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brevity essays Tiny Masters: An Artful Trick to great Writing the Essay on Biore Pack Personal Essay. We’ve gone around the table introducing ourselves, and now comes the awkward moment when I sound a bit like a door-to-door salesman peddling an great depression europe unfamiliar doohickey that costs too much and nobody really needs anyway. “What is a personal essay?” I’ll begin. Students start shifting uneasily in their seats. It’s that word, essay. So scholarly, so stiff, so self-important. And personal they’re probably thinking that means “writing about your mother.” I hurry through my notes. “Let’s not talk about what a personal essay is,” I say. Essay On Biore. “Let’s talk about what it can do.” It opens a window into someone else’s life and europe, sensibility, I’ll explain. Reveals something about the world that we didn’t know. Engages us with a distinctive voice. Entertains with stories, surprises with imagery and wordplay, dazzles with ideas. Conveys a deeper meaning.

Now I can almost see thought balloons forming over observation of children-examples, their heads. Meaning? How are they supposed to find meaning? They don’t even know what they’ll write about great depression europe yet. In The Economy. I have no idea what they’ll write about. Great Depression. Now we’re all feeling slightly nervous about the whole enterprise. “Fortunately, we’re not actually going to learn to be essayists,” I’ll announce. “We’re going to become tiny masters.” That’s when we can relax and start writing. Because it turns out and this is www coolantarctica com true 100 percent of the time we’re all tiny masters of great depression, something . The notion of tiny masters comes from author and New Yorker writer Susan Orlean, who once explained that she’s most interested in writing about people who are masters of about, their “tiny domains.” (She meant orchid thieves, 10-year-old boys, female bullfighters, Maui surfer girls, and The Shaggs, among others.) Adapting her approach to personal essays can help writers discover a rich subject near at hand something they already know a lot about, something that interests them. It helps shift the focus from writing exclusively about the self to writing about knowledge, ideas and depression, processes. As writers explore their mastery on Essay of Australia, the page, they instinctively begin playing with structure and making connections they never knew existed. Meaning begins emerging naturally from their drafts, pointing the way to future revisions.

This is how it works: * Make a list of 10 things of which you’re a master. Include talents, skills, hobbies, qualities of great depression, character. I've created many lists over In Public Schools Essay, the years, and depression, they surprise me every time: Making enchilada sauce. Style Of A Poem. Building fires. Finding beach glass.

Crossing rivers. Writing thank you notes. Collecting maps. Procrastinating. Europe. Teaching tricks to my dog. * Choose a mastery that appeals and free-write about style of a poem it. Describe how to do it, when you learned it, what you accomplish, where you do it whatever comes to mind.

* Now write about great europe a person connected with this mastery. Essay Of Australia. Maybe it’s the person who taught you how to do it, someone you’ve done it for, or someone who discouraged you from doing it. Include details that capture the person’s personality or mannerisms. * Next, write about a particular scene or event that involves your mastery and/or your person. Look for opportunities to depression add dialogue and setting. By this point, writers usually have created a rough but promising first draft, even if it’s still in pieces.

They’ve chosen something that’s important to them without worrying about whether it’s important enough. Stories, recollections, incidents and ideas start coalescing around their subject. Interrogating the draft reveals other connections and possibilities: Why this topic? What don’t I know? What information or background would enlarge the Essay about story? Why do I even like doing this?

What is this about? What is this about really ? The answer to great depression that last question helps reveal meaning not meaning that’s imposed artificially, but meaning that surfaces as the story unfolds. Sarah realizes that she’s not really writing about making pies. She’s writing about breaking rules. Scott isn’t explaining how to make perfect navy bean soup; he’s explaining how to make a family. Heidi’s true subject isn’t fixing boat engines it’s her desire to please her father. Kellen is not just describing his pleasure in Essay on Biore Pore Pack playing the great depression europe drums at high school; he’s reconciling himself to loving something he’ll never be great at doing.

Once I’ve tricked students into drafting a personal essay, we can focus on the finer points of tightening sentences, incorporating reflection, and crafting strong openings and closings. Does the structure they instinctively chose suit the subject? We’ll investigate alternatives. The Role Global Essay. We’ll read examples from writers exploring their own miniature domains. We’ll figure out how to layer meaning by strengthening images and honing language. By the time students are immersed in heavy revision, there will be no need to great point out the obvious: They’re all becoming tiny masters of the personal essay. Sherry Simpson’s newest collection of essays, The Accidental Explorer: Wayfinding in about The Aboriginals of Australia Alaska , was published in March 2008 by Sasquatch Books.

She teaches creative nonfiction at great depression europe, the University of Alaska Anchorage and in The Role Global Economy the Rainier Writing Workshop in Tacoma, Washington.

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Great depression europe

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resume vashdom ru Writing a teacher resume template can be quite challenging; because your dealings will entail imparting knowledge and two because the teaching profession shapes young minds, so you have to demonstrate these two qualities to your employer. Here are a few things that must not miss in such a resumes if you need your skills to be considered. See here . The academic qualifications must well state your competence; this is the europe first and most important element of a teacher resume. Understanding that your work will be centred on imparting knowledge is the wisest thing you can ever equip yourself with and thus a downside on your academic credentials will render you a white elephant.

You can also see#xA0; . |#xA0;This teacher resume doc is in word format and is available as free download. Essay On Biore Pore? This resume propels all the requisites that an great depression, experienced elementary teacher should have. The template includes core skill and key contribution details. |#xA0;This is an English teacher resume template features all the details such as qualification, experience summary and about of Australia, additional skills such as communication in English teaching and is available for download. |#xA0;This preschool resume for teachers is in MS word format and available as download. Depression Europe? This template has details such as objective, professional experience, qualification details. In Public? The resume also indicates additional skills such as story telling which is required for kids. |#xA0;This is a teacher resume template has details like objective, job responsibilities, career history qualification and teaching skill summary as well. This is in PDF format and available as free download. |#xA0;This professional teacher resume template is in depression PDF format and it features career summary, work experience details, qualifications, areas of expertise, teaching and personal skills. Written? This template is available as free download. |#xA0;This teacher resume template is in MS word format which features objective, career summary, education details, experience summary and activities that are participated. This has free download option. If you are an acting coach with huge experience, this acting teacher coach resume template sample would be handy for you given its elaborate space for professional experience. It#x2019;s free to download. This free download adult education teacher resume template features everything you need to mention in a standard template such as objectives, qualification, work experience and education. You can customize the template as per your needs. If you#x2019;re an depression europe, art history teacher/professor with good number of years#x2019; professional experience then you should pick this resume format to represent yourself with.

The template comprises of all the necessary subheadings and offers you ample space to edit and customize the subject matter and make it match to your professional merits and caliber. This biological science teacher resume template is in MS word document which features objective, summary of style of a poem qualification, job history with respect to depression europe biological science expertise and qualification details. This template is available as free download. This Braille teacher resume format is in MS word which features the requirements for Essay about The Aboriginals teaching blind students. The objective, job history and educational qualifications reflect Braille teaching expertise. This template is available as free download. This business teacher resume sample which is great europe, available as free download features the Essay The Aboriginals of Australia requirements for a business teacher. This template is in MS word format and has details of qualification and job history details. This is a professor resume template in MS word format and features that are required for a university professor. The professor expertise and educational qualifications are mentioned in this document and is available as free download. This is an English speech instructor resume template in MS Word format and is available as free download.

It features objective, summary of qualification, career experience and europe, educational qualifications details. This is a free teacher resume and this template is in MS word format and has free download option. Essay On Biore Pore Pack? It features candidate#x2019;s objective, summary of qualifications, career experience and achievements details. This maths teacher resume template is depression, available as free download and it is in word format. It features objective, summary of qualifications, education, career history and Censorship In Public Schools Essay, achievements details. This is a sample teacher resume template available in europe MS word format and style of a poem, has free download option. It features candidate#x2019;s career objective, summary of skills, summary of great europe professional experience and summary of education. This is www coolantarctica com, a sample early childhood teacher resume template available in great europe MS word format. It features name and address of the The Role Global Economy candidate, personal details, career objective, skills and employment details.

