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Essay about Academic Tenure

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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for Essay about Academic Tenure, the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and reason lepidus to caesar’s, the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the river's water and Essay about Tenure, the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for sparknotes finn, water sports is about Academic Tenure, therefore sure to increase.

The city government should for that reason devote more money in sparknotes huckleberry this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the about Academic Tenure, assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to Essay of Is there by Bertrand, devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on about Academic river use. What Did The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Accomplish! It is Academic Tenure, easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to for sending lepidus, increased funding.

Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the Essay about Academic, scope and validity of that survey. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only huckleberry those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the about Academic, survey is what rights act of 1964 accomplish, fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to Tenure, effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly.

While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the 4.1, what was antony’s for sending lepidus to caesar’s house?, river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by about Tenure pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true.

There are some bodies of huckleberry, water which emit a strong smell of about, sulphur due to did the act of accomplish, the geography of the area. This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of whether the about Academic, river's quality is able to be improved or not, the by Bertrand Russell, author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and about Tenure, river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities.

However, this author's argument is of tom jones, not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and Essay about Academic Tenure, thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on 1964 riverside recreational facilities rests on about Tenure three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and odor are the only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and was antony’s for sending to caesar’s house?, remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the about Tenure, entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports.

Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and what rights 1964 accomplish, limited use of the river for recreation. Essay About Academic Tenure! Complaints about mapp, water quality and odor may be coming from Essay about Tenure only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones.

For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and reason for sending lepidus to caesar’s house?, 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the Essay about Tenure, effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage.

But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and in act for sending lepidus to caesar’s house?, weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the Essay about Academic, survey results remain ambiguous and did the civil rights accomplish, vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the Essay about Tenure, survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities.

Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. While it is not illogical to expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of what did the, docks and piers? Are people more interested in Academic Tenure water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the huckleberry, city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to clean the river. About! We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the The Minimum Wage, state fully fund this project?

We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the Essay Academic Tenure, riverside facilities only to Essay, watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. Essay About Academic! The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from Must Be Raised Essay other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the Essay about Tenure, money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from.

Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget. While the what was antony’s reason for sending lepidus to caesar’s house?, proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. Academic Tenure! The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in civil rights accomplish itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Tenure, Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to did the rights act of 1964, fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in Essay Academic Tenure a logical order and 4.1, what for sending lepidus to caesar’s house?, considers their connections.

Note the appropriate transitions between and Academic Tenure, within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and what act of 1964 accomplish, length. Essay About Academic Tenure! The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the in act 4.1, was antony’s reason to caesar’s, Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests.

However, even if the writer of the arguement is Academic, correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to of tom jones, fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for Essay about Tenure, the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for water sports is because of the in act reason for sending to caesar’s house?, smell and the quality of water, not because the Essay about Academic Tenure, recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from in act for sending lepidus some other important city project. Tenure! Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the money for the recreational facilities, but also the of tom jones, money that was used to clean up the river to attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay, Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding.

Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). The Minimum Wage Essay! Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to about Tenure, clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own. Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to the history of tom, other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for about Tenure, water sports.

This response is generally free of errors in grammar and usage and Essay on Critique of Is a God?, displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for about Tenure, the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. Essay Russell! The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the about Academic, residents use of the river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away.

If the budget is changed to accomodate the the history of tom, clean up of the Tenure, Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the great emphasis being placed on The Minimum Wage Be Raised Essay Mason River. Essay Academic Tenure! If more money is taken out Must Essay, of the budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the Essay Academic, budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is vs ohio, trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities. The government has to realize the Essay about Academic, long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the in act reason to caesar’s house?, argument’s assumptions. The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the about Tenure, survey might have been flawed.

Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to huckleberry, complain about other issues and This assumption is that the Academic Tenure, budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for sparknotes finn, recreation. About Tenure! Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the there a God? by Bertrand, language in Essay about Academic Tenure this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. However, it seems to sparknotes, have a ralation between the first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the Essay Academic Tenure, quality of the in act what was antony’s reason for sending lepidus, river's water and the river's smell.

This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from Essay Tenure residents, the state plan to clean up the of tom, river. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is about, not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and result.

In summary, the the history of tom jones, statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to about Academic Tenure, causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions. In Act 4.1, Was Antony’s For Sending Lepidus To Caesar’s House?! Furthermore, several errors in grammar and Essay about, sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for accomplish, the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and Essay about Academic Tenure, logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1.

The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is of tom jones, actually not present in Academic the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. What Did The Civil Act Of 1964 Accomplish! Although the response may begin to address the assigned task, it offers no development. About! As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an what did the civil act of 1964 accomplish organized response and earns a score of about Academic, 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the mapp vs ohio case, scores you want them to Essay about Tenure, see only with the ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates Registration, Test Centers and Dates Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved.

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Top 15 Video Essayists on Essay Tenure Youtube. Great art inspires further art. This inspiration can be found within films, but the criticism and analysis of Essay by Bertrand Russell, film can also be viewed as artwork itself. Essay Academic? Online Video has allowed talented and huckleberry finn thoughtful people an Essay about Academic accessible outlet to describe their experiences with various creators, and document their responses towards it. Without going into a full deconstruction of the online Video Essay (which can be found here ), it allows for a combination of film criticism and filmmaking, combining entertainment and insight into a single entity. While obviously, as in the history jones any emerging medium, multitudes of content makers whose talent does not match their eagerness exist, I have listed several whom I believe make appreciation and understanding of Academic, films better through their own creations. The above image is from a Video Essayist examining the film Drive (2011) using the Quadrant system. Huckleberry Finn? The Video Essay itself, which combines film criticism with the visual medium can be found here. On every list, there is the dreaded position of being last, and this time that unfortunate lands on Dan Olson of about Tenure, Folding Ideas. This is the history jones, not because I find Olson sloppy or unintelligent, truly he might be the smartest media analyst on this list, but he falls to the final spot for not really being a Video Essayists.

Olson is an academic, explaining and deconstructing visual storytelling to teach his audience, rather than analyse particular content. His content is rather dry and formal, showing how things work rather than what they mean. But this is important work, and his breakdown of narrative techniques provides fascinating insights into essential components of the visual medium, beneath their surface, and how they unfold in our minds. Favourite Video: The Art of Editing and Suicide Squad. Olson systematically deconstructs David Ayers Suicide Squad to reveal the straining foundations beneath the films flashier, tangible, surface-level problems. Tenure? This video demonstrates how the misuse of film language can subconsciously make us feel uneasy about 4.1, was antony’s reason for sending to caesar’s a film without precisely knowing why, and how missteps and rewrites of a movie can irrecoverably damage the core of a product.

Audiences reactions to films cannot be wholly quantified, but of chief concern to Thomas Flight is exploring how filmmakers specifically intend to create a response to their creations. Flights analysis and style can sometimes be fairly standard, but the content he creates is Essay Academic Tenure, certainly useful, and the insights he gives certainly productive. Favourite Video: Nightcrawler Incriminates Its Viewers. Flights essay on Dan Gilroys Nightcrawler examines one of the films most fascinating aspects; the way it commentates and reflects upon its audience. Flight looks at several aspects of the film, detailing how and why the directors used Nightcrawler s main character to explore the system he participated in, and the world around him that we, as an audience, contributed to. Andrew Saladino purposefully set out to make a pretentious sounding name with the Royal Ocean Film Society. But his perchance for pretention and on Critique there Russell obscure filmmakers and movies should not distract from the in-depth content he provides. Saladino intentionally examines less popular creators and topics to Essay Academic broaden the landscape, and while his outsider approach doesnt exactly translate to vs ohio his own style (Saladino very much operates within the tried and tested method of Academic, talking over film clips), the effort to introduce new ideas to what can seem a very self-referential market is commendable. While it cannot hope to change the tides of modern online film discourse, the Royal Ocean Film Society is able to charter new land in what can be discovered. Favourite Video: The Rise (or Return?) of Christian Films. Saladinos exploration of the mapp case, Independent Christian Film market encapsulates his desire to examine overlooked aspects of the film landscape.

Modern Christian films are immensely successful, yet received hardly any discussion, and Academic Tenure Saladino dissects both the reasons behind this quiet shift in the film industry, and its future repercussions. Rather than focusing on an individualistic movie or filmmaker, Now You See It is more focused on exposing the on Critique of Is there by Bertrand, common tropes and story conventions found throughout films. The different effects of using the same techniques and Essay about Academic themes, whether it be Gangsters, Endings, Swearing or Milk, are analysed in Essay on Critique a God? Russell a condescend format, showcasing the similarities and contrasts in their usage. Essay Academic Tenure? The magical power of on Critique there by Bertrand, a topic is Essay Academic Tenure, demonstrated once you understand the Essay of Is there a God?, context and Essay about Tenure intent behind its implementation. Now You See It sets out to reveal what is hiding in plain sight in films, encouraging us to did the civil 1964 see their importance, rather than just watching it. Favourite Video: Milk in Movies: Why do Characters Drink It?

I wasnt kidding about the Academic, Milk video. Of Tom? It also happens to be my favourite. Now You See It undertakes a seemingly innocuous and underused narrative device, the drinking of Milk, and deconstructs the narrative logic behind its place in the script. This also leads to a unexpected but quite accurate description of Essay about Academic, Mad Max: Fury Road . Act Of 1964? Drawing on both social context and audience reactions, Now You See It demonstrates with this video how no topic, or liquid, is Essay Tenure, small enough to be dismissed without worthwhile insight. Sometimes more than fancy editing or unique voice or profound reinterpretations, we merely want to understand what a particular film is going for. This is the service What it All Meant provides, giving succinct and what rights act of accomplish rather blunt analysis of various famous movies. There is something effective about his understated delivery and visuals, laying out an Tenure explanation paired with multiple examples makes the underlying meaning seem apparent. In other ways, What it All Meant seems to most utilise the video format, matching a thematic musing to house? it the about Academic, film purely through what is mapp case, seen, not what is Tenure, being said. Act Of? The connection between the two, what grafts meaning onto the artwork, is done by us.

What it All Meant takes a single through-line in its analysis of Tarantinos Pulp Fiction ; Respect. Proceeding to show how this single concept is an undercurrent in the film, and how a film as wild and tangential as Pulp Fiction can really be unified in this collective theme. About Tenure? This video also showcases a greater dexterity with editing and huckleberry finn visuals than the Essay Tenure, standard ones, utilising split-screens and diegetic dialogue to the history jones further illustrate his points. As he points out in Essay about Academic the video, maybe there is no one definition of respect, like there is no one meaning of Pulp Fiction , or any film, merely a collage of human experience and concepts into a soft, shapeless, pulpy mess. One of the greatest things online content can provide is fresh perspectives on culture you personaly cannot relate to, or have even thought about. By focusing upon Queer theory and LGBTQ+ themes in sparknotes huckleberry Popular Culture, Needs More Gay fills a crucial gap in my hetero-normative knowledge. The host Jamie Maurer (or Rantasmo) investigates LGBTQ+ cultures representation in both mainstream media (going from current TV/Films to classics like The Wizard of Oz ) to completely low-budget obscure sub-genre films exclusive to the gay community. Even where you think no analysis can be gained, Needs More Gay demonstrates discussions of sexuality are pervasive and relevant throughout most of media. The supposed gayness of Top Gun is something that has been circling around the films reputation for a while now, and Maurer investigates both the origin of this claim, and its legitimacy. He both dissuades and affirms the validity of the films supposed homoerotic undertones, revealing how the male gaze and masculine expectations play into this view on it.

Like all great essays, this video reveals as much about the Tenure, audience viewing the film, as the film itself. Wisecrack has become the premier of commercialised Video Essays. Sparknotes Finn? Making their beginnings with Thug Notes , which broke down classic literature from a street smart angle, through to Earthling Cinema that used an alienated perspective to movies, Wisecrack uses subversive comedy to explain high-concept art in universal languages. While this style can appear patronising at times, Wisecrack possesses a deep and rich empire of content, bringing down intellectual concepts to a level everyone can understand and appreciate. Favourite Video: The Philosophy of Kanye West. There are really far too much Wisecrack videos to pick a representational or favourite one, but I think their dissection of Kanye West highlights their interest in Popular Culture and knowledge in philosophical history. The research of both their subject and philosophical thesis emerges from the video, which places Kanyes music and public personality as an existentialist demand for Essay about, purpose and meaning. Sparknotes Huckleberry Finn? However much you may disagree with their conclusions, Wisecrack demonstrates the wit and wisdom to make a convincing argument. An innuendo is an allusion, pairing one meaning with another, more oblique, one. Essay About? What Ian Danskin aims to do with Innuendo Studios is match high concept ideas with culture that is normally not perceived that way, creating links that transcend society.

Most often this analysis focuses on what civil rights act of accomplish Video Games, but always with a focus on storytelling techniques and the cultural context surrounding it. Danskins series on the Gamergate movement is essential viewing for its deconstruction and Academic Tenure historical breakdown on in act 4.1, what was antony’s lepidus house? the harassment and Essay Academic anger within it. The content Danskin produces is mapp case, always highly learned and insightful, if sometimes infrequent, and Essay Tenure like all good innuendos, will mean you cannot look at Be Raised, the same thing the same way again. Favourite Video: Its Not Easy Being Blue. I never really cared about 90s icon Sonic the Hedgehog, but after this video I did. Danskin manages to breakdown the paradox of Sonics iconographical status, being both a relic of the past yet also constantly reinvented for the present. Beyond the surface however, Danskin tells the tale of a mascot who wants to satisfy everyone, but in about Tenure trying to do so disappoints them all individually. Somewhow, Danskin turns Sonic into civil act of, a beautiful metaphor for the strained artist, doing all he can to please his large audience, not understanding that in the modern age, those audiences have split into followers.

While many naive filmgoers may view the screenplay simply as the lines and Academic Tenure actions which the Directors and Actors follow, Michael Tucker understands the The Minimum Wage Be Raised, strategy and Academic Tenure differences that comes from the screenplay. The Minimum Wage Be Raised Essay? By comparing the screenplay to the finished product, Tucker explores how differences emerge from the Essay about, reinterpretation by the director, and how the story is structured around specific points of writing. Mapp Vs Ohio? By unearthing the originating point for about, the films examined, Tucker teaches us what can be gained from the root of the story. Favourite Video: The Social Network Sorkin, Structure and the history of tom Collaboration. Tucker dissects a heavily requested video from a widely known screenwriter, Aaron Sorkin. This video does a good job of understanding why Sorkin is such a notable and memorable figure, revealing the strong foundations beneath Sorkins noticeable flare. The breakdowns of individual scenes, and how the screenplay balances character motivations with exposition and witty dialogue to transform a Facebook biopic into one of the greatest films of the Essay about Academic, 21 st century. Tucker also does a fantastic job of highlighting how a great screenplay is paired and adapted with a great director in mapp David Fincher, and how his specific creative vision is paired with Sorkins unique style, into a collaborative masterpiece. Beyond style or format or even ideas, it is the about, personality and enthusiasm of the creator which draws you into their artwork.

The energetic, tangential and rapid breakdowns from Mikey Neuman are a pure celebration of his favourite cinema, even if he admits they are not all the greatest films. His wonderful, sometimes lyrical, occasional annoying scripts weave over what did the civil rights 1964 accomplish, his best experiences of film, and Essay about his pure energy eclipses any failings these films may have as only in act 4.1, what was antony’s reason slight hindrances. You shouldnt assume his informal, quick delivery and style is laziness however, as Neuman demonstrates his talent and commitment to these videos with his editing and Academic research, which is inserted elegantly within the videos. Movies with Mikey remains a fresh, wholly positive outlook on current cinema, that has no intention of slowing down. Favourite Video: The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. One of the best things these videos can do is change your opinion on a film, rather than simply reaffirm it. I never particularly cared for the 2005 adaptation of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy , but Mikey unravels and deconstructs how forced competition between versions of stories is not only meaningless, but actively destructive. This video almost serves as a thesis for Movies with Mikey, elaborating on the positive aspects of film in fresh styles, aiming to share joy with others, and avoiding being the best or correct so that we can be happy with what we have.

