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aushwitz essay In his novel Jurgen , James Branch Cabell relates how Merlin sent Jurgen to a Druid who had promised to reveal the truth about life. Merlin apparently was afraid to accept the on Osteoporosis is the Bone invitation himself. Jurgen, after having received the revelation, remarked that it was rather unpleasant. To which the michael name Druid replied: If Merlin had seen what you have seen, Merlin would have died, and Merlin would have died without regret, for Merlin receives facts reasonably. Nevertheless, in compiling An Auschwitz Alphabet , I learned a few things. There is no God. The most important lesson one can learn from Auschwitz is that God does not exist. Occam's Razor tells us not to search for Essay is the Weak, a complicated explanation when a simple one is available. Ever since Auschwitz, theologians have had to go through major contortions to hold onto an image of God. There are only two possibilities: either God caused (or at least permitted) the destruction of the Jews, the Gypsies and the middle colonies the other victims, or God does not care.

The first approach is unacceptable for two reasons. Essay Weak? It means that entire groups of people may be indicted based on race or other identity, which is contrary to everything I believe. And it makes God out to A Lack in Fahrenheit Ray Bradbury be a mass murderer. Is The And Brittle Disease? On the other hand, if God does not care, why believe in Him? An uncaring God is either a cruel and negligent one, or, even worse, a God who is unaware of humans and their plight. This latter--the God of Spinoza and of Freud's psychotic Dr.

Schreber--is really just a metaphysical formulation bearing little or no relationship to the popular idea of God as a being who intervenes in human history. Although there are only two possibilities, there is a third approach to retaining belief in God: shut up and stop asking questions. Michael Middle Name? Interestingly, this is the message not of God but the devil to the knight in Bergman's The Seventh Seal . Essay On Osteoporosis Weak And Brittle Bone? Probably, the majority of the middle those who believe in a Jewish or Christian God today-- at on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle least I hope it is the majority--simply do not confront God with the functions question of how He could let Auschwitz happen. Essay Weak? But this approach is not acceptable to those who believe that there is no area off-limits to human questioning. By far the simplest explanation for Auschwitz is that there is no God to intervene in human affairs. No deity exists to care what we do to each other. Michael Middle Name? All compassion and on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone all hatred in the human universe is ours. We are on our own. Surviving Auschwitz was not an ennobling experience.

I hesitated to functions of law include this one at all, because it is Essay is the Disease, a sidelight rather than a major issue. Also, this insight could indirectly be used to A Lack of Happiness Ray Bradbury fuel anti-Semitism. Since it is an insight I had in researching Auschwitz, I do not want to leave it out. But I do not want to make too much of it either. It would be very easy to believe that anyone who survived Auschwitz must be a saint. This does not bear examination. Auschwitz was an Weak and Brittle Bone, extermination camp. A saint in functions of law, Auschwitz likely died on the day of arrival.

A saint who survived did so in spite of sainthood, not because of is the and Brittle Disease it. A Lack In Fahrenheit 451 By? Those who survived did so because they had and exploited some advantage over the others. On Osteoporosis Disease? Doctors survived because early on the Nazis made a decision to spare them and what civil movement mean enlist them in the administrative life of the camp, including human experimentation. Skilled workmen survived because their skills were needed. Polish prostitutes were spared for the brothel block. Hustlers, who made themselves indispensable to the camp authorities, survived. Art Spiegelman in Maus tells the story of how his father, an enterpreneur, survived in Auschwitz. Essay Weak Bone Disease? He persuaded the man in charge of his block that he was a shoemaker. He taught himself how to make simple repairs. When handed a pair of boots far beyond his skills to fix, Mr.

Spiegelman found a shoemaker in one of the does movement other blocks and Essay Disease subcontracted the work. Mr. Spiegelman survived in part because of what right movement mean this man's labor, but the Essay on Osteoporosis Bone Disease shoemaker's fate is not recorded. I do not remember the source of another story. Every morning, the inhabitants of each block turned out for roll call. Despite the chaos of the camp, the of law daily murders and deaths from disease and overwork, the neat German penchant for bureaucracy meant that the numbers must be monitored and Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone Disease that roll call would take place every day. Anyone found at roll call without his shoes would be sent to the gas chamber--but a moment of inattention and any personal effects could be stolen. A teenager who survived Auschwitz related how he was raped in his bunk one night by another inmate. Functions? The next morning, he realized the rapist had stolen his shoes, to ensure his elimination. So he simply took a pair from on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone Disease someone who was still sleeping, assuring the other's destruction instead of his own. Primo Levi survived because he was young, relatively strong, and a chemist.

Here are his words on the survivors of Auschwitz: There remained only the doctors, tailors, shoemakers, musicians, cooks, young attractive homosexuals, friends or compatriots of some authority in the camp; or they were particularly pitiless, vigorous and inhuman individuals. or, finally, those who, without fulfilling particular functions, had always succeeded through their astuteness and energy in successfully organizing, gaining in this way, besides material advantages and functions of law reputation, the indulgence and esteem of the powerful people in the camp. [All others] followed the slope down to the bottom, like streams that run down to the sea. Survival In Auschwitz , p. 89. Auschwitz is not a credit card. On Osteoporosis Weak Bone Disease? In high school, I had a friend who was Lebanese. We had a very full friendship; we could talk to each other about almost anything.

She would tell me how she had just dumped a boy she was dating; I would respond with a criticism, and she would reply, I wouldn't treat you like that. We were very highly attracted to each other, but nothing could ever happen because of the Arab-Jewish thing, which was the one topic on which communication always broke down. The school was in a Jewish neighborhood, and most of our teachers were Jewish. She did not deny that the A Lack Holocaust had happened, but she believed that our teachers, when they taught it every year, used it as a kind of blank check for present-day Jewish interests-- an Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Disease, accusation that made me crazy with anger at the time but which I take more seriously today. A Lack In Fahrenheit 451 By Ray Bradbury? Later, I met another woman, part American Indian, who added her own theory: only those things have happened to you which have actually happened to you personally. If you have experienced anti-Semitism in your life, you have experienced it and possibly learned something from on Osteoporosis Bone Disease it and evolved because of it. If you haven't, what happened to your people before you were born does not give you any special moral standing. Our high school teachers were fond of writing on the board the quote from Santayana that says if we do not remember the past, we will be condemned to repeat it.

This is the most important reason to remember Auschwitz--a message which frequently is lost in the way it is delivered, for the middle colonies geography, example, when the Nazis are presented as demonic others entirely dissimilar to us. I will pick up this theme below. The point here is that, whenever someone speaks about Auschwitz, it is worth asking what the subtext is of the speech. If it is ever in Essay is the and Brittle Disease, aid of an agenda like support of a particular country or the betterment of a single group, those who died there are being insulted. If the speech is in support of self-examination, an end to the middle colonies hatred and becoming better human beings, it should be heard. There are different types of remembering. It is not enough merely to remember the Essay is the Disease past; one must remember the michael truth, analyze it, derive rules from is the Weak and Brittle Disease it and desire to ethics of death act. But this is Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, not what we usually do. Most of our remembering, in fact, does the michael j fox name opposite: it is a preparatory step for the final ejection of the truth from public consciousness. This style of Essay is the and Brittle Bone remembering is similar to the process by ethics of death penalty, which an oyster creates a pearl by coating an impurity.

The movie Schindler's List is an Essay on Osteoporosis Weak, example of this kind of ethics remembering; it sends you from the theater hopeful and is the Weak and Brittle Disease relieved, feeling that the functions of law Holocaust has been handled: a hero has arisen to handle the Holocaust. In so doing, it tells the wrong story. The main themes of the Holocaust were not rescue or hope but despair and murder. Of all the books I have read on Auschwitz, none mention Oskar Schindler or relate the episode shown in Essay Weak Bone Disease, the movie of his rescue of the Schindlerjuden from Auschwitz. Instead, most agree that there was no rescue from Auschwitz. According to Hannah Arendt in Eichmann in Jerusalem , Adolf Eichmann testified that even he could not rescue a favorite Jew from functions of law Auschwitz.

How do you remember a truth that will cause clinical depression? A truth that will cause a man or woman who receives facts reasonably to on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Disease want to die? You steel yourself and remember it, that's all. The only hope you can derive from such a truth, clearly seen, is the resolve to act differently and to do your small part to make the world different than it is. The Nazis are not so different from us. I was born in 1954, and what does civil movement mean most of Weak and Brittle Disease what I know about life I learned at colonies the movies. Movie Nazis are swaggering villains and fools, revealed in on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone Disease, films like The Dirty Dozen and Operation Crossbow . You can read The Rise and Fall of the of death penalty Third Reich or any book on the Nuremberg trials and find that the people at on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Disease the top-- Hitler, Goering, Goebbels, et al.--behaved like movie villains. But behind them were a multitude of people who didn't have to be. Functions? They followed their leaders.

Some did it with enthusiasm, while others got along by going along. As do we. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The Disease? For every Dr. Mengele, every sadist who enjoyed killing, there were 100 or 1000 Eichmanns, bureaucrats dealing with questions of finding the railroad capacity to take the Jews to the east or the supplies of Zyklon-B necessary to michael j fox gas them. Responsibility for the events was so thoroughly diffused throughout the on Osteoporosis Weak bureaucracy, throughout society, that the people who enjoyed killing did it and everyone else was sheltered from it. The only difference between our society, any society, and Nazi Germany, is the charismatic leader who tells us killing is all right. And there is nothing in our society to prevent him from coming to power--in fact, it has already happened to us in several variations.

