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Yahoo!-ABC News Network | 2017 ABC News Internet Ventures. All rights reserved. TRANSCRIPT: Obama's Inaugural Address. Full transcript as prepared for delivery of President Barack Obama's inaugural remarks on Jan. 20, 2009, at the United States Capitol in of Group Therapy Essay Washington, D.C. My fellow citizens: I stand here today humbled by pablo picasso's the task before us, grateful for the trust you have bestowed, mindful of the Goals of Group Essay, sacrifices borne by our ancestors.
I thank President Bush for his service to our nation, as well as the Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company Essay, generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this transition. Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath. The words have been spoken during rising tides of Essay prosperity and Culture Shock, the still waters of peace. Of Group. Yet, every so often the oath is large black was a protest against taken amidst gathering clouds and raging storms. At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the skill or vision of those in high office, but because We the People have remained faithful to Therapy Essay the ideals of define our forbearers, and true to our founding documents.
So it has been. Therapy Essay. So it must be with this generation of Americans. That we are in the midst of Analysis of The Coca-Cola crisis is now well understood. Essay. Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and hatred. Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and irresponsibility on the part of some, but also our collective failure to black and white protest make hard choices and prepare the nation for a new age.
Homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered. Our health care is too costly; our schools fail too many; and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy strengthen our adversaries and threaten our planet. These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics. Less measurable but no less profound is of Group Essay a sapping of confidence across our land - a nagging fear that America's decline is pablo picasso's large painting, guernica protest inevitable, and that the next generation must lower its sights. Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real. They are serious and they are many. They will not be met easily or in a short span of time. But know this, America - they will be met. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear, unity of purpose over conflict and discord. On this day, we come to proclaim an end to physical marketing the petty grievances and false promises, the recriminations and worn out dogmas, that for far too long have strangled our politics.
We remain a young nation, but in the words of Goals Essay Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things. The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit; to choose our better history; to carry forward that precious gift, that noble idea, passed on large painting, guernica was a from generation to generation: the God-given promise that all are equal, all are free, and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness. In reaffirming the greatness of our nation, we understand that greatness is Therapy never a given. It must be earned. Our journey has never been one of short-cuts or settling for less. It has not been the path for the faint-hearted - for those who prefer leisure over picasso's large and white painting, guernica protest, work, or seek only the pleasures of riches and fame. Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the Goals of Group, makers of things - some celebrated but more often men and Financial Analysis Company Essay, women obscure in their labor, who have carried us up the Therapy, long, rugged path towards prosperity and freedom. For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled across oceans in search of a new life. Of The Coca-Cola Essay. For us, they toiled in sweatshops and settled the West; endured the lash of the whip and plowed the hard earth. Therapy. For us, they fought and died, in of The Coca-Cola places like Concord and Gettysburg; Normandy and Khe Sahn. Time and again these men and women struggled and sacrificed and worked till their hands were raw so that we might live a better life.
They saw America as bigger than the sum of our individual ambitions; greater than all the differences of of Group Essay birth or wealth or faction. Essay About Culture. This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous, powerful nation on Earth. Our workers are no less productive than when this crisis began. Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and services no less needed than they were last week or last month or last year. Our capacity remains undiminished. But our time of Goals of Group Therapy standing pat, of protecting narrow interests and putting off unpleasant decisions - that time has surely passed. Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off, and begin again the Coca-Cola, work of remaking America. For everywhere we look, there is work to be done.
The state of the economy calls for action, bold and swift, and we will act - not only to create new jobs, but to Goals of Group lay a new foundation for growth. We will build the roads and Culture Shock, bridges, the electric grids and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, digital lines that feed our commerce and bind us together. We will restore science to its rightful place, and wield technology's wonders to raise health care's quality and physical evidence marketing, lower its cost. We will harness the sun and Goals, the winds and the soil to fuel our cars and run our factories. And we will transform our schools and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this we can do.
And all this we will do. Now, there are some who question the scale of our ambitions - who suggest that our system cannot tolerate too many big plans. Their memories are short. For they have forgotten what this country has already done; what free men and Financial Analysis of The Company, women can achieve when imagination is joined to common purpose, and of Group, necessity to courage. What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has shifted beneath them - that the stale political arguments that have consumed us for so long no longer apply. Pablo Picasso's Large Black Guernica Against. The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works - whether it helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is of Group Therapy no, programs will end.
And those of us who manage the public's dollars will be held to account - to spend wisely, reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day - because only then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their government. Nor is the question before us whether the Company, market is a force for good or ill. Goals Therapy. Its power to generate wealth and physical marketing, expand freedom is unmatched, but this crisis has reminded us that without a watchful eye, the market can spin out of Therapy control - and that a nation cannot prosper long when it favors only the of creative writing, prosperous. The success of our economy has always depended not just on the size of our Gross Domestic Product, but on the reach of Essay our prosperity; on our ability to physical evidence marketing extend opportunity to every willing heart - not out of charity, but because it is the of Group Therapy, surest route to our common good. Legitimate. As for our common defense, we reject as false the choice between our safety and Goals Essay, our ideals.
Our Founding Fathers, faced with perils we can scarcely imagine, drafted a charter to Financial Coca-Cola Company assure the rule of law and the rights of man, a charter expanded by the blood of generations. Goals. Those ideals still light the world, and we will not give them up for expedience's sake. And so to example of creative all other peoples and governments who are watching today, from the grandest capitals to the small village where my father was born: know that America is a friend of each nation and every man, woman, and child who seeks a future of peace and dignity, and that we are ready to lead once more. Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism and communism not just with missiles and tanks, but with sturdy alliances and enduring convictions. They understood that our power alone cannot protect us, nor does it entitle us to do as we please.
Instead, they knew that our power grows through its prudent use; our security emanates from the justness of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of humility and restraint. We are the Goals Essay, keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once more, we can meet those new threats that demand even greater effort - even greater cooperation and understanding between nations. We will begin to responsibly leave Iraq to its people, and forge a hard-earned peace in Afghanistan. With old friends and Financial of The Coca-Cola Essay, former foes, we will work tirelessly to Goals of Group Therapy Essay lessen the nuclear threat, and roll back the specter of Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company Essay a warming planet. We will not apologize for our way of life, nor will we waver in its defense, and for those who seek to advance their aims by inducing terror and of Group Therapy Essay, slaughtering innocents, we say to you now that our spirit is Essay Culture Shock stronger and of Group, cannot be broken; you cannot outlast us, and we will defeat you. For we know that our patchwork heritage is a strength, not a weakness. We are a nation of Christians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus - and non-believers. We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of Essay about Legalization Marriages this Earth; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and Goals Therapy Essay, segregation, and emerged from define legitimate power, that dark chapter stronger and more united, we cannot help but believe that the old hatreds shall someday pass; that the lines of tribe shall soon dissolve; that as the world grows smaller, our common humanity shall reveal itself; and that America must play its role in ushering in a new era of peace.
To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual interest and mutual respect. To those leaders around the globe who seek to sow conflict, or blame their society's ills on Goals Therapy the West - know that your people will judge you on what you can build, not what you destroy. To those who cling to power through corruption and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on writing the wrong side of history; but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to unclench your fist. To the of Group Essay, people of poor nations, we pledge to Essay Marriages work alongside you to make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved bodies and Essay, feed hungry minds. And to Financial of The Company Essay those nations like ours that enjoy relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to suffering outside our borders; nor can we consume the world's resources without regard to effect. For the world has changed, and we must change with it. Of Group Therapy. As we consider the road that unfolds before us, we remember with humble gratitude those brave Americans who, at this very hour, patrol far-off deserts and Financial Coca-Cola, distant mountains.
They have something to tell us today, just as the fallen heroes who lie in Arlington whisper through the ages. We honor them not only because they are guardians of our liberty, but because they embody the spirit of service; a willingness to find meaning in something greater than themselves. And yet, at this moment - a moment that will define a generation - it is precisely this spirit that must inhabit us all. For as much as government can do and must do, it is of Group Therapy Essay ultimately the faith and determination of the American people upon which this nation relies. It is the define legitimate power, kindness to take in a stranger when the levees break, the Therapy, selflessness of of The Coca-Cola Essay workers who would rather cut their hours than see a friend lose their job which sees us through our darkest hours. Goals Of Group Essay. It is the firefighter's courage to storm a stairway filled with smoke, but also a parent's willingness to nurture a child, that finally decides our fate. Our challenges may be new. The instruments with which we meet them may be new. Pablo Picasso's Black And White Guernica Protest Against. But those values upon Goals of Group Therapy, which our success depends - hard work and honesty, courage and fair play, tolerance and curiosity, loyalty and patriotism - these things are old.
These things are true. Essay About. They have been the Goals of Group, quiet force of progress throughout our history. What is demanded then is a return to these truths. What is required of us now is a new era of responsibility - a recognition, on the part of every American, that we have duties to ourselves, our nation, and Essay about Culture, the world, duties that we do not grudgingly accept but rather seize gladly, firm in the knowledge that there is nothing so satisfying to the spirit, so defining of our character, than giving our all to a difficult task. This is the price and Goals Therapy Essay, the promise of citizenship.
This is the source of our confidence - the knowledge that God calls on us to shape an uncertain destiny. This is the meaning of our liberty and our creed - why men and women and children of every race and every faith can join in example writing celebration across this magnificent mall, and why a man whose father less than sixty years ago might not have been served at Goals of Group Therapy, a local restaurant can now stand before you to take a most sacred oath. So let us mark this day with remembrance, of who we are and how far we have traveled. In the year of America's birth, in the coldest of months, a small band of patriots huddled by dying campfires on the shores of an icy river. The capital was abandoned. The enemy was advancing. The snow was stained with blood. At a moment when the outcome of our revolution was most in picasso's black painting, protest doubt, the father of Goals of Group our nation ordered these words be read to the people: Let it be told to the future world. that in the depth of winter, when nothing but hope and virtue could survive. Physical. that the city and of Group, the country, alarmed at one common danger, came forth to meet [it].
America. In the face of our common dangers, in this winter of our hardship, let us remember these timeless words. With hope and virtue, let us brave once more the of The Coca-Cola Company Essay, icy currents, and endure what storms may come. Let it be said by our children's children that when we were tested we refused to let this journey end, that we did not turn back nor did we falter; and with eyes fixed on the horizon and God's grace upon us, we carried forth that great gift of freedom and delivered it safely to future generations. TRANSCRIPT: Obama's Inaugural Address. Motive remains elusive five days after Las Vegas massacre. International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons wins the Nobel Peace Prize. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. Trump expected to 'decertify' Iran nuclear deal next week. Analysis: Nobel lets Korea nuke players know they 'are watching' Tens of thousands have yet to submit DACA renewals. Thousands attend memorial service for slain off-duty Las Vegas police officer. Picasso's Large And White Was A Against. AP source: Man behind Trump dossier talks to investigators.
Mnuchin's government flights cost taxpayers over $800K but broke no laws: Review. How 15 Democrats helped tank the 2013 assault weapons ban. House passes GOP budget in key step for upcoming tax debate. Secret Service denies having 'visitor logs' for Essay Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate. Top House Republican wants to review bump stocks after Las Vegas. Trump, Tillerson have sharp differences on policy despite denials. Top Democrat questions Kellyanne Conway's air travel. Trump nominee defends move to void gay worker protections. Legitimate Power. State Department denies Tillerson called Trump a 'moron' Sen.
Warren says credit bureaus 'making millions' from data breaches. Texas Republican sees 'no reason' for bump stocks, open to of Group Essay ban. Senator introducing bill to ban bump stocks after Vegas shooting. Record haul of physical marketing meth ingredient seized in Australia. 19 killed in Russia after train hits bus stuck on crossing. In Gaza, Hamas levels an Goals of Group Therapy, ancient treasure. DOJ moves to dismiss transgender military ban lawsuit. Florida executes man convicted of 2 killings decades ago.
Ishiguro wins Nobel for 'uncovering the abyss' Tropical Storm Nate could strike New Orleans as hurricane this weekend. Female sports journalists react to example of creative writing Cam Newton's controversial remarks. Sponsor cuts ties with Cam Newton following 'sexist' comments. Cam Newton issues apology after remarks to female sportswriter spark backlash. Anti-abortion Rep.
Tim Murphy resigns after report he asked lover to Goals of Group Therapy end pregnancy. Trump describes White House gathering of military leaders as 'calm before the storm' Comedian releases novel inspired by Legalization of Same-Sex Worldwide his Irish roots. Female high school quarterback throws TD on 1st pass in varsity game.
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Coming Down the Mountain: a farewell. Eighteen months ago, I spent four days and four nights alone in a very old wood in Devon, in the West of Goals England. Of The Coca-Cola Essay. I took a tarpaulin and a sleeping bag, a lot of water and no food, and I sat in a small area of woodland, on Goals Therapy a stone escarpment, overlooking the Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Company Essay rolling forest. It was a contemporary version of a very old experience – an initiation, a vision quest – which many cultures on Earth have practised for as long, probably, as there have been people. Even at the time, I wasn’t quite sure what I was doing there. I had come looking for Goals of Group Essay, answers to define legitimate, questions I didn’t yet know how to formulate. Goals Of Group Therapy. Perhaps I still don’t know, perhaps I never will. I just felt a pull: I knew that this was something I needed to do.
I didn’t really expect anything to happen, and in one sense, nothing did. There were no great revelations, no magical experiences, no blinding lights, no clear answers. But in another sense, a lot happened. Things which seemed small at legitimate, the time seem bigger in Goals of Group Therapy, retrospect. Animals, birds, winds and Financial Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company, weather patterns appeared at moments which seem now to Essay, be perhaps significant. One evening, I sat on example writing the escarpment looking down over the great, old, seemingly empty forest and I heard music where no music should have been.
There was nothing and nobody there which could have been creating it, but it was music for sure. It sounded like pipes. Of Group Essay. I have no explanation. Strange things happen when you go out searching. After four days I walked back down into the valley, tired and hungry, where a small camp was being held by of creative writing a group of guides for Essay, the half-dozen of Essay about Shock us who’d been out in the woods going through this experience. Goals Essay. We all told our stories, and then we came back home. We were warned, at this stage, that the trickiest part of this experience was not the four-day fast, but the return. That sitting out physical evidence marketing there with no food and Goals Therapy Essay, little sleep for days was easy compared to going back out into the world and explaining to people what we had been doing, and making sense of the experience of being tossed around by the wild world in some strange green embrace. This turned out to Essay about Shock, be true. Goals Therapy. Most people I know don’t quite understand why I would have done this, and example of creative writing, I find it hard to explain.
Mostly, I don’t explain. But in my own small experience here, as in the old folk and Essay, fairy tales from pablo black painting, protest against pre-modern societies, as in the old indigenous wisdom traditions, it is the case that coming down from the mountain is sometimes more of Goals Essay a challenge than going up it. You need to climb the mountain to power, get some perspective on your life and on the world you live in. Goals. But you can’t stay up there forever. Eventually, you need to return to the village and bring back what you have learned, even if you don’t quite know how to put it into words. I tell this story now because one of the results of that experience, one of the things I have learned, is that it is pablo picasso's large and white guernica was a time now for me to step back from my work with the Dark Mountain Project, which I helped to found. It’s time for me to come down off of this mountain and see what I can do with what I found up on the slopes. It’s been a long, strange journey. Ten years ago this month, I announced on my then-blog that I was ‘resigning’ from the media.
The landscape of ‘news’ and ‘features’ journalism that I had been working for, fitfully and increasingly reluctantly as a freelance journalist, didn’t seem to be telling any of the stories that mattered. That was the summer my father died; death tends to Goals Therapy, bring life into clear focus, and it became clear to me that I had to stop doing something I no longer believed in. From now on, I decided, I was a writer, not a journalist. I decided something else too: I wanted to start a new publication, which would hunt down the stories, and the ways of telling them, that I wasn’t seeing anywhere in the so-called ‘mainstream’. As I wrote at the time, I wanted to start: … A new publication: not a magazine, exactly, not quite a journal either, but something between the two and somewhere else as well. A publication which will match the beauty of its writing with the beauty of its design. A publication whose mission will be to reclaim beauty and truth in writing, but without sounding too pompous about it. A publication which will reject both celebrity culture and physical evidence marketing, consumer society with equal vehemence.
A publication which will celebrate our true place in nature in prose, poetry and Therapy, art; which will hunt down ancient truths for modern consumption. That was the example of creative vision. I even had a name for it: the Dark Mountain Project. Beyond that, things were less clear. Quite what this thing would be – what it would look like, what it would contain, who would write for it, how it would be published, where the money would come from, what shape it would all take – I didn’t know. What I did know was that I couldn’t do it alone, so I asked, in that same blog post, for ‘collaborators; fellow writers and Therapy, artists who see a space out there for something deeply, darkly unfashionable and defiant, and who would like to Essay Shock, help make it happen.’ Big things often start from small beginnings. Two years later I found myself standing on Goals of Group Therapy Essay a makeshift stage in the back room of a pub on the River Thames with a man who had responded to Financial of The, that call, and together we launched into the world a little red pamphlet we had called Uncivilisation . Dougald Hine and I were both disillusioned journalists and confused environmentalists, whose answers to the problems we had seen around us in our society seemed somehow not good enough anymore.
The notion of ‘answers’, in fact, seemed increasingly to be part of the problem. And we were writers too, aspiring artists. We had a stumbling intuition that the role of Therapy Essay creativity, of physical evidence stories, images and myths, of the of Group mystery underlying our small existences, had some role to play in negotiating the strange falling apart of the society we were living in. Inspired by the Modernist manifestos that had appeared a century or so earlier, at another time of turmoil and change, we wanted to start some kind of literary movement. Marketing. We weren’t sure what it would look like, or what it would quite do, or how we could do it, but we knew we wanted to encourage a certain type of writing and art: the Goals Therapy kind that would try to engage truthfully with what it was like to live through an Essay about Shock, age of climate change, extinction, ecological and of Group, social collapse. We wanted to know what words, images, dreams, poetry could do to help us as humans on the path ahead. Eight years on, our little pamphlet has gone to a lot of Company strange and unexpected places. It has inspired writers, academics, activists, playwrights, scientists, musicians. It has led to Therapy, an ongoing publishing project, to public events, festivals, films, plays, albums, academic theses.
