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arugmentative essay Definition : In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an explained argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and system write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change. Choosing an a clockwork orange explained argumentative topic is not an easy task. For Healthy. The topic should be such that. A Clockwork Orange Explained. X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to mechanisms, use it in case of suffering from too much pain) #8730; Selling and using marijuana in public places should be considered illegal . A Clockwork Explained. X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. Approach Of Qi Exercise For Healthy Women Essay. ( our stand is explained, not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) #8730; If we are under the Essay Hunger Games by Suzane Collins age of orange explained 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car. X Are you one of those who thinks cheating is not good for students? ( a question cannot be an argument)
#8730; Cheating helps students learn. X Considering its geological position, Turkey has an important geopolitical role in the EU. ( facts cannot be arguments) #8730; Considering its geopolitical role, we can clearly say that the EU cannot be without Turkey . it should be a topic that can be adequately supported (with statistics, outside source citations, etc.) X I feel that writing an argumentative essay is The Holistic Approach Exercise for Healthy Pregnant Essay examples, definitely a challenging task. ( feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people) If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about a clockwork orange explained such topics: Cheating is beneficial for students. Murat 124 is a very good choice for conscientious drivers. Stress is good for the human body. Polygamy is shop, quite natural.
For women, there is orange explained, no need for men. Organization : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs . Before starting writing, it is Essay on The Games, imperative to make a list of these ideas and orange choose the most suitable ones among them for supporting and refuting. There are three possible organization patterns: CON idea 1 ----- Refutation. Mechanisms. CON idea 2 ----- Refutation. CON idea 3 ----- Refutation. Orange Explained. The sample essay has been written according to the third pattern. Thesis: Do Reiki instead of taking medicine . Of War. People should trust medicine since it is effective and a clockwork explained scientifically proven. Freud Defense. Reiki is a clockwork orange, also scientifically proven and does not have side effects . (refutation method: insufficient claim) Serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and and excretory system cancer cannot be treated without medicine. Medicine also cannot treat serious illnesses if not diagnosed at an early stage . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) Reiki, like alternative healing methods, requires a lot of time . Reiki requires less time if done regularly . A Clockwork. (refutation method: opponents are completely wrong)
Supporting our ideas : This is the freud most important part when persuading others. We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. A Clockwork Explained. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid: Thesis: Leaving the university and starting to work is Essay on The Hunger, good for the adolescent because … Feelings, emotional arguments (… it makes one feel much better .) Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants .) Oversimplification (… only then would he understand what it means to be an adult. ) Hasty generalizations (. A Clockwork Orange. it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to www.doubtme.com, 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at university and started working at an earlier age. ) For more mistakes in the logic of arguments, see Fallacies. Refuting opposing arguments : Before we start saying that the The Holistic Approach of Qi Exercise Essay examples opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by knowing what we are refuting. A Clockwork. e.g . X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong . The Digestive Work. ( what they say is not wrong.
Maybe their supporting idea is wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to be able to refute it.) #8730; Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and psychologically mature enough to a clockwork orange, cope with the problems of the real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age . Language : Signposts gain importance in the argumentative essay. The Digestive Together. They enable the readers to follow our arguments easily. A Clockwork Explained. When pointing out opposing arguments ( CONs ): Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that … Those who disagree / are against these ideas may say / assert that … Some people may disagree with this idea. When stating specifically why they think like that : The put forward this idea because … They claim that … since … Reaching the Collins turning point : On the other hand , When refuting the opposing idea, we may use the following strategies : compromise but prove that their argument is not powerful enough: They have a point in thinking like that. To a certain extent they are right.
After seeing this evidence, there is no way we can agree with what they say . say that their argument is irrelevant to the topic: What we are discussing here is not what they are trying to a clockwork, prove. Their argument is irrelevant. HEALTH AND HEALING AT YOUR FINGERTIPS. Throw out the bottles and boxes of Essay Games by Suzane Collins drugs in your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to a clockwork orange, people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine.
However, it is a blow to on The Collins, the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science. This new theory argues that healing is at orange explained, our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis. Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. Shop. We must admit that these methods are very effective in a clockwork explained, the examples that they provide. However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin, or Vermidon , when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the defense mechanisms side effects of a clockwork explained these. The Holistic Essay Examples. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to a clockwork, them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better.
How about a safer and more economical way of mechanisms healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. As for its history, it was discovered in Japan in the early 1900s and its popularity has spread particularly throughout America and Western Europe . In quantum physics, energy is recognized as the fundamental substance of which the universe is composed. Reiki depends on a clockwork orange explained the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow.
There are no side effects and the language shop it is a clockwork, scientifically explained. Opponents of The Mad Scientist Essay alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in explained, the hospital taking medicine. Hunger By Suzane. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in a clockwork explained, the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take. Mythology. Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is a clockwork, diagnosed at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the defense mechanisms medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings because of the explained medical treatment they undergo. Instead of drugs which are expensive and Hunger Games Collins have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of a clockwork everyday life and Essay by Suzane let go of the everyday worries.
Most of the explained chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress. Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well. Freud Defense Mechanisms. Since balancing our emotions and controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and avoid illnesses before it is too late. Some people may still maintain that in our material world, everything depends on time. It is even “lacking time” that causes much of the stress that leads to a clockwork, the illnesses we mentioned. How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki to ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to freud defense mechanisms, go to the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time.
There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment. It is a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of a clockwork orange relaxation and stress-relief. Most important of all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for the side effects as well. Having said these, resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and drug-free. What is more, it is the digestive and excretory, easy to learn by anyone, regardless of age and a clockwork orange explained experience.
It can be used anywhere, anytime. The Digestive And Excretory Work. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime. It is a clockwork orange, definitely high time to get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet!
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RESUME FOR INTERNSHIP: 998 Samples + 15 Templates + Writing Guide. Imagine standing in line with hundreds of other people all vying for the same internship. When it’s finally your turn, the job recruiter says, “You have six seconds.” That may sound crazy but an eye-tracking resume study discovered that’s how long an employer looks at each resume. You have to make an impression and you have to make it quickly. We’re here to a clockwork help make your resume stand out. We created 15 professional templates for you to download. We found samples of The Mad Scientist, real-life resumes that landed internships . And we put together a resource toolkit with almost 1,000 sample resumes, tips, and a clockwork explained, ideas created by the best universities. Here are the key aspects of your internship resume we’ll guide you on:
How to Write an Internship Resume: The Basics How to Write an Objective (and whether you need one!) Internship Resume Format How to Use Free Internship Resume Templates and Samples. Table of Contents. How to Write an Internship Resume: The Basics. It’s tough to greek mythology grab an employer’s attention in just a few seconds, especially when you have little or no job experience. But it is possible.
You just have to be a little more creative. Look at your past jobs and the duties you performed in a new light. . For example, if you are applying for orange a banking internship but never worked in a bank, think outside the box. Maybe you handled money at a concession stand. Or, maybe you had to freud mechanisms balance a cash drawer in a job as a supermarket checker. Remember, your goal in a clockwork explained landing an of war greek internship is to use the skills you already have to contribute to your academic and career goals, and a clockwork, gain new skills as well. Intern recruiters know you don’t have professional-level qualifications yet. They’re looking for someone who wants to learn and who has transferable skills like: Ability to communicate Willingness to how do system together work hard Creativity Problem-solving ability Initiative Ability to multi-task Leadership. There are a few basic requirements for your resume.
Every internship resume should be: One page in length Clean, error-free, and a clockwork orange explained, easy to read Structured and written to highlight your strengths Immediately clear about Essay on The Hunger Collins, your name and the position you are seeking. Surprisingly, your high school or college GPA isn’t as important to intern recruiters as you might think . In 2013, internships.com surveyed 300 intern recruiters and found employers put more value on a clockwork orange relevant work experience than academic performance. Your list of skills and Approach Pregnant Essay, experience is a clockwork orange explained one of the most valuable things on your resume. Here’s an easy way to start building a great experience section for your internship resume. First, create a master list of every job, skill and academic achievement you have in your background. Keep updating it as you think of new things to add. This is a valuable tool to help you customize each resume you send out.
You’ll pull from the language shop, this master list to emphasize the skills and experience you have that each employer is orange looking for The Holistic of Qi Pregnant Women Essay . Think of a clockwork explained, your resume as a way of matching what you have to offer with what an intern recruiter wants for that particular internship program. Keeping these basics in mind, let’s get down to business. How to write an objective statement. The objective statement goes near the the digestive and excretory system work top of orange explained, your resume, and, in and excretory work a matter of a clockwork orange, seconds, should tell an employer what you have to offer. That means you have to write lean and mean. Your goal is to grab a prospective employer’s attention with one or two clear, compelling sentences. Let’s say you are a junior at by Suzane, State University with a journalism major/political science minor looking for orange explained an internship. Essay On The Hunger Games By Suzane. You have experience writing news and features for the college paper.
You also created fliers for a clockwork orange a local political candidate. Last summer, you were a part-time copy editor at a community weekly. You would someday like to be a press secretary. You are also a swimmer and have won state meets. Here are some internships you might apply for: Public relations intern: Public relations position in which I can use my journalism training and my years in The Mad Scientist competitive sports to promote the New York Yankees. Journalism major desires to use political experience to help John Doe get elected. College recruitment intern: Journalism student and championship swimmer seeks position as marketing assistant to use writing skills and competitive swimming experience to a clockwork explained raise awareness of the importance of student-athletes at State University. An objective statement tells how you can benefit the company.
What employer wouldn’t want to know that? Yet opinions are divided on the language shop whether or not objective statements belong on resumes. That’s because objectives are too often long, unfocused paragraphs that employers skip over. An objective statement like “Seeking a challenging and orange, rewarding position in Games by Suzane Collins a dynamic organization for potential growth” is orange explained just a lot of words that say nothing meaningful. Some applicants replace “objective statement” with different names that serve the same purpose: Career Summary, Job Goal, Skill Set, Profile, or Personal Branding Statement. Whatever you call the section of your resume that tells an employer how your particular skill set and freud mechanisms, knowledge will help the orange explained company achieve its goals, it’s still an important part of your resume. It’s especially important when applying for an internship, because, this early in your career, your limited work history probably doesn’t define your career goals. Make it concise and specific. Don’t be vague. Find keywords in the job description and focus on those when describing your knowledge and abilities. Make your objective as unique to you as possible.
Instead of saying “highly motivated student,” say “third-year journalism student.” Instead of defense, saying “excellent communication skills,” say “produced political fliers.” Emphasize your benefit to a clockwork the employer. You want to the language tell the company what you can do for it, not ask what it can do for you. BAD: “Seeking a team-oriented newsroom that fosters my writing development.” GOOD: “Journalism student brings team sports experience to reporter internship.” Emphasize the job experience, character traits, personality, and work ethic that would make you valuable to the company.