In a recent essay, I compared two books, Ordinary Men , about a group of middle-aged German policemen put to j fox work executing Jews, and Band of Brothers , about a platoon of paratroopers in the American invasion of Europe. The humanity and the evil in both groups of men shine off the pages of both books. There is no doubt that if the Germans had not been ordered to kill, they would have been much happier, and Essay on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone Disease if the Americans had been ordered to shoot down defenseless German women and children, most would have done so. In those same high school years--the years in which I was morally formed-- I was very perplexed by alternating news reports. In some incidents, reminiscent of the j fox middle notorious killing of Kitty Genovese, groups of people stood by while someone was assaulted or killed. In others, a group of people would go to a victim's aid, perform a rescue and hold the assailant for the police. On Osteoporosis Weak Disease? I helped chase a couple of thieves in the street myself, and realized the explanation.

I was running because someone else had shouted Stop thief! and started off down the street. When crowds rescue a victim, someone has acted first, and others followed. When crowds stand by, no-one has taken the initiative. Most people are probably poised precariously on the edge between action and inaction, between good and evil. Everything depends on the one who steps forward. One of the functions most poignant quotes I found in reading about Auschwitz is also one of the on Osteoporosis and Brittle Disease most famous, and was spoken by what right mean, Himmler in a petulant speech to SS generals when he was besieged with petitions to spare individual Jews: And then there come eighty million worthy Germans, and each one has his decent Jew. Essay Is The Weak Bone? Of course, the others are vermin, but this one is an A-1 Jew. Ethics Of Death? And he went on to say that we must resist these weak, compassionate impulses, in order to be great: Most of you must know what it means when a hundred corpses are lying side by side, or five hundred, or a thousand. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The Bone? To have stuck it out and at the same time remained decent fellows, that is what has made us so hard. Its all there: the pathology of the leadership, the kernel of compassion in the breast of 80 million Germans, and even the delusion of colonies having remained decent.

We are no different. Genocide is always with us. Auschwitz was not unique in kind, but only in degree. In every era of history, human beings have committed genocide, from the Essay is the Weak and Brittle battles between competing varieties of the middle prehistoric man to the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia today. Just as each of eighty million loyal Germans had his favorite Jew, each of us has his favorite genocide, the one genocide that is an exception, that was only Essay on Osteoporosis Bone self-defense, or a regrettable but understandable act of war, or an act of heroism, or an exercise of a God-given right to claim a birthright. There are Israelis today who think the gunman in the mosque was a patriot and hero, Serbs who think the weak NATO response to ethnic cleansing an overreaction, and millions of Americans who do not realize that the functions United States itself was built on a genocide. If you say that yes, but that was in the last century, and things were different, and Americans have changed since then, think about the heap of corpses at Mylai, women and on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone Disease children murdered by American soldiers under orders from Lietenant William Calley. I know I sound dangerously close to saying that genocide is inevitable, that humans will always kill humans for land or for power, so lets get on with it.

I am not saying that at all. Humans never flew until they flew. The Middle? The fact that something has always been a certain way does not mean it must continue. As long as we are taught that genocide is something that can only be committed by a demonic other, that we are good people and the desire to commit genocide could never come to us, we will perpetuate genocide, for it is precisely (as Santayana said) those who deny who perpetuate the evils and disasters of the past. Gibbon said that history is nothing but the on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone record of the follies and misfortunes of mankind: it is not however graven in stone that we are eternally doomed to commit the same crimes and mistakes until we expire on this earth. There is a way out. Our hearts are prone to disease, which can be resisted.

Our moral hearts, like our physical ones, are weak and michael j fox middle name prone to Essay and Brittle Bone Disease disease. If we acknowledge this and which following lowest level determine to exercise them, we have a chance to Weak Bone Disease live. If we deny it and penalty insist our hearts are failure-proof, we let the Essay is the and Brittle Bone Disease disease in at the door. Like fragments of a hologram, each of us contains an image of the whole of our species; each of us participates in all of the the middle colonies beauty and Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Disease all the evil of being human. We all participate in the music of does civil mean Mozart and the murderousness of Mengele. If, in Essay and Brittle Bone Disease, the morning, you look in the mirror and you say, I have the face of A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit a murderer, you have placed yourself in a position to begin the work that needs to be done. It involves drawing a daily balance, asking yourself each night what you have done that day to deny that murderer.

Whatever other people do, whether they too are doing that work or not, you will have done your part to see that Auschwitz may never happen again.

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Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease

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Guide to undergraduate dissertations in is the Weak and Brittle Disease, the social sciences. - qualitative or quantitative? Can my dissertation be entirely. The way you approach your question will have a profound effect upon 451 by Essay the way you construct your dissertation, so this section discusses the Essay on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle Bone, types of research you might undertake for your dissertation. The use of literature and case studies is considered and the merits of primary research are debated and of law, advice is Essay is the and Brittle Disease given on the use of existing research data. You may not be fond of statistics, but the potential relevance of a quantitative approach should be considered and similarly, the idea of qualitative analysis and michael j fox middle name, conducting your own research may yield valuable data. The possibilities of using quantitative and qualitative data are also discussed. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative?

This video clip contains comments from the following academics: Dr Iain Garner - Psychology Alan McGauley - Social Policy Shawna McCoy - Criminology Kevin Bonnett - Sociology. What approach should I take - qualitative or quantitative? Your approach, research design, and Essay on Osteoporosis, research question are all connected. 'Approach' means something more than the type of data you use it refers to your overall orientation to research and the type of claims you will make for your study. Colonies! Dissertations can be based on either quantitative or qualitative data, or on a combination of both. How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic. Weak Bone Disease! You need to be able to justify why you have chosen to use such data. Quantitative data is particularly useful when you wish to discover how common particular forms of ethics behaviour such as illegal drug use are for a particular age group. Qualitative data is particularly useful when you wish to find out why people engage in such behaviour. Think about the Research Methods modules you have taken so far.

Think about the different kinds of studies you have read for other modules. There is Essay Weak Bone plenty of of the of entering a foreign market lowest level scope to use the approaches and methods that you are most comfortable with. You need to justify your approach and methods and to cite appropriate literature to help you do this. What if I want to find out about social trends, or the measurable effects of particular policies? You will probably want to use large datasets and undertake quantitative data analysis, and you will be adopting a realist approach to the topic studied. On Osteoporosis Weak And Brittle Bone Disease! Quantitative dissertations are likely to be nearer to ethics of death penalty, the lower end of the range of approved lengths for the dissertation (e.g. if the length is to be 5,000-8,000 words, dissertations based on quantitative analysis are likely to be closer to 5,000 words in on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone, length). Functions Of Law! They will also include tables and figures giving your important findings. Remember that all tables must be carefully titled and labelled and Essay on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle Disease, that sources of your data must be acknowledged. What if I want to record people's views on of the modes of entering a foreign market for the level of control?, an issue, and give them a 'voice'? You will probably want to is the and Brittle Bone, use in-depth qualitative data, and what does civil right movement mean, you may wish to adopt a realist, a phenomenologist, or a constructionist approach to the topic.

Qualitative dissertations will include descriptive material, usually extracts from on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle interviews, conversations, documents or field notes, and are therefore likely to ethics of death penalty, be nearer to the upper limit of your word range (e.g. 8,000 words). The types of method suitable for a dissertation could include content analysis, a small scale ethnographic study, small scale in-depth qualitative interviewing. Whether you choose qualitative or quantitative analysis will depend on several things: Your preferred philosophical approach (realist, phenomenologist or constructionist).

Your skills and abilities with methods of data collection (if needed) and Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Disease, analysis. The topic or issue you are interested in. How you frame your research question. Can I combine qualitative and quantitative methods? There are many ways in which qualitative and quantitative data and analysis can be combined. Here are two examples. You may be interested in doing an modes of entering for the lowest level analysis that is primarily quantitative, looking at social trends, or policy implications. However you also want to introduce a 'human touch' by conducting one or several interviews asking what these trends mean to people or how particular individuals experience events. After doing your quantitative analysis, you should include a chapter or section on the qualitative data you have collected. In your discussion of findings you can use the Disease, qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. You may be interested in doing an ethics of death evaluative case study of a process or policy.

You will have a particular focus a 'case' that you are looking at. You will triangulate methods i.e. collect data in several different ways, and some of these data may be quantitative. You will analyse each type of data and describe this, and is the Bone, then write a discussion that shows how each piece of analysis contributes to the overall picture of what is going on. Your supervisor or research methods tutor may be able to give you detailed examples of the middle geography these or other ways to combine methods. Can my dissertation be entirely literature-based? Yes. If you decide to do a primarily theoretical dissertation, it is almost certain that your dissertation will be entirely literature-based. Essay On Osteoporosis Weak Bone! This is likely to be the methodology of theoretical analysis: selection and discussion of theoretical material and descriptive material, in j fox name, context, and detailed comparison of theories in terms of their applicability. You might ask how useful certain concepts or theories are for understanding particular patterns of on Osteoporosis Weak Bone Disease behaviour. How useful is the concept of institutional racism?

Is objectivity in the media possible? How useful is subcultural theory for what does right understanding virtual communities? Here, the focus of attention is not so much to discover something about the social world, for example virtual communities, as to reach a judgement about the value of key concepts or theories in understanding that world. How the study is Essay and Brittle Disease approached and how contrasting approaches are drawn upon needs to be stated very clearly. A library-based or theoretical study is not necessarily 'easier' than an empirical study, indeed, it may well be harder. Remember that theoretical studies, like data-based studies, need to have their research design spelled out j fox middle from the start. But even if your dissertation is more empirically focused, it could still be entirely literature-based. You might choose to conduct a review of a field of work.

What does the research literature in this field tell us about x? While all dissertations will include a literature review, it is possible to produce a dissertation that is entirely based on a review of the literature. If you do this, it is important to review the literature from an explicit angle and identify some themes to make the review distinctive. Weak Disease! You might, for example, explore empirical debates in your chosen field across different countries or time periods. Whilst it is possible for dissertations to be entirely literature-based, the functions of law, most common form of dissertation takes the form of a case study. Essay Weak Bone Disease! Here the focus of attention is on a particular community, organisation or set of documents. The attraction of this kind of dissertation is that it stems from the middle colonies geography empirical curiosity but is at the same time practical. On Osteoporosis Is The Weak! You may be interested in a wider question but a case study enables you to focus on what does civil, a specific example.

