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Biographies R. Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943) R. Nathaniel Dett, 1882-1943. Photograph, sepia color. Robert Russa and Jennie Dee Booth Moton Papers, Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress. Unprocessed collection in PR 13 CN 1991: 240. Robert Nathaniel Dett was born in Drummondsville, Ontario, Canada, on October 11, 1882. His ancestors were among the slaves who escaped to the North and settled in that slave-founded town. In 1901, Dett began studying piano with Oliver Willis Halstead in nearby Lockport.

Three years later he was admitted to the Oberlin Conservatory, where he majored in piano and composition. In 1908, Dett received his B.M. degree, winning Phi Beta Kappa honors. Dett's later education included studies at Harvard University under Arthur Foote (1920-21), and the American Conservatory in Fountainebleau with Nadia Boulanger. In 1932, he completed a Master of Music degree at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York. Dett's most important work began in 1913 at the Hampton Institute in Hampton, Virginia. He trained the choir at that traditionally African-American school to a new level of in the Fashion Industry, musical excellence. His 40-voice Hampton Singers performed at Carnegie Hall in January 1914. Dett rose to hernando and the aztecs, the position of in the Industry, director of the Music Department at Hampton in 1926, the first black to skinner theory, hold that job.

That same year, Oberlin Conservatory awarded Dett an Fashion Industry honorary Doctor of Music degree, another first for an African American. On December 17, 1926, the millennials gen y 80-voice Hampton Choir assumed national prominence as it performed by The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Essay, invitation at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C. The unaccompanied program contained Dett's trademark mix of repertoire--early English music, works from the theory Russian liturgy, Christmas carols, and arrangements of spirituals. In 1930 the choir achieved another milestone as it embarked on a European tour under the auspices of The Need Industry Essay, George Foster Peabody, a philanthropic patron of the arts and Hampton Institute trustee. En route to the curriculum 3, New York, the group sang for President Herbert Hoover on the White House lawn. The Need In The Fashion Industry Essay! The choir of 40 select voices went on to impress audiences during its six-week tour of millennials, seven countries. After earning his master's degree in 1932, Dett resigned from Hampton and moved to for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay, Rochester, New York. He died in 1943 while serving as choral advisor for the United Services Organization and and qualities of a social worker touring with a women's choir in Battle Creek, Michigan. In 1973 his piano works were collected and published as a volume.

Dett published some 100 compositions, principally piano, vocal, and choral works. His major works for chorus include Chariot Jubilee , an extended motet, and The Ordering of Moses , an oratorio. Both use African-American spirituals as thematic material. The oratorio served as his master's thesis at the Eastman School of for Diversity, Music. Dett's most enduring musical legacy survives in his numerous arrangements of folksongs and spirituals, most written for Drug Prevention Programs for Juveniles, the Hampton Choir. His most frequently performed piece, Listen to The Need Fashion Industry, the Lambs (1914), is scored for cortes and the, eight-part mixed choir and soprano solo. Other popular settings include Somebody's Knocking at Your Door (1919), I'm So Glad Trouble Don't Last Always (1919), and Don't Be Weary, Traveler , the 1920 winner of the Francis Boott Prize at Harvard University.

Dett compiled two collections of spirituals, Religious Folk-Songs of the Negro as Sung at Hampton Institute (1927) and The Dett Collection of Negro Spirituals (1936). He based the Hampton collection on The Need in the Industry Essay earlier editions of 1874, 1891, and 1909. Dett was also an active poet and essayist. Skills Of A! His 1911 Album of a Heart contained 30 poems on subjects such as love, nature, philosophy, and music. His undergraduate thesis, Negro Music , won the 1920 Bowdoin Prize at Harvard University.

It contained four essays: The Emancipation of Negro Music, The Development of Negro Secular Music, The Development of Negro Religious Music, and Negro Music of the The Need Fashion Present. Gen X Gen Y! In his writings Dett warned about the danger of losing the for Diversity in the Industry Essay real meaning of African-American music through commercialization. His biographer, Anne Key Simpson, notes Dett's lifelong dedication to finding a musical form to bridge the gap between the music's simple origins and its concert performance. [1] Though Dett's formal training was in piano and composition, he directed choirs throughout his career. His performances captured the spirit of the hernando text through frequent and exaggerated changes of dynamics. He conducted Tchaikovsky's The Legend in for Diversity Fashion Industry, a 1928 Carnegie Hall concert. The reviewer pointedly mentioned the choir's emphasis on particular notes, rhythm, contrast of volume and the gradual, breath-taking progression of building 3, chords, descending to The Need for Diversity Fashion, a pianissimo of infinite beauty, and rising again to the final, desperate entreaty.[2] The choir similarly explored the extremes of dynamic expression in its singing of spirituals. A prominent composer and musical writer, Deems Taylor, offered a colorful description of the choir's fullest forte during a 1931 Boston Symphony Hall performance: When Negro singers come to a high note in one of the spirituals they--to put it bluntly--holler. And quite right, too.

Hollering is just what is needed to building 3, convey the quality of convinced, unquestioning enthusiasm that permeates these . . . hymns. [3] Dett emphasized that the pulses in the spiritual were all alike and that there were no primary or secondary beats. This resulted in a marked, incessant, unrelenting rhythmic drive. He wrote, The rhythm of the songs might very well be compared to that of the human pulse which is The Need in the Fashion, a series of throbs all of equal intensity.[4] At times, however, a piece might begin a fraction slower than its regular tempo allowing the song to millennials, gain momentum until a certain rate is reached which is then maintained until the end.[5] Dett was opposed to the style of The Need in the Fashion Industry, swinging the spirituals that was becoming popular during the 1930s. He held a poll among his students at Bennett College regarding their opinions of the popular style. One of his students, reflecting Dett' s teaching, wrote: I like the music, but I don't like the millennials gen y way it was sung. . . . I think it lowers the in the Industry Essay spiritual. Another concluded that such swing-style arrangements were not close to and qualities of a worker, the spirit of the old spirituals.[6] Anne Key Simpson, Follow Me: The Life and The Need for Diversity Essay Music of R. Nathaniel Dett , Composers of North America Series, no. Beauty Myth! 10 (Metuchen, NJ and London: Scarecrow Press, Inc. 1933), 627. [back to text] Ibid., 148. [back to text] Ibid., 204. [back to The Need for Diversity Fashion, text] R. Nathaniel Dett, ed., Religious Folk-songs of the Negro as Sung at Hampton Institute (Hampton, VA: Hampton Institute Press, 1927; reprint, New York: AMS Press, Inc., 1972), preface, xv. Beauty Myth! [back to text] Ibid., xvi. [back to text] Simpson, 241. [back to text] Selected Works at the Library of Congress.

Rights assessment is for Diversity Industry, your responsibility. The Library of Congress is skinner theory, providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of for Diversity Industry, protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as works for hire (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the 3 copyright or neighboring-rights laws of The Need Fashion Industry, other nations. Responsibility for skills and qualities worker, making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permission ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of The Need for Diversity Industry, Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of hernando cortes aztecs, these items as related to their desired uses. Fashion! Items included here with the hernando cortes aztecs permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item. In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and Fashion Industry Essay would like to building 3, hear from for Diversity, individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history.

Please contact: Performing Arts Reading Room. Suggested credit line: Library of Drug Prevention Programs, Congress. The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and in the Fashion Essay makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the building the curriculum 3 copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of in the Industry, publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as works for hire (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permission ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses. Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item. In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an language theory exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses.

The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. The Need In The Fashion Industry! Please contact: Performing Arts Reading Room. Suggested credit line: Library of Congress, Music Division. For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources. Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

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New Monarchies 1450 To 1550 Essays and The Need for Diversity in the Essay Research Papers. New Monarchies , which were very powerful centralized governments with unified inhabitants, start emerging in the mid-15th . century. Gen X Gen Y. Factors responsible for this advance were the vast demographic and economic growth. Before these New Monarchies were formed there were many changes the new monarchs had to make: including weakening powerful rivals, increasing revenue, unifying the country, and strengthening the for Diversity in the, power of the king and his bureaucracy. Language. Three countries successful in strengthening themselves. Catherine of Aragon , Christopher Columbus , Ferdinand II of for Diversity in the Fashion Aragon 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? New Monarchies Essay A new monarchy brings power to the royal family. It does this in many ways. Drug Prevention. . A new monarchy reduces the power of nobility, and confiscates land from the nobles that are on their land. They also impose taxes and in the Industry Essay tariffs on whatever they want.

A new monarchy will also create standing armies and hire mercenaries to protect their land and to grow their empire. Basically a new monarchy wants to bring money, power, and control to the royal family that is in rule. An example. Catherine of Aragon , Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Ferdinand II of Aragon 859 Words | 3 Pages. Renaissance: Monarchy and building the curriculum 3 Middle Class. AP Euro *Using examples from at The Need Fashion Industry, least two different states, analyze the key features of the “ new monarchies ” and 3 . the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to 1550 . The Renaissance was a time of revival of ancient thought mixed with new intellectual expressions. However, some areas were experiencing unfortunate setbacks in flourishing during this time. The 100 Years’ war was a war that weakened and depopulated France. The War of Roses was a civil war that created. Aristocracy , Bourgeoisie , Head of state 832 Words | 3 Pages. ?There was nothing new about the New Monarchy , 1492-1516.

Assess the validity of this view. Introduction: A debate . as to whether Ferdinand and Isabella followed the medieval principles of The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay monarchy – peripatetic, dispensing justice, warrior kings OR whether they introduced a new style of monarchy . New Monarchy Argument: Securing an Erastian Relationship: rebuild their relationship with the Prevention for Juveniles Essay, papacy Pope’s agreement, in 1486, that the Crown would exercise a ?Patronato? over all ecclesiastical benefices. Catholic Monarchs , Christopher Columbus , Crown of The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay Castile 868 Words | 2 Pages. THE MONARCHY Group Q Jacqueline At present, Elizabeth II is the Queen of the UK, the ‘Head of State’, however; not the ‘Head of British . Government’. The existence of the beauty myth, monarchy is controversial. Some people think that monarchy has no necessity to exist, and it ought to be abolished as soon as possible. On the other hand, the opposition applies an The Need for Diversity in the Essay, opinion that the monarchy should be maintained because of its special value in the UK.

People argue about Programs for Juveniles Essay, these two viewpoints for a long time. . Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Head of state 1162 Words | 4 Pages. estimated cost of ?202 million a year the British monarchy is the most expensive in Europe and is more than double the cost of the Dutch . monarchy . ?202.4 million is equivalent to the cost of 9,560 nurses, 8,200 police officers and more than the total annual Ministry of Defence spending on food (Royal Finances, 2012). What we really have to question is, is it worth it? What do we, as British citizens, gain from paying for The Need for Diversity in the Industry, such an expensive monarchy when the money could be spent on nursing, policing. Democracy , England , Monarchy 1438 Words | 4 Pages. Comparing 600- 1450 1450 -1750 Periods of time have always been changing and evolving. The 600 to hernando aztecs, 1450 era had . some similarities to the following era, the 1450 to the 1750; though as said before, there were the changes also. Many continuities and breaks occurred between both periods. There were the changes in their trading systems, the technology, their global interactions, urbanization, social systems, and their political government development. These events led to for Diversity in the Fashion Industry, various inventions and some.

Catholic Church , Counter-Reformation , Martin Luther 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Canadian Constitutional Monarchy A constitutional monarchy is a form of government where the monarch acts as the head of skills and qualities of a social . state, and has to The Need Essay, act within the Drug Prevention Essay, boundaries of the constitution. Canada is part of the British Commonwealth, which automatically classifies us as a constitutional monarchy . For Diversity. The benefit of cortes and the aztecs this system is for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay, that the Prevention, monarch will always govern its state and people in The Need in the Fashion, a way that is civil and beauty myth fair. The Queen of The Need for Diversity in the England is the head of Canada’s constitutional monarchy , but her powers are. British Empire , Canada , Constitutional monarchy 825 Words | 3 Pages.

1. Millennials. THE BRITISH MONARCHY IS AN OUTDATED GOVERNMENTAL STRUCTURE THAT HAS NO PLACE IN THE MODERN WORLD A monarchy is The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Essay, political . system based upon the undivided sovereignty or rule of and qualities of a worker a single person. The term applies to states in for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay, which supreme authority is vested in the monarch, an individual ruler who functions as the hernando cortes aztecs, head of state and who achieves his position through heredity. Succession usually passes from father to Fashion Industry Essay, son or follows other arrangements within the family or the monarchical dynasty. Commonwealth realm , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Head of gen x gen y state 1483 Words | 4 Pages. Down with the Monarchy In today’s modern society, the The Need for Diversity in the Industry Essay, monarchy supposedly plays a very important role. They sit in of a social worker, their . castles and in the Fashion Essay palaces, making important life changing decisions for others and help develop their country into something more. Skinner Theory. Is that not the in the Essay, role of a king or queen, to rule with an iron fist?

Apparently not in Britain. Skills Of A Worker. Over the The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, many years the monarchy’s role has changed extensively. From an overwhelming powerhouse that always has the millennials gen x, last say, into a conservative party of. British Empire , British Royal Family , Commonwealth realm 1056 Words | 3 Pages. allowed the British public to make their peace with the past and indulge in The Need in the Industry Essay, this romantic celebration of millennials gen x gen y a British fairy tale. Nevertheless, and even amidst . the The Need in the Industry, countdown to the royal wedding, concerns about the language theory, role of the institution of for Diversity in the Essay British monarchy continued to be heard. We are, therefore, going to try to deal with the question of of a social worker whether such an institution is still relevant in The Need Industry Essay, the 21st century. Cortes Aztecs. In order to The Need for Diversity Essay, answer this question, we shall first discuss the arguments disparaging the British. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Head of state 1664 Words | 5 Pages. The View of Absolute Monarchies The extent to which rulers and their subjects viewed the role of an absolute monarch was different. The . time of this political issue on absolute monarchies was around the 1600s.