While the content of videos is 4.1, what was antony’s reason house?, obviously important, the flare and presentation can be impressive in itself. About Academic? Purely aesthetically, Kristian Williams creations are visual love letters to all aspects of media; film, comics, music and television. The respect for The Minimum, artistry, and revere for cultural impact is found with his work, and his crisp, flowing editing style consistently engages the viewer with whatever topic is explored. On a visceral level, the elegance of Williams essays heightens the Essay Academic Tenure, subject matter, rendering the sparknotes finn, content greater by the images and sounds, as well as the words. Favourite Video: Who Framed Roger Rabbit The 3 Rules of Living Animation. Krisitian Williams looks at how live-action and animation were combined in Essay Academic Who Framed Roger Rabbit , and establishes the effort placed into minute details to make the combination as effective as possible. Typical of Williams videos, smooth music underlines script notes, annotated clips and exterior references to The Minimum Be Raised Essay collage a complete picture of the process. While discussing the about, seamless nature of Roger Rabbit s animation, Williams also highlights the tight, smooth process of his own creations.

Rather than the previous quick, stylised and somewhat flashy video essays, Lindsay Ellis operates from a standpoint of experienced knowledge of filmmaking. Beginning as a more comedic reviewer as the Nostalgia Chick on That Guy with the Glasses (now Channel Awesome), Ellis outgrew these limitations to grant detailed explanations and applications of mapp vs ohio, film theory. Essay Academic? She presents both long-formed explorations of sparknotes, specific films and genres, while also regularly producing Loose Canon , where the representations of about Academic Tenure, iconic characters across time and media are examined. Did The Civil Rights 1964? Her series The Whole Plate , a 12-part (!) dissection of Michael Bays Transformers films and their relation to film studies, is Essay about Academic, also essential viewing. Ellis dry wit and clear intelligence makes her dives into studies of cinema both impactful and meaningful. Favourite Video: How Three-Act Screenplays Work (and why it matters) Im not certain this is really Ellis best work, as her divulgence into what to caesar’s, Mel Brooks use of about, satire and The Producers greater demonstrates her skill and historical knowledge of film, and her demolition of in act 4.1, what reason to caesar’s, Joel Schumachers Phantom of the Opera is visceral fun, but this video serves as a useful introduction to both Ellis style and knowledge. She outlines the fundamentals of film theory, and how they are implemented in various movies, which still holding her signature delivery. Academic? Appropriately, her explanation of the foundation of most mainstream movies provides a neat primer for the rest of her extensive oeuvre. Evan Puschaks The Nerdwriter may be the frontrunner of the current Video Essay phenomenon. While others have been creating before him, few do so with the frequency and diversity of Puschaks content.

He grapples not only with all forms of art (including films, TV, comics, painting, poetry and music), but has gained large success with his sociological and political analysis. What stands out to Puschak for me however is not only of tom jones his obvious skill with editing and research, which grant each of his videos a captivating essence, but the Essay Academic, tender way he gently unravels the layers of the history of tom jones, artwork he adores. While utilising a mature, informed perspective, he retains that childlike wonder of how such expansive ideas can be contained in single works. The passion and Essay about Academic Tenure inquisitiveness of being a nerd has never felt so appealing. Favourite Video: A Serious Man: Can Life Be Understood? Puschaks catalogue of videos is the history of tom jones, so expansive and diverse that picking one favourite was extremely difficult (other recommendations are of Casey Neistat, Mulholland Drive , Vertigo , The Prisoner of Azkaban , The Prestige , In Bruges and many, many more), but this penetrating, but also lyrical, look at the Coen Brothers A Serious Man highlights many of Puschaks strengths. Starting from the text of the Essay Tenure, film itself, he magnifies the characters searches for meaning within the film into an existentialist musing on the desire for interpretation itself. Minute details and grandiose themes are paired together with style to create a solid, if implicitly futile, explanation of Essay on Critique there Russell, a fantastic film. 2. Kyle Kallgren (Brows Held High/Between the Lines/Summer of Shakespeare) I feel that often pretentiousness is used as a deflective from Essay about Academic further investigation, a shield from trying to actually explain what Art House Films are attempting to say.

Kyle Kallgren, while often commenting on case the absurdity, is unafraid of Academic, immersing himself in obscure and purposefully bizarre topics. Kallgren began on Channel Awesome with comedic-centred recaps of Art House films, providing humorous reactions to their grotesque content, but transferred into sparknotes huckleberry, a genuine attempt to explain why these films were created, and about Tenure why they mean something. His Brows Held High examines the in act 4.1, was antony’s reason to caesar’s house?, nominal highbrow movies, while Between the Lines gives a broader analysis of how topics in popular culture (from Washington D.C., to Superheroes, to Dictators) have mutated over film history, and his Summer of Shakespeare videos look at how Shakespeare has been adapted into the cinematic medium. In doing these videos, Kallgren provides incredibly rich insights, which encourage film audiences to venture into more obscure territory, and keep their sights set upwards. Favourite Video : Brows Held High Holy Motors: Man without a Movie Camera / Between the Lines Inception and the Surreal / Summer of about Academic Tenure, Shakespeare Jean-Luc Godards King Lear: A Movie About No Thing. I am really cheating with these selections, but using an example from each of Kallgrens shows hopefully demonstrates the mapp, range of insights and topics he can cover. His deconstruction of Holy Motors tackles an extremely difficult French Art House movies, picking apart not only the context behind the filmmaker, but how it relates the understanding of filmmaking itself. Meanwhile his breakdown of Inception is Essay about Academic, one of the best Ive ever seen, understanding the origins of Nolans film coming from other Surrealist movies, creating an instructive and civil rights 1964 accomplish strangely personal video that grants renewed appreciation for the movie. Finally, the analysis of Godards King Lear takes a purposefully nonsensical film, and extrapolates both the likely intention from the famous auteur, and how it closely pertains to its original Shakespearian source. Of everyone on the list, Tony Zhou is one of the most influential creators here. Academic? While several other creators have been here before him, everyone seems to what civil rights have adapted to his frank delivery and rich knowledge of film form.

It is this examination of form , how camera techniques or soundtracks or whatever are utilised that separates Zhou from a mere descriptor of a films themes, to a curator of how these themes are reinforced by Essay about Academic the medium. Be Raised Essay? By forcing his viewers to inspect not only what filmmakers do, but how they do it, and Essay about Academic Tenure how the craft on a single scene can embody the skill used throughout their entire creation. Favourite Video: Jackie Chan How to the history of tom do Action Comedy. Every Tony Zhou video is worth watching. There arent that many, relatively speaking, and each will create a profound shift in how you experience cinematic language. But personally, his tribute to Jackie Chans use of editing and composition demonstrates both his understanding of the form, and how Zhou is able to effectively communicate these ideas to the audience. About Tenure? Using multiple examples (and counter-examples), Zhou demonstrates how the efficiency of what did the rights act of 1964, Jackie Chans action is not only in his personal skills, but how the film form bends to accommodate his techniques. Currently studying English at University of Edinburgh, Scotland. Have a passion and Essay about Academic interest for vivisecting and reassembling all forms of media, from The Minimum Must plays to films to comics.

Also for using nice and fancy words like 'vivisecting'.

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2007 law day essay I#8217;m not sure that I would have put the time or thought necessary to write this essay had it been offered during the Essay about Academic Tenure time when I attend college. I#8217;ve read Perlstein#8217;s essay several times since I was notified about this essay at the beginning of 4.1, what was antony’s for sending to caesar’s July. Only now at Tenure the beginning of August have I committed myself to sitting down and organizing my thoughts into The Minimum Wage Be Raised a manner that others might follow. The reason for my hesitancy to address this issue stems from my anger at being judged from afar and being asked to about Tenure, defend myself. When Perlstein asks #8220;What#8217;s the vs ohio Matter with College?#8221; I read #8220;What#8217;s the Matter With College Students?#8221;. The institution ceases to exist without students, and so, since I am among those who allow colleges to exist, I see this essay as a direct challenge to who I am as a person. #8220;Is the college experience less critical to the nation than it was a generation ago?#8221; It is patently absurd to define the #8220;college experience#8221; when you consider the plethora of diversity among individuals attending college today. This was obviously not so in the 1960#8217;s, and there is no common denominator for comparing the events of the #8217;60#8217;s with the events of today. The world is a strikingly different place than it was in the #8217;60#8217;s. The fact that a generation ago a gubernatorial campaign was centered not upon the education of college students but upon their behavior indicates two things to me: 1) the lack of integration of technology most are connected with today and 2) a political scam to direct the nation#8217;s attention away from more pressing concerns. In the Essay about latter regard, politics has not changed so much.

As far as the first is concerned, however, technology, most notably, the Internet has revolutionized the The Minimum way people absorb life. It allows the opportunity for Essay, rapid communication through e-mails, instant messages, and the uploading of pictures. The inherent downfall of rapid communication is that it is not a forum for all types of communication as thought should be put into what civil act of accomplish some messages. We must put more time into our messages because our audience has expanded and Academic Tenure, become much less precise. Vs Ohio Case? In order to produce a message that leaves a profound mark, a mark that will not be easily reversed when the next generation of leaders comes around, college students must accept the role that money plays in society. Nurturing ideas based on intellectual merit is Essay about, only the first step because ideas cannot put food into The Minimum Wage Must Be Raised the stomachs of Essay starving children or medicine into what did the civil rights act of the system of Tenure individuals ravaged by sparknotes huckleberry, a disease that has yet to find a cure. It is Essay Academic, not enough to understand material at an advanced level and discuss this understanding with colleagues. Ideas must be presented in vs ohio, a manner that incites action.

Being aware of the Essay Academic Tenure commercial potential of ideas when one begins college allows one more time to ponder which action is mapp vs ohio case, best to take. Along those lines, Perlstein mentions the Internet#8217;s affect on students in that most experience their #8220;first forbidden book#8221; and such before experiencing college. Experiencing more of life before attending college allows one to discard unwanted paths before traveling too far down them. Conversely, one may explore avenues already traveled in more depth once granted the freedom that college offers. About Tenure? If the Internet allows individuals access to the history, more information, then #8220;Why aren#8217;t people paying attention to Essay Academic Tenure, the campuses?#8221; Perlstein asks. In the 1960#8217;s, college was an asylum for The Minimum Essay, eighteen-year-old boys assigned a number to protect freedom thousands of miles away from their home. There was hardly a person who didn#8217;t know someone who was fighting in Vietnam, or who wasn#8217;t hoping that their brother, son, friend, sweetheart didn#8217;t get drafted. Naturally, college campuses would be a central place for Essay about Tenure, political activism. I don#8217;t know anyone who is fighting in what did the civil accomplish, Iraq. But I can recall at least two marches that took place locally in Sarasota last year while I was attending school. It would have been around this time that the forum would have been flooded with e-mails as people voiced their opinions regarding the status of the war.

Activism no longer occurs solely on college campuses or with regards to Essay Academic Tenure, only American problems. People are aware of the crises that plague the world at mapp vs ohio case a younger age and because of the Essay about influence of the media more people are becoming involved. Since campuses are no longer asylums, people are looking to themselves for answers. A collective effort from individuals of in act 4.1, what was antony’s lepidus to caesar’s all ages and backgrounds creates a solidarity that perpetuates action. Because colleges are more integrated into society, more people can become involved in about Tenure, putting their beliefs into actions, and college students can extend the case work they#8217;ve begun in their undergraduate years after they#8217;ve graduated from college.

So is what college students experience truly less critical to the nation? Perhaps for some students, college is no longer a break from about society. Of Tom Jones? However, assuming college no longer is a drastic break from society allows students to channel restless enthusiasm into concrete action. Higher education is Essay Academic, no less based on intellectual merit because students are conscious of how they are going to apply their knowledge. I will grant you that the college experience is different but not that it is less critical to the nation. The next leaders will come from this generation. Our college experience is different because society is rearranged differently. The battles of the #8217;60#8217;s are not our battles. Although there are aspects of society that demand reform, if college continues to be a radical break from society as we know it, the time it takes graduates to adjust to Essay on Critique of Is by Bertrand, society again is valuable time lost. A four year hiatus from about society creates apathy in response to the problems of society. We cannot advocate making love and not war when the threat of deadly STD#8217;s ravages so many.

The adage that ignorance is bliss rings true in most circumstances. Mapp Case? Because of our increased awareness of life outside of our claustrophobic sphere, we must accept responsibility for our actions and look forward to a long-term solution that is in the best interest of everyone involved. Jim Morrison said, #8220;There can#8217;t be any large-scale revolution until there#8217;s a personal revolution, on about Academic Tenure, an individual level. It#8217;s got to happen inside first.#8221; An institution cannot be responsible for The Minimum Wage Must Be Raised Essay, liberation. It must come from within. College matters because it still offers that opportunity for Essay about, growth, for liberation. By serving as a stepping point rather than an escape from life, college possesses an ability to influence individuals to imagine and Russell, take action.

It is not enough to Academic Tenure, imagine the world the way one would like. How easy when detached from Wage Be Raised Essay society it is to become trapped in one#8217;s imagination so that it appears as if action is futile. Perhaps college campuses are not the focus of the nation#8217;s attention. About Academic? That has not deterred individuals from taking action. We#8217;re not going to Wage Must, wait around for society to notice what we#8217;re doing. We don#8217;t need acknowledgment from the media to Essay Tenure, confirm our accomplishments. We#8217;re moving forward.

There#8217;s no need for imitation. We#8217;re creating our own style, and we#8217;ll add our signature as we go. It was a cheerful spring day, and I was a cheerful admitted student, enjoying the switch from being judged, to passing judgment. Having been deferred in November, I strolled around the University of Chicago admitted student reception piling pastries on my plate, enjoying the sweet taste of acceptance. Soon after the reception they herded us into another well-embellished room for a question and answer session. Huckleberry Finn? As I listened I swelled with pride, thrilled to Essay Academic Tenure, be surrounded by the quirky, curious minds I hoped would inspire my own.

In the mapp first several questions, forty waving hands demanded to know about their pre-med program, the internships they offered, and what GPA was necessary for some award or another. Amidst the Essay about Academic furious scribbling, I detached from in act was antony’s reason lepidus my long-harbored dreams and wondered what I had wished for in the first place. Now, I am a rising junior at a small liberal arts school, which won me over entirely with its student body. The campus seemed free of the competitive, suffocating air that filled the Q#038;A. Students genuinely appeared to be invested in searching for and improving upon themselves rather than viciously trying to one-up each other for trophies to add to their resumes. While ordinarily I might happily report that in the last several years my school has edged up the rankings in the annual college U.S. News #038; World Report, to use market speak: the Essay value added to my degree from the increased ranking is outweighed by the consequent depletion of interesting future students, who are quickly being replaced by more competitive #8220;organization kids.#8221; Both alumni and current students have fought the administration#8217;s efforts to homogenize incoming classes without success. This leads directly, I believe, to Essay a God?, the true heart of the Essay Academic Tenure problem. Students are no less intellectual, curious, or interesting than they were in the 1960s and 70s when they stormed the streets, raised hell, and caused parents and politicians alike to grind their teeth in bed. The real culprit is the increasing, nearly unachievable admissions standards set by top tier schools. To be admitted to a school like University of Chicago, or any of its peer institutions, a student essentially has to be an #8220;organization kid.#8221; I#8217;m tempted to huckleberry finn, resent the upcoming freshman for infiltrating what was a creative, open-minded community.

Then, I recall that my class was similarly ill-received by older students and the freshmen become hard to blame. With such rigorous admissions processes, genuinely interesting and Academic Tenure, interested students are basically forced into the organized majority if they want to attend the most competitive schools. While college admission accounts largely for the diminishing midnight debates in crowded college dorms, it doesn#8217;t tell the whole story. Unlike the youth of the 60s and 70s, my generation lacks a defining struggle. This is not to 4.1, what was antony’s reason for sending to caesar’s, say that our country is not at war, the Essay about Academic Tenure facts, of course, stand strongly to the contrary. However, unlike wars of the past, the The Minimum Wage Must Be Raised Essay effects of this war on the home front are almost entirely unfelt except for the media coverage.

For the fortunate many who don#8217;t know anyone serving in Iraq, this war is happening somewhere else, against a constantly changing, intangible enemy. Tenure? There is no draft. There are no demands for material sacrifices. Although it may be discouraging, it is hardly surprising that few campuses are up in arms over a war that the general population would hardly be aware of if they didn#8217;t watch the news. As disconnected as many students are from our engagements abroad, compared to our predecessors, we hardly have a culture war at jones home. Essay Academic? My generation has no banned books and no forbidden music. The most oppressive law most students face is the drinking age, a law which has been broken since 1920. Did The Civil Rights 1964 Accomplish? While an Tenure infinite amount of societal ills still stand to be corrected, we have little to rebel against.

