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PSY 300 Week 1 Individual Assignment Foundations of Psychology

benefits essay exams College Teaching, Fall 1997 v45 n4 p150(3) Essays - well worth the effort. Craig W. Essay? Steele. Abstract: More college teachers should make use of essay examinations in their courses. Well-constructed essay questions test higher-level knowledge than most objective questions. They also furnish students with valuable writing practice and provide the opportunity for mutual feedback between teacher and student. Of Free Education? Some disadvantages of essay exams include the amount of time they take to grade and their inherent subjectivity.

Teachers can increase their grading objectivity by covering students' names, deciding in advance the key points each essay should cover, and stopping the grading when they begin to feel tired. Full Text: COPYRIGHT 1997 Heldref Publications. Why do questions requiring essay responses make students so apprehensive? Because they are used to taking multiple-choice tests. By the time they enter college, students have had up to twelve years training in this type of Foundations, examination; it is what they expect in most classes. Multiple-choice tests are easier to take (usually involving only simple recognition and recall), permit a certain amount of guessing, and require basic study skills. But multiple-choice exams, in my opinion, are the least appropriate evaluation tools for aiding student learning, at any grade level. They do little to the melian, help teachers teach for understanding (Perkins 1993). I agree with the position of the Writing across the Curriculum (WAC) Association of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education, as expressed in the May 1991 issue of Writing and Learning, that writing is central to all disciplines because an active language element is crucial for any significant learning. Foundations Of Psychology? Why then, according to WAC, do most college classes not only neglect the language-based elements of learning, but actively avoid them?

Perhaps the reason is 2D and Ultrasound Essay that teachers, as well as students, do not appreciate the advantages of the essay. Also, according to Everett (1994), many teachers avoid writing assignments because of the perceived difficulty and subjectivity in grading them. Advantages of the Foundations of Psychology Essay, Essay. Essays can test higher-level cognitive skills. Objective exams can also test higher-level skills, but on a more limited basis. For any test, the content and style of the questions should be determined by the course objectives. When objectives require students to apply knowledge, analyze data or situations, synthesize, or evaluate, the essay can be an effective test. Because essays address higher-level cognitive processes, you can individually direct students in their thought processes.

However, when objectives ask students to describe, to list, or to recognize, the essay exam is probably not useful. Students study more efficiently in preparing for an essay test. Research has shown that students generally spend less time on global rote memorization of material when they study for an essay exam rather than a multiple-choice exam (e.g., Mayer 1975; Shavelson and Stern 1981). Instead, students tend to generalize and conceptualize the material, using facts as support material rather than as ends unto themselves. Students are al so more apt to of Psychology Essay, retain concepts and generalizations than isolated facts and Civil Essays, details. Essays allow students to practice their writing. Many students can graduate from college without having had much practice in of Psychology Essay, writing.

Unfortunately, many of these students discover too late that their writing skill in the real world--whether it is in the form of a memo, a proposal, or a report--is the difference between success or failure in their profession. Essays can individualize your instruction. Your feedback on an essay can help students form insights into Ultrasound the subject material, organizational skills, and writing skills. Your comments can also be an important motivator. Essays provide valuable feedback to you. Sometimes objective test scores do not portray your students' learning. Essays, however, can reveal the depth and breadth of students' knowledge, as well as erroneous conclusions that are drawn. Essay questions require less time to prepare. Good multiple-choice exams are extremely time-consuming to prepare.

The essay, however, requires much less preparation. (Be careful, however, not to throw together a list of essay questions.) Disadvantages of the Essay. Essays are (very) time-consuming to Essay, grade. To garner the full benefits of including essays on your tests, you must allot sufficient time to read and comment on neutral tones analysis the students' responses. Simply scanning a response and assigning it a numerical grade will not close the learning cycle.

Students quickly learn how to study for your exams! If they perceive that you fail to grade their responses adequately (as indicated by your written comments and of Psychology Essay, suggestions), students will not bother to study at a higher level for the next test, but will instead return to memorizing facts. Sometimes an essay question is tones not representative of the content covered. An example: In an introductory course in human physiology, which has just covered blood, the Foundations, circulatory system, and the immune system, seven of the ten essay questions are about the circulatory system. If you use essays, you must use course objectives to determine the content of the questions. By referring to what do about global, objectives, you will not make the Essay, mistake of the melian summary, focusing too narrowly on one aspect of Foundations Essay, content. 2D And 3/4D Technology Essay? The essay exam often has grading reliability problems. Foundations? Unlike the what do about, multiple-choice format, the essay is a subjective form of evaluation.

And teachers often introduce biases into their grading. If you know whose paper is being evaluated, the Foundations of Psychology, grade may reflect personal feelings for that student, or may reflect influence from dialogue summary, past grades. Of Psychology? For example, if the student received an A on of free a past exam, you may tend to give a higher grade than is actually deserved on this exam (and vice versa if a student had received an F). Also, grades given on first papers may differ significantly from Essay, those that are graded later. Other influences include your general mood and stress level at the time of grading, the time of day, and your feelings about the Technology Essay, subject of the essay. Foundations Of Psychology? Preparing an Essay Question or Exam. These suggestions may help you maximize the benefits of an essay test: Carefully select those course objectives that can be evaluated through an essay. Cognitive objectives stressing memorization of disadvantages, facts, names, or definitions should not be measured by Essay, essays. Essays should require students to analyze hypothetical data, solve sample problems, or compare and contrast concepts.

Phrase the question clearly. After reading the question, the prepared student should know exactly what you expect. If a question's wording is ambiguous or too vague, unprepared students can draw upon the related knowledge they have and write an answer, while claiming (correctly) that they misunderstood what you desired. Control the level of students' response. If you want more than just a recitation of facts in an essay, word the question so that more is demanded. Read the following examples of essay questions: When were Medicare and Medicaid established? How have Medicare and Medicaid contributed to the current U.S. What Warming? trends of increased demand for health services, increased costs of health care and physicians' services, and longer hospital stays? What do you suppose might have occurred in the field of health care in the U.S. Of Psychology Essay? if Medicare and Medicaid had never been established? Although all three questions request information on disadvantages of free education Medicare and Foundations, Medicaid, the Civil Unions, first two require only recitation in Essay, writing an answer.

The third question, however, requires a knowledge of the first two questions and requires the student to analyze rather than recite. Write essay questions that sample the neutral tones analysis, content covered. Many professors permit students to choose several essays from a list. Although you may believe this choice benefits the prepared student who may be weak in one area, actually the Foundations Essay, unprepared student benefits more from tones analysis, this practice because it encourages students to place a bet and to omit studying some key areas of content. By allowing choice, you also create different exams, which decreases the content validity and the grading reliability. Inform students of the grading criteria. You must decide what evaluative criteria will be used. It is important to share this information with students before they write the essay. If you will be grading for language usage, spelling, and Foundations Essay, grammar, tell them.

If you desire a minimum or maximum number of words, tell them. If you desire a certain format, specify it ahead of time. Share examples of good and weak essays with students. Students can benefit greatly from seeing what is expected of them. In groups, have students apply the grading criteria to several sample essays you provide.

Discuss their judgments and yours. Ten Tips for Grading Writing and Reducing Bias. What can you do to improve the reliability of your grading of responses to essay questions? Following is a list of suggestions: 1. Cover the names of the students. Most teachers attempt to treat all students fairly. However, it is human nature to like some students more than others, or to actively dislike some students as individuals. This personal bias can affect the reliability of the grades.

Grading can be influenced by the performance of the student on earlier exams, by tones analysis, the amount of class participation, and by the student's attitude toward the course and the teacher. Of Psychology? 2. Familiarize yourself with the general performance level on the exam before you begin to grade. Randomly sample exams and read them thoroughly to determine the general level of performance. This practice will keep your evaluations from being unduly influenced by the quality (whether excellent or poor) of one specific paper. Neutral Analysis? 3. List the points you believe should be discussed in each essay. Such a list can keep you from being bluffed by students who are exceptionally accomplished writers, or highly clever and verbal. Unprepared students often select one aspect of a question, or an aspect tangential to the question, and elaborate on that one point to Foundations, the extent that a reader may become immersed in the writing style, overlooking the insufficiency of the answer. Rights Unions Essays? A list of expected points can assist you in assessing objectively the Foundations of Psychology Essay, breadth and depth of the response. You can get help from the melian dialogue, your students in developing these criteria (Everett 1994). Ask them what they believe is important in the assignment, what they would expect to Foundations Essay, read if they were grading it.

4. Do not attempt to grade all exams in one sitting. Can We Warming? As stated earlier in this article, a major disadvantage of essays is the time required to grade them. When you begin to tire of Foundations, reading the responses, you naturally become too critical or too generous in your grading, which affects the reliability of the grades. 5. Grade only one question or topic at a time. Ultrasound Technology? Each question on an essay exam, or each essay question included in an objective test, should be graded separately. Reading an entire exam and then trying to assign a grade also affects the reliability of the Foundations of Psychology Essay, grades. 2D And Technology Essay? By grading exams by individual questions, you will be better able to concentrate on the quality of each individual response and how it compares to other students' responses. 6. Write comments on the exams. Point out the good as well as the bad. Comments indicate that you actually read the exam. Also, they serve as an Foundations Essay, explanation of why you assigned a particular grade.

Comments such as Expand, What about . . . , or How do you conclude this? readily indicate weakness to Al Qaeda and Chemical Essay, the students. When commenting, adopt a nonconfrontational attitude by assuming that you and the student share a common enterprise. Write to convince the student: be direct in your criticisms, but be dispassionate and never engage in of Psychology, ad hominem attack. Ask yourself whether your disagreement with the Civil Rights For Civil, student's writing is based on specialized knowledge you possess because of your education and training. If so, then offer that knowledge to the student. Don't simply bash the student for not knowing something that everyone knows. Of Psychology? Maintain an neutral tones, appropriate perspective on of Psychology the writing assignment, i.e., don't fixate on remarks that may be tangential to the principal point/s of the composition (Moore 1992). Can We Do About Global? Finally, realize that you do not necessarily improve a student's writing by writing an overwhelming number of comments on an essay (Moore 1992). 7. Foundations Essay? Before you assign grades, sort your papers into piles.

By sorting papers into piles corresponding to A's, B's, C's, etc., you can quickly check through the piles to ensure that there are no changes to be made. This practice assists you in making decisions about 3/4D Technology Essay, borderline papers. 8. Discuss the test with the students. Feedback is a critical element in the learning cycle. Testing provides you with an opportunity to give feedback to your students. In addition to written comments on the essay exam, you should allocate class time to Foundations Essay, discuss the question and the melian dialogue, the responses. This practice reinforces the testing process as a part of learning. 9. Have colleagues read the papers. This is an effective way of improving the grading for team-taught courses and for teachers teaching different sections of the of Psychology Essay, same course. If you and a colleague differ greatly in scoring a question, reevaluate the response to tones analysis, the question. It is Essay very important, of the melian dialogue, course, to tell your students about such dual grading arrangements.

You could even improve the feedback to your students by having the different graders identify their comments by different colored inks. 10. If students do not meet your established criteria for a question, consider retesting them on the concepts. After providing feedback on the incorrect answers and Foundations, time to restructure their concepts, allow students to rewrite their responses. Without an of free education, opportunity to revise their response, any comments you make have little effect on improving subsequent writings (see Doher 1991, for a more thorough discussion). After all, the ultimate objective of Essay, education is learning, not simply receiving a grade. And Chemical And Biological Essay? Student writing, regardless of subject, is only one-half of the equation. The other half is learning through studying the teacher's thoughtful critique of the writing. Bashing may be brought about unintentionally by a teacher's misunderstanding a student's perspective, reasoning, background, or personal values. Constructive critiquing is an art that must be learned and then practiced. Foundations Essay? Doher, G. 1991.

Do teachers' comments on students' papers help? College Teaching 39:48-54. Everett, E. 1994. Do the write thing. The Science Teacher 61(7): 35-7. Mayer, R. E. 1975. Information processing variables in learning to solve problems. Review of tones, Educational Research 45:525-41. Moore, R 1992. Writing about biology: How should we mark students' essays?

Bioscene: Journal of College Biology Teaching. 18(3): 3-9. Perkins, D. 1993. Teaching for Foundations of Psychology Essay, understanding. American Educator 17(3): 8 and 28-35. Neutral Analysis? Shavelson, R J. and R Stern. 1981. Research on teachers' pedagogical thoughts, judgments, decisions, and behavior. Review of Educational Research 51:455-98.

Steele, C. W. Foundations Essay? 1992. Critique; don't bash. Writing and Learning 3(1): 5 6. Craig W. Steele is an associate professor in do about global, the Department of Biology and Health Services at Edinboro University in Edinboro, Pennsylvania.

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non thesis option A typical program of study under this option would look like the following, totaling 33 credits: SpSt 501 Survey of Space Studies I 3 cr. Survey of Space Studies I. SpSt 501 is the first course in a two-course sequence (along with SpSt 502) that introduces new students to essential knowledge that will be necessary to Foundations of Psychology Essay, successfully complete their M.S. degree in Space Studies. SpSt 501 consists of the following six modules: 1) space history, 2) space policy, 3) space law, 4) planetary and space sciences, 5) space life sciences and human factors, and 6) Earth remote sensing. 3/4D Ultrasound Technology Essay. All modules contain foundational information that will give students the basic knowledge and skills necessary to achieve a broad understanding of the multi- and inter-disciplinary nature of space studies that can be applied in later courses, such as Capstone; and knowledge that facilitates thesis and other specialized types of instruction and research.

Course content in Foundations SpSt 501 will also be used to assess student learning at the end of their M.S. Al Qaeda. program via the Comprehensive Examination. Students are expected to master and understand course content, be able to apply course content as appropriate, and demonstrate their understanding of course content prior to of Psychology, graduation. Required textbook: None (CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) Instructor: de Leon, Pablo. SpSt 502 Survey of Space Studies II 3 cr. Survey of Space Studies II. SpSt 502 is the second course in a two-course sequence (along with SpSt 501) that introduces new students to essential knowledge that will be necessary to successfully complete their M.S. degree in Space Studies. SpSt 502 consists of the following five modules: 1) space mission design (two modules), 2) orbital mechanics, 3) launch vehicles and propulsion, and 4) robotic spacecraft instrumentation. All modules contain foundational information that will give students the basic knowledge and skills necessary to achieve a broad understanding of the multi- and inter-disciplinary nature of 2D and 3/4D Technology Essay, space studies; knowledge that can be applied in later courses, such as Capstone; and knowledge that facilitates thesis and other specialized types of instruction and research. Foundations Essay. Course content in SpSt 502 will also be used to assess student learning at the end of their M.S. program via the Comprehensive Examination. Students are expected to For Civil Essays, master and understand course content, be able to apply course content as appropriate, and demonstrate their understanding of Foundations, course content prior to neutral analysis, graduation.

Required textbook: None (Confirmed for Foundations of Psychology Essay, Spring 2017) Instructor: de Leon, Pablo. SpSt 590 Space Studies Colloquium 1 cr. Space Studies Colloquium. A series of invited lectures presented by visiting lecturers and faculty. May be repeated up to 2 credits. Graded as pass/fail (S/U). Required Textbooks: None (Confirmed for Spring 2017)

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 595 Space Studies Capstone 3 cr. Space Studies Capstone. The capstone course integrates, extends and applies knowledge learned in earlier Space Studies courses and reading. The major component of this course is a collaborative project inter-relating policy, technology and science. This course is required for distance students who select the non-thesis option and what can we do about global, can be taken after completing at least 21 credits in of Psychology Essay the program, or with the permission of the instructor. The course begins in the fall semester and analysis, concludes with a required week-long capstone experience on the UND campus in the spring. Even though this course extends through the spring semester, it does NOT count as a course enrollment for the spring semester. Students may be enrolled in a different course; submit a leave of absence, or register for SpSt 996 Continuing Enrollment to Essay, maintain enrollment for do about global, the semester. Additional course fee of Foundations of Psychology Essay, $110 assessed to cover Capstone Week expenses. Prerequisites : SpSt 501 and 502.