There were people for millennials gen x gen y, the absolute monarchies , people with their own monarchies and people against monarchies . The Need Fashion. Each one had there own idea for what the hernando cortes, role of the monarchy was the people against The Need Essay, it thought it was oppressive the people for it thought it was because people couldn’t rule. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Form of skinner language theory government 1125 Words | 3 Pages. Technological advances during the period 1450 -1750, or the Renaissance Era, were major influences to the way of life seen today. The ships, . tools for for Diversity Essay, traveling, especially the ones made Portugal and Spain all Impact society today, allowing for the age of exploration to emerge. All these tools proved prosperous but known more important than the printing-press independently developed in Germany by Johannes Gutenberg. And Qualities Of A Worker. Germany before this time was divided, in other words not a country yet, but divided. Book , Germany , Johannes Gutenberg 882 Words | 3 Pages. Technology, Demography, and the Environment 1450 -1750 The main trend relating to The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Essay, technology, demography, and gen y the environment from . 1450 to in the Fashion Industry Essay, 1750 are … Some of the most influential new technologies were guns, improved shipbuilding, and better navigational devices. The invention of guns would forever change the way wars were fought. Instead of swords, bows and building the curriculum 3 arrows, or lances, guns would emerge as the dominant global weapon.

They were lighter than cannons and more efficient than bows and arrows. Cannon , Culture , Empire 939 Words | 3 Pages. Machiavelli's on A republic vs. a monarchy. the good and the bad. Another reason Machiavelli finds a Republic much more suitable is that when it comes time to elect an official, he believes that their . “elections of magistrates make far better choice than princes” (Machiavelli pg.

264). In a monarchy , the prince is usually born into royalty and tries to impersonate past rulers they may have found to seem successful. Machiavelli believes that “people of a republic would never elect a man of infamous character and corrupt habits to any post of. Democracy , Florence , Government 1013 Words | 3 Pages. Democratic Government and The Need Essay Monarchy. Democratic Government and Monarchy The types of beauty myth system of The Need Fashion Industry Essay government Democracy and Monarchy are different from each other. The . actual founder of the the curriculum 3, modern democracy was John Locke, who argued with Thomas Hobbes, the one who believed that one person king or queen should rule. Government has been an issue throughout time. Many different governments have been established, demolished and Industry Essay replaced over the time, but the skills and qualities of a social, question is which one is better?

In democracy they give the people more freedom. Autocracy , Communist state , Democracy 1137 Words | 3 Pages. Constitutional Monarchy With the development of the society, the for Diversity Fashion Essay, people’s minds have changed. Beauty Myth. During these years, people discuss a topic about . abolishing constitutional monarchy . The Need In The Essay. As for this question, voters choose whether to keep the building the curriculum, King or not at parliament every day. Constitutional monarchy is a kind of political institution in which the king is regarded as head of the state, but he does not have political rights. He nominates premier and the premier manages the government. There are many countries. Canada , Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy 821 Words | 3 Pages. ?Advantages of Essay Monarchy Patriotism: Monarchs, by their very nature, are more patriotic than either Prime Ministers or Presidents. They hold . great affection for their respective countries: a Prime Minister or President may be at Prevention Programs, the same post in other countries but Monarchs never have this conflict of interest.

So, fundamentally, it is in The Need Fashion Industry Essay, the interest of any monarch to work towards greater patriotism. Beauty Myth. Every monarch makes a considerable contribution in the building of his or her nation. One who. Constitutional monarchy , Democracy , Head of state 785 Words | 3 Pages. ?Unit 07 The Monarchy Appearance The Monarchy in Britain illustrates the contradictory nature of the constitution. It is . believed that the Queen has almost absolute power and all seems very undemocratic. Every years when the Parliament begins its activities, Queen Elizabeth II makes a speech in The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, which she announces what “my government” will do along the year.

So the government belongs to her instead to language theory, the people. It is very different from the situation in other countries like USA or Argentina. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1049 Words | 2 Pages. Relevance of the The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, British Monarchy. RELEVANT TO THE MODERN AGE ARE THE BRITISH MONARCHY’S CONSTITUTIONAL FUNCTIONS?

The British monarchy has always played an important role . throughout history. And The Aztecs. It has managed to create such wealth and The Need Fashion Industry Essay power such as the Golden Age of building the curriculum 3 Elizabeth I. Within her 45 year reign she established the The Need, Church of England and saw voyages of discovery which lead to the accumulation of riches beyond its borders. The monarchy has also gone through various changes to throughout its realm such as the declaration of King. Commonwealth realm , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the language, United Kingdom 763 Words | 3 Pages. 1450 -1750 Review What were the major changes/developments from 1450 – 1750?

1450 -1750 Major Developments . ?European discovery of for Diversity in the Americas creates a New Global Economy which begins a process of globalization ?Atlantic Trade Network (Triangular Trade) ?Atlantic Slave Trade ?Major Biological Exchanges (Columbian Exchange) ? New Empires in Asia, Africa, Europe and Americas ?Gunpowder Empires ?Colonial administrations ?Coercive labor systems ?Slave Systems ?Rise of Europe ?Scientific Revolution ?Enlightenment. Christopher Columbus , Iran , Iraq 1173 Words | 128 Pages. The monarchy The appearance The position of the monarch in Britain is a perfect illustration of the contradictory nature of the . constitution. From the evidence of written law only, the aztecs, Queen has almost absolute power, and it all seems very undemocratic. The American constitution talks about government of the people for the people by the people. There is no law in Britain which says anything like that. In fact, there is no legal concept ofthe people at all. For Diversity In The Industry Essay. Every autumn, at the state opening of. British Royal Family , Charles, Prince of Wales , Commonwealth realm 3215 Words | 5 Pages.

Jackman The Colonies of New Spain In the Drug Prevention Programs, decades after 1519, the Spaniards created the distinctive colonial society of New . Spain. Through this paper I will discuss the features of this new society, how it benefitted the Spanish, and for Diversity in the Fashion its toll on the native populations using evidence and facts found in out textbook, The American Promise: A Concise History and an article from the Economist Newspaper titled, Americas:1519: The Conquest. It started in the sixteenth century when the New World helped Spain. 16th century , Americas , Hernan Cortes 1058 Words | 3 Pages. Course Paper The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain. Paper The Role of the Monarchy in Modern Britain Student: N.S. Building 3. Golovatenko Group ¹ 403 Checked by: A.A. Shestova Position: Candidate of in the Essay . Philological Sciences, Associate professor Department: English Language Omsk -2014 CONTENTS: Introduction…………………………………………………………………………. 3 The Role of the Monarchy in Drug Prevention for Juveniles, Modern Britain…………………………………………4 Summary.………………………………………………………………………………. 8 Sources…………………………………………………………………………………9 Introduction Britain's constitutional monarchy developed over a.

Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1842 Words | 10 Pages. Church of England was no exception. Issues with the monarchy ruling the church in Britain was the The Need Fashion Industry Essay, reason for many debates, wars, civil issues . and rights to skinner language theory, the throne. Initially the Church was under Papal rule, making the Pope have control over something the The Need Industry, Throne did not. Hunger for power in the sixteenth century was not limited to land control and civil control; it spread right up to the Church of England causing many problems for the monarchy and Papal authority. Building The Curriculum. The argument during this time. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 2035 Words | 5 Pages. New Historicism is a modern literary theory that focuses on how events, culture, and places within a society influence a written work. . New Historicists analyze allusions to characteristics of the time period in which the work was written. By definition, new historicism seeks to discover the significance in The Need Industry, a text by taking into account the gen y, work within the construction of the established ideas and assumptions of for Diversity Fashion Essay its historical era. Literary texts are entrenched with historical context and language theory the author. Elizabeth I of England , Elizabethan era , English literature 795 Words | 3 Pages.

?During the period between 1450 -1750, Western Europe has gone through various religious upheavals and drastic changes. Some of these changes . have led to conflict, often bloody, and for Diversity Essay subsequently shifts of power within the West. In contrast, some of hernando aztecs these changes have also led to the technological advancement of the West and in the Fashion Industry Essay the eventual world dominance of Western Europeans in and qualities of a social, economics, politics, and innovation. These revolutionary changes and eras include the The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay, Renaissance, Protestant Reformation. Bishop , Catholic Church , Christianity 1050 Words | 2 Pages.

earned the name “ new monarchs”. Drug Programs For Juveniles. There were several factors that helped these leaders rise. Most of the “ new monarchs” that arose . during 1450 to in the Fashion, 1550 . Drug Programs Essay. In England, King Henry VII taking major steps in building the economy, causing a downshift in noble’s power, Spain’s monarchy came to for Diversity in the Industry Essay, power through the gen x gen y, marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, France’s Louis XI earned his power by playing mind games, happily snatching the power away from nobles. King Henry VII who supposedly became the “ new monarch” of for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay England. Edward IV of England , Henry VI of England , Henry VII of England 1007 Words | 3 Pages.

Religion = Art Pope wanted to make a new dome for sistine chapel. Michelangelo was asked to paint it. the pope needed $ to build so he sold . indulgences. Luther was against this. Skinner Language. Church art frequently featured holy figures, Protestants (iconoclasts) didn't like this. For Diversity Industry Essay. Church leaders were frequently patrons of artists | Renaissance ideas = shipbuilding, techniques, astrolabe, compass. Humanism = human accomplishments of exploration. Prevention Programs For Juveniles Essay. Printing press helped circulate news of Columbus's travel | Legitimacy. Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , Christianity , Elizabeth I of England 962 Words | 3 Pages.

? New Zealand is an The Need for Diversity Industry, island in building the curriculum, the southeastern Pacific Ocean. Capital : wellington Population : 4.471 million (2013) Environment: native . In The Fashion Essay. forest, mountain, beaches, glaciers, and have been preserved by the people around the great top tourist attractions. Millennials Gen Y. Charming villages vast untouched wilderness The bay islands: most popular holiday destinations in new Zealand , contains 144 islands, many animals that live in the marine life, around these beautiful islands, are whales, penguins, dolphins, and. Aoraki/Mount Cook , Auckland , Edmund Hillary 664 Words | 3 Pages. OLD IMPERIALISM VS. For Diversity Fashion Industry. NEW IMPERIALISM DIFFERENCES |Categories |Old Imperialism . | New Imperialism | | | 1450 -1650 |1870-1914 | |Economic Causes |“God, Glory, and Gold” |Cheap, certain raw materials—metals, . Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 613 Words | 6 Pages. Between 1450 and 1700, attitudes toward the European poor changed dynamically, roughly following a three-part cycle. In the late 1400's, the . poor were regarded with sympathy and compassion; generous aid from both public and skills of a social religious institutions was common.

By the 16th Century, however, the The Need in the, poor were treated with suspicion and harsh measures, to ensure that they were not becoming lazy, using welfare as a substitute for labor. Hernando And The. Beginning in the 17th Century, the The Need for Diversity in the Essay, attitudes toward the poor again shifted. 16th century , 2nd millennium , Africa 972 Words | 3 Pages. CCOT Essay Trade Between Africa And Eurasia From 300 To 1450 CE. from 300 to Drug for Juveniles Essay, 1450 CE like the trade routes that were used, what was traded, and The Need for Diversity Industry who participated in and qualities of a, trade, there were several changes. In The Fashion Essay. Changes . in trade include development of the Indian Ocean trade network around 800 CE, exchange of millennials gen y Islam during Arab invasions in the 8th century, and the creation of new kingdom and in the Fashion Industry empires such as the Prevention Essay, Mali empire during the 13th century. To begin, trade routes that African and Eurasian societies utilized changed as well as continued from 300 to 1450 CE. The Mediterranean. Africa , Algeria , Egypt 891 Words | 3 Pages. Due: 9/15/2014 In the primary source Bartolome de Las . Casas debates the subjugation of the Indians, 1550 , de Las Casas informs the reader of the ideology of the Europeans.

People coming to the New World believed that they were superior to The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, the Indians. Many people believed that they were barbarous, including a man named Sepulveda, who stated that they were “natural slaves” Although once like the Spanish. Bartolome de las Casas , Ethnic groups in Europe , Hudson River 973 Words | 3 Pages. Russia 1450 -1750Western civilization changed significantly between 1450 and 1750. Hernando Cortes And The. While Russia remained an agricultural society, . the West became very commercially active and developed a strong manufacturing base. Many of the core areas of the West transformed; governments increased their powers, science became the focus of intellectual life. The Need For Diversity In The Fashion. These changes resulted from overseas expansion. Russia, on the other hand, was heavily concerned with territorial expansion, eventually becoming the chief power.

Byzantine Empire , Moscow , Peter I of Russia 418 Words | 2 Pages. The Printing Press and Drug for Juveniles Essay the Cultural Emancipation of Early-Modern Europe, 1450-1800. Cultural Emancipation of The Need Industry Essay Early-Modern Europe, 1450 -1800 Merriam-Webster's English dictionary defines emancipation as the, . Cortes Aztecs. [freedom] from . restraint, control, or the power of another, and [freedom] from any controlling influence. The cultural emancipation that began in early-modern Europe prior to the Renaissance had a deep effect on The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay, the lives of its constituents. The printing press, invented in 1455 by Johannes Gutenberg, presented the public with a new forum for book production as the very first. Book , Gutenberg Bible , Johannes Gutenberg 2007 Words | 6 Pages.

Absolutism: Monarchy and Divine Right. eighteenth centuries, unlike Democracy, which wasn’t as effective during these times. Absolutism is a form of government in which one person has complete . power. There is Absolute Monarchy and some monarchs were known to have Divine Right. Divine Right is the belief that God gave the monarch the entitlement to rule. Absolute Monarchy is when the monarch doesn’t have constitutional limits. Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the millennials gen x gen y, right to The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, choose their own leaders. This government wasn’t. Absolute monarchy , Autocracy , Constitutional monarchy 1349 Words | 6 Pages.

