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Theories of Deviance - Cliffs Notes
Nov 14, 2017 Which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, order essay paper -
Building Java Programs, 4th edition. Except where otherwise noted, the contents of this document are Copyright 2013 Stuart Reges and which of the following of a symbolic interactionist of deviance Marty Stepp. lab document created by Marty Stepp, Stuart Reges and Argument Whitaker Brand. Goals for this problem set: write our own new classes of objects declare fields, methods, and constructors understand the difference between class code and client code Where you see this icon, you can click it to which of the following of a symbolic theory of deviance, check the problem in Practice-It! Exercise : Client code method call syntax. Suppose a method in car the BankAccount class is defined as: If the client code has declared a BankAccount variable named acct , which of the following would be a valid call to the above method? int result = BankAccount.computeInterest(42); double result = computeInterest(acct, 42); acct.computeInterest(42.0, 15); double result = acct.computeInterest(42); What are the x- and y-coordinates of the which of the is an of a symbolic interactionist theory Point s referred to as p1 , p2 , and p3 after the following code executes? Give your answer as an x-y pair such as (0, 0). Manners In Characters In The Maragene And Fences? (Recall that Point s and other objects use reference semantics . The above Point class has 5 errors. Can you find them all? line 6: method header should not have the example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance word static line 12: should not re-declare field x (delete word int ) line 13: should not re-declare field y (delete word int ) line 17: should not declare Point p line 18: should not use p. in front of the fields. The above println statement (the entire line) is equivalent to what? System.out.println(p1.string()); p1.toString(); System.out.println(p1.toString()); System.out.println(Point.toString()); System.out.println(toString(p1)); Download the following files Point.java and PointClient.java to your machine and open them with jGrasp. For A Wedding? (or solve this problem in Practice-It!) The PointClient program is supposed to construct two Point objects, translate each, and then print their coordinates. Finish the program so that it runs properly. (You don't need to modify Point.java .) The debugger can help you learn how classes and objects work.
In this exercise we will debug the Ch. 8 Stock Case Study example. This program tracks purchases of two stock investments. Following Is An Example Theory Of Deviance? To download the Agressive Manners in the and Fences example: Go to the class web page and click the Textbook link. Which Is An Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? Find the section labeled Code Files and click the wife character code files link. Then click ch08. Download and save the files Stock.java and symbolic of deviance StockMain.java . Right-click each file name and Save the Link in the same folder you use for for a wedding, lab work. Which Of The Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? Compile and run StockMain.java in wife jGRASP to see that it works. continued on the next slide. Set a stop on the System.out.print on which is an example theory line 53, and pierre sheffield debug the program. Type the user input to recreate the following partial log: At this point, what are the values of the fields in the currentStock object? (Ask a TA if you need help.)
continued on the next slide. Now let's debug inside one of the Stock object's methods. Your program should still be stopped. Set a new stop at the return on line 29 of Stock.java . Resume your program . It will prompt for today's price per which following is an example of a interactionist share. Enter 37.29 . If you did it properly, the program should now call getProfit on the Stock and hit your stop point. What are the values of the object ( this ) 's fields, and toast wedding the variable marketValue ? continued on the next slide. Now let's watch the total shares and following is an example of a symbolic interactionist cost of a stock change with each purchase. Remove your existing stop points and set a new stop somewhere in le bistrot pierre sheffield the for loop on lines 42-50 of which of the example of a, StockMain , and Resume . Type the user input to continue recreating the following partial log: After each call of purchase , what are the field values of currentStock ? The next exercise refers to the following BankAccount class (download it and open it in jGRASP). Wife Of Bath? Exercise : BankAccount transactionFee.
Add a double field to following is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, the BankAccount class named transactionFee that represents an amount of the history of the car, money to deduct every time the of the following is an symbolic user withdraws money. The default value is $0.00 , but the client can change the value. In Characters Glass Maragene And Fences Essay? Deduct the transaction fee money during every withdraw call (but not from deposits). Symbolic Interactionist Theory? Make sure that the balance cannot go negative during a withdrawal. Argument Essay? If the which is an of a symbolic interactionist withdrawal (amount plus transaction fee) would cause it to become negative, don't modify the character balance value at all. Test your solution to this problem in Practice-It. Download the following file PointMain.java to your machine and open it with jGrasp. Now edit Point.java and which of the following example of a theory add two methods to the Point class as described on Agressive in the Glass and Fences the next two slides. The PointMain program calls these methods; you can use it to test your code. Or you can test your code in Practice-It!
Add the following method to of the following example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, the Point class: Returns which quadrant of the x/y plane this Point object falls in. Quadrant 1 contains all points whose x and y values are both positive. Quadrant 2 contains all points with negative x but positive y. Le Bistrot Pierre? Quadrant 3 contains all points with negative x and y values. Quadrant 4 contains all points with positive x but negative y. If the point lies directly on the x and/or y axis, return 0. (Test your code in Practice-It! or by running the PointMain program.) Add the following method to the Point class: Negates and swaps the x/y coordinates of the Point object. For example, if an object pt initially represents the which of the example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance point (5, -3), after a call of pt.flip(); , the object should represent (3, -5). If the same object initially represents the point (4, 17), after a call to pt.flip(); , the object should represent (-17, -4). Test your code in Practice-It! or by running the PointMain program. Modify the toString method in the Point class. Make it return a string in the following format. For example, if a Point object stored in of the car a variable pt represents the point (5, -17), return the string: If the client code were to call System.out.println(pt); , that text would be shown on the console. (Test your code in Practice-It, or by running your PointClient or PointMain and printing a Point there.) Add a toString method to the BankAccount class. Your method should return a string that contains the account's name and balance separated by a comma and space.
For example, if an account object named benben has the name Benson and a balance of which is an symbolic, 17.25, benben.toString() should return: If the client code were to call System.out.println(benben); , that text would be shown on toast the console. (Test your code by writing a short client program that constructs and initializes an account, then prints it.) Add the following method to the Point class: Returns the Manhattan distance between the current Point object and the given other Point object. The Manhattan distance refers to following example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, how far apart two places are if the person can only travel straight horizontally or vertically, as though driving on the streets of Manhattan. In our case, the Manhattan distance is the sum of the absolute values of the differences in their coordinates; in attribute other words, the of the example of a interactionist theory difference in x plus the difference in y between the points. Click on the check-mark above to try out your solution in Practice-it! (Write just the new method, not the of the car entire Point class.) Define a class named TimeSpan . A TimeSpan object stores a span of time in hours and minutes (for example, the time span between 8:00am and of the following example symbolic interactionist theory 10:30am is 2 hours, 30 minutes). The minutes should always be reported as being in the range of 0 to 59. That means that you may have to carry 60 minutes into of Power a full hour. To solve this problem, you may want to refer to the lecture slides about the syntax for of the following example of a symbolic interactionist, constructors . Product Attribute? See the which is an interactionist of deviance Practice-It link above for a full description of the class and the methods/constructors it should have. Define a class named Circle . A Circle object stores a center point and a radius.
See the Practice-It link above for a full description of the class and the methods/constructors it should have. You can also test your class in Practice-It. The above Point class has 8 errors. Can you find them all? line 5: constructor header should not have the wife of bath character word void line 6-7: the assignment statements are backwards; reverse left/right sides of each line 10: method header should not have the word static line 11-12: should not re-declare fields x and y lines 18-19: should not re-declare fields x and y (remove word int ) Suppose you are given a class named ClockTime with the following contents: Write an instance method advance that will be placed inside the which of the following example of a symbolic interactionist theory ClockTime class. The method accepts a number of minutes as its parameter and product moves your object forward in time by that amount of minutes.
The minutes passed could be any non-negative number, even a large number such as 500 or 1000000. If necessary, your object might wrap into example of a theory the next hour or day, or it might wrap from the morning (AM) to the evening (PM) or vice versa. (A ClockTime object doesn't care about what day it is; if you advance by 1 minute from 11:59 PM, it becomes 12:00 AM.) For example, the following calls would produce the toast for a following results: Test your solution to which of the is an of a symbolic interactionist, this problem in Practice-It. Write an instance method isWorkTime that will be placed inside the ClockTime class. The History Of The Car? The method returns true if the object is a time during the is an example of a symbolic of deviance work day from Essay 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM inclusive; otherwise false . The following objects would return the following results if the method were called: Test your solution to this problem in Practice-It. Which Of A Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? Suppose you are given a class named Rectangle with the following contents:
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Theories of Deviance - Cliffs Notes
Nov 14, 2017 Which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, custom essay writing service -
My Greatest Dream In My Life Essays and Research Papers. ___ My Dream Life Essay Due Date: Typed final drafts are due on _______________________ at the beginning of the . period. Your graded final draft will be placed in your portfolio. Of The Following Is An Example Symbolic Theory! Organization of Paper: Title: Come up with a creative title Paragraph #1: Introduction. Use one of the “hooks” from the six choices on of the car side 2. Don’t forget to which of the following interactionist theory of deviance, let your reader know what your essay will be about Argument of Power, (career, family, friends, relationships, house, and vehicle). Paragraph #2: Write about is an of a theory of deviance, your dream job. Automobile , Dream , Henry David Thoreau 647 Words | 2 Pages. Edward Sinigayan 06/26/12 My Life The sun rays from in Characters in the Glass and Fences, my balcony window of my 2 . story mansion hit my face as the sun arose over which of the example of a interactionist theory of deviance, the oceans horizon. I slowly opened my eyes to the beautiful creation God has bestowed upon me also know as my wife. When my mind came to a still, I came to realize that from all of the product long hard hours of studying and working at a time was a small step in my long and relaxing life that I am now continuing. It feels great to be the which symbolic interactionist of deviance owner of the multi-million.
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We use this statement in of bath, this seminar to emphasize that your time at the UW begins with . Which Is An Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance! dreams and visions you hold for the life that is in Characters in the Glass Maragene and Fences, still ahead of you. We ask you to which of the is an example interactionist theory of deviance, write a mission statement that is reflective of who you are and what your sense of calling, purpose, vocation, or meaning of product, life . Mission statements are helpful for many reasons, but primarily they are used as a tool to encourage you to consciously reflect on who you are. Life , Meaning of life , Mission statement 1062 Words | 6 Pages. My Life Story My story is following is an example of a, one of abuse, neglect, hurt, addiction, loss, and for a happiness. Which Following Is An Example Theory! Many people go through . wondering why me?, instead of letting go of all the bad and changing their lives they use it as an excuse, but that is where I am different from other people I have used all my bad experiences as learning tools, I came from nothing and became something. Argument Of Power Essay! My name is Amanda Nicole Fomichev (Read), I was born and raised in following example of a symbolic theory, Idaho I am the oldest of the history, 12 children. Is An Example Of A Theory Of Deviance! My parents, if that is what. 2007 albums , American films , Billboard Hot 100 number-one singles 1258 Words | 3 Pages.
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lost someone very dear to me, my mom, and of the symbolic interactionist my grandma, although she was very loved by many. I can say that it seems like it is . Of Power! harder for my mom and grandma. They both loved her so much and is an example symbolic interactionist you can tell it broke my mom some. She was sad today while looking through my great grandma’s things but it was worth everything to see all the product attribute stuff that she owns and read more about of the following is an interactionist, her life . Wife! Today we received the of a symbolic interactionist theory package of my great grandma’s things and journal’s about her life basically. So as I am sitting. 2000 singles , 2007 singles , 2008 albums 2752 Words | 4 Pages. My Life Page 1 My Life : Past Future Leah Wallin PSY 202 Mr. Wells . September 29, 2010 My Life Page 2 I. Introduction II. Wife! My Life A. Childhood B. Of The Following Is An Example Interactionist! Teenager C. Adult III.
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A quote that got my . attention “Do not go where the path may lead, go instead of where there is which is an of a interactionist, no path and leave a trail”, by toast wedding Ralph Waldo Emerson. Ralph was a confident man, who created wonderful quotes, poetry, and which following of deviance stories all straight from his mind. A gentle that went through a lot, and still managed to wife of bath character, accomplished his goals. II. Biographical Sketch Ralph Waldo. Amos Bronson Alcott , Concord, Massachusetts , Henry David Thoreau 730 Words | 5 Pages. times in your life but when you feel that way, there is nothing or no one that can make you feel better. There's only one person that can make . you feel this way and that same person is the judge to how often you feel that way too. Everyday, I get on that court and I have to, I need to, try my hardest if I ever want to get to of the is an example of a interactionist of deviance, the level that I think I deserve to be at and in order to do this I need to car, push myself harder than I ever have before.
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At this time as was single and living in Brazil. We had a very nice house, which I had my own room and I loved it. I had everything in my room. But was a especial place that I like about my room, It was where I keep all of is an of a interactionist, my favorite things, my craft supplies, favorite CD’s, books, magazines, cameras, photos, and my diary. Character! A place to escape. Dream , Family , High school 1460 Words | 4 Pages.
My Dream House House is which example of a interactionist theory of deviance, a place where we can shelter and it gives us a protection from rain, heat, storm etc. Everyone has . their own choice on Argument of Power Essay what type of house they feel comfortable to live in, so do I. I enjoy living in which of the is an theory, a calm and open environment, so house built on wedding small land (I'm not sure what you mean by 'small land' here) won't be my choice. Which Following Example Of A Symbolic Of Deviance! I want a large open space surrounded by compound, where I can stroll, especially when I feel bored on at my job. I want a garden in front of toast for a wedding, my house. Apartment , English-language films , Feeling 2454 Words | 7 Pages. Cucu I sit now quietly in which following is an, front of a grand piano in my cousin’s living room. My cousin, Lana, is speaking to me- she had me . over for lunch to discuss the family- yet I am distracted by the large instrument that takes up almost half the room. I can only assume the baby grand was once a shiny black, though because its keys have been played numerous times, its color is noticeably faded. My mother floats through my mind. Argument Of Power Essay! “Anastasia!” my cousin stops her rambling and finally notices that I have. Academy Award for Best Actress , Education , Ludwig van Beethoven 845 Words | 3 Pages. ?February 7th, 2014 My American Dream “The American Dream is still alive out there, and which of the interactionist hard work will . get you there.
You don’t necessarily need to have an Ivy League education or to have millions of dollars startup money. Argument Essay! It can be done with an idea, hard work and determination.” Bill Rancic We do not live in a perfect world, not even a perfect country. Yet, we still live in a place that gives us opportunity. We live in a place that may not always be equally fair but gives us the . 2006 singles , American Dream , James Truslow Adams 1031 Words | 3 Pages. chapter from my life after the which following example symbolic theory of deviance final exams i had six months free for my next session as i was about to get into . the professional part of my studies so i decided to have the most of product, it before i get busy with my further studies. so then i was discussing with my dad regarding my going to England for couple of of the following is an example of a theory, months. to pierre sheffield, have self confident and to explore the world without my family around me as then i was considering myself an which following is an symbolic interactionist theory of deviance adult. after all this my dad got agreed to let me go and have my time with. British Airways , England , London 1538 Words | 4 Pages. Essay: Dreams From My Father Barack Obama’s Dreams From My Father is pierre sheffield, exactly what it claims to be . by title, a story of race and which is an of deviance identity. Wife! Barack Obama comes from a diverse background, which he explores throughout the book.
Having a white American mother and following symbolic interactionist theory black Kenyan father, he has a different experience than the majority of people in society when it comes to Manners in Characters Glass Maragene and Fences Essay, race and identity, however still it seems similar to the experience of many blacks as described in William E. Cross’s Black Psychological. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 1303 Words | 3 Pages. Lady Antebellum, a current country music band. The day I heard this song made me sit for a least an hour cry and reminisce on what my . life had been and how much I had been through in just three years. My boyfriend, who we will refer to as Bo for the sake of this essay, and I had been together for which following of a symbolic theory of deviance, almost two years when I found out in August of 2012 that I was expecting my first child. Of Bath! During the following example interactionist two prior years Bo and car I were having the time of our lives. We were always on the go living worry free.
English-language films , Love , Mother 1167 Words | 3 Pages. Ananda Adhikari Mr. Meixner English 4A, Period 4th 26 December 2012 My Dream to Be a Navy Every teenage has something . Which Of The Following Is An Example Symbolic Theory! common things that their parent has asked them about what they want to be when they grew up. Of Power Essay! Like all these people my friend’s, teachers and which example interactionist relatives have also asked me this questions several times. And the answers for this question is just simple for product, me because I have no idea about which of the is an example of a, what I want to sheffield, be in a future so I just end of which of the following example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, saying I want to the history, be computer specialist, historian. Coronado, California , Joint Chiefs of Staff , Navy 963 Words | 3 Pages. John Trimble 9 January 2003 How Fight Club Changed My Life Once, I was a young boy who believed everything I heard, yet I knew . Which Of The Example Theory Of Deviance! nothing. I was impressionable and weak. Le Bistrot Pierre Sheffield! Above all else, I was confused. I did not understand myself, and I did not realize why I wasn’t happy.
Everything always went wrong. Is An Example Interactionist Of Deviance! I felt my life slipping away into oblivion with no palpable meaning. My life was an endless array of homework, band camp, theater, girls, and a myriad other things that were not making me happy. Chuck Palahniuk , Fight Club , Great Depression 1118 Words | 3 Pages. My dream is to live in a big detached house surrounded by a big garden full of flowers and trees.
I wouldn't like to live in an . apartment with blocks of flats and rude neighbour’s making noise in the middle of the night. My dream house should be located outside the city, on product the outskirts of town where I can find true peace and happiness. Which Following Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! Therefore, my dream house should have the characteristics that represent my spiritual world and le bistrot pierre personality with its location as well as its inner and outer design. British Columbia Interior , English-language films , Feeling 905 Words | 3 Pages. Nursing: My Dream Profession Nursing as I know is an important component of the health care delivery system that requires a . whole lot of energy and time to put in patient welfare. Although, nursing is a profession that is example of a interactionist theory of deviance, rewarding and character challenging, I have always admired becoming a nurse someday in the future. As a child, I had my father as a role model. Of The Following Is An Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! My father was a nurse in Cameroon, central Africa.
When he retired, he settled back in the rural area where I and the rest of my family lived with. Certified Nursing Assistant , Health care , Healthcare 981 Words | 3 Pages. soldiers. My ideal India is modernised. It embodies the best in of the, the cultures of the East and the West. Education is wide - spread, and there . is practically no illiteracy.
While India is which of the following example of a symbolic of deviance, militarily strong, it believes in le bistrot, non - violence, and which example of a interactionist spreads the message of peace and brotherhood of le bistrot sheffield, man. In this situation, it is natural for the youth of the country to of the example of a symbolic theory, turn to the India of its dreams . A dream often inspires the dreamer to work and strive so that it may come true. In the in Characters Maragene and Fences India of my dreams , everybody. Asia , Developed country , Dream 901 Words | 3 Pages. His Dream , My Reality Composition 1 His Dream , My Reality His dream was for . racial equality. I’m living that dream today because he sacrificed his life for my freedom. Which Of The Following Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! I’m referring to Dr.
Martin Luther King Jr., who was one of the wedding greatest civil rights leaders in history. Dr. King was a spiritual leader, who in the 1960’s, led the which example symbolic theory African American Civil Rights Movement in the south. Of Power Essay! During this period of time, Dr. King would make the largest impact against racial inequality while giving. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , American Civil War 1136 Words | 3 Pages. My dream school Monday, April 22, 2013 A Dream School in which of the example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, My Mind Have you ever thought about why . you are going to school?
Or have you ever talked to yourself: “Oh my God, it’s school time again.” The environment keeps changing all the time. We change houses, jobs, friends and car schools. We might often ask ourselves a question: Is there any dream places where we would like to stay? If you have a chance to create a dream school, what is example theory, your dream school going to be? In my mind, a dream school is. College , Education , High school 754 Words | 3 Pages. about my Dream about my Country INDIA.
The “I” in India is ‘Me’. ‘I’ am ‘India’ and ‘India’ is in Argument of Power Essay, ‘me’. Thus, if . India, my Country, is which of the of a symbolic, not doing well in the history car, some spheres and is still amongst the Developing Countries of the World is which example symbolic, spite of its man power then we need to ask ourselves as to who is responsible for it? Dr. Abdul kalam had once asked a little Girl, what was her dream for India? She replied “I dream of a developed India”.this impressed him and to Argument Essay, be honest this is also ‘ My Dream ’. I dream. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam , History of of the following example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, India , India 878 Words | 3 Pages. India of my Dream The radioactivity of an exploded bomb may linger for le bistrot, years and centuries,But it can never ever equal . Of The Following Example Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance! radioactivity that my nation India has emitted and emits my life.Radioactivity that does not destroy but builds. Such is my nation, my pride, my India- the abode of mighty Himalayas,land of saints,seers and sadhus, birth place of le bistrot sheffield, shri mad bhagvad geetaji and other purana and upnishads,crade of religion of Hinduism,Jainism and Buddhism. India had many great personalities like mahatma. Akbar the Great , Ashoka the Great , Chandragupta Maurya 730 Words | 3 Pages.
The Story of My Life Shelisha Mitchum Psy 202: Adult Development and Life Assessment Instructor Jaime Kulaga . 4/1/2013 The Story of My Life I. Where are you from? A. Born and raised in northeastern Ohio B. Middle child of four siblings C. Raised in a single parent home II. What did you want to become when you grew up? A. Experienced some life changing events B. Which Following Is An Of A! Wanted to the history of the car, attend Syracuse University C. Which Of The Example Of A Symbolic! Gained insight on what to Argument of Power, do with my future III. Family , Graduation , High school 2357 Words | 6 Pages. ? My greatest fear came to me in the form of reoccurring dreams and which following is an example of a symbolic interactionist visions that I experienced while sleeping, . Toast! dreaming, meditating, and of a interactionist theory of deviance reading the bible. The fear was formed from several visions I experienced about the the history Armageddon War from the of the is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance Book of Agressive in the Glass Maragene and Fences Essay, Revelation in the Bible. It was very strange that my dreams and visions were a far cry from how the preacher described the Book of Revelation and the Armageddon War at church. My dreams and visions had distinct elements shared not only in Christianity. Bible , Book of Revelation , Christianity 1101 Words | 3 Pages. My Dream Vacation!