Do not write in orange explained first person. Instead of “I have experience writing code,” say “student with code-writing experience.” It’s almost always best to leave out adjectives and shop, personal pronouns. Try to make each word engaging. A great resume grabs the explained attention of a potential employer right away. Every objective statement must be customized to the internship you are seeking. Don’t copy and paste the same objective into each internship resume you send out.
When an The Mad Essay employer reads an objective statement tailored to the internship they’re hiring for, they’ll see you as someone who knows about and cares about that position. It gives your resume credibility, and signals to the employer that everything else in your resume is relevant too. Now that you know the basics about an internship resume and how to write an objective statement, it’s time to a clockwork orange compile your winning resume. Some sections you might include on your internship resume: Objective Education Relevant Coursework Skills Relevant Experience Professional Experience Honors #038; Activities. You don’t have to The Mad include all of these sections. Choose those that are relevant to your experience and the internship you’re applying for.
You’ve done research on the company. You know what it’s all about. You know their mission statement. You’ve identified some keywords that describe what the company wants. Orange Explained. You’ll use those keywords as often as you can to describe what you have to offer. Even if you have minimal work experience, you can put together a great resume.
A clean layout with a logical structure will give a good first impression. Display your name, email address, and phone number prominently. (Make sure your voicemail greeting is appropriate.) If your mailing address (your location) helps your resume in The Holistic for Healthy Pregnant Essay any way, add it too. Orange Explained. If you have a strong LinkedIn profile, include the URL to examples your page. A Clockwork. Don’t use a silly email address. One that includes your name is best.
Make it clear you are seeking a specific position. State what you can do for them, not what they can do for you. Use keywords from the company’s website or the internship description. Start with the degree you are currently working toward. Note the date you expect to goddess greek graduate. For example, “B.A. expected in a clockwork June 2017.” List your previous degrees in reverse chronological order, including the name and location of each institution attended.
Include majors, minors, or areas of shop, specialty for a clockwork explained each degree. Include your high school only Scientist Essay, if you want to highlight its academic reputation or if its location is relevant to the internship. State College (Expected graduation: Spring 2017) Bachelor of Arts in Communication. A Clockwork Explained. English minor. Concentration on public relations. Use this section to show you have appropriate transferable skills, even if you didn’t learn them in the workplace.
Describe classwork that demonstrates skills required for the internship. Include class projects that bolster your value to the employer. Sports writing Communicating Effectively: Increased traffic to college’s SportsTalk website through Search Engine Optimization Public Speaking Video for the Web: Filmed an athlete training for a triathlon. Write a strong summary of your qualifications. Start sentences with active verbs whenever possible. Align what you have to offer with what the employer wants.
List the on The Games skills that are most important to the internship you are applying for. A Clockwork Explained. Be creative. Freud. You’d be surprised how many life skills transfer to job skills. Include proficiencies as well as interpersonal skills. Proficient in Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, and Excel Experience with online research Bilingual: Fluent in English and orange, Spanish. Include experience that’s relevant to the internship. If you are applying for Essay on The Hunger Collins a job in sports marketing, for explained example, describe your summers working at the baseball stadium.
List certificates from schools or courses that are relevant or impressive. Describe situations in which you were a leader or an innovator. Directed setup of political candidate’s County Fair booth Designed website for Junior Fair Queen candidate Completed Great Lakes Bike Tour. You can minimize the The Mad fact that you don’t have much relevant job experience by highlighting transferable skills. For instance, working at a clockwork orange, a fast-food restaurant requires much more than bagging burgers.
You have to be able to communicate, work as a team, manage your time, and handle money. On The Collins. Show results of your work. Use active verbs whenever you can. Tie professional experience back to a clockwork explained objective. North Rec Swimming Pool, Amherst, Ohio (Summers of 2012, 2013, 2014) Drew up plans that led to expanding swimming lessons to infants Created Facebook page for pool Taught classes of Scientist Essay, up to 12 youngsters how to swim Used Microsoft Office to a clockwork make posters for annual swim meet. List awards and academic honors you have received. Highlight specific affiliations and volunteer work relevant to the internship you are seeking. Dean’s list, State University (Fall 2013, Spring 2014) National Merit Semi-Finalist Junior Rotary Club member (2012 to present) Nursing home volunteer: Distributed lunches, assisted with daily bingo games (2010)
If you follow the above steps, you can create a winning resume for your internship application. And remember, a resume should always be a work in progress. In addition to tweaking and The Holistic Approach of Qi for Healthy Pregnant Women, tailoring your resume for each job or internship, continually update your professional profile with new skills and experiences acquired. Be confident. Sell yourself well, and prospective employers will notice.
Make sure you know the basic rules that apply to all resumes. List the experiences most relevant to the internship on your resume. Internships are offered year-round, not just in the summer. Got your eye on interning for a specific company? Check out their intern opportunities online and a clockwork explained, research what the company looks for in employees. Seeking an internship with a particular job title? Switch up the the language wording to a clockwork explained find more opportunities. For instance, administrative assistant jobs can also be listed as admin assistant, admin asst, or admin assist.
The more internships you can squeeze into your college years, the more you will learn, and how do together, the better job candidate you will make. Free Internship Resume Templates and Samples. Now that you know what makes a great internship resume, we’re going to show you some free templates, samples, and resources. This is the final step : customization. Choose a template you like. Look at a clockwork explained, resumes of successful intern candidates. Now, it’s time to craft your own. Your resume should be as unique as you are. The good news is, you don’t have to reinvent the wheel to do it. 15 Blank Internship Resume Templates.
We took 15 fantastic resume samples in PDF (University of The Mad Scientist Essay, Tennessee, Knoxville, Washington University in St. Explained. Louis, University of the language, Connecticut, Northwestern University, California Polytechnic State University, The University of Oklahoma, Syracuse University, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, and orange explained, the University of freud, Connecticut Storrs – see template descriptions for details), and created 15 professional internship templates in MS Word that you can customize and a clockwork orange, use. These templates are designed to Scientist Essay showcase the skills and abilities of orange, students who don’t have an extensive work history but still have a lot to offer. They all work. How Do System Work. Just pick one that suits you, download it, and customize it. 6 Internship Resumes and a Cover Letter that Landed High-Profile Jobs. Not sure what to say or how to say it? We convinced six people who landed great internships to allow us to orange post their resumes here for you. Don’t worry if they seem to the language have more impressive credentials than you do. Orange. If you follow the steps above, you’ll be able to discover and highlight your own impressive experiences. Google and Facebook Internship Resume.
Microsoft and by Suzane, Google Internship Resume Sample. Real Software Engineering Internship Resume. Internship Cover Letter Sample Software Engineering. Over 1000 resume samples and ideas. In this section you will find more than 50 university resources that contain almost 1,000 samples, ideas, and tips for a clockwork orange you to The Holistic Approach Pregnant use. University of California, Davis – PDF with 9 resume samples – a simple resume, a chronological format for an internship position, a laboratory research assistant resume, a chronological format for a career position, a functional format for a career position, a chronological format for an entry-level career position, a combination of chronological and functional format for a research position, a resume with international experience, and a technical resume used for orange explained applying for positions in information technology, engineering or consulting. Hope College – PDF guide to internship resume writing, what makes an internship resume different from other resumes, how to describe your experiences, a list of action verbs to use, as well as 4 resume samples with some formatting tips. University of Minnesota – 32 real student resume samples for different majors: Continuing Education Majors, Design Majors, Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Science Majors, as well as Masters and PhD resume samples. University of California – Irvine – 7 resume samples including 1 internship resume and 2 cover letter examples.
Harvard – an mechanisms online resume workshop explaining how to write resumes, a PDF guide with resume tips, a list of action verbs, how to orange write an effective cover letter as well as a resume sample, 2 resume templates, and a cover letter sample. They also provide 2 Word resume samples and for Healthy Women Essay, 2 PDF resume samples. University of Illinois Chicago – Help with creating a resume and a clockwork orange explained, writing a cover letter, video that explains the basics of freud, writing resumes, 4 freshman resume samples, as well as 4 engineering resumes with internship/research experience, and 6 sample resumes for different majors. University of California, San Francisco – Video tutorials on orange explained how to write a successful internship resume, and an action verb list, including 5 sample internship resumes and 1 before-and-after example. Purdue University – Resume writing guide including brainstorming techniques, resume formatting tips, which transferable skills employers are looking for, as well as which sections to include in your resume. Rose Hulman Institute of Technology – 5 sample resumes by class year, and The Holistic for Healthy Women, 20 sample resumes by major. University of Oklahoma – 76 sample resumes by explained major for full time jobs and internships. Eight are internship resume samples along with a sample freshman resume and cover letter for an internship in shop advertising. San Jose State University – 75 pre-career and career resume samples by major in orange applied sciences and arts, business, education, engineering, humanities, science, and social science. Northeastern University – 10 sample resumes by Essay class year as well as major.
St. Olaf College – Before-and-after resume sample, professional school sample resumes, job and a clockwork explained, internship sample resumes, on-campus recruiting resume samples, as well as samples for the language shop specialized fields. 28 samples available in total. University of a clockwork, Berkeley – 56 page job and internship guide which includes a resume and letter writing guide with resume dos and don’ts, along with 9 sample resumes and cover letters. Pepperdine University – 6 PDF sample resumes for Scientist Essay MFT and psychology in both functional and chronological formats. Brown University – Resume and cover letter tip sheets, along with 19 sample resume templates in PDF. University of New Hampshire – 20 sample resumes by major, along with a resume outline in Word, and a resume starter template in PDF.
Monash University – 36 sample resumes by a clockwork explained college department for both undergraduates and postgraduates. University of North Florida – 4 sample PDF resumes for internships, 6 sample resumes for entry-level jobs, and 5 sample resumes for goddess greek mythology experienced alumni. Penn State – 4 sample resumes in both PDF and Word formats for internships, co-ops, entry-level full time positions, and a clockwork orange explained, CVs as well as cover letter samples, reference list samples, and post interview letter samples. Rutgers University – Career and internship planning guide in PDF format which includes sections on The Holistic Approach of Qi Exercise for Healthy examples preparing for internships, finding an orange explained internship, and making an impact at your internship. Resume writing tips that include anatomy of a resume, tips to strengthen your resume, how to write accomplishment statements, using a problem-action-result approach, and Scientist, some power verbs. A Clockwork Explained. The guide also contains 8 sample internship resume templates and 2 CV templates. Saint Joseph’s University – 10 sample resumes with 1 sample internship resume. They also have resume examples by major, and a “Resumes for how do International Students” webinar. Rollins College – Guide on how to explained write a resume, resume format and freud mechanisms, style, as well as samples of different types of a clockwork orange, resumes, such as targeted, integrated, CVs, and federal resumes. Marquette University – PDF guide to on The Hunger Games by Suzane Collins resume and cover letter writing for internships along with 1 sample cover letter and 2 sample resumes.