Ap World Notes. the Maritime Revolution to 1550. AP world notes. The Maritime Revolution to 1550 . Ferdinand Magellan * 1511-sailed from Europe around southern tip of Africa and skills of a worker east . Fashion Essay. across Indian ocean * Member of first Portuguese expedition to explore east indies * 1521-goal was achieved by sailing across Atlantic rounding southern tip of South America and crossing pacific ocean * High price * Killed in gen x, battle April 27, 1521 while aiding a local ruler who promised to The Need in the Fashion Industry, become Christian * Very little resources- survivors. Atlantic Ocean , Equator , Indian Ocean 525 Words | 2 Pages. FLOURISHED DURING THE AGE OF EXPLORATION AND DISCOVERY ( 1450 -1650), PARTICULARLY IN THE AMERICAS AND PARTS OF ASIA. Hernando Cortes Aztecs. - A GENERAL DECLINE . OCCURRED IN IMPERIALISM DURING THE AGE OF METTERNICH, WITH GOVERNMENTS CONCENTRATING PRIMARILY ON INTERNAL PROBLEMS. - THE REVIVAL OF IMPERIALISM - THE NEW IMPERIALISM TOOK PLACE BETWEEN 1870 AND 1914. - REASONS FOR THE NEW IMPERIALISM: - ECONOMICS WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT SINGLE FACTOR IN THIS NEW IMPERIALISM. MUCH OF THIS ECONOMIC EMPHASIS WAS BROUGHT. British Empire , Capitalism , Colonialism 965 Words | 4 Pages.

Discursive Essay - The British Monarchy. as it is no doubt her British loyalists paying for the commuting and security for her. Why should we cough up so she can swan off to Timbuktu or the like? . Perhaps she’s caught onto the fact that her position isn’t quite what it used to be when the The Need for Diversity Fashion, monarchy could order a criminal to be beheaded as easily as calling their maid for a cup of tea. Perhaps she’s upset now that she has so few powers, besides handing out awards to heroes and celebrities. She even had a role in the James Bond sketch for the. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom , Money , RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 1449 Words | 4 Pages.

Political Systems Evaluate the Role of the Current Monarchy in One Country of Your Choice. to What Extent Does It Fulfill Its Purpose? the role of the beauty myth, current monarchy in for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay, one country of Drug Prevention your choice. The Need For Diversity In The Industry. To what extent does it fulfill its purpose? (Preparatory Project, First . Draft) Ramankulov Assylmurat Student number: 201202018 Tutor: Samantha Mullins Date of beauty myth submission: January 9, 2013 Word count: 1033 Nazarbayev University University Preparatory Course, UCL Language Center The history of the monarchy of Great Britain has roots from the distant history. The Need For Diversity. Since the inception of Drug Essay monarchy of Great Britain, it. British Empire , Commonwealth realm , Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom 1189 Words | 4 Pages. Essay #1 After about 1450 , the advent of completely sovereign rulers started a shift from divided feudal governments to The Need for Diversity in the Industry, cohesive countrywide . monarchies . The characteristics of the feudal system did not disappear, but merely molded into gen x the shape of the in the Fashion Industry, new monarchies . Territorial rulers still existed and representative organizations even grew in influence. Throughout 1450 to millennials, 1550 , a reformation of the governments of Western Europe created “ new monarchies ”. These new monarchies contained very distinct. Early Middle Ages , England , Feudalism 525 Words | 1 Pages.

NEW FRANCE The Seigneurial System New France was a French colony in present-day Quebec and for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay north-eastern Ontario. The . colony lasted from 1534, its discovery, when Jacques Cartier was sent to find a route to gen y, the Orient and precious gems and metals, to its formal surrender in The Need for Diversity, 1759. An important part in the history of New France was the fur trade, as it brought many new things to the Natives living in beauty myth, Canada and helped New France develop. Europeans traded their supplies with the First Nations. Colonialism , First Nations , French colonial empire 1682 Words | 5 Pages. Mandible - the Queen’s military leader - plans to destroy the Monarchy and replace it with a dictatorship led by The Need, himself.

Z, on 3, the other . hand, longs for the day when he is free of the colony to do what ever he chooses. When Z learns of Mandible’s plan to eliminate the Queen he tries to stop Mandible while teaching others the for Diversity Industry, value of building the curriculum thinking for yourself. Three types of government are well identified in the film - constitutional monarchy , dictatorship, and democracy. Remember that an ideology is. Absolute monarchy , Ant , Autocracy 514 Words | 3 Pages. Counter Reformation: A New and Distinctive Kind of Spirituality? ?Did the Counter-Reformation create a new and distinctive kind of The Need in the Fashion Industry spirituality? The Counter-Reformation, or Catholic Reformation as it is . often referred to had ushered in an era of Catholic resistance to the Protestant Reformation. The Counter-Reformation can be defined by the various religious orders which sprang up during this Catholic resurgence and the approach in which they took in building the curriculum, regards to responding the various social, artistic and political changes brought about by the Protestant Reformation. Catholic Church , Christianity , Council of in the Essay Trent 1990 Words | 6 Pages. Differences Between Monarchy and Democracy.

Differences between Monarchy and Democracy 1. Democracy is a type of government that emanates from the constituted powers that are . elected, depending on the system (presidentialist, parliamentary, constitutional monarchy , semi presidentialist, semi parliamentary, etc. ) directly or indirectly by the people. Millennials Gen Y. Whereas in an absolute monarchy , an for Diversity Fashion Industry, absolutist regime exists and is in power because of hernando cortes and the aztecs family lineage. 2. In democracy three state powers(in most cases) exist as a checks and balances. Constitution , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 792 Words | 3 Pages. British Monarchy - Should They Stay or Should They Go? Yona Oshrat. British monarchy - Should they stay or should they go?

Yona Oshrat The nurse Jacintha Saldanha was looking after Prince William’s wife Kate – . who was suffering from for Diversity Fashion morning sickness – when two Australian DJs called the hospital impersonating The Queen and Prince Charles. Believing the call was genuine she then transferred the call to the ward where Kate was staying where another nurse gave information about Kate’s condition. The nurse found hanged after the beauty myth, hoax call to the hospital - she committed. British Empire , British Royal Family , Commonwealth realm 1579 Words | 4 Pages. Essay # 1 The question of monarchy versus republic is mostly discussed from a highly emotional rather than a rational point of view.

A few . undignified occupants of royal thrones are enumerated, and The Need in the Fashion are then presented as examples of monarchy as such. The defenders of monarchy are no better. They point to corrupt professional politicians, of skinner theory whom there exist a sufficient number, and claim that this is the necessary consequence of a republican constitution. Neither is a rational argument. The Need In The Fashion. There have. Constitutional monarchy , Democracy , Law 1892 Words | 5 Pages. Why Did The Restored Bourbon Monarchy Fail In France (1815-30) Why did the restored Bourbon monarchy fail in France (1814-30)? Much of the historical interest in skills of a social, the restored Bourbon monarchy . The Need In The Fashion Essay. has concentrated on its shortcomings, often giving the impression that it was destined to failure from its very inception. Indeed, as both the First and the curriculum Second Restorations ended in relatively swift revolutions, it is difficult to argue against the validity of The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry this method. However, I don't believe that the question of ?why a failure occurred' can be addressed properly.

Bourbon Restoration , Constitutional monarchy , French Revolution 1908 Words | 6 Pages. Antz Essay: Governmental Issues Like Monarchy, Communism And Democracy. In the hernando cortes, movie “Antz”, the for Diversity Fashion Industry, producers tied many governmental issues into the story. The colony was led like a Monarchy , Communism, and Democracy. . Communism for example was a major part of the story. Communism is a system where everything belongs to the community, so people own nothing much more than the clothes on their back, and the State owns everything. It leaves no reward for personal incentive, and even the lives of the populace don't belong to them, but to 3, the State. Resisting was often death. Absolute monarchy , Autocracy , Democracy 927 Words | 3 Pages.

History 308 Mid-Term Exam October 8, 2012 18th century monarchy Royalty and power has always been one of the major underpinnings of . Western Civilization. For Diversity In The Essay. Throughout the course of European history, empires have risen and kingdoms have fallen. The eighteenth century marks a time of great change and diversity for European empires and monarchs. And Qualities Of A Social Worker. It was a time of enlightenment, a break from custom and tradition, absolutism and constitutional rule. The Need In The. Based on cortes and the aztecs, this great rate of change, diversity. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 1133 Words | 3 Pages. to 1989.

2. Analyze how economic and social developments affected women in England in the period from 1700 to 1850. The Need For Diversity In The Essay. 3. Using examples from at least two . different states, analyze the key features of the “ new monarchies ” and the factors responsible for their rise in the period 1450 to hernando cortes and the aztecs, 1550 . The Need Industry. 4. Compare and contrast the gen x gen y, motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. 5. Historians speak of the. Eastern Europe , Europe , European Union 745 Words | 4 Pages. First of for Diversity Fashion Industry all, let me clarify each form of government is: MONARCHY : a form of government with a monarch at the head. Monarch: a . hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor OLIGARCHY: a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. DEMOCRACY: a system of government by the whole population or all the building, eligible members of a state, typically through elections. ------------------------------------------------- Oligarchy: These people. Absolute monarchy , Constitutional monarchy , Democracy 783 Words | 4 Pages. CHINA 1450 -1750 * China has outstanding naval capacity in the early 1400s (see the discussion of the Ming voyages in the unit Ming Voyages: . In The Essay. 1405-1433). * The Chinese political and social order is at its height in this late imperial period of the last two dynasties: the theory, examination system has, from the Tang dynasty onward, created a strong centralized and The Need for Diversity in the Essay fully functional civil service in place of an aristocratic elite with a territorial base of power. Scholar-gentry, residing at theory, home as.

China , Emperor of China , Han Dynasty 1320 Words | 4 Pages. Changes and continuities in world trading systems during 1450-1750. fifteen century, one of the most important change occurred; a new type of trade began; influenced by the Portuguese and starting the most . shameful period of The Need history. It quickly expanded, and with the time more countries joined. This new type of skills and qualities social worker trade was, what we today recall, as slavery which had major impacts on developments of the countries involved: Spain, Portugal, and later England. The European trade had its origins in Mali, around 1450 , when the famous leader Mansa Musa converted to Islam, and. Africa , Arab slave trade , Atlantic Ocean 1418 Words | 5 Pages.

Compare and Contrast Old and New Imperialism. Compare and Contrast old and new imperialism New Imperialism of the late 19th and for Diversity in the Industry Essay early 20th centuries compared to Old . Beauty Myth. Imperialism of the 16th and 17th centuries. Imperialism is the spread of control over territories across the globe. The Industrial Revolution and interests in nationalism created a new period of imperialism around 1750. Old imperialism lasted from 1450 - 1750, but imperialism alone remained until 1914.Old imperialism and new imperialism shared the same basic concept of controlling.

Africa , British Empire , Colonialism 1210 Words | 4 Pages. Explain the change and continuity of Economic systems and cultural trends from 1450-1900 in Europe. ?Amanda Wilson WHAP-B 11 February 2015 Changes and Continuities Over Time in Europe from 1450 -1900 The region of Western Europe has undergone . many shifts in their political, economic, and social structures throughout the centuries. The Need For Diversity In The. Through centuries of searching for beauty myth, their identity, Western Europe emerged as a world power with their unique cultural and economical identity. From the 1450s to the 1900s, the economic structures shifted from Fashion Industry once based purely on bullion to an industrialized economy while. Europe , European Union , Industrial Revolution 918 Words | 3 Pages. New Kid Being the the curriculum, new individual to join a group is, most likely, an The Need for Diversity Industry, unenjoyable experience. When the group being joined is one . in which there is no option to skinner language, remain distant from, becomes even worse. Specifically, in my life there was the dreaded task of changing schools my junior year in high school. Being forced into a new group of people, a group that one must interact with on a daily basis is The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, a difficult task. However, those that reach out and make sure that the transition goes smoothly, make.

2006 albums , Extracurricular activity , Feeling 915 Words | 3 Pages. this not only strengthened the Duchy of Moscow but gave them the administrative experience they would need for independence * Not surprisingly, the . Duchy of Moscow would spearhead the struggle for independence against the Mongols * Between 1450 and 1480 Russia cast off Mongol rule and proceeded on language, a course of territorial expansion and The Need in the Fashion Industry Essay political centralization. All Ivans Great and Terrible * Ivan III - 1st significant leader * Married the niece of the last Byzantine emperor. Byzantine Empire , Latvia , Moscow 1699 Words | 7 Pages. ?Ashley Weaver Session B Topic 4 New places New faces Whether you are speaking of jobs, friends, scenery or state of and qualities of a social worker mind, . in life change is inevitable.

Some welcome it with open arms, while others fight it until the end, whatever “it” may be. We make a choice to handle such things or allow ourselves to be handled. Success is determined by ability, or lack thereof, adjusting to these changes presented in our lives. In my case, the change was in residence. Though my birthplace happens to.

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The Real Reason You Shouldn’t Put Your Address on Your Resume. When you put your address on your resume, recruiters know exactly where you live. This matters because a person with a one-hour commute has to in the Fashion Industry earn 40% more money to be as happy with life as someone who walks to skinner the office (more here). Recruiters Calculate How Long Your Commute Is. You might not have thought about it, but in-house recruiters know that people with long commutes have more stress and often eventually quit “because of the commute.” If you quit, they don’t look good, and they have to replace you.

That’s more work, with no more money, for them. So — address on resume? They do the The Need in the Fashion Industry, math. Skinner. If you live too far away, you don’t get an interview. Instead of giving your address on your resume, give your current or most recent employer’s city location, like this: The Coca-Cola Company, Atlanta, GA (if you work at the mother ship) The Coca-Cola Company, Oakland, CA (if you work at a branch office) Sharing your employer’s location places you in a broad metropolitan area. It gives recruiters enough information to know you’re local without sharing that you’re not local enough.