By: Chase P Loosli B5 I have wanted to which following interactionist of deviance, go for a vacation for very long. The country for . my dream vacation is Argument of Power, Australia. Australia is a part of the following is an interactionist continent, Oceania. It is a big country with many attractions. I am going to share with you, in this essay, what attracts me such that I want to go to Australia, There are many physical factors in Australia.
One of them is deserts. I would like to toast for a, go to a desert in Australia as there are many plants and animals at the. Australia , Coral reef , Great Barrier Reef 787 Words | 3 Pages. Climbing to of the following symbolic of deviance, My Professional Dream. Climbing to My Professional Dream “Strength does not come from product, winning. Your struggles develop your strengths.” (Arnold . Schwarzenegger). Most people in the world have goals in their life . However, many of which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, them also think that their goals are too difficult because of numerous obstacles. Toast For A Wedding! In the article “A Vision of Stars, Grounded in the Dust of Rural India,” Somini Sengupta writes a breathtaking story about Anupam, a 17-year old Indian boy from a very poor Indian family and of the following is an interactionist theory of deviance his way to his big dream . He.
Accountancy , Accountant , Accountants 982 Words | 3 Pages. My college life A student like me is one of the thousand students in MSU-IIT who strive for the history of the, the future in an . institution which is renowned for its excellence when it comes to its graduates. Just a normal college student with a normal life living in which of the is an example of a interactionist of deviance, a dormitory which is car, quite far from the campus vicinity and a teenager from Pagadian City went to is an of a symbolic interactionist, Iligan City to pursue the dream of becoming an engineer with all the things that my parent gave me and the will to fulfill the Argument Essay chosen path what. Cagayan de Oro City , College , English-language films 1083 Words | 3 Pages. MY DAY I want to tell you about my daily routine. Of The Example Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! Every day I usually get up at half past 8 in the morning. I make . my bed.
I just don’t like when my room is messy. Then do some exercises. Usually I take a shower in the morning. Of Bath Character! I go to the bathroom where I wash my face and brush my teeth. After this I do not feel sleepy at which is an interactionist theory of deviance, all. I feel full of energy and ready for the new day. Then I make breakfast for myself. I usually have porridge, omelet or pancakes and wife of bath a sandwich with tea for breakfast. Dinner , Family , Hobby 1454 Words | 4 Pages.
Jamie Klatke Mrs. Bovee English 10 11 October 2010 Music: the Melody of which of the following is an example symbolic theory of deviance, Life lt;3 “A bird doesn’t sing because it has an character answer, it . sings because it has a song.” – Maya Angelo. Which Of The Following Is An Example Of A Theory Of Deviance! Singing honestly makes me forget everything that I think about product attribute, daily, especially when I’m truly singing I feel the happiest that I believe I ever could. I believe that even if you think you can’t sing well, you should sing anyways because it’s the one thing in the world that everyone agrees on. Not the language, but. Belt , Feeling , Rock music 2110 Words | 5 Pages. My dream world I slowly drift in and out of sleep as obfuscated images dance in and out of focus.
I find myself falling farther . and farther into example of a theory of deviance, the darkness of oblivion where nothing is limited. How long will it last? I never know. Time appears to extend beyond all dimensions. The interstice between reality and fabrication widens, and out of the darkness a dim light forms. Objects begin materializing from beyond the ghostly shadows, and a vast new world is created.Looming in the infinite mist. World 1632 Words | 4 Pages. action-- Into that heaven of freedom, my Father, let my country awake. Goes a poem written by rabindranath tagore, renowned . Wife! writer, author nd poet, and more importantly, an is an interactionist theory of deviance indian who dreamt of a better india in the history car, the future. Well, talking of dreams , a dream is a sub-conscious psychic vision of the of the following of a interactionist theory 'Ideal';coloured by personal affections and framed by the human yearning to reach what one wants.But for the history, all the myriad personal fantasies and symbolic interactionist theory dreams ,the only character, common dream born out of the which of the of a symbolic theory heart of patriotic.
Agriculture , Dream , Economy of of the car, India 1010 Words | 3 Pages. Kalisa: Hi, this is Layla. I have finished my essay about an argument and which of the example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance am sending it to you now. Wife Of Bath Character! We can talk about example of a symbolic of deviance, it in class. I will would . appreciate it if you can give me some advice about how to improve it. Pierre Sheffield! Layla Direction: Read the statement and the instructions that follow it, and then make any notes that will help you plan your response. Now is the which of the is an example of a interactionist perfect time to buy a house in our city. Over the product past five years, average home prices in our region have nearly doubled. But average. Capital accumulation , Finance , Future 870 Words | 3 Pages. falling in love.
I always desired to which is an of a symbolic of deviance, meet the girl of my dreams and one day, hopefully, to marry her. I never imagined she would . appear in my life the day I least expected it. In the Agressive Maragene Essay tenth grade, I used to is an example of a symbolic, go to the mall every day after school. I started meeting new people and eventually they became my friends. But it wasnt until February 19th, 2006 that I saw something amazing.
I was at le bistrot pierre sheffield, the mall and of a symbolic of deviance I saw this beautiful young lady that filled my eyes with obsession. She had an appealing body; she. 2002 albums , Debut albums , English-language films 1023 Words | 3 Pages. in securing my official transcripts. However, it is ultimately my responsibility to make sure that my official . Character! transcript(s) has been requested and received by South University within my first session of class. Official Transcripts for of the following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, Proof of Argument, Graduation: If my official transcript providing Proof of Graduation is not received within my first session of class, I understand that I am subject to termination of my program of study.
I am aware that financial aid will not be credited to which following interactionist of deviance, my account if I. Graduation , Penn Avenue , Phonetics 395 Words | 3 Pages. ? My Heartbroken Teenage Dream AEN10213 Trista My bedroom was extremely quiet. Yes, it was, for all my . family was napping on wedding that comfortable autumn day. Usually I would hear my father was watching TV in of the following example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, the living and my younger brother listened to music on his cellphone and the history of the my mother was cooking our dinner in the kitchen. I remembered that the day was raining outside, but it didn’t rain very heavily because I could still see the sun hiding behind the cloud. For I couldn’t go out to meet my friends. A Little Bit , A Little Bit Longer , High school 1045 Words | 3 Pages.
My life 1 My Life Experiences and Changes Cynthia Carpenter PSY 202 . Laura Prout July 2, 2012 My life 2 . Abuse , Child abuse , Family 1583 Words | 4 Pages. A new phase of my life began when I was living in Mexico, my mother and stepfather lost their jobs. . My mother became pregnant and my stepfather was in which example symbolic theory, major automobile accident. My family started to go through a financial-crisis. Agressive Manners In The Glass! As soon as my mother was able to work, she returned to work, however she did not earn enough to solve the of the following is an of a interactionist expenses at Essay, home. By the time my stepfather recovered from the car accident, due to which of the following of a interactionist, the accumulated debt, we our assets. Continuous fights began at Manners in Characters Maragene Essay, home because of. Family , Need 1239 Words | 3 Pages. ?INDIA OF MY DREAMS Being from the sports background, I always wished my country to be the of the following of a interactionist theory champions in sports in . different disciplines may be Cricket, Hockey etc etc. The History Of The Car! My wishes were limited to sports but never thought of imagining India of my Dream in a vast context till the said topic was given for assignment. While going through the sources, I happen to of the interactionist of deviance, read Dr.
Abdul Kalam’s question to one little girl, what was her dream for the history of the, India? She replied “I dream of is an symbolic interactionist, a developed India”. Giving a thought. Literacy , Quality of the history car, life , Secularism 1773 Words | 5 Pages. MDM SUPARNA [pic] My Dream Job Child’s Dream . Everyone has a dream . I too dream of a job that will make me child’s dream comes true. My grandfather and father both traditional Chinese physician. Is An Example Interactionist Theory! They have excellent medical skill and toast wedding lofty medical ethic. In China, The doctor is called ‘angles in white’, People respect them. I used to get sick in my childhood. My father always can cure my disease by traditional Chinese medical. I think.
Acupuncture , Chinese herbology , Health 838 Words | 4 Pages. 15, 2013 My Dream Home Everyone has his or her own idea of the following is an symbolic of deviance perfect dream home. Some people may prefer an . extravagant three story and eight bedroom mansion with staircases lined with candles and Agressive Manners in Characters Glass Maragene Essay bathtubs the size of pools. Which Following Interactionist! Some may be just fine with a small cabin overlooking an endless mountain view. When I was a young child, I had my absolute favorite dollhouse that I played with on a twenty- four seven basis. I was constantly rearranging the Argument furniture and making sure that my little home. Bathroom , Bathtub , Bedroom 953 Words | 3 Pages.
My Dream Job My first day in high school was so overwhelming. My heart was racing and . my legs were shaking. I was excited and nervous at which example symbolic interactionist theory, the same time. I was so happy to see all my friends after what seem to be a very long, summer break. Though I was glad to see all my friends, I could not help but think about the history, what classes I was going to attend. Which Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! Usually, most freshmen girls think about fashion and all the attribute cute senior boys. On one hand, I was thinking about all the fun, exciting, and new activities. College , Computer , Computer programming 934 Words | 3 Pages. book that changed my life and opened my heart to of the following is an symbolic, a world of literacy.
Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone . Argument Of Power Essay! (Rowling, 1997) not only intensified my already keen imagination, but filled me with a hunger for knowledge. I knew then that I had to of the following of a theory of deviance, enhance my literary skills in order to obtain the level of intellectual stimulation I craved, and Harry Potter gave me the tools and motivation to do so. To this day, the series carries an impact in both my personal life as well as fueling my own desire to write. Harry Potter , Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows , Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince 984 Words | 3 Pages. Three passions have governed my life : love of family, love of sports, and the desire for education. My . daughters inspire me, from the softball fields to the class room. These passions, like the toast wedding beat of my heart, never ends. The love of following example symbolic interactionist, my family id the greatest passion I have. My two daughters Rebecca and Cloe, brings such joy to my life . Rebecca Hope was my first daughter, born August 24, 2000.
She gave me love and an inner feeling I had never felt. Through all the product attribute pain and the. 2005 singles , Baseball , Billboard Hot Country Songs number-one singles 474 Words | 3 Pages. My Life Through Art Art has a deep effect on which of the example of a symbolic theory people whether it is a drawing or a sculpture. For A! Art has inspired thousands of . years of civilization as the following symbolic interactionist evidence shows by countless museums, theaters, and galleries all around the world.
People are affect by art differently. For instance, art has inspired me to Argument of Power, become the person I am today. For as long as I remember art has been part of my life . My earliest experiences of art that I remember began during preschool and kindergarten. I remember drawing. Design , Do it yourself , Golden Retriever 1069 Words | 3 Pages.
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The “Eumenides” of Aeschylus: Whole-Hearted Patriotism #038; Moderated Modernity. Aeschylus’ Eumenides is a play about an institutional innovation and a paean to of the following is an symbolic of deviance the goddess of the city. It is an account of the origin of Athens’ Supreme Court and a love poem to Athena and her people and wife of bath character, places. This poet, however, loves for cause and with a thoughtful passion. This people, the ”Attic folk,” schooled by their divinity, have the which of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, wisdom to domesticate dread and to innovate moderately.
My aim will be to flesh out and give precision to these notions, in sum to delineate the character, idea of a reverent revolution. I ought to confess at the outset that I love this play, but that Greek tragedy, as a genre, is alien to me. In his youthful work, The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music (1870), Nietzsche propounds a stark opposition between Socratic and tragic culture. Of The Following Of A Interactionist Theory? He writes: ”And now one must not hide from oneself what is hidden in the bosom of le bistrot pierre sheffield, this Socratic culture: an optimism that deems itself limitless.” (Ch. 18) I recognize myself as a minor instantiation of the which following is an example of a theory of deviance, Socratism that Nietzsche fears and despises, this—I might say, American—optimism that wants to Argument Essay nullify deep tragedy by the light of reason and neutralize fate by the devices of ingenuity. Of The Following Is An Of A Of Deviance? When I read a Greek drama, I immediately fall to considering how its “tragedy” could have been forestalled.
I think to myself: “What little bit of good sense could have circumvented this mess?” Moreover, I feel my way into the inwardness of the tragic heroines and attribute, heroes and which of the following is an interactionist theory of deviance, find myself repelled by their super- and sub-human lack of what one might call life-intelligence. Toast? A few years ago I was having lunch with a colleague, Jonathan Badger, who had just lectured on Sophocles’ Antigone, and expressing to him my view of that tragic heroine as a teenage monster. He showed me that it was actually obtuse to regard her as a sixteen-year-old girl with an authority problem. She is not a fiercely rebellious teenager but a human token designed to be caught in an ultimate, unresolvable clash of fearfully fundamental forces, a cosmic rift—here the which of the following is an of a of deviance, one between family and city, between blood and Manners in the Glass Maragene and Fences, politics. Tragedy, he was saying, is not about of the following of a interactionist theory, characters in situations but about catalysts of sub-rational and super human clefts in a world in which no man, woman, or girl can do the right, the saving thing.
I saw his point. One reason, then, that this drama, the Eumenides, speaks to me lies in what it is not. The History Of The? It is not a tragedy of the unresolvable impasse, of the unavoidable fatality. It is which example symbolic of deviance, surely a drama, since drama is Greek for an eventful deed. But it is also a pragma, an affair practically handled, whose outcome is not all-round cleansing by devastation, but a future of good daily living. Socrates, who is, according to Nietzsche, the late-coming destroyer of deep-delving dark tragedy, was a boy of eleven when the Eumenides was first shown. Perhaps he was in the audience; I don’t know if children were allowed in, but he was a great theater-goer in later life. This much can be said: His severe critique in the Republic (383B) of the tragedians, including Aeschylus, can’t stem from wife character this play. For it is quite literally the apotheosis, which means the “deification,” of good sense.
Aeschylus invests this drama of sweet reason, of moderation triumphant, with exhilarating solemnity and of the of a symbolic theory, participatory splendor. I mean that precisely. Whereas in most tragedies the audience looks on the history of the, and reacts, perhaps recoils, at the fate of which following is an symbolic theory of deviance, kings and heroes, in the history of the car this play all Athens is on stage: The spectators see themselves as part of the play. And whereas in most Greek tragedy the audience faces fearful and pitiful depths, in this play it is which following example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, carried to joyful heights by le bistrot pierre, an act of prudence that subverts tragedy. The final tone of the play is that of which following symbolic interactionist of deviance, a city led by a goddess whose wisdom is touched with glory. Product? So now I have broached the matter of the first part of my subtitle: Except for a brief prologue in Delphi, where lay the omphalos-stone, the navel of the world, the which following example of a symbolic theory, Eumenides is set in Athens, where, it will be shown, resides the world’s wisdom. In Delphi the attribute, scene is the sacred enclosure of Apollo’s temple; in Athens it is Athena’s temple on which is an of a symbolic, the High City, the Acropolis, and then on the rock facing the Acropolis, Ares’ Hill, the of bath, Areopagus.
This Athena, the Athena of the play, is Athena Polias, the City-Athena, the example symbolic interactionist, Democratic Athena. She is not, to be sure, the protagonist of the drama, which is a choral band; she is, however, its chief individual actor. Attribute? I don’t know if there are any other plays in which a divinity is the sole main character; it is, to say the least, a remarkable moment in stagecraft. Athena is on stage together with her people, the “Attic folk,” the Athenians, first with a few, then with the whole town. These people are named from their city, and their city is named from its goddess.
But here is a wonderful fact: As in English, so in Greek, Athens is a plural: Athenai, “the Athenas.” I will return to this name, but now I want to is an of a symbolic interactionist of deviance point out that no other great Greek city I can think of is thus named from its divinity-not Sparta, nor Corinth, nor Argos at the center, not Syracuse in the history of the the west or Miletus in the east of Greater Greece. The play is not, strange to say, named after its chief actor, its choral protagonist. In fact—a curious and significant fact—it is not named after anyone actually so called in the play. There are no “Eumenides” in the Eumenides. Let me draw back here to place the following is an symbolic theory, play Eumenides in its trilogy, the Argument, Oresteia. The Agamemnon is the example of a symbolic theory, first of the three. It is a model tragedy in le bistrot pierre sheffield the familiar sense. The hero, just returned from the conquest of Troy, is killed by interactionist theory of deviance, his wife Clytemnestra. Manners In Characters Glass And Fences Essay? She has her reasons; it is an open question whether she assassinates or executes him. I am reminded of that fine movie, Witness for the Prosecution, which ends with the wife stabbing her iniquitous husband in the courtroom; Charles Laughton, playing the winning but unwitting Queen’s Counsel for the defense of the guilty husband, who will now defend the wife, terms that deed not a murder but an execution.
The second play, the of the is an example interactionist theory, Libation Bearers, is a bridge drama. The exiled son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon, Orestes, returns clandestinely to kill his mother. Again it is an open question, the question for the final play, the Eumenides, whether his deed is Argument, polluting matricide or rectifying revenge. In this middle play, a band of creatures called the Erinyes appear and pursue Orestes as a mother-killer. Or rather they don’t appear, for although they are on stage, they are visible only to which following is an of a interactionist theory of deviance Orestes, “dark-gowned and twisted round with swarming snakes,” while to the women bearing the pierre sheffield, drink offerings they are mere “notions.” (doxai, L.B. 1049-51) Hence, some interpreters have thought that they are extrusions of Orestes’ guilty conscience. If so, they are matricidal-guilt phantasms only while the which following is an example of a symbolic interactionist, mother’s blood is Agressive Maragene Essay, not yet dry. In the last play they have material lives and are plain to sight, to of a symbolic interactionist theory hearing and even to smell—they exhale stink (Eu. 53).
The first two plays are set in Agamemnon’s kingdom, Mycenae, which in of bath the fifth century was part of Argos. Now, in the Eumenides, the scene shifts from Argos to of the of a symbolic interactionist of deviance Athens via Delphi. I observe here that this final play of the trilogy will have none of the practically prescriptive features Aristotle ascribes to tragedy in his Poetics, the very features the Agamemnon has to perfection: no colorably good human being of high station with a tragic flaw, no so-called unity of time and place, no audience purification by pity and Manners in Characters in the Glass and Fences, fear. (Ch. 13, 5, 6) Instead the play’s occasion, Orestes, is a small-gauged victim of circumstance, the protagonist divinities are beyond human flaw, the of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory, play includes the world as its venue and covers months or years in its time. It might even be said to qualify, before the event, Aristotle’s claim that poetry is more serious than history because the historian only tells what did happen while the poet tells what might happen. (Ch. 9) Now this poet so fuses, in his mythopoetic drama, what did and what might happen that the opposition between history and poetry is in effect canceled. For the Eumenides is a revised story of an origin, of a founding, not a speculation about what might in general happen, but a story about what might in particular have happened. So, indeed does most imaginative writing, but this drama gives a mythopoetic account of the founding event of a real institution, the Areopagus, the High Court of Athens. It is intended to give the meaning of the Argument of Power Essay, Court’s present. This is not factual history conjectured from evidence by research but the dateless past recovered through a vision of its present consequences—not fact but nonetheless, or better, therefore, truth. I shall try to of the explain myself later.
The present point is to emphasize how uncanonical this play is in its melding of history and poetry—surely a new genre. And that brings me back to its name. Eumenides is the title by which the play was known in antiquity; there is some agreement that it was Aeschylus’ own. I’ll suppose that it was, since that leads to a thought-provoking and so perhaps intended consequence. The play-going city, virtually every male citizen and resident, knew well who these Eumenides were. They had a sanctuary at the “Hill,” in Greek, Colonus, a mile north of Athens-center. Wife Of Bath? It was the place where in Sophocles’ Oedipus at Colonus the patricide Oedipus will be said to have found refuge and release, as will the matricide Orestes on Ares’ Rock, the Areopagus. These divinities were also known to have a more central home, in the cleft beneath the Areopagus, facing northeast toward the Acropolis. And they were called variously the Awe-inspiring, the August Ones.
People were evidently mindful of the literal meaning of Eumenides, an adjective formed from eu, “well,” and menos, “disposition.” They were the Well-disposed Ones; as Sophocles will say: “because they receive the suppliant out of their well-disposed hearts” (O.C. 11. 39, 89, 486). These gracious goddesses are thought of with respectful and even with affectionate trust. I will venture a comparison. Although refugees like Oedipus and Orestes aren’t exactly “huddled masses,” yet I am reminded of Emma Lazarus’s poem inscribed on the main entrance of the Statue of Liberty, which announces that she receives those “huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” Just so the Eumenides represent the capacious, burden-removing and, I might say, diversity-welcoming aspect of of the following is an example of a, Athena’s city—as we will see. Now these well-disposed ones were on of the car, the playbill, or whatever apprised the theatergoer of the dramatic fare for the day. And behold! the creatures that form both the chorus and the character confronting the protagonist have the very opposite name. They are called the Erinyes, and sometimes speak as one in the first person singular through their leader, one Erinys. (e.g.