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. Independent study and preparation of a written report for students taking the non-thesis option in the Master's program. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. 6 credits from two social area courses outside the students area of specialization. 6 credits from neutral analysis, two technical area courses outside the students area of Foundations, specialization.

9 credits in three elective courses in the students area of Civil Unions Essays, specialization. This option requires the Foundations Essay completion of the Capstone course which requires a one week stay on the UND campus for the conclusion of a team-oriented, integrative, problem solving course. SpSt 450 International Space Programs 3 cr. International Space Programs. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. This course will introduce students to the major governmental space programs around the world. The history, activities and 3/4D Ultrasound Technology Essay, future directions of the Russian/Soviet, European/ESA, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and of Psychology Essay, other space programs will be explored. 2D And Technology. International collaborations between the various programs will also be studied. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for of Psychology Essay, this course will require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste.

Week 1: Intro (DJW) Week 2-4: Europe (PdL) Week 5-7: Russia (VR) Week 8-10: China (DJW) Week 11-12: India (DJW) Week 13-14: Japan (DJW) Week 16: Wrap-up (All) Emerging Space Powers: The New Space Programs of Asia, the Middle East and South America by Brian Harvey et al. Do About Global Warming. 1st Edition.

Publisher: Springer. ISBN-13: 978-1441908735 (paperback). Instructors: Pablo de Leon, Vadim Rygalov, David Whalen. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 508 Quality Engineering for the Space Industry 3 cr.

Quality Engineering for the Space Industry. Sub-discipline: Space Engineering or Management. May be used as Technical or Social course. This course addresses the principles and techniques for establishing quality goals, identification of customer needs and Foundations of Psychology Essay, requirements, measurement of disadvantages, quality, and product/process engineering to improve system performance with a focus on the space industry. The main objectives are to provide the student with an understanding of the principles and practice of quality and reliability engineering in Foundations general and to provide an Civil Rights For Civil Essays, in-depth understanding of the quality assurance concepts, strategies, and tools practiced in the space industry. Familiarity with the techniques learned in this course will enable the student to address problems in the design, implementation, measurement, and correction of production and Essay, service systems found in the space industry. Previously offered as SpSt 570. Do not repeat. Fundamental Quality Concepts Intellectual Foundation of Quality Engineering Process Fundamentals Fundamental Statistical Concepts Process Definition/Redefinition Statistical Process Control Chart Interpretation Variables Control Charts Variables Control Charts Grouped Measurements Variables Control Charts Individual Measurements Attribute Control Charts for Classification Measurement Operating Characteristics Average Run Length Attribute Control Charts for Counts Anamalous Patterns Inspection Policy Process Capability Process Improvement Design of Experiments Quality Function Deployment Process-based Transformation Process-Compatible Initiatives Six Sigma, Robust Design, Theory of what can we do about global, Constraints Lean Cycle Time/Waste Reduction Continuous Improvement, Learning Organizations, Fifth Discipline Total Quality Management, Quality Awards Process-Compatible Tools. Required textbook: (Confirmed for summer 2017) Introduction to Statistical Quality Control by Douglas C. Montgomery, 7th Edition.

Publisher: John Wiley Sons. ISBN: 978-1-118-14681-1 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 540 Space Economics and Commerce 3 cr. Space Economics and Commerce. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Management. A study of the economic aspects of space activities, with analysis of the of Psychology possibilities and the barriers.

Key areas include launch services, satellite communications, remote sensing, microgravity materials processing, and interaction with the government. Global competition against subsidies or government-sponsored entities is examined. Why economics? Review of relevant economic theory Relationships of space industry with economic environment Economic impact of commercial space on U.S. economy Government space budgets Structure of selected space industries Regulatory issues International effects Insurance in support of space industry Economic analyses Engineering economic considerations Financial effects of quality and reliability Cost estimation of space systems (CER) Life cycle costing Economics of what do about global warming, Apollo, Faster-Better-Cheaper (FBC), Constellation Launch costing Investment and entrepreneurship Economics of New Space and of Psychology, space tourism. Required Textbook : None. See course syllabus for further details. (confirmed for Spring 2017) Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 541 Management of Space Enterprises 3 cr. Management of tones analysis, Space Enterprises. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Management.

This course investigates the management of space organizations. These include organizations that are public and private, RD and operations, profit and non-profit. Foundations Essay. You will learn the Ultrasound Essay basics of Foundations, management theory, the history of systems management, and the technical issues that must be considered in Civil For Civil the management of space RD and operations. Role of management Management approaches Leadership Motivation Communication Ethics Decision theory Organizational structure Organizational change Organizational culture Organizational behavior Strategic decision making Controlling and Foundations, Management Human resource management Risk management Technical management Project management Management of civil space organizations Management of large space business Management of small space business Entrepreneurship. Required Textbook: (confirmed for fall 2016) Applied Project Management for Space Systems by Chesley, Larson, McQuade and Menrad. Publisher: Learning Solutions. ISBN-13: 978-0073408859 (paperback). The Secret of Apollo: Systems Management in American and European Space Programs by former UND Space Studies Professor Stephen B. Johnson, PHD.

Publisher: John Hopkins University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0801868986 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 542 Risk Management of Space Organizations 3 cr. Risk Management of Space Organizations. Social course; Sub-discipline: Management.

This course includes a systematic approach to the principles and practices of 3/4D Ultrasound Technology Essay, risk management in the space industry from project initiation through planning, implementation, control and of Psychology, closeout. It discusses various techniques and warming, models for qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and Foundations Essay, risk mitigation in such areas as cost, schedule, and performance. Decision making under conditions of uncertainty and risk is also discussed. Analytical methods for risk management: A systems engineering perspective by P. R. Garvey. Civil Unions Essays. Publisher: Chapman Hall, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1-58488-637-2 (hardcover). Required Supplemental Work: The black swan: The impact of the Foundations of Psychology Essay highly improbable , by Al Qaeda and Chemical N. N. Taleb 2010 2 nd edition, New York: Random House. Of Psychology Essay. ISBN 13: 978-0812973815 (paperback) (confirmed for Al Qaeda and Biological Warfare Essay, Spring 2016)

Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 545 Space and the Environment 3 cr. Space and Foundations Essay, the Environment. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy. This course is an advanced graduate-level review of international relations theories as applied to the international implications of global commons. The course introduces the concept of the melian dialogue, global commons, examines the theories and practices concerning management of of Psychology, global commons, and neutral analysis, analyzes the global commons dealing with the problems of collective action as applied to global environmental change and the uses of outer space.

Required Textbooks: (Confirmed for Spring 2017) 1) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action by Elinor Ostrom, 9th Edition. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-13: 978-1107569782 (Paperback) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 551 History of the Space Age 3 cr. History of the Essay Space Age. Social Course; Sub-discipline: History.

This course introduces students to the history of disadvantages of free education, human endeavors in space. These include the development of Essay, rocketry, the influence of neutral tones, amateur societies and Foundations Essay, science fiction, the Civil For Civil military development of ballistic missiles, and human and robotic spaceflight. Intro Science Fiction Visionaries Pioneers WW2 Space Cadets Nukes ICBMs IGY Sputnik and Explorer Early Military Spaceflight Space Policy 1955-1961 NASA, Mercury and Gemini Apollo Space Applications Golden Age of Planetary Exploration Beginnings of Space Astrophysics Shuttle ISS Solar System Exploration The Exploration of of Psychology Essay, Mars Great Observatories Commercial Space Militarization of Space International Space. This New Ocean : The Story of the First Space Age by William E. Burrows, 1985 Modern Library ISBN: 978-0375754852. Space and Rights For Civil, the American Imagination by Howard E. McCurdy. 2011. Publisher: John Hopkins University Press.

ISBN-13: 978-0801898686 (paperback). The Heavens and the Earth : A Political History of the Space Age by Walter A. McDougall. 2008. Publisher: ACLS Humanities, ISBN: 978-1597404280 (paperback). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 552 History of Astronomy and Cosmology 3 cr. History of Astronomy and Essay, Cosmology. Social Course; Sub-discipline: History.

This course investigates the history of human endeavors to understand the stars, planets, and cosmos as a whole from a scientific perspective. It covers the early observations and theories of the Babylonians and Greeks through the European Scientific Revolution, and finally to the development of astrophysics and modern cosmology using space vehicles. Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology by John North, University of Chicago Press, 2008. ISBN: 978-0226594415 (paperback). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 555 Military Space Programs 3 cr. Military Space Programs. Social course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. An introduction to the military uses of space by the United States, Russia, and other nations. The course introduces ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missile and anti-satellite systems, space-based reconnaissance and Essay, intelligence-gathering, communications, navigation, acquisition, and Essay, military space treaties.

Previously offered as SpSt 555 Strategic Implications of Space. Do not repeat . Course Outline Spring 2017. Introduction to Military SpaceLeaders and Theorists Post World War II Policy and Weapons The Cold War and Civil Rights Essays, Military Space Programs ICBMs Reconnaissance Satellites U.S. vs. USSR Space Race Arms Control Strategic Warning and Strategic Defense Space Warfare Desert Storm to the Present Space Power Theory. Required Texts (confirmed for Spring 2017)

Toward a Theory of of Psychology, Space Power , Charles D. Education. Lutes and Foundations, Peter L. Hays (eds.), with Vincent A Manzo, Lisa M. Tones Analysis. Yambrick, and M. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. Elaine Bunn. Publisher: Washington, DC: National Defense University, 2011. Available free on the web http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a546585.pdf. Beyond Horizons: A Half Century of Air Force Space Leadership by 2D and Essay David N. Spires, (Washington: GPO, 1998). Reprinted by University Press of the Pacific 2002. ASIN: B003HKQH66 (paperback) Available free on the web http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-110125-038.pdf. Harnessing The Heavens: National Defense Through Space Paul G. Gillespie and Grant T. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. Weller (eds.) Chicago: Imprint, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1-879176-45-4 (paperback).

Instructor: Kugler, David. SpSt 560 Space Politics and the melian summary, Policy 3 cr. Space Politics and Policy. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. This course serves as a graduate-level introduction to the field of Public Policy as applied to Space Policy. Foundations Essay. The course surveys the evolution of Space Policy at several levels of dialogue, analysis including context, political actors and institutions, political processes, and policy outcomes, and Foundations of Psychology Essay, assesses the of free education symbiotic relationships between policy, technology, and science. . The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age by Walter A. McDougall, 1997 Johns Hopkins Paperback Edition.

ISBN: 0-8018-5748-1. After Apollo? Richard Nixon on of Psychology Essay the American Space Program by John M. Dialogue. Logsdon, 2015 Edition, Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 978-1-137-43852-2. This New Ocean by William E Burrows, 1st Edition 1998, Modern Library. Foundations Of Psychology. ISBN: 0-375-75485-7. Instructor: Dodge, Michael.

SpSt 561 Public Administration of Space Technology 3 cr. Public Administration of Space Technology. Social course; Sub-discipline: Management. This course is an advanced graduate-level review of Public Administration theories as applied to the implementation of space technology programs. In this course, the political, organizational, and tones, technical variables that affect the management processes of Essay, space organizations are examined. Prerequisite: SpSt 560 or SpSt 541. This course was previously offered as SpSt 525 Public Administration and Technology Assessment of can we do about global warming, Space Technology. Foundations Of Psychology. D o not repeat. Historical perspective Intellectual heritage Political heritage Stateless origins “Chinking in” Rise of professional technocracy 20 th Century development Contemporary public administration Rational model New Public Administration model New Public Management model Principles practices of 2D and Essay, US Federal space-related organizations Review of Federal government organization Regulatory environment Operations environment Planning, Programming, Budgeting process Specific principals actors Organizational culture Formative NASA culture Apollo Post-Apollo FBC Post-Columbia Organizational decision-making Challenger launch decision Faster, Better, Cheaper philosophy Columbia Management of space technology Program management Systems management Case study: Apollo Case study: Space Shuttle Case study: Constellation. Required textbooks (TEXTBOOK INFO CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017)

Denhardt, R. B. (2014). Theories of public organization , 7 th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Wadsworth. ISBN-13: 978-1285436333. Stillman, R. J. Foundations. II (1999). Preface to public administration: A search for themes and direction , 2 nd ed. Burke, VA: Chatelaine Press. ISBN-13: 978-1574200652. Instructor: Kugler, David.

Social Course: Sub-discipline: Law. This course serves as a graduate-level introduction to the field of Law as applied to Space Law. The course examines the origins and evolution of the laws of outer space from the beginnings of the space age to the present. Civil Unions Essays. International laws governing access and use of Foundations, space, and national laws regulating governmental and commercial activities in Rights Essays space are reviewed and analyzed. Origins Bodies of Law General Principles of Foundations of Psychology, Law Statutory Interpretation Cannons of can we global, Construction Airspace v. Outer Space Legal Theory Maritime Law (Origins) Interpretation US Air Law International Law The Space Law Treaties - Outer Space Treaty of Foundations Essay, 1967 Rescue Agreement of Civil Rights Unions, 1968 Liability Convention of 1972 Registration Convention of 1975 Moon Treaty of 1979 Meteorology Communications Remote Sensing UAS Issues Private Space Flight Issues Geostationary Issues Large Space Structures Commercial Use Commercial Use Nuclear Power Use Environmental Issues UNCOPUOS Guest Lecture Peaceful Purposes. Handbook of International Law by Anthony Aust, 2nd Edition, ISBN-10 0521133491, ISBN-13 978-0521133494. ( confirmed for of Psychology, spring 2016) Instructor: Dodge, Michael.

SpSt 570 Advanced Topics in the melian summary Space Studies 1-3 cr. Advanced Topics in Space Studies. Lecture, discussion and readings on advanced topics of current interest. Foundations Essay. May be repeated if the topic (sub-title) is different. SpSt 570 can be considered either technical or social, and under any one of the sub disciplines depending on the content of the varied course titles. When this course is what can we do about global warming offered, this distinction will be clarified. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 574 Remote Sensing in Developing Countries 3 cr.

Remote Sensing in of Psychology Developing Countries. May be considered a Social or Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Applications/Technical or Policy/Social. This course will introduce students to remote sensing programs in developing countries and typical remote sensing application areas pertinent to developing countries, such as potable water, forest fires, vector diseases, environmental degradation, food security, fisheries, floods, droughts, crop pests, etc., with case studies. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 575 Remote Sensing Law Policy 3 cr. Remote Sensing Law Policy. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Law. This course focuses on the evolving laws, policies, and institutions that have long-term ramifications for earth observations.

Some topics addressed are the United Nations Principles on tones analysis Remote Sensing; the United Kingdom's 1984 National Remote Sensing Policy; the Foundations of Psychology Essay Montreal Protocol; and, the U.S. Land Remote Sensing Policy Act of 1992. And Chemical Essay. Ground segment institutions considered are the Landsat Ground Stations Operations Working Group and the Global Land 1-KM AVHRR Project. Remote sensing litigation that has begun to address various applications of remote sensing will also be considered. Foundations Essay. Cases include Dow vs. 2D And Technology. U.S. and EOSAT vs. Foundations Essay. NASA and NOAA. Unmanned Aircraft in the National Airspace: Critical Issues, Technology and analysis, the Law by Donna A. Foundations. Dulo, Editor, 2015, 1st Edition. Publisher: ABA Publishing.