Note: Per a helpful comment below, you can see how this looks on a full resume here. Beyond the push to get a job, think about the stats in this post’s opening paragraph when you decide where to live and The Need in the Fashion where to social apply for work. Working close to home can make you and your family happier and The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay prevent you from looking like a job hopper on your resume. I write executive resumes and LinkedIn profiles. Save time. Get hired.

Email me at donnasvei@gmail.com for more information. Updated June 2017. Donna, as usual your research and reporting on a topic is spot on, however there is a consideration that should be seen by job seekers before changing their tactics about cortes and the, publishing their address: It may also signal that there is The Need in the Industry, something to hide and immediately disqualify the resume. If I am the corporate recruiter and daily fight the company bureaucracy as well as candidates trying to game the system, the blind resume is millennials, almost always immediately discarded. If I am an outside recruiter trying to find the The Need in the, best fit, the address is less relevant than the qualifications to do the skinner language theory, job and Industry Essay we will discuss the beauty myth, requirements for The Need in the Industry, relocation or commuting honestly before moving forward. In both cases, recruiters generally have the beauty myth, interests of the candidate in mind. Believe it or not, it is for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, not always an adversarial relationship that requires stealth and deceit on either side to social make a connection and a good hire.

In years past, I was concerned about candidates who didn’t provide their addresses for just the reasons you outlined above. Now, as concerns about in the Fashion, identify theft have become realistic, and most communication is electronic (thus no need to snail mail applicants for any reason), I think people can provide general metropolitan area information and hernando aztecs be OK. It’s definitely a “best resume practice” in transition. People have to balance between the pros and cons on so much of the information they include on their resumes. The Need For Diversity Fashion Essay. In the end, they have to hernando and the weigh what seems best for them and make an informed decision. I appreciate you raising this perspective for people to consider. I’m curious to hear what other people think about this topic!

Valid points. The Need In The Fashion Industry Essay. How would you approach applying for jobs in a different city? The same question came up on LinkedIn this morning. Here’s what I wrote: I recently worked with a resume client who wanted to move across the U.S. He was willing to skinner language pay his own relocation costs.

We put his aspirational city location in his contact info and The Need in the Fashion showed his current employer’s city location. We also put a line at the bottom of gen x, his resume that said, “Willing to relocate to Essay [desired location] at own expense.” It worked. I usually just put the worker, city / state on clients’ resumes, like this: Oakland, CA | 510-000-0000 | name@companyname.com | LinkedIn address. That way, it shows the job seeker is local, but doesn’t go into unnecessary detail. Kathy. Thank you for for Diversity Fashion, this. My concern is and qualities of a, that a recruiter might think Oakland is “not local enough” for a job in their Bay Area location. That’s why I avoid giving my client’s home location and The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay use their employer’s location instead. As I’ve never seen a resume without a full home address front and centre, it’s most intriguing to give this a re-think. And come to think of it, it’s surely a vestige of snail mail times that we so unthinkingly offer up the and qualities of a, exact mailing address of our domiciles to all and sundry – surely workarounds like the one Donna is The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry, suggesting here will become the norm soon enough!

But for those currently unemployed, Donna, do you really suggest using the address of their last employer at the top of the millennials, document? I’d be worried this could be unnecessarily puzzling, so not sure I could sell my clients on the idea. Thank you for your clarifying question. I added a link to a sample resume above. All good thoughts but even a city or for The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry, that matter a State may be grounds for hernando aztecs, “Commute Discrimination”! I always suggest that if this was the dream job would you be willing to Essay re-locate and millennials gen x gen y if so put that information at the end of a Career Summary.

Thank you for this. The Need In The Fashion Industry Essay. I don’t get that from an employer’s location. Gen X. It just tells me they manage to get themselves there from somewhere. The Need In The Industry Essay. Who knows? Maybe my client’s location is closer to home for a candidate! It’s always interesting to see how other people interpret information. And The. That’s one of my favorite aspects of The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, blogging. Skills And Qualities Social. It makes me realize how uncertain anything that seems certain really is!

I have not used a physical address on The Need in the Fashion Essay my personal resume for language theory, years, and I have advised clients that it is no longer a requirement to have it there (some choose to include it, and for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay that’s fine) for the reasons you’ve cited above, as well as the beauty myth, concerns with identity theft, etc. Employers rarely use snail mail to communicate with candidates these days, so the address doesn’t really add value–it provides another chance to lose out on an opportunity for reasons other than qualifications and ability to do the job. It also gives a little bit more real estate on The Need in the Industry the resume, which can be used to provide info that does add value, such as social media profile links. Prevention For Juveniles Essay. Wearing my recruiter hat for a moment, I am MUCH more interested in your LinkedIn profile than your home address. If as recruiters the The Need in the, objective is to identify the best possible candidates for the job, then we ought to cortes and the be looking for more ways to include good candidates than somewhat arbitrary (in some cases) reasons for rejecting them. Awesome Warren. Thank you for the wonderful “guest post!” Donna. I don’t care about a physical address when I’m reviewing resumes. I’m not a recruiter, but I’m involved in in the, recruiting. I do care about email, phone, and and qualities of a time zone though. And i care if you have a decent internet connection.

My company hires remotely, so candidates don’t have a commute to worry about, at least for the positions I’m involved in hiring for. I recognize that many people don’t yet work remotely and that there are jobs that won’t ever be distributed either. The Need For Diversity In The Essay. But from my own point of view the concern about an exact physical address seems dated. If the skills and qualities of a worker, person is hired though, we do need that for records, to ship stuff to, etc. When review resumes I want to see contact info: email, phone, name, city. I want to see what you’ve done that’s notable, and for Diversity in the your skills, and Drug Programs for Juveniles that you’re legal to work in my country. It’s amazing the The Need in the Fashion, number of beauty myth, resumes that come in that don’t satisfy those basic requirements! I don’t need to see a link to your dancing lessons (true), nor do I need to know your married or not, or have kids or not. Thank you Malcolm. Donna.

I have been working remotely for a company based in another state for for Diversity in the Essay, four years. The nearest major city is about a 35-45 minute commute. In the skills of a, past, interviewers have remarked on what a long commute it is from Small Town, USA. What would be the best way to handle the ‘no address’ on a new resume? That’s a tough one Jesse. Like Minh (see below), I would go with the location that shows me closest to prospective employers. Thank you, Donna. What if you are currently commuting to work, and your current job is far away from that which you want to be at?

For instance, I currently live with a friend an hour away from an in the Essay, apartment I still have a lease on to commute an hour to go to work, but I want to apply to a job that is within commuting distance of my apartment that I still have the lease on. This makes the jobs I am applying to hail from cities that are 2 hours away from my current job location. What should I do? Good question Minh. In that case, I would use the city were your leased apartment is because it’s closer to potential employers than your current employer. Building The Curriculum 3. Thank you, Donna. Would you REALLY put “US Resident Alien.” on The Need for Diversity a resume?

Seriously? Good question. I have placed many people from other countries in the U.S. and the EU. In those cases, employment eligibility is often a concern. The questions go like this:

1. Can we legally employ this person here? 2. Skinner Language Theory. If they’re not a citizen, are they otherwise already legally entitled to work here? 3. If not, how long would it take (extremely important) and how much would it cost (less important)? Because of this, when there is Fashion Industry Essay, any potential question about someone’s work eligibility, and they are fully eligible, I spell it out on the resume. Not doing this could easily cost them the Drug Prevention for Juveniles Essay, opportunity to interview. In the case you ask about, U.S. Resident Alien, this legal term shares clear information that the individual has full status to work in the U.S. long-term without any visa, time, or cost issues. Thank you for The Need for Diversity Fashion, asking about this! Donna, I stopped using a full street address on my clients’ resumes more than a year ago, with no problems reported. As others have pointed out, the job search isn’t done by millennials snail mail anymore.

Providing your street address doesn’t add any value to the process. It does, however, raise concerns about personal security and identity theft. And one other concern I didn’t see mentioned elsewhere: the practice of The Need for Diversity Fashion, recruiters running your street address through a real estate database like Zillow to determine home value–and use that as a factor in negotiations. Sounds bizarre, I know, but my contacts in beauty myth, HR and recruiting were familiar with the The Need Fashion Industry, tactic. They actually show previous purchase prices on Zillow and other Internet locations…which would let a company estimate your mortgage…smart background research for them to do…with a TOTAL creeper feel to and the it. Thank you for in the Industry, the heads up on this Robert.

Donna. Just want to thank you again for your input earlier on twitter, as I came across this article after the fact. Sorry about that. Skinner Theory. Next time, I have a resume or career issue I’m heading to your blog first before conducting a Google search. I have to agree with you about the fact that a job candidate’s home address takes up essential space on a resume, that can be better used on value added material. In my case, it was the home address line that was the only factor holding me back from creating a concise one-page resume. I suppose it was a no-brainer to leave it out, but I just had to hear it from a Pro. Donna, you provide such a valuable service for us job/career seekers. Can’t thank you enough. It seems down the road when I am financially ready to relocate to Dallas from San Diego I’ll be contacting you directly to make use of your services to butcher or polish up my resume and LinkedIn profile. Simply impressed with your background, accomplishments, and kindness of in the Industry Essay, helping those in need.

Wow, Shel, thank you! What a lovely way to start the week. Good post. When I create CVs for my customers, I usually create one with a full address and one with just the town or county. The latter is for uploading online. Security is a major issue and I recommend giving too much personal data when posting online. Thank you David. Donna. They will find out your address someway.

It is always best to put your full information on a resume and not lie or withhold any information. They certainly can if they want to Caleb. Skills Of A Social. However, they probably won’t do it before they make their interviewing decision. Once recruiters and hiring managers know more about a person, positives often outweigh negatives. There aren’t many clear answers in job search so I appreciate your perspective. Looking at The Need Industry, issues from multiple angles helps job seekers evaluate where they fit and decide on a course of action. What if your current employer and home are in the same town? I’m in language, that situation, and in the Fashion Industry applying for jobs in Boston, about an hour away. Ed, I would probably show my employer’s location and hernando leave mine off. That puts you in the vicinity of Boston without definitively saying that you live an Essay, hour away.

Donna. Interesting discussion. One can sway to cortes aztecs either side given the circumstances. Please note, however, that a high percentage of employers request that resumes, cover letters and The Need in the Fashion other relevant documents be uploaded online. The online system then extracts the beauty myth, information from the Fashion Industry, uploaded document (e.g, resume) and Drug Essay populates required data fields (e.g., name, address, phone, email, dates of employment, titles, employer name, location, duties, etc.). Of course one can view the The Need in the Fashion Industry, employer’s online application web address for cortes aztecs, the recognized secure prefix URL protocol that starts with https:// in the hopes that it is in The Need Industry Essay, fact a safe entry portal. So unless you are sending your resume to an HR department or other recipient email address, the street address will be required from the initial application (resume). And finally, I have worked a relocated job and cortes aztecs telecommuting across the country.

Please note that those jobs clearly indicated such employment options. This highlights yet another reason it’s good to network one’s way into job opportunities and avoid the applicant tracking system until after an interview has been secured.

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5 Resume Tips for a Project Manager. Hiring managers are looking for individuals that can wear multiple hats on a given day, and will determine who they call in for an interview based in large part on how well the applicants’ resumes match up to these needs. One essential to a project manager title is the ability to shift focus and essentially demonstrate that in an interview. The Need In The Fashion Industry? Experience is one of the biggest advantages applicants have for this position. Certification and education is also important, and should be highlighted alongside your professional experience and achievements. With this in mind, there is a whole host of specific hard and soft skills that hiring managers are specifically looking for. In this article, we’ll go over five resume tips for project managers. The format of your resume matters, as does the order in which items are presented.

Since project management is a skill and experience heavy position, you want to choose a resume format that emphasizes these qualifications. Gen X Gen Y? While a functional resume might seem to be the obvious choice, a hybrid of for Diversity in the Fashion Essay, chronological format is of a social more likely to be well received by a hiring manager in today’s market. Functional resumes emphasize experience and skills, however they do so in a way that leaves hiring managers wary of the actual qualifications of the applicant as it is commonly used to hide employment gaps and cover up lack of direct experience in The Need, the position. A chronological resume is the go-to standard and has been for some time. It allows you to list the positions you’ve had over the past 5-10 years in reverse chronological order, listing your responsibilities, qualifications, and achievements in each position. Prevention? A hybrid resume format gives you a great way to in the Industry, display specific qualifications and skills while still giving that important chronological work history hiring managers expect. Programs? Emphasize Hard Skills. Hard skills are vital a project manager. You use them every day, and a good project manager will continue to grow their list of hard skills throughout their career.

These skills range from practical and general to task-oriented. Whether you’re a project manager that specializes in construction, IT, or other industries, having hard skills that align with the position you are applying for is key to The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry, your success. You can get a really good idea of the beauty myth, hard skills a hiring manager is looking for by reading the job posting carefully. Highlight proper nouns such as specific software applications or propriatary systems. If any of for Diversity Fashion Essay, these apply to you, find a way to work them in your resume. Either list them along with examples of your achievements in your work history or bring them in your qualifications summary if you are going with a hybrid resume format. Certifications are a great way to prove hard skills outside of education and direct experience.

We’ll get into certifications in more detail later on. Soft skills are the bread and Prevention butter of The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, a project manager. Skinner Language Theory? These include skills that are difficult to train, such as personality traits like patience and quick thinking. The Need For Diversity In The Fashion? For project managers in Drug Essay, particular, skills such as organization and accountability. Find a way to for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, include soft skills in your resume as directly as possible. Generally, these are implied, however modern resume tracking software depends on keywords to filter out candidates. Consider listing soft skills and language following them with an example from your work experience. For example, here is a bullet point from a job in a resume work history. The Need For Diversity Essay? Accountability: Created a simple and straightforward metrics system for tracking and developing project participants resulting in a 25% increase in millennials gen y, team efficiency. Soft skills are sought after by employers for a number of reasons. They are difficult to train, unlike hard skills, and Fashion hiring a candidate that is able to demonstrate their ability to millennials gen y, meet this criteria is a good thing for the company.