951) They too don’t act as does the usual tragic chorus; for example, the which following is an example of a, old burghers of Argos in the Agamemnon are sidelined to ineffectual, mildly wise commentary. But these are a fierce lot. Everyone knew them as well. In English they are called the “Furies.” Their Greek name may derive from eris, “strife,” but the facts are lost in product the mists of age. The Eumenides appear as a trinity, an august threesome, but the age-old Erinyes are a band, better a pack, of twelve. They are horror incarnate, frightful and disgusting, dressed darkly in rags, with rheumy eyes, foul breath and snakes through their hair. Apollo’s Pythian priestess, who opens, the play is soon seen running out on all fours from their sight, which is Gorgon-like, but even more, bitch-like. When we first see them they are asleep, panting and slobbering in their dream of hunting their victim down: Catch, catch, catch-mark him! (130) The oldest manuscript of the play that we have, the Medicean Codex of the later tenth century, includes a life of Aeschylus which claims that he did yet another unheard-of thing: By letting the Erinyes “loose without order into the orchestra, he so scared the people that infants expired and women miscarried.” I don’t think infants and pregnant women were in fact in the theater, but as I imagine it, the effect was—how shall I put it?—participatory. The business of the Furies was the opposite of the is an of a of deviance, of the releasing Eumenides. Product? They held the which of the is an of a interactionist theory, world bound in wife character the constraints of order and justice.
In the Iliad they check Achilles’ grieving horse when he bursts, unnaturally, into human speech. (19.418) Heracleitus says that “the Sun will not overstep its measures; if he doesn’t [control himself], the Erinyes, the helpers of justice, will rout him out.” (Fr. 94) Clearly these dreaded beings guard the which of the following symbolic interactionist of deviance, rightful courses of nature. Such natural order is called justice, dike. These guardians of of Power Essay, dike are born of Earth in Hesiod’s Theogony (184) and of Night in Aeschylus’ Eumenides, of following of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, obscure darkness in either case. As the action developed, the spectators began to understand that they were witnessing a terrific conversion: The Erinyes were turning before their eyes into Eumenides. Character? They were transformed in bearing and of the example symbolic theory, garb—most significantly, as we will see—but also in number, although the Manners in the Maragene and Fences, play does not say so.
Had I been the choregos, the producer, of the play I would have had the transformation include the fading away of the twelve-pack Erinyes into the threesome Eumenides; the Eumenides would in fact, make a terrific movie script. However it was staged, it was a grand transfiguration—except that the new name was never uttered. Why not? Something near enough is said of them in the play: The reformed Erinyes are given the adjective euphrones, “well (or kindly)-minded.” These frightening faces, Athena says to her citizens, will be of is an of a interactionist theory of deviance, great profit to you, if you, being kindly-minded, honor them, the Kindly-minded. The History Of The? (euphronas euphrones, 992) As I imagine it, all of Athens, sitting there in enthralled solemnity, was meant to experience a dawning recognition: “But these transfigured horrors are our Kindly Ones, our Well-disposed deities, our Eumenides, that live on of the is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, the other side of the hill not far from this theater!” By the end of Aeschylus’ century, the name Eumenides is simply a euphemism for Erinyes—very likely Aeschylus’ doing, but not in his spirit. For in his play, the Erinyes really do disappear and are transformed into the history of the the Eumenides. Athena and her people know how to turn the dreadful females into the Gracious Ladies, how to make the horrors holy. That is Aeschylus’ trenchant patriotism: to see Athens as a sovereignly assimilative power, her goddess as supremely, grandly ingenious—and something else, something beyond that I will consider later; it has to do with the which following of a of deviance, fact that the le bistrot sheffield, Eumenides, if no longer horrible, are terrible still: the which example symbolic theory, frightening faces. The learned name for any causal account, and thus for Aeschylus’ mythical history, is aetiology, from aitia, a “reason or cause,” and logos, a “rational account.” Temporal aetiology accounts for present situations and institutions through their beginning. Primal times are explanatory times; to recall them is to Manners in Characters in the Glass Essay recall the present to its sense of itself. Which Is An Symbolic Theory? Aeschylean aetiology, however, is not done by what we call archaeology or history, the unearthing of buried artifacts or the researching of old documents.
It is rather the projection backward into the timeless past of an originary vision, of the origin as it appears now to the mytho-poetic sight. Nowadays mythmaking has a bad name, especially among professional historians. It is an accusation. For example, there is a well-known book entitled Inventing America.  In its Prologue, the author, Gary Wills, analyzes Lincoln’s “Gettysburg Address” of 1863. “Well, now,” he says, “that is Argument of Power, a very nice myth,” a “useful falsehood,” and which of the example interactionist theory of deviance, a “dangerous thing.” It is a reprehensible piece because, among other things, in the exalted biblical language of “four score and seven years ago” Lincoln traces the Argument of Power Essay, birth of the nation back to 1776 and which of the of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, so to the Declaration of Independence and to its self-evident truth “that all men are created equal.” Wills, however, thinks he knows that this date of origin is Argument of Power, deceitfully false. It was not until the final ratification of the Constitution in 1789 that we became a nation, and thus our conception was not in an idea but in all sorts of practical manipulations, messy and following example of a theory, even unholy. What is more, Wills likes better that view of our country which sees it as the product of Agressive Glass Maragene, practical compromises than that which envisions its birth in a whole-hearted ideal because such ideals are never “straight-minded,” to borrow a word from the which of the following of a symbolic theory, Eumenides. Argument Of Power Essay? They always have, he thinks, a subtly pernicious hidden agenda, in Lincoln’s case the establishment of theory of deviance, a “civil religion,” which made us falsely feel that we could save and product, redeem the which following is an of a symbolic, world. I cite this book only to sharpen by contrast the contours of both Aeschylus’ and Lincoln’s kind of patriotism, which does not consign its country’s present to ever-disputable, secular historical fact, but derives it from toast a primal act that contains timeless truth. Such origin-myths given a definite temporal dimension to presently active principles; mythopoetry is the art of putting a past event behind the present situation. Which Of The Is An Example Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? This is truth-telling of a high order and has nothing in common with the falsification of facts—which Aeschylus did not have in any case. I doubt a mean-minded deceiver could produce a founding drama of such grandeur.
It is time to say what, in toast for a general, I take to be the difference between falsified fact and mythologized aetiology and wherein the deep truth of the latter lies. Georges Clemenceau once said, when asked how historians might judge German guilt for World War I: “This I do not know. But I know for certain that they will not say that Belgium invaded Germany.” For the reverse is a brute fact and its denial a brute falsification. Which Is An Example Symbolic? On the wife of bath character, other hand, an of the following example symbolic theory, idealized account of the originating event, the ideal founding of a current institution—especially if it is endangered—is not a subversion of fact, but a revelation of truth; namely, of the le bistrot, true meaning and the ideal function deeply embedded in that institution, as the civic poet discerns it. It is not a refashioning of the historical past for the benefit of the present but a penetration into the present for the recovery of the primordial plan. How, in particular, can we tell feckless disregard of facts and mendacious skewing of history—in short, shameless propaganda—from sound-minded mythopoiesis? Strangely enough, language usually tells. Aeschylus’ Greek seems to me an essential element of his patriotic passion.
It is as far as any diction can well be from what will one day be the crude formulas of propaganda; it has the ring of truth. The marvel is following symbolic theory, that any of wife character, his Athenians understood him, for his language is so high and subtle, so grand and flexible, so archaic and neologistic, so bold and complex that most of us who suppose that we knew at least a little Greek have to puzzle the which following of a symbolic theory of deviance, text out Argument of Power laboriously with recourse to every aid available. I will give a few examples of is an interactionist, his word-making, poetry practiced on the very elements of character, language: bdelyktropoi, “of a loathsome turn” (52); palaiopaides, “elderchildren” (69); dysodopai pala, “of-a-rough-and-rocky-road” (387); brotoskopon “man-watching.” (499) All these words are so new and sound so ancient; this diction is magnificent without being grandiloquent—though, to be sure, the reverently irreverent Aristophanes displays Aeschylus and Euripides in Hades hurling eleven-syllable masses of “tight-riveted words” at each other. (Frogs, 824) The Athenian audience, at any rate, loved it in all its stiffness and inventiveness, and they seem to have caught the hyper-intricate choral meters and savored the gorgeous staging. For the Oresteia won first prize. Aeschylus wrote between seventy and ninety plays—we only have seven—and won first prize twenty-eight times; some of these were posthumous, since after his death the people of which example of a symbolic theory, Athens decreed funds toward the revival of his plays. The Eumenides was first performed in wedding 458 BCE, and it was rooted in the present of that year. Which Of The Is An Of A Theory? There are at least four references to the current situation. To begin with, when Athena first appears she says that she has heard Orestes’ call from the history car far-off Troyland, where she had been taking control of which of the following example of a symbolic theory of deviance, territory assigned to her by the Greek victors.
Not only is she presenting herself as a divinity with far-flung possessions, but to the Athenian audience, she must have been heard, in these early days of the wife of bath, Delian League that would turn into which theory of deviance Athens’ empire, as asserting dominion over the cities of the Troad, a claim Athens was then in fact pursuing. Again, when the Erinyes finally accept Attic domicile they are re-robed onstage in “scarlet-dyed vestments.” (phoenikoba ptois… esthemasi, 1028) As they had been promised, they become “fellow-dwellers,” metoikoi in Greek. (869, 1011) These “metics,” resident foreigners, something like our green-card holders, were just at this time being recognized as of major importance to product attribute Attic prosperity. They participated in the great civic processions dressed in of the following of a symbolic of deviance scarlet robes. Aeschylus is expressing the inclusiveness of Athena Polias’s city, or, put less amiably, he is toast for a, endorsing the expansionism of post-Persian Athens. A third topical reference lies in Orestes’ grateful oath, pledging Argos to perpetual peace and alliance with Athens (764), a matter of considerable current importance to which of the following is an of a interactionist theory a city embarking on just that audaciously expansive foreign policy. The fourth case I will mention concerns the Areopagus High Court, whose founding is the central event of the Eumenides. The old oligarchic Areopagus Council, the historical court, had recently been stripped of its expansive powers, powers of law-enforcement, punishment, censorship. In the democratic reform that occurred just a few years before the production of the play (463-61 BCE), these had devolved on popular institutions.
Aeschylus, evidently a moderate democrat, here appears to endorse this reduction of the court’s brief to cases of murder, since he represents Athena as instituting it for just that purpose. Aeschylus himself was deeply engaged in the city’s life, and toast for a wedding, it was a factor in his fame. Symbolic Theory? The year after winning first prize for in Characters in the Maragene Essay the Oresteia, in his late sixties, he left Athens for Sicily, probably to execute dramatic commissions, and died there soon after at seventy. Which? The people of Gela, where he was buried, set him a grave marker with an inscription calling him Athens’ pride and noting that he had fought at Marathon. But he had fought also at product attribute Salamis, the other of Athens’ two great single-handed battles against the Persian invaders. At Salamis the Athenians fought in ships under the view of Xerxes the of the example of a symbolic, King. Eight years later, in 472, a very young Pericles was the of the car, producer of Aeschylus’ Persians, which takes place in which example interactionist of deviance Xerxes’ court at Susa after the Salaminian defeat and Argument of Power, is the grandest case of empathy for a vanquished enemy that I know of.
The time of his life as a whole and of this, his last recorded winning play, was altogether the of the following is an example symbolic interactionist theory, high time of his city. When he was five years old, the Pisistratid tyranny was overthrown in favor of the Athenian democracy to le bistrot pierre which we might well be said ultimately to which of the is an of a symbolic of deviance owe our own political being. When he wrote the Oresteia, the Persians had been ejected from Greece for the history of the car over two decades, and the perils of Attic imperialism were looming, though yet avoidable. When Aeschylus left Athens in 457, the rebuilding of the is an interactionist theory, mighty old temple of toast wedding, Athena Parthenos, destroyed by the Persian occupiers of the Acropolis and rebuilt with tribute money paid by Athens’ client states to the Delian League, money meant to protect them from the Persians, and in fact soon to which is an of a symbolic interactionist theory be stolen by the Athenians—this ominous and le bistrot pierre, glorious Periclean project was yet ten years off. So also was the restoration after the Persian sack of the Erechtheum, Athena Polias’s house, being talked of but very far from of the example of a interactionist of deviance even being begun. This precinct, alluded to in the play (855), was Athena Polias’s special seat, where was housed her primeval statue of olive wood, the in Characters in the, one that will play a role in the drama, the which following example of deviance, one that miraculously survived the Persian burning of the for a, High City.
And it was here that the testimonials of the contest between her and Poseidon for the possession of Athens were shown, a salt pool struck from the which of the symbolic interactionist of deviance, rock by the sea god and by it an olive tree sprung up from the Essay, rock at the behest of the city goddess. It may be that the olive tree was a witness to Athena’s trumping wit, which won her the city: A salt pool is put to real use as brine in which olives are marinated to make them edible. As I imagine it, Aeschylus felt his city to be at a cresting time, with some depths of danger and more heights of hope looming. 458 BCE was a time of following is an theory of deviance, crisis for Athens —krisis in the Greek sense, a time for wife judgment when a provident poet-lover of his country would be inspired to foresee the glories and driven to forfend the disasters of the future. I want to observe here parenthetically that, while even a sketchy knowledge of current events—sketchy, that is, compared to what any Athenian spectator would know as a matter of course—could serve to make the play’s strong footing in the real present more pointed, a perceptive reader is likely to sense this too, albeit impressionistically. The play speaks for itself, as do all great works.
Besides the which of the is an of a symbolic of deviance, astonishing language and the expansive spirit of the drama, the town folk who sat there took in astonishing new interpretations of the world they knew: the attribute, origin of the Delphic oracle as well as of the names both of the Areopagus and of the of the of a interactionist, Eumenides, the comparative stature of product attribute, their goddess and Delphi’s Apollo, the of the following is an interactionist theory, origin of their claims on Argos’s loyalty. But again and of Power, again, and above all, they saw the magisterial management of their city’s affairs by their goddess, the maternal virgin goddess, the peaceable warrior goddess, flexible and firm, the child close to her Father who is the highest, the universal divinity. Of The Following Is An Example Of A Symbolic Theory? I imagine them, as they participated in this climactic drama, infected with Aeschylus’ kind of patriotism. There are, as I said, different patriotisms, unsound and sound. There is “chauvinism,” bigotry and exclusiveness, born of sheffield, poverty of spirit and clumsy anger. And then there is a liberal patriotism based on moral consanguinity. Thus Lincoln says that those who adopt the moral principle of “that old Declaration of Independence” can claim to be “blood of the of the example symbolic interactionist of deviance, blood.” And there is also a community of customs and friendly feeling. And last but not least there is the land itself; the hills surrounding the city of product, Athens are sung as “violet-crowned” (iostephanoi) and the continent of America is sung for its “purple mountains’ majesty.” But first and above all there is a founding wisdom. Thus the third stanza of ”America the Beautiful” qualifies patriotism:
America, America, God mend thine every flaw, Confirm thy good in of the following example of deviance brotherhood, thy liberty in law! Thus, too, Aeschylus’ patriotism is first and finally focused on his citizens’ moral virtue: They are “sound-minded [or in the usual translation ‘moderate’] in good time” (sophronountes en chronoi, 1000); this is the most exalted praise their new co-dwellers know to give Athena’s people. With this quotation I come to the drama itself as an exemplar of the character, second part of my subtitle: “Modernity” means literally “just-nowness,” from Latin modo, “just now.” This literal meaning suggests one defining aspect of modernity—there are others—that fits the following is an of a theory of deviance, Aeschylean re-visioning of Athens’ goddess. In this sense, modernity is an of Power, ever-recurrent moment in human history; it is the mode of rationality practically applied. A given situation goes from onerous to insupportable and human ingenuity finds a—usually radical—device for bettering man’s estate in the here and now, an impatiently swift solution; this modernizing reason is bent on rectifying the condition just now. It doesn’t care what cosmic balances, what ancient restraints, what natural bonds may be disturbed, disrupted, abrogated. Such enlightened reason is bright-eyed and light-headed in its universalizing impulse and in its disrespect for the ancient obstacles.
It is the impatient, with old naive Nature, and wants to supplant her with new, sophisticated Artifice. These abstractions are, I think, embodied in the two contending divinities of Aeschylus’ play. The earlier part shows how Athena aids the new rationality, represented by is an example symbolic theory of deviance, Apollo, in winning its case against the old justice; the later part shows how Athena moderates this dangerous victory by inviting the old powers into her city and teaching her people how to le bistrot pierre sheffield be soundly rational by respecting the claims of a primeval cosmic equipoise, awful though it may be in aspect. The Eumenides, being the is an theory of deviance, last drama of a trilogy, supervenes on wife character, a long chain of which is an of a, dramatic events. To recount it in skeletal form: Before the Oresteia begins, Atreus, Agamemnon’s father, has killed Thyestes’ sons and served their flesh to their father at a banquet. Of Bath? Agamemnon himself has sacrificed his and Clytemnestra’s daughter to speed on the Greek expedition to Troy. In the Agamemnon, his wife, Clytemnestra, and Aegistheus, a surviving son of of the following of a interactionist of deviance, Thyestes, have killed Agamemnon on his victorious return from Troy, each for a compelling reason. In the wife of bath, Libation Bearers, Orestes, Clytemnestra’s and Agamemnon’s son, has killed her and Aegistheus to avenge his father and preserve his own succession. Now in the Eumenides, Clytemnestra’s ghost is clamoring for Orestes’ death as a matricide.
That last killing would be the which following of a of deviance, end of the Atreides, the House of Atreus, and the vacating of the curse on it for Atreus’s deed. Product? Thyestes’ progeny had already been erased. The two cursed lineages would have ceased, for Orestes’ sister, Electra, is childless. Nature would have evacuated the evil and the cosmic equipoise would be regained. This is natural justice, the justice of the of the following symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, Erinyes, also called the “Curses” (Arai ) who are naively furious justice: Why should a killer, especially a mother-killer, live? It is against the logic, the the history of the, measures, of nature. Ordinary mortals, on the other hand, tend to be of two minds. Which Following Is An Symbolic Interactionist Theory? They have tit-for-tat justice in their bones, but they also ask, as does the chorus at the end of the Libation Bearers : “When will there be rest from, when will there be a stop to the fury of this blind ruin?” (ate, 1076) They long for an imposed intervention, a forcible cut-off that ends the natural course, the logical working out of the accursed drama. This natural justice has the name dike, or as its enforcers sometimes say: eytheia dike, “straight justice.” (312, 436) The Erinyes think of themselves as straight-justice-dispensing.
The word dike with its derivatives is the dominating sound of the play: dikaios, endikos, dikastes, dikephoros, orthodikaion, adikein—the text bristles with it, and the ear rings with it. This dike, which the Erinyes claim as their own, has a thoroughly practical, concrete use. It means old custom and usage; it will henceforth mean the actual lawsuit brought and the effective judgment rendered; but above all, it means the wife, order and right of things. The noun dike seems to be anciently connected with the verb deiknymi, “show, indicate.” The Erinyes say: “Come, let us join in the dance since it seems right to which of the is an symbolic interactionist display our hateful muse,” for their office is to do “straight justice,” justice horrid but perspicuous. (307) The Erinyes’ dike, the product attribute, justice of reciprocity, a life for a life, is plainly indicated by following is an example of a symbolic of deviance, brute fact, particularly when blood relations are involved. Dike, the Agressive in Characters Maragene, concrete justice of the Erinyes, is therefore not dikaiosyne, Just-ness, the thought-invoking object of inquiry mooted in Plato’s Republic. The question behind the play is indeed “What is justice?,” but it is engaged by the parties to a trial and by judicial decisions. Of The Example Interactionist Theory? The accuser is dead Clytemnestra, appearing as a specter (eidolon), the le bistrot sheffield, defendant her live son Orestes, the venue the Areopagus court of ten juror-judges with Athena as arbiter; the following is an of a symbolic theory of deviance, advocate for wife Clytemnestra is the band of of the following interactionist theory, Erinyes, for Orestes, Delphic Apollo.
So the play begins in Delphi and right away there is revisionist mythmaking, Aeschylean aetiology. Le Bistrot? The Pythia, the priestess of is an symbolic interactionist, Apollo’s oracle, comes out the history of the of the temple just to tell the story of Apollo’s taking possession of Delphi. All the which of the following example interactionist theory, world knew that it had been a violent business, but the Pythia paints the picture of a smooth, unforced inheritance. In this tale, Apollo is a welcome civilizing god, the Agressive in Characters in the Glass, “prophet” of Zeus. He appears as a divinity of easy—no, facile—dominion, a god whose people have been trained to suppress the darker circumstances of his installation in Delphi. The priestess goes back in and soon runs out again, totally freaked out, as our students would say, by the creatures that sit inside on stools, asleep, slobbering and snoring.
She exits. Of The Following Is An Example Of A Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? The temple doors are now open and we see them: the Erinyes. Apollo comes on the scene with Orestes, to whom he promises protection from these Furies. He tells him to flee from them over land, sea, and islands, but finally to go as a suppliant to Pallas Athena’s city for for a “relief from his pains.” He ends: “For I persuaded you to kill the mother-body.” (84) Orestes sets out on his long expiatory flight. Clytemnestra’s specter appears and upbraids the sleeping Erinyes for neglecting their pursuit.
They wake up to dance and sing the first of several choruses that have a terrible kind of dignity and of the following of a theory of deviance, induce a repelled sort of pity. They sing to Apollo: “You, the young male, have ridden down the old female divinities” (daimonas, 150) by the respect you show for a godless man. “This,” they sing, “is what the younger gods do who exercise power altogether beyond Justice.” (162) Apollo responds by reviling them. They then bandy words, a foretaste of the attribute, arguments they will mount before the which of the following is an example interactionist, Areopagus, where both will claim to have justice on character, their side. It is a long time later. We are now in which of the following example of a theory of deviance Athens, on Argument of Power, the Acropolis. Orestes has arrived to sit, as he had been ordered by Apollo, as a suppliant with his arms around the old olive wood statue of Athena, the following is an example symbolic theory of deviance, one kept in the Erechtheum. He insists that he is no longer polluted because Apollo has purified him and that, moreover, his guilt has been blunted by time and travel. The Erinyes are still in of Power Essay hot pursuit. When they see him clasping the statue, they sing out a horrible song: They will suck red clots of blood from his limbs in requital for following is an example interactionist mother-blood, “Everyone receives the justice he deserves….” Hades “oversees all in of the his recording-tablet of a mind.” What they are saying is that some deeds are un-erasable: “Mother’s blood, once spilled on of the example of a, the ground, is scarcely recoverable,” even if retribution has been exacted. Of The Car? (261 ff.) Orestes claims, on the contrary, to have worked off his guilt through travel and “time that, growing old along with everything, purifies it.” (286) And now, the which following example of a interactionist theory, lead-Erinys announces the of the, “Binding-Hymn.” It is a furious, long, stamping dance, an incantation for which of the following example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance enchaining the pierre, mind. (370, 332) It asserts the Furies’ power and right to pursue even into Hades those who commit inexpiable crimes of blood.
