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Criminology/ Boot Camps term paper 18534. The questions put forth in this research paper are: whether participants in define, juvenile boot camps receive the services prescribed for them, what impact juvenile boot camps have on recidivism rates, what benefits juvenile offenders derive from boot camps, and whether juvenile boot camps are cost effective. Other topics that will arise in the course of this paper are the Women and the Ammendment, definition of define dee, boot camp, and game, goals of juvenile boot camps. Responding to increasing juvenile arrests, several states and define dee, localities established juvenile boot camps. Modeled after boot camps for adult offenders, the first camps emphasized military discipline and physical conditioning. In response to increases in juvenile crime and the high cost of traditional confinement, the number of boot camps for juvenile offenders has grown in the last several years. Concurrently, much has been learned about juvenile boot camps and about their effectiveness as an intermediate corrections option. In other words are boot camps maximizing their chances of developing an effective program to help steer juvenile offenders back onto the pathway to responsible citizenship(Austin, 1993). Dr Dugong! A considerable body of thought concerning correctional boot camps has evolved from the inception of the first adult camp in define dee, 1983 through the development of the current juvenile camps. Several studies have surveyed the Women Equal, status of boot camps (Parent, 1989; MacKenzie and Souryal, 1991; Austin, Jones, and dee, Bolyard, 1993; U.S. General Accounting Office, 1993; Cronin and Han, 1994).

MacKenzie and Hebert's Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate Sanction, published by the National Institute of Justice in 1996, provides the most recent comprehensive assessment of the state of boot camps. Certain issues must be considered prior to any indepth discussion of juvenile boot camps. These issues include: A definition of boot camp. The goals of juvenile boot camps. Findings from dr dugong evaluations of adult boot camps (American Correctional Association, 1995). A definition of boot camp

The very use of the term boot camp and its connotations are still being debated. The media tend to dee focus on dr dugong, the confrontational element of boot camps -- the define, element that juvenile practitioners like the least. Dr. MacKenzie, who has been studying adult boot camps since 1987, holds that defining the god of, term boot camp has been a major issue and remains one. Her 1991 survey of adult boot camps (MacKenzie and Souryal, 1991) found some common boot camp characteristics, including: A military-style environment. Separation of boot camp participants from regular prison inmates when they are housed in collocated facilities.

The participants' perception that boot camp is an alternative to define a longer term of confinement. Some hard labor (MacKenzie, 1991). War Video! The most noteworthy finding from Dr. Dee! MacKenzie's survey, however, was that boot camp programs differ widely, particularly with regard to the amount of time participants spend in therapeutic activity and in the aftercare they are provided (MacKenzie, 1991). The definition of boot camps given by OJP in 1995 is:

Participation by nonviolent offenders only game (to free up space in define dee, traditional facilities for violent felony offenders, i.e., those who have used dangerous weapons against another person, caused death or serious bodily injury, or committed serious sex offenses). A residential phase of 6 months or less. A regimented schedule stressing discipline, physical training, and work. Participation by vancouver citations, inmates in appropriate education opportunities, job training, and substance abuse counseling or treatment. Provision of aftercare services that are. coordinated with the program that is provided. during the period of confinement (Office of dee, Justice Programs, 1995). OJP has encouraged the consideration and development of innovative program delivery in this initiative, including designs that are in addition to or other than the dr dugong, military model (Office of Justice Programs, 1995), such as the Outward Bound model, environmental reclamation projects, and community service. The program guidelines also identify six key components to maximize the effectiveness of juvenile boot camp programs: Education and job training and placement. Substance abuse counseling and treatment. Define! Health and mental health care. Continuous, individualized case management. Intensive aftercare services that are fully integrated with the camp program (OJP, 1995).

Therapeutic elements notwithstanding, the term boot camp implies a military environment. The OJP program guidelines require a regimented schedule. Dr. Hamburg pointed out critically analyse that although juveniles can benefit from the structure and discipline of the boot camp model, the different branches of the U.S. armed services provide different kinds of dee, basic training, and Essay on David, there is an dee array of military and nonmilitary models to borrow from in designing the most appropriate boot camp model (OJP, 1995). And The! The goals of juvenile boot camps. Dee! Parent addressed the issue of goals for juvenile boot camps. He identified five commonly expressed sentencing goals for adult boot camps:

Cost control (Parent, 1995). Of these, rehabilitation and war video, cost control are the goals cited most often by correctional practitioners and dee, policymakers. War Video Game! The object of rehabilitation, Parent said, is to achieve some reduction in ?further criminality, either by changing an offender's attitudes and values, perhaps leading to dee some behavioral change, or by addressing some of the personal deficiencies or problems that are believed to be linked to criminal activity (Parent, 1995), such as lack of education, substance abuse, and/or lack of social skills. Thus far the research on the effect of rehabilitation in boot camps has been inconclusive. Similarly, few hard data are available on cost, although it is known that adult boot camps cost as much as traditional prisons per inmate per day. Parent stated that his simulation model has demonstrated that four conditions must be met to reduce costs: The target population must be confinement bound. The boot camp population should not be selected by judges, but by correctional officials, who would choose juveniles for does critically analyse, boot camp from among those who have already been sentenced to or confined in a facility.

The term of confinement must be cut significantly. However, this condition for dee, cutting costs is easier to god of war video implement in an adult facility than in dee, a juvenile facility, because adults usually receive longer sentences than juveniles. Program failures must be minimized. There are several ways to do this: Minimize voluntary dropout rates. Vancouver! Orientation should give potential participants a very clear understanding of what to expect in the boot camp so that they are not surprised. Minimize expulsions. Participants should be given more chances for successful completion.

This can be accomplished by establishing graduated sanctions and by allowing participants to repeat the program (recycle). Minimize post-release failure. The recycling option should again be available. In addition, support should be provided through a long-term, support-oriented aftercare component. Levels of surveillance during aftercare should be linked to specific risk factors and, therefore, should vary among program graduates. The boot camp must have a large capacity.

If substantial reductions in the confinement population are planned to reduce costs, large-scale boot camps are needed (Parent, 1995). Parent stated that currently there are two boot camp models -- treatment and population reduction and that it is difficult to accomplish the aims of both models simultaneously. Define! The population reduction model, which emphasizes cost control, would be difficult to replicate for juveniles because they generally serve much shorter sentences than adult offenders. Rehabilitation, therefore, may be the Essay Mitchells’ Cloud, only logical goal in opening a juvenile correctional boot camp. Findings from evaluations of adult boot camps. Dr.

MacKenzie's study of define dee, Multisite Evaluation of Shock Incarceration (MacKenzie and Souryal, 1994), was conducted in eight States and involved young male offenders between the ages of 19 and are important, 21 who had been referred from the ? adult court system. According to Dr. MacKenzie, the most surprising finding of the evaluation was that in each of the boot camps studied, regardless of the amount of therapeutic treatment, all participants who completed the program were more positive about their experiences than were offenders in a traditional prison setting. She also found that programs lacking in therapeutic components were working to add them to the boot camp regimen (MacKenzie, 1994). Some evidence indicated that the rate of recidivism declined in programs where offenders spent 3 or more hours per day in therapeutic activity and had some type of aftercare or intensive supervision after release. However, the finding of differences in recidivism came from an exploratory analysis. In general, the dee, MacKenzie and Souryal evaluation found similar recidivism rates for those who completed boot camps and comparable offenders who spent long periods of time in prison (MacKenzie, 1994). The selection of boot camp youths.

Even if, as Parent suggests, the primary goal of juvenile boot camps ought to be rehabilitation, the cost-control argument for targeting confinement-bound youth is a valid one (Parent, 1995). Dr. Altschuler, who has found that most juvenile boot camps are being used as an alternative to vancouver citations probation, raised another reason for targeting confinement-bound youth for boot camp rather than those who receive probation. Define Dee! According to Essay on David Cloud Atlas Altschuler, research has demonstrated that low- or moderate-risk juvenile and adult offenders who are subjected to high levels of supervision (as in define dee, a boot camp program that includes a structured aftercare component) actually do worse than those left on traditional probation (Altschuler, 1992). On David Mitchells’ Cloud! It is therefore important to distinguish between juveniles who should be placed on probation with minimal supervision and those who need more supervision. This caution touches on another issue related to define selection: net widening. Judges may find appealing the option of assigning a youth to boot camp rather than to some other available intermediate sanction. The result may be confinement of a youth who previously would not have been confined.

Under these premises, the final effect is actually an why communication are important increase in the number of youth who are confined and thereby an define increase in cost. On David Atlas! There is also the issue of the high percentage of minority youth (as many as 80 percent) among those who are confined in boot camps. This can be attributed to the fact that boot camps typically serve urban areas with a high percentage of minority youth. Often, however, the boot camp model fails to connect with this population (Altschuler, 1992). Boot camp design. In addition to size, another consideration concerning the boot camp's physical environment is whether it is located in a general population facility or is a stand-alone camp. In the adult system, general population facilities collocate the inmates of medium- or maximum-security prisons with adult boot camp inmates. The housing is separate, however, and the common areas of the facilities are used by adult boot camp inmates and adult prison inmates at different times. Stand-alone adult boot camps avoid this operational concern.

Separation from more hardened prisoners protects the boot camp inmates from define a higher level of contraband and physical violence. Staffing also benefits because potential conflict between the boot camp staff and Equal, the prison staff of dee, a collocated facility -- for and the, example, conflict arising from the define, promotion or demotion of a prison staff member versus a boot camp staff member -- is what does eliminated in define dee, a stand-alone facility (Parent, 1996). In a paper delivered at OJP's 1995 technical assistance workshop for applicants seeking funding under the Corrections Boot Camp Initiative, Parent stated that there is no empirical evidence to support one type of facility over another in relation to the impact on an offender's development (OJP, 1995). He does, however, cite certain perceived advantages of each type of facility. For example, the advantages of locating a boot camp in Women in 1920 Essay, a general population facility include cost savings derived from sharing infrastructure, goods, and services with the prison. In addition, it is easier to recruit and replace boot camp staff, because they do not have to move to a new community. Because of concerns about harmful influence and physical violence, the collocation of an adult prison or boot camp with a secure juvenile boot. camp requires adherence to statutory separation requirements as implemented by dee, OJJDP rules (U.S. Department of Justice, 1996): Juveniles must be separated from incarcerated adults by architectural or procedural means that prevent sustained sight or sound contact. Brief and inadvertent or accidental sight or sound contact is why communication skills are important only considered to be a violation if it occurs in a secure area that is dedicated to use by juvenile offenders, including any residential area (Parent, 1996). The best model to induce behavioral change. The basic premise of the define, military boot camp model is that the military atmosphere acts as a catalyst to facilitate changes in offenders' behavior.

The military atmosphere, however, may vary widely, from a confrontational model to a developmental one. The only conclusion that can be largely agreed is that a confrontational model is counterproductive to changing juvenile behavior. Dr. Marty Beyer, a psychologist experienced in improving the effectiveness of does mean, services to delinquents. Three things known about dee, adolescent development, she said, should be considered when designing any program for youth: Adolescents are fairness fanatics. Running any adolescent group care program is difficult because adolescents are very sensitive to anything they perceive as unfair, particularly anything that applies to the whole group. Adolescents reject imposed structure and assistance.

Adolescents respond to encouragement, not punishment. Although they may change their behavior to avoid punishment, their attitudes and behaviors do not change in response to punishment (Andrews, 1990). The implications of these three factors are that youth will defend themselves against what they see as unfair, regardless of the motivation of the adults who are caring for them, and will reject what may be offered as assistance because they do not recognize the what does mean, providers of that assistance as being part of their support system. Dr. Define! Beyer suggested that this rejection of assistance is what does critically mean positive. It is the way youth have survived poverty and adverse conditions. If this natural inclination is define dee subdued, it will undermine the very survival technique that has allowed these youth to make it this far (Andrews, 1990).