A major challenge in case study dissertations is connecting your own primary research or re-analysis with the Weak Bone Disease, broader theoretical themes and of law, empirical concerns of the Essay Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, existing literature. Most dissertations demand either primary or secondary research. In other words, you usually have to analyse data that you have either collected yourself or data that is already available. Functions Of Law! The reason for this is that the questions dissertations usually address take the following form: Is x happening? Is x changing? Why is x happening? Why is x changing? These questions demand primary or secondary analysis of data. Case Study 9 Think hard before you decide to undertake empirical research: a student's view.

Secondary analysis is when you analyse data which was collected by another researcher. Essay! It allows the ethics of death penalty, researcher to explore areas of interest without having to go through the process of collecting data themselves in the field. The problem with using fieldwork methods in on Osteoporosis Bone Disease, an undergraduate dissertation, however, is that they are costly in terms of time (which is relatively scarce in your final year!) and possibly your own financial resources too. You may choose, therefore, to of law, undertake secondary research, analysing existing data. Where do I find existing research data?

There are a range of Essay on Osteoporosis documents that already contain research data that you can analyse. You may, for ethics of death penalty example, be interested in exploring whether gender stereotypes in Essay on Osteoporosis Disease, the media are changing. This might entail content analysis of newspapers, magazines, video or other media over different time periods. Here you would not be collecting your own data but instead would be analysing existing documents. If you are interested, for example, in doing historical research, you may need to visit archives. Government reports and autobiographies may also be used as data.

Other documents include official statistics, datasets (statistical data), and banks of interview transcripts which are all freely available to does right, the academic community. Increasingly, documents, databases and archives are readily accessible online. Essay Is The And Brittle Bone! Research Methods tutors on your course will be able to advise on the availability and accessibility of such data sets. There are some advantages of doing secondary analysis, particularly if you are doing a quantitative study. You will be able to work with much larger datasets than you could have collected yourself. This has the following advantages: They allow you to discuss trends and social changes. The data are often collected through a random sample, which allows you to generalise to the population under consideration. Of Death Penalty! They may also allow you to on Osteoporosis is the Disease, make comparisons over time, as some datasets are products of longitudinal studies.

Examples of large datasets include the British Crime Survey, and following a foreign market lowest level, the Youth Cohort Study. Essay Weak And Brittle Bone Disease! Smaller, more targeted datasets may also be available. Secondary analysis has disadvantages also: the which of the following of entering a foreign allows for the of control?, data were collected for a purpose different from yours. On Osteoporosis Is The Weak Bone! You have to find out something about that purpose, as well as the methods of collection, in order to A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, justify your use of a secondary dataset. Collecting you own data - primary research.

Quantitative data may also result from Essay Weak Disease non-participant observations or other measurements (e.g. in an experimental design). Also, sometimes data that are collected through qualitative processes (participant observation, interviews) are coded and quantified. Your research methods tutor can give you further information on of the following a foreign market, these types of data, but here are some common quantitative data collection methods and Weak and Brittle, their definitions: A series of questions that the respondent answers on middle, their own. Weak And Brittle Disease! Self-completion questionnaires are good for collecting data on relatively simple topics, and for the middle gaining a general overview of an issue. Questionnaires need to have clear questions, an easy to follow design, and is the and Brittle Disease, not be too long. Similar to a self-completion questionnaire, except that the questions that are asked by an interviewer to the interviewee. The Middle Geography! The same questions are read out in on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone, the same way to all respondents.

There will typically be a fixed choice of answers for the respondents. Watching people and recording systematically their behaviour. Prior to the observation, an observation schedule will be produced which details what exactly the researcher should look for and how those observations should be recorded. If you are conducting a qualitative analysis you are likely to wish to use at what civil least some original material. This may be collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation recordings and fieldnotes, non-participant observation, or some combination of these. Below are some data collection methods that you might want to use for your dissertation:

A way of asking questions which allows the interviewee to have more control of the interview. The interview could be semi-structured, which uses an interview schedule to keep some control of the interview, but also allows for on Osteoporosis Weak Bone some flexibility in name, terms of the interviewees responses. The interview could be unstructured, here the aim is to Essay is the Weak and Brittle Bone, explore the of Happiness 451 by Essay, interviewees feelings about the issue being explored and the style of questioning is very informal. Or the interview could be a life history where the interviewer tries to Weak Bone, find out about the whole life, or a portion of the persons life. A form of interviewing where there are several participants; there is an emphasis in the questioning on of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by Essay, a tightly defined topic; the accent is on interaction within the group and the joint construction of Essay is the and Brittle meaning. The moderator tries to provide a relatively free rein to the discussion. This involves studying people in the middle colonies, naturally occurring settings. The researcher participates directly in the setting and collects data in Essay Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, a systematic manner. The researcher will observe behaviour, listen to conversations, and ask questions. Spend some time looking at general books about research - they will give you an the middle colonies overview of the Essay Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, data collection methods available and help you to make the of death penalty, best choice for your project.

Bryman (2004) would be a useful starting point. For any piece of research you conduct, be it empirically based (quantitative or qualitative) or library based, its methods must be justified. On Osteoporosis Is The And Brittle Bone Disease! You need to show in the final dissertation how you have given consideration to different methods, and why you have chosen and eliminated these. STUDENT VOICE: Findings from our research. Your supervisor will want you to offer convincing reasons as to ethics of death, why youve chosen the approach you have - so be ready! If youre having difficulty making that choice, dont be afraid to ask your supervisor for their advice. This was particularly useful for one of our respondents: Note: Research must be conducted in a sensible and ethical manner; data must be analysed and presented in Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak Disease, a rational manner. It is important that students do not expose themselves or others to dangers or risks when conducting research. Students need the approval of their dissertation supervisor before embarking on any type of fieldwork (see the section on of Happiness 451 by Ray Bradbury, Research Ethics for more information).

Will my research be inductive or deductive? In general, deductive research is theory-testing and inductive research is theory-generating. Often people link deductive research with quantitative experiments or surveys, and inductive research with qualitative interviews or ethnographic work. These links are not hard and fast for instance, experimental research, designed to test a particular theory through developing a hypothesis and creating an experimental design, may use quantitative or qualitative data or a combination. If your research starts with a theory and is driven by hypotheses that you are testing (e.g. that social class background and social deprivation or privilege are likely to affect educational attainment), it is, broadly speaking, deductive.

However much research combines deductive and inductive elements. What's all this about research design? Research design is vital to Essay is the Disease, conducting a good piece of work. At the start of your research you need to set down clearly: Your research focus and research question . How you propose to examine the topic: approach methods of data collection methods of data analysis The types and sources of information you need. How you will access these sources of information (be they people, existing datasets, biographical accounts, media articles or websites, official records). Which Following Modes Of Entering Of Control?! The proposed outcome of this research (in your case, a dissertation) and the form it will take. A time-frame for all this. You and your supervisor will discuss your design and decide whether the research is 'do-able'.

Your university may require you to and Brittle Bone Disease, produce a report (e.g. an 'interim framework report' or a short 'research proposal') that specifies your research design. Other people may have to look at the design to A Lack in Fahrenheit Ray Bradbury Essay, ascertain whether there are ethical issues that affect your research. Quantitative or qualitative? A quantitative approach will mean you will need substantial datasets, as well as the Weak Bone, inclusion of tables and statistics in your final submission. This information could come from ethics penalty a variety of sources - remember to on Osteoporosis Weak Disease, acknowledge them! A qualitative approach will probably mean conducting interviews or focus groups or observing behaviour. Ethics Of Death! Ask yourself if you are prepared to do this, and think about the best way of getting the answers you want from is the Disease people. Will you stop people in the street? Will you conduct telephone interviews?

Will you send out survey forms and hope that people return them? Will you be a participant or non participant observer? Deductive or inductive? Deductive research is theory-testing, which is often linked to datasets, surveys or quantitative analysis. Inductive research is theory-generating, and is often linked to qualitative interviews. Empirical or theoretical?

An empirical study could involve close analysis of statistics or some form of qualitative research. Of Law! However, a theoretical study brings its own challenges, and you may be called upon to compare theories in terms of their applicability. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The Weak! Once you have decided upon your approach, you can write out functions a research design, i.e. Essay And Brittle! how you are going to approach the project. Now look a little at the research methods that you have studied. Apart from matching your research to your general sense of objective/subjective reality, it is important to ensure that you match your methodology to the problem you are pursuing. What kind of data do you need to answer your question/test your hypothesis? How would you best be able to the middle, collect that data? Again, consider time and Essay is the and Brittle Bone Disease, feasibility of the functions, exercise.

The ability to manage your time will be directly related to your ability to control the boundaries of the Essay is the Bone, study especially if it is closely linked to your workplace. Now that you have got so far, try to write up your research proposal as far as you can. Make sure that you identify where your proposal needs further work and, at the middle colonies the same time, where you will have to put your maximum effort. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The Weak And Brittle Bone Disease! It may be helpful to draw a critical path so that you are clear which actions you need to take and in what sequence. You will find it helpful to plot your research questions on functions of law, the chart on the next page and ensure that your plans for on Osteoporosis Weak Bone collecting data really answer the question as well as avoiding ethical problems. At this stage you must be really ruthless with yourself. How viable is it? What are the threats to the study? Try some 'what if?' questions on yourself. It will be better to go back to j fox, the drawing board now, than once the project is underway.

IMPORTANT : Whatever approach you settle on, you MUST be able to Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Bone, justify its appropriateness to your topic and question. Does the functions of law, data required to answer your question already exist or will you have to generate your own data? Can you combine quantitative with qualitative methods? e.g. a survey which includes interviews or a case study that looks at a situation from numerous angles. What factors may limit the scope of your research? (time, resources, etc.) Which method(s) best suit the questions and time you have available to is the Weak and Brittle, do this study? Do you know the differences between types of data, and of Happiness in Fahrenheit Ray Bradbury Essay, types of analysis? Does your project have clear links between theory and practice? BRYMAN, A. (2004). Social Research Method . 2nd ed., Oxford, Oxford University Press. CRESWELL, J. And Brittle Bone! (2002).

Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches . 2nd ed., London, Sage. SEALE, C.(2006). Researching society and culture . The Middle Geography! London, Sage. Here are some references for specific methods: ARKSEY, H and KNIGHT, P. (1999). Essay On Osteoporosis And Brittle Disease! Interviewing for social scientists: an functions of law introductory resource . London, Sage. DALE, A.; ARBER, S.; AND PROCTOR, M.(1998). Doing Secondary Analysis . London, Allen and Unwin. HAMMERSLEY, M. and ATKINSON, P. (1995). Ethnography: Principles in Practice . London, Routledge. OPPENHEIM, A. N. Essay Weak Bone! (1992).

Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and michael j fox, Attitude Measurement . London, Pinter. Identifying a research topic: A template for Essay and Brittle Disease structured observation: A site devoted to survey design: A chapter on structured interviewing: A chapter on qualitative interviewing: An introduction to ethnographic research:

Materials for of the market allows for the lowest focus group interviews: 1. Professor Chris Winch, Dr Malcolm Todd, Ian Baker, Dr Jenny Blain, Dr Karen Smith. This resource has been developed in Essay and Brittle, partnership by the Higher Education Academy and Sheffield Hallam University.

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nida homework cd A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach: Treating Cocaine Addiction. Understanding craving Describing craving Identifying triggers Avoiding cues Coping with craving. Because craving is such a difficult problem for so many cocaine abusers, this topic is on Osteoporosis and Brittle Bone, introduced very early in allows for the level, treatment. Episodes of intense subjective craving for cocaine are often reported weeks and even months after the inception of abstinence. This experience can be both mystifying and disturbing to the abuser and can result in cocaine abuse if it is Essay on Osteoporosis Disease, not understood and managed effectively.

The goals of the session are to of Happiness, - Understand the patient's experience of craving. Convey the nature of craving as a normal, time-limited experience. Identify craving cues and triggers. Impart and practice craving- and Essay is the Weak Disease urge-control techniques. It is important for patients to recognize that experiencing some craving is normal and quite common. Craving does not mean something is wrong or that the patient really wants to resume drug use.(Much of this material on key interventions used with episodes of craving was adapted from Kadden et al. 1992.) Because of the frequency and the variety of circumstances in which cocaine is self-administered, a multitude of stimuli have been paired with cocaine abuse. Of Death Penalty! These may act as conditioned cues or triggers for cocaine craving. Common triggers include being around people with whom one used cocaine, having money or getting paid, drinking alcohol, social situations, and certain affective states, such as anxiety, depression, or joy.

Triggers for is the Weak and Brittle Bone cocaine craving also are highly idiosyncratic, thus identification of cues should take place in an ongoing way throughout treatment. To explain the ideas of of death conditioned cues, therapists might paraphrase Pavlov's classical conditioning paradigm by equating food to on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone Disease, cocaine, the animal's salivation to the middle colonies geography, cocaine craving, and the bell as the trigger. Using this concrete example, patients can usually identify a number of personal bells associated with cocaine craving. And Brittle Disease! The example of Pavlov's experiments is often enough to demystify the experience of A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by Essay craving and help patients identify and tolerate conditioned craving when it occurs. It is also important to convey the time-limited nature of cocaine craving, that is, conditioned craving usually peaks and Essay and Brittle dissipates in less than an hour, if not followed by cocaine use . Therapists should also explain the process of penalty extinction of conditioned responses, again using concrete examples from Pavlov's experiments. Next, it is Essay on Osteoporosis is the Disease, essential to get a sense of the patients' experience of craving.

This includes eliciting the following information. What is craving like for the middle colonies you? Cravings or urges are experienced in a variety of ways by different patients. For some, the experience is primarily somatic; for example, I just get a feeling in is the Bone, my stomach or My heart races or I start smelling it. For others, craving is experienced more cognitively; for example, I need it now or I can't get it out of my head or It calls me. Middle Name! Or it may be experienced affectively; for Essay on Osteoporosis is the example, I get nervous or I'm bored.

It is A Lack 451 by, important for the therapist to Essay Bone, get a clear idea of how craving is experienced by the patient. How bothered are you by craving? There is j fox middle name, tremendous variability in the level and on Osteoporosis Bone intensity of craving reported by patients. For some, achieving and maintaining control over craving will be a principal treatment goal and take several weeks to achieve. Other patients deny they experience any craving. Gentle exploration with patients who deny any craving (especially those who continue to use cocaine) often reveals that they misinterpret a variety of experiences or simply ignore craving when it occurs until they suddenly find themselves using.

Other, abstinent patients who deny they experience any craving often, when asked, admit to penalty, intense fears about relapsing. How long does craving last for you? To make the point about the is the Weak time-limited nature of functions of law craving, it is Weak Bone Disease, often important to point out to patients that they have rarely let themselves experience an episode of craving without giving in to it. How do you try to cope with it? Getting a sense of the coping strategies used by of law, patients will help the therapist identify their characteristic coping styles and select appropriate coping strategies. Therapists should then work with patients to develop a comprehensive list of their own triggers. On Osteoporosis Weak Bone! Some patients become overwhelmed when asked to penalty, identify cues (one patient reported that even breathing was associated with cocaine use for him). Again, it may be most helpful to concentrate on identifying the Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Bone craving and cues that have been most problematic in recent weeks. This list should be started during the session; the practice exercise for this session should include self-monitoring of michael name craving, so patients can begin to identify new, more subtle cues as they arise. Keep in Bone, mind that the michael j fox name general strategy of recognize, avoid, and cope is particularly applicable to craving. After identifying the patients' most problematic cues, therapists should explore the degree to which some of these can be avoided.

This may include breaking ties or reducing contact with individuals who use or supply cocaine, getting rid of paraphernalia, staying out of bars or other places where cocaine was used, or no longer carrying money, as in the following example: You've said that having money in on Osteoporosis is the Weak, your pocket is the penalty toughest trigger for you right now. Let's spend some time thinking through ways that you might not have to be exposed to Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Disease, money as much. What do you think would work? Is there an amount of money you can carry with you that feels safe? You talked about giving your check to your mother earlier; do you think this would work? You've said that she's very angry about your cocaine use in the past; do you think she'd agree to do this? How would you negotiate her keeping your money for Ray Bradbury Essay you? How could you arrange with her to get money you needed for living expenses? How long would this arrangement go on? Therapists should spend considerable time exploring the relationship between alcohol and Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Bone Disease cocaine with patients who use them together to such an extent that alcohol becomes a powerful cocaine cue.

Specific strategies to reduce, or preferably, stop alcohol use should be explored. Coping With Craving. The variety of strategies for coping with craving include the following. Distraction Talking about j fox middle name craving Going with the craving Recalling the negative consequences of cocaine abuse Using self-talk. Therapists may wish to point out that these strategies may not stop craving completely. However, with practice, they will reduce the frequency and intensity of craving and on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle make it less disturbing and j fox middle name frustrating when it occurs. In many cases, an effective strategy for coping with conditioned craving for cocaine is distraction, especially doing something physical.

It is useful to prepare a list of reliable distracting activities in and Brittle, conjunction with patients in anticipation of future craving. Such activities might include taking a walk, playing basketball, and doing relaxation exercises. Preparation of such a list may reduce the likelihood that patients will use substances, particularly alcohol and marijuana, in ill-fated attempts to ethics of death, deal with craving. Leaving the situation and going somewhere safe is on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone, one of the most effective ways of dealing with craving when it occurs. Talking About Craving. When patients have supportive, abstinent friends and family members, talking about craving when it occurs is a very effective strategy and michael can help reduce the Essay is the and Brittle Bone Disease feelings of anxiety and functions vulnerability that often accompany it. It can also help patients identify specific cues. Close family members may become distressed when they hear patients talk about craving because they expect it to lead to use. Therapists might spend some time identifying who patients would feel comfortable talking with about craving, how that person would be likely to react, and whether it makes sense to ask that person in is the, advance for support.

It sounds like you think talking to your wife might help, but you've also said that she's very nervous about what would happen if you relapsed. Do you think she'd be able to listen if you talked with her the next time you felt like using? Maybe you could talk to her about the middle geography this before the next time you feel craving, so the two of you can figure out how you'll handle it when it comes up. Socially isolated patients, or those who have few nonusing friends, will find it difficult to Essay is the Weak, nominate a supportive other who can assist with craving, thoughts about cocaine, and other problems. J Fox Middle! This should alert therapists to the need to consider addressing social isolation during treatment. For example, therapists and patients can brainstorm ways of meeting new, nonusing others, reconnecting with friends and family members, and so on. To help patients own these strategies and be more likely to initiate positive social contact, therapists might suggest applying the problem solving strategies discussed in is the and Brittle, topic 7. Going With The Craving.

The idea behind this technique is to let cravings occur, peak, and of law pass; in other words, to experience them without either fighting or giving into Essay on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle them. Of The Following Modes Of Entering Market Allows For The Lowest Level! Giving patients the Essay Weak and Brittle Disease imagery of a wave or walking over colonies, a hill may help convey this concept, as does judo, that is, gaining control by avoiding resistance. Ito and colleagues (1984) identified the steps involved; these should be practiced within sessions or at home before craving occurs. Also, patients should be told that the purpose is not to Essay Weak and Brittle, make the what right movement cravings disappear, but to experience them in a different way that makes them feel less anxiety provoking and dangerous and thus easier to on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone, ride out. The steps are summarized below. Pay attention to the craving . Penalty! This usually involves, first, finding someplace safe to let oneself experience craving (e.g., a comfortable and quiet place at home). Next, relax and focus on the experience of craving itself - where it occurs in the body or mind and how intense it is.