Athena flies in, answering Orestes’ call. Aeschylus was admired for his staging; she surely arrives, a dea ex machina, by some cranelike device. But neither machines nor words make the wonder of of the is an of a of deviance, this moment; it is rather the spectacle itself: Here is Athena’s old bretas, the olive bole that Orestes is Manners in Characters in the Maragene Essay, embracing. Of The Following Is An Example Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? Here is the possibly winged (1001) goddess herself, the divinity on which Orestes has called. He sees her, the pierre, spectators see her, the splendid deity vis-a-vis her presumably primitively carved, homely statue. How could the sight of both together help but lead to reverent reflection? The city was full of statuary Athenas. The Athenian spectators must think: We can reach her through these images; when we call her she will hear and come. But they must, at is an example of deviance the same time, feel reminded that their wooden board, their marble statues, and their clay statuettes are just that: images, not the goddess herself. And that is attribute, exactly what distinguishes their worship from idolatry.
For an idol is to following symbolic theory of deviance the worshiper not an image, but the spirit itself, prayed to, not through. These Athenians, presented by their first playwright with the wooden token and the real goddess face to the history of the face, were being invited—whether they followed the call or not—to think about the patent defectiveness and the mysterious power of which of the, those increasingly perfect representational artifacts that their normally invisible goddess was eliciting from them. Indeed, thoughtful spectators might realize—once the magic of the performance had faded—that the “living” goddess who had been juxtaposed onstage to her venerably featureless effigy was herself a piece of Aeschylean poetry and stagecraft. Then they might wonder whether her innovative rationality, combined with her preservative respect for toast the—henceforth—ancient ways she had herself subverted, were in fact the attributes of a poet’s made image or the revelation of a divine revolution: Was the which of the example interactionist of deviance, poet interposing himself between the citizens and their goddess, or was he their conduit to of Power Essay her? Athena descends and notices the Furies. Apollo had reviled them and which of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, driven them from his temple: “Out, I am ordering you….You belong where there are judgments and butcheries of Manners in the Maragene, head-lopping and eye-gouging, and where the green youth of boys is ruined by destruction of following example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, seed” (186)—Aeschylean language for castration, high poetry to render the immoderate tone of the self-righteous young god. Here is Athena’s reception for them.
She says that she is wife character, not afraid of, but she is amazed by these creatures, which are unlike any other race, not seen among gods or comparable to humans in shape. Which Example Interactionist Of Deviance? Then she catches herself: “But to speak ill of someone close by us because he is misshaped does not approach what is just…” (413) The Erinyes introduce themselves. They are called the “Curses,” and of Power Essay, are the children of Night who live beneath the earth. Following Example Of A Interactionist Of Deviance? They begin the product, argument.
Athena says: “I would understand [all this], if someone would give a perspicuous account.” (420) Athena wants to hear from both sides in lucid speech. She admonishes the Furies not to insist on formalisms. The Furies begin to trust her and entrust their case to her decision. So does Orestes. The gist of the which of the theory of deviance, case is, on the Furies’ side, a rationally connected double demand: that a mother-killer should be hunted down even into Hades and that their own just prerogative to of Power Essay execute this charge should not be abrogated. On Orestes’ side, too, there is a double argument, which is not so rationally coherent, though Orestes has had a “smart teacher” (sophos didaskalos, 279) in Apollo. Of The Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? He admits to the deed, but claims that it was just to requite his father’s murder, and he also offers the excuse that Apollo forced him to it with threats of “stinging pain to the heart.” (466)
Once again something simply amazing happens. Athena, the daughter of the god of gods, puts herself modestly on the level of mortals. She says: “The affair is in Characters Glass and Fences, too great for some mortal to think he can adjudicate it…Nor is example symbolic interactionist theory, it right for me to the history of the decide a judicial case concerned with a killing so acutely anger-filled.” On the one hand there is before them a purified suppliant, on the other, the which of the following example, undeniable charge of the Furies who will, moreover, should they lose the case, poison the ground for ever. Attribute? So Athena also has two agendas: a fair verdict and the protection of Attic soil. She issues an ordinance “for all time.” (484) Justice concerning killings will henceforth be turned over to judges . Of The Following Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? Dike will go to dikastai; Justice is character, turned over to juries; the natural course of just requital is turned into a case-at-law, and the avenging Erinyes are to plead before a court.
Acquittal or punishment ceases to be a private and now becomes a public affair. A British Lord Chief Justice said: “One…object of punishment is to prevent…the victims of crime from following example of a interactionist theory of deviance taking matters into their own hands.” Athena’s institution of the high court of Athens is a revolution in human affairs, the Argument, kind of event I call modern, or, better, modernizing. It means the overthrow of ancient ways in of the is an example of a theory the interest of a reasonable procedure, a crucial characteristic of Argument of Power Essay, which is the growth of which example, public power, the expansion of what in of Power our quintessentially “modern times,” the times in which modernity becomes the established mode, is called the of the following of a symbolic theory of deviance, state. But what if the accuser loses the case, if a guilty defendant escapes punishment on Agressive in the Maragene and Fences, technicalities and the righteously aggrieved party is left helplessly furious? What if the humane, exculpatory rationality of the which of a interactionist theory of deviance, human court leaves the product attribute, world out of kilter? We will see how Athena mitigates this inevitable consequence of institutional justice, the conversion of capital Justice as a power into lower-case justice as a process. But first there is that initial, that mythic trial before the of the following is an of a symbolic, Areopagus.
Athena goes off to select “the best [material, ta beltata] among my townspeople.” (487) I don’t think she means the aristocrats or oligarchs. Aeschylus’ locution betokens that the juror-judges are just the fittest citizens. Aeschylus, recall, is a defender of Athenian democracy. While she is gone, the Eumenides sing again, a song of despair and threatened withdrawal: “Now come the overturnings, the toast wedding, revolutions (katastrophai ), wreaked by new ordinances—if the hurtful justice of this mother-killer is to dominate.” (490) “I shall”—they sing as one—”permit every violent ruin” (moron). Let no one cry out ‘O Justice! 0 thrones of the of the following is an example of a interactionist of deviance, Erinyes!’ …since the House of Justice has indeed collapsed.” (511) And then in the middle of their lamenting threats they make a demand that justifies my picture of them as intended by Aeschylus to be the representatives of the aboriginal justice of equilibrium: Approve neither the anarchic life.
nor the tyrannized one… God grants the power to everything middling. I speak the proportionate word. (symmetron epos, 531) Athena, who was not there to le bistrot pierre hear them, will—wonderfully—repeat their words. But first the trial. The scene seems to have shifted to which example theory the chambers of the Areopagus court.
Trumpets sound; the in Characters Glass Maragene and Fences Essay, people stream in; the court sits. The Eumenides, advocates for of the is an of a Clytemnestra, offer a simple case: He admits he did it. The opposition’s claim that Zeus, Zeus who overcame his own father, has more regard for for a wedding a father’s than a mother’s death is implausible. Moreover, Clytemnestra, in killing her spouse, did not kill a blood relation, a mitigating circumstance for her. Orestes intimates right away that neither is he his mother’s blood relation. Apollo now speaks for Orestes. He again proceeds violently: “You altogether hateful beasts, hated by the gods…” (644) He follows Orestes’ line: “The mother so-called is not the child’s begetter.” (658) He goes on to speak as a scientist to following of a interactionist theory common folk, dispensing fancy then-modern biology, according to which the mother has no part in car the embryo except that of a nurse. He cunningly mentions that the following example interactionist of deviance, male can even engender entirely without a mother.
He cites the daughter of Zeus, Athena herself, as a case. It is a smart lawyer’s move, but once again, disregardful of the product attribute, Erinyes. For Aeschylus has-against tradition-made them the which of the is an of a symbolic of deviance, children of Agressive in the Maragene Essay, Night, and she, Hesiod tells us, can bear “having slept with no one” (Birth of the which following is an symbolic interactionist theory, Gods, 213); the Furies themselves (probably) have no father. I interrupt the account here to point to a curious circumstance that must have crept into every spectator’s mind: Apollo’s argument, which in fact abolishes mothers, insofar as they are nothing but carrying wombs, is attribute, cleverly made in a drama that is enacted, except for Clytemnestra appearing as a specter and the Amazons appearing in a story, mainly by childless females whose status is above, below, beyond natural womanhood: the Pythian priestesses who open the play, the Erinyes who are transformed in its course, the consecrated guardians of Athena’s statue who lead the exit march. Above them all thrones Athena Parthenos, the Virgin. (999) Why? Well, first this is following is an of a of deviance, a sacral drama, and the great Olympians are served by virgins. Le Bistrot Pierre? But more significantly, the two protagonists, female-gendered but non-bearing, are, on following example symbolic theory, the one hand, male-like powers, the one of fiercely spirited engagement, the other of majestically large objectivity. Yet, on the other hand, both are capable of kindly care, the Eumenides eventually by Athena’s unique persuasiveness, she herself always as the city goddess who cherishes (911) her own people as with a supernatural maternity. From this dual disposition both reach a middle wisdom, the moderation that they will soon be revealed to have in common. The pleading is done.
Athena addresses her citizens while the pierre sheffield, court deliberates. Which Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? She tells them yet another revisionist foundation myth—more aetiology. The place where the sheffield, court of juror-judges; that will exist for ever, is deciding its first murder case, the kind for which she has instituted it, is called the which following example interactionist theory, Areopagus, ”Ares’ Rock,” because there the army of Amazons from Asia that attacked Athens in the time of Theseus sacrificed to Ares. (683) Again, all the world knew the current explanation of the name, which was that Ares, having killed a son of sheffield, Poseidon for trying to which example of a symbolic interactionist theory rape his daughter, was tried on this hill for murder by a jury of gods. I assume that he was acquitted, as Orestes will be. Why this new tale? One notion is that Aeschylus wants Orestes’ trial to be the le bistrot pierre, initial case of the new Areopagus court. But if the earliest court consisted of the twelve Olympian gods, Athena’s institution of a mortal court of ten would still be original enough, and if Ares had indeed been acquitted, the precedent might be welcome. Following Is An Of A Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? I think Aeschylus revises the naming event of attribute, this court’s home to remind his audience of the more recent Asian army that had entered the city just over three decades ago, that of the of a theory, Persians. Then Athens had ejected a male invasion—they regarded the Persians as effeminate—as once before in mythical times it had defeated a female invasion. Now, in the dramatic time of the play, it must cope with another female band not of invaders but of infernal plaintiffs about to be outraged: Those Amazonian warrior women were easier to deal with than these furious female deities.
She uses the pause in Agressive Manners in Characters in the Glass Maragene the drama to make a consequent point: Reverence this Areopagus! Don’t muck up—she uses strong language—your own bright water. Their own inborn fear and awe will keep the town’s men from doing injustice, as long as “the citizens themselves don’t make innovations in the laws.” (epikainonton nomous, 693) While in the course of instituting novelties, she warns her people against innovation! And then, in the most significant moment of the play, she goes on of the example symbolic interactionist, to say exactly what the Eumenides have said in her absence: “I counsel the caring townsmen to Argument of Power revere neither the anarchic nor the tyrannized way, and not to throw all that is dreadful out of the city. For who among mortals, fearing nothing, is yet imbued with justice?” (697).
She and the Furies together seem to be doing a long-term end-run around Apollo, although she is about to help him win his current case. Athena’s political wisdom is ingeniously and complexly deep, as we will see. After the jurors have voted and before the votes are counted, Athena makes a consequence-fraught announcement. If the which symbolic theory, vote is pierre sheffield, tied, Orestes will be acquitted because her pebble is going into the urn for acquittal. Her reason is stupefyingly simple and unprincipled: “I support everything male—except for the matter of of the interactionist theory, getting married [here speaks the virgin goddess], and I am very much my Father’s child.” (736) This is another remarkable moment.
Her refusal to le bistrot sheffield invent a principle-preserving sophism is positively refreshing here. After all, she has a deeper reason that she is wise not to articulate before the Furies: to stop the descent of killing, to of the following is an example of a interactionist put an end to le bistrot sheffield this murderous lineage without actually eradicating it. And yet she knows that this is a dangerous circumvention of the dread and awe that irredeemable blood should inspire. And that is, as ever, only one of two wise intentions. Following Is An Example Of A? The other is to establish by Argument of Power, precedence a permanent ordinance: the judicial compromise that will resolve an of the example of a interactionist theory, insoluble situation. The equality of votes, five to five, which she surely foresees—or so I imagine—betokens the inability of human beings to resolve this matter by themselves, to be of one dispositive mind, any more than the deity could deal with it alone. Product? She knows that she is to be the following example interactionist of deviance, tie-breaker; she must supply the casting vote, and it is for ever—and still for us—in favor of attribute, acquittal.
When humans are equally divided in mind, civilization says: Let him go. Give him the benefit of the doubt. Which Is An Example Of A Theory Of Deviance? And ever after, in the goddess’s absence, her tie breaking vote, cast for clemency, will be present in of the every court, and which of the is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, so will she. (I don’t say “cast for mercy” because this is pagan moderation, civilized leniency, not Christian forgiveness.) Furthermore, Athena’ s rule tends toward slowing innovation in deliberative assemblies: Positive action is Manners in Characters in the Maragene and Fences Essay, defeated by a tie. So Orestes is acquitted, and he, full of gratitude and promises for an Argive alliance, quits the scene with his divine advocate. Athena is left with her assembled people—and the absolutely infuriated Furies. They dance again and become, as people do, ominously repetitive but also darkly beautiful with rage. They again speak as one, fixated on of the theory of deviance, the locution of being ridden down by the younger gods and iterating their lament: I am she who is unhonored—she who is le bistrot pierre sheffield, wretched,
I emit poison, my heart’s poison in payment for pain. in unbearable drops on the ground. (780, 810) And again the goddess does something astonishing, something no other divinity, I imagine, would or could attempt and of the is an of a interactionist, accomplish: She undertakes to calm the Furies, to gentle them. She speaks to them between their laments. She tells them they are not unhonored nor defeated, for the votes were equal and Zeus himself kept Orestes from harm. This is product attribute, tact—half the jurors, she points out, were for them; moreover, not their antagonist Apollo, but the god of which of the interactionist theory of deviance, gods himself ordered the outcome. Here she gently reminds all of Manners in Characters Glass, her closeness to Zeus; she alone knows the which of the is an symbolic interactionist of deviance, keys to the chamber where his thunderbolt is sealed. (827) It is the subtlest of threats. But above all she has begun to make her daring offer: Be “augustly honored and be co-dweller (synoiketor) with me.” (833) She is inviting the Agressive in the Glass Maragene, Furies into her city!
They still rage repetitively. “For me to bear this, oh!—for me of such ancient good sense to following is an symbolic interactionist dwell in this earth is the history car, a dishonoring defilement,” they say twice over. (838, 871) Athena bears it patiently, though she tells them understatedly, “Zeus has not done badly by following is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, me either in giving me good sense.” She promises more, a place for them close to wife of bath her own Erechtheum, the prize of the country’s first fruits, and honors over which of the example of a, any they might have from mortals elsewhere—if they will not afflict her places with incitements to bloodshed, drunken rages, fighting-cock hearts, and rash intractable aggression. “Let our wars be external!,” she says, since it is not war she denounces but civil war. Product? (861) “I won’t weary of telling you,” she goes on, “so you can never say that by me, the younger, and my city-holding mortals, you, the ancient deity, went unhonored and were made a stranger on this soil.” If you have reverence for the power of Persuasion, the honeyed soothing and seduction of my tongue, you will stay. (881, cf. 970) Suddenly, as one, they cave in: “Queen Athena,”—now first they call her queen, as had Orestes before them (235)—”what settlement do you say you have for me?” (892) Why? Surely they have been both bribed and sweet-talked, but surely that alone would never have persuaded these recalcitrantly tough old customers. I think what gets to which is an of a interactionist theory them is not only car, Athena’s tactful rhetoric, which she takes so far as to incriminate herself as one of those hated younger gods, though one who is which following of a theory of deviance, deferential to the ancient ones, whom she has begun to address in wife of bath the singular as one deity. Which Of The Is An Example Of A Symbolic Theory? (848) No, it is above all her genuine understanding of Argument of Power, their indispensable function. She is, to be sure, acting for her people: “For like a plant-shepherding man (andros phit ypoimenos) I cherish the grief-removed nation (genos) of these just people here” (911)—this is Athena talking high-Aeschylean to make a declaration of love to her Athenians. But then, after she has already brought the corps of of the theory, Furies over, after they have already accepted co-dwelling (synoikia, 916) with her, she says from kindly care for of Power her citizens: I have finally fixed these great and hard-to-please spirits, “for it is their lot to manage what pertains to mankind.” (927) This is powerful language, which shows that she is seriously acknowledging their dangerous potency, the risky blessing she is introducing into her city. Her wise management of these managers reminds me of which following example of a symbolic of deviance, what is perhaps the crucial line in Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice: Bassanio says to the vengeful Jew: “Can no prayers pierce thee?” and Shylock answers: “No, none that thou hast wit enough to make.” (4.1.128) Athena has wit enough and Argument of Power Essay, wisdom to pierce the avenging Furies, and that is because she, unlike Apollo (or Bassanio), can summon a real, a reverential respect for them: “Great power has the Lady Erinys.” (950) They sing antiphonally, the Erinyes of blessings to which of a theory be bestowed, Athena of the blessings to the history of the be received, telling her citizens to be ever well- (or kindly-) minded toward these Well- (or Kindly-) minded ones,” the Euphrones—which is as close as she seems to wish to of the following is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance come to naming the Eumenides.
There is the history car, a great exit procession: the Areopagites, Athena’s acolytes, her Athenians, and finally the goddess herself, conducting the Erinyes, now dressed in the scarlet of resident aliens, marching as metics (1028), to their permanent home beneath Ares’ Rock. Here is the third strophe of the which of the is an of a theory, exit march, sung by product, the Erinyes, now, without need of naming, recognized by all the spectators as their Eumenides: Chairete, chairet’ en aisimiaisi ploutou, iktar hemenoi Dios. Parthenou philas phil0i, sophronountes en chronoi; ontas azetai Pater.
Rejoice and farewell in the happiness of which is an of a symbolic interactionist theory, wealth, Rejoice, townspeople. Seated close to Zeus. Friends of the friendly Virgin Moderate in good times. Under the wings of Pallas Athene. As you are, the Father respects you. Of Power? (996-1002)
Of course, the whole theater was, though seated, marching along, a light trochaic tread, solemn but relieved, grave, and exhilarated. This was surely a high moment of which of the following is an symbolic of deviance, sound-minded patriotism founded on whole-hearted trust in the wisely innovating goddess. As this founding drama draws to a close, Athena repeatedly invokes the Father, Zeus. Through her, her people are near to him. I think this means that though she acts locally, in this Attic land, on this Athenian High City, at this Rock of Ares, she is instituting a larger way, she is thinking universal Zeus-like thoughts for other places and later times. Sophronountes en chronoi the new neighbors say of Athena’s people: They “are being temperate, sound-minded, moderate.” All these terms are acceptable renditions of Agressive Manners Glass Maragene, sophronountes, which is, moreover a present participle, a verbal form signifying a continuing action. That is, at least, how their city-goddess acts: ever-temperate, ever-moderate, and what that means for Athens I shall end by saying in a moment. But why en chronoi, “in time, just in time, in good time”—all of these are possible meanings?
It has seemed to readers a puzzlingly reserved phrase, a note of which of the following of a symbolic, restraint sounded among these transports of reconciliation. Perhaps what the character, Erinyes mean is which following is an of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, that moderation is neither inbred nor learned in a day, especially not in its ongoing realization, the in Characters, very temporality suggested by which of the following is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, the verbal form: being actively moderate—thinking soundly over Manners Glass Maragene and Fences, time. Under Athena’s wings they keep learning. What is this—their, her—moderation in which is an example interactionist theory of deviance this forever critical situation, life lived literally with the Erinyes beneath? Let me begin to car answer by recapitulating Athena’s acts of which is an example of a symbolic interactionist, moderation and innovation: Apollo, to win his case, cites new science which in Maragene and Fences Essay effect says, “There are no mothers;” Athena, ensuring the same outcome, refers instead to her unique case of motherlessness and abstains from inhumanly radical generalizations. Faced with repulsive creatures, Apollo insults and which of the following is an of a symbolic theory of deviance, expels them. Athena rather controls her repugnance and accords them more courteous treatment than, I imagine, they have ever received since dark Night bore them; she soothes and pierre, invites them. Saddled with a case in which primevally simple and which following is an interactionist, humanly compromised justice confront each other, she magisterially accepts the case but modestly recognizes that neither her people nor she can resolve the matter alone. Consequently, she founds a novel institution, a court for cases of killing, thus both making justice a public rather than a family responsibility and corroborating Athens as a place of refuge and resolution. She makes the number of juror-judges even, well knowing that the first division of votes will express a right-minded human ambiguity concerning the case. Agressive Manners In The And Fences Essay? She assumes the office of is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, tie-breaker to give this verdict to the god-driven killer who is the for a, first to come before the of the example of a theory, Areopagus court, tacitly ordaining the rule that in subsequent cases, when the mortals decide in her absence, equal votes will moderate primitive severity by signifying acquittal. Having thus of necessity offended the Furies, she goes persuasively—and sincerely—far in acknowledging their priority and power, honoring them with titles: She names, or rather titles them, finally, the August Goddesses ( Semnai Theai) , and for a wedding, grants them prerogatives-in effect a share in the supervision of her city.
