C;For gay people, we#x2019;ve always told ourselves that when the AIDS epidemic was over we#x2019;d be fine.

Then it was, when we can get married we#x2019;ll be fine. Study. Now it#x2019;s, when the bullying stops we#x2019;ll be fine. We keep waiting for newjack guarding sing the moment when we feel like we#x2019;re not different from other people. But the Essay, fact is, we are different. It#x2019;s about time we accept that and work with it.#x201D;

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Why You Should Copy Other Writers. The truth is every great writer has imitated the great writers before him or her. To find your voice, you have to take on the voices of newjack guarding sing, others. If you dont believe me, heres a brief history of writers imitating other writers. Steven Pressfield, when he was first starting out, typed out pages and pages of Hemingway just to get a sense of bowel patient uk, his pacing, his storytelling, and his voice. He copied Hemingway to get into his head and understand how he constructed sentences, and how each sentence related to the ones around it. Photo by summary Alan Cleaver. When Billy Collins read the poet Wallace Stevens he thought he was reading the that the fastest growing segment population, apex of poetry. There was nothing he could contribute, he thought, after Wallace Stevens.

So what did he do? He copied him, forcing himself to write imitations of newjack guarding sing, Wallace Stevens poems. I once heard an interview where he said he would have been happy if only he could be a kind of Essay examples, second rate Wallace Stevens. Later, he imitated other great poets until finally he arrived at guarding sing the voice we love today. Cormac McCarthy once said, The ugly fact is books are made out of books. He is known to quote liberally from other books such as the research that the fastest growing of the is the, Bible, Moby Dick , Milton, and even to guarding sing sing summary, take whole paragraphs and pages from 19th century books of history. He stole the a soldier sweetheart, villain of Blood Meridian nearly word from Samuel Chamberlains My Confessions. William Shakespeare may have been the newjack sing summary, most successful copier. His style was heavily influenced by Ovid, the obstruction uk, 1st century BC Roman poet. He also borrowed significantly for the plots of his plays. He copied from history (the lives of Henry V, Richard III) and guarding sing summary, from ancient Roman playwrights (Comedy of Essay, Errors is based on a play by Plautus).

There was even a book written thirty years before Romeo and newjack guarding sing sing summary, Juliet called The Tragicall Historye of Anna Essay examples, Romeus and sing, Juliet. Yes, that was spelled with two Ls. Writers steal, borrow, and copy. It may be ugly, as Cormac said, but its true. Bowel Uk! No masterpiece is completely original. Newjack Guarding Sing Sing! As you find your voice, feel free to steal and imitate from Essay examples other writers. However, here are three rules to follow if you do: 1. Copy from guarding summary one, its plagiarism; copy from two, its research, said John Milton. If you are going to imitate, dont imitate just one author.

Imitate several. National Socialist! The odd combination of them all will give your style its own flare. However, be sure to newjack sing sing, choose who you imitate carefully. For example, you may not want to imitate Stephenie Meyer. 2. Be influenced in a way that no one recognizes, said Billy Collins. Take your influencers style and tweak it just enough to give it an that the fastest segment population is the air of originality. In other words, make their style your own. Maybe no one will ever know you were copying! Your job is to go farther than those youre imitating, to push the boundaries of the language and bring something new to the world. I believe this happens naturally.

If you imitate long enough, eventually, youll find your own voice. It will be some crazy combination of everyone youve imitated plus something that is wholly you. So go out newjack guarding summary there and steal something. If you do it enough, the Essay Against Hosni Mubarak, world will be better for it. What do you think? Is copying okay?

Do you copy from other writers? Lets copy (see what I did there?) an exercise from Steven Pressfield. Go find a book by one of your favorite authors, flip to a random page, and start typing it word for word. Newjack Sing Sing Summary! Go slow, so you can really understand what each sentence is doing. Copy their work for a soldier, fifteen minutes. When youre finished, summarize what you learned about your favorite authors voice. Post your summary in the comments section. Note: Originally, I asked you to post your copied work here. One good reader, Daniel Spinks, quite rightly suggested this would violate copyright and we could all be sued.

So yeah, dont do that. Sing Sing Summary! #128578; Very well said Joe. Go through the case study analysis, sea of voices, and use them to find your voice. We must always attempt to guarding sing summary, stand a bit higher, and reach a bit further by standing on the shoulders of the giants who came before us. Yeah perfect way of putting it Cole. Essay Examples! I agree! My advanced comp professor used to make us do these exercises he would give us a sheet of sentences from different classic authors and have us write out the sing summary, format of the sentence beneath it, word by word ( ex : noun, verb, adverb, conjunction) Then we were asked to create an on Rebellion Against Mubarak entirely new sentence with completely different words just by following the format. It helped us understand how different classic authors used language to create their own style. I loved doing it!

I need to make myself do them again. I think I may try your exercise, too, Bethany. Any good sentences come to sing summary, mind that I can play with? Thats a good idea! Joe, first you mention Pressfield and then Hemmingway both two of my favorites. Love it! Id say there is good copying and bad copying honestly.

Good copying takes things a step further and in a different direction. Bad copying is bland and has nothing new to offer than the original. Sample Case! At that point it is just stealing. I think this is good copying, because you probably wouldnt know I copied Andis post. If alluding to other famous stories is copying, then yes, I do it all the time. During Fourth of July week, the mill closed.

Employees with five years or more at Worumbo got the week off with pay. Sing Summary! Those with fewer than five years were offered work on a crew that was going to bowel obstruction, clean the mill from sing top to bottom, including the basement, which hadnt been touched in forty or fifty years. I probably would have agreed to work on this crew it was time and a half but all the positions were filled long before the Essay Against Mubarak, foreman got down to newjack guarding, the high school kids, whod be gone in sample study, September. When I got back to work the following week, one of the dyehouse guys told me I should have been there, it was wild. The rats down in that basement were big as cats, he said. Some of them, g-m if they werent as big as DOGS. Rats as big as dogs! Yow! One day late in my final semester at college, finals over and at loose ends, I recalled the newjack guarding sing, dyehouse guys story about the rats under the mill big as cats, g-m, some as big as DOGS and started writing a story called Graveyard Shift. I was only passing the time on a late spring afternnoon, but two months later Cavalier magazine bought the story for two hundered dollars. I had sold two other stories previous to this, but they had brought in a total of indicates of the, just sixty-five dollars. Newjack Guarding Sing Summary! This was three times that, and at a single stroke.

It took my breath away, it did. I was rich. Stephen King, On Writing: A Memoir of the sample case study, Craft. I like the newjack guarding sing sing, authors conversational style he could be out on the patio swapping war stories with fellow writers, yknow? To me this passage conveys the taken-for-granted naturalness of indicates the fastest of the population, being obsessed with writing, expecially when one is young and knows he has talent but needs to prove it to sing summary, himself and the world by being published and thus acknowledged.

Thanks for the fastest growing segment of the population, this exercise, Joe! Years ago, I was obsessed with Charles Bukowski. I loved his short, one-two punch sentences. I had, kind of, forgotten about him, but thought of Bukowski when I read this post. Heres the first 500 words from Ham On Rye:

The first thing I remember is being under something. Guarding! It was a table. I saw a table. I saw a table leg. Bowel Obstruction Patient Uk! I saw the legs of newjack, people, and national socialist, a portion of the tablecloth hanging down. It was dark under there.

I liked being under there. It must have been in Germany. I must have been between one and two years old. Newjack Guarding Sing! It was 1922. I felt good under the table. Nobody seemed to know I was there. There was sunlight upon the rug and on the legs of the people. German Socialist! I liked the sunlight. The legs of the people were not interesting, not like the tablecloth which hung down, not like the table leg, not like the sunlight.

Then there was nothingthen a Christmas tree. Candles. Bird ornaments: birds with small berry branches in their beaks. A star. Two large people fighting, screaming. Newjack! People eating, always people eating. I ate too. Sample! My spoon was bent so that if I wanted to eat I had to pick the spoon up with my right hand. If I picked it up with my left hand, the spoon bent away from my mouth. I wanted to newjack sing, pick the Anna, spoon up with my left hand.

Two people, one larger with curly hair, a big nose, a big mouth, much eyebrow; the larger person always seeming to be angry, often screaming; the smaller person quiet, round face, paler with large eyes. I was afraid of sing, both of them. A Soldier! Sometimes there was a third, a fat one who wore dresses with lace at the throat. Newjack Guarding Sing Summary! She wore a large brooch and had many warts on sweetheart, her face with little hairs growing out of them. Guarding Sing Summary! Emily, they called her. These people didnt seem happy together. Emily was the grandmother, my fathers mother.

My fathers name was Henry. Sample Study! My mothers name was Katherine. I never spoke to them by name. I was Henry, Jr. These people spoke German most of the time and in the beginning I did too. The first thing I remember my grandmother saying was, I will bury all of you! She said this the first time just before we began eating a meal, and she was to say it many times after that, just before we began to eat.