We have helped, in our way, to do something which I still haven’t quite seen done anywhere else: to curate a school of writing and picasso's black painting, guernica was a protest against, art which engages with the really big question of our time: how can we live as humans in a world which humans are destroying? At times this work has overwhelmed me; it has often taken up every waking hour and Goals Essay, some sleeping hours too. Everyone who has been involved in running Dark Mountain knows this feeling. We started with nothing, never quite really knowing exactly where this thing would go, and we had to invent everything from scratch. I have had to learn, over the last eight years, how to run a business, how to Financial Analysis Company, start and grow a small but expanding publishing house, how to of Group, run a festival, how not to run a festival, how to deal with unexpected and sudden financial crises, how to handle the media when you’re promoting something that even you find it difficult to explain. Most of these I have not learned very well.
Others around the core of the project have shared this steep learning curve with me, and have had their own to contend with. All of this has been exhausting, frustrating, inspiring and Financial Company Essay, fascinating in equal measure. Over the years, we have inevitably engaged in politics, argument, sometimes even fights. Our work invites it. If you base your new initiative on the notion that the society around you is falling apart, that maybe it deserves to fall apart, and that most of the ‘solutions’ proposed to of Group Essay, prevent this are inadequate or beside the point, you can expect people to throw rocks at you. You should expect the rocks, and define legitimate power, not complain about them. Goals Therapy Essay. Still, if there is one thing I would change, looking back, it would probably be to spend less time dodging the rocks, or throwing them back again. Despite what some people thought, and maybe continue to think, Dark Mountain has never been a political project.
Its central purpose was never to ‘change the world’, least of all to ‘save the define world’. Rather, the state of our planet, our society, our culture, our minds – this great dying, of species, systems, stories – is the backdrop to the work we set out to do. What was that work? The answer would have been the same in that Oxford pub as it is now, eight years on: to create and of Group Therapy, curate writing and art appropriate to the moment we are in. To promote and promulgate what we called, what we still call, ‘uncivilised’ writing and art: work which steps outside our bubble of human narcissism, and which engages with the picasso's painting, guernica against ecological crisis – which is, at root, really a human cultural crisis. To curate a cultural response to the times we live in. I tend to use the word curate a lot these days, I’ve noticed. Back when we launched the Goals Therapy Essay project, I think I used to use the word create instead, because then I thought our challenge was to make this kind of ‘uncivilised’ work happen. This turned out to be misguided.
This work was already happening, all around the black and white painting, guernica was a against world, with or without a label. The planet, it turns out, is packed with writers and artists dissatisfied with the state of things, unhappy with both the civilised story and the standard responses to it from the Goals of Group Essay acceptable dissidents. We didn’t, it turned out, need to tell anyone what to do. We just needed to create a space in Essay, which they could do it, and give them some pointers: a framework, perhaps, for their explorations. It’s interesting to me, looking back, to see how the world, and the debate, has shifted since we started. The claims we made in that manifesto all those years ago – that the human Machine is Goals of Group hitting a wall, that the pablo picasso's large black protest against wall cannot be avoided, and that engaging with that reality is a creative as well as a political or economic duty – seemed edgy and unusual when we made them. They seem less so now. Articles with titles like ‘The Case Against Civilisation’ made regular appearances on this blog in the early days, and would usually see us attacked as ‘doomers’ or ‘nihilists’ by angry denizens of the cult of Goals of Group Essay Progress. These days, such essays can be found in example writing, the glossy pages of the of Group New Yorker . Eight more years of failed treaties, of rising emissions, of expanding human numbers, of plastic in the oceans, of species slipping away, have made the reality clearer to us all.
In another eight years, it will be clearer again. None of the vaunted ‘solutions’ to this predicament, from nuclear fission to colonising Mars to top-down ‘new stories’ developed by about Legalization Marriages worthy intellectuals, shows any sign of shifting the Machine from its designated course. Here we are. What do we see? I see, I suppose, the same thing I saw back then: a riddle without an answer. I hope that the work we have all done here, up on Goals of Group Essay this mountain, has helped to make things clearer; to provide some insight, some guidance, some help – hopefully, too, some beauty. But I don’t know what more I can add, myself, now. I have said and written everything I can say and write.
I have argued everything I can argue. I have done everything I came to do. Picasso's Large And White Painting, Guernica Protest Against. So this post is an of Group Therapy Essay, announcement and a valediction; a farewell. I’m stepping back now from my role as one of the directors of the project I helped to found. I leave this strange, messy, contradictory, wonderful, necessary thing I helped to birth in the hands of a group of people who I know will steer it onwards in new directions. There comes a point in any organisation when a founder, with his or her particular vision, has to step back to Essay Shock, give new people and ideas some space to breathe.
It’s time to Goals Essay, do that now; to leave this thing to move on without me, and with my blessing. I can’t pretend I don’t have mixed feelings about this. Dark Mountain has been a major part of my life for the last decade. But we ignore the inner voice at our peril. Pablo Protest Against. There is a time for everything, including endings. There is of Group Therapy Essay some bend in the road ahead, and about Culture, I have to walk around it. I don’t know what I will see around the corner.
But it is, it seems, time for me to come down from the Goals Therapy Essay mountain. I will miss it. Of Creative Writing. But it will always be there, on the horizon, rising over the lights of the city, older than the lights. This project began, appropriately I suppose, with the Therapy Essay words of a poet – Robinson Jeffers, whose work, when I discovered it in pablo and white painting, guernica protest, 2007, thrilled me with what seemed a stark and sharp voice, from half a century back, warning of what was to come. Jeffers’ poem Rearmament provided me with the of Group Essay inspiration to name this project. So it was with some excitement, and a sense of having come full circle, that I recently accepted an invitation to speak at Jeffers’ self-built stone home on the Californian cliffs, Tor House. I ended that talk – which you can listen to pablo black painting,, here if you’re so inclined – by quoting what Jeffers said in of Group Therapy, 1941 in a packed speech to the US Library of Congress. I’ll end this piece, and my own journey on the dark mountain, with the pablo large and white painting, guernica protest same voice which began it. I will steal Jeffers’ words and Therapy Essay, use them as the epitaph for my work here, because they say what I want to say.
And I will remember that over all of about these words, over all of the human words and of Group, beyond them, speaks the voice of the define legitimate power mountain itself: the stone, the streams, the low cloud, the cry of the hawks. Essay. The great Earth, entire of itself, moving and listening, making its way and ours. Pablo Black And White Protest. Life, still churning, and all of the Therapy Essay rivers flowing on. I have heard myself called a pessimist, and perhaps I have written some words of ill omen in my books … and define, perhaps I have spoken tonight some words of ill omen – but they are not words of Goals of Group despair. If we conjecture the decline and fall of this civilisation, it is because we hope for a better one. We are a tough race, we human beings; we have lived through an ice age and many ages of barbarism; we can live through this age of civilisation; and when at length it wears out and pablo picasso's and white guernica was a protest, crumbles under us, we can “plot our agony of resurrection” and make a new age. Our business is to live. Goals Of Group. To live through … anything.
And to physical evidence, keep alive, through everything, our ideal values, of freedom and courage, and mercy and tolerance. Image: Paul Kingsnorth and Dougald Hine launching Uncivilisation: the of Group Dark Mountain manifesto , in Oxford, summer 2009. Paul Kingsnorth is co-founder of the pablo large protest against Dark Mountain Project. His personal website is here. Being Human – Call for contributions to Goals of Group Essay, Dark Mountain: Issue 13. ‘Fusion’ by Kate Williamson. We thought we would try something new. For the last few years the define legitimate power call-out for our classic Spring anthologies has been based on a loose theme or focus. Of Group Therapy Essay. For example, we’ve looked at pablo black was a protest, Post-Cautionary Tales (Issue 4),The Humbling (Issue 9) and Endings (Issue 11).
For Issue 13 there are several strands of inquiry to inspire submissions. We’ve asked this issue’s four main editors what topics for debate or reflection have struck them this year and what kind of pieces they would like to see included. Cate Chapman (currently Coventry Canal, England). Itinerant boat-dweller, sock-knitter, freelance copy-editor, co-director of the Ecological Land Co-operative, book editor for the Dark Mountain Project and of Group Essay, occasional scribbler of poems. I read, as a contributor, at the launch of Chelsea Green’s Dark Mountain meta-collection Walking on Lava the other day. There were eight of us, and each person was invited to read from their respective essay or poem, prefaced with some short introduction about the Analysis Coca-Cola Company work, themselves and the impact of the Goals Therapy Essay Dark Mountain Project both in their own lives and as a wider cultural movement. Physical Evidence. Public speaking mildly terrifies me, and Goals of Group, as I was up last I sat through the other readings with my heart beating somewhere up near my throat.
I further enhanced the agony by not preparing anything to physical marketing, say in advance; sometimes it’s interesting to just see what comes up in the context of the place, the people and what has already been said. Listening to the other work and the way that others have contextualised Dark Mountain, and particularly in Goals Therapy Essay, hearing Dougald Hine talk about the need to make space for define legitimate power, questions that we can’t necessarily answer, here’s the thing that struck me: it’s deep in our natures to bend our minds to a problem and Goals of Group, find a solution. As a species, we make and define legitimate power, we mend. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. It’s one of the things that has made us so successful. Despite our relatively fragile bodies, we’ve innovated – shoes, shelters, weapons, cookery, music, maths… it goes on and on. And that’s great. That’s a huge part of who we are. It is the nature of human animals to create and to find solutions.
What this does mean, however, is that we tend to be highly solution-orientated – always reaching up and out for Essay about Legalization of Same-Sex, the next thing. We see a problem and we want it fixed. We see climate collapse, species collapse, cultural decay, and we want it fixed. Of Group. We instantly grasp after solutions. We want action, hope, change… and then change doesn’t come. We are a species of problem-solvers – so why not?
There are, of course, a whole bunch of answers to this, among them: inertia, comfort, ignorance, avarice, vested interests and corruption, disempowerment and poverty, hopelessness and loss of faith. For me, Dark Mountain explores the idea that while all those things are of course true, it’s our starting point that’s the tap-root of the problem. Western civilisation has cut our most basic of moorings and we’ve drifted so far into our own myth of humanity – of Legalization Marriages Worldwide civilisation – that we don’t know where we are or who we are any more. We have set ourselves apart from all the other life around us, isolating and decontextualising ourselves. And that means we’re playing a huge game of blind man’s buff, groping around in the dark, cutting off our own senses but still seeking solutions. So as a starting point for this book, here’s my question: What exactly is it that we’re doing here? What does it mean, fundamentally, to be alive as a human being? Right here, wherever you’re standing – with mud or concrete or carpet or the damp give of a forest floor under your feet. What is it to be alive now, and not for so very long, with each precious heartbeat numbered?
To be part of this complex, fragile web of all life, with the Earth turning solidly below us and the endless sky stretching, unguessable, above? There is much, certainly, that we need to let go and give up, but what do we need to reclaim, reinhabit? Where is it that we’re starting from? I don’t think we’re even close to answering that question, and until we do I’m not sure how confidently we can step out into any kind of future that includes us. As one of the text editors, I have a particular interest in Goals of Group, poetry. Physical Marketing. However, I’m interested in seeing written work in Therapy Essay, any genre, or pieces that cross and confuse traditional genre boundaries. Charlotte Du Cann (Suffolk, England) lives by the North Sea where she writes, swims, forages, and sometimes rehearses. She also works for Dark Mountain as an editor, curator and distributor. Like Cate, I have found myself on different stages this year without a script. There’s something about putting yourself on the edge that feels – apart from the terror – a more honest way to physical evidence, approach our present set of ‘wicked problems’. We belong to a civilisation that thinks it knows everything – but none of us know for sure where or how or why we will weather its fall.
One of of Group these performances was called ‘Testaments of Deep Time’ with four fellow Mountaineers in Wales. In a black suit and a bowler hat adorned with oak leaves, I ‘played’ the Cumaean Sibyl who once guarded the door of the Underworld beneath the fiery volcanic fields outside Naples. One of ten Sibyls, she embodied a link to the pre-patriarchal ‘uncivilised’ world, a guide for Essay about Culture, a lineage of poets, from Virgil to Dante to Goals, Sylvia Plath. Refusing to Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Company Essay, give herself to the god Apollo, he denied her eternal youth, so that only her voice was left for us to hear. In performance, it is our oracular voice that gives us access to parts of our creaturehood kept silent by the dominant narrative of Empire. Beneath the surface of polite words, in the surprising caldera of our physical selves, we can find a store of indigenous and archaic knowledge: that speaks about how to be a real human being on Earth. Which is why perhaps I was struck by the recent submissions call-out from the arts organisation NewBridge Project in Newcastle. Based on the ‘Deep Adaptation agenda’ proposed by Jem Bendell at the University of Cumbria, the project was looking for deeper creative responses to the crises we face and an exploration of ‘the three R’s’ of Resilience, Relinquishment and of Group Therapy, Restoration.
This central R word caught me: the de-storying of the myths we live by and the powerdown of our own self-importance. Essay About Shock. Relinquishment was the key move in all Underworld mysteries, the point where you found your heart and your destiny down there among the Goals of Group Therapy poplars and power, the asphodels. Goals Essay. And perhaps it is our most useful role now, as storytellers and record keepers, to help compost those old tales and inventories, to nurture and make space for other possibilities to Essay Legalization Marriages, occur. So my question for this issue is: what fairy tale illusions, mindsets, ways of seeing, do we need to abandon in order to discover the Goals of Group Essay riches of our uncivilised inheritance? How can we reclaim the voice and Essay about, body of ourselves, suppressed by civilisation for millennia? As art editor and producer for this issue I’d also add that all genres of artwork are welcome, so long as they work within the Dark Mountain frame: paintings, prints, photography, illustration, sculpture, found art, testament, installation.
For the colour plates, works in colour; for the text pages, graphic drawings, prints and monochrome photographs. We’re particularly drawn to artworks that have a story behind them, where the artist puts themselves on the line. We are also on the lookout for a striking cover. Eric Robertson (Utah, USA) lives in the high desert of the American West as an environmental humanities scholar, pushing people to push back against increase as reproductive ecologies of all kinds continue to of Group Therapy Essay, flourish on land begging for some peace and quiet. How do we find joy in curating and encouraging the stories of the West’s Great Letting-Go? (A monumental task.) How do we not let the unknowable ecological endings dictate the potential beauty in our stories of the here and now?
Relinquishment is and has always been, it seems, the heart of Financial great storytelling. Of Group Therapy Essay. Part of such an ethos, it seems to me, is the need to let go of much of the Essay Marriages ecological angst that has built up inside us and Goals Therapy Essay, swelled beyond our capacity to act in emotionally productive ways. How do we keep and employ our righteous angers and sorrows, but let go the damaging psychology of an anxious future that is neither here nor there ? This is not a walking away from the precipice, but striking a joyous, defiant pose at its edge. Ursula Le Guin’s brilliantly spare short story ‘The Ones Who Walked Away From Omelas’ comes to mind. Of Creative. She portrays the simple walking away of individuals from a prosperous society when they discover that their beautiful lives are based on the suffering of a single neglected child. They choose to walk away without agendas, without clear ideas of destinations or future adaptations, to begin new ecologies of contraction. For me, the West’s next great adventure is the relinquishing of the comfortable social body to favour the challenges of one’s own real, biological body, as unthinkable and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, impossible many of Financial Essay us consider that choice to be.
Queer theorist Jack Halberstam helps direct us toward that great leap of faith with what she describes as a ‘new wild’. The communal is the Essay new wild, a place where the human ends or even an inhuman or even an outhuman begins as a dream of ecstatic contact that we continue to seek out in life, in evidence, love, in dreams, in material objects, in of Group Therapy, the neutral, and in the skies. This ‘new wild’ is not found in physical evidence, wilderness surrounding the lonely wanderer dwarfed by geologic majesty. The ‘new wild’ is not about land-grabs or monuments or family road trips to choreographed and of Group, narrated overlooks of example of creative natural wonders. This is the wild of human bodies at last stripped of Goals social convention and experienced as ecstatic agents in example, networks of being that think less about preserving progress and sustaining the damaging ecology of the individual, and Goals, more about black and white was a protest against, creating the communal networks of bodies living physical lives as biotic constituents and of Group Essay, not just as social conscripts. I’m excited to read stories of bodies, old and new, reimagined, refashioned, and physical, reconfigured to help us all lean into Therapy, the upheaval we face. Tom Smith (Tipperary, Ireland).
PhD candidate in Geography at the University of St Andrews. Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Essay. He is currently relinquishing one life stage, and grasping towards another; a process he describes as ‘both painful and beautiful’. ‘It is, I promise, worse than you think.’ Those opening words, an admission that things are going to change, sent a chill down many a spine this summer, mine included. ‘The Uninhabitable Earth’, a piece in New York magazine by the journalist David Wallace-Wells, hit a nerve, both for myself and others. Outlining extreme climate scenarios which look more ‘normal’ with each passing year, the piece sent shock rippling through the global commentariat, who responded in Goals, the instantaneous manner so symptomatic of our times.
Tellingly, these responses were not about legitimate, what the piece had said – after all, it had been carefully fact-checked by a number of Goals climate scientists and example writing, stayed within the realm of scientific probability. Nor, for the most part, did they come from ‘climate skeptics’. Instead, damning responses were issued by climate scientists who, in lieu of substantive disagreement, raised concerns about what writing a piece like this does. They worried that entertaining thoughts of catastrophe would disempower and disillusion: ‘If there is no hope, there will be no action, and goodness knows we need a lot more action to rein in greenhouse gas emissions right now’, wrote Jennifer Francis, an atmospheric scientist. The piece was described as ‘irresponsible’ by Michael Mann – of ‘hockey stick’ graph fame – purveying what he called ‘a paralyzing narrative of of Group Therapy doom and hopelessness’. Define Power. Poetry and science collided, then, on the topic of the of Group Therapy power of the stories we tell, of how we will endure as the future plays out. Becoming the most-read piece in the magazine’s history, what this flurry of interest demonstrated was a stubborn unwillingness to physical, even begin peering over the precipice. Indeed, rejoinders to ‘The Uninhabitable Earth’ signalled climate denialism of a different sort: a denialism of change and the depth of Goals Therapy Essay adjustment which will be needed. If we’re going to speak of an uninhabitable earth, let’s relinquish the fairy tales of our humanism.
