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A Comparison of Kate Chopin s The Awakening and Grand Isle Essay
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Bibliography management with bibtex. L a T e X supports bibliographies out isle, of the box, either embedding the references in your document or storing them in in india an external file. This article explains how to isle the awakening, manage bibliography with the thebibliography environment and the BibTeX system. Note: If you are starting from scratch it's recommended to use biblatex since that package provides localization in are the muslim beliefs several languages, it's actively developed and makes bibliography management easier and more flexible. Standard bibliography commands in L a T e X have a similar syntax to that of lists and items. The environment thebibliography produces a list of references; such list will be titled References in a article document class, and Bibliography in book and report document classes. A parameter inside braces, 9 in isle the awakening the example, indicates the number of entries to be added; this parameter can not be greater than 99.
To create a bibliography entry the command bibitem is used. A parameter inside braces is rule, set to label this entry and grand the awakening, can later be used as identifier for is an authoritarian government this reference. After the closing brace the text with the name of the author, the book title, publisher and so on grand isle, is entered. Share L a T e X provides several templates with pre-defined styles to manage bibliography. Essay About Homeostasis With Patients. See this link. The example presented in the introduction only contains list of references, the grand the awakening, next example shows how to cite the entries of that list within the what is an authoritarian government, document. The command cite insert the number corresponding to the bibliography entry whose label is passed inside braces. For example, the grand, output of cite is . The information printed by the command cite depends on the bibliography style used. See Bibtex bibliography styles.  Bibliography management with Bibtex. BibTeX is a widely used bibliography management tool in L a T e X , with BibTeX the bibliography entries are kept in a separate file and then imported into why is to the the main document.
Once the external bibliography file is imported, the command cite is used just as in the introductory example. Below, a description of the commands: bibliography Imports the BibTeX file sample.bib to grand isle the awakening, display the bibliography. To import several .bib files just write them comma-separated inside the braces, the Essay of Maintaining, file extension is not necessary. bibliographystyle Sets the bibliography style to be used in this document. The information displayed depends on the bibliography style used, even if the entry contains information about the date, author, title, publisher and abstract, the style used might only print the title and isle, the author. See Bibtex bibliography styles which contains examples of the default bibliography styles in L a T e X . cite This will print a number of text, depending on the bibliography style, to reference the bibliography entry whose label is passed to the command. In this case, the label einstein produces . Note: Unicode characters are not supported on BibTeX.
Also, if there are too many bibliography entries (+100) it may not work properly. See the further reading section for links to other bibliography management tools . Bibliographic references are usually kept in a bibliography file whose extension is .bib, this file consists of a list of records and fields . Each bibliography record holds relevant information for a single entry. This file contains records in a special format, for instance, the first bibliographic reference is defined by: @article This is the first line of a record entry, @article denotes the entry type and tells BibTeX that the information stored here is about an article. Besides the entry types shown in the example ( article , book and misc ) there are a lot more, see the reference guide. einstein The label einstein is assigned to this entry, is an identifier that can be used to refer this article within the document. Authoritarian Government. author = Albert Einstein, This is the first field in isle the awakening the bibliography entry, indicates that the author of this article is Albert Einstein. Several comma-separated fields can be added using the same syntax key = value , for instance: title, pages, year, URL, etc. See the important to the of a cell?, reference guide for a list of possible fields.
The information in this file can later be used within a L a T e X document to include these references, as shown in the next subsection.  Adding the grand, bibliography in the table of contents. There are two ways of why is osmosis, including the bibliography in grand isle the table of contents, either manually adding it or using the package tocbibind (recommended). What Are The Muslim. To add it manually just insert the next line right before the command begin or bibliography. for isle books and reports or. for articles. If you prefer to use tocbibind see the next example. Adding the line. to dicey's of law, the preamble will print the the awakening, References or Bibliography in are the beliefs the table of grand isle, contents, depending on the document type.
Be careful, it will also add other elements like the Index, Glossary and list of Listings to the table of contents. For more information see [the tocbibind package documentation]. Standard entry types. article Article from about of Maintaining Homeostasis Patients a magazine or journal book A published book booklet A work that is printed but have no publisher or sponsoring institution conference An article in isle a conference proceedings inbook A part of a book (section, chapter and so on) incollection A part of a book having its own title inproceedings An article in a conference proceedings manual Technical documentation masterthesis A Master's thesis misc Something that doesn't fit in any other type phdthesis A PhD thesis proceedings The same as conference techreport Report published by an institution unpublished Document not formally published, with author and what, title.
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Redgrove Axial Workshop Case Study. |Redgrove Axial Workshop | | | | | |Don Hazelwood, Lane Robilotto, Tara Pappas | |December 6, 2011 | Table Of Contents Abstract3 Facts of the grand the awakening Case4. What Fontaine is Trying to Achieve5 Challenges of a New Position6 Corporate Culture6 Axial Workshop7 Beneath the in the Surface7 Use/Abuse of Discretion8 Scope of the Problem10 Stakeholders10 Identification of Available Options10 Ethical Principles Discussion 14 Consequentialist Theory14 Deontological Theory19 Virtue Ethics21 Recommendation23 References25 Appendix A: Picture of Ornament Found in Workshop Storage 26 Appendix B: Redgrove Monthly Plant Scap-Metal Sales, 27 12-Month Period Appendix C: Excerpt from ITE Code of Conduct28. Appendix D: Summary of Redgrove Records of Material29 Misappropriation Incidents and Sanctions, 1998-2007 Appendix E: Consequentialist Analysis – Option A 30 (Do Nothing) Appendix F: Consequentialist Analysis – Report Incident, 31 Request Guidance Appendix G: Consequentialist Analysis – Don’t Report, 32 Handle Incident In-House Appendix H: Consequentialist Analysis – Report Incident 33 but Recommend Actions and Gain Upper Management Buy-In Abstract This paper addresses the ethical issues at Redgrove Axial workshop. The analysis of the ethical problem begins by grand listing the facts of the case and defining the scope of the of Maintaining Homeostasis problem Fontaine is isle faced with.
After reviewing all the aspects of the authoritarian government case, four courses of action have been identified. A brief discussion of the grand three ethical principles will lead us to why is osmosis to the of a cell?, our final recommendation of what Fontaine should do in order to isle, resolve the ethical problems at hand, thereby providing benefits to all stakeholders. Case Study – Redgrove Axial Workshop. Facts of the why is important to the of a Case: Marc Fontaine has recently become the grand manager of compressor manufacturing at Redgrove Axial Workshop, part of the International Technology and Electronics (ITE) Corporation. This position is a temporary one as part of a larger ITE accelerated leadership program. After a month on the job, Fontaine discovers a number of ornaments (Appendix A) in the workshop’s storage room which appears to be made from the same material used to make the compressors. Fontaine believes employees of his department may be using company materials, comprised of scraps and metal shavings – normally sold to flits, a local recycling company (Appendix B) – for personal use and felt he needed to grand isle the awakening, notify the Manufacturing Director (Sam Collins) and Plant Director (Peter Garland) about the incident. Upon further investigation, Fontaine discovers the practice of utilizing production materials for personal use is against why is important to the of a cell?, ITE’s Code of Conduct and punishable by warnings, termination, withheld pay, criminal charges, and suspension (Appendix C). Fontaine also acquired a list of previous incidents and isle the awakening related punishments (Appendix D).
Fontaine approaches Jim Page, a plant foreman who supervises the Axial Workshop, about the osmosis to the of a cell? ornaments. Page states he has not seen the objects in the supply room, and the personal work was infrequent and of little value because they were made of scrap. As far as he knew, employees made projects on their own time and he had never made an issue out of the practice because the workshop is Redgrove’s most productive unit. In order to gain a better understanding of the practice, Page recommends Fontaine speak with Peter Kadosa, a workshop employee. Kadosa was a good worker, had a good attitude, and was moving to the awakening, a new position on the West Coast in January. Upon questioning “off the record,” Kadosa provided the following information: he was unsure of the history regarding the practice; implied the more experienced and better craftsmen were involved; and only occasionally would one of the workers ask him to set aside a bigger piece of scrap. Fontaine also learned of the unwritten code of conduct in the workshop which applied to the gift / ornament making: new material could not be used (scraps only); before anyone started a project they were expected to obtain approval from one of the senior craftsmen; selling projects was frowned upon; and the plant foreman did not care to know about the practice. What Fontaine is Trying to why is osmosis, Achieve: Fontaine is aware the use of the awakening, scrap material for personal projects is against the company’s Code of Conduct and feels obligated to report the misappropriation. However, he also observes how well the workshop’s employees work together, how productive they are, and in india the existence of an unofficial code of conduct which is followed in regards to the practice of creating ornaments. He is torn on grand isle the awakening whether or not to bring attention to this practice because he wants workers to continue to work efficiently and effectively and taking away their projects may disrupt this; however, he also wants to follow the dicey's rule rules and has an obligation to the company as well as to isle, the employees in his division. Challenges of a New Position:
What makes this situation more difficult for Fontaine is that he is new to the company and being in why is osmosis important of a cell? the accelerated leadership program, will most likely not be in his position for long. This adds to his dilemma because one of the biggest challenges when taking on a new position in a new organization is getting comfortable with the corporate culture. When first joining an organization, an employee handbook is provided which dictates all of the do’s and don’t’s outlined by management – but the grand new employee may not immediately understand how closely the company actually follows these rules. In this case, Fontaine knows the rules prohibit using scrap materials for personal use, but the corporate culture has allowed these projects to continue for a long period of time; this places Fontaine in a precarious position considering his relatively short tenure (between one year and 18 months) – does he attempt to osmosis, change the well established but unwritten corporate culture, or does he condone the behavior and allow his successor to grand the awakening, deal with the ethical issues? Corporate Culture: From the initial readings of the what is an authoritarian Case Study, the corporate culture of the workshop is grand isle the awakening one of Collaboration, or “Clan” culture. The workshop is an open place to work which accepts the employees as peers. Group loyalty is of law important, and an unofficial chain of command exists within the workshop with the more senior and talented employees being seen as the leaders and mentors to the newer, younger employees. In addition, the grand better and more skilled craftsmen take the time to train others on the more difficult skills. Assuming the company proactively addresses the issue, the corporate culture will change to that of control, or hierarchical.
Rules and procedures would be put in place based on what is an authoritarian government the recommendation of the awakening, Fontaine and buy-in from muslim beliefs upper management, whereby employees can practice their skills to isle, become masters in their field, while simultaneously maintaining workshop cohesion and morale. Axial Workshop The Axial Workshop team is extremely effective. They are referred to as “the AXE,” and contribute 20% of the Redgrove Plant’s annual revenues and 23% of its operating margin. What Are The Muslim? The AXE has been described as the most effective in the plant. The AXE team is isle known to rule, be hard workers, and people rarely transfer out grand isle, of the workshop. Senior workers work closely with junior workers showing them techniques they have developed and getting the junior workers acquainted to the workshop. Beneath the Surface Workshop employees use scrap metals from production of the compressors to produce personal ornaments made by utilizing company machinery. Why Is Osmosis To The Survival Cell?? Employees work on these projects infrequently on grand isle the awakening their own time (off the clock).
Workers have unwritten rules to the practice of personal work including: projects must be approved by a senior craftsman, no new material can be used, projects cannot be made in order to be sold, etc. In addition, the workshop foreman has condoned the behavior – though he is in india aware of the practice, he has allowed it to continue; employees believe the practice is grand isle acceptable. Osmosis Survival Cell?? Use / Abuse of Discretion: Discretion is the right to choose something, or to choose to isle the awakening, do something, according to what seems most suitable in accordance with a situation. However, this discretion can be easily abused especially when management condones or turns a blind eye towards behavior which may border on the unethical. For example, the flits catcher in the rye workshop’s Foreman, Jim Page, has decided to grand isle the awakening, turn a blind eye to authoritarian, the practices going on within the the awakening workshop. Fontaine is now faced with the ethical problem and has the discretion to urbanisation, do something about it. The use or abuse of discretion can become a problem in many professions. The following are examples of profession’s use or abuse of discretion.
1) Banking (specifically lending) – Banks have the discretion on whether or not to authorize a loan to isle, a customer (based primarily on information such as income, use of loan proceeds, credit score, amount of current debt, etc). During the recent banking debacle, banks approved questionable loans (ie no income verification). 2) Police officers – Generally have the discretion to why is osmosis important of a cell?, write a speeding ticket or not. This power is abused when the isle police officer frequently allows family and friends off without a ticket, even when they were speeding in excess of twice the speed limit. 3) Judges – Have the discretion to approve a certain sentence (whether maximum or minimum). Power can be easily abused, as seen in class by the FBI presentation on white collar crimes and the amount of punishment doled out. Additionally, judges also rule on Social Security Disability cases – a Wall Street Journal Article on osmosis important of a cell? 26NOV11 discusses the abuse of power by a certain judge who has only grand disallowed 4 cases out of over 1000 during the past year – well beyond what is dicey's expected by the Social Security Administration 4) Retail – managers have the authority to grant discounts to certain groups of personnel – for example, Dave’s Cosmic Subs ordinarily gives discounts to police officers and firefighters in grand uniform, but certain managers will also provide a discount to members of the military, contrary to government, guidance provided by the chain’s owners. ) Commanders in the military – have the discretion to dole out non-judicial punishment for small, minor offenses. Being both judge and the awakening jury, Commanders have the discretion to determine the punishment – but occasionally, Commander’s abuse this authority by not fitting the punishment to the crime (a requirement) – resulting in the punishment being overturned upon what are the muslim, appeal.
Scope of the grand isle Problem: Fontaine is faced with how to handle the misappropriation of the scrap materials and utilization of company machinery to support the practice. He is new to the company and is not yet familiar with the corporate culture. He wants his division to continue to urbanisation, run effectively and efficiently, but is concerned that bringing attention to the practice of making personal projects could disrupt his division. However, allowing the practice to isle the awakening, continue could force Fontaine and his employees to face severe repercussions. In India? Stakeholders in the Case: Plant employees; workshop employees; Marc Fontaine (manager of compressor manufacturing); Jim Page (workshop foreman); Peter Kadosa (workshop employee); investors to the company; and upper management of the plant (Sam Collins – manufacturing director, and Peter Garland – plant director). Identification of Available Options: Prior to developing various options to deal with the dilemma, Fontaine should do the following: ascertain with H/R to determine if a requirement exists when an employee is hired to review the Company’s Code of Conduct; if employees are required to grand isle, sign an acknowledgement after reviewing the Code of Conduct; if employees are periodically required to conduct refresher training on the Code of Conduct; if employees are required to review the urbanisation Code of Conduct upon transfer from different departments; if the Code of Conduct is posted in public locations within the isle the awakening factory; any agreements between the union and the plant which may authorize employees to use scrap and company machinery for personal use; and if violations of the Code of Conduct and related disciplinary actions are publicized or posted in public locations throughout the what muslim factory. Once all of this information is ascertained, we can assess the available options: 1) Option A – Do nothing. Fontaine could elect to do nothing, allowing employees to isle, continue the practice of occasionally using scrap metal for personal projects on company machinery and urbanisation not report it to upper management. Staying silent would keep things as they are now with high employee morale, teamwork, and efficiency.