ISBN 13: 978-1-62722-998-2 (paperback). (Confirmed for summer 2016) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 581 Field Visits to Space Centers 1-3 cr. Field Visits to do about, Space Centers.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy. This course will provide a first-hand knowledge of selected space centers in the U.S. and/or abroad through an Foundations of Psychology Essay, organized field visit. Rights For Civil. The field visit will be led by of Psychology Essay a space studies faculty and will include prior preparation through readings, class seminars, lectures and written assignments. May be repeated up to a maximum of 3 credits. Graded as pass/fail (S/U). Required Textbook: None (Confirmed for Spring 2017)

Instructor: Seelan, Santhosh. SpSt 405 Space Mission Design 3 cr. Space Mission Design. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. A team design project to develop the tones analysis requirements for a space mission.

The specific mission will vary from time to Foundations, time. Design teams will work on analysis selected portions of the mission. Accompanying lectures will provide background material. An educational background that includes trigonometry and vector algebra is strongly recommended. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course will require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to of Psychology Essay, override a missing undergraduate prerequiste.

Understanding Space: An Introduction to Ultrasound Essay, Aeronautic s by Jerry Sellers, 3rd Edition. Publisher: Learning Solutions. Essay. ISBN-13: 978-0077230302 (hardcover). Space Mission Analysis and Design by James R. Wertz Wiley J. Larson, 3rd Edition. ISBN: 1-881883-10-8 (paperback). ( confirmed for spring 2016) Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 410 Life Support Systems 3 cr.

Life Support Systems. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors. A review of the physiological effects of Civil Essays, living in Foundations of Psychology space including a discussion of current and near-term life support systems for the provision of oxygen, water, food, and radiation protection. In addition, a review will be made of the issues associated with the development of fully closed ecological life support systems, which will be essential to the long-term development of space. An educational background that includes algebra and probability statistics is tones analysis recommended.

Undergraduate prerequisite : SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course will require a special permission number obtained from Essay, Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Spaceflight Life Support and Biospherics by Peter Eckhart. Publisher: Kluwer. 1996 Edition, ISBN-13: 978-1881883043 (paperback). Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by Suzanne Churchill et al. Publisher: Krieger. 1997 Edition, ISBN-13: 978-0894640513 (hardcover). ( confirmed for summer 2016) Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 425 Observational Astronomy 3 cr.

Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course provides an introduction to observational astronomy and neutral tones analysis, includes three segments: basic observing techniques and of Psychology, astronomical equipment (telescopes, CCDs); visual observing and the characteristics of the night sky; astrometric and Rights For Civil Unions, photometric observing, data reduction, and interpretations; and image processing and Essay, color imaging techniques. Students will learn to the melian dialogue, operate a remotely controllable Internet telescope and CCD camera. Of Psychology. A broadband Internet connection is recommended. Night observing is required. Prerequisites: Physics 110; competent algebra and trigonometry skills; knowledge of global warming, fundamental calculus is helpful, but not required.

SPST 420 and/or SPST 520 are recommended. Additional course fee of $100 assessed to Foundations Essay, cover required software. This course may also require additional software to be purchased after the class starts. Ordering instructions will be posted on the class syllabus. Graduate students registering for disadvantages of free, this course may require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Required Textbooks: (CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) (1) To Measure the Sky: An Introduction to Observational Astronomy , 2nd Edition.

Frederick R. Chromey, Vassar College, New York, 2016. Foundations Of Psychology. ISBN: 9781107572560 (paperback). Instructor: Fieber-Beyer, Sherry. SpSt 430 Earth System Science 3 cr. Earth System Science. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course begins with a review of key concepts in the physical sciences of geology, meteorology, and oceanography to examine the coupled interactions between the Civil Unions Essays land, atmosphere and oceans. Of Psychology. Particular emphasis is placed on neutral tones analysis remote sensing techniques for global monitoring of biogeochemical processes. The role of human activities on Earth processes and the consequences of global environmental changes are discussed. The growing use of space-based data sets and Foundations of Psychology, the implications of Earth Observing System technologies, including research goals and dialogue summary, hardware requirements, are examined.

This course should be considered as part of of Psychology, a sequence with SpSt 435 Global Change and is best taken before 435. Undergraduate prerequisite : SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for Al Qaeda and Chemical and Biological Warfare, this course may require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. The current human population represents something unprecedented in the history of the world. Never before has one species had such a great impact on the environment in such a short time and Foundations, continued to increase at such a rapid rate.

Human activities are, therefore, significantly influencing the Earth's environment in many ways in the melian addition to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Anthropogenic changes to Earth's land surfaces, oceans, coasts, and atmosphere and to biological diversity, the water cycle and biogeochemical cycles are clearly identifiable beyond natural variability. Essay. This course investigates the many facets of For Civil Essays, global change issues, and attempts to provide an up-to-date introduction to the study of the Earth's environment. Required Textbook: (confirmed for Spring 2017) Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet , 9 th Edition, by Foundations of Psychology Essay Daniel B. Botkin and Edward A. Keller. Rights For Civil Unions. Publisher: John Wiley Sons. 2014.

ISBN-13: 978-1-118-42732-3 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-1-118-29197-9 (binder-ready version), ISBN: 978-1-118-80187-1 (e-text). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 460 Life in the Universe 3 cr. Life in the Universe. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science.

This course examines the of Psychology evolution of the universe from tones analysis, its origin to the present: cosmological evolution, chemical evolution, planetary evolution, biological evolution, and cultural evolution. The possibility of life in Foundations of Psychology Essay the universe elsewhere than Earth is considered. Human changes to neutral tones, the Earth are placed within this context. SpSt 501 and/or SpSt 420 are recommended as prerequisites if student has no astronomy or planetary geology background. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course mayrequire a special permission number obtained from Foundations, Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Introduction to Course / Overview of dialogue summary, Topics Why do we care? / How do we search? Measuring the Universe Forming Stars and Molecules How Star Operate How Stars Die / Releasing “star-stuff” Galaxies and Other Large Scale Structures The Nature of Life (as we know it) Early History of the Solar System Timescale of Life on Earth The Origin of Life on Earth History of Foundations of Psychology, Life on Ultrasound Earth Implications for Life Elsewhere The Limits of Life / Life in Extreme Environments Habitats for Life beyond Earth: Venus?

Habitats for Life beyond Earth: Geology of Mars Habitats for Foundations of Psychology Essay, Life beyond Earth: Mars Europa? How Unique is Earth? Searching for what can we warming, Other Planetary Systems Life beyond the Foundations of Psychology Essay Solar System Extraterrestrial Civilizations: How many? How close? How Diverse can Civilizations be? Interstellar Spaceflight - Warp7, Mr. Sulu Interstellar radio, SETI and dialogue summary, Other Searches - Lucy. UFOs and Space Visitors - “U” stands for unidentified Are we alone? / Implications for the Human Future Review and Overview. Life in the Universe by Jeffrey Bennett and Seth Shostak, 3rd Edition. ISBN-10: 0-321-68767-1 , ISBN-13: 978-0-321-68767-8 (paperback). Instructor: Gaffey, Mike.

SpSt 500 Intro to Orbital Mechanics 3 cr. Intro to Orbital Mechanics. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course introduces students who have a modest background in of Psychology Essay either mathematics or physics to the problems faced everyday by orbital analysts as they track the 7,000 satellites which orbit the Earth. The course gives students an ability to summary, converse, as managers and co-workers, to those individuals who are calculating these difficult orbits. This appreciation is important in Foundations both the civilian and military sides of the space program. An educational background that includes trigonometry and vector algebra is strongly recommended. Required Textbook: (Confirmed for Fall 2016)

Understanding Space: An Introduction to For Civil Unions Essays, Astronautics plus Website by Sellers, et al. 3rd Edition, 2007. ISBN-13: 978-0077230302. Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 505 Spacecraft Systems Engineering 3 cr. Spacecraft Systems Engineering. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering.

This course will guide the of Psychology Essay students through the spacecraft design and what can we, proposal process for an actual mission. In this course the students will work in teams on individual spacecraft subsystems, participate in an engineering design review, and create a document which can be submitted for funding for a small satellite project. Lectures will provide an overview of the Foundations of Psychology Essay separate spacecraft subsystems involved in Civil Unions a typical mission, the systems engineering approach to spacecraft development, and the grant writing process. Distance students will interact with on-campus students via conferencing software. Prerequisite: SpSt 405 or consent of instructor. Space Mission Analysis and Design by Wertz, 3rd edition. Microcosm. Foundations Essay. ISBN-10: 9781881883104 (paperback) . Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 506 Advanced Orbital Mechanics 3 cr.

Advanced Orbital Mechanics. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course provides a working knowledge of the field of orbital mechanics including the use of and Chemical Warfare, appropriate mathematical and computational techniques, the analysis of of Psychology Essay, professional papers in orbital mechanics, and can we global warming, applying the appropriate techniques to solve orbital mechanics problems. Topics covered include orbital elements, perturbations, coordinate systems, orbit determination, and multi-body gravitational problems. Prerequisites: SpSt 500 and Math 266 Elementary Differential Equations or the equivalent. Required Textbook: (confirmed for summer and fall 2017; look for newest printing) Orbital Mechanics for Engineering Students by Howard Curtis, 3rd Edition 2013. Butterworth-Heinemann.

ISBN-13: 978-0080977478 (hardcover). Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 508 Quality Engineering for the Space Industry 3 cr. Quality Engineering for the Space Industry. Sub-discipline: Space Engineering or Management. May be used as Technical or Social course. This course addresses the principles and techniques for establishing quality goals, identification of customer needs and requirements, measurement of of Psychology, quality, and product/process engineering to improve system performance with a focus on the space industry.

The main objectives are to the melian dialogue summary, provide the student with an understanding of the principles and practice of of Psychology, quality and reliability engineering in general and to provide an in-depth understanding of the quality assurance concepts, strategies, and of free, tools practiced in the space industry. Familiarity with the techniques learned in this course will enable the student to address problems in the design, implementation, measurement, and correction of Foundations, production and disadvantages education, service systems found in the space industry. Previously offered as SpSt 570. Do not repeat. Fundamental Quality Concepts Intellectual Foundation of Foundations of Psychology Essay, Quality Engineering Process Fundamentals Fundamental Statistical Concepts Process Definition/Redefinition Statistical Process Control Chart Interpretation Variables Control Charts Variables Control Charts Grouped Measurements Variables Control Charts Individual Measurements Attribute Control Charts for neutral, Classification Measurement Operating Characteristics Average Run Length Attribute Control Charts for Counts Anamalous Patterns Inspection Policy Process Capability Process Improvement Design of Experiments Quality Function Deployment Process-based Transformation Process-Compatible Initiatives Six Sigma, Robust Design, Theory of Constraints Lean Cycle Time/Waste Reduction Continuous Improvement, Learning Organizations, Fifth Discipline Total Quality Management, Quality Awards Process-Compatible Tools. Required textbook: (Confirmed for summer 2017) Introduction to Statistical Quality Control by Douglas C. Montgomery, 7th Edition. Publisher: John Wiley Sons.

ISBN: 978-1-118-14681-1 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 512 Human Performance in Extreme Environments 3 cr. Human Performance in Essay Extreme Environments. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors. This course introduces the area of human performance in extreme environment, highlights differences and similarities between extreme environments, and demonstrates that lessons learned from one extreme environment can be effectively applied to others - though settings like space, mountains, or the disadvantages education ocean's depths, etc. - pose unique characteristics, the human physiological and psychological reactions and Foundations Essay, adaptations to these extreme settings stay similar. Space environments vs. Earth extreme environments.

• Physics chemistry of 2D and 3/4D Technology, space environments. - Space hazards and Foundations of Psychology, threats. - Human subject performance environments in space. • Specifics of Operational Environments (OE): general. • Social-psychological environment: small groups under. high stress conditions.

• Space as multiple integrative stresses environment. Living working in space: space and extreme. • Human’s physiology as a response to Earth’s Biosphere. • Life Support (LS) approaches and the melian summary, technology readiness level. - Primary Life Support (PLS): air, water, food supplies.

- Environmental control hardware operation. -- Hypobaric Hyperbaric environments. -- Alternating air compositions. -- Temperature Humidity endurance. -- Environment toxicity microbial. -- Radiation exposure limits. -- ‘Technology dependence stress’ (Psycho- - Physiological stresses (Space Adaptation. Syndrome), tolerance countermeasures.

-- Respiratory function and oxygen demands. -- Heart blood vessels in ‘normal’ environments and. Required Textbook: (TEXTBOOK INFO NOT CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) 1. Bio-Astronautics Data Book (NASA SP 3006) Available for free download here. Recommended Textbooks for human factors specialization: 1. Performing in Extreme Environments by Lawrence Armstrong. 2000 Edition.

Publisher: Human Kinetics. ISBN-13: 978-0880118378 (paperback). 2. Of Psychology. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences , Churchill S. et al. Volumes 1 2. Technology Essay. Krieger Publishing Company. 1997. ISBN-13: 978-0894640513 (hardcover). 3. Essay. Living Aloft: Human Requirements For Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison, and 2D and 3/4D Ultrasound, Akins. 1985 Edition. Publisher: NASA. ISBN-13: 978-1410219831 (paperback) This book is available online, free of charge, from the NASA History Office webpage here. Recommended Textbook for psychological factors specialization:

1 . Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Foundations of Psychology Essay, Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster. 1996 Edition. Publisher: Naval Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover) Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 515 Human Factors in Space 3 cr. Human Factors in Space. Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Human Factors or Applications. A review of the major stresses experienced by 3/4D Technology Essay humans on entering the Foundations of Psychology Essay new and alien environment of space. Examples will be taken from the psychological and physiological impacts experienced by U.S. and Soviet crews with emphasis on longer flights. How to avoid and/or overcome these stresses will be examined as an essential and growing need in the future development and Al Qaeda and Chemical Essay, settlement of the Foundations of Psychology space frontier.

Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by the melian dialogue Susanne Churchill. 1997 edition. Publisher: Krieger Publishing. ISBN-10: 0-89464-051-8. Living Aloft: Human Requirements for Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison and Akins. Publisher: NASA.

Free download from NASA's History office available at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-483/cover.htm. Man-System Integration Standards . Publisher: NASA. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. Free download available at http://msis.jsc.nasa.gov/ Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster. 1996 edition. Publisher: Naval Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover). Instructor: Nelson, Travis. SpSt 517 Human Spaceflight Systems 3 cr. Human Spaceflight Systems. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering.

This course is designed to introduce students to human space systems. The course uses both an engineering and a historical approach to human spaceflight systems covering all manned spacecraft up to today, plus individual subsystems necessary for Essays, human occupation. By the end of the Essay course, students will: 1. Understand the engineering and science concepts related to human spaceflight, 2. 2D And 3/4D Technology. Understand the major technologies required for human spaceflight, 3. Apply the systems engineering process to Foundations of Psychology, a human spaceflight mission: a. Disadvantages Of Free Education. Describe the interactions among the elements of a space mission, b. Describe the interactions among all spacecraft subsystems, c. Foundations. Document design decisions and analysis in a clear and Ultrasound, concise manner. Instructor: de Leon, Pablo. SpSt 519 Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support 3 cr. Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors or Applications.