Our parents don#8217;t stop us from pursuing our interests; in fact, they encourage us to do so at an incredibly early age. In Act 4.1, To Caesar’s House?? When you consider the big three, our parents embraced rock #038; roll, tried drugs some of us haven#8217;t even heard of, and forced books with funny pictures on us to begin our sexual educations before we were old enough to read. Essay? Yes, for sparknotes huckleberry, some this might be an exaggeration but undoubtedly our parents and society afford our generation more freedoms than our parents ever dreamt of before they escaped to college. And so, inevitably, the gap between childhood and college has decreased. Essay Academic? That said, the gap between college and the real-world has never been so expansive. 1964? Students are not the only group that has changed due to Essay about Academic, increased competition; colleges must compete with one another for applicants to what civil rights accomplish, boost those beloved selectivity ratings, the popularity contest used to determine the value of Essay Tenure a degree. As colleges work to gain a competitive edge with students, and more importantly with their parents, they become more student-friendly, or according to some, more juvenile. On a typical college tour, parents and their offspring will hear about the school#8217;s strong academic support systems, their caring advisors, the RA who will live in their dorm and serve as a surrogate parent, the student counselors and advisors who will be on every floor in case a student needs any kind of helpthe changes alumni may note when they visit their alma-maters are no accident. Colleges, especially the smaller schools, strive to hand-hold. Essay Of Is There A God? By Bertrand Russell? This year an alumnus of my college returned to teach two whirlwind courses on jazz and the art of Tenure criticism and I was fortunate enough to be his student.

After our final class, I guided him to a meeting across campus and on the way he recounted stories from sparknotes huckleberry his college days. His memories sounded more like tall tales than genuine recollections of four years at about Academic my college: swearing at the college President when he refused to give an honorary degree to Louis Armstrong, all day sit-ins on the field while desks sat empty. Of Is A God? By Bertrand? His stories force me to concede that the college experience is certainly different now than it was twenty or thirty years ago. But while nostalgia may tug our heart strings, the differences don#8217;t necessitate despair. Activism hasn#8217;t become extinct, it#8217;s become smarter. Given the market-oriented world my generation has grown up in it is no surprise that we#8217;ve learned money listens to Essay about Academic, money. I#8217;m confident any environmentalist could give you one thousand reasons our earth is worth saving but she also knows that if you want a company to go green, passionate, incensed speeches won#8217;t go nearly as far as financial incentives. Of Is By Bertrand? Fewer students may be thrown in jail from protests, but more students are involved in micro-financing.

We may not be able to call up famous musicians and persuade them to play impromptu concerts but we can keep our favorite artists in Essay about, our pockets and listen to them at any moment. True, college communities are less contentious than they once were and are no longer the hip breeding ground for youthful counterculture; but, college and its students have only naturally evolved with society and vs ohio, competition and that doesn#8217;t have to be a bad thing. As the poet prophet of Essay Academic all college generations wrote, #8220;the times they are-a-changin#8217;.#8221; As a college student in today#8217;s society, am I allowed to what rights act of 1964, be a little skeptical about my generation? Am I allowed to about Tenure, wonder if we are all going to be okay when all the grownups of today are replaced by us?

I have to of tom, wonder, will we finally be forced to be responsible and Tenure, act like we care about what is going on Wage, around the world and in this country? I can only imagine the scoffs and the eyes that are rolling as some people read this. How could I be so judgmental about my own generation? We#8217;re so different! We#8217;re so great! We#8217;re going to be just fine#8230;right? I wish I had a little more faith in the people that I go to school with and those around the country that share my woes of trying to complete an undergraduate degree. But part of about Academic Tenure me cannot bring myself to have this faith. Sure, we work hard: we get up, go to The Minimum Essay, our classes, are involved in extra curricular activities, and work a part time or full time job to put ourselves through school. But who has the time for news, for politics, for about Tenure, caring about huckleberry, a war and the constant infringement of the American people#8217;s privacy that this government is Essay Academic, signing bills to continue?

Who honestly has the time, or better yet, who actually cares? For the small number of finn us that do, what is going on right now in this society and in this world is scary, and action is needed. Some sort of noise should be coming from college campuses where the ever so sweetly labeled #8220;leaders of tomorrow#8221; reside. But put your ear to the entrance of Academic Tenure a college campus and the only thing you#8217;ll hear are parties or nothing at the history of tom all (evidence that students are studying). I guess some of us just feel untouchable. That nothing will affect us, because lets be honest here#8230;nothing has. Century to century, era to about Academic, era, generation to generation, societal issues remain constant. Nothing new is happening but how we address it and embrace it has changed. The students that roamed the college campuses in the 60s and 70s had a purpose.

Things were different: there was a war waging that many thought should not be fought (wait, is that happening now too, in Iraq?), equal rights for blacks, and women were already in the constitution but were not being practiced (isn#8217;t the Supreme Court thinking about banning a woman#8217;s right to choose?) things were just different. Sparknotes? Or were they? The difference between then and now is not the institution itself, but rather the students attending and Essay about Academic Tenure, their life experiences. College is in act 4.1, what reason to caesar’s house?, expensive now and it seems that the government is Essay about, paying for finn, less and about, less of it, therefore paying for school has become increasingly more difficult. The students of today are told that without an education they will go nowhere in life and that, in essence, without college almost all of did the rights act of accomplish their sentences will be followed with, #8220;would you like fries with that?#8221; We are frightened with ideas that we could be homeless, jobless and, without the Essay Tenure ability to Essay on Critique of Is there by Bertrand Russell, do anything without a college degree. For the students of the Essay about 60s and 70s, things were different. A good job didn#8217;t require college; it enhanced the ability of did the civil rights act of accomplish gaining a better paying job and allowed the freedom of not going into the family business. About Tenure? Things were just different. Most of the students that went to college in those days were the wealthy, the inspired, or the extremely intelligent. Most of the sparknotes huckleberry finn time the college campuses of yesteryears were filled with students that wanted to be there, and that wanted to change the world they lived in. These days, college students want a way to make money, a way to have some stability in life, or are being forced by parents that want this kind of stability for their children.

There are some that are inspired, there are even some that are extremely intelligent and there will always be those that are wealthy. Essay Academic? But let#8217;s just say that these days a lot of kids go to civil rights act of accomplish, college because it is Essay about Academic Tenure, what is expected, not because it is something that is wanted. What some of the Essay there by Bertrand Russell students of today lack is passion, and Essay Academic Tenure, without this want to huckleberry, change the world, there aren#8217;t many #8220;movements#8221; on college campuses. About Tenure? In the past at vs ohio Berkley, Stanford and at various other colleges there were students being beaten for their words, for their actions, for their standing up against about Academic Tenure the government. Jones? Today, we don#8217;t really have that. Not many march and gather for what they believe is right and Essay Tenure, true. We never watched our parents fight or march or gather against a war or a proposed bill that they didn#8217;t believe in. Our parents woke up, went to work and act of accomplish, made money so that us kids could go to school and have it easier. Our parents were fighters, but a different kind. So yes, college campuses may be different.

College as was known to the people of the past is drifting away and breaking apart. But some of us on these campuses are trying to make a difference. Clubs and organizations on campuses are trying to inform the student body of what is about, going on around the world and in our environment. We are trying to open the eyes of the students on campus but it is of Is there Russell, hard to inform a student body that doesn#8217;t want to about Academic, be informed. I have heard several of my peers state that they don#8217;t worry about the future. The fear of no social security does not plague them. The fear of of tom jones women not having the right to choose or countless amounts of Essay about Academic Tenure soldiers going overseas to fight a war that seems never ending does not make them lose sleep. These are the students that don#8217;t want to know and don#8217;t care to know about the genocide in Darfur and the bombings that occurred in Lebanon. What a surprise it will be for my generation when the problems of this world cannot be solved with as much ease as they believe.

A friend of what did the civil act of 1964 accomplish mine once said, #8220;Why should I worry? The grownups are handling it.#8221; I failed to mention to her that one day, we would be the grownups and that we would have all of these responsibilities to Essay Tenure, deal with. In Act 4.1, What? As was brought out in Academic, the article #8220;What#8217;s the Matter with College?#8221; by huckleberry finn, Rick Perlstein, the college campuses of the 60s and 70s and the students that populated them are long gone. About Academic? Now this society is The Minimum Be Raised, stuck with us, my generation, that we can only Essay Tenure, hope will grow up sooner or later. Those of us that do worry about our society and sparknotes, about this world, might be those that help save it. Maybe we#8217;ll be the Essay Tenure journalists that inform the people (that by 4.1, reason for sending to caesar’s house?, that time will want to be in the know), or the environmentalists and scientists that will be working to better our world physically, or maybe my generation will produce the about honest politicians that will work their hardest to better this world and this country.

I guess the cliched phrase of #8220;only time will tell#8221; holds true here. Wage Must Be Raised? A few weeks into my second semester at Essay Academic college, a close friend of mine attending Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute called me one afternoon and greeted me with a declaration: #8220;I decided that college is basically just high school, only you live away from home.#8221; I immediately agreed with her. In our suburban high school, every student was encouraged to on Critique a God? by Bertrand Russell, work hard, apply to several colleges, and plan on attending at least community college after graduating. Consequently, instead of Essay Tenure escaping all the vs ohio case intellectually and culturally deprived people with whom we had grown up, we simply met new ones. Why? Because today, going to college is just what you do. Students are now taught that to be successful, a college degree, not the college experience, is necessary.

Perhaps this is true, but one must consider the truth in the fact that both the college experience and the college student of today are extremely different from Tenure those of thirty or forty years ago, and the college experience is no longer as culturally or intellectually relevant in in act 4.1, for sending to caesar’s, students#8217; lives. The 1960s and 1970s marked a time of revolution both political and cultural on the national stage. JFK and the Space Race, Communism, The Graduate, the Vietnam conflict, The Beatles, Edward Albee, the Essay about Tenure Civil Rights Movement, the Beat Generation, Woodstock, The Godfather, the Kent State shootings, #8220;blaxploitation#8221; films, and countless other events and creative revelations took the country by storm, and the youth promptly embraced the good and protested the bad. #8220;The times, they are a-changin#8217;,#8221; sang Bob Dylan, and, riding the crest of the wave of sparknotes finn change, the youth united. From their parents, the Baby Boomers developed a strong work ethic; from society, they received encouragement to speak their minds and focus that work ethic on instigating change. Tenure? Today, society does not encourage us to Wage Be Raised, use our minds to change the world, but to use our education to achieve financial stability and material success. The radicals of Tenure forty years ago are now the The Minimum Wage Essay adults of Academic Tenure today, advising all students to attend college, #8220;earn#8221; a degree, and enter the work force. However, these students lack not only the motivation to broaden their horizons, but they also lack the finn work ethic and sense of unity characteristic of the Boomers. With the further advances of Essay about Academic technology, the youth have grown more and more disinterested in the world around them. The Boomers grew up watching news reports on new color televisions each night with their families; today, children grow up playing video games, watching reality television, and the history of tom jones, sitting at the computer.

There is little political or social awareness in students, and often, even when there is awareness, there is no interest. Also advancing with technology is the isolation of Essay about today#8217;s youth. The college students of the #8217;60#8217;s felt alienated from the older generations, but contemporary young adults are alienated from each other. Technology assists young adults in communicating without ever seeing each other, which is The Minimum, evident at about colleges. Case? Students meet each other online through community websites like Facebook. They talk with their professors through emails, and with each other through instant messaging, even if they#8217;re in rooms across the hall from Essay each other. During breaks in sparknotes, class, students don#8217;t talk to each other they stick their ear bud headphones in and switch their iPods on, or step outside to use their cell phones to call someone else. These students simply don#8217;t have the sense of about Academic Tenure community that students forty years ago had that was formed by both society and college. The college experience is as different now as the students are. The college life that Mr. Perlstein and Mr.

Mitchell recall #8220;revolved around the dorm lounge,#8221; where students would argue and debate with each other and mapp, with the great minds of the day. Today, the Essay about Academic Tenure college experience often revolves around the party. Students aren#8217;t skipping class to argue about various issues of the day they#8217;re skipping class because they have hangovers. The youth of today don#8217;t go to college anticipating cultural and intellectual stimulation they go expecting to do whatever they want, when they want to do it. No one makes pushing creative limits their priority. The average student#8217;s state of mind isn#8217;t looking for growth and fulfillment; it#8217;s avoiding responsibility and sparknotes huckleberry finn, growing up for as long as possible. Mediocrity is not only accepted: it#8217;s desired. Those looking for cultural, social, and political enlightenment are the minority, not the majority, and this is where college actually hinders the students#8217; growth. Colleges view books advertise (rather shamelessly, one might add) all their impressive resources and spotlight their most successful students, but these booklets are deceiving, and, as one student Mr. Perlstein interviewed pointed out, aimed at parents, not students.

The students featured in about Academic, such marketing schemes are always intelligent, creative, and ambitious. The problem is, these students do not represent the majority of undergraduates. These students are the The Minimum Essay ones who have managed to overcome the banality of about Academic college today to seek cultural and sparknotes, intellectual fulfillment on Essay about Academic, their own. The History? Mr. Perlstein noted that, #8220;You used to Academic, have to go to college to discover your first independent film, read your first forbidden book, find freaks like yourself#8230; Now, for even the most provincial students, the Internet, a radically more democratic and diverse culture and on Critique there Russell, those hip baby-boomer parents take care of the Essay Academic Tenure problem.#8221; However, even though many students do arrive at college having been exposed to new material already, they are still all at incredibly varying levels both intellectually and culturally. Mr. Perlstein#8217;s interviewees are evidence of this: Ms. Ouwerkerk is a #8220;cog in mapp vs ohio, the organization#8230;the bureaucracy that schedules students#8217; self-exploration#8221; that has been described as while Mr. Morris is an artist who finds his fellow students to Essay Academic, be #8220;so insanely uncreative#8230;and proud of it.#8221; This lack of creativity is of tom, especially difficult to overcome.

Preparation for college has become almost solely academic, not intellectual, and while admissions committees claim they look for creativity and Essay Academic, originality in their students, the emphasis is still placed heavily on SAT scores and grade point averages. Thus, the the history of tom jones focus in Essay about Tenure, high school is on scoring high on mapp vs ohio case, that standardized test and passing with high grades at Tenure the expense of the jones arts. At the about Academic Tenure same time, colleges have ceased to operate primarily as schools: as small businesses, they are all about the 4.1, reason for sending to caesar’s house? numbers. Their priority is no longer education it#8217;s how many students apply, how many they accept, how much tuition and room and board are, how many students continue to graduate school. About Tenure? Such changes seem small and irrelevant to the college experience, but they really have stunted it quite significantly. Case? College and the American public#8217;s perception of it have changed by leaps and Essay Tenure, bounds over the past forty years. No longer the center of in act what was antony’s reason house? political and cultural movements, colleges only appear in the media when money, sports, or catastrophic events are concerned. The changes in the today#8217;s youth, society, and Academic Tenure, colleges themselves have ended the era of the sparknotes huckleberry old #8220;college experience.#8221; Emersion in culture used to be the Essay about Academic Tenure norm; now it is the exception. What Did The Act Of 1964? Perhaps in time, the Essay Tenure students who still revel in cultural and The Minimum Must Be Raised Essay, intellectual exploration can revitalize college, bringing it back to what it used to be: enlightening, illuminating, and actually relevant.

Rick Perlstein argues in #8220;What#8217;s the Essay Tenure matter with College?#8221; that college campuses have lost their centrality largely due to the lack of in act was antony’s reason lepidus radicalism that is generated on Academic, campus compared to the vibrant, radical, take-over-the-administration-building late 1960#8217;s and early 1970#8217;s. College students, Perlstein laments, have become hyper-aware advocates of business-speak and vs ohio case, difficult admissions standards. Colleges have lost their place as incubators of radicalism, and no longer provide a #8220;discrete experience#8221; that provided a #8220;radical break#8221; between childhood and the #8220;real world#8221;. Yet Colleges and Universities are perhaps more significant socially, culturally, and economically than they ever have been before. With no raiding of campus buildings to do, how can the modern college student possibly prove his/her worth to society at large? If politicians fail to rail against Essay Tenure the depravities of vs ohio college campuses, then how can they be relevant?This past fall, nearly 18 million college students were enrolled in the 4,216 institutions of Essay higher education that grant degrees in the United States alone, up from the 12 million 25 year ago. Reason Lepidus To Caesar’s House?? And it#8217;s not just the Essay Tenure number of students that have increased: between 1993 and Essay of Is there a God? by Bertrand Russell, 2003, minority college enrollment rose nearly 51 percent. This year alone, colleges and universities in the United States are estimated to confer nearly 3 million degrees. On campus, there are more clubs and organizations for Essay about Academic Tenure, a college student to get involved in what did the rights, than ever before.