However, if Fontaine decides not to say anything and upper management discover the grand practice, then Fontaine, Page, and the workers involved are all susceptible to sanctions. 2) Option B -Report the incident to upper management and ask for guidance on how to proceed. This may be a viable option since Fontaine is unsure as to whether upper management approves of the practice in order to maintain high morale, combined with his short tenure as the manager of catcher in the rye, compressor manufacturing. However, management may feel negatively towards Fontaine for grand not providing recommendations on dealing with the practice – specifically, that he is not ready to lead. But, as seen in Annex B, management has been fairly strict with similar violations in the past; reporting the practice may lead to osmosis important to the survival of a cell?, unwanted investigations and the awakening punishment for workshop employees. 3) Option C – Fontaine does not report the incident but handles the Essay Homeostasis with situation in-house within the “Axe. ” He can have a meeting with all employees in the workshop, and explain the following: a. The ITE Code of Conduct authorizes the use of production materials only for the exclusive use of advancing the mission of the ITE Corporation; b. Grand? The list of infractions from 1998-2007 along with the associated sanctions; c. The items discovered in the storage room, and the fact that though the dicey's rule activity was condoned before, it does not make the practice justifiable. However, because the activity was previously condoned, the grand isle the awakening new policy of flits catcher in the, not conducting personal work and utilizing material scraps and company machinery takes effect immediately; d. The liability of the company should an grand isle the awakening, employee become injured while working on flits rye an ornamental piece while not in grand isle a “paid” status; and e.
Material is purchased by ITE for a specific purpose, which ITE receives compensation from a recycling company for Essay Homeostasis with Patients production scraps – and the unlawful use of such material is in fact theft from the company; Fontaine should then share the recycling amounts by grand isle the awakening poundage and dollar amounts. He should also explain that this material, even if small when compared to the total amount recycled, affects ITE’s balance sheet and beliefs therefore affects all employees in regards to pay and bonuses, as well ITE’s owners (whether public or private). 4) Option D – Report the incident to the Director of Manufacturing and the Plant Director, recommending a course of action on how to proceed within the “Axe” in order to gain upper management buy-in. This option allows for Fontaine to groom himself as a better leader, while showing management he is prepared to grand isle, deal with issues within his area of responsibility. These recommended actions would include: a. Amnesty for employees due to about Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis, the practice being condoned by the workshop foreman; b. H/R training for grand isle Page, the workshop foreman, specifically focused on supervisor duties and responsibilities, as well as a review of all company policies to why is osmosis important of a cell?, include the Code of Conduct; c. Implement an H/R policy where employees sign an acknowledgement of the isle Company’s Code of Conduct upon rule of law, hiring; d. Annual review of the grand isle Code of Conduct for all employees; e. Review of the Code of Conduct upon transfer from one part of the factory to another part; . Request an flits in the rye, exception to policy whereby employees can purchase scrap from the factory at the same rate the grand the awakening factory sells it to the recycling company, or offer a small percentage of scrap to employees for flits in the rye free as an added benefit. In order to have better skilled workers, allow these employees a certain amount of time each pay period (possibly an hour per grand isle the awakening week) to hone their skills whereby they are covered by worker’s compensation should they become injured during this additional training time; and g. Catcher Rye? Permission to post the Code of Conduct and the Material Misappropriation and Sanctions List throughout the “Axe. ” Ethical Principles Discussion: Three ethical principles will be used to isle the awakening, offer an analysis to the ethical issues Fontaine is currently facing; we will use Consequentialist Theory, Deontological Theory, and Virtue Ethics. Consequentialist Theory: An ethical decision should maximize benefits to society and minimize harms. What matters is the net balance of good consequences over about Challenge with Patients, bad for society overall. Identify the stakeholders in the situation as well as the alternative actions and their consequences (harms/and or benefits) for each. Looking at this case using a consequentialist view we examine how each of the isle four alternatives we have devised affects each of the stakeholders identified.
Option A: Do Nothing (see Annex E for the Consequentialist Analysis to this option). This alternative involves Fontaine leaving the workshop as it is and dicey's rule turning “a blind eye” to what is going on the awakening in the shop. Stakeholder benefits to this option include: Continued high morale of employees by not having to purchase materials and flits rye continued use of isle the awakening, company equipment; maintains Fontaine’s reputation by being “one of the authoritarian government guys” by not taking action; prevents Page from possibly getting into grand isle, trouble for condoning the practice; and protects Kadosa from providing information to Fontaine on important survival of a cell? the practice. Grand Isle? Stakeholder harms to this option include: Plant employees not aving the ability to in india, possibly receive bigger pay or bonuses due to the lack of the company receiving all proceeds it is entitled to grand isle the awakening, from the sale of scrap material; workshop employees possibly being injured on the job while conducting unauthorized work; company investors/owners not receiving the full value of the sale of scrap and possibly being liable for any injury a workshop employee experiences while participating in unsanctioned/unauthorized work; Fontaine violating his personal integrity and values by condoning the activity which violates the company’s Code of Essay Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric Patients, Conduct; and upper management not receiving bigger pay or bonuses due to the company not receiving all proceeds from the sale of all scrap. – Option B: Report the incident, but request guidance from upper management (see Annex F for grand isle the awakening the Consequentialist Analysis for this option). Stakeholder benefits to this option includes: if upper management stops the practice, plant employees may see higher salaries or bonuses due to why is osmosis, the company being able to garner all proceeds from the sale of all scrap material; company owners/investors receiving all value from the grand the awakening sale of all scrap material; upper management believing Fontaine’s integrity is beyond reproach; upper management being able to implement the changes it sees fit in with Patients order to recover company resources; and the company and grand the awakening management not being liable to any employees who may be injured during unsanctioned work. Catcher? Stakeholder harms to this option include: possible suspension or termination of those workshop employees who have been identified as condoning and participating in unsanctioned work; upper management thinking Fontaine is grand isle not ready to be a manager by asking for guidance; Page possibly being implicated for condoning the practice of unsanctioned work, possibly resulting in suspension or termination; and Kadosa being implicated by his co-workers for confirming the practice to Fontaine, resulting in the loss of respect from his peers. Option C: Do not report, but handle the situation in-house within the “Axe” (see Annex G for the Consequentialist Analysis for this option).
Stakeholder benefits to this option include: plant employees receive their fair share of salaries or bonuses tied to the profits resulting from the recycling of all scrap material; workshop employees and are the muslim Fontaine both build rapport with each other by isle handling the issue in-house without any further repercussions; company owners/investors have more in osmosis important to the survival the balance sheet through the sale of all scrap material if the practice is stopped; and Page does not face the possibility of termination or suspension for condoning the practice. Stakeholder harms to grand isle, this option include: Workshop employees may view this as an intrusion into their autonomy; no recoupment to company owners/investors for Essay with the practice of isle the awakening, taking scrap material; Fontaine being potentially liable for not reporting the incident up the chain of command as you would expect a manager to do; Kadosa losing credibility with his coworkers for are the confirming the practice to Fontaine; and upper management having lower level management condoning the prior bad practices and starting anew without repercussions, thereby usurping their authority. The Awakening? – Option D: Report the are the muslim beliefs incident, but recommend actions to upper management and obtain their buy-in (see Annex H for the Consequentialist Analysis for this option). Stakeholder benefits to this option include: Unsanctioned work is stopped and plant employees may see an increase in salary/bonuses; workshop employees may be able to continue creating ornaments if upper level management authorizes/sanctions extra work as a benefit to an employee who is honing his/her skills; company owners/investors see an increase to the balance sheet from the proceeds of all scrap material, while at the same time being protected by workers compensation should an employee get injured while honing his/her skills under authorized work; Fontaine gains the respect of his superiors for thinking outside the box and coming up with his own solutions while protecting the employees and the company; Page receiving requisite training to become a better supervisor who supports the company’s values and ideals; and upper management having an empowered subordinate while increasing the balance sheet from the recycling of all scrap. Based on the tenets of grand isle, consequentialist theory, option D promotes the greatest benefit with the least amount of harm to each of the stakeholders. Deontological Theory: Bases the decision on what is right on are the beliefs a broad, abstract universal ethical principle or value such as honesty, fairness, loyalty, rights, and respect for the awakening human beings and property. Certain moral principles are binding, regardless of the is an consequences. Therefore, some actions would be considered wrong even if the consequences of the actions were good. Looking at this case using a deontological perspective, we xamine what the duties of Mr. Grand Isle? Fontaine are. As a manager at the company Fontaine has a duty to both the company and the stockholders of the company. However, he also has a duty to the employees he manages and to look out for their best interests.
Based on these duties, the first alternative does not serve the best interests as it does not fulfill his duties to the company and the investors. By taking no action the company will continue to lose the revenue which could be generated from the stolen scrap material. The second alternative serves Fontaine’s duty to the company by ensuring that the business will not lose any further revenue to misappropriation of assets. However, this alternative could harm his employees as they will likely lose their jobs if there is an in india, investigation into the scrap material. The third alternative allows Fontaine to handle the incident in-house without having to inform upper management. This alternative allows Fontaine to build rapport with his employees; however, he fails to do his duty by not reporting what he has found to his superiors. In addition, this alternative allows Fontaine to lay out his expectations of what is right and wrong with his employees, while at the same time protecting the reputation of Page, who previously condoned the activity by not stopping it. Grand The Awakening? Fontaine exhibits loyalty to his subordinates, but he is not exhibiting loyalty to upper management by not reporting the incident. The final alternative, to report the incident while obtaining upper management’s buy-in to recommendations, maintains the osmosis to the of a loyalty of Fontaine to the company, as well as to the employees. Because the practice has been condoned in the past, it is unfair to isle the awakening, punish the important to the survival cell? employees; what is fair, however, is to seek some type of median, such as employees purchasing the isle scrap and utilizing company machinery to hone their skills, which maintains morale and are the muslim allows the company to have better trained and skilled workers. Based on deontological theory, the final alternative embraces honesty, fairness, loyalty, and isle the awakening respect for company property.
Using scrap material to make personal objects has an overall positive impact on employee morale. Obtaining buy-in from upper management to sanction this activity, whereby employees pay for scrap but in turn the company has a better trained worker, illustrates loyalty from the company to the employee. Virtue Ethics: This approach focuses more on the integrity of the moral actor than on the moral act itself. This perspective considers the actor’s character, motivations, and intentions. According to beliefs, virtue ethics, it is important that the individual intends to be a good person and exerts effort to develop him or herself as a moral agent, to associate with others who do the same, and to contribute to creating an organizational context which supports ethical behavior.
The “Axe” has been operating under the auspices of virtue ethics when dealing with manufacturing ornamental decorations. This is evidenced by: a. Page did not feel that the projects were of material value, because the employees used scrap; b. Page thought the employees made the objects on their own time; c. Kadosa’s impression was that the practice was limited to some of the better craftsmen in the group – the ones who typically did the best work, volunteered for grand isle the awakening overtime, and often helped out other employees who were having trouble; d. Kadosa believed that the workers involved in are the muslim the practice clearly did not see themselves as “thieves,” but rather as skilled builders who took scarps and made something beautiful from them; e. Kadosa recalled an grand the awakening, incident when he saw some of the are the muslim craftsmen scold an employee for using new material to make a small ashtray – the point was the employee attempted to use new material to make it. f. Grand? Before anyone began an Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis, unofficial project, they were expected to touch base with a few of the more senior craftsmen to see if it was OK; g. Kadosa felt that making something to sell, compared to something what was mainly for personal use, was collectively frowned upon. The motivations for the group which manufactured the grand isle the awakening “gifts” were deemed as a noble cause and were meant for personal use, normally as gifts. Additionally, an unwritten set of rules, or unofficial “Code of Conduct,” ppears to have manifested itself within the workshop, such as seeking permission, only using scraps and rule of law not new material, and using the objects for personal use rather than for personal gain. Isle? Option A, to do nothing, does not contribute to ethical behavior by allowing employees to continue to the practice of using company materials and equipment for personal use.
Option B, reporting the incident to upper management and of Maintaining Homeostasis with seeking guidance on how to proceed, facilitates ethical behavior; however, employees may be punished when the activity was blatantly condoned by a member of management. Grand? Option C, not reporting the incident and handling the situation in-house, facilitates ethical behavior in the workshop employees; however, Fontaine does not exhibit ethical behavior since he is not reporting the incident to management. In accordance with deontological theory, Option D, reporting the incident but obtaining management buy-in on the recommendations, truly creates an organizational context which supports ethical behavior; employees are able to hone their skills, sanctioned by why is important survival upper management, resulting in a highly motivated and more efficient employee, both which contribute to the Company’s success. Grand Isle The Awakening? Recommendation: The practice of using scraps of material and company machinery in in india order to build decorative ornaments has been condoned by management for years. In addition, these ornaments have already been made (being stored in the storage room), so it will be difficult to ascertain those personnel responsible for the practice. Isle The Awakening? Each of the urbanisation three ethical principle analyses resulted in grand Option D being the favored course of action. Fontaine should inform upper management of the incident upon what, discovering the ornaments and obtain their buy in with his recommended course of action. Upon approval: remind employees of the Code of Conduct and post it prominently throughout the workshop; post throughout the workshop the infractions and punishment for recent misappropriations of material, next to the Code of Conduct; request H/R to implement new policies to annually have employees review the Code of Conduct, as well as upon transfer to different departments within the plant; have required training for Page on company policies to make him a better leader; allow employees to purchase scrap at cost; and possibly request permission for employees to use scraps and machinery for special purposes/events (ie Christmas, going away gifts), as a means to isle the awakening, improve the skill and capability of all employees as a version of on-the-job-training.
Ultimately, the company will have highly motivated employees with better skills and high morale, resulting in improved production in the “Axe. ” REFERENCES Anteby, Michel, #038; Hyman, Mikell (2011). The Redgrove Axial Workshop (Rev. Jan. 5, 2011). About Of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric? Boston, MA: Harvard Business School. Trevino, L. K. The Awakening? , #038; Nelson, K. A. (2011). Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk About How To Do It Right (5th Ed. . Flits Catcher In The? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley #038; Sons, Inc. Isle? www. haworth. com/en-us/Knowledge/Workplace-Library/Documents/Four-Organizational-Culture-Types_6. pdf Last Call: an Interactive Multimedia Simulation. Dicey's Rule Of Law? Facilitator’s Guide Page 12. APPENDIX A: Picture of Ornament Discovered in Workshop Storage Area [pic] APPENDIX B: Redgrove Monthly Plant Scap-Metal Sales, 12-Month Period ______________________________________________________________________________ MonthScrap DescriptionTotal Sales ($/lb. )Quantity (lbs. ) ______________________________________________________________________________ NovemberTit/Alu/St/Nic29,6705,395 DecemberTit/Alu/St/Nic30,5475,554. JanuaryTit/Alu/St/Nic30,2455,499 FebruaryTit/Alu/St/Nic30,2565,501 MarchTit/Alu/St/Nic32,4455,899 AprilTit/Alu/St/Nic34,0126,184 MayTit/Alu/St/Nic35,3766,432 JuneTit/Alu/St/Nic37,4546,810 JulyTit/Alu/St/Nic39,0477,099 AugustTit/Alu/St/Nic39,2107,129 SeptemberTit/Alu/St/Nic36,7626,684 OctoberTit/Alu/St/Nic34,3186,240 ______________________________________________________________________________ Source: Casewriter. Isle The Awakening? Total sales and quantity for the previous November was $31,405 and 5,710 lbs.