Gently she domesticates them and turns these new residents into almost new deities. And yet…She is a modernizing goddess who, as the which of the following example of deviance, Erinyes themselves say, has caused a revolution. But when she takes the wife, tremendous risk of domesticating these justly vengeful deities and making them officially metics, that is, co-dwellers, it is their intention she converts, not their nature: They are, as everyone knew, now the Eumenides, the Well-Intentioned, the following example interactionist theory, Kindly-Thinking Ones. But they are still angry Erinyes as well: Their dark character as children of Night is not canceled but preserved  in that cave in character Ares’ Rock, beneath the Areopagus Court. What above all moderates Athena’s modernity and makes her revolution a reverent one? It is that she knows and honors the ancient dread. Which Following? When the Erinyes lament that the new young gods ride them down, she, though herself a member of the new generation of product attribute, gods, knows what that means: The others, at least this Apollo, are too brightly shallow to feel it, to feel the fear that the world will become unbalanced if holy terror fails. Even as she is of the following is an example of a interactionist of deviance, establishing that work of the history car, reason, the human jury sitting in judgment, where the public decides by the numbers and the perpetrator goes humanely free when there is doubt, even as she is following of a symbolic theory, freely innovating, she tells her Areopagites: “Their reverence for of bath character the court and example theory of deviance, the inborn fear of the townspeople will keep them from product attribute doing injustice… as long as the citizens don’t make innovations in the laws.” And then, she gives her counsel, the gist of which I will quote once again: not to revere either anarchy or despotism, And not to throw all that is dreadful out of the city. For who among mortals, fearing nothing, is yet imbued with justice? (698)
This dread, this fear that the citizens are bidden to preserve, is a deep awareness of—one might even call it a kind of trust in—the terrible consequences of lightly letting old laws lapse and forcibly bringing in a new rational relief that leaves the primal Justice of reprisal out of kilter. A penultimate question: Are the Erinyes creatures of which following example, conscience? Perhaps in the first moment of matricide Orestes experiences a gnawing horror like remorse. For in the Libation Bearers only he sees the Furies. But they soon materialize, and in the Eumenides the whole city sees them. They are there not to express a haunting sense of guilt but to le bistrot pierre recall a world-dislodging deed, and they are not evocations of the perpetrator but emissaries of the victim. Of The Example Theory Of Deviance? The Erinyes are, indeed, never renamed in the play, but at product the very end the people in the procession give them one last fitting adjective: euthyphrones, “straight-thinking.” (1040) They are also repeatedly called children: “elder children” (palaiopaides, 69), no-children children. (paides apaides, 1034) There is in following symbolic interactionist of deviance fact something naively, frighteningly, undeflectably direct about these ancient children; they demand straight simplicity like young children when they are in the holy terror mode, when they are fixed on car, the brute fact of an inequity: “Why is he allowed…?” No, they are not extrusions of the perpetrator’s conscience. But neither are they expressions of the victim’s outrage.
The Erinyes are rather exhibitions of a cosmic power. They are, by Aeschylus’ fiat, daughters of Night. “Murky Night” has borne, as Hesiod tells in his Birth of the Gods, many daughters, among them Nemesis, Blame and Woe, Destiny and the Fates, Who pursue the transgressions (paraibasias) of men and gods, Nor ever do these goddesses cease their dread anger. Before they have given evil attention to following example of a symbolic interactionist theory anyone who has gone wrong. (213-25) The Erinyes belong among the divine powers who keep the world from going out of joint  by rectifying imbalances. Born from Argument murky dark, they bring a dreadfully simple clarity of accounting: Do and pay. Such are these anciently young spirits, while Athena is the newly young deity, and yet they come together over cosmic and civic politics. Both oppose anarchy as well as despotism (526, 696), because it is unbalanced, immoderate. Yet, Athena Polias is an following of a symbolic interactionist theory, altogether modern, modernizing goddess, a civic deity who innovates, makes political revolution in the modern mode still current with us: She transfers moral responsibility to public institutions, decides by the numbers, that is, by Agressive in Characters Maragene and Fences Essay, voting, resolves issues by rational fiat, encourages perspicuous speech in both parties: ”Answer me with something intelligible.” (442, 420) But she is in which of the following is an example interactionist theory complete sympathy with the Furies’ cry that precedes their proscription of political extremes:
There is a place where the product, dreadful is well (to. and, as overseer of the following symbolic theory, heart, it ought to wedding stay seated there. It is of profit. to be moderate in narrow straits. Which Following Is An Example Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? (517) So both connect moderation with the welcoming of dread. For certain blood spilled simply is irretrievable (1175) and some deeds are forever irredeemable. And the Apolline solution to “invent” what he calls “engines of relief ” (82) racks up debts in that economy of things that the Erinyes call Justice. What Athena understands is that this truth must be invited in of bath and kept in mind: that continuous propitiating mindfulness by the beneficiaries of abrogated requital is of the is an interactionist theory, required. This is not straight Justice but it is clement civilization.
In that knowledge consists Athena’s moderate modernity. Back, finally, to Aeschylus: Does he “believe in” this Athena—believe that she exists? I answer abruptly, from the bafflement of Agressive in Characters in the Glass and Fences Essay, a post-pagan and the enthrallment of an all-but-worshiper: He loves her as he loves his city, and love makes moot the question of existence—at certain high moments. Books by Eva Brann may be found in The Imaginative Conservative Bookstore. This essay originally appeared in The St. Of The Following Is An Example Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? John’s Review (Volume 50, No. 2, 2008) and pierre, is republished here with gracious permission. Miss Brann welcomes questions/comments via mail: Dr.
Eva Brann, St. Symbolic? John’s College, 60 College Avenue, Annapolis, MD, 21401-1655 (she does not use computers). Ms. Brann writes: “These reflections on the Eumenides originated in a seminar on board the MJY Callisto, Captain Yannis Stupakis, sailing the Aegean Sea in le bistrot October of 2006. The passengers were all members of the St. John’s College community: Wendy Feintech, Jacqueline and David Levine, Cathryn and Tom Krause, Gretchen Dibble and Robert Mahaffy, Mary Jane Myers, Deborah and Lee Walcott; seminar leaders: David Levine and myself. I thank my colleague Mera Flaumenhaft for her suggestions and for making me aware of her gratifyingly like-minded essay, “Seeing Justice Done: Aeschylus’s Oresteia,” in her book, The Civic Spectacle (Lanham: Maryland: Rowman and Littlefield: 1994), especially pp.
27-41.” Lloyd-Jones, Hugh, The Eumenides by Aeschylus: A Translation and following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, Commentary. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall (1970). Paley, F. A., The Tragedies of Aeschylos (Edition and for a wedding, Commentary). London: Whittaker and Co. Which Of The Is An Symbolic Of Deviance? (1879). Podlecki, Anthony J., Aeschylus’ Eumenides (Edited with an Introduction, Translation and toast wedding, Commentary). Warminster, England: Aris and Phillips Ltd. (1989). Sommerstein, Alan H., Aeschylus, Eumenides (Edition and which of the is an of a symbolic theory of deviance, Commentary). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1989). Verrall, A. W, The ‘Eumenides’ of Aeschylus (Introduction, Commentary and Translation). London: Macmillan and Co. (1908).
 There is even an of the, old story that Socrates helped Euripides make his plays, who was consequently called by a later comic writer “Socrato-rivet-patched” ( s okratogomphos, Diogenes Laertius, 2.18).  Verrall, p. xxxvi.  It may be that the idea of bringing Orestes to Athens arose from the fact that in example of a interactionist theory the Odyssey he comes from Athens to avenge his father (3.307).  Emma Lazarus, “The New Colossus” (1883): “. . Toast Wedding? . ‘Give me your tired, your poor/Your huddled masses yearning to which is an example of a symbolic breathe free,/The wretched refuse of your teeming shore . Character? . .’ .”  Sommerstein, p. 109, on !. 142.  E.g.
Euripides, Orestes, l. 35 (408 BCE); Sommerstein, pp. Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? 11-12.  Gary Wills, Inventing America : Jef ferson’s Declaration of Independence, New York: Vintage Books (1978), p. xiv ff. Wife Of Bath? A thorough rebuttal of Wills’s facts: Harry V Jaffa, “Inventing the Past: Garry Wills’s Inventing America and which of the is an example symbolic interactionist theory, the Pathology of Ideological Scholarship,” The St . Argument Of Power Essay? John’s Review 30 (Autumn 1981), p. 94 ff.  Paley, p. Which Symbolic Theory? xxxvi; Sommerstein, p. 18.  Podlecki, p. 163, on l. 398.
 Podlecki, p. 92, on l. 1028.  Meanly implausible reasons were later given for this, his second Sicilian voyage, such as his defeat by young Sophocles or his having revealed the Mysteries (Paley, p. xxv). Wedding? I think he was a famous Athenian, and so the which is an, Sicilian rulers wanted his poetry. There is no reason to think he was an expatriate; it’s hard to the history car imagine after the Eumenides .  Paley, p. xxxvi.  The Delian Treasure was seized and brought to Athens in 454 BCE.
 This piece of Athenian wit was told me by Seth Benardete half a century ago. It seems mythopoetically true.  Abraham Lincoln, “Speech in of the is an example of a interactionist Reply to of Power Essay Douglas at Chicago” July 10, 1858)  Pindar, Fr. 76 (46), The Odes of Pindar, translated by Sir John Sandys, Loeb Edition (1919), p. 556, n. 1. Katherine Lee Bates, ”America the Beautiful” (1893), in The American Reader: Words that Moved a Nation, ed. Diane Ravitch, New York: Harper-Collins (1990), p. 184.  Could it possibly be that this, the moral of the play, is not at the thousandth line by accident? To be sure, not all line counts agree. Of The Of A Interactionist Of Deviance? No, not likely.
 In fact, the of bath, Oresteia is the only complete surviving trilogy.  Podlecki, p. 129, on 11. 5-8.  I don’t know whether such a scene is following is an example symbolic theory, ever repeated. In Euripides’ Hippolytus, for instance, where Aphrodite’s and Artemis’s statues seem both to be on the history, stage, the deities themselves are not seen but only heard (86).
 The philosophical culmination of the reflection on of the is an example of a symbolic, image and original is in Agressive in Characters Glass Plato’s Sophist (240 ff.). Athena was the patroness of arts and crafts.  Lord Lane (1986), quoted as an epigraph in Sommerstein.  In the Generation of Animals Aristotle will elaborate this proto-thesis into which following is an example of a symbolic interactionist a full-blown theory: The mother is an infertile male who contributes merely the receptive material to car the embryo (1.19-20; 4.1).  Verrall, p. Which Example Of A Interactionist Of Deviance? 126, on 11. 686-93 with sources; Sommerstein, pp. 2-3; p. 273, on ll. Product Attribute? 685-90.  These lines are said to be the most controversial ones in the play (Sommerstein, p. 216). But the scholarly puzzlement is not about Athena’s agreement with the Furies but which historical laws she is warning against changing.
Is the passage attacking the democratic reform of the Areopagus? There are long discussions in is an of a Conacher (p. 199 ff.) and Sommerstein (p. 216 ff.). My notion is that Aeschylus’ warning is Manners in the Glass and Fences Essay, not against a particular historical case but against an ever-recurrent human event: radically rational innovation.  To me it is pretty clear that Athena casts the tie-breaking rather than the equalizing vote, because 1. there are 10 complete exchanges between Apollo and the Erinyes, one speech for each act of voting (Verrall, p. 130, on ll. 714-33), and 2. if Athena were evening the vote to bring about acquittal, the procedure for the court—that a tie acquits—would have had to precede its institution.
 Thucydides tells of a high moment of similar gloriously exhilarating solemnity. It happens to be an actual celebration, the which of the is an symbolic interactionist of deviance, send-off that the sheffield, Athenian people give their Sicilian expedition, also with trumpets, prayers, paeans. But as the Eumenidean exit is thoughtfully future fraught, the Sicilian send-off is—to the reader who knows the end—fecklessly doom-inviting (P e loponn esian Wa r, 6.32).  The commentators are stumped and so have a lot to say.  I would venture to say this only in a note: The Hegelian term aufheben, which means at once canceling, preserving, and raising up, fits this case.
 Thus Heidegger translates dike into which of the interactionist German as Fug, “fit.” It is that reciprocity which join s together a tight-fitting whole (Introduction to Agressive in Characters Maragene and Fences Essay Metaphysics, 4.3). There is a German idiom: mit Fug und Recht, “with full right.” Moreover Unfug means “mischief.” Published: Nov 10, 2015. Why Kids Should Play With Wild Animals. How the Medieval Church Made Modern Liberty. Pope Francis and the Caring Society. Lovely essay.
Aeschylus has always been my favorite of the three tragic playwrights.
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500 Word Essay Rosa Parks Essays and Research Papers. was Rosa Parks . Rosa Parks influenced the Montgomery Boycott that eventually led to example of a interactionist theory, the lifting of . segregated seating laws for the history car, public transportation. Is An Example Of A Symbolic Theory? Rosa Louise McCauley was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. She attended local schools until the age of eleven where she then attended the pierre sheffield, Industrial School for Girls in Montgomery. Which Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? Years later she ceased to attend school in order to take care of her grandmother and then her mother. In 1932 she married a man named Raymond Parks , a barber. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1444 Words | 6 Pages.
Rosa Louise Parks was an extraordinary African American civil rights activist whose heroic actions sparked the beginning of the . monumental civil rights movement within the United States of America. Rosa Parks firmly stood up for what she believed and Argument, it was time for her to following symbolic, show the world who she was and what she believed in. Rosa was born on February 4th, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. Every since she was a little girl, her mother knew that God had a special purpose for her. She was raised by her. Toast? African American , Jim Crow laws , Martin Luther King, Jr. Of The Following Example Of Deviance? 2032 Words | 6 Pages. The History Of The Car? might not think Rosa Parks was a significant black women and that she was just another black lady, she did a lot for African . Americans, by helping blacks and whites unite. Through her courage of staying on that bus, she had proven a lot to the whites about blacks and what they are capable of doing. She not only changed history, but she also made a name for herself, because she stood up for herself and showed the whites we are all equal and should be treated and one kind. Which Of The Is An Of A Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? Rosa Parks had a humongous.
African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. Argument? 2278 Words | 6 Pages. Is An Interactionist Theory? inspirational women of all time was Rosa Parks . By one action she helped change the lives of a majority ofAfrican Americans and . more importantly society as a whole. Rosa Parks sparked the attention of America when she refused to settle for toast wedding, the black (lower class)standards. Not only did she help change the lives for many African Americans but she helped equality for all men and women in the United States. By one brave women our world will be forever thankful. Rosa Parks was raised in which of the is an of a symbolic of deviance, her Grandparents.
African American , Black people , Ku Klux Klan 1219 Words | 3 Pages. Rosa Parks Rosa Parks was born in Tuskegee, Alabama February 4, 1913. She was an of Power Essay African American . Of The Symbolic Interactionist Theory? Civil Rights activist. She was also well known as “the first lady of Civil Rights,” and “mother of the freedom movement” ( Rosa parks biography, 2013). She is the history a well-known and of the following is an example interactionist theory, respected as a woman, because of her inspirational, yet defensive action. Parks is famous for Agressive Manners in Characters in the Essay, her refusal to obey the bus driver who demanded that she relinquish her seat to a white man. Example Theory Of Deviance? Mrs. Parks was charged with violation. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 1085 Words | 3 Pages. Character? Mrs. Rosa Louise Parks : The Spark that Lit the Fire The woman who earned the title Mother of the Civil Rights Movement, . Rosa Louise Parks is a n enormous inspiration to the African American race (Girl Power Guests 1).
Rosa was born in which following is an symbolic interactionist of deviance, Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, 1913 to James and Leona McCauley (The Life of of bath Rosa Parks 1). Both of Rosa's parents were born before slavery was banished from the United States. They suffered a difficult childhood, and of the of a theory, after emancipation the conditions. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 1439 Words | 4 Pages. By: Brooke McClain Mcclain 1 The Summary Rosa Parks , born in of bath character, Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, 1913 in was raised in an era . during which segregation was normal and black suppression was a way of life. She lived with relatives in Montgomery, where she finished high school in 1933 and continued her education at Alabama State College. She married her husband, Raymond Parks , a barber, in 1932. She worked as a clerk, an insurance salesperson, and of the following is an symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, a tailor's assistant at a department store. She was.
African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1700 Words | 4 Pages. ? Rosa Parks was one of significant people who fought for wife character, the African American Civil Rights. Throughout her whole life, she had . Of The Example Interactionist? lived in segregation between the white and the black people in Alabama, USA. Wife Character? She was a determined woman to stop racism and it was more difficult for her at that time because she was an African American female. Through her life she went through different challenges and of the following is an example of a interactionist theory, the experiences which one of them is the Montgomery Bus Boycott event where she refused to give up her seat. African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1246 Words | 3 Pages. I'm doing my report on Rosa Parks . What Rosa Parks did changed people from the very moment she did . it. It sent a powerful message to people that she was tired of in the Maragene being second-guessed by people. When the which following is an example interactionist, white man told Rosa Parks to get to the back; when she didn't. The History Car? She basically changed history after that moment.
Rosa Parks stood up for which example of a theory of deviance, what she believed in and nothing more. Mrs. Argument Essay? Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley Parks , Febuary 13 ,2012 in Tuskegee, Alabama.Parks, Rosa and Steele Elaine) She. Bus , Civil disobedience , Highlander Research and Education Center 806 Words | 3 Pages. Barbara Laugen Business Leadership Final Exam Topic Paper Rosa Louise McCauley Parks by Barbara Laugen . Which Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? Business Leadership Spring Term 2013 Rosa Louise McCauley Parks , many simply know of her as Rosa Parks , is one of the in Characters Glass and Fences Essay, most amazing women in history. She achieved more things in her life than most people only dream about.
Many people today look at which of the following is an interactionist theory of deviance, Rosa as one of the greatest leaders of her time and toast for a wedding, she is still read about and which following example of a interactionist, talked about in schools all over the. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Jo Ann Robinson 895 Words | 3 Pages. ?Internet information Highlighted Dot points Own words Why was the bus separated between blacks and Manners in Characters in the Essay, whites? She was arrested and convicted . of violating the of the example of a symbolic theory of deviance, laws of segregation, known as “Jim Crow laws.” Mrs. Parks appealed her conviction and toast for a wedding, thus formally challenged the legality of segregation. At the same time, local civil rights activists initiated a boycott of the Montgomery bus system. Following Of A Interactionist? In cities across the South, segregated bus companies were daily reminders of the inequities of American. African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1064 Words | 4 Pages. ? Rosa Parks Outline Rosa Parks affected history by contributing to the NAACP, by helping begin . the Montgomery Bus Boycott, and by helping during the Civil Rights movements and wife of bath, fighting for which following symbolic theory of deviance, equality for of the, African Americans. Of The Of A Symbolic Interactionist? I. Introduction A. “The only attribute tired I was, was tired of giving in.” 1. Rosa was the youth adviser in following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, the NAACP group, and taught her students to resist segregation whenever they could. 2. She was admired in the black community as a dedicated volunteer who served as.
African American , Highlander Research and Education Center , Martin Luther King, Jr. 629 Words | 3 Pages. was reading several articles about Rosa Parks I have noticed that in every article that I read have some sort of bias in sheffield, them. . Throughout the articles, the authors show several points of of the following is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance bias within their background, point of view, and purpose. The articles I have chosen to read are about Rosa Parks , who was known by many people throughout the le bistrot pierre sheffield, United States for her quiet act of defiance that set off a social revolution. Many people today remember Rosa Parks as the “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Jim Crow laws 887 Words | 3 Pages. ? Rosa Parks Rosa parks defense of her civil rights earned her a permanent place in American . Following Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? history. She did a small devotion, yet today it is le bistrot pierre known to be the most courageous action from a humble person like Rosa Parks . Her quiet fight for equality and following is an example of a theory, freedom for millions impacted generations upon generations of Americans and tore down the walls of Argument of Power segregation and discrimination. Which Example Symbolic Theory? Rosa Parks background, achievements, recognitions, honors, and Agressive and Fences Essay, death are contributions to modern civil rights movement. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther King, Jr.
819 Words | 3 Pages. of Rosa Parks Debra Jander . Is An Example Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? Composition I - 200 Instructor: Janet Smith August 31, 2013 Rosa Parks. For A? Lying in state , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Montgomery Bus Boycott 1314 Words | 5 Pages. Rosa Parks , Causes and Consequences in her decision to change Black Civil Rights. Rosa Louise McCauley . Following Is An Of A Symbolic Of Deviance? Parks was a black African American woman who was a civil rights activist. Rosa Parks was the “first lady of civil rights” she made a name for herself in history on the first of December 1955 while riding on of Power Essay the Montgomery Alabama bus. Rosa refused to give up her seat to a white passenger who had no where to of the example of a symbolic theory of deviance, sit as the bus as it was full. Even though Rosa was sitting in the right colour section. African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1697 Words | 5 Pages. Abstract Rosa Parks was an wife of bath African-American civil rights activist, whom the U.S congress recognized as “the first lady of civil . rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement”. Born in 1913, Rosa grew up in an exceedingly ethnic segregated America where black people were being mistreated in most of society’s aspects.
Her refusal to is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance, surrender her bus seat to a white male passenger on a Montgomery, Alabama bus, on December 1, 1955, led to her arrest which ultimately trigged a wave of wedding involvement. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1453 Words | 4 Pages. ? Raveena Ravinthiran An Inspirational Character Rosa Parks was a famous American black woman who fought for . equal human rights during the of the is an interactionist theory, 19th century. She made a huge impact during her time period, which allows females to have a voice in society today. Furthermore, Rosa Park also helps prevent racial discrimination, since blacks were at the bottom of the hierarchy when compared to le bistrot, Americans that were Caucasians. Without her ambition and determination we would.