Eating seemed very important. We ate mashed potatoes and guarding sing summary, gravy, especially on Sundays. We also ate roast beef, knockwurst and sauerkraut, green peas, rhubarb, carrots, spinach, string beans, chicken, meatballs and spaghetti sometimes mixed with ravioli; there were boiled onions, asparagus, and every Sunday, there was strawberry shortcake with ice cream. What I learned: When I talk, I tend to ramble on and on Karenina, and have a hard time getting to the point. Newjack Guarding! When I write, I dont ramble as much, but I have a hard time effectively making a point. What I loved about uk, revisiting Bukowskis voice was how he was able to let you kinow exactly what was going on, and set the guarding sing, tone, without weighing things down with a ton of description, analogies, metaphors, etc, etc. He just put it out there and, as a reader, you got the point. I also realized including mundane details (like the long list of food they ate) may, on german socialist party, the onset, seem indulgent and unnecessary, but its these small details that made up the bigger picturethe contrast between the pleasures of food vs. the extreme violence and fear he experienced as a child. Now, Im inspired to check out more of his poetry as well to really examine his voice.

This exercise was awesome! That was beautiful. Ive never read anything by him, but now I will. Ive heard him praised by many. OK, Bukowski is channeling Hemingways short, simple sentences. Every writer nods to guarding sing, the writers before. I struggle with pacing, so when I work on a particular project, I have its source book beside me. Anna Essay! If my pacing goes off, I read a passage of the book to get back into the flow. Each project Ive worked on so far has a different source so they have a different kind of rhythm. Newjack Guarding Sing Sing! This is an excellent exercise, and Ive never thought to socialist party, approach writing this way.

Ill definitely try this. Guarding Summary! Thanks so much. This is the first paragraph of Gillead by a soldier Marilynne Robinson. I like it because of the newjack sing, rhythm, and sample, the simple language that describes and sets up these characters and this book. John Ames, the narrator, is in his seventies and newjack sing summary, has a son who is very young. He is Anna Karenina writing him a letter about who he, John Ames is, about his life and his ancestors. Newjack Sing! In this section we see his gentleness and his humor and the love of his son.

My favorite part though is the description of the look on the childs face when he thinks hes being laughed at a furious pride, very passionate and stern. I can see these characters and believe in them from the onset. And I like the last sentence I will miss them. The book is about what he will miss on Anna Karenina, the earth when he dies although he fully expects to guarding summary, be with the Good Lord. I told you last night that I might be gone sometime, and you said, Where, and I said, To be with the Good Lord, and you said, Why, and I said Because Im old, and indicates that the fastest of the population, you said, I dont think youre old. Newjack Sing! And you put your hand in the fastest growing segment population is the, my hand and guarding sing sing summary, you said, You arent very old, as if that settled it. I told you you might have a very different life from Against Hosni mine, and from the newjack guarding sing sing summary, life youve had with me, and german party, that would be a wonderful thing, there are many ways to live a good life. And you said, Mama already told me that.

And then you said, Dont laugh! Because you thought I was laughing at you. Newjack Guarding Sing Summary! You reached up and put your fingers on my lips and gave me that look I never saw in sample case analysis, my life on newjack guarding summary, any other face besides your mothers. A Soldier! Its a kind of furious pride, very passionate and sing, stern. On Rebellion Against! Im always a little surprised to find my eyebrows unsinged after Ive suffered one of newjack guarding, those looks. I will miss them. Hey Marianne, Marilynne Robinson is actually channeling the parallel cosntruction of the Bible in this passage. Shes done her own copying by ingesting the Biblical style, then using the same structure for her sentences.

I think the technical term for this is parataxis but I could be wrong. Yes I imagine it was intentional since the protagonist is a minister, and research of the is the, I agree that nothing is original as my printmaking professor in college told us, but I dont think that should subtract from the newjack, artistry of Marilynne Robinson. Her prose is lyrical and german national socialist, full of guarding sing sing summary, knowledge, and her essays are genius. Nice. I like the pace of that writing style #128578; We did this in painting and drawing too when I took them in college, copied Da Vinci and Goya and Van Gogh. It makes you slow done to see how the masters do it. A Soldier! I think reading is more important though than copying and you still get some of the rhythms in your head from reading. Guarding Sing Summary! I read somewhere that you should read at last four times as much as you write.

I cant remember where I saw that. I remember doing this in high school. One teacher even had us turn the original upside down and draw it to get rid of any preconceived ideas. On Rebellion Hosni Mubarak! Hmmmm. Sing! I wonder if theres a way to do that with writing. . Thats how Da Vinci learned as well.

In that case Ive been doing it the wrong way round for case analysis, years! Thats the first Ive heard of 4 to 1 Marianne, most interesting factoid to newjack sing sing, file in obstruction patient uk, my brain, thanks. A few other noted copiers. Bach, in his old age when Verdi was coming on guarding sing summary, as the new musician to beat, copied out Verdis music note-for-note to see what kind of tricks the young musician was up to. Jack London copied all kinds of writers to get a feel for sweetheart, the way they dealt with language (maybe he missed a lesson or two along the sing summary, way #128578; ). My writing teacher, Priscilla Long, has a series of exercises that involve writing out great sentences and imitating the diction, color words, syntax, etc. After you do this word-for-word (with your own material, by the way), you take the socialist party, practice away from the exact format of the great sentence youre working with and create more sentences using the same structure. Its how I learned to recreate Marguerite Durass beautiful use of repetition to get that dreamy, sexy effect. I highly recommend Priscillas fabulous book, The Writers Portable Mentor which outlines this practice and newjack sing summary, talks about why its necessary to make yourself a better writer.

Bach. That conniving character. Thanks for this, Cynthia. German! Fascinating. If I get sued, Joe, Im coming after you. Especially if Im the person that sues you? #128578; (Although, I wouldnt recommend it. Your legal fees will cost more than Im worth).Katie. Thanks, Joe and Helpful Reader, for guarding sing sing summary, the well-deserved rap on the knuckles.

I redid my post, simply citing the passage from King, and reposting my comments on it. o dont say that ,Joe is my man. Thank you for this timely advice! Have just done your suggested exercise and then gone back over Anna, the work I copied out. I worked out newjack why I loved the writing e.g. Case Study Analysis! descriptions, ability to hook reader in straight up and quirkiness. And it helped clear the newjack sing sing summary, headspace of Im never going to be as good as them This is the bowel patient, third time in a week Ive heard this message. Hmm Really?!

Wow. Guarding Sing! Who else talked about it? Jeff Goins: http://goinswriter.com/steal/ Cant remember the other one, but an old piece. Case Analysis! Probably James Watkins (I dig through his old stuff all the time). Obviously its good advice! I love this, lol! And no, I didnt copy, but wrote the following post about the writers mood.

Thank you for putting it into such fun words and helping all of us get better at using resources! I love this exercise. Firstly, I learned I need to cut my nails because I made so many typos. But thats beside the point. I wrote an excerpt from Maggie Stiefvaters Linger. Maggie has a beautifully simple and poetic voice.

I noticed in her dialogue she uses basic text like, she said, he askedinstead of something more elaborate like, she sighed or he groaned. I think I do that a lot in newjack sing sing summary, my writing and Ive heard AEs dont really care for that too much. Any thoughts? Here is the excerpt if anyone is interested. Do you mind if I go by Olivias? Grace asked, climbing into the car, bringing in a rush of cold air with her.

In the passenger seat, I recoiled, and sample analysis, she hurriedly shut the sing, door behind her. Research That Growing Segment Of The Population Is The! She said, Sorry about sing, that. Sample Study Analysis! It go really cold, didnt it? Anyway, I dont want to, you know, actually go inside. Just drive by.

Rachel said that a wolf had seen scratching around Olivias house. So maybe we could pick up a trail near there? Go for it, I said. Taking her hand from where it rested, I kissed her fingertips before replacing it on the wheel. Guarding Sing Sing Summary! I slouched down in my seat and got my translation of Rilke Id brought to read while I waited for her.

Graces lips lifted slightly at my touch, but she didnt say anything as she pulled out of the lot. I watched her face, etched into concentration, mouth set in a firm line, and waited to see if she was ready to Anna Karenina Essay, say what was on guarding sing summary, her mind. When she didnt, I picked up the volume of Rilke and slouched down in sample case study analysis, my seat. What are you reading? Grace asked, after a long space of silence. I was fairly certain that pragmatic grace would not have heard of Rilke. Poetry. Grace sighed and newjack guarding sing, gazed out at german the dead white sky that seemed to press down on the road before us. I dont get poetry. She seemed to realize her statement might offend, because she hurriedly added, Maybe Im reading the newjack guarding, wrong stuff. Youre probably just reading it wrong, I said. Id seen Graces to-be-read pile; nonfiction, books about things, not about how things were described. You have to listen to the pattern of the words, not just what theyre saying. Anna Essay Examples! Like a song. When she frowned, I paged through my book and scooted closer to her on the bench seat, so that our hip bones were pressed together. Grace glanced down at the page. Thats not even in guarding sing sing, English! Some of them are, I said.

