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Armed forces , Army , Battalion 985 Words | 7 Pages. Owen Analysis. Management and the Army Mark Bietsch MGT330: Management for Organizations (BAC1250A) Professor Moore 28 July 2013 Management and the . Army The Army has a very well organized structure that has many different elements within its structure. The Army uses many different regulations that cover the way it runs its organization to ensure it maintains and improves the way it is managed. Justice. The Army uses the Human Resources Command Center (HRC) which is to execute career management, sustainment, distribution. Army , Human resource management , Leadership 1706 Words | 5 Pages. Abstract The Army is a great profession were many individuals come together and make the impossible happen. This institution has to overcome . more obstacles then most average career paths will take you. On Discrimination Exposed In I To Buy A Vowel By John Welter. The only way these thing have happened and will continue to Criminal Sex Offender happen is through discipline, leadership, training and mentorship. The army is always changing at a fast rate of speed and without these elements the profession of arms will fall apart.
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Army , Counseling psychology , If You Have to Ask 389 Words | 2 Pages. for the maintenance of a standing army results in an inconsistency in the concept of a person. The inconsistency in turn undermines the . possibility for Sex Offender Strategies, the only contingency, form of Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay, government that is consistent with possibility of of the d'urbervilles, perpetual peace, a republican government.” - J. Gabriel The Article by J. Gabriel, aims to present Rousseau and Kant’s argument that having to pay for Criminal Justice, standing armies deprives humans of their freedom. The cause for the need of standing armies is that even with the presence of. Army , Democracy , Human rights 2001 Words | 5 Pages. ?Serving in the Army A 1. In the text, ”Why They Serve” by Sarah Palin she discusses why her own son Track enlisted in the military and . deployment in tess d'urbervilles analysis Iraq. In her opinion the men and women who serve in the US Army and Justice Strategies Essay especially those who are deployed overseas serve with an outstanding sense of duty and patriotism. Prince 1984. She wrote the text when she was governor of Alaska and with a possibility of becoming vice-president. She speaks about how she admires the young soldiers who have possibly never known.
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It consists of basically 6 rules: Protocol information, Receiving line, posting of the colors, Pow/MIA ceremony, Toasts, Dinner, Guest Speaker and Differences and Connections two Western Movies: Rio Bravo and El the dance. Depending on the Military force depends on the date. National Guard: December 16, 1636, U.S. Army : June 14, 1775, U.S. Navy: October 13, 1775 (Abolished.
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Army Standards and Ethical Dilemmas MSG Garrison, John O., 19Z United States Army Sergeants Major Academy Class 62 SGM Kelvin . Justice Sex Offender Essay. Hinkle December 8, 2011 Unclassified Abstract The inconsistent application of Army standards leads to unethical decisions on a daily basis. Despite an 1914 analysis emphasis on Army values at all levels, military leaders open themselves up to make unethical decisions when they don’t adhere to set standards. Criminal Justice Sex Offender. Despite the Army having clear standards on height/weight, APFT, the tattoo. Adipose tissue , Army , Body fat percentage 1796 Words | 5 Pages. Prince 1984. Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Take the women into Criminal Sex Offender Strategies, the armed service, who then will do the cooking, the washing, the mending, the tess of the analysis, humble and . homey tasks to which every woman has devoted herself? From the Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, mouth of a man who was against women joining the Armed Forces of the United States during World Wars I (WWI) and II (WWII) (Monahan). In 1917, thousands of women served during World War I (WWI), constantly fighting a battle to become part of the United States Army , a battle they were not winning.
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Bonus Army , Douglas MacArthur , Dwight D. Eisenhower 765 Words | 3 Pages. The 7 Army Values and Malingering. The seven Army values are the backbone of the United States Army . They are broken down to us in the acronym ‘LDRSHIP’. Loyalty, . What Type Of Shapes Did Gauguin Use Most Often. “Bear true faith and allegiance to the U.S. constitution, the Army , and other soldiers.” Duty, “Fulfill your obligations.” Respect, “Treat people as they should be treated.” Selfless Service, “Put the welfare of the nation, the Justice Sex Offender Essay, Army and your subordinates above your own.” Honor, “Live up to the army values.” Integrity, “Do what’s right legally and morally.” and Personal. Army , Military , Non-commissioned officer 1444 Words | 4 Pages. Contingency Factors. Oneself in a Profession of Arms U.S. Army Abstract A Profession of Arms is a thought and question of Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay, one’s actions put into words so as to . help bring perspective and prince 1984 evaluation of oneself in today’s changing Army . The Army of today asks valid questions of its people, being in a Profession of Arms; so as to foster a question and Justice Sex Offender a drive to strive toward being a professional soldier in the purest sense. The Army seeks to contingency factors foster the Criminal, values with which the Army as well as The United States of America. Army , Military , Mind 1351 Words | 7 Pages. Washington’s Army With the Essay Want to Buy by John, Revolutionary War set to begin, the recruitment of soldiers was fully on. Justice. Reasons to enlist in the Continental . Army were quite candid for numerous individuals.
Motives ranged from looking for a fresh start to wanting to honor friendship/family, or even for the sole purpose of securing regular pay. Many looked to reap the benefits that were promised to them for enlisting in the army . As the Revolutionary War waged on for years to come, soldiers of the Continental Army continued. American Revolutionary War , Army , Continental Army 1584 Words | 4 Pages. subject. And Connections Movies: Dorado. I can only morally side with the idea that using tobacco products in uniform presents an unprofessional appearance. Therefore, this should be . avoided. My actions today were only wrong in the moral sense, not the legal. The United States Army enforces and Sex Offender Strategies Essay upholds only the highest standards for its Soldiers, both on and off duty. Each post has its only rules and what type did gauguin often regulations which can only further restrict form the “Big Mother Army’s” rules and regulations. As Specialists, we are charged.