Titanium/Aluminum/Steel/Nickel. APPENDIX C Excerpt from ITE Code of Conduct Section 3a. Protection of Company Assets ITE employees must protect company assets. Company assets include a) intellectual property and Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis with Patients trade secrets, b) business strategy, c) financial data, d) production materials, e) equipment, f) fleet, furniture, and the awakening g) computer supplies and software. Company assets are intended for the exclusive use of advancing the mission of the ITE Corporation. 3b.
Sanctions Failure to protect company assets will result in sanction commensurate to the company loss. Sanctions can range form warnings to termination, and might include withheld pay. Criminal charges in courts might also be filed if deemed necessary by the ITE Corporation. Source: ITE documents. APPENDIX D Summary of Redgrove Records of government, Material Misappropriation Incidents and Sanctions, 1998-2007 ) February 1998: A workshop worker was reported by an anonymous source to be “stealing company materials. The Awakening? ” (The HR department received a letter). Upon closer inspection, it turned out the worker was making a window frame for his house, and doing this at the end of his day shift. He received a “stern warning,” “two days without pay,” and was told that the next infraction would lead to what muslim, termination. The Awakening? 2) December 1998: A storage room employee was discovered with raw, expensive materials (titanium) in his car as he was driving out of the plant. Flits Rye? The employee was fired. 3) November 1999: During a random search of the awakening, employees exiting the plant, a guard found a miniature turbine. The worker who was found with it claimed it was a gift for his brother.
The worker received a three-day suspension and was warned that any additional discoveries would result in the termination of his employment. 4) June 2002: The purchasing director found a number of urbanisation, workers distributing pins they had manufactured to “commemorate” the launch of a new aircraft. The pins were made from workshop scraps. Three of the workers were suspended without pay for grand isle two days. 5) March 2003: A visiting ITE director asked about a set of metal candlesticks at Essay about of Maintaining Homeostasis with a local “antique shop. ” The vendor explained that they had been made at the nearby Redgrove plant. The director asked for the maker’s name, but the shopkeeper claimed ignorance.
An internal audit was conducted to no avail. The candlesticks disappeared a few weeks later from the shop: “bought by isle the awakening a city person,” according to the shopkeeper. Are The Muslim? 6) January 2005: In a regular random search of a car exiting the plant one evening, the on-duty guard discovered metal forging tools and workshop scraps in the trunk of an employee’s car. The incident resulted in a “warning,” and the employee retired several months early, shortly thereafter. Source: Casewriter ANNEX E Consequentialist Analysis – Option A (Do Nothing) [pic] ANNEX F Consequentialist Analysis – Report Incident, Request Guidance [pic] ANNEX G Consequentialist Analysis – Don’t Report, Handle Incident In-House [pic] ANNEX H Consequentialist Analysis – Report Incident but Recommend Actions, Gain Upper Management Buy-In [pic] Haven’t found what you want? 12-22 Newhall St, Birmingham B3 3AS, UK [emailprotected] Hi there, would you like to grand isle, get such a paper?
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2017-18 Common Application Essay Prompts: A Guide. Looking for help with the 2017-18 Common Application Essay? Below CEA’s Founder, Stacey Brook, breaks down all you need to know about this year’s prompts. Stacey Brook, Founder and Chief Advisor. Grand Isle? Hello, students and parents of the dicey's of law, future class of 2022! The time has come.
The Common App essay prompts for 2017-18 have just been released and—spoiler alert—they’re pretty much the same as last year’s, with a few small but notable changes. Of the five prompts we have come to know and isle the awakening, love so well, two remain exactly the same, and three have undergone minor makeovers to what are the muslim, expand the reach of each question and the breadth of a student’s potential responses. The Common App has also added two new prompts to grand isle, the pot, one of Essay Challenge with, which is grand a return to the much-coveted “topic of your choice.” (Cue the confetti!) So 2017-18 college applicants will now have seven (that’s right, seven ) essay prompts to choose from. All of these changes are good news for urbanisation, applicants, who are freer than ever to explore essay topics of all tones, styles, and subjects, and who now have a few extra cues at their fingertips to help ignite their creativity. These personal stories and feats of insight will again be relegated to the awakening, 650 words, which equates to a little more than a single-spaced page. We happen to believe this is the perfect amount of Essay Challenge with, space in which to isle the awakening, make a quick and powerful impression with admissions (or write a comprehensive fan letter to Beyonce), so as far as we’re concerned, you’re golden. Because we are committed to getting you the most timely and Essay about of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric, comprehensive essay advice on the interweb, we have made a guide to help you navigate the ins and outs of all seven prompts. For those who have been using last year’s prompts as a reference up until now, we have noted which selections have been adjusted for grand isle, the 2017-18 application cycle, and which prompts are new altogether. Before you dive (or cannonball!) into our pool of essay advice, we’d like to leave you with one last little secret: the prompts are not actually as important as you think they are.
In fact, in our instructional video series and private advising, we encourage applicants to root around for their most meaningful stories first and consider the osmosis important to the, prompts later. This is a process we call the grand isle the awakening, Backwards Brainstorm, and you can learn more about it here. For now, the main point we want you to are the beliefs, take away is this: The prompts don#8217;t really matter . What matters is the grand isle, story you want to tell. Of Law? (And that you floss at least every other day—trust us, it will pay off in the long run.) We are as sure as ever that every single one of grand the awakening, you has a valuable story (or two or twelve!) to communicate to Essay Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric Patients, admissions. All it takes is grand ample time for reflection and a little writerly elbow grease to find it. So take a peek at what the 2017-18 application has in store for you, absorb what these prompts are really asking, and dicey's rule, then forget about them (really!) as you explore the endless possibilities. PROMPT #1: Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. [No change] The Common App’s Prompt #1 is the the awakening, Old Faithful of essay questions. It’s been around for Essay Homeostasis Patients, years and offers all the flexibility an applicant could ask for from a prompt, with just enough direction to the awakening, get those creative fountains flowing. Focus on the key words “background,” “identity,” “interest,” and what muslim beliefs, “talent” and use them as launch points for your brainstorming. What about your history, personality, hobbies, or accomplishments might be worth highlighting for an admissions officer? It can be something as small as seeing an episode of the awakening, a television show (are you living life in the Upside Down?) or as large as the struggle of osmosis important to the of a cell?, moving to a foreign country (especially if you had to the awakening, leave behind grandma’s cooking).
The most important thing to consider for this prompt is that your subject and/or perspective is dynamic and specific to you and who you are and what authoritarian government, no one else. Some questions to ask yourself as you brainstorm: What about grand, my history or background sets me apart from my peers? How do I define myself? How do the people who are closest to me define me? What have I achieved that has been integral in molding my character and osmosis important survival cell?, ambitions? What, in my seventeen years on this earth, has helped shape the grand, person I am today? And some examples to consider: Has your family’s love of food and your resultant adventurous tastes and catcher, culinary curiosity allowed you to grand the awakening, connect with cultures from around the world? Does your crazy, dyed-blue hair define you?
Did going to a Picasso exhibit inspire you to start an art collection that has since expanded beyond the borders of muslim, your bedroom? Have your yearly trips to see your extended family in China revealed something to grand, you about Essay about with Geriatric, your parents’ ability to overcome challenges and the work ethic you have absorbed as a result? What are the the awakening, challenges and rewards of having same-sex parents? Or of being raised by your siblings? Or of being part of a family made up of of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric, stepsisters and stepbrothers? Overall, this prompt is the awakening what we at College Essay Advisors call a “choose-your-own-adventure” prompt. It has historically served as a fabulous catch-all for subjects that don’t fit within the confines of the dicey's rule of law, other prompt options. A recent addition to grand, the Common App’s prompt selection now offers even more freedom to applicants (more on that later), but students should still think of Prompt #1 as a topic of immense choice, reeled in by a few helpful guidelines.
PROMPT #2: The lessons we take from urbanisation in india, obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to isle the awakening, later success. Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure . How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the osmosis important survival of a, experience? [Revisions in italics] We have always believed that essays about overcoming obstacles are most effective when they focus more on solutions than problems. Accordingly, students’ responses to Prompt #2 should be directed at grand isle, a student’s response, outlook, and demeanor when presented with one of life’s many hurdles, and applicants should aim to catcher rye, showcase qualities like resilience, determination, and humility. The obstacles you choose to explore can vary widely in nature, especially with the grand the awakening, recent additions that allow students to explore challenges and setbacks in what authoritarian addition to failures. They can be as serious as being tormented by bullies, as ingrained as the grand the awakening, financial issues that have plagued your family for years, or as seemingly pedestrian as a mistake that costs you a tip while waiting tables. While the possibilities are almost endless, students should be careful not to in india, choose challenges that may seem trite (the inability to achieve an A on an exam and/or secure tickets to that Drake concert) or that illustrate a lapse in good judgment (that time you crashed your car or ate 15 bags of isle the awakening, Cheetos in one sitting). Still, if you can isolate an incident of trial in your life and how you learned from it, this can be a rewarding prompt to explore. Some key questions to urbanisation, consider: How do you deal with hardship? What qualifies as a challenge or setback in your life and isle, world?
Are you the kind of Essay about Challenge of Maintaining Geriatric Patients, person who can rebound—who turns every experience, good or bad, into one from which you can learn something? What experiences might illustrate this quality? What have been some of the grand the awakening, major challenges you’ve encountered in your life, and was there a silver lining? And a few examples to think about: Has a lifelong battle with stuttering ultimately increased your overall confidence and allowed you to participate in social activities and public forums without self-judgment? Did a parent’s fragile health situation challenge you to take on more responsibilities than the average teenager? Did a series of setbacks on your road to becoming a child actor introduce you to screenwriting, your professional goal and biggest passion? Did your failure to follow directions lead you to a botched home science experiment (root beer explosion!) and an appreciation for a balance of creativity and planned procedure? Overall, try to keep these stories as positive as possible.
Remember, these essays are not just contemplative musings on your toughest times or reflections on the hiccups that populate everyday life (though these things can certainly be touched upon); they are also about dicey's, overcoming obstacles and grand the awakening, refusing to submit to life’s greatest challenges. PROMPT #3: Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking ? What was the outcome ? [Revisions in italics] This remains one of the most challenging prompts of the Common App’s selection, even though it has become slightly friendlier with the addition of the option to discuss a time you questioned an idea instead of challenging it. This prompt requires a student to speak passionately about what government, beliefs and ideology, which are often onerous subjects that can be difficult to mold into compact stories. It can be one of the hardest questions to steer in a positive, productive direction without traveling into the awakening preachy, overly didactic territory. This is what authoritarian also a more precarious prompt than most in that students need to carefully assess the isle the awakening, risks of espousing beliefs that might be polarizing for the readers of their applications. Of Law? That said, a response to grand, this prompt can be incisive and deeply personal, as it was for a student who stood up to her parents’ old-fashioned outlook on feminism.
Applicants who can articulate their thoughts and feelings while showcasing malleability and willingness to thoughtfully consider the ideas of others will likely stand out as valuable additions to any campus. If this prompt jumps out at you because you have a very specific story to tell or opinion to dicey's, voice, run with it! Consider these questions as you brainstorm: When has your opinion been unpopular? Why are you the kind of person who is willing to grand the awakening, stand up for what you believe in? What is urbanisation in india important to you on grand isle the awakening a fundamental level of morals and values? How passionate are you about the things you believe in? And here are a few examples for you to ponder: Are you openly gay in authoritarian government a strict Catholic school environment, and what has that meant for your self-esteem and personal relationships? Did you work as an intern on a political campaign caught at the center of a scandal? How did you react?
Did you challenge the idea of horror as a throwaway genre by executing an extensive research paper on the subject, launching a horror movie club at grand, school, and muslim beliefs, arranging the most elaborate, best-received haunted house your neighborhood has ever seen? Your essay does not have to be focused around a fundamentally serious or groundbreaking issue (see the horror genre example above). Grand? What matters most when responding to in the, this prompt is that you have strong convictions about the belief or idea you are trying to convey, and that you examine the personal effects of isle, this ethos on your life and world. For this reason, Prompt #3 can be a great vehicle for showcasing your consideration, persuasive skills, and passions to admissions. PROMPT #4: Describe a problem you’ve solved or a problem you’d like to solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma-anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution. [No change] We love Prompt #4, which asks students to talk about a problem and how they solved or are planning to why is survival cell?, solve it. This question is similar to Prompt #2 in that it is meant to tease out isle, a student’s problem-solving skills and provide a glimpse into an applicant’s frame of muslim beliefs, mind when dealing with challenges. It also provides a few bonus opportunities for creative expression, leaving both the scale and the time frame for setting up a problem/solution wide open.
Students should think about everything from more traditional obstacles they have had to overcome to the small predicaments that have inspired them to think about what they really value. Applicants should also keep in mind that this prompt can be approached from an aspirational perspective. In other words: you don’t simply have to choose from problems you’ve already solved. The Awakening? Think about what challenges the future might bring, both personally and on a global scale. In The Rye? How might you be part of meaningful progress and problem-solving moving forward? Some other questions to ponder: When have you been proactive in attempting to effect change? What inspires you to grand isle the awakening, action?
What kind of why is to the cell?, mark would you like to leave on the world? How do you think you can positively contribute to a cause that is important to isle the awakening, you? If you had the power to osmosis survival, make a lasting impact in grand isle the awakening any area at all, what would it be? And examples to use as food for thought: Has your love of nature inspired you to start a charity to what is an authoritarian, help save local endangered species? Did your desire to make a stronger, non-tearable hockey lace launch you on grand isle the awakening an entrepreneurial adventure you never fully anticipated? Has your commitment to pursuing medical research inspired you to contact your favorite professors and researchers looking for summer lab positions, and to read every scientific paper you can get your hands on?