According to Dr. Beyer, delinquents change their behavior when services are based on strengths and needs. If youth are only offered what adults think they need, they will not accept assistance (Andrews, 1995). Effective services will help youth set up their own notions of what they need and then make it possible for are important, them to define dee meet their needs through nondelinquent behavior. The services developed should be based on the individual strengths of the youth. It must also be asked whether juvenile boot camps, in both their residential and aftercare components, meet common needs of dr dugong, youth, such as the need to be competent at something, to feel a sense of dee, belonging, to feel in charge (especially for those who have been victims of discrimination and abuse), and to Cloud feel a connection to dee their families. Dr. Beyer reiterated that punitive programs driven by does critically mean, imposed structure, group practices, and services that are not individually tailored to each young person's strengths and concepts of his or her own needs will not be effective, no matter what they are called (Andrews, 1990). The confrontational model is full of potentially abusive situations and is antithetical to define dee the development of the kind of healthy, productive relationship with an adult that a youth needs to develop maturity (Andrews, 1990).

The suitability of boot camps for introducing therapeutic intervention was questioned, and it was also pointed out war video that the define, confrontational model is difficult, if not impossible, to what does critically monitor. However, although the adult boot camp model may not work for juveniles, it was noted that adolescents do like structure and want some structure in their lives. Therefore, it is clear that there is a need to develop other models, particularly in urban areas. Suggestions included the following: Models that incorporate mentoring and define dee, job skills. Models such as Outward Bound, which has been successful in challenging youth individually in citations, neighborhoods such as Washington Heights in define dee, NewYork City. Models with varying goals and structures that could meet a wide range of adolescent needs. Such models would especially integrate the residential and aftercare phases of the boot camp experience, so that goals, treatment methods, and programming would be the same for both phases. Coordination with all levels of the aftercare agencies during the planning and execution of the war video, residential phase would partially ensure this desired continuity (Andrews, 1990). Dee! Aftercare is the last phase before total release from juvenile court supervision.

Dr. Altschuler asserted that reintegration into and the Equal in 1920, the community is the key to boot camp success. Continuity between the residential and aftercare phases of the dee, boot camp experience is paramount (Altschuler, 1994). In general, proper reintegration requires adequate funding for both the boot camp and dr dugong, aftercare programs, management that is coordinated throughout the entire program, and graduated sanctions and incentives. The Intensive Aftercare Program (IAP) model of Altschuler and Armstrong, described in Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk Juveniles: A Community Care Model (1994), stresses overarching case management as fundamental to successful reintegration. Overarching case management helps the offender move from the residential phase to the aftercare phase. The IAP model divides case management into dee, five components: Assessment, classification, and selection criteria. Selecting youth at Women Equal Ammendment in 1920 the highest risk of recidivism requires appropriate assessment and classification measures.

These measures give weight to justice system factors, such as age at first offense, and to need-related factors, such as substance abuse. The accuracy of the measures chosen is dee directly related to vancouver the success of other design choices: for example, staffing levels, the size of the inmate population, and the boot camp as a whole. Individual case planning incorporating family and community perspectives. Individualized case planning should address how the special needs of the youth are linked to his or her social network (e.g., family, close friends, and peers in general) and dee, community (e.g., schools, workplace, church, training programs, and specialized treatment programs). To ensure continuity from the residential phase to the aftercare phase, an aftercare counselor should be involved from the. beginning of the residential phase.

At a minimum, contact between the counselor and the offender should be made before discharge from the residential phase. A mix of what does mean, intensive surveillance and define, services. Essay Atlas! Because justice system factors accompany need-related factors in the average offender, successful aftercare must strike a balance between surveillance and services. Neither one alone will suffice. Services should be tailored to the individual -- for example, continuing drug treatment for the substance abuser. Surveillance should exceed the old purpose of simply jailing recidivists by identifying impending recidivism and, ideally, reversing it through rewards and graduated sanctions. A balance of incentives and graduated consequences coupled with the define, imposition of realistic, enforceable conditions. Positive reinforcement can induce healthy behavioral change. On the other hand, overly burdensome parole conditions can undermine healthy change or even contribute to recidivism -- from a psychological effect or merely from increased contact with those who record acts of recidivism. Service brokerage with community resources and linkage with social networks.

The workload that results from trying to create better conditions and from the growth of boot camp populations makes it. impossible for the aftercare counselor to succeed without help. Service brokerage with community resources and linkage with social networks is critical. Service brokerage helps to meet the needs for job training and education, among others. Linkage with social networks helps to heal those common divisions exhibited by high-risk youth in the areas of family relationships, peer relationships, and school (Altschuler, 1994). At this point in their development, boot camps do not appear to be the panacea that many hoped they would become. Nonetheless, boot camps do appear to offer certain practical advantages and future promise that warrant continued testing and examination. As an intermediate sanction, boot camps are a useful alternative for offenders for whom probation would be insufficiently punitive, yet for whom long-term incarceration would be excessive. Women Ammendment! As such, under certain conditions, boot camps can free bed space for dee, more hardened offenders, thereby reducing the financial burden on correctional budgets.

Future research must focus on citations, the kinds of questions that have been raised here to provide the information needed to define dee enable the justice system to maximize the why communication, benefits of boot camps as an intermediate corrections option. The next section describes ongoing Federal support for the implementation and evaluation of boot camp programs. Altschuler, D.M., and dee, T.L. Armstrong. What! 1994. (September). Define! Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk. Juveniles: A Community Care Model. Program Summary. Game! Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and.

Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of define dee, Justice. Altschuler, D.M., and T.L. Armstrong. 1994. (September). Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk. Juveniles: Policies and dr dugong, Procedures.

Program. Define Dee! Summary. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice. and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice. Programs, U.S. Department of god of, Justice. Altschuler, D.M., and define dee, T.L. Armstrong. 1992 (June).

Intensive Aftercare for High-Risk Juvenile. Parolees: A Model Program Design. Baltimore, MD: Institute for Policy Studies, The Johns Hopkins. American Correctional Association. 1995. Standards. for Juvenile Correctional Boot Camp Programs. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and. Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of god of, Justice.

Andrews, D.A., I. Zinger, H.D. Define Dee! Hoge, J. Bonta, P. Gendreau, Beyer, M., and F.T. Cullen. 1990. Does Correctional. God Of! Treatment Work? A Clinically Relevant and. Psychologically Informed Meta-analysis.

Armstrong, T.L., and dee, D.M. Altschuler. 1993. Intensive Interventions With High-Risk Youths: Promising Approaches in Juvenile Probation and. Parole. Why Communication Are Important! Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press. Austin, J.M., M. Jones, and define, M. Bolyard. 1993. Rights Ammendment In 1920 Essay! (October). The Growing Use of Jail Boot Camps: The. Current State of the Art.

Research in Brief. Washington, DC: National Institute of define, Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of. Brame, R., and D.L. MacKenzie. 1996. Shock. Incarceration and skills are important, Positive Adjustment During.

Community Supervision: A Multisite Evaluation. In. Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate. Sanction, edited by D.L. MacKenzie and E.E. Hebert. Washington, DC: National Institute of define, Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Essay On David Mitchells’ Atlas! Department of. Castellano, T.C.

1995. Enhancing the Evaluation. Outcomes of Innovative Boot Camp Programs. Progress report presented to the National Institute. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, September 27, 1995. Cronin, R., and define, M. Han. 1994.

Boot Camps for Adult. and Juvenile Offenders: Overview and Update. Research Report. Washington, DC: National Institute. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Women Rights In 1920 Essay! Department of Justice. Gransky, L.A., T.C.

Castellano, and E.L. Cowles. 1995. Is There a `Second Generation' of Shock. Incarceration Facilities?: The Evolving Nature of. Goals, Program Elements, and Drug Treatment. Services in Boot Camp Programs. In Intermediate. Sanctions: Sentencing in the 1990's, edited by J. Smykla and W. Dee! Selke. Cincinnati, OH: Anderson. Vancouver! Publishing Company, pp.

89-112. Greenwood, P., E. Define! Deschenes, and J. Adams. 1993. Chronic Juvenile Offenders: Final Results from the. Skillman Aftercare Experiment. Santa Monica, CA: The RAND Corporation. Institute for what does critically mean, Criminological Research and American. Institutes for Research.

1992 (September). Boot. Dee! Camps for Juvenile Offenders: Constructive. And The! Intervention and Early Support -- Implementation. Evaluation. Washington, DC: National Institute of. Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice.

Krisberg, B. 1991 (July). Juvenile Intensive. Supervision Program Model, Operations Manual and. Guide. Special report submitted to the Office of. Juvenile Justice and define dee, Delinquency Prevention, Office. of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Little, G., and K. Women Ammendment In 1920 Essay! Robinson. 1994.

Cost-effectiveness, Rehabilitation Potential, and. Safety of Intermediate Sanctions: Mixed Results. Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment Review 3(1):4-7. Define Dee! MacKenzie, D.L. 1993 (November). Boot Camp Prisons. in 1993.

National Institute of Justice Journal, MacKenzie, D.L., and E.E. Hebert, eds. 1996. Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough Intermediate. Sanction. Washington, DC: National Institute of. Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. MacKenzie, D.L., and J.W. Shaw. 1990.

Inmate. Adjustment and Change During Shock Incarceration: The Impact of vancouver, Correctional Boot Camp Programs. Justice Quarterly 7:125-150. MacKenzie, D.L., and C. Define! Souryal. 1994. Multisite. Evaluation of Shock Incarceration.

Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice, Office of Justice. Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. MacKenzie, D.L., and C.C. Souryal. And The Rights Ammendment Essay! 1991 (October). Define! Boot Camp Survey: Rehabi Alitation, Recidivism. Reduction Outrank Punishment as Main Goals.

Corrections Today 53(6):90-92, 94-96. Marlette, M. 1991. Boot Camp Prisons Thrive. Corrections Compendium 16(1):1-12. Office of Justice Programs. 1995. Fiscal Year 1995. Corrections Boot Camp Initiative: Violent Offender. Incarceration Grant Program. Program Guidelines and. Application Information.

Washington, DC: Office of. Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Parent, D.G. 1996. Boot Camps and why communication, Prison. Crowding. In Correctional Boot Camps: A Tough. Intermediate Sanction, edited by D.L.

MacKenzie and. E.E. Hebert. Washington, DC: National Institute of. Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Parent, D.G. 1995.

Planning a Bootcamp: An Overview. of Five Critical Elements. Paper presented at the. Office of Justice Programs Boot Camp Technical. Assistance Workshop, Atlanta, Georgia, April 1, Parent, D.G. 1994. Boot Camps Failing to Achieve. Goals. Overcrowded Times 5(4):8-11.

Parent, D.G. 1989. Shock Incarceration: An Overview. of Existing Programs. Washington, DC: National. Institute of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Define Dee! Department of Justice. Word Count: 4063. Our writers are all Uni graduates able to work effectively on any level under time constraints. Well-versed in most subjects and citation styles, our writers have years of ghostwriting experience doing both academic and professional projects. Every paper is written from scratch based on Essay Mitchells’, your instructions and there is no plagiarism of define dee, any kind.

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EssayForum Unanswered [2] / Urgent [3] Home / Speeches / 'Good morning friends!'; Introducing Myself - college speech . answers: 2 Sarath Kumar Oct 31, 2013, 11:19am #1 Introducing Myself - college speech Good morning friends! My name is Sarath Kumar. I'm going to dee introduce myself.I have born and dr dugong, grown up in define dee, Vizianagaram and I'm studying first year BSC computer science in this prestigeous college, Vizianagaram. As for my family, I've just one brother older than me. Mitchells’? My father.

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This claim is supported by Source 2, where Marie Antoinette had discussed French military strategic nuggets of military information in dr dugong, letters to Axel von Fersen; it showed the monarchy as traitors to dee the Revolution. This put Marie in a bad light with her family declaring. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Head of state 1420 Words | 4 Pages. Causes and Outcomes of the French Revolution Essay. Causes and Outcomes of the French Revolution A common theme of the historical French Revolution of the late 1700s is the what does analyse mean, . bloodshed associated with a new execution device developed by Antoine Louis, the define dee, guillotine (Acton).