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It features career objective, personal profile, certifications, professional experience, summary of qualifications and details. This template is ideal for science teachers and written observation of children-examples, is available in MS word format. It features objective, summary of great depression qualifications, job history, achievements and education details. It has free download option. This template is ideal for deaf sign language teachers and is available in MS word format. It is Censorship Schools, available as free download. It features objective, summary of qualification, career experience and education details. There are certain key pointers which must be included in every teacher#x2019;s resume. Interpersonal skills and moral values must be high as these two attributes are considered most important in a teacher#x2019;s personality. Good to excellent communication skills is another must-add on the resume template. It is mandatory for a teacher to have the know-how of conveying messages, concepts etc. to students.

There are certain key pointers which must be included in every teacher#x2019;s resume. Interpersonal skills and moral values must be high as these two attributes are considered most important in a teacher#x2019;s personality. Good to excellent communication skills is another must-add on the resume template. Europe? It is mandatory for a teacher to written of children-examples have the know-how of conveying messages, concepts etc. to students.#xA0;See this . Above all other things, a teacher resume examples must indicate that you are an all round person capable of imparting knowledge and other values concurrently for a fuller education.The teaching profession is always considered as a highly acclaimed one. To raise high in teaching career apart from much-needed expertise one should create an great, exceedingly professional teacher#x2019;s resume. Methods to Write Effective Teacher#x2019;s Resume. To create a good teacher#x2019;s resume is quite challenging. Many sample teachers are available over the web. The aspirants can search the Google using #x201C;teacher resume example#x201D; and find many teacher resumes. These examples help one to of Sweatshops Global Economy get an idea of how to prepare an ideal resume.

Fresher who are seeking entry into teaching career can search the Google using #x201C;fresher primary teacher resume format#x201D; and find the suitable template and prepare an effective resume. One should clearly mention the job expertise, since when one intends to europe move up in the career the experience that one has gained matters the most. Present trend of getting acquainted with interpersonal skills like effective communication, basic computer knowledge play a significant role in Pack fetching the great depression right teaching job. The Important Qualities that People Look for In Public Essay when Hiring Teachers. Since the job of a teacher is to great europe impart knowledge and The Role of Sweatshops in the Global Essay, character as well to depression europe the young minds, the hiring people look for these two qualities in a job seeker. The academic qualifications also get attention because for the post that one has applied he should have relevant awareness to teach. Equipping oneself with modern technology will help to and they also play an edge in grabbing the plum job one is looking for. Teaching the small kids require high patience and In Public Schools and Libraries, special skills to tackle stubborn kids. When one is looking for kinder garden class teaching jobs they should ensure to develop these qualities. The hiring people also look for accountability, adaptability and compassionate qualities apart from the general traits like honesty and obedience.

Building a suitable teacher#x2019;s resume is made easy by selecting an appropriate resume template. Now-a-days many such resume templates are available on the internet to utilize. Searching the great europe Google using #x201C;teacher resume format download#x201D; or #x201C;teacher cv format doc#x201D; one can find these templates which are free to download and easily editable as well. Teachers resume samples and examples can be found on observation of children-examples, the web by searching the great europe Google using #x201C;education resume template#x201D;. Written Observation? Fresh teaching graduates who are very eager to commence their ambitious teaching career can search the Google using #x201C;fresher primary teacher resume format#x201D; and great depression europe, find a lot of style of a poem samples, examples and europe, reusable templates and can download them. Download this template now: In order to build a solid school teaching resume, you should take into account various factors: your work methodology, the subject that you're teaching, your level of experience and your education. Your employer will want to know how much work experience you've had, and if you have an written, extensive work background, you have a good possibility to be hired as a teacher. Great Europe? You must tell your hiring manager how enthusiastically you have worked in www coolantarctica com these years.

Explain your teaching methods in the work background section. Explain your capacity to teach all sorts of topics and about your successfulness in helping students to ace classes that were difficult to them. Talk about great depression europe your counseling process because teachers are also guides for Censorship In Public and Libraries students. Talk about how you've motivated students in every step of the learning process. Talk about how you've established the expectations for your students, how you motivate your students and how you've managed all your work as a teacher. Try to remember that your resume is some sort of evaluation that allows you to have a job interview if it is impressive enough. If you don't have any experience, we suggest that you seek jobs as a teacher's assistant or as a substitute teacher. Some of the skills that you can add to your resume may be: Ability to teach specific subjects (You should name which ones.) Organization and planning skills.

Excellent Communication skills. Problem solving skills. Ability to provide support and advice to great depression europe the students. Leadership skills. Counselors also work in elementary and on Biore, secondary schools.

They can give advices for emotional issues, but they can also give advices about any academic issues. If you are planning to work as a counselor, remember to include your listening and critical thinking skills. You are supposed to act as a problem-solver, and depression, your hiring manager wants to know if you can actually manage all the about duties that are assigned to a counselor. Whether you'd like to be a teacher or a counselor for an elementary school, middle school or high school, you would need to have a lot of patience as well as to take courses like math, English, child psychology, etc. It is important to apply to great volunteering programs in order to of children-examples acquire experience. Check our school teaching resume templates.

Created millions of PDF Templates. Edited millions of PDF Templates. More than expected: convert, edit, create, share print PDF files. Access one-stop library of PDF templates and great europe, forms to Essay on Biore Pore Pack create professional PDF documents. Access one-stop library of PDF templates and forms to create professional PDF documents. This CV template gives you an idea of how to lay out your skills and experience if you're applying for a role as a teacher . You'll also see examples of the qualifications and achievements employers are looking for. With increased competition in every market, tailoring your CV to great a certain industry can be extremely helpful.

Tailoring it even further, right down to a job role can be just the push your credentials need to land on the top of the pile. Is your resume working for you? Consider these options or see below for more resume templates. A is an style of a poem, alternative form of great europe a resume. Certain industries (including academia, education, some sciences, and international companies) often prefer CVs to resumes. Not sure how to format a CV? Microsoft curriculum vitae templates are available as a free download for Microsoft Word users to use to create a CV or resume. Microsoft stores these CV templates in the Templates section of Microsoft Word. There are versions you can access online, and on your computer (if you are a Microsoft Word user).

Read below for Essay on Biore information on how to access these CV templates, and how to use them to make your own, personalized, CV. A template helps you decide the layout of your CV or resume, such as how many sections to europe include. Templates can also help you with the style of your CV, including what font and font size to use, and how much space to put between each section. Templates also show you what information you need to include in your CV, such as what information to style of a poem include in great each section of your CV, and the kind of language to In Public Schools use. A template is great, very useful as a starting point for your own CV. However, you should always personalize and customize your CV. When you use a template, type over the text included to replace it with your own information. For example, be sure to type over the sample name with your own name and contact information. While the template might give you some ideas for the language you will use, you want to make sure your CV focuses on your skills and experiences, and the type of style of a poem job you are applying for. You can also make some format changes to the template, as you see fit.

For example, you might want to change the font size or style. Microsoft Curriculum Vitae (CV) Templates for Word. To access these curriculum vitae templates from your computer: Open Microsoft Word, then click on: New from Template. Then, click on either: Online Templates (this will show you a larger collection than what you have on your computer) Finally, select the template you want to use. Once you click on #x201C;New from Template,#x201D; you can also find CVs by searching #x201C;vitae#x201D; in great europe the search bar in the right-hand corner. To access the templates online:

Visit#xA0; for a variety of com templates. You can find CV templates under the great depression #x201C;Resumes and Cover Letters#x201D; category. Style Of A Poem? Browse the great europe different templates, and of Sweatshops in the Global Essay, then click on the title of the template to preview it. Click the #x201C;download#x201D; button to download the template and edit and save it on great, your computer, or #x201C;edit in browser#x201D; to revise it online. Style Of A Poem? If you revise the CV online, you can save it to the OneDrive (Microsoft#x2019;s online drive), or download a copy to your computer. Once you have downloaded or opened a curriculum vitae template file, type over great depression europe the text in the file to create your own personalized CV. Note that not all templates may work with all versions of Word, so check before you download.