For many (indeed, most) human and writing, non-human beings on the edges of civilisation, the Earth is already uninhabitable, and is perpetually becoming more so. Goals Of Group. A more sensible response to the piece came with the sombre observation that ‘dystopian visions are easy to conjure these days; they come with scientific probabilities.’ The future will not be like the past or present. Example Of Creative Writing. Truisms such as this are easy to write but much harder to absorb into your bones, let alone into the heart of Goals of Group Essay a culture. We need to get to the roots of physical marketing more spectral, cultural, forms of adaptation.
My interests tend towards non-fiction, though of course we invite pieces of all genres which navigate the tension, as we move forward, between acknowledging our human-ness, as Cate does above, and relinquishing those traits, mentioned by Charlotte, which we’ve come to Essay, view – with tragic results – as all too human. Human, outhuman, non-human, non-humanist, inhumanist. Physical Marketing. Who are we really? Relinquishment, remembering, restoration, reclamation (and any number of Re-words). What is our destiny in these forms we hold?
These are all kick-off points for the new Spring issue. We do, of Goals Therapy course, also welcome pieces that just feel ‘Dark Mountain’ and do not follow these threads. A Dark Mountain anthology is Essay about Culture Shock a collective space that allows for many voices to of Group Essay, be heard and we’re looking forward to listening to all of them and seeing your responses. Dark Mountain: Issue 1 3 will be published in Culture, April 2018. The deadline for Goals Essay, submissions is Friday 17th November 2017. For details on what and how to power, submit, please read our submissions guidelines carefully. We cannot read or respond to work which does not fit within our guidelines. Image: ‘Fusion’ by Goals Therapy Kate Williamson. Of The Coca-Cola. Acrylic on canvas.
Kate is a contemporary New Zealand artist who lives on the Otago Peninsula. Renowned for her large and striking artworks, She uses paint to express her concerns about climate change and the gift of paradise we are interweaved with. Described as ‘intuitive, spontaneous action painting’, ‘ Fusion’ expresses the almost musical meeting of Goals Therapy sky, water and land, and define power, people. paintinglive.co.nz. This month we’re excited to announce the official launch of Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. To give you a taste of what’s inside, we’ve been running a series of excerpts from the Essay book.
Our fourth and final offering is Florence Caplow’s extraordinary essay about an abandoned Japanese-American internment camp in the Californian desert, and the meaning of shikataganai – accompanied by a powerful image by Financial Company Bruce Hooke. Bruce Hooke, ‘Emerging’, Paria Canyon, Arizona, USA. I want to tell you what I know about Goals of Group Essay, shikataganai . I learned it in an empty prison, a long way from anywhere, and understood it as I sat in meditation in a garden in the middle of that prison. I offer it to you as a gift, as it was offered to me. The landscape of the Owens Valley, east of the California Sierras, is both vast and enclosed. The long desert valley is held by picasso's large black and white guernica against great ranges – the Sierras a white wall of granite and ice to the west, the Inyos and White Mountains a subtler but equally awesome wall to the east, all rising precipitously more than 12,000 feet above the valley floor. On the floor of the of Group Therapy valley are the picasso's painting, protest remnants of Goals of Group Essay a once-vast lake – Owens Lake, now reduced to alkali flats. And beyond the Inyo Mountains, Death Valley, drier, vaster still. My first visit to legitimate, the Owens Valley was in late May 2006.
I drove north from the roar of Therapy Essay Los Angeles into Analysis Coca-Cola Essay, an emptier, emptier, and still-emptier landscape, my heart growing happier mile by mile. When I got to Essay, the tiny town of Lone Pine and power, turned west into the high desert, towards the jagged 14,000-foot peaks of Mount Whitney, lit by of Group Essay the light of an early summer sunset, I thought I might explode with joy at the beauty there. I found a campground out on the tilted, open plateau of the upper valley, and writing, settled in. Over the next few days, I learned a little of the history of the place. Before 1861, it was all Paiute country – desert, mountains, and at the southern end of the valley a great alkaline lake, rich with birds and fish and tule beds. Goals Of Group Essay. Then white settlers started moving in, and for the first few years the Paiutes and example of creative writing, the settlers co-existed with some peacefulness. Goals. Then, as settlement continued, there was increasing concern by the new settlers about the Financial Analysis Company presence of the Paiutes. After a few skirmishes, a military force was dispatched to Goals Therapy Essay, the valley. About Of Same-Sex Marriages Worldwide. At first the Paiutes fought back, but their resistance was broken when the military herded a group of 40 Paiute women and children into of Group Essay, the lake, deeper and of creative, deeper, until they drowned. The remaining Paiutes were then forcibly relocated from the valley.
I sat with that story, and Essay, the almost unimaginable images it evoked, up in my campsite overlooking the lakebed where it had happened: the armed men on horseback, the children crying, the inexorable push into the water, and the end, after the struggle. I considered how this story is woven into the fabric of this place, many places; a part of the history of my own country that I can barely stand to see or know. The history goes on. Define Legitimate. After the Paiute were removed, the valley was irrigated by the waters of the Therapy Essay Owens River, and became known for painting, was a protest, its rich fields and orchards. And after that, in the early years of the 20 th century, the Goals of Group city of Essay Los Angeles showed up, quietly, and began buying land and water rights. Of Group. A huge aqueduct was built, an artery from the valley to Los Angeles, and the waters of the Owens Valley were sent south. The lake was emptied, the Essay about of Same-Sex Marriages farmers bank rupted, and the valley returned to of Group, desert.
Later, there was another little boom when Hollywood discovered the rocky hills above the valley as a setting for Westerns, but even that has dried up now. Legitimate. The alkaline sediments that blow from the empty lakebed promise to Therapy, keep the Owens Valley mostly empty for a long time to come. Evidence Marketing. Now there are just a few handfuls of of Group eccentrics, ranchers, retirees, Paiute and Shoshone (descendants of example those who did not die in the lake, and who came back, years later), and tourists like me, wandering through. As I watched the light at dusk over Goals of Group Essay the dry lakebed, I was struck by the piercing ironies in Culture Shock, its history. The lake that once nourished the original people of the valley becomes their grave. Then the water is Goals of Group Essay taken to fuel the dreams of those who displaced them, before they are displaced in their turn, casualties of the Financial Analysis of The Essay continuing gold rush of Los Angeles. A few days later, when I headed north in Therapy Essay, the mid-afternoon heat, I discovered another part of the history of the Owens Valley. A small sign on Essay Shock the highway pointed left towards what appeared to be a landscape much like the rest of the valley, except for Therapy, one large building that was about the size of an airplane hangar.
The sign said, ‘Manzanar National Historic Monument’. At the about Culture entrance was a small, beautifully constructed stone gatehouse. On both sides of the road were concrete slabs, cracked pavement, and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, weeds – all that is left of the most famous of the Japanese internment camps (or ‘concentration camps’, as they were known at the time): Manzanar. In the weeks after Pearl Harbour, when the Roosevelt administration chose to round up every person of Japanese descent in the Pacific states, I imagine some bureaucrats were given the task of finding suitable places to put them for pablo black was a protest, an undetermined length of time. Maybe there were requirements like ‘far from habitation’, ‘inexpensive land’, ‘easy to defend’. As is still true, when the Goals of Group Essay US government needs a place to physical marketing, put a military installation, a prison, a nuclear waste site, or other secret and unpleasant institutions, it looks to the American deserts, otherwise mostly the Goals of Group Therapy abode of light and rock, jackrabbits and roadrunners. The Owens Valley hadn’t been a desert a few years before, but now land was once again inexpensive, far from habitation and easy to defend. Anyone trying to escape from Manzanar would have to cross miles of open desert, and Financial Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company Essay, then the highest portion of the Sierras. No-one ever tried. Ten thousand men, women and children (two-thirds of them American citizens) were interned at Manzanar, beginning in March 1942. Most of Goals them lived there for more than three years, in 500 hastily and poorly built barracks.
The large building I’d seen from the highway was what remained of the high school gymnasium, now the National Park Service interpretive centre. The barbed wire and barracks were gone, bulldozed after the war, during the time when the Japanese internment was a largely hidden part of American history. Manzanar was made a national monument after decades of lobbying by the survivors, who were determined not to allow their history to be buried and Analysis Coca-Cola Company, forgotten. I went into the small museum inside the former school gymnasium. Goals. It was hard to look at the large photos, at the shock on people’s faces (old men, old women, children) in example writing, the first days of internment, at the photos of barbed wire and Goals, armed guards in the towers. Power. It was hard to read the hate-filled editorials in of Group Therapy Essay, newspapers around the country, on display in glass-topped cabinets. It was hard to look at picasso's and white, the rage in the faces of the young men in of Group Therapy, the camp. In one corner of the exhibit there was a large blank book where people could write their responses and reactions. Over and over again, sometimes in childish handwriting, sometimes in graceful cursive or in Essay, quick scrawls, visitors wrote, in various ways: never again, this should never happen again. I was moved by the responses, but I also thought: some of Goals of Group Essay us remember, and some of us forget, and even now there are innocent people waiting in our immigration prisons and secret overseas interrogation rooms. It seems to be so tempting to do what was done here – to the Paiute, to the Japanese – and to think, ‘ This time it’s justified.
This time these people really need to be treated this way, for our protection, or for theirs.’ Only afterwards is there some larger realisation of going astray. I thought, what a world it would be if we could all remember and truly put into practice, never again. There was an auditorium where a film was being shown: footage from the time of the camp, and Essay about, interviews with internees still alive today. That’s where I first heard shikataganai. An old man was trying to explain how he had survived the experience of being an internee. Of Group. ‘Shikataganai,’ he said. ‘What is, is.’ His expression was powerful and clear and his eyes looked straight at evidence marketing, the camera. Later, I found that the Goals Therapy usual meaning of this Japanese phrase carries a strong sense of resignation, even of fatalism, the Japanese equivalent of a shrug: ‘ Can’t be helped.
Nothing to be done.’ But what I saw in the eyes of the old man was something far beyond fatalism. I felt that he was saying to me, to all of us, ‘ What is, is. Now how will you respond?’ The footage in the documentary began with the camp in pablo picasso's black guernica against, its desolate first days, when the barracks had been put up in Essay, the empty fields and the people struggled to Essay about Culture Shock, survive the dust and the heat and Goals, the cold. Essay Legalization. Then, as the footage went on through the months and years, something miraculous began to unfold.
Gardens appeared everywhere, springing up from the desert floor like mushrooms after rain. There were pleasure gardens, flowering trees, stone bridges, pools. There were ladies strolling with parasols, couples laughing on the grass, artists painting, poets writing, and students dancing in Essay, the high school gym. In an extraordinarily short period of time, and with virtually no resources other than their hands and hearts, inside a prison in the middle of a desert in the middle of of creative a war, a people that had had everything taken away created culture. They invited life to of Group Therapy Essay, flower behind the define legitimate barbed wire. I walked out of the Therapy documentary filled with outrage, amazement, and a kind of piercing, poignant sorrow. It was quiet in physical marketing, the Park Service bookstore, and I wasn’t ready to leave. I started chatting with the blond woman behind the counter. I asked her about the gardens, and whether anything was left. She said, ‘ You know, there were gardens in many places here, but most of them are gone.
Even what you can see now, all the plants are gone, and most of the stonework is Goals of Group gone too, but there’s one place … ’ – and I could see that she loved this place – ‘there’s one place that all of us who work here love to Essay about Culture, visit. There’s something about it.’ And she pulled out a map of the site and of Group, drew directions for me. Of The Company Essay. I would have to walk through the empty, weed-filled fields, along what was once a road between lines of of Group Therapy Essay barracks, to a particular spot. I would know it when I got there. Then I noticed small, carved stones in Essay Culture, a basket on the counter. Each was carved with one of two sayings: ‘ Never forget’ and ‘Shikataganai’. I went back into the heat and sun and the empty Manzanar National Historic Monument. Goals Therapy. I was the only person there, it seemed. Map in hand, I drove the straight roads now leading nowhere at all, bisected by the remains of other roads. The map showed the names and numbers of the blocks of barracks, but nothing was visible except the flat valley floor, weeds, broken concrete, and the distant wall of the Sierras. It reminded me, eerily, of another place built at nearly the writing same time, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation in the desert of eastern Washington, where I spent three summers as a field biologist.
There you can (if you have the proper security clearance) drive the roads of the Hanford Town Site, where more than 50,000 people lived, secretly, while they built the of Group Therapy Essay reactors that would eventually produce the plutonium for the bomb that destroyed the Essay city of Goals Essay Nagasaki – surely the home of relatives and friends of the people who were behind the barbed wire at Manzanar. Now, just like Manzanar, there’s nothing at define power, the Han ford Town Site but straight roads leading nowhere at all, weeds, and broken concrete. The physical and historical resonance of the two places was eerie: both once a home for Goals of Group Therapy Essay, thousands of people during a time whose terrors I can barely imagine, each now just this, descending back into the desert’s silence. Following the map and directions, I left the car and headed off the Shock paved road onto the eroded remnants of a smaller road. It was spooky to walk out into the heat and emptiness, and improbable that there would be a garden anywhere in this place. I kept walking, stumbling over broken asphalt, past the Goals merest outlines of foundations. Finally I saw a grove of Analysis Coca-Cola Essay trees ahead of me: tough, scruffy locust trees from the steppes of Eurasia, survivors of 60 years with no water. I knew that someone must have tenderly planted them at a time when barbed wire and guard towers separated the man or woman who tended them from the outside world. Under the Goals Therapy Essay trees it was abruptly cooler, like stepping from one world to about Culture, another. My eyes adjusted to the quieter light, and Goals Essay, I saw a network of paths and stones. It took a moment to realise what I was seeing.
Beneath the example trees was a small but exquisitely intricate construction, no more than 15 feet wide and 30 feet long. Therapy. Winding through the grove of trees was a series of empty concrete pools and channels, sensuously curved. It seemed as if someone had shaped the concrete like a potter working clay, with a deep assurance, a kind of joy in shaping. A stone bridge arched over painting, guernica one of the channels, flat stones placed just so for the walker’s feet, everything still solid and strong. Along each side there were paths beneath the trees, outlined in stone. Larger boulders were placed here and there, inviting the walker to sit, to look. Everywhere the shadows of Goals of Group leaves were dancing. And carved, carefully, into the wall of the largest pool, was a date: ‘August, 1942’.
Only five months after the camp was begun. I sat down at the base of one of the trees, near the stone bridge. I folded my legs and sat zazen, the joyful ‘just sitting’ that has been central to my life for 20 years, transmitted to Essay Culture Shock, my country by Japanese Zen Buddhist priests. Goals Of Group. The quiet was very deep, except for the sound of a very small breeze in the trees above me. I felt held by this garden and Essay about of Same-Sex Marriages, the long-gone hands that had made it, safe like a child hidden beneath a bower. After a while I began thinking of the spirit of the person who had imagined this place, perhaps only a few weeks after arriving in the camp, carrying all the pain of dislocation, dispossession and uncertainty.
Someone leant over Goals of Group and began to gather stones, chose boulders from the large black painting, guernica against desert, poured the pools, planted trees, brought water and made a simple place of Goals of Group Therapy peace, inside a prison in the middle of a war, not knowing what lay ahead. Evidence Marketing. I considered what a gift the teachings of of Group Essay Japanese Zen have been in my life, and how Zen carries within it the same spirit that was so tangible here in this garden – generosity, simplicity and courage. I considered shikataganai, that ineffable Japanese expression: nothing to be done. What is, is. I came to Zen when I was in my early 20s, like a thirsty person finding water. The path that leads towards anything is always mysterious, but for as long as I could remember, I’d been struggling with a koan, a deep question, and I think that it was this question, in part, that brought me to Essay Marriages, Zen. I’d spent portions of my childhood in Italy. Of Group Therapy. The Second World War had only been over for of creative writing, 25 years or so, and the scars of that time were tangible. Most of us in America grow up shielded from the sufferings of great violence and disaster, but I walked streets where battles had been fought and saw ancient buildings still not yet rebuilt from the Allied bombings. My mother’s closest friend had been attacked as a young girl by Goals Therapy Essay an American soldier . My father is Jewish, and legitimate, I had an of Group Essay, inkling of what would have happened to me if I’d been living in Italy during the physical evidence time when the Therapy Essay fascists came to power.
At the time I was quite sure that I would be utterly broken by … well, by almost anything, but particularly by the brutalities of war and physical evidence marketing, violence. I felt the presence of disaster close beside me, as it is beside all of us. My koan was: how does a person’s spirit survive when life becomes seemingly unendurable, as it can at any moment? How will my spirit survive? And how do I live with this fear?
In Zen, I learned to sit still with my life, whatever my life was at the moment: joy or sorrow, grief or fear. And gradually I discovered that something holds all of the dramas of being human, something larger and Goals of Group Essay, quieter, and gradually it’s gotten easier and less frightening to be alive. Disasters of various propor tions have happened, and I’ve learned that life comes back after great fires. But in Manzanar, sitting in the shade of those trees planted 60 years before, surrounded by physical evidence marketing a deep silence, I saw another, more radical possibility. Someone chose those stones and planted those trees in the midst of all that they wished was not occurring. Therapy. They used what they knew to make a place of peace, for themselves and for those around them, even as they were powerless and without recourse.
Right there, where loss and fear were in every heart, and where there was truly nothing to be done, shikataganai. I thought of the cellist in pablo black guernica, Sarajevo, who played on Goals the street corner day after day as the bombs rained down, asserting, with every note, that music cannot be destroyed. Legitimate. Or the Paiutes who watched their children die in the waters of Owens Lake, and who somehow survived to come back to their homeland and keep the flame of their people burning in the midst of those who wanted them gone. The power of the human heart rising up in the middle of darkness – this suddenly seemed as beautiful to me as anything in Goals Therapy, this whole world. As a child in Italy I remember hearing the nightingales singing in the middle of the night: there’s nothing like that song. A few weeks after I’d been to Manzanar I went walking in the hills of North ern California with a friend, a man who happens also to be a creator of gardens.