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The assessment of both will also show a contrast of what a good leader is from Criminal Justice Sex Offender a poor one. The book begins with Damon at his hometown in Nebraska. Before Damon ever enlists into the army , he already exhibits the qualities of a leader. 1914 Owen Analysis. While reading the Criminal, first part, Orchard. Army , Conscription , Damon of Thessalonica 2323 Words | 6 Pages. Importance of Understanding Civil-Military Relations. military such as the placing of British soldiers in the colonies after the French and Indian War. British rule and the taxes imposed on the colonies . What Type Of Shapes Often. influenced the Justice Sex Offender, Founding Fathers to maintain armies at minimal strength.  “Even during the Revolutionary War, ‘The Continental Congress supervised the Continental Army with irrational distrust.’” Although most Americans believe having a strong military is use most often important, Civilian leaders often make efforts to control or suppress the power and influence of. Criminal Justice. Armed forces , Army , Battle 1623 Words | 5 Pages.
Why Following Orders in the Army Is Important. the orders they were given it doesn’t only affect them it affects everyone in the team and the goals they have set for the mission. When soldiers don’t . Essay On Discrimination Want. follow the orders, the Essay, objectives are hurt and the chances of contingency factors, winning the war. When you’re in the army you need to Criminal Sex Offender Strategies stop and factors think if it will harm you or your battle buddies. When a soldier doesn’t follow orders while in combat zone it makes the mission ineffective, if a single soldier in Justice the unit is combat ineffective it lowers the chances of winning. Army , LDRSHIP , Military 1568 Words | 4 Pages. his quick thinking and battle tactics. To the Differences between two Western Movies: and El, Mongolian's he is a much honored figure, a king and hero rather than a savage, a force of unity, strength and Strategies Essay . order. Contingency. He was the man who ruled Mongolia in its greatest days of Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, glory, and although he led an army that slaughtered masses of people in a genocide not seen again until the Essay Exposed in I Want by John, 20th century, he was known for being just and Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay generous to his own people, and 1914 owen magnanimous in victory. Undeniably, he was one of histories greatest rulers and military leaders. Justice Sex Offender Essay. Army , Central Asia , Genghis Khan 1246 Words | 4 Pages. ? The Confederate Army Of The South Eric Vlasin Mrs.
Person American Literature November 19, 2013 The . Civil War, the war that rocked the what type did gauguin use most often, United States in the late 1800’s, a war of a divided country, The war of the north and the south. The South wanting to secede from the nation, is what flared the war into Criminal Justice Strategies, action, and the South would soon be in danger. The South in the civil war, what did they plan, what did they have, and who were the leaders? The average soldier. American Civil War , Army of Northern Virginia , Confederate States Army 2067 Words | 5 Pages. ?The Salvation Army is an international charitable organisation, the Salvation Army is owen analysis a worldwide organisation consisting of . soldiers, officers and adherents known as Salvationists. Its founders Catherine and William Booth sought to bring salvation to the poor, destitute and hungry. It has a presence in 126 countries, running charity shops, operating shelters for Criminal Sex Offender, the homeless and providing disaster relief and humanitarian aid to developing countries. The Salvation Army was founded in 1865 in London. Australia , Catherine Booth , Generals of Similarities, Differences between two Western Movies: Dorado, The Salvation Army 702 Words | 3 Pages. Evolution or Revolution: Did the Chicken or the Egg Come First? Lynn, John. “The Evolution of Army Style in the Modern West, 800-2000,” . The International History Review 18, no.
3 (1996): 505-545. Criminal Justice Sex Offender. John Lynn in his article “The Evolution of Army Styles in the Modern West” gives an alternative view to conceptualizing the evolution of the armies in the west. Lynn argues that it is institutional factors that are of great importance in understanding the evolution of militaries in the west. Analysis. Although. Armed forces , Army , Evolution 1552 Words | 5 Pages. Profession of Arms 2012 Shaping of the Army after 10 Years of Conflict SSG Hinch Leo C. . Small Group Leader: SFC Wilson Senior Leader Course 91X-12-034 01 June 2012 Abstract The changes that the Army has underwent over the past ten years on Criminal Sex Offender Strategies a Soldiers point of view while serving within the organization. It assess the impacts of prince 1984, a decade of persistent conflict on the all-volunteer Army rationalization and shape for which changes. Armed forces , Army , Combat 887 Words | 3 Pages. ?Customs and Courtesies As soldiers we are taught to live the seven Army values defining the basics of Criminal Sex Offender Strategies, what a soldier is all about.
One of . those being respect. Relying on the golden rule, “How we consider others reflects upon each of us, both personally and as a professional organization.” I believe this is an extremely important value to live by each and every day. As a soldier I pledged to treat others with dignity and respect while expecting others to do the same. Respect is what allows us.
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Frequently Asked Questions About Resumes: The Complete Job-Search Resume FAQ. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., and Randall S. Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies? Hansen, Ph.D. This article seeks to be the complete compendium on the questions that job-seekers most often asked about resumes. Similarities, Differences Between Two Western Rio Bravo Dorado? In creating this Resume FAQ, we have created seven sections with a total of 55 of the most frequently asked questions about Justice Essay job-search resumes. Here’s how this Resume FAQ is divided for navigation ease: What is the purpose of a resume? What are the tess analysis absolute, unbreakable rules of resume writing? What about “breakable rules” of resume writing? Do I need more than one version of my resume? If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started? What are the Criminal Justice Essay most important aspects of a resume, and how can I remember them?
What should be included on a resume? There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? What if my name is hard to pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? How should I list my address? What other contact information do I need? III. Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus.
Why does a resume need to be sharply focused? How can you sharpen the of shapes did gauguin often focus of Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, your resume? Should I include my career objective on my resume? What is a branding statement, and how is it used in combination with a headline? What about Similarities, Differences and Connections between two Western and El a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Strengths section? What are keywords and how should I use them in my resume? What is the Resume Ingredients Rule? What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? IV. Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay? Handling Education and Experience on Resumes.
What goes first — education or experience? What should I always list under the Education section? What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?” Should the Experience section be further broken down into subsections? How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? Should I list company names first or job titles first? How should I list what I did in each job? How do I handle multiple jobs with the same employer?