It helps to list projects you’ve worked on for Diversity in the Essay, within your work history, but going too far into detail can make the hiring manager’s eyes glaze over. Think about the stories you can tell in building, the interview! List the most important and relevant projects in your work history. Focus on one or two bullet points (at most) for each of them, or even just a brief description of a single sentence. Keywords are more important that details. Remember that resume software has filters that narrow down candidates before the hiring manager even gets a chance to look at your resume.

Your challenge is to pack as many job-specific keywords as possible into your resume without making it long-winded or off topic. Here are the only questions that you should feel compelled to answer regarding a project in your resume: What was your role in The Need in the Fashion Essay, the project? What made the project a success? What was the size of your team? Resumes should be one or two pages at most. You really only have up to 30 seconds to earn an interview spot here, and your resume should be able to skills and qualities of a worker, convey the important details in less than that time. Fashion Essay? Certifications, education, and other knowledge-based qualifications are a great thing to have, and language theory should be included in for Diversity Fashion, your resume.

Unless you are working with a high school diploma and work experience alone, a certifications and/or education section on Drug Essay, your resume is a great thing to The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, have. IT project managers, for example, often have to and qualities worker, have at least a working knowledge of the systems they’re overseeing development for. Having a certification in those systems is a big plus in the eyes of in the Essay, many companies. Drug Programs? If you don’t have certifications, think about obtaining some. For Diversity In The Industry? If you have a job already that provides free or incentivised classes and/or certification tests, these could prove useful in future job searches. Any additional training is a plus, especially when dealing with large companies that hire based on firm qualifications.

Online classes through respected providers, any personal-time projects that relate to the job you’re wanting, and more could be worth mentioning in either the language theory, resume or the cover letter to increase your chances. Scan your Project Manager Resume and job description here:

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What does diversity in fashion actually mean – and…

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What does diversity in fashion actually mean – and…

essay one war world About World War I. T he First World War was truly #145;the Great War#146;. Its origins were complex. For Diversity In The Fashion! Its scale was vast. Its conduct was intense. Its impact on military operations was revolutionary. Its human and material costs were enormous. And its results were profound. The war was a global conflict.

Thirty-two nations were eventually involved. Twenty-eight of these constituted the Allied and Associated Powers, whose principal belligerents were the British Empire, France, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and the United States of America. Millennials Gen X Gen Y! They were opposed by the Central Powers: Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Germany, and the Ottoman Empire. The war began in in the Fashion Industry Essay the Balkan cockpit of competing nationalisms and ancient ethnic rivalries. Prevention For Juveniles! Hopes that it could be contained there proved vain. Expansion of the The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay war was swift. Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914; Germany declared war on Russia on 1 August.

Germany declared war on France on 3 August and invaded Belgium. Skinner Language! France was invaded on 4 August. German violation of Belgian neutrality provided the British with a convenient excuse to enter the war on the side of France and Russia the same evening. Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia on 6 August. France and Great Britain declared war on Austria-Hungary six days later. The underlying causes of these events have been intensively researched and debated. Modern scholars are less inclined to allocate blame for the outbreak of war than was the case in the past. The Need For Diversity Industry! They have sought instead to understand the fears and Drug Prevention Programs, ambitions of the governing lites of Europe who took the fateful decisions for war, particularly that of The Need in the Fashion Industry Essay, imperial Germany. Fears were more important than ambitions.

Of the powers involved in the outbreak of war, only and qualities social worker Serbia had a clear expansionist agenda. For Diversity! The French hoped to building the curriculum 3 recover the provinces of The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay, Alsace and Lorraine lost to Germany as a result of their defeat in the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1, but this was regarded as an attempt at restitution rather than acquisition. Otherwise, defensive considerations were paramount. The states who embarked on the road to war in 1914 wished to preserve what they had. This included not only their territorial integrity but also their diplomatic alliances and their prestige. These defensive concerns made Europe's statesmen take counsel of their fears and building, submit to the tyranny of events.

The Austrians feared for Fashion Industry the survival of their multi-racial Empire if they did not confront the Drug Prevention Programs threat of Serb nationalism and Panslavism. The Germans feared the consequences to The Need for Diversity in the Fashion themselves of allowing Austria, their closest and only reliable ally, to be weakened and humiliated. The Russians feared the threat to their prestige and authority as protector of the beauty myth Slavs if they allowed Austria to defeat and humiliate Serbia. The French feared the superior population numbers, economic resources, and military strength of their German neighbours. France's principal defence against the threat of German power was its alliance with Russia. This it was imperative to defend. For Diversity In The Essay! The British feared occupation of the Low Countries by a hostile power, especially a hostile power with a large modern navy. But most of all they feared for of a social the long-term security of their Empire if they did not support France and Russia, their principal imperial rivals, whose goodwill they had been assiduously cultivating for a decade. All governments feared their peoples.

Some statesmen welcomed the war in the belief that it would act as a social discipline purging society of dissident elements and The Need for Diversity Industry Essay, encouraging a return to patriotic values. Others feared that it would be a social solvent, dissolving and transforming everything it touched. The process of expansion did not end in August 1914. Other major belligerents took their time and waited upon events. The Curriculum! Italy, diplomatically aligned with Germany and The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, Austria since the Triple Alliance of 1882, declared its neutrality on gen x 3 August. In the following months it was ardently courted by The Need for Diversity France and Britain. On 23 May 1915 the Italian government succumbed to Allied temptations and declared war on building 3 Austria-Hungary in pursuit of territorial aggrandizement in the Trentino. Bulgaria invaded Serbia on The Need Fashion Industry 7 October 1915 and sealed that pugnacious country's fate.

Serbia was overrun. The road to Constantinople was opened to the Central Powers. Romania prevaricated about which side to join, but finally chose the Allies in August 1916, encouraged by the success of the gen x Russian 'Brusilov Offensive'. It was a fatal miscalculation. The German response was swift and decisive.

Romania was rapidly overwhelmed by two invading German armies and its rich supplies of wheat and in the Industry, oil did much to keep Germany in the war for another two years. Romania joined Russia as the other Allied power to suffer defeat in the war. It was British belligerency, however, which was fundamental in turning a European conflict into a world war. Britain was the world's greatest imperial power. The British had world-wide interests and Prevention for Juveniles Essay, world-wide dilemmas.

They also had world-wide friends. Germany found itself at war not only with Great Britain but also with the dominions of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and South Africa and with the greatest British imperial possession, India. Fashion Industry Essay! Concern for cortes aztecs the defence of India helped bring the British into conflict with the Ottoman Empire in November 1914 and resulted in a major war in the Middle East. Most important of The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay, all, perhaps, Britain's close political, economic, and cultural ties with the United States of America, if they did not ensure that nation's eventual entry into the war, certainly made it possible. The American declaration of war on the curriculum Germany on 6 April 1917 was a landmark not only in the history of the United States but also in for Diversity in the Essay that of Europe and the world, bringing to beauty myth an end half a millennium of European domination and ushering in 'the American century'. The geographical scale of the conflict meant that it was not one war but many. On the The Need Fashion Essay Western Front in France and Belgium the French and their British allies, reinforced from 1917 onwards by the Americans, were locked in a savage battle of attrition against the curriculum 3 the German army.

Here the war became characterized by increasingly elaborate and sophisticated trench systems and field fortifications. Dense belts of barbed wire, concrete pillboxes, intersecting arcs of for Diversity Fashion, machine-gun fire, and accumulating masses of quick-firing field and heavy artillery rendered man#156;uvre virtually impossible. Casualties were enormous. The first phase of the war in gen y the west lasted until November 1914. This witnessed Germany's attempt to The Need for Diversity Fashion defeat France through an the curriculum 3, enveloping movement round the left flank of the French armies. The plan met with initial success. The advance of the in the Fashion Industry Essay German armies through Belgium and northern France was dramatic. The French, responding with an offensive in Lorraine, suffered an almost catastrophic national defeat. France was saved by the iron nerve of its commander-in-chief, General J. J. C. Joffre, who had not only the intelligence but also the strength of character to extricate himself from the ruin of cortes aztecs, his plans and order the historic counter-attack against for Diversity in the Fashion Essay the German right wing, the 'miracle of the Marne'. The German armies were forced to retreat and to entrench. Their last attempt at a breakthrough was stopped by French and Drug for Juveniles Essay, British forces near the small Flemish market town of Ypres in November.

By Christmas 1914 trench lines stretched from the Belgian coast to the Swiss frontier. Although the for Diversity Industry Essay events of 1914 did not result in a German victory, they left the Germans in Programs Essay a very strong position. The German army held the strategic initiative. It was free to retreat to positions of tactical advantage and to reinforce them with all the skill and ingenuity of German military engineering. Enormous losses had been inflicted on France. The Need For Diversity Essay! Two-fifths of France's military casualties were incurred in 1914. These included a tenth of the officer corps. German troops occupied a large area of northern France, including a significant proportion of French industrial capacity and mineral wealth. These realities dominated the second phase of the war in the west. This lasted from November 1914 until March 1918.

It was characterized by the unsuccessful attempts of the French and their British allies to evict the German armies from French and Belgian territory. During this period the Germans stood mainly on the defensive, but they showed during the Second Battle of Ypres (22 April-25 May 1915), and more especially during the Battle of Drug Prevention for Juveniles Essay, Verdun (21 February-18 December 1916), a dangerous capacity to disrupt their enemies' plans. The French made three major assaults on The Need in the Essay the German line: in the spring of hernando cortes aztecs, 1915 in Artois; in The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay the autumn of 1915 in skinner Champagne; and in the spring of The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay, 1917 on the Aisne (the 'Nivelle Offensive'). These attacks were characterized by the intensity of the millennials fighting and the absence of The Need for Diversity Industry, achievement. Little ground was gained.

No positions of strategic significance were captured. Casualties were severe. The failure of the Nivelle Offensive led to a serious breakdown of morale in the French army. Beauty Myth! For much of the rest of 1917 it was incapable of major offensive action. The British fared little better. Although their armies avoided mutiny they came no closer to breaching the for Diversity Industry Essay German line.

During the battles of the Somme (1 July19 November 1916) and cortes and the aztecs, the Third Battle of for Diversity in the, Ypres (31 July-12 November 1917) they inflicted great losses on the German army at great cost to themselves, but the German line held and no end to the war appeared in sight. The final phase of the war in beauty myth the west lasted from 21 March until 11 November 1918. This saw Germany once more attempt to achieve victory with a knock-out blow and The Need Fashion Essay, once more fail. The German attacks used sophisticated new artillery and infantry tactics. They enjoyed spectacular success. The British 5th Army on the Somme suffered a major defeat. But the beauty myth British line held in front of Amiens and The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Essay, later to the north in front of Ypres. No real strategic damage was done. By midsummer the German attacks had petered out.

The German offensive broke the trench deadlock and returned movement and man#156;uvre to the strategic agenda. It also compelled closer Allied military co-operation under a French generalissimo, General Ferdinand Foch. The Allied counter-offensive began in July. At the Battle of Amiens, on 8 August, the the curriculum British struck the German army a severe blow. For the for Diversity Industry Essay rest of the war in the west the Germans were in retreat. On the Eastern Front in Galicia and Russian Poland the of a social Germans and their Austrian allies fought the gallant but disorganized armies of Russia.

Here the distances involved were very great. Fashion Industry Essay! Artillery densities were correspondingly less. Man#156;uvre was always possible and cavalry could operate effectively. This did nothing to lessen casualties, which were greater even than those on the Western Front. The war in the east was shaped by German strength, Austrian weakness, and Russian determination. German military superiority was apparent from the start of the war.

The Russians suffered two crushing defeats in 1914, at Tannenberg (26-31 August) and the Masurian Lakes (5-15 September). These victories ensured the security of Germany's eastern frontiers for the rest of the hernando cortes and the aztecs war. They also established the military legend of The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, Field-Marshal Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich Ludendorff, who emerged as principal directors of the German war effort in the autumn of 1916. By September 1915 the Russians had been driven out of skinner, Poland, Lithuania, and Courland. Austro-German armies occupied Warsaw and the Russian frontier fortresses of Ivangorod, Kovno, Novo-Georgievsk, and Brest-Litovsk. These defeats proved costly to Russia. They also proved costly to Austria. Austria had a disastrous war. Italian entry into the war compelled the Austrians to fight an three fronts: against Serbia in the Balkans; against Russia in Galicia; against Italy in the Trentino. This proved too much for Austrian strength. Their war effort was characterized by dependency on Germany.

Germans complained that they were shackled to Industry the 'Austrian corpse'. Language Theory! The war exacerbated the The Need for Diversity Essay Austro-Hungarian Empire's many ethnic and national tensions. By 1918 Austria was weary of the war and desperate for peace. This had a major influence on skills and qualities of a social the German decision to seek a victory in the west in the spring of 1918. Perceptions of the Russian war effort have been overshadowed by the October Revolution of 1917 and by Bolshevik 'revolutionary defeatism' which acquiesced in the punitive Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (14 March 1918) and took Russia out Industry Essay of the gen x gen y war. This has obscured the astonishing Russian determination to keep faith with the Franco-British alliance. Without the The Need in the Russian contribution in the east it is far from certain that Germany could have been defeated in the west. The unhesitating Russian willingness to the curriculum 3 aid their western allies is nowhere more apparent than in the 'Brusilov Offensive' (June-September 1916), which resulted in the capture of the Bukovina and Fashion Industry, large parts of Galicia, as well as 350,000 Austrian prisoners, but at a cost to Russia which ultimately proved mortal. In southern Europe the Italian army fought eleven indecisive battles in an attempt to hernando cortes dislodge the Austrians from their mountain strongholds beyond the Isonzo river.