His grandfather had been born in Japan, and was a community benefactor in San Francisco. Because he was seen as a leader, he was separated from his family and sent to fearsome military prisons in define legitimate power, the Arizona desert and in New Mexico, reserved for those who were considered particularly dangerous. When we arrived at the trail, my friend pulled out three walking sticks that had belonged to his grandfather, each carved from a different desert wood. One was made from a dark, hard wood, highly polished, with a curved head. One had a head that was a sort of latticework – an ocotillo plant, whose red flowers draw hummingbirds in the early spring. And the Goals Therapy Essay third came from the stalk of a century plant – the great candelabras of example writing white flowers that rise from the desert floor. This one was light and strong, and on the upper portion were a series of beautifully carved Japanese characters, carefully filled with red ink. Goals Therapy. The callig raphy is so exquisite and sophisticated that no-one now is able to read them. A few months later there was an exhibit in San Francisco of craft and pablo picasso's painting, guernica protest, art from the internment camps.
There were watercolours and sketches, delicate carved wooden birds, flower pins made from hundreds of shells, inlaid Buddhist and Goals Therapy, Shinto altars made from Essay about of Same-Sex packing crates, children’s toys made from crushed cans, and Goals Therapy Essay, weavings made from the threads of onion sacks. I wondered how many were made as gifts, to cheer a friend or family member when things were hard. It seemed that each object, no matter how humble, had a quiet radiance, born from the care and about Culture Shock, love with which it was made. Goals. On the wall was a quote from Delphine Hirasuna, who had been an internee: ‘Everything was lost, except the courage to Worldwide, create’. Wherever you are in your life, whatever lies ahead of you, I offer you this story and this word, like a small, carved stone you can hold in your pocket, to be taken out of Group Therapy Essay when needed.
Shikataganai. What is, is. Not resignation or passivity, but perhaps the beginning, the first step, when faced with great difficulty: to of creative, admit and accept the place where you are, no matter how grim. And then to have the courage to Goals Therapy, turn and Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Company, begin your garden, one stone at a time, one tree gently planted into the yielding earth. Bruce Hooke, ‘Emerging’, from ‘The Immersion Project’, Paria Canyon, Arizona, USA. What does it feel like to physically immerse myself in nature and what can I learn from doing so? It is easy to use nature as a place to challenge ourselves; a place to get an adrenaline fix. I want something else. I want to slow down and feel nature more fully, more deeply and more physically; to rediscover the relationship between my body and the natural world.
We come from mature and we will return to nature. Goals Of Group. In between we seem to have lost our connection. We wander in a human-made wilderness. The images in this series were made on medium-format film, using a Hasselblad 503CW camera. I created a remote-control system that allows me to trigger the shutter once I am in Essay about Marriages Worldwide, position. Florence Caplow is a Unitarian Universalist minister, Soto Zen priest, former conservation biologist, activist, writer, and editor. She edited and contributed to Wildbranch: An Anthology of Nature, Environmental and Place-Based writing, and The Hidden Lamp: Stories from Twenty-Five Centuries of Awakened Woman.
Her essays can also be read online at Goals Therapy, Slipping Glimpser: Zen Wanderings and Wonderings. Bruce Hooke is a photographer and performance artist residing in the small, western Massachusetts town of Plainfield. His work focuses on the evolving human relationship to evidence marketing, nature. Goals Of Group Therapy. He heard about Dark Mountain from a friend and felt an marketing, immediate connection between his work and the mission of the project. bghooke.com. Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Goals Therapy Essay, Uncivilised Times is published by Chelsea Green, and brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the first ten issues of physical Dark Mountain.
It’s available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then we’d encourage you to order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop. Last week we launched Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from of Group Therapy our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. To give you a taste of what’s inside, we’re running a series of excerpts from the book. Example Of Creative Writing. Today we bring you David Schuman’s brilliant short story from Dark Mountain: Issue 6 , accompanied by Emily Laurens’ image of disappearing birds from Issue 7 . We hope you enjoy… Emily Laurens, ‘Memorial to the Passenger Pigeon’, Llangrannog Beach, Wales. Photograph by Keely Clarke. It was in the grass. He thought it was dead.
It seemed as if it had been there for a while, like the grass had grown around its body. But it wasn’t dead. Essay. It quivered as he drew near. ‘Go climb a tree,’ he said to it. He nudged it with the edge of his flip-flop. It sprung up as if shocked and landed on the top of his foot. As he tried to shake it off, it bit. Then it fell from his foot and ran across the yard. It pressed itself against the fence.
He reached down to define legitimate power, touch the bite and then thought better of it. It was more of a pinch. ‘A squirrel just bit me,’ he announced. ‘What?’ his wife said. She sounded sceptical and accusatory at once. Dolly looked up from the table. ‘Maybe it has rabies,’ Dolly said.
His daughter was a sullen and frightened girl. She perked up at any suggestion that the world wasn’t as safe as her parents assured her it was. His wife dried her hands on a towel. ‘Maybe you should call someone,’ she said. ‘Animal control,’ said Dolly. She was the authority on disasters. She ordered preparedness pamphlets from government websites. ‘Is it bad?’ his wife said. Of Group Therapy. She folded the towel and put it on the counter. She patted it. ‘It’s more of a pinch.’ ‘Let me see,’ Dolly said. She came around the table and looked at legitimate, his foot. ‘It’s bleeding a little.
If there’s blood it isn’t a pinch. It broke the skin.’ His wife squeezed the of Group Therapy Essay bridge of her nose with her thumbs. ‘I’ve got to get ready,’ she said. ‘I’m showing a house in a half hour.’ ‘Go on,’ he told her. Essay Marriages Worldwide. ‘I can handle this.’ She walked out of the kitchen, testing her hair with her fingers. He took a waffle out of the freezer and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, slotted it into the toaster. ‘Aren’t you going to call?’ Dolly asked. ‘I’m going to eat this waffle first,’ he said. When his wife came back into the kitchen he was eating.
‘There’s coffee,’ she said. She took some earrings out of the junk drawer. She kept her favourite pairs in there, for legitimate, some reason. ‘It’s OK,’ he said. ‘I’ve got juice.’ ‘I’m going now,’ she said. ‘You should go around the front,’ he said. She became so easily annoyed. ‘It’s still out there,’ he said. ‘In the yard.’ ‘The squirrel. He was sitting near the fence.’
Dolly rushed to the glass doors. ‘God,’ she said. Of Group. ‘I think there’s something wrong with it.’ ‘It looked OK to me,’ he said. ‘You’d better call someone,’ said his wife. Then she left, using the front door. It hadn’t been opened in a while. It made a crackling sound. It had warped in Essay, its frame and needed sanding. ‘Do you need the number?’ said Dolly.
‘I’ll call information,’ he said. ‘It bit you,’ said the man from animal control, reviewing a fact. The man had a sweater on of Group Essay over his coveralls. It was the kind of pablo picasso's large black and white painting, guernica was a protest against colourful sweater that men of a certain age receive as gifts from their families. ‘Right here,’ he told the man, pointing down at his foot. The man didn’t look. His concerns were animals.
‘Was it doing anything strange before the of Group attack?’ He thought that was a strange word for the man to use, but he supposed it was the right word. ‘It was just in marketing, the grass,’ he told the Goals man. ‘It ran away, but only to the fence. Essay Of Same-Sex Marriages. See it over there?’ ‘I see it,’ said the man. ‘Can you remain in the domicile while I fetch a few things from the van?’ The man came back with a long net. The man looked at him quizzically. ‘You said you were going to get a few things from the van.’ ‘I meant one thing,’ the man said. Then the man went out through the glass doors and Goals, put the net over the squirrel. He flipped the net and Essay about Legalization of Same-Sex, bounced it to make sure the squirrel went into the bottom. It seemed easy.
It was Saturday, so he’d be alone with Dolly all day. He asked her what she wanted to do. ‘Don’t you want to wait for of Group, the results?’ she said. ‘I doubt they’ll be in today,’ he said. ‘The animal control guy said he’d never heard of a squirrel getting rabies.’ ‘They’ll have to cut its brain out to be sure,’ said Dolly. Define Legitimate Power. ‘And a tetanus shot. You’ll need one of those.’ ‘I had one last year,’ he said. ‘The thing with the pruning shears.’ ‘Oh, right,’ Dolly said. Of Group. She turned back to the TV. ‘We’re leaving this house today,’ he told her. ‘OK, OK,’ she said. ‘I’d like to go to the cupcake shop and I’d like to drive down and see the whale.’ Her mother wouldn’t like the Analysis Company cupcake idea.
Dolly was getting doughy around the middle. ‘She can be weird or she can be chubby,’ his wife had said more than once. ‘But she can’t be weird and chubby.’ He told Dolly OK and to get ready. ‘I am ready,’ she said. A small whale had been attempting to Goals of Group Therapy Essay, beach itself near Sandy Hook for the last three days. It was on the news.
When the whale got close to shore, groups of Culture volunteers would coax it back out of Group with their hands and gentle chanting. On the half-hour drive he stole glances at about Legalization Worldwide, his daughter. She had chocolate frosting in the corner of her mouth. A few years ago he would have reached over and wiped at her lip with the pad of his thumb, but she was old enough now to keep her own face clean. Thirteen was a hard age, he understood, though it hadn’t been particularly difficult for him. The drudgery of school, yes, but mostly he remembered the bright summers, the smell of chlorine, the snap of Goals of Group Therapy Essay a ball in a glove.
It was easier, maybe, for boys. If you had an interest in Financial Company Essay, sports and could throw and catch, it wasn’t hard to get by. ‘Do you know we’re in the middle of a major age of extinction?’ Dolly said. Goals Therapy Essay. ‘Bigger than when the dinosaurs died, even.’ ‘That’s interesting,’ he said. He meant it. He himself often thought along those lines. For example, was evolution still happening to human beings, and evidence marketing, if so what would they look like in a million years? He recognised that, at of Group Therapy, the rate things were going, it might be a moot question. It wasn’t something he was going to discuss with Dolly, who worried enough as it was. ‘People always tell you something bad is interesting when they don’t intend to do anything about it,’ she said. ‘I don’t think there’s much I could do,’ he told her. If only his daughter’s disappointment was bred by smaller things.
He wanted to make her happy. The wind whipped off the ocean and tugged at their jackets. He pulled his collar up. A gust lifted the define legitimate power hair off his forehead. He felt vaguely heroic, approaching the beach under a sky of of Group steel. Like someone out of a World War Two novel.
The sand was coarse and grey, littered with twisted pieces of black wood. It was winter sand. But winter was still a few months off. A few huddled groups were scattered on the beach. Of Same-Sex. Primarily they wore parkas but a few were in full-body wet suits. There was only Goals of Group Therapy, one person in the water, a surfer straddling his board about a hundred yards from Marriages shore. A young woman jogged towards them purposefully.
Her jeans were soaked up to her thighs. Goals. She had a red eager face. She squinted as if she were visualising her ideals. ‘He came in, but now he’s back out,’ the young woman said. She shouted to be heard over the wind. ‘This is my third day.’ ‘Do you sleep here?’ Dolly asked. His daughter was hugging herself against define legitimate power the cold. ‘Sure,’ said the young woman. ‘We take turns combing the beach with flashlights. Twice last night we had to push him back from shore. Nobody’s helping. The Coast Guard was here, and then a guy from the Goals of Group Therapy aquarium, but they gave up.
We’re the only ones who believe he doesn’t really want to die.’ The flush was dissolving from the young woman’s cheeks, a blossoming played backwards. He thought the worst part of being grown was realising how inevitable everything is. Define. He thought how astonishing it would be if he grabbed the young woman and kissed her. Goals Therapy. He pictured his daughter’s astonishment.
The surfer came up from the beach, carrying his board. He was bearded and thin, with wet ropes of silver hair down his back. He stuck his surfboard into the sand near them. On the bottom of the board was written, ‘This machine kills fascists.’ The surfer put his arm around the young woman, who shivered into about Legalization of Same-Sex Worldwide, his embrace. ‘He’s out Goals Therapy Essay there,’ said the surfer, pointing at Company Essay, where he had been. ‘He’s right out there, waiting.’ They peered at all the Therapy grey water. Analysis Coca-Cola Company Essay. Something broke the surface. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. It looked like an inflated plastic garbage bag bobbing up. There was a spray, like a sneeze, and then it went under. Along the beach other groups were pointing and calling out.
‘You’ve seen a whale,’ he said to his daughter. You could divide your life this way, he thought. I have not seen. And now I have. Example Writing. This must be what bird-watching was all about. Or maybe everything.
‘He’s not really a whale anymore,’ said the surfer. ‘He’s been touched by man. A whale’s one of Goals of Group Therapy Essay those things not meant to be touched by human hands.’ ‘He’s like a dog, then?’ said Dolly. ‘Something sadder than that,’ said the surfer. ‘Michael teaches economics,’ the example of creative young woman said. The whale bobbed up and blew again. By the Goals Therapy time they got back it was dark. His wife had come home while they were gone, but left again. There was a note on the kitchen table that she was meeting with her memoir group and wouldn’t be back until late. She’d drawn a sad face, which meant she hadn’t made a sale. Along with the note, she’d left take-out menus from Angelo’s and the Chinese place.
Dolly said she wasn’t hungry and went to her room. She kept several bags of chips in her closet and candy bars in Essay Culture, her nightstand. He didn’t know how she came by these things. She never asked him for a dime. He heard her settling into her bed, and then the Therapy Essay growls and percussive gunfire of the zombie game she played whenever her mother was out. He took a jar of pickles out define power of the refrigerator and fished inside with two fingers. There was only one left, and it evaded him.
He thought of of Group Essay Dolly as a baby, how he’d been the one who could rock her to sleep in marketing, his arms with a pattern his wife could never master. One, two, dip, bob. One, two, dip, bob. The deep reward of her eyelids beginning to flutter and relax, like the feathers of a settling bird. He remembered the squirrel and rolled down his sock. Of Group Therapy. The skin around the bite was inflamed and of The Coca-Cola Company, tender.
But he felt the same. At the beach a single tent was luminous against the night. Inside, the young woman and the surfer made blunt love. The whale, within shouting distance but forgotten for the moment, turned seaward. On the other side of the world, a tiger padded into an encampment. She bore the smell of of Group Therapy shit and meat. Essay. In her teeth were strands of Therapy lung, liver and example, intestine, offal of her own young.
She entered the light cast by the fire. The tiger’s muscles slid beneath her stripes like prisoners behind bars. Of Group Therapy Essay. The three men warming themselves, poachers, stood with shock and of creative, fear. This was the very beast they’d stalked for Goals of Group Therapy Essay, days, whose cubs they had found in a hole beneath the roots of a fallen baobab and eviscerated on the spot, taking what they needed and leaving a small pile of of The Company wet guts where each had slept. Now the tiger had come to rip them down and tear out their throats. They found themselves unable to run. Their rifles, leaning against a tree fifteen feet from where they stood, were like distant things in a dream. The fire popped loudly and they heard the heavy shuffling of their elephants in the woods. And then the tiger, like a house cat, rolled onto Goals of Group Therapy her back and offered her heart to physical marketing, her hunters. Emily Laurens, ‘Remembrance Day for Goals Essay, Lost Species 2014, Memorial to the Passenger Pigeon’, Llangrannog Beach, Wales.
We need to evidence marketing, find new ways to commemorate the passing of Essay places, ecosystems and species. One hundred years ago and 4000 miles away, the passenger pigeon became extinct. From billions to none in Essay about Legalization Marriages Worldwide, the blink of an eye. With that in mind, I went to where the civilised, farmed, human-dominated land meets the of Group Essay wild untameable ocean to draw passenger pigeons with my friends in that liminal space. Within those fragments of rock that sea and time have crumbled to near dust, I trace their shapes with my garden rake.
In the blond brown sands I draw a small flock of pigeons, like shadows passing overhead. And then I watch them disappear. Essay About Shock. Photograph by Keely Clarke. David Schuman grew up in a New Jersey suburb about 30 miles from Manhattan. His parents, both teachers, told him he could do anything he wanted in life as long as it wasn’t teaching. So, of course, that is what he does now. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. He lives in St Louis, at the nexus of many aspects of America’s present cultural moment. Discovering Dark Mountain through the New York Times , he found the story ‘Squirrel’, which he had written months earlier, made sense in a way that it hadn’t before. So he submitted it for power, publication. Emily Laurens is one of Feral Theatre’s co-founders and Goals Essay, co-directors and lives and works in rural West Wales.
Her work uses and pablo protest, utilises myth, clown, ritual, mask, puppets and movement to explore loss, transformation and our connection to the Earth and its non-human inhabitants. Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times is of Group published by Chelsea Green, and brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the Essay about Legalization of Same-Sex Worldwide first ten issues of Dark Mountain. It’s available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then we’d encourage you to order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop. Walking on Lava: Prospecting for Equanimity. This week we’re excited to announce the official launch of Walking on of Group Therapy Essay Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. To give you a taste of what’s inside, we’re running a series of excerpts from the book. Today we bring you the first part of Jason Benton’s story of about Culture home in rustbelt Appalachia from Goals Therapy Dark Mountain: Issue 7, accompanied by Ron Hagg’s ‘Abode Farmhouse’ image from the same book. We hope you enjoy… Ron Hagg, ‘Adobe Farmhouse’, New Mexico, USA. The stakes are in Analysis, the meadow … the Essay fields are overgrown.
The winds of change are blowin’ through the place I’ve called home. They’re digging at the edges to build the black guernica was a against power line. Same old story … but now the story’s mine […] It all began 300 years before. What story is beginning. If this one is no more? – Railroad Earth, ‘Lone Croft Farewell’ This story is nothing special, nothing new. It is a story of time, my home, my family, and how this story continues to consume our time and space to be human, creating existential crises in individuals (myself). Environmental writers write about childhood because, it seems, this is the only place where, if lucky, we are now afforded the habitat to be human for a short while before we’re forced into the fold. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. This is not one of those articles.
It is a recounting, in example of creative, my words and my grandparents’, of how things have changed and Essay, of the unfolding discontentment across generations. Out of this arises a patient hope – for what, I still cannot say – but it is not for what we have now. This place, Western Pennsylvania, the western foothills of Appalachia, has produced a lot of coal, gas and steel (and a lot of broken backs, broken families and cancer) but also Annie Dillard, Edward Abbey and Rachel Carson, though most of us around here have never heard of them. What abides are strong family ties and proud gardeners, a connection to the land (what is left of it), and legitimate, a stubborn independence, although for how long I do not know. It is a place I will continue to of Group Therapy, call home until I die or it is taken from me. I left here as an physical evidence, eager teenager and returned a decade later married with kids and a mortgage on a four-acre plot. A curious thing happens after spending time away. Aesthetics and Goals Therapy, idiosyncrasies of time and space – a workday commute, a weed or ambient sound – become more pronounced, as the difference between the present and memories of the past reveals the quality of relationships, change and often injustice. Physical Evidence. Discontent and love arise hand in of Group, hand as objects and experiences resurrect these memories, revealing something new and something old and a living story which lies in between.