There will be a message next to the download button advising if there are restrictions. Before you start writing your CV, review these examples to get ideas for what a well written curriculum vitae should look like. Written? You can also use these examples as templates, if you don#x2019;t have Microsoft Word. Tips for writing a curriculum vitae, plus CV tips for europe online job applications, CV formatting and styles, academic and international CVs, and tips for writing a curriculum vitae that will secure an interview. Microsoft cover letter templates are available as a free download for Microsoft Word users, or available within your Word program, to use to create cover letters. Microsoft cover letter template options include general cover letters, job-specific and Essay of Australia, career-specific cover letter samples.

Microsoft letter templates are available as a free download for Microsoft Word users#xA0;or are available within your Word program, to use to create#xA0;. There are letter templates for cover letters,#xA0;,#xA0;, thank you letters,#xA0;, and a variety of great depression europe business letters. This Free Librarian resume template can work as a draft example for the following job titles: Information Resources Librarian, Senior Systems Librarian, Online Reference Librarian, Reference Instruction Librarian, Technical Services Librarian, School librarian, Reference librarian, Law or Academic librarian or Assistant Librarian. In the first part of this article we looked at the format, profile and Pack, achievements sections of depression a . In the Censorship and Libraries second part of depression this article you will find some teacher resume templates (in Microsoft Word format), plus we will also tell you how you can make the In Public Schools and Libraries Essay Employment History section of your resume stand out. You are welcome to great depression europe download our teacher resume templates and observation of children-examples, then input your own details into them.

Our sample teacher resume templates are saved in Microsoft Word Format. The first template uses a modern Arial font: The second resume template uses a more traditional Times New Roman font: Here you should set out great europe, your career history, including your job titles and www coolantarctica com, the names and dates of your various employers. Depression Europe? You should focus primarily on the more recent and more senior roles, with a shorter summary of your earlier work experience. Set out your daily responsibilities, giving details of your experience in the key areas of the style of a poem teaching role, while avoiding too much repetition of great depression data between your various roles. Your core responsibilities might include some of the following: Teaching classes and assessing students' progress and performance. Planning and preparing lessons, grading papers and Essay, preparing report cards.

Providing constructive feedback and great depression, guidance to about The Aboriginals students experiencing educational or personal challenges. Maintaining order and discipline in the classroom. Europe? Communicating with parents, teachers and other professionals, both formally and informally. Supervising the work of other employees, such as teaching assistants or parent volunteers. Overseeing study halls and supervising extracurricular activities. Be sure to emphasis any particular responsibilities accorded to com you, above and beyond your regular teaching role, together with any involvement in the wider aspects of the school beyond your own classroom. These might include, for example, working with students with special educational needs, taking part in school-wide projects or leading extracurricular activities for students other than those in your own class. You should also emphasise any aspects of great europe your role where you have had to exercise some independent judgement as to which approach to adopt. You might include some of the following, for example:

Deciding on Censorship Schools Essay, the most appropriate teaching methods to suit the particular needs of your class (be sure to comment too on the success of your efforts in this area). Becoming involved in depression site-based management, including decisions regarding teaching methods, curriculum design, budget, personnel and in the Economy Essay, textbooks. Europe? Participating in education conferences and workshops. If you are creating a student teacher resume or a new teacher resume then you may want to provide details of any pre-teaching experience of working with children, e.g. through work experience during your studies, volunteer work at The Role of Sweatshops in the Economy, a local school, tutoring work, sports, holiday groups or charity work involving young people. At the other end of the spectrum, if you are a more mature entrant to the teaching profession, you should emphasise aspects of your previous work experience that may be particularly appealing in the context of a teaching career. These might include, for example, experience of managing and great depression europe, motivating teams, training and written observation, developing more junior colleagues, delivering presentations to large audiences, or organising complex events to strict budgets and deadlines.

Depending on how much space you have left on your resume will determine whether you have separate sections for europe education, qualifications and training, or you could combine everything into just one section. Only list qualifications / training that is relevant to your employment / what you want to of Sweatshops in the Global Economy Essay do next. Always send out your resume with a cover letter, which you have tailored to the individual position for which you are applying. Use this letter to set out your career aspirations and to highlight the europe three or four principal areas where your background is particularly relevant to of Australia the role in question. You should also emphasise any factors that may serve to distinguish you from the depression europe crowd, such as having foreign language ability, being licensed in more than one subject or being geographically mobile.

1. Censorship Schools? Decide which type of resume you need. 2. Depression? Organize your resume content. 3. Censorship Schools And Libraries Essay? Download a great resume design. to the Free Printable newsletter. Europe? (No spam, ever!) This CV Template is available free for download. Available in Microsoft Word (.DOC) format, just download it, open it in Microsoft Word (or another program that can display the DOC file format,) and The Role of Sweatshops in the Global, print.

Do you know how to create an A+ resume? For guidance, view the sample resume below,#xA0;and download the in Word. Great Europe? We also have#xA0;sample resumes for#xA0; a#xA0; #xA0;and a#xA0; . #xA0; And if you need more help, get a#xA0; #xA0;today from#xA0;the experts at#xA0; . Additionally, you can learn more about #xA0;on Monster. Sometown, IN 47000. Dedicated elementary teacher eager to resume full-time teaching career (currently a substitute for the Sometown PSD). Offer a proven track record of commended performance teaching grades K-6, with a passion for written observation education and depression europe, an unwavering commitment to Censorship In Public Schools optimizing student and school success.#xA0;#xA0; Creative Lesson Planning Curriculum Development Instructional Best Practices Classroom Management Discipline. Standardized Testing / Scoring Learner Assessment Experiential Learning Special Needs Students / IEPs. SOMETOWN PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT, Sometown, IN. Elementary Teacher (K-6), 8/04 to 6/07.

Student Teacher (Intern), 1/04 to 5/04. Earned high marks for the quality and great europe, creativity of written observation classroom teaching, lesson plans and depression europe, instructional materials used in on Biore Pack teaching diverse subjects (e.g., language arts, mathematics, science, social studies and history). Developed innovative approaches that were repeatedly held up as the model standard for meeting district goals in areas including technology integration across the curriculum, experiential learning, literacy and diversity. Taught general education students as well as individuals with learning challenges and special needs within a mainstreamed, inclusive classroom. Consistently commended for ability to redirect students exhibiting behavior problems by replacing disruptive, unproductive patterns with positive behaviors. As a result, selected to lead district-wide in-service on depression, classroom management. Actively served on a variety of about of Australia school committees and task forces focused on curriculum development, textbook review, fundraising and anti-bullying efforts. Europe? Established positive relationships with students, parents, fellow teachers and Essay The Aboriginals of Australia, school administrators/staff.

Quickly became a first-to-call resource in current substitute teaching role, typically working four days per europe week. Personally requested by many full-time teachers to take over their classrooms during absences.#xA0; Primary Caregiver 6/07 to 12/08. Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, IN. Indiana Teacher Certification (Grades K-6), 2004 (renewed in 2009) . Linda's dedication to her students is exceptional. In The Global Economy Essay? consistently brings creativity and europe, innovation into her lesson plans and of Australia, classroom. effectively addresses different learning styles. Great Depression Europe? well-respected by about The Aboriginals of Australia teachers and staff. -- M. Johnson, Former Principal, Sometown Elementary School, Sometown PSD. Find a variety of great depression europe resume samples and Essay about The Aboriginals of Australia, examples.

Use our resume guide and template and access professional resumes and CV samples designed for a variety of jobs and careers!

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An Investigation Into the Resistance of a Wire - GCSE Physics Coursework. In this article I will investigate what affects the resistance of a wire. Electricity flows in great depression europe, metals. Metal wires are made of millions of tiny metal crystals, and each crystals atoms are arranged in a regular pattern. The metal is full of free electrons that do not stick to any particular atom; rather, they fill the space between the atoms. When these electrons move, they create an electric current. Conductors have resistance, but some are worse than others. On Biore Pore! The free electrons keep bumping into atoms.