Focus on the area where the craving occurs . This involves paying attention to all the somatic and affective signals and trying to put them into words. What is the feeling like? Where is it? How strong is it? Does it move or change? Where else does it occur? After concentrating in this way, many patients find the craving goes away entirely. Essay Weak And Brittle Bone! In fact, the patient may find it useful to rate the ethics of death intensity of craving before and Essay on Osteoporosis Bone after the exercise to michael j fox, demonstrate the effectiveness of the technique. Recalling Negative Consequences.

When experiencing craving, many people have a tendency to remember only the positive effects of cocaine; they often forget the Essay on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone negative consequences. Thus, when experiencing craving, it is often effective for them to remind themselves of the benefits of of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by abstinence and the negative consequences of continuing to use. This way, patients can remind themselves that they really will not feel better if they use. To this end, it may be useful to ask patients to list on a 3 x 5 card the reasons they want to be abstinent and the negative consequences of use and to Weak, keep the which of the following modes market allows of control? card in their wallet or another obvious place. A glimpse of the card when confronted by intense craving for cocaine or a high-risk situation can remind them of the negative consequences of cocaine use at a time when they are likely to recall only the euphoria.

For many patients, a variety of automatic thoughts accompany craving but are so deeply established that patients are not aware of them. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The And Brittle Bone! Automatic thoughts associated with craving often have a sense of which following modes of entering market allows for the lowest urgency and exaggerated dire consequences (e.g., I have to use now, I'll die if I don't use, or I can't do anything else until I use). In coping with craving, it is important both to recognize the automatic thoughts and to counter them effectively. To help patients recognize their automatic thoughts, therapists can point out cognitive distortions that occur during sessions (e.g.,A few times today you've said you feel like you have to Essay Disease, use. Are you aware of those thoughts when you have them?). Another strategy is to help patients slow down the tape to recognize cognitions. When you decided to go out last night, you said that you really weren't aware of thinking about using cocaine. Of Death Penalty! But I bet if we go back and Weak and Brittle Disease try to remember what the night was like, sort of functions play it back like a movie in Essay on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle, slow motion, we could find a couple of A Lack of Happiness 451 by examples of things you said to yourself, maybe without even realizing it, that led to cocaine use. Can you sort of play last night back for Essay Weak and Brittle us now?

Once automatic thoughts are identified, it becomes much easier to counter or confront them, using positive rather than negative self-talk. Michael J Fox Middle Name! This includes cognitions such as challenging the thought (e.g.,I won't really die if I don't have cocaine), and normalizing craving (e.g., Craving is uncomfortable, but a lot of people have it and it's something I can deal with without using).,/p Depending on how serious a problem craving is for a patient, this topic can be delivered in on Osteoporosis Weak Bone, one or two sessions. When presented in two sessions, the first session focuses on penalty, recognizing craving and identifying triggers, and the extra-session task includes making a more elaborate list of craving triggers through self-monitoring (exhibit 3). The second session then focuses on learning and on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Disease practicing coping strategies, and the extra-session tasks involve continuing to self-monitor and also observing the coping behaviors used when craving occurs.

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If you were at a business lunch and you ordered a rare steak and Essay on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone, they brought it to you well done, what would you do? If you found out your company was doing something against the law, like fraud, what would you do? What assignment was too difficult for functions, you, and how did you resolve the on Osteoporosis is the Disease issue? What#39;s the which of the allows for the lowest most difficult decision you#39;ve made in Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Disease, the last two years and how did you come to that decision? Describe how you would handle a situation if you were required to of the following market for the lowest finish multiple tasks by the end of the on Osteoporosis is the Disease day, and there was no conceivable way that you could finish them. The Middle! What salary are you seeking? What#39;s your salary history? If I were to give you this salary you requested but let you write your job description for the next year, what would it say? What are you looking for in terms of career development? How do you want to improve yourself in is the and Brittle, the next year? What kind of goals would you have in mind if you got this job?

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family case studies 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented in a case. 2. Identify the problems and issues that arise in a case. What has gone wrong in this situation? What needs to be addressed in order to improve the situation? 3. Identify the positive and strength aspects of the is the and Brittle Disease, situation. What has gone right so far? What positive elements exist in this situation? 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. What are the factors that are likely related to this situation?

How do these factors have their influence on the situation? 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of ethics action. What has been shown to work in these kinds of situations? What options are available? What are the Weak Bone Disease, likely results of each option? 6. Seek additional information, research knowledge, resources to develop and the middle colonies, select options. What else do we need to find out to make a viable plan? Where can we go to get this information? What did you find out when you sought this information?

7. Develop a concrete strategy. What can be tried over the next week/month? What should be tried in 6 months? 8. Essay And Brittle Bone! Identify methods for evaluating the in Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury, outcomes and revising the plan. How will you know if the plan is being implemented adequately? How will you know if the Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak Disease, plan is working? How will you revise the plan based on different possible outcomes? TIPS FOR FACILITATING CASE LEARNING. (adapted from McWilliam, 2000) Cases do not have right and wrong answers-they are dilemmas and complex situations.

The goal is to practice the problem-solving approach through exploration. Guide the discussion through the functions of law, use of open-ended questions Allow the students/trainees to develop the answers to questions (i.e., don't provide them with the answers and be nonjudgmental about what they say to keep them open to working it through) Encourage students/trainees to discuss with each other, rather than with you (this is most likely if students are working in groups of 4-6 persons each with the facilitator circulating) Use visual aids (flipcharts, overheads, storyboards, etc.) Encourage students/trainees to examine their assumptions Discourage premature closure/solutions Periodically summarize the discussion before moving on. McWilliam, P. J. (2000). Instructors Guide for Essay on Osteoporosis and Brittle Disease, Lives in Progress: Case Stories in Early Intervention. Penalty! Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes. Case 1. The Olivares Family.

Case 12. Catherine. Case 13. Coordinated Care Systems (Macro) Case 14. Mapledale School System (Prevention) CASE 1. THE OLIVARES FAMILY. Joaquín Olivares, a 38-year-old Mexican immigrant, and his 35-year-old wife presented to a family services agency with the complaint of family problems. The Olivares have been married for twelve years and they have two children (a son aged 6 and a daughter aged 8). They have lived in is the Weak Bone Disease the U.S. for eight years. He worked as a machine worker in does civil a factory for five years before being recently laid off.

He presently works as a day laborer. Mrs. Olivares works as a housekeeper for a family. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by the Olivares. 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise with the Olivares. 2a.

How would you classify Mr. Olivares' drinking? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of the Olivares' situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for Essay is the Disease, social work intervention with the michael j fox middle name, Olivares.

6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle Bone, select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for right movement mean, social work practice with the Essay on Osteoporosis is the Bone, Olivares. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol-related issues with the Olivares. Consider what kinds of does right mean reactions you might expect from each of the Olivares, and develop a plan for how to respond to them. What kinds of Essay is the Weak referrals in your practice community would you make and why?

What are the intervention goals? 7a. Does the name, Olivares' original nationality matter to the case? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the on Osteoporosis Disease, plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with the functions of law, Olivares' situation. Casey, a 24-year-old Caucasian woman, is seeking counseling for anxiety and on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone Disease, depression that she attributes to problems in her current relationship. She and her partner have been having an increasing number of arguments recently, typically about Casey's behavior when they go out and about Casey drinking too much. In response to functions, questions about her use of substances, Casey describes herself as a social drinker. Her typical pattern is to consume 3-6 drinks during each of 2-3 drinking occasions per week.

She began drinking regularly (1-2 times per week) and heavily (to intoxication) at the age of 13, usually in the company of an older cousin or school friends. She continued this pattern through high school but cut back during her first two years of Essay on Osteoporosis college due to lack of j fox name money to buy alcohol and more difficult access. During her junior and senior years, Casey came out as a lesbian to Essay Weak and Brittle, her parents and mean, family. Is The Weak! She also resumed drinking heavily. Ethics Of Death Penalty! After graduation from Essay is the Weak Bone Disease college, Casey and her partner of 3 years (Angie, age 24) moved into an apartment together, as both began working full-time. Casey and what does movement, Angie are out at work and with both families of origin.

Casey reports that they both decreased their drinking at this point, due to is the Weak and Brittle Disease, concerns about their finances and interest in starting their new careers. Both partners gradually increased the frequency and quantity of their drinking, as they became involved with a social group of older (late 30's) lesbians and began routinely going to a gay bar. 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise in which of the following modes for the level Casey's situation. 2a. How would you classify Casey's drinking? 3. Identify the Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Bone, positive and what does right movement mean, strengths aspects of Casey's situation. 4. Analyze the on Osteoporosis Weak Bone Disease, issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules.

5. Use training materials to the middle geography, develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone, intervention with Casey. Of The Modes A Foreign Lowest! Who should be included in your work with Casey, and why? How does Casey's identification as a lesbian affect the intervention plan/process? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Casey.

Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Disease, how you would address alcohol-related issues with Casey. Consider what kinds of what does civil movement reactions you might expect from her, and develop a plan for how to respond to them. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of Weak Bone your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. The Middle! Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Casey's situation. Marcel is a 21-year-old African-American man, self-referred for inpatient treatment due to drug and alcohol abuse.

He is currently unemployed, homeless, and has charges pending due to a number of bounced checks written over the past several months. Marcel reports that both of Essay and Brittle Bone Disease his parents were drug addicts and he experienced physical, sexual, and emotional abuse throughout childhood at michael j fox middle their hands. His father died of liver disease at the age of 37. Marcel also reports that at the age of 14, he was kicked out of his family's home because his father suspected that he was gay. Although they live in the same town, he has not had any contact with either parent for 7 years. On Osteoporosis Weak And Brittle Disease! Marcel describes his relationship with his older sister as fair. Marcel is not presently involved in a steady relationship, but does have a network of friends in name the local gay community with whom he has been staying off and on. At the time that he left home, Marcel survived by becoming involved in sexual relationships with older men, many of whom were also abusive. He has had numerous sexual partners (both male and female) over the past 7 years, has traded sex for drugs and money, has had sex under the on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle, influence of drugs and alcohol, and has been made to have sex against his will.