Some of these objects and experiences are products of marketing civilised life. Civilisation goes about its business condensing the raw elements of life (including people) into capital and products, and in the process condenses the experience of time and space into things like gasoline, trucks, p -values, and phones – potent mediators to the experience of life and reality. This business permeates even my thoughts, behaviours and sometimes desires. In the process, stories fragment and memories fade. It’s the ‘same old story’ once again. But there is always room to rewrite, re-create, and be reborn.
I’m still just as eager for something different, something new – perhaps because I was born of this place which has been in of Group Therapy Essay, constant flux since my farmer ancestors immigrated here from Germany, Ireland, Scotland and Denmark over 200 years ago. This eagerness is not for what most would think. I’ve travelled enough of the Essay about Culture Shock world to Goals of Group Therapy Essay, find that the best things in life come from my garden, kitchen and bed. And an adventure away from it all, a solitary place to legitimate power, get lost and lose myself, I can often find within my garden or the local woods. Of Group Therapy Essay. I spent most of my time away living in Boston. I do miss its diverse and witty people, the White Mountains nearby, and physical evidence, a walk to the Atlantic for a dip.
But I wouldn’t call it home. This will be – probably until I die. This will be the place where I’ll always return after getting lost, after losing myself. After many generations of being pushed aside, something within me has decided that it is time to remain still and Goals of Group Therapy, quiet, at least for now. Much of physical evidence this place has changed. The fields are now dotted with giant houses and gas wells. Gas lines vein and artery the of Group Therapy land, ever-vascularising new territory and depths, varicosing to the surface for stations, valves and about Legalization of Same-Sex Marriages, utilities. Essay. Churches have water ministries (not to be confused with baptism) helping families with contaminated or lost water.
People seem richer and of creative, poorer, which is nothing new to this business. Once non-existent or seldom-seen, smartphones, stink bugs and drugs are now ubiquitous – luxury and its victims reinvented. ? The woods are posted. When I was little I used to be able walk miles in most directions from home without bothering anybody except Mom who would, having exhausted her voice, wail on her hefty iron triangle bell to call us in after we were gone too long. Impossible now without breaking some law, namely trespassing, as the countryside is increasingly owned by businesses or individuals who live far away . I remember her heaving the antique from its nail on the wall, a symbol of a time when kin worked within earshot – although in her case she slept alone every night; still does, with Dad working night shift at the plant. We boys roamed the countryside, pretending to be trappers and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, homesteaders like Daniel Boone, but found someone had already beat us to it and then disappeared, leaving behind ploughs, animal traps and trash. Those relics became our rusty treasure, shifting our ambitions from rocks, plants and animals to more neurotic, civilised pursuits: archaeology, anthropology, and something else – for those rusty relics became something like Yorick’s skull, leading to various questions of existence: ‘Who were they? Where did they come from?
Where did they go? Where did I come from? Where am I going? Who am I? And if all the Daniel Boones are gone – their tools, land, and dreams absconded – where is this fantasy taking me?’ When I was 12 my brother, a year younger, wept when we learned that someone was planning to build in the woods behind our house where the Essay about Legalization of Same-Sex old sawmill used to be – where we played like giants along the stream, shot, trapped and caught countless helpless critters. We booby-trapped the Goals of Group Therapy place with animal skulls and snakes to dissuade them – it worked, so we thought.
That place was sacred to Culture Shock, us. We still pause each time we pass there, now with our little ones, in awe of how tall the sycamores have grown, how little we now feel. We stand mouths-agape peering at Goals of Group Therapy, the ivory heights, wondering if sycamore fruit is edible, eyeing a viable avenue to the top. ‘I wonder what those taste like … Hey, where are the kids?’ When I was a child, time was absent, but now everything is moving and accelerating, especially those little ones. My great-grandparents’ world was no less chaotic, but for several generations prior to theirs there was a relative homeostasis, a sameness from of creative writing one time to the next (they would have disagreed). Change has been constant, bulldozing the past, yet still dictated by the same intensifying powers – powers that as I grow older I find all around me and even within my own conscience; and Therapy Essay, sometimes, to my annoyance, my unconsciousness. I try to pluck such infiltrates from my soul just as I do the stink bugs (an Asian insect who stole away on Chinese imports during my decade away) from every nook and cranny of my home, or as I once plucked them from my toddler’s shoulder. As for my children, I just can’t say what time will be or bring for them.
Will they stay? Will they return? How will the pressures of time and these powers form them? The mining frenzy hasn’t changed, even since the first Drake oil well was drilled just north of here in 1859. We’re always moving and being moved by the energy industry, which powers what William Cobbett ? called ‘The Thing’, and others have called progress, GDP, revenue, industrial warfare (‘the War effort’), democratic capitalism, The Machine, The Man, development, growth. Grandpap recently shook his head in disgust – shocked that they all-at-once strip-mined and fracked the vast rolling fields across from his childhood home: ‘That was still good land!
Been farmed long before I was around – a lot of people took care of those fields.’ The Thing has given us much, though. Compared with my great- grandparents we live like royalty – more convenience and luxury; however, less freedom and less time. If they saw us now they would quietly nod and politely say, ‘That’s nice,’ then gratefully, skilfully return to their work. I romanticise, but these were folks who lived life abundantly, and without electricity or indoor plumbing. My brothers and I have careers now, and if you’ve got one around here you are likely tied to mining or the energy industry, and invariably tied (or perhaps noosed, knotted, lassoed or wedded) to The Thing. One of us counts and Essay about Legalization Marriages, recounts the surplus, one ensures it is safely acquired, and I manage the side effects – as a psychiatric nurse.
I say manage, for true prevention would be anathema to growth, to luxury – to Goals Therapy Essay, the noose. At work I see the double edge of our way of life: the example writing rich man who feels alone and empty, and the poor single mother who is exhausted from working three jobs, neither of whom have time for their children. Goals Essay. Cobbett protested against this onslaught, for fairness, longing for the nation of his childhood. But turning back the clock is example writing futile, and Goals of Group Essay, with only three weeks of holiday a year, there’s no time left for dealing with ‘hucksters, governments, or favourable representatives. ? The soul needs daily restoration: at home I have my children’s youth and my wife’s love to enjoy, there are beans and example writing, berries to pick and preserve, someone needs help with a shovel, the winter wren offers a song and dance, there’s food to cook and share. Dozers and Goals, trucks, symbolic and Financial Analysis Coca-Cola, steel, can become deeply personal. Grandma had the noisy, dusty coal processing plant nearby, their dairy farm razed for progress, which is now Moraine State Park.
My childhood home (the actual house) had been relocated from Therapy its hilltop farm to the edge of the woods in Essay Worldwide, order to make way for strip mines. I have peered and peed into more than one open mine pit. Of Group Therapy Essay. Stepping from a wet vernal paradise teeming with life to a silent dusty pit the size of a small village, I found myself asking then, as I do now, ‘Is all this really necessary?’ My friend lived in the trailer park down the road – his father was a drag-line crane mechanic, always reeking of picasso's black guernica protest against diesel, piss, tobacco and sweat from sleeping in Goals Essay, a rig or his pickup. They would operate those draglines 24/7: one was a mile away, lighting the horizon and drumming the physical evidence earth. Of Group. You didn’t notice its constant racket until it suddenly broke down, sometimes with a thunderous echoing boom as the house-sized bucket fell to the ground. Right then, an etheric, proverbial breath was released: silence wind birds breath heart and mind quickly settled to about of Same-Sex Worldwide, the fore of Goals of Group Essay consciousness. The land and I exhaled, and for a brief moment possibility opened her door. For as long as I can recall I have been awakened by the drone of Essay about Legalization early-morning coal trucks on Essay nearby Routes 19, I 79 and 422.
As a teen I spent the night at my girlfriend’s (now wife’s) parents’ house. The road lay parallel, just a few yards away, to a couch in the foyer where I slept – once. Coca-Cola Essay. Jake-brakers! The noise of slowing trucks is loud enough to Goals Therapy Essay, shake houses, make dogs bark, babies cry, throw china from pablo and white painting, cupboard shelves, and unhinge windows and your mind. Today the morning drone is accompanied by cavalcades of frack water and rigging trucks . Goals Therapy. On my morning commute I share the example of creative writing highway with the trucks carrying coal, water, pipes and rigging, and also windmill wings hundreds of feet long on their way to the Appalachian mountaintops east of here.
There are pillars of fire on every horizon, which always lend images of a biblical Israelite camp and tabernacle, like the posters on a Sunday school wall. At work, many of of Group Therapy Essay my patients are coal miners, roughneckers, truck drivers and their wives and children – the children I worry for the most (and what of their children’s children, including my own?). Too many of those young people look at their exhausted, indebted, irritable, unhealthy, addicted and pablo and white guernica was a against, divorced forebears and of Group Therapy, ask me the question: ‘What’s the point?’ without a story to Marriages, tell or fulfil. I have no answer that will satisfy their soul and Goals of Group Essay, I almost appreciate their protest: sitting idly, already disillusioned, without ambition or hope. The miners come with bent backs and spirits, fearing they are no longer useful. The roughneckers always find a way to gaol: heroin, fights, more heroin . Of Creative. The truckers, anxious and paranoid: running against time, traffic and debt. Therapy Essay. There are also surveyors, land grabbers, rich well owners, poor pipe welders and about of Same-Sex Worldwide, an arrogant rookie accountant setting up some kind of hedge fund for of Group Therapy Essay, the drilling companies. Many, though, are jobless, clinically poor, and by the time they see me are beyond their wits’ end with their struggle. People around here (myself included) aren’t apt to Essay, ask for help, particularly from a stranger, and more particularly from a shrink. During our lunch conversation my co-worker tearfully shares the news: ‘It’s a malignancy’.
She’s the fourth in our office diagnosed with cancer this year. My boss complains that ‘They’re dumping in the stream again’ behind her house. She isn’t sure how to stop them or clean it up. The daily 10am and 2pm trains rumble and screech outside my office window, a mile of coal, oil and chemicals in tow. I drive home with the trucks and of Group Essay, need to about Legalization Worldwide, use my windshield wipers when following the frack water salvage trucks as they leak an oily, briny residue onto my car (destined to be dumped in old wells in Goals of Group Therapy, Ohio). On the car radio, I listen to a politician argue that in order to save the future existence of Pennsylvania farming we need more gas operations on farmland.
I arrive home and legitimate power, my daughters and Goals, I wander into the garden where dull bituminous and shiny anthracite lie on the ground, dropped from of Same-Sex previous mining operations. We pick tomatoes, flicking off confident stink bugs, while the Haliburton pickup drives by and the Shell helicopter flies overhead – every day at 5.45pm. Entering through the Goals of Group Therapy basement door, I’m greeted by my radon detector beeping: the of The Essay level is still above the EPA ‘safe’ level, even after the expensive mitigation system whose constant hum drives me mad. Some wondered if radon had contributed to my aunt’s early death since she lived in an underground house near gas wells and mining. We’ll never know. The calm of the evening is periodically interrupted by the wobbly fan blades of my new electric ultra-efficient heat pump, my attempt to Goals Essay, warm and writing, cool my house ‘sustainably’. I listen with indignation and vengeful pleasure. Therapy Essay. I dare not fix it.
The blade might one day let loose and destroy its innards, but that is fine. My beloved winter wren couple (and since, a host of physical other birds, chipmunks, squirrels, a wild kitten and a baby crow) recently nosed around inside looking for Goals of Group Therapy Essay, a place to pablo picasso's large and white, build their nest when the fan kicked on. You can’t kill pure spirits like theirs without damage. Winter evenings are warmed by my pellet stove: an insane contraption, always needing fixing, and relying on wood for sawdust, volumes of natural gas to dry and press the pellets, oil to haul and package the pellets, and coal-fired electric to power the thing – all for a simple warm fire. We’re burning even the dust and selling it as an ‘ecological’ heat source, referring to sawdust as waste.
Not even the dust is allowed to fall as an offering to future forests, fungi, termites and dirt. But The Thing is there, so I use it. I’m as patient as a snake, but sooner than later, in Essay, a maniacal fit of rage and flurry of of creative pellets, The Thing will be speeding to Essay, the scrap yard. ‘Mommy, where’d Daddy go?’ ‘He’ll be back, babe. Let’s clean up these pellets.’ I later turn out the lights, burned at the local coal (soon to be gas) plant, just west of here, which I’m told may have contributed to the asthma that nearly killed me when I was three and physical marketing, now suffocates my toddler. I fall asleep to of Group, the drone of the pablo picasso's black guernica against trucks.
1 . Ralph Waldo Emerson frequently explored the karmic idea that for every material excess, there is a double-sided, moral/material victim or ‘defect’, e.g. the Goals Therapy Essay modern guilt over example our excess, and our pitiful attempts at finding ‘sustainable’ methods of having more of the same story. See RWE’s essay ‘Compensation’. 2 . See Dark Mountain: Issue 2 , ‘The Shuttle Exchanged for the Sword’ by Warren Draper. The Luddites’ ‘same old story’ is what drove Cobbett to of Group Therapy Essay, stoop to his political endeavours and my ancestors to seek a place in America where they could farm unbothered. That Jeffersonian dream remained a dream for almost 150 years until the story quickly caught up with them. 3 . From Robinson Jeffers’ ‘Soul’s Desert’. Ron Hagg, ‘Adobe Farmhouse’, New Mexico, USA. This is an abandoned adobe farmhouse in Arroyo Hondo, New Mexico.
It is Financial Analysis of The Coca-Cola Essay sad to Goals of Group Essay, see a family’s dream abandoned where once there was hope. Today in the United States we are run by a corporate state — small family farms are disappearing at an alarming rate., only to of creative, be taken over by huge factory farms. In this photograph I try to capture not only a devastating case of a single family no longer farming, but also a reflection of the state of Essay affairs in our society. Before the arrival of the evidence Europeans in 1700 this area was populated by members of the Taos Pueblo. Jason Benton has been following a rabbit trail that began with woods and fields and creek-bottomed hills, then cities and oceans, airplanes and theology, mountains and jungles, horses and psychiatric nursing, and Therapy Essay, now goats and about Shock, gardens. Presently, he is back home in Therapy, Western Pennsylvania, with children and homeschooling, work, a very small farm and a large garden. Ron Hagg is an exhibited photographer, based in Taos, New Mexico, and picasso's guernica, has worked in the field of education for most of his adult life.
His first job was helping migrant farm labour families. When he worked at Hoopa Valley High School in Humboldt County, California, he initiated and of Group Therapy Essay, coordinated the Essay effort to teach the languages of three of the Therapy areas’s Native American tribes, Karuk, Yurok and Hupa. He has written four novels: Jesus of Kneeland, To Keep from Drowning, Dreams of a New Day and Escape in Time . The last of these was turned into a full-length motion picture. haggmedia.com. Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Essay Legalization Marriages Worldwide, Uncivilised Times is of Group Essay published by Chelsea Green, and pablo picasso's large black and white painting, guernica protest, brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and artwork selected from the first ten issues of Dark Mountain. It’s available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then we’d encourage you to order it direct from the Dark Mountain online shop. This week we’re excited to announce the official launch of Walking on Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times . A one-volume introduction to of Group Therapy Essay, Dark Mountain containing forty pieces selected from power our first ten issues, Walking on Lava is published by Chelsea Green and available through bookshops or through our online shop. Over the Goals of Group Therapy next two weeks, we’ll be running a series of excerpts from the book, starting today with the editorial. An Introduction to This Book. Uncivilisation , the manifesto that launched the Dark Mountain Project, was written in Essay about Shock, the autumn of 2008, at a time of global crisis and collapse. A firestorm was blowing through the Goals Therapy Essay world’s financial system, and for about Culture Shock, a while it was unclear how much of the world would be left standing when it ended. This book was assembled eight years later, at Goals, the end of 2016 – a year in which it was the turn of the West’s political systems to feel the force of a storm blowing through history, upending expectations as it passed through.
The timing, in both cases, seems fitting. Dark Mountain was created by example of creative writing two English writers who felt that writing was not doing its job . In a world in which the Goals Therapy climate itself was being changed by human activities; in Essay about Culture, which global ecosystems were dying back before the human advance; and in which the dominant economic and cultural assumptions of the Therapy Essay West were clearly beginning to crumble, that little manifesto – 20 pages long, hand-stitched, bound in red paper – asked a simple question: where are the writers, and Financial of The, the artists? Why were the novels, the Goals films, the music, the cultural forms that passed for ‘mainstream’ in our society still behaving as if it were the 20 th century – or even the example of creative writing 19 th ? Something else, we thought, was needed. Writers and artists, thinkers and Essay, doers, needed to own up to Essay about Legalization Marriages Worldwide, the crises enfolding us, instead of pretending they weren’t happening, or that they were just glitches which could be ironed out by technology or politics. An abyss was opening up before us, and Therapy Essay, the very basis of our civilisation was in question.
It was, declared the manifesto, ‘time to look down.’ If we did, might we be surprised by what we saw? Uncivilisation , like the modernist manifestos it was inspired by, which had appeared a century before at another time of pablo picasso's large painting, protest against upheaval, asked these questions to shake people up, to challenge them, to throw cats among pigeons. We wanted writing and of Group Therapy Essay, art that reflected the dark times we were living in. We wanted writers as prophets, artists who spoke with honest tongues, who might not pretend to have answers but who didn’t hide from the about Legalization Marriages questions. We had no idea what this meant, really, or what it would look like, or where to find it, or whether, indeed, it was already out there and we just didn’t know about it. The whole thing, like all manifestos, was presumptuous, loud, and arrogant.
But it worked. Nearly ten years on, a tiny initiative launched in the back room of a pub to about 40 slightly confused people has become an international network of of Group Essay writers, artists, musicians, thinkers, activists and many others without labels, who believe, as we believed, that honesty about the state of the world is not only necessary but is also a source of define energy, and even hope. Once false hopes are shrugged off, once we stare into the darkness that surrounds us, we can see new paths opening up; new forms ; new words. The question our manifesto raised – where are all the ‘uncivilised’ writers and artists – began to Goals Therapy Essay, be answered almost immediately. They were out there, but they hadn’t been able to find each other. What Dark Mountain did – one of the things it did – was to raise a flag around which they could gather. The results of this gathering have taken many forms. We have run festivals and college courses, worked with national theatres and led mountain expeditions. We have appeared in a strange assortment of media outlets, from radio to TV, from example Resilience.org to Goals of Group Therapy Essay, the New York Times . Define. We run a website which reaches hundreds of thousands of people each year. We host concerts and lectures, storytellers and performers, poets and magicians.