This negative connotation of the Revolution resides in Rights Ammendment, the minds of the French and people all around the world. Although the French Revolution has contained a fair amount of define dee, bloodshed, its aftermath on the French nation was overall positive for the French people. There were several. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of god of war video game, Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 2263 Words | 6 Pages. create flashcards for free at Sign In | Sign Up StudyMode - Premium and define dee, Free Essays , Term Papers Book Notes Essays . And The Equal Rights Ammendment Essay? Book Notes AP Notes Citation Generator More Code Napoleon and define, Declaration of the dr dugong, Rights of Man Comparison By wis2cool, april. 2013 | 5 Pages (1064 Words) | 1 Views | 4.5 12345 (1) | Report | This is a Premium essay for dee upgraded members Sign Up to access full essay DID YOU LIKE THIS? TELL YOUR FRIENDS. Send Code Napoleon and vancouver citations, Declaration. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the dee, Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an vancouver citations, attempt or effort. a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of a postage stamp yet to dee be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense test the. Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages.

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Age of Enlightenment , Democracy , Europe 1164 Words | 4 Pages. Breakfast Club Essay, Myself Relating to Characters. Essay The Breakfast Club The Breakfast Club is a story about dee, five teenagers put in Saturday detention. Skills Are Important? Each character gives a face to define most . of the high school stereotypes. The brain, the athlete, the basket case, the vancouver, princess and the criminal. Each are given their own seat and the instructions to sit for eight hours and write an essay on who they think they are. Each of them, having very strong personalities, will fight, cry, laugh and learn from each other, making friendships that would have.

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New York: Signiform. Available: french / Read more about French [pic] Contents 1. What would it be like to define dee speak French fluently? 2. Section 1: Words and expressions 1. God Of? The basics of spoken French 2. Conversational tics 3. Synonyms for good 4. Hedges . Belgium , English language , French Canadian 24669 Words | 85 Pages. ?Nadia Testroet Eikum AP English December 13, 2014 About Myself In 1914, World War I began and was commonly referred to around the dee, world as . The War To End All Wars and The Great War. As volunteers for the war ran out, the god of war video game, government had to go into a draft. As names were getting pulled, the soon to dee be soldiers were being pulled out skills are important as just a number, not even a name. Following the conclusion of World War I was the emergence of The Great Depression. Millions of people were out of work, and. Federal government of the United States , Franklin D. Define Dee? Roosevelt , Great Depression 797 Words | 4 Pages. try to figure out by myself . Vancouver Citations? I was very sacred I didnt know what I am going to do. I decided I am not going to sit here and do nothing. Next . morning I went to college and asked the administration lady what is assessment test, and where I have to take the dee, test and what should I study.

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Age of Enlightenment , Essay , Five paragraph essay 554 Words | 3 Pages. PERSONAL ESSAY The word essay derives from the French infinitive essayer, to try or to attempt. The Frenchman . (Michel de Montaigne 15331592) was the first author to describe his work as essays ; he used the vancouver citations, term to characterize these as attempts to dee put his thoughts into writing. Francis Bacon's essays , published in book form in 1597, 1612, and 1625, were the first works in English that described themselves as essays . (Jonson, 1609) first used the word essayist in English, according to dr dugong the Dictionary. Academic degree , Education , Essay 1154 Words | 3 Pages.

Cultural research on french Michael Alatorre French 101 (Friday 8a-12:20p Spring 2011 Project 1, Cultural Research . After referencing many topics to choose from the french culture, i have made my dicision on what interest's me the define, most from any culture. God Of War Video Game? Art. My research will discuss the importance of define, french art in a cultural aspect to why the french people adore art, and most importantly I will write about some of the greatest french artist this world has ever known. . Art museums and galleries in Paris , Claude Monet , France 827 Words | 3 Pages. concepts. God Of? All countries go through a variety of wars to fight for their freedom and stance. Like any other nation out there, France fought through many . Dee? hardships to become an independent country and excel in many concepts.

People tend to believe that French citizens are full of themselves due to Women and the Equal Ammendment their advanced, intellectual achievements, but the cause is quite abstruse. The story behind France becoming a country was just as herculean as any other nation. Define Dee? To begin with, around 50 B.C., France was under. Cultural heritage , France , Franks 906 Words | 3 Pages. Read and Download french essay topics for god of war video igcse. Free access for PDF Ebook French Essay Topics For . Igcse as well as other store collections. There are many totally free French Essay Topics For Igcse that are regularly created and also archived in our online library. If you want French Essay Topics For Igcse that will satisfy your term paper needs, then you don not need to to fret about that to obtain long. This is define considering that there is a significant database of different compositions and research. Book , Charles de Gaulle , Essay 2001 Words | 7 Pages. The French Revolution, the vancouver, Industrial Revolution and the American Revolution.

There is no Revolution without a Dance Before it A little essay about the reasons and the outcomes of define dee, The American Revolution, the dr dugong, . French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution. Define? Jakob Tegner History A 20/03/06 Katharina Brummer Bjork Source Criticism In order to achieve this essay I found help in three different books. The first book, A History of skills, World Societies by the authors McKay, Hill and Buckler, was my primary source. It is a history book of define, 1800 pages which thoroughly explain. Age of Enlightenment , American Revolution , Europe 1822 Words | 6 Pages. Essay on self believe and writers.

during this 3 years period I didnt have the chance to go school because the Ivory Coast was a French speaking country, so they didnt have . English schools when I was there. I still believed that being in 7th grade Im halfway to becoming a High School graduate and that my dream will come through it was just a matter of time before I start school again. The only thing I could learn in Abidjan were Math and French . I thought learning Math were going to make School little bit easier for me when I get to. College , Graduation , High school 1504 Words | 5 Pages. Ariana Herbert Modern European Revolutions Essay # 1 The French Revolution (1789-1799) was one of the most influential . social and radical movements in European and modern history. Like all revolutions there were many successes and and the Equal Rights Ammendment, many failures.

But with all those positive and dee, negatives, could we honestly say that the French Revolution was a success? Did the why communication skills, radicals come to common ground? With these and define, other factors all playing major roles, especially as the Revolution became more radical. Age of Enlightenment , Belgium , Declaration of the Rights of skills, Man and of the Citizen 1158 Words | 4 Pages. AY In this essay I will explore the define, good and citations, the bad of playing sport. One of my favourite hobbies is playing sport.

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Evolving attitudes and developments were seen in the family setting, which brought on new ideals in the French society. Define? The negative view that marriages portrayed was then seen as a blessed and heavenly sacrament. New ideals regarding children were also developed, as they. Age of Enlightenment , Conjugal family , Family 1377 Words | 4 Pages. Chen Hao World History 9, Period 4 1-I-13 First Draft of French Revolution Essay Why was there a revolution in France in dr dugong, . 1789? The French Revolution was a imaginary train that changed the direction of thought in Europe and also showed the end of the Modern Age, which is called the Ancien Regime in France, and define dee, showed the beginning of a Contemporary Age.

The absolutism of the Ancien Regime was the seed that planted the fury of the does analyse, people in define, France and on David Mitchells’ Atlas, it was the main reason that started. Age of Enlightenment , American Revolutionary War , France 1545 Words | 5 Pages. ?How far was the russo-Japanese war responsible for the outbreak in Russia 1905? The Russo-Japanese war took place in 1904 to 1905 and began because of . Dee? both Russia and Japans desire to expand their borders into places such as Korea. During this war, Russia was humiliated and had many defeats from a country which were considered to game be inferior. The defeat of this war humiliated the people of Russia and therefore lost confidence in Nicholas II. Russias defeat in the war also caused problems in.

Kazakhstan , Latvia , Russia 1309 Words | 3 Pages. What is a comparative essay ? A comparative essay asks that you compare at least two (possibly more) items. These items will . differ depending on the assignment. You might be asked to compare positions on define, an issue (e.g., responses to midwifery in Canada and the United States) theories (e.g., capitalism and communism) figures (e.g., GDP in the United States and Britain) texts (e.g., Shakespeares Hamletand Macbeth) events (e.g., the Great Depression and the global financial crisis of 20089) . Communism , Comparison , Essay 980 Words | 4 Pages. Napoleon Essay: Was Napoleon an enlightened leader who preserved the French Revolution or a military dictator who betrayed its ideals? Napoleon Essay : Was Napoleon an enlightened leader who preserved the French Revolution or a military dictator who betrayed its . ideals? Napoleons rule eleven-year career from 1804 to 1815 as the Emperor of the French allowed him to vancouver citations accomplish many things, some beneficial to France, others betraying the basic ideals formed by dee, the revolution. When closely analyzed, it is clear that his positive work greatly outweighs his negatives.

Napoleon ruled using the enlightened ideas of god of game, equality, freedom. Age of define, Enlightenment , Christianity , Europe 1205 Words | 4 Pages. The French Revolution: Why and how did it start? What were major events that took place during it? How did it end? . There are many factors that contributed to the start of the French revolution. The enlightenment? is one of the major factors. The enlightenment was a time where people started to Atlas think for define themselves and opinions started to form. Critically Mean? Doing things for yourself and forgetting the define dee, government was among the people.

One of the questions that started to arise was, ? why are the aristocrats more privileged than everyone else. Age of Enlightenment , Isaac Newton , John Locke 1539 Words | 4 Pages. Narrative Essay (Proving Myself to My Dad) course, Johnny Walker Whiskey. Why Communication? My father and I never had a typical, father-daughter relationship. He never taught how to dee do anything else but drive . and god of war video game, ride a motorcycle, which he taught me out of the necessity for me to be able to transport myself , not as a bonding experience. He would repeatedly tell me that no daughter of him would become a carpenter or a mechanic, which were and dee, still are two of my interests.

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PUTATION OF DIVIDENDS, COMMON AND PREFERRED PRACTICE 131 (1) Noncumulative 2010: Amount Comments(No dividends in what, arrears; noncumulative) Preferred . shareholders $45,000 (10,000 shares ? 0.06 ? $100 = $60,000) Common shareholders 0 No remainder $45,000 2011: Amount Comments (No dividends in dee, arrears; noncumulative) Preferred. Debt , Equity securities , Preferred stock 469 Words | 3 Pages. French Lieutenant's Woman Essay and Techniques Postmodernism. rejects the ideologies of previous movements in the arts. The postmodern movement has made way for new ways of thinking and dr dugong, a new theoretical base when . Define? criticising art, literature, sexuality and history. John Fowles 1969 historical bricolage, The French Lieutenants Woman, utilises the ideas of postmodern theorists such as Foucault, Barthes and Sartre amongst others to why communication skills are important form a postmodern double-coded discourse which examines values inherent in the Victorian era from a twentieth century context. The. Charles Darwin , Charles Dickens , Neo-Victorian 1319 Words | 4 Pages.

? Myself as a Writer Gatphan Atassi 2nd Period AP Lang It is define no surprise to anyone who has known me since my years as a wee-little first . grader that language is my Achilles Heel. Dr Dugong? The inner confusion in an up-and-coming student's head when introduced to two languages since birth is quite a mess. Having to define live in what analyse mean, a world half dominated by the colloquial English language that is define spoken everyday while the other half is controlled by the strict rules of Arabic drives me insane at times. Lately. Educational years , Grade , High school 1194 Words | 4 Pages. ? Introduction Francois Furets lens about French Revolution is dr dugong analyzed by Gemma Betros in define, her paper Finding Revolution within . the and the Equal Essay, French Revolution.

In this paper, the authoress examines Furets point of view and define dee, tries to understand this new angle and how it distinguishes from the Cloud Atlas, traditional one. She states her analysis with many evidences and arguments, not only from Furet but also from other authors. Dee? In order to explain some of the arguments and also do a critical analysis on the. Age of citations, Enlightenment , Communism , French Revolution 1611 Words | 5 Pages. Stover ENG 090-HL2 November 16, 2009 Process Essay How to dee Make a French Braid If your hair is long enough, you could try out a . lot of different hairstyles.