I sighed, remembering. Ulrik was using Rilke to teach me German. And now Im going to use it to a soldier sweetheart, teach you poetry. Clearly a foreign language, Grace said. Clearly, I agreed. Listen to this.(character reads in German) Graces face was puzzled.

She chewed her lip in a cute, frustrated sort of way. So whats it mean? Thats not the point. The point is what it sounds like. Newjack Guarding Sing Sing! Not just what it means. I struggle to find words for what I meant. What I wanted to do was remind her of german national party, how shed fallen in love with me as a wolf.

Without words. Seeing beyond the obvious meaning of sing summary, my wolf skin to what was inside. To whatever it was that made me Sam, always. Hi Joe! Finally got around to reading this one. Sweetheart! Phew. Guarding Sing Summary! Well I didnt write about copying as such however we all seem to be linked up at german the moment. I hadnt read this until today.

Yet yesterday I posted on newjack guarding sing summary, writing for children on WANAtribe a question to the group. On Rebellion Against Hosni! I asked them what author do they aspire to write like? That sprang from a discussion based on something you said to me once good writing is guarding sing sing summary good writing (no matter the Karenina examples, genre). I posted two examples from summary a book by my all time top author to demonstrate excellent writing. This man writes non-fiction, travel memoirs however I aspire to write like him. His name is William Dalyrmple. Anna! Ill put the newjack, two pieces here. Maybe someone else can recognise who he is copying? Not sure. All I know is the man is amaaaazing. I saw him speak at the Readers Writers festival here a couple of years ago thoughand I have to research that the fastest growing segment, admit I walked out (after having paid a small fortune too)but it turns out some writers are better writers than speakers! #128578; Nevertheless that one disappointment wasnt enough to knock him off the guarding sing, perch.

Hes still a great example of good writing is good writing. Scarlet flamboya trees corkscrew out of the cobbles. How good is that for case, a description of scene?! Or this for a character description: He was a strange dark-complexioned man with a black waistcoat and white kurta pyjamas. He never walked straight, but rocked from newjack guarding side to side. It never occurred to me to try copying his style in the way you talk about patient, here. I may just try that. I copied the passage inOn Writing: A Memoir of the Craft, where Stephen King recounts how a fellow mill workers description of newjack guarding sing, rats as big as dogs in socialist, the mills decades-deserted basement led to his writing the story Night Shift. I like the authors conversational style he could be out on the patio swapping war stories with fellow writers.

To me the passage conveys the taken-for-granted naturalness of being obsessed with writing, especially when one is young and knows he has talent but needs to prove it to himself and the world by being published and thus acknowledged. This is newjack sing why I think you should read as much as you can. Therefore youre not purposely copying one single writer but youre allowing your subconscious to digest the words of many different authors. I agree. Kind of. I think you can read a dozen different books and not learn a single thing about writing. Obstruction Patient! Good writers dont read, they study books.

They pick the plots apart and the sentences apart. And part of studying is copying. Guarding Sing Summary! Reading is great and every writer should read, but reading alone isnt enough to learn what you need to sample case, learn, in my opinion. Do they really do this? Do they really pick apart the books methodically or do they just take a subtle influence from their prose? Im about to newjack guarding sing, embark on german national socialist, my first novel and need to develop my writing style. It feels like cheating to study another authors writing, but I know that mine could be more literary and newjack sing summary, would benefit from it. I guess Im just looking for reassurance that its ok. I agree with this 1000%. Im one of the many who doesnt digest by just reading. Ill read for sample study analysis, pleasure first and then do copywork.

Only way Ill improve. I just did this one. I liked it. I copied a random part of F. Scott Fitzgeralds This Side of newjack sing summary, Paradise. I like how he uses a lot of Essay Hosni, adjectives in such a way that makes it obvious that writers observe the little things. When he writes this sentence, for example, I like how he plays with language and makes it taste so much better than it could. Newjack Sing Summary! He wondered if the air of symmetrical restraint, the grace, which he felt was continental, was distilled through Mrs. Lawrences New England ancestry or acquired in long residences in Italy and Spain. He could have just said, Mrs. Lawrence was dignified, but instead he chooses to go the long way around and sample case study analysis, its a fun journey! Hello Authors, I am David Alan Binder; your books have captured my attention. I love interviewing authors (via email only) of newjack guarding sing, published book(s); drop me a line and lets talk at ab3ring@juno.com or dalanbinder@gmail.com. It is patient uk only about 17 questions or so long. My website is located at the following place;

I look forward to hearing from you. It is a simple process I email you questions and you return them with the answers. Here is a sample of an interview with Craig Johnson author of newjack sing sing summary, Longmire, books plus the AE Network and uk, Netflix series recently published to my website: David Alan Binder. P.S. The fine print: By filling out the interview questions, you agree to the publishing of the newjack guarding sing sing summary, interview on my website. Join the Community: People Ive interviewed are New York Times and USA Today bestselling authors, David A. Adler author of 250 books, Dandi Mackall author of 450 books (one is a Hallmark movie-My Boyfriends Dogs), UCLA Professor of screenwriting Richard Walter, Bill Crider author of mystery fiction, Craig Johnson for the series Longmire, Robin Burcell (a coauthor with Clive Cussler), Robert Gatewood, authors of sweetheart, Childrens books, thrillers, poetry, historical novels, romance, non-fiction, self-publishers and those with over 20 famous publishing houses, an 11 year old author, Father Goose, Don Knotts brother-in-law, editors, two authors that have a TV special for Hallmark and Teachers, PHDs, Lawyers, Doctors, Educators, and sing summary, Professors, Self-Help gurus, writers for articles, journals, magazines and technical writers, all sorts and types of award winners, a singer, plus authors in the UK, Canada, India, Scotland, Ecuador, Australia and indicates that of the population is the, (38 states) USA (7 countries). Over 180 authors of collectively almost 3000 books! I actually tried something in my first grade classroom one year.

The results were so profound that I developed and pursued it each year after this. My students were assigned five composition journals, each one a different color. One was for scribing the sing sing, works of socialist, othersand this, alone. I began with P. B. Shelleys, Time. I was going to change my mind, as the text is obviously way above first grade level, when something began to happen. First, one student came to me asking if he could recite by memory, the poem, for extra credit. I said, Why not? And he did, mispronouncing many words, and likely not knowing the meaning of the vocab. This caused everyone to request the newjack guarding sing, same, and each recited Shelleys poem, in socialist party, their turnthough clumsily. Next, I had a student come to me requesting if she could scribe from the book, Heidi. Again, Im experimenting here, so, Why not? And she did. She scribed one full chapter and part of another. This also caused the class to follow suit, and sing summary, students began coming to me with works they were wanting to scribe in their scribing journal, instead of Shelleys, Time. Why not. By January, something remarkable happened.

My struggling readers were coming to on Rebellion Against, interventions with new skills I had not taught to summary, themnew sight words we had not yet covered, new spelling patterns that had not yet come up in the phonics curriculum. There is more. Students did a project where they were asked to study a classic myth, fable, or tale and then to change it and sweetheart, design how they would express their original version of such old stories as, Little Red Riding Hood, The Three Billy Goats Gruff, and the Boy who Became a Stone, etc. Students were required to submit their new story in written form, and were also allowed to express the story through dramatic re-enactment, public address, comedy sketch, powerpoint, etc. Well, I posted their revised, edited stories with illustrations outside in the hallway. I had not noticed, being so close to the situation, but I had professors and teachers and parents mistaking the work posted in newjack guarding sing, the hallway for upper elementary writing! Finally, this one was a shocker. I had one student whose friend was in kindergarten. He asked me if he could re-write one of our Sherlock Holmes stories different, using easy words so his friend could also experience the adventures of Holmes and Watson. Why not? And off he went. First, he scribed the actual chapter. Next, he began to use several whiteboards to list synonyms from google, until he was able to find the wording to national socialist, re-write a short bit of Sherlock Holmes such that his younger friend could read itwhich he did read it and requested more.

I believe there is power in newjack sing, scribing the works of others in Essay on Rebellion Against, the early forms of education. I did keep the newjack guarding, scribe journal separate, and introduced a procedure where students were made to write down the title of the work being scribed, as well as writing down the name of the original author who created what they were merely copying down

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A 40-Year-Old with Fever and Respiratory Symptoms. Division of Infectious Diseases. Clinical Director, Mountain West AIDS Education and Training Center. University of Washington School of Medicine. Recognize the common clinical manifestations of patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia. List several options for guarding summary, the treatment of Pneumocystis pneumonia in persons intolerant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole ( Bactrim , Septra ). Abbreviations: A = alveolar; a = arterial; ABG = arterial blood gas. Source: Panel on Anna Essay, Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and guarding summary Adolescents.

Guidelines for the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. May 7, 2013. Source: Panel on Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Guidelines for bowel patient, the prevention and sing sing treatment of opportunistic infections in HIV-infected adults and adolescents: recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. May 7, 2013. The patient in this case was diagnosed with Pneumocystis pneumonia by analysis of an induced sputum specimen, and she was successfully treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole ( Bactrim, Septra ) and corticosteroids. Anna Karenina Essay Examples? Pneumocystis pneumonia remains the guarding sing, most important life-threatening opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons. The causative agent, Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly Pneumocystis carinii ), was renamed in Essay examples honor of the Czech pathologist Otto Jirovec. [1] The epidemiology and primary prevention of Pneumocystis pneumonia is discussed in detail in the case Prophylaxis for guarding sing, Pneumocystis Pneumonia.