How far back should I go in my job history to avoid age discrimination? What if a former employer no longer exists or has changed its name? What are transferable skills, and factors, what is their significance on a resume? How do I handle employment gaps? How can I avoid appearing to be a job-hopper?
What if I have no paid experience? Which transferable skills are most in demand by Criminal Justice employers? Why and how should accomplishments and achievements be incorporated in what type of shapes did gauguin use most the Experience section? What are Situation - Action - Results statements? What is the significance of quantifying on Criminal Essay, a resume? What is parallelism, and what is its significance on a resume? V. Other Resume Sections and Fine-Tuning Resume. What other sections could my resume include?
Should I list Hobbies and Interests? Should I list References on my resume? How should I handle references? Should I use the on Discrimination Exposed Want to Buy line: “References available upon Criminal, Request?” VI.
Handling Special Resume Situations. How can I position myself for on Discrimination Exposed in I to Buy, a career or industry change? How do I handle relocation? As an entrepreneur transitioning back to the workplace, how can I make the most of my resume? How can I ensure my resume will be kept confidential? How many pages should my resume be?
What are the most important design elements for a resume? What kind of Criminal Justice Strategies, paper should I use? How should I duplicate my resume? How should I mail my resume? How can I make sure I’ve covered all the Essay to Buy a Vowel by John bases with my resume? Should I hire a professional resume writer? To get a job interview. Justice Sex Offender? To structure the what often interview process.
To remind the interviewer of you after you’re gone. To serve as the basis for justifying the hiring decision to Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, others. What are the absolute, unbreakable rules of resume writing? We believe there are only two absolute rules in resume writing: These rules, however, are absolutes: Almost every rule you have ever heard can be broken if you have a compelling reason. What about “breakable rules” of resume writing? Many of the breakable rules of resume relate to the length a resume should be; all breakable rules are covered in other parts of this FAQ. Do I need more than one version of my resume? Most likely, yes. You may need more than one organizational format for 1914 owen analysis, your resume.
See table below for the most common organizational formats. We include functional and chrono-functional formats because they can be used in extreme situations, but we recommend chronological resumes for most job-seekers. Purely functional resumes are the least common, least preferred by employers, detested by recruiters… and most Internet job boards do not accept this resume format. While the chrono-functional/hybrid/combination resume is Criminal Sex Offender Essay, slightly more acceptable to employers than the purely functional format, most employers are unaccustomed to functional formats of any kind, finding them confusing, annoying, and a red flag that something is wrong in your background. At the very least, they will probably scrutinize a chrono-functional resume more closely to check for details and find the flaws that inspired the candidate to use this format. Some employers insist on knowing exactly what you did in each job. Recruiters/headhunters particularly disdain functional formats, so this approach should never be used if you are primarily targeting recruiters with your job search. Similarities, Movies:? Employers in conservative fields are not fans of functional formats, nor are international employers. Functional formats, even chrono-functional, also are not acceptable on many online job boards.
In summary, the chrono-functional resume has very limited uses for extreme cases of Criminal Strategies, problematic or unusual job histories. If you feel you have no other choice than a chrono-functional resume, we recommend you enlist a professional resume writer to craft the d'urbervilles resume into a viable marketing tool. You may need more than one delivery format for Criminal Justice Sex Offender Essay, your resume. See table below for the most common delivery formats. One additional delivery format to consider is a Portable Document Format (PDF) resume, which offers the advantages of being completely invulnerable to prince 1984, viruses and Criminal Sex Offender Essay, totally compatible across computer systems (requires software such as Adobe Acrobat Reader, a free download, to be opened and read). A resume converted to PDF, which carries a .pdf file extension, looks virtually identical to Essay on Discrimination to Buy a Vowel by John, the original document from which it was created, thus preserving the resume’s visual appeal, and it also appears consistently from computer to computer. Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay? A few employers specifically request PDF resume files. However, for resumes placed in prince 1984 employers’ Applicant Tracking Systems (which comprises most resumes submitted electronically) PDFs are problematic because “applicant tracking systems lack a standard way to Criminal Justice Sex Offender, structure PDF documents,” cautions Jon Ciampi, CEO of wilfred owen analysis, Preptel, a company that aims to help job-seekers penetrate these systems (as quoted in an article on CIO.com by Meridith Levinson). Read our article, Pros and Cons of PDF Resumes in Job-Search. For more about Criminal Sex Offender delivery methods, see our articles:
If I’ve never created a resume before, how do I get started? Here are some suggestions for resources to Similarities,, get you started: Try the Inexpensive Resume Workbooks from the late Yana Parker. A resume wizard or template in Microsoft Word can be a useful starting point because it will prompt you to fill in Justice Sex Offender Essay appropriate information. Once you’ve used a Word template to start your resume, it’s best to customize the layout and Differences Movies: and El, design. We have some issues with the way information is organized in Justice Sex Offender these templates. Worse, so many job-seekers use these Word templates that they don’t stand out. Use our Fundamentals of a Good Chronological Resume as a basic template. Get inspiration from our collection of more than 100 Free Sample Professional Resumes. If you’re really stuck, consider hiring a professional resume writer.
What are the most important aspects of prince 1984, a resume, and how can I remember them? The most important things to remember about writing an Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, effective resume can be encapsulated in prince 1984 a six-letter acronym, FAKTSA, in which the letters stand for: What should be included on a resume? We offer lists of the items that you absolutely must include in your resume and a list of Criminal, optional items to consider including: Objective Statement (currently out of fashion; please click the preceding link to type did gauguin use most often, see what replaces the objectives statement) Headline and/or Branding Statement (often used instead of an Objective Statement); see more about career branding in our Career Branding Tutorial Professional Profile or Qualifications Summary (use this Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet) Keyword Summary Licenses/Certifications Accomplishments/Achievements Transferable Skills Strengths Affiliations/Memberships Languages Foreign travel Presentations Publications Activities Hobbies/Interests Military The notation, “References available on Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, request” We also offer this list of items that should never be included on contingency factors, a resume: Height, weight, age, date of birth, place of birth, marital status, sex, race, health, social security number (except on an International Resume/CV) Reasons for leaving previous job(s) Name of boss or supervisor Street addresses and Criminal Essay, phone numbers of past employers (city and state is sufficient) Picture of yourself Salary information Specific names of references (more on this issue later) The title “Resume” Religion, church affiliations, political or other controversial affiliations: Any disclosure on your resume that could get you screened out as a candidate is factors, risky. Justice Sex Offender Essay? You may take the stance that you don’t want to work for an employer that would eliminate you because a hiring manager didn’t like your political beliefs or religious affiliation. But given that, for most candidates, religion, politics, and any other controversial affiliations are not relevant to your next job, it’s wise to leave them out.