At Purchase College (SUNY), a relatively small (approx. 4,000 undergraduates and a handful of graduate students) public university where I attend, students can choose from an ever-growing list of extra-curricular activities: The History Club, Students in Free Enterprise (a business club that works with the Essay about local high school students), Concerned Students Against the case War, The Cheese Club (for those interested in Essay Academic, the appreciation of Essay by Bertrand Russell fine cheese), a student run a cappella group, three newspapers (two of them entirely student run), The Philosophy Society, The Root Beer club (for those interested in the appreciation of fine root beer), a student run radio and television station, a gay and lesbian student association, a swing dancing club, The Organization of African Peoples in Academic, the Americas, Hillel (a Jewish student group), and sparknotes huckleberry finn, a host of other organizations that I#8217;m sure I#8217;ve forgotten. What#8217;s more, these groups are open to Academic Tenure, any student regardless of skill level, sexual orientation, gender, race, creed, or religion. Colleges have done more than adopt the language of The Minimum Wage Be Raised Essay cultural inclusion; real cultural inclusion and Essay about Academic, immersion (defined as exposure to identities and traditions that are not your own) have become an important part of the college experience in the 21st century. Had Douglas Mitchell gone to, say, Princeton instead of on Critique of Is by Bertrand The University of Essay about Academic Tenure Chicago in 1965, he would have found eating clubs that refused to The Minimum Wage Be Raised Essay, admit women to Essay about, their ranks (not officially connected to the University, but an integral part of the Princeton experience, even today). Perlstein is correct on what rights act of 1964 accomplish, one count: the college campus of today no longer acts as an Essay about Academic Tenure incubator for radicalism; an island paradise that allows students to prolong exposure to the #8220;real world#8221;. Yet colleges, as well as society at large, are better off for this shift and as a result, colleges have become more, not less, central to the world around them. In 2005, 30 percent of college students volunteered in their local communities, an increase of nearly 20 percent from 2002. Essay On Critique Of Is There Russell? According to The Corporation for National and community service, nearly one third of the time college students spent volunteering in 2005 was spent in educational or youth service organizations. Student volunteerism is Academic Tenure, not simply a spring break activity: 44 percent of college student volunteers spend 12 or more weeks a year with the same organization.

Cultural and Societal change need not be vocal; college students in 2005 may spend less time talking with beatnik scholars, isolated on their island free from adult responsibilities, but the college experience is increasingly about assisting others, and using University resources to do so. Increased volunteerism by college students is a situation where all parties involved benefit: college students learn about other cultures and use their skills to help their communities, the community gets assistance from a willing army of mapp volunteers, and the college campus itself becomes a symbol for real socioeconomic change within the about Academic community. A college or university that situates itself at the center of the volunteerism movement becomes more relevant, not less, to the community that surrounds it and to the country at large. What#8217;s more, college students increasingly find creative ways to bring the culture of campus to the outside world., a social networking site for college and high school students was started by Mark Zuckerberg while he was still a student at Harvard. In just over a year, facebook claimed more than 11 million users worldwide, with the number increasing daily. Thanks to the internet, the importance of sparknotes college campuses isn#8217;t restricted locally, or even nationally; college students can affect change internationally in a remarkable amount of Essay Academic Tenure time.

It is mapp vs ohio, still on Essay about Academic Tenure, campus, though, where young entrepreneurs find their business partners, develop their business models, and perhaps even find their first investors. Perlstein laments the infiltration of the civil rights 1964 business world on to college campuses, but perhaps the opposite is true. Today, the business world is as influenced by the day-to-day activities on college campuses (and not just consumption, either) than vice versa. Rick Perlstein is correct: the nature of colleges (and college students) has changed in America. Perlstein views this change as a fundamental loss of innocence among America#8217;s young people, and argues that this loss of innocence will ultimately result in negative consequences for both college students and American culture in Essay about Academic, the aggregate. In Act Was Antony’s Lepidus To Caesar’s? Yet Perlstein#8217;s logic of noise and discontent equaling progress and centrality fails to hold up to a fundamental 21st century reality: college is Essay about Academic Tenure, still college, but the experience of a quarter century ago can not be replicated, even if that was the intention of in act what was antony’s for sending a college or university.

The change that college students effect today may not be as politically exciting as building takeovers and Tenure, university-wide sit ins, but is ultimately more culturally, economically, and socially significant than the changes of our forebears. The college campuses of the sparknotes huckleberry finn 21st century are teeming with life, diversity, and Essay Academic Tenure, cultural significance. We need them now more than ever before. I#8217;m in the office by 8:30, even on the mornings I#8217;ve hit snooze a half dozen times and finally managed to drag myself out of bed only ten minutes before the bus comes. Of Tom? If I haven#8217;t hit a Starbucks before I arrive at about Academic work (there are two on my way), I stop first at the industrial coffee maker in the break room. Did The Rights 1964 Accomplish? I can#8217;t figure out how to make the coffee stronger than brown water, so I load it with sugar, to ensure I get at least some sort of chemically-induced energy kick. Reading and responding to emails carries me through 9:30, when I begin to work on whatever project I didn#8217;t finish the day before. My boss continues to about, send me documents that might be helpful in my summer report. The History Of Tom Jones? A brilliant professor once told me to #8220;Always be done#8221; with whatever assignment I was working on, in case a deadline was suddenly moved forward (great advice). With this in mind, I spend the Tenure morning frantically struggling to incorporate the new material into what civil accomplish my text, preemptively answering the questions I#8217;ll get thrown when I defend the project, while still keeping the Executive Summary to the standard one-page maximum.

It is a futile effort, though; things have the propensity to be meeting#8217;d to death, and regardless of what new brilliant evidence I manage to present, approval will still always be one meeting away. As an intern, you often get only one chance to present your work to about Academic Tenure, upper management. My opportunity is scheduled for this Thursday: in a half an hour of my boss#8217;s boss#8217;s time, I#8217;ll stumble through my proposal and, if it#8217;s the Essay on Critique of Is there a God? Russell slightest bit out-of-the-box, hear, #8220;That#8217;s a really unique idea. But I don#8217;t think it could work in this company as it is. Bring it to me again next month.#8221; So you do, and if you#8217;re lucky, you get another shot. My #8220;first-chance meeting#8221; will be a phone conference, which makes it frighteningly difficult to gauge the reaction of my audience and Essay, appropriately adjust my tone. Of Tom Jones? Silence could mean the senior manager on about Academic Tenure, the other end is thoughtfully pondering my ideas, that I#8217;ve completely offended him and the entire organization on top of it, or simply that our connection has been dropped.

Any of those three options is, to say the least, less than ideal. My second meeting will be more of the same: Good work, but not here, not yet. Try again, come back in a month. Then you have to bitterly remind your boss, and his boss, that you can#8217;t try again in month, because you#8217;ll be back at school and no longer their summer intern. Does anything ever change? Does anyone ever pick up where the intern leaves off? Could it really be a complete waste of forty hours a week, for did the, ten weeks? I check the internet news headlines to see if hell#8217;s broken loose in the real world and dial into the noontime conference call. Essay About? As I listen to the weekly call and try my best to decipher what#8217;s going on the history of tom, so I can construct the minutes, I pull on my sweater to fend off the over-air-conditioned clime and think about how excessive all these meetings are. No one will read my minutes, save my boss, who will check them for glaring errors before distributing them; no one will get around to implementing the project I#8217;ve been prepping all summer. There are positive aspects to the internship, though: I#8217;m absorbing interesting and useful information, and about, I enjoy being part of the camaraderie of my coworkers.

And, this experience will likely flesh out my purely theoretical knowledge from classes and books. The Minimum Must Essay? But, there#8217;s always a little voice in my head who chants, most audibly during all the meetings, #8220;You#8217;re wasting your time.#8221; After the Essay about Tenure meeting I grab lunch from the food court in the mall that inhabits the first two floors of my oversized building, watching people not too much younger than I mill about with their friends. I flirt with the huckleberry guy serving me lunch to remind myself that I, too, am young, still a college student. For ten minutes I cling to my youth, pretend to not care about the resume I#8217;m trying to build, and dash outside to warm up in the July sunshine. The rest of the Tenure afternoon drags on uneventfully. At 3:30, emails begin to fly back and forth from friends still in the city for the summer, most of of tom jones whom are interns as well. Plans for the evening slowly take shape: open air concert at Millennium Park, someone brings the wine, someone else brings the cheese and crackers.

The distribution list is oddly formal, with some variety of and; no one uses the Academic typical, as is the usual during the year. During the rights act of 1964 day we talk about corporate policy, management efficiency, and Academic, certifications. After 5o#8217;clock, I walk to the public transit station, ride the El to the lush green lawn of the Essay on Critique of Is there by Bertrand Russell park, and go home to my super energy-efficient apartment (no a/c). I live the personal version of the corporate environmental policy I propose day in Academic Tenure, and day out. Sparknotes Huckleberry? I enjoy being responsible for my activities, instead of Academic having to run them through meetings; knowing my impact on the world around me, rather than guessing at electricity consumption from 100 global locations; interacting as part of a thriving, positive urban experience, and not as another worker bee in the history jones, a 37-story, glass hive. I revel in summer life as a carefree intern, in about, a city I have only known as a deadline-driven college student. After the concert, we end up at our apartment for a late dinner. Huckleberry? The progress of the graying charcoal in the grill mirrors the path of our conversation from local politics (grey around the Essay about edges), to our philosophical place in the world (hot enough to sparknotes, cook the food), to finally whatever pop culture report came through the tabloids that day (disintegrating into a dust pile on the bottom of the Essay about grill). We all begin to feel the exhaustion from civil 1964 accomplish a life we are not used to: early mornings, eight hours at about Academic Tenure a desk, the what civil rights act of accomplish daily commute. We draw out the Essay Academic Tenure last hour, sad to what civil rights 1964 accomplish, end our evening and break up the surrogate family gathering.

The first eight hours of my day makes me feel worn and tired, while the second eight reinforce my youth and vitality, the about Tenure true college experience. Of Is There Russell? I can dream and work hard and pretend like I#8217;m denting a gigantic company, but it#8217;s like throwing pebbles at an elephant. The elephant will probably not feel the Essay about Academic Tenure sting of the pebble, and did the rights 1964 accomplish, even if it does, it will take a lot more force to Essay Academic Tenure, change its direction. It#8217;s a completely ineffectual exercise, unless I find something else to take away from it. New knowledge, life experience, the opportunity to discover myself and my interests; those are all worthwhile things to gain, from both the vs ohio case intern experience and the student experience. There will be time to redirect elephants in the years to come, and for now I#8217;m content to just test my aim. Why vote or otherwise be politically active? Many college students do not see the use, even if they care about what is happening in the world. The culture inside the Beltway is Essay Academic, largely culpable for this widespread political apathy amongst today#8217;s undergraduates.

College students are faced with two unfortunate options when going to the polls: they can vote for the party that makes lots of campaign promises, but in the end accomplishes nothing because they are cowards who would rather get re-elected than actually take a hard line and in act what was antony’s lepidus, stand up for American moral and ethical standards; or they can vote for the party that reminds them of the takeover of the Galactic Senate in Star Wars. In many ways, Dick Cheney resembles Chancellor Palpatine always hiding in the shadows, and manipulating the government, in twisted ways that the Essay Academic nation has never witnessed, towards his own personal gain. He is even damaging his own health with the overwhelming prevalence of dark energy flowing through his body this might explain some of his heart problems. George W. Bush resembles Palpatine#8217;s chief henchman, Anakin Skywalker, who was drawn to the dark side to save his family. In Bush#8217;s case, he started a bloody nonsensical crusade to protect his fellow freedom-loving democratic countrymen. Essay Of Is A God? By Bertrand Russell? Though Hillary Clinton is Essay about Academic Tenure, doing an mapp case abysmal job playing Princess Leia to help lead the charge against the dark side, the unfortunate Star Wars analogy extends further. Democrats passively stood by, just as Senators did in the Galactic Senate when Palpatine asked for his executive powers to be temporarily extended to about Tenure, protect them from a threat to their cherished way of case life, just like the Patriot Act.

Our armed services are being used to fulfill political motives just like the Clone Army in Tenure, Star Wars. Our government seems to blatantly disregard the of Is there a God? Russell fact that our soldiers are human beings, continuing to send many people who signed up for the reserves during peacetime on as many as three extended tours of Iraq and Essay about, Afghanistan. In this war, instead of college students, the reserves have been the main ones bearing the unfair, unjustifiable burden. Voters expressed widespread disapproval of the administration#8217;s handling of the wars in mapp case, Iraq and Afghanistan in the midterm elections, yet Bush has ignored the voters and plowed ahead, implementing a surge, rather than beginning the troop withdrawal process. Baby boomers were confronted in their youth with the aftermath of World War II, the Korean War, the Red Scare/McCarthyism and, as they matured, the civil rights movement and Academic Tenure, the Vietnam War. These threats had direct impacts on their daily lives, leading them to fervently protest. The History Of Tom? They were forced to take a stand in large part because their own lives were at stake. Today#8217;s undergraduates have never had their friends involuntarily shipped off to their deaths for a cause that they did not believe in. We have never experienced anything that has compelled us to Essay, take a strong political stand. Act Of? College students have been lucky to always be able to take freedom and democracy for granted; we have never had to make any personal sacrifice, either justified or not, for the greater good of the country.

Even though our country is currently fighting the Essay Academic Tenure #8220;War on Terror#8221; the average citizen has suffered minimal to no change (except at the airport) in his daily routines. Must? Many would even argue that life is better now than it was during the 90#8217;s because of lower taxes. Students have never been faced with a significant enough challenge to about, garner a response of the magnitude seen during the 60#8217;s and 70#8217;s. Current events frustrate me and, at times, make me angry, but without suffering any personal or societal sacrifice, there has not been a significant enough incentive for Wage Must Be Raised, me to actively protest against the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In this day and age being arrested for civil disobedience could easily blackball one#8217;s employment prospects, so one needs to be sure that protesting against our government can make a demonstrable difference. Essay Academic Tenure? In many ways it feels like the in act what was antony’s reason to caesar’s days of McCarthy. Many do not want to Essay Academic Tenure, be accused of being unpatriotic now, in the same way that people did not want to be accused of Be Raised being communist then. College students did not actively protest McCarthyism, like they did against the Vietnam War, probably due to these same un-American apprehensions. For a protest to have an impact, large numbers of Essay about Academic Tenure people need to agree on how they want the status quo changed. For example, in response to the Vietnam War, people wanted the draft to be stopped and for troops to be brought home.

The current anti-war movement cannot agree on whether it wants troops brought home immediately, or slowly withdrawn. Without a clear direction, any anti-war movement will be hard pressed to gain traction. Frankly, I do not know what I could hope to accomplish by sparknotes huckleberry, marching in protest. We do not have any politicians who are willing to truly embody this pervasive dissatisfaction with how the #8220;War on Terror#8221; is developing. Then why are college students not discussing these issues in public forums like they did during the 60#8217;s and 70#8217;s? Though voting numbers are incredibly low for 18-24 year olds still nearly half vote and do discuss political issues. It is unfair to make a generalization about about, all college students.

A major issue is the politicization of the press, which makes it increasingly difficult to 4.1, what was antony’s for sending, find credible objective information about what is happening in Essay Tenure, the world; without any personal stake, many college students simply cannot be bothered to bolster the extra effort to keep up to date on current affairs and Essay by Bertrand Russell, form their own opinions that they are willing to fight for. Fear of Essay about Tenure being labeled unpatriotic by an executive branch that wields unprecedented power, has greatly hindered American political discourse. All too often it seems that people read/listen/watch the news that they agree with. For example, hard line conservatives watch Fox News, and liberals read the the history jones New York Times. Of the students who would consider being more politically active, many are too busy to sift through the Essay about news sources and decide whom they are willing to believe. Without easily accessible raw objective data, it is more difficult for act of 1964, many college students to formulate their own potential political solutions. And without these ideas to discuss with their friends, we find that there is Essay about, waning amount of political discourse amongst college students.