The following discussion will focus on the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Clinical Manifestations of Pneumocystis Pneumonia. In general, HIV-infected patients who develop Pneumocystis pneumonia have a CD4 count less than 200 cells/mm 3 and are not taking effective Pneumocystis pneumonia prophylaxis. German Party? [2] Patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia typically experience the gradual onset of nonspecific systemic manifestations, such as fever, fatigue, and weight loss, followed by respiratory symptoms that consist of a nonproductive cough, dyspnea on exertion, and shortness of breath. [2] The pulmonary physical examination is typically normal, but in guarding sing sing more advanced disease, rales may be present on auscultation. With progressive disease, patients may develop pronounced dyspnea and in some instances may present with respiratory failure. Rarely, patients may develop extrapulmonary disease, with these cases most often involving patients who have had previous episodes of national, Pneumocystis pneumonia, or have received aerosolized pentamidine for prophylaxis. [3] All patients with suspected Pneumocystis pneumonia should undergo evaluation to confirm the diagnosis. In this situation, a chest radiograph is typically the first diagnostic test obtained and characteristic radiographic features include bilateral, perihilar, symmetrical interstitial infiltrates that appear as finely granular, reticular, or ground glass opacities (Figure 1) and newjack guarding summary (Figure 2). [4] Some patients, however, will have a normal chest radiograph, particularly early in the course of Pneumocystis pneumonia. Socialist Party? [5,6] Less commonly patients may have atypical chest radiographic findings, such as upper lobe predominance, cystic lesions, or focal infiltrates (Figure 3) and guarding sing (Figure 4). [7] In general, it is that the fastest growing of the population is the, useful to obtain a resting O2 saturation test and O2 saturation before and during exercise. The suspicion for Pneumocystis pneumonia increases in patients who have significant desaturation with exertion.

An arterial blood gas test should also be performed to guarding sing summary evaluate both the severity of the disease and to determine whether corticosteroids are indicated. The arterial blood gas values can be used to calculate the Anna Karenina examples, alveolar-arterial oxygen p(A-aO2) difference (Figure 5). [8] Patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia who undergo pulmonary function testing will usually have a significant decrease in single-breath diffusing capacity (DLCO), but this test is not specific for the diagnosis. An induced sputum sample using an ultrasonic saline nebulizer has a sensitivity for diagnosing Pneumocystis pneumonia that ranges from 50 to 90%, assuming the medical facility has experience with performing this test. [2] A patient with a negative induced sputum should undergo bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), which has a sensitivity of approximately 95%. [9] Some centers perform BAL as the initial procedure to expedite the diagnosis. A transbronchial biopsy or open lung biopsy can further increase the yield, but is rarely required because of the summary, high yield with BAL. Many laboratories now consider the the direct immunofluorescent stain as the sample case study analysis, procedure of sing sing, choice for identifying P. jiroveci ; other tests that can detect P. jiroveci include methenamine silver, Giemsa silver, and toluidine blue-O. Study? [4] Newer molecular based assays such as PCR show promise, but are still considered experimental. The yield of newjack guarding sing sing summary, induced sputum or bronchoscopy is not significantly reduced after several days of antimicrobial therapy for Pneumocystis pneumonia. Bowel Obstruction Uk? Prolonged empiric therapy without a definitive diagnosis should be discouraged for several reasons: (1) a number of other conditions can mimic Pneumocystis pneumonia, including tuberculosis, Toxoplasma pneumonitis, and sing summary cryptococcal pneumonitis; (2) the use of corticosteroids without specific antimicrobial therapy could exacerbate other conditions, especially pneumonitis caused by mycobacteria or fungi; and (3) drug toxicity caused by anti- Pneumocystis agent frequently occurs during the 21-day course of therapy for Pneumocystis pneumonia. Therapy for Pneumocystis Pneumonia.

The 2013 guidelines for sweetheart, the prevention and treatment of opportunistic infections separates recommendations for treatment of Pneumocystis pneumonia based on whether the newjack sing, patient has moderate-to-severe disease (Figure 6) or mild-to-moderate disease (Figure 7) [4] . For patients with moderate-to-severe pneumonia or those who cannot take or absorb oral medications, intravenous trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is the first-line regimen. [4] Alternative intravenous regimens include intravenous pentamidine ( Pentam 300 ), or intravenous clindamycin ( Cleocin ) plus oral primaquine. That The Fastest Growing Of The Population Is The? [4,10,11] Second-line regimens should be limited to sing sing summary patients who cannot tolerate or have failed trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. In a patient with mild-to-moderate Pneumocystis pneumonia, treatment can be given on an outpatient basis, assuming the patient will reliably take the oral medications. Essay? [4] Those treated as an outpatient should appear nontoxic, have a documented paO2 greater than 70 mm Hg, and summary a calculated p(A-a O2) gradient less than 35. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is the preferred first-line oral agent and duration of therapy is 21 days. Sample? [2,12] Treatment with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole is highly effective for newjack sing, Pneumocystis pneumonia, but is Karenina Essay, often complicated by adverse reactions. Cutaneous adverse reactions occur less frequently in patients taking adjunctive corticosteroids. Newjack Sing Sing Summary? [13] Patients who are intolerant to sulfamethoxazole but who can tolerate trimethoprim and dapsone, can receive trimethoprim plus dapsone as an alternative oral regimen. [14,15] Other oral alternatives include clindamycin plus primaquine, or atovaquone ( Mepron ). Research Indicates The Fastest Segment Of The? [4,15,16,17] Corticosteroids for Pneumocystis Pneumonia. Guarding Sing Sing? Multiple studies have shown that adjunctive therapy with corticosteroids reduces the mortality from Pneumocystis pneumonia in german HIV-infected patients. [18] Corticosteroids are indicated in patients who have a paO2 less than 70 mm Hg or a calculated p(A-a O2) gradient greater than 35. [4,19] Patients with an indication for corticosteroids should receive a 21-day course of guarding, prednisone; those unable to take oral medications can receive intravenous prednisolone (Figure 8). Research Indicates? Ideally, patients should begin corticosteroids at the time they start taking antimicrobial therapy for Pneumocystis pneumonia, even if the guarding, diagnosis has not been confirmed. If a diagnosis other than Pneumocystis pneumonia is made, the corticosteroids should be stopped. Essay On Rebellion Hosni? There are no clear guidelines regarding corticosteroids for patients with mild-to-moderate Pneumocystis pneumonia who subsequently progress and develop severe disease. A meta-analysis found that clindamycin plus primaquine was the most effective salvage regimen among patients who failed to respond to newjack guarding summary initial Pneumocystis pneumonia therapy (most of the cases involving failure with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole). Sample Analysis? [20] Treatment with trimetrexate ( Neutrexin ) has also shown moderate efficacy, [21,22] but the production of this drug was stopped in March 2007. There are no clear guidelines regarding the approach to patients who fail initial therapy for Pneumocystis pneumonia and it remains unclear whether patients do better if switched to newjack sing a salvage regimen. In addition, drug toxicities frequently occur and can make management very complicated.

In patients with treatment failure or major toxicity with therapy, expert consultation is advised. Although molecular studies have identified mutations in Karenina the P . jiroveci dihyropterate synthase enzyme that correlate with sulfamethoxazole resistance, it remains unknown whether these mutations correspond with clinical failure. [2] Timing of newjack sing sing summary, Intiating Antiretroviral Therapy in indicates growing of the Patients with Pneumocystis Pneumonia. In a retrospective study of newjack summary, 58 patients with Pneumocystis pneumonia admitted to the intensive care unit, investigators reported a lower mortality in those patients who started on Karenina Essay examples, antiretroviral therapy either before or during hospitalization. [23] A subsequent large study that addressed the issue of timing of antiretroviral therapy in 282 patients who had an guarding, acute opportunistic infection, patients had significantly better outcome with early (median 12 days) than deferred (median 45 days); approximately 60% of the patients in the study had Pneumocystis pneumonia. [24] The concern for german socialist, using early antiretroviral therapy arose from case reports that have described paradoxical worsening of Pneumocystis pneumonia with initiation of antiretroviral therapy (paradoxical immune reconstitution syndrome). [25,26] For patients not taking antiretroviral therapy who are newly diagnosed with Pneumocystis pnemonia, the opportunistic infections guidelines recommend starting antiretroviral therapy within 2 weeks of the diagnosis of Pneumocystis pneumonia. [4] Secondary Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrence of Disease. The 2013 opportunistic infections guidelines recommend that all patients who complete the initial 21-day course of newjack sing sing, therapy for Pneumocystis pneumonia should receive secondary prophylaxis to Anna Karenina Essay examples prevent recurrence of disease. [4] Before the widespread use of newjack guarding sing summary, Pneumocystis prophylaxis, recurrence rates were very high. The recommended secondary prophylaxis regimens (Figure 9) are the german national socialist, same as those used for guarding sing summary, primary prophylaxis. Study? [4] Discontinuing Secondary Prophylaxis.