If you want one that doesnt require any hair products, just some patience and critically analyse, practice, the French braid might be something for you. The French braid is a classic and stunning hairstyle. Learning it can be difficult, and define dee, practice is essential, but the results are worth it. The first few attempts at a French braid may take as long as twenty-five to. Finger , Fingers , French braid 617 Words | 3 Pages.

?Lakshya Seth AP Euro 1/26/15 Essay on and the Equal Rights Ammendment, French Revolution The French Revolution was an define dee, important time in . French History. Watching the colonies in the US succeed in what mean, their revolution, the define dee, French were inspired and and the Rights Ammendment in 1920, desired similar success. The French citizens, especially the peasants, were tired of the French economy and define dee, the way it was run and decided to revolt. This revolt was met with strict force and war video, oppression from the government. The French revolution took a radical turn because of the class. Age of Enlightenment , Capital punishment , French Revolution 441 Words | 2 Pages.

Riley: Republic and French Revolution. full credit. (50 points) The French Revolution began less than two decades after the American Revolution. In many ways, the define, American . God Of? experience was an inspiration for the citizens of France. But the people of the define dee, two countries had different situations and had different concerns, which influenced the way each revolution began, progressed, and ended. In this assignment you will write an god of game, essay that compares and contrasts the two revolutions. In your essay , include information on define, the economic. Age of Enlightenment , Bourgeoisie , Democracy 602 Words | 3 Pages. for every excuse to get rid of someone. Wear and Essay on David Mitchells’, appearance means to me is that you should be in dee, the right uniform at times when instructed or permitted, is . What Does Critically Analyse? should be clean and serviceable and be to military standards.

The reason i am writing tho essay y is dee i simply got lazy towards the exercise in Graf and i decided that packing my gear and others things where more important then my appearance in my military uniform. i decided not to shave and therefore that action i was confronted by another NCO. Army , Army Combat Uniform , Military 1151 Words | 3 Pages. north of on David Mitchells’ Atlas, Turkey we have people from two other ethnic origins, Laz people and Armenian. French government and define dee, citizens is very strict and . firm about protecting their language as an vancouver, example at dee the motion pictures, people watch the movies after doubling. France also have many regional languages, such as Breton and Alsatian.

At the dr dugong, southwest of France people speak a language which is completely unrelated to French which is Basque Language. Religion In France freedom of thought and of religions. Culture , Education , French people 1320 Words | 5 Pages. Descriptive Essay My nose is overwhelmed with the smell of hairspray, baby powder, and define dee, a fruity perfume. There are too many girls in here, . all struggling and fighting for Essay Cloud Atlas a space near the mirror that covers the entire back wall. Its dim in define dee, here, but its a good kind of dim, almost calming. The only does analyse mean, light is coming from the round vanity bulbs that line the top of the define dee, mirrors, making it so that the fluorescents dont impair what natural light reveals. I make my way to the red lockers on the right. Cosmetics , Hair iron , Hairstyle 1441 Words | 4 Pages. French and what critically analyse mean, Haitian Revolution Comparisons. examples of define, when people stood up for their rights and god of war video, revolted are the French Revolution and dee, the Haitian Revolution.

These revolts are loosely . connected, as many say that the Haitian Revolution was inspired by the French Revolution. The French Revolution started in 1789 and Women Equal Rights, continued all the way until 1814. The people in France had discontent with the define dee, classes, as 98% of the French population was living in serious poverty. The French people revolted, and after two years, they finally got rid of the are important, monarchy. Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the define, Citizen , French people 1541 Words | 3 Pages. French Revolution Essay . The French Revolution came about through many causes that included financial problems and . food scarcity. France was in financial crisis due to their participation in the seven years war and American Revolution. By 1789, France encountered bankruptcy because of the countrys indiscriminate inequitable system of god of war video game, taxation. France at the time was a nation where society was dominated by dee, class. The clergy and nobility were exempted from god of game taxation leaving peasants who were barely. France , French Revolution , Guillotine 451 Words | 2 Pages.

Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author's personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with . Define Dee? those of an citations, article, a pamphlet and a short story. Define? Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of what critically analyse mean, daily life, recollections, and reflections of the define, author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope's. Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages.

American and Women and the Equal Rights in 1920 Essay, French Revolutions Essay. American and French Revolutions Essay The American and French Revolutions are both very similar and are both . very different. They both had many events that led them to seek independence and they both reflected the enlightenment. Dee? They also had different things that happened such as social and economic trouble was a main cause in on David Mitchells’ Atlas, the French Revolution and that in the American Revolution the dee, people wanted to start a new country. There were many events that caused American colonists to seek independence. Age of Enlightenment , American Revolution , French Revolution 771 Words | 2 Pages. ? Why French Mothers Are Superior Most parents would agree, what it is a full time job to have children and it is hard, particularly when . they are growing up. Lots of parents recognize the dr dugong, situation at the dinner table, when the kids wouldnt sit still and eat their food as well as the time at the supermarket, then they are begging for candy and sweet stuff. And when bedtime comes you will have the endless fights about brushing teeth and going to sleep. These problems are described in the essay.

Appeal , Essay , French language 946 Words | 2 Pages. Andrew Conklin French Revolution DBQ 10/26/14 Mr.Dobson French Revolution DBQ Questions Doc 1 . A: One of the causes of the French revolution was from the define dee, absolute ruling of Louis XVI Doc2 A: One way that this graph shows that it contributed to the French revolution was that it only shows that commoners estate were taxed while the other two werent. Doc3. Dr Dugong? A: The peasants were dissatisfied because they were pushed to dee do an excessive amount . Age of Enlightenment , Democracy , France 1406 Words | 6 Pages. faced with a particular type of new job. Narrate - When my grandma found my room messy shell cleaned it immediately and to procrastinate it more. War Video Game? . Describe - a negative attitude * Brings idleness * Postponing of work Definition Essay Some saying said that, The best way to get something done is to begin. Nowadays, procrastination is one of the major problems of some of the people. Based on the web, it refers to the act of replacing high-priority actions with tasks of lower. Causality , Definition , Procrastination 1127 Words | 4 Pages. probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and define dee, support).

English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. FRENCH REVOLUTION ASSIGNMENT ONE Modern European History Jonah Haines 1293 Mr. Potts . iPrivilege not poverty caused the what critically, French Revolutioni To what extent do you agree? The French Revolution was essentially a class war between the emerging Bourgeoisie against the Privileged class, this meant they saw the dee, Privileged class as the only hurdle between themselves and equality within French society. Many of the citations, ideas they pursued stemmed from. Bourgeoisie , French Revolution , Middle class 2250 Words | 7 Pages. Personal Response Essay - The Loons G. Laracas Professor DePasquale English - 1A 07 October 2008 Personal Response Essay The Loons Ive chosen to do my personal . response essay on the short story The Loons, because in a way I can sort of define dee, relate to the main character Piquette Tonnerre.

I felt that Margaret Laurence did an exceptional job by Women and the Equal Rights in 1920, choosing the appropriate tone for the story because I can honestly say that I could feel the alienation that Piquette must of felt, during her time of living, in a cruel society. She. Family , Grandparent , Short story 868 Words | 3 Pages.

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Our Dividend Growth ETF: Business Plan. In the first article about this Dividend Growth ETF project, I outlined the basic goal: To create a general dividend growth portfolio at Motif Investing that anyone can use as a basic or starter portfolio. Weve chosen Motif Investing, because anyone will be able to access the portfolio, change it, invest in it, or just track it. The motif the portfolio that we create will be available for anyone to purchase, with or without modifications as they see fit. Define Dee! The launch target date is January 1, 2017. You dont have to dr dugong purchase anything if you simply want to follow along or play around with it. Before we start picking stocks, we need a business plan . Three Lessons in the Dividend Growth Investing Lessons series are directly relevant.

Lesson 12 Part I and Part II cover the importance of planning your investing. Lesson 13 provides some specific suggestions. Remember the dee, benefits of having a written plan. First it guides you in and the Equal Ammendment in 1920 Essay, getting started. You dont feel rudderless when you push off from dee, shore. You know where you want to go and how to and the Rights get there. More important, when market conditions are ambiguous, or your emotions are getting out of control, you can refer back to your plan to recall how you viewed issues when you were thinking straight. I wont repeat here the basics of business planning.

Please go to the lessons cited above for that kind of background. Here, we will get right to dee writing our business plan. Why Communication Skills Are Important! If we dont get everything right the first time, thats OK. Planning is an iterative process. If we make a mistake now, we can correct it later. Define! Thats the beauty of being your own boss. The name of this plan is the same as the name that I have already given to the portfolio itself: DVKs Dividend Growth Investing ETF. Here is a screenshot of the portfolio in progress on dr dugong, the Motif site. This display has more detail than the one shown in the first article. Define! That is because I placed 3 of stocks into war video game the portfolio for illustration. That caused Motif to define compute the backwards-looking performance for the portfolio, as if it had existed a year ago.

Just to show what the Women Equal Rights Ammendment, portfolio displays will look like, here is a screenshot of the stocks I put into the portfolio for fun. These may not be in the final portfolio when it comes out on dee, January 1, 2017. You can see the 3 stocks are ATT (T) , Welltower (HCN) , and Johnson Johnson (JNJ) . Motif separates them by sector, shows their weight (1/3 each), and Essay Mitchells’ Cloud, trailing 1-year return. One thing I noticed is define dee that Motifs sectors are not the standard GICS sectors that one usually sees. Welltower is god of war video a REIT (real estate investment trust), which has its own GICS sector classification. Motif shows it as a Financial. Thats OK, it is not a big issue in creating a portfolio.

What do we want to accomplish? What is define our desired result? As I stated in the first article, the broad goal is to create a generalized dividend growth ETF. That means that the portfolio could be suitable for: someone just getting started. someone who wants to back away from the time and effort required to sift through individual stocks, portfolio management decisions, and so on. someone who wants a basic core starter portfolio that can be modified, embellished, or personalized. Please note that our broad portfolio will not necessarily meet the needs of any particular investor. Dividend growth (DG) investors have a variety of personal goals.

They are not a monolithic herd of boxed-in thinkers with identical objectives. Nevertheless, I believe that it is possible to create a basic dividend growth portfolio, with a decent yield and satisfying growth rate, that fulfills many of the Women Rights Ammendment in 1920, goals that DG investors have in mind when they adopt the strategy. By setting it up on dee, Motif Investing, individuals can personalize it however they wish a desirable attribute that is not available with any mutual or exchange-traded fund. The dividend growth strategy, at Mitchells’ Atlas its simplest, is dee based on this concept: Identify, accumulate, and manage a portfolio of stocks that reliably send growing amounts of cash back to the investor. With that general goal in mind, here are some specific targets that I will use for this portfolio. Remember, these targets apply to the portfolio as a whole, not necessarily to every stock in it.

Initial yield, on god of game, the launch date, of about 3.5%. (For comparison, the largest dividend ETF in the world, Vanguards Dividend Appreciation Fund (VIG), yields about 2.2%.) Median dividend growth rate in define dee, the 8% per year range for the whole portfolio. Total return (including dividends) that will be competitive with the god of game, SP 500 over define, the long term. Emphasis on high-quality companies with proven records of annual dividend increases. I keep putting ETF in quotes. Why is that? Because the portfolio will not be a real ETF. Vancouver Citations! ETFs are complex financial instruments regulated by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under the define dee, Securities Act of 1933. God Of War Video! Real ETFs trade on exchanges.

Our ETF will not. Our ETF will instead be a motif portfolio at Motif Investing. Using their services, our creation will be investable by anyone, modifiable, or just trackable for those who have no desire to dee buy it. And it will have a few advantages over actual ETFs: Low cost structure. Modifiable by skills are important, anyone for their own personal needs. Manageable by anyone. Not influenced by money inflows or withdrawals by the public. That last point is a significant advantage.

When you own a fund, its managers must buy or sell stocks as the funds investors add to or withdraw money from the fund. This may impact valuations or even generate capital gains or losses that you do not want. You have no control over these decisions. They are inherent in the fund structure. The motif ETF, on define, the other hand, is controllable by each investor. Stocks are not purchased unless you add money and make that decision. Are Important! No stocks are sold unless you want to. Thus you personally are not affected by decisions that other investors may be making about the same portfolio.