If there were a challenge that compelled a response, I have no doubt that today#8217;s undergraduates could quickly band together through the internet, rather than in the streets as their parents did during the 60#8217;s and on Critique a God? by Bertrand, 70#8217;s. Mass communication no longer necessitates a large rally to provoke media coverage and about, spread the word. College students can communicate amongst large numbers without the help of the press through media like email, Facebook, MySpace, and YouTube. My fellow college students and I are more than capable of being active responsible political participants, but we need something to believe in. 4.1, What For Sending Lepidus House?? I call on politicians from Academic Tenure both sides of the huckleberry finn aisle to give us something to advocate for, rather than forcing us to be witnesses to a perpetual discouraging state of partisan stagnation. On Monday, May 4th, 1970 a group of Essay about about 2,000 students at Kent State University gathered at Commons area to protest in response to the invasion of Cambodia, as had been announced four days earlier on national television by President Nixon. The National Guard was ordered on the grounds to disperse the crowds, as was a call to 4.1, what was antony’s reason for sending lepidus house?, open fire on Tenure, the students. What followed was one of the bloodiest riots in was antony’s reason for sending lepidus to caesar’s, a college campus in American history. There were four casualties, and nine wounded students. Essay Academic? America was shocked. Though the Kent State Massacre was a blow on the educational system, many other riots broke out throughout the huckleberry country in college campuses.

Students spoke out, they voiced their beliefs about what they thought was correct and about Academic, what wasn#8217;t. College seemed to be a place were educated minds would not only attend to edify themselves, but to edify the world around them. This idea doesn#8217;t come as a shock to those who#8217;ve studied the preceding decades of American culture. The 50#8217;s were a decade of conservative observation. After World War II, soldiers came back and wanted to form families, thus Baby Boomers, so that the culture was formed mainly around family-friendly topics.

Adolescents were much more reserved, and Must Be Raised, it wasn#8217;t until the era of The Beatles, Blues, and Rock N#8217; Roll that the next generation broke off and differentiated themselves. In the Tenure ensuing decades, Hippies, LSD, and increasing populations of students entering college campuses eager to break off of their parent#8217;s values, changed the huckleberry cultural landscape, widening their interests and about, entering into the political arena by speaking out against current issues. Hippies brought about environmental awareness. LSD and huckleberry finn, Rock N#8217; Roll opened minds creating such popular culture icons as The Jimi Hendrix Experience, The Beatles, Janis Joplin, Bob Dylan and many more who spoke out against discrimination, the Vietnam War, and Essay Tenure, defended Civil Rights. As Bob Dylan put it, #8220;The Times, They Are A-Changing.#8221; Indeed they were. Nowadays, students don#8217;t riot anymore. Sparknotes Finn? They don#8217;t speak out about issues affecting this and future generations.

Students don#8217;t plan mass protests in campuses anymore. Essay About? The main reason for this is, students have changed. Demographic charts don#8217;t show the same statistics anymore. Anyone can go to case, college now. When you enter an English 101 classroom in about Academic Tenure, Florida International University, you don#8217;t see only 18-26 year-olds. You see mothers, you see fathers, you see high-school students. You can even catch grandparents in your own class. This is because anyone can go to college now, not because it is more affordable (if that is the case, tuition costs have only increased exponentially), but because education is required for better paying jobs. In order to get into a good college, high school students take Advanced Placement classes in in act was antony’s reason to caesar’s house?, colleges, have dual enrollment in colleges, or conduct research in college institutions. People that already have degrees go back to school to Academic, have a higher degree in order to earn more money. Older people may apply into the aforementioned category, but may also go back to college because of structural unemployment, that is, their job or trade is no longer marketable.

People used to go to mapp, college in order to edify themselves, and realize themselves as individuals. College used to be a place of professional discovery. Now, having a high-school diploma gets you a job in Essay about, McDonalds. In other words, more than the there a God? educational tool that college once was, college is about Academic, now thought of in act what for sending lepidus as a #8220;Beurocratic Obstacle#8221; in the process of getting a high-or-medium paid job. Essay About Tenure? The other change, is how people view college. What Did The Act Of? Before, college used to Essay about, be thought of as students in a classroom that take exams to Must, pass the class.

Degrees can now be pursued online, at anyone#8217;s time expense, and money budget. College has now joined the Internet Era. Also, due to the increasing amounts of immigrants entering the Essay Academic Tenure country to establish better lives, classrooms are now much more diversified throughout the country. Sparknotes Finn? This is especially noteworthy in the big cities, the Mecca of the outspoken. In the end, interests have changed. Since the 60#8217;s, colleges have come a long way. The demographic landscape has changed, and so have students#8217; interests.

Though the college experience has changed, as have the cultural and Essay about Tenure, educational values that come with it, college is still a powerful institution in which students from all generations continue their studies and research, and in doing so contribute by benefiting future generations. Barbies on Wall Street: College for the Students#8217; Sake. During my first few weeks at Vassar, I was a closeted homosexual who only civil act of, wore dull, frumpy sweatshirts and never said a word. About Academic Tenure? But after a while, I met an eclectic bunch of people, never went to bed before one a.m., and spent a few days venturing out to reason house?, contemporary art galleries in Manhattan. Now I wear pink sweatshirts and talk quite frequently. So as I read Perlstein#8217;s article, I began to realize how different my experience at Vassar seemed from the dreary, corporatized atmosphere surrounding the University of Chicago, the school where, as a friend of mine once grimly put it, #8220;fun goes to Essay Tenure, die.#8221; Sure, many of my peers are career-minded and nearly all are academically resolute, yet there is always a childlike blitheness around campus that never ceases to pull us through even the most stressful pre-examination periods. Indeed, as Perlstein notes, the on Critique a God? gap between childhood and college has shortened, but not solely in the sense that, because of the Internet, pre-college students now have more information and ideas at Essay Academic Tenure their fingertips than ever before. Despite this, there is still a very genuine, nostalgic attachment to carefree elementary school days that I have noticed not only in Vassar students, but also in my friends at Essay on Critique a God? by Bertrand home, many of whom are still eager to Essay Tenure, revel in classic Disney movies, immerse themselves in the history, the latest Harry Potter book, or, as a friend and I once decided to Essay Academic, do, organize a Barbie party. But what could all this mean? Have university students just become more puerile since the vs ohio 1960s and 70s? Probably not, if Perlstein#8217;s account of the about Tenure University of Chicago#8217;s uncreative, humdrum zeitgeist is accurate.

But therein lies my major objection to Perlstein#8217;s article: although it implicitly claims to 1964 accomplish, be a barometer of the current collegiate psyche, its lack of any mention of any other school besides the Academic Tenure University of Chicago (save for the brief allusion to the heady Berkeley campus of in act 4.1, reason 1966 in the introduction) immediately strips itself of that title. Perlstein tries to acknowledge his expository dilemma at one point in the article: #8220;Is their diagnosis [that life at Essay Chicago is #8220;infantilizing#8221; and what to caesar’s, #8220;emasculating#8221;] a function of college itself today, or just this college? Hamilton Morris told me stories that suggest the former.#8221; Yet the acknowledgment is ultimately self-defeating if Perlstein does not report on other institutions as well. Besides, I doubt that Hamilton Morris#8217;s #8220;stories#8221; of frustration with school (notably the one in which his guidance counselor at Chicago curtly notifies him that he is about Academic Tenure, #8220;not right for college#8221; and should drop out) could really suggest the former if all of them deal specifically with the University of civil rights 1964 accomplish Chicago. Essay Academic? Even Morris#8217;s classmate#8217;s declaration that #8220;college sucks anyway, so I might as well stay here,#8221; albeit a broad sentiment, is still too subjective to indicate a mass opinion. In all fairness, however, I certainly cannot label Perlstein as myopic without also acknowledging that my own observations of happy-go-lucky university life are innately blinkered, since I only have experience at one institution. But taking both of our accounts into consideration (and assuming that neither is a completely isolated, atomized instance), something quite telling stems from their contradiction.

Campus life may be starkly different between Vassar and Chicago, but Perlstein fails to indicate explicitly that it is the students themselves, whether carefree or careerist, who determine the university scene. It is on Critique there a God? Russell, fine to claim that many Chicago students have become #8220;cogs in the organization,#8221; but there is one blaring fact that Perlstein leaves out here these students are not working so diligently for the organization, but for themselves. They may become bleary-eyed and crabby in the process, but at least they#8217;re suffering for their own ends. What we have in the modern university student, then, is really an increased self-awareness that is neither necessarily egotistic nor overtly independent. Too often, students receive admonishments for an apparent social and political lethargy that are founded solely on an unnecessary comparison with the more politically active campuses of the 1960s and 70s.

In fact, many schools can still boast a heady political scene the old standbys of Essay about Tenure College Democrats and College Republicans have not gone away, but have been joined by Amnesty International and ACLU chapters, Habitat for Humanity affiliates, and, at least at Vassar, campaigns to what did the rights act of 1964, stop the Academic evils of the Coca-Cola Company. Even though the media might not notice, many of us genuinely care about current affairs. But that does not mean we have to care if we don#8217;t want to, especially in an environment where more of an emphasis is did the rights accomplish, placed on individual edification than on social activism. No matter how apathetic and unmotivated it may seem, we can still reserve the right to unabashed political lethargy. The campus as campaign center, part of the #8220;college experience#8221; that Perlstein describes, may have lost its cultural significance, but college students most certainly have not. The populistic phenomena of Essay Academic Tenure Facebook, YouTube, and the like, although admittedly distracting, indicate a more active desire in college students to place themselves outside of their university bubbles, if not into what did the civil the real world, then into the digital one. To post a picture on Facebook or a video on YouTube, regardless of the content, is to fish out a line of hope that someone will notice it. Although this may seem like a collective case of dependence anxiety, what it actually reveals is a situation of self-advocacy. On Facebook, for instance, one can add friends, join groups, list interests and about Academic, activities, post notes, deliver and receive comments in huckleberry finn, a sense, network one#8217;s specific traits as an online acquaintance. By no means are modern university students detached from the world beyond the college gates the Internet still holds the possibility of informing us of the current goings-on, but it also allows us to extend ourselves into our own digital personae, mapping out Essay our own spaces on the web. Obviously, we do not go to college to discover ourselves on the Internet.

Yet Perlstein#8217;s distinction between college and college, between necessary process and liberating experience, still does not explain why we do. His article implies so much about the contemporary university student#8217;s life the in act 4.1, what was antony’s lepidus to caesar’s house? individualization, the effects of the Internet, the shortened childhood-college gap yet it stops short of a deeper, broader understanding of the situation. In a sense, the Essay Academic Tenure #8220;college experience#8221; has not completely gone away it#8217;s just taken on a different form. We might be a little less naive going into college than were previous students, but we still retain an excitement for The Minimum Must Be Raised Essay, our future advancement, whether corporate or creative, that we hope will begin if not in school, then because of Essay Tenure it. Both college and college still remain crucial aspects of modern American life but only did the rights accomplish, if we students get to choose the typeface. Imagine an alternate 2007, one in which John Coltrane is still alive, his tenor#8217;s sheets of Tenure sound undiminished despite his advanced age.

Imagine that I, only a senior in college, have managed to swindle a perennially-stoned beatnik into surrendering Trane#8217;s cell digits. (To reveal my methods would be to risk incarceration at the hands of the DEA.) And then imagine that I#8217;ve had every student in civil rights accomplish, my dormitory send him a text message simultaneously, begging him to give us an impromptu recital and to bring McCoy Tyner along, too. But stop imagining. Essay About Academic Tenure? Because not even the strongest suspension of disbelief could withstand this next part, which requires the geriatric saxophonist to fly into Dulles airport and drive south, past Richmond, to what, Williamsburg, Va.: home of the College of William #038; Mary, where, no matter how bated our collective breath, an A-list jazz musician will never set foot. And it is Academic, not our fault; it#8217;s not because our cinder block lounges have acoustics that would make an aesthete#8217;s ears bleed. Nor is it because heaps of W#038;M#8217;s students fit David Brook#8217;s #8220;organizational student#8221; mold to a T. It#8217;s because of what#8217;s beyond our campus walls, a Williamsburg that conflates two of America#8217;s least stimulating backdrops: suburbia and Essay there, the tourist trap. Essay Academic? Yet I continue to love my college, and I try not to Essay on Critique of Is there a God? Russell, think about my imminent graduation. Campuses themselves still smack pleasantly of socialist utopian communities. William #038; Mary is a self-contained world. Everything is within walking distance; people establish identities to correspond with their names; if we try, whole weeks can pass unburdened by commercial transactions, free of buying and selling. Granted, the line between bucolic intellectual bastion and Ivory Tower is a thin one, but we manage, if barely, to stay on Essay about Academic Tenure, the proper side. Nevertheless, Rick Perlstein is partially correct: America#8217;s universities struggle to exempt themselves from a consumer culture that#8217;s arguably more endemic than ever before.

Even at in act 4.1, what reason lepidus William #038; Mary, where more than a few students help put the #8220;liberal#8221; in #8220;liberal arts,#8221; the Essay Academic Tenure would-be radicals have more predictable tastes than their moderate counterparts. Nearly all of W#038;M#8217;s hipsters endorse the vs ohio case same political solutions, listen to identical music, wear similar clothing and attend lectures en bloc. The result is a group more homogenous than the mainstream, which is, of course, despised for its homogeneity. Facebook is a testament to Tenure, the average undergraduate#8217;s solipsism; we spend enough time gazing at civil rights act of 1964 ourselves. Should the about Tenure rest of the country join in? Mr. Perlstein decries the lack of vs ohio on-campus protests, believing that the media would have good reasons to pay attention if picket lines were alive and well. W#038;M has its share of Essay about Academic protests, but these, too, seem motivated by narcissism. Like movie stars trumpeting the sparknotes causes of Africa, students brandishing anti-X and pro-Y signs are motivated by Essay about Academic, the hope that they will be noticed, not the atrocities they advertise. It#8217;s no wonder Mr.

Perlstein thinks that no protesters exist: their efforts are in Wage Must, no way conducive to spreading the word. Staring at such types in coffeehouses, it must be easy to shake one#8217;s head and start searching for genuine revolutionaries elsewhere. But you#8217;re going to have to take my word for Essay about Tenure, it: at college, there#8217;s still plenty going on reason for sending, behind closed doors, and there#8217;s good reason for the doors to stay closed. We, like Doug Mitchell, will one day be waxing nostalgic about the uncensored, all-night debates in about Academic Tenure, our lounges, even if we aren#8217;t fortunate enough to have Ralph Ellison as a moderator. Many of us are still asking the Big Questions: do we want to live in a country where day-to-day life is mapp vs ohio, characterized by making predictable purchases in uniform environments? How are we to defeat that oft-promulgated corporate lie money equals happiness if college becomes nothing more than a prep-school for six-figure careers?

Can our urge to educate ourselves and others be anything more than elitist, selfish and deluded? Don#8217;t even get me started on the metaphysical and existential dilemmas. Suffice to about Academic Tenure, say, we#8217;re taking nothing at case face value, relishing every moment away from our former stomping grounds. It#8217;s probably difficult to believe that a place selling itself as #8220;America#8217;s Hottest Small State School,#8221; a place within walking distance of Essay about Academic colonial reenactors playing to masses of fanny-packed families, has actually cast me into Mr. Perlstein#8217;s dream-world of #8220;cultural and intellectual tumult,#8221; but it has. Colleges might not #8220;look like that#8221; anymore, but Mr. Case? Perlstein ought to have learned long before his Chicago days that looks can be deceiving. Manicured quads, diversity statistics, micromanaged extracurricular activities: beneath these vestiges of the present-day college system there are still students doing actual learning, complete with all of the enlightening and humanizing discoveries connoted by that term. Why, then, are we so reluctant to come out Essay of the woodwork? I think it#8217;s because we#8217;re still learning, sharpening the sparknotes huckleberry necessary tools for Academic Tenure, our adult lives.

The individual lust for power is what poisons so much of this country; to seek the mapp spotlight is to seek control, and that#8217;s the opposite Academic Tenure of what we want. Our goal is to case, transcend the problem of about Academic authority altogether. We#8217;re patient enough to what did the civil rights act of 1964 accomplish, bide our time, willing to concede that our greatest ideological battles will be waged after graduation, instead of before it. If Mr. Perlstein is about Academic, looking for empirical evidence of our forthcoming brilliance, it#8217;s no surprise that he#8217;s hard-pressed to find it.

We haven#8217;t delivered it yet. Because we#8217;re twenty-something perfectionists, and when we change the world, we want to of tom, be positive that we#8217;ll do it right. Let us keep quiet. Let us bicker amongst ourselves for Essay about, a year or two more, while we#8217;re still blessedly free of what did the civil rights act of accomplish responsibilities. After all, the most subversive figures are never the loudmouths. Essay? There#8217;s a difference between precocity and overzealousness. College matters because enough of us are leaving it with the more materialistic urges of our high school selves finally dying out.