At the core of of Group Therapy Essay all this activity, though, we are doing what we intended to Financial of The Coca-Cola, do all along: publishing books. Since 2010, Dark Mountain has published a series of beautifully crafted hardback journals, featuring writing and art from around the world. Each book is Goals of Group Therapy Essay packed with contrasting voices and genres: poetry, photography, long essays, flash fiction, paintings, reportage and much else, all brought together by a team of Essay editors many of whom first came to Dark Mountain as unknown voices published in of Group Therapy, the early books. All of this has been an attempt to bring together the kind of writing we called for back in 2009: It sets out to paint a picture of homo sapiens which a being from another world or, better, a being from our own – a blue whale, an Worldwide, albatross, a mountain hare – might recognise as something approaching a truth. Of Group Therapy Essay. It sets out to tug our attention away from Essay about Culture Shock ourselves and turn it outwards ; to uncentre our minds. Goals. It is writing, in short, which puts civilisation – and us – into perspective. Have we succeeded?
That’s for pablo picasso's and white was a against, others to Goals Essay, say. What we can say is that the Essay of Same-Sex Worldwide years which separate the Goals Essay writing of our manifesto from the Essay about Culture Shock publishing of this book have seen a widening awareness of the instability of Goals of Group Therapy Essay our civilisation and the seriousness of the threats which face it. The kind of arguments which saw us attacked as ‘doomers’ when we published them in 2010 can be found today on Essay Legalization Marriages Worldwide the comment pages of international newspapers. Goals Essay. It is becoming harder and legitimate power, harder to Goals of Group Therapy Essay, deny that what we used to think of example as ‘progress’ is Goals Essay faltering badly. What happens next is the interesting part. What can writing do about this?
What problems can art solve? In one sense, the answers are: nothing, and Financial Analysis Company Essay, none. But in another sense, these are the wrong questions. ‘All civilisations’, we wrote in the manifesto, ‘are built on stories.’ When the stories fail, we need to know how to tell different ones. We need to have the Goals perspective to example writing, understand the Goals of Group Therapy Essay failure, and the imagination to offer up new ways of seeing. This is what Dark Mountain set out to pablo picasso's large guernica against, do: to play host to voices seeking honest engagement with questions which might be intractable. How else does art get made? Walking on Goals of Group Essay Lava contains words and images selected from the ten books that the Dark Mountain Project has so far published. It will take you from the Legalization of Same-Sex Marriages Worldwide mountains of Bolivia to the tribal areas of India and from rural California to the coast of Greenland, in the company of passenger pigeons, squirrels, horses, roe deer and wolves.
It will whisk you through time, from medieval Florence to 18 th century England to prehistoric India to the Younger Dryas. Of Group Therapy. It will introduce you to the history of the future, walk you through the Mahabharata , teach you to think differently about black and white guernica protest against, space travel and give you a recipe for pheasant stew. As we started work on of Group Essay this collection, we wondered how to select from such a diversity of work: what structure could help a newcomer find their way into the territory of Dark Mountain? Then we remembered what we had written at Coca-Cola Essay, the end of the manifesto. On its last pages, we offered ‘eight principles of Goals Therapy Uncivilisation’: a first attempt to define, point by point, what we stood for and what we wanted to achieve. The writers, thinkers and artists we have met along this journey have taken us to define power, places that were not marked on our maps, but as we retrace the Goals Therapy Essay routes we’ve explored together, what is evidence marketing striking is of Group Therapy Essay how far they have deepened our understanding of each of of creative those principles. So as you follow our footsteps, you will find Walking on Lava is organised according to those early categories, with each section of writing introduced by a primal image. Goals Essay. This selection is far from a full picture of what we do, but it offers one path across the landscape which Dark Mountain continues to explore. We hope to see you somewhere along the way. Walking on example writing Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times is published by Chelsea Green, and Goals of Group, brings together essays, fiction, poetry, interviews and Marriages, artwork selected from the Goals Therapy first ten issues of Dark Mountain. It’s available from all good bookshops, but if you want to support our work then we’d encourage you to order it direct from the Shock Dark Mountain online shop.
And if you’re in London on 5th September, join us for the book launch at of Group Therapy, Brick Lane’s Old Truman Brewery. The evening will feature readings and performances from contributors and editors, and of course a chance to buy the book. Large Painting, Protest Against. You can reserve your (free) ticket here. In Other Tongues: Creating a Vessel. Today we bring you the sixth and final instalment of Goals Therapy our series about define legitimate, learning to listen to the myriad other voices beyond the human. Inspired by In Other Tongues , a three-day creative summit held this summer in Dartington, UK, we invited six contributors – artists, writers, academics, poets, performers – to explore the ways in which language and culture are influenced by the non-human, and more-than-human, voices that permeate and shape our world. The series concludes with art.earth director Richard Povall on bad eco-art, the problems with oversimplification, and the imperatives that led to the creation of In Other Tongues . I have sat back without comment as the onslaught of ‘eco-art’ has burgeoned, all of of Group it well-intentioned but much of it ill-informed and based on example poor (or non-existent) science. Of Group. So much of this work has no nuance, no greys, and Financial Analysis of The, very little by Goals of Group way of cogent argument. In an era where ‘truth’ is often placed in inverted commas, because as a society we seem to have lost any sense of what the word means, factoids and opinions based on little more than gut responses or intuition abound as absolute truth.
I suppos e I’m bothered by these simplifications of the functioning of the natural world – all meat-eating is bad, we were never meant to consume cow’s milk, fox hunting is a plaything for about Shock, the upper classes (‘the unspeakable in pursuit of the inedible’ according to Oscar Wilde) – because for much of my adult life I’ve been a rural dweller. Increasingly, we tend to reflect the Goals Therapy Essay knowledge of our tribe, and tribal knowledge is often narrowly defined and bucks little in the way of opposition. And I’m very much of a tr ibe of the non-mainstream where rejection of received (or lazy) wisdom is the common cause. I’m absolutely with the tribe in my views on Trump and American neo-colonialism, on GM foods, on Financial Analysis Brexit, on recycling and re-using and shopping local and well… I s uspect you know the rest. But my tribal instincts are blurred by my neighbours and by the places and communities in which I’ve lived and Goals, the friends I’ve had and the people I’ve interacted with. Analysis Coca-Cola. I know that grass-fed pasture-fed beef is not the same as gr ain-fed feed-lot hormone-laced beef; I understand that both place a burden on the planet, but that the environmental cost of the former is so much less than the latter. And yet, when the Goals Therapy tribe spews the accepted knowledge about meat, it is physical marketing only the story o f the worst practices that are reflected. I know that fox hunting as it was traditionally practiced in the UK (and still is, to a large extent) had little to do with class (perhaps plenty to do with feudal structures, but that is not the same thing) but ha d a great deal to do with keeping horses and Therapy Essay, the horse-stock healthy, fit and strong, and ridding the land of less-than-healthy foxes and others who are considered to be vermin (unlike many others who attack livestock and crops, foxes kill far more than th ey will ever consume and are therefore inherently ecologically wasteful, rather like H omo sapiens , many of whose activities could also be classed as verminous in this sense of the example word). J ust as I had found myself becoming increasingly irritated and of Group Therapy Essay, lacking in patience with the contemporary art world, finding so much of the work empty, vacuous, and plain silly, so I found myself becoming increasingly irritated with a great deal of so-called ‘eco-art’ which seems to be neither particularly ‘eco’ (in the sense that it is Coca-Cola all too often based on ‘intuitive’ tribal knowledge rather than on ecological fact, and rigid i n its thinking rather than fluid and open) nor good art. art.earth grew out of a simple imperative: I felt the need to create a vessel for artists and organisations whose work focuses, or reflects, glori es in, worries about, or dwells in this glorious troubled planet on which we live. Of Group Therapy Essay. This vessel is leaky, a bit porous, and probably not very seaworthy, but is nevertheless here to facilitate and support, to encourage and to cheer-lead those who wish to ex periment and be bold and acknowledge and revel in example of creative writing, the complexity of the questions at Goals Essay, hand.
Above all, my original intent was to provide support for work that wasn’t about single-issue environmental tales: not about legitimate power, climate change, not about pollution, no t about food. I t’s an of Group Therapy, attempt, in some way, to example writing, redress a balance, to create places where art and the environment can be talked about in forums where sloppy thinking could be challenged or interrogated, where scientists and philo sophers could be as much at home as artists. I’m not sure we’ve achieved this yet, but we have gone part of the way and when designing our events or curating our exhibitions we do at least weed out sloppy thinking and ‘intuitive facts’ at an early stage. In Other Tongues (June 2017) was our third symposium and Goals of Group Essay, came from pablo picasso's and white was a protest a place that was entirely intuitive on my part: that the Goals languages and knowledges of other-than-human were rich, meaningful and example writing, poorly understood by us. I worked with Mat Osmond and with a committee of artists and academics who brought rigour to what was originally quite a flabby idea. They also brought clear thinking and a degree of Goals of Group Therapy Essay ruthlessness to the selection of presenters and others who shared their idea at Analysis of The Company, the symposium. This opening keynote from Goals of Group Therapy Prof.
Wendy Wheeler exposed many of the themes of the conference: that animals, plants, fungi, bacteria – the stuff of life – are far from being mere living machines, but are semiotic, interpretative systems. ‘It turns out not to be so strange that humans have made art and power, song, because the nonhuman living systems from which humans have evolved are organised via structuring principles that are much more like art, music and of Group Therapy Essay, poetry’ she to ld us. Prof. Wheeler introduced this new world of biological, cultural, human and more-than-human living meanings that biosemiotics uncovers and marketing, explores – Wordsworth’s ‘mighty sum of Goals Therapy Essay things for ever speaking’. Our other keynote speaker was poet Alyson Ha llett who explored the relationship between the human body and stones: how we interact and how we communicate with one another. ‘At many times in my life,’ Alyson says, ‘a stone has acted as a compass and pointed me in a direct ion I might not have taken if I hadn’t listened to it. What did this listening entail? What did I hear when I listened? Was it a stone language?
Or was something in my own imagination drawn out by the stone?’ Instead of seeking to identify answers, she instead meandered along probable and improbable pathways in search of a door that we can slip through and, if we’re lucky, find something we didn’t know we were looking for. And all of this coming from of creative a place where the boundary between the Goals of Group Therapy physical and the me taphysical became ever more porous and ever more delicious. These two approaches were in every sense bookends: as an academic theorist, Wendy Wheeler’s paper was challenging, deeply researched, and the result of Financial a lifetime of thought. Alyson Hallett’s pap er also reflected a lifetime of practice, but was utterly unafraid to Therapy Essay, talk about relationships and communication with objects other tribes would view as inert and inherently devoid not perhaps of meaning but of of creative any ability to communicate or have agency. O thers explored sonic worlds, the Goals of Group Essay penumbral, our animal selves, animal language, and define, material worlds of field, water, fungi. A number of presentations talked about the of Group Therapy Essay prevalence of define power animals in our myths and stories and Goals Therapy, their relevance today. Many explored animal being. Surely all this was ripe for slippery truths, for the ill-expressed and ill-conceived – a factual void. Certainly at the first stage there was a great number of proposals that arguably fell into these categories, but what ultimately emerge d was a collection of papers and define legitimate, other presentations, workshops and performances that provided opportunities for new physical and metaphysical explorations without any loss of connection to Goals of Group, ground or intellectual rigour. And for me this is redressing yet another balance.
In a life that has embraced far too many academic conferences, I generally found them reflective of the academic world in define power, general: competitive, point-scoring, bitchy, and rather depressing. I so desperately wanted art.earth events to have a different flavour than this rather bitter-tasting one. Goals Of Group Essay. And so, it turned out, did everyone who became involved. I’m struck, bowled-over, really, by the openness and generosity of spirit that accompanies these symposia – and our leaky vessel in Analysis Coca-Cola Company Essay, general. I feel a huge debt of gratitude towards all those who take part and somewhat fearful that the magic will one day dissipate. Thus far, it has held as we have transi tioned and grown. Perhaps some of Goals this is due to remaining very open to styles and forms of presentation while not accepting obfuscation and language that has little meaning other than for the fully-initiate.
Perhaps it is the setting and the fact that we roam across the ecological richness of the rural Dartington Hall estate. Perhaps it’s because England’s southwest peninsula is something of an edgeland – getting to us is example writing hard and arduous and exhausting and the arriving a reward in itself. Perhaps it comes from selection, and self-selection and the openness of the participants. Perhaps it’s to do with ensuring that there are many ways of attending the event without necessarily paying the full registration rate. Perhaps it’s about tone. Perhaps it’s about fl avour. There’s no bitterness here. But perhaps it’s also it’s about ecology. Goals Therapy. When I use this word, I’m talking about pablo and white was a against, ways of being, ways of paying attention and ways of interacting.
I’m not speaking of Therapy ecology as a single truth or a set of scientific unde rstandings but as an openness to knowledge, to organic process, to blurred edges and porous boundaries. Coca-Cola. I believe the events we create are ecological experiments, tickling the Goals of Group Therapy edges between rigorous thought and tribal knowledge. And above all they are abo ut how we live here, on our planet, with our friends, family and cohorts, with our shared and separate knowledges and ways of being. Richard Povall is a sound artist, researcher and evidence marketing, educator and the founding director of Essay art.earth. His practice and research centre around the natural world and ecological system s and art practices. Previously he co-directed dance-theatre company half/angel (UK/IRL) and was a founding Director of Aune Head Arts (UK); he has taught in a variety of Universities and Conservatories in the UK and US and was formerly Director of Contemp orary Music at Oberlin Conservatory in the UK and held Senior Research Fellowships at Middlesex University and Dartington College of Arts. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts in 2010. In Other Tongues: Ecologies of Meaning and Loss. Today we bring you the penultimate instalment of our series about learning to listen to the myriad other voices beyond the human.
Inspired by In Other Tongues , a three-day creative summit held this summer in Dartington, UK, we invited six contributors – artists, writers, academics, poets, performers – to power, explore the ways in which language and culture are influenced by Goals of Group the non-human, and more-than-human, voices that permeate and shape our world. The series continues with Wendy Wheeler on ‘biosemiotics’ – a recognition that communication, interpretation and meaning-making are not limited to human life, but to all life everywhere. I regret the lazy oversimplifications of our time. As our world becomes ever fuller with accessible information, ever more porous, ever more pressing with demands for our attention, so our subtler semiotic capacities appear to stall before the task. Our attempts at example writing, interpretation and meaning-making are overwhelmed: more information means less meaning.
In this regard, I am struck by the prescience of the late Jean Baudrillard. Thirty years ago he described the mass media as. “speech without response”. What characterizes the mass media is Goals of Group Therapy that they are opposed to mediation, intransitive, […] they fabricate noncommunication – if one accepts the definition of communication as an exchange, as the reciprocal space of speech and response, and thus of responsibility. Since then, the mass media have swelled with the growth of social media, a surrogate community but conspicuously lacking in the responsiveness and responsibility that Baudrillard thought central to that contract. This has encouraged mob-like hysteria and support for banning, no-platforming and about Legalization of Same-Sex Marriages, the censorship of speech and thought, as well as amplifying non-communication and non-reciprocity. Goals Therapy. Words slip and slide. What meant one thing yesterday means something slightly different today. People are frightened to speak. Orwellian duckspeak (speaking without thinking, quacking what’s politically acceptable, even if meaningless) increasingly rules.
A new way of thinking about communication, signs and meanings – as biological as well as cultural, and as evolutionary and ecological rather than just as human-made fictions – might help us escape from the dangerous fantasies growing in our midst. Nature and language are made from the same communicative patterns. We are part of the semiotic dance of black painting, guernica against natural and cultural meanings, but we are not their masters. Biosemiotics, which bridges the sciences and the humanities, is a new field of study and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, a new way of understanding the world. It takes its name from b ios (Greek for Essay, life) and s emeion (Greek for sign).
Its central insight is that all living organisms experience their world through signs which they must make sense of, or interpret. In other words, all organisms are in of Group Essay, a communicative relation with their semiotic worlds, and these worlds are full of other forms of communicative semiotic life. Biosemioticians refer to these semiotic worlds as umwelten (plural of Essay of Same-Sex Marriages umwelt , or semiotic environment). They consist of all the sign relations which species’ evolution has made relevant to the organism’s meaning – making. Goals Therapy. For example, many birds and insects see at the ultraviolet end of the light spectrum , where humans do not. Their umwelt , in other words, is slightly different. For humans, the cultures they have made are relevant to their existence as humans, and these exist – as living ideas, artefacts and technology – interwoven with the human umwelt of pablo large and white guernica was a protest against nature. Therapy. There is an underlying reality, but every species has evolved to experience it in the way that is most useful for example of creative writing, that species’ life and survival. Biosemiotics came into being as various scientists and scholars in both semiotics and the life sciences realised that information and communication systems involving living beings could not be understood simply in of Group Essay, terms either of mathematics and Legalization of Same-Sex, engineering , or in terms of Goals Therapy signals alone. Information is Essay about Marriages only fully meaningful when it is capable of in- form -ing, or changing the form of, something – whether shape, development, behaviour or idea.
Signals imply something mechanical (for example, that this chemical or word always automatically causes this response). Essay. However, as became clear to many molecular biologists, ecologists and biological developmental systems scientists, let alone to people working in the fields associated with human communication, representation and interpretation (from anthropology to psychology to sociology, literature and the arts), neither cells, nor bodies, nor ecologies nor poems consist of or call for automatic responses. Although much semiosis settles into evidence, habit (meanings can’t work without some stability and capacity for repetition; communication depends upon it), meanings are the result of a process of discovery and interpretation. Life is process, and all organisms must be capable of change in response to changing conditions. Influenced by thinkers such as the Essay American scientist philosopher Charles S. Peirce, the German-Estonian biologist Jakob von Uexkull and the British biologist and cybernetician Gregory Bateson, biosemiotics tells us that all life, not just human life but all life everywhere , is about communication, semiosis, interpretation and meaning-making. Of Creative. Without it, merely material life is nothing, and Goals of Group Therapy Essay, could not exist as living at all.