Closed ecological systems have been suggested during the early decades of space exploration for extended life support in space operations. Of Psychology Essay. In reality, this principle of long-term life support mimics global bio-geochemical cycles supporting life on Earth. The course covers the multiple interactions of human/bio-regenerative life support based on physical/chemical regeneration (hybrid) life support environments. Extensive research in this area during more than five decades showed that material turnover in small closed environments becomes unstable compared to a planetary environment. Specific attention is paid to the limits of stability for closed material cycles functioning during long-term remote confined missions; and the importance of the human factor as a target link, main sensor, and main integrator and control element for the system providing significant self-sustainability under proper motivations. Advanced scenarios for space life support based on ecological and in situ resource utilization approaches are discussed. Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501 or permission of the instructor.

Required Textbooks: (Verified for Spring 2017) Manmade Closed Ecological Systems by Gitelson Lisovsky, 2003 Ed by Taylor Francis, ISBN: 9780415299985. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by S. Can We Global. Churchill, 1997 Ed by Krieger, ISBN: 9780894640513. Space Life Support Bio/Spherics by Peter Eckart. Foundations Of Psychology. 1996 edition. What Can We Do About Global Warming. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London. Of Psychology. ISBN 1-881883-04-3 (paperback) ISBN 0-7923-3889-8 (hardcover). Space Physiology and summary, Medicine by Foundations Essay Nicogossian, Hunton Pool. 1994 edition. Publusher: Lea Febiger, A Waverly Company. ISBN-10: 0812115953 ISBN-13 : 978-0812115956.

Other Recommended Materials: Silent Running , DVD; Universal Studios, 1972 (the time of 2D and 3/4D Ultrasound Essay, public optimism in regard to space exploration). Life Under Glass: The Inside Story of Biosphere 2 by Alling, Nelson Silverstone. Foundations Essay. Publisher: The Biosphere Press, 1993. Dialogue Summary. ISBN 1-882428-07-2 (paperback) ISBN 1-882428-10-2 (hardcover).

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 520 Asteroids, Meteorites Comets 3 cr. Asteroids, Meteorites Comets. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. The small bodies of the solar system provide clues to the origin and early history of the solar system. The planets and larger moons have all been chemically transformed erasing their records of Essay, their formation. By contrast, many asteroids, meteorites and comets are essentially unmodified from the time of their origin 4.5 billion years ago and thus preserve a record of the tones formation epoch.

Each of these classes of Foundations Essay, objects is investigated separately, and relationships between them are examined. Implications for impact hazards and for extraterrestrial resources are also explored. The Melian Summary. The results of recent and current spacecraft missions to asteroids (e.g., Galileo, NEAR, DAWN, Hayabusa, Rosetta, OSIRIS-Rex, etc.) and to comets (e.g. Giotto, Vega 1, Stardust, Deep Impact, Rosetta, etc.) are reviewed. Introduction to Course / Overview of Topics Basics of Mineralogy and Geochemistry Introduction to Meteorites Introduction to Asteroids Basics Principles of Essay, Orbits Overview and History of Meteoritics Chondrites Achondrites Iron and Stony-iron Meteorites Asteroid Sizes, Rotations and Families Asteroid Surface Compositions Chondritic Parent Bodies Achondrite Parent Bodies Iron and Civil Essays, Stony-Iron Parent Bodies Diversity of Foundations of Psychology, Asteroids and and Chemical and Biological, Meteorite Parent Bodies Delivering Meteorites from Asteroids Gaspra, Ida, Mathilde, and Eros Importance of Asteroids and Meteorites Compositions of Comets Origin and Evolution of Foundations of Psychology, Comets Interplanetary Dust Meteor Showers Lunar and Martian Meteorites, Tektites Impacts Comets, Asteroids and the Origin of the neutral analysis Solar System Comets, Asteroids and Foundations of Psychology, the Origin of Life Summary and Overview. Required Textbooks: (Confirmed for can we global, summer 2017) Meteorites and Their Parent Bodies (2nd ed.) by H. Y. Foundations Of Psychology. McSween, Jr. Publisher: Cambridge. ISBN: 0-521-58751-4 (paperback). The New Solar System (4th ed.) by the melian summary Beatty, Petersen and Foundations of Psychology Essay, Chaikin Publisher: Cambridge.

ISBN: 0-521-64183-7 (hardcover). NOTE: The pages of this book can be downloaded---somewhat awkwardly--following instructions provided on the class website. Currently, this book is out of do about global, print but relatively inexpensive copies can be obtained from a variety of internet book dealers. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. The Planet Mars. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course provides an in-depth review of the present state of our knowledge of Foundations of Psychology Essay, Mars.

Topics to be covered include: the origin and evolution of the Rights For Civil Unions planet, the surface geology and geological processes, the Foundations Essay geophysical properties of the summary Martian interior, the origin and evolution of the Martian atmosphere, the present and past climates of Foundations of Psychology, Mars, the Martian moons, and the possibility of past or present life on Mars. The American and Soviet/Russian Mars exploration programs are reviewed and the course incorporates the most recent results from spacecraft missions such as Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, the Mars Exploration Rovers, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and what do about global, Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity Rover). Potential future manned and unmanned missions are also discussed. Required Textbook: No textbooks required or recommended for of Psychology, this course. Access to free materials will be provided. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 522 Remote Sensing Principles 3 cr. Remote Sensing Principles. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course covers the basic concepts and foundations of remote sensing, a review of major Earth observing satellite and aircraft platforms, and an investigation of the 3/4D Technology Essay flow of data from satellite to Earth, what is represents, and Foundations of Psychology Essay, how to interpret it using both visual and Rights Unions Essays, digital image processing techniques. A field visit to the EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls may also be arranged.

This course was previously offered as SpSt 522 Satellite Information Processing. Do not repeat. Required Textbook : None. Foundations Of Psychology. Details provided in syllabus, or contact instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 523 Remote Sensing Applications 3 cr. Remote Sensing Applications.

Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course covers the For Civil Essays use of advanced image processing algorithms and information extraction techniques for various Earth resource applications such as land cover/land use, environmental change detection, geology, oceanography, agriculture, forestry, rangeland, water resources, urban planning, natural disaster assessment, etc. P reviously offered as SpSt 570, or as SpSt 523 Advanced Image Processing. Do not repeat. Required Textbooks: None.

Instructor will provide selected readings. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 524 Current Topics in Astrobiology 3 cr. Current Topics in Foundations Essay Astrobiology. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This is dialogue a multi-disciplinary, literature-intensive examination of astrobiology, which is the study of Essay, life in the universe. Students will read scientific research and review papers from a variety of tones analysis, disciplines including astronomy, planetary science, chemistry, biology and geology. Course goals include: developing proficiency at reading/analyzing diverse scientific papers, developing the ability to incorporate knowledge from multiple disciplines in the study of of Psychology, astrobiological research, and developing the ability to effectively write summary papers to show basic understanding of course material. Prerequisites : SpSt 460 or consent of instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 525 Technical Issues in Space 1-3 cr.

Technical Issues in Space. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. An examination of the technological base for the exploration and development of space. An understanding of this technology and of its impact is essential to an understanding of the Technology Essay issues and Foundations Essay, problems associated with our continuing efforts to explore and disadvantages education, settle this new frontier. Of Psychology Essay. May be repeated if the topic is different. Instructor: SpSt Faculty.

SpSt 526 Advanced Astronomical and Spacecraft Instrumentation 3 cr. Advanced Astronomical and the melian summary, Spacecraft Instrumentation. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications or Space Engineering. This course will concentrate on instrument design, operation, and the resulting data products generated by ground- and space-based astronomical observatories, as well as common instrumentation used in NASA scientific solar system spacecraft. Key goals for this course include gaining a solid understanding of instrumental principles of operation, the types of raw data that are generated, and the types of Foundations, data reduction processes that lead to interpretable data. The course will include an investigation of different types of spectrographs and spectroscopy data products, solar instrumentation (ground- and space-based), terrestrial and Jovian spacecraft orbiter/flyby instrumentation, terrestrial planet rover and neutral tones analysis, lander instrumentation, and Foundations of Psychology Essay, extra-solar system astrophysical instrumentation.

Students will have the of free opportunity to Foundations of Psychology Essay, examine, reduce, and interpret select data sets. Prerequisites : SpSt 425 and MATH 165 or consent of instructor. Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and disadvantages, Instrumentation , 2nd edition (2008) by Ian S. McLean. Publisher: Springer. ISBN 978-3642095320 (paperback). Instructor: Fieber-Beyer, Sherry. SpSt 527 Extraterrestrial Resources 3 cr. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course focuses on of Psychology the inventory, accessibility, acquisition, processing and what can we do about global warming, utilization of extraterrestrial resources (space resources) from celestial bodies such as the Moon, Mars, asteroids, and of Psychology, comets. Consideration will be given to extraterrestrial resources for in situ utilization (such as a Lunar or Martian base), for dialogue summary, space operations (such as supporting large scale near-Earth activities or a human Mars mission), and for terrestrial markets. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. The course will focus on the interplay between the scientific, technical, and economic aspects of acquiring and utilizing such resources.

The course will also explore some of the of free education legal and political ramifications and limitations of claiming and recovering space resources. Introduction and Course Structure Why consider extraterrestrial resources? The Way the Future Was - History of Space Resources Getting there and back - Orbital Mechanics Inventory of Space Resources: Lunar Geology Inventory of Space Resources: Meteorites Inventory of Foundations, Space Resources: Asteroids NEOs Inventory of Space Resources: Mars Geology Inventory of 3/4D Technology Essay, Space Resources: Martian Moons Shuttle tanks / “Dead” satellites / Space debris Resource utilization: History as a guide to future Demand / Markets for Space Resources Propulsion options - Chemical / Ion / Nuclear Propulsion options - Solar Sail / “Mass driver” / Exotic Mining and Extracting Raw Materials General Mining and Extracting Space Resources by Object Processing Space Resources General Case Study: Propellant production Lunar Case Study: Propellant production Mars Mars Propellant Production: Implications for Martian activities Asteroid Space Mining - Options, Prospects and of Psychology Essay, Products Future Space Activities: Demand? / Pricing? / Where? Infrastructure - Minimum Optimum Infrastructure - Minimum optimum Resources and Hazard Abatement ET Resource Implementation: Social and what can we warming, Cultural Aspects Summary and Foundations, Review. Required Textbook: None. Rights For Civil. Students will be directed to Essay, online readings in what can we warming the course syllabus. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 528 Space Environment and the Sun 3 cr.

Space Environment and the Sun. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course will provide an in-depth study of the science and observations of the Sun, space weather, and effects of the Sun on astronauts, Earth, and Foundations of Psychology, the space environment. Do About Warming. Topics that will be covered include the solar photosphere and Foundations Essay, active surface phenomena such as sunspots, flares, and coronal mass ejections; the nature of the and Biological Essay quiet Sun; the solar interior and helioseismology; space weather and impact of solar particles on the space environment and Earth; the hazards posed to astronauts by Essay solar eruptions; common techniques of solar observations; and a review of the primary types of solar instrumentation and the observatories that currently study the disadvantages of free Sun. Students will be able to observe the Sun using the UND Observatory's small solar telescopes; all students will have the opportunity to analyze solar datasets to aid their understanding of the Sun. Prerequisite : Math 165 or consent of the instructor. Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501. Physics of the Sun: A First Course by Foundations Essay D.J.

Mullan. 3/4D Ultrasound. 1st edition. 2009. Foundations. Publisher: Chapman and Hall. ISBN-13: 978-1-4200-8307-1 (hardcover). Research articles in warming PDF format will be provided by the instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 570 Advanced Topics in of Psychology Essay Space Studies 1-3 cr.

Advanced Topics in dialogue Space Studies. Lecture, discussion and readings on Foundations of Psychology Essay advanced topics of 2D and 3/4D Ultrasound, current interest. May be repeated if the topic (sub-title) is different. SpSt 570 can be considered either technical or social, and under any one of the sub disciplines depending on the content of the Foundations Essay varied course titles. When this course is offered, this distinction will be clarified. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 574 Remote Sensing in Developing Countries 3 cr. Remote Sensing in Developing Countries. May be considered a Social or Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Applications/Technical or Policy/Social. This course will introduce students to remote sensing programs in developing countries and typical remote sensing application areas pertinent to developing countries, such as potable water, forest fires, vector diseases, environmental degradation, food security, fisheries, floods, droughts, crop pests, etc., with case studies. Instructor: SpSt Faculty.

Designated Social Area Sub-disciplines for Specialization. The choice of courses in the required social and Al Qaeda and Biological, technical areas outside the Foundations Essay students area of Al Qaeda Warfare, specialization must take into account the breadth of disciplines, which is a critical part of Foundations of Psychology, Space Studies education. Students are advised not to choose more than one course from within the same sub-discipline. In order to the melian, meet the breadth requirements within the degree options, students are required to spread their courses as per guidelines below. The additional courses required to meet the electives in the area of specialization can however come from within the Foundations same sub-disciplines. SpSt 508 Quality Engineering for the Space Industry 3 cr. Quality Engineering for can we global warming, the Space Industry. Sub-discipline: Space Engineering or Management.

May be used as Technical or Social course. This course addresses the principles and techniques for establishing quality goals, identification of customer needs and Foundations of Psychology, requirements, measurement of disadvantages, quality, and product/process engineering to Foundations of Psychology Essay, improve system performance with a focus on the space industry. The main objectives are to provide the Civil For Civil Essays student with an understanding of the principles and practice of quality and reliability engineering in general and to provide an in-depth understanding of the quality assurance concepts, strategies, and Foundations, tools practiced in what can we do about global warming the space industry. Familiarity with the techniques learned in this course will enable the student to address problems in Foundations of Psychology Essay the design, implementation, measurement, and correction of can we warming, production and service systems found in the space industry. Previously offered as SpSt 570. Do not repeat.

Fundamental Quality Concepts Intellectual Foundation of Foundations, Quality Engineering Process Fundamentals Fundamental Statistical Concepts Process Definition/Redefinition Statistical Process Control Chart Interpretation Variables Control Charts Variables Control Charts Grouped Measurements Variables Control Charts Individual Measurements Attribute Control Charts for Classification Measurement Operating Characteristics Average Run Length Attribute Control Charts for Counts Anamalous Patterns Inspection Policy Process Capability Process Improvement Design of what do about, Experiments Quality Function Deployment Process-based Transformation Process-Compatible Initiatives Six Sigma, Robust Design, Theory of Constraints Lean Cycle Time/Waste Reduction Continuous Improvement, Learning Organizations, Fifth Discipline Total Quality Management, Quality Awards Process-Compatible Tools. Required textbook: (Confirmed for of Psychology Essay, summer 2017) Introduction to Statistical Quality Control by Douglas C. Disadvantages Of Free Education. Montgomery, 7th Edition. Publisher: John Wiley Sons. ISBN: 978-1-118-14681-1 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 540 Space Economics and Commerce 3 cr. Space Economics and of Psychology Essay, Commerce.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Management. A study of the economic aspects of space activities, with analysis of the possibilities and do about warming, the barriers. Key areas include launch services, satellite communications, remote sensing, microgravity materials processing, and interaction with the government. Global competition against subsidies or government-sponsored entities is examined. Why economics? Review of Foundations of Psychology Essay, relevant economic theory Relationships of space industry with economic environment Economic impact of commercial space on U.S. economy Government space budgets Structure of selected space industries Regulatory issues International effects Insurance in support of space industry Economic analyses Engineering economic considerations Financial effects of quality and reliability Cost estimation of space systems (CER) Life cycle costing Economics of Apollo, Faster-Better-Cheaper (FBC), Constellation Launch costing Investment and entrepreneurship Economics of and Chemical, New Space and space tourism. Required Textbook : None. See course syllabus for further details. (confirmed for Spring 2017) Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 541 Management of Space Enterprises 3 cr. Management of Space Enterprises.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Management. This course investigates the management of space organizations. Essay. These include organizations that are public and private, RD and 2D and 3/4D Essay, operations, profit and non-profit. You will learn the basics of management theory, the history of systems management, and the technical issues that must be considered in the management of Foundations, space RD and neutral analysis, operations. Role of of Psychology, management Management approaches Leadership Motivation Communication Ethics Decision theory Organizational structure Organizational change Organizational culture Organizational behavior Strategic decision making Controlling and Management Human resource management Risk management Technical management Project management Management of Civil Rights, civil space organizations Management of large space business Management of small space business Entrepreneurship. Required Textbook: (confirmed for fall 2016) Applied Project Management for Space Systems by Chesley, Larson, McQuade and Menrad. Publisher: Learning Solutions. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. ISBN-13: 978-0073408859 (paperback). The Secret of For Civil Essays, Apollo: Systems Management in of Psychology Essay American and European Space Programs by former UND Space Studies Professor Stephen B. Johnson, PHD.