It is important that the problem you choose is linked to your life and world in of Maintaining Homeostasis a meaningful way. The whole purpose of this essay-writing exercise is to isle, reveal something valuable about in india, yourself to isle the awakening, admissions, so be sure to link the why is osmosis important of a, problem you highlight to your passions, actions, or aspirations. And don’t forget to detail at grand isle the awakening, least a few steps you would/could take to solve your chosen quandary. While the prompts don’t really matter in the initial conception phases of an essay (as you now know), once you’ve backed into your prompt of choice, following instructions to what government, the fullest and answering all parts of each question are critical. Isle? PROMPT #5: Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of Essay Homeostasis with Geriatric Patients, personal growth and the awakening, a new understanding of yourself or others . [Revisions in italics] This is the are the, most heavily revised of grand isle the awakening, last year’s prompts, which used to ask students to describe a transition from childhood to adulthood. The purview of the inquiry has been expanded to ask about osmosis important of a, personal growth in general, leaving the lessons and timing of an applicant’s transformation more open-ended. Students are also now free to reflect on a “realization” in isle addition to an “event” or “occurrence.” While a realization that changes your understanding of the world will likely be sparked by a concrete marker (i.e., an Essay Homeostasis with Patients, event or accomplishment), we are happy to take the added flexibility from you, Common App.
Thank you very much. There are a few things to note when unpacking this prompt. Keep in grand the awakening mind that the words “accomplishment” and “event” leave themselves open to flits in the, interpretation; thus, an essay inspired by this question can tackle anything from a formal event to a very small occurrence. A formal event or accomplishment might include anything from obvious landmarks like birthdays or weddings, to achievements like earning an award or receiving a promotion. More informal examples might include something as simple as meeting a special person in your life, taking a car ride, or eating a particularly meaningful meal. We have often found that smaller, less formal events make for the awakening, more surprising and memorable essays, but as with any of the other prompts, as long as you can answer with originality and put a unique twist on your subject matter, all ideas, formal or informal, big or small, are fair game. Your reflection on what you learned and how you grew will be a source of great insight for admissions, and you want to make sure your essay highlights the government, intangible qualities that don’t show up anywhere else on an application. Some other things to consider: How do you react to periods of the awakening, transition?
What inspires a change in your perspective? When have you had a “eureka” moment, and how has it impacted the way you lived your life thereafter? What were the moments in life that fundamentally changed you as a person? When did you learn something that made you feel more adult, more capable, more grown up? Did your expansion of a handmade stationery hobby into a full-fledged business give you the motivation and wherewithal to combat the effects of in india, a debilitating illness? Have you learned to love the football team playback sessions that force you to routinely examine your mistakes but also to welcome constructive criticism and point yourself toward self-improvement? Did a summer-long role as the U.S. President in a mock government and diplomacy exercise bring out leadership skills you never knew you had? What did playing bridge at a senior citizens’ home each week show you about the isle, value of enjoyment over competition? How did this change the way you interact and connect with others? The most important thing to keep in mind when searching for these moments is the element of growth, understanding, and transformation.
The event, accomplishment, or realization you discuss should be something that helped you understand the world around you through a different, more mature lens. And, as with Prompt #4, be sure to in india, answer all parts of the isle the awakening, question. Rule Of Law? PROMPT #6: Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more? [New!!] This is grand isle the awakening one of the of law, Common App’s brand new additions for the 2017-18 application cycle, and we cannot contain our nerdy excitement, especially since this prompt was built to highlight a student’s inner nerd. College, one could argue, is largely about the pursuit of knowledge, so you can imagine it would be quite appealing for an admissions officer to have a meter for the awakening, your level of self-motivated learning, along with a better understanding of how and why you choose to pay attention to the things that intrigue you. This is a full-on peek into your brain: how you process information, how you seek out new sources of content and inspiration.
How resourceful are you when your curiosity is piqued to Challenge Homeostasis with, the fullest? The answer to isle the awakening, this prompt should also reveal something to rule, admissions about the breadth or depth of your interests. For example, if you’re interested in grand studying astrophysics, you might choose to discuss a concept that shows how far your exploration of the sciences truly reaches. How consumed are you by this passion you are choosing to pursue academically? Some key questions to consider: What floats your boat? Do you have an appetite for knowledge about something specific? Or as we’ve asked in the breakdown for Prompt #1: What do you love, and is an authoritarian, why do you love it? What lengths have you gone to in order to acquire new information about or experiences related to grand the awakening, a topic of interest?
How do you typically seek to important to the cell?, enrich your knowledge when something appeals to you? Do you have a favorite corner or the library (or internet)? A mentor who is open to answering your burning questions? What about the process of learning, especially about subjects that call out to you, is isle satisfying? And a few examples to get those wheels turning: Did the idea of open source code inspire you to create a tech startup with a few of your friends? What projects do you work on, and why is the what is an authoritarian government, idea of sharing information still so revolutionary? Did getting an the awakening, internship at an accounting firm inspire you to start each day by in the, checking the markets? Do you participate in a mock trading club that allows you to use the grand the awakening, expertise you gather from culling through economic news and analysis online and beyond? On any given Sunday morning, will we find you lost in muslim the literature of Kurt Vonnegut or immersed in a collection of stories by grand, Isaac Asimov? Have you taught yourself to master the Essay Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis with Geriatric, compositions of Mozart and Beethoven and break down the songs of Bruno Mars by ear in the awakening your spare time? Do you have an obsession with pizza so intense it led you to study bread-making and flits in the rye, keep a pizza journal that documents the 700+ slices you’ve consumed thus far? (We know someone who did this—really.) How is pizza-making more scientific and/or artistic than the grand isle, average person realizes?
Whatever you’re into, embrace it. Why Is Of A Cell?? Show your feathers. Let your freak flag fly (within reason, obvs). This prompt is about the pursuit of knowledge and your desire to proactively challenge yourself. Whether you are devouring the classics on your Kindle or nerding out over the perfect cheese for calzone-making, your attachment to a subject may inspire admissions to want to learn more about it…and you. PROMPT #7: Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you’ve already written, one that responds to a different prompt, or one of your own design. Grand Isle The Awakening? [New!!] IT FINALLY HAPPENED. The return, not of the king, not of the Jedi, not even of the Mack, but of the topic of your choice. Feared by some, coveted by others, and legendary in of law its existence, regardless of where you stand on the issue, this is a newsworthy edition to the 2017-18 Common App prompt choices.
For years, students have been treating Prompt #1 (which asks about your background, etc.) as Topic of Your Choice Light—it wasn’t exactly the delicious, full-freedom version students were looking for, but they were able to make it work in the awakening a pinch. Rule Of Law? Perhaps it was the Coalition Application’s inclusion of a topic of your choice in the awakening their first-ever round of are the muslim beliefs, essay topic options (which will remain the same this year) that pressured the Common App to bring back the any-flavor-you-wish option to their application. Regardless of the reason, applicants around the world likely let out a big exhale when they saw they could serve up a big scoop of Prompt #7 to admissions this year. While we won’t know for sure until the grand isle, Common App’s full release (which usually happens in August), we are guessing that students might be required to what is an government, fill in isle the awakening a custom prompt to match their essay response for this true choose-your-own-adventure style query. What Are The Beliefs? For this reason, we recommend having a question of your own making at the ready if you choose to take advantage of Prompt #7.
It will be good to have it on hand, just in case, and it’s also a fun exercise in wrapping your head around what exactly you are trying to accomplish with the subject you’ve chosen and the essay you have created. Some questions to grand, consider as you brainstorm, in addition to all of the ones we’ve posed thus far: What do you want admissions to know about you that they wouldn’t be able to Essay about Challenge of Maintaining with Geriatric Patients, glean from your transcript, test scores, or teacher recommendations? What are the stories that come up over and over isle the awakening again, at about Challenge of Maintaining with Geriatric, the dinner table or in the cafeteria with your friends, that might give admissions some insight into who you are and what is important to you? If you had ten minutes alone in a room with an grand isle, admissions officer, what would you want to why is important cell?, talk about or tell him or her about yourself? What would you bring to a college campus that no one else would or could? And a few examples of potential subjects and isle, their related (custom!) prompts: Were you born with a congenital eye defect that literally (and metaphorically) affects how you see the world? ( Q: How is your perspective on the world unique?) Do you spend 40 minutes each Friday night tutoring a class of elementary school students in Cambodia? How has that impacted the way you mete out your time and assess your commitments? ( Q: What is the value of 40 minutes?) Did your parents let your older brother choose your name? What was his inspiration? (Please tell us your name is Gaston.) What does your name represent for you?
How has it impacted your interactions in the world? ( Q: What’s in a name?) While being able to write about whatever you wish sounds great in theory, some students find—especially at flits catcher rye, the beginning of the brainstorming process—that they are debilitated by the awakening, the “topic of Essay about Challenge Homeostasis Geriatric, your choice” option because it offers too much choice. Grand Isle The Awakening? If that is the case, fear not! Use some of the other prompts as starting points for your brainstorming and rye, freewriting journeys. Begin keeping a diary (now!) and jot down subjects, events, and memories as they float to the surface. Now that you have read our handy-dandy prompt guide and understand what admissions is looking for from these prompts, you could very well have a notebook filled with ideas that are ripe for grand isle, expansion by the time you sit down to write. So don’t worry about why is important survival, having too many ideas, or not having enough ideas, especially at the beginning of the isle, topic selection process. Once you figure out what you’d like to say (and maybe even after you draft the rye, crux of the essay itself), see if your concept fits one of the first six prompts.
Trying to isle, back into a more specific prompt option may inspire an interesting spin on the story you are trying to tell—one you may not have thought of otherwise. If, after careful consideration, your magic essay topic does not work within the confines of Prompts 1-6, you are in luck. Essay About Challenge Homeostasis Geriatric Patients? The glorious, all-encompassing Prompt #7 will be here to grand, catch you. With some brainstorming and hard work, every student can uncover a story worth telling in response to one of these prompts. Remember, admissions wants a glimpse of your personality, your values, your interests and your passions. They want to get an idea of rye, what kind of attitude and energy you will bring to the classroom and campus life.
So take a few minutes to probe your memories, collect your stories and strike up that creative core. Every student has a fabulous essay inside of them – these prompts can help you find yours. Contact us for information on rates and more! Get admissions news, essay tips and grand, deals on CEA products and services.
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The Awakening - Cliffs Notes
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essay on isle, van gogh Anthony M. Why Is Osmosis Important Survival Of A Cell?! Ludovici. Being the Familiar Correspondence of Vincent Van Gogh. translated by Anthony M. Ludovici. second impression, 1912. Though the grand isle, collection of letters contained in Cassirer's publication, Vincent Van Gogh. Briefe, is not a complete one, from my knowledge of a very large number of the Essay about of Maintaining Homeostasis with Geriatric, letters which are not included in isle the awakening, this volume, I feel able to say that the about Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis with, present selection is in any case very representative and isle, contains all that is essential in respect to Van Gogh's art-credo and general attitude of mind. For reasons into which it is what muslim, unnecessary for me to enter here, it was found convenient to isle, adopt the form of Cassirer's publication arranged by Margarete Mauthner, and my translation has therefore been made from the Essay about Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis, German (Fourth Edition, 1911). Still, with the view of avoiding the errors which were bound to creep into a double translation of this sort, I took care, when my version was complete, to compare it with as many of the original French letters as I was able to find, and I am glad to say that by grand the awakening this means I succeeded in satisfying myself as to the accuracy of every line from page 39 to the end. The letters printed up to page 38, some of which I fancy must have been written in Dutch #151; a language which in is an authoritarian government, any case I could not have read #151; have not been compared with the the awakening, originals.
But, seeing that the general quality of the German translation of the government, letters after page 39 was. so good that I was able to discover only the small handful of inaccuracies referred to isle, in the appendix, I think the Essay about of Maintaining Geriatric Patients, reader may rest assured that the matter covering pages 1 to 38 is sufficiently trustworthy for all ordinary purposes. I say that I fancy some of the letters which occur between pages 1 and grand the awakening, 38 were written in Dutch; for I am not by any means certain of this. In any case I can vouch for the fact that the originals of all the letters after page 38 were in dicey's rule of law, French, as I have seen them. But in this respect Paul Gaugin's remark about isle, his friend Van Gogh is not without interest: Il oubliait même, wrote the Essay about Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis, famous painter of négresses, d'écrire le hollandais, et comme on a pu voir par la publication de ses lettres à son frère, il n'écrivait jamais qu'en français, et cela admirablement, avec des 'Tant qu'à, Quant à,' à n'en plus finir. 1.
Rather than disfigure my pages with a quantity of notes, I preferred to put my remarks relative to the divergencies between the original French and the German in the form of an appendix (to which the Numbers 1 to the awakening, 35 in the text refer), and have thus kept only those notes in the text which were indispensable for the proper understanding of the book. Dicey's! Be this as it may, the inaccuracies and doubts discussed in the appendix are, on the whole, of such slight import, that those readers who do not wish to the awakening, be interrupted by pedantic quibbles will be well advised if they simply read straight on, without heeding the figures in the text. To protect myself against important to the survival of a cell? fault-finders, however, such readers will understand that it was necessary for me to prepare some sort of a list referring to those passages which, in the German, differed even slightly from the French original. In the letters not included in Cassirer's publication, there are, of course, a few passages which, for obvious reasons, could never have been brought before the German or English reading public; as will be seen, however, the present letters in themselves are but more or less lengthy fragments, carefully edited by the friends of the deceased painter, while the grand isle the awakening, almost complete omission of dates and other biographical information usually accompanying a volume of this sort, may also at first be felt as a rather disturbing blemish. I would like, however, to seize this opportunity to defend Margarete Mauthner against the charge of are the muslim beliefs having made a fantastic arrangement of these letters; for, if the person who made this charge had only been acquainted with the grand the awakening, facts of the case, he would have known that she had done no more (at least from page 39 onwards) than faithfully to follow Emile Bernard's original arrangement of his friend's correspondence in the Mercure de France; and authoritarian, surely we must assume that Emile Bernard, Van Gogh's devoted admirer, was the best judge as to what should, or should not, appear of all that his friend had written. With regard to dates, however, Emile Bernard does give a little more information than Margarete Mauthner; but it is very little, and it is as follows: the letters to E. Bernard from grand isle the awakening, page 39 to page 73 were written during 1887; those from page 73 to what is an government, page 86 were written during 1888; those from page 108 to page 112 were written during 1889, and the remainder, as Margarete Mauthner also tells us, were written during 1890.
Of the letters to Van Gogh's brother, I am afraid I can say nothing more definite than that all those which occur after page 87 were written in Arles, and probably San Remy, between 1887 and 1890. Now, postponing for a moment, the discussion of Van. Gogh's actual place in the history of the art of the grand, nineteenth century, and bearing in mind the amount of what are the adverse criticism with which his work has met for grand the awakening many years, it does not seem irrelevant here to lay stress upon the fact that these letters are all private, intimate communications, never intended to Essay about Homeostasis Patients, reach the public eye. And I feel all the more inclined to emphasize this point, seeing that, to the lay student of art, as also to grand, the art-student himself, it is often a difficult task to take the muslim beliefs, sincerity of the art-innovator for granted. Grand! Confronted with a new technique and an apparently unprecedented conception of the outer-world #151; faced, in fact, by a patch of rye strange blood; for that is what it comes to after all #151; we are prone to doubt that our man is grand isle the awakening, bonâ fide . Filled with the survival cell?, prejudices and prepossessions of grand the awakening centuries, and knowing from sad experience that the art-world is not without its arch-humbugs, we find it difficult to believe that such a strange and foreign grasp of reality could actually have been felt by the innovator in what authoritarian, our midst. And, rather than question our own values and grand isle, our own grasp of reality, we instinctively, and, as I think, very healthily, incline to doubt the sincerity of the representative of this new standpoint which is offensive to us. In Van Gogh's case, however, we are particularly fortunate; for we possess these letters which are proof enough of the sincerity with which he pursued his calling. And, as I say, he did not write them for to the cell? the press, nor did he compose them as a conscious teacher. They simply took shape quite naturally in grand the awakening, his moments of respite, when he felt the need of unburdening his heart to some sympathetic listener; and in writing them he was as ingenuous and as unembarrassed as a child. He wrote to flits in the rye, his brother and to a bosom friend, Emile Bernard.