In October 1917 Austrian reinforcement by The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry seven German divisions resulted in skinner language a major Italian defeat at Caporetto. The Italians were pushed back beyond the Piave. This defeat produced changes in the Italian high command. During 1918 Italy discovered a new unity of Industry Essay, purpose and and qualities social worker, a greater degree of organization. On 24 October 1918 Italian and British forces recrossed the Piave and The Need for Diversity Essay, split the Austrian armies in two at Vittorio Veneto. Austrian retreat turned into rout and then into surrender. In the and qualities social worker Balkans the Serbs fought the Austrians and Bulgarians, suffering massive casualties, including the highest proportion of servicemen killed of any belligerent power. In The Fashion! In October 1915 a Franco-British army was sent to of a social Macedonia to operate against the Bulgarians. Industry! It struggled to have any influence on the war. Drug Programs! The Germans mocked it and declared Salonika to be the biggest internment camp in Europe, but the French and British eventually broke out of the malarial plains into the mountainous valleys of the Vardar and Struma rivers before inflicting defeat on Bulgaria in the autumn of 1918. In the Middle East British armies fought the for Diversity Industry Essay Turks in a major conflict with far-reaching consequences.

Here the war was characterized by the doggedness of Turkish resistance and by the constant struggle against climate, terrain, and disease. The British attempted to knock Turkey out of the war with an attack on the Gallipoli peninsula in April 1915, but were compelled to withdraw at the end of the year, having failed to break out from their narrow beach-heads in the face of stubborn Turkish resistance, coordinated by a German general, Liman von Sanders. The British also suffered another humiliating reverse in Mesopotamia when a small army commanded by Major-General C. Prevention Essay! V. F. Townshend advanced to Ctesiphon but outran its supplies and for Diversity in the Fashion Industry, was compelled to surrender at Kut-al-Amara in April 1916. Only after the appointment of Sir Stanley Maude to gen y the command of British forces in Mesopotamia did Britain's superior military and economic strength begin to assert itself. Maude's forces captured Baghdad in in the Fashion March 1917, the first clear-cut British victory of the war. The following June General Sir Edmund Allenby was appointed to command British forces in Egypt. He captured Jerusalem by beauty myth Christmas and in September 1918 annihilated Turkish forces in Palestine. For Diversity Fashion! Turkey surrendered on 31 October 1918. The war also found its way to the curriculum 3 tropical Africa. Germany's colonies in The Need in the Industry West and south-west Africa succumbed to British and South African forces by the spring of 1915. In East Africa, however, a German army of locally raised black African soldiers commanded by Colonel Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck conducted a brilliant guerrilla campaign, leading over 100,000 British and South African troops a merry dance through the bush and surrendering only after the defeat of Germany in 3 Europe became known.

On and under the oceans of the world, Great Britain and Germany contested naval supremacy. Surface battles took place in the Pacific, the south Atlantic, and the North Sea. The British generally had the better of for Diversity in the, these despite suffering some disappointments, notably at Coronel (1 November 1914) and Jutland (31 May-1 June 1916), the only major fleet engagement, during which Admiral Sir John Jellicoe failed to deliver the expected Nelsonic victory of total annihilation. Submarine warfare took place in beauty myth the North Sea, the Black Sea, the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Baltic. German resort to unrestricted submarine warfare (February 1917) brought Britain to the verge of ruin. In The Industry! German violation of international law and sinking of American ships also helped bring the United States into the war on the Allied side. The British naval blockade of Germany, massively reinforced by the Americans from April 1917, played an important role in German defeat.

The geographical scale of the conflict made it very difficult for political and military leaders to control events. The obligations of coalition inhibited strategic independence. Short-term military needs often forced the great powers to allow lesser states a degree of licence they would not have enjoyed in peacetime. Governments' deliberate arousal of popular passions made suggestions of compromise seem treasonable. The ever-rising cost of the military means inflated the political ends. Hopes of a peaceful new world order began to replace old diplomatic abstractions such as 'the balance of language theory, power'. Rationality went out of season. War aims were obscured. Strategies were distorted. Great Britain entered the war on proclaimed principles of international law and in defence of the rights of small nations.

By 1918 the British government was pursuing a Middle Eastern policy of naked imperialism (in collaboration with the French), while simultaneously encouraging the The Need for Diversity Essay aspirations of Arab nationalism and promising support for the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine. It was truly a war of illusions. Europe's political and military leaders have been subjected to and the much retrospective criticism for their belief that the #145;war would be over by The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Essay Christmas'. This belief was not based on complacency. Even those who predicted with chilling accuracy the murderous nature of First World War battlefields, such as the Polish banker Jan Bloch, expected the war to be short. This was because they also expected it to be brutal and costly, in both blood and treasure. No state could be expected to sustain such a war for very long without disastrous consequences. The war which gave the lie to these assumptions was the American Civil War. This had been studied by European military observers at close quarters. Most, however, dismissed it.

This was particularly true of the Prussians. Their own military experience in the wars against Austria (1866) and beauty myth, France (1870-1) seemed more relevant and compelling. In The Essay! These wars were both short. They were also instrumental. In 1914 the Germans sought to replicate the success of their Prussian predecessors. They aimed to hernando and the aztecs fight a 'cabinet war' on the Bismarckian model. The Need Industry! To do so they developed a plan of breath-taking recklessness which depended on the ability of the Prevention for Juveniles German army to defeat France in the thirty-nine days allowed for Fashion a war in the west.

Strategic conduct of the First World War was dominated by German attempts to achieve victory through knock-out blows. Erich von Falkenhayn, German commander-in-chief from September 1914 until August 1916, was almost alone in his belief that Germany could obtain an skills of a worker, outcome to the war satisfactory to its interests and those of in the Industry Essay, its allies without winning smashing victories of total annihilation. His bloody attempt to win the war by attrition at building the curriculum 3, Verdun in 1916 did little to recommend the strategy to for Diversity Essay his fellow countrymen. The preference for the curriculum knock-out blows remained. It was inherited from German history and was central to Germany's pre-war planning. Pre-war German strategy was haunted by for Diversity in the Fashion the fear of building the curriculum 3, a war on two fronts, against France in the west and Russia in the east. The possibility of a diplomatic solution to this dilemma was barely considered by the military-dominated German government.

A military solution was sought instead. The German high command decided that the best form of defence was attack. They would avoid a war on two fronts by knocking out The Need in the Essay one of their enemies before the other could take the field. The enemy with the slowest military mobilization was Russia. The French army would be in 3 the field first. France was therefore chosen to receive the first blow. Once France was defeated the German armies would turn east and The Need in the Industry Essay, defeat Russia. The Schlieffen Plan rested on two assumptions: that it would take the Russians six weeks to put an army into the field; and that six weeks was long enough to defeat France. By 1914 the first assumption was untrue: Russia put an army into the field in fifteen days.

The second assumption left no margin for error, no allowance for the inevitable friction of war, and was always improbable. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan gave the First World War its essential shape. This was maintained by the enduring power of the German army, which was, in John Terraine's phrase, 'the motor of the war'. The German army was a potent instrument. It had played a historic role in the emergence of the German state. It enjoyed enormous prestige. It was able to recruit men of talent and dedication as officers and millennials, NCOs. As a result it was well trained and well led. It had the in the Fashion Industry Essay political power to Drug for Juveniles Essay command the The Need in the Essay resources of Germany's powerful industrial economy.

Germany's position at the heart of Europe meant that it could operate on interior lines of communication in a European war. The efficient German railway network permitted the movement of German troops quickly from front to front. The superior speed of the locomotive over the ship frustrated Allied attempts to use their command of the sea to operate effectively against the periphery of the Central Powers. Building The Curriculum! The power of the German army was the fundamental strategic reality of the war. 'We cannot hope to win this war until we have defeated the German army,' wrote the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force, Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig. This was a judgement whose consequences some Allied political leaders were reluctant to embrace.

The German army suffered from two important strategic difficulties. The first of these was the inability of the German political system to forge appropriate instruments of strategic control. The second was Great Britain. German government rested on the tortured personality of the Kaiser. It was riven by intrigue and indecision. The kind of centralized decision-making structures which eventually evolved in Britain and France (though not in Russia) failed to evolve in Germany. When the Kaiser proved incapable of for Diversity in the Essay, coordinating German strategy, he was replaced not by a system but by other individuals, seemingly more effective. Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg radiated calm and inspired confidence.

This gave him the appearance of a great man but without the Drug Prevention Programs for Juveniles Essay substance. General Erich Ludendorff was a military technocrat of outstanding talent, but he was highly strung and without political judgement. In 1918 his offensive strategy brought Germany to ruin. The failure to develop effective mechanisms of strategic control applied equally to the Austro-German alliance. The Austrians depended on German military and economic strength, but the The Need in the Industry Essay Germans found it difficult to turn this into 'leverage'. Austria was willing to take German help but not German advice. Only after the crushing reverses inflicted by Brusilov's offensive did the Austrians submit to Drug Prevention Programs for Juveniles German strategic direction. By then it was almost certainly too late. Germany's pre-war strategic planning was based entirely on winning a short war.

British belligerency made this unlikely. The British were a naval rather than a military power. They could not be defeated by the German army, at least not quickly. For Diversity In The! The British could, if necessary, hold out even after their Continental allies had been defeated. They might even have chosen to do this. They had in the past and they would again in the not-too-distant future. The German navy was too weak to building defeat the British, but large enough to make them resentful and suspicious of German policy; it ought never to have been built. For Diversity In The Fashion Essay! British entry into the war dramatically shifted the economic balance in favour of the Allies. Britain was one of the world's great industrial powers. Hernando And The Aztecs! Seventy-five per in the, cent of the world's shipping was British built and much of it British owned. London was the world's greatest money and building 3, commodities market.

British access to world supplies of food and credit and to imperial resources of manpower made them a formidable enemy, despite the 'contemptible little army' which was all they could put into the field on the outbreak of war. From about mid-1916 onwards British economic, industrial, and for Diversity Essay, manpower resources began to be fully mobilized. Germany was forced for the first time to confront the reality of material inferiority. Germany had increasingly to fight a war of scarcity, the Allies increasingly a war of abundance. French strategy was dominated by the German occupation of much of northern France and most of Belgium. At its closest point the German line was less than 40 miles from the curriculum 3, Paris.

A cautious, defensive strategy was politically unacceptable and psychologically impossible, at least during the first three years of the war. In The Industry! During 1914 and 1915 France sacrificed enormous numbers of men in the attempt to evict the Germans. This was followed by the torment of Verdun, where the Germans deliberately attempted to 'bleed France white'. French fears of military inferiority were confirmed. Gen Y! If France was to prevail its allies would have to contribute in kind. For the British this was a radical departure from the historic norm and one which has appalled them ever since. British strategy became increasingly subordinated to the needs of the Franco-British alliance.

The British fought the for Diversity in the Industry Essay war as they had to, not as they wanted to. The British way in warfare envisaged a largely naval war. A naval blockade would weaken Germany economically. If the German navy chose not to break the stranglehold Germany would lose the war. If it did choose to fight it would be annihilated. British maritime superiority would be confirmed. Neutral opinion would be cowed. Fresh allies would be encouraged into the fight. The blockade would be waged with greater ruthlessness. Military operations would be confined to the dispatch of a small professional expeditionary force to help the French.

Remaining military forces would be employed on beauty myth the periphery of the Central Powers remote from the German army, where it was believed they would exercise a strategic influence out of The Need, all proportion to their size. The British never really fought the hernando aztecs war they envisaged. The branch of the British army which sent most observers to the American Civil War was the Corps of Royal Engineers. And it was a Royal Engineers' officer, Lord Kitchener, who was one of the few European political and military leaders to recognize that the war would be long and require the complete mobilization of national resources. Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War on 5 August 1914. He doubted whether the French and the Russians were strong enough to defeat Germany without massive British military reinforcement. He immediately sought to raise a mass citizen army. There was an overwhelming popular response to his call to arms. Kitchener envisaged this new British army taking the field in 1917 after the French and Russian armies had rendered the German army ripe for The Need for Diversity in the Fashion Industry defeat.

They would be 'the last million men'. They would win the war and decide the millennials peace. For the British a satisfactory peace would be one which guaranteed the long-term security of the British Empire. This security was threatened as much by Britain's allies, France and for Diversity in the Fashion Industry, Russia, as it was by Germany. It was imperative not only that the Allies win the war but also that Britain emerge from it as the dominant power. Kitchener's expectations were disappointed. Beauty Myth! By 1916 it was the French army which was ripe for defeat, not the German. But the obligations of the French alliance were inescapable. The British could not afford to acquiesce in a French defeat. For Diversity In The Industry Essay! French animosity and resentment would replace the valuable mutual understanding which had been achieved in the decade before the war.

The French had a great capacity for making imperial mischief. And so did the hernando cortes and the aztecs Russians. For Diversity Industry Essay! If they were abandoned they would have every reason for doing so. There seemed no choice. The ill-trained and theory, ill-equipped British armies would have to take the field before they were ready and be forced to take a full part in the attrition of German military power. The casualties which this strategy of 'offensive attrition' involved were unprecedented in British history. They were also unacceptable to some British political leaders. Winston Churchill and David Lloyd George (Prime Minister from December 1916), in particular, were opposed to The Need in the Industry the British army 'chewing barbed wire' on the Western Front. They looked to use it elsewhere, against Germany's allies in the eastern Mediterranean, the Middle East, and the Balkans. Their attempts to do this were inhibited by the need to keep France in the war.

This could only be done in France and by fighting the German army. They were also inhibited by the war's operational and tactical realities. These imposed themselves on Gallipoli and in Salonika and in Italy just as they did on the Western Front. Attempts to implement an Allied grand strategy enjoyed some success. Allied political and military leaders met regularly.

At Chantilly in December 1915 and December 1916 they determined to skills and qualities social stretch the German army to its limits by simultaneous offensive action on the western, eastern, and Italian fronts. A Supreme Allied War Council was established at Versailles on for Diversity 27 November 1917, and was given the power to control Allied reserves. Franco-British co-operation was especially close. This was largely a matter of practical necessity which relied on the mutual respect and understanding between French and British commanders-in-chief on the Western Front. The system worked well until the hernando aztecs German Spring Offensive of 1918 threatened to divide the Allies.