Loyola University, Chicago – 11 sample resumes with sample cover letters, including a sample cover letter for internships. They also have various resume and job search guides. University of Tennessee – 15 sample resumes by major, as well as various sample cover letters. Wake Forest University – Resume writing guide with 10 samples based on different experiences, as well as 5 resume samples for a clockwork different majors. Stetson University – 11 resume templates, both chronological and of war greek mythology, functional, as well as internship and first-year student resume samples. DePaul University – Entry-level resume guide with list of explained, action verbs, as well as 6 chronological resume samples, 1 functional resume sample, and 1 combination resume sample. Northwestern University – 16 resume samples by major, including 1 for students with less experience and 1 for students with more experience. Muhlenberg College – 18 resume samples by goddess of war greek mythology job function and class year. University of Richmond – Guides on explained resume formatting tips, writing a resume, action verbs, and 15 resume samples in The Mad Scientist PDF. Anne Arundel Community College – 1 sample internship resume with a resume checklist and orange, features. University of North Carolina, Charlotte – Online presentation on how do together “Resumes That Get you the Interview,” resume writing guide, and 1 sample resume.
College of a clockwork explained, Charleston – Resume writing guide, resume dos and don’ts and action verbs, with 6 sample resumes in The Holistic Approach Pregnant Women examples chronological, functional and combination forms. San Francisco State University – Video on internship, sample goal and objectives, and 3 samples for scanning, position-based and skill-based resumes, as well as a resume checklist. University of South Carolina – 1 sample resume template for a clockwork explained public history students. James Madison University – A resume writing guide focusing on The Mad objective, education, coursework, projects and skills, experience and orange, activities, format, appearance, and references. Towson University – 4 sample resumes for biology students, with student profiles to explain background behind the resume. 855.213.0348 | MON-FRI 8A-8P, SAT 8A-5P, SUN 10A-6P CST.
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English 245: Film Form and Culture. Sound in explained the Opening Montage. “This is the end…” Actually, just the beginning, of Apocalypse Now . In class, I showed the opening scene of the film but didn’t say much about it. That’s because it’s a very well-known – and brilliant – use of freud defense mechanisms, sound in the film. It functions as an unconventional overture, as it introduces not only Captain Willard, the main character, but also some of the major themes in the film. Let me focus on the song for a moment. The song you hear on explained the soundtrack during the the language, opening montage is “The End” by The Doors. Why a song about the end at orange explained, the beginning of the film? Because it indicates the the language, end of Captain Willard’s illusions about the war, and explained, the end of America’s illusions as well.
The film was made in 1979, four years after the Vietnam War ended, and it was a bitter, soul-searching time – what President Jimmy Carter infamously called a time of “malaise” in the country. The United States had lost a war for the first time in its history; it’s technological prowess and superiority had been bested by a rag-tag communist liberation army. This opening scene is much more about 1979 than 1969 (around the time the film is set). If the director Francis Ford Coppola had chosen a different song, even a different song by The Doors, the effect and The Mad, the message would have been quite different. A Clockwork Orange Explained. I should note that the film came out before popular music (rather than a composed score) became the norm for movie soundtracks. This innovation in Apocalypse Now suggests that Coppola chose the song for the way it helped communicate the greek, deeper meaning of his film. In your textbook, the a clockwork orange explained, authors write about the “use of Essay, sound to a clockwork, indicate character subjectivity” (236). They also mention that “often diegetic music reveals character traits” (237). All this is true of the use of the song at the beginning of Apocalypse Now . It takes us inside the boozy head of Willard in the hotel room. It reveals to us what Willard is thinking, in on The by Suzane Collins all it surreal contours.
We hear other sounds mediated through Willard’s subjectivity in this scene, such as the distorted sound of a ceiling fan, which turns into the distorted sound of explained, helicopter blades – the ubiquitous sound we hear throughout the freud defense, film, and throughout most Vietnam War films (Korean War films too, such as Robert Altman’s M.A.S.H. ). These are sounds that Willard is hearing. The fact that the sound is distorted tells us it’s coming from Willard’s subjective viewpoint. So, just as camera shots can be subjective (such as the orange, shot of the reflection of the snow-globe at the beginning of Citizen Kane ), so too can sounds. One of the best ways to use sound to get into the head of characters is the voice-over. As you know, there is plenty of that in Apocalypse Now . How Do The Digestive And Excretory System Together. The very first line that Willard utters in orange explained voice-over signals the unconventional use of this device in the language the film: “Saigon. Shit. . A Clockwork Orange Explained. . And Excretory Work Together. . Still in Saigon.” In this one line, heard alongside the music of orange, a marching band outside the how do the digestive and excretory system work, window, Willard not only a clockwork explained, swears, but shows his utter revulsion in Scientist regards to the war, while at the same time showing that he can’t wait to get back to the jungle.
Like a lot of soldiers in Vietnam, and elsewhere in explained other wars, Willard hates the war but is lost and The Holistic Approach for Healthy Pregnant Women Essay, unmotivated without it. A Clockwork Orange. It gives his life meaning. I think you would agree with me (and disagree with the script-writing guru Robert McKee [of Adaptation ]) that, in Apocalypse Now , the voice-over is vital, not only for presenting vital information about character and plot, but for taking us inside the head of the lead character, revealing to us his subjective take on the insanity of war. This is the famous scene where the of war greek mythology, cowboy-surfer Colonel Kilgore bombs a Vietnamese village “back to the Stone Age,” destroying a village in order to save it. He provides a soundtrack for his bombing raid: “The Ride of the a clockwork, Valkyries,” from a Richard Wagner opera. Your textbook authors explain: The choice of music is an intertextual reference to [D. W. Of War Greek. Griffiths’s film] The Birth of a Nation , whose original score featured Wagner’s music accompanying the Ku Klux Klan’s triumphant charge.
Moreover, the a clockwork orange explained, choice of Wagner here is a historical reference to German fascism, as Adolf Hitler admired Wagner’s music and the composer’s anti-Semitic writing. Approach Of Qi Exercise Pregnant Essay. (260). As the textbook authors note, there is parallel sound editing in a clockwork explained this scene, as the The Mad, choppers blaring Wagner alternate with shots of a quiet village, where only the sound of children can be heard, and a clockwork explained, then a relatively soft alarm bell. The sound of the loud choppers and music slowly builds in the shots of the quiet village, creating a sense of dread. The textbook authors explain that. The abrupt movement from loud to soft shifts the audience’s identification, so that the The Holistic of Qi Pregnant Women examples, excitement audiences might otherwise share with the soldiers onscreen gives way to empathy for the villagers. Sound editor Walter Murch’s manipulation of volume in this scene puts audiences in the position of the attacked, as well as the attacker. (260). This split identification not only a clockwork, defines the audience’s experience, but also the experience of the war on the “home-front,” with the American populace nearly split on the justness of the Vietnam War. The use of sound in this part of the film is also part of a larger sound design in the film, in which periods of quiet alternate with bombastic noise. Characters having to yell over the sound of of Qi Pregnant Essay examples, shooting, bombing, and explained, the cries of the wounded (and the sound of a priest saying mass during the raid, and the sound of a cow being lifted by a helicopter, etc.) – or use radio or megaphones – is not bad sound design. Scientist Essay. The noise is an inescapable part of orange, modern, mechanized war. In the first half of the film, the audience is encouraged to identify the noise with modern American society, and the quiet with rural Vietnam.
It illustrates this statement by your textbook authors: “Because dialogue tends to overwhelm sound effects, those rare moments when sound effects do compete with dialogue are particularly important” (251). In regards to sound in films, if it’s soft and shop, hard to hear, it’s important. Explained. The quieter it is on the soundtrack, the harder you should listen. Let me illustrate the sound vs. silence rhythm in Apocalypse Now by focusing on a quiet scene that comes between the loud and Approach for Healthy, disturbing opening montage, and the much louder Air Cavalry scene. This is a scene that I discussed in class, where Willard meets with three men in orange explained the private quarters of a general, and is given his mission to kill Colonel Kurtz.
First, there’s the background music in on The Collins the scene (which you really have to listen for). It’s what we would call “muzak,” or “easy-listening” music. It defines the general and the scene, in contradistinction to the way noise defines Kilgore and his Air Cavalry. It indicates that the general is genteel, and a little prissy – or, at orange, the very least, old (at a time when hippies and activists in the counterculture were urging young people “not to trust anyone over 30”). To emphasize this, we see a number of close-ups of the general’s soft hands and fancy eating utensils, not to mention the delicacies they are eating during the scene.
In this scene, we also hear Col. Freud Defense. Kurtz for the first time, on audio-tape. It’s significant that Kurtz is introduced in a clockwork orange the film via sound. It’s even more significant that what we hear are the ramblings of a madman. The tape really represents what the general and his adjutants want to hear. We hear a very different Kurtz later, when he reads from Time Magazine to impress upon the captured Willard that the military establishment is lying to the American people (and suggesting that mainstream publications like Time Magazine have become vehicles of war propaganda). It was the “silent partner” that I concentrated on goddess of war greek mythology when we discussed this scene in a clockwork explained class. The “silent partner,” unlike the the digestive and excretory together, other two men, is wearing civilian clothes. He is most likely CIA. He does have one line, and it’s an important one: he says, “terminate with extreme prejudice.” What this basically means is: “do whatever you need to a clockwork orange explained, do to The Holistic Approach of Qi Women, kill Kurtz.” With this one line, the CIA officer basically issues the order to a clockwork, WIllard to kill Kurtz.
In this, he shows that he is the Scientist Essay, real one in a clockwork charge, even in “mufti” (civilian clothes). This is Coppola’s way of showing that the war was secretly run by the CIA and how do and excretory together, other clandestine outfits, undermining the traditional military command structure. Coppola does this by using soft sounds in a clockwork orange the aural mise-en-scene. Kilgore is bombastic in his conduct of the war, but it is the secretive CIA – the “silent partner” – that really runs things behind the scenes. Silence in freud mechanisms the Temple of Horror. Much more could be said about sound in Apocalypse Now , particularly the music on the soundtrack used to define different characters and different scenes . There are a lot of a clockwork orange, synthesizers on the soundtrack, but they are not used the same way in every scene. Essay Hunger Collins. The music soundtrack, instead, varies the music for different scenes. If you listen closely enough, you’ll hear one theme during battles, another theme when the boat crew is at the French plantation, another theme when the boat crew approaches Kurtz’s compound, etc. For instance, the Kurtz music is softer, more “Asian” in tone, with flutes and gongs, as opposed to the more dissonant and industrial music heard when the boat crew is on the river.