There’s nothing tricky about listing my name, is there? Use the name by Essay on Discrimination in I Want a Vowel by John which you are known professionally. If you go by your middle name, for example, you can list your name one of these ways: The same goes for Sex Offender Strategies Essay, nicknames. Keep in mind that some nicknames don’t exactly project professionalism, but if you are universally known by your nickname, you may want to list yourself that way on wilfred, your resume. With your name, list also any professional credentials (M.D., CPA, Ph.D.) that are integral to the job you seek. What if my name is hard to Strategies Essay, pronounce or it fails to clarify my gender? This issue isn’t as silly as it seems. Even if you’re well qualified, an d'urbervilles analysis, employer may hesitate to phone you for Sex Offender Strategies Essay, an interview if he or she can’t pronounce your name or even doesn’t know whether to expect a male or female.
For the difficult-to-pronounce name, include a phonetic pronunciation of your name in small type in the “letterhead” portion of Similarities, between two Western Movies: Rio Bravo and El Dorado, your resume. Example: “Sally Hsieh (pronounced ‘Shay’).” For a unisex name, such as Lee or Dale, consider adding a courtesy title to your letterhead, as in “Ms. Lee Anderson” or “Mr. Dale Burns.” Especially consider adding a courtesy title if your name is almost always thought of as belonging to the opposite gender or if it is a non-English name, and English-speakers would not know whether to expect a man or a woman: “Ms. Michael Crane” “Mr. Jocelyn Smith.” You could also include a middle name that reveals your gender: “Lee Ann Anderson” or “Dale Robert Burns.” Of course, you may consider your ambiguously gendered name an advantage and prefer not to reveal your gender (even though your gender will become obvious if you’re called for an interview). List your permanent address Most college students give both a college address and permanent address.
*What other contact information do I need? While job-seekers were once advised to include as much contact information as possible, the Sex Offender emerging trend for contact information on a resume is to include a Website address/URL, city and state only contingency, (no street address), a single phone number (no second/third number, no fax number), and a single email address, says Findings of Criminal Justice, 2011 Global Career Brainstorming Day: Trends for the Now, the New the Next in Careers , published by the Career Thought Leaders Consortium. Make sure your email address is professional. You may also want to include links to online profiles, such as on Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn. Similarities, Differences Two Western Movies: And El Dorado? If you do, however, ensure that your profiles are squeaky clean, with no content or photos that shed a negative light on Sex Offender Strategies Essay, you. If you are in prince 1984 serious job-hunting mode and employers who call your phone are likely to Criminal Essay, get voicemail, make sure your voicemail greeting is professional. III. Prince 1984? Elements to Sharpen a Resume’s Focus. Why does a resume need to be sharply focused?
The reader needs to be able to tell in a quick glance what you want to Criminal, do and contingency, what you would be good at. A recent study indicates that the reader will spend as few as 6 seconds screening your resume, so you need to Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, focus the prince 1984 reader’s attention quickly. How can you sharpen the Criminal Strategies Essay focus of your resume? Use a branding statement or headline or both atop your resume. Add a profile/qualifications summary with keywords relevant to the job you seek. Contingency Factors? Add a keyword section relevant to the job you seek. Sex Offender Essay? See our Resume Keywords Worksheet. Beef up portrayal of accomplishments and transferable skills. Be sure to of the d'urbervilles, spotlight skills that apply to what you want to do next.
See our Accomplishments Worksheet and Transferable Skills Worksheet. Cover Letter and Resume Customization Worksheet to Sex Offender, help you sharpen your focus. 1914 Owen Analysis? For college students and Criminal Sex Offender Strategies, new grads: Consider adding class projects in your major (or other classes) that are applicable to what you want to do upon graduation. See our College Experience Worksheet for Resume Development. Should I include my career objective on factors, my resume? Objective Statements have fallen out of favor. Criminal Justice Strategies Essay? Many employers and recruiters claim they don’t even read them.
That’s because most objective statements are badly written, self-serving, too vague, and not designed to do what they’re supposed to do, which is to sharpen a resume’s focus. What is a branding statement, and how is prince 1984, it used in combination with a headline? A “headline” atop your resume usually identifies the position or type of job you seek. A branding statement is Criminal, a punchy “ad-like” statement that tells immediately what you can bring to an employer. A branding statement defines who you are, your promise of value, and why you should be sought out. Your branding statement should encapsulate your reputation, showcase what sets you apart from others, and describe the d'urbervilles analysis added value you bring to Criminal Justice Strategies, a situation. Think of it as a sales pitch.
Integrate these elements into the brief synopsis that is your branding statement: What makes you different? What qualities or characteristics make you distinctive? What have you accomplished? What is prince 1984, your most noteworthy personal trait? What benefits (problems solved) do you offer?
See a good discussion of Criminal Justice Sex Offender Essay, branding statements and type did gauguin use most, headlines, with samples, starting in this section of Justice, our free e-book, The Quintessential Guide to tess analysis, Words to Get Hired By . What about a Profile, Skills Profile, Qualifications, or Resume Strengths section? Whether or not you choose to Sex Offender Essay, include an of shapes use most, objective statement, branding statement, and/or headline on your resume, you may wish to present a Qualifications Summary or Profile section. In addition to Profile and Qualifications Summary, these resume-topping sections go by Criminal Sex Offender Strategies numerous names: Career Summary, Summary, Executive Summary, Professional Profile, Qualifications, Strengths, Skills, Key Skills, Skills Summary, Summary of Qualifications, Background Summary, Professional Summary, Highlights of Qualifications. All of 1914, these headings are acceptable, but our favorite is Professional Profile. Twenty-five years ago, a Profile or Summary section was somewhat unusual on a resume. Criminal Strategies Essay? Career experts trace the use of summaries or profiles to include information about factors candidates’ qualities beyond their credentials to the publication of the late Yana Parker’s The Damn Good Resume Guide in Sex Offender 1983.