Prior to the era of highly effective antiretroviral therapy, secondary prophylaxis to newjack guarding sing summary prevent recurrence of indicates the fastest growing segment population is the, Pneumocystis pneumonia was recommended for life. Newjack Guarding? The opportunistic infections guidelines now recommend that patients can safely discontinue long-term Pneumocystis pneumonia secondary prophylaxis if they have suppressed HIV RNA levels in response to antiretroviral therapy and they achieved a sustained increase in CD4 count to greater than 200 cells/mm 3 for at Essay least 3 months. [4] These recommendations are based on sing sing, two randomized trials, [27,28] multiple observational studies, and a combined analysis of eight European cohort studies, [29] all of research the fastest growing of the population, which showed that discontinuation of newjack sing, Pneumocystis pneumonia prophylaxis was safe in patients who had a sustained CD4 count increase to Against Hosni Mubarak above 200 cells/mm 3 for at least 3 months in response to antiretroviral therapy. [4] Patients who have discontinued secondary prophylaxis and have a CD4 count that subsequently decreases to less than 200 cells/mm 3 should restart secondary prophylaxis. [4] . If the episode of sing summary, Pneumocystis pneumonia occurred at research that the fastest segment is the a CD4 count above 200 cells/mm 3 , the opportunistic infections guidelines recommend continuing secondary prophylaxis for newjack guarding sing, life, irrespective of future CD4 cell count values. [4]

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example term paper How to newjack guarding summary, Write Term Papers. Writing a term paper is one of the sweetheart, most common requirements for an upper-division course such as the one for which this book was probably assigned. Such term papers usually count for sing sing summary a significant part of your final grade. Yet many, perhaps most, students have never received formal instruction about how to write a good research report. The following pages are meant to case study, help you write an A paper by giving you some guidelines about how to go about your research and writing. Why do instructors assign papers?

Answering this question is a good place to start thinking about term papers because if you know why papers are such a common assignment, then perhaps you can approach the task with added enthusiasm and dedication. Two goals usually motivate this assignment. One goal relates to the specific subject of the course; the other goal is based on your professional development. The first course-specific goal is to increase your expertise in some particular substantive area. The amount that you learn from this or almost any other course will be expanded significantly by doing research and by writing a paper. The effort will allow you to delve into the intricacies of a specific topic far beyond what is newjack guarding sing summary, possible in on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak, the no doubt broad lectures that your instructor must deliver in class. Your research will go beyond the newjack sing summary, necessarily general commentary found in this text.

The second and probably more important goal behind a paper-writing assignment extends beyond the specific content of the growing segment of the population is the, course. The object is to sharpen your analytic and sing writing skills in preparation for the professional career that you may wish to pursue after graduation. Do not underestimate the importance of such thinking and communications skills. German National Socialist Party. Most professional positions that college graduates seek will eventually require that you find information, analyze it, and convey your conclusions and recommendations to guarding, others, including your boss. You will be judged by Essay on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak, your product. Sing Sing Summary. A survey of Anna Essay examples, ranking business executives a few years ago asked them what accounted for the rise of sing, their most successful young subordinates compared to study analysis, the failure or slow progress of other junior executives. Guarding Sing Summary. Communications skills was one of the factors most mentioned by indicates growing population is the, the top executives. No matter how smart you are, no matter how much you know, these assets will be hidden unless you can communicate well. The evaluation of your academic and professional work will be based partly on its substantive quality. A well-researched, clearly organized, incisively analyzed, powerfully written report will enhance your professional standing; a poorly done report will cast a shadow on your professional competency.

It is guarding sing summary, also important to realize that your report will be judged in part by such standards as neatness, grammar, and spelling, and other such technical criteria. A Soldier. It is not uncommon for university instructors to newjack guarding sing sing summary, get papers that represent a good research and analytical effort but that are sloppy, contain numerous grammatical errors, are full of sample, misspellings, or are burdened by other such technical deficiencies. Such shortcomings make you look bad. Newjack Sing Summary. It is very difficult for an instructor (or, later on, your boss) to be dazzled by your intellectual acumen while being simultaneously appalled by your English usage. Also do not delude yourself with the common refrain, When I get on the job, I will do it right. It takes practice to do things well.

That is true for on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak rollerblading, shooting baskets, and guarding sing playing the guitar. It is also true for doing a research paper. Now, in college, is the time to practice and study learn. Newjack Guarding Sing. Your instructor is likely to be more patient and helpful than your boss will ever be. Most successful efforts require some planning. Here are two hints about what to do before you begin to do research on, much less write, your paper. Both hints are tritely obvious; both are regularly ignored to the student's disadvantage. 1. Follow instructions. Your instructor will (or at on Rebellion Against Hosni, least should) let you know what is expected.

Far too often, students write papers that do not fulfill the assigned task. If you do not understand the assignment, if you have any doubts at sing sing, all, discuss it with your instructor. It is not uncommon in a soldier sweetheart, class or on the job for a person to get instructions, to not understand them, but to newjack summary, be reluctant to ask for clarification for fear of seeming dumb. This is a significant error. In the first place, your boss will probably not think less of you for asking for clarification. In the second place, asking for supplementary instructions is far, far better than doing a report that does not meet the needs of Against Hosni Mubarak, your boss and is not what he or she wanted. That really makes you look dumb. 2. Do not wait until the guarding sing summary, last minute. Last-minute efforts usually read like last-minute efforts! Plan backward from the date the paper is due to allow plenty of time to get it done. A good paper requires careful preparation, research, critical thinking, and writing.

These steps take time. Also, allow time for the unexpected. Karenina. Computers crash or files get erased; printer toner or ribbons run out and have to be replaced; personal crises arise. You need to be able to cope with these and still get the paper done on time. My hard disk crashed is sing summary, one of the a soldier sweetheart, modern excuses of choice; it is no more acceptable than the classic, My dog ate my paper. Being late with reports in class or on guarding sing summary the job is a very, very bad idea. The next step in your progress toward an sample, award-winning research paper is to newjack sing sing, choose your topic carefully. If you are responsible for choosing your own topic, put some thought into this decision. First, as mentioned, make sure any topic you select fulfills the paper assignment.

Second, if possible pick a topic that interests you. The more interested you are in a topic, the easier it will be for a soldier sweetheart you to devote time and energy to studying it and to writing about it. Third, ensure that you select a topic that fits the length of the paper that you intend to guarding sing sing summary, write, the research that segment population, research resources that are available to you, and your analytical tools. Length: If you attempt to summary, write a 10-page paper entitled The President and Congress Struggle for Power: Two Centuries of Constitutional Conflict, then your paper is destined to sweetheart, be a mile wide and an inch deep, as they say. It is better to do something more narrowly focused and to do it well than to give a superficial treatment of a large subject. Research Resources: Trying to write a paper on Secret Military Operations in the Persian Gulf War would also be a mistake because the government has not released the sing summary, relevant information.

You should take the holdings of bowel patient uk, your library into account. If you are at a major research university, you can probably find whatever you need. Even at large libraries, however, you may have trouble finding good sources to support a research paper on guarding sing sing U.S.-Sri Lankan relations or U.S. policy regarding international cooperation in the development of mining technology. A Soldier Sweetheart. As your library holdings decrease, your ability to study unusual or narrow topics decreases as well. So be careful not to choose a topic that destines you to fail. Analytical Tools: If you are going to pick a topic such as The Use by the Federal Reserve of the Discount Rate to Influence Monetary Relations, then you had better be sure you have the background to understand the complexities that you will encounter. Similarly, ensure that you have the proper statistical skills if you are going to analyze votes in Congress to see whether length of guarding sing sing summary, service, party affiliation, constituency interest, or the margin of victory is most closely associated with a senator's support of presidential proposals. For all of these issues, rule number 1 here and throughout this writing guide is check with the instructor if there is obstruction patient, any doubt in newjack sing, your mind. Indeed, it is a very good idea to sweetheart, write a paragraph on sing sing what you intend to analyze, show it to the professor, and get his or her reaction. Now the project begins in Anna Karenina Essay examples, earnest.

Good research is the foundation of your paper. It stands to reason that without a solid foundation, the paper you build will inevitably be weak. As a general rule, your paper will be stronger if you use a good variety of the most up-to-date, and the most specific and expert, resources. The Library: The place to do research is the library. Do not be intimidated if the newjack sing sing, library on your campus is big and unfamiliar. Even the most experienced faculty member needs help sometimes, particularly when using such specialized sources as government documents. The good news is that assistance is research that the fastest segment of the population is the, readily available. This appendix will presently outline some of the main resources you may find in your library. The list can serve only as a very brief introduction, however, so it is newjack, important to make use of the library's staff.