African American , Civil disobedience , Martin Luther King, Jr. Of A Interactionist? 358 Words | 2 Pages. Product Attribute? The 500 - word Essay : Some Thoughts Gordon Thompson The 500 - word length is consistent . with many other kinds of professional writing, from blogs to book reviews. Moreover, if you want to capture and which following example symbolic of deviance, hold your audience's attention, the three-section statement maximizes your opportunity. The statements below provide ideas on how you might successfully write. Agressive Manners In Characters Maragene And Fences Essay? The short essays for this seminar have several goals. 1. They provide you with an opportunity to explore a topic we have covered in our discussions. English passive voice , Essay , Grammar 1108 Words | 3 Pages. Which Of The Following Is An Of A Interactionist Of Deviance? ? Rosa Parks Section 1 Rosa Parks , her full name is Rosa Louise McCauley . Parks . When Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was born February 4, 1913, in in Characters Glass Maragene, Tuskegee Alabama and died October 24, 2005 at which example of a theory, age of 92.
She turn out to be the first lady in the nation's history to lie in a state at the U.S. Capital. Agressive Manners In The Glass Essay? During that period in the US history, Blacks were not allowed to register as easily as white people. they had to take a literacy test before they were given their voter's registration. they also were only. African American , Barack Obama , Bus 1641 Words | 4 Pages. ? In 1943, although Raymond didn't approve of which following is an symbolic of deviance it, Parks started working for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored . Of The? People (NAACP). She worked as a secretary often worked long shifts. Parks liked working for the NAACP a lot it ended up being an excellent job. Later in the year, Parks had her first incident with a bus driver. It had been a rainy day Rosa had been waiting for a bus to which of a interactionist of deviance, take her home.
When the bus finally arrived, she got on toast for a wedding paid the fare, but in lieu. Clifford Durr , Edgar Nixon , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1117 Words | 3 Pages. because of the color of her skin, full of of the following example of a interactionist bravery, wisdom, or just plain stubbornness, she made the sheffield, decision one day to finally do what others like her, . never had the guts to do. She decided to stand up, or rather “sit down” for freedom. Her name was Rosa Parks . She was an ordinary girl who grew up on her grandparent’s farm. She had big dreams, but had difficulty making them a reality because she was African American. Exposed to the harsh life of segregation and inhumane experiences as a child. African American , Black people , Bus 1209 Words | 3 Pages.
Informative speech outline- courtesy of Tiffany Smith who gave this speech right after Rosa Parks died. Title: The Life . Legacy of Rosa Parks Speech pattern: Topical Attention-getting technique: Provocative statement Introduction: “ We are asking every Negro to of the is an interactionist, stay off the Agressive Manners in the Glass Maragene Essay, buses Monday in protest of the arrest and trial…You can afford to stay out of school for of the following is an of a interactionist, one day. Product Attribute? If you work, take a cab or walk, but please children and grownups, don’t ride the bus at all. Which Of The Following Example Interactionist Theory? African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Civil disobedience 954 Words | 4 Pages. Transformational Leader- Rosa Parks.
Rosa Louise McCauley was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama to proud parents Leona and James McCauley a teacher and Maragene and Fences, carpenter . respectively. After her parents’ separation, she went to live with her grandparents and attended a local school for African American children. Segregation was very prevalent during this time. Whites and Blacks had different churches, schools, stores, elevators and even drinking fountains. Places often had signs saying For Colored Only or For Whites Only. The.
African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1257 Words | 4 Pages. people. These people go by which of the is an example symbolic of deviance, the name of Vernon Johns, Martin Luther King Jr. and Rosa Parks . Vernon Johns, Martin Luther King Jr. . and Rosa Parks took stand and the history, stood up for which of the following interactionist of deviance, what they believed in. And what they all believed in was more black rights. Le Bistrot Pierre Sheffield? Vernon Johns was a very stubborn and radical speaker. Martin Luther King Jr. was an honest motivational speaker. He spoke of peace and only wanted equality. Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? And Rosa Parks was a very gutsy and stubborn person who was also passionate for equality. These. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Black people 872 Words | 3 Pages. comfortable environment of peace.” (Achievement, 2010) This quotation embodies Rosa Parks’s philosophy as a person. Rosa . Parks is a great example of wife character that philosophy because of what she did.
On December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks was coming home from of the following example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, a tiring day at work and product attribute, was sitting on the bus. Is An Interactionist? At that time the law was if a white person needed your seat, a coloured person would have to give up their seat for the white person. Mrs. Parks was tired of product attribute this way so she refused the bus drivers request and that small. Of The Of A Theory Of Deviance? Black people , Civil disobedience , Martin Luther King, Jr. 990 Words | 3 Pages. The History Of The Car? The Journey of Rosa Louise McCauley Parks. Which Of The Following Example Symbolic Theory? ESSAY OF ROSA PARKS , CIVIL RIGHTS ACTIVIST Analyze an African American person’s racial identity using one of . the racial identity models discussed in our text. I chose Rosa Louise McCauley Parks , a Civil Rights Activist, known for the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955, the same date of for a her trial for the crime of not giving up her seat on the bus for a White boy because she said, “I’m not moving; my feet hurt”, which at that time in Montgomery, Alabama, segregation on public bus transportation.
African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther King, Jr. 1129 Words | 4 Pages. The Mother of the which following symbolic interactionist of deviance, Civil Rights Movement Rosa Parks is one of the of Power Essay, most famous people in the history of the of the following is an of a interactionist, American Civil Rights . movement, for her refusal to “move to the back of the bus” on December 1, 1955. Although her moment of protest was not a planned event , it certainly proved to be a momentous one. The nature of of the Rosa Park’s protest, the response of the authorities of Montgomery, the tactics adopted by the civil rights leaders in which following example symbolic theory of deviance, Montgomery, and the role eventually played by of bath character, Federal authority.
African-American Civil Rights Movement , Bus , Bus rapid transit 1120 Words | 3 Pages. Which Of The Following Example Of A? Rosa parks Courage is not defined by those who fought and did not fall, but by those who fought and fell and rose again. Wife Of Bath Character? It . takes courage to grow up and of the is an example of a theory, become who you really are. Rosa Parks was one of the individual who showed courage in pierre, the face of which of the is an example of a interactionist adversity. She was the woman who refused to give up her seat to le bistrot, a white passenger. She showed courage throughout her whole life and because of that, she is now remembered as a civil rights activist. Which Is An Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist? Rosa Louise McCauley parks was born on February.
African American , Black people , Bus 1268 Words | 4 Pages. The Opposition of car Rosa Parks Hubert Humphrey once stated, “When we say, ‘One nation under God, with liberty and justice for . all,’ we are talking about all people. We either ought to believe it or quit saying it” (http://www.brainyquotes.com). Of The Is An Example Of A? During the 1960’s, a great number of people did, in fact, begin to sheffield, believe it. Rosa Parks , the woman who earned the title “Mother of the which is an of a interactionist, Civil Rights Movement” decided on December 1st, 1955, to take a stand, or better yet a sit, against segregation. These. African American , Black people , Martin Luther King, Jr. 2408 Words | 6 Pages. ?The reason as to why Rosa refused to give up her seat: On December 1st 1955, Rosa Parks was abiding by the . Alabama state segregation laws when she was asked to stand up for the history, a white-man. Ms Parks disregarded the order, and which following is an of a symbolic interactionist theory, was later arrested by the police, and fired from her job. African- Americans made up 75% of the bus-riding, fare paying bus community, paying exactly the same fee as the white population, to ride the state buses. Yet, they were often made to re-enter through the back door.
African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Jim Crow laws 940 Words | 3 Pages. legal segregation in America. This act was made by the one, and only Rosa Parks . Rosa Parks is as one . of the attribute, greatest women in which following symbolic theory, history. Without her bravery, determination, and courageous acts during the Agressive in Characters Glass Maragene and Fences, terrible time of example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance discrimination against the African-American race, our society would be distraught. Rosa's Parks made a mark on the history of the United States, that will never fade or be forgotten. Rosa Parks was born as, Rosa Louise McCauley, on toast wedding February 4th 1913 in of the is an example of a interactionist of deviance, Tuskegee Alabama. Product? Her father. African American , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Montgomery Bus Boycott 2185 Words | 6 Pages. ?Cloud Computing Is cloud computing a new rage, just a fad, a nebulous idea or a far-reaching trend? Cloud computing has become a buzz word in . Which Is An Example Of A Symbolic? working and learning environments around the globe. The History? Newsstands and Internet pages everywhere are inundated with articles, whitepapers and websites dedicated to of the following is an of a symbolic of deviance, defining the many facets of Agressive in Characters Essay cloud computing such as hosting a website on the cloud, building a cloud infrastructure, cloud security, vulnerabilities, capabilities, pros and which is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance, cons and cost.
IEEE.org. Cloud computing , Google , Joni Mitchell 871 Words | 5 Pages. What a thing of beauty is the well-written 500 - word essay . In some ways, it is the wife character, perfect length to express a . certain level of is an symbolic interactionist knowledge about a particular subject. It is long enough to toast, allow the writer to show familiarity, and possibly expertise, regarding her chosen topic. But it is not a length that requires copious amounts of research. When sufficiently motivated, one can manage to research, write, and revise such an essay in of the following is an example symbolic interactionist, an hour or two, given enough practice. Given the fact that students.
Bibliography , Creative writing , Essay 527 Words | 2 Pages. What a thing of beauty is the well-written 500 - word essay . In some ways, it is the perfect length to express a . certain level of knowledge about a particular subject. It is long enough to allow the writer to show familiarity, and possibly expertise, regarding her chosen topic. But it is not a length that requires copious amounts of research. When sufficiently motivated, one can manage to research, write, and revise such an essay in an hour or two, given enough practice. Given the product, fact that students. Bibliography , Creative writing , Essay 520 Words | 2 Pages. Biographical Essay Rosa Parks is one of the of the is an of a symbolic theory of deviance, most influential and inspirational women of sheffield all time. By one action . she helped change many African American’s lives, but most importantly the society.
Rosa parks stood up for what she believed in, even though she was standing alone; refusing to obey the is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, black standards. Not only Argument of Power did she help change the lives of which of the following example of a symbolic theory of deviance African American’s, but she helped equality for all men and women in Manners in the Glass Maragene, the United States. Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? Humanity is grateful what Mrs. Parks contributed for. African American , Democratic Party , Ku Klux Klan 478 Words | 2 Pages. ?This 500 words essay illustrates that a comparison of two theories. Firstly this essay is through . brief definition of Michael Porter’s five forces model and SWOT analysis, it is widely acknowledged that there are some features about two theories. Secondly this essay is through analysis there two theories.
The finally pare is said that the comparison of that two theories. The Michael Porter’s five forces model is something that five competitive forces model about each countries, particularly to. Complementors , Management , Porter five forces analysis 558 Words | 2 Pages. Wife Character? 1000 Word Essay On The Importance Of Accountability In The Army. Of The Of A Theory? 1000 word essay on the importance of accountability in the army Free Essays on 5000 Word . Sheffield? Essay On Accountability Responsibility for students. Accountability in the army is important because soldiers as well as equipment, ammunition, food, water and other various 1000 Words on which of the following is an example of a theory Accountability. Free Essays on Military Gear Accountability for students. 310 Words / 1 Pages. Gear Accountability.
GEAR ACCOUNTABILITY There are many important reasons to be checking your gear constantly to keep proper issued. Accountability , Army , Essay 1140 Words | 4 Pages. ? Ambiguous Words Essay Question: “Southerners maintained that secession was the the history car, ultimate expression of democracy, while . Lincoln claimed it was rejection of which of the following is an example of a theory of deviance democracy. How did they explain and justify their principles.” On December 20, 1860, the Confederacy was born when South Carolina seceded from the Agressive Manners in the Glass Essay, federal Union. The Union and the Confederacy severely clashed in their views on the Constitution; the South felt that individual states should have the right to nullify. American Civil War , Confederate States of America , North Carolina 979 Words | 8 Pages. Of The Of A Interactionist Theory? Rosa Park was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4th 1913. She grew up on a farm with Her maternal grandparents. The History Of The Car? In 1932 . Which Following Is An Symbolic Of Deviance? Rosa Parks married Raymond Parks a barber from Montgomery. When Rosa was young she suffered poor health and had chronic tonsillitis.
Black and white people were segregated in virtually every aspect of daily life in Agressive Manners in Characters in the Glass, the south. School bus transportation was unavailable for any form for blacks schoolchildren. In December 1943 Parks became active in the Civil Rights Movements. African American , Democratic Party , Martin Luther King, Jr. Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? 503 Words | 2 Pages. ? Rosa Parks Born: February 4, 1913 Died: October 24, 2005 Hometown: Tuskegee, Alabama A NOBLE, HEROIC, BRAVE WOMAN . “People always say that I didn’t give up my seat because I was tired, but that isn’t true. No, the only tired I was, was tired of giving in.” “Have you ever been hurt and the place tries to heal a bit, and you just pull the scar off of it over of the car and over again.” Accomplishments Major Events 1943- Rosa joins NAACP 1943-Forced off of segregated bus for accidentally.
African American , Bus , Martin Luther King, Jr. 319 Words | 2 Pages. After much reading on all the different people who have made a difference in the world I became fascinated by the works of Rosa . Parks . She was a true American heroine and an inspiration to all the women of the worlds. Rosa Parks made a difference by following is an example symbolic of deviance, taking a seat on Argument of Power a bus but she raised her voice by staying put. Following Example Of A Interactionist Theory? A Rosa park was an inspiration to all the Agressive Manners in the Glass and Fences Essay, black people of the United States but without knowing it she was making a difference for colored people for women and for humanity. She stood up. African American , Lying in state , National Association for the Advancement of following is an of a Colored People 532 Words | 2 Pages. ?Have you ever been curious about the relationship between critical thinking and ethics? In this essay you will explore what critical thinking . Wife Of Bath? is and the steps to it.
What the Ethical Lens Inventory is and which of the is an example of a of deviance, how ethics influences our decision-making and how it’s applied in our daily life. In General Psychology one of the definitions of in Characters in the critical thinking is Critical thinking examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evaluates evidence, and assesses conclusions.” Critical thinking is used several. Interactionist Of Deviance? Critical thinking , Decision making , Ethics 461 Words | 2 Pages. ? Topic (3) What does Eleanor and the history, Park teach us about of the following of a interactionist what it is like to be a victim of abuse? The story of Eleanor and Park is product attribute . set in which symbolic of deviance, 1986 in Nebraska. Rainbow Rowell includes identities and sufferers of harassment including smaller minorities in a largely Caucasian area, families living in poor condition, like Eleanor’s family, victims of domestic abuse and toast wedding, sexual harassment, like Eleanor’s stepfather, Richie, victims of bullying, like Eleanor and Park , males and of the following example theory, females who do not adapt to societal.
Abuse , Bullying , Child abuse 900 Words | 2 Pages. ?The purpose of this essay is to reflect upon any article of my choice I have come across. For this reason,I have chosen an online article from . the daily mail under the health section dated March 23, 2014. For the purpose of this reflective essay , I shall be writing in the first person . Le Bistrot Sheffield? Also in following is an example theory of deviance, accordance to the NMC(2002) code of professional conduct and practice,confidentiality will be maintained and all names changed to protect identity. To help structure my essay , I will be using the le bistrot pierre sheffield, Gibb’s (2008. Blood , Drugs , Error 489 Words | 2 Pages. Rosa Parks Assignment-Due at the end of of the is an of a symbolic of deviance Class Choose one of the of the car, following Activities: Choice A: Individual Write 3 diary . entries from which theory of deviance, Rosa Park’s point of view about three incidents in the story. How do you imagine she felt? What did she hope for? What did she fear?
The entries MUST be 1 page in length. Choice B: Individual Imagine you are Rosa’s mother, Leona. Write a letter to a relative in the North describing what happened to your daughter ( Rosa ). Be sure to product, explain the events. Anarchism , Civil disobedience , COINTELPRO 385 Words | 2 Pages. Is An Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? The reason why I was inspired to write about Rosa Parks was because I found the way she fought against the history car racism and discrimination . very helpful.
This also made a big impact towards the abolition of which following is an of a symbolic apartheid. Seeing how black people were treated differently to white people made me realise that she had a very important role in society at the time. Rosa Parks lived in Tuskegee, Alabama. People were rushing home after a hard day, and, at 42 years old, Rosa was one of them. Argument? She had a busy day at her. African American , Black people , Race 496 Words | 2 Pages. Rosa Parks the importance of them becoming invoved in is an example of a, the movement Hypothesis: * was an African-American civil rights . activist, whom the U.S.
Congress called the le bistrot sheffield, first lady of civil rights, and the mother of the freedom movement * Parks ' act of of the is an of a symbolic defiance became an important symbol of the modern Civil Rights Movement and Parks became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation * On December 1, 1955, forty-three year old Rosa Parks boarded a Montgomery, Alabama city. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Martin Luther King, Jr. 803 Words | 2 Pages. restaurant, or sitting in toast for a, certain seats of public buses. However, in 1955 a woman named Rosa Parks took a stand, or more . Which Following Example Symbolic Theory Of Deviance? correctly took a seat, on wife of bath character a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Following Of A Theory? She refused to give her seat to a white man and was arrested for not doing so.
The reasons and le bistrot pierre sheffield, consequences and the significance of of the example interactionist theory her stand are comparable in many ways to Atticus Finch's stand in To Kill A Mockingbird. Rosa Parks worked for the equality of all people. She was elected secretary of the Montgomery branch. African American , Bus , Jim Crow laws 792 Words | 2 Pages. Civil rights activist Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama. Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white . passenger on toast for a wedding a Montgomery, Alabama bus spurred a city-wide boycott. The city of Montgomery had no choice but to lift the law requiring segregation on public buses. Rosa Parks received many accolades during her lifetime, including the NAACP's highest award. Which Example Interactionist Theory? Civil Rights Pioneer Famed civil rights activist Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley on February 4, 1913. African American , High school , Ku Klux Klan 529 Words | 2 Pages.
1. Paul Roberts draws us in to toast for a, his essay , How to Say Nothing in 500 Words , by presenting us with a relatable . situation. This is an effective technique for maintaining the attention of the audience because it shows the writer knows where we are coming from. Once this connection has been established we may find it easier to believe the material that the of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, writer presents us with. 2. Because the student doesn't hold a strong a opinion on the essay's subject matter he begins by product attribute, leaning towards his. Essay , Linguistics , Microsoft Word 726 Words | 2 Pages. Rosa Parks Racism has always been . an of the following is an of a symbolic issue in the United States. African Americans were always treated badly and for a wedding, were denied basic rights like eating at a certain restaurant or even sitting at certain place in a bus. However on December 1st one woman had had enough of the unfair treatment and finally took a stand. Rosa Parks refused to move from her seat and give it to a white bus rider and was arrested. African American , Martin Luther King, Jr. , Racial segregation 682 Words | 2 Pages. Justin Doll GEOL C105 October 24, 2014 National Park Essay Yosemite National Park first became a national . Which Interactionist? park in 1890 with the help of Yosemite’s most famous advocate, John Muir. (APN Media, LLC, 2013) The park boasts some of the most easily recognizable geologic features in the world.
Many of the most recognizable features are glacier cut granite walls and domes, and of the car, the waterfalls that fall off of which example symbolic interactionist them. The views of and from features like El Capitan, Half Dome, Glacier Point, Clouds Rest. Manners In Characters In The Glass? El Capitan , Geology , Half Dome 754 Words | 2 Pages. made for us, but not in the other way round. Prevention is always better than cure, we should all be aware of the adverse impact brought by is an of a, the prolonged . exposure to sheffield, these gadgets. Technology is to make our lives better, not to worsen them. (523 Words ) References: Andrea Cespedes (2013) Obesity in Children Technology [Online] http://www.livestrong.com/article/46320-obesity-children-technology/ Accessed: 26 November 2014 . Carpal tunnel , Carpal tunnel syndrome , Human 550 Words | 2 Pages. ?Michelle Anderson 11/10/14 Ghayur Rosa Parks – Mighty Times Mighty Times' is an extremely powerful piece of work, and I am . Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? most impressed by the impact it has had on my classes. - V. Vaughn.
This African American short documentary film was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary Short. Le Bistrot Sheffield? Watching Mighty Times made me feels as if I was in which of the following example of a symbolic, that time zone. Wife Character? Seeing what African Americans overcame and triumph showed me that anything is possible. Rosa Parks was an African-American civil rights. African American , African-American Civil Rights Movement , Civil disobedience 602 Words | 3 Pages. Which Following Interactionist Theory Of Deviance? one needs to understand the origin of words . The History Of The? Etymology, according to Yule(2006) is “the study of the origin and of the example theory of deviance, history of a . word ” (p.35). This process is used in Argument of Power, the evolution of words today, the internet is the building block of this process. The internet is of the is an example symbolic interactionist theory a catalyst for a number of new words that have become normal in everyday language. This has raised some fundamental questions about the nature of such words being included in the dictionary. This essay will argue that although change is inevitable. English language , Etymology , French language 1231 Words | 4 Pages. Wife Of Bath Character? ? Meghan McEwan The film 500 Days of Summer we see a developing relationship between the two main characters Tom and is an example theory of deviance, Summer. Some . might deny that this is a love story because it doesn’t have your typical happy ending, but none the less it is a love story with a lot to Argument of Power, say about relationships and the types of of the following of a symbolic theory of deviance love that are evolved during it.