Obviously, the dee, degree to which our goals are met will depend largely on what stocks we pick (and how we manage the portfolio later on). A real ETF is usually described as passive , because the ETF follows an what does mean, index, which is most often provided by a different party from the fund provider. For example, the Vanguard ETF mentioned earlier, VIG, is based on an index from Nasdaq, as Vanguards literature about VIG makes clear. Note that Vanguard states that it follows a passive replication strategy. In other words, they buy and sell stocks so as to define dee copy the index.

But note, they do not state whether the index itself is active or passive. And the index is where the vancouver citations, real decisions are made, because Vanguard just replicates it. While most indexes are constructed using rigid rules or algorithms, a few (like the SP 500 itself) are based on human judgements. Here in our project, there is no index. Define! We will hand-select all stocks directly for war video game the portfolio. We must do this carefully, keeping our goals in mind at define dee all times. That means that we need to war video game figure out define which companies are good at god of war video making money, can do it for a long time, and define, have the ability and intent to send growing streams of their profits to shareholders. Our stock selection will follow guidelines. It is not based on vancouver citations, whimsy or random selection. Define! Here are the guidelines for stock selection.

I stated above that the citations, goal for define this portfolio is to have an initial yield of dr dugong, around 3.5% with a DGR around 8% per year. That does not mean that every stock in define dee, the portfolio will meet those parameters. Instead we will diversify, with different yields and growth rates. The whole portfolio will meet the parameters. Stocks that are selected will fall within the Women and the Rights Ammendment, following ranges: Yield of at least 1.0%.

Dividend growth rate of at least 2% per year, measured over the past 5 years. Dividend increase streak of at least 5 consecutive years. (See DGI Lesson 3: The 5-Year Rule.) Clearly, if only stocks that meet the minimums were included, the portfolio could not meet its goals. So in order to hit the define, portfolios guidelines, it will need to on David Cloud Atlas contain: stocks with high yields (4%+) that may have lower growth rates; stocks with low yields (1%+) that have higher growth rates; and. stocks in between, with moderate yields and moderate growth rates. Nobody can perfectly predict the future, but we want companies whose dividends are safe. Dividends come from profits. Dee! More specifically, dividends come from the cash flow that a company generates. Critically Analyse Mean! (See DGI Lesson 1, What Is a Dividend?)

I have come to have great respect for Simply Safe Dividends, a service that rates dividends for safety based on a variety of define dee, factors. They use a grading scale of 0-100 for safety. (For information on how they arrive at Essay on David the grades, please click here.) I had at dee first thought that stocks for this portfolio would have dividend safety grades of at least 60. But after examining a bunch of vancouver, candidates, I have decided to define dee bump up the requirement to at least 70. We wont lose any great candidates, and we will end up with a safer portfolio. The main characteristic we are looking for is high quality . Companies in many industries can qualify, but to me high quality means:

Good credit rating. We will not consider any company that lacks an does analyse mean, investment grade rating of BBB- or better from SP. A moat that means it has sustainable competitive advantages. Morningstar publishes moat ratings. Good quality rankings from define dee, independent sources.

Reasonable debt levels. Preference for low price volatility. I would like the portfolio as a whole to have a beta (volatility compared to the SP 500) of 0.8 or less. Ammendment! That would mean the portfolio is 80% or less volatile as the SP 500. I am combing through a variety of lists and sources for the best companies for this portfolio. I am also creating a scoring system. Here is an example of an dee, early version of the scoresheet that I will use, illustrating Johnson Johnson, a company that almost certainly will be in the final portfolio.

As I often do, I am using a color scheme to grade the various factors. Dark green is the best, yellow is Women Essay OK, orange is marginal, and dee, red is bad. JNJ has no orange or red. It is a great company. Overall, there are more than 700 stocks with 5+ year of dividend increases in David Fishs Dividend Champions, Contenders, and Challengers. I have already pared that number down to about 100 that are serious semi-finalists for the portfolio. In the next article, we will take a look at specific candidates. The final cut to 30 or less will come just before launch on January 1. This portfolio is dr dugong meant to be an all-around dividend growth portfolio, suitable for define dee a broad swath of dividend growth investors. Vancouver Citations! Thus the portfolio needs to be well-rounded.

Therefore, it will contain a diverse group of companies selected from the gamut of define dee, dividend growth companies. Most economic sectors will be represented. It will also contain companies of various sizes. It is a myth that all dividend growth companies are large-cap or mega-cap stocks. War Video Game! Many utilities and REITs, for example, are not huge companies. And as discussed earlier, it will contain stocks from across the spectrum of different yields and growth rates. Paying too much for define dee even a great company is not a good way to invest. As discussed in DGI Lesson 11, Valuation, you want to buy companies when they are fairly priced, or better still when they are on sale. As you may have read, many stocks became overvalued in Women and the Rights Ammendment in 1920, 2016 after the nearly uninterrupted bull market that we have had since March, 2009. Whether that will still be true at define the end of the year remains to be seen.

In building your own portfolio, you can work around bad valuations. That is what I normally do, simply refusing to buy stocks that are overvalued. But in creating this portfolio, we may not be able to follow that practice completely. The portfolio needs to dr dugong be ready on define dee, its launch date. Vancouver! We probably wont have the luxury of restricting ourselves to only undervalued stocks. Some of the absolute best dividend growth companies may have overvalued stocks when we need to place them in the portfolio. That said, I dont want the define dee, portfolio to be encumbered by vancouver citations, widespread overvaluation. That would hurt returns forever after.

Therefore, I intend to reduce the impact of overvalued stocks: I wont necessarily fill all 30 slots at the beginning. That will leave some space for great dividend growth companies that may fall to better valuations in the months and years to come. I will shoot for an overall fair valuation for the whole portfolio. Thus any overvalued stocks will be balanced by stocks that I think are undervalued. I will use valuation as a tiebreaker. If two stocks are essentially similar in quality, yield, DGR, dividend safety, and the like, I will select the one that is better valued. Most ETFs contain 50 or more stocks, often numbering in the hundreds.

The ETF VIG, mentioned earlier, has 185 stocks. Our motif portfolio will be restricted to 30 stocks, because that is define how many can be in a motif. As just mentioned, a few slots will probably be empty on the launch date. At inception, I will simply equal-weight the stocks for simplicity. In the Motif display earlier, you can see that each of the 3 stocks has a weight of dr dugong, 33.3%. Over time, position weightings will go out of whack as the result of price changes in the market. I am currently undecided whether to dee rebalance the portfolio periodically back to equal weightings. That incurs costs that may exceed the benefits. There will be plenty of time to answer that question later. Plus, with Motif, each individual can answer the question for himself or herself.

Once it is up and running, our Dividend Growth ETF will be tracked by game, Motif Investing. You will be able to dee access it online. God Of Game! The information will be public. Define Dee! You do not have to invest in the portfolio to track it. I will supplement Motifs tracking with occasional articles that emphasize its income performance. Women Ammendment Essay! Unfortunately, Motif is like the fund companies in that they only focus on total returns when they discuss performance. We need to improve on dee, that for our own purposes. Motif offers pre-built portfolios. Vancouver Citations! Ours will be one of them. There are already a couple of dividend portfolios. Dee! Here is one created by Motif in 2012:

Motif allows personalization of pre-existing portfolios. Thats an advantage over an ETF. Vancouver Citations! Here is define one of their FAQs on the subject: Thats how you will be able to what does customize our DG ETF if you want to do it. Anyone can alter a motif to suit themselves. So that is the basic business plan to get us started. Define! Later on, we will flesh out the dr dugong, plan to define dee cover portfolio management, selling policies, and other issues. In the next article, we will explore the and the Equal in 1920 Essay, stock ranking system. As they are scored in different categories, you will see how some stocks break away from the pack. Those will become serious candidates for the Final 30. Other stocks will fall out of the define dee, running.

I like to god of eliminate less-worthy stocks. It relieves us from wasting time on companies that have no chance of define, being in the portfolio. It is a Darwinian process necessary to Essay on David create a great portfolio. Let Me Hear Your Feedback! As we build this portfolio, I would like to hear your ideas. If you want to give me some input, please email the editors at DailyTradeAlert. Let them know your thoughts, and they will pass them along to me.

Who knows, you might ask a key question or offer a great idea that influences the final portfolio in define, a significant way! A CIA insider has launched an urgent mission to expose the government's secret money lockdown plan. Once you see what could happen next time you go to an ATM, you'll understand why he's sending a FREE copy of his new book to any American who answers right here. LEGAL DISCLAIMER: Never invest in and the Rights Ammendment Essay, a security or idea featured on define dee, our site or in our emails unless you can afford to lose your entire investment. We are not registered investment advisers or brokers/dealers and we do not purport to be. Furthermore, the investment ideas and opinions expressed on and in our Daily Trade Alert newsletter are NOT specific buy and sell recommendations customized for you, an individual. The ideas we feature should simply serve as a starting point for further research and due diligence on war video, your part. Actual buy and sell decisions for your own portfolio are entirely up to you. We make no representations, warranties or guarantees as to the accuracy or completeness of the content featured on our site or in our emails. Dee! Furthermore, the article authors and contributors featured on this site may own securities mentioned in why communication are important, their articles and define dee, not disclose this information. and our proprietary Buffett Gates Tracker service are not affiliated with or endorsed by why communication skills are important, Warren Buffett, Berkshire Hathaway, Bill Gates or the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation. By using or reading our Daily Trade Alert newsletter you agree to define our Terms Conditions, Disclaimer and Mitchells’, Privacy Policy. If you have any questions about our service, feel free to email us. Dee! You may also reach us through mail or telephone: Copyright 2017 Daily Trade Alert.

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Alcohol and dee, Drug Counselor Requirements in New Jersey. New Jersey alcohol and drug counselors are credentialed by the Alcohol and Drug Counselor Committee. In order to be credentialed, one must meet education, training, and supervised experience requirements. Once these requirements have been met, the candidate will take written and oral examinations. Master's level counselors are issued the Licensed Clinical Alcohol and Drug Counselor (LCADC) credential. Cloud? Bachelor's level candidates are issued the Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor (CADC) credential. An in-state trainee will come under state jurisdiction while working to meet experience requirements. Capella University offers an Online Master of Science in Addiction Studies, a PhD in define, Addiction Psychology as well as three online CACREP- accredited master's programs: Clinical Mental Health Counseling, Marriage and Family Therapy, and School Counseling. Vancouver Citations? Click here to contact Capella University and request information about dee their programs. Select a New Jersey Alcohol and Drug Counselor topic below. Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor Requirements.

A CADC must have a bachelor's degree. Additionally, the counselor must have 270 hours of coursework in mandated areas. The requirement is Women and the Equal Rights Ammendment Essay 54 hours in each of define five identified domains. The student may take classes approved by the Association for Addiction Professionals, the National Association of Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Counselors (NAADAC), or International Certification Reciprocity Consortium of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse (ICRC) member boards. Coursework from a regionally accredited university may also be applied. If the university coursework was not pre-approved as meeting requirements, the candidate will need to have transcripts evaluated by Essay on David Atlas, the Addiction Professionals Certification Board (APCBNJ), an IC RC member board. A list of approved providers is available on the APCBNJ site ( Dee? Coursework distribution must meet the following standards: Assessment topics: at least six hours each in initial interviewing, differential diagnosis, biopsychosocial assessment, substance abuse physiology/ pharmacology, diagnostic summaries, compulsive gambling. Counseling topics: six hours each in vancouver, introduction to dee, counseling, approaches and dr dugong, techniques, individual counseling, family counseling, group counseling, and define dee, crisis intervention.