I also have to point out the brilliant and devastating use of sound in the scene where Clean dies. You’ll remember that when Clean was shot he was listening a recording tape sent to him by a clockwork, his mother, and it continues on the soundtrack as the crew on the boat deal with Clean’s death (with the exception of Lance, who is more concerned with the Approach Essay, missing puppy). We hear his mother say, basically, don’t get shot and come back to us in one piece, while the dead, shot Clean lies on a clockwork the deck of the boat. For the rest of freud mechanisms, this entry I would like to focus on the use of orange explained, silence in the second half of the film. The first half of Apocalypse Now is much louder than the second, since the first half is set in war-zones and much of the second half is set in Kurtz’s compound in the Buddhist temple. But I don’t want you to come to the conclusion that you, as a viewer, are meant to on The Hunger by Suzane, hate the orange, American military establishment and the war (because it’s noisy), and sympathize with Kurtz (because he, and The Mad Scientist, his temple, are relatively quiet). Rather, as in the scene in the general’s quarters, we should be suspicious of the quiet, because some people do terrible things under the a clockwork, cover of silence. Case in point, Colonel Kurtz. Kurtz is a soft-spoken man who is drawn to the contemplative quiet of the Buddhist temple where he resides. There he can read his poetry (mostly T. S. Eliot) in peace.
He is also prone to long rambling, one-sided philosophical discussions with Willard, who barely says a word while he is The Holistic Exercise for Healthy Pregnant Essay examples, Kurtz’s “guest.” The nameless photojournalist, played by Dennis Hopper (“Jordy” Jr. in Giant ) constantly expresses his inability to orange, articulate things the way Kurtz can. “I wish I had the words…” he says at one point. But inarticulation is also one of Kurtz’s preoccupations. During one of his monologues, Kurtz says: “Words can’t describe what is ‘necessary’ to those who don’t know what horror is.” Kurtz knows what horror is, and he knows it can’t be suppressed by the language, silence. In fact, the horror whispers in the shadows of the compound. For instance, often times on a clockwork explained the soundtrack you can hear flies buzzing. These are the flies that are feeding on the many corpses littering Kurtz’s compound. The silence can’t block out the flies; instead, the silence makes the sound audible. You would never be able to hear the flies during the battle scenes in the film.
Nor would you notice them if, instead, the soundtrack played up the of Qi for Healthy Pregnant Essay, cries of the dead and dying in the compound. That would have been too obvious: it is the horror in the silence that Coppola wants us to a clockwork explained, hear. Eventually we come to the language, realize that the orange, quiet in the Buddhist temple is anything but peaceful. It is part of Kurtz’s insane tyranny: he commands it. That’s why the people are so quiet there.
It’s one of the goddess greek mythology, first things the viewer (or rather hearer) notices when Willard, in a clockwork the boat, arrives at Kurtz’s compound. There are lots of people there on the dock and the shore, but none of them utters a sound. In fact, they scatter when the quiet is disturbed by the boat’s siren. They’re inarticulate because they are not allowed to speak. Similarly, when Willard finally kills Kurtz, and exits the temple, he is greeted by a large, utterly silent, crowd.
Willard is the new chief, the system work, new tyrant. Willard might be seduced by explained, this deceptive silence, knowing that it’s a accoutrement of command and power, but instead he rejects it. He will instead return to the noisy, messy world. Apocalypse Now ends with Kurtz’s dying words: “the horror, the horror.” They are whispered, barely heard, which is appropriate since it is in the quiet that the horror manifests itself. The Holistic Approach For Healthy Pregnant Women Essay Examples. That is, the film suggests that it’s the silence that brings out a person’s inner demons, not the a clockwork explained, bombast of war. War and its horrors are represented by more than bombs bursting and voices booming over megaphones.
War is also represented – or cloaked – by quiet, by whispered conversations in silent temples, even by poetry. In the end, that’s what the Vietnam War means to Coppola; it has infiltrated, even colonized, the silent interstices of the mind. Never again will war be known only by the sounds of Approach Exercise Pregnant Women examples, explosions. It will also be known by orange, the softer sounds of implosions, of minds going slowly mad. University of Maryland. The Male Gaze in Alfred Hitchcock’s Psycho. Last week in class I mentioned that I planned to write a blog entry comparing Hitchcock’s Psycho with Michael Powell’s Peeping Tom , which came out the same year (1960). Like Psycho , Peeping Tom is a story about a psychopathic serial killer. I also mentioned that the reception of the two films was radically different. Hitchcock’s had a huge commercial and shop, critical success with his film, whereas Powell’s film was a commercial flop and a critical disaster. Powell was practically “blacklisted” in movies for years afterward.
The purpose of my blog entry was to a clockwork orange, figure out why these two films did so differently in the movie theaters and in the language shop movie reviews. I have some ideas in this direction, but I decided that this was too much to take on right now. The Peeping Tom with his camera. I do want to write something on a clockwork orange Psycho , by itself, in relation to what is mechanisms, called “the Male Gaze.” According to Glen Johnson, “the Male Gaze” (or “The Gaze”) is. a concept introduced by Laura Mulvey (“Visual Pleasure Narrative Cinema,” 1975) to orange explained, characterize cinema as an instrument of of war mythology, male spectatorship. Classical cinema produces images of orange explained, women reflecting male sexual fantasies. Mulvey went so far as to suggest that the cinematic apparatus (the camera, as well as darkened theaters and other viewing practices) is coded as male. Feminist critics frequently consider filmic point of view (including reaction shots, showing who gets to look) as an indication of Scientist, power or control within the orange explained, movie.
Bob Bednar adds that Mulvey’s. essay outlines an idea about the “male gaze” in The Holistic Approach of Qi for Healthy examples which men have the a clockwork explained, power to actively look upon the language passive female bodies. Women became objectified objects, symbols of castration with no agency or power. Cinema functions within in this by allowing women to always be on display for the male viewer. Obviously, this idea is problematic, for not all viewers of film are male, and not all females are represented as simply something scopophilic. Still, Mulvey’s idea about the male gaze has some validity to it, which we find in a clockwork orange Hitchcock’s films.
Simply put, the Male Gaze refers to the idea that the point of the language, view in Hollywood films is a clockwork orange explained, male, and that women are usually presented on defense mechanisms screen for the sexual pleasure of men. Mulvey builds a whole Freudian, psychoanalytic apparatus around this, but I will spare you the details (you can go ahead and read it here, if you like). In my online research, I found quite a few articles on a clockwork orange Hitchcock and the Male Gaze (as well as a few student blogs!). Mechanisms. This is orange explained, not surprising, given that Hitchcock’s Rear Window is Mulvey’s textbook example of the Male Gaze at work. Other critics have examined the Male Gaze in other films by Hitchcock. This includes Psycho . (Besides Rear Window and Psycho , other Hitchcock films that have been studied in Scientist Essay terms of the Male Gaze are Vertigo and orange, Notorious ). The gist of many of these studies (including Mulvey’s) is that Hitchcock was a misogynist (someone who hates women) who exploited women for fun and profit. Scottie, with his camera, in Rear Window . For instance, in The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory , Tania Modleski describes how. in Film Studies, Hitchcock is often viewed as the archetypal misogynist, who invites his audience to indulge their most sadistic fantasies against the female. Some critics have even argued that Hitchcock’s work is prototypical of the extremely violent assaults on women that make up so much of our entertainment today. . Defense. . . As might be expected, such films are usually thought to appeal largely to males; women, it is claimed, can enjoy such films only by assuming the position of ‘masochists’. Orange. Rape and shop, violence, it would appear, effectively silence and subdue not only the woman in the films – the one who would threaten patriarchal law and order through the force of her anarchic desires – but also the women watching the films: female spectators and female critics. A Clockwork Explained. (17).
But some critics, including feminist critics, refuse to damn Hitchcock as an inveterate woman-hater. The iconoclastic feminist cultural critic Camille Paglia (who wrote about Hitchcock in her controversial book Sexual Personae , and wrote a study of Hitchcock’s The Birds for the British Film Institute), said in freud a 1999 interview: From the moment feminism began to solidify its ideology in the early ’70s, Hitchcock became a whipping boy for feminist theory. Orange Explained. I’ve been very vocal about my opposition to the simplistic theory of of Qi Pregnant Women Essay examples, “the male gaze” that is associated with Laura Mulvey (and that she herself has moved somewhat away from) and that has taken over feminist film studies to a vampiric degree in the last 25 years. The idea that a man looking at or a director filming a beautiful woman makes her an a clockwork orange explained object, makes her passive beneath the male gaze which seeks control over woman by turning her into mere matter, into “meat” – I think this was utter nonsense from the start. . . . It was an a priori theory: First there was feminist ideology, asserting that history is nothing but male oppression and female victimization, and then came this theory – the goddess mythology, “victim” model of feminism applied wholesale to works of culture. I agree with Paglia that Psycho is a clockwork explained, not the film of a misogynist; quite the contrary. But the basis of my defense is not feminist theory, but rather film theory. Let’s call it the “Self-Awareness Defense” (Note: Self-reflexivity, a term you’ve been introduced to and which will be important in on The Hunger Games the second half of the course, is a term quite similar to “self-awareness”). That is, Hitchcock knows what he is doing, and he makes sure the viewer knows what he’s doing.
Hitchcock doesn’t leer at women in his films, neither does he encourage other viewers to leer; he instead exposes the machinery of misogyny, the workings of the orange, Male Gaze, to the viewer. We can test my “Self-Awareness” thesis by looking at Psycho . The partially-clothed Marion Crane is goddess of war, often on display in Psycho . And she is often watched by men. Travis Carr writes that. Before main character Marion Crane even reaches the Bates Motel she is being watched; she is questioned and then followed all the way to Los Angeles by a far-too-diligent cop after spending the night in a clockwork her car on the side of an isolated desert road. The scenes involving the cop are fairly obvious in their voyeuristic qualities, with the cop intently watching Marion from across the street as she hurriedly buys a used car. But Marion was being watched even before that. In the opening scene, the long pan/zoom shot, the camera creeps into the window of a bedroom, the hotel room where Marion and Sam are having their tryst. Greek. But making it seem so obvious, with the camera acting like a “peeping tom,” Hitchcock draws attention to it. A Clockwork Orange Explained. He is self-aware about it, which means he tries to make the viewer aware of it.
Evangeline Spachis also notices that. throughout the first half of the narrative, Marion Crane is the subject of a number of gazes, from the leering Mr. Cassidy in the office, to freud defense mechanisms, the suspicious Police Officer and ultimately by Norman Bates. These gazes are represented both technically (camera angles, point of shot) and by the script and the representation of the characters. A number of critics, Spachis included, dwell upon a clockwork explained the police officer: As a viewer who knows of Marion’s activities, we . Exercise For Healthy Examples. . . A Clockwork Orange. feel he is being overly invasive and therefore implicates us in the crime also.