Publisher: John Hopkins University Press. Al Qaeda And Biological. ISBN-13: 978-0801868986 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 542 Risk Management of Space Organizations 3 cr. Risk Management of Space Organizations. Social course; Sub-discipline: Management.

This course includes a systematic approach to the principles and practices of risk management in the space industry from project initiation through planning, implementation, control and of Psychology, closeout. It discusses various techniques and models for qualitative and quantitative risk assessment and risk mitigation in such areas as cost, schedule, and performance. Decision making under conditions of uncertainty and summary, risk is also discussed. Analytical methods for risk management: A systems engineering perspective by P. R. Garvey. Publisher: Chapman Hall, 2008.

ISBN-13: 978-1-58488-637-2 (hardcover). Required Supplemental Work: The black swan: The impact of the highly improbable , by N. N. Taleb 2010 2 nd edition, New York: Random House. Foundations Of Psychology. ISBN 13: 978-0812973815 (paperback) (confirmed for Spring 2016) Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 561 Public Administration of Space Technology 3 cr. Public Administration of Space Technology.

Social course; Sub-discipline: Management. This course is an advanced graduate-level review of Public Administration theories as applied to the implementation of space technology programs. In this course, the political, organizational, and technical variables that affect the management processes of space organizations are examined. Prerequisite: SpSt 560 or SpSt 541. This course was previously offered as SpSt 525 Public Administration and Technology Assessment of Space Technology. D o not repeat.

Historical perspective Intellectual heritage Political heritage Stateless origins “Chinking in” Rise of professional technocracy 20 th Century development Contemporary public administration Rational model New Public Administration model New Public Management model Principles practices of US Federal space-related organizations Review of what do about, Federal government organization Regulatory environment Operations environment Planning, Programming, Budgeting process Specific principals actors Organizational culture Formative NASA culture Apollo Post-Apollo FBC Post-Columbia Organizational decision-making Challenger launch decision Faster, Better, Cheaper philosophy Columbia Management of space technology Program management Systems management Case study: Apollo Case study: Space Shuttle Case study: Constellation. Required textbooks (TEXTBOOK INFO CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) Denhardt, R. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. B. (2014). Theories of public organization , 7 th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Wadsworth. ISBN-13: 978-1285436333. Stillman, R. J. II (1999). Preface to public administration: A search for Civil Unions Essays, themes and direction , 2 nd ed.

Burke, VA: Chatelaine Press. ISBN-13: 978-1574200652. Instructor: Kugler, David. SpSt 450 International Space Programs 3 cr. International Space Programs. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. This course will introduce students to the major governmental space programs around the world.

The history, activities and future directions of the Russian/Soviet, European/ESA, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and other space programs will be explored. International collaborations between the various programs will also be studied. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course will require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Week 1: Intro (DJW) Week 2-4: Europe (PdL) Week 5-7: Russia (VR) Week 8-10: China (DJW) Week 11-12: India (DJW) Week 13-14: Japan (DJW) Week 16: Wrap-up (All)

Emerging Space Powers: The New Space Programs of Asia, the Middle East and of Psychology Essay, South America by dialogue Brian Harvey et al. Foundations Of Psychology. 1st Edition. Publisher: Springer. ISBN-13: 978-1441908735 (paperback). Instructors: Pablo de Leon, Vadim Rygalov, David Whalen. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 551 History of the Space Age 3 cr. History of the Space Age. Social Course; Sub-discipline: History. This course introduces students to the history of human endeavors in space.

These include the development of the melian summary, rocketry, the influence of amateur societies and science fiction, the military development of ballistic missiles, and human and robotic spaceflight. Intro Science Fiction Visionaries Pioneers WW2 Space Cadets Nukes ICBMs IGY Sputnik and Explorer Early Military Spaceflight Space Policy 1955-1961 NASA, Mercury and Gemini Apollo Space Applications Golden Age of Planetary Exploration Beginnings of Space Astrophysics Shuttle ISS Solar System Exploration The Exploration of Foundations, Mars Great Observatories Commercial Space Militarization of Space International Space. This New Ocean : The Story of the Al Qaeda and Chemical and Biological Warfare Essay First Space Age by William E. Foundations Essay. Burrows, 1985 Modern Library ISBN: 978-0375754852. Space and the American Imagination by Howard E. Summary. McCurdy. 2011. Publisher: John Hopkins University Press. ISBN-13: 978-0801898686 (paperback). The Heavens and Foundations Essay, the Earth : A Political History of the Space Age by Walter A. McDougall. 2008. Publisher: ACLS Humanities, ISBN: 978-1597404280 (paperback). Instructor: SpSt Faculty.

SpSt 552 History of Astronomy and Warfare Essay, Cosmology 3 cr. History of Astronomy and Cosmology. Social Course; Sub-discipline: History. This course investigates the history of human endeavors to understand the stars, planets, and cosmos as a whole from Foundations Essay, a scientific perspective. It covers the early observations and neutral, theories of the Babylonians and Greeks through the Foundations Essay European Scientific Revolution, and finally to the development of Civil Unions Essays, astrophysics and modern cosmology using space vehicles. Cosmos: An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology by John North, University of Chicago Press, 2008. Of Psychology. ISBN: 978-0226594415 (paperback).

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 555 Military Space Programs 3 cr. Military Space Programs. Social course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. An introduction to tones analysis, the military uses of of Psychology Essay, space by the United States, Russia, and other nations. The course introduces ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missile and anti-satellite systems, space-based reconnaissance and intelligence-gathering, communications, navigation, acquisition, and military space treaties. Previously offered as SpSt 555 Strategic Implications of Space. Do not repeat . Course Outline Spring 2017. Introduction to Military SpaceLeaders and Theorists Post World War II Policy and Weapons The Cold War and Military Space Programs ICBMs Reconnaissance Satellites U.S. vs. USSR Space Race Arms Control Strategic Warning and Strategic Defense Space Warfare Desert Storm to analysis, the Present Space Power Theory. Required Texts (confirmed for Spring 2017)

Toward a Theory of Space Power , Charles D. Essay. Lutes and analysis, Peter L. Foundations. Hays (eds.), with Vincent A Manzo, Lisa M. Yambrick, and M. Warming. Elaine Bunn. Publisher: Washington, DC: National Defense University, 2011. Available free on the web http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a546585.pdf. Beyond Horizons: A Half Century of Air Force Space Leadership by David N. Of Psychology. Spires, (Washington: GPO, 1998). Reprinted by University Press of the Pacific 2002. ASIN: B003HKQH66 (paperback) Available free on the web http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-110125-038.pdf. Harnessing The Heavens: National Defense Through Space Paul G. Gillespie and Grant T. Weller (eds.) Chicago: Imprint, 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1-879176-45-4 (paperback).

Instructor: Kugler, David. SpSt 561 Public Administration of and Chemical and Biological, Space Technology 3 cr. Public Administration of Space Technology. Social course; Sub-discipline: Management. This course is an advanced graduate-level review of Public Administration theories as applied to the implementation of Foundations of Psychology Essay, space technology programs.

In this course, the political, organizational, and what do about global, technical variables that affect the management processes of space organizations are examined. Prerequisite: SpSt 560 or SpSt 541. This course was previously offered as SpSt 525 Public Administration and Technology Assessment of Space Technology. D o not repeat. Historical perspective Intellectual heritage Political heritage Stateless origins “Chinking in” Rise of Foundations, professional technocracy 20 th Century development Contemporary public administration Rational model New Public Administration model New Public Management model Principles practices of US Federal space-related organizations Review of Federal government organization Regulatory environment Operations environment Planning, Programming, Budgeting process Specific principals actors Organizational culture Formative NASA culture Apollo Post-Apollo FBC Post-Columbia Organizational decision-making Challenger launch decision Faster, Better, Cheaper philosophy Columbia Management of space technology Program management Systems management Case study: Apollo Case study: Space Shuttle Case study: Constellation.

Required textbooks (TEXTBOOK INFO CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) Denhardt, R. What Can We Global Warming. B. (2014). Of Psychology Essay. Theories of public organization , 7 th ed. Belmont, CA: Thomson-Wadsworth. ISBN-13: 978-1285436333. Stillman, R. The Melian Dialogue Summary. J. II (1999). Preface to public administration: A search for themes and direction , 2 nd ed. Burke, VA: Chatelaine Press. ISBN-13: 978-1574200652. Instructor: Kugler, David.

SpSt 450 International Space Programs 3 cr. International Space Programs. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. This course will introduce students to Foundations of Psychology Essay, the major governmental space programs around the world. Al Qaeda And Chemical And Biological Warfare. The history, activities and future directions of the Foundations Russian/Soviet, European/ESA, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, and Al Qaeda and Chemical Warfare Essay, other space programs will be explored. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. International collaborations between the various programs will also be studied. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for disadvantages of free, this course will require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Week 1: Intro (DJW) Week 2-4: Europe (PdL) Week 5-7: Russia (VR)

Week 8-10: China (DJW) Week 11-12: India (DJW) Week 13-14: Japan (DJW) Week 16: Wrap-up (All) Emerging Space Powers: The New Space Programs of Asia, the Middle East and South America by Brian Harvey et al. 1st Edition. Of Psychology Essay. Publisher: Springer. ISBN-13: 978-1441908735 (paperback). Instructors: Pablo de Leon, Vadim Rygalov, David Whalen. Instructor: SpSt Faculty.

SpSt 545 Space and the Environment 3 cr. Space and tones analysis, the Environment. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy. This course is an advanced graduate-level review of Essay, international relations theories as applied to the international implications of global commons. The course introduces the concept of global commons, examines the theories and practices concerning management of global commons, and analyzes the global commons dealing with the problems of collective action as applied to global environmental change and 3/4D, the uses of outer space. Required Textbooks: (Confirmed for Spring 2017)

1) Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action by Elinor Ostrom, 9th Edition. Publisher: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-13: 978-1107569782 (Paperback) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 555 Military Space Programs 3 cr. Military Space Programs. Social course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History. An introduction to the military uses of space by the United States, Russia, and of Psychology Essay, other nations. The course introduces ballistic missiles, anti-ballistic missile and what can we do about, anti-satellite systems, space-based reconnaissance and intelligence-gathering, communications, navigation, acquisition, and military space treaties. Previously offered as SpSt 555 Strategic Implications of Space.

Do not repeat . Course Outline Spring 2017. Introduction to Military SpaceLeaders and of Psychology, Theorists Post World War II Policy and Weapons The Cold War and Military Space Programs ICBMs Reconnaissance Satellites U.S. Global. vs. USSR Space Race Arms Control Strategic Warning and Strategic Defense Space Warfare Desert Storm to the Present Space Power Theory. Required Texts (confirmed for Foundations Essay, Spring 2017) Toward a Theory of Space Power , Charles D. And Chemical Warfare Essay. Lutes and Peter L. Hays (eds.), with Vincent A Manzo, Lisa M. Yambrick, and M. Elaine Bunn. Publisher: Washington, DC: National Defense University, 2011. Foundations Of Psychology. Available free on the web http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a546585.pdf. Beyond Horizons: A Half Century of Air Force Space Leadership by David N. Spires, (Washington: GPO, 1998). Reprinted by disadvantages of free University Press of the Pacific 2002. ASIN: B003HKQH66 (paperback) Available free on Foundations the web http://www.afhso.af.mil/shared/media/document/AFD-110125-038.pdf. Harnessing The Heavens: National Defense Through Space Paul G. Gillespie and education, Grant T. Weller (eds.) Chicago: Imprint, 2008.

ISBN-13: 978-1-879176-45-4 (paperback). Instructor: Kugler, David. SpSt 560 Space Politics and Policy 3 cr. Space Politics and Policy. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy or History.

This course serves as a graduate-level introduction to the field of Public Policy as applied to Foundations, Space Policy. The course surveys the evolution of Space Policy at several levels of analysis including context, political actors and institutions, political processes, and policy outcomes, and assesses the Rights Unions symbiotic relationships between policy, technology, and science. . The Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age by Walter A. McDougall, 1997 Johns Hopkins Paperback Edition. ISBN: 0-8018-5748-1. After Apollo? Richard Nixon on the American Space Program by of Psychology John M. Logsdon, 2015 Edition, Palgrave Macmillan. Can We Do About Global. ISBN: 978-1-137-43852-2. This New Ocean by William E Burrows, 1st Edition 1998, Modern Library.

ISBN: 0-375-75485-7. Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 574 Remote Sensing in Developing Countries 3 cr. Remote Sensing in Developing Countries. May be considered a Social or Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Applications/Technical or Policy/Social. This course will introduce students to remote sensing programs in developing countries and typical remote sensing application areas pertinent to developing countries, such as potable water, forest fires, vector diseases, environmental degradation, food security, fisheries, floods, droughts, crop pests, etc., with case studies. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 581 Field Visits to Space Centers 1-3 cr. Field Visits to Foundations, Space Centers. Social Course; Sub-discipline: Policy. This course will provide a first-hand knowledge of selected space centers in the U.S. and/or abroad through an organized field visit.

The field visit will be led by a space studies faculty and will include prior preparation through readings, class seminars, lectures and written assignments. May be repeated up to a maximum of what can we warming, 3 credits. Graded as pass/fail (S/U). Required Textbook: None (Confirmed for Spring 2017) Instructor: Seelan, Santhosh. Social Course: Sub-discipline: Law. This course serves as a graduate-level introduction to of Psychology, the field of Law as applied to Space Law.

The course examines the origins and evolution of the Technology laws of outer space from the beginnings of the space age to the present. International laws governing access and use of space, and national laws regulating governmental and commercial activities in space are reviewed and analyzed. Origins Bodies of Law General Principles of Foundations of Psychology Essay, Law Statutory Interpretation Cannons of Construction Airspace v. Outer Space Legal Theory Maritime Law (Origins) Interpretation US Air Law International Law The Space Law Treaties - Outer Space Treaty of 1967 Rescue Agreement of 1968 Liability Convention of disadvantages of free, 1972 Registration Convention of 1975 Moon Treaty of 1979 Meteorology Communications Remote Sensing UAS Issues Private Space Flight Issues Geostationary Issues Large Space Structures Commercial Use Commercial Use Nuclear Power Use Environmental Issues UNCOPUOS Guest Lecture Peaceful Purposes. Handbook of International Law by Anthony Aust, 2nd Edition, ISBN-10 0521133491, ISBN-13 978-0521133494. ( confirmed for spring 2016) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 575 Remote Sensing Law Policy 3 cr. Remote Sensing Law Policy.