As I have mentioned, a. good deal in these letters had to be suppressed #151; and very naturally too. Isle The Awakening! For if this correspondence had not contained much that was of too intimate a character for publication, it is obvious that the very parts that were considered publishable, would not have had a quarter of the value which we must now ascribe to them. In The! It is precisely because these letters are, as it were, soliloquies which Van Gogh held in isle, the presence of his own soul, that they seem to me to be of such incalculable value to all who think and work in catcher in the rye, the domain of art, and even in grand the awakening, the domain of psychology and morality to-day. For everyone who is acquainted with the literature of Aesthetic, must know how poor we are in human documents of this nature, and how comparatively valueless the greater part even of our poor treasure is, when it is compared with the profound works which men who were not themselves painters or sculptors, have contributed to our literature on urbanisation in india, the subject. Who has not been disappointed on reading Ghiberti's commentaries, Leonardo's note books, Vasari's discourses on Technique, Antoine Raphael Mengs's treatises, Hogarth's Analysis of Beauty, Reynolds' Discourses, Alfred Stevens' Aphorisms, etc.? But who has not felt that he was foredoomed to disappointment in each case? For an artist who could express the grand, why and the how of his productions in words would scarcely require to wield the chisel or the brush with any special power.
The way in which one chooses to express oneself is no accident; it is determined by the very source of one's artistic passion. A true painter expresses himself best in paint. With Van Gogh's letters, however, we are not concerned with a painter who is writing a text-book for posterity, or undertaking to muslim beliefs, teach anybody his art, or to reveal the. secrets of it to his fellows. The communications to his brother and his friend, printed in this volume, partake much more of the the awakening, nature of a running commentary to his life-work, a Sabbath's meditation upon and contemplation of his six days' labour, than a series of why is osmosis important to the of a cell? technical discourses relating to his procedure and its merits. True, technical points arise, but they are merely the fleeting doubts or questionings of an expert chatting intimately with an intimate, and are quite free from any pedagogic or didactic spirit. On the other hand, however, that which he gives us, and which the others above-mentioned scarcely touch upon, is the record of his misgivings and fears concerning the grand, passion that animated him, the value of this passion, and the meaning of his function as a painter in the midst of civilised Europe of the nineteenth century. These letters are not only a confession of the fact that he participated heart and soul in the negative revolution of the what beliefs, latter half of that century, they are also a revelation of the grand the awakening, truth that he himself was a bridge leading out of it, to better and urbanisation in india, more positive things. He touches upon these questions lightly, as is only fitting in letters that bear other tidings of isle the awakening a more prosaic nature, but he never can conceal the dicey's rule of law, earnestness with which he faced the grand isle, problems that were present in flits in the rye, his mind, and as a stenographic report of these problems these letters make the strongest claim upon our attention. With regard to his ultimate dementia, I have little doubt myself as to how it was brought about. As in the case of Nietzsche and many another foreign or English poet or thinker, I cannot help suspecting it was the outcome of the awakening that protracted concentration of thought upon one or two themes (the chief characteristic of all mania, by-the-bye), which he and a few other unfortunate and whole-hearted men found it necessary to practise in the midst of a bustling, changing, and feverishly restless age, if anything of flits in the rye lasting worth was to be accomplished.
Imagine a man trying to isle the awakening, study the laws governing a spinning top in the midst of the traffic of the urbanisation in india, city, and you have a fair image of the kind of task a sincere artist or thinker undertakes at the present day, if he resolve, in the midst of the rush and the awakening, flurry of our age, to probe the deep mystery of that particular part of dicey's of law life to grand isle, which he may happen to feel himself drawn by his individual tastes and abilities. Not only is he foredoomed to dementia by the circumstance of in the his occupation, but the very position he assumes #151; bent over his task amid the racket and thunder of the grand, crowded thoroughfare of what is an government modern life #151; gives him at isle the awakening least the aspect of a madman from the what is an authoritarian government, start. And Van Gogh himself was perfectly aware of this. Grand The Awakening! For he realized that the flits catcher rye, claims which nowadays are put upon the energy of grand the awakening one individual concentrated seeker, are so enormous that even the dicey's of law, complication of marriage may prove one strain too many for isle the awakening him. He admits that the urbanisation in india, Dutch artists married and the awakening, begat children; but, he adds: The Dutchmen led a peaceful, quiet, and well-ordered life (page 61). The trouble is, my dear old Bernard, he says, that Giotto and Cimabue, like Holbein and Van Eyck, lived in an atmosphere of obelisks #151; if I may use such an expression #151; in which everything was arranged with architectural method, in beliefs, which every individual was a stone or a brick in the general edifice, and all things were interdependent and constituted a monumental social structure. . . . But we, you know, live in the midst of grand complete laisser aller and is an authoritarian, anarchy; we artists who love order and symmetry isolate ourselves and grand, work at introducing a. little style into some particular portion of the world (page 59). And this is no empty lament; it is a plain statement of the fact that in the disorder and chaos of the present day, not only has the artist no place allotted to him, but also that the very position he tries to osmosis cell?, conquer for isle himself, is Essay about Geriatric, hedged round with so many petty obstacles and grand, minor personalities, that his best and most valuable forces are often squandered in in the rye, a mere unproductive attempt at attaining his own. That he should need, therefore, to practise the grand isle the awakening, most scrupulous economy with his strength #151; a precaution which in a well-ordered age, and in a healthier age, would not be necessary #151; follows as a matter of course.
I should consider myself lucky, sighed Van Gogh, to be able to work even for an annuity which would only what government, just cover bare necessaries, and to be at peace in my own studio for the rest of my life (page 88). Without his brother Theodor's devotion and material help it is grand, impossible to osmosis important survival, think without alarm of what might have become of this undoubted genius. For it must be remembered that his brother practically kept him from the awakening, his Hague days in osmosis important survival cell?, 1881 until the very end in 1890, at Auvers-sur-Oise. It is isle the awakening, only when we think of the dicey's, irretrievable loss which we owe to the fact that Monet himself had to grand isle, remain idle for six months for want of money, that we can possibly form any conception of what the result would have been if Theodor Van Gogh had ever lost faith in his elder brother, and had stopped or considerably reduced his supplies, or had ever accepted his offer to change his calling (see page 129). On the other hand, we have evidence enough in these letters to show that Vincent took this self-sacrifice on his. brother's part by no means lightly. Urbanisation In India! We have only to see the grand the awakening, solicitude with which he speaks of his brother's exhausting work (pages 127#150;30, 146) and of his health, in order to realize that it was no mean egoism that prompted him to accept this position of a dependent and of a protégé. In fact, if we value his art at beliefs all, it is with bated breath that we read of the cheerful and stoical manner with which for his brother's sake Vincent stopped painting for a while (page 102). But the words will bear being repeated: I am not so very much attached to my pictures, he says and will drop them without a murmur; for, luckily, I do not belong to those who, in the matter of works of art, can appreciate only grand, pictures.
As I believe, on the contrary, that a work of art may be produced at much less expense, I have begun a series of drawings (see also page 50). Again and again he complains of the cost of paint and canvas, and to have allowed him carte blanche in the purchase of these materials, the brother must, considering his circumstances, have been capable not only of very exceptional generous feeling, but of very high artistic emotion as well. For it must have been no easy matter for this employee of Messrs. Boussod and Valadon to have worked year in and year out and, without any certain prospect of recovering his outlay, to have paid these monthly bills for what are the muslim beliefs Vincent's keep and Vincent's work. It is true that occasionally a picture of Vincent's would sell; but in those days prices were low, and even Vincent himself was often willing to accept a five-franc piece for a study. Besides, the expenses must have been made all the heavier thanks to Vincent's inveterate carelessness and lack of order in little things, and there can be no doubt that a fair portion of the. materials purchased must have been literally wasted, if not lost. Gauguin, speaking of his meeting with Van Gogh in Arles, writes as follows:
Tout d'abord je trouvai en tout et pour tout un désordre qui me choquait. La boîte de couleurs suffisait à peine à contenir tous ces tubes pressés, jamais refermés, et malgré tout ce désordre, tout ce gâchis, un tout rutilait sur la toile. 1. Still both Van Gogh and his brother had an indomitable faith in the former's work #151; a faith which touches upon the sublime #151; though neither of them lived to see their highest hopes realized. As to the market value of my pictures, Vincent wrote (pages 8 and 9), I should be very much surprised if, in time, they did not sell as well as other people's. Whether this happens directly or later on does not matter to me 2 (see also page 17, line 20). The finest words concerning this ideal brotherly relationship, however, have been written by Vincent's great friend, Emile Bernard. Mais ce que je veux dire, avant tout, says Bernard, c'est que ces deux frères ne faisaient pour ainsi dire qu'une ideé, que l'un s'alimentait et vivait de la vie et de la pensée de l'autre, et que quand ce dernier, le peintre, mourut, l'autre le suivit dans la tombe, seulement de quelques mois, sous l'effet d'un chagrin rare et édifiant. Grand The Awakening! 3.
2 That Vincent also often felt depressed about in the, his work may be gathered from the following: passage, taken from a letter to his brother, not included in this volume: C'est une perspective assez triste de devoir se dire que jamais la peinture que je fais n'aura une valeur quelconque. 3 See Emile Bernard's preface to his publication of Van Gogh's letters in grand, the Mercure de France, vol. 7, p. 324. Thus Theodor and Vincent died, perhaps hoping, but little believing that Van Gogh's present triumph would ever be realized. And, indeed, even to the calm and reflecting student of art to-day, there must be something surprising, something not altogether sound and convincing, in this stupendous leap into fame which the what is an authoritarian government, work of isle the awakening this poor, enthusiastic, and Essay about Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric Patients, thoughtful recluse, has made within recent years.
If the isle, means or the measure for placing him had been to hand, if all this posthumous success had been based upon catcher rye, a definite art-doctrine which knew what to select and what to leave aside, nothing could have been more imposing than this sudden exaltation of one whom a former generation had spurned. But who would dare to maintain for a moment that Van Gogh's present position is in itself a proof of his value as an artist? It is an empty illusion to the awakening, suppose that history necessarily places a man, or even a whole age, and what is an authoritarian government, gives to both their proper level. What history has shown and probably will continue to show is, that whereas time very often elevates true geniuses to the dignity which is their due, and confers upon them the rank that they deserve, it also certainly raises vast numbers to grand the awakening, the position of classics, who never had a tittle of a right to that honour, and frequently passes over others in silence who ought to have had a lasting claim upon what are the muslim, the respect and appreciation of their fellows. Grand Isle The Awakening! Such things have happened so often, and sometimes with such a disastrous effect, that one can but feel surprised at the almost universal support that the doctrine of the dicey's of law, infallibility of grand posterity enjoys.
All posthumous fame, however, should be weighed in relation to the quality of the flits catcher in the, period that concedes it, and before we concur too heartily with the grand isle, verdict of an age subsequent to the man it lionises, we ought, at least, to. analyze that age and test its health, its virtues, and authoritarian government, its values. The fact that Van Gogh's pictures are now selling for twice as many sovereigns as he, in his most hopeful and sanguine moments thought that they would realize in francs, is the most deceptive and the most misleading feature about his work. In any case it should neither prepossess us in in his favour, nor prejudice us against isle the awakening him. In a world governed largely by the commercial principle which places quantity before quality, at is an authoritarian a period in grand, history when journalism with all its insidious power can, like the famous Earl of Warwick, make and Essay about with Patients, unmake kings at will #151; finally, on grand isle the awakening, a continent in which all canons in respect of catcher in the rye right living, religion, art, morality, and politics, have been blasted to grand, the four winds, what does it signify that a work of art which thirty years ago was not thought to be worth 25 francs, now sells for ?200 sterling?
It signifies simply nothing whatsoever. Would anybody venture to assert that everything which to-day is selling at 200 times the price at which it was selling thirty years ago, is on that account worthy of particular admiration and respect #151; I mean, of course, from why is important survival, people of taste, not from hawkers, pedlars, and chapmen? A vast and unprecedented revolution has been convulsing the art-world for almost a century now, a revolution in which men like Gauguin, Van Gogh, Cézanne, Rodin, and others, have fought like Titans. Who has ever heard of a revolution enduring for grand almost a century? Even the Grand Rebellion lasted only for muslim beliefs six years. And this revolution of art has seen its heroes and its traitors, its kings, and its usurpers, its romance and its squalor #151; all beneath the very nose of the layman, all beneath the very walls of his fool's paradise, without his ever. having suspected that something even significant was brewing.
For art is always the expression of the most sensitive men of an age. They, the artists, are the first, by their movements and by the manner in which they garner their treasure, to prophesy meteorological changes of a nature vast enough to shake even the isle the awakening, layman into what is an authoritarian, a state of isle gasping wonder. But, as a rule, it is are the, only when these highly sensitive men have manifested their signs, and have more or less depicted the the awakening, first lightning flash of the tempest that is imminent, that the what are the muslim, sky really does become dark and overcast #151; patently overcast even to the layman's eyes #151; and that the storm which they felt was coming actually begins to rage in the concrete world of politics and of national life. Isle! And then the pictures, poems, and parables already stored away, classified and catalogued in public museums, are but the crystallized harbingers of a fact that has become patent to all. The general truth that nearly all the principal figures in this Grand-Rebellion Drama were themselves innovators, renovators, and subverters, does not in itself justify us in summarily disposing of them as noisy revolutionaries and nothing more. One can revolt against sickness in an age of sickness, and assume the title of a revolutionary or a rebel with both pride and are the muslim, dignity. On the grand isle the awakening, other hand, a resentful valetudinarian, who feels rebellious at the sight of sleek, fragrant and rosy healthiness, may also claim the title revolutionary; but woe then to the age that allows itself to be lured over to his side by about Challenge Homeostasis Geriatric his intellect and his art. It is important, therefore, that we should know with whom we are dealing. We are aware that in grand isle, the majority of cases all the are the, noise of the awakening this art-revolution has been concentrated around. questions of technique. The purpose of art was tacitly assumed to be to obtain as faithful a transcript as possible of nature and of reality, pure and simple #151; not nature linked up with a higher idea, or reality bathed in what authoritarian, the atmosphere of a love that transcended mere actualities #151; but simply nature and reality as they were felt by anybody and everybody.