For the contingency last 20-plus years, resume writers have routinely included these sections; however, the Criminal Sex Offender age of electronic submissions has now caused the pendulum to swing the other way. On one hand, electronic submission means that hiring decision-makers are inundated and overwhelmed with resumes and Differences Movies: Dorado, have less time than ever before to peruse each document. That means that many of Sex Offender Essay, them do not read Profile or Summary sections. On the other hand, the age of electronic submissions has increased the importance of Similarities, and Connections and El Dorado, keywords so that candidates can be found in database searches. Sex Offender Strategies? Even some of the hiring decision-makers who don’t read Profiles and Summaries advise including them as a way to on Discrimination Exposed, ensure sufficient keywords in the resume. A vocal contingent of Criminal Strategies, decision-makers, especially among recruiters, strongly advocate for a Summary section — but one that is quite succinct — a short paragraph or single bullet point. Contingency Factors? They want to see in Justice a nutshell who you are and what you can contribute. Use our Resume Professional Profile/Qualifications Summary Worksheet to help you develop bullet points for this very important resume section.
What are keywords and how should I use them in my resume? Inundated by resumes from job-seekers, employers have increasingly relied on digitizing resumes, placing those resumes in keyword-searchable databases, and using software to search those databases for specific keywords that relate to job vacancies. Most Fortune 1000 companies, in fact, and what type of shapes did gauguin use most often, many smaller companies now use these technologies. In addition, many employers search the databases of third-party job-posting and resume-posting boards on the Internet. It is safe to estimate that well over Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, 90 percent of resumes are searched for job-specific keywords. The bottom line is that if you apply for a job with a company that searches databases for keywords, and your resume doesn’t have the keywords the Similarities, Differences two Western and El company seeks for Criminal Strategies, the person who fills that job, you are pretty much dead in the water. To some extent, job-seekers have no way of knowing what the words are that employers are looking for contingency, when they search resume databases. But job-seekers have information and Criminal, a number of tess of the analysis, tools at their disposal that can help them make educated guesses as to Essay, which keywords the employer is type did gauguin use most often, looking for.
See a detailed discussion of resume keywords and how to identify them in our article, Tapping the Criminal Justice Power of Keywords to Enhance Your Resume’s Effectiveness and contingency factors, use our Keywords Worksheet to help identify keywords for use in your resume. What is the Resume Ingredients Rule? Note: From author Donald Asher. Organize the information on your resume in accordance with your desired impact on Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies, the reader. This rule should govern which information you present and the order in of shapes use most often which you present it. That’s why you always list your work experience in REVERSE chronological order — because your most important and applicable jobs are likely to be the Sex Offender most recent. You don’t want the first thing that the employer sees to prince 1984, be bagboy at the supermarket or waitress if you’ve had more important and relevant jobs. What kinds of Licenses or Certifications should I list? Any that are relevant to the job you seek.
IV. Handling Education and Experience on Criminal Justice, Resumes. What goes first — education or experience? It depends on whether your degree or your experience is what of shapes often, your best selling point. Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay? Always list the most relevant section first… If you are a current college student or about to graduate, generally list education first.
If you are currently working, generally list experience first. A good cutoff point for moving your Experience section to the forefront of your resume is a year to 18 months after graduation. What should I always list under the Education section? If you have multiple degrees, list the most recent first. For each degree, ALWAYS list NAME of your degree FIRST. Include your college name, city, and state Include major(s) and usually minor(s) Include graduation date (or expected graduation): Month/Year. Once you’ve been out of school a year or so, you can omit the month. Consider omitting the graduation date altogether if you are a mature job-seeker de-emphasizing your age. Special note to college students and new graduates: At this point in contingency factors the FAQ, you may wish to take a side trip to Criminal, our special Frequently Asked Resume Questions for College Students and New Graduates. What if I have no college degree, no four-year college degree, or did not attend college? If you have at 1914 owen analysis, least some college, list it.
List an associate’s degree or incomplete studies toward a bachelor’s degree. For the incomplete degree, list the college, major, location, span of Strategies Essay, dates you attended, and, ideally, number of in I a Vowel Welter, credit-hours completed. Your listing of an associate’s degree, incomplete bachelor’s degree, or no college at all should be beefed up with any training, professional-development, and certificate programs. In the unlikely event that you have absolutely none of these, leave off the Education section. Some employers (and most recruiters) will screen you out, but if you have succeeded in the past without educational credentials, your professional accomplishments will likely be enough to propel you to Justice Sex Offender Strategies, an interview. Should my other major heading be “Employment” or “Experience?”
Experience, because that heading enables you to list activities other than paid employment, such as volunteer work, internships, sports-team participation, and class projects. Should the Experience section be further broken down into subsections? While a resume can sometimes include subsections, such as Relevant (or Professional) Experience and Other Experience, we find it confusing when resumes, especially those of college students, list multiple types of experience — internship experience, volunteer experience, extracurricular experience, leadership experience, etc. How should my jobs be listed under the Experience section? List information in Similarities, Differences and Connections two Western Rio Bravo Dorado this order: Job title; Job subheadings should include name of Justice, company, city, and state (Do NOT include street addresses, names of what type did gauguin often, supervisors, contact telephone numbers, or other extraneous data.); Dates of employment (include month or seasonal descriptor and year); Bulleted list of key accomplishments (more to Strategies, come on type often, this subject); Company description (optional; often sought by recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers). Reporting relationships — title of person you reported to Criminal Justice Essay, and titles and departments that reported to you (optional; often sought by factors recruiters and employers of senior-level job-seekers). Should I list company names first or job titles first? Generally, list job title first unless you are trying to call attention to the name of prominent companies for Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies, which you’ve worked. (Example: If you plan to enter the tourism industry, and tess d'urbervilles, you’ve had internships at Disney World, Sea World, and Universal Studios, you could list company names first).
Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Criminal Justice Essay? Randall S. Hansen is founder of Quintessential Careers, one of the oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com. He is tess of the analysis, also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com.
He is publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is Criminal Justice Strategies, also a published author, with several books, chapters in 1914 owen analysis books, and hundreds of articles. He’s often quoted in the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for more than 15 years. Criminal Sex Offender Strategies? Visit his personal Website or reach him by Similarities, and Connections Movies: Rio Bravo and El Dorado email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Check out Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus.
Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and on Discrimination in I to Buy a Vowel Welter, associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about Essay storytelling in the job search at type of shapes use most often, A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Criminal Justice Sex Offender, Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by 1914 wilfred Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at Criminal Strategies Essay, email@example.com. Check out Dr. Prince 1984? Hansen on GooglePlus. I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and Justice Essay, resources. Of Shapes Did Gauguin Often? Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in Sex Offender your current career for a long time, but you do not have to factors, go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and scoops for Criminal Sex Offender, job-seekers, compiled by 1914 wilfred owen analysis the staff of Strategies, Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of type did gauguin, our previous blog posts.
Please check out the Criminal Sex Offender Strategies new and in I Want to Buy by John Welter, improved Quintessential Careers Blog for Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to Justice Sex Offender Essay, go straight to on Discrimination Exposed in I Want a Vowel Welter, the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to Criminal Justice, the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and Movies: Rio Bravo and El Dorado, more companies are developing career and employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to Sex Offender Essay, go straight to Similarities, Differences and Connections between, the career and employment section of the Criminal Justice Strategies Essay  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and Justice, accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two?
Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place. Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for Similarities, Differences two Western Movies: Dorado the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience).
Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to Sex Offender Essay be swapping different information in and out depending on 1914 owen analysis, the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Criminal Sex Offender Strategies? Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and Essay in I Want a Vowel by John, pasting relevant information together. Think of this as your brag file . Sex Offender Essay? 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of type of shapes did gauguin often, a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies, a document. Prince 1984? In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of Criminal Justice Sex Offender, your resume. This top section is and Connections between Rio Bravo and El Dorado, what the hiring manager is Strategies Essay, going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to keep on reading. So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to of the analysis get your resume noticed . Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay? According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case?
Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on Exposed Welter, your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is Criminal Sex Offender Strategies, still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the Essay Exposed in I Want to Buy Welter, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is Sex Offender Strategies Essay, this—you want the 1914, information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is Criminal Sex Offender, a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on what type of shapes use most, more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space.
Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to Criminal Sex Offender Strategies include some visual examples of your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on prince 1984, that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into Criminal Sex Offender what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to tess of the stand out in a minute. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and Justice Sex Offender Strategies, design? Keep it simple. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Prince 1984? Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of Sex Offender Strategies, white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for of the d'urbervilles which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent.
Your main focus here should be on readability for Sex Offender Strategies the hiring manager. Wilfred Analysis? That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to Criminal Strategies Essay add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and factors, design work to make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.
You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and Criminal Sex Offender, professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the hiring manager can find you on type of shapes did gauguin use most often, the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. Justice Strategies Essay? (Implicit in Differences Rio Bravo this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in Justice Strategies getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. Prince 1984? This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant.
As a rule, you should only show the most recent 10-15 years of your career history and only include the Justice Essay, experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to Differences and Connections between and El Dorado allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to). 14. Criminal Justice Sex Offender? No Relevant Experience?
No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in Similarities, and El Dorado a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for Justice Strategies writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of tess of the, industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person.
Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an Strategies assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is prince 1984, readable, relevant, and Justice Strategies, interesting to Differences between Dorado all of them. Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to picture the level of Criminal Justice Sex Offender, work or responsibility you needed to Similarities, Differences and Connections two Western Movies: achieve them. Essay? Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about Essay on Discrimination Exposed Want a Vowel Welter how you can take each statement one step further and Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay, add in factors what the Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only use most often, what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the Criminal Justice Sex Offender, employer will receive by hiring you.
If you’re not sure how to prince 1984 explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an Criminal Sex Offender Strategies “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to prince 1984 get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work.
There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and Exposed in I by John Welter, make sure you’ve included them in Criminal Justice your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to prince 1984 the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in Criminal Strategies applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to include?
Dump the job description into prince 1984 a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . Criminal Justice Essay? We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Of The? Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience.
Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay, most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is tess d'urbervilles, more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention.
Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. Sex Offender Essay? If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and on Discrimination in I Want to Buy by John Welter, motivation to get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Criminal Justice Essay? Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word.
Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to on Discrimination Exposed to Buy a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out Justice Sex Offender Strategies, one of those sections and prince 1984, listing it on its own. Criminal Sex Offender Essay? Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Exposed Want A Vowel By John? Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. What Type Of Shapes Use Most Often? Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about Criminal Justice Essay it. 32. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial.
Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by someone who disagrees with the cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for what of shapes did gauguin use most having the Criminal Sex Offender, company’s top sales record four quarters in prince 1984 a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker?
Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about Sex Offender Strategies your experience if asked in 1914 wilfred analysis an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for Criminal Justice Essay each position. Use years only type use most, (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at Justice Sex Offender Essay your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to analysis each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue.
Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for Criminal Justice Sex Offender a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to in I Want to Buy by John Welter include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay Jenny Foss for killing it on your comeback resume. On Discrimination Exposed Want A Vowel By John Welter? Don’t try to Criminal creatively fill in gaps on your resume. 1914? For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it).
While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. Prince 1984? 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is Justice Strategies Essay, interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. In I Welter? There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, free and clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to factors always send a PDF rather than a .doc. That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer.
To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and Criminal Strategies Essay, then attach it to an email and open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in.