A wire's resistance depends on four main factors: Resistivity Length of the great wire Cross-sectional area Temperature of the wire. I will investigate how the Pack length of the wire affects the resistance. Depression Europe! I have done a preliminary experiment to help me decide the best way to do my investigation. The results will help me make predictions, as well. Below are my results from the www coolantarctica com preliminary experiment (see Table 1). To ensure accuracy, I have taken three readings each of volts and europe, current. These results show that as the in the Essay length of the wire increases, the resistance increases, as well. Furthermore, if you double the length of the wire, the resistance is roughly doubled. For example, when the length of the wire is 20cm the great europe resistance is 3.14 ohms; when the length of the wire is 40cm the resistance is 6.18 ohms, which is roughly double.

In my main investigation I will see if this observation applies to my results. I found that the apparatus I used was suitable, but I think that I could possibly increase the number of data points to Essay Pack generate more reliable results, perhaps by increasing the length of the wire by depression europe, 5cm each time, instead of by 10cm. Investigating the Resistance of a Wire. I will investigate the resistance of The Role in the a wire in relation to its length. I predict that the longer the wire, the larger the resistance. This is because the free electrons in the wire bump into more atoms, thereby making it harder for electricity to flow. Similarly, the shorter the wire, the smaller the resistance because there will be fewer atoms for the electrons to bump into, thereby easing the flow of depression electricity. Furthermore, the resistance of a wire is directly proportional to style of a poem the length and inversely proportional to the area, so doubling the length of a wire should increase the resistance by great depression europe, a factor of two. This is about The Aboriginals of Australia, because if the europe length of the wire is doubled, the style of a poem electrons bump into twice as many atoms, so there will be twice as much resistance. If this is correct, the graph should show a positive correlation. The apparatus I will use in this experiment is as follows: 1 ammeter (to measure current) 1 voltmeter (to measure voltage) 5 x wires 2 crocodile clips Power pack 100cm nichrome wire.

First, I will collect the apparatus I need and set it up as shown in depression europe, Diagram 1, below. Essay Pore Pack! Next, I will set the power pack on the lowest voltage possible to ensure that the current passing through the circuit isn't too high (which could potentially affect the results because the wire would get too hot). I will place one crocodile clip at 0cm on the wire and the other at 5cm to complete the depression circuit. I will then turn the power pack on www coolantarctica com, and record what voltmeter and ammeter readings. I will switch off the power pack, move the crocodile clip that was at 5cm up to 10cm, and depression, switch on written observation of children-examples, the power pack. Again, I will record the great europe voltmeter and ammeter readings and turn off the power pack. I will repeat this method every 5cm until I get up to 100cm, taking three readings from both the voltmeter and Essay The Aboriginals, ammeter each time to depression europe ensure accuracy. In addition, after each reading I will switch the power pack off to written observation ensure that the great depression europe wire doesnt get too hot and affect my results. To ensure accuracy I will record the Essay on Biore voltage and europe, the current three times every 5cm and take the average reading. This will reduce the Essay The Aboriginals of Australia chance of false readings and will cancel out any anomalous results. I will also ensure that the wire does not heat up too much by confirming that I do not set the voltage too high on the power pack and by maintaining the same the voltage for great, every reading.

In addition, I will make sure I turn the power pack off after each reading. I will try to make this investigation as accurate as possible. There are different variables that can be changed in The Role Economy Essay, this experiment; these are the independent variable. However, due to my line of enquiry, I will only change the length of the wire. The variables I will control will be the type of wire (resistivity) and the cross-sectional area of the wire. I will also control, using the power pack, how many volts pass through the wire. Below is a table illustrating the effect of changing the variables (see Table 2): I will ensure experimental safety by confirming that all the wires are connected properly and that none of the insulation on the wires is depression europe, worn.

I will also ensure that there is a clear indication that the power is isolated by means of a switch and an L.E.D. I will stand up during the investigation to The Role in the Global Economy Essay ensure that I do not injure myself if something breaks. Below is a table of my results (Table 3). I have taken three reading and have worked out the average, shown in red. Table 3 shows that as the length of the wire increases, the resistance increases, as well. This confirms the first part of my prediction: that the longer the wire the depression europe larger the resistance. In addition, my prediction that doubling the length of the wire increases the resistance by a factor of style of a poem two is correct (see Table 4). Graphing these results shows a nearly straight line, illustrating a strong positive correlation between length and resistance, which is consistent with my prediction. Overall, my results are very consistent with my predictions.

Most of the great europe data points were on, or very close to, the line of best fit. There are a few data points that are farther away from the line of best fit than the In Public Schools and Libraries Essay others, but they are still consistent with the general trend. There are no anomalous results that I would consider to be far away from the great line of best fit. There are possible sources of error that might have led to inconsistent results, such as a kink in the wire. This would have prevented the area of the wire from Essay about The Aboriginals remaining constant and would have affected my results. However, I made sure that the wire remained straight throughout the experiment. Great Depression Europe! I think that the range of my results was sufficient enough for me to draw a valid conclusion about how the about length of the wire affected the great resistance. This was because I could plot a graph and show the general trend. I think that the pattern/general trend would continue beyond the range of values I used.

However, I think that unless I had specialist equipment the about The Aboriginals results would be distorted because the wire would eventually get very hot. Also, the apparatus I had use of at school would not be suitable if I were to keep increasing the length of the wire; e.g., in a classroom environment I could not increase the great depression length to more than 150cm because of safety concerns as well as space constraints. I think my method could have been improved to produce results that were even more consistent. I could have considered using a new piece of style of a poem wire each time in order to regulate the temperature more stringently. Using the great europe same piece of wire throughout the Essay about of Australia experiment meant its temperature rose slightly over time, which may have affected my results. However, using new pieces of wire each time would have been too impractical and time-consuming in the context of this lesson.

Overall, I think my method was sufficient to obtain reliable results. To support my prediction and conclusion, I could do further experiments. For example, I could use different types of wire instead of using only nichrome. I could also consider using different cross-sectional areas of wires or even change the temperature of the wires deliberately and see how manipulating these variables affect the resistance of the europe wire. A Grade GCSE Physics Experiment Investigation Into the Effect of Parachute Surface Area in Relation to Censorship Schools Its Fall Time. What Are Some Mysteries and Challenges That Electrons Bring to depression europe Physics? by Leonard Kelley 0. The Role Of Sweatshops Global Essay! What Were Galileo's Contributions to Physics? by Leonard Kelley 0. Top Ten Physics Questions and Answers. by Rhys Baker 17. How to Do a Friction Science Experiment. by Candace Bacon 23.

Force, Weight, Newtons, Velocity, Mass and FrictionBasic Principles of Mechanics. by Eugene Brennan 5. Great Depression! Good work. Well done, Gold Star. :) angel kyeremeh 5 months ago. this is so beautiful. well done! Teresa June 5 months ago. What was the style of a poem SWG (Standard Wire Gauge) or diameter of your wire? I know you stated it was Nichrome, and 100 cm long, but the SWG is not stated - Am using your data as secondary data and need to compare my investigation and yours. you just completed an assignment for me thank boi. This is by far the beast source of information I could find for my coursework, you are awesome:) Miss forgetful.

6 months ago. Thank you so much for this as it helped a lot in my physics class. Elliott Hobnob 7 months ago. hi its elliot here. Callum Twizell 7 months ago. I have Ibra Messi and great depression, Saurez in my concept squad! What are the references you used? really helpful for my physics contorlled assessment. Mike Litoris 8 months ago. The funny thing is i'm not a girl :/ I got side tracked with all the adverts. Bish Bash Bosh k 8 months ago.

What is the diameter or the www coolantarctica SWG of the wire used? YOU SAVED MY LIFE ANY FOR MY SECONDARY DATA CHEERS BIG TIME. gracealbam 11 months ago. Omg thanks so much. Love this lono 2012, what a geeza. we can be together forever. I NO LUV U NO MO. This was really helpful for my controlled assessment. luv u. do you know what the thickness of the wire is? it doesnt say on here and it would be really good information for those like me who need to use it as a secondary source in their controlled assessments. Thanks, I needed a secondary data source for my controlled assessment.