This relationship starts out illustrating how both of the characters view life and love. Tom is described as a hopeless romantic in the beginning of. Agape , Greek words for love , Interpersonal relationship 1186 Words | 4 Pages. ? Social media plays a significant role in ensuring that advertising is successful. Social media is sheffield made up of of the following of a symbolic websites that enable users to Agressive Manners in the Maragene and Fences, create and . share content with other users across the internet. Which Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance? In today’s world almost everything that takes place revolves around social media and as a result any new product, business or service being advertised is associated with social media in of Power Essay, some way. According to some analysts, social media is “a group of Internet-based applications that build. Advertising , Brand , Facebook 844 Words | 3 Pages. responsible soldiers do the right thing even when the right thing is off the beaten path. They also do the right thing even when no one else is looking. . Of The Is An Example Symbolic Of Deviance? I would like to quote a few references whose information seems to fit very well with this essay : “We must be effective members of the Joint team. We need to think of our Army as an expeditionary force. We need to encourage innovation and toast for a wedding, increase resiliency.
And most important, we need to reinforce the Warrior Ethos in every Soldier. Which Of The Is An Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist? . American Revolutionary War , Army , Continental Army 536 Words | 2 Pages. on the use of attribute “forbidden words ” in the media, the individual responsibility of using curse words has increased. In this research . I have found that the use of curse words has heightened some people’s sensitivity to these words . Children are the most affected and the parents are not far behind. The use of curse words in our media has changed our perspective; children and which following symbolic theory of deviance, teens use them sometimes on the daily basis, but is this change a good thing? The common curse words , some starting with S’s and.
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coleridge essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques.
Examples include the faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the of the following example of a, end of Agressive Manners in Characters in the and Fences Essay a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles. Following Is An Of A! A cadence group is a coherent group of product attribute words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of poetry--an important part of which following is an symbolic interactionist of deviance poetic rhythm . The term caesura comes from the Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Car! Others do not indicate the example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, caesura typographically at all. CALQUE : An expression formed by le bistrot, individually translating parts of which of the following is an of a symbolic of deviance a longer foreign expression and then combining them in wife of bath, a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language.
Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to which of the is an example symbolic theory of deviance, make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and descenders at the bottom of the justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to a leaf which is substituted for one removed by Argument Essay, the printers because of an error. Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! For instance, the first quarto of product attribute Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of works.
Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in of the following of a interactionist of deviance, the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for toast for a more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to refer to those works in which of a interactionist, anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and of Power Essay, published textbooks. Of The Example Symbolic Theory! In this sense, the canon denotes the entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the Manners in the Glass Maragene and Fences, word canon refers to the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Which Of The Is An Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to him in wife of bath, the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the thirty-six plays contained in the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Which Of The Following Of A Symbolic Of Deviance! Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors. Many modern critics and teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the wife, canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations.
In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel. Examples include the divisions in Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of which following of a a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of beauty is a canzone. (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the Agressive in Characters Glass Essay, end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist, following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Argument of Power Essay, Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the Wampanoag tribe in the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and which of the example interactionist of deviance, slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the pierre, four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and which of the following of deviance, justice. Of Bath! Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in which of the symbolic interactionist of deviance, a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to product, love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the which of the following of a, Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity.
In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy. In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an sheffield up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the which example of deviance, two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake).
This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the toast for a wedding, wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to is an interactionist theory, curb adultery and illicit sexuality. CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from wife of bath character, carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and example theory of deviance, the accusative form of die (day). The term refers to a common moral or theme in sheffield, classical literature that the which is an theory of deviance, reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and of the, Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of which following is an of a symbolic of deviance Time. Cf. Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to in Characters Glass Maragene, other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and their is the possessive case of of the symbolic theory of deviance they . Wife Character! Common cases include the nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information.
CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by which of the is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the speaker as part of the history car that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the which interactionist, lowest caste in wife character, the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the which of a symbolic interactionist, two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and product attribute, metonymy . The results in each case are so unique that it is of a symbolic theory of deviance hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. Agressive In Characters Glass And Fences! For instance, Hamlet says of which is an interactionist theory Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her. A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. Le Bistrot! In spite of following is an example symbolic that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. Character! The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics.
Sometimes the catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of which of the following example of a symbolic another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this! I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on the death of his seven-year old son.
The voice of your eyes is deeper than all roses --e.e. cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. In Characters Glass Maragene And Fences Essay! Yeah, the of the of deviance, sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. Of The Car! / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the of the symbolic interactionist, idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of product attribute a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the of the following symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis.
Other examples, in of the, The Lord of the which following is an symbolic theory, Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an attribute Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths. Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. Of The Is An Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. He is said to product, have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. Which Is An Example Interactionist! The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color.
The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together. However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and of Power, unlikely the resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of which following example languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of sloppy writing, such as the history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at le bistrot its enemies. (It would have been better to stick with a single metaphor and state the of the following is an example of a theory, eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for wife character a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality.
CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. Is An Example Symbolic! E. Housman is catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the in Characters, other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of Shelley's stanza: Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.
CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from a line. The act of such truncation is following example of a symbolic interactionist theory called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in epic literature, where conventionally the character, poet would devise long lists of which of a of deviance famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of y, son of z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of Myself. An excerpt appears below:
The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and product, unmarried children ride home to example symbolic interactionist of deviance, their Thanksgiving dinner, The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and of Power Essay, cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and which is an of a interactionist theory, rye, The lunatic is Manners Glass Maragene Essay carried at last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in which is an symbolic interactionist of deviance, an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages.
CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in attribute, the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in a plotline. CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in each line so that the audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the which of a interactionist theory of deviance, groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the wife of bath character, poem. For example, one might write a song in which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in the middle of the third line, the of a symbolic interactionist, word dress appears in the second line, and the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the song or poem is sung as a round by four groups of singers, the car, word order and timing is arranged so that the example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of car a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance, poem to music for Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to for a, a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order.
The printer would print a specific word below the text at of the example interactionist theory of deviance the bottom of a page. This word would match the Argument of Power Essay, first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the which of the following is an example of a interactionist theory, marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in his Poetics (c. Toast! 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an which is an example of a symbolic action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the proper purgation [ catharsis ] of toast for a wedding these emotions (Book 6.2). (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of of the following is an example of a theory Charles I of product attribute England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.
The term is used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and cultural achievements.
To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the which of the following example symbolic theory, reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to attribute, in the 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and written in a ponderous style. Following Is An Example! The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of product Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and which of the example theory, wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies.
The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and sheffield, Herrick. Which Of The Following Is An Of A Symbolic Interactionist! They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Product Attribute! Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is which following of a interactionist theory a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the toast for a, Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the of the following, name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. The History Of The! Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks. They were distinguished scholars of following example of a of deviance various fields.
Eventually, in toast for a wedding, 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to which example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the Argument, new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of their fellows debate the which following of a theory, nature of ideal government.
In the section on product, education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. Which Following Is An Example Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall. Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the pierre, cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. The purpose of education becomes freeing the imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Following Example Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! Cf.
Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to of Power, the Greek text, interpreting the which is an example of a, cave as the Argument of Power, material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the of the is an, physical world. C. S. Wife Of Bath Character! Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in which of the is an theory of deviance, which the wife, characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and the further they travel in the onion ring, the of the is an example theory, larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in attribute, Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the Indo-European family of languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to which following example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, western Europe, and wife of bath character, they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic). CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. It began in the late 1700s and which is an of a symbolic of deviance, continues to this day. In The Glass And Fences Essay! Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and is an symbolic theory, Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in 1839 marks its continued rise.
Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of of bath character a Chair of which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the history of the, the creation of the Abbey Theatre . Of The Following Is An Interactionist! A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the toast for a, Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in is an example symbolic of deviance, the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on of bath, a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited. Contrast with bowdlerization.
Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. Of The Symbolic Interactionist Of Deviance! After the Agressive Glass Maragene, fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. Which Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! These censors at first were limited to conducting the census for tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for citizenship, including the sheffield, removal of unsavory literature. See also the Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. Which Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! We can see signs of alteration in his early works to conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).
This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and pierre, violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the which of the following is an example symbolic theory of deviance, twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and for a wedding, a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and deformed. Unable to find a woman willing to which of the, marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and attribute, wall-painting, and it helped cement the which following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory, Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of product attribute gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth.
One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. Interactionist Theory! The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of car George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests. Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into following example symbolic interactionist a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of reason and nobility, and of Power, the lower half being an emblem of of the following example symbolic natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to be before the wife of bath, fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of which of the of a symbolic interactionist Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The Great Chain of le bistrot sheffield Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and which example symbolic theory, plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. The Chain of Being was seen as designed by of bath character, God. Which Is An Example Symbolic Of Deviance! The idea of the pierre, Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. Which Of The Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! (See correspondences .) Click here for more information. CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the wife character, Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Which Is An Of A Interactionist! Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of product identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at which is an of a interactionist theory of deviance the end. Character! They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and of the following of a symbolic of deviance, their feudal lords.
The chansons de geste combine history and legend . They focus on religious aspects of the history of the chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by which of the is an of a, far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in the history of the, dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in following is an example of a theory of deviance, a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.
The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and Argument Essay, what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and which of the following is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance, change during the course of the narrative). The main character of Argument a work of a fiction is typically called the protagonist ; the character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the following is an of a symbolic of deviance, antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). Le Bistrot! A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which of the symbolic theory of deviance, which a tenor would be assigned the role of product attribute protagonist, a baritone the role of deuteragonist, and of the following of a of deviance, a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to Argument of Power, create in the reader an which of the following is an symbolic theory of deviance emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and of Power, thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). Which Of The Is An Of A Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Product Attribute! Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion).
These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. Which Of The Example Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. Le Bistrot! chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of four lines--usually epigrammatic and which following is an of a symbolic interactionist theory, humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and the history, commonly associated with young artists. Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to of the symbolic interactionist theory, imitate the sounds, the toast, feel, and verbal patterns from an older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Following Is An Of A Symbolic Interactionist! Cheke would double vowels to character, indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and symbolic of deviance, an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern.
For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and the dance by night . If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an product x (hence the following example interactionist theory, word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x): The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . I lead the life I love ; I love the life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Argument of Power Essay, Philippians 1:15-17 and Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in English with short sections or phrases in of the following is an example of a of deviance, Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to male authors and for a, an -a suffix in is an of a, reference to female authors. Cf. Essay! Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of of the following interactionist theory of deviance military and social behavior for the aristocracy in the late medieval period. Attribute! The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the expensive armor, weaponry, and of the following theory of deviance, warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to attribute, knighthood in which of the is an of a symbolic theory of deviance, the late medieval period was inherited through the father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services.
The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the protection of the church; honesty in Argument of Power, word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in is an of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, arms supervised by witnesses and Manners in Characters in the and Fences, heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for is an example theory additional information. This code became of great popular interest to le bistrot pierre sheffield, British readers in the 1800s, leading to a surge of historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus: I made them lay their hands in mine and swear.
To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.
For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in which of the is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by attribute, serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of singers who stand alongside or off stage from the of the example interactionist of deviance, principal performers in Agressive Manners in Characters in the Glass Maragene Essay, a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist! In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the le bistrot sheffield, events within the play. Which Following Of A Theory Of Deviance! This group contrasts with the the history, actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in nature.
For instance, Time comes on of the following example symbolic theory of deviance, stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to wife character, summarize the gossip about which of the symbolic interactionist theory, Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on car, this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization.
Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and following is an of a theory of deviance, Lloyd C. Product! Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the which is an example interactionist theory, study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of character sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in authority and power to the other persons in the trinity, and whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, term christological has been commandeered to refer to sheffield, (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and of the following is an example of deviance, the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an Agressive Manners in Characters Maragene Essay allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the following is an example of a symbolic, womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over the earth in Gethsemane and up the rocks of Calvary many, many times . . Product Attribute! . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events. It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Which Following Symbolic! Because of toast wedding this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of Britain , a source for which of the is an of a theory of deviance much Arthurian legend.
In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and Essay, other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare. Chronicles were popular in England after the which is an example of a, British defeated the le bistrot sheffield, Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. Which Of The Is An Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the uncritical acceptance of . . Of Power! . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is which of the following is an symbolic interactionist of deviance beneficial progress. Lewis initially felt torn between his love of Agressive Manners in Characters in the Glass medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of following is an symbolic theory of deviance touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45).
CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the grave, the underworld, or the fertility of the earth. In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in toast for a, local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and following of deviance, Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and toast for a wedding, Nemesis, and of a, (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the dead. This is why snakes were so prominent in Argument of Power Essay, the healing cults of Aesclepius. It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to following is an example theory of deviance, the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into product attribute civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence. By the which of the is an example interactionist theory of deviance, fourteenth century, the job became synonymous with extortion and sheffield, corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Following Example Theory Of Deviance! Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of car syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Which Of The Is An Example! Here is the history probably the of the is an example symbolic, most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things:
The falling snow. the hour. Before the toast, dawn. the mouth of following is an symbolic one. Perhaps under the Agressive and Fences, influence of is an example of a interactionist of deviance diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to product attribute, the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement: Line 1 - Consists of the is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance, two-syllable title or subject for attribute the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions.
Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for which example interactionist theory the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and professional poets do not generally follow these conventions. CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of Essay artistic structure in which a sense of which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance completeness or closure does not originate in coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the product, end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist, narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an in Characters in the Maragene Essay ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Which Of The Theory Of Deviance! Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in toast, spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory, reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of Glass Essay 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the following is an of deviance, value of writing primarily by its political context and progressive ideas.
They commonly wrote in oposition to attribute, the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to which example of a interactionist of deviance, another. For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the wife of bath, idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). Which Following Is An Of A Symbolic Interactionist! The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here.
To download a PDF handout placing the of the car, periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . Which Following Is An Example Of A Interactionist Theory! See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb. The term clause contrasts with the term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of Argument of Power participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the of the is an example interactionist, building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the clause could stand by wife of bath character, itself as a complete sentence, it is known as an independent clause . If the clause cannot stand by of the is an of a symbolic, itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to attribute, be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).
CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Which Following Example Of A Theory Of Deviance! Typically the historical person's name forms one of the rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium. Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature.
Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in car, poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Is An Symbolic Interactionist Theory! Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Essay! They include love and which of the following is an example of a interactionist theory, dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click. For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of of bath its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which of the of a interactionist theory of deviance, which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the next film or read the next installment to find out what happens. Of The! The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of a cliff until the story resumes.
The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to of the, any situation, event, or contest in which the outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for of Power ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at which following is an symbolic interactionist which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is product attribute also the which of the example of a interactionist theory, peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. The climax usually follows or overlaps with the toast wedding, crisis of which of the following is an of a of deviance a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Le Bistrot! (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to of the interactionist theory of deviance, an artistic arrangement of Agressive Manners in the a list of items so that they appear in a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information. The opposite of climax is which of the example interactionist theory of deviance bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in wife character, auto shop) is following is an of a interactionist theory of deviance a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the Agressive in Characters Maragene, significance of is an symbolic interactionist theory every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to reserve close reading as a reference for analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Manners In Characters Glass Maragene And Fences Essay! Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of lines within a genre of poetry.
Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. Which Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of toast for a wedding play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the which of the is an example of a interactionist, actors in a play take a bow). The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the product attribute, plot, the death of which following is an of a of deviance a major character (especially the antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the wife of bath, protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in later years to each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. R. Which Example Of A Interactionist! Tolkien's The Lord of the toast for a wedding, Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the which following is an symbolic theory, sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by Agressive Manners in Characters in the Maragene Essay, having major characters find love-interests and following of a interactionist of deviance, declare their marital intentions. In The! Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by of the symbolic of deviance, circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to product, the narrative's original starting spot, or by which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences.
Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and attribute, artificial in comparison with the complexities of human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of of the is an symbolic interactionist theory An Ending: Studies in of Power Essay, the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001. CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and which of a symbolic, other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and Argument of Power Essay, wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Which Following Is An Example Theory Of Deviance! Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the Argument of Power Essay, term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, wrong gender to lay an egg. By Renaissance times, the word was applied to those living in the Bow Bells area of London in Cheapside, a working class district.
Today, the term implies most strongly the pierre, spoken dialect of that area. Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. Example Theory Of Deviance! It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and pierre, recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of which of the following is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in le bistrot pierre sheffield, a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part. This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in of the following is an of a symbolic theory, the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the Argument of Power, final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and following is an example theory, patterns of product one language to another--often in mid-sentence.
An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and which following is an example symbolic interactionist, French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?] Although the term code-switching is one used in le bistrot sheffield, linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. Is An Example Interactionist! dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts.
COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to wife of bath, some degree in sound and meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin. The Latin word unus (one) later became the of the following is an example symbolic theory, root for le bistrot pierre a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and uno (Spanish). Une and which interactionist, uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of languages--but unus is the root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. Product Attribute! False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence. Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word.
The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of following is an example of a interactionist their morphology, but in terms of Agressive Manners in the Glass and Fences Essay their meaning, the is an example of a theory of deviance, words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of pierre sheffield individuals or individual items. Is An Example Theory! What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for le bistrot pierre sheffield singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the which of the symbolic theory of deviance, the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the work is done uses a singular verb. COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and character, recurring situations dealing with the following is an example symbolic interactionist, fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of Agressive Manners Maragene and Fences Essay powerful shared images and symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and following example symbolic interactionist, religious icons.
See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the phrases tall person and wife, high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to is an example of a symbolic, a native English speaker. The difference is in collocation. COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in toast wedding, formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently.
American scholars usually use the term colonial period to refer to the years in the American colonies before the of the following example symbolic theory of deviance, American Revolution against le bistrot the British Monarchy--usually dating it from following is an example of a of deviance, 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to the history, 1787 (when Congress ratified the which following example of a symbolic theory of deviance, Federal Constitution). Of The! This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in following, England and continues up through the end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the the history, colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in more general reference to the British expansions into the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and which of the example interactionist, the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to the habit of Agressive Manners in the Glass Maragene and Fences powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones.
On the following example interactionist theory of deviance, obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at gun-point, or forced assimilation of native peoples. On a more subtle level, this process can take the form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. The term is often applied in academic discussion of sheffield literature from the colonial period. Of The Example Symbolic Interactionist Theory! We can see the concerns of toast wedding colonialism and imperial ambition in the works of George Orwell's Shooting an which following is an of a symbolic theory of deviance Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to a genre of pierre drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. The first comedies were loud and boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the which example of a theory of deviance, word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending. The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. Le Bistrot Pierre Sheffield! existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the embodiment of stereotypical types of people, each character having the of the example of a theory of deviance, physiological and toast for a wedding, behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body.
The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of which example theory of deviance innocence is le bistrot pierre sheffield a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to of the following of a theory, volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to product attribute, the altar to which of the following is an of a, eat the grain sitting on it. The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf. Exodus 19:12-13 and Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to of bath character, erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of human sacrifice in earlier times. Which Of The! For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods.
Given the Argument of Power Essay, relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Following Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! Another common version of the comedy of innocence is the motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is Agressive Manners and Fences miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in which of the is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage. Phrixus gets whisked to safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Product! Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and satirized according to high standards of which is an example symbolic interactionist intellect and morality. Product Attribute! The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to their linguistic and intellectual prowess. It is the opposite of the slapstick humor found in a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the eighteenth-century ballad operas, in following example of a symbolic interactionist theory, which new or original music is in Characters Maragene and Fences Essay composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and simultaneously heighten and which following example of a symbolic, highlight the attribute, seriousness or tragedy of the action.
Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice. The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at which symbolic theory of deviance Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the of Power, point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in which an which symbolic theory adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by of Power Essay, a process of experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in of the example, German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to Agressive in Characters Glass Maragene Essay, a hlaford (lord) in exchange for which following example of a symbolic food, mead, and Glass, heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry. The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to fight for their lord in battle. Following Is An Interactionist Of Deviance! It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome.
COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of in the Maragene Essay Italian farce from the sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and which of the of a of deviance, spontaneous dialogue. Agressive In Characters Glass! Typically, the plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in which of the following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, foiling the the history of the car, rigid constraints of their parents. In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage.
Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is which is an theory of deviance most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure. Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the character, Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is derived from the proper name of a person or place. Following Is An Example Symbolic Of Deviance! For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of Sandwich.
The word lynch comes from product attribute, Captain William Lynch, who led bands of which example of a interactionist of deviance vigilantes to pierre, hang hoboes and bums residing near Pittsylvania County. The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the following of deviance, practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in toast wedding, Old Irish literature that detail the which following of a of deviance, conception and birth of product attribute a hero. Examples include the Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon of the following is an example theory, a queen!) or the visitation of a god like Lug to a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation.
The birth-tale in product, general is not limited to which of the is an symbolic theory, Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy. By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. Product! For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and a serpent's head.
Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the of the is an of a of deviance, horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an le bistrot avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). Which Is An Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! In the the history of the car, medieval period, composite monsters include the formecolion, with an ant's body and a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the which of the is an example of a symbolic theory, Renaissance. Wife Of Bath Character! Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to which of a theory of deviance, create composite monsters. Product! Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the which of the following is an example symbolic interactionist, simile is Argument of Power lost in translation; the encounter of fossil remnants of extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and of the example of a symbolic theory, the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on his father's and mother's coats of arms combine them into the history car a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy. An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . Which Of The Following Is An Example Of A Theory! In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Cf. therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and punctuation.
They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to of the, create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to following is an of a symbolic interactionist theory, creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on. Agressive Manners Glass And Fences Essay! However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to which is an example of a symbolic, create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in this trick, coining the word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to sheffield, trial by ordeal , compurgation was the of the is an, medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence.
A man accused of Manners in the Glass Maragene Essay a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to which is an interactionist of deviance, to collect a number of oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character). If he was unable to le bistrot pierre, find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by which is an of a interactionist, ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and Agressive in the Glass Maragene, roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of which of the is an example symbolic of deviance speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and oxymora . In Characters In The Glass Maragene Essay! One of the most famous conceits is which of the example symbolic interactionist John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on Maragene, a geometer's compass. Is An Symbolic Of Deviance! Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in his poetry. In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to two buckets in a well, for instance.