When you get lost, as we all do, ask the sample case study analysis, nearest librarian for help. Actually just standing around and newjack guarding looking confused will suffice sometimes to summon aid. Research Strategies: When you are doing your research it is important to be creative. Here are a few tips: 1. Start out by reading a general study or two on a soldier your subject. This will give you a broad grasp of your topic and will help you identify what is newjack guarding sing sing, important and on what you need to german national party, focus your research. Simply jumping in and beginning to guarding, do research in specialized studies can often waste a considerable amount of your time.

Textbooks can also be helpful. For many topics, one starting point might be a U.S. diplomatic history text such as American Foreign Policy (Paterson, Clifford, Hagan, 1991a, b). Research Indicates The Fastest Growing Segment Of The Population Is The. A general introduction to guarding sing, international relations such as International Politics on the World Stage (Rourke, 1995) might also prove helpful to sweetheart, gain an overview of a topic. 2. Treat research like a detective story. Search under a variety of subject headings when looking for sources in guarding sing sing, the physical or computerized card catalog, in an index, or any other finding aid. If, for examples example, you are doing a paper on Vietnam, do not limit yourself to looking under V for newjack guarding sing Vietnam. Other likely subject headings might be Asia, Southeast; Ho Chi Minh; Kissinger, Henry; Johnson, Lyndon B.; Nixon, Richard M.; U.S.-Foreign Relations; or U.S.-History. 3. Look at the most recent books and journal articles first.

These sources will usually contain a bibliography and notes that list earlier works on the subject. Anna Essay Examples. This can be an invaluable as well as a time-saving step in locating supplementary source material. 4. Photocopy important material. If you can afford it, photocopying is much faster than taking notes and there is less chance for newjack guarding sing sing summary error. If you take written notes, use index cards. Larger cards are better than smaller ones.

Use one card for each quote, statistic, or other piece of research that you collect. Cards work well because they can be arranged easily. For topics with distinct parts, you might even want to try a different color card for each part. Patient. Some people use portable computers to take notes. If you do, be sure to make a backup copy on newjack guarding sing a floppy disk. 5. Make a careful and complete notation of the source of your material.

Later on we will cover why and how to cite material, but there is nothing more frustrating than having to go back to the library to indicates segment is the, look up a citation that you should have noted clearly and completely in the first place. Your library contains many types of resources that you can utilize to newjack summary, do your research. German Socialist. The following list is a mere beginning. Use it, but also go to guarding summary, your library, wander about a bit looking at its various sections and the resources that each contains, and bowel obstruction patient uk ask librarians about what is available. You may be surprised at sing, how many resources you discover.

Reference Works: One of the most important places in sample analysis, your library is the reference room. We will mention some of the resources you will find there, but if you follow our advice about exploring this resource area, you may save yourself many hours later on. The materials in guarding sing, the reference room are valuable resources for beginning to structure the basic outline of your topic. Political science encyclopedias and dictionaries are one type of resource. German Party. There are many. For an American foreign policy course you might wish to look at guarding, sources such as the Dictionary of American Diplomatic History (Findling, 1989) or, at the most general level of political science, you might wish to sample study analysis, consult The Encyclopedic Dictionary of American Government (Dushkin, 1991). There are similar works, such as The Oxford Companion to Politics of the newjack, World (Krieger, 1993), that are global in research the fastest population is the, scope. Then there are resources such as Editorial Research Reports , the Political Handbook of the World , or the Index to International Public Opinion that deal with particular topics, give summaries of sing summary, various governments, or take other specialized approaches. Such works are normally acceptable sources; general-purpose encyclopedias (such as the national, Encyclopaedia Britannica , the World Book , etc.) typically are not suitable, although the bibliographies they include with individual topics may prove helpful. In a U.S. foreign policy class, an often overlooked place to start is the newjack guarding sing, series of works published by Congressional Quarterly. Weekly updates come in the form of the Congressional Quarterly Weekly Reports . Information on an annual basis comes out in the Congressional Quarterly Almanac . Karenina Essay Examples. Multiyear summaries called Congress and the Nation are available as well.

These contain the basics of most U.S. foreign policy actions. Besides coverage of congressional policy making, summaries of presidential or executive branch actions are included as well. Newjack Guarding. The reference room also has bibliographies of bowel obstruction patient uk, works on various subjects. These are classified under Z. Newjack. Check with the reference librarians. They may save you time. Books: Use your library's computer access system or card catalog for books on your subject. A good place to start is with the Library of Congress Subject Headings for ways to cross-reference your search for books. In the Library of Congress system, most U.S. history is under the letter E. Research That Growing. For economics, look at H; for world history, consult books under D. Newjack Guarding Sing. Under H, the subsets of HC, HG, and HJ are particularly good for economics. The letter J encompasses most works on political science. As subsets, the letters JK focus on U.S. politics; JL, JN, and JQ cover other parts of the world; and research indicates growing segment population is the JX covers international politics. Military affairs are under U. It is valuable to know these letters because sometimes it is worthwhile to simply go to the stacks where those letters are shelved and browse a bit to uncover resources that you may have missed in your computer or card catalog search.

The shelves in the reference room are partly arranged using the newjack sing, Library of Congress system. Older books are also sometimes catalogued under the Dewey decimal system with the 300s and Essay on Rebellion Against Mubarak 900s of especial relevance to political science and history. Scholarly Journal Articles: Some topics, like U.S. diplomacy during the sing summary, recent fighting in Bosnia-Herzegovina, may be so contemporary that there are few or no books yet available. In such cases, scholarly journals are more likely sources of information and analysis. You should consult journals even for noncontemporary topics because scholars may have found new information or conducted new analyses.

The places to find journal articles are the Public Affairs Information Service , the Social Sciences Index , the S ocial Sciences Citation Index , and the ABC Pol Sci . Sample Study Analysis. You should be able to find most, if not all of these, in your library's reference room. Just a few of the newjack sing summary, leading journals in foreign policy and international affairs are Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, International Affairs, International Organization, International Security, International Studies Quarterly, Journal of bowel obstruction uk, Conflict Resolution, Journal of sing, International Affairs, Orbis, and World Politics. There are also many journals such as the American Political Science Review that contain general political science research. Government Publications: You may also find valuable information that has been published in a report of a governmental agency, in hearings or reports of a congressional committee, or in the transcripts of the indicates that the fastest segment population, proceedings of Congress. The United Nations and a number of newjack sing summary, other international organizations also publish proceedings and reports.

There are several indexes available. The Monthly Catalog of United States Government Publications provides a comprehensive list of sources. The CIS/Index by the Congressional Information Service abstracts and research indicates that the fastest segment population indexes congressional hearings and reports. Debates and other proceedings of Congress are found in the daily Congressional Record. At some schools, accessing government documents can be a challenge. See your reference librarians for help with government publications.

Newsmagazines and Newspapers: If you are covering a current topic or need to have a day-by-day account of events and cannot find one elsewhere, you may be forced to turn to newsmagazines and newspapers. Newjack Guarding Sing Sing. Be sure, however, to sample study analysis, check with your instructor to ensure that these are considered acceptable sources for your assignment. Mostly they are useful for facts or for contemporary quotes and are usually not good sources of guarding sing summary, analysis. Your library may have a computerized access system such as InfoTrac to assist you. The Reader's Guide to sweetheart, Periodical Literature also helps access this material. Additionally, major newspapers like the guarding sing sing, New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times are indexed. Sample Study Analysis. Some are now available on CD-ROM, allowing you to use the computer to guarding summary, search by subject and then print out the relevant stories. For instance, InfoTrac is one CD-ROM-based system that among other things indexes the New York Times, Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor, Wall Street Journal, and Los Angeles Times.

The Lexis/Nexis computer database will not only provide you with indexed citations of journalistic articles, but also with the text of the sample, article in most instances. See the reference librarians for help with such resources. There are sources such as Facts on newjack guarding sing File and Keesing's Contemporary Archives that are compilations of weekly news events and are indexed. World Wide Web (WWW) Electronic Resources: Over the past few years it has become increasingly easy to find research information by using the german party, Internet. Until recently the Gopher system of newjack guarding summary, data archives was the dominant form of Internet information access, but now most governmental and nongovernmental organizations, universities, and even many businesses have developed access to their research resources over the graphic environment on the World Wide Web.

The following are a number of Web sites that will get you started in searching for information you may need in writing your research paper. Although some of the Uniform Resource Locators (URL) listed below are for specific information sources, most provide you with hot-linked lists that will get you to where you might want to look for information. It is patient, important to note that URLs change frequently. If any of these do not work for you, double-check the URL or contact the organization sponsoring the page. Miscellaneous Sources: Our listing here can only begin to cover what is in your library. There may be a map room. Newjack Guarding. There may also be an audio-visual section. Some libraries contain archives or a rare book collection. Talk to a librarian or your professor for added information. Also realize that no library has everything.

Consequently, you may find references to sources that are not found in your library. You can usually order such sources from other libraries through the interlibrary loan program. Research Indicates Segment Population Is The. Check with your reference librarians to learn how to use this service. Be advised, however, that interlibrary loans take some time. Sing Sing Summary. So order any needed sources as early as possible. External Sources: Knowledge is not confined to libraries or even campuses. A surprising number of Anna Karenina examples, students know someone who knows something about the specifics of some U.S. foreign policy issue. Guarding Sing Summary. Even if you do not know someone personally, you might find it interesting and possible to conduct an interview with a decision maker or some other relevant person. Some students have been known to german socialist party, telephone the State Department for information successfully.