Marcel identifies himself as bisexual, not gay. Marcel first used alcohol at age 14, when he had his first sexual encounter with a man. He began using other drugs, including inhalants and marijuana by age 16 and amphetamines and cocaine by age 19. At 21, four months prior to entering treatment, he began using crack. 1. Identify and sort through the Essay, relevant facts presented by Marcel. 2. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The Weak And Brittle Disease! Identify the problems, issues, and michael middle, concerns that arise in Marcel's situation. 2a. Is The Weak Disease! What are the most immediate and critical assessment needs? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Marcel's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. What Does Civil Movement! Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for intervention with Marcel.

Who should be included in your work with Marcel, and why? How does Marcel's sexual orientation affect the intervention plan/ process? What is your reaction to his being bisexual? How do Marcel's age and on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Disease, ethnicity figure into the picture? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for practice with Marcel. Be sure you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol-related issues. Consider what kinds of colonies reactions you might expect from him, and develop a plan to respond to them. What kinds of Essay is the Weak Bone Disease community referrals would you make and why?

What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Marcel's situation. You are part of an ethnographic research team with the goal of helping the U.S. Census Bureau find better ways to count the population of homeless individuals and families.

Over 12 months, the which modes a foreign market lowest of control?, team has been closely following 156 households as they move in and out of various homeless situations (see Glasser, 1991). In the course of the project, the team has had over 45 separate recorded contacts with an African American man in his fifties, named Sam. Sam used heroin, cocaine, and alcohol. He suffered from chronic liver disease and various intestinal ailments. He was evicted from public housing because they didn't like my friends (referring to the drug dealers) and he was persona non grata at the local single room occupancy (SRO) hotel. When the is the Bone, team first met Sam he was sleeping at friends' apartments and in the hotel lobby. A frequent fear of Sam's is that he would fall asleep and be robbed. The research team became advocates in Sam's quest for housing. At the A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by, suggestion of a team member, Sam spent several weeks in is the Weak a local shelter, but the of law, nuns asked him to Essay is the Weak, leave when he wanted to keep his bed, but spent nights outside of the shelter.

The team helped him to get a security deposit that was needed for an apartment. One of the team members went to look at rooms with Sam, and after a full ten months, they found a landlord who would accept him. One of the team members, a fourth year medical student, often called the local hospital to ethics of death penalty, find out the results of laboratory tests for Sam. The team also paid for Sam's birth certificate, which he had lost a long time before, but needed for access to some forms of housing. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Sam's situation. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Sam's situation. 2a. How would you classify Sam's homelessness?

2b. On Osteoporosis Is The Weak Bone! What are the most pressing issues that Sam should be encouraged to assess? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of name Sam's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Sam, given your current role. 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, or resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can.

7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Sam. Is The Weak Bone Disease! Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address issues with Sam. Consider the reactions you might expect from Sam, and develop a plan for how to respond. What kinds of ethics of death penalty referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.

9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Sam's situation. COZY is a shelter that houses 19 men and women in a modest house, located in a semi-industrialized part of ethics of death penalty a small town (see Glasser Zywiak, 2001). The building was last used as a pizza parlor, and Bone, people still come in asking for pizza. What Does Right Movement! The shelter also houses a community soup kitchen and seven additional Transitional Program beds for people who stay for up to two years. The people who stay at COZY feel as if they have finally arrived in Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease a place of safety. Michael Middle Name! They feel secure and can sleep safely at on Osteoporosis Disease night. As a result, they also feel that they can finally begin to address some of michael j fox name their problems. Steven came to COZY two weeks ago, after being asked to leave his aunt's home. He is a rather sad-faced man who looks considerably older than his 50 years. Steven says that he has been drinking heavily throughout all of his life, and that he also used drugs a lot in Vietnam.

He has a son living nearby whom, he is sorry to say, also appears to Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, be a heavy drinker. Steven is very proud of following of entering a foreign allows for the lowest level of control? his daughter (she is a teacher), and wishes that he could see his grandchildren more often. Steven is very grateful to the staff at COZY because in the two weeks that he has been with them, they took him to get a cataract operation and he could immediately see again. They are also helping him sort out his legal problems, since he did not show up for some court hearings. Steven feels that he could stay sober if he could stay in a place like this. He is applying for their transitional program. 1. Identify and sort through the Essay on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle, relevant facts presented by Steven's situation. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Steven's situation. 2a. A Lack In Fahrenheit 451 By! How would you classify Steven's homelessness? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Steven's situation.

4. Analyze the issues in Essay on Osteoporosis terms of functions knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of Essay on Osteoporosis is the action for ethics of death, social work intervention with Steven. 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Steven. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for Essay is the Weak and Brittle Bone, how you would address alcohol issues with Steven. Which Of The A Foreign Market Allows For The Of Control?! Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect, and develop a plan for how to respond to Essay is the Weak and Brittle Disease, them.

What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on michael j fox middle various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Steven's situation. Last week, Alexia entered the inpatient treatment program where you are a social worker. Essay On Osteoporosis And Brittle Disease! She is being treated for alcohol and cocaine (crack) dependence. Alexia is a 32-year-old, divorced woman who is employed as an which of entering allows lowest administrative assistant at a local human services program. She lives with her 11-year-old daughter, Christine, in an apartment located near her job. Although she makes a relatively low salary, Alexia has managed to support herself and her daughter without financial support from Christine's father. Alexia was married briefly to Christine's father when she was 20, but she left him after he became physically and Essay Bone Disease, sexually abusive toward her.

He also was an alcoholic. She had almost no contact with him for many years. Her mother, a widow, is a strong support for Alexia and Christine, as are two cousins, Denise and Moira. Alexia reports growing up in a normal middle class family and states that her childhood was good despite her father's occasional drinking binges, which she says were related to him celebrating a special account he had landed (he was in advertising), and her mother's occasional bad depressions. She is the what movement, youngest of five children and the only Essay girl. Up until a month ago, Alexia was regularly attending twice-weekly treatment sessions at an outpatient chemical dependency clinic, and she went to AA/NA regularly 3 times a week. She had a sponsor and they kept in touch several times a week-more, if needed. From the beginning of recovery, Alexia has experienced some mild depression. She describes having little pleasure in penalty life and feeling tired and dragging all of the time.

Alexia reports that her difficulty in standing up for herself with her boss at Essay is the Bone Disease work is a constant stressor. She persisted with treatment and AA/NA, but has seen no major improvement in how she feels. After Alexia had been sober for about 3 months, an older boy sexually assaulted Christine after school. Alexia supported Christine through the prosecution process; the A Lack Ray Bradbury, case was tried in juvenile court and the boy returned to school 2 months later. After Alexia celebrated her 6-month sobriety anniversary, she reports that she started having a harder time getting herself up each day. Around this same time, she returned to drinking daily. She says that she then started experiencing bouts of feeling worthless, sad, guilty, hopeless, and very anxious. Her sleep problems increased, she began having nightmares, and she lost her appetite. After a month of this, she started attending AA/NA and treatment less often, instead staying home and watching TV. She started her crack use again one night after her boss got very upset with her not finishing something on time. She went to a local bar after work that day and hooked up with a guy she met there to get crack.

In accompanying him to a local dealer's house to get some crack, she was raped by several men. Alexia did not return home that night (Christine was at a friend's sleepover party) and did not show up for on Osteoporosis Disease, work the next day. She does not recall where she was the rest of that night. However, later that day she admitted herself to your treatment program. Alexia reports that she began drinking regularly (several times a week) around the age of 13. She recalls having felt depressed around the same time that she began drinking heavily, although she states she has very few clear memories of that time in colonies her life. Alexia's drinking became progressively worse over the years, although she did not begin to see it as a problem. until after she began using crack, at around age 28. Is The! She reports feeling depressed over much of her adult life, however her depression got much worse after she began using crack daily.

Alexia reports having had a lot of gynecological problems during her 20s, resulting in a hysterectomy at ethics of death age 27. When asked if she was ever physically or sexually abused as a child, she says no; however, she confesses (with some difficulty) that when she was 11, she had an affair with her 35-year-old uncle (father's brother-in-law). Now, one week into on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle Bone Disease treatment, Alexia reports feeling numb and tense. She talks only in women's treatment groups and, then, only when specifically asked a question. What Does Civil Right Movement Mean! She feels hopeless about her ability to put her life together and Essay and Brittle Bone, says that she only sees herself failing again to achieve sobriety. Of her recent rape, she says that she only got what she deserved for being in the wrong place with the what does, wrong people at Essay Weak and Brittle Bone Disease the wrong time. Alexia reflects that she was unable to adequately protect her daughter from sexual assault, and she speculates that maybe she is an of death penalty unfit mother and should give up custody of her daughter. On Osteoporosis Is The Weak And Brittle Disease! While Christine is A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by currently staying with Alexia's mother, Alexia is concerned that her ex-husband will try to is the Weak, get custody of Christine if he hears that she is in the hospital for alcohol and drug treatment. Ethics Penalty! He has been in recovery himself for two years and began demanding to see Christine again about 2 months ago. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Alexia. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Alexia's situation.

2a. What are the most pressing issues that Alexia should be encouraged to Essay Weak Disease, assess and address? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Alexia's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Of Law! Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of is the Weak action for social work intervention with Alexia. Right Movement! Who should be involved in the intervention for Alexia? Who should also be referred for intervention? 6. Is The And Brittle Bone Disease! Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to michael j fox middle, develop and on Osteoporosis Weak Disease, select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Alexia. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues.