Even if the #8220;college experience#8221; is at in act 4.1, reason lepidus to caesar’s house? times infantilizing, much of modern life is, and Essay, students know that we must change it. It takes at least four years, but college forces us to face the reality that everyone else is dying to forget: that there is a long term, and that no amount of in act 4.1, was antony’s reason for sending purchasing power can diffuse its potential bleakness. Forget our propensity to consume. We#8217;re enthralled with our propensity to revise. At college, in college, from about college pick your favorite preposition capital-I Idealism still thrives. In our 2007, John Coltrane is deceased, yes, but his music still haunts many an iPod.

War protests may lack their Vietnam-era gusto, but Tropic of Capricorn has made the leap from blacklists to syllabi. 4.1, Was Antony’s For Sending To Caesar’s House?? It#8217;s people like #8216;Trane and Academic Tenure, Henry Miller who inspire us to listen, to read, to prepare. So please, go right ahead: ignore us while you can. Ignore us while you should. In a few short years, we will not let you. I am about to The Minimum Wage Must, prove Rick Perlstein (What#8217;s the Academic Matter with College?) wrong by using a community college, a liberal arts university outside Boston, and an Ivy League institution as my tools. College matters because it is what you make of it. Vs Ohio? That#8217;s what it has been, that#8217;s what it is, and that#8217;s what it always will be. College, like America, has always included intellectuals, athletes, immigrants, idiots, minorities, artists, loners, losers, corporate robots, counter-culture extremists, creeps, pot smokers, pot dealers, hippies, wanna-be hippiesand a countless number of combinations thereof.

I would even argue that college is becoming more of an experience these days, compared to #8220;the#8221; college experience (as though there were only one) of the 1960s and 1970s (herein referred to as #8220;the 1960s#8221; for brevity#8217;s sake). For those of Essay Tenure you who like riddles, figure out how to clothe a basketball coach, a television producer, a talk show host and my best friend into the same suit at the same time. Case? Give up? The solution is in Mike Howard, about to enter his second year at Gateway Community College. How about a dancer, choreographer, fraternity brother, career center volunteer, freshman orientation volunteer and member of a marketing team for the Rose Art Museum at Brandeis University?

Renaissance menand womenare back! (The second one was me, by Essay Academic Tenure, the way.) There has always been a debate between the #8220;well-rounded#8221; and #8220;angular,#8221; but in college we see a rise in Essay on Critique by Bertrand Russell, their mixture, students who do a lot of about things but still manage to on Critique of Is there Russell, do them well. I met a Yale graduate who had made money playing pokerand working for the Army. After majoring in philosophy he studied law at about a top ten institution in Palo Alto; sorry, forgot the sparknotes finn name. #8220;Be all that you can be#8221; might originate from our nation#8217;s military, but it especially resonates with those enrolled in Academic Tenure, today#8217;s colleges and universities. We college students have different skills, but we have different opinions, too. Even within ourselves. Not only does college allow us to express what we think and feel to in act 4.1, what was antony’s for sending to caesar’s house?, our classmates, but it also forces us to question our own assumptions and Tenure, credos. Mapp Vs Ohio? I consider myself a democrat, but I also consider myself a conservative, and I also consider myself someone whose positions on gun control, immigration and healthcare have changed as recently as two months ago (yes, even before seeing Sicko). Perlstein, implying that this is no longer the case, discusses how students used to debate issues in their dormitory lounge with no regard to time. Sure students did that, but guess what, we still do. I once had a two-hour debate with a fellow lounger about whether or not the term #8220;Jews for Jesus#8221; is a contradiction.

The argument ended only because my opponent needed to finish a final paper. Essay About Tenure? The ideological hybrid that is mapp vs ohio case, created within a college atmosphere, and even within many of the students themselves, is what makes today#8217;s colleges so#8230; #8220;collegey,#8221; for lack of a better term. Like America, college is a melting pot. And like a melting pot, it#8217;s hot. No Girls Gone Wild stories here, but I can tell you about the time I wore a Milano cookie bag to the #8220;Less-you-wear/Less-you-pay#8221; dance. Then there was the time one of my hallmates took pictures of me, wearing only about Tenure, a pair of Super Mario Brothers boxers, handcuffed to her door. Has college truly lost its role as society#8217;s institution in sparknotes finn, which boys become men whileperhaps byacting very awkwardly?

I doubt it. As to why my friend owns handcuffs#8230; suffice it to say we shouldn#8217;t judge. As to why I went along with the plan, let#8217;s remember South Park#8217;s Chef and about Tenure, his sagacious advice: #8220;There#8217;s a time and a place for everything, and it#8217;s college.#8221; I would now like to systematically refute some of Perlstein#8217;s specific claims. #8220;California#8217;s colleges and universities had been instrumental in turning the nation#8217;s biggest state into the world#8217;s fourth biggest economy and an international cultural Mecca.#8221; Any new institution is instrumental in helping the state#8217;s economy, and I#8217;m pretty sure California has always been a cultural Mecca#8230;#8221; #8220;#8230;The point I#8217;m trying to make is the history jones, that the adventure of going to college consisted of a kind of freedom that you couldn#8217;t imagine until you turned 18, you were no longer under adult control, and you made your own schedule#8230;. This is the Essay Academic Tenure most liberating moment Americans have in life.#8221; You#8217;re right, it is. It still is.#8221; #8220;The workplace may be more surprising, and maybe even more creative.#8221; OK, but this has also always been the case. Anything new has its exciting points. Careers are usually filled with new and unique opportunities; those who graduated from college 35 years ago, just like those who graduated in 2007, work in very innovative industries, doing things a lot more creative than getting high all day.

Also, anything #8220;may be#8221; the case. Ease up on finn, the equivocation. Essay Academic Tenure? #8220;The kids do have their own war now, but not much of an anti-war movement.#8221; Neither did they back #8220;when college was college#8221;; they only had an anti-draft movement, which would never have been born if it were not for the all-of-a-sudden involuntariness of our nation#8217;s guardians. #8220;It#8217;s unimaginable now that a gubernatorial race in the nation#8217;s largest state would come down to a debate about what was happening on The Minimum Wage Be Raised Essay, campus.#8221; That#8217;s true, but it#8217;s also unimaginable that that gubernatorial race came down to it. #8220;#8216;#8230;so many people hate it with a passion and don#8217;t leave#8230; People here are so insanely uncreative, and they#8217;re proud of it.'#8221; Um, that#8217;s just an opinion, from just one person, at Essay Academic Tenure just a single campus, at in act 4.1, what was antony’s reason for sending lepidus to caesar’s house? just this guy#8217;s university, in Essay, just his section of the country. Yeah Perlstein, very scientific. You make a great name for historians out sparknotes finn there. Essay About Academic? Perhaps you should consult with a sociologist before moving from lazy data collection to unfounded conclusions, before embarrassing yourself and The Minimum Wage Must, your profession. Perlstein mentions that college is nowadays an issue that barely makes the about Academic news. How about the student loan scandal involving debt sharks and the U.S.

Dept. of the history of tom jones Education? Yeah, it#8217;s kind of about Tenure a big deal. The Minimum Wage Must Essay? And finally, not everyone who went to college in the 1960s had the Academic 1960#8217;s college experience. It#8217;s like claiming that everyone during the Vietnam War was a hippie. It#8217;s simply not true.

There was, there is, and there always will be a diversity of sparknotes students, mixed not only in terms of their physical and social characteristics, but also by their different varieties of Academic radicalism and the lack thereof. We need not ask, #8220;What#8217;s the matter with college?#8221; The real question is: #8220;What#8217;s the The Minimum Must Be Raised Essay matter with Perlstein?#8221; Ever since I was a young boy my dad loved to tell me stories about the 1960#8217;s. The more he talked the more I pictured the generation of love as a page in a Dr. Seuss book. He would try his best to explain that people were different then. They were #8220;resonating#8221; as he would put it, or like philosopher Ralph Waldo Emerson said much earlier, every heart vibrates to Essay about Academic Tenure, one iron string. Must Essay? People resonate today. Make no mistake about Essay about Academic Tenure, it. Rights Act Of 1964 Accomplish? If any generation is capable of intellectual networking it is the Internet generation. But there are definite differences.

Not better. Not worse. Just different. Essay Academic? For example, remember the kid in your graduating class who you could tell wasn#8217;t going to fit in civil act of, with the world of higher education living? Well, now, your child is Essay about Academic Tenure, their roommate. While 40 years ago college was a harbor for special kids with special plans, today the average college kid is enrolled because they know that without a college degree, there are few career opportunities. Sure, depending on a universities academic caliber, climate, and mascot one can expect varying degrees of Essay there motivation from the Academic Tenure student body. But the facts ring true year after year when we hear #8220;horror stories#8221; from parents of kids that scored perfect SAT scores and maintained straight A#8217;s who were rejected from what accomplish first choice schools. There are more smart kids now competing for the best jobs and everyone wants their child to be an #8216;intellectual.#8217; 40 years ago, Wall Street was run by college graduates fresh out of school that had earned an MBA and were picked by prominent financial firms.

The booming market meant a pleasant transition from senior in college to stock-slinging financially independent broker. A graduate from business school today would have a significantly more difficult time acquiring that same job even if he graduated with a 4.0 GPA. Excellent grades and exceptional test results would still have to be matched with one smooth talking individual if they planned to find gainful employment straight out of school. Having graduated college is not an edge. It#8217;s a standard. While at one time a college degree represented the more affluent elite searching for academic merit, today a college degree suggests safety.

I started a band when I was ten and by the time I was a senior in high school, numerous record labels approached me about touring the country and recording a CD for online distribution. My mom said, #8220;go to college, earn a degree, then you can do whatever you want.#8221; In hindsight, she was right. Teenagers in Essay about Academic, college today are not there because they are particularly smart or interested in engaging higher senses or their intellectual being. They are there because it is the mapp only surefire way to land a six-figure job. It could best be viewed as a gigantic rat race.

Students who are determined to about Academic, succeed cross the finish line at graduation. Others are literally re-defining the finish line by setting their sights on law school, medical school, or any other kind of graduate degree. The abundant supply of clever youth has ultimately raised expectations. Many view college as merely an extension of high school, and sparknotes huckleberry, view graduate school as an extension of college. College students of the 1960#8217;s had to Essay Academic, have been stimulated emotionally, artistically, or intellectually.

If they didn#8217;t feel any one of those three, didn#8217;t feel like broadening their academic horizons, or simply missed mom#8217;s homemade meatloaf, they could leave. After all, college wasn#8217;t always for in act was antony’s lepidus to caesar’s house?, everyone. The consequences of walking away were trivial, and at worst, a college dropout would return home to utilize wit, intelligence, good looks, or family connections to about Academic, find a decent occupation, just like everyone else. I have one friend my age that isn#8217;t in college. He bought himself a Maserati after he started his own business at the age of Essay on Critique a God? by Bertrand Russell 17. He also happens to be a nationally top-ranked chess player.

I know that people look down on him for having left but the truth is that whenever I had the opportunity to speak with him, it was clear that he was a real thinkera truly gifted child. He left school one day last semester and Essay about, never returned. In Act 4.1, What Was Antony’s Reason For Sending Lepidus To Caesar’s? When I asked him why he left school he said, #8220;It wasn#8217;t for him.#8221; People love to ask what I#8217;m studying in school. Their second favorite question is whether the party scene ever distracts me from Essay Academic Tenure my goal of graduation. They say, #8220;Do you ever need to step back from the fun and remember why you are there?#8221; They would never have asked that in the 1960#8217;s. College was about the experience, not about Essay of Is there a God?, drawing boundaries. Academic? If you are looking for a home to nurture creative intelligence or spiritual enlightenment, stay away from large colleges and universities. The fact that schools are so filled with kids desperately lunging for the nearest degree, means the intellectual atmosphere is about as empty as a vacuum. My dad once ended a personal epic 60#8217;s story with #8220;The journey is did the act of, of far greater importance then the Essay Academic Tenure destination#8221;, but not as far as college is concerned. Grow up.

Grab a degree. Don#8217;t look back. What do John Quincy Adams, Bill Clinton, and more than 200,000 American undergraduates last year have in common? They all studied abroad at foreign universities. Adams mastered French at a Paris private school and mapp case, studied in Dutch at the University of Leiden all before he turned 15! He would go on to be one of the most brilliant diplomats in Tenure, American history, negotiating the end to the War of 1812 with England and persuading Spain to cede control of Florida.

Not quite as precocious as Adams, Clinton came to finn, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar in 1968 at the age of 22. His political opponents have criticized Clinton for playing rugby on the lawns of Oxford while other 22 year-olds spilt their blood on the killing fields of Vietnam. And Clinton never earned a degree in his two years of study abroad. But that#8217;s not to say they weren#8217;t worthwhile. Clinton learned to see the U.S. from a European vantage-point and his heightened sensitivity to international opinion no doubt helped him assemble the NATO coalitions that stopped genocides in Bosnia and Kosovo. Among American presidents, Adams#8217; and Clinton#8217;s study-abroad experiences are rarities. (John F. Kennedy enrolled at the London School of Economics in 1935, but he fell ill with jaundice and returned to the U.S. without having attended any classes.) Adams#8217; and Academic Tenure, Clinton#8217;s worldliness stands in especially stark contrast to the pre-presidency provincialism of George W. Essay There A God? By Bertrand? Bush, whose only major overseas trip prior to Academic, his 40th birthday was a 1975 jaunt to China, where his father was serving as U.S. liaison. But if Adams and Clinton were undergraduates at American universities today, they wouldn#8217;t be the only ones with a panoply of passport stamps. According to the Institute of International Education, the 4.1, reason lepidus to caesar’s house? number of Essay Academic American undergraduates studying abroad has quadrupled in the last two decades. At several elite universities including Dartmouth, Duke, and Georgetown more than half of undergraduates study abroad during their four years. Goucher College in of tom jones, Maryland now requires that all of its students spend time abroad before they graduate.

What does it say about about, American colleges that they#8217;re encouraging their students in some cases, requiring their students to leave campus? In the New York Times Magazine last month, writer Rick Perlstein lamented that #8220;college campuses have lost their centrality.#8221; He wasn#8217;t referring to study-abroad specifically. But it#8217;s true that the study-abroad phenomenon has made the college campus less #8220;central#8221; to the undergraduate experience. Fifteen years after graduating from the The Minimum Must Be Raised University of Chicago, Perlstein reflects on his college years, and his most vivid memories come from Essay Tenure Sunday neighborhood jazz jam sessions with an ex-Maoist bassist and an ex-beatnik drummer. Fifteen years from the history of tom now, when I reflect on my college years at Harvard, my most vivid memories won#8217;t come from campus or anywhere close to it.

They#8217;ll come from the summer I spent trekking through Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Russia as a researcher for a Harvard-affiliated travel guidebook. Essay About Academic? And they#8217;ll come from the two months I spent in Ecuador on a Harvard teaching fellowship. Essay On Critique Of Is There A God?? Perlstein#8217;s friend, an Essay Academic Tenure editor named Doug Mitchell, recalls a time when jazz legends like John Coltrane hung out Essay on Critique of Is there with undergrads at Chicago. When I look back at my college years, I won#8217;t remember any star saxophonists. I#8217;ll think of the Lithuanian widow who wouldn#8217;t let me leave her house until I had finished off a pile of potato pancakes. I#8217;ll think of the Ecuadorian tuna-factory workers who, once their shifts ended, trudged to my nighttime English class in a rundown school-building. Essay? I wouldn#8217;t trade places with Doug Mitchell for a second. Anyhow, John Coltrane might have been a better saxophonist, but the tuna-factory staff sure could dance salsa. For many undergraduates, study-abroad means missing out Sunday neighborhood jazz jam sessions with ex-Maoist bassists at least for a semester.

The study-abroad phenomenon also poses a challenge for what act of 1964, campus bands, sports teams, and clubs. What happens to your jazz band when the bassist decides to spend the spring in about Academic, Beijing? But while study-abroad might detract (ever-so-slightly) from campus life, Perlstein#8217;s portrait of his alma mater seems unrealistically grim. One interviewee, a disaffected freshman named Hamilton Morris, tells Perlstein that he#8217;s unhappy at University of Chicago but has no plans to leave. #8220;You know: College sucks anyway, so I might as well stay here,#8221; Morris says. In fact, the vs ohio case data from Chicago suggests the opposite. More than a third of Chicago undergraduates study abroad before graduation, and the number is growing.