Case management topics: six hours each in consultation, community resources, HIV resources, documentation. Client education topics: six hours each in game, addiction recovery, psychological client education, sociocultural client education, medical/ biomedical client education, sociocultural and biomedical family education, addiction recovery/ psychological family education, community/ professional education. Legal aspects: six hours each in legal standards, ethical standards, personal growth, professional growth, recovery dimensions, cultural competency, community involvement, supervision, and consultation. The prospective CADC must attend 30 self-help group meetings, in attendance at at least five meetings hosted by each of the following organizations: Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, and Alanon. The prospective CADC must work under supervision for at define dee least two years and until such time as 3,000 experience hours have been earned.

It is permissible to Women and the Rights Essay, work part-time and take longer than two years. Define Dee? However, the experience requirement must be met within a period of five consecutive years. The clinical supervisor may be an on David Mitchells’ Atlas LCADC, an APA-qualified psychiatrist, an ASAM-certified physician, or an mental health professional who has been certified as a clinical supervisor by the Addiction Counselors Certification Board. The intern must have at dee least 50 hours of dr dugong supervision a year, and at least two evaluations. The candidate must have 300 hours of dee practical training in 12 competency areas. The application packet includes a breakdown of training hours by citations, competency area. A CADC candidate will take IC RC written and oral examinations. Define Dee? The oral examination is based on war video game, a case. Information and preparatory materials can be found on the site of the Addiction Professionals Certification Board of New Jersey ( Define? Licensed Clinical Alcohol and Drug Counselor Requirements.

An LCADC candidate will need a master's degree in a counseling field or in Mitchells’ Cloud, a field related to addictions or counseling. The candidate must have 18 counseling-related credit hours; it is acceptable to take courses post-master to make up for educational deficiencies. The following content must be covered: The helping relationship Counseling practice and theory Counseling profession Growth and development/ maladaptive behavior Social and cultural foundations Group dynamics, counseling, processing, consulting Lifestyle/ career development Individual assessment Pharmacology and define, physiology Research and evaluation. The candidate will need 270 hours of drug and alcohol education, 300 hours of supervised practical training, and at least two years of supervised experience. (The minimum number of experience hours is 3,000; an individual who works more than 1,500 hours in a year can only credit 1,500 of them.) In most cases, interns will need at least 50 hours of supervision a year and Equal in 1920, will receive at least two evaluations each year. Define? Credentialed interns (those who hold healthcare licensing) will need at vancouver citations least 50 hours of supervision. They will have at least one annual evaluation. The candidate will also need to dee, attend at least 30 alcohol and drug abuse-related self-help group meetings. The candidate must take IC RC written and oral examinations.

Professionals already licensed in other health care disciplines (for example, advanced practice nursing, psychology, or clinical social work) are exempted from examination requirements. A candidate will need to have a criminal background check. If the candidate was fingerprinted by a New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs Board or Committee after November of 2003, it will not be necessary to have prints made again; however, the candidate will still need to why communication, remit $22.55 to dee, have a background check run. An individual who is interning to meet experience requirements will fill out a proposed plan of supervision. This and why communication, other pertinent forms and define, instructions can be downloaded from the New Jersey Consumer Affairs website ( The intern must read applicable statutes and regulations before submitting the form. An in-state candidate will apply to the Committee for licensure or certification before taking the examination.

An alcohol and drug counselor who has held certification through an skills are important ICRC Board will submit verification. Define? Candidates who have not held certification will provide forms to their supervisor(s) to have practical training verified. The clinical supervisor will provide an mean evaluation. The application includes an affidavit that must be notarized. There is a $75 application fee. If all requirements have been met except examination, the candidate will be authorized to test. This will entail payment of define additional fees. The Committee will allow up to three examination attempts before imposing additional requirements. Candidates can find links to study resources in the FAQ manual provided by the Division of dr dugong Addiction Services ( Addiction counselors may be granted reciprocal credentials if the licensing agency determines that the define dee, standards were substantively similar. Addiction counselors who hold certification through an IC RC Board will have reciprocity processed by the Addiction Professionals Certification Board.

The APCBNJ will provide a transcript to the New Jersey licensing agency verifying coursework in Cloud Atlas, applicable domains.

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china blue essay Our site enables you to order securely online with a credit card or purchase order, or you can use our printable order form for dee, faxing or mailing. Directed by Micha X. Peled. Produced by Teddy Bear Films. Associate Producer: Song Chen. Editor: Manuel A. Tsingaris.

Composer: Miriam Cutler. A Co-Production of Teddy Bear Films and why communication are important, the Independent Television Service (ITVS) with funding provided by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Like no other film before, China Blue is a powerful and poignant journey into define, the harsh world of sweatshop workers. Shot clandestinely, this is a deep-access account of what both China and the international retailers don't want us to see: how the clothes we buy are actually made. Following a pair of denim jeans from birth to sale, China Blue links the power of the U.S. consumer market to the daily lives of a Chinese factory owner and Essay, two teenaged female factory workers. Filmed both in the factory and in dee the workers' faraway village, this documentary provides a rare, human glimpse at what does analyse China's rapid transformation into a free market society. China Blue is the define, second film in Micha X. Peled's Globalization Trilogy. Game. Store Wars: When Wal-Mart Comes to Town focuses on consumption in the U.S., and China Blue investigates the manufacturing of the clothes we all consume. Bitter Seeds looks at the raw materials.

It goes to India and follows the farmers growing the define, cotton exported to China's garment factories to be used for the clothes sold in the West. Each film explores a deeper layer of the production-consumption chain. US Release Date: 2006 Copyright Date: 2005. DVD ISBN: 1-59458-528-8 VHS ISBN: 1-59458-527-X. China Blue lends itself to sparking classroom discussion because the story it tells is both crystal-clear and complex. The camera team got amazing access, so we feel in touch with what is real.

And as a result, there are no bad guys. Everyone is trying to survive and succeed. Does Analyse. Where is it in the system -- that starts with a factory in China and ends with us as consumers -- that the dee, problems we see are going to be fixed? China Blue puts a human face on the contentious issue of 'cheap Chinese labor.' It shows us the skills, links between the rural and urban areas, the dee, farms and factories in China. Although the work is are important grueling and bosses often unscrupulous, we do see that the young workers who migrate to define, the burgeoning industrial zones have unprecedented opportunities to meet people from elsewhere in China, learn about city life and global popular culture. The film makes an excellent tool for war video game, stimulating classroom discussion on a broad range of define dee topics impacting not only war video China, but the rest of the define, world as well. China Blue offers an illuminating window onto god of war video game, the normally hidden worlds of global production. It provides unparalleled access to the everyday lives of garment workers in China, giving them voice, and giving a face to define, the reality underlying China's emergence as the factory floor to the world.

For those interested in globalization, economic development, or current controversies around sweatshops, China Blue is an excellent introduction to the experiences of workers from developing countries - even those supposedly 'winning' through globalization. For those who are interested in women's labor and why communication skills are important, its social and political implications within a broader framework of define dee economic globalization, [the film] provide[s] a good grip on dr dugong, the topic. Anyone who watches this movie. cannot help but gain some greater insight into what 'holism' and 'globalization' mean in the modern world. Not only define are other aspects of Chinese society changing as it's economy changes. but the changes in China are being felt in the West and vice versa. Hopefully, American viewers of this film will think more critically about the jeans they wear, their own industrial history, the phenomenon of dr dugong globalization, and the human cost of providing goods at ever-lower prices.

This eye-opening documentary will have particular value for students of sociology, Asian studies, and economics. Jasmine's plight can serve as an excellent springboard for define, discussions about women's and on David Cloud, worker's rights and the economic responsibility of American consumers. China Blue is a revealing and quite moving inside look at dee China's emerging capitalist system that should make Western viewers think twice about the dr dugong, human cost of buying apparel with 'made in China' labels. Recommended. We may know that our jeans are made in sweatshops in China, but this poignant and well-documented film makes us see the whole picture. [ China Blue ] should be seen by all audiences. Highly Recommended . Does an excellent job of illustrating the 'human face' of globalization, and specifically the often-concealed linkages between people at different ends of a commodity chain. Dee. Teachers interested in discussing how commodity chains work in practice will make their task much easier, and more relevant to students, by showing China Blue . Suitable for vancouver, both the university and high school classroom; since the film's central characters are teenagers, high school students can especially relate to the story and are likely to be captivated by the differences between their own lives and dee, the difficult lives depicted in China Blue . A twenty-first century version of sweatshops, this is more than just the plight of three young women who work and live in the blue jeans factory. It is about the impact of the consumer market upon the lives of people across the globe. Vancouver Citations. Recommended for high school students and other consumers who have a social conscience.

China Blue is more than an exercise in cinematic activism. the film develops a natural dramatic structure that's profoundly affecting. Mr. Peled doesn't just record the girl's indignities, he listens to their dreams. Define. China Blue examines the dr dugong, plight of the world's largest pool of cheap labor and dee, traces its exploitation to a retail outlet near you. Heartbreaking, moving. This is an unforgettable film. Micha X. Peled's marvelous documentary about the vancouver citations, young women who work in a Chinese jeans factory is an define dee empathetic and revealing study. With probing access and a level of detail similar films have failed to obtain, the film doesn't just describe the tough working conditions of these factories - it draws vigorous, charming portraits of the women who work there. This is one of the best of why communication many recent documentaries about globalization. Heartbreaking yet boldly essential. fairly balanced and richly human.

Compelling. gives the phrase 'sweatshop' a whole different perspective. The tacit fury of dee China Blue . What if, when you stuck your hand into the pocket of a new pair of brand-name jeans, you pulled out a letter from one of the exploited workers who had slaved and sweated over your denim? Would you be surprised if the Women and the in 1920, writer acted more curious than angry? Would you chuckle when she wondered why you need such tall, wide pants? That's the experience of watching China Blue . Refreshing. A riveting documentary. A heart-wrenching story of the exploitation of young optimism and energy by. the desire for profit. Define Dee. See it before you head off to the mall for that clothing sale.

Intimate and rigorously detailed. remarkable level of access and the complex portrait of globalization as an intractable beast that relies on critically analyse mean, consumer complicity in viewing foreign laborers as subhuman. Eye opening. [filmmaker] Peled was harassed at define every turn by Chinese officials, but he managed to get this shocking film made. That's just one reason China Blue is worthy of praise. Surprisingly fair-minded. it gives its heart and soul to the girls. There's a terrible irony to the designer jeans uniformly worn by teenage laborers featured in China Blue , Micha X. And The Rights In 1920. Peled's meticulously livid exposé of a sweatshop in Southern China. Bay Area documentarian Micha X. Peled got unprecedented access to a blue jeans factory. It's a vérité portrait of adolescents who are instantly recognizable, though their sweatshop environs strike us as nearly unendurable. Pic's degree of define access and intimacy is what does critically analyse mean surprising, even more so when closing intertitles reveal Chinese authorities did try to define, shut down the skills, filmmakers several times. Engaging in character and narrative terms.

Much of China Blue is charming, because its subjects are. Micha Peled's docu China Blue makes a stronger case against worker exploitation than any news item could. The Best Documentary of Toronto 2005? Micha Peled's China Blue , a heartbreaking, truly unforgettable 'cinema verite' stay with two teenage girls employed in a Chinese bluejean factory. It's even worse than the news stories, the exploitation, degradation, and define, downright slavery of millions of Chinese peasants who have traveled to the cities looking for work. An intimate and eye-opening look into the personal lives of sweatshop workers. The film is an unflinching indictment of vancouver globalization. It is difficult, but necessary, to watch China Blue . Dee. For those who take shopping for consumer goods for granted. this behind-the-scenes look at how one popular item is produced will leave you chilled. China Blue is a must-see. China Blue can burst through the dr dugong, typical abstract depiction of dee this problem in order to confront its human dimension. It's a shocking experience.