The dark, opaque sunglasses the officer wears seem intrusive, aggressive and freud mechanisms, block the viewer (and Marion) a chance to interpret his character via his eyes. In large part because of the sunglasses, the film viewer never really takes on the point of view of the a clockwork explained, police officer in this scene. The viewer doesn’t see what the system, police officer sees, but rather sees the police officer seeing. That is, Hitchcock shows us the officer leering – he exposes him – rather than let us share the a clockwork orange explained, officer’s leering point of view. This is another example of how Hitchcock is self-aware in Psycho . The parlor scene is goddess mythology, another example. There is a lot of looking and being watched in this scene. Spachis describes the scene: The parlor room in explained which they have lunch is filled with Norman’s stuffed birds, many frozen in full flight indicating perhaps the action of mythology, capture and orange explained, the bird’s all-seeing point of view on its prey.
Norman’s declaration to Hunger Games by Suzane Collins, Marion: “You, you eat like a bird” reinforces the interpretation that Norman has an ‘eagle-eye’ view of Marion. Spachis reads the a clockwork explained, stuffed birds as extensions of Norman’s Male Gaze. But the Scientist Essay, Male Gaze becomes much more pertinent at the end of the a clockwork, scene, when Marion leaves and Norman peeks at The Holistic Approach Pregnant Women Essay examples, her as she prepares to take her fateful shower. Explained. Carr writes: After Marion leaves the parlor for her room, Norman watches her through a peep hole in the wall, the camera zooming in on The Mad his eye. This time, though, what Norman gazes upon is far more overtly sexual than anything previously; he watches Marion undress and prepare for a shower, and when the camera assumes the a clockwork orange explained, viewpoint of Norman the audience itself becomes an objectifying voyeur. The importance of this “peeping tom” moment is that we see that it is a “peeping tom” moment. Hitchcock makes sure we see it. Norman spies on The Holistic Exercise Women examples Marion through a peep-hole hidden behind a painting. The light from Marion’s room illuminates Norman’s eye in profile nearing closer to the hole in a clockwork explained the wall. The camera shifts to Norman’s point of view and instantly implicates the viewer in the voyeurism.
We are both shocked at his invasion of her privacy and yet cannot turn away. Spying on Essay Marion getting undressed invites us to witness the cause of Norman’s arousal and the manifestation of his desire from behind a wall – forever kept apart from any possible sexual gratification. Moments later, the famous shower scene occurs. For both Carr and Spachis, the shot of Norman peeping at Marion implicates the viewer as voyeur. Hitchcock is saying: “Look, you’re a voyeur too!” When you watch this kind of scene, and find pleasure in orange explained it, you are participating in a patriarchal system that treats women like sex objects. Alan Vanneman suggests something similar: For the fourth time, with Norman’s assistance, we will spy on Marion in a bedroom.
We are complicit with Norman here, thankful that he lets us see Marion undressed once more (though angry when he blocks our view). The extraordinary close-up of Norman’s eye, filling the how do system work together, screen, reminds us of the watchful camera (the first entrance into Sam and Marion’s hotel room, the tracking shots of the envelope stuffed with cash and the suitcase) and the relentless eyes of a clockwork, Mr. Cassidy and the state trooper. I would just like to re-iterate something that Vanneman mentions: the viewer has seen Marion in Exercise Pregnant Women Essay a bedroom, in various stages of dress, three times before Norman peeks at her through the wall. During those three other times, we just accepted that we were watching Marion in the bedroom. We didn’t notice we were watching. But now, after we have briefly taken on Norman’s point of view as we peeped Marion, being in a bedroom is no longer innocent. We are aware of a clockwork orange explained, what it means now.
Then there is the Essay Hunger Games, famous shower scene, when Norman in the guise of orange explained, his mother attacks Marion with a knife. Some critics read this scene as the epitome of the goddess mythology, Male Gaze, and a clockwork orange explained, see Norman’s attack as a pseudo-rape. Carr writes that this scene, all rapid cuts and screams, goes so far as to visualize the violent scopophilic rape that Laura Mulvey discussed in her article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema”. It is an onscreen manifestation of the the language, male’s desire to “rape” the female, and Marion’s murder (in which the audience is forced to, at times, assume the role of the murderer himself) is tantamount to that. On a side note, after her death, the camera zooms in on her lifeless eye, furthering the notion of the gaze. Modleski argues that the a clockwork orange explained, shower scene is “an opportunity for the presumed male audience to Essay Hunger Collins, see their deep-set sadistic desires played out on screen. This idea is emphasised in Laura Mulvey’s famous article ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema’ (1975). . . . If this scene was in reverse (as in, the camera viewpoint was from explained Marion’s perspective) the effectiveness of the goddess of war greek mythology, scene would be lost.” Spachis notes all the “allusions to the voyeuristic eye” in the scene: the shower-head, the drain, Marion’s dead eye. Vanneman claims that. the brilliance of the scene is a clockwork explained, that it keeps us relentlessly in goddess greek mythology the very middle of a horrifying event – we feel as if we are seeing “everything,” far more than we want to orange, see – without ever becoming merely sadistic or gruesome. To a very great extent the violence is implied, though we certainly have no sense of censorship.
In part, we are caught between two desires, the desire to how do and excretory system, see the naked body of a beautiful woman (Hitchcock has been teasing us with this for the whole film), and a clockwork, the desire not to see a brutal murder. But Hitchcock won’t give us the one without the other. But it’s not just a matter of Hitchcock making the viewer pay for his or her desire by forcing the him or her to witness a murder. It’s that he makes us witness a murder to show us the end result of desire. Hitchcock is self-aware about the language watching in the shower scene, and if the viewer follows his lead, the viewer will become aware too.
He ruins our enjoyment for the sake of a greater awareness of the way men, in particular, objectify women when watching films. The basic premise of orange explained, what I’m arguing is that if Hitchcock were a vehicle for the Male Gaze, he would not be so obvious about Hunger by Suzane Collins it, pointing it out to a clockwork, the viewing audience; he would make the experience of freud, watching women for sexual pleasure seamless and invisible. But instead he keeps reminding the viewer of what they are watching, how they are watching, and, to explained, some extent, why they are watching. Hitchcock is self-aware so that we might be aware. If all this is still a little blurry, don’t worry. We’ll be talking much more about self-awareness in film in the second half of the course. University of Maryland. Bob Bednar, “Mulvey”, Alfred Hitchcock: A Visual Analysis (a website for COM 783: Visual Communication, a class at Southwestern University) Travis Carr, “Voyeurism the Male Gaze in defense mechanisms Psycho (1960)”, Yahoo! Voices : Glen Johnson, “Feminist film theory,” MDIA-ENG 451: Hitchcock (course taught at Catholic University of America, Spring 2013) Modleski, Tania, The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory (New York: Methuen, Inc., 1988).
Evangeline Spachis, “Drawing back the a clockwork orange explained, shower curtain: Voyeurism in Hitchcock’s ‘Psycho’ (1960)”, Girl on Film (blog): Michael Sragow, “ The Savage Id” (Interview with Camille Paglia), Salon (website): Alan Vanneman, “‘Here’s Lookin’ at You, Kid!’: Alfred Hitchcock and Psycho ,” Bright Lights Film Journal. In your textbook, in the chapter on editing, there are a couple examples of editing in of war mythology Psycho (there’s also an essay, at the end of the chapter, on editing in Alfred Hitchcock’s Notorious ). The first example analyzes the editing in the scene set in the parlor of the Bates hotel where Marion Crane gets to know (perhaps a little too much) about the a clockwork explained, reclusive Norman Bates.
It is an example of how timing in the cuts, and alternating camera placement within the cuts, is significant. At the of war, beginning of the scene, the orange, timing and the camera angles, in the shot/reverse shot sequence, are fairly conventional. But as the conversation between Marion and Norman gets darker, the timing changes to show emotional responses by both Marion and Norman, and the camera angles become more distorted and disturbing. The second instance of editing in Psycho mentioned in the textbook is the short sequence that shows the murder of the private investigator, Arbogast, at the knife-wielding hands of Norman – or rather, Norman’s mother. This is an example of collage – encouraging “the audience to compare and contrast the cinematographic qualities of each shot” ( Film: A Critical Introduction 193).
The scene begins with a shot from high above the action, in the stair landing on Essay the second floor, and then cuts to a close up of Arbogast, as he is being stabbed, and falling backwards down the stairs. The textbook authors quote Hitchcock himself to explain the orange, significance of the editing here: The main reason for raising the Games by Suzane, camera [to an overhead shot] was to get the a clockwork orange, contrast between the long shot and the close-up of the big head as the knife came down on him. It was like music, you see, the Approach for Healthy Pregnant, high shot with the violins and suddenly the big head with the brass instruments clashing. The textbook authors say, of this quote, that it “suggests how the director was acutely aware of the way abrupt changes in camera positioning can evoke an emotional response.” The juxtaposition of shots also shows how editing gives the a clockwork orange, audience an opportunity to The Mad Essay, compare/contrast the distinctive mise-en-scene, and cinematography, of single shots cut together. A Clockwork. Like the other formal film elements we’ve discussed in class, editing usually works in conjunction with other formal film elements. The textbook authors don’t discuss Hitchcock’s use of the system work together, same overhead shot – though much more drawn out – a little later in the film when Norman carries his mother down-stairs. Since there isn’t a cut to something else, in this case, it would seem that Hitchcock was more than just trying to juxtapose two shots for aesthetic effect.
Hitchcock was also interested in a clockwork explained distancing, and disorienting, the the digestive and excretory together, viewer, as he often does with his cinematography and editing. I should also mention that, in terms of cinematography, the shot of Arbogast falling down the stairs is distinctive. It is an example of the “trombone” shot that Hitchcock made famous in Vertigo . This unsettling shot involves focusing in on a clockwork explained an object at the same time that the camera is freud defense mechanisms, moved backwards, or vice versa. It is optically confusing and causes discomfort and misapprehension in the audience. Orange. (We see the The Holistic Approach of Qi, same trombone shot, reversed, when Arbogast is walking up the stairs.) In class, I showed you a few other instances of editing in Psycho . I began with the establishing shot at the beginning of the film, which is actually a number of a clockwork, zoom shots edited together, transporting the viewer into the hotel room where Sam and Marion have just finished having sex (it is implied). The shot/reverse shot editing in the hotel room show the intimacy between the on The Collins, two, before they begin discussing the difficult dilemma they are in a clockwork explained (she has no money, and Sam has no money because of alimony payments, so they can’t get married), at which point the shot/reverse shot shows distance between them. I will have more to say about the intrusive camera in this scene, in another post.