And the the awakening, milestones along the highway covered by dicey's this revolutionary band, do not mark the acquisition of new passions or new loves, but rather the adoption of new technical methods and mannerisms for grand isle accomplishing this transcript in ever more perfect and more scientific ways. Nature with its light and its atmospheric effects roused men like Manet and Essay about of Maintaining Homeostasis Geriatric, his friends to heroic deeds of determination. Peasants, innocent and unsophisticated, seemingly belonging to nature and not to isle the awakening, town or artificial life, were included in the category nature, from which it was legitimate to make a transcript. Cafe scenes, scenes of town life, glimpses behind the scenes, were included in the category reality, provided their artificiality and unnaturalness were mitigated by a certain character of which it was also legitimate to make a transcript. And all this was done, not because the peasant or the scenes from town life were linked up with any higher purpose or any definite scheme of life which happened to dicey's, fire the hearts of the painters of last century; but because, as a matter of fact, all life-passions, all life-schemes were at an end, and grand isle, anything was good enough, picturesque enough, trivial enough, for these artists (whose general scepticism drove them to technique as the only refuge), to tackle and to try their new technique, their new method, or new watchword upon. Light, the play of complementaries, the breaking up of light, the study of values! #151; little things please little minds! It was these preoccupations that usurped the place of the rapidly vanishing subject in what government, pictures. But what was the subject? What part had it played?
It is grand the awakening, true that the urbanisation in india, subject picture in Manet's time was rapidly becoming a mere farce, an empty page filled arbitrarily with any sentiment or mood that happened to be sufficiently puerile, or at least sufficiently popular. But it had had a noble past. It had had a royal youth. Grand! The subject picture was merely the survival of an age when men had painted with a deep faith. It was the last vestige of an historical period in which men had been inspired to express their relationship to life by catcher in the something higher and the awakening, greater than both themselves and their art.
In fact, it had always flourished in periods when humanity had known of a general direction, a general purpose in life, and of a scheme of life which gave their heart-beats and what is an authoritarian, their breath some deeper meaning than they have at present. The degeneration of the subject picture, then, into a mere illustration of some passing event or ephemeral sentiment, had a deeper significance than even its bitterest enemies recognized. For while they, as new technicians seeking light and complementaries and values, deplored the spiritless and uninspired oliographs of their academical contemporaries, they completely overlooked the deeper truth; their artistic instincts were not strong enough to the awakening, make them see that the what is an authoritarian government, spiritless and uninspired subject picture was the most poignant proof that could be found of the fact that mankind no longer possessed, to any passionate or intense degree, that which made the subject picture possible #151; that is to say, a profound faith in something greater and isle the awakening, more vital either than the artists themselves or their art, something which gave not only art but also life a meaning and a purpose. This, as I have pointed out elsewhere, was the great oversight of the muslim, revolutionary movement in Art of the second half of the nineteenth century. In abusing the degenerate subject picture, these innovators were simply inveighing against a pathological symptom. In saying the grand, subject did not matter, they deliberately scouted the responsibility of dicey's rule of law eradicating or even of confronting the evil; while in concentrating upon isle, technique and in why is to the survival of a, finding their inspiration in such secondary matters as the treatment of light, values, and complementaries, besides revealing the poverty of their artistic instincts they merely delayed the awakening which was bound to grand isle the awakening, come and which already to-day is are the beliefs, not so very far distant #151; the isle the awakening, awakening to the fact that the artist, the of law, architect, the painter, the poet, and the preacher, are bankrupt unless some higher purpose and direction, some universal aim and aspiration, animate their age, inspire them in isle, their work, and kindle in them that necessary passion for a particular type of rule man, on which they may lavish their eloquence, their chromatic, musical, architectural, or religious rhetoric with conviction, power, and faith.
Where does Van Gogh stand in this revolutionary drama which I have attempted briefly to sketch in the above lines? Without esteeming him nearly so highly as many of his most enthusiastic admirers do, and without sharing in the least in that hysterical exaggeration of the value and beauty of his works which has characterized the the awakening, attitude of large numbers of his followers on the Continent #151; an exaggeration which, as I shall show, he would have been the first to deprecate and to condemn #151; I must still confess that, as an why is important to the survival cell?, impressionist, i.e. , as a revolutionary of the grand the awakening, 'eighties who, to my mind, strove to surpass impressionism , as also so- called post-impressionism, he is a painter for authoritarian government whom I feel a much greater respect than I can feel for Manet, Monet, Renoir, Degas, and Whistler. Let me make it quite plain that I realize the superiority in some respects of the latter's art-forms; let me emphasize the fact that in my opinion Van Gogh was by no means so mature in his procedure as any one of these artists (save, perhaps, in so far as his drawing far excelled Renoir's); but that his aims were higher and more vital, that he realized more keenly what was wrong and what was desirable, that he was a thousand times more profound than his predecessors #151; of all these things, after careful consideration, and I must admit grave doubts, I have at last grown quite convinced. Before proceeding with my argument, let me lay stress on the point that I feel very little sympathy whatever with any of grand the awakening these impressionists, art-form maniacs , and their followers inasmuch as they obscured the issues at the very moment #151; half way through the last century #151; when the Essay about Challenge Homeostasis with Geriatric, issues were growing so plain that they must have found a solution sooner or later. But, if we are going to speak of preferences, if in a gingerly manner we are going to put on gloves and draw out from among this crowd the grand isle, men whom we feel we can tolerate most readily, then, from the sculptor Rodin to his friend Renoir, of all the names that are now household words in the impressionistic and post-impressionistic movement of the late nineteenth century, I for about Challenge Homeostasis Geriatric Patients my part, certainly select Van Gogh and, perhaps a little way before him, his friend Gauguin, as the the awakening, only two whom I can contemplate with equanimity #151; not to speak of approval. In judging Van Gogh, one of the critic's greatest difficulties is, in urbanisation in india, the first place, to see a sufficient number of his pictures; for he passed through so many phases that. isolated examples of isle the awakening his work may prove merely misleading. Now, thanks to to the survival of a, the Post-Impressionist Exhibition of 1910#150;1911 in grand isle, London, the why is osmosis important survival, Sonderbund Austellung in Cologne (1912), and isle the awakening, a visit to Amsterdam, I have been able to see about 200 of what Van Gogh's paintings, and about a quarter as many drawings; but when one remembers that the largest exhibition of his work which has ever been held contained some 450 pictures alone, not to the awakening, speak of drawings, it will be seen that to what authoritarian government, be acquainted with 200 of his works is a long way from possessing a complete knowledge of what he achieved.
Still the specimens I have seen I believe to grand the awakening, have been thoroughly representative, and in about Challenge Geriatric Patients, any case sufficient to warrant my forming an opinion as to his merits. Van Gogh died when he was only grand, thirty-seven years of age, and Emile Bernard reminds us that though he always used to draw, he really did not give his attention wholly to painting until the year 1882 #151; that is to say, when he was fully twenty-nine years old. About this time he writes to his brother: In a sense I am glad that I never learned to paint . . . I really do not know how to paint. What Authoritarian! Armed with a white panel I take up a position in front of the spot that interests me, contemplate what lies before me, and say to myself, 'that white panel must be turned into something!' And concerning two studies finished at this period, he says: I feel quite certain that on looking at these two pictures, no one will ever believe that they are the first studies I have ever painted (pages 15 and 4). It is true that in the early 'eighties he studied a little with Mauve, who was a distant relative, and later on spent some time at the Academy at Antwerp; but, on the whole, like Gauguin, he was self-taught, and when we reckon the number of years during which this self-tuition lasted, we. can but be amazed at grand the awakening the result, and believe him when he says that painting was in his very marrow (page 16). A still more remarkable fact about Van Gogh is, however, that during the last eight years of his life #151; the only years, that is to say, in which he may really be said to have devoted himself entirely to painting, whether at the Hague, Drenthe, Nuenen, Antwerp, Paris, Arles, San Remy, or Auvers-sur-Oise #151; he practically epitomised in what is an government, his own work the whole of the development of modern painting, from the academical manner of his own day, to grand the awakening, a style which I maintain was on is an authoritarian, the point of bearing him far beyond the impressionists and so-called post-impressionists. And when I say far beyond the impressionists and so-called post-impressionists, I do not mean it in the accepted sense of this phrase, I do not mean that with Gauguin he promised to land in any of the futile absurdities with which those artists that were hung beside them provoked the mirth of London at the famous exhibition at the Grafton Galleries in 1910#150;1911. I mean it in this case as something peculiar to Van Gogh and Gauguin alone #151; something which I shall explain in due course and which I regard as valuable and worthy of a more sound artistic instinct than that possessed by all their contemporaries. I have myself seen pictures which I could not help thinking must have been painted in Van Gogh's academic period; Meier Graefe even thinks that Van Gogh's work of this period is likely to rise in public esteem; I have little doubt, therefore, that Van Gogh did go through an academic stage, however short or however undistinguished it may have been. 1.
And as for his purely impressionistic period, pictures of this stage of his development abound. The Moulin de la Galette, and a still-life, Basket and Apples, in grand, the possession of Frau A. G. Kröller, the View of Paris from Montmartre, belonging probably to the family, and the wonderful Apples in a Basket dedicated to his friend Lucien Pissaro, in the possession of Frau Kröller #151; all seem to belong to this period; and they are by no means incompetent or unworthy examples of the school of which they are examples. At this stage he had the same contempt as all modernists had for academicians, and we find him endorsing Jacques' words that they are mere illustrators! It is now that he feels that light, and truth, and transcripts of nature matter tremendously. He says he has done with grays and with Mauve and Israels as well (page 48). He enters heart and soul into a study of nature #151; no pains are too great, no sacrifices too heavy, provided only that he may become absorbed in nature, and thoroughly at ease as her interpreter. Possessed as he was of a remarkable gift of observation, nature fortunately did not take long to tell him all that she has to flits catcher rye, tell the truly instinctive artist; for a man who could paint that still-life, Apples in a Basket, dedicated to Pissaro, and the still-life A Statuette, a Rose and Books, belonging, I believe, to Van Gogh's family #151; not to grand isle, speak of why is osmosis important to the of a dozens of other marvels of observation, such as the Chestnut in Bloom, belonging to Frau Kröller, in which the grand isle the awakening, essential character of the are the muslim, tree is beautifully seized by the happiest of conventions #151; would necessarily be a rapid and courageous learner of all that nature can teach, and would soon become conscious of having reached that decisive Rubicon, the imperative crossing of which means one of grand two alterna- tives #151; either the continuation of the what government, old attitude to nature, which at this stage becomes mere slavery and no longer discipleship, or the grand, mastering of nature which is the what is an authoritarian, first step that reveals the mature artist of sound instincts. Van Gogh writes: I do not wish to argue studying from nature, or struggling with reality, out of existence. For years I myself worked in this way with almost fruitless and in any case wretched results. I should not like to have avoided this error, however. In any case I am quite convinced that it would have been sheer foolery on my part to have continued to pursue these methods #151; although I am not by any means so sure that all my trouble has been in isle the awakening, vain (p.
30). So far, then, Van Gogh's sole excuse #151; and it is an adequate one #151; for urbanisation in india having concerned himself wholly with such subordinate things as art-forms and the awakening, nature transcripts, is that he was a learner. A time comes, however, when in the case of the mature artist, we must take technical competency for granted, and graybeards, as many of the impressionist sculptors and are the, painters grew to be, who continue to isle, concentrate upon technical questions and to regard them as ends in themselves, merely reveal the fact that they never were artists at all. In this respect I cannot help quoting some fine words of Gauguin's. Writing to Charles Morice in April 1903, he said:
Nous venons de subir, en art, une très grande période d'égarement causée par la physique, la chimie, la mécanique et l'étude de la nature. Les artistes, ayant perdu tout de leur sauvagerie, n'ayant plus d'instinct, on pourrait dire d'imagination, se sont égarés dans tous les sentiers pour trouver des éléments producteurs qu'ils n'avaient pas la force de créer. 1. The reader who is familiar with my aesthetic views, will understand that I do not regard la physique, la chimie et la mécanique, as sufficient causes of this state of affairs; nevertheless Gaugin adds that the painters of what government this période d'égarement, had lost their instincts, and here, of course, I am with him. The fact, however, that a painter or a sculptor has not lost his instincts is not sufficient to reform the civilization or the culture in which he lives. A still greater and the awakening, more powerful artist must set to work first, and he is the legislator. The most a painter or a sculptor of sound instinct can do, is to recognize the urbanisation in india, lack of the great legislator, and grand isle, reveal by why is osmosis cell? his work and by isle the awakening the things upon which he concentrates his mind, that he realizes where the fault lies. Now I maintain that Van Gogh and urbanisation, Gauguin took up this position. #151; But I am anticipating. #151; Van Gogh passed through another stage before he reached this final one. It suddenly flashed across his mind that he had something to bestow, something to bequeath, and that an artist's life was not all taking, robbing, or copying. He felt a richness in him which bade him dispense and no longer receive.
He writes: One begins by grand the awakening plaguing oneself to no purpose in order to be true to nature, and one concludes by working quietly from one's own palette alone, and then nature is the result (page 30). And again: I often feel sorry that I cannot induce myself to work more at home from imagination. What Government! Imagination is surely a faculty one should develop (page 44). And listen to isle the awakening, this! How glad I should be, one day to try to paint the starry heavens, as also a vast meadow studded with dandelions in the sunlight. Flits Catcher In The! But how can one ever hope to succeed in doing these things unless one resolves to grand, stay at home and to work from imagination? He also begins to throw off the technique of in the transcript painting. He recognizes that chiaroscuro with its essential study of values, is part of the equipment of the mere slavish transcripist, and he writes: It is impossible to attach the grand the awakening, same importance both to values and to what is an authoritarian, colours. Theodore Rousseau understood the mixing of colours better than anyone. But time has blackened his pictures, and now they are unrecognizable.
One cannot be at the awakening the Pole and at the Equator at once. One must choose one's way; at least this is catcher in the rye, what I hope to do, and my way will be the road to colour (page 137). And again: Tell him (Seurat) it is my most fervent desire to know how to achieve such deviations from reality, such inaccuracies and such transfigurations, that come about by chance. Well yes, if you like, they are lies; but they are more valuable than real values (page 23). These are the thoughts of his most prolific period #151; the isle, period during which he produced perhaps all his most striking pictures #151; the last three years of his life. Such pages of beauty as the Orchard in Provence, belonging to Madame Cohen Gosschalk-Bonger, A Street in Arles, in what are the beliefs, the possession of the grand, Municipal Museum at Stettin, A Street in Auvers, belonging to A. von Jawlensky, Munich, hail from this period, as also The Lawn, probably in the possession of the family #151; a finished masterpiece of beauty; The Sunset belonging to Frau Tilla Durieux-Cassirer #151; excellent; and a number of other landscapes belonging to Frau Kröller, Frau Mauthner, Frau Cohen Gosschalk-Bonger, etc. #151; all of great splendour and mastery.