Only then was it replaced by The Need in the Fashion a more formal structure. But not even this attained the levels of hernando and the aztecs, joint planning and control which became a feature of Anglo-American co-operation in the Second World War. Allied grand strategy was conceptually sound. The problems which it encountered were not principally ones of planning or of co-ordination but of performance. Fashion Industry! Achieving operational effectiveness on the battlefield was what was difficult. This has given the war, especially the war in the west, its enduring image of boneheaded commanders wantonly sacrificing the lives of their men in language fruitless pursuit of The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, impossibly grandiose strategic designs. The battlefields of the First World War were the product of a century of economic, social, and political change. Europe in 1914 was more populous, more wealthy, and more coherently organized than ever before. The rise of beauty myth, nationalism gave states unprecedented legitimacy and The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry, authority. This allowed them to demand greater sacrifices from their civilian populations.

Improvements in agriculture reduced the skinner language theory numbers needed to work on the land and provided a surplus of males of military age. They also allowed larger and larger armies to be fed and kept in in the Fashion Essay the field for years at a time. Changes in administrative practice brought about by the electric telegraph, the telephone, the typewriter, and the growth of railways allowed these armies to be assembled and deployed quickly. Industrial technology provided new weapons of unprecedented destructiveness. Quick-firing rifled cannon, breech-loading magazine rifles, and machine-guns transformed the range, rapidity, accuracy, and deadliness of military firepower. They also ensured that in any future war, scientists, engineers, and mechanics would be as important as soldiers. These changes did much to make the First World War the first 'modern war'. But it did not begin as one. The fact of a firepower revolution was understood in most European armies.

The consequences of Drug, it were not. The experience of the Russo-Japanese War (1904-5) appeared to offer a human solution to The Need Fashion the problems of the technological battlefield. Victory would go to the side with the best-trained, most disciplined army, commanded by generals of iron resolution, prepared to maintain the offensive in the face of millennials gen x, huge losses. As a result the opening battles of the in the Fashion war were closer in conception and execution to those of the beauty myth Napoleonic era than to Industry the battles of 1916 onwards. It is difficult to say exactly when 'modern' war began, but it was apparent by the end of 1915 that pre-war assumptions were false. Well-trained, highly disciplined French, German, and Prevention, Russian soldiers of high morale were repeatedly flung into battle by commanders of The Need Fashion Industry, iron resolve. The results were barren of strategic achievement. The human costs were immense.

The 'human solution' was not enough. The search for gen x a technological solution was inhibited not only by the tenacity of pre-war concepts but also by the limitations of the technology itself. The principal instrument of education was artillery. And the mode of instruction was experience. Shell-fire was merciless to troops in the open.

The response was to get out of the open and into the ground. Soldiers did not dig trenches out of perversity in order to be cold, wet, rat-infested, and lice-ridden. They dug them in order to survive. The major tactical problem of the war became how to break these trench lines once they were established and reinforced. For much of the war artillery lacked the for Diversity Fashion Essay ability to find enemy targets, to hit them accurately, and to destroy them effectively. Contemporary technology failed to provide a man-portable wireless. Communication for most of the war was dependent on telephone or telegraph wires. These were always broken by shell-fire and difficult to protect. Artillery and infantry commanders were rarely in voice communication and both usually lacked 'real time' intelligence of battlefield events; First World War infantry commanders could not easily call down artillery fire when confronted by an enemy obstruction. As a result the language coordination of The Need for Diversity in the Industry, infantry and artillery was very difficult and often impossible. Infantry commanders were forced to fall back on and the their own firepower and The Need Industry Essay, this was often inadequate.

The infantry usually found itself with too much to do, and paid a high price for its weakness. Artillery was not only a major part of the problem, however. It was also a major part of the solution. During 1918 Allied artillery on the western front emerged as a formidable weapon. Programs! Target acquisition was transformed by aerial photographic reconnaissance and the sophisticated techniques of flash-spotting and sound-ranging. These allowed mathematically predicted fire, or map-shooting. The pre-registration of guns on enemy targets by actual firing was no longer necessary. The possibility of surprise returned to the battlefield.

Accuracy was greatly improved by for Diversity in the Industry Essay maintaining operating histories for individual guns. Battery commanders were supplied with detailed weather forecasts every four hours. Each gun could now be individually calibrated according to its own peculiarities and according to wind speed and direction, temperature, and humidity. All types and building the curriculum 3, calibres of guns, including heavy siege howitzers whose steep angle of fire was especially effective in trench warfare, became available in virtually unlimited numbers. Munitions were also improved. Poison gas shells became available for for Diversity Fashion Industry the first time in large numbers.

High explosive replaced shrapnel, a devastating anti-personnel weapon but largely ineffective against the earthworks, barbed wire entanglements, and concrete machine-gun emplacements which the millennials gen y infantry had to assault. Instantaneous percussion fuses concentrated the for Diversity in the Industry explosive effect of shells more effectively against barbed wire and reduced the cratering of the battlefield which had often rendered the forward movement of supplies and reinforcements difficult if not impossible. Artillery-infantry co-operation was radically improved by aerial fire control. The tactical uses to which this destructive instrument were put also changed. In 1915, 1916, and for beauty myth much of 1917 artillery was used principally to kill enemy soldiers. For Diversity Fashion! It always did so, sometimes in large numbers. But it always spared some, even in front-line trenches. These were often enough, as during the first day of the beauty myth Battle of the Somme (1 July 1916), to inflict disastrous casualties on attacking infantry and bring an entire offensive to a halt.

From the autumn of 1917 and during 1918, however, artillery was principally used to suppress enemy defences. Command posts, telephone exchanges, crossroads, supply dumps, forming-up areas, and gun batteries were targeted. Effective use was made of Industry, poison gas, both lethal and lachrymatory, and smoke. The aim was to disrupt the enemy's command and control system and keep his soldiers' heads down until attacking infantry could close with them and bring their own firepower to skinner bear. The attacking infantry were also transformed. In 1914 the British soldier went to war dressed like a gamekeeper in a soft cap, armed only with rifle and bayonet. In 1918 he went into battle dressed like an in the Fashion Industry, industrial worker in a steel helmet, protected by a respirator against poison gas, armed with automatic weapons and mortars, supported by tanks and ground-attack aircraft, and preceded by building a creeping artillery barrage of crushing intensity. Firepower replaced manpower as the The Need for Diversity in the Industry instrument of victory. This represented a revolution in the conduct of war. The ever-increasing material superiority of the and qualities worker western Allies confronted the German army with major problems.

Its response was organizational. As early as 1915 even the weakly armed British proved that they could always break into the German front-line trenches. The solution was to Fashion Essay deepen the trench system and limit the number of infantry in the front line, where they were inviting targets for enemy artillery. The burden of defence rested on machine-gunners carefully sited half a mile or so behind the front line. From the autumn of 1916 the Germans took these changes to their logical conclusion by instituting a system of 'elastic defence in Drug depth'. The German front line was sited where possible on a reverse slope to make enemy artillery observation difficult. A formal front-line trench system was abandoned. The German first line consisted of machine-gunners located in shell-holes, difficult to detect from the air.

Their job was to disrupt an The Need in the Essay, enemy infantry assault. This would then be drawn deep into the German position, beyond the supporting fire of its own guns, where it would be counter-attacked and destroyed by building the curriculum 3 the bulk of the German infantry and artillery. This system allowed the Germans to survive against an Allied manpower superiority of more than 3:2 on the Western Front throughout 1917 and to inflict significant losses on their enemies. The German system required intelligent and well-trained as well as brave soldiers to make it work. An increasing emphasis was placed on individual initiative, surprise, and speed. In 1918 specially trained #145;stormtroops', supported by a hurricane bombardment designed to Fashion Industry disrupt their enemies' lines of communication and their command and control systems, were ordered to bypass points of resistance and advance deep into the enemy's rear. The success they enjoyed was dramatic, and much greater than anything achieved by the French and building 3, British, but it was not enough. Attacking German infantry could not maintain the momentum and inflict upon enemy commanders the The Need Fashion kind of moral paralysis achieved by German armoured forces in 1940. The Allied line held and exhausted German infantry were eventually forced back by the accumulating weight and increasing sophistication of Allied material technology.

The material solution to the problems of the and qualities of a First World War battlefield, favoured by the western Allies, was not in the gift of soldiers alone. It depended on the ability of the armes' host societies to produce improved military technology in ever-greater amounts. This, in turn, depended on the effectiveness of their political institutions and the quality of their civilian morale. It was a contest at which the liberal democracies of France and Great Britain (and eventually the United States of America) proved more adept than the authoritarian regimes of Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia. The 'modern war' fought from 1916 onwards resolved itself simply into a demand for more: more men, more weapons, more ammunition, more money, more skills, more morale, more food. Some of the demands were contradictory. Industry! More men meant more men for the armies and more men for of a the factories. The Need For Diversity! Balancing the competing demands was never easy. Hernando And The! 'Manpower' (a word first coined in 1915) became central to the war effort of all states.

The Allies were in a much stronger position than Germany. They had access not only to their home populations but also to those of their empires. The Need For Diversity Essay! 630,000 Canadians, 412,000 Australians, 136,000 South Africans, and building, 130,000 New Zealanders served in the British army during the war. Very large numbers of Indian troops (800,000 in Mesopotamia alone) and a small number of Africans (perhaps 50,000) also served. (The British also employed several hundred thousand Chinese labourers to work on their lines of communication.) The French recruited some 600,000 combat troops from North and West Africa and a further 200,000 labourers. And of course there were the Americans. The Need In The Industry! American troops arrived in France at skinner theory, the rate of 150,000 a month in 1918. Truly the new world had come in to for Diversity in the Fashion redress the cortes and the aztecs balance of the old. The British and French were particularly successful in mobilizing their economies. In Britain this had much to do with the work of David Lloyd George as Minister of Munitions (May 1915-July 1916). The grip of the skilled trade unions on The Need in the Essay industrial processes was relaxed. Ancient lines of skinner language, demarcation were blurred.

Women replaced men in the factories. Research and development were given a proper place in industrial strategy. Prodigies of production were achieved. The Need For Diversity In The Industry Essay! On 10 March 1915, at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to accumulate enough shells for half an hour's bombardment. In the autumn of 1918 its 18-pounder field guns were firing a minimum of 100,000 rounds a day. The French performance was, in many ways, even more impressive, given that so much of their industrial capacity was in and qualities worker German hands. Not only did the French economy supply the French army with increasing amounts of in the Fashion Essay, old and new weaponry, but it also supplied most of the American Expeditionary Force's artillery and aeroplanes.

The French aircraft industry was, arguably, the best in Europe and provided some of the leading aircraft of the war, including the Nieuport and the SPAD VII. Morale was also a key factor. All sides tried to explain and justify the war and beauty myth, used increasingly refined techniques of propaganda to maintain commitment to the cause. Giving the impression of adversity shared equally among the for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay classes became a key theme. One of the major threats to gen x gen y this was the equality of in the, access to food supplies. In Germany this proved increasingly difficult to language theory maintain. Morale deteriorated and industrial efficiency suffered as a result. British agriculture did not perform particularly well during the war, but British maritime superiority and financial power allowed them to The Need for Diversity in the command the hernando aztecs agricultural resources of North and South America and Australasia. Food was one of the The Need Allies#146; principal war-winning weapons. The degree of of a social worker, active resistance to the war was low in most countries.

But war-weariness set in everywhere by 1917. There were many strikes and much industrial unrest. In Russia this was severe enough to in the Industry produce a revolution and then a Bolshevik coup d#146;tat which took Russia out of the war in 1918. The social consequences of this mass mobilization were less spectacular than is building 3, sometimes claimed. There were advances for the organized working class, especially its trade unions, especially in Britain, and arguably for women, but the working class of Europe paid a high price on for Diversity in the Fashion the battlefield for social advances at home. And in the defeated states there was very little social advance anyway. The First World War redrew the map of Europe and the Middle East. Beauty Myth! Four great empires, the Romanov, the Hohenzollern, the Habsburg, and the Ottoman, were defeated and collapsed. They were replaced by a number of weak and sometimes avaricious successor states. Russia underwent a bloody civil war before the establishment of a Communist Soviet Union which put it beyond the pale of European diplomacy for a generation. Industry! Germany became a republic branded at its birth with the stigma of defeat, increasingly weakened by the burden of Allied reparations and by inflation.

France recovered the provinces of Alsace and language theory, Lorraine, but continued to be haunted by fear and loathing of in the Essay, Germany. Italy was disappointed by the territorial rewards of its military sacrifice. This provided fertile soil for Mussolini's Fascists, who had overthrown parliamentary democracy by 1924. The British maintained the integrity and independence of beauty myth, Belgium. They also acquired huge increases in imperial territory and imperial obligation. But they did not achieve the security for the Empire which they sought. The white dominions were unimpressed by The Need for Diversity in the Industry the quality of British military leadership. The First World War saw them mature as independent nations seeking increasingly to go their own way. The stirrings of revolt in India were apparent as soon as the war ended. Cortes And The! In 1922 the British were forced, under American pressure, to abandon the Anglo-Japanese alliance, so useful to them in protecting their Far Eastern empire.

They were also forced to accept naval parity with the Americans and a bare superiority over the Japanese. 'This is not a peace,' Marshal Foch declared in 1919, 'but an armistice for twenty-five years.' The cost of all this in human terms was 8.5 million dead and 21 million wounded out of some 65 million men mobilized. The losses among particular groups, especially young, educated middle-class males, were often severe, but the The Need for Diversity Essay demographic shape of Europe was not fundamentally changed. The real impact was moral. The losses struck a blow at European self-confidence and pretension to hernando and the superior civilization. It was a blow, perhaps, whose consequences have not even now fully unfolded.

From The Oxford Illustrated History of in the Industry, Modern War . 3! Ed. Industry! Charles Townshend. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1997. Copyright © 1997 by Oxford University Press.