Without (Chinese) government knowledge or approval, San Francisco filmmaker Micha X. Peled shot a stunningly candid portrait of the dr dugong, lively teenagers who make blue jeans. Commendable in its fair depiction of the problems faced by the textile industry. It may be the Year of the Pig in the Chinese calendar, but there ought to be some recognition of the Year of the Bullfrog in dee honor of are important Bullfrog Films. Bullfrog has a real treasure in China Blue . This is where Western manufacturing jobs have fled, dear Wal-Mart shoppers, and here are the peasants that big-business advocates claim are uplifted by globalization. See China Blue , any way you can, in this aptly named Year of the Pig. A compelling film that lets us live inside the define, world of the skills are important, people - mainly young Chinese women - who make the majority of the jeans we all wear every day. The mere fact that likely every single person benefits from the labor and define, minimal salaries of these women makes the film important for game, all to define, see, especially teenagers. Micha X. Vancouver Citations. Peled knows that if the define dee, world is connected by Essay Mitchells’ some common thread, that thread is being stitched by an underpaid worker in a sweatshop in dee a hemisphere away.

China Blue [is] an intimate and eye-opening look into the personal lives of sweatshop workers. There's a terrible irony. to the designer jeans uniformly worn by the teenage laborers featured in what does critically mean China Blue , Micha X. Peled's meticulously livid expose of a sweatshop in southern China. Micha X. Peled's documentary is shockingly thorough. and highly provoking. It may be close to impossible to mandate responsible capitalism, but China Blue shows us exactly what's at stake. China Blue is. designed to make Westerners face the fact that their relatively high standard of living comes at the expense of the virtually-enslaved indigenous peoples of the define, Third World. Excellent (4 stars). [A film] you'll kick yourself for missing. [ China Blue ] will haunt your future shopping trips, which is actually a good thing. China Blue is a gut check for anyone who doesn't know about labor conditions inside China. Thinking about the consequences of our consumer choices isn't easy, but Peled's story of vancouver citations Chinese factory workers makes us confront the connection between our cheap goods and define, their toil.

Eye-opening, infuriating -- and heartbreaking. Are Important. China Blue asks us to look hard, without the intercession of cheery marketing and attractive prices: These are the exploited children behind the clothes we buy, wear and discard so cavalierly. China Blue exposes the hard truth of physical labor in define our modern world of worker's rights and vancouver citations, progress. Enough to make you feel more than a little guilty every time you put on a pair of jeans. But, more importantly, it focuses on an issue - workers' rights and the need for fair pay - that is overlooked in define dee go-go-go globalism with heart and intensity. No matter where your denim was cut, stitched, and stone-washed, you owe it to skills, your conscience to view China Blue , a documentary that will make you squirm out of your pants. [ China Blue ] emerges as a charming character study heavily laced with strong damnations rather than grating with the activist agitprop stylings that so often cloud well-meaning tales of sorrow. There's a new breed of documentary film that is trying to tear down the distance between what you own and the lives of the dee, people who made it for you and China Blue . does so with considerable warmth. Peled captures the delicate balance between workers, retailers, and consumers. A powerful examination of the hidden costs behind every bargain. It's a globalization nightmare.

If you need a good argument to look for a MADE IN USA label on Women Equal Ammendment, your next clothes purchase, see China Blue for define, a sobering economic lesson. The rapid growth of China's economy is often noted, but rarely are the personal stories of the workers who fuel it. Dr Dugong. [ China Blue ] poignantly reveals the human price we pay for dee, 'cheap' labor. This sweet yet heartbreaking documentary about the young Chinese girls who make blue jeans is the dr dugong, kind of film Bullfrog [Films] embraces. It has the power to change the world. Define Dee. A daring, compassionate documentary. Includes additional scenes, study guide, factory promo film, Q A with the director, photo gallery, links to activist organizations. Awards and Festivals. Audience Award Winner, PBS Independent Lens.

Silver Chris Award, Columbus International Film Video Festival. Amnesty Human Rights Award, International Documentary Festival Amsterdam (IDFA) Award of what does critically analyse Excellence, Society for Visual Anthropology, American Anthropological Association. Nominated, Joris Ivens Award, IDFA. CINE Golden Eagle. Silver Plaque, HUGO Television Awards, Chicago International Film Festival. Honorable Mention, Vancouver International Film Festival.

Best Documentary, International Independent Film Festival of define dee Mar del Plata, Argentina. Honorable Mention, Vermont International Film Festival. Special Mention, Cinemabiente Environmental Film Festival, Torino, Italy. Toronto International Film Festival. Opening Night Film, Human Rights Film Festival in Seoul, South Korea. Full Frame Documentary Film Festival. Margaret Mead Film Festival. ZagrebDox (Croatia) International Documentary Film Festival. One World (Prague) International Human Rights Documentary Film Festival. Thessaloniki (Greece) International Film Festival. San Francisco International Asian American Film Festival.

Bermuda International Film Festival. It's All True International Documentary Film Festival, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Hong Kong International Film Festival. Calgary Imagine Asian Film Festival. EDOC International Documentary Film Festival, Ecuador. Warsaw Planete Doc Review, Poland.

Crakow (Poland) International Film Festival. Jerusalem International Film Festival. New Zealand International Film Festival. Mill Valley Film Festival. Hawaii International Film Festival.

CPH:DOX International Documentary Film Festival, Copenhagen. Dallas Video Festival. Big Sky Documentary Film Festival. Toronto Sprockets Film Festival. Films from the South (Oslo)

Discovery-Scotland's International Film Festival for Children. 3-Continental Film Festival (South Africa) Cork (Ireland) International Film Festival. Nazareth (Israel) International Film Festival. Rocky Mountain Women's Film Festival. Tempo (Stockholm) Documentary Film Festival. Beirut Docudays (Lebanon) Napa Sonoma Wine Country Film Festival. Finger Lakes Environmental Film Festival. Green Mountain Film Festival. Amnesty International Film Festival - Vancouver.

Bellingham Human Rights Film Festival. Groundbreaking investigation of fast fashion reveals that while the price of clothing has been decreasing for decades the human and environmental costs have grown dramatically. The revealing story of what happens to are important, the mountain of dee clothes--castoffs in today's world of fast fashion--that are donated to charity. Few make it to your local charity thrift store. The final film in Micha X. Peled's Globalization Trilogy examines the citations, epidemic of suicides amongst India's cotton farmers, deeply in debt after switching to genetically modified seeds.

Looks at the impact on a small town when Wal-Mart plans to build a mega-store there. Debunks the dee, notion that electronics is Cloud Atlas a 'clean' industry by revealing the define, human and environmental cost of electronic gadgets that are designed to die. Groundbreaking investigation of fast fashion reveals that while the price of clothing has been decreasing for decades the human and environmental costs have grown dramatically. A 12-part series about Globalization and its effect on Essay on David Atlas, ordinary people and communities around the define, world. Award-winning journalist, John Pilger, investigates the realities of globalization by taking a close look at vancouver citations Indonesia. Changes in the lives of four generations of Chinese women.

15 year-old child labor activist, Craig Kielburger, works for reform around the world. The environmental impact of the 2,000 factories (maquiladoras) on the US-Mexico border. Nike and other multinationals are moving production to countries like Indonesia. Community in Chengdu, China has organized to dee, clean-up polluted river. Micro-credit, education, health information, and hope provided to impoverished Chinese. China Blue is war video a compelling and important documentary. A must see for anyone interested in the appalling conditions in Chinese factories. This is one of the dee, rare films that attracts the are important, general public as well as serves as an effective educational tool.

It has been very valuable in my campaigning on human rights and consumer issues. I cannot recommend it highly enough. China Blue presents a powerful testimony of the define, working conditions in dr dugong China as well as moving and sensitive portraits of the young workers to whom we owe our 'Made in China' jeans. Like some of Micha X. Define Dee. Peled's previous films ( Store Wars , Inside God's Bunker ), China Blue is primarily a deep-access film. Mr. Peled has achieved some amazing footage of life in the factory. If you were ever curious about the dr dugong, people who make your blue jeans, China Blue is the film for you. At least one woman rushed home to rip up her blue jeans. The measure of a successful big screen documentary is not the facts that it shows us - but how much it make us want to engage with the facts. Cleverly constructed and dee, ultimately heart-wrenching.

Multi-layered film explores the personalities, aspirations and imaginations of the main characters with sensitivity and tact. Director Micha X. Peled calls into question the whole system of global free trade and points at the responsibility retailers and ourselves - the consumer - all share. Dr Dugong. In the words of Jasmine: 'Who are the fat, tall people who buy these jeans we make?' One of the hottest titles at IDFA this year. Define. Go, see and feel guilty about being a rich European. Are Important. You know you want to. Shines a light on the inhumane working conditions. Define Dee. Will stay with you. Director Micha Peled, whose film Store Wars featured at the Festival in 2002, continues his information campaign against America's massive Wal-Mart chain by taking a very close look at who is manufacturing their jeans. Sixteen-year-old Jasmine is why communication are important a thread-cutter at dee the Lifeng Factory, one of dozens of denim manufacturers in Shaxi, South China. Dr Dugong. As she puts it, she makes the 'big and fat' jeans we wear.

Like her new friends at the factory - Liping, a seamstress, and Orchid, a zipper installer - Jasmine is one of hundreds of define dee millions of does critically analyse people, mostly young women, who make up the largest pool of cheap labor in the world. Shot clandestinely, China Blue paints a nuanced, thorough and ultimately moving portrait of the define, daily lives of the anonymous young workers who make our clothes. [while also] illuminat[ing] the economic pressures applied by Western companies and their human consequences. Essay. Contrary to the notion that these girls offer a pliant, obedient work force, the define, film reveals glimpses of an emerging activism: a bold willingness, as Jasmine asserts, 'to pull the Tiger's whiskers.' Coming into why communication skills are important, a sense of self-worth, Jasmine sends a gentle message to the West in the pocket of a pair of jeans. Dee. Tempering the giddy, greedy imperatives of the market, China Blue offers remarkable access into war video, the other new China. China Blue . presents a revealing look into the daily lives of define dee teenage girls who work long (often unpaid) hours.

How must does a pair of jeans really cost? It's clear that costs involved in producing one pair of skills are important jeans ought not be measured in mere currency. Film director Micha Peled hopes shopping will never be the same again for people who see his new film, China Blue . Once you see China Blue you may never want to but another pair of Levi's or jeans again. What [the filmmakers] developed is a documentary that takes the viewer, by the hand, into the lives of exploited workers. China Blue is instructive, fascinating and a sad commentary on the economic times.

At age 14 or 16, teens in America are cruising the mall looking for jeans. At 14 or 16, teens in China are making them and dreaming about who will be wearing them on define dee, the other side of the Women Ammendment in 1920 Essay, world. Pages generated using Film Distribution Software All photographs are protected by copyright. For permission to use, and high resolution press stills, please contact Bullfrog Films.

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Cultural Appropriation: Whose culture is it anyway, and what about hybridity? Before I start, Im going to lay my cards on the table: I dont fit race and ethnicity boxes very well. Whenever I have to fill in one of those diversity questionnaires, I always tick other because none of the options really describe me. My dad was born in Tanzania of British and Austrian-Jewish parents (one of whom was born and grew up in dee India), spent his childhood and adolescence between South Africa and the UK, and is now a China expert who has spent at least half (probably much more) of his adult life in China. My mum was born in Beijing, of Cantonese and Hakka parents who were born and grew up in Singapore and Thailand, respectively. She has spent almost all of her adult life in the UK. As for me, I was born in Shropshire, near the vancouver, border with Wales, grew up between England and China, spent the last decade in Scotland, England, the define, Czech Republic, China and America, and now live full-time in Scotland.

This is in part, perhaps, why I have a very hard time getting my head around the idea of cultural ownership and appropriation identity is messy and fluid, after all, so who gets to say who owns what? And from on David, whom do we seek permission? I was on-board, more or less, with the anti-cultural appropriation arguments when they mostly centred around condemning the use of racist stereotypes in halloween and fancy dress costumes. Dressing up as default Indian woman or stock Chinese man almost always has the unwholesome whiff of racist cartoons about them, often only serving to promote absurd stereotypes, disrespectful by nature. If I had a penny for every time a kid in school or in the park pulled the corners of their eyes up and shouted ching chong chang at me, for instance, or for every oh but what about maths? comment I received when I said that my favourite subjects were art and define dee, literature Even as a kid I wanted this stuff challenged. But I also never for what does mean a second believed that the way to challenge these instances of ignorance, and ignorant othering, (which is essentially what they are) is to fence off areas of culture to be the sole preserve of specific peoples, based on some kind of define birthright.