The fact that he was never able to dicey's of law, work successfully from imagination alone , proves nothing against the art of working from imagination. I have heard some artists argue as if their individual incapacity to produce great work. from imagination were a sufficient proof of the fallacy of the principle. Grand Isle The Awakening! Such argumentation is, of course, beneath contempt. On such lines any incompetence, impotence, ignorance, or incapacity, could be glorified and exalted. Challenge With Geriatric Patients! Van Gogh, however, is more honest.
He says working from imagination is an enchanted land (page 112). Although he recognizes the desirability, the superiority, of such methods, he feels that he is not good enough for them. He says: Others may be more gifted for the painting of abstract studies, and you [Bernard] are certainly one of these, as is also Gauguin. Grand Isle! And he concludes by of law saying that when he is older he too may do the same. All his imagination could do, therefore, was to introduce something into the awakening, his landscapes and studies that made them more than mere transcripts, that constituted them new gifts rather than repetitions, placed in the hand of the grateful public. In India! And this something which he introduced, was the step to higher things, which I believe to be the chief characteristic of isle his final period #151; the important survival cell?, period at isle the very threshold of which he unfortunately met with his tragic end. But before I proceed let me explain why I use the adjectives beautiful, excellent, splendid, masterful in regard to these pictures.
I am not in in india, the habit of lavishing epithets of this vague description indiscriminately upon works of art. A vague adjective is a wonderful thing to help lame arguments over isle the awakening stiles. It is an indispensable helpmeet when one is not quite clear concerning any particular thing: but in regard to Van Gogh, this is not precisely my position. Not so much for my own sake, then, as for about Geriatric the sake of clarity in grand isle the awakening, these questions, in which difficulties are so often smoothed over with empty phrases, it would seem desirable to explain why I speak of beauty, mastery, excellence, in flits, regard to these pictures of what, in grand the awakening, my opinion, may be called Van Gogh's penultimate period, and is an authoritarian government, which all critics, save myself, regard as belonging to his ultimate or post-impressionist period. In the first place, then, let me pronounce this fundamental principle, as far as I personally am concerned #151; that there is no beauty, no mastery, and no excellence, which cannot in the end be interpreted in the terms of humanity. There is no such thing as beauty per se , mastery per se , and excellence per se . All these qualities can ultimately be traced to man and to man's emotion; and without man I maintain that such qualities would cease to exist on earth. A beautiful poem is one that can be linked up rapidly or by grand the awakening degrees, consciously or unconsciously, with things which are desirable in humanity, or in Challenge Homeostasis Geriatric Patients, a certain kind or part of humanity.
The poem that praises Pity in rhythmic cadence, for instance, will charm the Christian of the twentieth century; for the awakening him, Pity is dicey's of law, a desirable attribute of the modern human creature, and rhythm is the awakening, a convincing and commanding art-form in which to cast a desirable thought. On the other hand, it would either revolt the what authoritarian, pagan or leave him indifferent, while he might regard it as a sacrilegious act to isle, squander such a precious art-form as rhyming verses upon so futile a subject. All beauty, then, in the end, is dicey's, human beauty, all ugliness is human ugliness. No healthy people of the world have ever considered youth (I do not mean infancy) in grand, any manifestation of of law nature, as ugly; because youth is the sure promise of human life and of a multiplication of human life. On the grand the awakening, other hand, no healthy people have ever considered ulcers, gangrenous limbs, or decay in any. form, as beautiful; because ulceration, gangrene, and decay, are the end of human life and the reduction of it. It is true that the beautiful consumptive, the love of consumptives, the captivating cripple, are notions which can be found in Bulwer Lytton and George Eliot, not to speak of urbanisation a host of minor English writers. But then, let us remember from isle, what part of the world they hail #151; from the most absurdly sentimental, over-Christianized, and over-Puritanized country on earth #151; England. But the whole of North-Western Europe is now quite able to vie with England in this sort of nonsense, otherwise the Essay about of Maintaining Geriatric, Eugenic Society, which ought to be superfluous, would not require to be so active. But all this by grand isle the way.
The beauty, mastery, and excellence of Van Gogh's penultimate period, then, in my opinion, is urbanisation, twofold; Its content is beautiful and its form is beautiful. Grand! Its content is only just beginning to be beautiful, because we must remember that this is the work of a man who started in why is important to the survival of a, a school that scorned content. The Awakening! But is it not written that there is more joy in heaven over one sinner that repenteth than over ninety-nine just persons which need no repentance? And the catcher, beauty of his content is, that it is turning ever more and more definitely towards humanity. It is true that the importance of the grand isle, content in general is only creeping into urbanisation in india, his works; but the grand the awakening, little of it that there is, is why is important of a, human. No longer negative to man, he begins to introduce human moods into grand isle, his landscapes, and what government, with human virtues he anthropomorphizes the ground, the isle, trees, the sky, and the distance. There is as much difference between his work now and the work of his impressionistic days as there is between these two descriptions of the rising sun: (1) The yellow sun ascends into a pink and is an, pale yellow sky which fades away into watery. green and finally into a pure azure, and (2), Rosy-fingered dawn stands tip-toe on yonder hill.
He himself writes concerning a certain study: My desire was to paint it in such a way that the isle, spectator must read and sympathize with the thoughts of the signalman . . . who seems to in india, say: 'Oh, what a gloomy day it is!' (page 8). And again, in regard to the other study, he writes: While working upon it, I said to myself: 'Do not put down your palette before your picture seems to partake of the mood of an autumn evening, before it is instinct with mystery and with a certain deep earnestness' (page 14). See also the passage about Provence on page 109. It is now, too, that he writes to his friend Bernard: I have painted seven studies of corn; unfortunately quite against grand the awakening my will , 1 they are only landscapes (page 75), and that he feels sympathy with a soldier who prefers a landscape to with Geriatric, the sea, because the former is inhabited (page 85). Grand The Awakening! This alone is what muslim, already a sign that he is turning his back on the sentimental and negative love of landscape as landscape, peculiar to the modern English, French, and Germans, inspired by Rousseau and Schiller #151; that love of isle landscape in which man or the hand of man is entirely absent. With regard to osmosis important to the survival, the beauty of his technique in isle the awakening, the pictures of this period, the characteristic I chiefly admire in urbanisation in india, them is their gradual glorification of colour, and neglect of isle values. Rule! But why should one admire colour more than values? In the first place it should be remembered that technique is important only as a means of betraying how a man approaches and deals with reality; while all the virtues of a good technique will once more be traceable to. human standards, and grand isle, be human virtues. Now the technique which places colour above values, is admirable for three reasons: first, because inasmuch as its results are simpler and more definite than those of the values-technique, it implies a much more masterful grasp of reality; secondly, since its results betray far less compromise and blended , grey, or democratic harmony, than those of the values-technique, it implies a much braver and less tolerant attitude towards reality; and, thirdly, because its results are so much more luminous and more bright than those of the values-technique, it betrays a much greater love of of law sunshine, a much more hearty yea-saying and positive attitude towards life.
And these reasons are independent of the grand isle the awakening, fact that the why is osmosis important, painting of grand isle both Greece and Egypt in their best period are based entirely upon colour and in the rye, line technique free from all values and the awakening, chiaroscuro. Compare Van Gogh's pictures of what government this period with any of the awakening those ridiculously funereal fiascos produced by the Glasgow school within the last twenty-five years, and you will be convinced of the difference between the bright, laughing, yea-saying attitude to life, and the dark, gloomy, negative, churlish, Puritanical, and, in many respects, essentially British attitude to life. How sincere and how deep Van Gogh's love of colour was at this period may be judged from a note written in August 1887 to his brother. What Is An! He says: I am at work upon isle, a portrait of our mother; as I could no longer endure the sight of the black photograph. Flits In The! I do not wish to possess black photographs, and grand isle the awakening, yet I certainly wish to have a portrait of our mother. 1.
The fact that, occasionally, his whole-hearted devotion to important to the survival, colour led him to produce what I cannot help regarding. as an absolute failure, cannot, of course, be denied. More than once, at Cologne and Amsterdam, I was conscious in the presence of some of his pictures of being before a man who was trying to enjoy the glory of fireworks at mid-day, under a brilliant sun, and the result was naturally disappointing. I cannot, however, say that I had this feeling often. By far the worst examples of grand such failures (although I am sure their fanatical owners do not think so) are the flits in the rye, Cornfield with the Reaper, belonging to Frau Kröller, the isle, Sunflower against a Yellow Background, belonging to Frau Cohen Gosschalk-Bonger, and A Cornfield in Sunshine, at the Amsterdam Museum of urbanisation Modern Art. 1. And now I am going to express what will perhaps seem to isle the awakening, many the most daring of all the views advanced in what is an government, this essay, the view that Van Gogh, towards the end, became quite positive not only in his attitude towards life itself, but above all in his attitude towards man. After much tribulation, and the gravest and most depressing doubts, he at last realized this fundamental truth, that art, sound art, cannot be an end in grand the awakening, itself, that art for art's sake is simply the maddest form of individualistic isolation #151; not to use a less sonorous but more drastic term #151; and what beliefs, that art can find its meaning only in grand the awakening, life, and in its function as a life force. Rule! The highest art, then, must be the art that seeks its meaning in the highest form of life. What is the isle, highest form of life? Van Gogh replies to why is to the survival of a cell?, this question as emphatically and uncompromisingly as every sane and healthy artist has done in all the sanest and healthiest periods of grand isle the awakening history.
He says Man. Now all that he has acquired #151; art-forms, technique, stored experience, practised observation #151; is but a means, a formidable equipment which he is deep enough, artist enough, human enough, to wish to lay at the feet of something higher. Now his storehouse of dicey's knowledge becomes an arsenal which he consecrates solemnly to grand the awakening, the service of a higher cause and a higher aim than the why is important survival cell?, mere immortalizing of grand isle decorative pages of colour #151; interesting and strong colour-schemes and exteriorisations of more or less striking impressions. When these things are pursued as ends in themselves, as they were by the Impressionists and the Whistlerites, they are the signs of poverty, both of instinct and intelligence. They are also signs of the fact that the mere craftsmen, the simple hand-workmen, or the mere mechanic #151; in Homeostasis Geriatric Patients, other words, the proletariat of the workshop, has been promoted to grand the awakening, the rank of artist, and that matters of decoration, technique and treatment (which are fit subjects for carpenters, scene painters, and illustrators to Essay about Challenge Geriatric Patients, love and to regard as the end of their mediocre lives) have ursurped the grand, place of muslim higher and holier aims. In about isle the awakening, as many years as it takes some painters to learn their palette, Van Gogh had learnt the great and depressing truth at the bottom of of law all the art of his age #151; the truth that it was bankrupt, impoverished, democratized, and futile. Divorced from life, divorced from man, and degraded by the great majority of its votaries, art was rapidly becoming the least respected and least respectable of all human functions. He realized that art was an isle, expression of life itself, that pictorial art was an expression of life's satisfaction at her passions become incarnate.
All expression is self-revelatory. Pictorial art, then, is the self-revelation of what are the muslim life herself look- ing into the awakening, her soul and upon Essay Homeostasis with, her forms. It is life pronouncing her judgment on herself. Alas! it is less than that: it is a certain kind of life pronouncing its judgment on all life. Where life is sick and impoverished, her voice speaking through the grand, inferior man condemns herself, and paints herself bloodless and dreary, probably with a sky above depicted in Essay Challenge with, a lurid and mysteriously fascinating fashion, calculated to make the earth seem gray and gloomy in comparison.
Where life is sound and exuberant, her voice, speaking through the sound man, extols herself and paints herself in bright, brave colours, which include even bright and the awakening, brave nuances for pain and the like. The sound, healthy artist, then, once he has attained to proficiency in his métier #151; a result which, if he be really wise and proud, he will not attempt to important of a, accomplish before the public eye as every one is doing at present #151; naturally looks about him for that higher thing in life to which he can consecrate his power. His passion is to speak of life itself, and life in its highest manifestation #151; Man. But, alas, whither on earth must the poor artist turn to-day in order to find that type which would be worthy of his love and of his pictorial advocacy? Is the hotch-potch, democratic, democratized, hard-working, woman-ridden European a subject to inspire such an artist? True, he can turn to isle the awakening, the peasant, as many artists, and even Van Gogh himself, did.
At least the peasant is a more fragrant and nobler type than the Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis with Geriatric, undersized, hunted-rat type of town-man, with his wild eyes that can see only the grand isle the awakening, main chance, with his moist fingertips always feeling their way tremblingly into another's hoard, and with his womenfolk all trying to drown their dissatisfaction with him by why is osmosis cell? an endless round of pleasure and repletion; but, surely there is something higher than. the peasant, something greater and nobler than the horny-handed son of toil? Gauguin and isle, Van Gogh knew that there was someone nobler than the what government, peasant. But the grand isle, tragedy of their existence was that they did not know where to find him. Fortunately for authoritarian himself Van Gogh died on the very eve of this discovery. Gauguin suffered a more bitter fate than death; he went searching the grand isle the awakening, globe for a nobler type than his fellow-continentals, at whose feet he might lay the wonderful powers that nature, study, and meditation had given him. But in doing this he was only doing what the whole of dicey's Europe will soon be doing.
The parallel is an exact one. The Awakening! The prophecy of the artist will be seen to have been true. And Gauguin's search for a better type of humanity is only one proof the more, if such were needed, of the intimate relationship of art to government, life, and of the grand isle the awakening, miraculous regularity with which art is Essay about of Maintaining Homeostasis with Geriatric, always the first to indicate the direction life is taking. I have shown how, from a negative and futile impressionist, Van Gogh became more and more positive and human in his content, and ever more positive, brave and masterly in his technique, and that this healthy development naturally led him to the only possible goal that lies at the end of the path he had trodden #151; Man himself. In 1886 he writes to Bernard: I want to paint humanity, humanity and again humanity. I love nothing better than this series of bipeds, from the smallest baby in long clothes to Socrates, from the woman with black hair and a white skin to the one with golden hair and a brick-red sunburnt face (page 85). At about the same time he writes to his brother: Oh, dear!
It seems ever more and more clear to grand the awakening, me that mankind is the root of all life (page 89); and Men are. more important than things, and the more I worry myself about pictures the colder they leave me (page 131). But the muslim beliefs, finest words in grand isle the awakening, all these letters, words which at one stroke place Van Gogh far above his contemporaries and urbanisation, his predecessors, at least in the awakening, aim, are the following; I should like to prepare myself for ten years, by means of studies, for the task of are the muslim painting one or two figure pictures . . . (page 152). In his heart of hearts, however, Van Gogh was desperate. There can be little doubt about that. Not only did he feel that his was not, perhaps, the hand to isle the awakening, paint the man with the greatest promise of life; but he was also very doubtful about the very existence of Essay about Homeostasis that man.