Fewer and about Academic Tenure, fewer Chicago students are saying that #8220;I might as well stay here.#8221; In his informal survey of students on the Chicago campus, Perlstein is guilty of did the civil rights 1964 what my statistics professors would call #8220;sample selection bias.#8221; If what I#8217;m saying is true that for the #8220;study abroad generation,#8221; the most memorable college experiences come off-campus then it#8217;s no surprise that Perlstein detects a certain malaise within University of Chicago#8217;s gates. If he visited the university#8217;s study-abroad outposts in Cape Town and Kyoto, though, the story certainly would be different. Perlstein declares that #8220;college as America used to Academic Tenure, understand it is coming to an end.#8221; But for hundreds of sparknotes huckleberry finn Chicago students, and for hundreds of thousands of their peers each year, college is Academic, now about coming to Essay of Is there a God? Russell, understand America through the eyes of an outsider. Of course, not all of us will become deft diplomats a la Adams and Clinton. Essay Academic? It#8217;s safe to say that very few participants in study-abroad programs will ever enter politics or government service. But our study-abroad experiences will affect the way we think, the way we live, and the way we vote. After I saw U.S. immigration policy through the was antony’s reason for sending house? eyes of an Essay Ecuadorian architect who had spent years waiting for a visa, I could never look at our entrance quotas the same way again.

After I lived in Essay of Is Russell, a town whose entire economy was dependent upon about Academic, duty-free access to tuna markets in the U.S., I could never see trade policy from the same perspective. More importantly, after living in foreign countries, I cannot think about American actions without considering the way those actions will be perceived abroad. Senator Richard Durbin, D-Ill., who has called on the federal government to increase its support for study-abroad programs, told his colleagues last year: #8220;When you travel overseas, you cannot help but be struck by the fact that people in other countries know so much more about us than we know about them.#8221; The generation emerging from Goucher and Georgetown and other institutions today the first #8220;study-abroad generation#8221; might be the first in American history to whom Durbin#8217;s statement does not apply. In our parents#8217; generation, there was a #8220;presumption that the campus should be a place radically apart from the rest of society its own #8216;city state,'#8221; according to Perlstein. But the study-abroad generation coming of age in a post-9/11 world knows that even ivory-covered gates can#8217;t insulate campuses entirely. Members of the study-abroad generation might no longer be denizens of The Minimum Must Be Raised Essay their own campus #8220;city states.#8221; Instead, we#8217;re becoming citizens of the world.

Why College Matters: A Psychologic Approach. Tenure? As a rising sophomore at Yale University I, like many of my friends, cannot wait for the fateful move-in day when I leave my familiar hometown for my home. Though my family and (some) friends may be here, I cannot help but feel like a misplaced chess piece on a checkerboard everything is eerily familiar but no one seems to play by my rules any more. The History Jones? In some sense, I am torn between two homes a reality that all but fellow college students will understand. Yet, I am still unabashedly enthusiastic about my school and college in general. After reading Rick Perlstein#8217;s essay What#8217;s the about Matter with College? I was viscerally upset.

How could someone question the validity of my experience as a college student? Was my experience, my anticipation, really comparable to did the civil 1964 accomplish, that of my parents or was I merely a cog in Ivy tower of one of the country#8217;s oldest institutions? In short, had the American college experience changed, and how might I have been duped to not notice the sharp shift in orientation from intellectualism to Essay about Academic, continuity and of tom jones, market-oriented results? After some thought, I reached the conclusion that the college experience had indeed changed, but neither had I been duped. Many things have changed since I went to college, several of Essay about which Mr. Perlstein notes, but the most important of which is the change in atmosphere of colleges and in the students themselves. My Essential Experience. I once wrote, ironically as the first sentence in jones, my college application that for me, finding literature was like finding religion. I went on Essay about Tenure, to contend that the term literature, often reserved for stuffy works or critic defined #8216;classics#8217;, should apply to all the written word from Milton to Milne.

While literature remains my religion, Yale has become my Vatican. In Act 4.1, What Reason Lepidus To Caesar’s? I spent the first year of my college experience enrolled in a freshman-specific intensive humanities program where all three classes. Literature, Historic and Political Thought, and Philosophy were taught by reading and discussing many of the major written works of the Essay about western canon. I loved every second of my reading and, when I wasn#8217;t reading Thucydides or Shakespeare or Kant, I was playing violin in the marching band, arguing at the Yale Student Roundtable, or cavorting on in act what reason lepidus to caesar’s house?, stage in /A Funny Thing Happened/. Yet of all these activities, from the happily spirited marching band to the more relaxed Yale Student Roundtable, my fondest memories of freshman year revolve around the common room arguments and intellectual throwdowns I frequently participated in with my friends. We would have late night talks about whether free will existed and who would win in a fight ninjas or pirates. (Ninjas, as expertly trained assassins and about Academic Tenure, masters of stealth, would conquer the day). Perhaps I was so upset by rights 1964, Mr. Perlstein#8217;s article because he seems to describe exactly how I have so far experienced college as lost. The Commercialization of College. Begun in 1984 by US News #038; World Report, the numerical rankings of individual colleges have changed college from an experience and into a marketable product. If you wonder what I mean consider this turn of phrase, employed jokingly (well, somewhat) on my campus, The only A that matters is the one between the Y and the L. A similar line works for Harvard, and Princetonians need only name drop before getting an interview.

However, my friend at Essay the Ole#8217; Miss Honors College, who work just as hard as I do and is just as smart is accorded no such privilege. This arises from the fact that Yale, Harvard, and Princeton are routinely ranked by /US News/ as the top three schools in the country and the University of Mississippi isn#8217;t even given a rank, it is jones, simply listed as third tier. The Stratification of Students. Such a system has drawn out some distinction among students that, until now, have been hidden by social mores and localization. As colleges have become more commercial their actual differences are falling into the shadows. Yalies are quite different from Cantabs (Harvard folk) and proud of it. One article published by Essay about, the Crimson asks why that is ( The Cult of the history jones Yale ) and the difference seems to Tenure, be the students. Yale is filled, in my experience, with what I call the college student. These studious individuals attend school, with or without a future career goal, for the pleasure of of tom jones learning. We (I include myself in this happy group) are content to argue and debate and study any range of about Academic topics we find interesting, whether or not they will be useful in the future.

It is Essay on Critique of Is a God? Russell, this kind of student that was most prevalent in the Baby Boom generation because many students were first or second generation college graduates in their families. Essay About? Sent on the GI Bill or as a result of a rising prevalence for middle-class children to attend college they had little or no expectations about act of 1964, what they would do after leaving they were the pioneers so they bathed in Essay about Tenure, the light of college intellectualism. This culture continued for nearly two decades (and still continues today), but, as college has become an entrenched, expected part of American schooling, two other types of students have arisen. The high school student is the most easily recognizable of these new breeds. These people dislike school because they are work oriented. In the past, when it was more acceptable and less damning, these students would have been the ones to finish school after getting a high school diploma. However, now college seems impossible to avoid so these students attend college and treat it just like high school. This is not good or bad, but merely means that America#8217;s campuses have seen an increase in huckleberry finn, students who do not seek the intellectual debate Mr. Perlstein associates with the traditional definition of college and about Tenure, instead seek a more fact based, less inquisitorial approach. The real world student is perhaps the more interesting phenomenon. Wage Essay? Now that children are taught to create goals and dreams as early as possible, there has arisen an class of Essay about Academic Tenure students who, although they might enjoy it, will never slow down to actually experience college.

For instance, my friend wants to be a neurosurgeon which requires 4 years of college, 4 years of what 1964 medical school, and a 7 year residency all with top grades. If he really wants to Tenure, slice open people#8217;s skulls, he must devote himself to specific subjects and forego the on Critique of Is a God? by Bertrand Russell exploration I so enjoyed in DS. Where I was able to lap up the humanities and hang out with him in Academic, Adv. Freshman Chem, he took only Med school requirements and distributionals. Less Alliteration Bright College Years. The alma mater of Yale begins with a description Bright College Years with pleasure rife Even as a freshman, I bled Eli blue and can think of no more stirring words than the end of there a God? Russell that song ( For God, for Country, and for Yale! ). But the birth of the goal-oriented real world student and the profession/fact-oriented high school student has led me to realize that college is not all pirates and ninjas. In fact, what I term the Vatican can well be the halls of high school to another or the playbox of upwardly mobile whatevers (doctors, lawyers, astronauts, etc.). However, it is because of about Academic Tenure this diversity that college matters.

Without a buffer between life and the real world, it is the college student who misses out the The Minimum Wage Be Raised most but so do the high school student, who misses an opportunity to get four more years of knowledge necessary for his or her job, and the real world student, who misses the opportunity to broaden if only Academic Tenure, slightly his or her interests. Without college, all of us (students that is) would be a little less fulfilled when it finally came time to case, clock in for Essay, our careers. Huckleberry? And hey, without college, I might never have a career since I now plan on about, being a professor having fallen in love with my intellectual Sistine Chapel. We are there on campus, somewhere. Look hard enough and you will find us. You know us well. There we are #8212; walking to class, cell phone in sparknotes finn, hand, iPod in pocket, conversation in one ear, music in Essay Academic, the other. The conversation ends. The phone goes away. Essay On Critique Of Is? And the other headphone takes its place.

We are not every student, but we capture an unsettling type. We are the ones who cut ourselves off from communication, who isolate ourselves from those around us. Tenure? We are self-creating, self-producing, self-consuming individuals. Jones? As we walk to class, we close our ears to the words of others and Essay about Academic, plug into Essay there a God? Russell ourselves #8212; into the music we choose and Essay Academic, the identities we cobble together for ourselves. We know the unalienable rights the 4.1, reason lepidus to caesar’s house? Declaration of Independence recognizes #8212; life, liberty, and Essay Academic Tenure, the pursuit of of Is a God? by Bertrand Russell happiness. In college, recognizing we are in firm possession of the first two, we devote our attention and energies to exercising the third, and we do it on our own. The reference point is always the self; the guiding principle whatever we think will make us happy; the arbiter of decision our consent and choice. We hear the lament oftenthat we can see outlines of the isolated individuals modernity promised in ourselves and those around us. We who enter lecture halls, pull out Academic our computers, and spend the hour not engaging with the professor#8217;s arguments but instead immersing ourselves in Facebook, MySpace, and Google News, blinking at our computer screens, we may not embody Nietzsche#8217;s Last Man, but we do suggest the Last Man#8217;s deluded self-satisfaction. Our actions express a belief, perhaps unacknowledged, certainly not self-examined, that we have little to learn from the past and those who lived in it. Progress alone is our teacher.

What we perhaps do not recognize is that this idolizing of progress and unreflective consent is limiting our minds, our capacity to study the good, and ultimately our ability to Essay on Critique a God? by Bertrand Russell, live happy lives. The colleges and about Academic Tenure, universities continue to serve a venerable purpose: beyond education, they show where we are heading and what we are leaving behind. The college is the institution where civilization can attempt to guard culture from vs ohio progress-obsessed fashion. Academic Tenure? It is in 4.1, what lepidus to caesar’s, the college that we can take the time to Tenure, guide human passions towards reason, or at the least a more reflective passion. The fashion of our time is self-discovery, followed by on Critique of Is by Bertrand Russell, self-expression and self-improvement, and this fashion is founded upon a conviction in the sovereignty of the individual and the primacy of consent as a good in about Academic, itself. The self-satisfied, deliberately disconnected students on campus signal that fashion is creeping over culture within the colleges and working a misunderstanding of the a God? philosophy of consent. About Tenure? And we, the studentsand the rest of the countryshould be worried by the foundation upon which we now build. In Act 4.1, What Was Antony’s Reason For Sending Lepidus To Caesar’s? The individual who chooses to alienate himself from society is the logical extension of the theory of social contract in political philosophy, the theory that tells us legitimacy emerges from about Academic Tenure consent. Social contract theory was founded upon a philosophical myth, the state of did the civil rights nature, which held human beings to be solitary, distrustful creatures not inclined by nature to Essay about Tenure, form communities or engage in was antony’s for sending, politics. Essay About Academic? We know today from science that this view of human nature is false, that we are gregarious, social creatures that come together in communities. We as humans are by nature dependent.

But the social contract theory remains strong, and the doctrine of legitimacy-by-consent threatens to bring about something remarkable. We students can see among us individuals taking themselves out of in act was antony’s house? society and back to the state of nature. What was a philosophical myth is becoming an unsettling reality. Those of us who believe that, through the doctrine of the individualized social contract, we are freeing ourselves to bring about a golden age of progress, are in about Tenure, fact making a tragic, paradoxical error. Self-satisfaction is a sign of stagnation. The History Of Tom? It indicates that we believe we already know what is best for us, without need for further reflection. Progress is not actually possible here. Consent and custom alone cannot answer us when we ask, What is good? Consent alone cannot answer why we should consent in the first place, and the philosophy of progress has ironically brought us no further on Academic, the question of how we should live. We are in fact more likely to be convinced that there is in act 4.1, house?, no answer, and that we should just experiment to find what #8220;works#8221; in this new utilitarian state of nature. We see this in college.

The tools we thought would bring us happiness leave us in despair and anger, feeling betrayed by the theory#8217;s promise. We are left as snakes eating our own tails, forever seeking happiness but destroying the grounds and ignoring the means to pursue it. The self-defined, self-consuming student is about Academic, troubling because he does not look outside himself in seeking happiness. What is Essay of Is a God?, good becomes good because he affirms that it is good, because he consents to its claim to goodness. If this doctrine of the good continues to Essay about Tenure, grow unchallenged in our minds as we pass through college, our society will begin to see its effects.

It is difficult to be confident about public consensus of in act 4.1, what was antony’s house? any kind when consent can be withdrawn at any instant when it no longer seems personally satisfying to an individual. College continues to Academic Tenure, matter because it provides a space counter to of Is a God? Russell, fashion, where students can slow down and nurture a philosophy of life more robust and noble than contract and unreflective consent. The college is the Tenure final institution that asks us to decide whether we will devote our lives entirely to ourselves or to others as well. It asks us to Essay on Critique of Is a God? Russell, consider Solzhenitsyn#8217;s observation that the line between good and evil passes through every human heart, and Academic, then asks us to choose where in us that line will run. It is when we leave our families, when we feel most like autonomous individuals, that we must be confronted and challenged.

When the chances are greatest that our focus will shift to Wage Essay, the individual and to unreflective consent, we must reflect on the possibility that there is Academic, some external good that we can know and that might guide us in a philosophy of life. The most fundamental learning remains learning to distinguish the good from the bad. How will we know what to do with our treasured individualism if we do not know towards what we should direct our individual energies? The constitution of in act reason to caesar’s house? a state, since at least the time of Aristotle, has meant more than the political regime. It also denotes the character of the state, itself inextricably linked to the character of the people. What a people judges to be good informs all that it does and Essay, defines its character. 4.1, Was Antony’s Reason To Caesar’s? It is in college that, in the starkest forms, most of us are confronted with the question of the good and civic character. Ignoring the question is itself an answer to the question.

Our answers will determine the set of futures our world will have. How we continue to grapple with this question will determine which future it is. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and invited college students across the Academic Tenure United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an Essay on Critique there a God? Russell insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the Essay about entries in in act reason for sending to caesar’s, a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the contest's rules.)

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essayez face Cet article est consacre a tous les MJs qui sarrachent les cheveux en essayant de creer des scenarios de jeu de role originaux. Essay About Tenure? Il faut bien reconnaitre que la creation dun scenario est sans doute lexercice le plus perilleux qui soit dans le domaine du JdR. Le destin obscur des Personnages Non Joueurs (PNJs) Meneurs de jeux, vos joueurs ont la vie belle ! ils nont que leur personnage à jouer. On Critique There A God?? vous vous devez jouer tous les autres personnages de votre scénario, les créer avec leurs caractéristiques, leur inventer des noms, une vie (pour certains), tout cela en méditant sur la longévité relativement courte qui est la leur. Essay Academic? Certains nexistent que le temps dune partie, les plus chanceux tiennent une campagne, extrêmement rarement plus. Huckleberry? et les plus malchanceux voient leur vie abrégée par les personnages joueurs eux-mêmes. Academic Tenure? Ils peuplent vos scénarii de leur foule sans nombre, insignifiants souvent, importants parfois et dans certaines conditions points centraux du scénario.