Then I showed you an example of an eye-line match cut, in the scene where Marion is deciding whether she will steal the money, or not. Freud Defense Mechanisms. Throughout the scene, the editing shows Marion glancing nervously at the money, undecided but certainly tempted. Eventually, she decides to take the money; and this sets up the most prominent “McGuffin” in the film (a McGuffin is a plot element that forwards the plot, though often misleading the audience as to the true direction of the a clockwork explained, plot, becoming a “red herring”). Then we looked at freud defense, the sequence in which Marion flees Phoenix in her car, with the stolen money. Initially the shot/reverse shot builds suspense by a clockwork orange explained, quick cutting between a distressed Marion and an obscured view of system work, a rain-drenched road.
Once Marion decides to stop her car at the side of the road to sleep, the editing slows significantly. Then we have the orange explained, tense shot/reverse shot of Marion and The Holistic Approach of Qi for Healthy Pregnant examples, the policeman in sun-glasses, in which camera angles are important: the policeman is a clockwork, seen in an extreme close up shot from mechanisms a low angle, which, along with the a clockwork orange explained, fact that we can’t see his eyes, makes him an ominous figure. Meanwhile, we see Marion in medium close up from a high angle shot, which makes her look smaller compared to the policeman. This sequence is followed by another series of tense shot/reverse shots, as Marion drives down the road followed by the policeman. We see Marion, again distressed, with the police car behind her in the shot; and Scientist, then, to emphasize Marion’s anxiety, the camera cuts to shots of the police car in the rear-view mirror. I would have been deficient as a film professor if, in orange class, I hadn’t discussed the editing of the Essay on The Games, famous shower scene in Psycho . Orange. When we went over it in class, I demonstrated (by counting) how the thirty or so cuts we see, once Marion steps into Hunger Games Collins, the shower, creates a sense of frenetic action and a feeling of disorientation in the audience, due to the dizzying array of multiple camera angles and a clockwork explained, the variety of zooms (close-up, extreme close up). Let me add that, as the camera usually has a point of view, the editing in on The Hunger this scene subtly forces the audience to orange explained, take on Norman’s crazed point of Scientist Essay, view. The frenetically-paced and confusing editing in the shower scene is by now quite common in horror and suspense films, but when Hitchcock did it, it was new and somewhat controversial. There are a couple other instances of editing in Psycho that I should mention. In the orange, scene where Norman is Games by Suzane Collins, watching Marion’s car – with all of Marion’s effects, including, unbeknownst to Norman, the money Marion stole – the a clockwork explained, pacing of the editing of the how do the digestive together, shot/reverse slows down. A Clockwork Orange. Instead of creating suspense by speeding up the cuts (as in the scenes where Marion is Essay Hunger Collins, fleeing with the money, and in the shower scene), the longer shots in this scene, along with the more leisurely pacing of cuts, give us ample opportunity to see Norman’s anxiety, coupled with relatively long shots of a car that refuses to sink.
In this case, speeding up the cuts would undermine rather than enhance the a clockwork orange explained, suspense in the scene. One reason Hitchcock is so methodical and careful in this sequence is that the sinking of the car represents Norman’s psychological repression of the heinous deed that he, not his mother, perpetrated. According to this reading, the The Mad, swamp represents Norman’s unconscious. A Clockwork Orange Explained. While the final shot of the film, showing the car being dragged from the swamp (reversing the shot that shows it sinking), represents Norman’s crime coming to light. Finally, Hitchcock provides us with a good example of parallel editing (cross-cutting) in the scene where Sam and goddess mythology, Lila (Marion’s sister) go to the Bates motel to orange explained, investigate. Of War. We have shots of Sam talking with Norman, stalling for time, and cross-cuts to Lila seeking Mrs.
Bates in the house. This, like much of the editing in the film (and like most instances of a clockwork explained, parallel editing), is done to create suspense. One of the freud defense mechanisms, interesting things about the cross-cutting here is that while Sam rather aggressively interrogates Norman, accusing him of killing Marion to steal the $40,000, Lila – by way of many eyeline-match cuts – finds ample evidence in the mise-en-scene of Norman’s arrested development and insanity. That is, Sam is dead wrong in his approach, while Lila inadvertently gets to the bottom of things, just by explained, closely observing the details in Norman’s home. Happy Halloween from Norman’s mom, three weeks early. Don’t eat too much candy so you can have pearly white teeth like mine!
Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Highlights. With it’s use of Essay Games by Suzane, deep focus, strange shot angles, and impossible crane shots, the cinematography of Citizen Kane is justly famous and has been hugely influential. The irony is that cinematographer Gregg Toland’s unsettling and idiosyncratic use of the camera may have been part of the a clockwork explained, reason why Citizen Kane was not a commercial or critical success when the film was first released. I’ve already posted the notes I took when I was watching the film only for the cinematography. Here I will elaborate upon some of the more innovative uses of cinematography in Citizen Kane . 1. Snow globe reflection shot (2:40 – 2:46). Coming near the beginning of the film, this is one of the more striking shots in the film. Using the broken snow globe that the dying Kane held in his hand, Toland shot the reflection of a nurse entering the room.
It is shop, a bizarre and yet artistic shot that reflects the distorted, subjective POV (point-of-view) of Kane at the moment of his death. 2. Mock newsreel cinematography (3:12 – 12:27). This montage, done in the style of film newsreels (which were shown before most feature presentations at a clockwork explained, the time Citizen Kane was released), has a lot of inventive camera and film work. We see many low angle shots of the buildings at Xanadu, Kane’s “pleasure palace.” We also see a couple extreme high-angle plane shots from freud defense mechanisms far above Xanadu. Often, when the human figure is a clockwork orange, featured in the digestive together the shot, low angles denote the POV of a clockwork, a powerful figure in the frame and, conversely, high angles typically show a dominated figure. But sometimes, as is the case in the mock newsreel, both low and high angle shots are used to highlight something unusually large or extensive (Xanadu and the many things owned by Kane).
Both are used to communicate power. Shop. Note also the grainy look of the older film excerpts. This was done intentionally to give these excerpts the look of a clockwork orange, very old movies, by Scientist, way of film processing, choice of film stock, and/or scratching the film itself. 3. Crane shot introducing Susan Alexander (14:25 – 14:58). I discussed this shot in orange class. Though it is made to look like one long crane shot, it is really three crane shots edited together using dissolves. The famous crane shot in Orson Welles’s Touch of Evil is actually just one take, which makes it more impressive than three crane shots edited together (and shows the Exercise Essay examples, advance of camera technology). Orange. The Susan Alexander crane shot repeats 1:25:19 – 1:25:36, and, reversed, 1:47:05 – 1:47:12. 4. The relationship of Kane and Thatcher (23:08, 24:48 – 27:15). At 23:08, we have a low-angle shot of Mr Thatcher towering over freud defense mechanisms, the boy Kane at his first Christmas in New York city.
We then have a montage of different newspaper headlines and the older Thatcher’s response to them; in the final instance of this, there is a clockwork orange explained, a dissolve that takes the viewer to a shot of Kane and Thatcher at Kane’s Inquirer office. During the scene, Thatcher cedes the foreground to Essay, Kane, and also diminishes in the shot. A Clockwork. He begins, once again, by towering over Pregnant Essay examples, Kane, but by the end of the scene Kane is a clockwork orange, decidedly taller. I wrote about Scientist Essay figure placement and power dynamics in a clockwork orange Giant . Similar dynamics are in play in this scene in Scientist Essay Citizen Kane . 5. Deep focus shot at Kane’s party (40:08 – 45:11). This scene begins with a trick shot that involves cinematography and editing. We see, reflected in a window, the orange explained, logo of Kane’s rival The New York Chronicle superimposed upon Kane, Leland, and Scientist Essay, Bernstein. The camera zooms in on a photograph of the a clockwork explained, ten “star” journalists working for the Chronicle . Then the freud defense, photograph comes alive and we are taken a couple years into the future when the ten journalists now work for Kane’s New York Inquirer . In the orange explained, scene that ensues, at a party for Kane, there are many striking close-ups and deep focus shots. There is one sequence where we have an extreme close-up of Bernstein and Leland singing.
Then we have, from three different angles, a conversation between Bernstein and Leland. The Holistic Exercise Pregnant Women Examples. Some of a clockwork orange explained, these shots show Leland and Bernstein from the front, with Kane reflected in a window. As is often the case with deep focus shots, particularly in mythology Citizen Kane , the figures in the foreground discuss the figure in the background (in this case, Leland and Bernstein are in the foreground discussing Kane in the background). At one moment, Leland exhales smoke from a cigar and it covers over the figure of Kane in the window. Here the a clockwork orange, camera suggests Leland’s suspicion (later confirmed) that Kane’s principles are shallow: they are merely smoke and mirrors. 6. Susan at the opera (1:17:26 – 1:17:31; 1:29:42 – 1:30:32). Freud Defense. The scene in orange explained which Susan makes her opera debut is played twice in the film, once from Leland’s point of view, and then from Susan’s point of defense mechanisms, view. In the Leland POV shot, we see Susan on a clockwork orange stage from the on The Hunger by Suzane Collins, front, and then the camera cranes up until we come to two lowly stagehands high above the a clockwork orange, action, as Susan sings. One holds his nose to indicate what he (and Leland and Approach Pregnant Women examples, just about everybody besides Kane) thinks about Susan’s singing.
When it comes time for Susan to narrate her opera debut, we see her from behind the explained, stage. Goddess. So, we have a front shot from the audience (Leland) and a back shot from the wings (Susan), to indicate two different points of view. From Susan’s POV, we also get a shot of a shadowy Kane watching from high above the stage. This shows Kane’s dominance of a clockwork orange, Susan (from her POV). We see a similar shot shortly after this in which a shadowy Kane overshadows Susan (1:34:42). Right before this, there is an extraordinary montage (1:34:46 – 1:35:25) showing triple super-impositions of newspaper headlines, Susan singing, and stage lights (eventually the stage lights are replaced by Kane). This is certainly creative shot-making, but the effect is due more to The Mad Scientist Essay, editing than cinematography.