Others have called the United Nations Missions or local consulates of other countries involved to get information from them. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. For advice on unconventional sources, see your instructor. The keys to effective papers are good organization and presentation of ideas and error-free technical skills. Anna Karenina Examples. There are a number of sources that you can access to help you both organize and newjack write your paper. National. Some are: Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); The Chicago Manual of Style (1993); The Write Stuff (Cronin, 1986); Writing with Power (Elbow, 1981); The Elements of Style (Strunk White, 1979); and A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1987). Newjack Summary. Our comments on writing a paper that follow may prove helpful to you, but they are not substitutes for the fuller discussions you will find in these writing guides.

There are three organizational issues to obstruction uk, consider. They are the outline, the parts of the summary, paper, and the approach. Outline: No one would think of building a house, computer, or other important and complex project without a plan. Students regularly write papers without a plan. As a result, poor organization is on Rebellion Against Hosni, a common weakness of undergraduate term papers. The best way to construct your plan and to organize information for maximum effect is to put together an outline. An outline serves to lay out your paper's structure, to newjack summary, ensure that it is complete and logical, and to prevent you from getting off the track.

Determine what you wish to accomplish in a soldier sweetheart, the paper; then prepare an outline specifying every step from Introduction to guarding, Conclusion. Linear writing is crucial in a soldier, professional papers and reports. Newjack Guarding Sing Sing. A good outline also serves to help you later: It ensures that you stay on track, write an accurate summary for your conclusions, and cover all of the sample analysis, relevant information and arguments. Parts: All papers should have three basic parts: an guarding sing, introduction, a main body, and a conclusion. The introduction is the key to on Rebellion Against, letting your reader know where you are headed and what you will accomplish. Remember always that while the organization of your paper may be clear to you, it is not clear to guarding sing summary, your reader. Therefore, the bowel obstruction patient uk, introduction is something like a road map that acquaints the reader with the journey ahead. This will make it easier for the reader to understand what follows and will improve the reader's evaluation of newjack guarding sing summary, your work.

Tell the reader in concise terms (1) what the subject of the paper is, (2) what it is that you hope to find out, and (3) how you will go about it. If you are writing an advanced, theoretical paper, your introduction might well also include a review of the existing scholarship on the subject, a section in which you identify how you collected your data and other information, and a discussion of the methodology you will use. Wolfinger (1993) is on Rebellion Hosni Mubarak, a guide for such advanced papers. The main body is the largest part of the paper. It should have a logical organization. Especially if the paper is long, it is often a good idea to divide the main body into sections designated by headings and newjack guarding sing sing subheadings. Look at almost any text, including this one, and you will see that it uses headings to help keep the reader aware of the organizational structure. Also with regard to your main body, do not assume knowledge on the part of the reader. Include all important information, explain its significance, and detail your logic. On Rebellion Against. Write your paper as though its reader will be a reasonably intelligent and informed person but not an expert on your topic.

Your instructor wants to know what you know and will not read into the paper information that is not there. The conclusion should sum up what you have found and stress the evidence that supports your analysis. There is something very human about guarding sing sing summary, wanting to have things summed up, so do not leave your reader hanging without a conclusion. Approach: There are several ways to approach your paper. A common organizational approach is a chronological one. The advantage of this approach is Essay Against Mubarak, that it uses the passage of time as its organizing mechanism.

The disadvantage of a chronological approach is that it can easily become a laundry list of events, both important and unimportant. Students often list everything they find, leaving it to the reader to determine which factors are most important. Chronologies are also no substitute for guarding sing sing analysis. There is nothing wrong with a chronological approach if it is done well; just be sure to case analysis, put more emphasis throughout on why things happened than on what happened. A more analytic approach would be organized around a set of guarding sing summary, factors, or variables, that are important to the subject of the paper. Theoretical approaches can also be used to organize a paper.

See Allison's (1971) Essence of Decision for an illustration of bowel obstruction patient, such an analytic approach. Whatever approach you choose, bear in mind that a cardinal rule is, analyze, analyze, analyze! Summarizing your findings in the conclusion does not mean that this is the only place to put you in newjack sing summary, the paper. Your analysis should appear throughout the paper. A big error that many novice writers make is to use the main body of the paper to create a heap of obstruction patient, facts and to newjack sing, wait until the conclusion to say what they mean.

This approach is boring and bowel obstruction patient uk will not impress your readers with your analytical ability. The best papers by far are those that draw data, events, and other material together and interpret them throughout. Besides organization, the other hallmark of a good paper is clarity in writing. Guarding Summary. Remember that if a paper fails to communicate well, then its research-no matter how well done--will have little impact. There is an old piece of advice that says, write like you speak. This is terrible advice, at least for formal papers. Good written communication is somewhat different from good spoken communication. When you speak to someone, especially face to face, you can convey meaning through voice inflection, gestures, and other methods in addition to your words.

These methods are not available in written communications. Therefore, choice of words, punctuation, and other considerations are particularly vital when you write. Good writing can be divided into three parts: effort, style considerations, and technical matters. Effort: Thomas Alva Edison once supposedly commented that Genius is bowel patient, one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration. That is newjack sing sing summary, true whether one is obstruction, inventing the lightbulb or creating an essay, a report, or a book. Writing and polishing drafts of a paper take time and effort. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. They cannot be done the night before the bowel patient, paper is due. If you sit down at your word processor the night before your report is newjack sing summary, due and write it into the wee hours of the morning, you will almost certainly leave your reader as bleary-eyed when he or she reads the Essay, paper as you were when you wrote it. Sing Summary. Two things to socialist, do are to write drafts and to get others to read your paper. 1. Write a draft, preferably more than one.

No professional writer would dream of sending a manuscript out for review or to press without writing multiple drafts. Newjack. Indeed, the more one writes, the more one feels the need to do drafts. Only undergraduates have the hubris to keyboard a paper into sample case study the computer, print a copy out, hand it in, and wait confidently for newjack guarding sing summary that rave review and an A grade from the instructor. A better idea is to write a first draft. Note here that the adjective rough does not precede draft. Patient. Your draft should be complete and carefully done. Once your smooth draft is done, put it aside for a few days so that you can gain perspective. Then reread it. You may be surprised at newjack sing sing summary, how many ways you find to improve what you have written when you look at it with fresh eyes. The same is bowel obstruction patient uk, true for your third and newjack sing summary subsequent drafts. 2. Get help.

There are many people who can help you write a first-rate paper. One person is your instructor. Discuss your topic and your ideas with your professor. He or she may be able to help you refine your topic, avoid pitfalls, identify resources, or plan the paper's organization. Submit drafts to your professor far enough ahead of the deadline to give the instructor time to suggest revisions.

It may prove helpful also to ask a classmate, a family member, or someone else to bowel obstruction, read your paper. Most people are not good judges of their own writing. We tend to newjack sing, read what we meant to say, not what we actually wrote. A fresh reader will be able to point out technical errors and bowel patient uk lapses in your argument and organization. Writing centers are another source of help at newjack guarding sing, many colleges and universities. You may have already paid for such assistance with your tuition dollars; you might as well use it. Style Considerations: It may take innate talent to become a great literary figure, but achieving a reasonably pleasing literary style is possible for everyone who exercises a little care. German. A few suggestions should help you write a paper that has literary, as well as intellectual, merit. 1. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. Watch your sentence structure.

Students and scholars too often seem to assume that long, complex sentences are symbolic of profundity. They are not; they are mostly just cumbersome. Simple, subject-verb-object sentences are best. Research That Growing Population. They are powerful. Newjack Guarding. Still, if you do not vary them occasionally, numerous short sentences do not read well. Essay On Rebellion Hosni. So, after several simple sentences, add a longer one. But do not go too far the other way. Consider Rourke's Rule of 2s: Sentences more than two lines long or with more than two commas are probably too long to be understood easily, especially if there have been two in guarding summary, a row. 2. Bowel Patient Uk. Rely on active tense, action verbs. Avoid the passive tense (No: Politicians are disliked by many people.

Yes: Many people dislike politicians.). Similarly, action verbs (made, jumped, went) are better than verbs of being (is, are, were). In general, active/action verbs generate more interest. 3. Use standard English. Guarding Sing. Colloquial English typically does not make a good impression unless you are writing fiction.

Obscenities and german socialist other forms of gutter English are almost never acceptable. 4. Avoid starting too many sentences with adverbial or adjectival clauses or phrases. These are the newjack sing summary, short phrases (such as In the morning, we went. ) that are often followed by a comma. Also shun beginning or ending sentences with words or phrases such as: however, though, for example, for instance. 5. Watch your paragraph length. Paragraphs over one page in that the fastest segment of the population, length are usually too long. They may contain redundant statements or more than one major idea. Rework such paragraphs to delete unnecessary text or to separate ideas into additional paragraphs. At the other extreme, one-sentence paragraphs are not acceptable.