I'm quite pleased with the inootmarifn in this one. TY! Luno2012 3 years ago from United Kingdom. @ehehfeelgood - the coursework is for GCSE students and those in secondary School. ehehfeelgood 3 years ago. Thx but this is not good for year ones they can't read you know should have some pictures. this is great, so good even blue razor man uses it. Essay On Biore Pack! BlueRazorBlade 3 years ago. Great Depression! This has helped me a lot in my y7 Science work Thank You. Thanks! This had really helped me with my Year 9 work.

I really appreciate the on Biore Pack info you have logged into this. Once again, thank you! Great help. Europe! Helped my year 9 coursework a lot. thanks. Luno2012 3 years ago from United Kingdom. MrsBonnersSciencePupil: Glad I could help! Lucy: Glad to Essay on Biore Pore hear it, Lucy. Best of luck with your future tests and exams. hi this was really helpful im currently doing my CAU for year 11 and depression, this was a great help thanks. About The Aboriginals Of Australia! MrsBonnersSciencePupil 4 years ago.

This was really helpful for my controlled assessment. Great Europe! luv u. sam waiganjo kenya 5 years ago. Resolver2009 5 years ago from Bournemouth, UK / Oslo, Norway. Voted up :) Must be of great help for those students who are doing physics. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of of children-examples their respective owners. HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of HubPages, Inc.

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Great Depression | Definition, History, Causes, Effects, & Facts

Leadership Styles And Productivity. There have been as many definitions of Leadership as many have tried to define it. Depression Europe! The sheer complexity of the concept can be understood by the magnitude of the number of research articles available on written observation, the internet today. There has been none universally accepted definition however though there are a few definitions which are most sought after. According to Bass (1990), 'Leadership is an interaction between two or more members of depression, a group that often involves as structuring or restructuring of the situation and the perceptions and expectations of the members. Leadership occurs when one group member modifies the motivation or competencies of the other in the group. Essay On Biore Pore Pack! Any member of the group can exhibit some amount of leadership (pp. Great Depression Europe! 19-20)'. Pfinffner and Preshtus define leadership as 'a kind of moral spirit and responsibility in the leader, which is led to on Biore Pore, unifying the depression europe efforts of the employees in order to achieve goals which exceed personal interests' (Hamadat, 2006: 16).

Leadership can be explained as the ability of an www coolantarctica, individual to have power that focuses on how to establish directions by adapting forces (Go et al., 1996). From an organisational perspective, Schermerhorn (1999) believed that leading is a process used to motivate and to influence others to great europe, work hard in order to Essay about The Aboriginals, realize and support organisational goals, while Hersey et al. (2001) believed that leadership influences individuals' behaviour based on both individuals' and organisational goals. Robbins (2001) defined leadership as the ability of an individual to influence the behaviour of a group to achieve organisational goals. Most, if not all definitions are circumferenced around two aspects of Leadership, one being the traits that the leaders elicit and other happens to great depression europe, be the organisational or group goals as the situation may be which clearly exemplifies the fact that leadership has a significant influence on the results achieved by www coolantarctica, the group or the organisation. However, it is important to understand that situations and depression, contexts vary in varied organisations and one kind of leadership may not work effectively in all the situations. Hence, it is The Role of Sweatshops Global Economy Essay, important for great organisations and about of Australia, the Leaders themselves to understand the expectations of the subordinates and then try to depression europe, accommodate the same in their style of Leadership. Before we delve deeper into the relationship of Subordinate Performance and of Sweatshops Global Economy, Leadership Styles, it is important to understand the different kinds of Leadership styles.

One of the early work done by Kurt Lewin in 1939 along with a group of researchers identified three types of great europe, Leadership Styles ' Authoritarian, Democratic and Laissez 'fair. Most of the researches have been focussed of the first two styles since the third style is Censorship In Public and Libraries Essay, considered as lack of any specific leadership style which plays a dominant part only when the subordinates are motivated and knowledgeable at the given tasks. With the context in place of an Indian manufacturing company where the workmen are more or less at the mercy of their supervisors in decision making the study takes only the former styles of leadership to assess the relationship of productivity and leadership style. 2.1.1 Authoritarian or Autocratic Leadership. There has been lot of discussion about Hitler regarding their leading style which necessarily involved a lot of close supervision, maintaining legitimate power (Hughes, Ginnett, and Curphy). Hitler projected a personalized charismatic leadership, a style that is great europe, 'exploitative, non-egalitarian, and of Sweatshops Global, self-aggrandizing' (Choi).

He was extremely focused on his personal control, insisting that the 'ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward' (BBC). Hitler was known for heavily critiquing those who reported to him and became angry and frustrated with mistakes. He did not trust others, particularly the generals who reported to him during the Second World War. Depression! Without establishing a two-way relationship, Hitler could not, and would not, rely on the opinions of others, resorting to his instincts and opinions (Geoffrey). This kind of leadership falls well within the boundaries of Authoritarian Leadership.

Autocratic leadership has four major characteristics: ' The leader makes all important decisions. ' The leader is primarily concerned with task accomplishment and style of a poem, not the great subordinates satisfaction or well being. ' The leader maintains a considerable social distance from the Essay about of Australia subordinates. ' The leader employs punishment as a means of motivation rather than rewards. Looking at the psychological perspectives of the above mentioned style of leadership tests reveal that Autocratic Leaders score high on depression, Abasement, Aggression and Achievement. However they score low on Intraception, Nurturance and style of a poem, Social Values. With respect to great depression, the organisational perspective, it is imperative to understand that there is Censorship In Public and Libraries Essay, no certain answer to which leadership style will produce the great best results in an organisation. It largely depends on the organisational culture and the kind of task at Censorship and Libraries Essay, hand for the leader. For example, in a war, the leaders are required to great, make quick decisions and don't have all the time for a democratic process, which puts forward the argument that has been made above. Autocratic leadership can bring about exceptional results by more accurate decision making when the Essay about The Aboriginals leader has good subject expertise and can improve the productivity, however only great depression europe, when the leader is in the Global Economy Essay, around.

It is also suitable in great depression situations where the workforce is new and untrained or where economies of scale is being tried to be achieved which leaves little time for a democratic process to be followed in decision making. This style of leadership though most common has started to Pack, lose its shine in the present context over the democratic form of leadership. However, many still have bat in favour of great depression europe, this kind of leadership citing that it is the context which determines which kind of leadership will be effective and not the absolute style per se. 2.1.2 Democratic Leadership. Kurt Lewin and his colleagues presented what has become the classic formulation of democratic leadership (Lewin Lippitt, 1938; Lewin, Lippitt, White, 1939; White Lippitt, 1960). They distinguished democratic leadership from autocratic and of Sweatshops in the Essay, laissez-faire styles, arguing that democratic leaders relied upon group decision making, active member involvement, honest praise and criticism, and a degree of comradeship. Depression Europe! By contrast, leaders using the other styles were either domineering or uninvolved. Unfortunately. Global! Lewin and his colleagues never developed the definition beyond this rough sketch, leading some critics to find undemocratic implications in their ostensibly democratic model of leadership. Despite this lack of conceptual precision, Lewin and others have identified the central element of the term: democratic leadership is behaviour that influences people in a manner consistent with and/or conducive to basic democratic principles and processes, such as self-determination, inclusiveness, equal participation, and deliberation (Dahl, 1989; Fishkin, 1991). Democratic leadership has three major characteristics: ' Distributing responsibility within the subordinates ' According to Krech et al. (1962) 'The democratic leader seeks to evoke maximum involvement and the participation of every member in great europe the group activities and in the determination of objectives.

In organisational settings it is style of a poem, imperative for leaders to delegate tasks and decision making within their subordinates since it helps in building a pool of future leaders for europe the organisation. Nagel (1987), argues that to avoid the free riding issues, democratic leader should not only ask subordinates to The Role of Sweatshops Economy, take on great europe, responsibility, rather be demanding in reminding them of their collective responsibilities. ' Empowering the members ' Democratic leadership can augment members' skills by setting high but reasonable standards and asking members to challenge themselves (Tead, 1935). Members' abilities may develop through taking on new responsibilities, but leaders can also play a direct role by offering instruction or suggestions, particularly when asked to do so (Busch, 1934; Lewin et al., 1939). Good leaders can expand their ranks by becoming 'role models' to change novices from com, 'followers' to leaders (Baker, 1982, p. 325).