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essay on sucess Sorry. No data so far. A need for improved admissions screening to predict potential student academic success was identified in a strategic planning session of online academic institutions. There is an increased concern student retention problems are related to the admissions process at the universities. Faculty are concerned that the critical writing skills of students who are admitted are not adequately evaluated until after students are financially committed to the enrolling institution. The scope of this paper is to research, analyze and conduct a feasibility study of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) software that could be used to automate essay grading. Student retention is a source of concern for all post secondary schools. Much research has been conducted on the subject to capture a clearer understanding of the mitigating causes of The Need for Diversity Fashion Industry, e-learning drop out Drug Prevention Programs Essay rates. Retention rates have been found to Industry Essay be correlated to Drug for Juveniles admissions standards. With drop out rates of for Diversity Fashion, up to 35% in some online academic institutions ( http://www.ejel.org/volume-2/vol2-issue1/issue1-art13.htm , 2004), it is beauty myth, imperative that the following areas of concern are addressed:

· learner readiness for online learning. · identification of the Essay, learner’s academic strengths and weaknesses. · learner academic, technical and administrative support. There are two factors that directly affect retention rates of gen x, students, extrinsic factors (personal) and intrinsic factors (institutional). The extrinsic factors fall in for Diversity in the Industry Essay, the categories of financial, family, time commitment, professional obligations, subject matter interest, and academic preparation. Building The Curriculum! The intrinsic factors that directly impact retention rates are the quality and for Diversity in the Industry Essay, availability of study materials, technical support, and skinner language theory, academic support.

In order for a student to be successful in online education (Colby, 1986), the learner must exhibit competence in the following areas: · self-directed learning (able to manage their own learning) · metacognitive development (interact with the content) · collaborative learning (interact with facilitators and classmates virtually). These competencies are discussed extensively at most institutions during the intake interview conducted by enrollment and Industry, admissions counselors. Perspective students are informed about the time commitment associated with their program of the curriculum, study, the The Need Fashion Industry Essay, financial commitment, and of the skinner language, impact attending an online university will have on them personally. However, these universities cannot evaluate the for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay, extrinsic factors affecting the potential success of students with the exception of academic preparation. It is imperative, however, that each university recognizes that student admissions standards are a fundamental element in the curriculum, predicting college success. Intrinsically, a university has the ability to mitigate the flood of exiting students by The Need for Diversity in the, implementing stricter admissions guidelines. Institution of a two step process to evaluate students could serve as a predictive measure of academic success.

The use of cognitive and non-cognitive measures would create a more complete picture of the applicant. This aspect of evaluation allows for additional support for skills and qualities worker students and fosters academic success. It influences instructional strategies that can be most effective for individual learners achieving learning success at a distance. The Need For Diversity In The Fashion Industry Essay! Non-cognitive admission indicators are very useful in predicting academic success (Colby, 1986). There is building the curriculum, a high correlation between critical writing skills and academic success. The purpose of The Need Fashion Essay, this study is to investigate the and qualities worker, efficacy of a fully automated pre-entrance assessment (objective and summative) for predicting potential academic success of adult learners in an e-learning environment. Currently a screening assessment is distributed to applicants at most online institutions. The assessments evaluate four areas of student performance:

According to faculty the driving factor behind success in an online environment is the written communication of ideas. This skill is critical to Fashion Industry success in all academic programs. Currently, the first indication of critical writing skills is not demonstrated by the student at most on-line institution until they enter their first course. The student enters the university with a false sense of Drug Prevention for Juveniles Essay, security in their potential academic performance in whatever program they have entered. It is far too late at The Need for Diversity Essay, this point to millennials gen x gen y assess their writing skills and identify their “fit” in The Need Fashion Essay, the university. The student is now financially obligated and has plowed through their first course often floundering. Advisors are then stuck with the task of recommending courses that hopefully will meet the needs of the student. Hernando! There is a great potential for students to enter with less than minimal writing skills that will haunt them the rest of their time with an institution. Faculty immediately recognize from the first writing samples which students will struggle from the beginning to for Diversity Fashion make academic progress. Faculty strongly urges that a writing component be added to the screening assessment during the application phase. The purpose of the essay component of the beauty myth, screening assessment would be to The Need for Diversity in the Industry Essay measure certain writing aptitudes.

Essays accurately portray a student’s current knowledge base and present a snapshot of their writing and cognitive organization skills. Essay assessments require a student to create their own unique answers rather than choosing from beauty myth, a list of provided response options as well as demonstrating quality of writing. Essays assess non-cognitive qualities and are useful tools for identifying deficiencies in writing skills Critical writing skills are a predictive measure of online success. The potential benefit of a two part screening assessment to for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay each university is and the aztecs, far reaching. The proposed screening tool using in-place automation would give admissions counselors immediate feedback for selection purposes. The proposed new instrument would provide a consistent, objective, and unbiased evaluation of student performance in for Diversity in the Fashion Industry Essay, five areas instead of the skinner language theory, current four. The specific feedback with more focused skill analysis would be a valuable tool to identify a potential student’s overall writing ability thus giving academic advisors and enrollment counselors an early indication of a student’s strengths and for Diversity in the Industry Essay, weaknesses.

This demonstration of the student’s writing skills would assist the advisor in recommending appropriate placement in remedial, basic college composition courses or an immediate recommendation for a language and communications competency exam. The implementation of an outcomes based admissions assessment would help align admission standards with each university’s mission. The mission is to ensure that every minimally competent applicant admitted receives an opportunity for success. Cortes Aztecs! The ultimate effectiveness of this assessment would be measured by the increased matriculation rates of on-line post secondary students. Latent Semantic Analysis. Implementation of an The Need Fashion Industry, essay assessment during the admissions application process has the potential of being a labor intensive and costly proposition.

The need for an assessment component to identify and screen for critical writing skills is a crucial part in predicting an applicant’s potential success. Currently there are several software products that automate essay scoring. This software is designed using algorithms that are designed specifically for analyzing statistical data and content information from cortes, pre-programmed domains of knowledge or a “gold standard” essay (Page, 1994). The algorithm used is Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA). LSA analyzes an essay for the following components: · Syntactic Variety – LSA using parser technology identifies specific syntactic structures.

Subjunctive auxiliary verbs. Clausal structures – compliments, infinitives, and subordinate clauses. · Discourse Analysis – identifies a conceptual framework of conjunctive relationships cued by specific language constructions. Discourse markers- words or phrases that indicate direction. Conjunctions (and, or, but, nor, etc) Pragmatic Particles. · Content Vector Analysis – weighted words proportioned to word usage. · Lexical Complexity Features – identifies the frequency of a number of word forms that may exist for use in different syntactic roles.

Morphological vocabulary complexity (prefixes, free stem words, bound root words, form and meaning, how the forms combine) · Grammar, Usage, and Mechanics –identifies errors in subject-verb agreement, verb form, punctuation, and typos. · Confusable Words – homophones. · Undesirable Style – passive voice, repetition, etc. · Discourse Elements – introduction, thesis statement, main idea, supporting details, conclusion. LSA scores for Fashion Essay information content versus factors in the quality of the hernando cortes aztecs, writing. It looks for in the Fashion Industry Essay strong relationships between semantic content and the quality of the writing using a component scoring system. LSA is an effective tool for scoring and commenting essays by providing accurate judgments of the internal consistency of Essay, a text compared to the actual quality of the writing. This computational model provides evaluation on a secure server, scores that are an accurate measure of essay quality, and scores as precisely as a human rater.

The scores can be delivered in two ways: Holistic Scoring: – a single score based on for Diversity Industry Essay, the overall (quality) impression of an essay. Componential Scoring – an analytical scoring of hernando aztecs, multiple facets of an essay scored in the areas of coherence, punctuation, topic coverage, etc. Either method of scoring provides a highly consistent and objective assessment of critical writing skills. Feedback of results is The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay, totally automated and is specifically articulated in a scoring guide. The scoring guides are linked to established writing standards and give an overall view of student writing skills.

Many post secondary institutions have already implemented automatic scoring using LSA software to evaluate student writing. ETS uses e-rater and theory, c-rater to for Diversity in the Fashion Industry assess the Drug for Juveniles, volumes of essay assessments they administer in in the, the GMAT, GRE, and millennials gen x, TOEFL exams. They use authentic topics developed by in-house assessment development experts that meet stringent assessment specification guidelines. ETS has successfully scored over two million assessments (Washington Post, 2004). The Rand Corporation’s Institute for Education and Training uses e-rater for measuring analytical reasoning in their program . Essay! Other colleges and universities using LSA technology for building the curriculum automated essay grading are Azusa Pacific, Baylor College of Medicine, The Citadel, University of Maryland, University of Oklahoma, and The Need for Diversity in the Fashion, the University of Illinois, to list a few. Besides ETS’s e-rater and c-rater (Criterion) products, there are many other LSA assessment products used around the globe. Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA), developed by Thomas Landauer (University of Colorado, Boulder doctoral candidate who first conceptualized and authored LSA programs) and Peter Foltz (New Mexico State University Professor), is distributed by millennials, Pearson Knowledge Technology. The University Of Colorado School Of Technologies uses IEA to assess student essays in The Need Fashion Industry, the Physical Sciences/Engineering/Information department ( http://www.knowledge-technologies.com/) . Project Essay Grader, distributed by The Vantage Learning Corporation, is used by language, Indiana University, Purdue University, and Indianapolis University to assess their perspective students in a one hour admissions/placement essay exam.

Perception’s QuestionMark assessment product line has an essay grader that fully integrates with their Perception automated data base. The U.S. Air Force’s Air Education Training Command Unit currently uses QuestionMark’s essay grader to assess some certification tests ( http://www.questionmark.com/us/casestudies/index.htm ). Application of LSA. Question Mark uses an online platform for for Diversity Fashion Industry Essay delivery of all objective assessments. The delivery system is fully automated on a secure server. Prevention Programs Essay! The assessments are delivered to the student, scored, recorded, and a snapshot of information (assessment results and individual component results) is The Need for Diversity Fashion Essay, disseminated to the assessment administrator in a span of 30 seconds. Question Mark’s essay grader component can provide the beauty myth, same immediate feedback tailored to individual university assessment needs. It is a fully automated, touchless system that reports scores not only to the university but can even direct the feedback to Fashion Essay the student via an email response. Statistical analysis of composition has been conducted for over thirty years.

LSA is proven to grade to 85% rater reliability compared to 80% rater reliability between two human judges. The computer is capable of completing the task in significantly less time (20-25 second elapsed rating time average). Humans are influenced by gen x, many external factors in their rating of essays; time available to The Need in the Essay grade, reader bias, etc. The greater burden of using human graders is the added expense that is eventually passed on to the student in skills, the form of Essay, tuition and millennials gen y, fees. By instituting a fully automated essay assessment in the admissions process, the enrollment counselors in conjunction with the appropriate academic assessment development team could better identify potentially successful students for writing intensive programs. The cost factors involved would be minimal due to in-house assessments developed by The Need in the Fashion Industry Essay, QuestionMark. The essay grader does not require incurring extra fees for Drug Programs its use. The current version of QuestionMark requires minor reconfigurations to accommodate the essay grader component of their software. An automated component scoring system would provide accurate unbiased judgment of writing quality and Fashion Essay, would be an effective tool for scoring and commenting essays of perspective students. The student admission experience is an essential factor in college success. The direct implications of incorporating a battery of admissions evaluations (intake interview, objective assessment, and an essay demonstrating critical writing skills) are extensive.

With a more complete picture of each applicant, universities would have more information to correlate student admission scores with predicting potential academic success. Additionally, academic advisors could immediately identify those students who required some form of writing remediation and recommend a course of action for academic support. The effectiveness of implementing new admission standards would ensure that every minimally competent student admitted to the university would have an equal opportunity to language theory succeed in the e-learning environment. Birch, P. E-Learner Competencies . Learning Circuits American Society for Training and Development.1(3) Retrieved February 28, 2005, from http://www.learningcircuits.org/2002/jul2002/birch.html. Colby, A.Y. (1986). The Need In The! Writing Instruction in the Two-Year College. [Digest].

Los Angeles ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges. DeLoughry, T.J. (1995, October 20). Duke professor pushes concept of grading essays by hernando cortes aztecs, computer. Chronicle of for Diversity, Higher Education , 42(8), A24. Education Testing Services (NJ) Integrating criterion into skills and qualities of a worker, your assessment and instructional activities. ETS Technologies. 1(2), Retrieved March 1, 2005, from http://etstechnologies.com/html/integratingcriterion.htm. Foltz, P., Laham, D., Landauer, T.(1999). Essay! Automated essay scoring: Applications to skills and qualities of a educational technology.

EdMedia . 1(7) Retrieved March 1, 2005, from http://www-psych.nmsu.edu/ Foltz, P., Gilliam, S., Kendall, S.(2000). Supporting content-based feedback in online writing evaluation with LSA. Interactive Learning Environments . 8(2): 111-129. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces. Hofmann, J. Building Success for E-Learners. The Need In The Industry Essay! Learning Circuits American Society for Training and Development. Programs! . 1(4)Retrieved February 28, 2005, from http://www.learningcircuits.org/2003/jul2003/hofmann.htm. Hughes, J. (2004) Supporting the The Need for Diversity, Online Learner. [Digest].

Retrieved February 28, 2005, from http://www.athabascau.ca/main/studserv.htm. Jones, P., Packham, G., Miller, C., Jones, A. Skills And Qualities Of A Social! ( 2004, December). An intitial evaluation of The Need for Diversity Essay, student withdrawals within an e-learning environment: the theory, case of e-College Wales. Electronic Journal of e-Learning. 2(10). Retrieved February 28, 2005, from http://www.ejel.org/volume-2/vol2-issue1/issue1-art13.htm.

Murray, B. (1998, August). For Diversity In The Fashion Industry Essay! The latest techno tool: essay-grading computers. APA Monitor, 29(8). Page, E.B. (1994). Social! New computer grading of student prose, using modern concepts and software. Journal of Experimental Education , 62(2), 127-142. critical writing skills IEA - Essay Scoring.

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