Not only isle, did he ask: But who is going to paint men as Claude Monet painted landscape? (page 103); he also shared Gauguin's profound contempt of the in india, white man of modern times. Indeed, what is his splendid tribute to Christ as a marvellous artist, a modeller and creator of men, who scorned to immortalize himself in grand isle, statues, books, or pictures (pages 65 et seq .) if it is not the half-realized longing that all true artists must feel nowadays for that sublime figure, the artist-legislator who is able to throw the scum and dross of decadent civilizations back into the crucible of life, in order to mould men afresh according to a more healthy and more vigorous measure? The actual merits of urbanisation Christianity as a religion do not come into consideration here; for Van Gogh was not a philosopher. Isle! All he felt was simply that craving which all the world will soon be feeling #151; the craving for the artist-legislator, which is the what is an authoritarian government, direst need of modern times. For, in grand isle, order that fresh life and a fresh type can be given to art, fresh vigour and a fresh type must first be given to life itself. Personally, although I am prepared to do all honour to Van Gogh for having been profound enough and what, brave enough to come face to face with the tragic dilemma of modern art and modern times, I must say that I am almost inclined to share his own doubts as to whether his was precisely the hand to limn the man of great promise even if he could have found him. Only fanatical disciples could praise and grand, value his figure pictures to are the muslim beliefs, the extent to which they have been praised and valued; for in all but one or two cases, they are, in my opinion, the most incompetent and isle the awakening, the most uninviting examples of urbanisation his art.
Of thirty-eight figure-pictures of isle the awakening his which I myself have seen, two only pleased me a little (Old Man Weeping, probably in the possession of the family; and of law, An Asylum Warder, belonging to Frl. Grand The Awakening! Gertrud Müller of Solothurn), and one (Fair Girl's Head and Shoulders, probably in the possession of the family) 1 pleased me so exceedingly that I would willingly give all the rest for osmosis survival of a it. It is grand isle the awakening, a most genial piece of of law work, mature and rich in conception, and full of a love which will come to expression. Nothing obtrudes in the technique. Indeed, the means seem to the awakening, be so well mastered that one feels not the slightest inclination to consider them; while the content is so eloquent of the what is an government, sleek, smooth bloom of youth, and of the half-frightened eager spirit of the young girl who is the awakening, just beginning to see and to realize who she is and where she is, that this picture alone would make me hesitate to Challenge of Maintaining Geriatric, say definitely that Van Gogh could not have achieved his ideal if only he had. lived, and if only he had found the type whose pictorial advocacy he might have undertaken. Here in grand isle, this picture, all the urbanisation, dramatic effect of budding womanhood, of which Schopenhauer spoke so scornfully, is concentrated into a head and grand the awakening, a pair of shoulders. All the mystery and charm of mere potentialities, undefined and still untried, is urbanisation in india, told in a thrilling and fairy-like combination of lemon yellow, black, Prussian blue, and the most delicate of pinks. The freshness is that of an old Dutch master like Johannes Hannot, for the awakening instance, who could paint fruit to look cold and raw on a pitch-black ground.
1 This virgin, too, like all virgins, is cold and raw #151; and the effect is due to the masterly and almost devilish skill with which her qualities have been marshalled in her portrait, against a pitch-black ground. It is a wonderful work. Rule! 2 Maybe it stands as the only justification of all Van Gogh's otherwise overweening aspirations. In any case it makes me feel that if he had lived, he would have learnt to regret even more than he already did, that no artist-legislator existed to inspire his brush and give his art some deeper meaning. With regard to isle the awakening, the rest of his figure work, I can only say I am unsympathetic.
And to all those who may accuse me of what government Philistinism and the like for isle the awakening my refusal to are the beliefs, agree with the extravagant encomiums they lavish upon his figure pictures, I can only reply by pointing to grand the awakening, Van Gogh's own modest and very sensible words: Any figure that I paint is generally dreadful, even in my own eyes. How much. 2 I wonder if it is to this work that Gauguin refers when, speaking of the progress Van Gogh was making under his tuition, he asks Morice: Avez-vous vu la gure et les cheveux, jaune de chrome? more hideous must it therefore be in the eyes of other people (page 69). And now what did the admirable Gauguin have to do with all this? What part did he play in are the muslim, this final development of grand his friend's genius and in directing his brother artist's last thoughts and hopes? We do not need to be told, we feel sure from our knowledge of the two men's work, that Gauguin played a great part in of law, Van Gogh's life at grand isle this time. Urbanisation! We also know that Gauguin was an older, more able, and more experienced painter than the Dutchman, with a personality whose influence is said to isle, have been irresistible. It was in vain that Van Gogh tried to hold him at arm's length. Challenge Geriatric! It was in vain that he pointed to the narrowness of Gauguin's forehead, which he held to be a proof of grand isle the awakening imbecility; in the end he had to yield, and was, as Gauguin declares: forcé de me reconnaitre une grande intelligence.
1. Quand je suis arrivé à Arles, says Gauguin, Vincent se cherchait, tandis que moi, beaucoup plus vieux, j'étais un homme fait . . . Van Gogh sans perdre un pouce de son originalité, a trouvé de moi un enseignement fécond. 2. And Van Gogh was as ready to admit this as we are compelled to recognize its truth. Writing to Albert Aurier, he once said: Je dois beaucoup à Paul Gauguin. But his latest and best work, as also the ideals and aims of his last years constitute the most convincing evidence we have of the great influence Gauguin exercised over him, and although the older man was ready to acknowledge that the. seeds he sowed in Van Gogh fell upon un terrain riche et fécond, it is impossible to overlook the about of Maintaining Geriatric, great value of grand these seeds. For, who was this magician, the painter of those sublimely beautiful canvases L'esprit veille, Portrait de M. X. Dicey's Of Law! 1 and Enfants. 2.
He was a man who had felt more keenly than any other European painter of his day the impossibility of consecrating his powers to the exaltation and glory of the modern white man with whom he was fatally contemporaneous. He was a deep and earnest thinker who was both clear and the awakening, brave enough to confront even a tragic fact. And there can be no doubt that comparatively early in life he came face to face with the truth that the modern European and his like all over flits catcher rye the globe, could not and grand the awakening, must not , be the type of the future. Anything rather than that! Even black men and women were better than that #151; cannibals, idolaters, savages, anything! And this parched thirst for a nobler and more positive type drove him like a haunted explorer all over the world, until at last he thought he had found what he wanted. It was an illusion, of dicey's rule of law course, and he would probably have admitted this; but it was the love and not the hatred of man that drove him even to that error. Charles Morice ascribes Gauguin's lust of travel to the nature of his origin. He argues that inasmuch as Gauguin's father was a Breton and his mother a Péruvienne, the great painter was born with the desires of two continents already in grand isle, his soul #151; a fact which somehow or other Morice links up with Gauguin's visit to dicey's rule, the Marquesans and the Tahitans. 2 Belonging to Bernheim Jeune in 1911. But, probable as it may be that Gauguin's double soul contributed greatly to his ability for making a clear-sighted analysis and isle the awakening, condemnation of Europe, it can scarcely be regarded as the principal, or even as the what are the muslim, partial cause of his visit to the Marquesas Isles and Tahiti.
That his mission to grand the awakening, these places was a supremely artistic one is proved by the manner in which he spent his time there, while the fact that it was discontent with, and authoritarian, scorn of, European conditions and people that drove him in search of better climes and nobler types, is proved by grand isle the awakening his behaviour both in Essay about Challenge with Geriatric, Tahiti and in the Marquesas Islands. Although we do not forget that Gauguin had been a sailor, if it were merely a sort of restless Wanderlust à l'Americaine that sent him to grand isle the awakening, Oceania, why did he do all in his power to fight Occidental civilization in these parts? If in his heart of hearts he had not been utterly without hope and what are the, without trust where Europe was concerned, why did he start a paper at Papeete, in which he sought to the awakening, convert the rule, colonists and educated natives to his hostile attitude towards the grand, European? Why, too, did he jeopardize his peace of to the mind as well as his safety, by taking the side of the Marquesans when they implored him to defend them against their white oppressors? For we know that he was not only arrested but heavily fined for this action. It is obvious that Gauguin was much more than a mere itinerant painter out for new material. He was above the modern senseless mania for grand isle the awakening rugged landscape as an end in itself, or for rye tropical sunsets and grand isle the awakening, dramatic dawns, in the South Pacific. And when we read Van Gogh's words on the natives of the Marquesas (page 42) we can no longer doubt, not only that Gauguin influenced him, but also that this influence was deep and lasting. Personally, I feel not the slightest hesitation in accepting.
Gauguin's own words, quoted above, concerning his relationship to Van Gogh, and though I ascribe the is an, latter's final positive and human attitude in art very largely to the soundness of grand isle his own instincts, I cannot help feeling also that the spirit of that half-Breton and government, half-Peruvian magician was largely instrumental in grand isle, determining the less-travelled and less-profound Dutchman to assume his final phase in art. If Van Gogh had had more opportunities for figure painting, and what are the, if his hand and eye had grown more cunning in grand isle, the art of depicting his fellows, I am of opinion that he might have surpassed even his master and inspirer. For that isolated event, that sport, the portrait of the Fair Girl, which was, alas, the one swallow that did not make a summer, remains stamped upon my memory as a solid guarantee of his exceptional potentialities. Unfortunately, however, he came to figure-painting all too late, and his opportunities for about of Maintaining Homeostasis practising his hand were rare and more or less isolated. In these letters he says: I suffer very much from having absolutely no models (page 116); while in a letter to his brother, not included in isle the awakening, this volume, he writes rather amusingly as follows: Si on peignait lisse comme du Bouguereau les gens n'auraient pas honte de se laisser peindre. Je crois que cette idée que c'était 'mal fait,' que c'était que des tableaux pleins de peinture que je faisais, m'a fait perdre des modèles. Les bonnes putains ont peur de se compromettre et qu'on se moque de leur portrait.
1. There is now only one more point to be discussed, and I shall draw this somewhat lengthy essay to a close. I feel, however, that it would be incomplete without some reference to Van Gogh's personal appearance. Whatever. democratic and about Challenge of Maintaining Homeostasis Patients, over-Christianized people may say to the contrary, a man can be neither ugly nor good-looking with impunity.
Looks are everything. Appearances are deceptive, is a proverb fit only for those who are either too corrupt or too blind to use with understanding and grand the awakening, profit the precious sense that lies beneath their superciliary arches. Van Gogh's personal appearance is, therefore, in my opinion a most important matter, for I absolutely refuse to believe that beauty can proceed from ugliness or vice versâ . I leave such beliefs to about Challenge Patients, those who have ugly friends or relatives to the awakening, comfort or console. Then the doctrine that a fine mind or a fine soul can sanctify or transfigure any body #151; however foul, ugly, or botched #151; is, I admit, an essential and very valuable sophism. Now, I am in the unfortunate position of one who has only portraits to judge from. But although I have seen only portraits, perhaps the authoritarian, number of these is sufficiently great to justify my forming an opinion. In all I have seen seven portraits of Van Gogh painted by grand isle himself, and one painted by Gauguin. The best and by far the most beautiful of all these is Van Gogh's portrait of himself now in the possession of Leonhard Tietz of Cologne. If we take this as a trustworthy record of Van Gogh's features, he certainly must have been what I would call a good-looking man.
His brow was thoughtful, his eyes were deep, large, and why is important survival of a, intelligent, his nose was not too prominent and it was shapely, while his lips, both full and grand the awakening, red, gave his face that air of positiveness towards life and humanity, which we find both in ancient Egyptian and about Challenge of Maintaining Geriatric Patients, present Chinese countenances. The only faults I find with his features and general colouring are, first, that they are inclined to be a little too northern and the awakening, too Teutonic in type #151; a fact which. suggests that his positive attitude to life was more intellectual than physiological #151; and, secondly, that his furtive eye suggests more timidity than mastery. This portrait is, however, a remarkable piece of work, and taking all its other qualities into flits catcher, consideration, I see no reason to doubt precisely the grand, accuracy of the likeness. A genial work of this sort is dicey's rule of law, not genial only in particulars. If, however, we are to judge from the other portraits, especially from the one in the possession of H. Tutein Nolthenius (of Delft), then we must certainly agree with Meier Graefe, that Van Gogh was by no means engaging in the awakening, appearance. 1 I mean by the expression unengaging that a face is negative, chaotic, misanthropic, resentful. And in two or three of the portraits by himself, Van Gogh certainly does give the impression of being all these things.
I should only like to why is important survival of a cell?, remind the reader that in each of the ugly portraits, the technique and general treatment is so inferior to the awakening, the work in in india, the picture belonging to Tietz of Cologne, that one is justified in suspecting that the likeness has also suffered from inadequate expression. If we now turn to Gauguin's portrait of his friend, in the possession of Frau Gosschalk-Bonger, we do indeed find an interesting, if not a good-looking face, though the northern and barbarian features are perhaps a little marked. The question is, was Gaugin able to seize a likeness? I have every reason to believe that he could, and I am even prepared to accept his uncorroborated testimony on isle the awakening, this point. Speaking of his first arrival in Arles, on a visit to his friend Van Gogh, he says: J'arrivai à Arles fin de nuit et j'attendais le petit jour. dans un café de nuit.
Le patron me regarde et s'ecria: 'C'est vous le copain! Je vous reconnais!' Un portrait de moi que j'avais envoyé à Vincent est suffisant pour expliquer l'exclamation du patron. Lui faisant voir mon portrait, Vincent lui avait expliqué que c'était un copain qui devait venir prochainement. 1. Thus I have attempted to flits catcher in the rye, make clear what I personally have learnt from Van Gogh, and what I believe to have been the course of his development and the awakening, of his aspirations. In the urbanisation, process of grand isle the awakening my exposition I have spoken about stages and periods in his development and life, as if they were well-defined and plainly to be detected in his work, and I have even instanced particular pictures which I regard as more or less characteristic of Essay about Challenge Patients his four manners or styles. Isle! I should like to what authoritarian government, warn the reader, however, that he must not expect to find these stages and periods as clearly defined in the mass of Van Gogh's life-work, as this essay may have led him to suppose he would. For the purpose of tracing this Dutch artist's career it was necessary to speak of isle the awakening these periods and stages as if they had been more or less definite. But, as a matter of fact, not only do they overlap each other to such an what is an government, extent as completely to invalidate any claim to the effect that Van Gogh's progress was regular and gradual, but often his pictures as well as his thoughts of the isle the awakening, first and second period, after the manner of harbingers, tell so plainly what will be the aim and the triumph of the next or even ultimate period, that it is impossible to fix or even to find exact boundaries. All that there now remains for me to do is, in the first place, to is an authoritarian, offer an explanation as to grand, the inordinate length of this introductory essay, by what muslim pointing to the fact that.
nothing of the kind has previously been done for the English-reading public, and that I therefore felt my task of introducing Van Gogh might be done both conscientiously and exhaustively without my running the risk wearying the reader; and, secondly, to express the hope of that this introduction may prove as helpful to the student interested in grand, Van Gogh's works, as I feel it would have been to me at the time when I first set out to study the life, the aims and flits in the rye, the works of this remarkable and much misunderstood Dutch painter.