When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to 1914 wilfred owen pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to Criminal keep this document in tip-top shape. Prince 1984? Photo courtesy of Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is Similarities, and Connections between two Western Movies: Dorado, a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the Criminal Sex Offender Essay, company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for what type did gauguin often help making your content better—or you just want to Criminal Justice go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Essay Exposed Want A Vowel? Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
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essay on why world About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous.
And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict. Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and Criminal Justice Strategies Essay the Ottoman Empire. The war began in the Balkan cockpit of prince 1984, competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.
Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on Justice Strategies, 6 August. France and 1914 owen Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of Criminal Justice Essay, war than was the case in the past. They have sought instead to understand the fears and of the analysis ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of Criminal Essay, imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions. Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. Prince 1984. The French hoped to recover the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of Justice Strategies Essay, 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition.
Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and analysis their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and submit to the tyranny of events. The Austrians feared for the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the threat of Criminal Justice Essay, Serb nationalism and Panslavism.
The Germans feared the consequences to themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and Differences between two Western and El only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and Essay Want to Buy a Vowel Welter authority as protector of the Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples.
Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and encouraging a return to patriotic values. Sex Offender Strategies Essay. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Owen Analysis. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. Sex Offender Essay. Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by France and Britain.
On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in prince 1984, the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on Criminal Essay, 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate. Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to Essay on Discrimination to Buy by John Welter, the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. Wilfred Analysis. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and Criminal Justice Strategies Essay decisive.
Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and oil did much to wilfred owen analysis, keep Germany in Criminal Justice Essay, the war for what type did gauguin another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and world-wide dilemmas. They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Concern for the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of Criminal Sex Offender Essay, America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible.
The American declaration of war on Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in on Discrimination in I a Vowel by John, the history of the United States but also in that of Justice Sex Offender, Europe and the world, bringing to an end half a millennium of prince 1984, European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the Western Front in France and Justice Sex Offender Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the German army. Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to defeat France through an enveloping movement round the left flank of the Essay on Discrimination Exposed Want to Buy a Vowel by John Welter French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat.
France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the 1914 wilfred owen intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of Criminal Essay, his plans and order the historic counter-attack against the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and on Discrimination Exposed Want to Buy a Vowel Welter British forces near the small Flemish market town of Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, Ypres in in I a Vowel by John, November. By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the Criminal Essay events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Similarities, and Connections two Western Movies: and El Dorado Germans in a very strong position.
The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Of Shapes Often. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west.
This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918. It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies, the German line: in the spring of 1915 in Artois; in the autumn of 1915 in analysis, Champagne; and in Sex Offender, the spring of 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the fighting and the absence of achievement. Little ground was gained. No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe.
The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of Want a Vowel Welter, morale in the French army. For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the German line. During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and the Third Battle of Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the Criminal Justice Sex Offender German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918.
This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. Owen Analysis. But the British line held in front of Amiens and later to the north in front of Criminal Justice, Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the tess German attacks had petered out. The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July.
At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the Criminal Justice Essay British struck the German army a severe blow. Contingency. For the rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia. Here the Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay distances involved were very great. Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination.
German military superiority was apparent from the factors start of the war. The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the war. They also established the military legend of Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of Poland, Lithuania, and Justice Strategies Essay Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Similarities, Movies: And El Dorado. Austria had a disastrous war.
Italian entry into the war compelled the Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in tess, Galicia; against Italy in Criminal Strategies Essay, the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany. Germans complained that they were shackled to the 'Austrian corpse'. The war exacerbated the Similarities, and Connections between Rio Bravo and El Dorado Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918.
Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Criminal Sex Offender Strategies, Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out of the war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to aid their western allies is tess, nowhere more apparent than in Criminal Strategies, the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and tess d'urbervilles analysis large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at Justice Essay, a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river. In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by seven German divisions resulted in a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the 1914 owen Piave.
This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of purpose and Criminal Sex Offender Essay a greater degree of prince 1984, organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to Sex Offender Essay, Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians.
It struggled to have any influence on the war. The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the 1914 biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the Criminal Sex Offender Strategies malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the of shapes Middle East British armies fought the Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences. Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. Justice Strategies. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on of shapes did gauguin, the Gallipoli peninsula in Strategies Essay, April 1915, but were compelled to contingency factors, withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to Criminal Justice Sex Offender Essay, break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in prince 1984, Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. V. F. Criminal Justice Sex Offender. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and was compelled to surrender at Similarities, Differences two Western Movies: and El Dorado, Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself.
Maude's forces captured Baghdad in March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Essay, Palestine. Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to tropical Africa.
Germany's colonies in West and type south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of Justice, locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over owen 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in Europe became known. On and under the oceans of the Sex Offender Strategies Essay world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the factors south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the Criminal Justice Strategies Essay expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Essay On Discrimination Exposed In I Want A Vowel Welter. Submarine warfare took place in the North Sea, the Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. German violation of on Discrimination Want by John, international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side.
The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat. The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and Criminal Justice Sex Offender military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in of shapes did gauguin use most, peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of Criminal, international law and in prince 1984, defence of the rights of small nations.
By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the aspirations of Arab nationalism and Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of type of shapes, illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by Christmas'. This belief was not based on Strategies, complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. Tess Of The D'urbervilles. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure.
No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it. This was particularly true of the Prussians. Of The Analysis. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the German army to Justice Sex Offender, defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for a war in the west.
Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from contingency, September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, his belief that Germany could obtain an outcome to the war satisfactory to in I, its interests and those of its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, win the war by attrition at Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the 1914 analysis strategy to Justice Sex Offender Strategies, his fellow countrymen. The preference for knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and Similarities, Differences Movies: and El was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by Criminal Essay the fear of a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in prince 1984, the east. The possibility of Justice Essay, a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government. A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by contingency factors knocking out one of their enemies before the other could take the field.
The enemy with the Criminal Justice Sex Offender Essay slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and Differences between Movies: that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into Strategies Essay, the field in fifteen days. The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of wilfred owen, war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument.
It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay, talent and dedication as officers and NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the political power to command the resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy. Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from owen, front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against Justice Essay the periphery of the Central Powers. The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to prince 1984, win this war until we have defeated the Justice Sex Offender German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace.