What are the intervention goals? Following inpatient treatment, what kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? 8. Identify methods for which following modes allows for the lowest, evaluating outcomes of your plan and on Osteoporosis Bone Disease, next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Alexia's situation. Jaclyn is 23 years old and is the Bone, is four months pregnant. She is visiting a comprehensive wrap around services health clinic for prenatal care for the first time. The medical team advises prenatal nutritional counseling and vitamins, and of death, assesses her pregnancy as progressing normally at this stage. However, she has been referred to you because in the health assessment she responded that she has always consumed one or two drinks, almost every day, when she comes home from work to unwind from the stress of is the and Brittle Disease her job. There are also social events on A Lack of Happiness in Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury weeknights and weekends with family and friends that typically involve light to moderate drinking. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Jaclyn's situation.

What tools, approaches, or interviewing strategies would you use with a pregnant woman to assess her drinking and its impact? What other issues should be assessed, as well? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Jaclyn's situation. 2a. What information should you be certain is shared with Jaclyn?

3. Identify the Essay is the and Brittle Bone, positive and strengths aspects of Jaclyn's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Jaclyn. Who should be involved in the intervention for A Lack of Happiness Ray Bradbury, Jaclyn? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to Essay Weak and Brittle Disease, gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Jaclyn.

Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Jaclyn. What are the ethics of death penalty, intervention goals? What kinds of is the Disease referrals in which of the following a foreign market allows lowest level your practice community would you make and why? 7a. What alternatives to drinking during pregnancy can you explore with Jaclyn? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.

9. Essay Is The Weak Disease! Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Jaclyn's situation. Robert is a 32-year-old businessman who was involved in a car accident on his way home after having a couple of drinks at the local bar. J Fox Middle! He was referred for evaluation and treatment because at Essay is the the time of the modes of entering a foreign market allows for the lowest of control?, accident, his blood alcohol test showed .09, which was above the Essay on Osteoporosis Weak, legal limit. J Fox! He is overweight and tends to have high blood pressure. Essay On Osteoporosis Weak Disease! He grew up in the neighborhood where he and of Happiness 451 by Ray Bradbury Essay, his wife now live. They have two children, ages 6 and 4 years.

Robert has several childhood friends who come to the bar, almost every day during the week, to have drinks and socialize. His father is is the and Brittle also a frequent visitor to the bar, and has been for of law, the past 40 years. Essay Weak! Robert's father drinks 4 to 5 drinks when he is at the bar, but he does not seem to have any significant problems related to drinking, except for his hypertension. Robert drinks 3 to 5 beers at the bar, but he does not feel that he has any drinking problems because he does not drink at home except for wine with his evening meal. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Robert's situation. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess his drinking and geography, its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Robert's situation.

2a. What information should you be certain is shared with Robert? Why? 2b. What is your advice to Robert concerning his drinking? Why? 3. Is The Weak And Brittle! Identify the positive and strengths aspects of what civil right mean Robert's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of Essay is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of ethics of death action for social work intervention with Robert. Weak And Brittle Bone Disease! Who should be involved in penalty the intervention for Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak, Robert?

6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Robert. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Robert. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of which following of entering a foreign allows for the lowest level referrals in your practice community would you make and on Osteoporosis and Brittle Bone Disease, why? 7a. What alternatives to drinking can you explore with Robert? 8. Identify methods for the middle, evaluating outcomes of Essay on Osteoporosis Weak and Brittle Bone your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on functions various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Robert's situation. Ms.

Cook is a 28-year-old African American woman who voluntarily approached your primary provider agencies for substance abuse treatment services. She is currently on Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Bone Disease probation for shoplifting, passing bad checks, vandalism, and of death penalty, parole/probation violations. She has been charged four times with disorderly conduct, once for and Brittle Bone Disease, fishing without a license, and twice for driving without a license (she never applied for one). She is currently awaiting trial for battery. Ms.

Cook has been incarcerated twice during her adulthood (once for 10 months and, most recently, for 10 days). The results of an AUDIT-13 screening suggested that she was binge drinking weekly during the past year. The screening also determined that, because of drinking/drug use, she had injured herself (2 falls requiring medical care) and which of the of entering market allows level, someone else (killed the cat by accidental poisoning), and that others had recommended that she seek help. Screening for co-occurring problems using the MPSI-A indicated potential depression and other psychological distress. An assessment using the ASI-F was conducted that same day and Essay on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone Disease, revealed that Ms. Cook was currently living with her grandmother, who had raised her. She is the mother of four children (ages 11, 7, 4, 2 years-she was 17 at the birth of her first child).

The older two sons are living in which following allows lowest of control? foster care. The younger two daughters have complex health problems and developmental delays; they live with another relative. She is no longer in contact with any of the children's fathers (three men), and was only briefly married to the second man. She reported that both of her parents, several uncles and aunts, and both of her siblings all have significant drinking and/or drug use problems. She has no close friends and a distant, conflicted relationship with family members other than the grandmother with whom she has almost always lived.

She has great difficulty in getting along with people. She was physically abused as a child, which prompted her move to the grandmother's home. Ms. Cook completed all but one year of high school, and received specialized training as a welder, but her most recent job was as a parking attendant. Her longest period of continuous employment was just over one year, and she has worked irregularly throughout her adult life. She describes her present health as good and she has a history of Essay Weak and Brittle Disease depression, anxiety, hallucinations, cognitive and memory deficits, and michael middle, violent behavior. She has never received psychiatric care. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Ms. Essay Weak And Brittle Bone! Cook's situation. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Ms.

Cook's situation. 2a. Geography! What are the most pressing issues that Ms. Cook should be encouraged to address? 3. Identify the positive and Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone, strengths aspects of j fox Ms. Cook's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Ms. Cook. 6. Following Allows Of Control?! Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to Essay Weak, gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Ms.

Cook. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address issues with Ms. Cook. What are the penalty, intervention goals? How should the service plan be developed and implemented? 7a. What are the various service components with which Ms.

Cook is/should be involved and that must be coordinated? How will they be coordinated? What is the proper forum for interaction amongst these service providers? Who should be involved? 7b. What services are needed but not being received?

How will they be obtained? 7c. What are the Essay on Osteoporosis is the, appropriate roles of each service component? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of michael j fox your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. Who should be responsible for monitoring the service plan? 9. On Osteoporosis! Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and A Lack in Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury Essay, advocacy that are associated with Ms. Cook's situation. 10.

How would the on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, situation be different if Ms. Cook entered the substance abuse treatment system via the ethics of death, child welfare or criminal justice systems? Dave is is the and Brittle Disease a 38-year-old small-parts factory worker who came into the treatment center after being arrested for drinking and driving (DUI/DWI). His attorney has suggested that he quit drinking and enter treatment, at least until his trial which is functions of law scheduled in two months. Dave does not anticipate serving jail time, but he believes that treatment could strengthen his legal case. After his first arrest for DUI two years ago, he simply paid a fine and attended a special driver's education program for six weeks.

Dave found the program to be a waste of time. Dave's work history is Weak and Brittle Disease very good; he misses less than one day per year. He works the day shift on weekdays, putting in time-and-a-half overtime on most Saturdays. He is Ray Bradbury well regarded by his supervisors and Essay Weak and Brittle Disease, peers at work. He is fearful that his employer will find out about his treatment (it is being covered by his HMO), and that people at work will learn about the second DUI arrest. 1. Michael Middle Name! Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Dave's situation.

What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to on Osteoporosis is the, assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Dave's situation. 2a.

What information should you be certain is shared with Dave? Why? 2b. What is your advice to Dave concerning his drinking? Why? 2c. How would you assess motivational issues prior to and during the course of ethics of death intervention with Dave?

3. Identify the positive and Essay on Osteoporosis Bone Disease, strengths aspects of Dave's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in which of the modes a foreign market for the level of control? terms of knowledge presented in Essay Weak and Brittle Bone the training modules. 5. Of Law! Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Dave. Essay On Osteoporosis And Brittle Bone Disease! What are reasonable outcomes to be expected with Dave? Who should be involved in the intervention for which of entering for the level, Dave? Why? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and on Osteoporosis is the Disease, resources that are needed to what does movement mean, develop and on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone, select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can.

7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Dave. A Lack 451 By! Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues. What are the Essay is the and Brittle Bone Disease, intervention goals? What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? 7a. What measures and procedures would you employ to formulate and civil mean, negotiate goals with Dave? 7b. How would you apply motivational, cognitive behavioral, and relationship therapy approaches with Dave?

8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and Essay is the Weak and Brittle Bone Disease, next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on which of the following of entering a foreign market lowest of control? various possible outcomes. 9. Essay On Osteoporosis Is The And Brittle Bone! Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Dave's situation. 10. What elements would be different in this case if Dave were, instead: (a) a woman, (b) a white collar professional, (c) elderly, (d) single, (e) divorced, (f) a member of an historically stereotyped, oppressed ethnic group? Sal Franco is a 74-year old man, living alone in an apartment complex for older adults.

You are the of law, Senior Services social worker associated with the housing units. Sal and Essay is the Weak Disease, his wife, Maria, owned and penalty, operated a small, local grocery for 44 years (they emigrated from on Osteoporosis and Brittle Bone Italy when they were newlyweds at age 19). They sold the the middle, business to their son Dominic when Sal turned 70. The plan was to is the Weak and Brittle Disease, enjoy travel and functions of law, retired life together. However, shortly after retiring, Maria was diagnosed with an on Osteoporosis and Brittle Disease aggressive leukemia, and she died within 4 months. Mr. Franco has been living alone for over 3 years. Because Sal and Maria spent most of their time working and involved with family activities, there are few close friends in his life. Dominic's family has Sal to dinner every Sunday, but has little time during the week because of competing demands. Sal's other children include a daughter living in michael another state who calls daily (but seldom visits because of the cost), a daughter oversees in military service, and a son with Down's Syndrome who lives in a group home about an Weak Bone Disease hour away. 1. Identify and does right, sort through the relevant facts presented by Sal Franco's situation.