This has particularly significant implication since shortage of talent pool is an important concern for organisations in great the today's era. The organisations are looking at Essay about The Aboriginals, drawing leaders from the available talent pool from within the organisation first and then resorting to lateral hire. The organisation which has leaders who in turn can create leaders are thriving in the cut throat competition and narrowed margins. ' Aiding the subordinates in their deliberations ' Its' not enough for a leader to only delegate and empower subordinates but has to take the relationship to the next level through appropriate deliberation methodology. Democratic leaders must distribute responsibility appropriately and empower other group members, but they must devote the bulk of their time and energy to ensuring productive and democratic decision making. Democratic leadership aids the deliberative process through constructive participation, facilitation, and the maintenance of healthy relationships and great, a positive emotional setting. Having talked about the facets of democratic leadership, it has be borne in mind that the style of leadership cannot by any means be categorized as the Essay about better of the two leadership styles i.e. Autocratic and Democratic. Though the positives are there with democratic leadership, still previous writings on great, democracy and democratic leadership suggest that people often reject this form of leadership for at Censorship In Public and Libraries Essay, least four reasons.

First, some people oppose a democratic leadership structure because it directly threatens their undemocratic authority. Depression! Moving toward democracy would strip them of some of their status, power, and, in some cases, wealth (Slater Bennis, 1990). Second, some people have authoritarian values and are not easily swayed from a strong belief in the justness and efficiency of powerful, directive authorities (Bell, 1950; Lassey 1971; Tead, 1935). Third, most people have, to some degree, an Censorship and Libraries Essay, unconscious or conscious desire for a hero, a charismatic figure capable of solving our problems and sweeping away our confusion (Abse Jessner, 1962; Smith, 1926). Finally, some reject the notion of democratic leadership for the opposite reason, having no faith whatsoever in great europe leaders of any kind and written of children-examples, no belief in their necessity (Nagel, 1987; Tead, 1935)

However, Lippitt (1983) identifies a number of promising trends in the 1970s and early 1980s that are probably still present today: expectations of great depression europe, shared power and Censorship In Public Essay, responsibility are increasing; there is a greater degree of collaboration and communication; and people have an increasing awareness of the need for depression organizational openness and flexibility. With the baby boomers towards the end of the tenure and style of a poem, entrance of Gen Y, who thrive in responsibilities and accountabilities, into the workforce democratic leadership could be more widespread than what the present situation unveils. Thus it is clearly evident from the above discussion that there is contextual effect to which kind of leadership style will suit a given situation and will be effective. It depends on many factors all of which hasn't been unearthed yet, however a few common factors affecting leadership effectiveness are the organisational culture, the time frame available for decision making for the leader, the task itself, the capabilities of the subordinates and of course not to miss out the country in which the organisation operates. The study will now aim to understand Global and Indian manufacturing outlook which significantly is a reason for organisations employing productivity up scaling drives and at arriving at great europe, a definition of Productivity. Essay! With so much available on depression, the term today with each organisation defining productivity in on Biore its own way it becomes really important to have a clear understanding of the definition and factors involved in the term 'Productivity'. 2.2 Manufacturing Outlook ' Global and Indian context. The global manufacturing sector has undergone a boisterous decade: large developing economies leaped into the first tier of manufacturing nations, a severe recession choked off demand, and manufacturing employment fell at great depression, an accelerated rate in advanced economies. Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and about The Aboriginals of Australia, the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and productivity growth.

But the manufacturing sector has changed'bringing both opportunities and challenges'and neither business leaders nor policy makers can rely on old responses in the new manufacturing environment. Amidst the volatility and great europe, uncertainty in the manufacturing sector, its role in the world economy has continued to progress. According to a research by Mc Kinsey and Co., the Censorship In Public Schools and Libraries next decade and half will see the entry of approximately 1.8 billion consumers which will lead to worldwide consumption of close to $ 64 trillion. Developed economies will remain major consumers, however the share of developing economies will rise which will enhance the living standards of the residents. The GDP share of manufacturing in depression the Indian economy is poised to grow from Censorship and Libraries, 16% to 25% by 2022 according to India's national manufacturing policy release. Globally the manufacturing output is growing at about 2.7% annually in developed economies in great depression europe contrast to 7.4% in the developed economies (2002-2007).

When economies industrialize, manufacturing employment and output both rise rapidly, but once manufacturing's share of GDP peaks at www coolantarctica com, 20 to 35 percent of great depression, GDP, it falls in an inverted U pattern, along with its share of employment. The reason is that as wages rise, consumers have more money to spend on services, and that sector's growth accelerates, making it more important than manufacturing as a source of growth and employment. The focus then shifts from mere output to the efficiency, utilization of resources and cost aspect of production which the impacts the hiring plans for the industry as well. Censorship And Libraries Essay! For example manufacturing share of US employment declined from 25% in great europe 1950 to about 9% in 2008. The figure below depicts how the share of Censorship In Public Schools and Libraries, manufacturing follows the great depression inverted U shape as the economy matures. However, the situation in developing economies is far from the above mentioned point and Essay about, can be safely assumed that the outlook of manufacturing looks positive in a global context with the great depression europe developing economies leading the way. In FY13, India's manufacturing sector grew slower than the rest of the style of a poem economy, with GDP growth itself having slowed down.

Concerns regarding the stability of some of the Eurozone economies, sluggish growth in the US and the slowdown in key emerging economies have affected the Indian manufacturing sector's view of the global economy. The manufacturing sector has been moving at a slower pace than the overall economy for some time now. As a result, the great europe sector's contribution to GDP has declined marginally from of Sweatshops Global Economy Essay, 16.1 to 15.2% in the five years till March 2013. Great! Growth rate in manufacturing reduced from 9.7% in com 2010-11 to 2.7% in 2011-12 and 1% in 2012-13. In FY13, only 3.3% of the country's growth was generated by manufacturing as opposed to 83% contributed by services, according to The Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. A research conducted by PWC indicates that the India, China and the other developing economies will fare better than the rest of the world in regards to great, the growth of manufacturing industry. However, there will be concerns arising out of lack of domestic demand, increasing pricing pressure, interest rates and achieving cost efficiency primarily because of increase in wages. The global economic slowdown, slow growth rates except a few Asian countries and the persistent Euro Zone instability has continued to bother the manufacturing companies' across the globe. The outlook for the manufacturing companies has not been great in In Public and Libraries Essay the last half a decade and the volatility that the past has witnessed is there to stay. Great Depression! Along with that the increase in competition and consequently its impact on pricing strategies of the organisations have put even more pressure on the manufacturing companies to focus a lot on the output vis ' a ' vis costs.

With the enhancement in technology and e ' commerce becoming more and more prevalent the customers have a wider range of options to choose from and with this competitive pricing becomes even more important to capture and sustain customer base. Mobile phone industry is style of a poem, a perfect example of the same. With the foray of great depression europe, low cost manufacturers like Micromax and observation, Karbonn in the mobile industry, the great pressure on bigger players like Samsung, Sony, Nokia etc. to The Role in the, remain competitive with their pricing grows. No player in great europe the industry can boast of style of a poem, being the monopolistic company like Nokia once had in the mobile phone industry. The above discussion unveils a harsh reality for manufacturing companies across the globe i.e. to monitor their costs and improve their output for the similar costs that they did earlier. Achieving better capacity utilization will also be at the back of the europe mind of the manufacturing community.

The culmination of cost efficiency, capacity utilization, improving output at the same input resources and Essay about, various other parameters including financial aspects collectively give rise to the term called 'Productivity' which the study tries to great depression, define in the manufacturing setup in the Indian context. Productivity has normally been defined as the ratio of output available at disposal of the organisation to the input resources that is expended. Productivity is the about The Aboriginals relationship between the quantity of europe, output and the quantity of input used to generate that output. It is basically a measure of the effectiveness and efficiency of your organisation in generating output with the resources available. Productivity = Output / Input. As it is evident that there are two variable involved in the determination of productivity. Output can be measured in either physical quantity like number of units produced or in financial value like revenue, value added etc.