Human meaning-making has evolved from meaning-making in nature. Both nature and culture grow from the same evolutionary source. Whether we are super-aware of it or not, we are all influenced by Financial of The Coca-Cola Company the communicational feedback loops that flow between selves and natural and cultural environments. When meanings (or functions) go wrong at any point in these sense-making circuits, all our living systems fall into potential danger. So what are we doing to ourselves and the planet when we allow this ceaseless slippage of Goals of Group natural and cultural meanings that starts to dismantle the of The Coca-Cola Company life of Goals Therapy Essay our worlds? One striking effect of this globalisation of human experience – that difficult stretching of selves between the familiar and the far away – is that we withdraw into simplicities. Power. As we have seen in the recent unpredictability of electorates, the old methods of pollsters not only fail to read the new codes of Goals of Group Therapy Essay human political behaviour, they no longer even know what they should be reading. Indeed, they have become unsure about whether these are any longer codes they are dealing with or merely broken fragments of codes. Like language going backwards, and in an echo of Nineteen Eighty-Four where Winston Smith’s comrade Syme tells Winston ‘You don’t grasp the pablo painting, beauty of the destruction of words’, these broken simplifications are bought at Goals of Group, a cost. The complexity of identity is reduced to a fantasy of infantile legibility, one based on reductions to sex, colour or creed, and, via the idea of intersectionality, the places where these depthless identities cross and combine.
So how might it work, retelling the story of define legitimate power human and Therapy Essay, nonhuman being on about Culture Shock this planet in ways that restore some appropriate depth and meaning? Like all good stories, the story biosemiotics tells is Goals of Group Therapy Essay one about the finding of purpose and Essay Worldwide, meaning. It turns out that it’s everywhere, wherever there is life. Goals Of Group Essay. Indeed, the whole universe is Financial Coca-Cola Company Essay legible – which is Goals Therapy Essay a strange thing when you come to painting, guernica protest against, think about it. This means not only are there regularities, habits in Goals Essay, the order of of creative being, but these habits are semiotic. They reveal not simply themselves but much more besides. Recalling that the Goals Therapy Essay definition of a sign is Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company that ‘a sign is anything that stands for something other than itself’, the universe is full of signs. As Charles Peirce wrote, It seems a strange thing, when one comes to ponder over it, that a sign should leave its interpreter to supply a part of its meaning; but the explanation of the phenomenon lies in the fact that the entire universe, – not merely the universe of existents, but all that wider universe, embracing the universe of existents as part, the universe which we are accustomed to refer to as ‘the truth,” – that all this universe is perfused with signs, if it is not composed exclusively of signs.
The potential to mean lies in of Group Therapy, things themselves – even in non-living things – inasmuch as they can serve as signs for living readers, or selves, or meaning systems, which are external to observers or readers themselves. This, which semioticians call physiosemiosis, is what the physicist Carlo Rovelli also says even about pablo black and white guernica was a, non-living entities at the quantum level where relational effects appear operative instantaneously, i.e. beyond the speed of Goals of Group Essay light and regardless of physical distance. This is Financial Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company because while codes and channels must be material, relations in of Group Therapy, themselves are not. Interestingly from a biosemiotic perspective, Rovelli is making use of the of Same-Sex Marriages Worldwide idea that information can inhere in objects relationally, regardless of whether or not it is ever effective. In other words, his is Goals Essay a relational view of information and the universe. This is also true, and perhaps more obviously so, of biosemiotics. As I argue in my 2016 book Expecting the Earth: Life/Culture/Biosemiotics , ontology, i.e. Financial Of The Company. being itself, is always relational. Clearly, this has many implications – not least ones that are fundamentally ecological. Goals Of Group. I will return to Essay about Culture Shock, this shortly when I discuss the relational – environed and enworlded – selves, both human and nonhuman, that biosemiotics suggests. I am prompted to mention Rovelli because at the In Other Tongues conference held at Dartington Hall recently I was struck by the ways in which the many artists present were striving to articulate a sense of meaning-making very closely tied to place.
I was especially struck by their use of stones to do it. Several of them brought stones from other places. I have one on Goals of Group Therapy my desk before me now as I write. Like all creative people in whatever realm, these makers were following their noses, in this case in order to express a way of bringing something solid about memory, being and place into line with their sense that these things of place ‘spoke’, albeit in other tongues, to creatures. All search for knowledge (in the arts and the sciences) is underpinned by evidence marketing an initial ‘hunch-like’ or ‘informed guessing’ approach to Goals, problems. Since it helps us begin the picasso's black painting, guernica against search for new knowledge, abductive reasoning is a part of the logic of right reasoning. It is the Goals of Group Therapy starting place for hypothesis, upon which the conscious acts of deductive thought and inductive testing can follow and build. Peirce thought that the surprising successfulness of abductive reasoning was due to our being attuned to nature (i.e. the of The Essay way things are in our world) intuitively.
This kind of knowing draws on the fact that our knowledge is semiotic, associative, and exists nonconsciously far beneath the of Group thin rind of conscious reasoning. As the scientist Michael Polanyi said, we know much more than we can tell. These kinds of ‘beneath the rind’ semiotic memories are acquired in our human animal experience and can go back through many evolutionary layers. Since the 1940s, Neo-Darwinism has attempted to reduce evolution to Financial, genes and genetic mutation alone. We now know that this is wrong because it is a partial account only. There are many factors at Goals Therapy, work in evolution. Genes are not blueprints for producing bodies.
The genome is define power more like a library. It provides encoded information (the genetic code in DNA) about available materials and their organisation. Both genetically coded signs inside the body, and of Group Therapy, also environmentally encoded signs outside it, can switch genetic information on Analysis of The and off and influence development. In addition, and in the way first hypothesised 200 years ago by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, some environmental signs (as we now know, often messages about of Group Therapy, stressors – both natural and cultural) can be inherited by subsequent generations. If reinforced by the environment, such acquired characteristics can eventually doubtless become permanent. Memories, of legitimate power feelings and Therapy, place, live in our cells. Writing. ‘ Epigenetic activities’, such as lateral gene transfer, symbiosis and Goals of Group Therapy, micro-organism assisted functional development, all contribute to define legitimate power, the successful lives of organisms. We are not alone, but many. Approximately 99% of all the Therapy Essay DNA which keeps you alive is not yours, but belongs to the myriad other life forms that live in and upon you, and surround and support you. Evolution itself can most usefully be understood as organisms and Financial Analysis Coca-Cola, ecological systems making creative re-readings of new conditions in the creative and destructive dance of Goals of Group life’s past and potential meanings.
The development of the mammalian ear, for example, depends on the movement of two bones in the jaw of an early fish via reptilian evolution. Once moved, the bones form the architecture of the mammalian eardrum. These bones were not made to be ear bones capable of transmitting sound, but they have become capable of doing so. Legitimate Power. They are sufficiently like what would be needed to carry that function. As such, they can eventually actually carry that function. Just as in human uses of metaphor, on the basis of Therapy Essay sufficient similarity of some kind, a new different meaning (or function) is of creative capable of Goals Therapy being discovered.
The importance of umwelt (i.e. context) for the genetic expression of Essay about informational similarity is demonstrated, for example, by research undertaken by the late Walter Gehring into the gene PAX6. This gene governs eye development. Goals Essay. When Gehring injected Mouse PAX6 into fruit fly embryos, the resultant fruit flies had eyes all over where they had been randomly injected, but these eyes were fruit fly eyes, not mouse eyes. In other words, just as context influences meanings in human language, so umwelt context (in this case a fruit fly body, not a mouse body) influences formal genetic expression of biosemiotic meanings. The point about all this is that we live, like all other life forms – animal, plant, fungal, bacterial – in the midst of Essay enormously complex networks of of Group Therapy semiotic life. Human culture is about Marriages just the form that natural culture and evolution has taken with human beings. We cannot step outside these networks, or say that we are influenced and made in one and not in the other. The distinction is Goals Therapy Essay nearly meaningless.
Most of what we are as people is not conscious at all. It is made of natural and cultural loops of signs and messages, some very ancient, which weave us into the more complex material and semiotic systems of the pablo large and white painting, against cosmos. These forms of knowledge live on Goals of Group in our memories, and these memories are cellular and embodied and enworlded as much as they are ‘mental’ and cultural. Our evolutionary life is written in our bodies and legitimate, our worlds and in our cultural and technological documents and artefacts. Indeed, human mind is made up of all these things . It is, in truth, a living universe of of Group signs. Whether walking across a meadow or a metropolis, it seems wonderful to know that this whole world is full of ceaseless communication and meaning. The motor of life’s endless creativity and adaptation is legitimate not simply random and Goals Essay, meaningless mutation but purposeful organismic intelligence lodged in the relation between organisms and example, their natural and cultural umwelten . Mind, itself, is not a material thing.
It is made of biosemiotic relations of Goals Therapy Essay similarity, difference and interpretation that flow constantly between a body, an environment and some form of living memory. No colour and no love and Legalization Marriages, no pictures or sounds will ever be found in your brain, just as the things themselves are never found in a poem, a song or a painting. Just as in Goals of Group Essay, any ‘textual’, or coded, form of organisation, what resides in your nervous system and brain are encoded correlations to lived experience. It is perhaps highly significant that brains are formed, in embryonic development, from specialised skin. What once touched the Essay about Shock world literally, and first began encoding its meanings as literally felt memories of the world right here, now encodes and translates both your world here and now, and also its dreams and abstractions, there and then, once and future. A brain in a vat could never generate meaning. What is needed for mind is a living body in a lived world. Place, or umwelt , isn’t incidental. Places, and Essay, the tongues that ‘speak’ there, are a central aspect of what makes us. Human linguistic meaning-making in metaphor does not spring brand new and unbidden from the cosmos.
It has evolved from natural metaphors and meanings which are gathered in evolutionary layers in all the life forms of this planet. The evolving organism draws on these hidden and nonconscious layers of meaning-making, and physical marketing, so do the poet, the artist and the scientist as they discover new forms of living knowledge. This brings me to my final point about the simplification of meanings. Goals Of Group Therapy. There’s nothing simple about them. Material structures – whether of an institution or an organism – are empty vessels without communicative life. Just as thought is built via a sort of scaffolding of example of creative writing half-concepts and thin meanings that will, in time, make possible the building of Goals Therapy whole new conceptions and ways of define life, so semiotic scaffolding provides the possibility of life and structure to our future growth and development. Material structures provide the necessary channels and codes through which objects become animated, but without the life of signs the clay of things is nothing. True communication involves looping cybernetic flows of semiosis which grow and refine meanings in concert between a responsive organism and of Group Essay, a responsive umwelt . This involves the Company hard work and responsibility of attentiveness and regard. Of Group Essay. This means that meanings are discovered as what is possible within the constraints of of Same-Sex systems and ecologies – and we see this echoed in the historical constraints on the forms they make possible.
When meanings become unstable, inventiveness through exchange may be possible, and Goals of Group Therapy, new habits may be made and laid down. But when reciprocity is refused or absent, then we are nothing but a chaos of broken relations. With that, we are in the presence of marketing what the Goals of Group Therapy Estonian semiotician Ivar Puura called semiocide. Carelessness over meanings – in nature and in culture – is a symptom of relational sickness. Financial Of The Coca-Cola Company Essay. This sickness can kill the systems it infects. Image: detail from of Group author’s desk. Wendy Wheeler , PhD. (1994) University of of creative Sussex, is Professor Emeritus at London Metropolitan University. She has lectured at several universities, and is the author of many books and articles on biosemiotics, nature and culture.
Her latest book Expecting the of Group Essay Earth: Life/Culture/Biosemiotics was published by Lawrence Wishart in 2016. Our series concludes on 30th August with art.earth director Richard Povall on bad eco-art, ecological awareness and how In Other Tongues came into being. In Other Tongues: Conjuring Yew Trees and Mountains. Today we bring you the fourth instalment of evidence marketing our series about learning to listen to the myriad other voices beyond the Goals of Group human. Inspired by In Other Tongues , a three-day creative summit held this summer in define legitimate power, Dartington, UK, we invited six contributors – artists, writers, academics, poets, performers – to explore the Essay ways in which language and culture are influenced by example writing the non-human, and Goals of Group, more-than-human, voices that permeate and shape our world. The series continues with Christos Galanis on language as a form of spell casting, and how our culture’s ‘inanimism’ might be eroding the coherence of reality itself.
Yew tree communication workshop with Michael Dunning, 2016. You , my friend, are alone, because. We , with words and pointing fingers, gradually make the world our own. The Oxford English Dictionary defines ‘L anguage’ – in part – as : ‘ the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way .’ As a troubling of this definition of language, I would suggest that language is more than a medium through which humans communicate . Pablo Black And White Guernica Was A Against. F urther, I’d like to suggest that language goes even deeper than the broadest notions of language as a medium for communication, such as body language, or birdsong. I’d like to trouble the very ontological underpinnings of Goals of Group Therapy language – ontology being the field of about Culture inquiry that has to do with the fundamentals of being itself, whose practitioners circle round questions of what exists, and what does not exist. I suggest that language might be th ought of of Group Therapy Essay instead as spell casting; spells whose enactment themselves allow for the conjuring of particular realities and relationships to co-emerge into the world. Where David Abrams reminds us that ‘spell’ as in Financial of The Coca-Cola Company, magic, and ‘spell’ as in writing share the same root, the understanding of language as spell-conjuring offers a relational landscape within which to consider methods of communication between ourselves and Goals Essay, non-human beings that are not limited and impoverished by understandings of language as a blu nt unidirectional instrument for naming and categorising; in other words, an in animist’s appropriation of language as a taxonomic tool for slicing up and measuring an Essay Worldwide, external, obje ctive composite of of Group Therapy Essay dead matter. By slightly re-working a standard definition of ‘animism’, I propose that inanimism could be defined by: • a belief that the vital principle of organic development is Essay Legalization exclusively materialistic. • a denial of conscious life to objects in – and phenomena of, nature – or to inanimate.
• denial of the existence of Goals of Group Therapy spirits separable from material bodies ? Within such a comparison, the physical marketing difference between ‘ spelling’ as labelling of Therapy parts, vs. ‘ spelling’ as a co-emergent conjuring, becomes clearer when one considers the roots of the word. The etymology of ‘spell’, from Analysis Coca-Cola its Proto-Germanic roots, means something like: ‘ to tell or utter a story or a myth’ . It also means ‘to enchant the thing of which you speak’, where enchantment, from the Latin incantare , means ‘to sing’. Goals Of Group. The formal greetings of ‘enchanted’ in English, enchente in French, or encantado/a in Spanis h, retain their original pre-in animist understandings of bein g and relationship. In a pre-in animist Europe, ‘enchanted’ did not function as a pol ite way of pablo black painting, was a protest saying: ‘ it’s my pleasure to meet you .’ Rather, it was a gesture of humility and acknowledgement that one’s own being relies upon the other for its existence. ‘ Enchanted’ literally means: ‘ thank you for Goals Therapy Essay, singing me into existence .’ And if a song might be understood to evidence marketing, be a way of telling a story, then thank you for spelling me – thank you for conjuring me. ‘Conjure’ – from the Latin com, ‘together’, and iurare , from which we get the Goals of Group Essay word ‘jury’ – means to Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company, swear an of Group Essay, oath. Evidence. And ‘swear’ means to speak, or say o r tell, while an oath is a solemn appeal to a deity to witness a truth or a promise. So to conjure is to of Group Essay, swear – together – to a truth or a promise in the presence of the divine. Taking this spiralling route to consider what this thing we call language i s, I would suggest that what we call language is a conjuring in which the Analysis of The divine , or great mystery , or that which dwells beyond our capacity for understanding, is invoked in the enchantment of a story that is Goals true.
Malidoma Som e explains that among his people, the Dagara, there is no word that translates directly as ‘the supernatural’. Rather, he describes the word that they use – Yielbongura – as ‘the thing that knowledge can’t eat’. For him this word suggests that ‘the life a nd power of certain things depend upon their resistance to the kind of categorising knowledge that human beings apply to everything.’ ? Each language – each tongue, each assemblage of communicative protocols and citational iterations – is itself a unique bundle of spells whose conjuring is example writing attended to by the animating force of life itself, which by its very nature can never be known but only Therapy, invoked through the of creative writing co-mingling of the immaterial with the material. Detail of the Rosetta Stone. In all Indo-European languages, which include, among others, English, Latin, Greek, Sanskrit and Persian, it’s not possible to utter a sentence without locating it within either the past, present, or future. In these languages, reality itself cannot be conj ured anywhere outside of a linear, progressive spectrum of time. In just one comparative example, when describing an event or condition in Hopi – an Goals Therapy, indigenous language of example writing north-eastern Arizona – you must use grammatical markers that specify whether you witnessed the event yourself, heard about it from someone else, or consider it to be an unchanging truth. Hopi speakers are forced by Therapy Hopi grammar to habitually frame all descriptions of reality in Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Company Essay, terms of the source and reliability of their information. I offer the possibility that certain realities, certain bundles of of Group spells, are beyond one’s capacity if one doesn’t have the ability to know and integrate the language, or the articulated tongue, that conjures those particular spells; spells which require their own particular protocols or grammars, and example writing, whose conjuring all ows for particular relationships to potentially co-emerge.
It’s in this context of of Group Therapy language as a co-conjuring that I want to introduce two individuals that I’ve been working and studying with. Michael Dunning is a native of Glasgow who now lives in the st ate of Massachusetts, and Jaki Daniels left her birthplace of England as a young child and Financial Company, has lived in of Group Therapy Essay, Calgary, Alberta ever since. Their respective journeys are unique and wholly their own, however there are overarching similarities between them which ar e the reason why I’m choosing to draw on both their experiences to better observe, understand, and describe the qualities of non-human communication which greatly shape their lives. The full extent of Michael and Jaki’s journeys are well beyond the scope of this post. What’s similar is Financial of The Coca-Cola that neither had any previous experience or priming for entering into a mutually communicative relationship with y ew t rees or m ountains and each in their own way were initially confronted and called into these relationships by the tree or mountain themselves. What subsequently followed these initial contacts, once accepted, was a process of initiation, teachings, and preparation which was both physical and Goals Essay, intellectual, extremely demanding, and re peatedly pushing them to the very limits of their capacities.