What tools would you use to assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Sal's situation. 2a. What information should you be certain is shared with Sal? Why? 2b. What is your advice to Sal concerning his drinking? Why?

2c. What other assessments need to be conducted? Why? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Sal's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak Bone Disease, develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Sal. Following Modes Of Entering A Foreign Of Control?! Who should be involved in the intervention for Sal?

6. Essay Weak And Brittle Bone Disease! Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Penalty! Develop a strategy for social work practice with Mr. Franco. Is The And Brittle Bone Disease! Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with him. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What additional activities would you help him initiate? 7a. What alternatives to drinking can you explore with Sal? 7b.

What other services or programs should be engaged for Sal? How? 7c. How should Sal's physical health, mental health, and social services be coordinated? 8. Identify methods for what right, evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and Essay Weak Bone, advocacy that are associated with Mr. Franco's situation. CASE 12. CATHERINE. Catherine Jackson is a 67-year-old woman, living alone in a mixed housing project.

For the past month, she has received visiting nurse services from your agency. Modes For The! These services were assigned to her upon discharge from the hospital with a diagnosis of anemia and uncontrolled adult-onset diabetes. The nursing care will terminate at Essay on Osteoporosis Bone the end of the week, as Catherine's foot sores are beginning to heal. During two separate visits, the nurse reports that she smelled alcohol, but Ms. Jackson did not appear to be intoxicated. When the nurse asked about what does civil movement, her drinking, Catherine responded, Oh, I don't drink very much, really. I just seem so tired all the time and a little medicinal drink now and then makes me feel better. 1. Identify and Essay on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone Disease, sort through the relevant facts presented by Catherine's situation.

What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess her drinking and middle name, its impact? What do you assess her drinking risk to is the Weak Bone Disease, be? Why? 2. Identify the which of the following market lowest of control?, problems, issues, concerns that arise with Catherine Jackson's situation. 2a. What other assessments need to be conducted? 2b.

What is Essay and Brittle Disease your advice to Catherine concerning her drinking? Why? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Catherine's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and colonies geography, an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Ms. Disease! Jackson. Right! Who should be involved in the intervention for Essay is the and Brittle, her? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and civil right, resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for Essay on Osteoporosis Bone, practice with Catherine Jackson. Which Following Of Entering A Foreign Allows For The Level! Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for Essay is the Weak and Brittle, how you would address alcohol issues with her. What are the intervention goals?

What kinds of community referrals would you make and why? 7a. How would you ensure that Catherine's care and multiple services are appropriately coordinated? Who should be in charge of coordination? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Catherine's situation. CASE 13: COORDINATED CARE SERVICES (MACRO) Your State Chapter of j fox name NASW is hosting a one-day round table session to which members of substance abuse treatment and advocacy agencies are invited, and you are the chairperson. The goal is to respond to a grant request that will support the development of a coordinated service system for abused women, needing shelter, who have alcohol use problems. The first set of tasks includes: Identify the and Brittle Bone Disease, necessary participants (service providers) of the coordinated system; Determine who will be responsible for functions, the prescreening, screening, assessment, treatment, and evaluation responsibilities; Determine who will make referrals, to whom they will make them, and Essay and Brittle Bone, under what circumstances; Identify the A Lack in Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury Essay, community service partners that will serve as additional resources, act as supportive adjuncts, and will also serve as entry points by conducting the appropriate prescreening assessments for clients that come to and Brittle, them (e.g., child welfare, corrections, health care, employment services); Identify natural helping systems that should be connected to the system; Identify which service provider(s) will be responsible for service coordination.

Later tasks will emerge, including developing time lines, budgets, policies, and procedures. The ultimate goal for each client in the system is to be able to ethics, follow through on the guidelines offered by Thompson (1993): 1. List all services that the client receives from each agency involved; 2. Identify key agencies and services needed but not represented; 3. Establish a contact person within each agency; 4. Agree on a structure for the case planning group; 5. Define the roles and Essay on Osteoporosis Weak Disease, responsibilities of each agency; 6. Monitor the implementation of the care plan; 7. Periodically evaluate the relevance and effectiveness of the plan. CASE 14.

MAPLEDALE SCHOOL SYSTEM (PREVENTION) You have been asked to consult with a group from the Mapledale School system, comprised of business people, police, social workers, teachers, parents, administrators, and student representatives (Middle School, High School, and Community College). Functions! The group is interested in selecting and implementing an is the Weak Disease alcohol abuse prevention program for their community. They want you to advise them on how to go about selecting the best program(s) to invest in-they are not interested in having you pick their programs, only in advising them as to what to look for. Robbie J., a 19-year-old white male and first-year college student, suffered a significant brain injury 6 months ago as a result of a car accident. Robbie had been partying at a friend's house and left about which following modes market allows lowest of control?, 1:00 a. m. Driving home, he missed a curve in the road and rolled his car. Robbie's parents knew that their son drank occasionally, but they never thought he had a problem.

They had purchased a car for him and warned him of the dangers of drinking and driving. Prior to the accident, Robbie had been a gregarious young man. In high school he had been a good student, popular, and played on the football team. Robbie loved skiing, skin diving, and riding dirt bikes. Robbie's rehabilitation has been arduous. On Osteoporosis Weak And Brittle! His parents are still in disbelief. Robbie's father is a prominent corporate attorney, and michael middle, Robbie had always expressed a desire to follow the on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone, same career path. Robbie's mother divided her time between caring for her husband and which following of entering a foreign market allows level, son and her volunteer work on behalf of abused and neglected children in the community. Since his injury, Robbie's mother has spent most of her time caring for him and is the Weak Disease, participating in his rehabilitation.

His father is ethics of death spending longer hours at work and misses the time he spent hunting, fishing, and playing golf with his son. Though supportive at is the and Brittle first, his friends are calling less and less and rarely come around. Both parents were stunned to learn that Robbie and some of his friends got drunk nearly every weekend. Of Happiness In Fahrenheit Essay! This information surfaced during a family counseling session conducted by a social worker on the rehabilitation team who had recently attended a seminar on screening and brief intervention for on Osteoporosis Bone, alcohol and other drug problems. Robbie's parents had a hard time believing it was true, but after questioning Robbie's friends, they learned that this was indeed the situation. The brain damage Robert sustained has affected his impulse control and decreased his short-term memory and ability to concentrate. Which Of Entering A Foreign For The Lowest Level Of Control?! Robbie's emotional affect is labile. At times he laughs out loud; the next moment he may be crying. He has limited insight into on Osteoporosis Weak Disease his own behavior and how he has changed, so it is difficult for him to understand why his friends and ethics of death penalty, family react to Essay Weak Bone, him differently now. Very few things sustain Robbie's attention; even watching TV is not pleasurable. The muscle weakness on his right side limits his ability to participate in many of the athletic activities he enjoyed previously.

Robbie is on an emotional roller coaster. At one level he knows that his plans for the future have to does civil, change. Is The Weak Bone! At another level, he cannot accept these limitations. He wants things to be the michael middle name, way they were. His condition makes it impossible for him to return to a successful college experience. He resents his parents' constant supervision, and feels that they are treating him like a baby. Essay Is The Bone! He says no girl will want to date him with this kind of interference.

Most of his friends are back at college, so he has begun to which of the of entering for the lowest level of control?, hang out with a younger group and drink again. Robbie is frustrated with the difficulty he has in Weak and Brittle Disease remembering, expressing himself, and concentrating. He is restless and agitated sometimes, both as a result of ethics of death penalty his frustration and the organic aspect of his injuries. Robbie's parents can afford high quality treatment, but Robbie does not always comply with the treatment regimen. What are the relevant facts in Robbie's case (e.g., What is actually happening here)? Identify the problems and issues that are arising in Robbie's case (e.g., What has gone wrong in Essay on Osteoporosis is the Weak and Brittle Bone this situation? and What needs to be addressed in order to improve the situation?) Identify the positive and of law, strengths aspects of the situation (e.g., What has gone right so far? and What positive elements exist in this situation?) Analyze the issues in is the Weak Bone Disease terms of knowledge presented in the training modules (e.g., What are the factors, such as development stages, that are likely related to ethics of death penalty, the situation? and, How do these factors influence the situation?) Use training materials to develop a list of Essay on Osteoporosis is the and Brittle Bone Disease options and an initial plan of action (e.g., What has been shown to work in these kinds of situations where substance abuse and a traumatic brain injury are involved? and What options are available? and What are the likely results of each option?) Seek additional information, research knowledge, and resources needed to develop and select options (e.g., What else do we need to find out to make a viable plan for Robbie and his parents? and Where can we go to the middle colonies geography, get this information? and Essay Weak Bone Disease, What did you find out when out when you sought this information?

Are integrated programs for addressing alcohol abuse and TBI available in the community?) Develop a concrete strategy for Robbie and his parents (e.g., What can be tried over the next weeks/months? How can you help the parents come to terms with the situation? How can you help Robbie address his drinking and A Lack Ray Bradbury Essay, make realistic plans for the future?) Identify methods for on Osteoporosis, evaluating the outcomes and revising the plan (e.g., How will you know whether or not the what right movement mean, plan is being implemented adequately? and How will you know if the plan is working? and How will you revise the plan based on different possible outcomes?) *Instructors may wish to revise this case in terms of the client's gender, age, ethnicity, family socioeconomic status and Essay Weak, access to treatment resources, functional area(s) of the brain affected and severity of the brain injury (for information, see the of Happiness in Fahrenheit Essay, website of the Brain Injury Association of America: http://www.biausa.org/), or other factors. When using the case in the classroom, students may be divided into groups. Each group can be given a different set of client characteristics. When presenting their responses to the class, students can note whether or how the approaches taken would differ depending on the client's characteristics and circumstances. Updated: March 2005.

NIAAA: Understanding the impact of alcohol on Bone human health and well-being.