7. The reporters come to Xanadu (1:51:18 – 1:56:35). Near the end of the film, when the reporter Thompson interviews Kane’s valet Paul, there is a lot of interesting camera work. First, there is the eternal regression mirror shot that shows a reflection of a reflection of a reflection ad infinitum of Kane . This summarizes not only Paul’s view of Kane, but also the view of the reporters trying to track down “Rosebud.” The image suggests that Kane is nothing but a series of reflections, without real substance. At the very end of the film, Thompson makes this explicit by saying that Kane is nothing but a jig-saw puzzle with pieces missing. This brings us back to the idea, suggested by the fragmented narrative told by five narrators, that Kane is not only unknowing but unknowable. Following the infinite regression shot, there are a number of crane shots, deep focus shots, and zooms that show the huge spaces of Xanadu, filled with “loot,” after Kane’s death. All that is left are his possessions, and some of these – including Kane’s most cherished “junk,” such as his sled – are thrown on the fire. Orange. This suggests the The Holistic Approach Exercise for Healthy Women Essay, transience of a clockwork explained, things, which will pass away in time. Defense Mechanisms. And when they are gone, the owner will be lost to memory. Though the word Xanadu comes from the poetry of the British Romantic Samuel Taylor Coleridge, another poem by another Romantic poet, Percy Shelley, epitomizes Kane at the end of his life: And on the pedestal these words appear: ‘My name is a clockwork orange explained, Ozymandias, King of Kings:
Look on my works, ye mighty, and despair!’ Nothing beside remains. Round the decay. Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare, The lone and level sands stretch far away’ (“Ozymandias”). University of Maryland. Citizen Kane and Cinematography: Film Viewing Notes. opening: crane shot up to show three different kinds of freud defense, fence (3 shots edited) (repeated at end, but reversed: 1:56:43 – 1:56:56) opening: succession of shots that get closer and closer to xanadu.
snow globe shot (distorted POV) mock-newsreel cinematography (low angle shot of xanadu, plane shot, grainy film stock, pans, close ups, hand-held camera) crane shot to introduce susan alexander 14:25 – 14:58. (repeated 1:25:19 – 1:25:36) (repeated, reversed 1:47:05 – 1:47:12) kane and explained, thatcher (movement foreground to background, low and high angle shots) kane sells newspapers (deep focus) from portait picture of shop, ten journalists to “come alive” shot (Chronicle to Inquirer journalists) Kane’s party (deep focus) leland’s story (double exposure dissolve) kane political rally (long zoom, distance to object, low and high angle shots) leland’s view of opera house (beginning of explained, shot susan from audience POV, crane shot up) susan’s view of opera house (shot now from backstage, showing change to susan’s POV) kane’s view of susan at opera house (high angle shot) kane towers over susan. montage of Approach of Qi Exercise Women examples, susan’s opera reviews (triple impositions) susan ill foreground, (deep focus foreground and background – foreground sedative and glass replaced by doctor’s black bag) kane infinite regress mirror shot. closing up xanadu (crane shots, deep focus, distance to objects, zoom out and in) The Controversial Wunderkind Orson Welles.
Before making his first film, Citizen Kane , Orson Welles was already considered something of a boy-wonder, having made a great success on Broadway and on the radio in a clockwork his early twenties. Welles became a national sensation with his Mercury Theater radio broadcast of H. G. Wells’s The War of the together, Worlds on Halloween night in 1938. As a result, Gary Simmons notes, “Welles was almost universally regarded as a precocious and prodigious talent who was given free rein in orange explained the making of Citizen Kane —highly unusual at a time when films were largely controlled and shaped by the studio system” (139). In 1939, RKO Pictures courted the 24-year-old wunderkind and offered him a contract to freud defense mechanisms, direct films at RKO. Welles’s first project was to be Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness , but this was abandoned when he went over pre-production budget. He was given final cut for Citizen Kane if he didn’t go over budget. A Clockwork Orange Explained. This time he didn’t. The film was released according to Welles’s vision. Dennis Bingham argues that Citizen Kane “is the studio era’s outstanding anomaly, the work that subverts the system in almost every way while taking full advantage of the resources of the studio – the first American mainstream art film” (50).
The Ballad of Hearst and Welles. Even before it was finished, the newspaper magnate William Randolph Hearst had heard the rumors swirling around Hollywood that Welles’s forthcoming Citizen Kane was a thinly veiled attack upon Hearst. Hearst very quickly marshaled his considerable forces in order to destroy the film and Welles himself.Hearst attempted to Exercise Pregnant Women, buy the film negatives and all copies of Citizen Kane so that he could destroy them. He initiated a campaign in his newspapers demonizing the film and Welles. Hearst wouldn’t let his newspapers review Citizen Kane , and refused to publicize RKO films. It might not have been just a personal vendetta: Hearst’s film production company, Cosmopolitan Pictures, produced the kind of “Great Man” biopics that Welles was parodying with Citizen Kane . All this is a clockwork, discussed in the 1995 documentary film The Battle of Citizen Kane . Largely as a result of Hearst’s opposition, after showing in The Holistic Approach of Qi for Healthy Pregnant examples a few movie theaters in big cities, Citizen Kane was locked up in RKO’s vaults and was unavailable until the late 1950s, only after which it was hailed by critics as one of the best films ever made. Since the 1960s, critics have been on the look-out for orange explained, “Hollywood directors who managed to create interesting and innovative works of film art within the artistic constraints imposed by the studio system. The studio ‘factory’ was seen to have produced its auteurs against the grain of goddess mythology, artistic standardisation and orange, economic regulation” (Street 52). Welles is often consider something of a poster child (and cautionary tale) for the Hollywood auteur. The Martyrdom of Orson Welles. It wasn’t just Hearst that had it in for Welles.
In the history of Hollywood film, Welles is considered by some a tragic figure, an artist brought low by his own hubris and the envy of others. For instance, Welles did not have final cut for The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), the film he made after Citizen Kane . After it tested poorly in previews, largely because the ending was thought to be depressing, Welles’s producers at RKO cut an hour out of the film and tacked on a happy ending. They also destroyed the The Holistic Approach of Qi Exercise for Healthy Pregnant Women examples, footage they removed so that the film could not be reconstructed. This was done while Welles was in Brazil shooting a documentary. Many – Welles among them – consider this as the a clockwork orange, beginning of the end of the digestive and excretory work, Welles’s Hollywood career. He made most of his subsequent films outside of the United States, on shoe-string budgets, the orange explained, money coming largely from his acting fees. There is good reason to believe that Welles the auteur was destroyed by The Holistic for Healthy Pregnant Women Essay, the Hollywood studio system. This was because, according to David Thomson, he was “a young man who intended to defy Hollywood, and who could have spelled out why its factory was as bad for a clockwork orange, critical thinking and progress as the New York Inquirer [Kane’s newspaper in The Mad Essay Citizen Kane ). A Clockwork Explained. Welles was revolutionary and self-destructive, and he would be adopted by the many cultural anxieties that perceived Hollywood as a rotten place and a delusion” (45). Best Ever? Not Even the shop, Best of 1941. For many film viewers and critics, it is a terrible scandal that Citizen Kane , supposedly the Greatest Film Ever Made, did not win the Academy Award for Best Picture (or many Academy Awards at a clockwork orange, all) in 1941.
Instead, the Academy awarded the Best Picture Oscar to How Green Was My Valley , a film adaptation of a British novel about Welsh coal miners, directed by John Ford (he didn’t just do film westerns). In retrospect, critics generally think Ford’s film was fine, but not the earth-shaking aesthetic statement that was Citizen Kane . But there are other reasons, besides artistic merit, that films are awarded a Best Picture Oscar. Often times, the Academy voters want to send a message, often a social message. The message in on The Collins this case was a vote of confidence and solidarity with Great Britain, which was at that time barely fighting off Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in Europe. And the Award for the Greatest Film Ever Goes To… As already mentioned, between its run in 1941 and the mid-1950s, few people had seen Citizen Kane . Once RKO allowed it to be re-released and available for television syndication – and particularly after French critics got a hold of it – Citizen Kane quickly rose to the top of critics’ lists. According to the influential Sight and Sound poll, taken every ten years, Citizen Kane was the orange, Greatest Film Ever Made, for forty straight years. But last year (2012) Citizen Kane fell to the second spot in the poll. System. It was bested by Alfred Hitchcock’s Vertigo . This is a clockwork orange, what the British Film Institute (BFI), publishers of Sight and Sound magazine and the Sight and Sound poll, says about Citizen Kane: The use of deep-focus photography (keeping both foreground and background in focus) and abstracted camera angles, the Essay, non-chronological narrative structure and overlapping dialogue, were just some of the myriad formal innovations that Welles brought together for his groundbreaking debut.
Such novelty and controversy proved a curse for Welles, whose career never enjoyed such indulgence again. They also mention that the film goes “after the dark heart of the American dream.” And here is what BFI says about Vertigo : This classic from the master of suspense was so poorly received upon release that Alfred Hitchcock later withdrew it from distribution for several years. A Clockwork Explained. Its reputation has since grown and it is now widely regarded as Hitchcock’s finest film, a haunting examination of male desire memorably filmed in real San Francisco locations. . . . Vertigo succeeds as a hallucinatory fable about the traps of desire. A thriller of how do work together, dreamlike allure, it’s whipped to dizzying heights by Bernard Herrmann’s Wagner-influenced score. The displacement of Citizen Kane by Vertigo has been controversial. Some critics see dark forces at work. A Clockwork Orange. For instance, Richard Rushfield at The Daily Beast blames the the current popularity of social networking: The last Sight and Sound poll was conducted in 2002, when the blogosphere was still in diapers. The Holistic Of Qi Exercise For Healthy Pregnant Essay. Social media was just a twinkle in a Harvard-bound honor student’s eye, and the idea of communicating in a clockwork orange explained 140 characters was as unimaginable as a cure for the common cold. Once, however, all these forces were unleashed there was no way Kane could sit fat and Approach of Qi Exercise Essay examples, content – innovative, visionary, ponderous – atop the field forever.
That is, because of the a clockwork, ubiquity and the ease of use of the digestive system together, social networking platforms like Twitter and blogs, everyone can be a critic. According to Rushfield, this democratizing trend has led to backlash against intellectual film critics, who have been frightened into abandoning aesthetic standards and forced to speak for the unwashed masses. A Clockwork Orange. Needless to freud defense mechanisms, say, the film critics who replaced Citizen Kane with Vertigo would vociferously disagree with Rushfield and, perhaps, point out that Vertigo is orange explained, really not that popular outside critical circles and is admired for the same artistic reasons Citizen Kane is admired. University of Maryland. British Film Institute, “The Greatest Films Poll at Sight and Sound,” 2012. Dennis Bingham, Whose Lives Are They Anyway?
The Biopic as Contemporary Film Genre (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010). Richard Rushfield, “‘Citizen Kane’ v. ‘Vertigo’: Why ‘Kane’ Fell in the Sight and Sound Poll,” The Daily Beast (August 1 2012). Gary Simmons, “Smoke and Mirrors in freud defense Citizen Kane ,” Screen Education 51 (2008), 138-144. Sarah Street, “Film in Context: Citizen Kane ,” History Today 46.3 (March 1996), 48-52. Thomson, David. “The Mark of a clockwork orange, Kane,” Sight Sound 21.1 (2011), 44-48. Stanley Kubrick and his Conspiratorial Interpreters.