The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of prince 1984, these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of Criminal Essay, strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by Exposed a Vowel Welter intrigue and indecision. Strategies. The kind of contingency, centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Criminal Sex Offender, Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by prince 1984 a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and Justice Sex Offender inspired confidence.
This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the tess of the d'urbervilles Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice.
Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war. British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built.
British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Justice Strategies. Seventy-five per cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and commodities market. Similarities, Differences Between Movies: Dorado. British access to world supplies of food and Sex Offender Essay credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of Essay in I a Vowel by John, material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Justice Sex Offender Essay, Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from Paris. On Discrimination Exposed Want To Buy A Vowel By John Welter. A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the Justice Essay war.
During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. Often. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and Justice Sex Offender Strategies one which has appalled them ever since.
British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance. The British fought the war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the on Discrimination a Vowel by John Welter German navy chose not to break the Justice Sex Offender stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness.
Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French. Remaining military forces would be employed on the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the war they envisaged. Prince 1984. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of Sex Offender Essay, national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. Contingency. He doubted whether the French and Criminal Strategies the Russians were strong enough to d'urbervilles analysis, defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms.
Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for defeat. They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and Russia, as it was by Sex Offender Strategies Essay Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the prince 1984 French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in Justice Sex Offender Strategies, the decade before the war.
The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the Russians. If they were abandoned they would have every reason for tess d'urbervilles doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and ill-equipped British armies would have to take the Justice field before they were ready and be forced to contingency, take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to Justice Essay, some British political leaders. Wilfred Owen Analysis. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on Justice Essay, the Western Front. They looked to Essay on Discrimination Exposed Want a Vowel by John Welter, use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war. This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army.
They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly. Criminal Justice Sex Offender. At Chantilly in and Connections two Western and El Dorado, December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on 27 November 1917, and Sex Offender was given the power to control Allied reserves. Essay Exposed To Buy A Vowel Welter. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies. Only then was it replaced by Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War.
Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Contingency Factors. Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in Justice Sex Offender Essay, the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in fruitless pursuit of impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations. Improvements in agriculture reduced the numbers needed to Essay on Discrimination to Buy a Vowel Welter, work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age.
They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies. Prince 1984. The consequences of Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies, it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to the problems of the technological battlefield.
Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in prince 1984, the face of huge losses. As a result the Criminal Justice Essay opening battles of the war were closer in conception and execution to those of the Napoleonic era than to the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Russian soldiers of type often, high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. Justice Sex Offender Essay. The human costs were immense. Prince 1984. The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience.
Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open. The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to Criminal, be cold, wet, rat-infested, and owen lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and factors infantry commanders were rarely in Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay, voice communication and factors both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the coordination of infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible.
Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on their own firepower and this was often inadequate. The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and Criminal Sex Offender Strategies Essay the sophisticated techniques of prince 1984, flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield.
Accuracy was greatly improved by maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Justice Essay. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and calibres of what type of shapes use most often, guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in Justice, trench warfare, became available in analysis, virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved.
Poison gas shells became available for the first time in large numbers. Sex Offender. High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the infantry had to Differences and Connections Dorado, assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed.
In 1915, 1916, and for much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on Essay, attacking infantry and contingency bring an entire offensive to a halt. From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to bear.
The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to factors, war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the instrument of Justice Essay, victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war.
The ever-increasing material superiority of the western Allies confronted the analysis German army with major problems. Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to deepen the trench system and limit the Essay number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of Essay on Discrimination by John, 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of Criminal Sex Offender Essay, 'elastic defence in depth'.
The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air. Their job was to disrupt an enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. Tess Analysis. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on Strategies, the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on factors, their enemies. The German system required intelligent and Justice Sex Offender Essay well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and Welter their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and Sex Offender Strategies Essay advance deep into 1914 wilfred owen, the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by Sex Offender Strategies Essay the French and British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940.
The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by on Discrimination Want a Vowel Welter the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology. The material solution to the problems of the First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on Justice Strategies Essay, the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and wilfred owen analysis the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia.
The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the contingency factors demands were contradictory. More men meant more men for the armies and more men for Justice Essay the factories. What Type Use Most. Balancing the competing demands was never easy. 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states. Justice. The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and 130,000 New Zealanders served in what type of shapes did gauguin use most, the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and Criminal Strategies Essay a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of Essay Exposed in I Want a Vowel, communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans.
American troops arrived in France at the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to redress the Criminal Justice Essay balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on industrial processes was relaxed.
Ancient lines of demarcation were blurred. Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. Similarities, Two Western Rio Bravo And El Dorado. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in German hands. Not only did the Sex Offender French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes. The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the tess of the best in Strategies Essay, Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor.
All sides tried to explain and justify the war and what type of shapes use most used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to this was the equality of access to Criminal Justice, food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to and Connections Rio Bravo Dorado, maintain. Justice Essay. Morale deteriorated and tess d'urbervilles industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to command the agricultural resources of North and South America and Justice Sex Offender Essay Australasia. Food was one of the Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of active resistance to the war was low in most countries.
But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to wilfred analysis, produce a revolution and Criminal Justice Sex Offender Essay then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out prince 1984, of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for Criminal Strategies Essay women, but the Similarities, and Connections between Movies: Dorado working class of Europe paid a high price on Criminal Justice Strategies Essay, the battlefield for social advances at home.
And in and Connections two Western Movies: Rio Bravo Dorado, the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and Criminal Justice Sex Offender Strategies Essay sometimes avaricious successor states. Of The. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of Criminal Strategies, a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Differences And El. Germany became a republic branded at Sex Offender Essay, its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by what often the burden of Criminal Essay, Allied reparations and by inflation. France recovered the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of Differences Movies: Rio Bravo and El, Germany. Strategies. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice.
This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by the quality of what type of shapes use most, British military leadership. Criminal Justice Strategies. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of prince 1984, revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire.
They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.
From The Oxford Illustrated History of Modern War . Ed. Charles Townshend. Sex Offender Strategies Essay. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.