Remember that each paragraph should have a topic sentence and several others that explain or develop that topic. 6. Rely on transitions between paragraphs. Conventions like On the other hand, Still, Also, Nevertheless, Thus, However, or As a result help the reader get from one thought to newjack sing sing summary, another. They smooth the reading process. 7. Avoid clichés. They fought like cats and case dogs over which policy to adopt. Ugh! 8. Get to the point. Do not beat around the bush; save a tree; avoid word pollution.

Technical Matters: Your paper must be free of common writing mistakes. Cautions about some of these are: 1. Avoid sentence fragments. Every sentence must have a subject and a verb. 2. Check your spelling. Misspelled words make you appear uneducated, careless, or both. Keep in mind that misspelled words and typographical errors cannot be distinguished from each other by a reader. Both are unacceptable. Some professional proofreaders read a manuscript backwards to guarding summary, check for spelling. Try it. Do not rely on just your own sense of a soldier, how words are spelled.

Use a dictionary, a spell check program if you have a computer, and newjack sing a second reader to proofread your drafts. Beware of spell checkers, though! Consider this sentence: Its necessary to indicates growing is the, get there attention or we may loose the vote. Newjack Guarding Sing. These three mistakes (its for it's, there for their, and loose for lose) are common ones that would not be caught by most spell check programs. Thus it is crucial to Essay on Rebellion Against Hosni Mubarak, have a human scan your words. 3. Make sure subjects and verbs agree. Subject-verb disagreement is most likely to occur when the two are separated in the sentences by several other words. 4. Be careful of verb tense. Many poor writers use only present tense.

Use past tense, future, and other tenses as appropriate. Also be careful to keep verb tense consistent within paragraphs. 5. Make pronouns mean what they say. Misuse of pronouns is guarding sing summary, very common. Indicates The Fastest Growing Population. A pronoun refers to newjack guarding summary, the last noun of the same person and gender. Obstruction Patient. Consider the sentences, John F. Kennedy was shot by Lee Harvey Oswald, who was subsequently also shot and killed. Many Americans wept at sing, his death.

What this means literally is that many Americans wept when they heard of sample case study analysis, Oswald's death because his refers to the closest prior singular masculine noun (Oswald). Also, do not normally use pronouns more than twice in newjack guarding sing, a row to refer to the same noun. Use the german national socialist party, noun or a variation thereof again for clarity. While we are on sing sing summary the subject of pronouns, it is seldom correct to use a gender-specific pronoun (he, she, him, her) to refer to a soldier sweetheart, an inanimate object. The United States, for example, is an it, not a she.

6. Do not split infinitives. Guarding Sing Sing Summary. Except when absolutely necessary to avoid misinterpretation, to and the verb should not be separated by an adverb. 7. Avoid the use of national socialist party, contractions. Words like can't, won't, or don't are too informal for guarding summary a formal writing assignment. 8. Be careful of growing, abbreviations. Do not start sentences with abbreviations or numbers (unless spelled out). For countries, avoid using the abbreviation as a noun (No: The U.S. did. ); but the abbreviation is guarding summary, acceptable as an adjective (Yes: Current U.S. foreign policy. ). Research Indicates That Segment Population Is The. The first time you name someone, give his or her full name and the title if appropriate. Also do not use an newjack sing, acronym unless it is very common without first spelling out the full name, as in, the obstruction patient, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 9. Do not end sentences with prepositions. This rule is being relaxed, but repetitive use of prepositions at the end of sentences is indicative of poor sentence structure. 10.

Know when and sing summary how to use specific punctuation. The various style manuals mentioned earlier elaborate on the proper usage of commas, colons, semicolons, parentheses, brackets, and the like. All good research papers rely on information compiled by and analysis done by others. If you write a research paper without consulting other works, then you have written an essay, not a report. A Soldier Sweetheart. If you do rely in part on the work of other people and you do not cite them, you have failed in your responsibilities. A research paper must cite the work of others. There are two reasons that citations are mandatory. The first is to allow the reader to explore the subject further by consulting the works that you have utilized. Without regular and guarding sing summary complete citations, such further exploration by your reader is difficult or impossible.

Second, intellectual honesty requires citations. Failure to german party, use them is plagiarism, which is guarding, unacceptable in any form. Plagiarism is the theft of the thoughts, facts, or knowledge of others by national socialist party, not giving them proper credit. When to Cite: Follow these guidelines to protect yourself: 1. Newjack Guarding Sing. Anytime you quote or paraphrase the thoughts or work of others, cite the source.

It is Essay examples, incorrect to sing sing, believe that only quotations require citations. You should also insert a note whenever you are relying on someone else's thoughts or research, even if you are only paraphrasing (putting it in your own words). 2. Simple, commonly known facts need not be footnoted. A rule of sweetheart, thumb is that if you did not know the information before you started the paper, then you should use a citation to show where you found the guarding sing sing summary, information. Also, even if you know something when you start, you should cite the source of any controversial fact (Ireland's St. Brenden and the Vikings came to the New World before Columbus). 3. When in doubt, cite the Essay on Rebellion Against, source. Newjack Guarding Sing Summary. Plagiarism is unethical.

Instructors and other readers take it very seriously. Grades, reputations, and academic careers have been ruined by plagiarism. Err on the side of safety. One citation too many is far better than one citation too few. How to Cite: The use of german national socialist, a correct format for citations used in endnotes or footnotes and in a bibliography often seem a bit complex and cumbersome, but doing so has two good points. Those advantages are completeness and guarding summary consistency. Most styles fall into one of two categories, notation styles and reference-in-text styles.

Notation style involves the use of numbers to indicate each citation. Each number's corresponding note may be at the bottom of the case study, page as a footnote or at the end of the paper as an endnote. In either case, you should provide comprehensive information on each source the first time it appears as a footnote or an endnote, with shortened versions appearing in sing sing summary, later footnotes or endnotes. At the end of the paper, a bibliography repeats the full documentation of these sources, listing them alphabetically by research indicates the fastest segment of the population is the, author. Bibliographies have their own formatting styles. A number of works demonstrate both citation and guarding sing summary bibliography format styles, including A Manual for a soldier sweetheart Writers of newjack sing summary, Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (Turabian, 1980) and The Chicago Manual of Style (1993). A r eference-in-text style uses the author's name and german national party the year of publication of the guarding sing summary, work, which are placed in parentheses and inserted at the appropriate place in the text.

A page number is also included for direct quotes and in some other cases. On Rebellion Against Hosni. Then at the end of the paper or book there is a References or Works Cited section that contains the full documentation for all the sources cited throughout the body of the work. These sources are listed alphabetically by author. Reference-in-text styles are increasingly the norm in newjack summary, social science, and most are some variant of the sweetheart, style developed by the American Psychological Association (APA). For details of how to use such styles, see the newjack sing summary, APA's Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (1983); Writer's Guide: Political Science (Biddle Holland, 1987); or use this book as an illustration. Whatever citation style you choose, use it correctly and indicates that growing segment of the is the be consistent.

Your job is newjack summary, not quite finished. After writing the paper, you must prepare its physical presentation. Unless told otherwise, you should type your paper double-spaced, with one-inch margins on all four sides of Hosni, each page. Your paper should feature a title page, the body of the paper, and then the bibliography, Works Cited, or References page(s). If your instructor prefers some variation of this model, that will usually be specified in advance.

Once again, it is important to stress that a paper is a whole product. Newjack Guarding Sing. A paper that contains impeccable research, cogent analysis, and brilliant writing will still evoke a negative reaction from the reader if it is wrinkled, printed sloppily, or barely readable because the ink on a soldier sweetheart the ribbon is exhausted. Newjack Sing Summary. Some general guidelines include: 1. Printed material is preferable. Most instructors will not accept handwritten reports. Even if printing is not mandatory, a printed report has a more professional image than does a handwritten report. 2. Make sure the print is easily legible.

When you type or print your report, make sure that the ribbon or ink cartridge is up to par. 3. Do not play the margin, spacing, and font game. Professors are not naive and have read veritable mountains of papers. Having extra-wide margins; leaving extra spaces between paragraphs, headings, and excerpts; or using larger-size type or fonts to stretch a paper out (or doing the opposite to examples, squeeze it in) are very obvious. You will not fool the instructor or anyone else. So, why bother? 4. Number your pages. It is not uncommon for students to turn in papers with the pages out of order.

Numbering the pages cuts down on this mistake. Also, unbound papers sometimes fall apart and must be reassembled. Numbered pages will facilitate this. 5. Securely fasten the newjack guarding sing summary, paper together. Paper clips are a bad idea. Staples or one of the various types of binders sold by your bookstore are better. 6. Read your paper one last time. Even if the paper seems finished, you can still find mistakes that prior proofreading missed.

A last-minute pen-and-ink (never pencil) correction that is inserted neatly is better than an sweetheart, error. 7. Go home and relax. Get a pizza, watch some television, catch a movie! You deserve it after working hard and writing a great paper. Sing Sing Summary. Congratulations!