Social Course; Sub-discipline: Law. This course focuses on the evolving laws, policies, and institutions that have long-term ramifications for earth observations. Some topics addressed are the of Psychology Essay United Nations Principles on Remote Sensing; the United Kingdom's 1984 National Remote Sensing Policy; the Montreal Protocol; and, the U.S. Rights For Civil Unions Essays. Land Remote Sensing Policy Act of 1992. Ground segment institutions considered are the Landsat Ground Stations Operations Working Group and the Global Land 1-KM AVHRR Project. Remote sensing litigation that has begun to Foundations of Psychology Essay, address various applications of remote sensing will also be considered. Summary. Cases include Dow vs. U.S. and EOSAT vs.

NASA and NOAA. Unmanned Aircraft in the National Airspace: Critical Issues, Technology and Essay, the Law by 2D and 3/4D Ultrasound Donna A. Dulo, Editor, 2015, 1st Edition. Foundations. Publisher: ABA Publishing. 2D And. ISBN 13: 978-1-62722-998-2 (paperback). (Confirmed for summer 2016) Instructor: Dodge, Michael. SpSt 405 Space Mission Design 3 cr. Space Mission Design. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. A team design project to develop the Essay requirements for a space mission.

The specific mission will vary from time to time. Design teams will work on selected portions of the mission. Of Free Education. Accompanying lectures will provide background material. An educational background that includes trigonometry and vector algebra is strongly recommended. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course will require a special permission number obtained from of Psychology Essay, Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste.

Understanding Space: An Introduction to Aeronautic s by Jerry Sellers, 3rd Edition. Publisher: Learning Solutions. ISBN-13: 978-0077230302 (hardcover). Space Mission Analysis and Design by James R. Wertz Wiley J. Larson, 3rd Edition. ISBN: 1-881883-10-8 (paperback). ( confirmed for spring 2016) Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 500 Intro to Orbital Mechanics 3 cr.

Intro to what do about warming, Orbital Mechanics. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course introduces students who have a modest background in either mathematics or physics to the problems faced everyday by orbital analysts as they track the Essay 7,000 satellites which orbit the Earth. The course gives students an ability to converse, as managers and co-workers, to those individuals who are calculating these difficult orbits. This appreciation is important in both the the melian dialogue civilian and military sides of the space program.

An educational background that includes trigonometry and vector algebra is strongly recommended. Required Textbook: (Confirmed for Fall 2016) Understanding Space: An Introduction to Astronautics plus Website by Sellers, et al. Of Psychology. 3rd Edition, 2007. ISBN-13: 978-0077230302.

Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 505 Spacecraft Systems Engineering 3 cr. Spacecraft Systems Engineering. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course will guide the can we do about students through the spacecraft design and proposal process for an actual mission.

In this course the students will work in teams on Foundations of Psychology individual spacecraft subsystems, participate in an engineering design review, and create a document which can be submitted for funding for a small satellite project. Lectures will provide an overview of the separate spacecraft subsystems involved in a typical mission, the neutral tones systems engineering approach to spacecraft development, and the grant writing process. Distance students will interact with on-campus students via conferencing software. Prerequisite: SpSt 405 or consent of Essay, instructor. Space Mission Analysis and Design by what can we do about global Wertz, 3rd edition. Microcosm. ISBN-10: 9781881883104 (paperback) . Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 506 Advanced Orbital Mechanics 3 cr. Advanced Orbital Mechanics. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering.

This course provides a working knowledge of the field of orbital mechanics including the use of appropriate mathematical and computational techniques, the of Psychology Essay analysis of professional papers in orbital mechanics, and applying the appropriate techniques to solve orbital mechanics problems. Topics covered include orbital elements, perturbations, coordinate systems, orbit determination, and For Civil, multi-body gravitational problems. Prerequisites: SpSt 500 and Math 266 Elementary Differential Equations or the Foundations equivalent. Required Textbook: (confirmed for summer and fall 2017; look for newest printing) Orbital Mechanics for Engineering Students by Howard Curtis, 3rd Edition 2013.

Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN-13: 978-0080977478 (hardcover). Instructor: Fevig, Ron. SpSt 508 Quality Engineering for the Space Industry 3 cr. Quality Engineering for the Space Industry. Sub-discipline: Space Engineering or Management. May be used as Technical or Social course. This course addresses the principles and techniques for establishing quality goals, identification of customer needs and requirements, measurement of quality, and product/process engineering to improve system performance with a focus on the space industry.

The main objectives are to provide the student with an understanding of the principles and practice of quality and reliability engineering in general and to provide an in-depth understanding of the quality assurance concepts, strategies, and tools practiced in the space industry. Familiarity with the techniques learned in this course will enable the student to address problems in the design, implementation, measurement, and dialogue, correction of production and service systems found in the space industry. Previously offered as SpSt 570. Foundations Of Psychology. Do not repeat. Fundamental Quality Concepts Intellectual Foundation of Quality Engineering Process Fundamentals Fundamental Statistical Concepts Process Definition/Redefinition Statistical Process Control Chart Interpretation Variables Control Charts Variables Control Charts Grouped Measurements Variables Control Charts Individual Measurements Attribute Control Charts for Classification Measurement Operating Characteristics Average Run Length Attribute Control Charts for Counts Anamalous Patterns Inspection Policy Process Capability Process Improvement Design of what can we global warming, Experiments Quality Function Deployment Process-based Transformation Process-Compatible Initiatives Six Sigma, Robust Design, Theory of Constraints Lean Cycle Time/Waste Reduction Continuous Improvement, Learning Organizations, Fifth Discipline Total Quality Management, Quality Awards Process-Compatible Tools. Required textbook: (Confirmed for summer 2017) Introduction to Foundations Essay, Statistical Quality Control by Douglas C. Civil For Civil Essays. Montgomery, 7th Edition. Publisher: John Wiley Sons. ISBN: 978-1-118-14681-1 (hardcover). Instructor: Casler, James. SpSt 517 Human Spaceflight Systems 3 cr.

Human Spaceflight Systems. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. This course is designed to introduce students to human space systems. The course uses both an engineering and a historical approach to human spaceflight systems covering all manned spacecraft up to today, plus individual subsystems necessary for human occupation. Essay. By the end of the course, students will: 1. Understand the engineering and science concepts related to human spaceflight, 2. Understand the major technologies required for the melian dialogue summary, human spaceflight, 3. Apply the systems engineering process to a human spaceflight mission: a. Describe the interactions among the Foundations of Psychology Essay elements of a space mission, b. Describe the summary interactions among all spacecraft subsystems, c. Document design decisions and analysis in Essay a clear and concise manner.

Instructor: de Leon, Pablo. SpSt 525 Technical Issues in Space 1-3 cr. Technical Issues in Space. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Space Engineering. An examination of the technological base for Technology Essay, the exploration and development of Foundations of Psychology Essay, space. An understanding of this technology and of its impact is essential to an understanding of the issues and problems associated with our continuing efforts to explore and settle this new frontier.

May be repeated if the topic is different. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 526 Advanced Astronomical and Spacecraft Instrumentation 3 cr. Advanced Astronomical and Spacecraft Instrumentation. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications or Space Engineering. This course will concentrate on instrument design, operation, and the resulting data products generated by ground- and space-based astronomical observatories, as well as common instrumentation used in summary NASA scientific solar system spacecraft. Key goals for this course include gaining a solid understanding of instrumental principles of operation, the Foundations types of raw data that are generated, and the types of data reduction processes that lead to interpretable data. The course will include an investigation of different types of spectrographs and spectroscopy data products, solar instrumentation (ground- and space-based), terrestrial and Jovian spacecraft orbiter/flyby instrumentation, terrestrial planet rover and lander instrumentation, and extra-solar system astrophysical instrumentation.

Students will have the opportunity to the melian dialogue, examine, reduce, and interpret select data sets. Prerequisites : SpSt 425 and MATH 165 or consent of instructor. Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and Instrumentation , 2nd edition (2008) by Ian S. McLean. Publisher: Springer. ISBN 978-3642095320 (paperback). Instructor: Fieber-Beyer, Sherry. SpSt 410 Life Support Systems 3 cr. Life Support Systems. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors. A review of the physiological effects of living in space including a discussion of current and near-term life support systems for the provision of oxygen, water, food, and Foundations, radiation protection.

In addition, a review will be made of the neutral analysis issues associated with the development of fully closed ecological life support systems, which will be essential to the long-term development of space. An educational background that includes algebra and probability statistics is recommended. Undergraduate prerequisite : SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course will require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Spaceflight Life Support and Biospherics by Peter Eckhart. Publisher: Kluwer.

1996 Edition, ISBN-13: 978-1881883043 (paperback). Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by Suzanne Churchill et al. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. Publisher: Krieger. 1997 Edition, ISBN-13: 978-0894640513 (hardcover). ( confirmed for summer 2016) Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 512 Human Performance in Extreme Environments 3 cr. Human Performance in Civil Rights For Civil Unions Extreme Environments. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors. This course introduces the area of human performance in extreme environment, highlights differences and similarities between extreme environments, and demonstrates that lessons learned from Foundations of Psychology Essay, one extreme environment can be effectively applied to others - though settings like space, mountains, or the ocean's depths, etc. - pose unique characteristics, the human physiological and Al Qaeda, psychological reactions and adaptations to these extreme settings stay similar.

Space environments vs. Foundations Essay. Earth extreme environments. • Physics chemistry of space environments. - Space hazards and and Biological Warfare, threats. - Human subject performance environments in space. • Specifics of Operational Environments (OE): general. • Social-psychological environment: small groups under. high stress conditions.

• Space as multiple integrative stresses environment. Living working in Essay space: space and disadvantages of free, extreme. • Human’s physiology as a response to Earth’s Biosphere. • Life Support (LS) approaches and of Psychology, technology readiness level. - Primary Life Support (PLS): air, water, food supplies. - Environmental control hardware operation. -- Hypobaric Hyperbaric environments. -- Alternating air compositions. -- Temperature Humidity endurance.

-- Environment toxicity microbial. -- Radiation exposure limits. -- ‘Technology dependence stress’ (Psycho- - Physiological stresses (Space Adaptation. Syndrome), tolerance countermeasures. -- Respiratory function and oxygen demands. -- Heart blood vessels in the melian dialogue summary ‘normal’ environments and. Required Textbook: (TEXTBOOK INFO NOT CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) 1. Bio-Astronautics Data Book (NASA SP 3006) Available for free download here. Recommended Textbooks for human factors specialization:

1. Performing in Extreme Environments by Foundations of Psychology Essay Lawrence Armstrong. 2000 Edition. Neutral. Publisher: Human Kinetics. ISBN-13: 978-0880118378 (paperback). 2. Foundations Essay. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences , Churchill S. et al. Volumes 1 2. Krieger Publishing Company. Neutral Tones Analysis. 1997.

ISBN-13: 978-0894640513 (hardcover). 3. Living Aloft: Human Requirements For Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison, and Akins. 1985 Edition. Essay. Publisher: NASA. ISBN-13: 978-1410219831 (paperback) This book is available online, free of charge, from the NASA History Office webpage here. Recommended Textbook for what global, psychological factors specialization: 1 . Essay. Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster.

1996 Edition. Publisher: Naval Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover) Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 515 Human Factors in Space 3 cr. Human Factors in what do about Space. Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Human Factors or Applications. A review of the major stresses experienced by humans on entering the new and alien environment of Essay, space.

Examples will be taken from the 3/4D Ultrasound Technology psychological and physiological impacts experienced by U.S. and Soviet crews with emphasis on longer flights. How to avoid and/or overcome these stresses will be examined as an Foundations of Psychology Essay, essential and growing need in disadvantages the future development and settlement of the space frontier. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by Susanne Churchill. 1997 edition. Publisher: Krieger Publishing. ISBN-10: 0-89464-051-8. Living Aloft: Human Requirements for Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison and Essay, Akins. Publisher: NASA. Free download from Ultrasound, NASA's History office available at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-483/cover.htm. Man-System Integration Standards . Publisher: NASA. Essay. Free download available at http://msis.jsc.nasa.gov/

Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster. 1996 edition. Publisher: Naval Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover). Instructor: Nelson, Travis. SpSt 519 Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support 3 cr.

Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors or Applications. Closed ecological systems have been suggested during the disadvantages early decades of space exploration for of Psychology, extended life support in space operations. What Warming. In reality, this principle of long-term life support mimics global bio-geochemical cycles supporting life on Earth. The course covers the multiple interactions of of Psychology, human/bio-regenerative life support based on physical/chemical regeneration (hybrid) life support environments. Extensive research in this area during more than five decades showed that material turnover in small closed environments becomes unstable compared to a planetary environment. 2D And 3/4D Technology. Specific attention is paid to the limits of stability for closed material cycles functioning during long-term remote confined missions; and the importance of the human factor as a target link, main sensor, and Essay, main integrator and control element for the system providing significant self-sustainability under proper motivations. Advanced scenarios for Ultrasound Essay, space life support based on ecological and in situ resource utilization approaches are discussed.

Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501 or permission of the instructor. Required Textbooks: (Verified for Spring 2017) Manmade Closed Ecological Systems by Foundations Essay Gitelson Lisovsky, 2003 Ed by Taylor Francis, ISBN: 9780415299985. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by can we do about global S. Churchill, 1997 Ed by Krieger, ISBN: 9780894640513. Space Life Support Bio/Spherics by Peter Eckart. 1996 edition. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London. ISBN 1-881883-04-3 (paperback) ISBN 0-7923-3889-8 (hardcover).

Space Physiology and Medicine by Nicogossian, Hunton Pool. 1994 edition. Publusher: Lea Febiger, A Waverly Company. ISBN-10: 0812115953 ISBN-13 : 978-0812115956. Other Recommended Materials: Silent Running , DVD; Universal Studios, 1972 (the time of of Psychology, public optimism in regard to space exploration). Life Under Glass: The Inside Story of Biosphere 2 by Alling, Nelson Silverstone.

Publisher: The Biosphere Press, 1993. 2D And. ISBN 1-882428-07-2 (paperback) ISBN 1-882428-10-2 (hardcover). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 425 Observational Astronomy 3 cr. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course provides an introduction to observational astronomy and includes three segments: basic observing techniques and astronomical equipment (telescopes, CCDs); visual observing and the characteristics of the night sky; astrometric and photometric observing, data reduction, and Foundations, interpretations; and Al Qaeda and Chemical and Biological Warfare Essay, image processing and color imaging techniques. Of Psychology Essay. Students will learn to operate a remotely controllable Internet telescope and CCD camera. A broadband Internet connection is recommended.

Night observing is required. Prerequisites: Physics 110; competent algebra and 2D and, trigonometry skills; knowledge of fundamental calculus is helpful, but not required. SPST 420 and/or SPST 520 are recommended. Additional course fee of $100 assessed to cover required software. This course may also require additional software to be purchased after the class starts. Ordering instructions will be posted on the class syllabus. Graduate students registering for this course may require a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Required Textbooks: (CONFIRMED FOR FALL 2017) (1) To Measure the Sky: An Introduction to Observational Astronomy , 2nd Edition. Frederick R. Of Psychology Essay. Chromey, Vassar College, New York, 2016. The Melian Dialogue Summary. ISBN: 9781107572560 (paperback). Instructor: Fieber-Beyer, Sherry.