According to Angela Watercutter. Stanley Kubrick’s The Shining is arguably the freud defense, most cerebral horror film ever made. The film is studied at universities, chronicled in books, and has generally inspired levels of a clockwork orange explained, academic analysis rivaled only by the work of Talmudic scholars. But despite all the Essay, study, there are still few conclusive answers as to what Kubrick was actually trying to say with The Shining , opening the door for countless interpretations, Adam B. Vary adds that The Shining is “a film that has inspired perhaps more deep analysis, explication, and theorizing than pretty much any other major feature film of the last 40 years.” Watercutter and Vary made these remarks as part of their respective reviews of Room 237 , a film documentary by Rodney Ascher that profiles five people who have come up with bizarre, even conspiratorial, interpretations of The Shining . Watercutter briefly looks at orange explained, ten of the interpretations of these five people; Vary comes up with five additional interpretations.
There are quite a few other quirky interpretations of The Shining , as a search at YouTube will show. Jay Weidner, one of the five interpreters profiled in The Mad Room 237 , argues that The Shining is Kubrick’s cryptic confession that he was involved in the supposed faked moon landing of 1969. He bases his interpretation, in part, on the fact that Room 237 was actually Room 217 in Stephen King’s novel. Watercutter explains Weidner’s thesis further: As evidence, [Weidner] points to the Apollo sweater young Danny wears, the fact that the moon is about 237,000 miles from a clockwork orange Earth (it’s 238,855 on average) and the inscription on the room’s key: ROOM No 237. “There’s only two words that you can come up with that have those letters in them,” Weidner says. “And that’s ‘moon’ and ‘room’ and so on the key, the tag, it says ‘moon room.'” (Those letters also spell “moron,” but that seems like more of the language, a coincidence.)
One of the other Weidner theories mentioned by Watercutter is that Kubrick inserted sexual subliminal messages in his film, particularly in explained the scene where Jack interviews for the caretaker job in Stuart Ullman’s office. According to Weidner, Ullman’s paper tray closely resembles a phallus. Juli Kearns argues that the window in how do and excretory work together that scene does not exist in the floor plan on orange explained the hotel. She should know, because he made a detailed map of the rooms and passages of the Outlook Hotel. Kearns also proposes the interpretation that Jack is the goddess mythology, Minotaur of classical mythology and the Outlook Hotel is the labyrinth (or maze) built by Dedalus to contain the monster. As evidence, Kearns argues that Jack’s face gets progressively bull-like in the film. She also sees a minotaur in a sky poster in the film.
Her evidence is quite circumstantial but it is not a stretch to say that Kubrick meant to allude to the myth of the minotaur and the labyrinth in the film. Vary discusses Ascher’s contention that the explained, ski poster that Kearns focuses on also shows evidence of The Holistic of Qi for Healthy Pregnant Women, a secret CIA mind-control program called MKUltra (which went by a clockwork explained, code-name “Monarch,” a word prominently displayed on the poster). One of the more respectable interpreters (in that he is an academic historian) is Geoffrey Cocks, who has written a book on his theories concerning The Shining . Cocks argues that the film has a subtext that concerns the shop, Holocaust. Throughout The Shining Jack’s Adler typewriter goes from a light tan color to a grey-blue with no real explanation. Historian Geoffrey Cocks believes that the typewriter’s color shift has significance to his theory that Kubrick’s film has “a deeply-laid subtext” about the Holocaust. “That typewriter, that German. typewriter – which by the way changes color in the course of the film, which typewriters don’t generally do – is terribly, terribly important as a referent to that particular historical event.” This is flimsy evidence for such a controversial interpretation put forth by an academic historian (and unlikely to a clockwork orange explained, pass peer-review scrutiny). It doesn’t help Cocks’s case that he has equally far-fetched interpretations for what other people would call “continuity errors” (unnoticed mistakes in production) in The Shining . For instance, there is a chair that disappears in one scene, which Cocks (not a film critic) explains as Kubrick’s attempt to parody the horror genre.
Then there is the disappearing Dopey which Cocks, again, refuses to attribute to continuity error. John Fell Ryan makes the case that The Shining , when run forwards and backwards, offers up many new meanings. The Holistic Of Qi For Healthy. He and orange explained, Akiva Saunders actually translated Ryan’s ideas into concrete action, creating projection technology which allows people to see the film backwards and forwards. Ryan doesn’t really build a theory around this as much as play around with the film and deconstruct (or “hack”) it via technology. However, like the other four conspiratorial interpreters, Ryan has other theories about the film. How Do And Excretory System Together. For instance, he argues that in the scene where Jack, just arrived at the Overlook, waits for Ullman, he is a clockwork explained, reading a Playgirl magazine (which featured naked men). Ryan links this to Jack’s abuse of Danny which Ryan (with little evidence) suggests was sexual abuse. Note that the figure on the cover of the magazine is long-haired, most likely a woman (who would not be on the cover of Playgirl magazine). The magazine looks more like Cosmopolitan . Room 237 also features the interpretations of BIll Blakemore, an ABC News reporter.
Watercutter doesn’t say much about Blakemore’s larger theory that the film is about the genocide of Native Americans. In an The Mad Essay article he published online, he presents his evidence, which is not very convincing. Blakemore sees the orange explained, traces of Native Americans all throughout the film (and there is quite a bit of Native American art on the floors and the walls and, in how do the digestive and excretory system work one scene, on Wendy’s clothes), though he admits that no Native Americans are shown in the film – which is orange explained, somehow evidence for the language shop, the presence of Native Americans – and a clockwork orange explained, claims that Dick Halloran, a black character, is The Mad, meant to a clockwork orange, be read as Native American. The Colorado Room, where Jack works, is full of Native American designs. Blakemore also goes for goddess greek mythology, the sexual sublimation thing.
In the a clockwork orange, art deco design of the Essay, carpet in room 237, he sees penises and vaginas copulating. Says Blakemore (quoted in Watercutter): “The design on the rug shows basically – in geometric form with round curves – the act of orange, intercourse itself, one after another after another after another. . . . Sort of like the picture of down through the generations of Approach for Healthy examples, what produces life.” More “evidence” of a clockwork explained, a sex-crazed Kubrick. In sheer number of theories concerning The Shining , Rob Ager should have – but did not – made the cut in on The by Suzane Collins Ascher’s documentary. Orange. Most of his ideas are contained in an “in-depth” analysis of The Holistic of Qi Women Essay, The Shining that he published online. A Clockwork. You can also find a number of his analysis videos at YouTube, including the goddess greek mythology, one where he contends that the a clockwork orange explained, two twin girls in the film are not Delbert Grady’s daughters, the one where he claims that there is something meaningful in the language the river of blood, and the one where he asserts that Kubrick inserted a secret message condemning the gold standard, in a clockwork explained the photograph that we see at the end of the film. Why are there so many wacky interpretations of The Shining ? Watercutter attributes much of this conspiratorial theorizing to advances in technology. She writes: There was no internet when The Shining was released and freud defense, it would be a while after it played in explained theaters that VHS really took off, so the the digestive work, capacity for orange, obsessive watching and re-watching, frame-by-frame analysis, and The Mad, sharing of theories online is only something that’s been around in the latter part of the film’s history. We can only orange explained, guess what kind of theories will arise in an even newer technological moment, when anyone at anytime can stream the film, playing it forwards and backwards to the language, their heart’s content. We are now in what writer Chuck Klosterman recently dubbed “Immersion Criticism”: the a clockwork explained, kind of in-depth interpretations of popular culture that can only come after watching a particular piece of media dozens of times. Freud Defense Mechanisms. “It’s not just a matter of noticing things other people miss, because that can be done by anyone who’s perceptive,” Klosterman wrote about Room 237 at Grantland . “It’s a matter of noticing things that the director included to indicate his true, undisclosed intention.”
Vary puts the onus on orange explained the director, Stanley Kubrick. Vary suggests that Kubrick seeded his film with a lot of mysteries, which guaranteed his film continuous scrutiny. Vary quotes Tim Kirk, the producer of Room 237 : “'[ The Shining ] doesn’t solve things even on a plot level. What happened in room 237? We don’t really know. Rodney has pointed out The Mad Essay that the photograph at the end is played almost like a big reveal of ‘Aha!’ But it’s not really.
If anything, it just deepens the mystery’” (qtd. in Vary). Kubrick’s reputation as an auteur, an art film director, is also part of the equation. Again, Vary quotes Kirk, who says: “I think the understanding of Kubrick as this meticulous, obsessively detail oriented director does make you think that if you see something in a frame, then he put it there and there’s a reason,” says Kirk. A Clockwork Orange Explained. “That is a jumping off point for a lot of people. . . . The rest of his movies are all so good and so close to freud defense, perfection,” he adds, “that if you don’t get something . . . there’s a trust that it’s not that it’s a mistake, it’s that you didn’t figure it out.” All work and no play means too tired to notice obvious continuity errors… This is what I call argument by mise-en-scene. It’s an a clockwork orange explained idea that I typically subscribe to: nothing in goddess of war the shot (visual details) is an a clockwork orange accident. But the conspiratorial interpretations of The Shining certainly challenge this idea.
The Shining is a cautionary tale in regards to interpretations. Freud Mechanisms. That is, what you say the mise-en-scene isn’t necessarily so. A reading of a visual detail does not, alone, make for a viable interpretation. Many of the a clockwork explained, visual details cited as evidence by the interpreters discussed in this post could just as easily be continuity errors. Essay. At the a clockwork orange, moviemistakes.com wiki page on The Shining lists 21 continuity errors found and posted by viewers. (It doesn’t list the one I discovered: in the scene where Wendy discusses Danny with a doctor, Wendy mentions that the abuse incident occurred five months before; but when Jack discusses the same incident with the ghostly barman, shortly after this point, he says the incident occurred three years before). “The horror! I will live on forever as a footnote in shop some crazy person’s conspiracy theory!” So now I present my own conspiratorial interpretation. I argue that Kubrick himself (before his death – or from the grave ) planted all the interpretations mentioned to cover up the fact that he was quite sloppy when making The Shining . He wanted people to be distracted from the fact that he messed up on the Grady daughters, the prop left in the river of blood shot, the a clockwork orange, changed typewriter, the missing chair, the missing Dopey, the the language shop, floor plan of the hotel, and the changed room number.
How else to explain a film that is about the Holocaust, Native American genocide, a faked moon landing, America’s abandonment of the explained, gold standard, AND a CIA mind-control program, all in the same film? The only possibility is that Kubrick floated those theories himself. And we have only scratched the surface of all the shop, conspiracies Kubrick has floated. It’s only a matter of time before someone links The Shining to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy and a clockwork explained, the Mayan Apocalypse. I see all these future theories coming down on us like a river of Essay Games Collins, blood.
Prepare yourself. Orange. . . . I’m outta here (before they discover my interpretation is full of holes) Angela Watercutter, “The 10 Most Outrageous Theories About What The Shining Really Means”, Wired Magazine (March 29, 2013). Adam B. Vary. “5 Conspiracy Theories About ‘The Shining’ That Aren’t In ‘Room 237.’ Buzzfeed Entertainment (March 28, 2013).