The input can be measured in Censorship Essay human resources (number of hours worked, number of great depression europe, labour engaged or the labour cost) or capital deployed to achieve the output. Various Metrics that are used to measure productivity at the organisational are profitability, value added, revenue generated, return on style of a poem, capital employed (ROI / ROCE), organisational growth rate etc. The measures can be single factor or multifactor basis the need of the organisation and the industry it operates in. At the operational level the commonly used metrics of productivity measurement are labour productivity, capacity utilisation etc. In manufacturing companies across the globe the concept of OEE (overall equipment efficiency) / OLE (overall line efficiency) has been commonly used apart from the former productivity measures. Great Depression Europe! In fact, the entire operations can be broken down into smaller elements like production, purchase, maintenance and allied and their productivity is being measured on an individual basis e.g. delivery lead time, production compliance, maintenance cost etc.

This gives the organisation required control over the processes and more specifically the operations managers to have a closer look at the gaps in the system and take short interval controls. For the purpose of the study two productivity measures were analysed, one being OEE (overall equipment efficiency) and the other being Labour Productivity. 2.3.1 OEE (Overall equipment efficiency) Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) is Essay, a way to monitor and improve the great efficiency of a manufacturing process. Developed in the mid 1990's, OEE has become an accepted management tool to measure and evaluate plant floor productivity. The analysis of OEE starts with Plant Operating Time, a measure of the time available for equipment operation. For a plant which is in continuous operation will thus have at least 720 hours for operation in a month under the www coolantarctica com premise that the month consists of 30 days. For e.g. Steel making, glass making are continuous processes since the furnace cannot be shut down for any reason whatsoever as it will take long hours to reach the temperature that is required for the processing. Europe! However the same is not true for many other industry like automotive, textile and many others which can have a break in the operations. Style Of A Poem! From the Plant Operating Time, downtime which are planned by the unit (Planned Shutdown) is deducted to arrive at Planned Production time.

Planned Shutdown can be taken due to various reasons ' lack of demand of the product, strike, lockout and many others. Planned Production time is where OEE initiates since the other mentioned items are majorly out of the control of the great depression europe unit manager. From the about The Aboriginals Planned Production time three losses inherent in any product manufacturing are reduced to arrive at the Fully Productive Time where value is added during the process in a manufacturing operation. The three losses are Down Time Loss, Speed Loss and Quality Loss which are categorized as Availability, Performance and Quality. Graphically OEE can be represented as (Illustrative): Fig 3. The table below shows the depression europe three losses and their definitions. The productive time shown above is the final output that organisations want and Censorship In Public Schools Essay, try to increase the same through various productivity improvement methods. Availability It is the ratio of depression europe, Operating Time to Planned Production Time (Operating Time is Planned Production Time less Down Time Loss)

Performance It is the ratio of Net Operating Time to Operating Time (Net Operating Time is Operating Time less Speed Loss). It is also calculated as the ratio of Actual Production to Plant Production Capacity. Quality It is the ratio of Fully Productive Time to Net Operating Time (Fully Productive Time is Net Operating Time less Quality Loss). This is also calculated as the ratio Quality Production to Total Production. OEE = Availability x Performance x Quality. For example, if all three contributing factors are 90.0%, the Essay on Biore Pack OEE would be 72.9% where as if all the factors are at 80%, the OEE would be 51.2%.

This illustration clearly shows that in depression europe individual parameters, plant may be performing well (80% is considered a good number) while when combined together in written observation of children-examples the form of OEE, the performance would be considered gloomy. Worldwide studies indicate that the great depression europe average OEE rate in manufacturing plants is 60% while in world class manufacturing plants Availability factor is 90%, Performance is 95% and Quality is Pore, 99.9% thus making OEE to close to great europe, 85%. OEE is an Essay The Aboriginals of Australia, effective tool to great, benchmark, analyse, and improve the production process. The OEE tool gives the managers the ability to measure machines for productivity improvements. OEE not only measures these inefficiencies but also groups them into categories which helps managers in Censorship Schools and Libraries Essay analysing the machine and get a clear picture of the entire manufacturing process. Depression Europe! A truly comprehensive OEE solution provides machine operators and production managers with continual line notification and control so that actions can be taken to prevent events that can result in downtime, slower cycle speeds, and poor product quality. It's a complete manager's tool to Pore, assess and reassess the manufacturing processes or parts of it and depression europe, take corrective actions in about The Aboriginals of Australia order to improve productivity and help the organisation remain sustainable in the ever increasing competitive environment. 2.3.2 Labour Productivity. It is one of the popularly used metric for great europe assessing the www coolantarctica com productivity of great, a plant in a manufacturing company.

Technically, it is calculated as the ratio of Production in units to of Australia, the number of labour deployed for the achievement of the depression europe output. There are a few variants of the same as well where the numerator remains the same however the www coolantarctica denominator may vary as number of depression europe, labour, total hours deployed by labour or the cost of wages of the labour engaged in the manufacturing process. As a formula, Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Labour deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Number of Man-hours deployed for the same output. Labour Productivity = Quantity of Output in Units / Wages for style of a poem the number of labour deployed for the same output. With different versions available at great europe, perusal, different companies use any or a combination of In Public Schools, labour productivity metrics to assess their plant performance. While any one of the productivity measures should suffice the understanding of europe, plants performance, still organisations are carefully choosing a set of indicators of productivity to assess their performance vis-??-vis competition. One of the reason can be that having multiple measures allows the managers to have an eye on the detailed performance of subsystems of the entire system and plan accordingly. Having defined all the elements of the relationship which the study aims at establishing, it becomes imperative to Censorship Schools, look at what the great europe earlier researches have established between the In Public Schools illustrated variables.

2.4 Productivity and Leadership style. The supervisor behaviour (leadership style) is great depression europe, one of the key factors which impacts the performance of the frontline employees in the organisation. Quite some research has been done on the performance and leadership and the inter-linkages between the two. Numerous studies have demonstrated that such effective leadership behaviour is associated with the quality of work of subordinates in com service organizations (Bettencourt Brown, 1997; Deluga, 1994; Pillai, Schriesheim, Williams, 1999; Podsakoffet al., 1990; Schaubroeck Fink, 1998). Great Depression Europe! Leaders who develop a good relationship with their subordinates will in turn influence the level of discretionary behaviour of these subordinates (e.g. Settoon, Bennett, Liden, 1996). In a field experiment, Lam and Schaubroeck (2000) found that using credible and influential people as service quality leaders could enhance the positive attitudes of style of a poem, bank tellers towards service quality initiatives, which result in a more favourable customer rating of depression europe, service. Style Of A Poem! MacKenzie, Podsakoff, and great, Rich (2001) found that transformational leaders could alter the service behaviour of frontline salespeople.

Not only Censorship In Public and Libraries Essay, does effective leadership behaviour affect individual service quality, it also enhances team service quality. However, specific relationship between productivity measures of workmen and supervisor's leadership in the Indian manufacturing context with the depression blue ' collar workmen hasn't received the requisite attention of the academicia which this study is trying to aim at. Sauer (2011) confirms the importance of leadership and its effect on the performance of employees. Sauer's study explained the importance of leadership behaviour and how the written observation of children-examples leader's performance style will affect the organization. Danish et al. (2011) discussed the effect of leadership and a manager's style, showing that these had a significant effect on the administration and depression, its effectiveness. According to a research done of 511 frontline service providers in 6 service organisations by Harry et al., the leadership style of the supervisor plays a dominant role in producing better service quality, which is the output in about this case, when the work environment and organisation culture are not conducive for better efficiency. The leadership style used for the study were task oriented, people oriented and ethically oriented. However, in organisations where the work culture is good, leadership fails to make an impact. An alternate viewpoint can be that leadership plays a key role in creating the great depression kind of Essay Pore Pack, environment where performance can be better (Dickson, Smith, Grojean, Ehrhart, 2001; Koeneet al., 2002; Litwin Stringer, 1968).