SpSt 515 Human Factors in Foundations Space 3 cr. Human Factors in Space. Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Human Factors or Applications. A review of the 3/4D Ultrasound major stresses experienced by humans on entering the new and alien environment of space. Examples will be taken from the Foundations psychological and physiological impacts experienced by U.S. and Rights, Soviet crews with emphasis on longer flights. How to avoid and/or overcome these stresses will be examined as an essential and growing need in the future development and settlement of the space frontier. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by Susanne Churchill. 1997 edition.

Publisher: Krieger Publishing. ISBN-10: 0-89464-051-8. Living Aloft: Human Requirements for Extended Space Flight by Connors, Harrison and Akins. Publisher: NASA. Free download from NASA's History office available at http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-483/cover.htm. Man-System Integration Standards . Publisher: NASA. Free download available at http://msis.jsc.nasa.gov/ Bold Endeavors: Lessons from Polar and Space Exploration by Jack Stuster. Foundations Of Psychology. 1996 edition.

Publisher: Naval Institute Press. ISBN-13: 978-1557507495 (hardcover). Instructor: Nelson, Travis. SpSt 519 Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support 3 cr. Closed Ecological Systems for Life Support. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Human Factors or Applications. Closed ecological systems have been suggested during the early decades of Al Qaeda and Chemical Warfare Essay, space exploration for extended life support in space operations.

In reality, this principle of long-term life support mimics global bio-geochemical cycles supporting life on Earth. The course covers the multiple interactions of human/bio-regenerative life support based on physical/chemical regeneration (hybrid) life support environments. Extensive research in this area during more than five decades showed that material turnover in small closed environments becomes unstable compared to a planetary environment. Specific attention is Foundations paid to the limits of stability for closed material cycles functioning during long-term remote confined missions; and the importance of the human factor as a target link, main sensor, and main integrator and 2D and 3/4D Technology Essay, control element for Essay, the system providing significant self-sustainability under proper motivations. Advanced scenarios for Essay, space life support based on ecological and in situ resource utilization approaches are discussed.

Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501 or permission of the instructor. Required Textbooks: (Verified for Spring 2017) Manmade Closed Ecological Systems by Gitelson Lisovsky, 2003 Ed by of Psychology Taylor Francis, ISBN: 9780415299985. Fundamentals of Space Life Sciences by of free S. Churchill, 1997 Ed by Krieger, ISBN: 9780894640513. Space Life Support Bio/Spherics by Peter Eckart. 1996 edition. Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht/Boston/London. ISBN 1-881883-04-3 (paperback) ISBN 0-7923-3889-8 (hardcover). Space Physiology and Medicine by Nicogossian, Hunton Pool.

1994 edition. Publusher: Lea Febiger, A Waverly Company. ISBN-10: 0812115953 ISBN-13 : 978-0812115956. Other Recommended Materials: Silent Running , DVD; Universal Studios, 1972 (the time of public optimism in regard to space exploration). Life Under Glass: The Inside Story of Foundations of Psychology, Biosphere 2 by Alling, Nelson Silverstone. Publisher: The Biosphere Press, 1993. Civil Rights Unions. ISBN 1-882428-07-2 (paperback) ISBN 1-882428-10-2 (hardcover). Instructor: SpSt Faculty.

SpSt 522 Remote Sensing Principles 3 cr. Remote Sensing Principles. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course covers the of Psychology basic concepts and foundations of remote sensing, a review of major Earth observing satellite and aircraft platforms, and an investigation of the flow of data from satellite to Earth, what is represents, and how to dialogue, interpret it using both visual and digital image processing techniques. A field visit to the EROS Data Center in Sioux Falls may also be arranged. This course was previously offered as SpSt 522 Satellite Information Processing.

Do not repeat. Required Textbook : None. Foundations. Details provided in syllabus, or contact instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 523 Remote Sensing Applications 3 cr. Remote Sensing Applications.

Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications. This course covers the use of 3/4D Essay, advanced image processing algorithms and Foundations, information extraction techniques for various Earth resource applications such as land cover/land use, environmental change detection, geology, oceanography, agriculture, forestry, rangeland, water resources, urban planning, natural disaster assessment, etc. P reviously offered as SpSt 570, or as SpSt 523 Advanced Image Processing. Do not repeat. Required Textbooks: None. Instructor will provide selected readings.

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 526 Advanced Astronomical and Spacecraft Instrumentation 3 cr. Advanced Astronomical and disadvantages, Spacecraft Instrumentation. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Applications or Space Engineering. This course will concentrate on instrument design, operation, and of Psychology Essay, the resulting data products generated by ground- and 2D and Technology Essay, space-based astronomical observatories, as well as common instrumentation used in NASA scientific solar system spacecraft. Key goals for this course include gaining a solid understanding of instrumental principles of operation, the types of raw data that are generated, and the types of data reduction processes that lead to Foundations, interpretable data.

The course will include an Al Qaeda and Chemical and Biological Warfare Essay, investigation of different types of spectrographs and spectroscopy data products, solar instrumentation (ground- and Foundations, space-based), terrestrial and Civil Essays, Jovian spacecraft orbiter/flyby instrumentation, terrestrial planet rover and lander instrumentation, and extra-solar system astrophysical instrumentation. Of Psychology. Students will have the opportunity to 2D and Ultrasound Technology, examine, reduce, and interpret select data sets. Prerequisites : SpSt 425 and MATH 165 or consent of instructor. Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and Instrumentation , 2nd edition (2008) by Essay Ian S. McLean. Publisher: Springer. ISBN 978-3642095320 (paperback). Instructor: Fieber-Beyer, Sherry. SpSt 574 Remote Sensing in Developing Countries 3 cr. Remote Sensing in dialogue summary Developing Countries. May be considered a Social or Technical course; Sub-disciplines: Applications/Technical or Policy/Social. This course will introduce students to remote sensing programs in developing countries and typical remote sensing application areas pertinent to developing countries, such as potable water, forest fires, vector diseases, environmental degradation, food security, fisheries, floods, droughts, crop pests, etc., with case studies.

Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 430 Earth System Science 3 cr. Earth System Science. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course begins with a review of key concepts in the physical sciences of geology, meteorology, and oceanography to examine the coupled interactions between the land, atmosphere and oceans. Particular emphasis is placed on remote sensing techniques for global monitoring of biogeochemical processes. The role of human activities on Earth processes and the consequences of global environmental changes are discussed. The growing use of space-based data sets and the implications of Earth Observing System technologies, including research goals and hardware requirements, are examined.

This course should be considered as part of Foundations Essay, a sequence with SpSt 435 Global Change and Unions, is best taken before 435. Undergraduate prerequisite : SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for Foundations, this course may require a special permission number obtained from what global, Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. The current human population represents something unprecedented in Essay the history of the world.

Never before has one species had such a great impact on Civil Unions Essays the environment in such a short time and continued to increase at such a rapid rate. Human activities are, therefore, significantly influencing the Earth's environment in of Psychology many ways in addition to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Anthropogenic changes to Earth's land surfaces, oceans, coasts, and atmosphere and to biological diversity, the water cycle and biogeochemical cycles are clearly identifiable beyond natural variability. The Melian Dialogue Summary. This course investigates the many facets of global change issues, and attempts to of Psychology, provide an up-to-date introduction to the study of the what Earth's environment. Required Textbook: (confirmed for Spring 2017) Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet , 9 th Edition, by Daniel B. Botkin and Edward A. Foundations. Keller. Publisher: John Wiley Sons. 2014.

ISBN-13: 978-1-118-42732-3 (hardcover), ISBN: 978-1-118-29197-9 (binder-ready version), ISBN: 978-1-118-80187-1 (e-text). Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 460 Life in the Universe 3 cr. Life in Rights the Universe. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course examines the evolution of the universe from its origin to the present: cosmological evolution, chemical evolution, planetary evolution, biological evolution, and cultural evolution. Foundations Essay. The possibility of life in disadvantages of free the universe elsewhere than Earth is considered.

Human changes to the Earth are placed within this context. SpSt 501 and/or SpSt 420 are recommended as prerequisites if student has no astronomy or planetary geology background. Undergraduate prerequisite: SpSt 200. Graduate students registering for this course mayrequire a special permission number obtained from Bev Fetter to override a missing undergraduate prerequiste. Introduction to Course / Overview of Topics Why do we care? / How do we search? Measuring the Universe Forming Stars and Molecules How Star Operate How Stars Die / Releasing “star-stuff” Galaxies and Other Large Scale Structures The Nature of Foundations of Psychology Essay, Life (as we know it) Early History of the Solar System Timescale of Life on Earth The Origin of Life on Earth History of disadvantages, Life on Earth Implications for Life Elsewhere The Limits of Life / Life in Extreme Environments Habitats for Life beyond Earth: Venus?

Habitats for Life beyond Earth: Geology of Foundations, Mars Habitats for Civil Rights Unions, Life beyond Earth: Mars Europa? How Unique is Foundations of Psychology Earth? Searching for Other Planetary Systems Life beyond the Solar System Extraterrestrial Civilizations: How many? How close? How Diverse can Civilizations be? Interstellar Spaceflight - Warp7, Mr.

Sulu Interstellar radio, SETI and Other Searches - Lucy. UFOs and Space Visitors - “U” stands for unidentified Are we alone? / Implications for the Human Future Review and Overview. Life in the Universe by Jeffrey Bennett and Seth Shostak, 3rd Edition. ISBN-10: 0-321-68767-1 , ISBN-13: 978-0-321-68767-8 (paperback). Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 520 Asteroids, Meteorites Comets 3 cr. Asteroids, Meteorites Comets.

Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. The small bodies of the solar system provide clues to the origin and early history of the solar system. The planets and larger moons have all been chemically transformed erasing their records of their formation. By contrast, many asteroids, meteorites and comets are essentially unmodified from the time of their origin 4.5 billion years ago and thus preserve a record of the formation epoch. Each of these classes of objects is investigated separately, and relationships between them are examined. Implications for disadvantages of free, impact hazards and for extraterrestrial resources are also explored. Foundations Of Psychology. The results of recent and current spacecraft missions to asteroids (e.g., Galileo, NEAR, DAWN, Hayabusa, Rosetta, OSIRIS-Rex, etc.) and to education, comets (e.g.

Giotto, Vega 1, Stardust, Deep Impact, Rosetta, etc.) are reviewed. Introduction to Course / Overview of Topics Basics of Mineralogy and Essay, Geochemistry Introduction to Meteorites Introduction to Asteroids Basics Principles of Orbits Overview and History of Meteoritics Chondrites Achondrites Iron and Stony-iron Meteorites Asteroid Sizes, Rotations and the melian, Families Asteroid Surface Compositions Chondritic Parent Bodies Achondrite Parent Bodies Iron and Stony-Iron Parent Bodies Diversity of Asteroids and Meteorite Parent Bodies Delivering Meteorites from Asteroids Gaspra, Ida, Mathilde, and Eros Importance of Asteroids and Meteorites Compositions of Foundations Essay, Comets Origin and Evolution of Comets Interplanetary Dust Meteor Showers Lunar and Martian Meteorites, Tektites Impacts Comets, Asteroids and the Origin of the Solar System Comets, Asteroids and the Origin of and Chemical and Biological Essay, Life Summary and Overview. Required Textbooks: (Confirmed for summer 2017) Meteorites and Their Parent Bodies (2nd ed.) by Foundations of Psychology Essay H. Y. McSween, Jr. Publisher: Cambridge. ISBN: 0-521-58751-4 (paperback). The New Solar System (4th ed.) by Beatty, Petersen and Chaikin Publisher: Cambridge.

ISBN: 0-521-64183-7 (hardcover). NOTE: The pages of this book can be downloaded---somewhat awkwardly--following instructions provided on the class website. Currently, this book is out of print but relatively inexpensive copies can be obtained from Ultrasound Technology, a variety of internet book dealers. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. The Planet Mars. Technical course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course provides an in-depth review of the present state of our knowledge of Mars. Topics to be covered include: the Foundations Essay origin and evolution of the 2D and 3/4D Technology planet, the surface geology and geological processes, the geophysical properties of the Martian interior, the of Psychology origin and tones, evolution of the Foundations of Psychology Martian atmosphere, the present and past climates of Mars, the Martian moons, and the possibility of past or present life on Mars. The American and Soviet/Russian Mars exploration programs are reviewed and the course incorporates the most recent results from what can we do about warming, spacecraft missions such as Mars Global Surveyor, Mars Odyssey, the Mars Exploration Rovers, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, and Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity Rover). Potential future manned and unmanned missions are also discussed.

Required Textbook: No textbooks required or recommended for this course. Foundations Of Psychology. Access to free materials will be provided. Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 524 Current Topics in Astrobiology 3 cr. Current Topics in Astrobiology. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This is a multi-disciplinary, literature-intensive examination of astrobiology, which is the study of Essay, life in the universe. Students will read scientific research and review papers from a variety of disciplines including astronomy, planetary science, chemistry, biology and geology. Course goals include: developing proficiency at reading/analyzing diverse scientific papers, developing the ability to incorporate knowledge from multiple disciplines in Foundations Essay the study of the melian dialogue summary, astrobiological research, and Essay, developing the ability to disadvantages of free, effectively write summary papers to show basic understanding of course material.

Prerequisites : SpSt 460 or consent of instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 527 Extraterrestrial Resources 3 cr. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course focuses on the inventory, accessibility, acquisition, processing and utilization of extraterrestrial resources (space resources) from celestial bodies such as the Moon, Mars, asteroids, and Foundations Essay, comets. Of Free Education. Consideration will be given to extraterrestrial resources for in situ utilization (such as a Lunar or Martian base), for space operations (such as supporting large scale near-Earth activities or a human Mars mission), and for terrestrial markets. The course will focus on the interplay between the scientific, technical, and economic aspects of acquiring and Essay, utilizing such resources.

The course will also explore some of the legal and political ramifications and limitations of claiming and neutral, recovering space resources. Introduction and Course Structure Why consider extraterrestrial resources? The Way the Foundations of Psychology Essay Future Was - History of dialogue summary, Space Resources Getting there and back - Orbital Mechanics Inventory of Space Resources: Lunar Geology Inventory of Space Resources: Meteorites Inventory of Space Resources: Asteroids NEOs Inventory of Essay, Space Resources: Mars Geology Inventory of Space Resources: Martian Moons Shuttle tanks / “Dead” satellites / Space debris Resource utilization: History as a guide to future Demand / Markets for Space Resources Propulsion options - Chemical / Ion / Nuclear Propulsion options - Solar Sail / “Mass driver” / Exotic Mining and Extracting Raw Materials General Mining and Extracting Space Resources by Object Processing Space Resources General Case Study: Propellant production Lunar Case Study: Propellant production Mars Mars Propellant Production: Implications for Martian activities Asteroid Space Mining - Options, Prospects and Products Future Space Activities: Demand? / Pricing? / Where? Infrastructure - Minimum Optimum Infrastructure - Minimum optimum Resources and Hazard Abatement ET Resource Implementation: Social and Cultural Aspects Summary and 2D and Ultrasound Technology, Review. Required Textbook: None. Students will be directed to online readings in the course syllabus.

Instructor: Gaffey, Mike. SpSt 528 Space Environment and the Sun 3 cr. Space Environment and the Sun. Technical Course; Sub-discipline: Planetary Science. This course will provide an in-depth study of the science and observations of the Sun, space weather, and effects of the Essay Sun on dialogue astronauts, Earth, and Foundations, the space environment. Topics that will be covered include the solar photosphere and active surface phenomena such as sunspots, flares, and warming, coronal mass ejections; the nature of the quiet Sun; the solar interior and helioseismology; space weather and impact of solar particles on the space environment and Foundations Essay, Earth; the hazards posed to astronauts by solar eruptions; common techniques of solar observations; and a review of the primary types of solar instrumentation and the observatories that currently study the the melian summary Sun. Students will be able to observe the Sun using the Foundations Essay UND Observatory's small solar telescopes; all students will have the opportunity to analyze solar datasets to aid their understanding of the Sun. Prerequisite : Math 165 or consent of the instructor. Prerequisite/Co-requisite: SpSt 501. Physics of the Sun: A First Course by D.J. Civil For Civil Unions Essays. Mullan.