For one thing, insisting that certain types of clothing, activities, food, etc, can only be worn, mastered or enjoyed by on David Mitchells’ Atlas certain peoples can only serve to divide and alienate. Condemnation of dreadlocks on non-blacks, yoga practised or taught by non-Indians, Chinese food chefs who arent Chinese, can never reduce or end racism, because the reason for racism isnt appreciation, adoption and interest towards other cultures, but ignorance, ostracisation and othering of them. Telling me that only I can openly and without challenge celebrate Chinese New Year or wear qipao or teach Chinese cookery (haha, me and cooking!) can only serve to promote the define, idea of me as an exotic other, or Chinese stereotype, as things deemed to be culturally mine become off-limits to anyone not Chinese, or at least East Asian. I have experienced attempts at policing cultural appropriation on my behalf that, while well-intentioned, feel like the (similarly well-intentioned) patronising over-respect I sometimes received in the 90s/early-2000s from people whod bow, carefully compliment my English and offer to make me a bowl of rice (because surely thats what all Chinese-looking people want!), without knowing anything about me, out of some misguided sense that that was the culturally respectful thing to vancouver citations do. Despite being mixed, Im generally read as Chinese or some other East Asian grouping in the West, and just as I shouldnt have been subject to appearance-based stereotyping, assumptions or name-calling, the mere fact of dee looking Chinese also shouldnt grant me ownership and does analyse mean, gatekeeping powers over the artefacts and practices of a culture that, to define be honest, I dont even try very hard to inhabit. But even if I grew up all my life in China, or amongst the Chinese community, celebrating every festival and going to Women Equal Essay Chinese cram school, the very fact of define this should only, ideally, give me knowledge that I can enjoy and share, rather than withhold.

I have seen opponents of skills are important cultural appropriation furious at non-Asians for define dee blogging about their experiences cooking Asian dishes, for instance, and then in dr dugong the next breath complain about Westerners ignorance about Chinese food and clumsiness in using chopsticks (for the record, Ive used them wrong all my life). How can one not be ignorant if one isnt allowed to appreciate, experiment and learn without fear of attack? Some would argue that part of the problem with cultural appropriation is that those in the dominant culture get to be cool or edgy when they appropriate things from other cultures that are otherwise mocked or vilified. I can empathise with this, but I think it misses the point. Mockery and demonisation of things from define, other cultures is racism and dr dugong, bullying, obviously. A kid being laughed at for their smelly packed lunch or their weird clothes speaks of ignorance, a lack of diversity, and of a culture where the norms of acceptability are too rigid and focused on define dee specific cultural values. I can totally understand the desire to want to reclaim what was mocked and ban anyone else from enjoying it just because it became cool when white people did it but that wont help. It wont undo the bullying that happened, and it wont stop it from happening again. Only greater mixing of war video cultures, experimentation and dee, fusion can, as it normalises whats seen as other and makes it seem less weird or threatening or icky. Of course theres a problem with the fact that the media so often serves up the products of other cultures through white vessels in the belief that it makes them more palatable or desirable, but we should challenge that through calling for more diverse representation, rather than calling out Justin Bieber from citations, having dreadlocks or Miley Cyrus for twerking.

Additionally, I think that part of the reason for these people seeming cool or edgy has more, in fact, to define do with the novelty of dr dugong hybridity, rather than just them being white. In a culture where the expectation is dee that white people do white people things and black people do black people things, anyone who goes against god of game the grain is going to stand out. In a more mixed society where culture is constantly being borrowed and melded and merged, it likely wouldnt seem so exotic or amazing. As an aside, I seriously considered getting dreadlocks in my late teens precisely because I was sick of people typecasting me as that Chinese person, and to do something to show that I dont fit the stereotype. Id suggest that a black celebrity in traditional Japanese clothing, for example, could attract just as much interest and influence fashion trendsespecially if the define, mainstream media gave them enough attention. Another big problem with the arguments against vancouver citations cultural appropriation is define that it suggests that there is some kind of inborn cultural essence, possessed by everyone from any given race; a concept that is not only critically flawed, but also all but erases the god of war video, existence of hybridity. If we say that only define, black people can have dreadlocks, how light would one need to be before they run the risk of being accused of cultural appropriation?

If I had a child who looks more European than Asian, can they safely wear traditional Chinese clothes? Can their children? Should we not be rather alarmed at why communication are important the idea that people are now judging and define dee, deeming others not black or Asian or whatever enough to god of game access certain cultural practices, much as the South African government did under apartheid? I know next to nothing about Thailand, my grandmothers birthplace, and it slightly amuses but also depresses me that there are people whod vehemently defend my right to police how others want to experience Thai culture, should I so wish. Define Dee. Saying that only Equal, certain people, largely based on dee appearance and/or parentage, can do or wear or eat certain things, or become experts in them, not only implies ingrained differences between peoples where there essentially are none, but also leaves no room for those who are caught in between, those who are a mixture, or adopted, who maybe pass for only half or a quarter of their cultural identities but none of the others, and god of war video game, who are uncategorisable. What is more, these cultural and dee, racial boundaries are constantly shifting and evolving, usually much to the enrichment of human culture and Essay Mitchells’ Atlas, civilisation, and mainly thanks to cultural mixing and hybridisation. Dreadlocks have emerged and belonged to a number of different cultural traditions, in Africa, India, the define, Americas, Australia, Asia and citations, Europe, with people of all hues. Much traditional clothing from China and Japan has influences back and forth historically along the define, Silk Route, from critically mean, Europe and the Middle East and India, and as a result of trade in dee the 19th and 20th centuries. What we think of as traditional Chinese clothes now was not always the case, and certainly wont always be.

In Japan currently there is a great push towards selling clothes made using traditional Japanese techniques, but with new and modernised (and hybridised) designs to skills are important appeal to modern Japanese and global consumers, in order to prevent these skills from dying out. Protests against cultural appropriation, such as the one at the Boston Museum of dee Fine Arts kimono event last year, do not consider that by complaining that trying on kimonos should be off-limits to non-Japanese visitors, they are depriving skilled craftsmen and women in Japan of a potential market to keep their techniques alive (the protestors were largely not Japanese themselves, incidentally). Go back far enough in Essay Cloud history, and it rarely needs to be that far, and define dee, all culture is citations hybrid culture no matter what some nationalists may claim. We are doing a disservice to how humans communicate and how societies and cultures evolve by wishing to preserve these things in aspic or categorise them into boxes: X peoples do this; Y peoples do that. Susan Scafidi, law professor at define dee Fordham University whose definition of cultural appropriation is probably the most-widely quoted calls it, Taking intellectual property, traditional knowledge, cultural expressions, or artefacts from someone elses culture without permission. But whose culture is it anyway, and dr dugong, how can we possibly decide definitively who owns this cultural intellectual property that is by definition shared amongst many? If we are forced to ask permission or talk about define dee ownership, we are also forced to draw boundaries of Equal Ammendment Essay blackness or Indian-ness or Chinese-ness that will always cause harm to, and negate the existence of those caught in the middle of those definitions. As Kwame Anthony Appiah discusses in define dee his excellent Reith Lectures series on Mistaken Identities, cultural values arent a birthright, you need to keep caring about them, and Essay Mitchells’ Atlas, I think this is also true of cultural practices and artefacts. The idea of inherent and inalienable ownership of dee clothing styles, foods or activities makes no sense when we consider that, not only are cultural identities constantly shifting and evolving, but also no individual can be the and the Rights in 1920, ultimate authority on all things relating to a shared culture. If someone were to enrol for a flamenco class or French pastry course as a beginner, wed think them a fool if they talked as if they were any kind of authority on dee it, even if they were Spanish or French, just as a black belt in judo or a master classical cellist would be afforded the respect due to them in their knowledge of their field, irrespective of where they are from, or even where they might look like theyre from. I find it hilarious that people might listen to Essay on David Mitchells’ Cloud me over define my dad when it comes to authoritative information about Chinese culture, even though he speaks, reads and Essay on David Cloud, writes fluent Chinese and has spent over thirty years in China, while I stumble over dee my toddler vocabulary, regularly forget when the major festivals are, and only lived there full-time for about 34 years of vancouver my childhood, and not-quite a year of define adulthood (I couldnt stick it out; I needed bread and pasta too badly). The idea that my face should somehow automatically confer on me an aura of authenticity, knowledge and ownership over All Things Chinese (or even East Asian), while my dads should do the opposite, baffles and rather annoys me.

Going back to the issue of passing, I have met people with more Chinese heritage (and lived experience or knowledge) in and the Rights in 1920 them than I have, who *dont* pass as Chinese, and would not receive the same amount of define automatic respect when talking about Essay on David Mitchells’ Chinese matters; they sometimes even receive accusations of cultural appropriation due to not looking the define, part. I find it interesting, incidentally, that so many of these discussions seem to have come from, or are based on, an assumption of race and cultural dynamics as they currently are in America. Perhaps one of the most unhelpful cultural assumptions a lot of these discussions make is that everything works the way it does in dr dugong America, and everywhere is the dee, same. I have purposefully steered clear of the topic of cultural appropriation and American Indian cultural traditions, for instance, because I know that I am limited in my knowledge of that particular dynamic, and what does critically analyse, I know that there are many more complex issues there relating to the use of sacred iconography and define, so on. Of course there is racism in are important the UK, and in the rest of Europe, and in China, to define dee name three examples I feel I can speak on god of with more authority, but the dynamics are often very different. People arent discriminated against along the same lines, and the cultural stereotypes that have caused problems and divisions are different.

Even when it comes down to individual words in a shared language things are different on either side of the Atlantic. Define. Oriental, for does critically analyse mean instance, doesnt have the same shocking racist connotations here as it does in the States as I discovered after referring to my Oriental half to define dee a group of shocked US college students. What this means in why communication are important the discussions on dee cultural appropriation is that nuance in accounting for different circumstances and contexts is often lost, at the expense of attempting to define a set of hard and why communication skills, fast rules that we can call people out for breaking. It also means that the subtleties of define different hybrid cultures become lost are London school kids, for example, really appropriating black or Asian culture when they grew up in massively culturally diverse schools speaking the citations, same slang, that can be from a mixture of British, Asian and African (as well as media) cultural influences? As with so many things, respect and a willingness to learn and forgive is define dee key. There are of dr dugong course instances where the dee, use of cultural artefacts/practices crosses the line from respectful and/or appreciative to dr dugong mocking or even just irritatingly ignorant.

I remember getting very cross in my London primary school by the line in a song we learnt to sing about define Chinese dragons that went, wandering and weaving down the street, Chinatown dragon has a lot of feet! (TWO PAIRS of feet! Id correct furiously under my breath, not taking into account the fact that for anyone watching dancers in critically analyse a dragon costume, they did have a lot of define feet sticking out of the bottom they just werent *technically* meant to belong to the dragon). Weve got to learn to distinguish the racist and mocking, which we do call out, from the simply ignorant, which we can help by sensitively adding more info. Crucially, we also need to distinguish both of those from the hybrid and Women Ammendment in 1920 Essay, new. It should be ok to have ketchup with your fried Chinese dumplings, or put Western ingredients in sushi or mix clothes from different traditions on your person or use Chinese watercolour techniques in non-traditional ways, or practise yoga purely for fitness and relaxation and talk about all of that openly whatever your background. Creativity and experimentation and appreciation of define different things is where new cultures and traditions come from, and dr dugong, also represents and define, creates space for dr dugong hybrid populations to exist and thrive; itd be tragic to lose that. Recommended Further Reading/Listening. Here are some pieces I read/listened to while researching for this blog post, which I thought were thought-provoking and interesting (even if I dont always agree with all of define dee them entirely although I concede that they are all largely critical of campaigns against on David cultural appropriation. Define. They are also almost all written by other cross-cultural PoC):

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