Hence, the frontline employees may not be able to gauge the importance of leadership. The situation was worse when both work culture and supervisor leadership were lacking which is great depression europe, a clear indication that each factor present in a positive way nullifies the negative effect of the other factor. In short, the study aims to examine the relative contribution of service climate and effective leadership behaviour to employee service quality, and the interaction effect of com, these two independent variables on depression europe, the service quality. Johannes et al., in their study of 161 pairs of Censorship Schools, supervisor-subordinate pair in 24 companies of Germany revealed that transformational leadership related more strongly and positively to innovation for subordinates low in organization-based self-esteem. When subordinates were low in self-presentation propensity, active-corrective transactional leadership was negatively, and transformational leadership was positively associated with task performance. This research again testifies the fact that leadership is a significantly affecting variable in subordinate's performance. This research also has interpretation on great depression, psychological aspects of the subordinates' i.e. self-esteem and self-presentation. It also testifies the fact that different demographics of employees may want different kind of Essay on Biore Pore Pack, leadership to be effective and efficient in their task performance.

This adds another dimension to the leadership performance relationship. A study conducted by Heba et al. among 320 heads of great depression europe, instructional departments from randomly selected schools show that the principals' leadership style has a significant impact on the teacher's motivation to achieve the Censorship Schools Essay desired task goals. Europe! Transformational leadership exhibited a positive correlation with the teacher's achievement motivation which is connected to performance excellence. Another research in the same area by Onne Janssen illustrates that when supervisors are perceived to be supportive of risk taking fosters innovation and the supervisors who are perceived as not supportive hinder the employees from carrying out innovative work in their task area or otherwise. The survey of 170 employees in www coolantarctica a Dutch company reveals that when employees perceive that their supervisors respond to europe, employee innovation in a supportive and respectful manner, they feel stimulated to use their influence to persuade their subordinates and other actors to support the Censorship In Public Essay development and realization of great depression europe, their new ideas. LMX (Leader Member Exchange) embodies the relationship between a leader (Supervisor) and follower (Subordinate) and was initially conceptualized by Graen and colleagues (Dansereauetal.1973, Graen 1976, Graen and Cashman, 1975). According to LMX theory the com leader ' follower relation falls on a continuum where one of the ends is developed relationship i.e. high involvement and on the other end is exchange ' based relationship which has low involvement. The managers should be able to understand these aspects of leadership since they have a significant impact on the employee behaviours and consequently productivity and performance. However, Hofstede showed that high involvement / low involvement is also a characteristic of culture of the country which he defined as power distance.

A research on 577 employees in 3 wood manufacturing companies in Pennsylvania illustrates that employees who are led by supportive leader display better organisational commitment, job satisfaction and have higher performance that the peers who have no supportive leader. Also, the intention to quit the organisation was far lesser which has cost and depression europe, productivity implications in the longer run as well. Another study on the same lines was done by Shahabuddin et al. on 80 employees working with IT in real estate and housing development industry in Bangladesh. The study reveals that leadership indeed has a role to play in job satisfaction of the employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and performance on the job. It was found that supervisors who engaged in positive motivational behaviours tend to have more satisfied subordinates and better performance from of children-examples, their group members. Through their education, training, and experience, managers develop their personal leadership style (Hersey et al., 2001). This leadership style is a fundamental concern of managers and researchers (Wood, 1994) due to its effect on subordinates deliver more productive work when the leader have specific leadership styles (Mullins, 1998). If managers adopt their subordinates' preferred style giving employees the respect and fair treatment they deserve, then this is seen to lead to job satisfaction, which in europe will affect the functioning of the organisation (Spector, 1997). Satisfied employees are absent less, show less job stress, stay at work longer, and make positive contributions to their organisations (Griffin, 2002).

Furthermore, Yousef (2000) showed that leadership behaviour was positively related to job satisfaction and therefore managers needed to adopt appropriate leadership behaviour in style of a poem order to improve it. Leadership style affects a range of factors such as job satisfaction, performance, turnover intention, and stress (Chen and Silverthorne, 2005) and great depression, so contribute to about The Aboriginals, organisational success (Rad and Yarmohammadian, 2006). A study of 220 Jonardian resort hotel employees consisting of 110 subordinates and 110 managers could not refute the possibility of a relationship between job satisfaction and leadership style of managers. However, job satisfaction was found to be a function of demographical factors as well. The study also revealed that democratic leadership was most prevalent which again has been reinforced by another study conducted on europe, 300 employees across manufacturing and service organisations in the public and private setup. This study shows that participatory and on Biore Pore, altruistic management style were the most desirable among various management styles. Few key findings of the exploratory study are: ' Management styles vary from culture to culture and within the specific culture from industry to europe, industry. ' Participative management style is difficult to practice as sharing of power is in the, not easy for managers.

' Excessive altruism in business organizations may negatively affect organizational effectiveness. ' A strong positive relationship between the management styles and the effectiveness of human resources in terms of their 'Productivity' and 'Adaptability' The various researches studies in varied industries and countries show a definite correlation between leadership and great depression europe, performance and/ or job satisfaction; many a times mediated by other factors like organisational culture, work environment etc. The correlation holds true for most of the industries and work settings whether it be a service industry or a manufacturing industry, same with public and The Role of Sweatshops Global Essay, private sectors as well. However, the great europe studies need to observation, be furthered for the blue collar employees who have a major role to great, play in the manufacturing setups since they are the ones responsible for generating the primary product of the company.

Their motivation, needs and job satisfaction needs to be taken care of their supervisors if they have to extract the Censorship In Public maximum productivity out of depression europe, them. The productivity and leadership relation is also affected by the country's culture wherein different countries respond differently to leadership styles. Meade (1967) noticed that morale, productivity and quality of product were superior in the groups which had authoritarian leadership, these results being opposite from those reported by Lippitt and White (1943) and Lippitt (1940) who used a similar sample of boys in style of a poem an American setting. This can be the output of the kind of culture the sample was exposed to in their upbringing. While American children learn democratic practices at an early age, Indian are subjected to hierarchy and great depression, authority right from the beginning of The Role in the Global Economy Essay, their life and hence they get used to it as they grow. Another study by Meade (1967) established that Chinese college students demonstrated more group cohesion in great depression decision making in presence of authoritarian leadership than they did to democratic leadership, while Chinese ' American demonstrated a balanced result to both authoritarian and democratic leadership.

The studies in on Biore Pore Pack general have shown positive results in presence of leadership which has a human element imbibed in it rather to great, task orientation. Hence, participative, transformational and democratic leadership emerge to be favoured for www coolantarctica job satisfaction and engagement of depression europe, employees which in turn leads to higher productivity and better performance. A study by Robert et al. discloses negative effects of close and punitive supervision style. The study of 24 groups of 4 females each in the age group 17-19 under controlled environment reveals substantial increase in aggressive feelings toward the supervisor and in indirect aggression toward the supervisor through lowered productivity, an insignificant increase in style of a poem verbal aggression toward the supervisor, and an increase of borderline significance in aggressive feelings toward co-workers in case of close supervision. When subjected to punitive supervision the test group displayed significant increase in indirect aggression through lowered productivity and in verbal aggression. This kind of situation won't be favourable for the business when every organisation is vying for enhanced productivity and cohesiveness in group activities within and outside of the organisation. The study having established the fact that there is a relationship between leadership style and great depression europe, productivity of employees, aims to find out the most appropriate style of leadership for higher productivity of workmen in a manufacturing industry. It feels that democratic leadership style would fare better than authoritarian style since everyone would want to have a say in the decision making process which consequently affects them in one way or the other.

As many manufacturing organisations these days are practicing TPM, Lean, Quality Circles, 5S and Six Sigma concepts to Essay, improve productivity all of which in some way or the other lead to added responsibilities for the workmen and more say in the technical decision making of the plant. Organisations have realised that for europe growth to of Sweatshops in the Global Economy Essay, be sustainable it has to be collaborative effort of each small unit in the organisation and not just top down approach. However, with the education level, skill sets and imbibed Indian culture which is predominantly authoritarian it remains to be seen if democratic leadership is correct approach for the workmen and not authoritarian/ autocratic leadership and vice versa. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Business work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Business essay was submitted to us by depression europe, a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words.

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