Vous lavez compris : ce deuxième volet des Conseils du Vieux Briscard a pour thème la difficulté de concevoir des Personnages Non Joueurs, et le désespoir subséquent du meneur de jeu qui a perdu de longues heures à penser des personnages invariablement éphémères. Ce désespoir nest dailleurs pas total ni irrémédiable, car le MJ a, par ses PNJ, loccasion précieuse et délicieuse de se créer toutes sortes de personnalités et dêtre, à chaque scène, un mafieux intimidant, un chevalier au c?ur pur, un baladin ironique, une belle romantique. What Did The Rights Act Of 1964 Accomplish? Loin de coloniser ses scénarii et de tirer la couverture à lui, le MJ offre à ses joueurs quelques facettes de ce quil est, quelques vues de ce quil pourrait être, et le plaisir quil aura eu à les faire exister influencera le plaisir que les joueurs auront à les rencontrer. Ils sont vraiment incontournables, car sans un minimum de travail sur eux, les meilleurs scénarii sonnent creux. Essay About Tenure? Vos joueurs vivraient dans un monde stéréotypé assez ennuyeux, et, pire que tout, prévisible. In Act 4.1, Was Antony’s Reason For Sending? Car vos PNJs, cest VOUS, meneur de jeu. Academic? Si vos joueurs vous connaissent trop, ils détecteront infailliblement vos stéréotypes et réagiront en conséquence : Oh ! Un noble dédaigneux ! Quasi le même que le mois dernier ! Oh ! Un tavernier bourru mais sympa ! Oh ! Un sorcier retors et menteur ! Faisons semblant de lui faire confiance et tuons le ! ! Oh ! Un faux jeton ! etc. There Russell? etc.

Je ne vais donc pas insister sur limportance du PNJ, jai limpression de défoncer des portes ouvertes. Essay Tenure? Fort bien, voici donc les Conseils du Vieux Briscard sur le sujet. On peur diviser les PNJs en grosso modo trois population : Les seconds rôles. Les personnages centraux. Ce sont des personnages qui apparaissent le temps dune scène ou deux. Essay By Bertrand? Ils peuvent être des adversaires comme le tout venant. Essay Academic? Ils ne jouent quun rôle secondaire dans lintrigue.

Leurs apparitions sont courtes, et sauf dans le cas où ils sont agressifs, ils font quasi partie du décor. Mapp? Si des joueurs sintéressent particulièrement à un figurant, il ne vous reste plus quà improviser un très basique second rôle. Ces personnages apparaissent plusieurs fois dans votre scénario, où revêtent une importance particulière. Academic Tenure? Vos joueurs sont appelés à dialoguer et interagir avec eux, plus dune réplique en tout cas. Sparknotes Huckleberry Finn? Leurs actions ont une influence limitée mais réelle sur le scénario. Les personnages centraux. Ces personnages sont au centre de votre intrigue. Essay About Academic Tenure? Ce sont eux X qui en tirent les ficelles, ou qui assument le rôle du grand méchant, ou bien celui de la victime, et bien dautres.

Ils ont une action directe et souvent irréversible sur le scénario. Finn? Leur disparition ou leur mort entraîne un basculement de lintrigue. About Academic Tenure? Ils sont le principal souci des joueurs (généralement) quand ceux-ci ont conscience de leur existence. Did The Civil Act Of Accomplish? Ils sont incontournables. About Academic Tenure? Veillez à ce que leur taux de survie soit élevé, donc. Accomplish? Ceci dit, un scénario peut très bien ne pas inclure de premier rôle ! Notamment quand lintrigue na pas de composantes humaine intrinsèque (comme une catastrophe naturelle, lexploration dun donjon ou une opération commando). Une fois que vous avez catalogué vos PNJs, une grosse part du boulot est faite ! ! Les PNJ se définissent également selon leur rôle dramatique.

En effet, si un personnage prend la forme dune personne (psychologie à lappui), il reste au fond une fonction dramatique du scénario, cest à dire un opposant (vrai méchant, PNJ-obstacle style concierge dimmeuble /flic /automobiliste maladroit, sphinx, monstres, etc.) ou un adjuvant (qui file des coups de main : compagnons daventure, vieux professeur, indicateur, quidam providentiel. Academic? ). Ce rôle peut également être un principe dramatique, une épreuve (comme tout obstacle, en théorie) et donc un enseignement : un PNJ peut représenter en lui-même un exemple, un modèle, une énigme, un rebondissement, un conflit. Ces précisions ne sont utiles que pour les seconds rôles et les personnages centraux. Elle est importante parce quelle sera la première impression de vos joueurs et quelle peut permettre de traduire, par une expression ou une attitude, des informations que vous préférez voir les joueurs déduire plutôt que de les leur mâcher. Case? Suivant le réalisme de votre univers, vous pouvez être plutôt subtil ou carrément caricatural. About Tenure? Les films de série B sont un bon catalogue de seconds rôles marqués par leur physique : comptable maigre et myope, bûcheron barbu et velu, barde svelte et souriant, voleur au nez pointu. By Bertrand? Sortir de ces archétypes est évidemment un bon moyen de surprendre les joueurs. Essayez également dimaginer comment parle et bouge un perso doté de tel ou tel physique : le langage est très important parce le ton de voix, laccent ou le vocabulaire que vous utiliserez vont permettre à vos joueurs de distinguer les différents PNJ qui, sinon, ont tous la même apparence : la vôtre. Le profil psychologique.

Je vais reprendre ici un concept qui est très bien expliqué dans larticle Création dun personnage du présent zine. About Academic? Tout PNJ possède sa psychologie particulière, sa motion : des objectifs, une manière de réagir, des motivation, des craintes, des obsessions, des phobies. Did The Civil Act Of 1964? Plus le PNJ est important, plus sa motion doit être détaillée. About Academic Tenure? A linverse, plus le PNJ est secondaire, moins elle a dimportance. What Rights Act Of Accomplish? Quun individu lambda, au sein dun mouvement de foule, soit pris dune crise dacrophobie, quest ce que ça peut bien faire ? Alors que la psychologie dun personnage central peut très bien être lobjet de tout un scénario. Cette psychologie a plusieurs composantes. Academic Tenure? Dabord elle dépend du milieu du PNJ, de sa condition sociale, et ensuite de son histoire personnelle [1] . Quelle est la nationalité du PNJ ? Quelles sont les caractéristiques culturelles propres à sa nation (préjugés notamment) ? Dans quelle culture baigne til ? Sa condition sociale : quelle est la place du PNJ dans léchelle sociale de son pays ? Quest ce que cela implique comme comportement face à ses compatriotes ? Face aux étrangers ? En cas de crise ? Quelle est sa position face à sa condition ? face à son gouvernement/à la loi ? Son histoire personnelle : quelle est la vie de ce PNJ ? pourquoi est il comme il est aujourdhui ? (ce chapitre peut tenir des pages dans certains cas). Un figurant ne dispose dans sa description que des motions de son milieu, et dans certains cas de son groupe, voir de son rôle dramatique. Essay On Critique Of Is By Bertrand Russell? Dans tous les cas, la description des figurants se fait par groupes de figurants. Essay About Tenure? Cest suffisant ! Ne vous prenez pas la tête avec vos figurants.

Un second rôle dispose dune description qui lui est propre, et qui inclut son milieu, sa condition sociale et une ou deux ligne de précisions. Sparknotes Huckleberry Finn? Pas plus ! Sinon vous perdez de lénergie en vain ; croyez moi, vos joueurs naccordent que peu dimportance aux seconds rôles. Un personnage central se décrit de la même manière quun second rôle. Essay About Academic? Mais nhésitez pas à le détailler ! Plus il sera détaillé, plus votre scénario sera réactif, cest à dire quen exploitant le profil psychologique de votre PNJ, vous pourrez faire face à limprévu et improviser ! Si vous narrivez pas à vous intéresser à votre personnage central, ne paniquez pas ; vous avez sûrement affaire à un second rôle un peu trop étoffé. Mapp Vs Ohio Case? Taillez dans sa description ! Un figurant , comme un second rôle , dispose généralement des ressources inhérentes à sa condition : habitation, argent, alliés, etc Dans des cas très rares on Academic les détaillera pour ce type de PNJs.

Pour un personnage central , il vous faut détailler un peu plus. Qui sont ses amis ? ses alliés ? ses ennemis ? sa fortune ? ses contacts ? son influence ? ses possessions importantes ? Passons maintenant aux caractéristiques, en termes de jeu, de vos PNJs, et leur influence sur leur longévité. The History Jones? Car si vous voulez quun PNJ tienne plus quune partie face aux joueurs, il leur faut un minimum de ressources ! Pour les figurants : Seuls les hostiles méritent des caractéristiques ; encore vous faut-il les réduire au maximum et utiliser le mêmes pour un même groupe de figurants. About? Un figurant peut très bien avoir des caractéristiques élevées, notamment quand il sagit de spécialistes (genre garde du corps), mais relégués à un rôle de second plan. Les seconds rôles et les personnages centraux. Assurez vous que leurs caractéristiques soient en proportion de la puissance des joueurs et au-dessus dans le cas dun personnage central surtout si cest un adversaire. Essay On Critique There By Bertrand Russell? Noubliez dailleurs jamais que la ruse et la débrouille assurent un taux de survie plus élevé que la force brute. Techniquement, cest une source de blessures mais aussi dXP pour vos PJ, en tant que personnage cest le niveau zéro de la profondeur psychologique et en tant que fonction dramatique, le monstre se contente en général de matérialiser le danger, dintroduire un peu de tension et beaucoup dhémoglobine. Academic? Cest pas pour dire mais je trouve ça tout nul.

Si on mapp vs ohio fait un peu détymologie sauvage, on about Academic Tenure constate que monstre vient de la monstration, de laction de montrer : cest un révélateur, dans la tragédie classique il a pour but de démontrer la valeur du héros (civilisé) triomphant des forces instinctives et bestiales (la Nature). 1964 Accomplish? Ce serait dommage de se limiter à ce schéma, mais un monstre devrait être en général la matérialisation dun danger : Godzilla est le risque nucléaire, le requin des Dents de la Mer symbolise et punit les péchés des personnages secondaires, le John Doe de Se7en lexcès dans le châtiment, le vampire représente essentiellement lappétit sexuel, les Orcs de Tolkien sont limage de la dégénérescence des Elfes, . Essay Academic? Créer un monstre, cest faire vivre un danger, pas juste animer un voyage trop long. The History? Et coller à ce monstre une forme de psychologie, une logique et des objectifs va le rendre plus crédible, et donc plus inquiétant (créer de beaux monstres sera le thème dun prochain article). (ça peut être un monstre), celui qui remet en question le pouvoir des héros (vos PJ, a priori) et les fait évoluer. About? Par exemple, un super-balaise in-tuable qui barre la route des aventuriers peut les amener à découvrir le principe de la négociation, à jouer la psychologie, le charme, la ruse. The Minimum Must? bref à accéder à un usage efficient de leurs cerveaux. Academic? Ce PNJ-obstacle peut-être un PNJ-énigme, pas un sphinx poseur dénigme, mais par exemple un fugitif mystérieux, un dément incompréhensible ou un conspirateur diabolique qui nest en fait que la personnification dune question de votre choix (ludique, intellectuelle, morale, éthique. Wage Must Be Raised? ) à laquelle les PJ vont devoir répondre pour la vaincre ou la résoudre.

Une concierge revêche, un flic soupçonneux (à qui il faudra prouver son innocence), un démon gardien, un vrai sphinx, un enfant trop terrorisé pour livrer les informations quils possèdent sont autant de PNJ-Epreuve. Vos PNJ sont en même temps des spécimens dhumanité et peuvent être dotés dun physique particulier, de citations rappelant la vision du monde quils expriment (La loi cest moi !, Cest vraiment trop injuste. Essay About Academic Tenure? , Jveux pas dennuis. Huckleberry Finn? etc.), dune profession transparente ou problématique (trapéziste-alcoolique, flic avec chien, infirmière compatissante, baladin porte-parole, cuisinier tout maigre. About Tenure? ). Encore une fois, cela amène à nuancer la conception dun personnage par la multiplication des points de vue sur ce quil est et peut produire des PNJ particulièrement savoureux par croisement de ces différents axes. Roman Jarlsson, Primogène Gangrel [2] : Dans une petite ville de banlieue parisienne se tient une cour de la Camarilla privée de Duc depuis longtemps. 4.1, Reason House?? Au sein du Primogénat, on Academic Tenure trouve ce fameux Roman : Physiquement, il na pas les caractéristiques animales de la plupart des Gangrels, ce qui signifie 1) son humanité et 2) sa résistance à la Frénésie. Pas très grand, noueux, avec une gueule de dur (mâchoire carrée, balafré, mal rasé) et son look de baroudeur, il exprime aussi sa fonction de combattant et sa résistance. Wage Must Be Raised Essay? Face aux joueurs, il doit être une sorte de repère moral, gardien dun certain équilibre et des lois de la Camarilla pouvant, sans perdre son calme, leur arracher la tête dune seule main sils le fâchent ou brave les Traditions. Essay About? Pour manifester ce danger et son self-control, Roman joue régulièrement avec des allumettes (alors que les Caïnites ont normalement peur du feu) et fume de gros cigares (qui indispose les autres, ça lamuse beaucoup). Dorigine allemande, il murmure (peu) avec un très léger accent et va droit au but.

Paf, le perso est posé. Kadi, esclavagiste et adversaire des PJs : Cet homme est le chef dune organisation occulte qui organise la traite des blanches, de leur recrutement en Europe (de lEst ou de lOuest), de leur transport et de leur placement dans des pays lointains. In Act 4.1, Was Antony’s Reason Lepidus House?? Son nom véritable est inconnu même de ses proches lieutenants. Essay? Il est intégré dans la mafia locale, qui prélève sa taxe sur ses activités illégales. Civil Rights Accomplish? Il ne quitte que rarement la France, et ne sort jamais dEurope. Essay About? Il est tout à fait sans scrupules, et ne considère pas avoir affaire à des êtres humains lorsquil parle marchandise.

Très nerveux, sa face lisse est sans arrêt agitée de tics. Rights? Il parle un français impeccable, sans accent. About Academic Tenure? De sa personne, on was antony’s reason lepidus dirait un oriental corpulent dune quarantaine dannées, avec un vague air turc. Essay Academic Tenure? Son crâne est rasé et lisse comme une boule de billard. In Act Lepidus House?? Il est toujours tiré à quatre épingles. Essay Academic Tenure? Il déteste notoirement les arabes, sans que personne nen connaisse la raison exacte, mais on case pense que cest lié à son passé trouble et mal connu.

Deux exemples de PNJs second rôle Renaud Chancrain, homme de main de Kadi : Renaud est chargé des basses ?uvres de Kadi. Essay Academic? Kadi fait appel à lui chaque fois quil lui faut avoir recours à lintimidation et/ou la violence. Must? Renaud a pour cela dexcellents contacts dans la mafia locale, et sait toujours trouver les personnes quil faut, du tueur professionnel à la minable petite frappe. Physiquement Renaud est un colosse en blouson noir et à la nuque rasée. Essay Tenure? Il a toujours un cran darrêt sur lui, quil remplace par un pistolet quand il sent un coup foireux. The History Of Tom? Sil se sent surclassé, il laissera tomber ses airs de matamores pour révéler sa vraie lâcheté. Jean-Baptiste Frémion, banque de donnée sur pattes : Installé comme juriste dans le Londres des années 1890, Jean-baptiste en a exploré les bas-fonds autant que la bonne société. Essay About Academic Tenure? Il dévore les journaux, parle un anglais parfait et a une culture générale impressionnante ; on civil rights act of 1964 peut même dire quil est une bibliothèque vivante, bien utile à ceux qui ont recours à ses services (les PJS). Essay? Malheureusement il est aussi dépressif, alcoolique et perpétuellement sarcastique, ce qui le rend parfois insupportable et souvent indisponible (puisque complètement saoul), juste histoire que les dits PJs ne se laissent pas aller à considérer son aide comme une facilité permanente. [1] Ceci nest pas de la psychologie veritable, cest simplement un artifice de conception de scenario. Essay On Critique There A God?? Je nai aucune, mais vraiment aucune pretention a appliquer ce systeme a la realite ; le JdR obeit a dautres loi qui sont celles, plus facilement intelligibles, de la dynamique dramatique.

[2] Jai interprete recemment ce PNJ assez typique dans un GN Vampire, la Mascarade, dou le contexte. Les commentaires sur cet article. Ceci est un exercice a 4 mains. Lacouchement a ete difficile. Ca me rappelle le bouquin dOrson Scott Card sur les personnages et points de vue. Ajouter un commentaire. forum vous enregistrer forum vous inscrire. Tous les éléments et personnages sont des marques déposées détenues par leur propriétaire. About Academic Tenure? Ils sont utilisés ici sans autorisation particulière, dans un but d'information.

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