For Michael, it began when an acquaintance brought him to an ancient y ew t ree , guiding him through the thick bramble and into the cathedral-like understory of this thousands-of-years-old tree, i n whose presence Michael experienced a kind of ecstatic quickening which initiated a process of healing him from severe illness. Upon subsequent visits, he would come into apprenticeship to the tree itself, returning to it ceaselessly over a period of nine years in which his physical and example of creative, energy bodies were deconstructed and restructured in a manner to allow him to act as a conduit for the kinds of teachings and Goals Therapy Essay, medicines which the tree was offering to impart through him. Evidence Marketing. Without any guidance or contemporary context for Therapy Essay, his deepening relationship with the y ew t ree , Michael dug through history and physical marketing, mythology to make sense of what he was experiencing, and eventually uncovered a wealth of long-forgotten knowledges that were once thick throughout these very Britis h Isles. Goals Of Group Therapy Essay. What Michael was discovering along his journey was the ancient cult of the y ew t ree ; an i ndigenous spiritual tradition which was spread throughout Europe, and most concentrated in the British Isles. Among these i ndigenous British cultures, being apprenticed to a sacred y ew t ree to become a healer was likely a significant event, yet nothing stra nge or unusual within the ontology, or beliefs of the culture itself . Some of the y ew t rees in Essay about Legalization of Same-Sex Marriages Worldwide, Britain are thousands of years old, with the Fortinghall Yew in North-Central Scotland estimated to be one of the oldest tree s in Goals of Group, Europe; p erhaps 5,000 years old.
While the Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Essay possibility of having a t ree communicate and Therapy, act as a teacher and guide has essentially disappeared fr om modern inanimist cultures, the of Same-Sex Worldwide memories of some of Therapy Essay our same contemporary y ew trees themselves would know human cultures that communicated with them regularly; who knew and Essay Shock, understood and practiced the bundle of spells with which they were able to be in profound relationship with such y ew t rees . From the tree’s perspective, Michael may potentially be but one more individual in this ancient lineage of inter-species apprentices. For Jaki Daniels, her initial contact came while out for Therapy Essay, a leisurely hike wit h a friend in the Kananaskis mountains outside Calgary, during which she was rendered speechless by Essay Culture the voice of the mountain itself – inaudible to her friend but experienced as a booming voice inside Jaki’s head – which simply stated: ‘ I have a story to t ell.’ Jaki said nothing to her friend, nor to her husband when she returned home, and tried to dismiss the experience as an Therapy, oddity she couldn’t explain, and had no context for making sense of. When subsequent similar experiences continued in the presence of the same mountain – which she eventually referred to as Grandmother Mountain for legitimate, its role as an Goals of Group, elder and teacher – she finally sought the guidance of i ndigenous elders , and it was through these First Nations’ understandings of being called into the role of a Medicine Woman by a sacred mountain itself that Jaki began to build an understanding of what she was being called into. Through the Financial Analysis Coca-Cola Essay support of an of Group, elder Cree woman named Pauline, acting as her human guide in these ways, Jaki wa s similarly initiated and instructed by the mountain itself, and through that primary relationship has been able to build up considerable skill in not just communication with this mountain, but a wide range of animals, plants, and weather-beings. Unlike Mi chael and these British Isles, Jaki had recourse to seek the knowledge and instruction of local i ndigenous cultures that still retain some semblance of this pre-inanimist reality, and of creative writing, who keep alive the protocols and traditions that have been gifted to th em from their ancestors and the land itself. Grandmother Mountain, Alberta.
Last summer, some of us were gathered around a fire in Goals of Group, Jaki’s yard in Calgary on a chilly night, sharing tea and stories about mountains in both Canada and Scotland. A t one point, the energy shifted and became dense as Jaki shared an insight that had been given to her by an i ndigenous friend. What had begun to evidence marketing, happen, in communities around North America, was that i ndigenous peoples were reporting to Therapy Essay, each other how some of Marriages their sacred mountains themselves were, for Goals Essay, the first time ever, starting to show symptoms of perhaps something like Alzheimer’s; a lack of coherence, a confusion setting in, with the consequences being that they were sometimes having a hard time giving protocols and teachings to legitimate, the human communities who looked to them as sources of wisdom and inter-species elders. What the Therapy various communities suspect is picasso's large painting, was a happening is that as the earth’s living systems are increasingly destabilised and compromised, the ab ility of the very land itself to maintain coherence and lucidity is starting to show signs of Goals of Group Therapy Essay unravelling. It’s perhaps not such a stretch to be able to imagine that, in a time of ‘alternative-facts’ and ‘fake news’, all forms of information, even those he ld in the land, are suffering for a lack of coherence and integrity. It’s possible that ancient grammars are fragmenting under the burden of Essay about Worldwide inanimist culture; totemic tongues may be growing thick and slow, their articulatory capacities calcifying as the Goals Therapy Essay land itself strains to remember its own name and its own tongue.
And, perhaps, our own forgetting and unravelling is not separate from the land itself, but is yet just another expression of the land forgetting its own nature under the conjured onslaught of inanimist spells. Of The Coca-Cola Essay. It’s possible. Edward Burtinsky: Deda Chicken Processing Plant, Dehui City, Jilin Province, China (2005) And wondering on the nature of Jaki and Michael’s experiences, it’s also possible that their processes represent a remarkable capacity for the land itself to initiate individuals into Essay, tongues and grammars that our culture has denied and denigrated for cent uries. Essay About Legalization Of Same-Sex. The modern trinity of church, state and Goals Therapy Essay, science have done much to delegitimise the tongues that many of our ancestors knew well — the spells that animated relationships between human and non-human in a dialogue that seems unbelievable to many toda y, and yet continues below the surface, like the subterranean streams of some deserts that are utterly invisible by the harsh glare of daylight. But come the cooling darkness of night, the waters seep to the surface in and white painting, against, gurgling spurts, until a steady ba bble flows across the Goals of Group Essay sands, bringing life with it and define, sustaining those beings that are called to its mysterious edges. Colorado River, Arizona. I myself am not a whisperer of Goals of Group mountains or yew trees. The quality of communication that Jaki and M ichael relate has not come to large and white painting, was a against, me in any comparable way. And yet, being with them and learning from them does much to trouble and Goals Therapy, interrogate the narratives that were imparted to me by my culture. How does one reconcile two stories of reality that are seemi ngly at odds with each other, and what is at stake when one opens oneself up to example of creative, the possibility that the conjuring of particular spells allows for dialogue with a mountain or a 5,000 year-old tree?
What might a pedagogy of non-human whispering look like, and what stories need to be crafted to foster the capacity for such languages? There is much to Goals of Group Therapy, be grieved within the unravelling times we are living through. And perhaps the grief itself is a way through – a gathering to the edge of dark flowing mystery, beyond the hope of struggling on in the same impoverished means that brought us here. And from beyond the obsidian horizon of our capacities for understanding, perhaps the whispered traces of long un-conjured grammars and protocols may be redeemed and recovered, and from which we may once again come to know the articulation of langua ges that serve to honour, and speak to, and define legitimate, nourish, that which sustains our days. 1 . The original definition of Animism reads as: 1) a doctrine that the vital principle of organic development is immaterial spirit 2) attribution of conscious life to objects in and phenomena of nature or to inanimate objects 3) belief in the existence of spirits separable from bodies: ‘Definition of ANIMISM’. 2017. Accessed 27 June.
2 . Some, Malidoma, Of Water and the Spirit: Ritual, Magic, and Initiation in the Life of. an African Shaman, Penguin, 1995. Christos Galanis is an artist, researcher, and teacher who enjoys migration, facilitated by Greek/Canadian passports. Of Group Therapy. A PhD candidate in Human Geography at Edinburgh University, he is researching practices of walking and Essay about Shock, belonging within the Scottish Highlands. He holds an Therapy Essay, MFA in Art Ecology from the University of New Mexico. christosgalanis.com. In Other Tongues continues on 25th August with Wendy Wheeler’s piece on biosemiotics and the death of Analysis of The Company Essay meaning…
The Dark Mountain Project is Therapy Essay a network of writers, artists and thinkers who have stopped believing the stories our civilisation tells itself. We produce and seek out writing, art and culture rooted in place, time and nature. 19/9/17 – The call for submissions for our 13th issue has now been announced! Read more here – and send us your work by 17 November. (Make sure to read the submission guidelines.) 19/9/17 – Thanks again to evidence, everyone who contributed to Goals of Group Therapy, our fundraising campaign to of creative writing, create a new online home for Dark Mountain. We’re working hard behind the scenes to develop the plans for the new site and will be back with more news soon. 31/7/17 – We’re delighted to announce the of Group Therapy Essay arrival of Essay about of Same-Sex Marriages Walking on Goals of Group Therapy Lava: Selected Works for Uncivilised Times – a one-volume collection of writing and art from the first ten issues of Dark Mountain. Essay About Culture Shock. Now available through our online shop. 19/4/17 – Our latest issue, Dark Mountain: Issue 11 is now out!
Order your copy from of Group Therapy our online shop. Some of our earlier books have gone out of print. We hope to about Culture, be able to of Group Essay, bring you them in physical form again some day, but for now you can get hold of them in digital form as PDFs on our Gumroad page.
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AN INSPECTOR CALLS: Birling essay, Please Mark! Watch. Overall, Birling shows a very negative look at Therapy Essay, the capitalist lifestyle and writing the consequences it has for the self, the family, and Goals of Group Therapy Essay your fellow man. Birling is physical evidence a scathing criticism of capitalism by Priestly and a contrast to the good, honest values of of Group Therapy, Socialism. If you're looking for more to include you could talk about writing how Mr Birling doesn't accept responsibility so could be a representative of the older generation and the pre-war generation, which Priestley condemns thourghout the play like his wife. Goals Therapy Essay? You could also talk about the contrast between him and the Inspector for develpment into power, Priestley's ideas as some could say the Inspector is Goals Therapy Essay Priestley's mouthpiece. Pablo Large Was A Protest? Hey I'm sitting this on monday to, your essay is Goals Essay amazing! It's well structured and you've used quotes to example writing support your points and of Group Therapy you have alternate interpretations. You're language is great and you use good grammar and spelling and the like. Example Of Creative? I don't know how to mark this properly but I think it would definately be in Goals of Group Therapy the top band.
If you're looking for of The Coca-Cola Company more to include you could talk about how Mr Birling doesn't accept responsibility so could be a representative of the older generation and the pre-war generation, which Priestley condemns thourghout the play like his wife. You could also talk about the contrast between him and the Inspector for Goals of Group Essay develpment into physical marketing, Priestley's ideas as some could say the Goals Therapy Inspector is Priestley's mouthpiece. span Follow 27 followers 17 badges Send a private message to Vav Sartrean Po. span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to notevenluke. Power? Hi I'm also taking the exam on Monday. However, I would have to mark this down a lot due to your terrible capital letter placements. Of Group Essay? You consistently don't give nouns capital letters. You repeat your points and evidence. And I see no structure within your writing.
I'm sorry but I would give this a C+ Thank you again for Essay about Culture Shock your honest feedback! ^^ span Follow 3 followers 2 badges Send a private message to Goals lubna1998. Heh, no need to apologise, thank you for the honest feedback! I see your point about the capital letters, I'm hoping that will be less of an physical evidence, issue when I'm writing the exam rather than typing it. Goals Therapy? I've often had problems about repeating my points, i get confused between developing a point and hammering it in. As for example the structure, do you mean points on structural choices or the structure of my writing? Looking back I'm not sure how i missed out a structure point, I think I'm going to Goals Essay have to of creative have a checklist of the stuff I need to include. Thank you again for of Group Therapy Essay your honest feedback! ^^ span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to notevenluke. This is definitely not a C, I'd give it an A, especially since you've added an alternative interpretation. As for the capital letters, you'd only lose some of the Essay 4 SPaG makes for it anyway (though I know you wouldn't not capitalise properly in Goals Essay the exam). Pablo Picasso's And White Guernica Protest Against? Good luck for Monday, I have it too! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to Therapy noidea3.
An Inspector calls: A*=24 A=20 B=16 C=12 D=8. Coca-Cola Company? Of Mice and Goals Therapy Men is the same. Evidence? The overall grade boundary for Paper 1 is: A*=52 A=44 B=36 C=28. Essay? As you can see they are incredibly low. span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to notevenluke. I dont know what grade it'll be but if you're doing AQA the Essay Legalization Worldwide grade boundaries are low: An Inspector calls: A*=24 A=20 B=16 C=12 D=8. Of Group Therapy Essay? Of Mice and Financial Coca-Cola Essay Men is the same. The overall grade boundary for Paper 1 is: A*=52 A=44 B=36 C=28. As you can see they are incredibly low. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges Send a private message to noidea3.
Wow, That IS low. And encouraging. Thanks! span Follow 23 followers 4 badges Send a private message to Palette. Hi I'm also taking the Goals of Group exam on Monday. However, I would have to mark this down a lot due to your terrible capital letter placements. Picasso's Large Black Was A Protest Against? You consistently don't give nouns capital letters. You repeat your points and evidence. And I see no structure within your writing.
I'm sorry but I would give this a C+ span Follow 6 followers 3 badges Send a private message to TheStudent18. Heh, no need to Goals of Group Essay apologise, thank you for Analysis of The Company Essay the honest feedback! I see your point about the capital letters, I'm hoping that will be less of an Goals of Group, issue when I'm writing the exam rather than typing it. I've often had problems about Essay about repeating my points, i get confused between developing a point and Goals of Group Therapy hammering it in. As for the structure, do you mean points on Essay about structural choices or the structure of my writing? Looking back I'm not sure how i missed out a structure point, I think I'm going to have to Goals of Group have a checklist of the Financial Company Essay stuff I need to of Group Therapy include. Example Writing? Thank you again for Essay your honest feedback! ^^ span Follow 1 follower 2 badges Send a private message to Jacob7915. Evidence? span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to of Group Essay notevenluke. I'm not qualified or anything, but I think that this piece is worthy of a grade higher than a C. span Follow 6 followers 3 badges Send a private message to TheStudent18. Thanks a lot, English marking always seems so ambiguous to me, lol. Good luck to you too! (if you also have exams coming up) span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to notevenluke. I'm not sure what exam board you are doing, but it is definitely an A or A* essay.
Be sure to say that Mr Birling is define power constantly worried about his family's reputation, which is of Group Therapy Essay why he is worried about a public scandal. Picasso's Large Guernica Against? Also, use some sort of Goals Essay, structure with your paragraphs, e.g. Marketing? Introduction, at the family dinner, his involvement with Eva smith, Eric admits to stealing money and his awareness of a scandal, Mr Birling at the end of the Therapy play and the phone calls, conclusion. Pablo Picasso's And White Painting, Protest? span Follow 1 follower 2 badges Send a private message to Jacob7915. Ohhhhhhh THAT's the structure you need? I hadn't even thought of needing to of Group organise my paragraphs like that, thank you that's a big help. Also I think the define legitimate power 'public scandal' thing is a good shout, I want to work that in if I get the chance, time-wise. span Follow 0 followers 1 badge Send a private message to Essay notevenluke. span Follow 3 followers 2 badges Send a private message to large Strangerdanger. Of Group Essay? I'm not sure what exam board you are doing, but it is definitely an A or A* essay.
Be sure to say that Mr Birling is writing constantly worried about Goals Therapy his family's reputation, which is why he is worried about a public scandal. Also, use some sort of structure with your paragraphs, e.g. Introduction, at the family dinner, his involvement with Eva smith, Eric admits to stealing money and his awareness of a scandal, Mr Birling at physical evidence marketing, the end of the of Group Therapy play and Financial Analysis of The Coca-Cola Company the phone calls, conclusion. Goals Therapy? span Follow 1 follower 2 badges Send a private message to Jacob7915. But isn't mr. Birling worried about large black and white painting, guernica was a protest against a public scandal because it would affect him in Therapy Essay the sense that he wants to Essay about Culture be a mayor and that would be affected if he doesn't keep it from the press We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on Goals Essay The Student Room, helping to legitimate power make it a fun, safe and useful place to hang out. Of Group? 0 new posts im too tired to study. help Started by: aj89754 Forum: Advice on everyday issues Replies: 14 Last post: 1 minute ago TSR Entrepreneurs Society Started by: Vulpes Forum: Other career sectors Replies: 119 Last post: 1 minute ago King's College London Accommodation 2017 Started by: MrDystopia Forum: King's College London Replies: 312 Last post: 1 minute ago Is it a good idea to do reformed AS Levels?
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cga in resume Ontario Secondary School Graduate Diploma, Central High School of Goals Therapy Commerce, Toronto. Proficient in use of Simply Accounting software. Also able to use Lotus 1-2-3. Fluent in English (written and spoken) and Italian (spoken). Also, able to read and write Italian. Over 10 years' progressively responsible administrative employment.
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Generated over $20 million for Compugen. Won sales and service awards. BA. Played important role in building current employer's business from of Group Therapy, ground, working in construction industry. Previously, as computer technician, was cited by his project manager as demonstrating professional. conduct and working effectively with others. He consistently produces complete and thorough work of the highest quality. For employer Life Direction Training, played major role in effecting life transitions and improving relationships. Also employed as music therapist, Toronto Catholic school board. Hons. Bachelor of Music Therapy, Certified Music Therapist (cand.).
Blue Belt in Capoeira (cand.). BComm (Hons.). Seek senior position. Closed over $100 million worth of sales, including commercial and residential, during 15 years in physical evidence marketing real estate. Managed one of Royal LePage's most profitable corporate franchises in Canada, increasing sales revenue 25%. BComm.
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Hons. Bachelor of Science, MBA (cand.). Financial Of The Coca-Cola Company Essay! Award-winning outside-sales professional with 14 years' experience. Of Group Therapy Essay! Demonstrated initiative, team skills, and ability to substantially improve employer's bottom line. Directed and managed several tennis and country clubs, greatly expanding membership. National, provincial, international, ATP, and Davis Cup coach. BEd (cand.), primary/junior, consecutive program, York University, Toronto.
Millennium Scholarship. Cited by host teacher in practicum as conscientious and very capable. Students. easily approach [her]. Full of energy. Enthusiastically volunteers for school projects and extracurricular events.
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Won Tennis Canada Coaching Excellence Award and National Achievement Award. Coached numerous international, national, and provincial players. National 35 and Over Singles Champion (indoor and outdoor), 1987.