1st edition. 2009. Publisher: Chapman and of Psychology Essay, Hall. ISBN-13: 978-1-4200-8307-1 (hardcover). Research articles in PDF format will be provided by the instructor. Instructor: SpSt Faculty. SpSt 570 can be considered under any one of the sub disciplines depending on neutral tones the content. SpSt 590 and SpSt 593 DO NOT fall under any of the sub disciplines.

Courses and course information are subject to change without notice.

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In order for your resume to be visible to the rest of the world, you must have current internet provider. Many universities provide the resources for students to install their resumes. Contact your University Webmaster to disadvantages education obtain information. You can often locate the Webmaster through an email address on the universities main web page. Foundations? After you have completed your HTML resume, copy it and all of the disadvantages of free education images you have used to Foundations the directory your web provider specifies. After installing your HTML resume you should always test it. Visit the URL your web provider supplies to insure it was installed properly. You should always respond to potential employers that contact you as soon as possible.

In addition you should always mail a paper copy of your resume to any potential employers. By showing sincere interest, you will increase an employer's impression. The Source For Java Development. Java Report . March/April 1996. Java Report is a relatively new magazine for software developers using the Java environment. Java is a relatively new software developing environment that allows software developers to implement more complex features such as Net-based electronic transactions and delivering interactive content across the Web. Java Report combines programming tips, new technology, application trends and corporate issues to bring the reader a broader range of information. In one of the articles Philip David Meese does an excellent job of explaining to the reader how to create his/her first Java application. 2D And 3/4D Essay? His article was well written and was equivalent in Foundations Essay, content to a small course. The article The Java Tutor provides clear and concise information as well as easy to understand example code. I strongly agree with Mr.

Meese's confidant statement by the time you finish reading this article, you'll be able to develop a Java application. An entire section of Java Report is devoted to analysis Product Review. In this section the authors review Java related products and provide information to Essay the reader. This information was the equivalent of Al Qaeda and Chemical and Biological, a Consumer Reports article. Of Psychology? This section is a great source of Civil Rights For Civil Essays, information about individual products. In general, Java Report is a great source of Essay, information relating to the use and development of Java applications for Rights any software developer. However, some of the technical articles may be beyond the scope of the average reader.

Rampe, David. Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt. The New York Times . 3 February 1997, sec. C6. In his article Cyberspace Resumes Fit the Modern Job Hunt David Rampe discusses the advantages and disadvantages of an HTML resume. The article, which appeared in The New York Times' Taking In the Sites section provides some very useful information regarding resumes. Some of the topics Mr. Rampe discusses includes the searchability of HTML resumes, electronic filling, industry jargon, and the dehumanization of the process. Foundations Of Psychology Essay? Mr. Tones Analysis? Rampe also discusses the importance of writing your HTML resume in the proper fashion, to the computer.

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HTML Reference Manual , 2 January 1996. Sandia National Laboratories' HTML Reference Manual is, in my opinion, the of Psychology most complete and useful source of HTML information. Although the manual is Civil For Civil Unions, currently over a year old, the information it contains is accurate, precise and very helpful. Foundations? The HTML Reference Manual begins with and disadvantages education, introduction to HTML in general, then lists important terms and definitions. Next the authors validate the Foundations Essay document's content by discussing the conformance guideline RFC 1866, commonly referred to as HTML Version 2. The authors also discuss the importance of Sandia requirements for specific HTML elements. Next the 2D and Ultrasound Technology authors discuss the general breakdown of HTML into: General HTML syntax, HTML Comments, HTML Elements, Uniform Resource Locators (URL), Special Characters, and Internal Icons. Finally, the authors break down over Essay, one hundred HTML elements into a description, minimum attributes, all possible attributes, elements allowed within, allowed in content of, and variations. In addition the document contains an Civil, easy to Foundations use index which allows the reader to neutral jump directly to any element of interest. The HTML Reference Manual provides the most complete reference manual available.

In addition it is well written, well organized and very easy to use. Foundations Essay? This document is an excellent source of information for both the novice and expert HTML programmers. Authors Note: Windows, DOS, Paint Shop Pro, MsPaint, Yahoo, Café, Netscape, ICOMM and Microsoft Internet Explorer are copyrighted by can we do about warming their respective owners.

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Essay: Dworkins paper Is there a right to pornography In his paper, Is there a right to pornography? Ronald Dworkin argues people have the right to Foundations of Psychology Essay, consume and produce pornography. In defense of pornography, Dworkin claims all people are entitled to Civil Unions Essays, the right of moral interdependence, which entails people have the right not to suffer disadvantage in the distribution of Essay, social goods and opportunities, including disadvantages in 2D and Ultrasound Essay the liberties permitted to them by the criminal law, just on the ground that their officials or fellow-citizens think that their opinions about the Foundations, right way for them to dialogue summary, lead their own lives are ignoble or wrong. In other words, he believes if the majority of Foundations Essay, people in a society advocate to Rights For Civil Unions Essays, prohibit pornography because they deem it to be unethical or disgusting it isnt a legitimate impetus for intervening with their freedom of speech or for preventing consenting adults from consuming it in Foundations Essay private. The Melian. Furthermore, Dworkin argues that enabling opinions of a majority to determine government policy contradicts the individual right to Foundations of Psychology Essay, moral interdependence of those who produce and consume of pornography. This is because, it would give majorities the right to of free education, determine how the minority, ought to live, based upon the majorities opinions about what sort of human beings are most worthy and this violates deeply bestowed democratic principles such as equality, freedom and of Psychology Essay opportunities for 2D and Technology Essay all people. This paper will review Dworkins main arguments, then object to his perspective and of Psychology Essay conclude by supporting Dworkins stance on the right to pornography.

Dworkin considers two different strategies to establish his case. The first is a goal-based strategy, which is a policy-oriented argument. And Biological Warfare Essay. And, the second is a rights-based strategy, which is an argument of principle. Foundations. The goal-based strategy is based on the premise of, even if the consumption of pornography is detrimental to the community as a whole; the effects of restricting pornography in the long-term would lead to consequences that would render humanity worse-off. In other words, this strategy maintains that the the melian, policy in question will catalyze circumstances that are beneficial to the general community. However Dworkin argues, the rights-based strategy indicates that even if pornography renders the community to be worse-off in the long-term, it is nonetheless immoral to prohibit pornography because this juxtaposes the individual rights of citizens who oppose such censorship. Nonetheless, Dworkin argues that if we advocate for permitting pornography, we must use an argument that includes the notion of a right, an argument of principle and one that stems from the right to moral interdependence. Unlike the goal-based and of Psychology Essay rights-based strategies, the right to disadvantages, moral interdependence does not include the long-term benefit of the community. Rather the right to moral interdependence is separate from and it must always be cultivated because it exceeds any argument to promote human flourishing altogether. To start, Dworkin kicks-off his defense of the right to pornography by opposing the recommendations in, The Williams Committee Report into Foundations Essay, Obscenity and Film Censorship, which concludes banning the public exhibition of nudity or sexual intercourse. Dworkin argues the neutral analysis, Williams Report advocates for prohibiting porn for the sake of satisfying majority beliefs.

He reckons the majority of people opt to Foundations of Psychology Essay, outlaw pornography because they believe that the pornographers perception of pleasure merits less value than others. Dialogue Summary. In accordance with Dworkian philosophy, such external preferences are moralistic because they render the perception of the pornographer and its respective consumers to behave in an immoral or inferior manner in contrast to the greater realm of humanity. Thus, Dworkin argues such moralistic preferences are prejudiced. And, henceforth, contradict his notion of moral interdependence. Given, The Williams Report is derived from external moralistic preferences it violates Dworkins right to moral interdependence on behalf of the of Psychology Essay, pornographers and proponents of pornography. However, Dworkin does reinstate that offensive nature of pornography could potentially offer some justification for restricting porn. 2D And Technology. Yet, he points-out this aversion to pornography tends to stem from the individual preferences rather than moral reasons.

Due to such mixed preferences against and in favor of of Psychology, permitting pornography, Dworkin proposes that zoning porn may be permissible. Yet, he argues that zoning should be evaluated against For Civil Unions Essays the inconvenience, expense and embarrassment, it potentially inflicts upon pornographers. For example, he deems that any regulation would contradict his notion of the Foundations, right to moral interdependence, if sex shops were prohibited from using discrete packaging to protect customers who preferred anonymity or if the law banned adult specialty retailers from selling goods other than pornography, so that a timid pornographer could not exit the shop with different paraphernalia (e.g. an neutral umbrella) to conceal his pornographic purchase such as a dildo or a blow-up doll. However, Dworkin alternatively considers that if there was reliable proof that pornography inflicted significant harm upon people other than those who voluntarily consume it, it would provide a viable case for of Psychology outlawing its voluntary private consumption. Thats because, when private activities impair other people such actions are no longer considered confidential matters. As a result, the state and can we do about public interest would potentially have the power to exercise these circumstances. Foundations Of Psychology Essay. Thus, for the sake of argument, Dworkin argues that if excessive consumption of pornography legitimately caused absenteeism from work, then the public and the state might have the right to prohibit it. Nonetheless, Dworkin believes that there isnt any reliable evidence that confirms that the voluntary private production or consumption of pornography causes any sufficient or significant harm to can we do about global warming, others.

Henceforth, Dworkin argues, pornography solely fulfills harmless personal preferences for sexual gratification and its thus irrelevant to the business of policy makers, as they have no right to exercise the Foundations of Psychology Essay, moral interdependence of and Biological, any person. This principle represents a great restriction on banning pornography because it deprives proponents of of Psychology, pornography from the Civil Rights, right to appeal to majority preferences. While Dworkin does show considerable concern for pornographers and the market for regulating pornography, he neglects to consider the feminist perceptions of pornography. In contradiction to Dworkin, feminists argue pornography violates their civil rights because its harmful to their well-being and renders women subordinate to of Psychology, their male-counterparts by silencing them. Feminist authors have widely believed that pornography causes violent crimes and can we do about global warming subordinates women via turning them into objects for sexual pleasure. In addition, feminists also deem pornography silences women by robbing them of their speech via disabling them of their illocutionary ability. Nevertheless, feminist authors believe that pornography prevents women from being understood. Of Psychology Essay. For instance, feminists claim that pornography promotes the perception that women cant prevent unwarranted sexual contact. On that note, it could be argued that the consumption of pornography propagates an adverse impact in society by Essay making women reluctant to speak about Essay, sexual abuse when it does occur and thus preventing it from happening in what warming the future. Henceforth, the Foundations, feminist perception on pornography runs in Technology Essay contradiction to Dworkins libertarian perception on the freedom to consume pornography. But, unlike the traditional conservative against pornography for its graphic and sexually explicit nature, feminists argue that pornography violates their civil rights, which would indirectly makes the consumption of porn an Foundations Essay issue of public and political interest in accordance with Dworkins argument.

This perception of pornography is evident in the Anti-Pornography Civil Rights Ordinance, which coins pornography as the subordination of Ultrasound, women via imagery or words that degrade women into sexual tools via coercing them into relishing embarrassment, harm or rape. Furthermore this feminist viewpoint on pornography is a much greater matter of inequality rather than morality, like Dworkin argues. For instance, feminists believe pornography makes women socially unequal in society and Foundations that the consumption of Warfare, pornography is responsible for widening this gap of inequality. But, realistically in contemporary society, women do not only face economic inequality. Foundations. Yet, its also widely acknowledged that they encounter a disproportionate amount of sexual abuse. At the end of the disadvantages education, day, feminists claim that sexual crimes against women dont only Essay, represent attacks made mainly by men. Yet, its also argued such abuse represents gender disparities. Other feminists argue, pornography doesnt subordinate women, per se, but it represents the subordination of women. In other words, this implies that pornography doesnt only depict and Ultrasound Technology Essay market inequality but its inequality within itself. With that said, its argued the Foundations Essay, pornography goes above its role as a kind of propaganda by glamorizing acts that are degrading to the melian dialogue summary, women such as rape, prostitution, torture and battery.

In that light, its legitimate to claim that the Foundations Essay, consumption of pornography erotizes subordination. Moreover pornography according to femininists, promotes objectification, which is Rights For Civil, considered treating a person as an inferior being to Foundations of Psychology, humanity. Therefore this process sanctions the inequality of women by indirectly producing a reality in which the physical and mental suffering imposed upon women is obscured. On top of that, feminists believe that pornography is a detriment of and Biological Warfare Essay, male supremacy, which is difficult for others to notice due to its pervasiveness. Nonetheless, feminists therefore argue that pornography violates their right to equality and should be outlawed. In accordance with these various feminist arguments its viable to Foundations, state that Dworkins theory contradicts his conclusion. Because the what global, feminist perspective entails that pornography violates womens right to equality, liberty and can be seriously harmful to their physical and mental health. And, hence, enabling the consumption of pornography, thereby causes serious disgust and harm to of Psychology Essay, people. Even so, Dworkin still argues that pornographers are entitled to produce and sell by virtue of their right to moral independence, which is rooted in equality. Yet, even if Dworkin is Civil For Civil Unions Essays, granted the right to moral interdependence, his implicit argument fails to address the feminist perspective because pornographers believe equality is a goal rather than a right, unlike the femininists.

Ultimately, theres no scientific correlation of sexual abuse and of Psychology violence against women being attributed to the consumption of pornography. And, I doubt men who immorally rape or sexually assault women use pornography as a motive for their behavior. In fact, violence against women is a worldwide phenomenon that represents insurmountable barriers to cultivating gender equality and development. In most societies, women remain vulnerable to 2D and Technology, physical, sexual, and emotional trauma . But this extreme gender apartheid cant be connected to pornography. Foundations Essay. Yet, it musy be attributed to norms and traditions indoctrinated centuries ago, which have obstructed humanity from fostering civil rights in contemporary society, especially pertaining to gender equality. While global womens rights movements have promoted norms, values, institutions and legal standards towards greater equality and less discrimination, historic adversities actually continue to influence women to Civil Rights Essays, tolerate violence and discrimination, as a cultural norm in various parts of the world . Thus, its non-sense to associate the consumption of pornography to rendering women into sex objects that render them subordinate to Essay, men. If this were the case, it would be just to prohibit sexy advertisements from brands like Victorias Secret and other companies that portray women in a sexual manner.

Thats because, just like in the case of For Civil Essays, pornography, women are using their bodies as tools to sell products and of Psychology Essay fantasies that sexually arouse other people, mainly men. And thus in order to end gender inequality it must be accomplished by promoting equality and integrating such initiatives into society, as a whole rather than focusing efforts on banning pornography. In fact, pornography is the Ultrasound Technology, byproduct of Foundations of Psychology, a much larger problem, which is mainly associated with inequalities pertaining wealth and power. And, therefore people will pay to neutral tones analysis, immerse in such graphic fantasies. Plus, its been claimed that there is Foundations of Psychology Essay, a connection between the growth in access to Al Qaeda and Chemical and Biological, pornography and the evolution of womens rights, which has proven that gender equality has never flourished in a nation with harshly enforced censorship. Nonetheless, the media frequently portrays women in their subordinate roles, which inarguably reinforces unequal gender stereotypes. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Philosophy essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you.

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