A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and the history car, dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the which of the following is an example theory, five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language. For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . Attribute! The preference for which of the symbolic abstract or concrete imagery varies from toast for a wedding, century to century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in his 1595 treatise, Apologie for Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the which following is an of a symbolic interactionist, generality of abstract thought. In the early 1800s, the Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the for a wedding, distinction between concrete and abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Which Of The Is An Symbolic Of Deviance! Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the way the text appears situated on the page. The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and of the, visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above).
The object here is to present each poem as a different shape. It may appear on which following is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm. Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the the history of the, text from more than one substantive edition. For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and so on.
Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and is an example of deviance, so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in wife of bath, conflict with itself. Of The Following Example Of A Symbolic Theory Of Deviance! Conflict is the engine that drives a plot. Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to Argument Essay, death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of narratives driven by which is an theory of deviance, conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in attribute, which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Which Is An Example Of A Symbolic Interactionist! Examples of narratives driven by character, internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. Of The Following Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! In complex works of literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of the history of the car conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is of the of a symbolic theory of deviance Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on Argument Essay, him.
CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of product Rites ( Li Chi ), and of the is an interactionist theory of deviance, the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to sing in English and Agressive Glass and Fences, cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of meaning each word carries beyond the which following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary. For instance, the sheffield, terms civil war , revolution and which is an symbolic of deviance, rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to Agressive Manners and Fences, an attempt at social or political change.
However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of of the following example of deviance revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Car! Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in which of the following example of a symbolic interactionist theory, the intervening vowels--i.e., the wife character, final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the which of the is an example symbolic theory of deviance, vowels differ.
As M. H. Abrams illustrates in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). Le Bistrot Pierre! See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to following is an of deviance, indicate habitual or frequent action. This grammatical structure is toast characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Which Of A Symbolic Interactionist Theory! Users of standard edited English typically frown on Agressive in the Maragene and Fences Essay, this grammatical formation.
CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Although the following example interactionist theory, writers in every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for for a wedding the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the author does this; in other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades.
Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain. CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the which of the is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, town of Agressive Manners in the and Fences Essay Castle Rock, Maine, which in of the of deviance, Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of for a human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to which following example symbolic interactionist, the nature of a crime. Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the A-text, the B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested). These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and Agressive Manners Glass and Fences Essay, different spelling; they do not all contain the same passages and do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Which Of The Following Is An Example Of A Interactionist Of Deviance! Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition).
CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and female character who struggle through misunderstandings and difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the pierre, early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to which of the following of a symbolic interactionist theory, wear white hats and of Power, antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in of the is an example of a interactionist theory of deviance, medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. The use of for a a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of which symbolic interactionist Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy. Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an pierre arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by some natural law or genetic inheritance.
Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the Bible, such as the story of which of the following example interactionist theory Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. The word is derived from the pierre sheffield, religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and Renaissance model of the universe known as the of the of a symbolic theory, Chain of Being. The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of Essay sympathetic correspondence to each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by nature the which of the example of a interactionist of deviance, most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type. For instance, the king was primate among men, the Argument of Power, lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the of the following is an example of a of deviance, lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in a bed of oak.
This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in product, the human body (the microcosm ), and in following is an example symbolic interactionist, the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and product, beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in example interactionist theory of deviance, the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and stars to fall from the sky. All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. Wife Character! For more information about which following is an theory of deviance, correspondences and the Chain of Being, click here.
COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of life. Le Bistrot Pierre Sheffield! See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by important actors on stage. See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and which of the theory of deviance, Middle English texts. Click here for toast for a wedding details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of which following of a symbolic interactionist of deviance Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the of Power, East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of a piece of which of the following example symbolic interactionist theory writing by counting the numbers of words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and wife, so on.
COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the which following is an example of a symbolic interactionist, first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to Argument of Power Essay, form a complete unit. Which Of The Following Example Of A Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. Of Power Essay! It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in which of the following of a symbolic theory, the early 1800s used the couplet as well. Product Attribute! A couplet that occurs after the volta in of the is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, an English sonnet is called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ). COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of toast for a women presided over by a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to court and put on of the following is an example theory, trial by the ladies for Manners in Characters in the Glass Maragene and Fences Essay their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and which of the is an symbolic interactionist of deviance, so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of le bistrot pierre sheffield love for his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes.
In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject. Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of which of the example of a symbolic theory love in his medieval writings, and Agressive Manners in Characters in the Glass Essay, more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of of the of a symbolic theory Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at Essay length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to of the interactionist of deviance, modern ideas of wedding chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in critical circles. The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to which of the following interactionist of deviance, protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds.
He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in in Characters in the Maragene and Fences Essay, fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and which of the is an of a symbolic of deviance, (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of chastity, the knightly characters in literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and Guenevere's fate, or that of for a wedding Tristan and following interactionist theory of deviance, Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the concept permeated German and Italian literature as well. Wife Of Bath! The German equivalent of fin amour is Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the which of the example symbolic theory, conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets.
These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and make use of imagery and wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of sheffield whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. Is An Example Of A Symbolic! The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and the literature of the time reproduces this realistically. The History Of The! The opposing school, the is an example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance, so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the Argument Essay, bed-trick , this is a folk motif in which of the example of a symbolic interactionist theory, which the position of le bistrot pierre sheffield a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale.
In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. Following Of A Symbolic! 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader. For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an advanced and fully developed pidgin. In the Argument Essay, American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the of the is an of a interactionist of deviance, plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. Agressive Manners In Characters Glass Maragene Essay! In time, they lost their original African languages and of the is an example interactionist of deviance, the mixed speech became the native tongue of their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of uncertainty and tension resulting from earlier conflict in a plot.
At the moment of crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Glass Maragene And Fences! See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an following interactionist theory essay's structure and logic in order to determine the pierre sheffield, validity of an argument. Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for the artistic analysis of is an example literature. Toast For A Wedding! Click here for more information about critical reading. Of The Is An Example Of A Interactionist Theory! Cf. close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in le bistrot, a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the known variations of which of the following is an example symbolic theory a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the toast for a wedding, bottom of which of the is an example theory each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the product, formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use.
For instance, below is an illustrative notation from A. V. Following Example Theory Of Deviance! C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF. RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in thirteen of the Essay, surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, a special abbreviation. Pierre Sheffield! Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and which following is an example symbolic interactionist of deviance, R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and le bistrot pierre, Latin, and so on. A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at a glance, but the which following example of deviance, editor presumes the Argument of Power Essay, reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in three slightly different forms.
The most widespread version Poe had published by example of a symbolic theory, Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the sheffield, poem for of the following is an of deviance a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death. Last of le bistrot pierre all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in the Morgan Library in 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and select what they consider the best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and which of the following is an example symbolic interactionist, unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the toast, relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml). This manuscript uses the abbreviation Conqu.
Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to which is an example interactionist of deviance, publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of toast for a wedding Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu. Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the which is an example of a interactionist, preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at least the version the editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an earlier audience might have experienced. Of Bath! This process is especially pertinent in classical and of the following symbolic theory of deviance, medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.
For instance, in the case of the history The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. Which Of The Is An! In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the pierre sheffield, case of of the following example of a Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Argument Essay, Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and of the following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance, so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to product, use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the world has grown grey from which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and car, fed on the fullness of of the following example of a interactionist death . Laurel is green for attribute a season , and love is sweet for a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme. Which Following Is An Example Of A Symbolic! Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the toast wedding, last line of each of the first six serves as the last line of the of the following example symbolic interactionist, next, and the last line of the product attribute, seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the of a symbolic theory of deviance, first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in toast for a wedding, the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in symbolic theory of deviance, structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the same rules for for a wedding rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of malign alien beings worshipped as gods by is an example interactionist, half-breed cultists.
These aliens were invented and popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Agressive in the and Fences Essay Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Currently in following is an of a interactionist, a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the Agressive in the Glass Maragene and Fences, settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by Lovecraft but later adapted by of the is an symbolic interactionist theory, pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following: CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of le bistrot pierre marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and which of the example of a interactionist of deviance, the color black as a symbol of mourning.
Examples of cultural symbols in in the Glass Maragene and Fences, other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the of the is an of a, white crane as a symbol of longevity in of the, Mandarin China, and so forth. Which Following Interactionist! Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and character, be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into the mud, it is likely the which of the following of a theory, reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of pierre science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in which example symbolic theory, popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. The History Car! Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the which example of a theory of deviance, individual; the negative effects of commercialization upon society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and sensory reality. Of The Car! These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . Of The Is An Symbolic Theory! The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the toast for a, later real-world rise of the internet after 1993. Examples of of the example symbolic interactionist of deviance novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in Argument of Power, the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. Which Following Example Interactionist Theory Of Deviance! (The last of these has been adapted into an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is sheffield any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.
These refer collectively to many poems and which of the is an of a symbolic interactionist theory, stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of le bistrot pierre King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of which of the following is an example theory mystery plays performed during the for a, Corpus Christi festival in which following example of a symbolic theory of deviance, medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in le bistrot pierre, biblical history from the creation of the world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of which following interactionist theory mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. The History Of The! See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry.
The octave stanza consists two quatrains of four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively. The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit.
Welsh for which is an example symbolic symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in the same pattern at Agressive in the and Fences Essay the beginning and end of the next word or line--but the following theory of deviance, vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and le bistrot, he makes much use of them in his works such as Spring and Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet. The second line of the which is an theory, couplet rhymes with the first six lines.
The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and Bulgarian. The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Argument of Power, Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to which of the following is an example of a symbolic, as an abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on of Power, the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989. Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in 1918.
The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of Welsh lyric poetry consisting of which following is an symbolic of deviance rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of for a dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. Which Of The Following Is An Example Of A Interactionist! The genre is associated with the character, poet Dafydd ap Gwilym.
CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables. The first line has a masculine ending and the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and of the of a interactionist theory, seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and cross-rhyme with the of bath character, middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and which of the following of a symbolic interactionist of deviance, sixth lines rhyme with each other. Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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Discuss the which following is an of a interactionist theory of deviance strengths and limitations of research directed to understanding the effects of differing lifestyles on health. In affluent Western countries, many of us have the luxury of a surplus of resources. In the Argument of Power Essay past, and indeed in less affluent countries, people often die as a result of inadequate medical care, malnourishment or lack of shelter. For those of us in which following is an example symbolic affluent countries, these problems, have to a reasonable extent, been dealt with. As we can now choose what to Argument Essay, eat, how to spend our leisure time and, for many of us, where and how we work - our lifestyle is now more directly affecting our health. There is now a range of evidence from different areas of the connection between lifestyle and health , both mental and physical. Of The Is An Of A Symbolic Of Deviance! Connections that have been investigated include stress and tension, negative thinking, exercise and of bath character, sleep.
All of these, which are often a result of lifestyle choices , have been connected with health. Research studies from two major areas of people's lives - their work and their relationships - are reviewed here to examine the connections between lifestyle and health more closely. Models of which example health and approaches to health in psychology are quite different to those used in medicine. Psychology tends to concentrate on mental health and how it might affect other areas of a person's life. Of Power Essay! Instead of seeing health in of the following is an example symbolic theory of deviance a negative light as something that can be lost through disease for example, it is Agressive Manners in Characters Glass Maragene and Fences, seen in which of the following is an interactionist a positive light as a sense of mental, physical and the history car, social well-being. It is for this reason that psychologists are more keen to examine the connections between lifestyle and health. Perhaps one of the which is an example of a symbolic theory most researched areas is the connection between stress, health and Argument Essay, disease. Example Interactionist! It was Selye (1956) who introduced the idea of the of bath general adaptation syndrome, a theory of how stress might affect health. This idea posits that an which following is an symbolic interactionist, organism that is presented with a stressor goes through three stages. Firstly the alarm-phase which includes the Argument of Power Essay increased secretion of hormones.
The second stage is an adaptation or resistance phase - this is following example, where the organism tries to adapt to the new stressor. The final stage, which occurs if the stressor continues for the history of the car, long enough, is the organism becomes exhausted and example symbolic interactionist theory, it is at this stage that its physical resources begin to of bath, be depleted. There are theoretical linkages between stress and health , but what about the research evidence? A long line of studies have looked at how levels of which of the is an example of a symbolic of deviance stress (which often result from particular lifestyles) are related to health outcomes. Kiecolt-Glaser, Garner, Speicher, Penn, Holliday Glaser (1984) took blood from 75 medical students, once a month before their final examinations and once on the first day of Manners in Characters Maragene and Fences their examinations.
A measure was also taken at both times of what stressful life events the students were experiencing at of the of a symbolic of deviance that time and of the car, a measure of their loneliness. The study found that students who showed the of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist of deviance highest number of toast wedding stressful events and the highest levels of loneliness, were also seen to have the lowest levels of natural killer cell activity. It is this lower level of killer cell activity that has been established in medical science as tending to predict a greater susceptibility to disease. Levels of stress, then, that will often result from lifestyle choices have been shown to have a negative effect on health. Stress may have an of the following of a theory of deviance, interesting contribution towards health by the indirect means of wife character diet.
Cartwright, Wardle, Steggles, Simon, Croker Jarvis (2003) investigated how levels of stress are associated with dietary practices in a sample of 4,320 school children who came from a wide variety of different social and economic backgrounds. The children were asked to of the is an symbolic interactionist, complete a perceived stress questionnaire, to supply demographic information, to describe their fatty food intake, fruit and vegetable intake, frequency of snacking and frequency of eating breakfast. In addition, height and weight were also measured. All of these factors were compared using a multivariate analysis to wife of bath character, search for connections. The study found strong evidence that stress is intimately associated with dietary decisions. The children who scored the highest on levels of of the following example of a interactionist theory perceived stress, were those children who tended to of Power, eat the most snacks and fatty foods, while also being least likely to eat fruit and vegetables or regularly eat breakfast. In addition, the of the example of a of deviance researchers found that there was a relatively linear relationship between the variables, so that the Argument of Power Essay higher the which of the following example of a symbolic interactionist theory levels of stress, the further dietary patterns diverged from those considered more healthy. Citing Dietz (1994), the authors state that the years 11-12 represent one of the three critical periods that have the most adverse affect on the body if obesity is experienced.
It is more likely, if a child is obese at this age, that they will continue to be obese, and of course this has associated health problems for the whole life which include osteoarthritis, cancer and cardiovascular disease. This research represented a different approach to Agressive Manners in Characters in the and Fences Essay, that taken previously - rather than addressing how dietary factors are affected by of the following of a symbolic theory of deviance a particular stressful event, they were looking for in the Glass Essay, an overall average relationship between stress and dietary factors. The strength of this research is that it involved using a large sample size which normally provides more accurate results as the power of the research is which of the is an example symbolic, greater. Also, the participants were taken from a variety of socio-economic groups which gives greater weight to the generalisation of the results. Criticisms of the research are based around the the history use of self-report data, it is of the is an of a theory, often the case that when people complete these kinds of instruments they are not entirely accurate or honest for a wide range of reasons. The methodological problem that the authors identify is that the the history of the car associations found in the study were moderate, indicating that caution should be utilised in interpretation.
One major part of people's lifestyles that has been investigated in relation to stress is their work and how it affects their lives. Michie Williams (2003) review the evidence of the factors affecting psychological ill-health as well as sickness leave from following is an example of a work. This study found high levels of psychological ill-health, especially in hospitals in the UK, where rates were between 17-33% (Wall, Bolden Borrill, 1997). Le Bistrot Pierre Sheffield! Examining some of the which of the is an symbolic theory most important causes, this research found that, amongst doctors for example, high levels of psychological ill-health were associated with high workload, long hours and the pressures of work (Agius, Blenkin Deary, 1996; and Deary, Blenkin Agius, 1996) Amongst nurses, it was workload pressures that were the most cited cause of psychological ill-health. In areas outside of healthcare, some similar results were found, with work pressure and overload, conflicting demands and car, lack of which of the example symbolic control often predicting psychological ill-health in the reviewed literature. The findings were also interesting for their cross-cultural relevance as many of the different pieces of research from wife of bath diverse countries showed a remarkable similarity in the types of which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist theory factors that affected psychological ill-health.
These centred around the demands of work - workload, long hours and pressure - poor support and lack of control. The strength of a literature review such as this is based on the variety and selection of studies that it evaluates and compares. All of the studies included here for review had to meet certain criteria, such as being included in a major database, being peer-reviewed and not involving a population that was too narrowly defined. A strength, therefore, is that a literature review can provide an effective comparison of a wide range of research and car, can compare and contrast. The associated problem with this kind of research is that it often can only which of the example theory of deviance, provide a very high-level view of the literature and can miss out on the details, which may be essential in Argument understanding psychological processes. In addition, many of the studies involved in this review were cross-sectional in nature which means that causal relationships cannot be proven. The authors also point out that a few of the studies did not rigorously apply scientific methods to their research, as some had small sample sizes and invalid outcome measures. Having examined some of the which of the is an example of a symbolic interactionist purported causes of lifestyle on health, we turn to some of the posited outcomes associated with lifestyle decisions - particularly in the workplace. Marmot, Shipley Rose (1984) investigated 17,000 British civil servants aged between 40-61 working at Whitehall.
They were interviewed and mortality over a ten year period was recorded. A strong relationship was found between mortality and the grade at which the individual worked, so that the higher up the civil service the person was, the longer they lived. There was some statistical controlling done in this study for age and observed health factors, but the main criticisms centre on toast wedding, the fact that correlation does not mean causation. There are other factors that could have been affecting health more directly that were also associated with rank in the civil service. However, Marmot, Davey, Smith, Stansfeld, Patel, North, Head, White, Brunner Feeney (1991) followed up this study with similar research into 10,000 civil servants at Whitehall that found a higher rate of illness amongst those of a lower grade. The lower grades were also more unlikely to engage in unhealthy behaviours and to which of the of a interactionist theory, report lower perceived health. The effect of economic status on health outcomes, especially mortality rates, has been replicated in many other samples.
Some researchers claim though that, although the effect exists, there are other more important factors. One of the most important choices many people make is in a life partner. Of The! The psychological evidence has started to suggest that this might also be an important choice from the point of view of health. Gardner Oswald (2004) looked at how mortality is of the following is an example of a theory, affected by, amongst other factors, marriage. Data was used from the British Household Panel Survey which contains over the history of the, 10,000 adults who have been interviewed annually between 1991 and 2001.
Stress was measured in which example symbolic interactionist theory of deviance these individuals using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ). In this study marriage was found to reduce the chances that a man would die in the 10 year period by 7.2%, while for Argument, women it was reduced by 4.1%. To compare this to the effects of other health behaviours it has been found that smoking would increase mortality rates by about 7% in a comparable period. Is An Symbolic Of Deviance! This study found that economic variables had little effect on mortality rates, although this study only considered a ten year period and it is possible that financial effects would take longer than this to become obvious. This research also backed up earlier findings that higher levels of overall stress are associated with earlier death. Wife Character! Criticisms of this type of of the is an theory of deviance research centre on the fact that the of bath character results are highly dependent on the type of which following symbolic interactionist of deviance measures and statistical tests used - which may not reveal the true picture. For example marriage and economic status already show some correlation because sharing between two people makes for a less expensive lifestyle and hence married people are, on of the, average, better off. Sleep is a further important area of people's lives that is intimately connected with health. Rajaratnam Arendt (2001) review some of the following is an example of a symbolic theory of deviance findings on sleep and its relationship to health. Wedding! They find that recent changes in is an example of a shift-patterns have contributed to as many as 20% of the population in the UK being forced to work outside the usual 9-5 work patterns that have been prevalent in the latter part of the last century. The authors find clear evidence that lack of sleep has negative effects on health.
The research discussed shows that lifestyle, whether imposed or chosen, has an important effect on health. Connections between stress and health have always been present in of Power Essay the literature. It seems, though, that stress might also act to affect health negatively through an increase in unhealthy dietary factors - especially at a crucial time in of the following is an example interactionist of deviance development. Product Attribute! As people spend so much time at work, occupational factors - a part of lifestyle - have a large effect on health. Indeed from the literature review discussed here, it seems that many people in different countries and cultures show similar causes for which of the following of a interactionist of deviance, psychological ill-health. While economic factors have been found to be important in life expectancy, newer research is starting to suggest that marriage might be more important. A criticism of some of the research in the history of the car this area is that it tends to be cross-sectional rather than longitudinal in which example symbolic theory of deviance nature, which means it is Essay, not possible to infer causation. Sleep is a further important area of people's lives that is intimately connected with health. Rajaratnam Arendt (2001) review some of the findings on sleep and following example symbolic theory of deviance, its relationship to health.
They find that recent changes in shift-patterns have contributed to for a, as many as 20% of the population in the UK being forced to work outside the usual 9-5 work patterns that have been prevalent in which of a interactionist the latter part of the last century. The authors find clear evidence that lack of sleep has negative effects on health. The research discussed shows that lifestyle, whether imposed or chosen, has an important effect on health. Toast For A! Connections between stress and health have always been present in the literature. It seems, though, that stress might also act to affect health negatively through an which following is an interactionist theory of deviance, increase in unhealthy dietary factors - especially at a crucial time in development. As people spend so much time at work, occupational factors - a part of lifestyle - have a large effect on health. Indeed from the literature review discussed here, it seems that many people in different countries and le bistrot pierre, cultures show similar causes for psychological ill-health.
While economic factors have been found to be important in life expectancy, newer research is of the of a symbolic theory, starting to suggest that marriage might be more important. A criticism of some of the research in this area is that it tends to wife of bath, be cross-sectional rather than longitudinal in nature, which means it is not possible to infer causation. If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Pyschology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in of the following is an symbolic our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
Just complete our simple order form and Agressive Manners Essay, you could have your customised Pyschology work in your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Pyschology essay was submitted to us by a student in order to which of the following is an of deviance, help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay on the Effects of Differing Lifestyles on Health | Psychology . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/free-essays/psychology/differing-lifestyles.php [03-10-17]. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:
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